Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                USDL-15-2292
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 4, 2015

Technical information:
 Household data:      (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:  (202) 691-6555  •  cesinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                  THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- NOVEMBER 2015


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 211,000 in November, and the unemployment
rate was unchanged at 5.0 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Job gains occurred in construction, professional and technical services, and health
care. Mining and information lost jobs.

Household Survey Data

In November, the unemployment rate held at 5.0 percent, and the number of unemployed
persons, at 7.9 million, was essentially unchanged. Over the past 12 months, the
unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons are down by 0.8 percentage
point and 1.1 million, respectively. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.7 percent),
adult women (4.6 percent), teenagers (15.7 percent), whites (4.3 percent), blacks
(9.4 percent), Asians (3.9 percent), and Hispanics (6.4 percent) showed little or no
change in November. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was little
changed at 2.1 million in November and has shown little movement since June. In 
November, these individuals accounted for 25.7 percent of the unemployed. (See
table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 62.5 percent, changed little in
November. The employment-population ratio was unchanged at 59.3 percent and has
shown little movement since October 2014. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred
to as involuntary part-time workers) increased by 319,000 to 6.1 million in
November, following declines in September and October. These individuals, who
would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their
hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. Over
the past 12 months, the number of persons employed part time for economic reasons
is down by 765,000. (See table A-8.)

In November, 1.7 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down
by 392,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and
had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as
unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 594,000 discouraged workers in November,
little changed from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they believe
no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.1 million persons marginally
attached to the labor force in November had not searched for work for reasons such
as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 211,000 in November, about in line with the
average monthly gain of 237,000 over the prior 12 months. In November, job growth
occurred in construction, professional and technical services, and health care.
Employment in mining and information declined over the month. (See table B-1.)

Employment in construction rose by 46,000 in November, with much of the increase
occurring in residential specialty trade contractors (+26,000). Over the past year,
construction employment has grown by 259,000.

In November, professional and technical services added 28,000 jobs. Job gains
occurred in accounting and bookkeeping services (+11,000), and employment in 
computer systems design and related services continued to trend up (+5,000). Over
the year, professional and technical services has added 298,000 jobs.

Health care employment increased by 24,000 over the month, following a large gain
in October (+51,000). In November, hospitals added 13,000 jobs. Health care 
employment has grown by 470,000 over the year.

Employment in food services and drinking places continued to trend up in November
(+32,000) and has risen by 374,000 over the year.

Retail trade employment continued to trend up in November (+31,000) and has
increased by 284,000 over the year. In November, job gains occurred in general
merchandise stores (+12,000) and motor vehicle and parts dealers (+9,000). Over
the past 12 months, these industries have added 85,000 jobs and 71,000 jobs,
respectively.

Employment in mining continued to decline in November (-11,000), with losses
concentrated in support activities for mining (-7,000). Since a recent peak in
December 2014, employment in mining has declined by 123,000.

Information lost 12,000 jobs over the month. Within the industry, employment in
motion pictures and sound recording decreased by 13,000 in November but has shown
little net change over the year.

Employment in other major industries, including manufacturing, wholesale trade,
transportation and warehousing, financial activities, and government, changed
little over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged down by
0.1 hour to 34.5 hours in November. Both the manufacturing workweek and factory 
overtime were unchanged in November, at 40.7 hours and 3.2 hours, respectively.
The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private 
nonfarm payrolls was also unchanged at 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In November, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls
rose by 4 cents to $25.25, following a 9-cent gain in October. Over the year,
average hourly earnings have risen by 2.3 percent. In November, average hourly
earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees, at $21.19,
changed little. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for September was revised from 
+137,000 to +145,000, and the change from October was revised from +271,000 to
+298,000. With these revisions, employment gains in September and October combined
were 35,000 more than previously reported. Over the past 3 months, job gains have
averaged 218,000 per month.

_____________
The Employment Situation for December is scheduled to be released on Friday,
January 8, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


   ___________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                           |
  |           Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data           |
  |                                                                           |
  | In accordance with usual practice, The Employment Situation news release  |
  | for December 2015, scheduled for January 8, 2016, will incorporate annual |
  | revisions in seasonally adjusted household survey data. Seasonally        |
  | adjusted data for the most recent 5 years are subject to revision.        |
  |___________________________________________________________________________|




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Change from:
Oct.
2015-
Nov.
2015

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

248,844 251,325 251,541 251,747 206

Civilian labor force

156,402 156,715 157,028 157,301 273

Participation rate

62.9 62.4 62.4 62.5 0.1

Employed

147,331 148,800 149,120 149,364 244

Employment-population ratio

59.2 59.2 59.3 59.3 0.0

Unemployed

9,071 7,915 7,908 7,937 29

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.1 5.0 5.0 0.0

Not in labor force

92,442 94,610 94,513 94,446 -67

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

5.8 5.1 5.0 5.0 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

5.4 4.7 4.7 4.7 0.0

Adult women (20 years and over)

5.2 4.6 4.5 4.6 0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

17.5 16.3 15.9 15.7 -0.2

White

4.9 4.4 4.4 4.3 -0.1

Black or African American

11.0 9.2 9.2 9.4 0.2

Asian

4.7 3.6 3.5 3.9 0.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

6.6 6.4 6.3 6.4 0.1

Total, 25 years and over

4.7 4.1 4.1 4.1 0.0

Less than a high school diploma

8.5 7.9 7.4 6.9 -0.5

High school graduates, no college

5.6 5.2 5.2 5.4 0.2

Some college or associate degree

4.9 4.3 4.4 4.4 0.0

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.2 2.5 2.5 2.5 0.0

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,480 3,908 3,965 3,894 -71

Job leavers

835 780 789 800 11

Reentrants

2,761 2,436 2,430 2,444 14

New entrants

1,045 831 807 843 36

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,505 2,363 2,326 2,406 80

5 to 14 weeks

2,378 2,218 2,311 2,262 -49

15 to 26 weeks

1,403 1,214 1,218 1,270 52

27 weeks and over

2,822 2,104 2,142 2,050 -92

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

6,851 6,036 5,767 6,086 319

Slack work or business conditions

4,068 3,569 3,279 3,535 256

Could only find part-time work

2,447 2,134 2,182 2,226 44

Part time for noneconomic reasons

19,971 19,971 20,169 20,157 -12

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,109 1,921 1,916 1,717 -

Discouraged workers

698 635 665 594 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

423 145 298 211

Total private

414 165 304 197

Goods-producing

76 -4 30 34

Mining and logging

1 -15 -5 -11

Construction

30 19 34 46

Manufacturing

45 -8 1 -1

Durable goods(1)

28 -6 -5 -6

Motor vehicles and parts

9.3 3.2 1.0 -3.4

Nondurable goods

17 -2 6 5

Private service-providing

338 169 274 163

Wholesale trade

8.0 -1.3 8.8 9.1

Retail trade

61.2 10.3 40.6 30.7

Transportation and warehousing

25.9 -6.2 -5.7 6.4

Utilities

2.8 0.5 -0.1 2.4

Information

7 15 2 -12

Financial activities

28 3 10 14

Professional and business services(1)

96 32 90 27

Temporary help services

30.8 0.2 28.1 -12.3

Education and health services(1)

51 58 71 40

Health care and social assistance

61.9 45.3 62.7 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

42 52 48 39

Other services

16 5 10 6

Government

9 -20 -6 14

(3-month average change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

298 174 199 218

Total private

289 162 198 222

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES(2)

Total nonfarm women employees

49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 48.0 48.0 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.5 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.6 34.5 34.6 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$24.68 $25.12 $25.21 $25.25

Average weekly earnings

$853.93 $866.64 $872.27 $871.13

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

102.4 103.8 104.4 104.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 -0.2 0.6 -0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

120.6 124.5 125.6 125.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.8 -0.1 0.9 0.1

DIFFUSION INDEX
(Over 1-month span)(5)

Total private (263 industries)

75.3 54.2 59.1 60.5

Manufacturing (80 industries)

76.3 41.9 50.6 53.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 500,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.
   
   Typically, it is not possible to precisely quantify the effect of extreme weather on 
   payroll employment estimates. In order for severe weather conditions to reduce
   employment estimates, employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. For more information on how often employees
   are paid, please visit www.bls.gov/opub/btn/volume-3/how-frequently-do-private-
   businesses-pay-workers.htm.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours due to bad weather. 
   Current and historical data are available on the household survey's most requested
   statistics page, please visit http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 143,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 588,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 105,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-55,000 to +155,000 (50,000 +/- 105,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

248,844 251,541 251,747 248,844 250,876 251,096 251,325 251,541 251,747

Civilian labor force

156,297 157,313 157,340 156,402 157,106 157,065 156,715 157,028 157,301

Participation rate

62.8 62.5 62.5 62.9 62.6 62.6 62.4 62.4 62.5

Employed

147,666 149,716 149,766 147,331 148,840 149,036 148,800 149,120 149,364

Employment-population ratio

59.3 59.5 59.5 59.2 59.3 59.4 59.2 59.3 59.3

Unemployed

8,630 7,597 7,573 9,071 8,266 8,029 7,915 7,908 7,937

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.8 4.8 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0

Not in labor force

92,547 94,228 94,407 92,442 93,770 94,031 94,610 94,513 94,446

Persons who currently want a job

6,227 5,703 5,326 6,556 6,135 5,932 5,955 6,052 5,636

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

120,208 121,474 121,577 120,208 121,139 121,250 121,365 121,474 121,577

Civilian labor force

82,835 83,572 83,258 82,961 83,578 83,472 83,402 83,501 83,426

Participation rate

68.9 68.8 68.5 69.0 69.0 68.8 68.7 68.7 68.6

Employed

78,208 79,579 79,142 78,084 79,202 79,211 79,134 79,219 79,103

Employment-population ratio

65.1 65.5 65.1 65.0 65.4 65.3 65.2 65.2 65.1

Unemployed

4,627 3,993 4,115 4,877 4,376 4,261 4,267 4,282 4,323

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.8 4.9 5.9 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2

Not in labor force

37,373 37,902 38,319 37,247 37,562 37,778 37,964 37,973 38,151

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

111,778 113,049 113,149 111,778 112,714 112,825 112,940 113,049 113,149

Civilian labor force

80,074 80,817 80,548 80,029 80,790 80,640 80,553 80,662 80,566

Participation rate

71.6 71.5 71.2 71.6 71.7 71.5 71.3 71.4 71.2

Employed

75,922 77,258 76,911 75,675 76,903 76,880 76,763 76,852 76,763

Employment-population ratio

67.9 68.3 68.0 67.7 68.2 68.1 68.0 68.0 67.8

Unemployed

4,152 3,559 3,637 4,354 3,887 3,760 3,790 3,809 3,803

Unemployment rate

5.2 4.4 4.5 5.4 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7

Not in labor force

31,704 32,232 32,601 31,749 31,924 32,185 32,387 32,388 32,583

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

128,637 130,067 130,170 128,637 129,737 129,846 129,960 130,067 130,170

Civilian labor force

73,462 73,741 74,082 73,442 73,528 73,593 73,313 73,527 73,875

Participation rate

57.1 56.7 56.9 57.1 56.7 56.7 56.4 56.5 56.8

Employed

69,459 70,137 70,624 69,247 69,638 69,825 69,665 69,901 70,261

Employment-population ratio

54.0 53.9 54.3 53.8 53.7 53.8 53.6 53.7 54.0

Unemployed

4,003 3,604 3,458 4,195 3,891 3,768 3,648 3,627 3,614

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.9 4.7 5.7 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9

Not in labor force

55,175 56,326 56,088 55,195 56,209 56,253 56,647 56,540 56,295

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

120,465 121,880 121,979 120,465 121,551 121,660 121,773 121,880 121,979

Civilian labor force

70,743 71,093 71,482 70,599 70,745 70,826 70,561 70,779 71,163

Participation rate

58.7 58.3 58.6 58.6 58.2 58.2 57.9 58.1 58.3

Employed

67,176 67,885 68,335 66,894 67,271 67,502 67,346 67,568 67,903

Employment-population ratio

55.8 55.7 56.0 55.5 55.3 55.5 55.3 55.4 55.7

Unemployed

3,567 3,209 3,147 3,705 3,474 3,324 3,214 3,211 3,260

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.5 4.4 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.6

Not in labor force

49,722 50,787 50,497 49,866 50,806 50,833 51,212 51,101 50,816

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,602 16,612 16,619 16,602 16,611 16,611 16,612 16,612 16,619

Civilian labor force

5,480 5,403 5,310 5,775 5,570 5,599 5,601 5,587 5,572

Participation rate

33.0 32.5 32.0 34.8 33.5 33.7 33.7 33.6 33.5

Employed

4,569 4,574 4,520 4,762 4,666 4,654 4,690 4,700 4,697

Employment-population ratio

27.5 27.5 27.2 28.7 28.1 28.0 28.2 28.3 28.3

Unemployed

911 830 790 1,013 904 945 911 888 875

Unemployment rate

16.6 15.4 14.9 17.5 16.2 16.9 16.3 15.9 15.7

Not in labor force

11,122 11,209 11,309 10,827 11,040 11,012 11,011 11,025 11,047

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

195,995 197,271 197,377 195,995 196,904 197,024 197,152 197,271 197,377

Civilian labor force

123,438 123,572 123,534 123,391 123,607 123,390 123,132 123,348 123,454

Participation rate

63.0 62.6 62.6 63.0 62.8 62.6 62.5 62.5 62.5

Employed

117,724 118,474 118,503 117,307 117,880 117,903 117,768 117,961 118,090

Employment-population ratio

60.1 60.1 60.0 59.9 59.9 59.8 59.7 59.8 59.8

Unemployed

5,713 5,098 5,031 6,084 5,727 5,487 5,364 5,387 5,364

Unemployment rate

4.6 4.1 4.1 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3

Not in labor force

72,558 73,699 73,843 72,604 73,297 73,634 74,020 73,922 73,923

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,440 64,711 64,489 64,339 64,819 64,617 64,543 64,579 64,467

Participation rate

72.0 71.8 71.5 71.9 72.1 71.8 71.7 71.7 71.5

Employed

61,640 62,280 62,027 61,388 62,057 61,964 61,880 61,940 61,862

Employment-population ratio

68.9 69.1 68.8 68.6 69.0 68.9 68.7 68.8 68.6

Unemployed

2,800 2,431 2,462 2,951 2,762 2,652 2,663 2,639 2,605

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.8 3.8 4.6 4.3 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,730 54,631 54,906 54,587 54,369 54,372 54,181 54,398 54,651

Participation rate

58.1 57.6 57.8 58.0 57.4 57.4 57.1 57.3 57.6

Employed

52,435 52,541 52,860 52,142 52,027 52,167 52,091 52,254 52,478

Employment-population ratio

55.7 55.4 55.7 55.4 54.9 55.1 54.9 55.1 55.3

Unemployed

2,295 2,090 2,046 2,445 2,342 2,205 2,090 2,143 2,173

Unemployment rate

4.2 3.8 3.7 4.5 4.3 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,268 4,230 4,139 4,466 4,418 4,401 4,407 4,372 4,335

Participation rate

34.6 34.4 33.6 36.2 35.9 35.7 35.8 35.5 35.2

Employed

3,649 3,653 3,616 3,777 3,796 3,772 3,796 3,767 3,750

Employment-population ratio

29.5 29.7 29.4 30.6 30.8 30.6 30.8 30.6 30.5

Unemployed

618 576 523 689 622 629 611 605 585

Unemployment rate

14.5 13.6 12.6 15.4 14.1 14.3 13.9 13.8 13.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

31,005 31,518 31,557 31,005 31,399 31,438 31,479 31,518 31,557

Civilian labor force

19,037 19,502 19,458 19,056 19,298 19,388 19,349 19,394 19,444

Participation rate

61.4 61.9 61.7 61.5 61.5 61.7 61.5 61.5 61.6

Employed

17,019 17,734 17,682 16,957 17,534 17,556 17,560 17,607 17,618

Employment-population ratio

54.9 56.3 56.0 54.7 55.8 55.8 55.8 55.9 55.8

Unemployed

2,017 1,768 1,776 2,099 1,764 1,832 1,789 1,787 1,826

Unemployment rate

10.6 9.1 9.1 11.0 9.1 9.5 9.2 9.2 9.4

Not in labor force

11,968 12,016 12,099 11,949 12,101 12,050 12,130 12,124 12,113

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,597 8,809 8,740 8,594 8,738 8,763 8,751 8,772 8,746

Participation rate

66.9 67.2 66.6 66.9 67.0 67.1 66.9 67.0 66.7

Employed

7,700 8,038 7,915 7,630 7,966 7,956 7,975 7,965 7,881

Employment-population ratio

60.0 61.4 60.3 59.4 61.1 60.9 61.0 60.8 60.1

Unemployed

897 771 825 964 773 807 776 806 865

Unemployment rate

10.4 8.8 9.4 11.2 8.8 9.2 8.9 9.2 9.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,723 10,018 10,047 9,709 9,861 9,934 9,882 9,951 10,014

Participation rate

62.0 62.9 63.0 61.9 62.1 62.5 62.1 62.5 62.8

Employed

8,801 9,180 9,247 8,786 9,070 9,125 9,094 9,142 9,216

Employment-population ratio

56.2 57.6 58.0 56.1 57.2 57.4 57.2 57.4 57.8

Unemployed

922 838 801 922 791 809 788 809 798

Unemployment rate

9.5 8.4 8.0 9.5 8.0 8.1 8.0 8.1 8.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

717 675 671 754 698 691 715 671 683

Participation rate

28.8 27.1 26.9 30.2 28.1 27.8 28.7 27.0 27.4

Employed

519 515 521 541 498 474 490 500 521

Employment-population ratio

20.8 20.7 20.9 21.7 20.0 19.1 19.7 20.1 20.9

Unemployed

198 159 150 213 200 216 225 172 162

Unemployment rate

27.6 23.6 22.4 28.2 28.7 31.3 31.5 25.6 23.7

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,927 14,440 14,476 13,927 14,540 14,558 14,508 14,440 14,476

Civilian labor force

8,749 8,867 9,100 8,768 9,113 9,110 9,040 8,942 9,128

Participation rate

62.8 61.4 62.9 63.0 62.7 62.6 62.3 61.9 63.1

Employed

8,333 8,561 8,743 8,353 8,751 8,790 8,710 8,626 8,775

Employment-population ratio

59.8 59.3 60.4 60.0 60.2 60.4 60.0 59.7 60.6

Unemployed

416 307 356 415 362 321 330 316 353

Unemployment rate

4.8 3.5 3.9 4.7 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.9

Not in labor force

5,178 5,573 5,377 5,159 5,427 5,448 5,468 5,498 5,348

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,760 39,916 40,005 38,760 39,648 39,737 39,828 39,916 40,005

Civilian labor force

25,753 26,223 26,304 25,655 26,158 26,077 26,069 26,193 26,227

Participation rate

66.4 65.7 65.8 66.2 66.0 65.6 65.5 65.6 65.6

Employed

24,076 24,643 24,654 23,963 24,374 24,343 24,403 24,533 24,547

Employment-population ratio

62.1 61.7 61.6 61.8 61.5 61.3 61.3 61.5 61.4

Unemployed

1,676 1,580 1,650 1,692 1,784 1,734 1,666 1,660 1,680

Unemployment rate

6.5 6.0 6.3 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.4

Not in labor force

13,007 13,693 13,701 13,105 13,491 13,660 13,760 13,723 13,778

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

14,337 14,494 14,427 14,258 14,468 14,352 14,475 14,460 14,371

Participation rate

81.7 80.5 80.0 81.3 80.9 80.1 80.6 80.3 79.7

Employed

13,503 13,819 13,665 13,432 13,596 13,595 13,679 13,727 13,599

Employment-population ratio

77.0 76.8 75.7 76.5 76.1 75.9 76.2 76.3 75.4

Unemployed

833 675 762 826 872 757 796 733 771

Unemployment rate

5.8 4.7 5.3 5.8 6.0 5.3 5.5 5.1 5.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

10,307 10,654 10,819 10,253 10,574 10,606 10,500 10,639 10,763

Participation rate

58.8 58.6 59.3 58.5 58.5 58.6 57.8 58.5 59.0

Employed

9,645 9,996 10,090 9,590 9,850 9,859 9,834 9,957 10,037

Employment-population ratio

55.0 54.9 55.3 54.7 54.5 54.4 54.2 54.7 55.0

Unemployed

662 659 729 663 724 747 667 682 726

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.2 6.7 6.5 6.8 7.0 6.3 6.4 6.7

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,109 1,074 1,058 1,144 1,116 1,118 1,094 1,094 1,094

Participation rate

30.2 28.9 28.4 31.1 30.1 30.1 29.4 29.4 29.4

Employed

928 828 899 942 928 889 890 848 911

Employment-population ratio

25.2 22.3 24.1 25.6 25.0 24.0 24.0 22.8 24.5

Unemployed

181 246 159 202 188 230 204 245 183

Unemployment rate

16.3 22.9 15.0 17.7 16.9 20.6 18.6 22.4 16.7

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,168 10,511 11,014 11,153 10,843 10,692 10,608 10,699 10,948

Participation rate

45.8 44.8 46.0 45.7 46.2 45.4 44.8 45.6 45.7

Employed

10,213 9,795 10,271 10,201 9,942 9,865 9,773 9,903 10,195

Employment-population ratio

41.9 41.7 42.9 41.8 42.4 41.9 41.3 42.2 42.6

Unemployed

955 715 743 952 901 827 835 796 753

Unemployment rate

8.6 6.8 6.7 8.5 8.3 7.7 7.9 7.4 6.9

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

35,432 35,675 35,333 35,478 35,130 35,534 35,250 35,434 35,411

Participation rate

57.7 57.6 57.3 57.8 57.1 57.1 56.9 57.2 57.5

Employed

33,499 33,930 33,495 33,476 33,194 33,584 33,408 33,587 33,510

Employment-population ratio

54.5 54.8 54.4 54.5 53.9 54.0 54.0 54.2 54.4

Unemployed

1,932 1,744 1,838 2,002 1,936 1,950 1,842 1,846 1,901

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.9 5.2 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.2 5.4

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,320 37,467 37,428 37,246 37,547 37,053 37,209 37,313 37,466

Participation rate

66.9 66.2 66.4 66.7 65.9 65.9 66.0 65.9 66.4

Employed

35,579 35,860 35,834 35,422 35,900 35,427 35,604 35,680 35,801

Employment-population ratio

63.7 63.3 63.5 63.5 63.0 63.0 63.1 63.0 63.5

Unemployed

1,742 1,606 1,593 1,824 1,646 1,626 1,605 1,633 1,665

Unemployment rate

4.7 4.3 4.3 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

51,342 52,784 52,933 51,222 52,361 52,454 52,693 52,643 52,723

Participation rate

74.9 74.3 74.2 74.7 74.5 74.3 74.4 74.1 73.9

Employed

49,799 51,476 51,681 49,608 51,021 51,167 51,396 51,307 51,418

Employment-population ratio

72.6 72.5 72.5 72.3 72.6 72.5 72.6 72.2 72.1

Unemployed

1,543 1,308 1,252 1,614 1,339 1,286 1,297 1,336 1,305

Unemployment rate

3.0 2.5 2.4 3.2 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,403 21,085 19,416 19,081 1,987 2,004

Civilian labor force

10,836 10,763 9,568 9,508 1,268 1,255

Participation rate

50.6 51.0 49.3 49.8 63.8 62.6

Employed

10,344 10,372 9,151 9,173 1,193 1,198

Employment-population ratio

48.3 49.2 47.1 48.1 60.0 59.8

Unemployed

492 391 417 334 75 57

Unemployment rate

4.5 3.6 4.4 3.5 5.9 4.5

Not in labor force

10,567 10,322 9,848 9,573 719 749

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,601 3,728 2,937 3,025 664 702

Civilian labor force

2,826 3,091 2,360 2,561 466 531

Participation rate

78.5 82.9 80.4 84.6 70.2 75.5

Employed

2,665 2,960 2,236 2,467 429 492

Employment-population ratio

74.0 79.4 76.1 81.6 64.6 70.1

Unemployed

162 131 124 93 38 38

Unemployment rate

5.7 4.2 5.3 3.6 8.1 7.2

Not in labor force

774 637 577 465 198 172

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,300 3,389 2,821 2,915 479 475

Civilian labor force

2,715 2,676 2,361 2,331 354 346

Participation rate

82.3 79.0 83.7 80.0 74.0 72.8

Employed

2,653 2,594 2,308 2,259 345 335

Employment-population ratio

80.4 76.5 81.8 77.5 71.9 70.7

Unemployed

63 82 53 72 10 10

Unemployment rate

2.3 3.1 2.2 3.1 2.8 3.0

Not in labor force

585 713 461 584 125 129

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,159 8,739 8,834 8,427 325 312

Civilian labor force

2,481 2,244 2,396 2,174 85 70

Participation rate

27.1 25.7 27.1 25.8 26.2 22.6

Employed

2,355 2,168 2,274 2,105 81 63

Employment-population ratio

25.7 24.8 25.7 25.0 24.9 20.1

Unemployed

127 76 122 69 4 8

Unemployment rate

5.1 3.4 5.1 3.2 5.2 -

Not in labor force

6,678 6,495 6,438 6,253 240 242

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,343 5,229 4,824 4,714 519 515

Civilian labor force

2,813 2,751 2,451 2,443 362 308

Participation rate

52.7 52.6 50.8 51.8 69.8 59.9

Employed

2,672 2,650 2,333 2,342 339 308

Employment-population ratio

50.0 50.7 48.4 49.7 65.3 59.8

Unemployed

141 101 118 101 23 1

Unemployment rate

5.0 3.7 4.8 4.1 6.4 0.2

Not in labor force

2,530 2,478 2,373 2,271 157 207

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

218,372 221,746 96,180 97,897 122,192 123,849

Civilian labor force

143,517 144,783 72,271 72,844 71,246 71,939

Participation rate

65.7 65.3 75.1 74.4 58.3 58.1

Employed

135,693 137,877 68,245 69,223 67,448 68,654

Employment-population ratio

62.1 62.2 71.0 70.7 55.2 55.4

Unemployed

7,823 6,906 4,026 3,621 3,798 3,285

Unemployment rate

5.5 4.8 5.6 5.0 5.3 4.6

Not in labor force

74,855 76,963 23,909 25,053 50,946 51,910

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,786 29,591 219,058 222,156

Civilian labor force

5,881 5,672 150,416 151,667

Participation rate

19.7 19.2 68.7 68.3

Employed

5,245 4,985 142,422 144,781

Employment-population ratio

17.6 16.8 65.0 65.2

Unemployed

637 687 7,994 6,886

Unemployment rate

10.8 12.1 5.3 4.5

Not in labor force

23,905 23,918 68,642 70,489

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,502 2,422 75,706 75,968

Participation rate

31.9 31.3 82.2 81.8

Employed

2,239 2,101 71,594 72,357

Employment-population ratio

28.5 27.2 77.7 77.9

Unemployed

263 322 4,111 3,611

Unemployment rate

10.5 13.3 5.4 4.8

Not in labor force

5,344 5,308 16,399 16,863

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,348 2,297 67,285 67,718

Participation rate

29.1 28.6 70.6 70.5

Employed

2,043 1,996 63,727 64,706

Employment-population ratio

25.3 24.8 66.9 67.4

Unemployed

305 301 3,558 3,013

Unemployment rate

13.0 13.1 5.3 4.4

Not in labor force

5,735 5,745 27,992 28,305

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,031 952 7,425 7,981

Participation rate

7.4 6.9 23.4 24.0

Employed

962 888 7,100 7,719

Employment-population ratio

6.9 6.4 22.4 23.2

Unemployed

69 64 325 262

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.8 4.4 3.3

Not in labor force

12,826 12,865 24,251 25,320

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

40,027 40,353 19,774 19,729 20,254 20,624

Civilian labor force

26,536 26,665 15,518 15,474 11,018 11,191

Participation rate

66.3 66.1 78.5 78.4 54.4 54.3

Employed

25,108 25,495 14,740 14,891 10,368 10,604

Employment-population ratio

62.7 63.2 74.5 75.5 51.2 51.4

Unemployed

1,428 1,170 778 583 651 586

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.4 5.0 3.8 5.9 5.2

Not in labor force

13,491 13,688 4,256 4,254 9,235 9,433

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

208,817 211,394 100,434 101,848 108,383 109,546

Civilian labor force

129,760 130,675 67,317 67,783 62,444 62,892

Participation rate

62.1 61.8 67.0 66.6 57.6 57.4

Employed

122,558 124,271 63,467 64,251 59,091 60,020

Employment-population ratio

58.7 58.8 63.2 63.1 54.5 54.8

Unemployed

7,202 6,403 3,850 3,532 3,352 2,872

Unemployment rate

5.6 4.9 5.7 5.2 5.4 4.6

Not in labor force

79,056 80,720 33,117 34,065 45,939 46,655

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,332 2,518 2,363 2,392 2,375 2,345 2,357 2,390 2,423

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,587 1,683 1,540 1,621 1,490 1,437 1,506 1,566 1,556

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

729 810 801 749 853 886 820 803 823

Unpaid family workers

16 25 22 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

145,335 147,198 147,404 144,939 146,439 146,679 146,464 146,795 147,048

Wage and salary workers(1)

136,379 138,477 138,642 136,093 137,628 137,988 137,966 138,106 138,387

Government

20,034 20,667 21,140 19,956 20,547 20,620 20,526 20,565 21,094

Private industries

116,345 117,810 117,501 116,144 117,059 117,331 117,516 117,469 117,313

Private households

791 791 736 - - - - - -

Other industries

115,554 117,019 116,766 115,361 116,257 116,509 116,747 116,659 116,568

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,911 8,660 8,692 8,794 8,741 8,682 8,357 8,640 8,601

Unpaid family workers

44 61 70 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,713 5,536 5,967 6,851 6,325 6,483 6,036 5,767 6,086

Slack work or business conditions

3,999 3,179 3,468 4,068 3,828 3,841 3,569 3,279 3,535

Could only find part-time work

2,399 2,147 2,194 2,447 2,213 2,242 2,134 2,182 2,226

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,868 20,754 21,094 19,971 19,891 19,760 19,971 20,169 20,157

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

6,597 5,495 5,855 6,731 6,223 6,380 5,946 5,711 5,972

Slack work or business conditions

3,931 3,161 3,396 3,997 3,752 3,779 3,521 3,251 3,466

Could only find part-time work

2,380 2,145 2,183 2,412 2,199 2,239 2,104 2,173 2,215

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

20,519 20,352 20,721 19,594 19,504 19,445 19,656 19,801 19,755

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

147,666 149,716 149,766 147,331 148,840 149,036 148,800 149,120 149,364

16 to 19 years

4,569 4,574 4,520 4,762 4,666 4,654 4,690 4,700 4,697

16 to 17 years

1,629 1,593 1,518 1,663 1,637 1,623 1,634 1,573 1,562

18 to 19 years

2,939 2,981 3,002 3,065 3,034 3,030 3,049 3,118 3,131

20 years and over

143,098 145,143 145,246 142,569 144,174 144,382 144,110 144,420 144,666

20 to 24 years

14,007 14,080 13,965 13,939 14,043 14,315 13,977 14,038 13,931

25 years and over

129,090 131,062 131,281 128,673 130,123 130,051 130,135 130,478 130,818

25 to 54 years

96,191 97,112 97,303 95,856 96,487 96,628 96,735 96,700 96,950

25 to 34 years

32,490 32,919 33,019 32,271 32,652 32,765 32,808 32,786 32,802

35 to 44 years

31,131 31,521 31,474 31,018 31,261 31,343 31,350 31,349 31,363

45 to 54 years

32,569 32,672 32,810 32,567 32,574 32,520 32,578 32,565 32,786

55 years and over

32,900 33,951 33,978 32,817 33,636 33,423 33,400 33,778 33,867

Men, 16 years and over

78,208 79,579 79,142 78,084 79,202 79,211 79,134 79,219 79,103

16 to 19 years

2,286 2,321 2,231 2,409 2,299 2,331 2,371 2,367 2,340

16 to 17 years

811 779 747 847 799 808 803 778 780

18 to 19 years

1,474 1,542 1,485 1,552 1,498 1,526 1,563 1,592 1,565

20 years and over

75,922 77,258 76,911 75,675 76,903 76,880 76,763 76,852 76,763

20 to 24 years

7,156 7,164 7,020 7,114 7,177 7,256 7,111 7,152 7,034

25 years and over

68,766 70,094 69,892 68,593 69,730 69,615 69,632 69,764 69,763

25 to 54 years

51,419 52,064 51,982 51,282 51,740 51,891 51,958 51,839 51,866

25 to 34 years

17,449 17,817 17,829 17,336 17,689 17,705 17,741 17,724 17,725

35 to 44 years

16,850 17,013 16,883 16,784 16,838 16,931 16,954 16,916 16,831

45 to 54 years

17,120 17,234 17,270 17,162 17,213 17,255 17,264 17,198 17,310

55 years and over

17,346 18,029 17,910 17,311 17,990 17,724 17,673 17,925 17,897

Women, 16 years and over

69,459 70,137 70,624 69,247 69,638 69,825 69,665 69,901 70,261

16 to 19 years

2,283 2,253 2,289 2,353 2,367 2,322 2,319 2,333 2,358

16 to 17 years

818 814 771 816 838 814 831 794 782

18 to 19 years

1,465 1,438 1,517 1,513 1,536 1,504 1,485 1,526 1,566

20 years and over

67,176 67,885 68,335 66,894 67,271 67,502 67,346 67,568 67,903

20 to 24 years

6,852 6,916 6,946 6,825 6,865 7,059 6,866 6,886 6,897

25 years and over

60,324 60,969 61,390 60,080 60,392 60,437 60,504 60,715 61,054

25 to 54 years

44,771 45,047 45,321 44,574 44,746 44,738 44,777 44,861 45,084

25 to 34 years

15,041 15,103 15,191 14,935 14,962 15,060 15,067 15,061 15,076

35 to 44 years

14,282 14,508 14,591 14,234 14,423 14,413 14,395 14,433 14,532

45 to 54 years

15,448 15,437 15,540 15,406 15,361 15,265 15,314 15,367 15,476

55 years and over

15,553 15,921 16,069 15,506 15,646 15,699 15,727 15,853 15,970

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,482 44,992 44,952 44,267 44,855 44,994 44,888 44,829 44,798

Married women, spouse present

35,108 35,340 35,503 34,799 34,815 34,963 35,014 35,172 35,211

Women who maintain families

9,385 9,852 9,702 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

119,441 122,466 121,897 119,507 121,589 122,024 121,839 122,024 122,027

Part-time workers(2)

28,225 27,250 27,870 27,775 27,265 26,916 26,969 27,183 27,320

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,549 7,620 7,596 7,403 7,124 7,187 7,314 7,423 7,385

Percent of total employed

5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,585 5,283 5,692 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,640 9,469 9,493 9,543 9,593 9,569 9,176 9,443 9,423

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Nov.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

9,071 7,908 7,937 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0

16 to 19 years

1,013 888 875 17.5 16.2 16.9 16.3 15.9 15.7

16 to 17 years

359 349 322 17.8 17.4 18.5 17.7 18.2 17.1

18 to 19 years

656 539 566 17.6 15.9 16.0 15.9 14.8 15.3

20 years and over

8,059 7,020 7,063 5.4 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.7

20 to 24 years

1,706 1,452 1,482 10.9 10.1 8.9 9.1 9.4 9.6

25 years and over

6,390 5,607 5,620 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1

25 to 54 years

4,871 4,424 4,308 4.8 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.4 4.3

25 to 34 years

2,082 1,850 1,909 6.1 5.5 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.5

35 to 44 years

1,410 1,352 1,287 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.1 3.9

45 to 54 years

1,378 1,222 1,112 4.1 3.8 3.9 3.4 3.6 3.3

55 years and over

1,532 1,212 1,308 4.5 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.7

Men, 16 years and over

4,877 4,282 4,323 5.9 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.2

16 to 19 years

523 473 520 17.8 17.5 17.7 16.8 16.6 18.2

16 to 17 years

213 196 183 20.1 18.7 18.7 18.9 20.1 19.0

18 to 19 years

310 281 341 16.6 17.4 17.3 16.3 15.0 17.9

20 years and over

4,354 3,809 3,803 5.4 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 4.7

20 to 24 years

949 849 892 11.8 11.0 9.8 10.3 10.6 11.3

25 years and over

3,436 2,976 2,935 4.8 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0

25 to 54 years

2,584 2,341 2,251 4.8 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.2

25 to 34 years

1,113 1,037 1,049 6.0 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.5 5.6

35 to 44 years

731 670 637 4.2 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.6

45 to 54 years

740 635 565 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.3 3.6 3.2

55 years and over

851 635 685 4.7 3.6 3.9 4.0 3.4 3.7

Women, 16 years and over

4,195 3,627 3,614 5.7 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.9

16 to 19 years

490 415 355 17.2 15.0 16.1 15.7 15.1 13.1

16 to 17 years

146 153 139 15.2 16.1 18.3 16.4 16.1 15.1

18 to 19 years

347 259 226 18.6 14.5 14.6 15.5 14.5 12.6

20 years and over

3,705 3,211 3,260 5.2 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.5 4.6

20 to 24 years

757 603 590 10.0 9.2 7.9 7.9 8.1 7.9

25 years and over

2,954 2,631 2,684 4.7 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2

25 to 54 years

2,287 2,083 2,057 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.3 4.4 4.4

25 to 34 years

970 813 860 6.1 5.5 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.4

35 to 44 years

679 682 650 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.3

45 to 54 years

638 588 547 4.0 4.0 4.0 3.4 3.7 3.4

55 years and over

680 566 612 4.2 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.7

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

1,468 1,282 1,246 3.2 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7

Married women, spouse present

1,243 1,071 1,106 3.4 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0

Women who maintain families(1)

843 795 719 8.2 8.0 8.1 7.1 7.5 6.9

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

7,592 6,617 6,559 6.0 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.1

Part-time workers(3)

1,500 1,328 1,419 5.1 5.1 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4,182 3,576 3,633 4,480 4,143 4,070 3,908 3,965 3,894

On temporary layoff

876 645 768 1,070 999 1,001 899 933 939

Not on temporary layoff

3,306 2,931 2,865 3,410 3,145 3,069 3,009 3,031 2,955

Permanent job losers

2,365 2,077 2,072 2,446 2,224 2,147 2,160 2,132 2,129

Persons who completed temporary jobs

941 854 793 964 921 922 849 899 825

Job leavers

830 801 791 835 843 790 780 789 800

Reentrants

2,656 2,445 2,361 2,761 2,447 2,349 2,436 2,430 2,444

New entrants

962 775 788 1,045 826 850 831 807 843

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

48.5 47.1 48.0 49.1 50.2 50.5 49.1 49.6 48.8

On temporary layoff

10.2 8.5 10.1 11.7 12.1 12.4 11.3 11.7 11.8

Not on temporary layoff

38.3 38.6 37.8 37.4 38.1 38.1 37.8 37.9 37.0

Job leavers

9.6 10.5 10.4 9.2 10.2 9.8 9.8 9.9 10.0

Reentrants

30.8 32.2 31.2 30.3 29.6 29.1 30.6 30.4 30.6

New entrants

11.2 10.2 10.4 11.5 10.0 10.6 10.5 10.1 10.6

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

2.7 2.3 2.3 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5

Job leavers

0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

Reentrants

1.7 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.6

New entrants

0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,231 2,160 2,173 2,505 2,488 2,095 2,363 2,326 2,406

5 to 14 weeks

2,256 2,136 2,144 2,378 2,257 2,374 2,218 2,311 2,262

15 weeks and over

4,144 3,301 3,256 4,225 3,368 3,437 3,318 3,360 3,321

15 to 26 weeks

1,374 1,211 1,249 1,403 1,188 1,250 1,214 1,218 1,270

27 weeks and over

2,770 2,090 2,007 2,822 2,180 2,187 2,104 2,142 2,050

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

34.1 28.9 29.1 33.0 28.3 28.4 26.3 28.0 28.0

Median duration, in weeks

13.6 11.7 11.4 12.8 11.3 12.1 11.4 11.2 10.8

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

25.8 28.4 28.7 27.5 30.7 26.5 29.9 29.1 30.1

5 to 14 weeks

26.1 28.1 28.3 26.1 27.8 30.0 28.1 28.9 28.3

15 weeks and over

48.0 43.5 43.0 46.4 41.5 43.5 42.0 42.0 41.6

15 to 26 weeks

15.9 15.9 16.5 15.4 14.6 15.8 15.4 15.2 15.9

27 weeks and over

32.1 27.5 26.5 31.0 26.9 27.7 26.6 26.8 25.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

147,666 149,766 8,630 7,573 5.5 4.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

57,110 58,667 1,656 1,276 2.8 2.1

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,207 24,101 654 513 2.7 2.1

Professional and related occupations

33,904 34,566 1,002 763 2.9 2.2

Service occupations

26,131 25,927 1,909 1,795 6.8 6.5

Sales and office occupations

33,136 33,728 1,857 1,649 5.3 4.7

Sales and related occupations

15,656 15,716 880 851 5.3 5.1

Office and administrative support occupations

17,480 18,012 977 798 5.3 4.2

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,699 13,971 1,049 932 7.1 6.3

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,017 1,057 157 169 13.4 13.8

Construction and extraction occupations

7,823 7,892 698 578 8.2 6.8

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,859 5,021 194 185 3.8 3.5

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,590 17,475 1,158 1,115 6.2 6.0

Production occupations

8,478 8,252 581 437 6.4 5.0

Transportation and material moving occupations

9,112 9,223 577 678 6.0 6.8

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015

Total, 16 years and over(1)

8,630 7,573 5.5 4.8

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

6,413 5,810 5.2 4.7

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

32 80 2.8 8.5

Construction

629 536 7.5 6.2

Manufacturing

640 622 4.2 4.0

Durable goods

416 384 4.4 3.9

Nondurable goods

224 238 4.0 4.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,010 1,013 4.9 5.0

Transportation and utilities

314 271 5.0 4.3

Information

159 111 5.6 4.3

Financial activities

325 251 3.5 2.6

Professional and business services

944 839 6.1 5.2

Education and health services

924 734 4.0 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

1,128 1,005 8.2 7.4

Other services

308 348 4.7 5.3

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

193 170 11.2 10.2

Government workers

622 472 3.0 2.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

440 332 4.3 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2014
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
July
2015
Aug.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.7 2.1 2.1 2.7 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.7 2.3 2.3 2.9 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

5.5 4.8 4.8 5.8 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

5.9 5.2 5.2 6.2 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

6.8 6.0 5.8 7.1 6.4 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.1

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.0 9.5 9.6 11.4 10.4 10.3 10.0 9.8 9.9

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2014
Nov.
2015

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

92,547 94,407 37,373 38,319 55,175 56,088

Persons who currently want a job

6,227 5,326 3,025 2,599 3,202 2,726

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,109 1,717 1,153 947 956 770

Discouraged workers(2)

698 594 433 389 265 205

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,412 1,123 721 558 691 565

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,549 7,596 3,657 3,693 3,892 3,902

Percent of total employed

5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7 5.6 5.5

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

4,019 4,055 2,223 2,149 1,796 1,906

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,127 2,107 684 720 1,442 1,388

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

208 233 117 166 91 67

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,147 1,169 602 641 546 527

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)
Change from:
Oct.2015 - Nov.2015(p)

Total nonfarm

141,478 142,604 143,784 144,128 140,263 142,391 142,689 142,900 211

Total private

119,097 120,729 121,436 121,663 118,371 120,414 120,718 120,915 197

Goods-producing

19,545 19,813 19,817 19,730 19,425 19,533 19,563 19,597 34

Mining and logging

916 816 808 792 912 805 800 789 -11

Logging

55.0 54.7 54.9 53.4 53.4 52.2 52.3 52.1 -0.2

Mining

861.4 761.2 753.1 738.6 858.9 753.0 747.9 736.6 -11.3

Oil and gas extraction

201.0 190.5 187.6 184.7 201.0 190.0 187.2 184.8 -2.4

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

208.0 199.2 198.0 193.7 206.8 194.9 194.6 192.7 -1.9

Coal mining

72.7 66.6 66.1 64.7 72.7 66.4 66.2 64.9 -1.3

Support activities for mining

452.4 371.5 367.5 360.2 451.1 368.1 366.1 359.1 -7.0

Construction

6,339 6,627 6,662 6,606 6,231 6,410 6,444 6,490 46

Construction of buildings

1,398.4 1,440.3 1,444.8 1,438.5 1,377.0 1,409.8 1,410.6 1,417.0 6.4

Residential building

688.7 713.3 715.2 715.8 677.3 696.0 697.4 703.7 6.3

Nonresidential building

709.7 727.0 729.6 722.7 699.7 713.8 713.2 713.3 0.1

Heavy and civil engineering construction

954.2 1,005.2 1,009.7 979.9 925.2 940.5 946.6 951.2 4.6

Specialty trade contractors

3,986.8 4,181.7 4,207.3 4,187.3 3,928.4 4,059.6 4,086.7 4,121.7 35.0

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,729.9 1,829.8 1,835.1 1,831.6 1,705.6 1,774.4 1,781.5 1,807.3 25.8

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,256.9 2,351.9 2,372.2 2,355.7 2,222.8 2,285.2 2,305.2 2,314.4 9.2

Manufacturing

12,290 12,370 12,347 12,332 12,282 12,318 12,319 12,318 -1

Durable goods

7,769 7,796 7,784 7,779 7,768 7,786 7,781 7,775 -6

Wood products

377.9 383.5 383.9 386.8 377.6 381.7 382.7 385.1 2.4

Nonmetallic mineral products

397.0 408.7 410.5 409.0 393.2 402.7 404.5 405.0 0.5

Primary metals

405.2 393.4 391.5 390.6 405.8 393.2 391.9 391.1 -0.8

Fabricated metal products

1,469.0 1,452.1 1,448.8 1,446.2 1,467.0 1,451.5 1,447.7 1,446.6 -1.1

Machinery

1,139.6 1,116.9 1,111.9 1,111.1 1,143.6 1,119.6 1,115.4 1,115.0 -0.4

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,053.7 1,052.3 1,051.8 1,053.0 1,053.9 1,052.8 1,053.6 1,053.0 -0.6

Computer and peripheral equipment

167.1 171.5 171.2 171.6 166.8 171.0 171.3 171.4 0.1

Communications equipment

92.3 87.3 87.3 86.8 92.2 87.5 87.3 86.8 -0.5

Semiconductors and electronic components

368.1 366.6 366.8 367.4 368.4 367.1 367.6 367.5 -0.1

Electronic instruments

387.9 390.9 390.9 391.4 388.4 391.3 391.7 391.8 0.1

Electrical equipment and appliances

373.0 374.0 373.4 372.4 372.7 373.8 373.1 371.7 -1.4

Transportation equipment(1)

1,587.6 1,625.2 1,619.5 1,617.4 1,589.3 1,622.2 1,620.5 1,616.0 -4.5

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

900.5 938.9 937.1 934.4 900.3 935.9 936.9 933.5 -3.4

Furniture and related products

380.1 394.3 394.4 392.5 381.2 392.4 395.2 393.5 -1.7

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

586.2 595.9 598.4 600.4 583.4 595.7 595.9 598.3 2.4

Nondurable goods

4,521 4,574 4,563 4,553 4,514 4,532 4,538 4,543 5

Food manufacturing

1,484.7 1,518.3 1,505.9 1,498.6 1,480.7 1,487.1 1,491.0 1,494.0 3.0

Textile mills

118.5 116.8 116.5 116.8 118.3 116.8 116.8 116.6 -0.2

Textile product mills

116.6 115.5 116.4 116.4 115.2 115.0 115.4 114.8 -0.6

Apparel

138.8 137.1 137.3 137.6 139.1 136.6 136.6 137.1 0.5

Paper and paper products

367.8 366.9 366.6 366.9 368.1 367.3 367.0 367.1 0.1

Printing and related support activities

452.0 443.2 445.7 447.0 450.4 443.6 444.7 445.0 0.3

Petroleum and coal products

110.5 115.1 114.6 114.7 110.4 113.1 113.2 114.0 0.8

Chemicals

808.8 812.5 811.6 813.5 808.5 813.2 812.7 813.8 1.1

Plastics and rubber products

683.7 688.1 688.7 688.9 683.7 687.3 688.4 688.6 0.2

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

240.0 260.8 259.9 252.9 239.1 251.8 252.6 252.4 -0.2

Private service-providing

99,552 100,916 101,619 101,933 98,946 100,881 101,155 101,318 163

Trade, transportation, and utilities

27,106 26,883 27,119 27,554 26,615 26,983 27,026 27,075 49

Wholesale trade

5,873.4 5,918.2 5,934.3 5,947.1 5,861.2 5,919.1 5,927.9 5,937.0 9.1

Durable goods

2,925.5 2,946.2 2,953.0 2,953.5 2,925.1 2,948.9 2,951.4 2,955.0 3.6

Nondurable goods

2,038.4 2,064.6 2,068.5 2,075.4 2,028.8 2,061.5 2,063.8 2,066.7 2.9

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

909.5 907.4 912.8 918.2 907.3 908.7 912.7 915.3 2.6

Retail trade

15,903.6 15,586.3 15,796.7 16,190.8 15,497.5 15,710.4 15,751.0 15,781.7 30.7

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,885.9 1,952.8 1,956.8 1,957.6 1,887.6 1,941.7 1,949.8 1,958.7 8.9

Automobile dealers

1,205.0 1,244.2 1,250.7 1,250.6 1,204.8 1,238.9 1,245.2 1,250.0 4.8

Furniture and home furnishings stores

476.7 463.5 469.9 481.2 459.0 468.1 464.2 464.9 0.7

Electronics and appliance stores

522.1 500.5 516.9 540.9 490.8 509.4 509.2 509.9 0.7

Building material and garden supply stores

1,217.5 1,243.6 1,244.3 1,242.2 1,242.2 1,260.5 1,264.7 1,268.2 3.5

Food and beverage stores

3,037.8 3,038.7 3,053.5 3,074.1 3,016.1 3,044.4 3,047.4 3,052.0 4.6

Health and personal care stores

1,043.4 1,021.0 1,026.0 1,039.0 1,029.5 1,026.7 1,023.4 1,025.7 2.3

Gasoline stations

890.4 909.8 911.1 909.6 888.7 905.8 909.3 908.8 -0.5

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,489.8 1,354.0 1,413.4 1,492.8 1,381.0 1,386.5 1,401.2 1,387.0 -14.2

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

673.9 594.6 602.5 652.6 630.6 601.1 598.6 603.1 4.5

General merchandise stores(1)

3,286.1 3,137.7 3,192.9 3,372.5 3,132.8 3,195.1 3,206.5 3,218.1 11.6

Department stores

1,442.6 1,286.4 1,313.0 1,425.4 1,341.9 1,325.0 1,325.4 1,325.9 0.5

Miscellaneous store retailers

833.3 832.0 851.5 850.9 821.6 827.6 830.8 836.9 6.1

Nonstore retailers

546.7 538.1 557.9 577.4 517.6 543.5 545.9 548.4 2.5

Transportation and warehousing

4,773.8 4,814.0 4,823.3 4,848.7 4,700.1 4,787.2 4,781.5 4,787.9 6.4

Air transportation

443.8 453.2 454.5 452.9 445.5 452.6 454.4 454.2 -0.2

Rail transportation

240.0 235.9 233.9 234.8 240.1 236.5 234.4 235.6 1.2

Water transportation

66.5 64.1 62.6 60.6 67.4 63.2 62.2 61.8 -0.4

Truck transportation

1,441.1 1,474.2 1,470.5 1,466.3 1,428.7 1,454.1 1,453.2 1,455.5 2.3

Transit and ground passenger transportation

489.4 483.1 488.5 485.6 471.8 471.0 470.4 468.6 -1.8

Pipeline transportation

47.6 50.3 49.9 49.7 47.4 50.1 49.9 49.7 -0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

26.2 38.4 32.8 27.4 30.8 32.9 32.4 32.3 -0.1

Support activities for transportation

635.9 654.8 651.2 655.2 634.6 655.8 647.5 653.7 6.2

Couriers and messengers

621.0 576.4 580.8 605.9 589.8 589.5 588.9 585.3 -3.6

Warehousing and storage

762.3 783.6 798.6 810.3 744.0 781.5 788.2 791.2 3.0

Utilities

555.2 564.9 565.1 567.6 556.1 565.8 565.7 568.1 2.4

Information

2,778 2,796 2,806 2,809 2,761 2,805 2,807 2,795 -12

Publishing industries, except Internet

725.2 720.1 718.1 717.0 722.6 718.2 716.3 714.4 -1.9

Motion picture and sound recording industries

384.0 385.7 397.6 392.8 377.0 394.9 400.3 386.9 -13.4

Broadcasting, except Internet

288.2 289.9 288.4 289.2 286.5 288.4 287.8 288.0 0.2

Telecommunications

866.3 862.8 861.3 865.8 862.3 863.9 862.0 862.5 0.5

Data processing, hosting and related services

286.5 298.2 298.2 299.6 285.6 299.2 298.6 299.6 1.0

Other information services

227.3 239.6 242.2 244.3 227.1 240.3 241.5 243.5 2.0

Financial activities

8,041 8,163 8,176 8,183 8,042 8,159 8,169 8,183 14

Finance and insurance

5,984.2 6,055.4 6,074.3 6,095.4 5,974.7 6,064.2 6,074.2 6,085.2 11.0

Monetary authorities - central bank

18.4 18.5 18.6 18.6 18.3 18.5 18.5 18.5 0.0

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,567.6 2,575.2 2,575.5 2,581.5 2,564.4 2,577.2 2,577.6 2,579.3 1.7

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,700.3 1,690.0 1,689.2 1,693.8 1,701.0 1,694.7 1,693.1 1,695.1 2.0

Commercial banking

1,285.6 1,266.7 1,264.8 1,267.8 1,286.2 1,270.8 1,268.6 1,268.7 0.1

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

889.9 903.9 911.8 912.9 890.7 907.4 910.7 912.7 2.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,508.3 2,557.8 2,568.4 2,582.4 2,501.3 2,561.1 2,567.4 2,574.7 7.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,056.4 2,107.4 2,101.4 2,088.0 2,067.1 2,095.0 2,094.8 2,098.1 3.3

Real estate

1,494.9 1,528.9 1,533.9 1,525.9 1,500.4 1,523.9 1,528.8 1,530.4 1.6

Rental and leasing services

537.8 555.1 543.8 538.5 543.1 547.8 542.4 544.2 1.8

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.7 23.4 23.7 23.6 23.6 23.3 23.6 23.5 -0.1

Professional and business services

19,507 19,919 20,131 20,127 19,367 19,856 19,946 19,973 27

Professional and technical services(1)

8,452.7 8,608.9 8,714.9 8,758.3 8,464.1 8,701.1 8,734.1 8,762.5 28.4

Legal services

1,121.2 1,119.7 1,128.7 1,130.2 1,119.2 1,125.7 1,127.0 1,127.6 0.6

Accounting and bookkeeping services

928.4 939.9 961.1 985.2 982.9 1,016.2 1,022.8 1,033.9 11.1

Architectural and engineering services

1,404.5 1,434.4 1,447.5 1,441.9 1,399.3 1,428.5 1,437.5 1,436.4 -1.1

Computer systems design and related services

1,815.5 1,878.7 1,906.8 1,912.6 1,805.6 1,889.0 1,898.5 1,903.3 4.8

Management and technical consulting services

1,287.5 1,312.8 1,332.1 1,339.0 1,274.3 1,314.4 1,321.3 1,326.3 5.0

Management of companies and enterprises

2,184.0 2,228.1 2,236.6 2,241.9 2,184.6 2,231.5 2,237.6 2,242.8 5.2

Administrative and waste services

8,870.7 9,082.3 9,179.9 9,126.8 8,718.1 8,923.6 8,974.1 8,968.1 -6.0

Administrative and support services(1)

8,483.2 8,679.7 8,779.1 8,725.4 8,330.1 8,524.8 8,574.6 8,566.4 -8.2

Employment services(1)

3,632.2 3,666.3 3,741.5 3,727.5 3,514.9 3,586.9 3,615.5 3,603.8 -11.7

Temporary help services

2,949.4 2,972.2 3,037.7 3,026.6 2,842.3 2,900.8 2,928.9 2,916.6 -12.3

Business support services

915.2 911.0 933.1 939.3 895.8 915.5 919.7 919.6 -0.1

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,953.7 2,073.2 2,062.9 2,019.4 1,945.4 2,004.9 2,013.8 2,013.5 -0.3

Waste management and remediation services

387.5 402.6 400.8 401.4 388.0 398.8 399.5 401.7 2.2

Education and health services

21,912 22,102 22,468 22,553 21,664 22,191 22,262 22,302 40

Educational services

3,616.9 3,415.5 3,639.0 3,674.9 3,433.9 3,475.0 3,483.0 3,491.3 8.3

Health care and social assistance

18,295.4 18,686.1 18,829.4 18,877.6 18,230.2 18,716.0 18,778.7 18,810.9 32.2

Health care(3)

14,866.9 15,208.3 15,308.1 15,339.4 14,826.7 15,221.3 15,272.6 15,296.4 23.8

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,772.6 6,949.3 7,019.6 7,025.7 6,745.2 6,960.0 6,994.2 6,998.4 4.2

Offices of physicians

2,505.1 2,566.8 2,590.7 2,594.5 2,497.1 2,572.9 2,583.3 2,586.0 2.7

Outpatient care centers

725.0 748.4 755.1 757.4 723.4 750.8 753.8 755.9 2.1

Home health care services

1,295.6 1,335.7 1,353.4 1,351.4 1,286.2 1,334.0 1,343.7 1,342.1 -1.6

Hospitals

4,816.2 4,945.8 4,969.8 4,984.1 4,806.9 4,943.9 4,960.1 4,973.5 13.4

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,278.1 3,313.2 3,318.7 3,329.6 3,274.6 3,317.4 3,318.3 3,324.5 6.2

Nursing care facilities

1,656.1 1,661.5 1,664.8 1,669.6 1,653.1 1,662.0 1,663.0 1,665.1 2.1

Social assistance(1)

3,428.5 3,477.8 3,521.3 3,538.2 3,403.5 3,494.7 3,506.1 3,514.5 8.4

Child day care services

877.5 875.8 893.5 898.4 859.8 876.0 878.7 880.5 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

14,616 15,422 15,264 15,061 14,892 15,243 15,291 15,330 39

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,978.3 2,237.7 2,147.7 2,035.9 2,134.7 2,179.2 2,182.9 2,189.6 6.7

Performing arts and spectator sports

445.7 494.5 487.0 463.8 460.4 478.3 479.8 478.0 -1.8

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

141.7 149.8 149.0 142.9 145.7 147.9 148.3 147.2 -1.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,390.9 1,593.4 1,511.7 1,429.2 1,528.6 1,553.0 1,554.8 1,564.4 9.6

Accommodation and food services

12,638.0 13,184.6 13,115.8 13,025.2 12,757.2 13,064.2 13,107.7 13,140.6 32.9

Accommodation

1,832.5 1,946.4 1,892.1 1,842.7 1,893.9 1,903.5 1,902.4 1,903.8 1.4

Food services and drinking places

10,805.5 11,238.2 11,223.7 11,182.5 10,863.3 11,160.7 11,205.3 11,236.8 31.5

Other services

5,592 5,631 5,655 5,646 5,605 5,644 5,654 5,660 6

Repair and maintenance

1,244.4 1,270.5 1,280.1 1,274.3 1,248.2 1,267.4 1,275.8 1,278.9 3.1

Personal and laundry services

1,379.1 1,393.2 1,402.1 1,398.6 1,382.0 1,394.5 1,401.3 1,400.8 -0.5

Membership associations and organizations

2,968.9 2,967.1 2,972.3 2,972.7 2,975.1 2,982.0 2,977.3 2,979.8 2.5

Government

22,381 21,875 22,348 22,465 21,892 21,977 21,971 21,985 14

Federal

2,725.0 2,742.0 2,735.0 2,742.0 2,729.0 2,740.0 2,739.0 2,745.0 6.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,130.2 2,148.6 2,141.6 2,142.9 2,133.8 2,143.4 2,143.8 2,146.5 2.7

U.S. Postal Service

594.8 593.8 593.1 599.0 595.0 596.1 595.1 598.1 3.0

State government

5,252.0 5,128.0 5,269.0 5,284.0 5,072.0 5,101.0 5,102.0 5,105.0 3.0

State government education

2,612.9 2,485.2 2,629.3 2,641.0 2,423.8 2,453.2 2,454.0 2,453.3 -0.7

State government, excluding education

2,638.6 2,642.5 2,639.7 2,643.1 2,647.9 2,647.4 2,648.2 2,651.3 3.1

Local government

14,404.0 14,005.0 14,344.0 14,439.0 14,091.0 14,136.0 14,130.0 14,135.0 5.0

Local government education

8,146.5 7,674.4 8,042.3 8,143.9 7,797.4 7,804.1 7,793.1 7,794.6 1.5

Local government, excluding education

6,257.0 6,331.0 6,301.9 6,295.1 6,293.8 6,331.7 6,336.6 6,340.1 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.6 34.5 34.6 34.5

Goods-producing

40.6 40.1 40.5 40.3

Mining and logging

44.9 44.1 44.1 44.1

Construction

39.0 38.7 39.7 39.1

Manufacturing

41.1 40.6 40.7 40.7

Durable goods

41.6 40.9 41.0 41.0

Nondurable goods

40.3 40.1 40.2 40.1

Private service-providing

33.4 33.4 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.7 34.6 34.6

Wholesale trade

38.9 38.8 38.9 38.8

Retail trade

31.4 31.6 31.4 31.5

Transportation and warehousing

38.8 39.0 38.8 38.9

Utilities

42.7 42.5 42.6 42.8

Information

36.7 36.0 36.1 36.1

Financial activities

37.3 37.7 37.7 37.6

Professional and business services

36.3 36.1 36.2 36.1

Education and health services

32.8 32.8 32.8 32.8

Leisure and hospitality

26.2 26.3 26.3 26.3

Other services

31.8 31.8 31.9 31.9

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.5 3.2 3.2 3.2

Durable goods

3.6 3.1 3.1 3.1

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.4 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)

Total private

$24.68 $25.12 $25.21 $25.25 $853.93 $866.64 $872.27 $871.13

Goods-producing

25.86 26.31 26.40 26.45 1,049.92 1,055.03 1,069.20 1,065.94

Mining and logging

30.81 31.44 31.42 31.75 1,383.37 1,386.50 1,385.62 1,400.18

Construction

26.91 27.37 27.54 27.63 1,049.49 1,059.22 1,093.34 1,080.33

Manufacturing

24.96 25.42 25.46 25.48 1,025.86 1,032.05 1,036.22 1,037.04

Durable goods

26.27 26.71 26.75 26.74 1,092.83 1,092.44 1,096.75 1,096.34

Nondurable goods

22.62 23.17 23.21 23.28 911.59 929.12 933.04 933.53

Private service-providing

24.40 24.84 24.93 24.97 814.96 829.66 832.66 834.00

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21.53 21.90 22.01 21.99 744.94 759.93 761.55 760.85

Wholesale trade

28.24 28.76 28.90 28.85 1,098.54 1,115.89 1,124.21 1,119.38

Retail trade

17.18 17.64 17.70 17.65 539.45 557.42 555.78 555.98

Transportation and warehousing

22.88 22.81 22.94 23.01 887.74 889.59 890.07 895.09

Utilities

36.00 37.33 37.57 37.82 1,537.20 1,586.53 1,600.48 1,618.70

Information

34.38 35.17 35.36 35.64 1,261.75 1,266.12 1,276.50 1,286.60

Financial activities

31.09 31.71 31.72 31.84 1,159.66 1,195.47 1,195.84 1,197.18

Professional and business services

29.53 30.25 30.30 30.39 1,071.94 1,092.03 1,096.86 1,097.08

Education and health services

24.99 25.30 25.40 25.46 819.67 829.84 833.12 835.09

Leisure and hospitality

14.11 14.39 14.45 14.47 369.68 378.46 380.04 380.56

Other services

22.18 22.48 22.51 22.55 705.32 714.86 718.07 719.35

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2015 - Nov.
2015(p)
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2015 - Nov.
2015(p)

Total private

102.4 103.8 104.4 104.3 -0.1 120.6 124.5 125.6 125.7 0.1

Goods-producing

89.9 89.2 90.3 90.0 -0.3 105.0 106.1 107.7 107.6 -0.1

Mining and logging

128.7 111.6 110.9 109.3 -1.4 159.2 140.8 139.8 139.4 -0.3

Construction

83.8 85.5 88.2 87.5 -0.8 97.9 101.7 105.5 105.0 -0.5

Manufacturing

90.8 90.0 90.2 90.2 0.0 105.4 106.4 106.8 106.9 0.1

Durable goods

91.0 89.7 89.8 89.7 -0.1 106.1 106.4 106.7 106.6 -0.1

Nondurable goods

90.8 90.7 91.0 90.9 -0.1 104.2 106.6 107.2 107.4 0.2

Private service-providing

105.8 107.8 108.1 108.3 0.2 125.1 129.9 130.7 131.1 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

100.2 101.8 101.7 101.9 0.2 116.1 120.0 120.5 120.6 0.1

Wholesale trade

99.5 100.2 100.6 100.5 -0.1 117.2 120.3 121.3 121.0 -0.2

Retail trade

98.8 100.8 100.5 101.0 0.5 112.3 117.6 117.6 117.8 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

104.4 106.9 106.2 106.6 0.4 121.2 123.7 123.6 124.5 0.7

Utilities

102.7 104.0 104.3 105.2 0.9 122.2 128.3 129.4 131.5 1.6

Information

92.5 92.2 92.5 92.1 -0.4 113.3 115.5 116.5 116.9 0.3

Financial activities

98.2 100.7 100.9 100.8 -0.1 119.1 124.6 124.8 125.1 0.2

Professional and business services

110.6 112.7 113.6 113.4 -0.2 132.3 138.2 139.4 139.6 0.1

Education and health services

114.0 116.8 117.2 117.4 0.2 134.3 139.2 140.2 140.8 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

111.3 114.4 114.7 115.0 0.3 126.7 132.8 133.8 134.3 0.4

Other services

98.8 99.4 99.9 100.0 0.1 124.3 126.9 127.7 128.0 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)

Total nonfarm

69,168 70,341 70,499 70,553 49.3 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

56,668 57,755 57,920 57,972 47.9 48.0 48.0 47.9

Goods-producing

4,251 4,270 4,272 4,270 21.9 21.9 21.8 21.8

Mining and logging

123 113 111 110 13.5 14.0 13.9 13.9

Construction

792 807 805 805 12.7 12.6 12.5 12.4

Manufacturing

3,336 3,350 3,356 3,355 27.2 27.2 27.2 27.2

Durable goods

1,791 1,812 1,812 1,811 23.1 23.3 23.3 23.3

Nondurable goods

1,545 1,538 1,544 1,544 34.2 33.9 34.0 34.0

Private service-providing

52,417 53,485 53,648 53,702 53.0 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,762 10,921 10,954 10,957 40.4 40.5 40.5 40.5

Wholesale trade

1,717.7 1,737.5 1,740.0 1,743.8 29.3 29.4 29.4 29.4

Retail trade

7,801.1 7,918.5 7,948.9 7,946.4 50.3 50.4 50.5 50.4

Transportation and warehousing

1,109.3 1,129.4 1,129.4 1,130.6 23.6 23.6 23.6 23.6

Utilities

134.0 135.3 135.3 136.2 24.1 23.9 23.9 24.0

Information

1,107 1,122 1,120 1,119 40.1 40.0 39.9 40.0

Financial activities

4,603 4,657 4,666 4,672 57.2 57.1 57.1 57.1

Professional and business services

8,635 8,870 8,912 8,913 44.6 44.7 44.7 44.6

Education and health services

16,651 17,069 17,136 17,156 76.9 76.9 77.0 76.9

Leisure and hospitality

7,723 7,889 7,904 7,926 51.9 51.8 51.7 51.7

Other services

2,936 2,957 2,956 2,959 52.4 52.4 52.3 52.3

Government

12,500 12,586 12,579 12,581 57.1 57.3 57.3 57.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)

Total private

97,671 99,262 99,489 99,604

Goods-producing

13,991 14,080 14,113 14,139

Mining and logging

669 584 582 574

Construction

4,682 4,832 4,861 4,898

Manufacturing

8,640 8,664 8,670 8,667

Durable goods

5,346 5,365 5,366 5,360

Nondurable goods

3,294 3,299 3,304 3,307

Private service-providing

83,680 85,182 85,376 85,465

Trade, transportation, and utilities

22,437 22,691 22,711 22,733

Wholesale trade

4,729.3 4,748.7 4,751.6 4,749.7

Retail trade

13,192.1 13,343.6 13,367.3 13,393.9

Transportation and warehousing

4,068.4 4,145.5 4,139.2 4,134.9

Utilities

447.0 453.3 452.7 454.6

Information

2,240 2,275 2,277 2,269

Financial activities

6,204 6,308 6,323 6,335

Professional and business services

15,996 16,294 16,358 16,362

Education and health services

19,018 19,482 19,540 19,567

Leisure and hospitality

13,120 13,434 13,469 13,495

Other services

4,665 4,698 4,698 4,704

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.8 33.6 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

41.6 40.9 41.4 41.2

Mining and logging

47.6 45.3 45.5 45.5

Construction

39.7 38.9 40.2 39.6

Manufacturing

42.2 41.8 41.8 41.8

Durable goods

42.5 42.0 42.0 42.1

Nondurable goods

41.6 41.4 41.4 41.3

Private service-providing

32.5 32.4 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.7 33.7 33.6 33.7

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.5 38.5 38.4

Retail trade

30.1 30.2 30.0 30.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.7 38.7 38.8

Utilities

42.6 42.3 42.3 42.5

Information

36.0 35.6 35.5 35.7

Financial activities

36.8 37.1 37.1 37.1

Professional and business services

35.7 35.2 35.4 35.5

Education and health services

32.0 32.1 32.1 32.0

Leisure and hospitality

25.1 25.1 25.0 25.0

Other services

30.7 30.6 30.6 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.6 4.2 4.3 4.2

Durable goods

4.6 4.2 4.3 4.2

Nondurable goods

4.5 4.2 4.3 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)

Total private

$20.77 $21.10 $21.18 $21.19 $702.03 $708.96 $713.77 $714.10

Goods-producing

21.71 21.99 22.13 22.13 903.14 899.39 916.18 911.76

Mining and logging

27.13 26.69 26.66 26.72 1,291.39 1,209.06 1,213.03 1,215.76

Construction

24.83 25.02 25.36 25.40 985.75 973.28 1,019.47 1,005.84

Manufacturing

19.64 20.07 20.06 20.05 828.81 838.93 838.51 838.09

Durable goods

20.71 21.06 21.08 21.06 880.18 884.52 885.36 886.63

Nondurable goods

17.86 18.43 18.39 18.38 742.98 763.00 761.35 759.09

Private service-providing

20.57 20.91 20.98 20.99 668.53 677.48 679.75 680.08

Trade, transportation, and utilities

18.45 18.73 18.79 18.75 621.77 631.20 631.34 631.88

Wholesale trade

23.47 23.67 23.79 23.77 905.94 911.30 915.92 912.77

Retail trade

14.55 14.99 14.97 14.91 437.96 452.70 449.10 450.28

Transportation and warehousing

20.70 20.68 20.75 20.80 796.95 800.32 803.03 807.04

Utilities

33.03 34.10 34.54 34.87 1,407.08 1,442.43 1,461.04 1,481.98

Information

28.57 28.82 29.11 29.51 1,028.52 1,025.99 1,033.41 1,053.51

Financial activities

25.03 25.47 25.50 25.55 921.10 944.94 946.05 947.91

Professional and business services

24.37 24.93 24.97 25.00 870.01 877.54 883.94 887.50

Education and health services

21.83 22.15 22.22 22.21 698.56 711.02 713.26 710.72

Leisure and hospitality

12.26 12.46 12.50 12.52 307.73 312.75 312.50 313.00

Other services

18.71 18.99 19.00 19.01 574.40 581.09 581.40 581.71

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2015 - Nov.
2015(p)
Nov.
2014
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015(p)
Nov.
2015(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2015 - Nov.
2015(p)

Total private

110.0 111.1 111.7 111.9 0.2 152.7 156.7 158.1 158.4 0.2

Goods-producing

88.9 88.0 89.3 89.0 -0.3 118.2 118.5 121.0 120.6 -0.3

Mining and logging

169.2 140.6 140.7 138.8 -1.4 267.0 218.2 218.2 215.7 -1.1

Construction

93.1 94.1 97.8 97.1 -0.7 124.8 127.1 134.0 133.2 -0.6

Manufacturing

83.7 83.1 83.2 83.2 0.0 107.5 109.1 109.1 109.0 -0.1

Durable goods

85.4 84.7 84.7 84.8 0.1 110.4 111.3 111.4 111.5 0.1

Nondurable goods

80.7 80.5 80.6 80.5 -0.1 101.9 104.8 104.7 104.5 -0.2

Private service-providing

115.9 117.6 117.8 118.0 0.2 163.4 168.6 169.5 169.8 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

105.4 106.6 106.4 106.8 0.4 138.7 142.4 142.6 142.9 0.2

Wholesale trade

107.5 107.7 107.7 107.4 -0.3 148.6 150.1 151.0 150.4 -0.4

Retail trade

100.5 102.0 101.5 102.4 0.9 125.3 131.1 130.2 130.8 0.5

Transportation and warehousing

117.9 120.8 120.6 120.8 0.2 154.8 158.4 158.7 159.3 0.4

Utilities

97.4 98.1 97.9 98.8 0.9 134.3 139.6 141.2 143.8 1.8

Information

92.0 92.4 92.3 92.5 0.2 130.2 131.9 133.0 135.1 1.6

Financial activities

107.5 110.2 110.4 110.6 0.2 165.5 172.6 173.2 173.9 0.4

Professional and business services

128.0 128.5 129.8 130.2 0.3 185.6 190.7 192.8 193.7 0.5

Education and health services

129.9 133.5 133.9 133.6 -0.2 187.1 195.1 196.3 195.8 -0.3

Leisure and hospitality

120.6 123.5 123.3 123.6 0.2 167.9 174.8 175.1 175.7 0.3

Other services

100.4 100.8 100.8 100.9 0.1 136.9 139.5 139.6 139.8 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2014 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: December 04, 2015