Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                   USDL-13-2315
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, December 6, 2013

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555  •  cesinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ces
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                        THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- NOVEMBER 2013


The unemployment rate declined from 7.3 percent to 7.0 percent in November, and total
nonfarm payroll employment rose by 203,000, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Employment increased in transportation and warehousing, health care,
and manufacturing.

Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons, at 10.9 million, and the unemployment rate, at
7.0 percent, declined in November. Among the unemployed, the number who reported being
on temporary layoff decreased by 377,000. This largely reflects the return to work of
federal employees who were furloughed in October due to the partial government shutdown.
(See tables A-1 and A-11.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (6.7 percent),
adult women (6.2 percent), teenagers (20.8 percent), whites (6.2 percent), blacks
(12.5 percent), and Hispanics (8.7 percent) changed little in November. The jobless
rate for Asians was 5.3 percent (not seasonally adjusted), little changed from a year
earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed less than 5 weeks declined by 300,000 in November,
partially reflecting the return to work of federal employees on furlough in October.
The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially
unchanged at 4.1 million in November. These individuals accounted for 37.3 percent of
the unemployed. The number of long-term unemployed has declined by 718,000 over the
past 12 months. (See table A-12.)

The civilian labor force rose by 455,000 in November, after declining by 720,000 in
October. The labor force participation rate changed little (63.0 percent) in November.
Total employment as measured by the household survey increased by 818,000 over the
month, following a decline of 735,000 in the prior month. This over-the-month increase
in employment partly reflected the return to work of furloughed federal government
employees. The employment-population ratio increased by 0.3 percentage point to 58.6
percent in November, reversing a decline of the same size in the prior month. (See
table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to
as involuntary part-time workers) fell by 331,000 to 7.7 million in November. These
individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because
they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In November, 2.1 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, down by
409,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals
were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a
job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they
had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 762,000 discouraged workers in November, down
by 217,000 from a year ago. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers
are persons not currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available
for them. The remaining 1.3 million persons marginally attached to the labor  force in
November had not searched for work for reasons such as school attendance or family
responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 203,000 in November. Job growth averaged
195,000 per month over the prior 12 months. In November, job gains occurred in
transportation and warehousing, health care, and manufacturing. (See table B-1.)

Employment in transportation and warehousing rose by 31,000 in November, with gains
in couriers and messengers (+9,000), truck transportation (+8,000), warehousing and
storage (+5,000), and air transportation (+3,000).

Health care employment continued to increase over the month (+28,000). Job gains occurred
in home healthcare services (+12,000) and offices of physicians (+7,000), while nursing
care facilities lost jobs (-4,000). Job growth in health care has averaged 19,000 per
month thus far this year, compared with an average monthly gain of 27,000 in 2012.

In November, manufacturing added 27,000 jobs. Within the industry, job gains occurred in
food manufacturing (+8,000) and in motor vehicles and parts (+7,000).

In November, employment in professional and business services continued to trend up
(+35,000). Over the prior 12 months, the industry added an average of 55,000 jobs per
month.

Retail trade employment also continued to expand in November (+22,000). Within the
industry, job growth occurred in general merchandise stores (+14,000); in sporting
goods, hobby, book, and music stores (+12,000); and in automobile dealers (+7,000).
Over the prior 12 months, job growth in retail trade averaged 31,000 per month.

Within leisure and hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places continued
to trend up in November (+18,000). Job growth in this industry averaged 28,000 per month
over the prior 12 months.

Employment in construction continued to trend up in November (+17,000). Monthly job
gains in the industry averaged 15,000 over the prior 12 months.

Federal government employment continued to decline (-7,000) in November. Over the past
12 months, federal government employment has decreased by 92,000.

Employment in other major industries, including mining and logging, wholesale trade,
information, and financial activities, showed little or no change in November.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls edged up by
0.1 hour to 34.5 hours in November. The manufacturing workweek edged up by 0.1 hour
to 41.0 hours, and factory overtime edged up by 0.1 hour to 3.5 hours. The average
workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls
edged up by 0.1 hour to 33.7 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In November, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose
by 4 cents to $24.15. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 48 cents,
or 2.0 percent. In November, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory
employees increased by 3 cents to $20.31. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for September was revised from +163,000
to +175,000, and the change for October was revised from +204,000 to +200,000. With
these revisions, employment gains in September and October combined were 8,000 higher
than previously reported.

_____________
The Employment Situation for December is scheduled to be released on Friday,
January 10, 2014, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).



   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  |                                                                                       |
  |                           Household Survey Reference Period                           |
  |                                                                                       |
  |In the household survey, the reference period for November 2013 was the calendar week  |
  |that included the 5th of the month. Typically, the reference period for the household  |
  |survey is the calendar week that includes the 12th of the month. The November reference|
  |week was moved up in 2013 due to the timing of the November and December holidays. In  |
  |accordance with usual practice, this change is made in November when necessary to allow|
  |for sufficient time to process data and conduct survey operations.                     |
  |                                                                                       |
   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



  ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |                                                                                        |
 |               Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Household Survey Data                    |
 |                                                                                        |
 |In accordance with usual practice, The Employment Situation release for December 2013,  |
 |scheduled for January 10, 2014, will incorporate annual revisions in seasonally adjusted|
 |unemployment and other labor force series from the household survey. Seasonally adjusted|
 |data for the most recent 5 years are subject to revision.                               |
 |                                                                                        |
   ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  
  
  
  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  |                                                                                      |
  |                  Upcoming Change to the Household Survey Tables                      |
  |                                                                                      |
  |Effective with the release of January 2014 data on February 7, 2014, household survey |
  |table A-10 will include two new seasonally adjusted series for women age 55 and over— |
  |the number of unemployed persons and the unemployment rate. These will replace the    |
  |series that are currently displayed for this group, which are not seasonally adjusted.|
  |                                                                                      |
   --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Change from:
Oct.
2013-
Nov.
2013

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

244,174 246,168 246,381 246,567 186

Civilian labor force

155,319 155,559 154,839 155,294 455

Participation rate

63.6 63.2 62.8 63.0 0.2

Employed

143,277 144,303 143,568 144,386 818

Employment-population ratio

58.7 58.6 58.3 58.6 0.3

Unemployed

12,042 11,255 11,272 10,907 -365

Unemployment rate

7.8 7.2 7.3 7.0 -0.3

Not in labor force

88,855 90,609 91,541 91,273 -268

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.8 7.2 7.3 7.0 -0.3

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.2 7.1 7.0 6.7 -0.3

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.0 6.2 6.4 6.2 -0.2

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.6 21.4 22.2 20.8 -1.4

White

6.8 6.3 6.3 6.2 -0.1

Black or African American

13.2 12.9 13.1 12.5 -0.6

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.4 5.3 5.2 5.3 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.9 9.0 9.1 8.7 -0.4

Total, 25 years and over

6.5 6.0 6.1 5.9 -0.2

Less than a high school diploma

12.1 10.3 10.9 10.8 -0.1

High school graduates, no college

8.1 7.6 7.3 7.3 0.0

Some college or associate degree

6.6 6.0 6.3 6.4 0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.9 3.7 3.8 3.4 -0.4

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,429 5,844 6,253 5,804 -449

Job leavers

926 989 861 893 32

Reentrants

3,325 3,181 3,117 3,073 -44

New entrants

1,326 1,222 1,223 1,165 -58

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,596 2,596 2,761 2,461 -300

5 to 14 weeks

2,757 2,703 2,656 2,597 -59

15 to 26 weeks

1,820 1,804 1,782 1,766 -16

27 weeks and over

4,784 4,146 4,063 4,066 3

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,138 7,926 8,050 7,719 -331

Slack work or business conditions

5,084 4,960 5,047 4,869 -178

Could only find part-time work

2,648 2,557 2,599 2,486 -113

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,594 18,967 18,786 18,876 90

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,505 2,302 2,283 2,096 -

Discouraged workers

979 852 815 762 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

247 175 200 203

Total private

256 168 214 196

Goods-producing

43 29 31 44

Mining and logging

12 4 3 0

Construction

24 17 12 17

Manufacturing

7 8 16 27

Durable goods(1)

17 12 11 17

Motor vehicles and parts

9.7 2.5 4.1 6.7

Nondurable goods

-10 -4 5 10

Private service-providing(1)

213 139 183 152

Wholesale trade

9.8 15.7 -8.1 6.8

Retail trade

69.6 23.3 45.8 22.3

Transportation and warehousing

20.2 36.9 3.1 30.5

Information

14 2 4 -1

Financial activities

5 -3 7 -3

Professional and business services(1)

55 47 48 35

Temporary help services

26.5 27.4 9.1 16.4

Education and health services(1)

14 14 30 40

Health care and social assistance

30.2 19.7 21.3 29.6

Leisure and hospitality

21 -1 49 17

Other services

7 4 4 4

Government

-9 7 -14 7

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.4 34.4 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.67 $24.09 $24.11 $24.15

Average weekly earnings

$814.25 $828.70 $829.38 $833.18

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

97.0 98.7 98.8 99.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

109.5 113.3 113.6 114.4

Over-the-month percent change

0.9 0.0 0.3 0.7

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.7 33.6 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$19.88 $20.25 $20.28 $20.31

Average weekly earnings

$669.96 $682.43 $681.41 $684.45

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

104.7 106.3 106.2 106.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.5

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

138.9 143.8 143.9 144.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.7 0.3 0.1 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

63.9 61.3 61.1 63.5

Manufacturing (81 industries)

52.5 54.3 56.8 63.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 557,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

244,174 246,381 246,567 244,174 245,756 245,959 246,168 246,381 246,567

Civilian labor force

154,953 154,918 155,046 155,319 155,798 155,486 155,559 154,839 155,294

Participation rate

63.5 62.9 62.9 63.6 63.4 63.2 63.2 62.8 63.0

Employed

143,549 144,144 144,775 143,277 144,285 144,170 144,303 143,568 144,386

Employment-population ratio

58.8 58.5 58.7 58.7 58.7 58.6 58.6 58.3 58.6

Unemployed

11,404 10,773 10,271 12,042 11,514 11,316 11,255 11,272 10,907

Unemployment rate

7.4 7.0 6.6 7.8 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.0

Not in labor force

89,221 91,463 91,521 88,855 89,957 90,473 90,609 91,541 91,273

Persons who currently want a job

6,495 5,683 5,437 6,827 6,619 6,285 6,163 6,162 5,754

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,810 118,916 119,011 117,810 118,595 118,700 118,807 118,916 119,011

Civilian labor force

82,310 82,261 82,397 82,514 82,852 82,513 82,854 82,347 82,580

Participation rate

69.9 69.2 69.2 70.0 69.9 69.5 69.7 69.2 69.4

Employed

76,142 76,403 76,726 75,983 76,466 76,164 76,452 76,074 76,541

Employment-population ratio

64.6 64.2 64.5 64.5 64.5 64.2 64.4 64.0 64.3

Unemployed

6,167 5,858 5,671 6,530 6,387 6,349 6,401 6,274 6,039

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.1 6.9 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.3

Not in labor force

35,501 36,654 36,614 35,297 35,743 36,186 35,953 36,568 36,431

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

109,206 110,414 110,515 109,206 110,054 110,172 110,292 110,414 110,515

Civilian labor force

79,554 79,468 79,743 79,568 79,909 79,639 79,797 79,420 79,741

Participation rate

72.8 72.0 72.2 72.9 72.6 72.3 72.4 71.9 72.2

Employed

74,121 74,290 74,686 73,821 74,328 74,010 74,143 73,869 74,361

Employment-population ratio

67.9 67.3 67.6 67.6 67.5 67.2 67.2 66.9 67.3

Unemployed

5,433 5,178 5,058 5,747 5,581 5,629 5,654 5,551 5,380

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.5 6.3 7.2 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.7

Not in labor force

29,652 30,947 30,772 29,638 30,145 30,533 30,495 30,994 30,774

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,364 127,465 127,555 126,364 127,161 127,260 127,361 127,465 127,555

Civilian labor force

72,644 72,656 72,649 72,806 72,946 72,973 72,705 72,492 72,713

Participation rate

57.5 57.0 57.0 57.6 57.4 57.3 57.1 56.9 57.0

Employed

67,407 67,741 68,049 67,294 67,819 68,005 67,851 67,494 67,845

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.1 53.3 53.3 53.3 53.4 53.3 53.0 53.2

Unemployed

5,237 4,915 4,600 5,512 5,127 4,968 4,854 4,998 4,868

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.8 6.3 7.6 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.7

Not in labor force

53,720 54,809 54,907 53,558 54,215 54,287 54,657 54,973 54,842

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,079 119,246 119,341 118,079 118,907 119,018 119,131 119,246 119,341

Civilian labor force

69,873 69,968 69,912 69,907 70,033 70,140 69,936 69,707 69,867

Participation rate

59.2 58.7 58.6 59.2 58.9 58.9 58.7 58.5 58.5

Employed

65,175 65,565 65,775 64,988 65,489 65,750 65,582 65,255 65,523

Employment-population ratio

55.2 55.0 55.1 55.0 55.1 55.2 55.1 54.7 54.9

Unemployed

4,698 4,403 4,137 4,918 4,544 4,390 4,354 4,451 4,344

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.3 5.9 7.0 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2

Not in labor force

48,206 49,278 49,429 48,172 48,875 48,878 49,195 49,539 49,474

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,890 16,721 16,710 16,890 16,795 16,770 16,745 16,721 16,710

Civilian labor force

5,526 5,482 5,390 5,845 5,857 5,707 5,825 5,713 5,685

Participation rate

32.7 32.8 32.3 34.6 34.9 34.0 34.8 34.2 34.0

Employed

4,252 4,289 4,315 4,468 4,469 4,410 4,578 4,443 4,502

Employment-population ratio

25.2 25.7 25.8 26.5 26.6 26.3 27.3 26.6 26.9

Unemployed

1,273 1,193 1,076 1,376 1,388 1,297 1,248 1,269 1,183

Unemployment rate

23.0 21.8 20.0 23.6 23.7 22.7 21.4 22.2 20.8

Not in labor force

11,364 11,239 11,320 11,045 10,938 11,062 10,920 11,008 11,025

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,748 194,734 194,833 193,748 194,373 194,489 194,610 194,734 194,833

Civilian labor force

123,503 122,916 123,123 123,540 123,719 123,378 123,179 122,711 123,031

Participation rate

63.7 63.1 63.2 63.8 63.7 63.4 63.3 63.0 63.1

Employed

115,571 115,530 116,056 115,124 115,552 115,464 115,388 114,920 115,458

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.3 59.6 59.4 59.4 59.4 59.3 59.0 59.3

Unemployed

7,932 7,386 7,067 8,416 8,167 7,913 7,791 7,791 7,573

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.0 5.7 6.8 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.2

Not in labor force

70,244 71,818 71,710 70,207 70,654 71,112 71,431 72,023 71,803

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,607 64,206 64,475 64,509 64,595 64,433 64,323 64,072 64,288

Participation rate

73.3 72.4 72.6 73.2 73.0 72.8 72.6 72.2 72.4

Employed

60,713 60,537 60,871 60,397 60,528 60,416 60,408 60,128 60,442

Employment-population ratio

68.9 68.2 68.6 68.5 68.4 68.2 68.1 67.8 68.1

Unemployed

3,894 3,669 3,605 4,112 4,067 4,017 3,915 3,944 3,846

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.7 5.6 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.2 6.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,471 54,295 54,298 54,366 54,501 54,474 54,279 54,061 54,180

Participation rate

58.5 58.0 58.0 58.4 58.4 58.3 58.1 57.8 57.9

Employed

51,292 51,419 51,596 51,008 51,339 51,494 51,285 51,102 51,304

Employment-population ratio

55.1 55.0 55.1 54.8 55.0 55.1 54.8 54.6 54.8

Unemployed

3,180 2,875 2,702 3,358 3,162 2,980 2,994 2,959 2,876

Unemployment rate

5.8 5.3 5.0 6.2 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,425 4,415 4,350 4,665 4,623 4,470 4,577 4,578 4,562

Participation rate

35.1 35.5 35.0 37.0 37.0 35.8 36.7 36.8 36.7

Employed

3,567 3,574 3,589 3,718 3,685 3,555 3,695 3,690 3,712

Employment-population ratio

28.3 28.7 28.8 29.5 29.5 28.5 29.6 29.6 29.8

Unemployed

858 842 760 946 938 916 882 888 851

Unemployment rate

19.4 19.1 17.5 20.3 20.3 20.5 19.3 19.4 18.6

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,061 30,500 30,535 30,061 30,390 30,426 30,462 30,500 30,535

Civilian labor force

18,407 18,599 18,460 18,374 18,671 18,511 18,670 18,512 18,506

Participation rate

61.2 61.0 60.5 61.1 61.4 60.8 61.3 60.7 60.6

Employed

16,065 16,229 16,262 15,952 16,318 16,108 16,269 16,085 16,186

Employment-population ratio

53.4 53.2 53.3 53.1 53.7 52.9 53.4 52.7 53.0

Unemployed

2,342 2,370 2,199 2,422 2,353 2,403 2,402 2,427 2,320

Unemployment rate

12.7 12.7 11.9 13.2 12.6 13.0 12.9 13.1 12.5

Not in labor force

11,654 11,901 12,075 11,687 11,719 11,914 11,792 11,988 12,029

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,275 8,387 8,362 8,225 8,434 8,324 8,499 8,377 8,364

Participation rate

67.4 66.9 66.5 66.9 67.6 66.6 67.9 66.8 66.6

Employed

7,259 7,364 7,416 7,165 7,382 7,204 7,307 7,289 7,339

Employment-population ratio

59.1 58.7 59.0 58.3 59.2 57.6 58.3 58.1 58.4

Unemployed

1,016 1,022 945 1,060 1,052 1,120 1,192 1,089 1,025

Unemployment rate

12.3 12.2 11.3 12.9 12.5 13.5 14.0 13.0 12.3

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,464 9,540 9,471 9,444 9,508 9,450 9,421 9,442 9,470

Participation rate

62.4 61.9 61.4 62.3 62.0 61.5 61.2 61.3 61.4

Employed

8,404 8,419 8,443 8,360 8,510 8,449 8,475 8,353 8,415

Employment-population ratio

55.4 54.6 54.7 55.1 55.5 55.0 55.1 54.2 54.5

Unemployed

1,060 1,121 1,028 1,085 998 1,001 946 1,089 1,055

Unemployment rate

11.2 11.8 10.9 11.5 10.5 10.6 10.0 11.5 11.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

668 672 628 704 729 738 750 693 672

Participation rate

25.6 26.4 24.8 27.0 28.4 28.9 29.4 27.3 26.5

Employed

402 445 402 427 426 456 487 444 432

Employment-population ratio

15.4 17.5 15.9 16.4 16.6 17.8 19.1 17.5 17.0

Unemployed

266 227 225 277 303 282 263 249 241

Unemployment rate

39.8 33.7 35.9 39.3 41.6 38.2 35.1 36.0 35.8

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,934 13,355 13,484 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,344 8,498 8,666 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.5 63.6 64.3 - - - - - -

Employed

7,814 8,055 8,209 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.4 60.3 60.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

530 443 457 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.4 5.2 5.3 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,590 4,857 4,819 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,147 37,796 37,876 37,147 37,548 37,630 37,713 37,796 37,876

Civilian labor force

24,479 24,827 25,060 24,544 25,040 24,942 24,826 24,808 25,109

Participation rate

65.9 65.7 66.2 66.1 66.7 66.3 65.8 65.6 66.3

Employed

22,086 22,643 22,905 22,109 22,675 22,612 22,598 22,555 22,923

Employment-population ratio

59.5 59.9 60.5 59.5 60.4 60.1 59.9 59.7 60.5

Unemployed

2,394 2,184 2,154 2,435 2,366 2,330 2,228 2,253 2,186

Unemployment rate

9.8 8.8 8.6 9.9 9.4 9.3 9.0 9.1 8.7

Not in labor force

12,667 12,968 12,817 12,602 12,508 12,688 12,887 12,988 12,767

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,463 13,790 13,967 - - - - - -

Participation rate

80.3 80.8 81.6 - - - - - -

Employed

12,414 12,715 12,896 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.1 74.5 75.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,050 1,075 1,071 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

7.8 7.8 7.7 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,965 9,907 10,018 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.6 58.0 58.6 - - - - - -

Employed

8,938 9,107 9,192 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.4 53.4 53.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,027 800 826 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.3 8.1 8.2 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,051 1,130 1,075 - - - - - -

Participation rate

28.7 30.9 29.4 - - - - - -

Employed

734 821 817 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

20.1 22.5 22.4 - - - - - -

Unemployed

317 309 257 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

30.1 27.4 23.9 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,072 10,604 10,937 11,097 10,889 10,939 10,860 10,730 10,932

Participation rate

45.2 44.1 44.6 45.3 45.4 45.4 44.5 44.7 44.6

Employed

9,762 9,525 9,784 9,753 9,692 9,700 9,743 9,564 9,756

Employment-population ratio

39.8 39.6 39.9 39.8 40.4 40.2 39.9 39.8 39.8

Unemployed

1,310 1,079 1,153 1,344 1,197 1,239 1,117 1,166 1,176

Unemployment rate

11.8 10.2 10.5 12.1 11.0 11.3 10.3 10.9 10.8

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,692 36,210 35,960 36,652 36,741 36,592 36,610 36,297 35,978

Participation rate

59.5 58.3 58.3 59.4 59.0 59.0 59.0 58.4 58.3

Employed

33,863 33,759 33,464 33,677 33,950 33,826 33,828 33,638 33,354

Employment-population ratio

54.9 54.3 54.2 54.6 54.5 54.5 54.5 54.1 54.0

Unemployed

2,830 2,451 2,496 2,975 2,791 2,766 2,782 2,659 2,624

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.8 6.9 8.1 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.3 7.3

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,356 37,494 37,406 37,274 37,341 37,496 37,338 37,178 37,316

Participation rate

68.6 67.4 67.8 68.4 67.3 67.2 67.2 66.8 67.7

Employed

35,009 35,105 35,121 34,832 35,105 35,216 35,080 34,818 34,931

Employment-population ratio

64.3 63.1 63.7 63.9 63.2 63.1 63.2 62.6 63.3

Unemployed

2,348 2,389 2,285 2,442 2,237 2,281 2,257 2,359 2,385

Unemployment rate

6.3 6.4 6.1 6.6 6.0 6.1 6.0 6.3 6.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

48,853 49,607 49,919 48,858 49,173 49,141 49,174 49,340 49,921

Participation rate

75.5 75.4 75.2 75.5 75.5 75.4 75.3 75.0 75.2

Employed

47,039 47,780 48,302 46,968 47,281 47,400 47,354 47,472 48,226

Employment-population ratio

72.7 72.7 72.8 72.6 72.6 72.8 72.5 72.2 72.7

Unemployed

1,815 1,826 1,616 1,891 1,891 1,740 1,820 1,869 1,695

Unemployment rate

3.7 3.7 3.2 3.9 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,042 21,276 19,223 19,043 1,819 2,233

Civilian labor force

10,921 10,837 9,764 9,435 1,157 1,402

Participation rate

51.9 50.9 50.8 49.5 63.6 62.8

Employed

10,199 10,113 9,151 8,823 1,049 1,290

Employment-population ratio

48.5 47.5 47.6 46.3 57.6 57.8

Unemployed

721 724 613 613 108 112

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.7 6.3 6.5 9.3 8.0

Not in labor force

10,121 10,439 9,459 9,608 662 831

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,575 2,963 2,144 2,319 431 644

Civilian labor force

2,121 2,429 1,813 1,965 307 463

Participation rate

82.4 82.0 84.6 84.7 71.3 72.0

Employed

1,909 2,187 1,642 1,770 268 417

Employment-population ratio

74.1 73.8 76.6 76.3 62.1 64.8

Unemployed

211 241 172 195 40 46

Unemployment rate

10.0 9.9 9.5 9.9 12.9 10.0

Not in labor force

454 535 331 354 124 181

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,027 3,107 2,545 2,557 482 550

Civilian labor force

2,519 2,633 2,165 2,216 354 417

Participation rate

83.2 84.7 85.1 86.7 73.4 75.7

Employed

2,383 2,458 2,063 2,068 320 390

Employment-population ratio

78.7 79.1 81.1 80.9 66.4 70.9

Unemployed

135 175 102 148 34 27

Unemployment rate

5.4 6.6 4.7 6.7 9.5 6.4

Not in labor force

509 474 380 340 128 134

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,706 9,701 9,395 9,339 311 361

Civilian labor force

2,979 2,737 2,878 2,653 101 83

Participation rate

30.7 28.2 30.6 28.4 32.4 23.1

Employed

2,803 2,593 2,711 2,514 92 78

Employment-population ratio

28.9 26.7 28.9 26.9 29.4 21.7

Unemployed

176 144 167 139 9 5

Unemployment rate

5.9 5.3 5.8 5.2 9.1 6.1

Not in labor force

6,728 6,964 6,517 6,686 211 278

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,733 5,505 5,139 4,827 594 678

Civilian labor force

3,303 3,039 2,908 2,600 395 438

Participation rate

57.6 55.2 56.6 53.9 66.5 64.7

Employed

3,104 2,875 2,735 2,470 369 405

Employment-population ratio

54.1 52.2 53.2 51.2 62.1 59.7

Unemployed

199 164 173 130 26 34

Unemployment rate

6.0 5.4 6.0 5.0 6.5 7.7

Not in labor force

2,431 2,467 2,231 2,227 199 239

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

214,099 216,254 93,938 95,425 120,161 120,829

Civilian labor force

142,232 142,265 71,672 72,055 70,560 70,210

Participation rate

66.4 65.8 76.3 75.5 58.7 58.1

Employed

132,060 133,143 66,399 67,210 65,662 65,933

Employment-population ratio

61.7 61.6 70.7 70.4 54.6 54.6

Unemployed

10,172 9,122 5,273 4,844 4,899 4,277

Unemployment rate

7.2 6.4 7.4 6.7 6.9 6.1

Not in labor force

71,867 73,989 22,266 23,370 49,601 50,619

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from the updated Department of Veterans Affairs' population model.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,888 28,589 215,286 217,978

Civilian labor force

5,990 5,590 148,963 149,456

Participation rate

20.7 19.6 69.2 68.6

Employed

5,230 4,900 138,320 139,875

Employment-population ratio

18.1 17.1 64.2 64.2

Unemployed

761 690 10,644 9,581

Unemployment rate

12.7 12.3 7.1 6.4

Not in labor force

22,898 22,999 66,323 68,522

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,751 2,485 75,035 75,372

Participation rate

35.0 32.8 82.3 82.0

Employed

2,353 2,110 69,526 70,300

Employment-population ratio

30.0 27.9 76.2 76.4

Unemployed

398 374 5,509 5,072

Unemployment rate

14.5 15.1 7.3 6.7

Not in labor force

5,100 5,084 16,174 16,585

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,187 2,255 67,037 66,745

Participation rate

28.2 28.6 70.7 70.1

Employed

1,920 1,985 62,263 62,595

Employment-population ratio

24.7 25.2 65.7 65.8

Unemployed

268 270 4,774 4,150

Unemployment rate

12.2 12.0 7.1 6.2

Not in labor force

5,571 5,624 27,763 28,419

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,052 850 6,891 7,339

Participation rate

7.9 6.5 23.5 23.8

Employed

957 805 6,530 6,980

Employment-population ratio

7.2 6.1 22.3 22.6

Unemployed

95 45 360 359

Unemployment rate

9.0 5.3 5.2 4.9

Not in labor force

12,228 12,290 22,386 23,519

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

38,105 38,737 18,485 18,840 19,620 19,897

Civilian labor force

25,217 25,579 14,384 14,802 10,832 10,777

Participation rate

66.2 66.0 77.8 78.6 55.2 54.2

Employed

23,272 23,961 13,410 13,920 9,862 10,040

Employment-population ratio

61.1 61.9 72.5 73.9 50.3 50.5

Unemployed

1,945 1,618 974 882 971 736

Unemployment rate

7.7 6.3 6.8 6.0 9.0 6.8

Not in labor force

12,888 13,158 4,101 4,038 8,788 9,121

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

206,069 207,830 99,325 100,172 106,744 107,658

Civilian labor force

129,737 129,467 67,925 67,595 61,811 61,872

Participation rate

63.0 62.3 68.4 67.5 57.9 57.5

Employed

120,277 120,814 62,732 62,806 57,545 58,009

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.1 63.2 62.7 53.9 53.9

Unemployed

9,459 8,653 5,193 4,790 4,266 3,863

Unemployment rate

7.3 6.7 7.6 7.1 6.9 6.2

Not in labor force

76,333 78,363 31,400 32,577 44,933 45,786

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,045 2,263 2,050 2,121 2,159 2,204 2,209 2,209 2,132

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,274 1,415 1,258 1,320 1,303 1,367 1,397 1,356 1,309

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

761 800 754 776 842 820 772 795 778

Unpaid family workers

11 48 38 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

141,504 141,881 142,725 141,149 142,165 141,947 142,095 141,428 142,296

Wage and salary workers(1)

132,458 133,333 134,074 132,038 133,224 133,277 133,319 132,826 133,656

Government

20,702 19,864 20,211 20,598 20,041 20,365 20,233 19,726 20,064

Private industries

111,757 113,469 113,863 111,429 113,164 112,886 113,099 113,090 113,592

Private households

754 796 849 - - - - - -

Other industries

111,002 112,673 113,014 110,659 112,535 112,244 112,434 112,313 112,744

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,977 8,492 8,589 8,959 8,831 8,678 8,634 8,531 8,551

Unpaid family workers

69 57 62 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,994 7,700 7,563 8,138 8,245 7,911 7,926 8,050 7,719

Slack work or business conditions

5,032 4,878 4,793 5,084 5,177 4,808 4,960 5,047 4,869

Could only find part-time work

2,706 2,618 2,504 2,648 2,665 2,719 2,557 2,599 2,486

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,392 19,228 19,628 18,594 19,128 19,339 18,967 18,786 18,876

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

7,898 7,628 7,478 8,029 8,101 7,785 7,860 7,964 7,619

Slack work or business conditions

4,975 4,832 4,738 5,025 5,106 4,747 4,896 4,998 4,811

Could only find part-time work

2,685 2,611 2,494 2,650 2,665 2,714 2,556 2,601 2,473

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

19,043 18,866 19,320 18,310 18,779 18,935 18,696 18,432 18,633

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

143,549 144,144 144,775 143,277 144,285 144,170 144,303 143,568 144,386

16 to 19 years

4,252 4,289 4,315 4,468 4,469 4,410 4,578 4,443 4,502

16 to 17 years

1,290 1,529 1,519 1,351 1,460 1,412 1,465 1,494 1,555

18 to 19 years

2,963 2,761 2,796 3,126 3,034 3,014 3,089 2,939 2,929

20 years and over

139,297 139,855 140,460 138,809 139,816 139,760 139,726 139,124 139,884

20 to 24 years

13,624 13,686 13,789 13,595 13,654 13,543 13,676 13,654 13,710

25 years and over

125,672 126,169 126,671 125,200 126,087 126,205 126,009 125,372 126,210

25 to 54 years

94,523 94,553 94,953 94,079 94,476 94,424 94,512 93,898 94,529

25 to 34 years

31,183 31,391 31,652 30,971 31,176 31,143 31,272 31,158 31,404

35 to 44 years

30,652 30,745 30,814 30,490 30,686 30,779 30,770 30,544 30,667

45 to 54 years

32,688 32,417 32,487 32,618 32,613 32,502 32,470 32,196 32,458

55 years and over

31,149 31,616 31,718 31,121 31,612 31,781 31,498 31,474 31,681

Men, 16 years and over

76,142 76,403 76,726 75,983 76,466 76,164 76,452 76,074 76,541

16 to 19 years

2,021 2,113 2,040 2,163 2,138 2,155 2,309 2,205 2,180

16 to 17 years

593 717 693 656 679 670 714 725 752

18 to 19 years

1,428 1,396 1,348 1,492 1,457 1,508 1,576 1,475 1,420

20 years and over

74,121 74,290 74,686 73,821 74,328 74,010 74,143 73,869 74,361

20 to 24 years

7,147 6,990 7,101 7,125 7,037 6,956 7,041 6,977 7,036

25 years and over

66,975 67,300 67,585 66,720 67,270 67,122 67,098 66,862 67,324

25 to 54 years

50,429 50,558 50,794 50,194 50,592 50,388 50,439 50,196 50,573

25 to 34 years

16,903 16,992 17,117 16,734 16,849 16,791 16,898 16,797 16,942

35 to 44 years

16,488 16,622 16,635 16,380 16,597 16,571 16,544 16,515 16,553

45 to 54 years

17,037 16,944 17,042 17,080 17,146 17,026 16,998 16,884 17,077

55 years and over

16,546 16,742 16,790 16,526 16,678 16,733 16,658 16,666 16,752

Women, 16 years and over

67,407 67,741 68,049 67,294 67,819 68,005 67,851 67,494 67,845

16 to 19 years

2,232 2,176 2,275 2,305 2,330 2,255 2,268 2,239 2,322

16 to 17 years

697 812 826 695 781 741 751 769 804

18 to 19 years

1,535 1,364 1,448 1,634 1,577 1,506 1,513 1,464 1,509

20 years and over

65,175 65,565 65,775 64,988 65,489 65,750 65,582 65,255 65,523

20 to 24 years

6,478 6,696 6,688 6,470 6,617 6,588 6,635 6,678 6,674

25 years and over

58,698 58,869 59,086 58,480 58,817 59,084 58,912 58,510 58,885

25 to 54 years

44,094 43,995 44,159 43,885 43,884 44,036 44,072 43,702 43,956

25 to 34 years

14,280 14,399 14,535 14,237 14,327 14,353 14,374 14,362 14,461

35 to 44 years

14,164 14,123 14,179 14,109 14,089 14,208 14,226 14,029 14,114

45 to 54 years

15,651 15,473 15,445 15,538 15,467 15,476 15,472 15,311 15,380

55 years and over

14,603 14,874 14,927 14,595 14,934 15,048 14,840 14,808 14,929

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,293 44,162 44,480 44,016 43,914 43,988 43,744 43,778 44,131

Married women, spouse present

34,839 34,449 34,695 34,576 34,622 34,755 34,564 34,306 34,350

Women who maintain families

9,226 9,381 9,184 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

115,515 116,798 116,875 115,665 116,090 116,208 116,899 116,276 116,928

Part-time workers(2)

28,034 27,346 27,900 27,517 28,233 27,999 27,405 27,278 27,452

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,235 6,989 6,973 7,109 7,036 7,065 7,030 6,969 6,878

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.8 4.8 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.9 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,160 5,423 5,330 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,738 9,292 9,343 9,735 9,673 9,498 9,406 9,325 9,329

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

12,042 11,272 10,907 7.8 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.0

16 to 19 years

1,376 1,269 1,183 23.6 23.7 22.7 21.4 22.2 20.8

16 to 17 years

536 475 483 28.4 29.1 26.3 25.8 24.1 23.7

18 to 19 years

799 788 696 20.4 19.9 21.7 19.9 21.1 19.2

20 years and over

10,666 10,002 9,724 7.1 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.5

20 to 24 years

1,968 1,945 1,796 12.6 12.6 13.0 12.9 12.5 11.6

25 years and over

8,661 8,095 7,881 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.1 5.9

25 to 54 years

6,742 6,304 6,223 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.2

25 to 34 years

2,642 2,437 2,508 7.9 7.5 7.8 7.4 7.3 7.4

35 to 44 years

2,028 1,864 1,839 6.2 6.0 5.7 5.6 5.8 5.7

45 to 54 years

2,071 2,003 1,876 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.9 5.5

55 years and over

1,911 1,808 1,620 5.8 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.4 4.9

Men, 16 years and over

6,530 6,274 6,039 7.9 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.3

16 to 19 years

783 723 659 26.6 27.4 25.0 24.5 24.7 23.2

16 to 17 years

300 224 250 31.4 32.5 26.6 28.5 23.6 25.0

18 to 19 years

466 498 412 23.8 24.0 25.2 23.0 25.2 22.5

20 years and over

5,747 5,551 5,380 7.2 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.0 6.7

20 to 24 years

1,031 1,145 977 12.6 14.1 14.4 14.8 14.1 12.2

25 years and over

4,698 4,443 4,364 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.1

25 to 54 years

3,601 3,444 3,437 6.7 6.4 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.4

25 to 34 years

1,427 1,369 1,379 7.9 7.7 8.5 7.8 7.5 7.5

35 to 44 years

1,069 999 1,032 6.1 5.8 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.9

45 to 54 years

1,105 1,076 1,026 6.1 5.5 5.6 5.7 6.0 5.7

55 years and over

1,097 999 927 6.2 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.7 5.2

Women, 16 years and over

5,512 4,998 4,868 7.6 7.0 6.8 6.7 6.9 6.7

16 to 19 years

594 547 524 20.5 20.0 20.4 18.1 19.6 18.4

16 to 17 years

236 251 233 25.3 25.8 26.0 22.9 24.6 22.4

18 to 19 years

334 290 284 17.0 15.8 17.9 16.3 16.5 15.8

20 years and over

4,918 4,451 4,344 7.0 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.2

20 to 24 years

937 800 819 12.6 10.8 11.4 10.8 10.7 10.9

25 years and over

3,963 3,652 3,517 6.3 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.6

25 to 54 years

3,141 2,860 2,786 6.7 6.5 6.0 5.9 6.1 6.0

25 to 34 years

1,215 1,068 1,128 7.9 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.9 7.2

35 to 44 years

959 865 807 6.4 6.2 5.7 5.5 5.8 5.4

45 to 54 years

967 927 850 5.9 5.9 5.3 5.3 5.7 5.2

55 years and over(1)

773 800 661 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.1 5.1 4.2

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,184 2,078 1,951 4.7 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.2

Married women, spouse present

1,842 1,679 1,605 5.1 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.7 4.5

Women who maintain families(1)

1,103 982 982 10.7 10.5 11.0 8.8 9.5 9.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

10,155 9,693 9,243 8.1 7.6 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.3

Part-time workers(3)

1,810 1,579 1,632 6.2 6.2 5.6 5.8 5.5 5.6

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,069 5,649 5,400 6,429 5,921 5,970 5,844 6,253 5,804

On temporary layoff

877 1,059 912 1,080 1,221 1,062 1,087 1,535 1,158

Not on temporary layoff

5,193 4,590 4,488 5,349 4,700 4,908 4,758 4,717 4,647

Permanent job losers

4,003 3,478 3,329 4,151 3,589 3,714 3,569 3,556 3,470

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,190 1,112 1,160 1,198 1,111 1,194 1,188 1,161 1,177

Job leavers

913 883 874 926 979 893 989 861 893

Reentrants

3,199 3,071 2,935 3,325 3,258 3,129 3,181 3,117 3,073

New entrants

1,223 1,171 1,062 1,326 1,254 1,299 1,222 1,223 1,165

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

53.2 52.4 52.6 53.5 51.9 52.9 52.0 54.6 53.1

On temporary layoff

7.7 9.8 8.9 9.0 10.7 9.4 9.7 13.4 10.6

Not on temporary layoff

45.5 42.6 43.7 44.6 41.2 43.5 42.3 41.2 42.5

Job leavers

8.0 8.2 8.5 7.7 8.6 7.9 8.8 7.5 8.2

Reentrants

28.1 28.5 28.6 27.7 28.5 27.7 28.3 27.2 28.1

New entrants

10.7 10.9 10.3 11.0 11.0 11.5 10.9 10.7 10.6

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

3.9 3.6 3.5 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.7

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.1 2.0 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0

New entrants

0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

2,340 2,585 2,155 2,596 2,563 2,563 2,596 2,761 2,461

5 to 14 weeks

2,634 2,460 2,449 2,757 2,869 2,766 2,703 2,656 2,597

15 weeks and over

6,431 5,729 5,666 6,604 6,034 5,984 5,950 5,846 5,833

15 to 26 weeks

1,724 1,772 1,677 1,820 1,788 1,694 1,804 1,782 1,766

27 weeks and over

4,707 3,957 3,989 4,784 4,246 4,290 4,146 4,063 4,066

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

40.1 36.5 37.9 39.7 36.6 37.0 36.9 36.1 37.2

Median duration, in weeks

19.5 16.8 18.0 18.9 15.7 16.4 16.3 16.3 17.0

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

20.5 24.0 21.0 21.7 22.4 22.7 23.1 24.5 22.6

5 to 14 weeks

23.1 22.8 23.8 23.1 25.0 24.4 24.0 23.6 23.8

15 weeks and over

56.4 53.2 55.2 55.2 52.6 52.9 52.9 51.9 53.6

15 to 26 weeks

15.1 16.4 16.3 15.2 15.6 15.0 16.0 15.8 16.2

27 weeks and over

41.3 36.7 38.8 40.0 37.0 37.9 36.9 36.1 37.3

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

143,549 144,775 11,404 10,271 7.4 6.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

54,951 55,583 2,077 1,749 3.6 3.1

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,643 23,065 905 770 3.8 3.2

Professional and related occupations

32,308 32,518 1,171 980 3.5 2.9

Service occupations

25,137 25,675 2,352 2,177 8.6 7.8

Sales and office occupations

33,370 33,349 2,584 2,436 7.2 6.8

Sales and related occupations

15,632 15,683 1,236 1,173 7.3 7.0

Office and administrative support occupations

17,738 17,667 1,348 1,263 7.1 6.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,986 13,092 1,516 1,224 10.5 8.6

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

906 940 166 127 15.5 11.9

Construction and extraction occupations

7,178 7,218 1,066 826 12.9 10.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,902 4,935 284 271 5.5 5.2

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,106 17,075 1,625 1,576 8.7 8.5

Production occupations

8,567 8,474 736 728 7.9 7.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,539 8,602 889 848 9.4 9.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

11,404 10,271 7.4 6.6

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

8,600 7,882 7.1 6.5

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

53 65 5.6 5.9

Construction

988 706 12.2 8.6

Manufacturing

982 984 6.4 6.2

Durable goods

640 617 6.6 6.2

Nondurable goods

341 368 6.1 6.4

Wholesale and retail trade

1,454 1,423 7.1 7.0

Transportation and utilities

398 410 6.6 6.7

Information

187 176 6.8 6.4

Financial activities

432 407 4.7 4.3

Professional and business services

1,197 1,164 7.9 7.5

Education and health services

1,176 890 5.2 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

1,354 1,212 10.3 9.0

Other services

381 443 5.7 6.8

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

193 131 13.6 9.7

Government workers

825 666 3.8 3.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

563 530 5.4 5.3

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2012
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.2 3.7 3.7 4.3 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.9 3.6 3.5 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.7

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

7.4 7.0 6.6 7.8 7.4 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.0

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

7.9 7.4 7.1 8.3 8.0 7.8 7.7 7.8 7.5

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

8.8 8.3 7.9 9.2 8.8 8.7 8.6 8.6 8.3

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

13.9 13.2 12.7 14.4 14.0 13.7 13.6 13.8 13.2

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2012
Nov.
2013

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

89,221 91,521 35,501 36,614 53,720 54,907

Persons who currently want a job

6,495 5,437 3,028 2,562 3,467 2,874

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,505 2,096 1,267 1,080 1,238 1,016

Discouraged workers(2)

979 762 556 471 422 290

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,526 1,334 711 609 816 726

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,235 6,973 3,572 3,387 3,663 3,586

Percent of total employed

5.0 4.8 4.7 4.4 5.4 5.3

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,752 3,575 2,014 1,960 1,738 1,615

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

2,037 2,043 715 694 1,322 1,349

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

218 212 128 128 90 84

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,172 1,117 678 592 494 524

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)
Change from:
Oct.2013 - Nov.2013(p)

Total nonfarm

135,636 136,612 137,521 137,942 134,472 136,362 136,562 136,765 203

Total private

113,284 114,871 115,313 115,622 112,593 114,498 114,712 114,908 196

Goods-producing

18,571 18,984 18,972 18,861 18,464 18,674 18,705 18,749 44

Mining and logging

853 894 895 884 853 881 884 884 0

Logging

51.7 54.5 54.2 55.8 50.7 51.7 52.1 54.3 2.2

Mining

800.8 839.1 840.7 828.6 802.0 829.0 831.9 829.6 -2.3

Oil and gas extraction

188.8 197.8 198.2 198.4 190.0 197.4 198.6 199.2 0.6

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

221.7 226.3 226.0 222.4 221.6 221.6 222.4 222.6 0.2

Coal mining

82.5 85.4 85.6 84.5 83.0 85.6 85.9 85.6 -0.3

Support activities for mining

390.3 415.0 416.5 407.8 390.4 410.0 410.9 407.8 -3.1

Construction

5,779 6,053 6,052 5,955 5,673 5,822 5,834 5,851 17

Construction of buildings

1,263.0 1,303.8 1,315.2 1,302.6 1,241.4 1,273.0 1,279.0 1,282.6 3.6

Residential building

584.2 605.1 610.8 605.8 574.2 588.7 594.2 595.5 1.3

Nonresidential building

678.8 698.7 704.4 696.8 667.2 684.3 684.8 687.1 2.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

908.7 963.8 960.4 925.2 880.2 894.8 895.6 895.8 0.2

Specialty trade contractors

3,606.9 3,785.1 3,776.2 3,726.7 3,551.4 3,654.1 3,659.6 3,672.1 12.5

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,512.5 1,623.5 1,615.9 1,592.3 1,489.8 1,562.5 1,563.9 1,571.0 7.1

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,094.4 2,161.6 2,160.3 2,134.4 2,061.6 2,091.6 2,095.7 2,101.1 5.4

Manufacturing

11,939 12,037 12,025 12,022 11,938 11,971 11,987 12,014 27

Durable goods

7,479 7,545 7,549 7,560 7,483 7,532 7,543 7,560 17

Wood products

342.5 352.7 354.7 354.0 343.5 350.2 353.2 353.8 0.6

Nonmetallic mineral products

364.7 376.9 376.9 375.9 362.1 370.9 371.2 373.2 2.0

Primary metals

398.9 394.2 392.4 393.3 399.3 393.0 392.4 394.1 1.7

Fabricated metal products

1,423.7 1,446.1 1,449.9 1,450.7 1,423.2 1,443.4 1,446.6 1,449.7 3.1

Machinery

1,096.6 1,103.4 1,103.9 1,103.9 1,098.2 1,105.2 1,104.8 1,105.1 0.3

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,083.2 1,082.1 1,078.3 1,077.8 1,085.3 1,082.6 1,079.9 1,080.4 0.5

Computer and peripheral equipment

158.2 164.4 163.5 164.2 158.5 164.5 164.0 164.8 0.8

Communications equipment

108.3 104.9 104.4 104.4 108.1 105.1 104.7 104.4 -0.3

Semiconductors and electronic components

380.0 379.3 377.0 377.7 381.1 379.0 377.5 378.6 1.1

Electronic instruments

395.8 394.5 394.4 392.5 397.2 394.9 394.8 394.2 -0.6

Electrical equipment and appliances

368.9 363.8 364.2 364.6 369.9 363.9 364.6 365.2 0.6

Transportation equipment(1)

1,473.2 1,493.9 1,494.3 1,502.3 1,472.9 1,492.6 1,496.4 1,501.3 4.9

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

784.5 817.7 819.3 826.9 784.6 815.9 820.0 826.7 6.7

Furniture and related products

346.9 354.6 356.1 355.9 349.6 352.7 356.6 358.7 2.1

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

580.6 577.4 578.1 581.4 578.7 577.1 577.5 578.5 1.0

Nondurable goods

4,460 4,492 4,476 4,462 4,455 4,439 4,444 4,454 10

Food manufacturing

1,474.2 1,502.4 1,491.2 1,483.4 1,466.8 1,465.1 1,466.9 1,474.7 7.8

Textile mills

117.3 114.4 115.0 115.5 117.1 113.9 115.0 114.9 -0.1

Textile product mills

117.2 114.4 113.9 114.3 117.3 114.4 113.8 113.9 0.1

Apparel

147.5 141.1 140.8 140.8 147.8 140.6 140.5 140.3 -0.2

Paper and paper products

376.7 374.4 373.6 373.8 376.8 374.2 373.8 374.3 0.5

Printing and related support activities

457.7 444.3 445.1 445.2 457.2 444.2 444.2 444.3 0.1

Petroleum and coal products

115.1 116.9 116.7 115.8 114.7 115.0 113.5 115.1 1.6

Chemicals

782.7 791.8 791.5 793.1 785.7 791.9 793.5 795.7 2.2

Plastics and rubber products

648.1 659.2 654.9 655.6 648.9 655.2 655.8 657.1 1.3

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

223.2 233.3 233.0 224.4 222.7 224.9 227.1 224.1 -3.0

Private service-providing

94,713 95,887 96,341 96,761 94,129 95,824 96,007 96,159 152

Trade, transportation, and utilities

26,208 26,018 26,184 26,731 25,720 26,101 26,142 26,202 60

Wholesale trade

5,719.8 5,793.8 5,795.4 5,802.0 5,708.8 5,790.9 5,782.8 5,789.6 6.8

Durable goods

2,839.2 2,881.1 2,881.4 2,881.9 2,839.5 2,879.6 2,879.1 2,882.0 2.9

Nondurable goods

1,996.7 2,014.5 2,013.9 2,016.8 1,988.9 2,013.3 2,005.8 2,007.5 1.7

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

883.9 898.2 900.1 903.3 880.4 898.0 897.9 900.1 2.2

Retail trade

15,430.3 15,144.1 15,302.1 15,773.1 14,997.9 15,252.4 15,298.2 15,320.5 22.3

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,745.3 1,800.1 1,795.9 1,797.4 1,748.1 1,787.7 1,790.0 1,798.7 8.7

Automobile dealers

1,101.8 1,137.6 1,135.1 1,138.2 1,102.3 1,131.4 1,131.9 1,138.4 6.5

Furniture and home furnishings stores

465.1 443.1 457.1 472.6 445.7 450.9 452.2 453.0 0.8

Electronics and appliance stores

541.3 506.7 530.8 557.8 513.8 517.8 527.9 524.3 -3.6

Building material and garden supply stores

1,143.8 1,189.6 1,189.8 1,185.9 1,174.0 1,203.2 1,210.4 1,213.9 3.5

Food and beverage stores

2,904.3 2,943.0 2,961.9 2,976.8 2,879.6 2,945.2 2,956.2 2,950.8 -5.4

Health and personal care stores

1,030.5 1,034.0 1,040.2 1,051.3 1,017.3 1,039.1 1,040.7 1,037.3 -3.4

Gasoline stations

846.4 867.8 869.0 871.4 844.3 863.0 867.3 868.1 0.8

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,598.3 1,416.2 1,427.6 1,571.1 1,460.1 1,442.1 1,430.8 1,432.8 2.0

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

617.2 584.8 596.0 654.3 578.3 587.8 597.9 609.6 11.7

General merchandise stores(1)

3,243.5 3,099.3 3,147.8 3,338.0 3,090.3 3,157.8 3,165.2 3,179.0 13.8

Department stores

1,587.2 1,454.3 1,480.0 1,611.8 1,479.3 1,497.4 1,499.0 1,503.3 4.3

Miscellaneous store retailers

823.2 811.2 817.6 815.9 807.8 806.9 805.6 803.5 -2.1

Nonstore retailers

471.4 448.3 468.4 480.6 438.6 450.9 454.0 449.5 -4.5

Transportation and warehousing

4,505.7 4,524.3 4,530.7 4,600.7 4,459.0 4,501.0 4,504.1 4,534.6 30.5

Air transportation

451.2 445.9 444.5 446.3 454.8 445.6 446.4 449.8 3.4

Rail transportation

230.2 230.0 230.0 230.0 230.0 230.2 229.9 229.9 0.0

Water transportation

62.6 63.6 63.1 62.8 63.6 62.5 62.6 63.5 0.9

Truck transportation

1,376.7 1,405.8 1,403.0 1,405.2 1,366.7 1,386.1 1,386.9 1,395.3 8.4

Transit and ground passenger transportation

474.9 484.3 490.1 493.7 458.0 473.5 472.0 476.0 4.0

Pipeline transportation

43.7 45.3 45.4 45.4 44.0 45.2 45.4 45.6 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

24.2 30.7 26.0 22.0 26.6 25.7 25.3 24.8 -0.5

Support activities for transportation

585.0 590.9 592.2 593.3 583.1 592.0 589.7 590.6 0.9

Couriers and messengers

550.9 524.4 526.7 579.9 536.8 540.6 544.8 553.4 8.6

Warehousing and storage

706.3 703.4 709.7 722.1 695.4 699.6 701.1 705.7 4.6

Utilities

552.6 555.4 555.8 555.5 554.7 556.4 556.6 557.5 0.9

Information

2,693 2,665 2,674 2,692 2,685 2,681 2,685 2,684 -1

Publishing industries, except Internet

735.5 727.3 727.4 728.8 732.7 726.1 725.4 726.1 0.7

Motion picture and sound recording industries

389.1 354.7 356.5 374.5 386.0 368.7 370.6 371.0 0.4

Broadcasting, except Internet

285.5 287.1 288.7 289.3 284.3 286.6 287.9 288.0 0.1

Telecommunications

854.9 857.4 858.6 856.9 854.1 859.8 858.9 856.8 -2.1

Data processing, hosting and related services

250.7 253.8 254.5 255.0 249.9 255.0 254.8 254.6 -0.2

Other information services

177.7 184.4 188.0 187.6 177.8 185.1 187.7 187.7 0.0

Financial activities

7,821 7,904 7,911 7,900 7,822 7,901 7,908 7,905 -3

Finance and insurance

5,871.5 5,893.3 5,903.7 5,905.7 5,865.2 5,903.2 5,905.5 5,900.2 -5.3

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.3 16.8 16.9 17.3 17.3 16.8 16.8 17.1 0.3

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,601.6 2,595.7 2,591.1 2,585.2 2,599.2 2,598.6 2,594.4 2,585.0 -9.4

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,738.7 1,720.0 1,717.8 1,715.0 1,741.2 1,724.7 1,722.2 1,718.5 -3.7

Commercial banking

1,315.7 1,289.7 1,288.0 1,284.1 1,318.6 1,293.5 1,290.6 1,287.5 -3.1

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

817.2 828.1 834.0 833.0 814.4 831.4 832.6 830.9 -1.7

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,348.2 2,366.6 2,375.0 2,383.3 2,347.2 2,369.9 2,374.9 2,380.5 5.6

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.2 86.1 86.7 86.9 87.1 86.5 86.8 86.7 -0.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,949.0 2,010.2 2,007.3 1,994.5 1,956.9 1,998.0 2,002.3 2,004.4 2.1

Real estate

1,415.7 1,457.4 1,458.4 1,448.4 1,419.6 1,450.6 1,454.3 1,453.6 -0.7

Rental and leasing services

509.3 529.9 526.4 523.5 513.6 524.6 525.5 528.4 2.9

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.0 22.9 22.5 22.6 23.7 22.8 22.5 22.4 -0.1

Professional and business services

18,266 18,755 18,893 18,892 18,117 18,677 18,725 18,760 35

Professional and technical services(1)

7,966.3 8,066.5 8,143.4 8,175.3 7,977.4 8,153.2 8,174.8 8,192.3 17.5

Legal services

1,127.9 1,124.2 1,131.3 1,130.5 1,126.1 1,130.1 1,129.7 1,128.6 -1.1

Accounting and bookkeeping services

866.1 869.8 880.2 904.2 911.7 947.4 951.1 956.6 5.5

Architectural and engineering services

1,335.2 1,365.7 1,370.8 1,366.3 1,332.1 1,358.5 1,362.7 1,363.7 1.0

Computer systems design and related services

1,662.1 1,693.2 1,712.4 1,715.5 1,655.2 1,698.8 1,705.9 1,708.6 2.7

Management and technical consulting services

1,152.9 1,193.7 1,212.4 1,212.7 1,141.8 1,195.2 1,201.7 1,202.3 0.6

Management of companies and enterprises

2,023.6 2,048.6 2,054.5 2,057.5 2,020.6 2,049.2 2,054.9 2,056.8 1.9

Administrative and waste services

8,276.0 8,639.8 8,695.5 8,658.9 8,119.3 8,474.5 8,495.7 8,510.4 14.7

Administrative and support services(1)

7,901.6 8,257.5 8,315.5 8,280.8 7,744.7 8,095.3 8,117.5 8,131.6 14.1

Employment services(1)

3,324.4 3,519.4 3,565.7 3,574.4 3,201.6 3,430.6 3,442.9 3,457.1 14.2

Temporary help services

2,667.9 2,830.3 2,866.7 2,879.8 2,556.9 2,750.4 2,759.5 2,775.9 16.4

Business support services

850.8 851.6 869.0 879.7 834.1 856.1 858.9 862.0 3.1

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,850.4 1,956.9 1,940.7 1,898.5 1,841.6 1,891.2 1,892.5 1,891.4 -1.1

Waste management and remediation services

374.4 382.3 380.0 378.1 374.6 379.2 378.2 378.8 0.6

Education and health services

20,675 20,664 20,964 21,048 20,460 20,756 20,786 20,826 40

Educational services

3,529.2 3,314.2 3,532.5 3,580.7 3,351.6 3,378.6 3,386.5 3,397.4 10.9

Health care and social assistance

17,145.4 17,350.2 17,431.3 17,467.3 17,108.0 17,377.8 17,399.1 17,428.7 29.6

Health care(3)

14,439.1 14,602.6 14,656.3 14,691.0 14,419.7 14,620.3 14,638.8 14,667.2 28.4

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,410.1 6,555.5 6,594.4 6,619.1 6,399.4 6,564.4 6,578.5 6,604.8 26.3

Offices of physicians

2,417.0 2,443.8 2,461.9 2,468.8 2,411.7 2,448.4 2,453.7 2,460.6 6.9

Outpatient care centers

666.0 698.8 703.1 706.0 667.0 701.6 702.8 706.6 3.8

Home health care services

1,229.9 1,300.1 1,304.1 1,316.4 1,226.1 1,299.5 1,302.0 1,313.8 11.8

Hospitals

4,824.0 4,829.8 4,836.2 4,843.1 4,820.7 4,834.6 4,835.7 4,836.9 1.2

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,205.0 3,217.3 3,225.7 3,228.8 3,199.6 3,221.3 3,224.6 3,225.5 0.9

Nursing care facilities

1,664.4 1,655.2 1,658.2 1,654.9 1,660.9 1,655.8 1,657.6 1,653.6 -4.0

Social assistance(1)

2,706.3 2,747.6 2,775.0 2,776.3 2,688.3 2,757.5 2,760.3 2,761.5 1.2

Child day care services

872.1 862.2 873.5 873.1 856.0 859.3 858.1 857.8 -0.3

Leisure and hospitality

13,598 14,399 14,223 14,009 13,861 14,217 14,266 14,283 17

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,829.7 2,082.2 2,005.0 1,888.0 1,979.6 2,023.6 2,044.2 2,040.3 -3.9

Performing arts and spectator sports

394.2 438.0 435.4 404.9 407.9 422.0 430.7 422.0 -8.7

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

131.7 139.2 138.4 134.8 137.0 137.6 138.6 139.9 1.3

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,303.8 1,505.0 1,431.2 1,348.3 1,434.7 1,464.0 1,474.9 1,478.4 3.5

Accommodation and food services

11,768.3 12,316.7 12,218.3 12,121.1 11,881.7 12,193.3 12,221.9 12,242.7 20.8

Accommodation

1,762.1 1,874.4 1,831.5 1,787.5 1,815.3 1,834.4 1,840.5 1,843.4 2.9

Food services and drinking places

10,006.2 10,442.3 10,386.8 10,333.6 10,066.4 10,358.9 10,381.4 10,399.3 17.9

Other services

5,452 5,482 5,492 5,489 5,464 5,491 5,495 5,499 4

Repair and maintenance

1,193.4 1,204.7 1,201.5 1,195.4 1,197.3 1,200.0 1,198.8 1,198.5 -0.3

Personal and laundry services

1,326.2 1,344.6 1,347.5 1,346.8 1,327.0 1,344.2 1,349.6 1,346.7 -2.9

Membership associations and organizations

2,932.7 2,932.5 2,943.0 2,946.4 2,939.4 2,946.9 2,946.2 2,953.3 7.1

Government

22,352 21,741 22,208 22,320 21,879 21,864 21,850 21,857 7

Federal

2,788.0 2,733.0 2,711.0 2,694.0 2,798.0 2,726.0 2,713.0 2,706.0 -7.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,188.4 2,142.9 2,120.6 2,114.7 2,196.7 2,134.9 2,126.9 2,123.2 -3.7

U.S. Postal Service

599.9 589.6 590.2 579.0 601.1 590.9 585.6 583.2 -2.4

State government

5,222.0 5,068.0 5,207.0 5,242.0 5,047.0 5,044.0 5,051.0 5,059.0 8.0

State government education

2,576.4 2,417.3 2,558.8 2,593.1 2,390.5 2,389.2 2,392.1 2,398.1 6.0

State government, excluding education

2,645.7 2,650.2 2,648.6 2,649.2 2,656.3 2,654.8 2,658.9 2,660.4 1.5

Local government

14,342.0 13,940.0 14,290.0 14,384.0 14,034.0 14,094.0 14,086.0 14,092.0 6.0

Local government education

8,103.0 7,655.5 8,039.7 8,144.3 7,762.7 7,807.7 7,799.3 7,803.5 4.2

Local government, excluding education

6,239.3 6,284.3 6,250.6 6,239.7 6,271.1 6,286.6 6,287.0 6,288.1 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.4 34.4 34.5

Goods-producing

40.3 40.5 40.4 40.6

Mining and logging

43.2 44.4 44.2 44.5

Construction

39.0 39.1 38.8 39.1

Manufacturing

40.7 40.9 40.9 41.0

Durable goods

40.9 41.3 41.3 41.5

Nondurable goods

40.2 40.2 40.2 40.2

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.2 33.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.4 34.4 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.6 38.8 38.9

Retail trade

31.6 31.3 31.2 31.2

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.7 38.8 38.8

Utilities

42.6 42.4 42.0 41.9

Information

36.4 36.7 36.7 36.6

Financial activities

37.2 37.2 37.1 37.2

Professional and business services

35.9 36.1 36.1 36.2

Education and health services

32.8 32.8 32.8 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

26.0 25.9 25.8 26.0

Other services

31.5 31.6 31.6 31.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5

Durable goods

3.2 3.4 3.4 3.5

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.3 3.3 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)

Total private

$23.67 $24.09 $24.11 $24.15 $814.25 $828.70 $829.38 $833.18

Goods-producing

24.84 25.32 25.34 25.40 1,001.05 1,025.46 1,023.74 1,031.24

Mining and logging

28.93 30.01 30.27 30.43 1,249.78 1,332.44 1,337.93 1,354.14

Construction

25.93 26.20 26.23 26.24 1,011.27 1,024.42 1,017.72 1,025.98

Manufacturing

24.03 24.53 24.54 24.61 978.02 1,003.28 1,003.69 1,009.01

Durable goods

25.41 25.93 25.93 26.00 1,039.27 1,070.91 1,070.91 1,079.00

Nondurable goods

21.66 22.10 22.11 22.19 870.73 888.42 888.82 892.04

Private service-providing

23.39 23.79 23.82 23.85 778.89 792.21 790.82 794.21

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.63 21.05 21.10 21.15 713.80 724.12 725.84 727.56

Wholesale trade

27.20 27.87 27.89 28.02 1,047.20 1,075.78 1,082.13 1,089.98

Retail trade

16.37 16.64 16.68 16.68 517.29 520.83 520.42 520.42

Transportation and warehousing

21.98 22.45 22.57 22.64 846.23 868.82 875.72 878.43

Utilities

35.14 35.37 35.10 35.18 1,496.96 1,499.69 1,474.20 1,474.04

Information

31.85 33.11 33.18 33.44 1,159.34 1,215.14 1,217.71 1,223.90

Financial activities

29.66 30.38 30.38 30.44 1,103.35 1,130.14 1,127.10 1,132.37

Professional and business services

28.22 28.53 28.55 28.60 1,013.10 1,029.93 1,030.66 1,035.32

Education and health services

24.40 24.69 24.70 24.72 800.32 809.83 810.16 808.34

Leisure and hospitality

13.39 13.54 13.54 13.51 348.14 350.69 349.33 351.26

Other services

21.01 21.42 21.48 21.50 661.82 676.87 678.77 679.40

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2013 - Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2013 - Nov.
2013(p)

Total private

97.0 98.7 98.8 99.3 0.5 109.5 113.3 113.6 114.4 0.7

Goods-producing

84.8 86.2 86.1 86.7 0.7 95.2 98.6 98.6 99.6 1.0

Mining and logging

115.8 122.9 122.8 123.6 0.7 134.5 148.1 149.2 151.0 1.2

Construction

76.3 78.5 78.0 78.9 1.2 85.9 89.3 88.9 89.9 1.1

Manufacturing

87.4 88.1 88.2 88.6 0.5 97.7 100.5 100.7 101.4 0.7

Durable goods

86.2 87.6 87.7 88.3 0.7 97.2 100.9 101.0 102.0 1.0

Nondurable goods

89.4 89.1 89.2 89.4 0.2 98.2 99.9 100.0 100.6 0.6

Private service-providing

100.6 102.4 102.3 102.8 0.5 114.0 118.0 118.1 118.7 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.8 97.7 97.8 98.0 0.2 107.5 110.6 111.1 111.6 0.5

Wholesale trade

95.9 97.5 97.9 98.3 0.4 108.9 113.4 113.9 114.9 0.9

Retail trade

96.3 97.0 97.0 97.1 0.1 104.2 106.7 106.9 107.1 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

98.3 99.7 100.0 100.7 0.7 109.6 113.6 114.6 115.7 1.0

Utilities

102.2 102.1 101.1 101.1 0.0 118.7 119.3 117.3 117.5 0.2

Information

89.3 89.9 90.0 89.7 -0.3 101.2 105.9 106.3 106.8 0.5

Financial activities

95.3 96.3 96.1 96.3 0.2 110.2 114.1 113.9 114.3 0.4

Professional and business services

102.3 106.0 106.3 106.8 0.5 117.0 122.6 123.0 123.8 0.7

Education and health services

109.3 110.8 111.0 110.9 -0.1 124.9 128.2 128.4 128.4 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

102.8 105.1 105.0 106.0 1.0 111.1 114.8 114.7 115.5 0.7

Other services

95.4 96.1 96.2 96.3 0.1 113.7 116.9 117.3 117.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)

Total nonfarm

66,398 67,393 67,468 67,562 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

53,922 54,887 54,976 55,069 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,100 4,105 4,114 4,127 22.2 22.0 22.0 22.0

Mining and logging

115 117 118 118 13.5 13.3 13.3 13.3

Construction

730 743 743 746 12.9 12.8 12.7 12.7

Manufacturing

3,255 3,245 3,253 3,263 27.3 27.1 27.1 27.2

Durable goods

1,731 1,736 1,740 1,745 23.1 23.0 23.1 23.1

Nondurable goods

1,524 1,509 1,513 1,518 34.2 34.0 34.0 34.1

Private service-providing

49,822 50,782 50,862 50,942 52.9 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,389 10,630 10,645 10,663 40.4 40.7 40.7 40.7

Wholesale trade

1,708.0 1,727.0 1,718.8 1,716.8 29.9 29.8 29.7 29.7

Retail trade

7,502.1 7,703.1 7,727.8 7,743.4 50.0 50.5 50.5 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,040.6 1,061.7 1,061.5 1,065.3 23.3 23.6 23.6 23.5

Utilities

138.2 137.7 137.1 137.3 24.9 24.7 24.6 24.6

Information

1,074 1,070 1,073 1,073 40.0 39.9 40.0 40.0

Financial activities

4,536 4,543 4,543 4,539 58.0 57.5 57.4 57.4

Professional and business services

8,010 8,335 8,358 8,375 44.2 44.6 44.6 44.6

Education and health services

15,703 15,924 15,928 15,967 76.7 76.7 76.6 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

7,234 7,392 7,424 7,431 52.2 52.0 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,876 2,888 2,891 2,894 52.6 52.6 52.6 52.6

Government

12,476 12,506 12,492 12,493 57.0 57.2 57.2 57.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)

Total private

93,041 94,522 94,729 94,886

Goods-producing

13,306 13,416 13,452 13,481

Mining and logging

638 649 653 652

Construction

4,265 4,395 4,410 4,426

Manufacturing

8,403 8,372 8,389 8,403

Durable goods

5,161 5,166 5,177 5,182

Nondurable goods

3,242 3,206 3,212 3,221

Private service-providing

79,735 81,106 81,277 81,405

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,825 22,070 22,099 22,149

Wholesale trade

4,603.7 4,668.7 4,665.6 4,668.1

Retail trade

12,913.0 13,065.2 13,092.3 13,107.7

Transportation and warehousing

3,863.3 3,886.7 3,890.7 3,922.3

Utilities

444.7 449.8 450.6 451.2

Information

2,172 2,176 2,177 2,173

Financial activities

6,021 6,081 6,085 6,084

Professional and business services

14,972 15,469 15,514 15,546

Education and health services

17,941 18,188 18,218 18,258

Leisure and hospitality

12,234 12,547 12,605 12,612

Other services

4,570 4,575 4,579 4,583

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.6 33.7

Goods-producing

41.1 41.4 41.3 41.5

Mining and logging

45.4 46.2 45.4 45.8

Construction

39.5 39.8 39.4 39.8

Manufacturing

41.6 41.9 41.9 42.0

Durable goods

41.9 42.3 42.4 42.5

Nondurable goods

41.1 41.2 41.2 41.2

Private service-providing

32.5 32.4 32.3 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.8 33.5 33.5 33.5

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.5 38.6 38.8

Retail trade

30.5 30.0 30.0 29.9

Transportation and warehousing

38.2 38.5 38.5 38.5

Utilities

42.2 42.2 41.3 41.4

Information

35.8 35.9 35.7 35.6

Financial activities

36.9 36.8 36.6 36.7

Professional and business services

35.2 35.3 35.3 35.4

Education and health services

32.3 32.1 32.1 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 25.0 25.0 25.1

Other services

30.5 30.7 30.5 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.1 4.3 4.4 4.5

Durable goods

4.1 4.4 4.5 4.5

Nondurable goods

4.2 4.2 4.3 4.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)

Total private

$19.88 $20.25 $20.28 $20.31 $669.96 $682.43 $681.41 $684.45

Goods-producing

21.05 21.29 21.32 21.36 865.16 881.41 880.52 886.44

Mining and logging

26.13 27.03 27.15 27.33 1,186.30 1,248.79 1,232.61 1,251.71

Construction

24.08 24.18 24.25 24.29 951.16 962.36 955.45 966.74

Manufacturing

19.17 19.36 19.38 19.40 797.47 811.18 812.02 814.80

Durable goods

20.25 20.43 20.43 20.45 848.48 864.19 866.23 869.13

Nondurable goods

17.40 17.59 17.63 17.66 715.14 724.71 726.36 727.59

Private service-providing

19.63 20.02 20.06 20.09 637.98 648.65 647.94 650.92

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.49 17.86 17.89 17.97 591.16 598.31 599.32 602.00

Wholesale trade

22.40 22.76 22.82 22.93 864.64 876.26 880.85 889.68

Retail trade

13.84 14.10 14.11 14.17 422.12 423.00 423.30 423.68

Transportation and warehousing

19.44 19.96 20.05 20.10 742.61 768.46 771.93 773.85

Utilities

32.18 32.41 32.44 32.43 1,358.00 1,367.70 1,339.77 1,342.60

Information

27.24 27.95 28.01 28.13 975.19 1,003.41 999.96 1,001.43

Financial activities

23.21 24.18 24.27 24.35 856.45 889.82 888.28 893.65

Professional and business services

23.40 23.70 23.74 23.74 823.68 836.61 838.02 840.40

Education and health services

21.19 21.56 21.58 21.61 684.44 692.08 692.72 695.84

Leisure and hospitality

11.65 11.83 11.85 11.80 290.09 295.75 296.25 296.18

Other services

17.71 18.05 18.11 18.15 540.16 554.14 552.36 555.39

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2013 - Nov.
2013(p)
Nov.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Nov.
2013(p)
Percent change from:
Oct.
2013 - Nov.
2013(p)

Total private

104.7 106.3 106.2 106.7 0.5 138.9 143.8 143.9 144.8 0.6

Goods-producing

83.6 84.9 84.9 85.5 0.7 107.7 110.7 110.8 111.8 0.9

Mining and logging

153.9 159.3 157.5 158.7 0.8 233.9 250.5 248.8 252.2 1.4

Construction

84.4 87.6 87.0 88.2 1.4 109.7 114.4 113.9 115.7 1.6

Manufacturing

80.2 80.5 80.7 81.0 0.4 100.6 102.0 102.3 102.8 0.5

Durable goods

81.3 82.1 82.5 82.8 0.4 102.7 104.7 105.2 105.7 0.5

Nondurable goods

78.5 77.8 78.0 78.2 0.3 96.5 96.7 97.1 97.6 0.5

Private service-providing

110.6 112.2 112.1 112.6 0.4 148.8 153.9 154.0 155.0 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

102.8 103.1 103.2 103.4 0.2 128.3 131.3 131.7 132.6 0.7

Wholesale trade

104.7 105.9 106.1 106.7 0.6 138.1 141.9 142.6 144.1 1.1

Retail trade

99.7 99.2 99.4 99.2 -0.2 118.3 119.9 120.2 120.5 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

111.1 112.6 112.8 113.7 0.8 137.0 142.6 143.4 144.9 1.0

Utilities

96.0 97.1 95.2 95.5 0.3 128.9 131.3 128.9 129.3 0.3

Information

88.7 89.2 88.7 88.3 -0.5 119.7 123.4 123.0 123.0 0.0

Financial activities

104.6 105.3 104.8 105.1 0.3 149.4 156.7 156.5 157.5 0.6

Professional and business services

118.1 122.4 122.7 123.3 0.5 164.5 172.6 173.4 174.2 0.5

Education and health services

125.0 125.9 126.2 126.8 0.5 174.1 178.5 179.0 180.2 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

111.6 114.9 115.4 116.0 0.5 147.6 154.4 155.3 155.4 0.1

Other services

97.8 98.5 97.9 98.4 0.5 126.1 129.5 129.2 130.1 0.7

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: December 06, 2013