Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, April 24, 2012              USDL-12-0770

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                             MASS LAYOFFS -- MARCH 2012


                                  
Employers took 1,273 mass layoff actions in March involving 121,310 workers, 
seasonally adjusted, as measured by new filings for unemployment insurance 
benefits during the month, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. 
Each mass layoff involved at least 50 workers from a single employer. Mass 
layoff events in March decreased by 20 from February, while the number of 
associated initial claims increased by 1,847. In March, 261 mass layoff 
events were reported in the manufacturing sector, seasonally adjusted, 
resulting in 26,348 initial claims. Both manufacturing figures were lower 
when compared to February. (See table 1.)

The national unemployment rate was 8.2 percent in March, little changed from 
the prior month but down from 8.9 percent a year earlier. Total nonfarm payroll 
employment increased by 120,000 over the month and by 1,899,000 over the year.


Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The number of mass layoff events in March was 1,125, not seasonally adjusted, 
resulting in 117,817 initial claims for unemployment insurance. (See table 2.) 
Over the year, the number of average weekly mass layoff events decreased by 2 
to 225, while associated average weekly initial claims increased by 2,289 to 
23,563. Eleven of the 19 major industry sectors in the private economy reported 
over-the-year increases in average weekly initial claims, with the largest 
increase occurring in information. (See table 3.) Over the month, the six-digit 
industry with the largest number of private nonfarm initial claims was in 
temporary help services. (See table A.)

In March, the manufacturing sector accounted for 22 percent of mass layoff 
events and 21 percent of associated initial claims in the private economy. 
Within manufacturing, the numbers of mass layoff claimants were highest in food 
and in transportation equipment. Twelve of the 21 manufacturing subsectors 
experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims, with the 
largest decrease occurring in wood products. (See table 3.)



Table A. Six-digit NAICS industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in March 2012, private nonfarm, not seasonally adjusted

                 Industry                                            March peak
                                              Initial Claims     Year  Initial claims
                                                               
Temporary help services (1) ...............       11,732         2002      14,338
Food service contractors ..................        9,629         2012       9,629
School and employee bus transportation ....        6,815         2008       8,073
Motion picture and video production .......        6,367         2005       7,192
Payroll services ..........................        2,563         2001       5,099
Warehouse clubs and supercenters ..........        1,900         2012       1,900
Discount department stores ................        1,776         2007       3,670
Supermarkets and other grocery stores .....        1,713         2009       2,220
Professional employer organizations (1) ...        1,663         2009       4,892
Automobile manufacturing ..................        1,627         1996      15,411
                                                                                 
   1  See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.



Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the census regions, the West registered the largest number of initial claims 
in March. Two of the 4 regions experienced over-the-year increases in average 
weekly initial claims, with the largest increase occurring in the West. (See table 4.)

Among the states, California recorded the highest number of mass layoff initial 
claims in March, followed by Pennsylvania, Texas, and North Carolina. Twenty-two 
states experienced over-the-year increases in average weekly initial claims, led by 
California, North Carolina, Ohio, and Arkansas. (See table 4.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more workers 
beginning in a given month, regardless of the duration of the layoffs. For private 
nonfarm establishments, information on the length of the layoff is obtained later 
and issued in a quarterly release that reports on mass layoffs lasting more than 30 
days (referred to as "extended mass layoffs"). The quarterly release provides more 
information on the industry classification and location of the establishment and 
on the demographics of the laid-off workers. The monthly data series in this release 
are subjected to average weekly analysis, which mitigates the effect of differing 
lengths of months. See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions and for a
description of average weekly analysis.

____________
The Extended Mass Layoffs news release for the First Quarter 2012 is scheduled to 
be released on Wednesday, May 16, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Mass Layoffs news 
release for April is scheduled to be released on Tuesday, May 22, 2012, at 10:00 
a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment 
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that 
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is 
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a year
may vary.  Therefore, data users who intend to perform analysis of over-the-year
change in the not seasonally adjusted series should use the average weekly
mass layoff figures displayed in tables 3 and 4 of this release.  The average
weekly adjustment process produces a consistent series for each month across
all years, permitting over-the-year analysis to be performed using strictly
comparable data.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Average weekly mass layoff events and initial claimants. The number of
events and initial claimants in a given month divided by the number of weeks
contained within that month.

   Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance
benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless of
duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publishing
six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the numbers of
mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total, private nonfarm,
and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expansions
and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjustment
method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all available
monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal
adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years of seasonally adjusted
data will be made once a year with the issuance of December data. Before the data
are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments are made to the original data to adjust
them for differences in the number of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.
Because weekly unemployment insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data,
a particular month's value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and
4 weeks in another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, April 2008 to
March 2012, seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2008                                                                             

April ......................     1,290     128,643     1,157     117,639       453      57,044
May ........................     1,567     160,475     1,432     150,893       470      62,776
June .......................     1,612     163,425     1,471     152,133       491      68,862
July .......................     1,589     163,572     1,452     153,060       465      62,210
August .....................     1,763     181,853     1,632     172,147       578      77,464
September ..................     2,159     229,180     1,990     215,749       629      82,011
October ....................     2,201     226,853     2,043     213,454       698      93,252
November ...................     2,406     239,239     2,247     225,404       907     103,836
December ...................     2,437     244,889     2,261     230,621       935     116,181

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     2,254     235,371     2,083     221,653       726      92,293
February ...................     3,059     326,392     2,901     310,378     1,251     145,839
March ......................     2,999     299,322     2,800     282,414     1,230     154,168
April ......................     2,566     249,129     2,349     232,632     1,007     116,051
May ........................     2,710     284,468     2,516     267,869     1,181     147,184
June .......................     2,466     247,597     2,257     230,502     1,048     137,649
July .......................     2,186     222,941     1,979     203,911       636      75,728
August .....................     2,340     216,047     2,115     197,172       751      77,894
September ..................     2,261     214,018     2,048     198,761       786      91,125
October ....................     1,969     195,752     1,772     178,172       571      65,217
November ...................     1,757     164,454     1,588     151,172       472      52,855
December ...................     1,719     155,056     1,543     140,835       424      44,096

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     1,707     168,044     1,529     154,187       471      53,817
February ...................     1,631     156,292     1,465     141,831       374      43,620
March ......................     1,676     149,816     1,469     134,518       356      40,705
April ......................     1,637     154,558     1,452     138,503       368      44,506
May ........................     1,608     150,996     1,357     130,273       302      29,932
June .......................     1,695     151,435     1,475     132,742       325      33,298
July .......................     1,519     138,091     1,316     122,162       304      32,253
August .....................     1,588     159,329     1,399     136,697       390      43,154
September ..................     1,510     133,576     1,295     115,349       328      34,333
October ....................     1,654     149,589     1,446     132,146       354      38,937
November ...................     1,592     161,145     1,410     145,494       360      39,977
December ...................     1,477     135,849     1,271     121,171       322      36,267

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     1,536     148,952     1,348     131,869       337      37,477
February ...................     1,434     131,569     1,242     116,745       297      26,696
March ......................     1,275     115,391     1,118     102,722       251      28,988
April ......................     1,548     145,836     1,383     131,317       341      37,053
May ........................     1,600     144,412     1,404     127,793       374      39,180
June .......................     1,513     143,384     1,334     128,410       344      36,265
July .......................     1,562     145,078     1,348     125,285       346      36,312
August .....................     1,551     164,275     1,347     149,874       382      49,194
September ..................     1,447     147,353     1,306     134,038       364      38,026
October ....................     1,335     118,924     1,205     107,330       341      33,926
November ...................     1,332     131,627     1,192     120,760       324      36,563
December ...................     1,384     145,648     1,238     130,583       351      39,081

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,434     129,920     1,298     119,102       341      33,597
February ...................     1,293     119,463     1,153     108,577       282      27,388
March ......................     1,273     121,310     1,125     109,421       261      26,348




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, April 2008 to 
March 2012, not seasonally adjusted 

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2008                                                                             

April ......................     1,272     130,810     1,172     121,625       394      48,188
May ........................     1,552     159,471     1,438     150,462       388      51,698
June .......................     1,622     166,742     1,315     140,916       309      42,097
July .......................     1,891     200,382     1,687     186,018       760     108,733
August .....................     1,427     139,999     1,343     133,146       414      51,912
September ..................     1,292     129,586     1,202     122,505       361      46,391
October ....................     2,125     221,784     1,917     205,553       689     100,457
November ...................     2,574     241,589     2,389     226,657       997     107,620
December ...................     3,377     351,305     3,232     340,220     1,378     172,529

             2009                                                                             

January ....................     3,806     388,813     3,633     375,293     1,461     172,757
February ...................     2,262     218,438     2,173     210,755       945     103,588
March ......................     2,191     228,387     2,107     221,397       940     114,747
April ......................     2,547     256,930     2,385     243,321       887     100,872
May ........................     2,738     289,628     2,572     274,047     1,005     123,683
June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861
November ...................     1,676     158,048     1,477     142,591       389      41,383
December ...................     1,931     184,130     1,763     172,881       465      52,816

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     2,558     246,463     2,372     229,765       693      75,006
February ...................     1,024      85,585       919      78,718       222      18,471
March ......................       908      85,095       844      80,014       191      20,869
April ......................     1,750     189,919     1,625     176,478       397      47,104
May ........................     1,367     119,911     1,221     108,531       270      25,199
June .......................     1,661     159,930     1,238     122,821       226      22,986
July .......................     2,176     216,774     1,759     174,078       602      71,814
August .....................       961      99,213       875      93,159       228      26,916
September ..................     1,189     117,232     1,095     107,300       296      32,058
October ....................     1,101      96,914       950      83,748       265      28,447
November ...................     1,393     127,750     1,245     117,474       349      37,799
December ...................     2,433     263,665     2,258     247,916       658      75,033

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,705     141,703     1,587     132,754       415      38,021
February ...................       895      73,974       820      69,076       196      16,555
March ......................     1,125     117,817     1,040     110,954       242      24,241




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                      Industry                                   Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)
                      
                                                             Events         Initial claimants            Events         Initial claimants  
                                                        March      March      March      March      March      March      March      March
                                                         2011       2012      2011       2012        2011       2012      2011       2012

      Total (2) ..................................        908      1,125     85,095    117,817        227        225     21,274     23,563
      
Total, private ...................................        874      1,083     82,046    113,790        219        217     20,512     22,758
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ...         30         43      2,032      2,836          8          9        508        567

  Total, private nonfarm .........................        844      1,040     80,014    110,954        211        208     20,004     22,191
    Mining .......................................          3          8        247        823          1          2         62        165
    Utilities ....................................          4        (3)        547        (3)          1        (3)        137        (3)
    Construction .................................         99        121      7,569      9,148         25         24      1,892      1,830
        Construction of buildings ................         22         17      1,744      1,432          6          3        436        286
        Heavy and civil engineering construction .         37         42      2,928      3,118          9          8        732        624
        Specialty trade contractors ..............         40         62      2,897      4,598         10         12        724        920
    Manufacturing ................................        191        242     20,869     24,241         48         48      5,217      4,848
        Food .....................................         45         69      4,338      7,701         11         14      1,085      1,540
        Beverage and tobacco products ............          4          5        242        326          1          1         61         65
        Textile mills ............................          3          6        328        786          1          1         82        157
        Textile product mills ....................          3          4        481        335          1          1        120         67
        Apparel ..................................          4          9        374        651          1          2         94        130
        Leather and allied products ..............          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)
        Wood products ............................         24         14      2,354      1,154          6          3        589        231
        Paper ....................................          7          8        622        578          2          2        156        116
        Printing and related support activities ..          5          4        359        341          1          1         90         68
        Petroleum and coal products ..............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)

        Chemicals ................................        (3)          4        (3)        242        (3)          1        (3)         48
        Plastics and rubber products .............          4          9        321        614          1          2         80        123
        Nonmetallic mineral products .............          5         11        404        844          1          2        101        169
        Primary metals ...........................          8          3        536        223          2          1        134         45
        Fabricated metal products ................         12         18        916      1,084          3          4        229        217
        Machinery ................................         11         12      1,077        845          3          2        269        169
        Computer and electronic products .........         10         14        808      1,432          3          3        202        286
        Electrical equipment and appliances ......          8         13      2,886      2,417          2          3        722        483
        Transportation equipment .................         19         25      2,887      3,362          5          5        722        672
        Furniture and related products ...........         10          6      1,099        613          3          1        275        123
        Miscellaneous manufacturing ..............          5          5        530        396          1          1        133         79

    Wholesale trade ..............................         18         20      1,393      1,639          5          4        348        328
    Retail trade (4) .............................         89        100      9,012     10,375         22         20      2,253      2,075
        Building material and garden supply stores         12          8        995        953          3          2        249        191
        Food and beverage stores .................         16         20      1,194      1,826          4          4        299        365
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores .         10          9        600        604          3          2        150        121
        General merchandise stores ...............         24         39      4,218      5,146          6          8      1,055      1,029
    Transportation and warehousing (4) ...........         44         72      5,133      9,013         11         14      1,283      1,803
        Truck transportation .....................          5          6        307        358          1          1         77         72
        Transit and ground passenger 
          transportation .........................         27         47      3,482      7,045          7          9        871      1,409
        Support activities for transportation ....          6          4        814        302          2          1        204         60
    Information ..................................         36         49      3,788      9,195          9         10        947      1,839
    Finance and insurance ........................         19         30      1,354      2,168          5          6        339        434
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........          6          6        452        359          2          1        113         72
    Professional and technical services ..........         35         42      3,771      6,331          9          8        943      1,266
    Management of companies and enterprises ......          3          5        194        517          1          1         49        103
    Administrative and waste services ............        151        165     11,303     16,911         38         33      2,826      3,382
    Educational services .........................          4          9        265        552          1          2         66        110
    Health care and social assistance ............         33         33      2,038      2,752          8          7        510        550
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........         13         16        893      1,110          3          3        223        222
    Accommodation and food services ..............         88        112     10,491     15,122         22         22      2,623      3,024
        Accommodation ............................         16         23      1,163      2,121          4          5        291        424
        Food services and drinking places ........         72         89      9,328     13,001         18         18      2,332      2,600
    Other services, except public administration .          8          6        695        405          2          1        174         81
    Unclassified .................................          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)

Government .......................................         34         42      3,049      4,027          9          8        762        805
    Federal ......................................          5          4        532        271          1          1        133         54
    State ........................................         10         17      1,389      1,460          3          3        347        292
         State government education ..............          3          5        755        427          1          1        189         85
    Local ........................................         19         21      1,128      2,296          5          4        282        459
         Local government education ..............          7          4        386        823          2          1         97        165

   1 Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. There were 4 weeks in March 2011 and 5 weeks in March 
   2012. Average weekly events and initial claimants may not sum to subtotals and totals due to rounding.
   2 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Includes other industries not shown.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Region and state distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

     Census region and state               Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)   
     
                                       Events         Initial Claimants            Events         Initial Claimants  
                                  March      March      March      March      March      March      March      March
                                   2011       2012      2011       2012        2011       2012      2011       2012

   Total (2) ...............        908      1,125     85,095    117,817        227        225     21,274     23,563
Northeast ..................        169        198     15,540     18,520         42         40      3,885      3,704
    Connecticut ............          5        (3)        410        (3)          1        (3)        103        (3)
    Maine ..................          5          5        575        415          1          1        144         83
    Massachusetts ..........          7         11        624      1,073          2          2        156        215
    New Hampshire ..........        (3)          3        (3)        339        (3)          1        (3)         68
    New Jersey .............         19         21      1,494      2,065          5          4        374        413
    New York ...............         49         54      5,159      5,226         12         11      1,290      1,045
    Pennsylvania ...........         79         92      7,004      8,034         20         18      1,751      1,607
    Rhode Island ...........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Vermont ................        (3)          8        (3)      1,123        (3)          2        (3)        225

South ......................        250        289     26,112     31,925         63         58      6,528      6,385
    Alabama ................         18         18      2,072      2,130          5          4        518        426
    Arkansas ...............        (3)         16        (3)      1,835        (3)          3        (3)        367
    Delaware ...............          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)
    District of Columbia ...          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -
    Florida ................         56         55      4,060      4,836         14         11      1,015        967
    Georgia ................         16          8      1,593      1,069          4          2        398        214
    Kentucky ...............         20         26      2,387      2,601          5          5        597        520
    Louisiana ..............         11          7      1,239        423          3          1        310         85
    Maryland ...............          4          3        431        182          1          1        108         36
    Mississippi ............         14         12      1,413      1,314          4          2        353        263
    North Carolina .........         18         60      1,917      6,060          5         12        479      1,212
    Oklahoma ...............          5          3        367        697          1          1         92        139
    South Carolina .........          7          7        489        498          2          1        122        100
    Tennessee ..............          9          8        667        854          2          2        167        171
    Texas ..................         54         50      7,970      7,962         14         10      1,993      1,592
    Virginia ...............         13         13      1,102      1,206          3          3        276        241
    West Virginia ..........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)

Midwest ....................        172        219     17,168     24,470         43         44      4,292      4,894
    Illinois ...............         37         36      3,495      4,610          9          7        874        922
    Indiana ................         12         18      1,336      1,830          3          4        334        366
    Iowa ...................         10          9      2,060      1,278          3          2        515        256
    Kansas .................          5         11        727      1,588          1          2        182        318
    Michigan ...............         21         25      2,359      3,749          5          5        590        750
    Minnesota ..............          9         10        707        844          2          2        177        169
    Missouri ...............         21         20      1,755      1,614          5          4        439        323
    Nebraska ...............          3        (3)        279        (3)          1        (3)         70        (3)
    North Dakota ...........          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)
    Ohio ...................         22         48      1,891      4,638          6         10        473        928
    South Dakota ...........          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -
    Wisconsin ..............         32         37      2,559      3,777          8          7        640        755

West .......................        317        419     26,275     42,902         79         84      6,569      8,580
    Alaska .................        (3)          3        (3)        178        (3)          1        (3)         36
    Arizona ................         11         15      1,045      1,286          3          3        261        257
    California .............        230        319     17,478     33,461         58         64      4,370      6,692
    Colorado ...............          5          9        557      1,165          1          2        139        233
    Hawaii .................          5        (3)        659        (3)          1        (3)        165        (3)
    Idaho ..................         10          7        886        694          3          1        222        139
    Montana ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Nevada .................          7          9        524        879          2          2        131        176
    New Mexico .............          7          8        640        765          2          2        160        153
    Oregon .................         20         20      2,337      2,153          5          4        584        431
    Utah ...................          3          5        423        385          1          1        106         77
    Washington .............         14         19      1,099      1,546          4          4        275        309
    Wyoming ................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    
    Puerto Rico ............         11         15      1,114      1,899          3          3        279        380
                                                                                                                    
   1 See footnote 1, table 3
   2 See footnote 2, table 3.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: April 24, 2012