Mass Layoffs (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, June 21, 2013                           USDL-13-1179

Technical information: (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                          MASS LAYOFFS -- MAY 2013
                                   
                                   
Employers took 1,301 mass layoff actions in May involving 127,821 workers as measured
by new filings for unemployment insurance benefits during the month, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. (Data are seasonally adjusted.) Each mass layoff
involved at least 50 workers from a single employer. Mass layoff events increased by
102 from April, and the number of associated initial claims increased by 10,972. In
May, 276 mass layoff events occurred in the manufacturing sector resulting in 33,527
initial claims. Monthly mass layoff events are identified using administrative data
sources without regard to layoff duration. (See table 1 and the note at the end of this
release.)



 ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 
|                                   					 |
|                    Mass Layoffs Data Discontinued			 |
|                                   					 |
| On March 1, 2013, President Obama ordered into effect the across-the-	 |
| board spending cuts (commonly referred to as sequestration) required	 |
| by the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act, as amended.	 |
| Under the order, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) must cut its	 |
| current budget by more than $30 million, 5 percent of the current 2013 |
| appropriation, by September 30, 2013. In order to help achieve these	 |
| savings and protect core programs, the BLS will eliminate two		 |
| programs, including Mass Layoff Statistics, and all "measuring green	 |
| jobs" products. This news release is the final publication of monthly	 |
| mass layoff survey data.						 |
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------



The national unemployment rate was 7.6 percent in May, essentially unchanged from the
prior month and down from 8.2 percent a year earlier. Total nonfarm payroll employment
increased by 175,000 over the month, and increased by 2,115,000 over the year.
   
Industry Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)
   
The number of mass layoff events in May was 1,383, not seasonally adjusted, resulting
in 134,483 initial claims for unemployment insurance. (See table 2.) Over the year,
the number of average weekly mass layoff events for May decreased by 23 to 277, and
associated average weekly initial claims decreased by 418 to 26,897. Ten of the 19
major industry sectors in the private economy reported over-the-year decreases in
average weekly initial claims, with the largest decrease occurring in retail trade
and information. (See table 3.) Temporary help services was the six-digit industry
with the largest number of private nonfarm initial claims due to mass layoffs in May.
(See table A.)


Table A. Six-digit NAICS industries with the largest number of mass layoff initial claims
in May 2013, private nonfarm, not seasonally adjusted

                 Industry                                           May peak
                                               Initial claims     Year  Initial claims
                                                                                      
Temporary help services (1) ...............        11,779         2002      16,992
Food service contractors ..................        10,421         2009      11,216
Child day care services ...................        10,327         2013      10,327
Construction machinery manufacturing ......         4,084         2013       4,084
School and employee bus transportation ....         2,783         2008       6,323
Other individual and family services ......         2,427         2013       2,427
Motion picture and video production .......         2,222         1999       8,985
Professional employer organizations (1) ...         2,189         2009       5,898
Discount department stores ................         1,880         2002       3,981
Supermarkets and other grocery stores .....         1,851         1996       4,492
                                                                                      
   1 See the Technical Note for more information on these industries.


The manufacturing sector accounted for 18 percent of mass layoff events and 21 percent of the
associated initial claims in the private economy in May. Within manufacturing, the numbers of
mass layoff claimants were highest in machinery and in food. Eleven of the 21 manufacturing
subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims. (See table 3.)

Geographic Distribution (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Among the census regions, the South had the largest number of initial claims due to mass
layoffs in May. Three of the 4 regions experienced over-the-year increases in average
weekly initial claims, with the largest increase occurring in the South. (See table 4.)

Among the states, California had the highest number of mass layoff initial claims in May,
followed by Illinois, Pennsylvania, and Texas. Twenty-eight states and the District of
Columbia experienced over-the-year decreases in average weekly initial claims, led by
Missouri and New York. (See table 4.)

Note

The monthly data series in this release cover mass layoffs of 50 or more workers beginning
in a given month, regardless of the duration of the layoffs. The monthly data series in this
release are subjected to average weekly analysis, which mitigates the effect of differing
lengths of months. See the Technical Note for more detailed definitions and for a description
of average weekly analysis.




Technical Note


   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program
that uses a standardized automated approach to identifying, describing,
and tracking the effects of major job cutbacks, using data from each
state's unemployment insurance database. Each month, states report on
employers which have at least 50 initial claims filed against them during
a consecutive 5-week period. These employers then are contacted by the
state agency to determine whether these separations lasted 31 days or
longer, and, if so, other information concerning the layoff is collected.
States report on layoffs lasting more than 1 month on a quarterly basis.

   The monthly data present preliminary mass layoff activity in the 
reference month and are not revised in subsequent months except in special 
circumstances (e.g., layoffs in states affected by Hurricane Katrina).  
Counts of initial claims associated with mass layoff events reflect 
activity through the end of the reference month. Additional mass layoff 
event and initial claims activity received after data for the reference 
month have been published by BLS are not updated in the monthly mass layoff 
series and, therefore, may not match revised mass layoff data issued in 
state publications. However, any additional mass layoff information 
meeting the extended mass layoff criteria will be reflected in BLSí 
quarterly publication of extended mass layoff data.

   A given month contains an aggregation of the weekly unemployment 
insurance claims filings for the Sunday through Saturday weeks in that 
month.  All weeks are included for the particular month, except if the
first day of the month falls on Saturday.  In this case, the week is 
included in the prior month's tabulations.  This means that some months
will contain 4 weeks and others, 5 weeks.  The number of weeks in a given
month may be different from year to year, and the number of weeks in a year
may vary.  Therefore, data users who intend to perform analysis of over-the-year
change in the not seasonally adjusted series should use the average weekly
mass layoff figures displayed in tables 3 and 4 of this release.  The average
weekly adjustment process produces a consistent series for each month across
all years, permitting over-the-year analysis to be performed using strictly
comparable data.

   The MLS program resumed operations in April 1995 after it had been
terminated in November 1992 due to lack of funding. Prior to April 1995,
monthly layoff statistics were not available.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   Average weekly mass layoff events and initial claimants. The number of
events and initial claimants in a given month divided by the number of weeks
contained within that month.

   Employer. Employers in the MLS program include those covered by state
unemployment insurance laws. Information on employers is obtained from the
Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Industry. Employers are classified according to the 2007 version of the 
North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). For temporary help
and professional employers organization industries, monthly MLS-related 
statistics generally reflect layoffs related to underlying client companies 
in other industries. An individual layoff action at a client company can
be small, but when initial claimants associated with many such layoffs are
assigned to a temporary help or professional employer organization firm, a
mass layoff event may trigger.

   Initial claimant. A person who files any notice of unemployment to
initiate a request either for a determination of entitlement to and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Mass layoff event. Fifty or more initial claims for unemployment insurance
benefits filed against an employer during a 5-week period, regardless of
duration.

Seasonal adjustment

   Effective with the release of data for January 2005, BLS began publishing
six seasonally adjusted monthly MLS series. The six series are the numbers of
mass layoff events and mass layoff initial claims for the total, private nonfarm,
and manufacturing sectors.
   
   Seasonal adjustment is the process of estimating and removing the effect
on time series data of regularly recurring seasonal events such as changes
in the weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school year.
The use of seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental changes
in time series, particularly those associated with general economic expansions
and contractions.

   The MLS data are seasonally adjusted using the X-12-ARIMA seasonal adjustment
method on a concurrent basis. Concurrent seasonal adjustment uses all available
monthly estimates, including those for the current month, in developing seasonal
adjustment factors. Revisions to the most recent 5 years of seasonally adjusted
data will be made once a year with the issuance of December data. Before the data
are seasonally adjusted, prior adjustments are made to the original data to adjust
them for differences in the number of weeks used to calculate the monthly data.
Because weekly unemployment insurance claims are aggregated to form monthly data,
a particular month's value could be calculated with 5 weeks of data in 1 year and
4 weeks in another. The effects of these differences could seriously distort the
seasonal factors if they were ignored in the seasonal adjustment process. These 
effects are modeled in the X-12-ARIMA program and are permanently removed from 
the final seasonally adjusted series.




Table 1. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, June 2009 to 
May 2013, seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2009                                                                             

June .......................     2,470     248,680     2,261     231,529     1,063     140,105
July .......................     2,184     222,776     1,976     203,347       639      76,345
August .....................     2,358     218,380     2,119     198,877       743      75,387
September ..................     2,274     216,959     2,054     200,863       754      90,250
October ....................     1,970     196,370     1,775     178,648       567      64,681
November ...................     1,764     159,283     1,598     146,802       469      51,887
December ...................     1,720     155,738     1,549     141,699       425      44,455

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     1,699     169,561     1,522     155,298       461      53,303
February ...................     1,647     161,694     1,480     147,259       387      47,272
March ......................     1,703     153,784     1,501     138,188       373      43,022
April ......................     1,622     154,962     1,442     138,849       378      44,860
May ........................     1,585     150,959     1,345     131,482       317      31,677
June .......................     1,701     152,080     1,481     133,366       335      34,653
July .......................     1,521     137,750     1,315     121,313       303      32,064
August .....................     1,612     162,455     1,409     138,849       384      41,123
September ..................     1,526     137,074     1,303     117,582       310      33,906
October ....................     1,661     149,985     1,454     132,373       349      38,157
November ...................     1,584     153,394     1,407     138,925       353      38,097
December ...................     1,476     136,252     1,277     121,849       322      36,611

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     1,522     150,406     1,335     132,659       327      37,431
February ...................     1,456     137,938     1,263     123,141       312      30,036
March ......................     1,307     119,691     1,156     106,721       269      31,699
April ......................     1,526     145,315     1,366     130,841       352      37,177
May ........................     1,573     144,824     1,387     129,296       399      42,238
June .......................     1,522     144,060     1,342     129,136       359      38,630
July .......................     1,566     144,543     1,347     123,815       342      35,458
August .....................     1,585     168,266     1,364     153,081       374      46,267
September ..................     1,463     150,165     1,319     136,564       346      37,505
October ....................     1,349     118,135     1,220     106,478       335      32,310
November ...................     1,312     123,078     1,177     113,239       312      33,715
December ...................     1,392     144,661     1,247     129,994       346      38,469

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,435     129,169     1,298     118,127       325      32,503
February ...................     1,275     120,199     1,134     109,458       283      28,236
March ......................     1,290     125,195     1,141     112,889       269      28,300
April ......................     1,403     138,164     1,235     122,236       294      34,929
May ........................     1,370     131,603     1,220     119,788       277      31,873
June .......................     1,320     133,080     1,178     120,857       282      31,737
July .......................     1,354     138,694     1,217     128,186       355      43,427
August .....................     1,297     130,266     1,172     120,391       322      39,389
September ..................     1,346     125,692     1,223     116,792       365      40,287
October ....................     1,400     136,153     1,249     125,026       346      42,927
November ...................     1,749     172,879     1,574     159,872       412      47,171
December ...................     1,509     137,839     1,334     125,505       330      35,211

             2013                                                                             

January ....................     1,328     134,026     1,197     123,088       357      43,068
February ...................     1,422     135,468     1,218     119,856       295      39,407
March ......................     1,337     127,939     1,183     115,664       311      36,696
April ......................     1,199     116,849     1,051     104,746       293      29,744
May ........................     1,301     127,821     1,134     115,260       276      33,527




Table 2. Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, June 2009 to 
May 2013, not seasonally adjusted

                                       Total           Private nonfarm         Manufacturing    
             Date                                                                             
                                           Initial               Initial               Initial 
                                Events    claimants   Events    claimants    Events   claimants
                                                                                              
             2009                                                                             

June .......................     2,519     256,357     2,051     216,063       674      85,726
July .......................     3,054     336,654     2,659     296,589     1,133     154,208
August .....................     1,428     125,024     1,334     117,193       436      41,151
September ..................     1,371     123,177     1,258     115,141       448      51,126
October ....................     1,934     193,904     1,678     172,883       566      69,655
November ...................     1,870     164,496     1,679     150,751       517      55,053
December ...................     2,310     214,648     2,166     203,655       615      64,540

             2010                                                                             

January ....................     2,860     278,679     2,682     265,074       962     104,846
February ...................     1,183     102,818     1,091      96,022       282      30,728
March ......................     1,197     111,727     1,111     105,514       273      29,745
April ......................     1,840     199,690     1,697     184,654       424      55,178
May ........................     1,354     123,333     1,170     109,203       216      19,334
June .......................     1,861     171,190     1,355     125,872       212      21,083
July .......................     2,124     206,254     1,732     172,248       532      64,200
August .....................       976      92,435       897      83,021       230      23,088
September ..................       920      77,654       806      67,987       187      19,403
October ....................     1,642     148,638     1,373     127,865       351      40,861
November ...................     1,676     158,048     1,477     142,591       389      41,383
December ...................     1,931     184,130     1,763     172,881       465      52,816

             2011                                                                             

January ....................     2,558     246,463     2,372     229,765       693      75,006
February ...................     1,024      85,585       919      78,718       222      18,471
March ......................       908      85,095       844      80,014       191      20,869
April ......................     1,750     189,919     1,625     176,478       397      47,104
May ........................     1,367     119,911     1,221     108,531       270      25,199
June .......................     1,661     159,930     1,238     122,821       226      22,986
July .......................     2,176     216,774     1,759     174,078       602      71,814
August .....................       961      99,213       875      93,159       228      26,916
September ..................     1,189     117,232     1,095     107,300       296      32,058
October ....................     1,101      96,914       950      83,748       265      28,447
November ...................     1,393     127,750     1,245     117,474       349      37,799
December ...................     2,433     263,665     2,258     247,916       658      75,033

             2012                                                                             

January ....................     1,705     141,703     1,587     132,754       415      38,021
February ...................       895      73,974       820      69,076       196      16,555
March ......................     1,125     117,817     1,040     110,954       242      24,241
April ......................     1,421     146,358     1,293     132,697       256      32,518
May ........................     1,201     109,259     1,081     100,434       186      18,800
June .......................     1,890     198,537     1,485     158,334       255      28,570
July .......................     1,515     157,753     1,321     144,340       559      74,963
August .....................     1,063     104,045       992      97,694       251      31,193
September ..................       811      70,570       749      66,214       221      22,748
October ....................     1,142     109,829       968      97,390       277      37,702
November ...................     2,339     249,949     2,078     228,124       551      72,690
December ...................     1,973     187,137     1,822     177,452       477      50,686

             2013                                                                             

January ....................     1,528     144,517     1,424     135,970       455      50,793
February ...................       960      79,786       846      72,391       192      21,630
March ......................     1,132     114,897     1,048     108,200       268      28,923
April ......................     1,174     119,196     1,068     109,105       248      25,780
May ........................     1,383     134,483     1,218     121,545       221      26,125




Table 3. Industry distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, not seasonally adjusted

                      Industry                                   Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)
                      
                                                             Events         Initial claimants            Events         Initial claimants  
                                                          May        May        May        May        May        May        May        May
                                                         2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013

      Total (2) ..................................      1,201      1,383    109,259    134,483        300        277     27,315     26,897
      
Total, private ...................................      1,099      1,255    101,354    123,833        275        251     25,339     24,767
    Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting ...         18         37        920      2,288          5          7        230        458

  Total, private nonfarm .........................      1,081      1,218    100,434    121,545        270        244     25,109     24,309
    Mining .......................................          5          5        262        353          1          1         66         71
    Utilities ....................................        (3)          3        (3)        243        (3)          1        (3)         49
    Construction .................................        129        135      9,617     11,463         32         27      2,404      2,293
        Construction of buildings ................         26         23      2,250      2,064          7          5        563        413
        Heavy and civil engineering construction .         40         49      3,198      4,677         10         10        800        935
        Specialty trade contractors ..............         63         63      4,169      4,722         16         13      1,042        944
    Manufacturing ................................        186        221     18,800     26,125         47         44      4,700      5,225
        Food .....................................         48         57      4,487      6,040         12         11      1,122      1,208
        Beverage and tobacco products ............        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
        Textile mills ............................          7          7        685        523          2          1        171        105
        Textile product mills ....................          4          4        266        371          1          1         67         74
        Apparel ..................................         10          8        711        664          3          2        178        133
        Leather and allied products ..............          -          -          -          -          -          -          -          -
        Wood products ............................          4          6        262        530          1          1         66        106
        Paper ....................................          6          6        628        554          2          1        157        111
        Printing and related support activities ..         16          4      1,373        307          4          1        343         61
        Petroleum and coal products ..............          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)

        Chemicals ................................          5          5        546        385          1          1        137         77
        Plastics and rubber products .............          5          5        300        469          1          1         75         94
        Nonmetallic mineral products .............          5          3        488        195          1          1        122         39
        Primary metals ...........................          9         16        641      1,125          2          3        160        225
        Fabricated metal products ................          6         12        384        804          2          2         96        161
        Machinery ................................         12         29      1,175      7,155          3          6        294      1,431
        Computer and electronic products .........         12         11        913        729          3          2        228        146
        Electrical equipment and appliances ......          4          5        723        551          1          1        181        110
        Transportation equipment .................         19         22      3,836      4,020          5          4        959        804
        Furniture and related products ...........          9         11      1,049      1,041          2          2        262        208
        Miscellaneous manufacturing ..............        (3)          5        (3)        329        (3)          1        (3)         66

    Wholesale trade ..............................         16         26        976      1,674          4          5        244        335
    Retail trade (4) .............................        117        103     11,529      9,008         29         21      2,882      1,802
        Building material and garden supply stores          8          8        767        759          2          2        192        152
        Food and beverage stores .................         18         22      1,302      1,851          5          4        326        370
        Clothing and clothing accessories stores .         14          8        773        500          4          2        193        100
        General merchandise stores ...............         49         32      6,414      3,534         12          6      1,604        707
    Transportation and warehousing (4) ...........         38         45      4,628      5,188         10          9      1,157      1,038
        Truck transportation .....................          7          8        362        552          2          2         91        110
        Transit and ground passenger 
          transportation .........................         13         21      2,844      3,338          3          4        711        668
        Support activities for transportation ....          3        (3)        161        (3)          1        (3)         40        (3)
    Information ..................................         39         43      5,349      4,020         10          9      1,337        804
    Finance and insurance ........................         31         18      2,478      1,273          8          4        620        255
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........          4          7        428        540          1          1        107        108
    Professional and technical services ..........         56         64      3,780      6,685         14         13        945      1,337
    Management of companies and enterprises ......          4          4        516        407          1          1        129         81
    Administrative and waste services ............        169        207     12,483     17,588         42         41      3,121      3,518
    Educational services .........................         11         12        843        980          3          2        211        196
    Health care and social assistance ............         95        133      9,725     15,256         24         27      2,431      3,051
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........         26         28      1,920      1,720          7          6        480        344
    Accommodation and food services ..............        120        130     14,142     15,553         30         26      3,536      3,111
        Accommodation ............................         13         14        970        972          3          3        243        194
        Food services and drinking places ........        107        116     13,172     14,581         27         23      3,293      2,916
    Other services, except public administration .         29         31      2,595      3,162          7          6        649        632
    Unclassified .................................        (3)          3        (3)        307        (3)          1        (3)         61

Government .......................................        102        128      7,905     10,650         26         26      1,976      2,130
    Federal ......................................          7          8        519        782          2          2        130        156
    State ........................................         24         36      1,856      2,902          6          7        464        580
         State government education ..............         15         23      1,008      1,672          4          5        252        334
    Local ........................................         71         84      5,530      6,966         18         17      1,383      1,393
         Local government education ..............         37         52      2,359      3,935          9         10        590        787

   1 Average weekly analysis mitigates the effect of differing lengths of months. There were 4 weeks in May 2012 and 5 weeks in May 2013.
Average weekly events and initial claimants may not sum to subtotals and totals due to rounding.
   2 Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Includes other industries not shown.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Region and state distribution: Mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
not seasonally adjusted

     Census region and state               Mass layoff totals                    Average weekly mass layoffs (1)  
     
                                       Events         Initial claimants            Events         Initial claimants
                                    May        May        May        May        May        May        May        May
                                   2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013       2012       2013

   Total (2) ...............      1,201      1,383    109,259    134,483        300        277     27,315     26,897
Northeast ..................        197        182     18,817     16,595         49         36      4,704      3,319
    Connecticut ............         11          6        864        441          3          1        216         88
    Maine ..................        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Massachusetts ..........          9          5      1,142        338          2          1        286         68
    New Hampshire ..........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    New Jersey .............         22         21      1,967      2,033          6          4        492        407
    New York ...............         65         52      6,199      5,099         16         10      1,550      1,020
    Pennsylvania ...........         79         87      7,483      7,450         20         17      1,871      1,490
    Rhode Island ...........          4          3        439        181          1          1        110         36
    Vermont ................          3          5        334        672          1          1         84        134

South ......................        358        428     33,270     45,661         90         86      8,318      9,132
    Alabama ................         13         28      1,019      2,411          3          6        255        482
    Arkansas ...............          9         12      1,031      1,398          2          2        258        280
    Delaware ...............        (3)          4        (3)        250        (3)          1        (3)         50
    District of Columbia ...          3          3        187        177          1          1         47         35
    Florida ................         75         78      4,621      4,914         19         16      1,155        983
    Georgia ................         28         33      2,906      4,629          7          7        727        926
    Kentucky ...............         20         18      1,886      2,193          5          4        472        439
    Louisiana ..............         21         16      1,884      2,154          5          3        471        431
    Maryland (4) ...........          9         16        706      1,531          2          3        177        306
    Mississippi ............         28         26      3,961      4,634          7          5        990        927
    North Carolina .........         46         54      4,247      6,177         12         11      1,062      1,235
    Oklahoma ...............          5          3        361        214          1          1         90         43
    South Carolina .........          4         11        327      1,570          1          2         82        314
    Tennessee ..............         20         24      1,762      3,070          5          5        441        614
    Texas ..................         53         76      5,130      7,419         13         15      1,283      1,484
    Virginia ...............         21         23      3,038      2,688          5          5        760        538
    West Virginia ..........        (3)          3        (3)        232        (3)          1        (3)         46

Midwest ....................        249        292     26,349     33,002         62         58      6,587      6,600
    Illinois ...............         64         60      7,361     11,153         16         12      1,840      2,231
    Indiana ................         23         27      2,078      2,285          6          5        520        457
    Iowa ...................         12         13      1,208      1,179          3          3        302        236
    Kansas .................         11         11      1,092      1,603          3          2        273        321
    Michigan ...............         22         41      1,922      4,333          6          8        481        867
    Minnesota ..............        (3)         16        (3)      1,565        (3)          3        (3)        313
    Missouri ...............         28         37      4,491      2,723          7          7      1,123        545
    Nebraska ...............          9          7        924        903          2          1        231        181
    North Dakota ...........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Ohio ...................         37         44      3,401      3,547          9          9        850        709
    South Dakota ...........        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)        (3)
    Wisconsin ..............         35         31      3,298      3,268          9          6        825        654

West .......................        397        481     30,823     39,225         99         96      7,706      7,845
    Alaska .................          7          8        619        657          2          2        155        131
    Arizona ................         14         15      1,245      1,262          4          3        311        252
    California .............        307        377     22,995     30,069         77         75      5,749      6,014
    Colorado ...............         10          9        902        930          3          2        226        186
    Hawaii .................        (3)          8        (3)        622        (3)          2        (3)        124
    Idaho ..................          3        (3)        201        (3)          1        (3)         50        (3)
    Montana ................          3          6        223        422          1          1         56         84
    Nevada .................         11         13        859      1,102          3          3        215        220
    New Mexico .............         11         10        999        836          3          2        250        167
    Oregon .................         15         19      1,416      2,057          4          4        354        411
    Utah ...................          5        (3)        366        (3)          1        (3)         92        (3)
    Washington .............          8          9        736        733          2          2        184        147
    Wyoming ................        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -        (3)          -
    
    Puerto Rico ............          5          8        504        923          1          2        126        185
                                                                                                                    
   1 See footnote 1, table 3.   
   2 See footnote 2, table 3.
   3 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   4 Data starting in June 2012 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance 
procedures.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: June 21, 2013