Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, May 12, 2010           USDL-10-0644

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- FIRST QUARTER 2010


Employers initiated 1,564 mass layoff events in the first quarter of 2010 that 
resulted in the separation of 221,150 workers from their jobs for at least 31 
days, according to preliminary figures released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics. Both events and separations decreased by record amounts from the 
same period a year earlier, when layoffs and associated separated workers
reached program highs (with data available back to 1995). (See table A.)

Seventeen of 18 major industry sectors in the private nonfarm economy regis-
tered sharp declines over the year in the number of extended mass layoff 
events, with 12 industries registering record declines in the number of events. 
Forty-two percent of employers expected to recall at least some laid-off work-
ers, up from 25 percent a year earlier. First quarter 2010 layoff data are 
preliminary and are subject to revision. (See the Technical Note.)
  
The national unemployment rate averaged 10.4 percent, not seasonally adjusted, 
in the first quarter of 2010, up from 8.8 percent a year earlier. Private non-
farm payroll employment, not seasonally adjusted, decreased by 2.8 percent 
(-3,032,000) over the year.

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs
 
Manufacturing firms reported 380 events involving the separation of 51,333 
workers. Manufacturing accounted for 24 percent of private nonfarm extended 
layoff events and 23 percent of related separations in the first quarter of 
2010, the lowest proportions for any first quarter. A year earlier, manu-
facturing made up 40 percent of events and 39 percent of separations. (See 
table 1.) The largest numbers of separations within the manufacturing sector 
were associated with food (largely from fruit and vegetable canning) and 
transportation equipment (largely from automobile manufacturing). All 21 manu-
facturing subsectors experienced over-the-year decreases in the number of lay-
off events.

Construction firms recorded 400 events and 42,040 separations, primarily in 
specialty trade contractors (largely from nonresidential electrical contrac-
tors) and heavy and civil engineering construction (largely from highway, 
street, and bridge construction). In the first quarter of 2010, layoffs in 
this sector comprised 26 percent of events and 19 percent of separations.

Seventeen of 18 major industry sectors in the private nonfarm economy regis-
tered sharp declines over the year in the number of extended mass layoff 
events. Layoff events in 12 industries decreased by record levels--mining; 
manufacturing; wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; 
information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; pro-
fessional and technical services; management of companies and enterprises; 
administrative and waste services; and other services, except public adminis-
tration.

Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Among the seven categories of economic reasons for extended mass layoffs, busi-
ness demand factors accounted for 41 percent of events and 38 percent of re-
lated separations during the first quarter of 2010, down from 54 percent of 
events and 48 percent of separations in the same period a year earlier. (See 
table 2.) Separations related to business demand factors decreased over the 
year by 250,749, or 75 percent. Within the business demand category, the larg-
est over-the-year decrease in separations was due to slack work/insufficient 
demand (-205,424).



Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity


     Period                  Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants

     2006

January-March ..........            963            183,089            193,510
April-June .............          1,353            295,964            264,927
July-September .........            929            160,254            161,764
October-December .......          1,640            296,662            330,954

     2007

January-March ..........          1,110            225,600            199,250
April-June .............          1,421            278,719            259,234
July-September .........          1,018            160,024            173,077
October-December .......          1,814            301,592            347,151

     2008

January-March ..........          1,340            230,098            259,292
April-June .............          1,756            354,713            339,630
July-September .........          1,581            290,453            304,340
October-December .......          3,582            641,714            766,780

     2009

January-March (r) .......         3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June (r) ..........         3,395            651,318            731,035
July-September (r) ......         2,034            345,529            406,715
October-December (r) ...          2,419            406,815            466,539

     2010

January-March (p) .......         1,564            221,150            214,204


    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.



Movement of Work

In the first quarter of 2010, 61 extended mass layoffs involved movement of 
work and were associated with 8,499 separated workers. The number of events 
decreased by 31 from the first quarter of 2009, and the number of separations 
decreased by 7,002 over the year. Movement of work layoffs accounted for 5 
percent of both nonseasonal layoff events and separations during the first 
quarter of 2010. (See table 9.)

Nearly 6 out of 10 extended mass layoff events related to movement of work 
were from manufacturing industries. In comparison, manufacturing accounted 
for more than 2 out of 10 events in the total private nonfarm economy. (See 
table 6.) Employers cited organizational changes in 44 percent of the ex-
tended mass layoff events involving the movement of work. (See table 7.) The 
largest numbers of workers affected by the movement of work among the regions 
were in the South and Midwest. (See table 8.) Among the states, California, 
New Jersey, and Tennessee reported the highest numbers of separations associ-
ated with movement of work.
  
The 61 extended layoff events with movement of work for the first quarter of 
2010 involved 82 identifiable relocations of work actions. Employers were 
able to provide more complete separations information for 58 of the actions. 
Of these, 86 percent involved work moving within the same company, and 78 
percent were domestic reassignments. (See table 10.)

Recall Expectations

Forty-two percent of employers reporting an extended mass layoff in the first 
quarter of 2010 indicated they anticipated some type of recall, up from 25 per-
cent a year earlier. Excluding extended mass layoff events due to seasonal 
work and vacation period, in which 88 percent of the employers expected a re-
call, employers anticipated recalling laid-off workers in just 27 percent of 
the events. Of those employers expecting to recall workers, 27 percent indi-
cated that the offer would be extended to all displaced employees, and 67 
percent of employers anticipated extending the offer to at least half of the
workers. Sixty-seven percent of employers expecting to recall laid-off employ-
ees intend to do so within 6 months. (See table 11.)
  
Size of Extended Layoffs
  
In the first quarter of 2010, the average size of a layoff (as measured by 
separations per layoff event) was 141, the smallest average size in pro-
gram history. (See table 12.) Events during the first quarter of 2010 were 
concentrated at the lower end of the extended layoff-size spectrum, with 75 
percent involving fewer than 150 workers, up from 64 percent a year ago. 
The percentage distribution of extended mass layoff events involving 500 or 
more workers registered program lows for both events (3 percent) and sepa-
rated workers (19 percent). (See table 13.)



Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants 
associated with extended mass layoff events in the first quarter of 2010, 
by residency of claimants


                                                2009 I (r)          2010 I (p)     
            
            Metropolitan area                 Initial             Initial           
                                             claimants   Rank    claimants   Rank

        Total, 372 metropolitan areas ......  661,323             171,438          

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. ...   50,412      1       15,005      1    
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. ..................   34,215      3       14,600      2    
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. ..   27,239      4        9,687      3    
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. ...   19,226      6        7,086      4    
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. ......   21,131      5        6,376      5    
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. ......   11,016      9        3,586      6    
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. .....   10,245     10        3,334      7    
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif.     8,759     14        3,311      8    
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas ..........    8,864     13        3,094      9    
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-
    N.J.-Del.-Md. ..........................    7,556     19        3,056     10    

   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are 
defined in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 01, 2009.



Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 214,204 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were asso-
ciated with extended mass layoffs in the first quarter of 2010. Of these 
claimants, 13 percent were black, 17 percent were Hispanic, 35 percent were 
women, and 19 percent were 55 years of age or older. (See table 3.) Among 
persons in the civilian labor force for the same period, 12 percent were 
black, 15 percent were Hispanic, 47 percent were women, and 19 percent were 
55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution
  
Among the four census regions, the Midwest and the West recorded the high-
est numbers of separations due to extended mass layoff events in the first 
quarter of 2010. Among the nine census divisions, the highest numbers of 
separations were in the East North Central and Pacific. All regions and 
divisions registered record level over-the-year decreases in the number of 
separations with the exception of the West South Central division. (See 
table 4.)

California recorded the largest number of worker separations, followed by 
Illinois, Ohio, New York, and Pennsylvania. (See table 5.) After excluding 
the impact of seasonal reasons, these five states still reported the highest 
numbers of separated workers. Over the year, 49 states reported decreased num-
bers of laid-off workers, led by California, Florida, and Michigan. Of these 
49 states, twenty registered record over-the-year decreases in the number of 
separations--Arkansas, California, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Mary-
land, Minnesota, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsyl-
vania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Washington, West Virginia, and Wis-
consin.

Eighty percent of the initial claimants associated with extended mass layoff 
events in the first quarter of 2010 resided within metropolitan areas, nearly 
the same as a year earlier (79 percent). Among the 372 metropolitan areas, 
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., reported the highest number of resi-
dent initial claimants. Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas, Philadelphia-Camden-
Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md., and Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif., 
moved into the top 10 metropolitan areas in terms of initial claims by residency 
of claimant in the first quarter of 2010, replacing Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich., 
Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev., and Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla., from 
the previous year. (See table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at least 31-days 
duration that involve 50 or more individuals from a single employer filing ini-
tial claims for unemployment insurance during a consecutive 5-week period. Ap-
proximately 30 days after a mass layoff is triggered, the employer is contacted 
for additional information. Data for the current quarter are preliminary and 
subject to revision. This release also includes revised data for previous quar-
ters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data suggest that there is a
seasonal pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between consecutive quarters 
should not be used as an indicator of trend. For additional information about 
the program, see the Technical Note.
____________
The Mass Layoffs in April 2010 news release is scheduled to be released on 
Friday, May 21, 2010, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   The Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state program which
identifies, describes, and tracks the effects of major job cutbacks, using
data from each state's unemployment insurance database.  Employers which have
at least 50 initial claims filed against them during a consecutive 5-week per-
iod are contacted by the state agency to determine whether these separations
are of at least 31 days duration, and, if so, information is obtained on the
total number of persons separated and the reasons for these separations.  Em-
ployers are identified according to industry classification and location, and
unemployment insurance claimants are identified by such demographic factors as
age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence.  The program yields
information on an individual's entire spell of unemployment, to the point when
regular unemployment insurance benefits are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation.  A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location also inside the U.S., either within the same company or to
a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer.  A firm covered by state unemployment insurance laws. Information
on employers is obtained from the Quarterly Census ofEmployment and Wages (QCEW)
program, which is administered by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event.  A layoff defined by the filing of 50 or more
initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer during a
5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than 30 days.  Such
layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and those who are terminated.

   Initial claimant.  A person who files any notice of unemployment to initiate
a request either for a determination of entitlement to and eligibility for com-
pensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment within a benefit year or
period of eligibility.

   Movement of work.  The reassignment of work activities previously performed
at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1) to another worksite
within the company; (2) to another company under formal contractual arrange-
ments at the same worksite; or (3) to another company under formal contractual
arrangements at another worksite either within or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing.  A movement of work that was formerly conducted in-house by em-
ployees paid directly by a company to a different company under a contractual
arrangement.

   Overseas relocation.  A movement of work from an establishment within the
U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either within the same
company or to a different company altogether (offshore outsourcing).

   Relocation of work action.  A movement-of-work action where the employer
provides information on the new location of work and/or the number of workers
affected by the movement.  Events may involve more than one action per employer
if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations.  The number of individuals who have become displaced during an
extended mass layoff event as provided by the employer, regardless of whether
they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure.  The complete closure of an employer or the partial closure
of an employer with multiple locations where entire worksites affected by layoffs
are closed.



Revisions to preliminary data

   The latest quarterly data in this news release are considered preliminary.
After the initial publication of quarterly information, more data are collected
as remaining employer interviews for the quarter are completed and additional
initial claimant information associated with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning in 2004, the economic reasons "domestic relocation" and "overseas
relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept.  The movement of work
data are not collected in the same way as the relocation reasons in releases prior
to 2004; therefore, the movement of work data are not comparable to the data for
those discontinued reasons.

   Questions on movement of work and location are asked for all layoff events when
the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work" or "vacation period," as
these are unlikely.  Movement of work questions are asked after the analyst veri-
fies that a layoff in fact occurred and lasted more than 30 days.  If the reason
for layoff is other than seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1) "Did this layoff include your company moving work from this location(s)
to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2) "Did this layoff include your company moving work that was performed in-
house by your employees to a different company, through contractual arrangements?"

   A "yes" response to either question is followed by:

   "Is the location inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of the layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff actions are classified as "domestic relocation" if the
employer responds "yes" to questions 1 and/or 2 and indicates the
location(s) was inside the U.S.; "overseas relocation" indicates that
the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program and asso-
ciated characteristics of claimants is based on administrative data on covered
employers and unemployment insurance claims, and, therefore, is not subject to
issues associated with sampling error.  Nonsampling errors such as typographical
errors may occur but are not likely to be significant.  While the MLS employers
and layoff events are not subject to sampling error, and all such employers are
asked the interview questions, the employer responses are subject to nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the inability to
obtain information for all respondents, inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or processing
of the data.  For the first quarter of 2010, outright refusal to participate in
the employer interview accounted for 4.2 percent of all private nonfarm events.
Although included in the total number of instances involving the movement of work,
for the first quarter, employers in 24 relocations were unable to provide the num-
ber of separations specifically associated with the movement of work, 1 of which
involved out-of-country moves.

Additional information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired in-
dividuals upon request.  Voice phone:  (202)691-5200; Federal Relay Service:
(800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                            Initial claimants for   
                                                         Layoff events              Separations             unemployment insurance   
                      Industry                                                                                                    
                                                      I      IV       I         I        IV       I          I       IV        I   
                                                    2009r   2009r   2010p     2009r     2009r   2010p      2009r    2009r    2010p 
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  3,979   2,419   1,564    705,141  406,815  221,150    835,551  466,539  214,204

    Mining .......................................     82      39      16     14,408    4,887    2,176     15,112    5,485    1,866
    Utilities ....................................      3       9       3        480    1,637      282        799    1,585      282
    Construction .................................    526     762     400     63,121   95,945   42,040     76,236  120,423   45,052
    Manufacturing ................................  1,597     592     380    276,772   99,051   51,333    378,642  121,669   51,870
         Food ....................................     85      93      69     13,925   19,961    9,151     16,348   21,480    9,511
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........     14     (2)       6      2,141      (2)      845      3,032      (2)    1,229
         Textile mills ...........................     27      11     (2)      3,137    2,055      (2)      6,268    6,980      (2)
         Textile product mills ...................      9       -       7      1,315        -      937      2,356        -    1,068
         Apparel .................................     24      18       4      3,250    2,380      396      3,280    2,371      516
         Leather and allied products .............      5     (2)     (2)        680      (2)      (2)        679      (2)      (2)
         Wood products ...........................     91      35      16     11,039    4,680    1,347     14,625    6,834    1,803
         Paper ...................................     41      14       7      5,309    1,604    1,215      6,104    1,726      918
         Printing and related support activities .     43      10      18      5,580    2,400    2,015      6,237    1,934    1,952
         Petroleum and coal products .............      6      21       5        809    3,092      368        631    3,519      397

         Chemicals ...............................     30      23      13      4,795    3,056    1,742      4,791    2,659    1,372
         Plastics and rubber products ............     82      19      13      8,958    1,880    1,179     10,357    1,966    1,349
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............     82      60      29      8,485    7,822    2,861     11,254    9,511    3,186
         Primary metals ..........................    106      34      19     16,205    4,202    2,758     21,466    6,914    2,045
         Fabricated metal products ...............    159      44      22     18,187    5,894    2,191     27,176    7,064    2,020
         Machinery ...............................    157      47      32     28,203    6,375    4,671     38,551    8,920    4,800
         Computer and electronic products ........    147      40      25     25,497    5,135    4,510     30,776    6,658    3,508
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....     66      15      14      9,005    2,173    1,821     12,729    2,283    1,377
         Transportation equipment ................    322      72      49     95,247   21,400    9,141    142,759   24,465    9,888
         Furniture and related products ..........     63      14      17     10,182    2,021    2,261     14,468    2,907    2,550
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............     38      13      10      4,823    1,898    1,449      4,755    1,685    1,166

    Wholesale trade ..............................    131      56      41     16,960    6,981    4,158     18,019    6,729    3,808
    Retail trade .................................    382      91     152     90,459   19,464   34,133     83,333   23,695   35,506
    Transportation and warehousing ...............    157      88      83     28,757   17,705   14,397     28,467   17,799   11,749
    Information ..................................     98      62      44     14,688   12,264    6,290     21,329   17,082    6,099
    Finance and insurance ........................    175      75      54     36,533   15,114    8,338     37,680   16,697    7,753
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........     39      20       9      4,332    2,454      804      4,526    2,775      937
    Professional and technical services ..........    154      77      53     21,862   14,379    5,735     24,343   14,111    6,032
    Management of companies and enterprises ......     21       9      10      2,753    1,073    2,005      2,641    3,479    1,180
    Administrative and waste services ............    327     254     166     85,366   52,786   28,179     91,794   63,168   24,094
    Educational services .........................     10       8       4      1,288      959      837      1,195    1,050      470
    Health care and social assistance ............     44      42      29      6,937    6,216    3,599      7,530    6,507    2,764
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     45      68      34      7,147   18,959    5,920      7,435   11,724    3,857
    Accommodation and food services ..............    158     143      73     29,871   33,136    9,441     32,584   29,105    9,787
    Other services, except public administration .     29      23      13      3,338    3,609    1,483      3,817    3,260    1,098

    Unclassified .................................      1       1       -         69      196        -         69      196        -
                                                                                                                                   
    1 For the first quarter of 2010, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia. 
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.    
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.    
    
    
    

Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for     
                                             Layoff events                   Separations                 unemployment insurance     
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                        I        IV         I           I        IV         I            I        IV         I    
                                      2009r     2009r     2010p       2009r     2009r     2010p        2009r     2009r     2010p  
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) .....   3,979     2,419     1,564      705,141   406,815   221,150      835,551   466,539   214,204

Business demand ...................   2,160       846       636      334,973   126,983    84,224      460,308   177,743    79,530
  Contract cancellation ...........      87        37        35       12,784     6,953     4,884       16,954     7,968     3,617
  Contract completion .............     327       290       218       64,033    49,017    30,452       78,458    66,047    30,096
  Domestic competition ............       6       (2)       (2)          822       (2)       (2)        1,085       (2)       (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market ........................      32        10         8        4,096     1,184       722        6,889     1,656       887
  Import competition ..............       6       (2)       (2)        1,016       (2)       (2)        1,023       (2)       (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown.   1,702       502       371      252,222    69,104    46,798      355,899   101,463    44,569
    
Organizational changes ............     201        89        91       46,373    17,736    15,004       54,668    15,642    13,363
  Business-ownership change .......      31        29        23        9,313     9,000     3,586        6,070     4,544     2,384
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ....................     170        60        68       37,060     8,736    11,418       48,598    11,098    10,979

Financial issues ..................     428       180       139       98,770    29,580    19,681       92,377    34,170    24,129
  Bankruptcy ......................      87        21        13       28,675     5,262     1,983       16,874     4,857     1,451
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability ........     234       113        84       36,859    16,570    10,614       52,653    20,744    17,434
  Financial difficulty ............     107        46        42       33,236     7,748     7,084       22,850     8,569     5,244

Production specific ...............      17        16        12        4,394     1,982     2,236        3,022     1,833     1,797
  Automation/technological 
    advances ......................     (2)       (2)         3          (2)       (2)       312          (2)       (2)       277
  Energy related ..................     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ..................       3         5         3        1,043       576       416          998       541       211
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ...........     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Material or supply shortage .....     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
  Model changeover ................     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ...................     (2)         3       (2)          (2)       540       (2)          (2)       449       (2)
  Product line discontinued .......       6       (2)         -        1,165       (2)         -          810       (2)         -

Disaster/safety ...................       6         6         6          686       840       712          646     1,060       564
  Hazardous work environment ......     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) ......................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Non-natural disaster ............     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Extreme weather-related event ...     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Seasonal ..........................     340       828       398       56,225   137,206    60,438       61,618   143,641    56,771
  Seasonal ........................     (2)       817       (2)          (2)   134,910       (2)          (2)   139,955       (2)
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ..................     (2)        11       (2)          (2)     2,296       (2)          (2)     3,686       (2)

Other/miscellaneous ...............     827       454       282      163,720    92,488    38,855      162,912    92,450    38,050
  Other ...........................      35        22        20        6,207     3,501     3,467        5,332     3,680     2,763
  Data not provided: refusal ......     162       109        66       38,473    29,257     9,767       38,403    29,257     9,753
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ..........................     630       323       196      119,040    59,730    25,621      119,177    59,513    25,534

                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.     
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.     




Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, fourth quarter, 2009 and first quarter, 2010

                                                         Total                              Percent of total                       
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over   
              State                                                                                                                
                                   IV       I        IV        I        IV      I       IV      I       IV      I       IV      I  
                                  2009r   2010p     2009r    2010p     2009r  2010p    2009r  2010p    2009r  2010p    2009r  2010p

    Total, private nonfarm(1) ..  2,419   1,564    466,539  214,204     12.0   13.5     18.5   17.1     30.5   34.8     18.2   19.3

Alabama ........................     12       9      3,648    2,255     43.7   38.4      1.7    1.3     54.5   32.9     15.8   13.7
Alaska .........................     14       6      3,050      944      4.5    4.8      9.7   14.8     30.1   33.5     20.4   25.5
Arizona ........................     20      11      2,519    1,431      5.5   10.5     38.1   30.0     38.4   34.8     16.2   12.7
Arkansas .......................     12     (2)      2,232      (2)     19.6   22.1      5.0    4.8     29.9   53.0     17.6   16.4
California .....................    578     389    119,705   53,428      8.1    8.4     37.0   37.9     37.4   37.7     16.7   17.3
Colorado .......................     38      14      4,891    1,487      4.0    7.4     29.8   19.0     22.0   37.4     20.2   18.2
Connecticut ....................     15      19      1,877    1,798     13.5   13.1     16.5    9.7     32.3   38.8     26.1   19.5
Delaware .......................      7       -        957        -     21.4      -      4.4      -     18.6      -     21.1      -
District of Columbia ...........      6       3        816      248     59.6   56.5     15.9    3.6     46.3   48.4     20.1   25.8
Florida ........................    100      14     21,276    4,164     13.8   15.4     27.3   26.7     39.3   34.4     19.9   17.8
Georgia ........................     20      21      9,466    3,126     40.5   46.6      7.4    5.2     47.9   45.9     19.5   23.8
Hawaii .........................      5     (2)        689      (2)       .7     .7      6.7    3.3     20.9   34.0     12.5   17.6
Idaho ..........................     16       7      2,584      729       .2     .1     12.1    8.1     28.1   29.6     17.1   17.4

Illinois .......................    203     119     36,333   15,748     13.1   18.6     19.7   14.7     23.8   37.9     15.2   17.4
Indiana ........................     43      30      7,370    3,473      7.2    7.1      3.7    2.2     19.4   22.2     15.8   19.1
Iowa ...........................     13       4      1,860      483      3.1    1.7      7.5    5.6     16.5   19.7     20.2   21.5
Kansas .........................     17       9      3,976      982     10.6   10.9      4.4    6.0     30.4   35.3     19.3   18.3
Kentucky .......................     26      23      2,946    2,551      2.9    5.6       .1      -     10.1   13.6     17.8   19.0
Louisiana ......................     27      19      3,556    1,866     43.5   55.8      4.2    3.2     19.3   40.2     21.0   13.0
Maine ..........................      7       6      1,255    1,098      2.3    3.1       .6     .4     24.4   48.8     22.2   26.5
Maryland .......................     18       7      2,303      834     45.6   23.4      3.7    1.6     41.9   10.3     18.1   31.3
Massachusetts ..................     19      18      2,658    1,962      7.4   10.4      1.3    1.7     35.5   43.1     20.9   22.0
Michigan .......................     79      40     11,428    4,115     10.6    8.7      8.0    4.3     23.4   32.7     16.2   19.9
Minnesota ......................     93      34     15,214    3,667      3.0    3.8      8.4    5.0     17.5   25.2     18.0   20.8
Mississippi ....................     12       6        901      553     53.8   78.1      1.8    2.5     34.7   37.4     19.1   10.1
Missouri .......................     58      48      9,198    4,372     12.3   10.3      1.5    1.4     30.7   40.4     22.1   22.0

Montana ........................     12       4      1,404      663       .1     .6      3.1    2.0     22.5   17.2     23.7   34.8
Nebraska .......................      6       4        565      251      1.4    4.0      6.7    6.0     15.2   13.9     30.4   33.5
Nevada .........................     29      23      8,041    3,515      6.8    7.4     32.2   30.9     28.9   33.1     17.2   19.0
New Hampshire ..................      7     (2)        839      (2)       .7    1.4      1.9    3.8     20.4   35.4     23.5   28.1
New Jersey .....................     53      49      8,288    6,536     19.4   20.2      9.2    8.4     34.3   47.0     18.9   25.8
New Mexico .....................     12      12      1,655    1,197      1.6    2.8     56.9   44.8     37.6   24.1     17.3   16.4
New York .......................    166     124     31,394   17,027     12.6   12.9     12.6   12.3     32.5   26.6     21.3   20.2
North Carolina .................     40      32      9,492    3,770     47.4   51.4      4.7    5.1     42.8   45.3     15.0   19.7
North Dakota ...................      9       5      1,138      697      1.8     .4      3.7    1.9     16.1   10.2     21.3   21.1
Ohio ...........................     97      90     21,284   14,263      9.2   12.5      3.5    3.0     20.7   30.4     20.2   22.4
Oklahoma .......................      8     (2)      1,593      (2)     12.4   10.1      4.6    4.8     26.2   55.0     16.2   20.5
Oregon .........................     33      22      8,435    3,867      1.2    2.2     21.2   15.1     37.1   36.0     19.9   17.4
Pennsylvania ...................    143     114     32,622   16,319      4.0    5.8      2.4    3.0     17.8   27.0     21.0   23.5

Rhode Island ...................      7       3        570      582      1.8    1.9     12.8   33.7     28.1   67.0     20.7   34.5
South Carolina .................     34       8      4,691      747     53.2   40.3       .9    5.0     44.0   41.6     16.8    9.6
South Dakota ...................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)        -    3.4      3.7    8.0     12.2   71.6     31.7   19.3
Tennessee ......................     27      27      5,320    2,572     21.6   34.8        -     .2     27.6   48.6     26.2   19.5
Texas ..........................     41      56      8,564    9,123     15.3   20.6     48.2   35.7     23.0   31.3     14.1   14.3
Utah ...........................     14       8      2,921    1,044       .8     .4     10.1    7.1     12.1   21.6     15.5   18.3
Vermont ........................      8       -      1,343        -       .9      -       .6      -     34.0      -     23.8      -
Virginia .......................     30      29      7,029    4,640     42.1   34.7      4.9    2.9     42.0   39.9     18.1   25.1
Washington .....................     64      35     12,106    4,108      5.0    5.1     18.2   10.9     35.2   33.4     17.0   15.2
West Virginia ..................      7       7        857      892        -      -       .1     .1      2.9   18.2     13.4   15.0
Wisconsin ......................    109      47     22,973    8,634      4.7    7.5      8.1    7.6     23.3   43.3     17.5   18.1
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)      1.6    2.3      8.0   18.0     35.8   19.5     22.7   19.5

Puerto Rico ....................      5      11        666    2,087       .3     .1     98.9   99.4     25.4   43.1     12.6    6.3
                                                                                                                                   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.           
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for    
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance    
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                    I        IV         I           I        IV         I            I       IV        I   
                                  2009r     2009r     2010p       2009r     2009r     2010p        2009r    2009r    2010p 
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   3,979     2,419     1,564      705,141   406,815   221,150      835,551  466,539  214,204

Northeast .....................     702       425       335      121,317    64,075    44,844      131,372   80,846   45,610

    New England ...............     135        63        48       22,137     9,334     8,050       23,202    8,542    5,728
    Middle Atlantic ...........     567       362       287       99,180    54,741    36,794      108,170   72,304   39,882

South .........................     941       427       264      176,984    72,226    37,889      196,280   85,647   39,122

    South Atlantic ............     515       262       121       88,267    45,032    17,054      106,089   56,887   18,421
    East South Central ........     214        77        65       38,461    13,158     8,104       41,748   12,815    7,931
    West South Central ........     212        88        78       50,256    14,036    12,731       48,443   15,945   12,770

Midwest .......................   1,072       728       431      202,907   121,744    62,771      274,672  131,421   56,773

    East North Central ........     838       531       326      167,882    89,585    51,586      227,209   99,388   46,233
    West North Central ........     234       197       105       35,025    32,159    11,185       47,463   32,033   10,540

West ..........................   1,264       839       534      203,933   148,770    75,646      233,227  168,625   72,699

    Mountain ..................     233       145        81       39,469    24,024    11,976       40,167   24,640   10,199
    Pacific ...................   1,031       694       453      164,464   124,746    63,670      193,060  143,985   62,500
                                                                                                                           
 
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Virginia, and  West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central:
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for     
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance     
              State                                                                                                             
                                       I        IV         I           I        IV         I            I        IV         I    
                                     2009r     2009r     2010p       2009r     2009r     2010p        2009r     2009r     2010p  
                                   
    Total, private nonfarm(1) ..     3,979     2,419     1,564      705,141   406,815   221,150      835,551   466,539   214,204

Alabama ........................        21        12         9        5,822     3,118     1,249        6,135     3,648     2,255
Alaska .........................         8        14         6        2,437     6,245       944        1,523     3,050       944
Arizona ........................        45        20        11        7,287     2,208     1,450        7,250     2,519     1,431
Arkansas .......................        12        12       (2)        3,153     1,670       (2)        3,536     2,232       (2)
California .....................       879       578       389      134,681   102,696    55,912      158,451   119,705    53,428
Colorado .......................        36        38        14        5,919     5,243     2,257        5,102     4,891     1,487
Connecticut ....................        30        15        19        4,878     2,830     3,448        5,083     1,877     1,798
Delaware .......................         7         7         -        1,548     1,426         -        1,385       957         -
District of Columbia ...........       (2)         6         3          (2)       816       248          (2)       816       248
Florida ........................       243       100        14       49,572    22,005     4,502       49,348    21,276     4,164
Georgia ........................        59        20        21        7,180     3,781     2,369       13,015     9,466     3,126
Hawaii .........................        12         5       (2)        1,086       494       (2)        1,181       689       (2)
Idaho ..........................        24        16         7        3,378     2,686       804        4,115     2,584       729

Illinois .......................       240       203       119       43,738    36,294    18,336       47,090    36,333    15,748
Indiana ........................       112        43        30       14,323     4,335     3,132       21,057     7,370     3,473
Iowa ...........................        37        13         4        4,347     1,287       245       10,985     1,860       483
Kansas .........................        26        17         9        5,773     3,863       928        8,691     3,976       982
Kentucky .......................        88        26        23       19,234     3,597     2,988       19,789     2,946     2,551
Louisiana ......................        29        27        19        5,789     4,469     2,473        4,626     3,556     1,866
Maine ..........................        13         7         6        3,630     1,110     1,375        2,146     1,255     1,098
Maryland .......................        40        18         7        4,700     2,064       807        4,943     2,303       834
Massachusetts ..................        63        19        18        9,336     2,192     2,010       11,544     2,658     1,962
Michigan .......................       183        79        40       47,872    11,487     4,560       78,694    11,428     4,115
Minnesota ......................        73        93        34       10,220    14,483     3,731       11,243    15,214     3,667
Mississippi ....................        19        12         6        1,855     1,613       874        1,740       901       553
Missouri .......................        78        58        48       12,607    10,611     5,068       14,065     9,198     4,372

Montana ........................         9        12         4        1,241     1,320       736        1,300     1,404       663
Nebraska .......................         5         6         4          362       829       359          844       565       251
Nevada .........................        74        29        23       12,772     5,473     3,735       14,416     8,041     3,515
New Hampshire ..................         8         7       (2)        1,292       996       (2)        1,433       839       (2)
New Jersey .....................       110        53        49       18,710    10,184     7,698       18,123     8,288     6,536
New Mexico .....................        14        12        12        3,704     1,769     1,333        3,158     1,655     1,197
New York .......................       213       166       124       41,333    24,798    15,461       39,321    31,394    17,027
North Carolina .................        86        40        32       10,804     4,039     2,866       22,115     9,492     3,770
North Dakota ...................         9         9         5        1,010     1,013       704        1,010     1,138       697
Ohio ...........................       212        97        90       41,636    17,240    16,231       56,413    21,284    14,263
Oklahoma .......................        31         8       (2)        6,192     2,102       (2)        6,768     1,593       (2)
Oregon .........................        73        33        22       12,897     6,407     3,687       18,237     8,435     3,867
Pennsylvania ...................       244       143       114       39,137    19,759    13,635       50,726    32,622    16,319

Rhode Island ...................        11         7         3        1,068       684       699        1,090       570       582
South Carolina .................        50        34         8        7,152     4,365       887        9,183     4,691       747
South Dakota ...................         6       (2)       (2)          706       (2)       (2)          625       (2)       (2)
Tennessee ......................        86        27        27       11,550     4,830     2,993       14,084     5,320     2,572
Texas ..........................       140        41        56       35,122     5,795     9,207       33,513     8,564     9,123
Utah ...........................        27        14         8        4,582     1,695     1,378        4,510     2,921     1,044
Vermont ........................        10         8         -        1,933     1,522         -        1,906     1,343         -
Virginia .......................        14        30        29        3,141     5,677     4,427        3,268     7,029     4,640
Washington .....................        59        64        35       13,363     8,904     3,072       13,668    12,106     4,108
West Virginia ..................        14         7         7        3,927       859       948        2,589       857       892
Wisconsin ......................        91       109        47       20,313    20,229     9,327       23,955    22,973     8,634
Wyoming ........................       (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)

Puerto Rico ....................        20         5        11        2,623       299       771        4,722       666     2,087
                                                                                                                                
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero. 




Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                               Layoff events                            Separations           
                     Industry                                                                                                 
                                                        I            IV            I           I           IV              I
                                                      2009          2009r        2010p       2009         2009r          2010p

      Total, private nonfarm(1) .................       92           66           61        15,501        11,974         8,499
      
    Mining ......................................        3            -            -           543             -             -
    Utilities ...................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction ................................        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Manufacturing ...............................       65           38           34        11,138         7,226         4,859
         Food ...................................      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Beverage and tobacco products ..........        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Textile mills ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile product mills ..................      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Apparel ................................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Leather and allied products ............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Wood products ..........................        3            -            -           577             -             -
         Paper ..................................        3          (2)          (2)           312           (2)           (2)
         Printing and related support activities       (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Petroleum and coal products ............        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
         
         Chemicals  .............................      (2)            4          (2)           (2)           760           (2)
         Plastics and rubber products ...........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Nonmetallic mineral products ...........      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Primary metals .........................        4          (2)            3           603           (2)           431
         Fabricated metal products ..............        6          (2)            3           629           (2)           373
         Machinery ..............................        4            4            6           464           890           908
         Computer and electronic products .......       12            9            5         2,930           930           380
         Electrical equipment and appliances ....        6            3            3           987           807           670
         Transportation equipment ...............       11            6          (2)         2,036         2,103           (2)
         Furniture and related products .........        3          (2)          (2)           647           (2)           (2)
         Miscellaneous manufacturing ............        3          (2)          (2)           460           (2)           (2)
         
    Wholesale trade .............................      (2)            7            3           (2)           905           408
    Retail trade ................................        4          (2)            8           828           (2)           883
    Transportation and warehousing ..............        5          (2)          (2)           761           (2)           (2)
    Information .................................        5            5            4           906           696           507
    Finance and insurance .......................      (2)            3            4           (2)           939           588
    Real estate and rental and leasing ..........        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Professional and technical services .........      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
    Management of companies and enterprises .....      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Administrative and waste services ...........      (2)            3          (2)           (2)           650           (2)
    Educational services ........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Health care and social assistance ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation .........        -          (2)          (2)             -           (2)           (2)
    Accommodation and food services .............      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
    Other services, except public administration       (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    
    Unclassified ................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
                                                                                                                              

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised. 
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations               


         Reason for layoff                I         IV            I               I               IV                I  
                                        2009       2009r        2010p           2009             2009r            2010p
                                                    
   Total, private nonfarm(1) .....       92          66          61            15,501           11,974            8,499

Business demand ..................       44          18         (2)             6,374            3,071              (2)
  Contract cancellation ..........      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Contract completion ............      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Domestic competition ...........      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .......................      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Import competition .............        5         (2)         (2)               868              (2)              (2)
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown       33          11           9             4,385            2,451            1,038
    
Organizational changes ...........       24          21          27             3,564            3,190            4,656
  Business-ownership change ......      (2)         (2)           3               (2)              (2)              590
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company ...................      (2)         (2)          24               (2)              (2)            4,066
    
Financial issues .................       18          23          18             4,514            4,953            2,134
  Bankruptcy .....................        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .......      (2)          18          15               (2)            3,964            1,729
  Financial difficulty ...........      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  
Production specific ..............      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Automation/technological 
    advances .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Energy related .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ..........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Material or supply shortage ....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Model changeover ...............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Product line discontinued ......      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  
Disaster/safety ..................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Hazardous work environment .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .....................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster ...........        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ..        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  
Other/miscellaneous ..............      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Other ..........................      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Data not provided: refusal .....        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Data not provided: does not 
    know .........................        -           -           -                 -                -                -

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero. 




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the 
movement of work, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                       Layoff events                             Separations            
 Census region and division                                                                             
                                I            IV           I            I            IV              I   
                              2009          2009r       2010p        2009          2009r          2010p 

        United States(1) ..     92           66          61         15,501         11,974          8,499

Northeast .................      9           13          12          1,729          2,420          1,772

    New England ...........      4            6           7            721          1,280            883
    Middle Atlantic .......      5            7           5          1,008          1,140            889

South .....................     25           22          22          4,786          4,129          2,773

    South Atlantic ........     10           13          11          1,667          2,010          1,216
    East South Central ....      9            6           8          1,276          1,419          1,107
    West South Central ....      6            3           3          1,843            700            450

Midwest ...................     40           16          13          6,009          2,413          2,369

    East North Central ....     30           13           9          4,708          1,853          1,870
    West North Central ....     10            3           4          1,301            560            499

West ......................     18           15          14          2,977          3,012          1,585

    Mountain ..............      3          (2)           3            669            (2)            484
    Pacific ...............     15          (2)          11          2,308            (2)          1,101
                                                                                                        
 
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations              
                Action                                                                                                  
                                           I           IV            I              I              IV               I      
                                         2009         2009r        2010p          2009r           2009r           2010p    
                             
Total, private nonfarm (1) .........     3,979        2,419        1,564         705,141         406,815         221,150

    Total, excluding seasonal                                                                                          
        and vacation events(2) .....     3,639        1,591        1,166         648,916         269,609         160,712
        
                                                                                                        
        Total, movement of work(3)          92           66           61          15,501          11,974           8,499
                                                                                                        
                                                                                                        
             Movement of work 
               actions .............       124          100           82             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations
                    reported .......        87           55           58           9,089           4,573           5,453
                  With separations
                    unknown ........        37           45           24             (4)             (4)             (4)

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
    3 Movement of work can involve more than one action. 
    4 Data are not available.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.




Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by employers,
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations         
           Activities                                                                                
                                        I         IV          I             I         IV          I  
                                      2009       2009r      2010p         2009       2009r      2010p

With separations reported(2) ..        87         55         58           9,089      4,573      5,453

           By location
           
  Out-of-country relocations ..        25         15         13           3,967      1,556        998
      Within company ..........        23         12         11           3,794      1,291        933
      Different company .......         2          3          2             173        265         65
      
  Domestic relocations ........        62         38         45           5,122      2,722      4,455
      Within company ..........        57         34         39           4,776      2,360      3,521
      Different company .......         5          4          6             346        362        934
      
  Unable to assign place of 
     relocation ...............         -          2          -               -        295          -

           By company

  Within company ..............        80         48         50           8,570      3,946      4,454
      Domestic ................        57         34         39           4,776      2,360      3,521
      Out of country ..........        23         12         11           3,794      1,291        933
      Unable to assign ........         -          2          -               -        295          -
      
  Different company ...........         7          7          8             519        627        999
      Domestic ................         5          4          6             346        362        934
      Out of country ..........         2          3          2             173        265         65
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -

                                                                                                     
 
    1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are
shown.
    2 See footnote 1, table 1. 
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    Note: Dash represents zero.




Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, 
selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                 Percent of total layoff events(1)       Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,    
                                                                          due to seasonal work                 excluding those due to        
    Nature of recall                                                       and vacation period               seasonal and vacation period   

                                   I         IV             I              I         IV          I              I          IV           I  
                                 2009       2009r         2010p          2009       2009r      2010p          2009        2009r       2010p

Anticipate a recall .....        25.2        47.5          42.1          87.6        95.8       87.7          19.3         22.4        26.6

         Timeframe

Within 6 months .........        61.5        79.2          66.8          77.9        89.7       79.4          54.6         55.9        52.6
      Within 3 months ...        39.2        32.6          44.0          43.6        29.6       48.4          37.3         39.0        39.0
      
         Size of recall

At least half ...........        62.6        81.3          66.9          80.2        91.7       81.9          55.2         58.1        50.0
      All workers .......        19.8        38.6          26.9          30.5        46.8       39.0          15.2         20.5        13.2


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    
    
    

Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected
measures, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2009 and 2010

                                                        Average number of separations        
          Measure                                                                            
                                                   I                 IV                    I 
                                                 2009r              2009r                2010p

      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            177                168                  141

             Industry

Mining ...............................            176                125                  136
Utilities ............................            160                182                   94
Construction .........................            120                126                  105
Manufacturing ........................            173                167                  135
Wholesale trade ......................            129                125                  101
Retail trade .........................            237                214                  225
Transportation and warehousing .......            183                201                  173
Information ..........................            150                198                  143
Finance and insurance ................            209                202                  154
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            111                123                   89
Professional and 
  technical services .................            142                187                  108
Management of companies
  and enterprises ....................            131                119                  201
Administrative and waste services ....            261                208                  170
Educational services .................            129                120                  209
Health care and social assistance ....            158                148                  124
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            159                279                  174
Accommodation and food services ......            189                232                  129
Other services, except 
  public administration ..............            115                157                  114
Unclassified establishments ..........             69                196                    -

     Reason for layoff groupings

Business demand ......................            155                150                  132
Organizational changes ...............            231                199                  165
Financial issues .....................            231                164                  142
Production specific ..................            258                124                  186
Disaster/Safety ......................            114                140                  119
Seasonal .............................            165                166                  152
Other/miscellaneous ..................            198                204                  138


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.
    
    
    

Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm sector,
first quarter 2010(p)


                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size
                                   Number      Percent         Number       Percent

 Total .....................        1,564       100.0          221,150       100.0    

   50-99 ...................          824        52.7           57,164        25.8    
   100-149 .................          346        22.1           40,404        18.3    
   150-199 .................          154         9.8           25,945        11.7    
   200-299 .................          136         8.7           30,926        14.0    
   300-499 .................           62         4.0           23,613        10.7    
   500-999 .................           27         1.7           17,764         8.0    
   1,000 or more ...........           15         1.0           25,334        11.5    

   p = preliminary.
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: May 12, 2010