Producer Price Index News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                          USDL-12-0266
8:30 a.m. (EST), Thursday, February 16, 2012

Technical information:      (202) 691-7705  *  ppi-info@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ppi
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov  
                         
               

                                  PRODUCER PRICE INDEXES - JANUARY 2012


The Producer Price Index for finished goods advanced 0.1 percent in January, seasonally 
adjusted, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Prices for finished goods declined 
0.1 percent in December and moved up 0.2 percent in November. At the earlier stages of 
processing, the index for intermediate goods fell 0.4 percent in January, and crude goods prices 
increased 1.5 percent. On an unadjusted basis, the finished goods index advanced 4.1 percent for 
the 12 months ended January 2012, the smallest year-over-year rise since a 3.6-percent increase in 
January 2011. (See table A.)

Table A. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected stage-of-processing price indexes, seasonally adjusted
Month Finished goods Intermediate
goods
Crude
goods
Total Foods Energy Except foods
and energy
Change in
finished goods
from 12 months
ago (unadj.)

2011

Jan.

0.8 0.4 1.7 0.5 3.6 1.3 3.2

Feb.

1.1 3.5 1.8 0.2 5.4 1.7 3.6

Mar.

0.5 -0.5 2.0 0.3 5.6 1.2 -1.0

Apr.

0.7 0.1 2.0 0.3 6.6 1.3 3.5

May

0.1 -1.2 0.9 0.2 7.1 0.7 -2.8

June

0.1 0.8 -1.2 0.3 6.9 0.2 0.3

July

0.5 1.0 0.2 0.5 7.1 0.4 -0.2

Aug.

0.2 1.0 -0.4 0.2 6.6 -0.5 -0.9

Sept.

0.9 0.5 3.0 0.3 7.0 0.6 1.7

Oct.

-0.3 -0.1 -0.7 -0.1 5.9 -0.8 -1.9

Nov.

0.2 1.2 -0.4 0.1 5.7 0.0 2.6

Dec.

-0.1 -0.9 -0.4 0.3 4.8 -0.2 -1.5

2012

Jan.

0.1 -0.3 -0.5 0.4 4.1 -0.4 1.5

NOTE: Some of the percent changes shown here and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect developments during 2011. In addition, indexes for September 2011 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

Stage-of-Processing Analysis

Finished goods

In January, the rise in finished goods prices can be attributed to the index for finished goods less 
foods and energy, which moved up 0.4 percent. By contrast, prices for finished energy goods 
and for finished consumer foods declined 0.5 percent and 0.3 percent, respectively.

Finished core:  The index for finished goods less foods and energy moved up 0.4 percent in 
January, the largest increase since a 0.5-percent rise in July 2011. In January, about forty percent 
of the finished core advance can be attributed to prices for pharmaceutical preparations, which 
climbed 2.0 percent. Higher prices for light motor trucks and household appliances also were 
factors in the increase in the finished core index. (See table 2.)

Finished energy:  The index for finished energy goods fell 0.5 percent in January, the fourth 
straight monthly decrease. Leading the January decline, prices for residential electric power 
moved down 1.7 percent. Falling prices for residential natural gas also contributed to the 
decrease in the index for finished energy goods.

Finished foods:  Prices for finished consumer foods moved down 0.3 percent in January after 
falling 0.9 percent in December. Over eighty percent of the January decline can be attributed to 
the index for fresh and dry vegetables, which fell 8.8 percent. 

Intermediate goods

The Producer Price Index for intermediate materials, supplies, and components moved down 0.4 
percent in January following a 0.2-percent decline in December. Over three-fourths of the broad-
based decrease in January is attributable to prices for intermediate energy goods, which fell 1.4 
percent. Also contributing to the decline in intermediate goods prices, the index for intermediate 
goods less foods and energy inched down 0.1 percent, and prices for intermediate foods and 
feeds decreased 0.4 percent. For the 12 months ended in January, the intermediate goods index 
rose 4.2 percent, the smallest year-over-year advance since a 2.9-percent increase in December 
2009. (See table B.)

Intermediate energy:  Prices for intermediate energy goods fell 1.4 percent in January after two 
consecutive increases. The index for utility natural gas, which dropped 2.7 percent, was a major 
contributor to this decrease. Lower prices for commercial electric power and residual fuel also 
were factors in the decline in the intermediate energy goods index. (See table 2.)

Intermediate core:  Prices for intermediate goods less foods and energy edged down 0.1 percent 
in January, the fourth consecutive decline. Leading the January decrease was the index for basic 
organic chemicals, which fell 4.4 percent. Lower prices for cold rolled steel sheet and strip also 
contributed to the decline in the intermediate core index.

Intermediate foods:  The index for intermediate foods and feeds fell 0.4 percent in January 
following a 0.8-percent decrease in December. A 5.4-percent drop in prices for natural cheese 
(except cottage cheese) accounted for most of the January decline in the intermediate foods and 
feeds index.

Crude goods

The Producer Price Index for crude materials for further processing moved up 1.5 percent in 
January. For the 3-month period ending in January, crude material prices rose 2.6 percent 
following a 1.1-percent decline from July to October. In January, nearly half of the broad-based 
monthly advance is attributable to a 1.6-percent increase in prices for crude energy materials. 
Also contributing to the January advance, the index for crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs moved 
up 1.6 percent, and prices for crude nonfood materials less energy rose 0.6 percent. (See table B.) 

Crude energy:  The index for crude energy materials increased 1.6 percent in January. For the 3-
month period ending in January, prices for crude energy materials climbed 7.5 percent subsequent 
to a 2.2- percent decline for the 3 months ended October 2011. A 5.7-percent jump in the index 
for crude petroleum was responsible for the January monthly advance in crude energy prices. 
(See table 2.)

Crude foods:  The index for crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs increased 1.6 percent in January. 
From October to January, prices for crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs edged down 0.2 percent 
after rising 0.9 percent in the 3 months ended October 2011. Almost sixty percent of the monthly 
advance in January can be traced to a 6.4-percent increase in the corn index. Higher prices for 
slaughter steers and heifers and for soybeans also were factors in the rise in the crude foodstuffs 
and feedstuffs index. 

Crude core:  The index for crude nonfood materials less energy moved up 0.6 percent in 
January. For the 3 months ending in January, crude core prices fell 1.7 percent subsequent to a 
2.9-percent decline from July to October. The January monthly rise was led by a 3.3-percent 
increase in the index for carbon steel scrap. Higher prices for corn also contributed to the advance 
in the crude core index.

Table B. Monthly and 12-month percent changes in selected price indexes for intermediate goods and crude goods, seasonally adjusted
Month Intermediate goods Crude goods
Foods Energy Except
foods
and energy
Change in
intermediate
goods from
12 months
ago (unadj.)
Foods Energy Except
foods
and energy
Change in
crude
goods from
12 months
ago (unadj.)

2011

Jan.

0.6 1.7 1.3 6.2 3.8 2.2 3.9 10.9

Feb.

2.5 3.0 1.2 8.1 6.6 1.7 2.3 16.5

Mar.

2.0 2.6 0.7 9.1 1.0 -2.6 -1.8 16.7

Apr.

1.5 1.5 1.2 9.7 3.1 4.5 2.3 23.8

May

-0.4 1.4 0.6 10.3 -3.3 -3.1 -1.0 22.7

June

0.8 0.5 0.1 10.9 1.8 -2.0 1.8 26.1

July

0.8 0.9 0.3 11.5 -0.1 -1.2 1.3 23.1

Aug.

1.4 -2.3 -0.1 10.3 3.4 -6.1 0.6 18.6

Sept.

0.7 2.3 0.0 10.4 -0.7 5.1 0.0 20.0

Oct.

-1.5 -1.8 -0.4 8.3 -1.8 -0.9 -3.6 12.6

Nov.

0.5 1.1 -0.4 7.7 0.8 6.9 -2.2 15.1

Dec.

-0.8 0.6 -0.5 6.1 -2.5 -1.0 -0.1 6.4

2012

Jan.

-0.4 -1.4 -0.1 4.2 1.6 1.6 0.6 4.5

NOTE: Some of the percent changes shown here and elsewhere in this release may differ from those previously reported because seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect developments during 2011. In addition, indexes for September 2011 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

Services Analysis

Trade industries:  The Producer Price Index for the net output of total trade industries was 
unchanged in January following a 0.2-percent increase in December. (Trade indexes measure 
changes in margins received by wholesalers and retailers.) In January, higher margins received by 
wholesale trade industries and grocery stores offset lower margins received by discount 
department stores and gasoline stations. 

Transportation and warehousing industries:  The Producer Price Index for the net output of 
transportation and warehousing industries moved up 1.0 percent in January after rising 0.6 
percent in December. Over half of the January increase can be traced to prices received by 
couriers, which increased 6.0 percent. Higher prices for scheduled passenger air transportation 
and long-distance general freight trucking (truckload) also contributed to the advance in the 
transportation and warehousing industries index.

Traditional service industries:  The Producer Price Index for the net output of total traditional 
service industries increased 0.4 percent in January following a 0.1-percent decline in December. 
Leading this advance, prices received by offices of lawyers moved up 1.6 percent. Higher prices 
received by depository credit intermediaries and portfolio managers also were factors in the rise 
in the index for total traditional service industries.
____________
The Producer Price Index for February 2012 is scheduled to be released on Thursday, 
March 15, 2012 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).

                                                 *****

                                        Resampling of Industries

Effective with this release, the Producer Price Index (PPI) includes data for 19 resampled 
industries and updated industry definitions reflecting the 2012 North American Industry 
Classification System (NAICS). Industry samples and NAICS definitions are periodically 
updated to reflect current conditions more accurately when the structure, membership, 
technology, or product mix of industries shift. The first results of the resampling process were 
published in July 1986, with subsequent efforts completed at 6-month intervals. NAICS industry 
definitions are routinely updated in conjunction with PPI weight updates.  
      
Industries selected for resampling in January 2012 are noted below. For information on specific 
index additions, deletions, and recodes effective in January as a result of both the resampling and 
NAICS classification system update, see the January 2012 issue of the PPI Detailed Report 
online at www.bls.gov/ppi/ppidr201201.pdf, or contact the PPI's Section of Index Analysis and 
Public Information at ppi-info@bls.gov or (202) 691-7705.

NAICS
Code                    Industry
311411        Frozen fruit and vegetable manufacturing 
322299        All other converted paper product manufacturing 
325193        Ethyl alcohol manufacturing 
325910        Printing ink manufacturing
326122        Plastics pipe and pipe fitting manufacturing 
326191        Plastics plumbing fixture manufacturing 
326220        Rubber and plastics hose and belting manufacturing
326291        Rubber product manufacturing for mechanical use 
326299        All other rubber product manufacturing 
332992        Small arms ammunition manufacturing 
334513        Industrial process variable instruments manufacturing 
336110        Automobile, light truck, and utility vehicle manufacturing
336412        Aircraft engine and engine parts manufacturing 
337910        Mattress manufacturing
517110        Wired telecommunications carriers 
522110        Commercial banking 
522120        Savings institutions 
541610        Management consulting services
561510        Travel agencies

                                                  ****

                               Recalculation of Seasonal Adjustment Factors

Effective with this release, seasonal adjustment factors have been recalculated to reflect price-
movement patterns during 2011 for stage-of-processing (SOP) and commodity-grouping indexes. 
This routine annual recalculation may affect previously published seasonally adjusted indexes 
and percent changes for January 2007 through December 2011. Revised seasonally adjusted data 
for this period, as well as seasonal adjustment factors for commodity indexes to be used through 
December 2012, were released February 14, 2012. To obtain this information, contact the 
Division of Industrial Prices and Price Indexes, Section of Index Analysis and Public 
Information at ppi-info@bls.gov or (202) 691-7705, or visit the Producer Price Index homepage 
at www.bls.gov/ppi.

The table below provides monthly seasonally adjusted percent changes for the three major SOP 
categories during 2011, based on former and recalculated seasonal factors. These percent changes 
include final price data through August 2011 and may differ from values shown in tables A and 
B of this release, which include final price data through September 2011.

Over-the-month percent changes in major stage-of-processing indexes, seasonally adjusted, 
using former and recalculated seasonal factors for 2011

                Finished Goods       Intermediate Goods      Crude Goods     
Month         Former  Recalculated  Former  Recalculated  Former  Recalculated

January         1.0        0.8        1.6        1.3        3.5        3.2
February        1.5        1.1        1.9        1.7        3.1        3.6
March            .7         .5        1.4        1.2        -.8       -1.0
April            .8         .7        1.4        1.3        3.9        3.5
May              .1         .1         .6         .7       -4.3       -2.8
June            -.3         .1          0         .2        -.6         .3
July             .3         .5         .2         .4        -.7        -.2
August           .2         .2        -.4        -.5          0        -.9
September        .7         .9         .6         .7        2.6        2.4
October         -.3        -.2       -1.1        -.9       -2.5       -2.6
November         .3         .2         .2          0        3.8        2.6
December        -.1        -.1        -.5        -.2       -1.1       -1.5


                                               ****


                                         PPI Weights Updated
 
The Bureau of Labor Statistics has updated the value weights used to calculate Producer Price 
Indexes to more accurately reflect recent production and marketing patterns. The new weights, 
which were introduced in February 2012 with the release of January 2012 index data, are based 
on shipment values from the year 2007. These value weights come from the Census of 
Manufactures, the Census of Mining, the Census of Services, and the Census of Agriculture. PPI 
weights had been based on 2002 census shipment values since January 2007.
 
All PPIs were affected by this weight update, including all the industry net output indexes, as 
well as indexes for traditional commodity groupings. In addition, weights were updated from the 
2002 to the 2007 census for all stage-of-processing indexes, durability of product indexes, and 
special commodity-grouping indexes. This weight revision did not change the arithmetic 
reference base for any indexes, the period when PPIs were set to 100.
 
The basic structures of the PPI commodity and stage-of-processing classification systems did not 
change as a result of the weight revision. The PPIs classified according to the North American 
Industry Classification System (NAICS), however, were updated in February 2012 with the 
release of January 2012 index data to reflect 2012 NAICS definitions established by the U.S. 
Census Bureau. The weight update also did result in significant shifts in the relative importance 
of some industries and products. These shifts will impact aggregate indexes in a manner 
commensurate with the relative gains and losses in value weights from 2002 to 2007.
 
Commodity and stage-of-processing relative importance figures for December 2011 were made 
available on February 14, 2012, two business days prior to the release of January 2012 PPI data. 
This information is available on the PPI website at www.bls.gov/ppi or by calling the Division of 
Industrial Prices and Price Indexes, Section of Index Analysis and Public Information at (202) 
691-7705.       



Technical Note

               Brief Explanation of Producer Price Indexes

     The Producer Price Index (PPI) of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
is a family of indexes that measure the average change over time in the
prices received by domestic producers of goods and services.  PPIs measure
price change from the perspective of the seller.  This contrasts with other
measures, such as the Consumer Price Index (CPI).  CPIs measure price
change from the purchaser's perspective.  Sellers' and purchasers' prices
can differ due to government subsidies, sales and excise taxes, and
distribution costs.

     More than 9,000 PPIs for individual products and groups of products
are released each month.  PPIs are available for the products of virtually
every industry in the mining and manufacturing sectors of the U.S. economy.
New PPIs are gradually being introduced for the products of industries in
the construction, trade, finance, and services sectors of the economy.

     More than 100,000 price quotations per month are organized into three
sets of PPIs:  (1) Stage-of-processing indexes, (2) commodity indexes, and
(3) indexes for the net output of industries and their products.  The stage-
of-processing structure organizes products by class of buyer and degree of
fabrication.  The commodity structure organizes products by similarity of
end use or material composition.  The entire output of various industries
is sampled to derive price indexes for the net output of industries and
their products.
     
                        Stage-of-Processing Indexes
                                     
     Within the stage-of-processing system, finished goods are commodities
that will not undergo further processing and are ready for sale to the
final-demand user, either an individual consumer or business firm.
Consumer foods include unprocessed foods such as eggs and fresh vegetables,
as well as processed foods such as bakery products and meats.  Other
finished consumer goods include durable goods such as automobiles,
household furniture, and appliances, as well as nondurable goods such as
apparel and home heating oil.  Capital equipment includes durable goods
such as heavy motor trucks, tractors, and machine tools.

     The stage-of-processing category for intermediate materials, supplies,
and components consists partly of commodities that have been processed but
require further processing.  Examples of such semifinished goods include
flour, cotton yarn, steel mill products, and lumber.  The intermediate
goods category also encompasses nondurable, physically complete items
purchased by business firms as inputs for their operations.  Examples
include diesel fuel, belts and belting, paper boxes, and fertilizers.

     Crude materials for further processing are products entering the
market for the first time that have not been manufactured or fabricated and
that are not sold directly to consumers.  Crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs
include items such as grains and livestock.  Examples of crude nonfood
materials include raw cotton, crude petroleum, coal, hides and skins, and
iron and steel scrap.
                                     
                             Commodity Indexes

     The commodity classification structure of the PPI organizes goods and 
services by similarity of material composition or end use, disregarding 
their industry of origin.  Table 6 of the PPI Detailed Report includes data 
for commodity indexes, organized in a hierarchal structure, including major 
commodity groupings (two-digit commodity codes),  subgroups (three-digit 
codes), product classes (four-digit codes), subproduct classes (five- and 
six-digit codes), item groupings (seven-digit codes) and individual items 
(eight-, nine-, and ten-digit codes). 
                                     
                     Industry Net-Output Price Indexes
                                     
     PPIs for the net output of industries and their products are grouped
according to the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Prior to the release of January 2004, industry-based PPIs were published
according to the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system.  Industry
price indexes are compatible with other economic time series organized by
industry, such as data on employment, wages, and productivity.  Table 5 of
the PPI Detailed Report includes data for NAICS industries and industry
groups (3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit codes), Census product classes (7- and 8-
digit codes), products (9-digit codes), and more detailed subproducts (11-
digit codes), and, for some industries, indexes for other sources of
revenue.

     Indexes may represent one of three kinds of product categories.  Every
industry has primary product indexes to show changes in prices received by
establishments classified in the industry for products made primarily, but
not necessarily exclusively, by that industry.  The industry classification
of an establishment is determined by which products make up a plurality of
its total shipment value.  In addition, most industries have secondary
product indexes that show changes in prices received by establishments
classified in the industry for products chiefly made in some other
industry.  Finally, some industries have miscellaneous receipts indexes to
show price changes in other sources of revenue received by establishments
within the industry that are not derived from sales of their products-for
example, resales of purchased materials, or revenues from parking lots
owned by a manufacturing plant.
                                     
                              Data Collection
                                     
     PPIs are based on selling prices reported by establishments of all
sizes selected by probability sampling, with the probability of selection
proportionate to size.  Individual items and transaction terms from these
firms also are chosen by probability proportionate to size.  BLS strongly
encourages cooperating companies to supply actual transaction prices at the
time of shipment to minimize the use of list prices.  Prices submitted by
survey respondents are effective on the Tuesday of the week containing the
13th day of the month.  This survey is conducted primarily through the
mail.

     Price data are provided on a voluntary and confidential basis; only
sworn BLS employees are allowed access to individual company price reports.
BLS publishes price indexes instead of actual prices.  All PPIs are subject
to revision 4 months after original publication to reflect the availability
of late reports and corrections by respondents.

     BLS periodically updates the PPI sample of survey respondents to
better reflect current conditions when the structure, membership,
technology, or product mix of an industry shifts significantly and to
spread reporting burden among smaller firms.  Results of these resampling
efforts are incorporated into the PPI with the release of data for January
and July.

     As part of an ongoing effort to expand coverage to sectors of the
economy other than mining and manufacturing, an increasing number of
service sector industries have been introduced into the PPI.  The following
list of industries introduced since the mid-1990s includes the month and year in which
an article describing the industry's content appeared in the PPI Detailed
Report.

                                                                      PPI
                                                                      Detailed
                                                                      Report
              Title                                           Code    Issue

                                                              SIC             
Wireless telecommunications...................................4812    July 1999
Telephone communications, except radio telephone..............4813    July 1995
Television broadcasting.......................................4833    July 2002
Grocery stores................................................5411    July 2000
Meat and fish (seafood) markets...............................5421    July 2000
Fruit and vegetable markets...................................5431    July 2000
Candy, nut, and confectionery stores..........................5441    July 2000
Retail bakeries...............................................5461    July 2000
Miscellaneous food stores.....................................5499    July 2000
New car dealers...............................................5511    July 2000
Gasoline service stations.....................................5541    January 2002
Boat dealers..................................................5551    January 2002
Recreational vehicle dealers..................................5561    January 2002
Miscellaneous retail..........................................59      January 2001
Security brokers, dealers, and investment bankers.............6211    January 2001
Investment advice.............................................6282    January 2003
Life insurance carriers.......................................6311    January 1999
Property and casualty insurance...............................6331    July 1998
Insurance agencies and brokerages.............................6412    January 2003
Operators and lessors of nonresidential buildings.............6512    January 1996
Real estate agents and managers...............................6531    January 1996
Prepackaged software..........................................7372    January 1998
Data processing services......................................7374    January 2002
Home health care services.....................................8082    January 1997
Legal services................................................8111    January 1997
Engineering design, analysis, and consulting services.........8711    January 1997
Architectural design, analysis, and consulting services.......8712    January 1997
Premiums for property and casualty insurance..................9331    July 1998
                                                         
                                                              NAICS            
New industrial building construction..........................236211  January 2008
New warehouse building construction...........................236221  July 2005
New school construction.......................................236222  July 2006
New office construction.......................................236223  January 2007
Concrete contractors, nonresidential building work............23811X  July 2008
Roofing contractors, nonresidential building work.............23816X  July 2008
Electrical contractors, nonresidential building work..........23821X  July 2008
Plumbing / HVAC contractors, nonresidential building work.....23822X  July 2008
Merchant wholesalers, durable goods...........................423     July 2005
Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods........................424     July 2005
Wholesale trade agents and brokers............................425120  July 2005
Furniture and home furnishings stores.........................442     January 2004
Electronics and appliance stores..............................443     January 2004
Building  material and garden equipment and supplies dealers..444     January 2004
Clothing and clothing accessories stores......................448     January 2004
Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores.................451     January 2004
General merchandise stores....................................452     January 2004
Miscellaneous store retailers.................................453     January 2004
Internet service providers....................................518111  July 2005
Internet publishing and web search portals....................519130  January 2010
Commercial banking............................................522110  January 2005
Savings institutions..........................................522120  January 2005
Direct health and medical insurance carriers..................524114  July 2004
Construction, mining, and forestry machinery and equipment 
rental and leasing............................................532412  January 2005
Management consulting services................................541610  January 2007
Security guards and patrol services...........................561612  July 2005
Computer training.............................................611420  July 2007
Offices of dentists...........................................621210  January 2011
Blood and organ banks.........................................621991  January 2007
Amusement and theme parks.....................................713110  July 2006
Golf courses and country clubs................................713910  July 2006
Fitness and recreational sports centers.......................713940  July 2005
Commercial machinery repair and maintenance...................811310  July 2007
                                     
                                  Weights

     Weights for most traditional commodity groupings of the PPI, as well
as weights for commodity-based aggregate indexes calculated using traditional 
commodity groupings, such as stage-of-processing indexes, currently reflect
2002 values of shipments as reported in the Census of Manufactures and 
other sources. From January 2002 through December 2006, PPI weights were 
derived from 1997 shipment values.  Industry indexes now are calculated 
with 2002 weights and net output ratios.  This periodic update of the value
weights used to calculate the PPI is done to more accurately reflect changes
in production and marketing patterns in the economy.  Net output values of
shipments are used as weights for industry indexes.  Net output values refer
to the value of shipments from establishments within the industry to buyers
outside the industry.  However, weights for commodity price indexes are based
on gross shipment values, including values of shipments between establishments
within the same industry.  As a result, broad commodity grouping indexes, such
as the PPI for All Commodities (which is comprised of major commodity 
groupings 01 through 15), are affected by the multiple counting of price 
change at successive stages of processing, which can lead to exaggerated or
misleading signals about inflation.  Stage-of-processing indexes partially
correct for this defect, but industry indexes consistently correct for this
at all levels of aggregation.  Therefore, industry and stage-of-processing
indexes are more appropriate than broad commodity groupings for economic
analysis of general price trends.
     
                        Price Index Reference Base
                                     
     Effective with publication of January 1988 data, many important PPI
series (including stage-of-processing groupings and most commodity groups
and individual items) were placed on a new reference base, 1982 = 100.
From 1971 through 1987, the standard reference base for most PPI series was
1967 = 100.  Except for rounding differences, the shift to the new
reference base did not alter any previously published percent changes for
affected PPI series.  (See "Calculating Index Changes," below.)  The 1982
reference base is not used for commodity indexes with a base later than
December 1981 or for industry net output indexes and their products.

     For further information on the underlying concepts and methodology of
the Producer Price Index, see chapter 14, "Producer Prices," in BLS
Handbook of Methods (July 2010).  This document can be
downloaded from the BLS Web site at (www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch14.htm).

                         Calculating Index Changes
                                     
     Each PPI measures price changes from a reference period that equals
100.0.  An increase of 5.5 percent from the reference period in the
Finished Goods Price Index, for example, is shown as 105.5.  This change
also can be expressed in dollars, as follows:  prices received by domestic
producers of a sample of finished goods have risen from $100 in 1982 to
$105.50.  Likewise, a current index of 90.0 would indicate that prices
received by producers of finished goods are 10 percent lower than they were
in 1982.

     Movements of price indexes from one month to another are usually
expressed as percent changes, rather than as changes in index points.
Index point changes are affected by the level of the index in relation to
its base period, whereas percent changes are not.  The following example
shows the computation of index point and percent changes.
     
          Index point change
     Finished Goods Price Index        107.5
     Less previous index               104.0
     Equals index point change           3.5

          Index percent change
     Index point change 3.5
     Divided by the previous index     104.0
     Equals                              0.034
     Result multiplied by 100            0.034 x 100
     Equals percent change               3.4


                  Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

     Because price data are used for different purposes by different
groups, BLS publishes seasonally adjusted and unadjusted changes each
month.  Seasonally adjusted data are preferred for analyzing general price
trends in the economy because these data eliminate the effect of changes
that normally occur at about the same time, and in about the same
magnitude, every year-such as price movements resulting from normal weather
patterns, regular production and marketing cycles, model changeovers,
seasonal discounts, and holidays.  For these reasons, seasonally adjusted
data more clearly reveal underlying cyclical trends.  Unadjusted data are
of primary interest to users who need information that can be related to
actual dollar values of transactions.  Individuals requiring this
information include marketing specialists, purchasing agents, budget and
cost analysts, contract specialists, and commodity traders.  It is the
unadjusted data that are generally cited when escalating long-term
contracts such as purchasing agreements or real estate leases.  For more
information, see Escalation and Producer Price Indexes: A Guide for
Contracting Parties, BLS Report 807, September 1991, on the Web at
(www.bls.gov/ppi/ppiescalation.htm).  

     In 1998, the PPI implemented the X-12-ARIMA Seasonal Adjustment
Method; prior to that year, the PPI employed the X-11 method.  Each year,
the seasonal status of most commodity indexes is reevaluated to reflect
more recent price behavior.  Industry net output indexes are not seasonally
adjusted.  For time series that exhibit seasonal pricing patterns, new
seasonal factors are estimated and applied to the unadjusted data for the
previous 5 years.  These updated seasonally adjusted indexes replace the
most recent 5 years of seasonal data.

     Seasonal factors may be applied to series using either a direct or an
aggregative method.  Generally, commodity indexes are seasonally adjusted
using direct seasonal adjustment, which produces a more complete
elimination of seasonal movements than does the aggregative method.
However, the direct seasonal adjustment process may not yield figures that
possess additive consistency.  Thus, a seasonally adjusted index for a
broad category that is directly adjusted may not be logically consistent
with all seasonally adjusted indexes for its components.  Seasonal
movements for stage-of-processing indexes are derived indirectly through an
aggregative method that combines movements of a wide variety of subproduct
class (six-digit) series.

     Seasonally adjusted indexes can become problematic when previously
stable and predictable price patterns abruptly change.  If the new pattern
persists, the seasonal adjustment method will eventually reflect it
adequately; if the pattern keeps shifting, however, seasonally adjusted
data will become chronically troublesome.  This problem occurs relatively
infrequently for farm and food-related products, but has more often
affected manufactured products such as automobiles and steel.

     Since January 1988, the PPI has used Intervention Analysis Seasonal
Adjustment methods to enhance the calculation of seasonal factors.  With
this technique, outlier values that may distort the seasonal pattern are
removed from the data prior to applying the standard seasonal factor
estimation procedure.  For example, a possible economic cause for large
price movements for petroleum-based products might have been the Persian
Gulf War.  In this case, intervention techniques allowed for better
estimates of seasonally adjusted data.  On the whole, very few series have
required intervention.  Out of over 300 seasonally adjusted series, only
27 were subject to intervention in 2011.

     For more information relating to seasonal adjustment methods, see (1)
"Appendix A: Seasonal Adjustment Methodology at BLS," in the BLS Handbook
of Methods (July 2010) and (2) "Summary of Changes to the
PPI's Seasonal Adjustment Methodology" in the January 1995 issue of
Producer Price Indexes.

                 Producer Price Index Data on the Internet

     In 1995, the BLS began posting PPI series, news releases, and
technical information to both a World Wide Web (WWW) site and a file
transfer protocol (FTP) site.  During the years following the introduction
of PPI Internet services, use of these sites eclipsed more traditional
methods of data dissemination, such as subscriptions to the PPI Detailed
Report.  There were more than 2.1 million instances of PPI series being
downloaded from the Internet during the 12 months ended December 31, 2008.

                 Retrieving PPI data from the PPI Web site
                                     
     PPI data can be obtained from the WWW address (www.bls.gov/ppi).
Clicking on the "PPI Databases" link reveals the following methods of data 
retrieval:
     
     Top picks is a form-based application for both industry Data and 
Commodity Data that allows the user to quickly obtain PPI time series data 
by selecting the most commonly requested time series, including the All 
Commodities Index and the stage-of-processing indexes (for example, Finished 
Goods).  Within each list, any one-or all-of the time series shown can be 
selected.  A user can modify the date range and output options after executing 
the query, using the reformat button above the data output table.

     One-Screen Data Search and Multi-Screen Data Search are form-based query 
applications for both Industry Data and Commodity Data designed for users 
unfamiliar with the PPI coding structure.  These applications guide a user 
through the PPI classification system by listing index titles and does not 
require knowledge of commodity or industry codes.  Data retrieved are based on 
a query formulated by selecting data characteristics from lists provided.  Two 
options are available to create customized tables, depending on a user's browser 
capability.  The one-screen option is a JavaScript application that uses a 
single screen to guide a user through the available time series data.  The 
second option is a multiple-screen, non-Java-based application.  Both methods 
allow a user to browse the PPI coding structure and select multiple series codes.  
Users can modify the date range and output options after executing the query 
using the reformat button above the data output table.

     Series Report is a form-based application that uses formatted PPI time
series identifiers (commodity or industry codes) as input in extracting
data according to a specified set of date ranges and output options.  This
application provides the most efficient path for users who are familiar
with the format of PPI time series identifiers.  Up to 300 indexes can be
extracted at a time.

     There are five alphabetic prefixes used to create unique PPI time
series identifiers:  WP, WD, PC, PD, and ND.  Each provides the user access
to a different PPI database.  Adding either a "u" (not seasonally adjusted)
or an "s" (seasonally adjusted) to the end of these prefixes further
specifies the type of data needed.

     For commodity and stage-of-processing indexes, series identifiers
combine a "wpu" prefix (not seasonally adjusted) or a "wps" prefix
(seasonally adjusted) with a commodity code.
  
Commodity code            Provides data for:
wps141101                 Passenger cars, seasonally adjusted
wpu141101                 Passenger cars, not seasonally adjusted
wpusop3000                Finished goods, not seasonally adjusted
     
     For discontinued commodity indexes, series identifiers combine a "wdu"
prefix (not seasonally adjusted) or a "wds" prefix (seasonally adjusted)
with a commodity code.
     
Commodity code            Provides data for:
wds019                    Other farm products, seasonally adjusted
wdu0635                   Preparations, ethical (prescription), not seasonally
                          adjusted
wdusi138011               Stainless steel mill products, not seasonally adjusted
     
     Current price indexes grouped by industry according to NAICS have series 
identifiers that begin with the prefix "pcu." After the prefix, there are 12 
digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed twice) followed by up to 7 
alphanumeric characters identifying product detail.  Dashes are used as 
placeholders for higher-level industry group codes.

Industry-product code,
current NAICS series       Provides data for:
pcu325---325---            Chemical manufacturing, not seasonally
                           adjusted
pcu336110336110            Automobile and light duty motor vehicle
                           manufacturing
pcu621111621111411         Offices of physicians, one- and two-physician practices and
                           single-specialty group practices, general/family practice
pcu325412325412A           Pharmaceutical preparation manufacturing, pharmaceuticals 
                           acting on the respiratory system                    
  
     Discontinued industry-product codes based on SIC combine a "pdu"
prefix and "#" between the fourth and fifth characters of the product code.
Series identifiers for the discontinued dataset use underscores as
placeholders to complete a reference to an SIC industry group code of fewer
than four digits.  (All PPI industry-based indexes organized by SIC were
discontinued with the introduction of NAICS.)
  
Industry-product code,
discontinued SIC series    Provides data for:
pdu28__#                   Chemicals and allied products, not seasonally adjusted
pdu331_#                   Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling and
                           finishing mills, not seasonally adjusted
pdu3711#111                Passenger cars
  
     Price indexes for discontinued series grouped by industry according to
NAICS have series identifiers that begin with the prefix "ndu." After the
prefix, there are 12 numeric digits (the 6-digit industry code is listed
twice), and up to 7 additional alphanumeric characters that identify
product detail.  Dashes are used as placeholders for higher-level industry
group codes.
  
Industry-product code,
discontinued NAICS series  Provides data for:
ndu212231212231            Lead ore and zinc ore mining
ndu2122312122312           Lead and zinc concentrates
ndu212231212231214         Lead concentrates

     Text Files (FTP) and the FTP server are best suited for users requiring
access to either a large volume of time series data or other PPI-related
documentation (such as seasonal factor and relative importance tables).
The FTP site can be accessed at ftp://ftp.bls.gov or directly from the
links on the "PPI Databases" page or the PPI homepage.  Data and
documentation available for download include the following:

                                      Directory:
Industry Data                         /pub/time.series/pc
Industry Data - Discontinued           
		NAICS basis	      /pub/time.series/nd
		SIC basis             /pub/time.series/pd
Commodity Data                        /pub/time.series/wp
Commodity Data, Discontinued        
                Series                /pub/time.series/wd
Special requests                      /pub/special.requests/ppi
Latest news release                   /pub/news.release/ppi.txt

     The FTP site maintains files to help with searches and downloads.
These files are centrally located in the /pub/doc directory.  Within this
directory, the overview.txt file contains an overview relating to all BLS
data available through the FTP site.  For current commodity-based PPI data,
the program help file is wp.txt; for discontinued commodity series, wd.txt;
for current industry-based PPI data based on NAICS, pc.txt; for industry-
based SIC time series that have been discontinued, pd.txt; and for industry-
based NAICS series that have been discontinued, nd.txt.
      
     Users who prefer downloading PPI datasets as individual ZIP files
should go to the directory labeled /pub/time.series/compressed/tape.format/
on the FTP site.  This directory includes six PPI-specific ZIP files, one
for each of the PPI databases-WP, WD, PC, ND, and PD-and a ZIP file for the
annual 5-year revision to historical seasonal PPIs.
                                     
                         Other Sources of PPI Data

     PPI data can also be accessed via the BLS homepage (www.bls.gov).
Clicking on the "Databases & Tools" link at the top of the homepage
calls up a chart listing all available BLS programs.  

                          Additional information

     The PPI homepage (www.bls.gov/ppi) contains additional information
regarding PPI data and methodology.  The top section of the homepage
provides PPI news releases, both current and archived, as well as general
PPI information.  The "Tables Created by BLS" section found beneath the
statistics section provides relative importance and seasonal factor tables.
The remaining sections offer special notices and publications pertaining to
PPI methodology and applications.
     
     For questions or comments regarding PPI data classification,
methodology, or data availability on the Internet, call or e-mail the
Section of Index Analysis and Public Information at (202) 691-7705 or ppi-
info@bls.gov.



Table 1. Producer price indexes and percent changes by stage of processing
[1982=100]
Grouping Relative
importance
Dec.
2011(1)
Unadjusted index Unadjusted
percent
change to
Jan. 2012 from:
Seasonally adjusted
percent change from:
Sept.
2011(2)
Dec.
2011(2)
Jan.
2012(2)
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Oct. to
Nov.
Nov. to
Dec.
Dec. to
Jan.

Finished goods

100.000 192.6 191.3 191.9 4.1 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Finished consumer goods

73.372 206.2 203.8 204.3 4.7 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Finished consumer foods

18.761 197.0 197.3 196.5 5.1 -0.4 1.2 -0.9 -0.3

Crude

1.400 175.9 180.9 166.1 -12.8 -8.2 3.2 -7.1 -7.5

Processed

17.361 199.2 199.0 199.4 7.0 0.2 1.0 -0.1 0.2

Finished consumer goods, excluding foods

54.611 208.3 204.9 206.0 4.6 0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Nondurable goods less foods

41.004 235.7 229.5 230.8 5.1 0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Durable goods

13.607 147.3 149.4 150.1 3.0 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.4

Capital equipment

26.628 159.8 161.4 162.1 2.3 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.4

Manufacturing industries

6.086 163.0 163.6 164.3 2.1 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.4

Nonmanufacturing industries

20.542 158.6 160.5 161.1 2.4 0.4 0.0 0.3 0.3

Intermediate materials, supplies, and components

100.000 203.2 199.3 198.7 4.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.4

Materials and components for manufacturing

44.575 192.8 188.4 188.4 3.8 0.0 -0.6 -0.9 -0.1

Materials for food manufacturing

3.262 199.4 196.4 195.7 8.5 -0.4 1.0 -0.4 -0.6

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

16.122 256.2 244.8 243.3 4.9 -0.6 -1.3 -2.2 -0.7

Materials for durable manufacturing

9.305 206.1 200.0 201.6 2.9 0.8 -0.7 -0.7 0.7

Components for manufacturing

15.886 146.5 146.8 147.1 2.3 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Materials and components for construction

9.108 214.5 214.4 214.7 3.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Processed fuels and lubricants

21.722 221.0 213.7 210.5 7.3 -1.5 1.2 0.7 -1.6

Manufacturing industries

5.508 222.9 214.4 208.0 7.4 -3.0 1.0 2.2 -3.2

Nonmanufacturing industries

16.214 220.9 214.1 211.9 7.2 -1.0 1.2 0.2 -1.1

Containers

2.467 206.0 205.2 205.1 0.8 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Supplies

22.128 186.7 185.0 185.3 3.2 0.2 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Manufacturing industries

2.824 182.2 181.5 181.2 3.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Nonmanufacturing industries

19.303 185.8 184.1 184.4 3.2 0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Feeds

1.545 213.1 193.7 194.5 2.8 0.4 -1.9 -2.1 -0.5

Other supplies

17.759 185.2 184.9 185.2 3.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1

Crude materials for further processing

100.000 251.1 241.6 246.4 4.5 2.0 2.6 -1.5 1.5

Foodstuffs and feedstuffs

35.705 192.4 184.6 188.3 9.7 2.0 0.8 -2.5 1.6

Nonfood materials

64.295 283.4 273.0 278.6 1.3 2.1 3.7 -0.7 1.4

Nonfood materials except fuel(3)

49.976 342.8 339.0 350.6 8.3 3.4 6.3 0.1 3.2

Manufacturing(3)

48.117 325.4 321.7 332.9 8.5 3.5 6.5 0.1 3.3

Construction

1.859 207.4 207.2 209.4 1.7 1.1 0.1 0.3 0.1

Crude fuel(4)

14.319 178.8 159.3 154.7 -17.1 -2.9 -4.0 -3.1 -4.9

Manufacturing industries

0.543 205.3 191.4 190.4 -8.0 -0.5 -2.0 -1.6 -4.1

Nonmanufacturing industries

13.776 181.5 161.4 156.6 -17.4 -3.0 -4.1 -3.1 -4.9

Special groupings

Finished goods, excluding foods

(5)81.239 190.7 189.1 190.0 3.8 0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Intermediate materials less foods and feeds

(6)92.420 203.5 199.7 199.1 4.0 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.4

Intermediate foods and feeds

(6)7.580 198.7 193.1 192.9 7.0 -0.1 0.5 -0.8 -0.4

Crude materials less agricultural products(3)(7)

(8)61.095 284.2 274.6 279.9 0.8 1.9 3.8 -0.4 1.4

Finished energy goods

(5)22.718 197.9 187.5 188.1 6.0 0.3 -0.4 -0.4 -0.5

Finished goods less energy

(5)77.282 182.5 183.9 184.5 3.5 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.3

Finished consumer goods less energy

(5)50.654 193.4 194.7 195.2 4.1 0.3 0.5 -0.1 0.2

Finished goods less foods and energy

(5)58.521 178.3 180.1 181.0 3.0 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.4

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

(5)31.893 191.8 193.6 194.9 3.6 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.5

Consumer nondurable goods less foods and energy

(5)18.286 232.2 233.5 235.3 3.8 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.6

Intermediate energy goods

(6)23.092 226.0 218.7 215.8 8.2 -1.3 1.1 0.6 -1.4

Intermediate materials less energy

(6)76.908 194.8 191.8 191.8 3.2 0.0 -0.3 -0.6 -0.1

Intermediate materials less foods and energy

(6)69.328 194.1 191.4 191.5 2.7 0.1 -0.4 -0.5 -0.1

Crude energy materials(3)

(8)39.404 235.6 230.0 235.4 1.5 2.3 6.9 -1.0 1.6

Crude materials less energy

(8)60.596 245.6 233.9 237.8 6.1 1.7 -0.2 -1.7 1.3

Crude nonfood materials less energy(4)

(8)24.891 401.4 376.6 380.7 -0.1 1.1 -2.2 -0.1 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Comprehensive relative importance figures are initially computed after the publication of December indexes and are recalculated after final December indexes are available. Individual items and subtotals may not add exactly to totals because of rounding differences.
(2) The indexes for September 2011 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(3) Includes crude petroleum.
(4) Excludes crude petroleum.
(5) Percent of total finished goods.
(6) Percent of total intermediate materials.
(7) Formerly titled "Crude materials for further processing, excluding crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs, plant and animal fibers, oilseeds, and leaf tobacco."
(8) Percent of total crude materials.


Table 2. Producer price indexes and percent changes for selected commodity groupings by stage of processing
[1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Unadjusted index Unadjusted
percent change to
Jan. 2012 from:
Seasonally adjusted percent
change from:
Sept.
2011(1)
Dec.
2011(1)
Jan.
2012(1)
Jan.
2011
Dec.
2011
Oct. to
Nov.
Nov. to
Dec.
Dec. to
Jan.

Finished goods

  192.6 191.3 191.9 4.1 0.3 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Finished consumer goods

  206.2 203.8 204.3 4.7 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Finished consumer foods

  197.0 197.3 196.5 5.1 -0.4 1.2 -0.9 -0.3

Fresh fruits and melons(2)

01-11

118.6 121.7 117.6 -13.5 -3.4 4.7 0.9 -3.4

Fresh and dry vegetables(2)

01-13

185.0 175.4 160.0 -21.7 -8.8 11.5 -11.1 -8.8

Eggs for fresh use (Dec 1991=100)

01-71-07

132.9 169.7 131.9 2.3 -22.3 -13.7 3.9 -15.2

Bakery products

02-11

256.2 259.5 259.8 4.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Milled rice(2)

02-13

208.4 208.6 204.6 0.1 -1.9 0.7 0.1 -1.9

Pasta products (June 1985=100)(2)

02-14-02

187.2 203.2 204.3 17.2 0.5 0.5 1.5 0.5

Beef and veal

02-21-01

189.7 186.5 189.0 14.1 1.3 2.4 1.3 0.9

Pork

02-21-04

168.4 160.5 156.1 8.6 -2.7 2.4 -4.7 -0.3

Processed young chickens

02-22-03

144.9 149.5 153.9 9.5 2.9 7.5 -3.0 1.6

Processed turkeys

02-22-06

154.0 156.9 148.3 5.6 -5.5 1.4 0.2 -2.6

Finfish and shellfish

02-23

288.2 289.9 292.2 1.7 0.8 1.7 0.2 -1.0

Dairy products(2)

02-3

205.5 196.8 194.2 11.0 -1.3 -0.7 -0.6 -1.3

Processed fruits and vegetables

02-4

187.2 189.6 190.3 7.3 0.4 1.0 0.2 -0.1

Confectionery end products(2)

02-55

252.8 255.2 257.3 7.4 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.8

Soft drinks(2)

02-62

188.1 188.1 189.9 2.5 1.0 -0.1 -0.5 1.0

Roasted coffee(2)

02-63-01

233.7 234.6 231.0 13.2 -1.5 0.6 0.3 -1.5

Shortening and cooking oils

02-78

312.4 303.4 297.3 9.6 -2.0 -0.9 0.5 -2.0

Frozen specialties(2)

02-85

181.5 182.1 183.9 3.6 1.0 0.4 0.0 1.0

Finished consumer goods excluding foods

  208.3 204.9 206.0 4.6 0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

02-61

180.2 184.5 184.5 2.8 0.0 -0.1 0.4 0.3

Pet food

02-94-02

235.2 236.5 236.8 3.8 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Women's, girls', & infants' apparel (Dec 2003=100)(2)

03-81-06

103.4 103.5 103.7 1.7 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.2

Men's and boys' apparel (Dec 2003=100)(2)

03-81-07

109.8 109.2 109.6 7.5 0.4 0.6 -0.1 0.4

Textile housefurnishings(2)

03-82

140.8 141.9 142.4 5.9 0.4 0.8 -0.1 0.4

Footwear(2)

04-3

169.8 170.3 171.9 4.1 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.9

Residential electric power (Dec 1990=100)

05-41

162.5 158.2 156.9 1.0 -0.8 -0.1 0.6 -1.7

Residential gas (Dec 1990=100)

05-51

200.7 190.7 187.3 -6.0 -1.8 -1.0 -2.3 -3.4

Gasoline

05-71

305.7 272.6 281.3 11.2 3.2 -1.1 -1.4 2.0

Home heating oil and distillates

05-73-02

285.5 283.1 275.6 13.6 -2.6 1.4 1.0 -2.9

Pharmaceutical preparations (June 2001=100)

06-38

163.3 164.1 168.3 4.2 2.6 0.7 0.9 2.0

Soaps and synthetic detergents(2)

06-71

169.7 170.9 168.4 4.5 -1.5 0.0 0.6 -1.5

Cleaning and polishing products (June 1983=100)(2)

06-72

165.1 166.9 167.4 3.5 0.3 0.8 0.1 0.3

Cosmetics and other toilet preparations(2)

06-75

152.1 152.4 152.6 0.9 0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1

Tires, tubes, tread, etc(2)

07-12

157.0 159.4 159.5 9.9 0.1 1.1 0.6 0.1

Sanitary paper products(2)

09-15-01

186.3 186.1 185.8 2.3 -0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.2

Household furniture(2)

12-1

193.6 194.1 194.4 3.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Floor coverings(2)

12-3

179.2 179.1 180.0 5.3 0.5 -1.5 0.2 0.5

Household appliances

12-4

112.4 113.3 115.1 4.4 1.6 1.0 -0.4 1.5

Home electronic equipment(2)

12-5

52.6 52.1 52.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -1.5 0.0

Lawn and garden equip, ex tractors(2)

12-66

140.6 141.7 141.7 1.5 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Silverware and hollowware (Dec 2011=100)(2)

12-6A

- 100.0 99.9 - -0.1 - - -0.1

Passenger cars

14-11-01

128.3 131.4 131.2 1.6 -0.2 0.2 0.5 -0.8

Travel trailers and campers (June 1984=100)(2)

14-16

173.2 175.2 174.9 3.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.6 -0.2

Toys, games, and children's vehicles(2)

15-11

145.8 146.0 146.2 4.1 0.1 1.7 -0.9 0.1

Sporting and athletic goods(2)

15-12

133.0 132.0 133.3 0.2 1.0 -0.8 -0.1 1.0

Tobacco products(2)

15-2

613.4 622.2 625.9 5.4 0.6 0.1 1.0 0.6

Mobile homes(2)

15-5

239.5 239.5 240.9 3.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6

Jewelry, platinum, & karat gold(2)

15-94-02

231.6 233.5 234.5 19.9 0.4 -1.0 -0.6 0.4

Costume jewelry and novelties(2)

15-94-04

162.8 162.9 163.6 2.6 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.4

Capital equipment

  159.8 161.4 162.1 2.3 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.4

Agricultural machinery and equipment(2)

11-1

211.9 212.7 212.7 3.1 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0

Construction machinery and equipment

11-2

199.4 200.9 202.8 4.5 0.9 0.0 0.4 0.5

Metal cutting machine tools(2)

11-37

181.3 182.5 184.1 5.1 0.9 0.5 0.2 0.9

Metal forming machine tools(2)

11-38

202.8 204.7 207.7 3.5 1.5 -0.1 0.6 1.5

Tools, dies, jigs, fixtures, and ind. molds(2)

11-39

147.1 147.4 147.0 2.0 -0.3 -0.3 0.0 -0.3

Pumps, compressors, and equipment

11-41

224.2 225.4 226.0 2.4 0.3 0.1 0.4 -0.5

Industrial material handling equipment(2)

11-44

188.7 188.8 191.8 4.0 1.6 -0.1 0.0 1.6

Electronic computers (Dec 2004=100)(2)

11-51

25.9 25.9 25.7 -9.8 -0.8 0.4 0.0 -0.8

Textile machinery(2)

11-62

167.3 167.3 168.3 1.4 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.6

Paper industries machinery (June 1982=100)(2)

11-64

200.6 203.2 203.1 1.8 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Printing trades machinery(2)

11-65

157.4 157.4 157.4 1.5 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.0

Transformers and power regulators(2)

11-74

229.3 228.7 229.0 1.2 0.1 -0.4 0.0 0.1

Communication & related equip (Dec 1985=100)

11-76

106.1 106.1 107.1 0.7 0.9 -0.3 0.1 0.6

X-ray and electromedical equipment

11-79-05

88.4 88.2 88.6 0.3 0.5 -0.3 0.1 0.8

Oil field and gas field machinery

11-91

206.8 207.0 207.1 2.7 0.0 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Mining machinery and equipment

11-92

236.0 238.4 242.5 7.5 1.7 0.3 0.3 1.0

Office and store machines and equipment(2)

11-93

122.5 123.4 123.2 1.3 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Commercial furniture(2)

12-2

202.1 203.4 204.0 3.4 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.3

Light motor trucks

14-11-05

151.9 158.5 159.9 3.8 0.9 -0.1 0.5 0.9

Heavy motor trucks(2)

14-11-06

200.3 202.3 202.6 1.9 0.1 0.1 -0.4 0.1

Truck trailers(2)

14-14

191.4 191.2 193.4 3.4 1.2 -0.4 0.2 1.2

Civilian aircraft (Dec 1985=100)

14-21-02

246.5 249.0 249.5 3.6 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Ships (Dec 1985=100)(2)

14-31

221.6 221.5 219.3 0.7 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 -1.0

Railroad equipment(2)

14-4

187.5 189.9 189.9 2.7 0.0 0.1 1.2 0.0

Signs and advertising displays (Dec 1985=100)(2)

15-9A-04

157.5 157.0 157.2 0.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Intermediate materials, supplies, and components

  203.2 199.3 198.7 4.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.4

Intermediate foods and feeds

  198.7 193.1 192.9 7.0 -0.1 0.5 -0.8 -0.4

Flour(2)

02-12-03

230.3 212.1 213.6 -1.6 0.7 3.9 -1.1 0.7

Refined sugar and byproducts(2)

02-53

207.1 208.3 209.6 6.4 0.6 1.2 0.3 0.6

Confectionery materials

02-54

186.6 187.0 194.6 9.0 4.1 0.6 0.4 -0.1

Soft drink beverage bases (Dec 1985=100)(2)

02-64-01-11

226.7 226.8 234.3 3.3 3.3 0.1 -0.1 3.3

Processed eggs(2)

02-83

166.8 166.5 139.1 14.6 -16.5 -1.7 -4.8 -16.5

Prepared animal feeds

02-9

210.3 194.6 195.4 2.6 0.4 -1.5 -1.6 -0.5

Intermediate materials less foods and feeds

  203.5 199.7 199.1 4.0 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.4

Synthetic fibers(2)

03-1

121.6 120.7 121.9 10.6 1.0 0.6 -1.3 1.0

Processed yarns and threads(2)

03-2

158.4 148.0 144.9 -1.5 -2.1 -3.2 -1.7 -2.1

Gray fabrics(2)

03-3

151.9 151.2 145.5 4.2 -3.8 -0.3 0.5 -3.8

Finished fabrics(2)

03-4

149.4 150.7 150.3 6.4 -0.3 0.9 -0.9 -0.3

Industrial textile products(2)

03-83-03

155.1 155.6 155.9 3.7 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Leather(2)

04-2

266.4 255.1 251.2 0.0 -1.5 -2.1 -1.5 -1.5

Liquefied petroleum gas(2)

05-32

381.7 414.6 404.9 18.1 -2.3 0.2 0.2 -2.3

Commercial electric power

05-42

189.8 179.7 179.1 -0.1 -0.3 1.2 -1.0 -1.2

Industrial electric power

05-43

215.8 204.0 204.3 5.8 0.1 1.9 -0.2 -0.3

Commercial natural gas (Dec 1990=100)(2)

05-52

198.0 193.7 189.6 -7.0 -2.1 0.5 -0.9 -2.1

Industrial natural gas (Dec 1990=100)

05-53

191.3 186.3 182.1 -10.8 -2.3 -3.0 -1.5 -4.9

Natural gas to electric utilities (Dec 1990=100)

05-54

161.0 163.7 162.6 -6.9 -0.7 -0.6 -3.2 -1.8

Jet fuels

05-72-03

309.8 310.2 318.0 21.1 2.5 3.0 -1.8 3.2

No 2 Diesel fuel

05-73-03

317.8 311.5 321.6 19.1 3.2 4.7 1.0 5.2

Residual fuels(2)

05-74

264.1 281.7 269.6 11.3 -4.3 10.0 -7.7 -4.3

Basic inorganic chemicals(2)

06-13

308.1 304.8 338.5 20.8 11.1 0.4 -0.3 11.1

Basic organic chemicals(2)

06-14

343.9 311.8 298.2 -1.5 -4.4 -4.1 -4.0 -4.4

Prepared paint(2)

06-21

249.3 250.4 254.0 4.0 1.4 0.1 0.2 1.4

Paint materials(2)

06-22

271.8 283.1 283.2 20.1 0.0 2.1 0.9 0.0

Medicinal and botanical chemicals(2)

06-31

175.7 174.8 175.1 -1.1 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Fats and oils, inedible(2)

06-4

360.7 325.0 326.2 3.1 0.4 0.6 -1.7 0.4

Mixed fertilizers(2)

06-51

197.0 204.4 205.0 8.3 0.3 1.0 -0.2 0.3

Nitrogenates(2)

06-52-01

351.2 370.2 370.5 26.1 0.1 0.5 1.4 0.1

Phosphates(2)

06-52-02

297.7 306.8 305.3 -2.5 -0.5 2.3 -1.4 -0.5

Other agricultural chemicals(2)

06-53

176.7 179.4 179.5 2.7 0.1 -0.4 0.9 0.1

Plastic resins and materials(2)

06-6

235.3 229.3 237.5 11.4 3.6 2.0 -4.5 3.6

Synthetic rubber(2)

07-11-02

301.6 258.3 260.2 15.1 0.7 -8.6 -5.0 0.7

Plastic construction products(2)

07-21

202.6 199.5 199.9 3.6 0.2 -1.3 -0.1 0.2

Unsupported plastic film, sheet, & other shapes(2)

07-22

209.4 210.3 208.9 1.4 -0.7 -0.7 0.5 -0.7

Plastic parts and components for manufacturing(2)

07-26

138.7 139.2 139.6 2.1 0.3 0.4 0.1 0.3

Softwood lumber

08-11

158.9 158.6 158.2 -3.2 -0.3 -1.2 -0.8 -0.6

Hardwood lumber(2)

08-12

185.8 183.3 183.5 -2.0 0.1 -0.3 0.4 0.1

Millwork

08-2

209.5 209.8 210.5 1.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

Plywood(2)

08-3

168.6 171.0 173.0 -0.6 1.2 0.7 -1.1 1.2

Treated wood (June 1985=100)

08-71-01

159.4 165.3 165.5 -0.3 0.1 0.7 1.4 -1.0

Woodpulp(2)

09-11

195.2 190.1 176.6 -9.2 -7.1 -2.3 -0.1 -7.1

Paper(2)

09-13

193.8 192.4 190.7 1.4 -0.9 -0.3 -0.4 -0.9

Paperboard(2)

09-14

231.6 230.1 230.1 -1.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Paper boxes and containers

09-15-03

225.0 224.3 224.5 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.3 0.2

Building paper and board(2)

09-2

164.4 163.8 165.8 1.5 1.2 0.7 -0.7 1.2

Commercial printing (June 1982=100)(2)

09-47

170.8 171.1 171.0 1.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Foundry and forge shop products(2)

10-15

203.4 203.0 205.3 4.4 1.1 -0.3 -0.3 1.1

Steel mill products(2)

10-17

218.9 214.0 216.8 9.4 1.3 -1.1 -0.6 1.3

Primary nonferrous metals(2)

10-22

233.5 211.3 213.6 -13.3 1.1 -5.5 -1.3 1.1

Aluminum mill shapes(2)

10-25-01

190.0 180.1 178.6 -1.7 -0.8 -1.5 -1.9 -0.8

Copper and brass mill shapes(2)

10-25-02

477.3 428.0 425.1 -12.8 -0.7 -2.3 -0.4 -0.7

Titanium mill shapes(2)

10-25-05

208.6 208.2 209.3 2.2 0.5 0.2 -2.5 0.5

Nonferrous wire and cable(2)

10-26

282.8 274.4 267.5 -5.6 -2.5 3.7 -0.1 -2.5

Metal containers(2)

10-3

152.6 151.9 151.1 0.7 -0.5 -0.3 0.1 -0.5

Hardware(2)

10-4

201.3 201.0 201.4 3.1 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.2

Plumbing fixtures and brass fittings

10-5

238.6 238.6 240.5 3.1 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.5

Heating equipment(2)

10-6

229.4 230.9 231.6 3.8 0.3 0.4 -0.2 0.3

Fabricated structural metal products

10-7

213.1 213.8 212.4 3.5 -0.7 0.3 0.4 -0.8

Fabricated ferrous wire products (June 1982=100)

10-88

217.8 218.4 217.9 4.6 -0.2 1.2 0.6 0.0

Other misc metal products(2)

10-89

159.4 159.3 159.8 1.9 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.3

Mechanical power transmission equipment(2)

11-45

242.6 244.9 245.6 3.7 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.3

Air conditioning and refrigeration equipment(2)

11-48

168.8 170.7 169.5 2.2 -0.7 1.4 -0.1 -0.7

Metal valves, ex.fluid power (Dec. 1982=100)

11-49-02

265.9 270.1 271.0 7.2 0.3 -0.2 1.2 0.1

Ball and roller bearings(2)

11-49-05

238.2 241.8 239.6 4.0 -0.9 0.2 1.3 -0.9

Wiring devices(2)

11-71

220.1 220.9 221.3 3.6 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2

Motors, generators, motor generator sets(2)

11-73

204.1 206.2 207.9 4.9 0.8 0.1 0.7 0.8

Switchgear, switchboard, etc, equipment(2)

11-75

211.7 210.8 211.2 2.3 0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.2

Electronic components and accessories(2)

11-78

70.4 70.5 70.0 -2.0 -0.7 -0.8 0.4 -0.7

Internal combustion engines

11-94

165.1 165.9 166.9 2.5 0.6 -0.1 0.3 -0.3

Machine shop products(2)

11-95

180.2 180.6 180.4 1.6 -0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Flat glass(2)

13-11

113.1 114.2 113.1 0.7 -1.0 -0.3 0.3 -1.0

Cement(2)

13-22

190.1 190.9 196.3 4.8 2.8 1.2 0.9 2.8

Concrete products

13-3

210.7 212.5 213.9 1.4 0.7 0.4 0.1 0.2

Asphalt felts and coatings(2)

13-6

243.0 234.0 228.3 2.6 -2.4 -4.6 1.8 -2.4

Gypsum products(2)

13-7

197.1 202.8 214.7 7.6 5.9 -0.4 0.6 5.9

Glass containers

13-8

183.9 184.4 184.7 0.6 0.2 1.0 -0.6 -1.2

Motor vehicle parts(2)

14-12

124.4 124.7 124.8 1.7 0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.1

Aircraft engines & engine parts (Dec 1985=100)

14-23

204.2 204.8 208.6 2.8 1.9 -0.4 0.4 0.1

Aircraft parts & aux. equip.,nec (June 1985=100)

14-25

171.2 171.4 173.0 2.9 0.9 0.1 -0.1 0.5

Photographic supplies(2)

15-42

141.7 141.9 145.7 17.2 2.7 12.9 0.0 2.7

Medical/surgical/personal aid devices

15-6

171.6 171.1 171.1 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Crude materials for further processing

  251.1 241.6 246.4 4.5 2.0 2.6 -1.5 1.5

Crude foodstuffs and feedstuffs

  192.4 184.6 188.3 9.7 2.0 0.8 -2.5 1.6

Wheat(2)

01-21

208.6 188.0 192.8 -10.3 2.6 0.2 -6.7 2.6

Corn

01-22-02

286.7 237.6 259.4 11.7 9.2 -3.6 -9.3 6.4

Slaughter cattle(2)

01-31

171.0 176.3 182.4 14.9 3.5 3.2 -1.6 3.5

Slaughter hogs

01-32

110.3 105.9 107.1 18.9 1.1 -0.2 -4.4 0.0

Slaughter broilers/fryers

01-41-02

197.2 212.6 215.7 7.5 1.5 4.2 7.8 -6.6

Slaughter turkeys

01-42

216.0 211.3 185.7 8.2 -12.1 2.2 1.7 3.4

Raw milk

01-6

157.7 148.0 143.5 15.0 -3.0 0.4 0.0 2.2

Soybeans(2)

01-83-01-31

227.9 190.3 206.3 -9.3 8.4 -2.1 -5.4 8.4

Cane sugar, raw(2)

02-52-01

209.7 203.2 195.2 -1.8 -3.9 4.7 -2.2 -3.9

Crude nonfood materials

  283.4 273.0 278.6 1.3 2.1 3.7 -0.7 1.4

Raw cotton(2)

01-51

155.8 156.1 145.6 6.3 -6.7 2.9 -0.4 -6.7

Hides and skins(2)

04-1

281.4 254.2 250.9 -1.3 -1.3 -5.4 -0.7 -1.3

Coal

05-1

208.8 208.0 212.0 4.7 1.9 0.6 0.9 -2.8

Natural gas(2)

05-31

167.1 142.6 134.1 -25.3 -6.0 -5.9 -4.6 -6.0

Crude petroleum

05-61

268.9 279.9 296.3 17.6 5.9 15.7 0.1 5.7

Logs, timber, etc(2)

08-5

232.5 233.9 235.5 8.9 0.7 -0.1 0.4 0.7

Wastepaper(2)

09-12

522.2 381.4 378.4 -22.3 -0.8 -25.3 1.2 -0.8

Iron ore(2)

10-11

171.0 182.6 179.2 16.7 -1.9 1.2 5.5 -1.9

Iron and steel scrap(2)

10-12

660.5 643.4 665.5 2.5 3.4 -6.6 6.6 3.4

Nonferrous metal ores (Dec 1983=100)(2)

10-21

389.8 359.8 351.6 -2.7 -2.3 2.6 -2.5 -2.3

Copper base scrap

10-23-01

628.1 580.4 598.1 -3.9 3.0 2.1 -2.7 5.5

Aluminum base scrap

10-23-02

259.5 247.1 236.6 -10.5 -4.2 -2.0 -3.1 -3.9

Construction sand, gravel, and crushed stone

13-21

267.4 267.1 269.0 1.2 0.7 0.1 0.3 -0.2

Industrial sand

13-99-01

247.2 247.3 276.0 12.4 11.6 -0.7 0.2 10.4

Footnotes
(1) The indexes for September 2011 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.
(2) Not seasonally adjusted.

"-" Data not available.


Table 3. Producer price indexes for selected commodity groupings
[1982=100, unless otherwise indicated]
Grouping Commodity
code
Unadjusted index(1)
Sept.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

All commodities

  203.7 200.2 200.6

Major commodity groups

Farm products and processed foods and feeds

  198.3 193.7 194.6

Farm products

01

190.3 181.6 184.2

Processed foods and feeds

02

202.4 200.1 200.3

Industrial commodities

  204.4 201.1 201.4

Textile products and apparel

03

143.8 142.8 142.1

Hides, skins, leather, and related products

04

203.5 195.4 194.8

Fuels and related products and power

05

219.9 211.7 211.7

Chemicals and allied products

06

280.9 272.8 273.7

Rubber and plastic products

07

186.3 184.4 184.3

Lumber and wood products

08

194.3 194.8 195.2

Pulp, paper, and allied products

09

247.5 244.1 243.2

Metals and metal products

10

228.1 222.7 223.4

Machinery and equipment

11

133.1 133.5 133.8

Furniture and household durables

12

157.7 158.3 159.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

13

206.5 206.8 208.4

Transportation equipment

14

165.7 168.3 169.0

Miscellaneous products

15

232.0 232.3 233.1

Industrial commodities less fuels and related products and power

  194.6 193.0 193.5

Other commodity groupings

Fruits and melons, fresh and dry vegetables, and tree nuts

01-1

165.8 163.9 154.9

Grains

01-2

266.8 226.9 243.7

Slaughter livestock

01-3

159.6 161.9 166.7

Slaughter poultry

01-4

197.7 209.1 206.8

Plant and animal fibers

01-5

157.4 157.7 147.2

Chicken eggs

01-7

164.3 195.4 148.9

Hay, hayseeds, and oilseeds

01-8

269.0 237.6 251.1

Oilseeds

01-83

248.9 212.3 229.2

Cereal and bakery products

02-1

242.4 241.8 241.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

02-2

175.6 174.8 175.6

Processed poultry

02-22

142.2 146.9 148.9

Sugar and confectionery

02-5

218.1 219.3 221.6

Beverages and beverage materials

02-6

189.6 191.5 192.5

Packaged beverage materials

02-63

223.8 224.4 221.7

Fats and oils

02-7

319.7 307.6 302.8

Apparel

03-81

135.4 135.3 135.6

Other leather and related products

04-4

165.8 165.9 167.6

Gas fuels

05-3

214.8 203.9 193.3

Electric power

05-4

195.3 187.0 186.2

Refined petroleum products

05-7

306.0 287.4 294.3

Drugs and pharmaceuticals

06-3

401.3 402.7 410.7

Agricultural chemicals and products

06-5

247.8 256.2 256.5

Other chemicals and allied products

06-7

186.0 186.4 186.3

Rubber and rubber products

07-1

192.4 186.9 187.4

Rubber, except natural rubber

07-11

300.0 257.0 258.9

Miscellaneous rubber products

07-13

190.2 190.8 191.0

Plastic products

07-2

191.0 190.2 189.9

Lumber

08-1

165.6 164.5 164.4

Pulp, paper, and products, excluding building paper and board

09-1

218.6 214.0 212.8

Converted paper and paperboard products

09-15

217.9 217.4 217.3

Iron and steel

10-1

256.9 252.0 256.6

Nonferrous metals

10-2

273.9 256.2 253.9

Nonferrous mill shapes

10-25

226.4 210.4 209.3

Metalworking machinery and equipment

11-3

177.1 177.9 178.1

General purpose machinery and equipment

11-4

209.3 210.6 211.2

Special industry machinery

11-6

192.7 192.3 193.8

Electrical machinery and equipment

11-7

113.1 113.3 113.5

Miscellaneous machinery and equipment

11-9

174.9 175.0 175.4

Other household durable goods

12-6

181.8 182.5 183.1

Concrete ingredients

13-2

234.8 234.8 237.9

Motor vehicles and equipment

14-1

138.5 141.3 141.8

Toys, sporting goods, small arms, etc

15-1

151.7 151.0 152.0

Photographic equipment and supplies

15-4

123.3 123.5 126.2

Other miscellaneous products

15-9

175.0 174.5 174.4

Footnotes
(1) Data for September 2011 have been revised to reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents. All data are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.


Table 4. Producer price indexes for the net output of selected industries and industry groups, not seasonally adjusted
Industry(1) Industry
code
Index
base
Index Percent change
to Jan. 2012 from:
Sept. 2011(2) Dec. 2011(2) Jan. 2012(2) Jan. 2011 Dec. 2011

Total mining, utilities, and manufacturing industries

 

12/06

121.2 119.6 120.1 4.5 0.4

Total mining industries

 

12/84

241.6 240.4 241.8 3.9 0.6

Oil and gas extraction

211

12/85

270.8 270.8 273.0 4.3 0.8

Mining (except oil & gas)

212

12/03

231.4 226.0 227.4 2.5 0.6

Mining support activities

213

06/09

112.9 114.4 114.3 7.2 -0.1

Utilities

221

12/03

139.2 131.8 130.6 -2.8 -0.9

Total manufacturing industries

 

12/84

191.5 189.9 190.9 5.4 0.5

Food mfg

311

12/84

196.4 194.3 194.4 7.3 0.1

Beverage & tobacco mfg

312

12/03

128.5 130.0 130.6 3.4 0.5

Textile mills

313

12/84

132.6 130.8 129.6 5.3 -0.9

Textile product mills

314

12/03

124.9 124.8 124.8 5.5 0.0

Apparel manufacturing

315

12/03

106.7 106.6 106.8 3.0 0.2

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

12/84

166.1 163.8 164.0 2.2 0.1

Wood product manufacturing

321

12/03

108.1 108.1 108.4 0.4 0.3

Paper manufacturing

322

12/03

132.5 132.3 131.7 1.1 -0.5

Printing and related support activities

323

12/03

112.2 112.4 112.5 1.6 0.1

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

12/84

385.7 363.2 371.2 15.6 2.2

Chemical mfg

325

12/84

256.7 255.7 257.0 5.9 0.5

Plastics and rubber products mfg

326

12/84

178.6 178.2 178.2 4.5 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral product mfg

327

12/84

175.3 176.2 177.6 2.7 0.8

Primary metal mfg

331

12/84

219.1 210.6 211.7 1.8 0.5

Fabricated metal product mfg

332

12/84

184.4 184.8 184.4 3.2 -0.2

Machinery mfg

333

12/03

124.2 124.6 125.2 2.9 0.5

Computer & electronic product mfg

334

12/03

89.8 89.8 90.0 -0.3 0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance & component mfg

335

12/03

136.7 136.9 137.4 2.3 0.4

Transportation equipment mfg

336

12/03

112.1 113.9 114.3 2.8 0.4

Furniture & related product mfg

337

12/84

182.2 183.4 183.5 3.0 0.1

Miscellaneous mfg

339

12/03

116.4 116.6 116.8 2.1 0.2

Total trade industries

 

12/06

118.0 117.0 117.0 3.7 0.0

Total wholesale trade industries

 

12/06

122.2 119.8 121.9 4.3 1.8

Merchant wholesalers, durable goods

423

06/04

121.8 122.1 123.8 4.7 1.4

Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods

424

06/05

146.1 139.4 142.5 3.5 2.2

Wholesale trade agents and brokers

425

06/05

123.9 124.7 125.1 8.1 0.3

Total retail trade industries

 

12/06

115.2 115.2 113.7 3.3 -1.3

Motor vehicle and parts dealers

441

12/03

128.5 129.1 129.3 1.1 0.2

Furniture and home furnishings stores

442

12/03

125.5 126.8 125.0 2.4 -1.4

Electronics and appliance stores

443

12/03

90.5 86.5 80.2 -8.6 -7.3

Bldg material and garden equip and supp dealers

444

12/03

122.1 124.5 123.8 3.2 -0.6

Food and beverage stores

445

12/99

158.9 159.0 161.0 4.6 1.3

Health and personal care stores

446

12/03

135.9 135.8 136.6 2.2 0.6

Gasoline stations

447

06/01

84.1 79.8 75.5 10.1 -5.4

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

448

12/03

134.9 125.4 122.5 7.6 -2.3

Sporting goods hobby, book and music stores

451

12/03

112.9 112.1 112.9 1.5 0.7

General merchandise stores

452

12/03

115.0 122.0 115.7 3.5 -5.2

Florists

4531

12/03

102.5 104.8 104.7 0.7 -0.1

Office supplies, stationery and gift stores

4532

12/03

131.5 135.4 130.9 2.4 -3.3

Manufactured (mobile) home dealers

45393

12/03

116.7 116.7 117.7 8.5 0.9

Nonstore retailers

454

12/03

143.4 143.2 145.1 5.3 1.3

Transportation and warehousing industries

 

12/06

120.1 120.8 122.0 5.4 1.0

Transportation industries

 

12/06

117.9 118.9 119.7 5.6 0.7

Air transportation

481

12/92

216.2 221.3 224.2 7.8 1.3

Rail transportation

482

12/96

172.3 171.7 173.1 7.1 0.8

Water transportation

483

12/03

132.6 131.7 132.1 1.3 0.3

Truck transportation

484

12/03

127.5 128.2 128.7 5.3 0.4

Pipeline transportation of crude oil

486110

06/86

209.1 209.1 209.1 4.2 0.0

Refined petroleum product pipeline transport

486910

06/86

161.4 161.5 161.8 6.0 0.2

Transportation support activities

488

12/03

114.2 114.1 114.5 1.8 0.4

Delivery and warehouse industries

 

12/06

126.5 126.0 129.7 5.4 2.9

U.S. Postal Service

491

06/89

191.6 191.6 191.6 1.6 0.0

Couriers and messengers

492

12/03

170.4 169.6 179.4 9.4 5.8

Warehousing and storage

493

12/06

104.6 103.0 103.2 0.3 0.2

Total traditional service industries

 

12/06

108.0 107.8 108.2 1.1 0.4

Information

 

12/06

102.5 102.6 102.9 0.8 0.3

Publishing industries, except Internet

511

12/03

111.4 111.6 112.2 1.2 0.5

Broadcasting, except Internet

515

12/03

110.0 114.6 113.3 3.2 -1.1

Telecommunications

517

12/03

101.8 101.6 101.9 0.5 0.3

Data processing and related services

5182

12/03

102.0 102.0 102.0 0.3 0.0

Internet publishing and web search portals

519130

12/09

95.3 100.2 98.2 -0.4 -2.0

Selected health care industries

 

12/06

113.2 113.7 113.9 1.8 0.2

Offices of physicians

6211

12/96

132.0 132.3 132.6 1.5 0.2

Offices of dentists

6212

06/10

102.5 103.0 103.4 2.1 0.4

Medical and diagnostic laboratories

6215

12/03

109.1 109.1 109.3 1.3 0.2

Home health care services

6216

12/96

129.5 129.8 129.9 0.1 0.1

Blood and organ banks

621991

06/06

114.3 114.2 114.7 1.7 0.4

Hospitals

622

12/92

177.5 178.8 178.9 2.1 0.1

Nursing care facilities

6231

12/03

129.4 128.3 128.7 0.3 0.3

Residential mental retardation facilities

62321

12/03

138.2 138.1 139.1 3.3 0.7

Other selected traditional service industries

 

12/06

107.2 106.7 107.2 0.9 0.5

Depository credit intermediation

5221

12/03

110.0 107.2 108.0 -1.2 0.7

Security, commodity contracts and like activity

523

12/03

125.0 123.6 125.2 0.1 1.3

Insurance carriers and related activities

524

12/03

120.4 120.7 121.3 2.0 0.5

Lessors of nonres bldg (exc miniwarehouse)

53112

12/03

110.3 111.0 110.0 1.0 -0.9

Lessors of miniwarehouse and self storage units

53113

12/03

113.6 113.6 113.5 2.6 -0.1

Offices of real estate agents and brokers

5312

12/03

97.5 97.4 97.7 -1.3 0.3

Real estate property managers

53131

12/03

106.0 106.1 106.3 -0.9 0.2

Offices of real estate appraisers

531320

12/03

97.6 97.6 101.4 5.5 3.9

Automotive equipment rental and leasing

5321

06/01

135.0 123.2 122.3 -5.5 -0.7

Other heavy machinery rental and leasing

532412

12/03

120.1 118.1 121.7 4.8 3.0

Legal services

5411

12/96

178.4 178.6 181.5 2.8 1.6

Offices of certified public accountants

541211

12/03

111.8 112.9 111.6 -1.5 -1.2

Other accounting services

541219

12/03

104.4 105.2 106.1 -2.4 0.9

Architectural, engineering and related services

5413

12/96

146.2 146.4 146.8 1.7 0.3

Management and technical consulting services

5416

06/06

109.7 109.8 110.0 0.5 0.2

Advertising agencies

54181

12/03

106.3 106.5 106.6 1.1 0.1

Employment services

5613

12/96

125.2 125.5 125.4 -0.1 -0.1

Travel agencies

56151

12/03

101.7 101.7 99.4 -1.0 -2.3

Security guards and patrol services

561612

12/04

109.0 109.3 109.3 0.6 0.0

Janitorial services

56172

12/03

113.5 113.5 113.7 1.9 0.2

Waste collection

5621

12/03

121.3 121.3 121.5 2.2 0.2

Computer training

61142

06/06

112.8 112.8 113.8 1.0 0.9

Amusement and theme parks

71311

06/06

124.6 125.4 125.3 4.8 -0.1

Golf courses and country clubs

71391

12/05

109.7 108.8 109.4 0.5 0.6

Fitness and recreational sports centers

71394

12/04

102.2 102.5 102.5 1.3 0.0

Accommodation

721

12/96

143.6 141.3 140.9 0.6 -0.3

Commercial machinery repair and maintenance

8113

06/06

116.4 116.4 116.9 3.9 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Indexes in this table are derived from the net-output-weighted industry price indexes. Because of differences in coverage and aggregation methodology, they will generally not match the movements of similarly titled indexes which are derived from traditional commodity groupings.
(2) The indexes for September 2011 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents. All indexes are subject to revision 4 months after original publication.

"-" Data not available.
NOTE: NAICS replaced the SIC system beginning with the release of PPI data for January 2004.
See http://www.bls.gov/ppi/ppinaics.htm for details.


Table 5. Producer price indexes by stage of processing, seasonally adjusted
[1982=100]
Grouping Index(1)
Aug.
2011
Sept.
2011
Oct.
2011
Nov.
2011
Dec.
2011
Jan.
2012

Finished goods

191.8 193.6 193.1 193.5 193.3 193.5

Finished consumer goods

204.6 207.1 206.4 206.9 206.5 206.5

Finished consumer foods

196.3 197.3 197.2 199.6 197.9 197.3

Crude

178.3 183.7 183.8 189.6 176.1 162.9

Processed

197.7 198.3 198.1 200.1 199.8 200.2

Finished consumer goods, excluding foods

206.5 209.3 208.5 208.3 208.4 208.6

Nondurable goods less foods

231.8 235.9 234.8 234.6 234.6 234.6

Durable goods

148.5 148.9 148.6 148.6 148.9 149.5

Capital equipment

160.6 161.0 160.9 160.9 161.2 161.8

Manufacturing industries

163.4 163.6 163.5 163.5 163.7 164.3

Nonmanufacturing industries

159.5 159.9 159.8 159.8 160.2 160.7

Intermediate materials, supplies, and components

201.8 203.0 201.4 201.4 200.9 200.1

Materials and components for manufacturing

192.8 192.9 191.7 190.6 188.8 188.7

Materials for food manufacturing

198.5 198.7 196.9 198.9 198.1 197.0

Materials for nondurable manufacturing

255.4 256.6 254.2 250.8 245.2 243.6

Materials for durable manufacturing

207.2 206.2 203.5 202.0 200.6 202.1

Components for manufacturing

146.5 146.5 146.8 146.7 146.9 147.0

Materials and components for construction

214.7 214.7 214.6 214.6 214.9 215.0

Processed fuels and lubricants

214.3 218.9 214.9 217.4 219.0 215.4

Manufacturing industries

212.6 215.9 209.3 211.4 216.1 209.2

Nonmanufacturing industries

215.8 221.0 218.0 220.7 221.1 218.6

Containers

205.6 205.6 205.8 205.9 205.5 205.3

Supplies

185.8 186.5 185.6 185.6 185.3 185.3

Manufacturing industries

182.0 182.3 182.2 182.0 181.6 181.2

Nonmanufacturing industries

184.9 185.7 184.6 184.7 184.4 184.4

Feeds

207.8 213.9 204.1 200.2 195.9 195.0

Other supplies

184.7 185.1 184.7 185.1 185.1 185.3

Crude materials for further processing

248.3 252.4 247.7 254.1 250.4 254.2

Foodstuffs and feedstuffs

195.4 194.1 190.6 192.2 187.3 190.3

Nonfood materials

274.4 283.5 278.1 288.3 286.4 290.5

Nonfood materials except fuel(2)

322.4 345.0 340.3 361.9 362.2 373.7

Manufacturing(2)

304.9 326.9 322.3 343.4 343.6 354.9

Construction

206.3 206.4 206.7 206.9 207.6 207.9

Crude fuel(3)

190.5 179.2 173.1 166.1 161.0 153.1

Manufacturing industries

211.0 204.7 200.9 196.9 193.7 185.8

Nonmanufacturing industries

193.5 181.9 175.5 168.3 163.0 155.0

Special groupings

Finished goods, excluding foods

189.9 191.9 191.3 191.2 191.4 191.7

Intermediate materials less foods and feeds

202.2 203.4 201.9 201.8 201.4 200.6

Intermediate foods and feeds

197.2 198.5 195.5 196.5 195.0 194.2

Crude materials less agricultural products(2)

274.9 283.8 278.9 289.5 288.3 292.3

Finished energy goods

192.1 197.8 196.4 195.6 194.9 193.9

Finished goods less energy

182.8 183.5 183.3 183.9 183.9 184.4

Finished consumer goods less energy

193.5 194.3 194.0 195.0 194.9 195.3

Finished goods less foods and energy

179.0 179.5 179.3 179.4 179.9 180.7

Finished consumer goods less foods and energy

192.3 192.9 192.6 192.9 193.5 194.5

Consumer nondurable goods less foods and energy

231.6 232.4 232.0 232.6 233.7 235.1

Intermediate energy goods

218.9 224.0 219.9 222.4 223.7 220.5

Intermediate materials less energy

194.6 194.8 193.8 193.2 192.1 192.0

Intermediate materials less foods and energy

194.3 194.3 193.5 192.7 191.7 191.6

Crude energy materials(2)

223.0 234.3 232.1 248.0 245.4 249.4

Crude materials less energy

248.9 247.8 241.8 241.3 237.1 240.1

Crude nonfood materials less energy(3)

403.6 403.7 389.3 380.6 380.2 382.5

Footnotes
(1) All seasonally adjusted indexes are subject to change up to 5 years after original publication due to the recalculation of seasonal factors each January. The indexes for September 2011 have been recalculated to incorporate late reports and corrections by respondents.
(2) Includes crude petroleum.
(3) Excludes crude petroleum.


Last Modified Date: February 16, 2012