Extended Mass Layoffs (Quarterly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, November 8, 2012               USDL-12-2203

Technical information:  (202) 691-6392  *  mlsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/mls
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      EXTENDED MASS LAYOFFS -- THIRD QUARTER 2012


Employers in the private nonfarm sector initiated 885 mass layoff
events in the third quarter of 2012 that resulted in the separation of
138,484 workers from their jobs for at least 31 days, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. Over the year, total extended mass
layoff events and associated worker separations were down from 1,393
and 235,325, respectively. (See table A.) Permanent worksite closures
accounted for 11 percent of all events and 14 percent of all separations
during the third quarter of 2012, primarily in the manufacturing sector. 
Third quarter 2012 layoff data are preliminary and are subject to revision. 
(See the Technical Note.)

Industry Distribution of Extended Layoffs

Manufacturing industries reported 196 extended mass layoff events and
29,350 separations in the third quarter of 2012, largely due to slack
work/insufficient demand. This sector accounted for 22 percent of
layoff events and 21 percent of related separations during the
quarter. (See table 1.)

The administrative and waste services sector had 137 events and 22,869
separations, primarily due to contract completion, in the third
quarter of 2012. The industry accounted for 15 percent of layoff
events and 17 percent of separations. The construction sector reported
122 layoff events and 13,001 separations, also primarily due to
contract completion.

Reasons for Extended Layoffs

Business demand factors, primarily contract completion, accounted for
44 percent of both extended mass layoff events and related separations
in the private nonfarm sector during the third quarter of 2012.
Layoffs due to the completion of seasonal work accounted for 20
percent of the events and 19 percent of related separations during the
quarter. (See table 2.)


Table A. Selected measures of extended mass layoff activity

     Period             Layoff events       Separations     Initial claimants

     2008

January-March...........     1,340            230,098            259,292
April-June..............     1,756            354,713            339,630
July-September..........     1,581            290,453            304,340
October-December........     3,582            641,714            766,780

     2009                                                          

January-March...........     3,979            705,141            835,551
April-June..............     3,395            651,318            731,049
July-September..........     2,034            345,531            406,823
October-December........     2,416            406,212            468,577

     2010                                                          

January-March...........     1,870            314,512            368,664
April-June..............     2,008            381,622            396,441
July-September..........     1,370            222,357            260,077
October-December........     1,999            338,643            390,584

     2011                                                          

January-March...........     1,490            225,456            258,220
April-June..............     1,810            317,546            342,530
July-September..........     1,393            235,325            291,066
October-December (r) ...     1,903            334,383            403,457

     2012                                                          

January-March (r) ......     1,294            246,956            291,040
April-June (r) .........     1,959            385,665            382,868
July-September (p) .....       885            138,484            124,963
                                                                              
                                                                              
   r = revised.                                                               
   p = preliminary.


Movement of Work

In the third quarter of 2012, 29 extended mass layoffs involved
movement of work and were associated with 3,941 worker separations.
Fifty-five percent of the events related to movement of work were from
manufacturing industries. Employers cited organizational changes as
the economic reason for layoff in 52 percent of the events involving
movement of work. Among workers affected by the movement of work, the
largest proportions were in the South. (See tables 6-8.)

The 29 events with movement of work for the third quarter involved 41
identifiable relocations of work actions. (See table 9.) Employers
were able to provide information on the specific number of worker
separations for 21 of these actions. Among these actions, most were
domestic reassignments and involved work moving within the same
company. (See table 10.)

Recall Expectations

Forty-seven percent of the private nonfarm employers reporting an
extended mass layoff in the third quarter of 2012 anticipated
recalling at least some of the displaced workers. Of those employers
expecting to recall workers, 22 percent indicated the offer would be
extended to all displaced employees and 62 percent anticipated
extending the offer to at least half of the workers. Among employers
expecting to recall laid-off workers, 60 percent intend to do so
within six months. Excluding extended mass layoff events due to
seasonal work and vacation period, employers anticipated recalling the 
laid-off workers in 35 percent of the events. (See table 11.)


Table B. Metropolitan areas with the largest number of initial claimants associated with
extended mass layoff events in third quarter 2012, by residency of claimants


                                                        2011 III (r)            2012 III (p)

            Metropolitan area                        Initial                  Initial 
                                                    claimants     Rank       claimants    Rank
                                                    
        Total, 372 metropolitan areas ...........    252,439                  109,268
        
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. ........     69,035        1          22,283       1
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long                                                    
    Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. .......................     18,069        2          10,291       2
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. ........     14,860        3           5,235       3
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. .......      7,358        6           4,799       4
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif. ...........     11,077        4           4,365       5
San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos, Calif. ...........      9,084        5           2,484       6
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. ..........      5,107        7           2,394       7
Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. ........................      1,408       28           2,307       8
Visalia-Porterville, Calif. .....................      1,980       17           2,168       9
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, Calif. .....      4,403        8           1,826      10
                                                                                             
                                                                                             
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: The geographic boundaries of the metropolitan areas shown in this table are defined
in Office of Management and Budget Bulletin 10-02, December 1, 2009.


Size of Extended Layoffs

The average size of a layoff (as measured by the number of separations
per layoff event) was 156 workers during the third quarter of 2012.
(See table 12.) Events were largely concentrated at the lower end of
the extended layoff-size spectrum, with 71 percent involving fewer
than 150 workers. Conversely, only 4 percent of layoff events involved
500 or more workers. (See table 13.)

Initial Claimant Characteristics

A total of 124,963 initial claimants for unemployment insurance were
associated with extended mass layoffs in the third quarter of 2012. Of
these claimants, 16 percent were black, 23 percent were Hispanic, 42
percent were women, and 20 percent were 55 years of age or older. (See
table 3.) In the entire civilian labor force for the same period, 12
percent of all persons were black, 16 percent were Hispanic, 47
percent were women, and 21 percent were 55 years of age or older.

Geographic Distribution

Among the four census regions, the West recorded the highest number of
extended mass layoff events in the third quarter of 2012, primarily in
the administrative and support services sector. Among the nine census
divisions, the highest number of extended mass layoff events was in the
Pacific. (See table 4.)

California recorded the largest number of extended mass layoff events
in the third quarter of 2012, followed by New York, Illinois, and
Pennsylvania. Excluding layoff activity due to seasonal work and
vacation period reasons, California, New York, and Illinois reported
the largest numbers of events. (See table 5.)

Eighty-seven percent of the initial claimants for unemployment
insurance associated with extended mass layoff events in the third
quarter of 2012 resided within metropolitan areas. Among the 372
metropolitan areas, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif., reported
the highest number of resident initial claimants. (See table B.)

Note

The quarterly series on extended mass layoffs cover layoffs of at
least 31-days duration that involve 50 or more individuals from a
single employer filing initial claims for unemployment insurance
during a consecutive 5-week period. Approximately 30 days after a
mass layoff is triggered, the employer is contacted for additional
information. Data for the current quarter are preliminary and subject
to revision. This release also includes revised data for previous
quarters. Data are not seasonally adjusted, but survey data suggest
that there is a seasonal pattern to layoffs. Thus, comparisons between
consecutive quarters should not be used as an indicator of trend. For
additional information about the program, see the Technical Note.

____________
The Mass Layoffs news release for October is scheduled to be released
on Tuesday, November 20, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note

   The  Mass Layoff Statistics (MLS) program is a federal-state  program
which  identifies,  describes,  and tracks  the  effects  of  major  job
cutbacks,  using data from each state's unemployment insurance database.
Employers  which  have  at least 50 initial claims  filed  against  them
during a consecutive 5-week period are contacted by the state agency  to
determine  whether these separations are of at least 31  days  duration,
and,  if  so,  information is obtained on the total  number  of  persons
separated   and  the  reasons  for  these  separations.  Employers   are
identified  according  to  industry  classification  and  location,  and
unemployment  insurance  claimants are identified  by  such  demographic
factors as age, race, gender, ethnic group, and place of residence.  The
program   yields  information  on  an  individual's  entire   spell   of
unemployment, to the point when regular unemployment insurance  benefits
are exhausted.

Definitions

   Domestic relocation. A movement of work from an establishment  within
the  U.S.  to  a location also inside the U.S., either within  the  same
company or to a different company altogether (domestic outsourcing).

   Employer.  A  firm  covered  by  state unemployment  insurance  laws.
Information  on  employers  is obtained from  the  Quarterly  Census  of
Employment and Wages (QCEW) program, which is administered by the Bureau
of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   Extended mass layoff event. A layoff defined by the filing of  50  or
more initial claims for unemployment insurance benefits from an employer
during a 5-week period, with at least 50 workers separated for more than
30  days. Such layoffs involve both persons subject to recall and  those
who are terminated.

   Initial  claimant. A person who files any notice of  unemployment  to
initiate  a  request  either for a determination of entitlement  to  and
eligibility for compensation, or for a subsequent period of unemployment
within a benefit year or period of eligibility.

   Movement  of  work.  The  reassignment of work activities  previously
performed at the worksite by the company experiencing the layoff (1)  to
another worksite within the company; (2) to another company under formal
contractual arrangements at the same worksite; or (3) to another company
under  formal contractual arrangements at another worksite either within
or outside of the U.S.

   Outsourcing. A movement of work that was formerly conducted  in-house
by  employees paid directly by a company to a different company under  a
contractual arrangement.

   Overseas relocation. A movement of work from an establishment  within
the  U.S. to a location outside of the U.S. (offshoring), either  within
the  same  company  or  to  a  different  company  altogether  (offshore
outsourcing).

   Relocation  of  work  action.  A movement-of-work  action  where  the
employer  provides information on the new location of  work  and/or  the
number of workers affected by the movement. Events may involve more than
one action per employer if work is moved to more than one location.

   Separations.  The  number of individuals who  have  become  displaced
during  an  extended  mass  layoff event as provided  by  the  employer,
regardless of whether they file for unemployment insurance or not.

   Worksite closure. The complete closure of an employer or the  partial
closure  of  an employer with multiple locations where entire  worksites
affected by layoffs are closed.

Revisions to preliminary data

   The  latest  quarterly  data  in this  news  release  are  considered
preliminary.  After  the  initial publication of quarterly  information,
more data are collected as remaining employer interviews for the quarter
are  completed  and  additional initial claimant information  associated
with extended layoff events is received.

Movement of work concepts and questions

   Beginning  in  2004, the economic reasons "domestic  relocation"  and
"overseas relocation" were replaced by the movement of work concept. The
movement  of  work  data  are not collected  in  the  same  way  as  the
relocation reasons in releases prior to 2004; therefore, the movement of
work data are not comparable to the data for those discontinued reasons.
   
   Questions  on movement of work and location are asked for all  layoff
events  when the reason for separation is other than "seasonal work"  or
"vacation period," as these are unlikely. Movement of work questions are
asked  after  the  analyst verifies that a layoff in fact  occurred  and
lasted  more  than  30  days. If the reason for  layoff  is  other  than
seasonal or vacation, the employer was asked the following:

   (1)  "Did  this  layoff include your company moving  work  from  this
location(s) to a different geographic location(s) within your company?"

   (2)  "Did  this  layoff  include your company moving  work  that  was
performed  in-house  by your employees to a different  company,  through
contractual arrangements?"
   
   A  "yes"  response   to  either  question  is followed  by:  "Is  the
location  inside or outside of the U.S.?" and "How many of  the  layoffs
were a result of this relocation?"

   Layoff  actions  are  classified  as  "domestic  relocation"  if  the
employer  responds  "yes"  to questions 1 and/or  2  and  indicates  the
location(s)  was inside the U.S.; "overseas relocation"  indicates  that
the location(s) was outside the U.S.

Reliability of the data

   The  identification of employers and layoff events in the MLS program
and  associated  characteristics of claimants is based on administrative
data  on  covered  employers  and unemployment  insurance  claims,  and,
therefore,  is  not  subject to issues associated with  sampling  error.
Nonsampling  errors  such  as  typographical  errors  may   affect   the
identification of layoff events and associated claimants,  but  are  not
likely to be significant.

   With  one  exception,  all employers in the  private  nonfarm  sector
identified  as  having  a mass layoff based on administrative  data  are
asked the interview questions. These employer responses are also subject
to  nonsampling error.  Nonsampling errors can occur for  many  reasons,
including  the  inability  to obtain information  for  all  respondents,
inability   or   unwillingness  of  respondents   to   provide   correct
information,  and  errors made in the collection or  processing  of  the
data.

   Beginning  with  first  quarter 2012 data,  employers  in  California
identified  as  having  mass layoff events from the  administrative  and
support services (NAICS 561) industry subsector are randomly selected to
participate in the employer interview. Sampling weights are  applied  to
data collected from these employer interviews, which represent responses
for  those employers not selected for employer contact. These  data  are
subject  to  sampling errors which can result from  the  variation  that
occurs  by  chance because a sample is surveyed rather than  the  entire
universe  of  NAICS  561 employers in California  identified  as  having
layoff events.

   For the third quarter of 2012, outright refusal to participate in the
employer  interview  accounted for 5.2 percent of  all  private  nonfarm
events.   Although  included in the total number of instances  involving
the movement of work, employers in 20 relocations were unable to provide
the  number of separations specifically associated with the movement  of
work, 5 of which involved out-of-country moves.

Additional information

   Information  in  this  release  will be  made  available  to  sensory
impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200;  Federal
Relay Service:  (800) 877-8339.




Table 1. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                            Initial claimants for
                                                         Layoff events              Separations             unemployment insurance
                      Industry                                                                                                     
                                                      III     II      III       III      II      III         III      II      III
                                                     2011   2012r    2012p     2011    2012r    2012p       2011    2012r    2012p
                                                                                                                                   
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................  1,393   1,959     885    235,325  385,665  138,484    291,066  382,868  124,963

    Mining .......................................    (2)      13      10        (2)    1,834    1,169        (2)    1,587      836
    Utilities ....................................    (2)     (2)       3        (2)      (2)      221        (2)      (2)      217
    Construction .................................    216     232     122     27,503   27,454   13,001     33,822   34,874   12,861
    Manufacturing ................................    262     214     196     45,393   39,415   29,350     50,313   40,823   24,585
         Food ....................................     70      70      45     14,718   11,104    7,246     15,001   11,014    6,523
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........      9     (2)       3      1,353      (2)      301      1,990      (2)      308
         Textile mills ...........................      4     (2)     (2)        541      (2)      (2)      2,479      (2)      (2)
         Textile product mills ...................      3       6     (2)        368      947      (2)        460    1,062      (2)
         Apparel .................................      5       7       3      1,246    1,255      508      1,611    1,311      466
         Leather and allied products .............      -     (2)     (2)          -      (2)      (2)          -      (2)      (2)
         Wood products ...........................      9       3       -      1,392      336        -      1,268      244        -
         Paper ...................................      4       5       5        682    1,600      522        518      802      482
         Printing and related support activities .     11      12       3      1,089    1,609      298      1,454    1,665      302
         Petroleum and coal products .............      -       -     (2)          -        -      (2)          -        -      (2)

         Chemicals ...............................      9       7       7        889    1,388      701      1,008    1,410      680
         Plastics and rubber products ............      9       6       9      2,678      550      787      1,322      467      602
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............      6       5       5        811      465      664        717      500      911
         Primary metals ..........................      4       7       9        804    2,779    3,596        498    2,441    1,125
         Fabricated metal products ...............      8       6      17      1,341      635    1,700      1,471    1,028    1,849
         Machinery ...............................     16      16      20      2,607    3,602    2,220      3,704    3,322    2,749
         Computer and electronic products ........     15      15      22      2,617    2,878    2,284      2,383    1,980    2,031
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....     11       4       3      2,445    1,203      411      2,483    1,538      433
         Transportation equipment ................     49      31      31      7,531    6,217    6,116      9,729    8,749    4,596
         Furniture and related products ..........     12       5     (2)      1,461      380      (2)      1,452      415      (2)
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............      8       4       7        820      659      659        765      701      540

    Wholesale trade ..............................     25      42      18      2,951    6,393    1,828      2,832    5,246    1,628
    Retail trade .................................     70     111      51     18,151   23,909    9,323     15,428   27,249    8,893
    Transportation and warehousing ...............    101     191      67     13,476   36,865   10,665     14,597   39,416    9,164
    Information ..................................     98      89      43     23,673   32,841   13,783     42,888   39,207   12,769
    Finance and insurance ........................     43      36      27      8,115    8,112    4,901      9,497    7,607    3,670
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........      7      14       3        904    2,103      712      1,686    2,485      698
    Professional and technical services ..........     72     113      42     11,799   31,803    7,476     16,193   28,182    5,933
    Management of companies and enterprises ......      6       9       4        510    1,254      374      1,260    1,321      361
    Administrative and waste services ............    221     261     137     44,286   57,919   22,869     63,534   54,783   25,057
    Educational services .........................     22      47      24      2,666    5,963    3,161      2,852    6,332    3,042
    Health care and social assistance ............     95     244      44      9,305   31,987    5,182      9,307   29,720    4,163
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........     45      82      25      8,309   17,752    4,084      8,482    9,840    3,103
    Accommodation and food services ..............     85     186      57     15,861   49,742    9,050     15,492   43,780    6,901
    Other services, except public administration .     21      69      12      2,034    9,511    1,335      2,379    9,524    1,082

    Unclassified .................................      1     (2)       -        114      (2)        -        114      (2)        -
                                                                                                                                   
    1 For the third quarter of 2012, data on layoffs were reported by employers in all states and the District of Columbia.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 2. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                         Initial claimants for
                                             Layoff events                    Separations                unemployment insurance
         Reason for layoff                                                                                                      
                                        III        II       III         III        II       III          III        II       III
                                       2011      2012r     2012p       2011      2012r     2012p        2011      2012r     2012p
                                                                                                                                
   Total, private nonfarm (1) ......   1,393     1,959       885      235,325   385,665   138,484      291,066   382,868   124,963

Business demand ....................     629       637       393      103,741   120,750    61,221      157,685   143,624    59,799
  Contract cancellation ............      36        39        26        5,138     7,216     4,910        5,917     7,208     2,571
  Contract completion ..............     419       446       263       75,760    88,893    45,105      121,189   110,332    47,092
  Domestic competition .............     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .........................       4       (2)       (2)        2,105       (2)       (2)          660       (2)       (2)
  Import competition ...............     (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -          (2)       (2)         -
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown .      166       147        99       20,349    23,897    10,146       29,142    25,558     9,146
    
Organizational changes .............      76        94        62       12,258    18,402    10,537       12,385    14,654     7,753
  Business-ownership change ........      18        21        11        2,309     6,507     2,385        1,490     2,083       914
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company .....................      58        73        51        9,949    11,895     8,152       10,895    12,571     6,839

Financial issues ...................     102       103        63       19,232    20,427    11,293       18,227    19,244     7,416
  Bankruptcy .......................      21        18         9        7,544     4,591     4,450        5,337     3,535     1,232
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .........      44        51        29        6,572     9,460     3,700        7,791    11,444     3,689
  Financial difficulty .............      37        34        25        5,116     6,376     3,143        5,099     4,265     2,495

Production specific ................      17       (2)       (2)        2,074       (2)       (2)        2,363       (2)       (2)
  Automation/technological 
    advances .......................       3       (2)       (2)          253       (2)       (2)          294       (2)       (2)
  Energy related ...................       -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ...................     (2)         4         5          (2)       695       965          (2)       470       644
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ............       4       (2)       (2)          731       (2)       (2)          704       (2)       (2)
  Material or supply shortage ......     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Model changeover .................       4         3       (2)          467     1,440       (2)          618     2,077       (2)
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ....................       3         5         5          390       627       433          504     1,352       440
  Product line discontinued ........       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)

Disaster/safety ....................       9       (2)       (2)        1,251       (2)       (2)        1,127       (2)       (2)
  Hazardous work environment .......     (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)          (2)       (2)       (2)
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .......................     (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)          (2)         -       (2)
  Non-natural disaster .............       -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
  Extreme weather-related event ....     (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -          (2)         -         -

Seasonal ...........................     303       825       179       50,094   162,821    26,291       52,846   145,352    22,957
  Seasonal .........................     185       428       109       37,154    94,863    18,415       38,820    75,464    14,125
  Vacation period-school related 
    or otherwise ...................     118       397        70       12,940    67,958     7,876       14,026    69,888     8,832

Other/miscellaneous ................     257       280       167       46,675    58,304    26,130       46,433    54,657    24,294
  Other ............................      23        21        19        3,812     3,421     4,296        3,549     3,220     2,477
  Data not provided: refusal .......      54        87        47       13,884    18,059     7,181       13,892    17,908     7,179
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ...........................     180       172       101       28,979    36,824    14,653       28,992    33,529    14,638

                                                                                                                               
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 3. State and selected claimant characteristics: Extended mass layoff events and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, second and third quarters, 2012

                                                         Total                              Percent of total
                                                        initial                          Hispanic                    Persons age 55
                                  Layoff events        claimants          Black           origin          Women         and over
              State                                                                                                                
                                    II     III        II      III        II    III       II    III       II    III       II    III
                                  2012r   2012p     2012r    2012p     2012r  2012p    2012r  2012p    2012r  2012p    2012r  2012p
                                  
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .  1,959     885    382,868  124,963     17.0   15.6     20.1   23.4     50.5   41.6     23.0   20.2

Alabama ........................     23       4      3,668    1,137     61.5   51.3      2.2    6.1     69.4   55.0     21.4    9.3
Alaska .........................     11       6      2,034    1,462      6.8    7.3      8.3   20.9     39.1   30.4     28.6   30.9
Arizona ........................     22      14      4,406    1,546      6.0   14.2     56.1   32.8     65.5   51.5     23.6   12.3
Arkansas .......................     19       9      4,558    1,226     27.6   30.9      7.2    4.6     50.4   38.9     25.4   18.6
California .....................    631     278    144,227   50,965      9.3    9.0     33.9   36.6     43.0   41.9     17.1   16.4
Colorado .......................     25       9      3,706      942      4.9    9.0     20.1   16.6     48.8   32.1     18.2   13.7
Connecticut ....................     18      12      2,966    1,295     16.3   16.0     12.8   24.0     64.9   55.4     33.1   22.2
Delaware .......................      7     (2)        763      (2)     49.4   64.3      9.4    7.1     77.5   55.4     26.1   17.9
District of Columbia ...........      5       -        731        -     87.0      -      2.9      -     69.1      -     27.4      -
Florida ........................     49      26      7,703    2,770     31.6   30.8     33.7   27.8     68.5   43.3     28.8   19.8
Georgia ........................     37      13      7,031    1,222     54.7   45.8      2.4     .7     58.8   39.7     23.6   24.6
Hawaii .........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)       .9      -      8.6   21.0     15.8    4.8     15.4    3.2
Idaho ..........................      6       3        473      218        -      -      3.2   21.1     51.8   39.9     25.8   28.9

Illinois .......................    111      58     25,056    7,223     23.9   22.9     11.2   17.0     54.9   36.7     22.8   18.7
Indiana ........................     33      13      5,655    1,470     15.4   17.1      1.9    1.8     42.6   29.5     21.9   18.6
Iowa ...........................     10       8      1,442      817      9.7    8.7      5.6    5.3     61.0   48.7     33.2   23.9
Kansas .........................     21     (2)      3,733      (2)     16.6   20.8      5.9    2.0     47.7   57.8     28.7   44.6
Kentucky .......................     27      17      3,684    1,918     12.6   15.2       .1     .1     42.5   33.3     20.6   23.6
Louisiana ......................     35      15      5,121    1,681     69.5   49.1      3.0    6.4     71.1   41.5     28.3   26.2
Maine ..........................     11       4      1,261      433       .6    6.2       .6    3.9     42.0   37.9     22.7   28.6
Maryland (3) ...................     30       9      4,443    1,409     30.9   18.6      1.1     .6     48.3   40.0     33.1   29.0
Massachusetts ..................     21       6      3,845      445     17.1   13.3      1.6      -     63.9   52.8     27.9   32.4
Michigan .......................     37      17      5,454    1,498     20.7   13.8      2.8    4.1     68.7   28.8     27.2   16.0
Minnesota ......................     15      11      2,090    1,117      7.7    5.6      3.2    2.7     41.6   25.3     27.6   21.7
Mississippi ....................      7       5      1,126      352     69.9   64.5      6.7    2.6     52.4   50.6     18.9    9.9
Missouri .......................     49      13      9,702    1,794     22.7   27.3      1.8    1.3     59.8   37.0     28.7   36.1

Montana ........................     11       -      1,045        -      1.0      -      3.8      -     55.3      -     27.8      -
Nebraska .......................      5     (2)        835      (2)     17.2   27.1      3.4    1.6     62.8   46.8     44.0   39.4
Nevada .........................     21      17      4,708    2,513     10.9    8.8     24.1   31.4     38.2   47.3     24.7   26.7
New Hampshire ..................      6       -      1,233        -       .5      -      1.2      -     69.3      -     32.8      -
New Jersey .....................     91      18     20,689    1,838     21.9   20.6      6.1    7.8     67.9   60.1     36.0   21.8
New Mexico .....................     16       6      1,858      700      1.6    3.4     52.9   32.0     50.6   35.9     22.0   21.6
New York .......................    107      90     18,675   13,429     18.5   19.3     18.8   19.0     50.8   49.6     25.8   26.6
North Carolina .................     10       6      2,008      671     56.1   55.3      4.6    2.1     56.8   33.4     16.9   25.0
North Dakota ...................      -     (2)          -      (2)        -    2.3        -   11.4        -   13.6        -   14.8
Ohio ...........................     66      35      9,292    3,181     15.9   13.2      3.4    3.2     49.3   30.9     25.1   21.4
Oklahoma .......................    (2)       6        (2)      509      3.2    8.4     19.2    7.1     46.8   60.9     23.1   21.2
Oregon .........................     35      19      6,700    2,094      2.8    1.1     17.5   22.3     48.8   40.1     21.6   18.6
Pennsylvania ...................    106      46     18,570    5,690     11.6   10.9      4.4    6.4     52.8   36.5     32.4   26.5

Rhode Island ...................      9     (2)      1,908      (2)      4.2      -     16.1   75.8     71.6   78.8     33.7    4.5
South Carolina .................     12       8      2,146    1,038     54.9   52.1      2.2    1.7     63.9   43.7     22.0   21.4
South Dakota ...................      -       -          -        -        -      -        -      -        -      -        -      -
Tennessee ......................     18      12      2,992    1,335     22.5   32.3        -      -     53.6   40.9     33.5   28.5
Texas ..........................     51      26     11,817    3,876     16.8   31.7     46.6   32.9     45.0   45.2     16.7   15.2
Utah ...........................      9       3      1,028      295      1.3     .3     10.0   20.0     45.1    5.4     15.5    6.8
Vermont ........................      3       -        446        -      1.1      -       .4      -     36.5      -     18.6      -
Virginia .......................     26       3      5,475      397     48.0   34.8      4.8   11.6     54.6   48.9     22.5   18.4
Washington .....................     37      17      5,859    2,007      8.5    9.8     15.2   29.5     36.8   35.4     19.7   19.6
West Virginia ..................      6       3        936      378       .1     .5       .1     .3     15.9    6.6     18.7   48.4
Wisconsin ......................     48      12      9,089    1,236     14.2    4.3      3.9    3.6     60.0   39.9     35.7   25.6
Wyoming ........................    (2)     (2)        (2)      (2)       .7    5.5      9.9   16.4     18.4    8.2     12.2   11.0

Puerto Rico ....................     20       8      3,841    1,226       .1     .1     99.6   99.8     53.9   54.2     10.4    6.9
                                                                                                                                   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    3 Data starting in June 2012 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance procedures.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 4. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance, 
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                    Initial claimants for
                                         Layoff events                   Separations                unemployment insurance
   Census region and division                                                                                              
                                    III       II        III         III       II       III           III      II      III
                                   2011     2012r      2012p       2011     2012r     2012p         2011    2012r    2012p
                                                                                                                           
        United States (1) .....   1,393     1,959       885      235,325   385,665   138,484      291,066  382,868  124,963

Northeast .....................     282       372       177       37,504    69,210    22,340       42,444   69,593   23,196

    New England ...............      34        68        23        4,635    13,552     2,358        3,732   11,659    2,239
    Middle Atlantic ...........     248       304       154       32,869    55,658    19,982       38,712   57,934   20,957

South .........................     249       364       163       41,153    64,223    25,600       47,311   64,358   19,975

    South Atlantic ............     140       182        69       21,324    34,237    10,808       26,659   31,236    7,941
    East South Central ........      56        75        38       11,240    11,856     5,918       11,158   11,470    4,742
    West South Central ........      53       107        56        8,589    18,130     8,874        9,494   21,652    7,292

Midwest .......................     231       395       171       42,714    71,225    24,223       43,640   72,348   18,915

    East North Central ........     179       295       135       33,298    52,671    19,540       36,282   54,546   14,608
    West North Central ........      52       100        36        9,416    18,554     4,683        7,358   17,802    4,307

West ..........................     631       828       374      113,954   181,007    66,321      157,671  176,569   62,877

    Mountain ..................      47       112        53        7,322    32,952     8,574        6,609   17,528    6,287
    Pacific ...................     584       716       321      106,632   148,055    57,747      151,062  159,041   56,590
                                                                                                                           
   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England: 
Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New York, and 
Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, 
Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: 
Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West 
North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, 
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.




Table 5. State distribution: Extended mass layoff events, separations, and initial claimants for unemployment insurance,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                                                                        Initial claimants for
                                           Layoff events                     Separations                unemployment insurance
              State                                                                                                             
                                       III       II        III         III       II       III           III       II       III
                                      2011     2012r      2012p       2011     2012r     2012p         2011     2012r     2012p
                                      
    Total, private nonfarm (1) .     1,393     1,959       885      235,325   385,665   138,484      291,066   382,868   124,963

Alabama ........................         6        23         4        1,800     3,385     1,136        1,817     3,668     1,137
Alaska .........................         6        11         6        3,348     3,071     2,454        2,152     2,034     1,462
Arizona ........................         9        22        14          790     7,981     1,556        1,346     4,406     1,546
Arkansas .......................        10        19         9        1,756     4,045       945        1,742     4,558     1,226
California .....................       548       631       278       98,495   132,040    50,669      143,070   144,227    50,965
Colorado .......................         9        25         9        1,273     7,245     1,938        1,163     3,706       942
Connecticut ....................         6        18        12          809     2,966     1,295          625     2,966     1,295
Delaware .......................         3         7       (2)          251       618       (2)          879       763       (2)
District of Columbia ...........       (2)         5         -          (2)       730         -          (2)       731         -
Florida ........................        44        49        26        7,962     8,815     3,649        7,539     7,703     2,770
Georgia ........................        26        37        13        2,726     7,031     1,222        5,779     7,031     1,222
Hawaii .........................         -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)
Idaho ..........................         4         6         3          453     1,306       405          424       473       218

Illinois .......................        66       111        58       14,338    24,914     9,863       14,385    25,056     7,223
Indiana ........................        19        33        13        2,667     3,330     1,548        5,662     5,655     1,470
Iowa ...........................         5        10         8          725     1,319       754          745     1,442       817
Kansas .........................         7        21       (2)          802     3,908       (2)          813     3,733       (2)
Kentucky .......................        19        27        17        2,660     3,891     2,871        2,235     3,684     1,918
Louisiana ......................        17        35        15        2,905     5,496     2,681        2,614     5,121     1,681
Maine ..........................       (2)        11         4          (2)     1,776       308          (2)     1,261       433
Maryland(3) ....................        16        30         9        3,564     5,921     3,297        3,022     4,443     1,409
Massachusetts ..................        17        21         6        2,633     4,764       689        1,987     3,845       445
Michigan .......................        26        37        17        4,310     5,602     2,138        5,664     5,454     1,498
Minnesota ......................        14        15        11        1,980     2,705     1,400        1,993     2,090     1,117
Mississippi ....................        12         7         5        1,409     1,575       651        1,364     1,126       352
Missouri .......................        22        49        13        5,367     9,980     1,925        3,449     9,702     1,794

Montana ........................       (2)        11         -          (2)     2,103         -          (2)     1,045         -
Nebraska .......................         4         5       (2)          542       642       (2)          358       835       (2)
Nevada .........................         8        21        17        1,924     4,496     3,676        1,804     4,708     2,513
New Hampshire ..................         3         6         -          335     1,796         -          243     1,233         -
New Jersey .....................        67        91        18       11,591    22,695     1,738        9,638    20,689     1,838
New Mexico .....................        12        16         6        1,904     3,411       612        1,356     1,858       700
New York .......................       120       107        90       13,919    18,861    13,178       19,424    18,675    13,429
North Carolina .................        24        10         6        3,241     2,325       520        5,830     2,008       671
North Dakota ...................         -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)            -         -       (2)
Ohio ...........................        36        66        35        6,452     9,298     4,408        5,450     9,292     3,181
Oklahoma .......................       (2)       (2)         6          (2)       (2)       492          (2)       (2)       509
Oregon .........................        14        35        19        2,368     7,949     2,761        2,368     6,700     2,094
Pennsylvania ...................        61       106        46        7,359    14,102     5,066        9,650    18,570     5,690

Rhode Island ...................       (2)         9       (2)          (2)     1,938       (2)          (2)     1,908       (2)
South Carolina .................        12        12         8        1,470     1,825       821        1,645     2,146     1,038
South Dakota ...................         -         -         -            -         -         -            -         -         -
Tennessee ......................        19        18        12        5,371     3,005     1,260        5,742     2,992     1,335
Texas ..........................        25        51        26        3,668     8,451     4,756        4,912    11,817     3,876
Utah ...........................         3         9         3          278     4,810       327          279     1,028       295
Vermont ........................         5         3         -          650       312         -          669       446         -
Virginia .......................        11        26         3        1,440     4,801       378        1,488     5,475       397
Washington .....................        16        37        17        2,421     4,770     1,783        3,472     5,859     2,007
West Virginia ..................       (2)         6         3          (2)     2,171       865          (2)       936       378
Wisconsin ......................        32        48        12        5,531     9,527     1,583        5,121     9,089     1,236
Wyoming ........................         -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)            -       (2)       (2)

Puerto Rico ....................        29        20         8        3,808     2,480       803        6,501     3,841     1,226
                                                                                                                                
   1 See footnote 1, table 1.
   2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
   3 Data starting in June 2012 may not be comparable to prior data due to a change in MLS unemployment insurance procedures.
   r = revised.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 6. Industry distribution: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                               Layoff events                            Separations
                     Industr
                                                         III          II          III           III           II           III
                                                        2011        2012r        2012p         2011         2012r         2012p
                                                      
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .................       38           42           29         6,911         9,012         3,941

    Mining .......................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Utilities ....................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Construction .................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Manufacturing ................................       21           17           16         4,351         4,594         1,982
         Food ....................................        5          (2)          (2)           549           (2)           (2)
         Beverage and tobacco products ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Textile mills ...........................        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Textile product mills ...................      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Apparel .................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Leather and allied products .............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Wood products ...........................      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Paper ...................................      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Printing and related support activities .       (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Petroleum and coal products .............        -            -            -             -             -             -
         
         Chemicals ...............................        -          (2)            3             -           (2)           236
         Plastics and rubber products ............      (2)            -          (2)           (2)             -           (2)
         Nonmetallic mineral products ............      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
         Primary metals ..........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
         Fabricated metal products ...............        -            -          (2)             -             -           (2)
         Machinery ...............................      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Computer and electronic products ........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Electrical equipment and appliances .....      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
         Transportation equipment ................      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Furniture and related products ..........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         Miscellaneous manufacturing .............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
         
    Wholesale trade ..............................      (2)            3            -           (2)           558             -
    Retail trade .................................      (2)            7          (2)           (2)         1,386           (2)
    Transportation and warehousing ...............      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Information ..................................        3          (2)            3           435           (2)           562
    Finance and insurance ........................      (2)            3            5           (2)           449           802
    Real estate and rental and leasing ...........        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Professional and technical services ..........      (2)          (2)          (2)           (2)           (2)           (2)
    Management of companies and enterprises ......        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Administrative and waste services ............        4            4            -           858           801             -
    Educational services .........................        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Health care and social assistance ............      (2)          (2)            -           (2)           (2)             -
    Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..........        -          (2)            -             -           (2)             -
    Accommodation and food services ..............        -            -            -             -             -             -
    Other services, except public administration .      (2)            -            -           (2)             -             -
    
    Unclassified .................................        -            -            -             -             -             -
   
   
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 7. Reason for layoff: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work, 
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                               Layoff events                                  Separations


         Reason for layoff                III          II         III              III               II              III
                                         2011r       2012r       2012p            2011r            2012r            2012p
                                       
   Total, private nonfarm (1) ......       38          42          29             6,911            9,012            3,941

Business demand ....................       11           5           -             3,140            1,518                -
  Contract cancellation ............        4         (2)           -               712              (2)                -
  Contract completion ..............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Domestic competition .............      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Excess inventory/saturated 
    market .........................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Import competition ...............      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Slack work/insufficient demand/
    non-seasonal business slowdown .      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  
Organizational changes .............       13          24          15             1,824            5,460            2,144
  Business-ownership change ........      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Reorganization or restructuring 
    of company .....................      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)

Financial issues ...................      (2)           8           9               (2)            1,202            1,216
  Bankruptcy .......................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Cost control/cost cutting/
    increase profitability .........      (2)           8         (2)               (2)            1,202              (2)
  Financial difficulty .............      (2)           -         (2)               (2)                -              (2)

Production specific ................      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Automation/technological 
    advances .......................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Energy related ...................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Governmental regulations/
    intervention ...................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Labor dispute/contract 
    negotiations/strike ............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Material or supply shortage ......        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Model changeover .................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Plant or machine repair/
    maintenance ....................        -           -         (2)                 -                -              (2)
  Product line discontinued ........        -         (2)         (2)                 -              (2)              (2)

Disaster/safety ....................      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -
  Hazardous work environment .......        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Natural disaster (not weather 
    related) .......................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Non-natural disaster .............        -           -           -                 -                -                -
  Extreme weather-related event ....      (2)           -           -               (2)                -                -

Other/miscellaneous ................      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Other ............................      (2)         (2)         (2)               (2)              (2)              (2)
  Data not provided: refusal .......      (2)         (2)           -               (2)              (2)                -
  Data not provided: does not 
    know ...........................        -           -           -                 -                -                -
                                                                                                                       
    1 See footnote 1, table 1. 
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards. 
    r = revised.  
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 8. Census region and division: Extended mass layoff events and separations associated with the movement of work,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                       Layoff events                             Separations
 Census region and division              
                                III          II         III            III            II            III
                               2011        2012r       2012p          2011          2012r          2012p

        United States (1) .     38           42          29          6,911          9,012          3,941
        
Northeast .................     12            5           3          1,693            588            206

     New England ..........    (2)          (2)         (2)            (2)            (2)            (2)
     Middle Atlantic ......    (2)          (2)         (2)            (2)            (2)            (2)
     
South .....................     13           12          11          3,505          2,484          1,490

    South Atlantic ........    (2)          (2)           5            (2)            (2)            630
    East South Central ....      6            6           3          2,282            650            499
    West South Central ....    (2)          (2)           3            (2)            (2)            361

Midwest ...................      7           10          10            873          2,750          1,396

    East North Central ....      3            7           6            525          1,900            703
    West North Central ....      4            3           4            348            850            693
    
West ......................      6           15           5            840          3,190            849

    Mountain ..............    (2)            4         (2)            (2)            728            (2)
    Pacific ...............    (2)           11         (2)            (2)          2,462            (2)


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New
England: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic:
New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida,
Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central:
Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and
Texas; East North Central: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa,
Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii,
Oregon, and Washington. 




Table 9. Extended mass layoff events and separations, selected measures, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                                  Layoff events                                Separations
                Action
                                           III          II           III            III             II             III
                                          2011        2012r         2012p          2011           2012r           2012p
                                          
Total, private nonfarm (1) .........     1,393        1,959          885         235,325         385,665         138,484

    Total, excluding seasonal                                                                                           
        and vacation events (2) ....     1,090        1,134          706         185,231         222,844         112,193


        Total, movement of work(3) .        38           42           29           6,911           9,012           3,941
                                                                                                                        
 
             Movement of work 
               actions .............        53           56           41             (4)             (4)             (4)
                  With separations
                    reported .......        31           30           21           3,443           3,750           1,585
                  With separations
                    unknown ........        22           26           20             (4)             (4)             (4)

    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    2 The questions on movement of work were not asked of employers when the reason for layoff was either seasonal work
or vacation period.
    3 Movement of work can involve more than one action. 
    4 Data are not available.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary. 




Table 10. Movement of work actions by type of separation where number of separations is known by employers,
selected quarters, 2011 and 2011

                                              Actions (1)                        Separations
           Activities
                                       III        II        III             III        II        III
                                      2011      2012r      2012p           2011      2012r      2012p
                                                                                                     
With separations reported (2) .        31         30         21           3,443      3,750      1,585

           By location                                                                               
           
  Out-of-country relocations ..         3          3          1             185      1,315         10
      Within company ..........         -          3          1               -      1,315         10
      Different company .......         3          -          -             185          -          -
      
  Domestic relocations ........        28         26         20           3,258      2,360      1,575
      Within company ..........        24         26         19           2,520      2,360      1,420
      Different company .......         4          -          1             738          -        155
      
  Unable to assign place of                                                                          
     relocation ...............         -          1          -              -          75          -
     
           By company

  Within company ..............        24         29         20           2,520      3,675      1,430
      Domestic ................        24         26         19           2,520      2,360      1,420
      Out of country ..........         -          3          1               -      1,315         10
      Unable to assign ........         -          -          -               -          -          -
      
  Different company ...........         7          1          1             923         75        155
      Domestic ................         4          -          1             738          -        155
      Out of country ..........         3          -          -             185          -          -
      Unable to assign ........         -          1          -               -         75          -



    1 Only actions for which separations associated with the movement of work were reported are shown.
    2 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    Note: Dash represents zero.



    

Table 11. Summary of employer expectations of a recall from extended mass layoffs, private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012

                                Percent of total layoff events (1)        Percent of layoff events             Percent of layoff events,   
                                                                            due to seasonal work                 excluding those due to    
    Nature of recall                                                         and vacation period              seasonal and vacation period 

                                  III         II           III            III         II        III            III          II         III
                                 2011       2012r         2012p          2011       2012r      2012p          2011        2012r       2012p

Anticipate a recall .....        48.3        63.0          47.1          97.4        96.1       96.1          34.7         38.9        34.7

         Timeframe
         
Within 6 months .........        54.8        70.0          60.2          83.7        90.9       86.6          32.3         32.4        41.6
      Within 3 months ...        45.0        49.2          49.9          67.1        62.4       67.4          27.8         25.4        37.6

         Size of recall                                                                              
         
At least half ...........        58.1        71.0          62.4          88.1        92.9       91.3          34.7         31.5        42.0
      All workers .......        28.1        38.1          22.3          45.4        54.7       33.1          14.6          8.2        14.7


    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.




Table 12. Average number of separations in extended mass layoff events by selected measures,
private nonfarm sector, selected quarters, 2011 and 2012
              
                                                        Average number of separations
          Measure  
                                                  III                 II                  III
                                                 2011r              2012r                2012p
                                                 
      Total, private nonfarm (1) .....            169                197                  156 

             Industry

Mining ...............................             78                141                  117
Utilities ............................            120                215                   74
Construction .........................            127                118                  107
Manufacturing ........................            173                184                  150
Wholesale trade ......................            118                152                  102
Retail trade .........................            259                215                  183
Transportation and warehousing .......            133                193                  159
Information ..........................            242                369                  321
Finance and insurance ................            189                225                  182
Real estate and rental and leasing ...            129                150                  237
Professional and 
  technical services .................            164                281                  178
Management of companies 
  and enterprises ....................             85                139                   94
Administrative and waste services ....            200                222                  167
Educational services .................            121                127                  132
Health care and social assistance ....             98                131                  118
Arts, entertainment, and recreation ..            185                216                  163
Accommodation and food services ......            187                267                  159
Other services, except 
  public administration ..............             97                138                  111
Unclassified establishments ..........            114                 95                    -

       Reason for layoff groupings

Business demand ......................            165                190                  156
Organizational changes ...............            161                196                  170
Financial issues .....................            189                198                  179
Production specific ..................            122                246                  139
Disaster/Safety ......................            139                270                  168
Seasonal .............................            165                197                  147
Other/miscellaneous ..................            182                208                  156
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
    1 See footnote 1, table 1.
    r = revised.
    p = preliminary.
    NOTE: Dash represents zero.




Table 13. Distribution of extended layoff events by size of layoff, private nonfarm
sector, third quarter 2012(p)


                                      Layoff events                Separations
     Size
                                    Number     Percent          Number      Percent
 
  Total ....................          885       100.0          138,484       100.0

   50-99 ...................          416        47.0           30,102        21.7
   100-149 .................          208        23.5           24,540        17.7
   150-199 .................           96        10.8           16,064        11.6
   200-299 .................           85         9.6           20,327        14.7
   300-499 .................           41         4.6           15,088        10.9
   500-999 .................           31         3.5           20,964        15.1
   1,000 or more ...........            8         0.9           11,399         8.2

   p = preliminary.
   
   
   

Last Modified Date: November 08, 2012