Volunteering in the United States News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 22, 2013                       USDL-13-0285

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                            VOLUNTEERING IN THE UNITED STATES -- 2012


The volunteer rate declined by 0.3 percentage point to 26.5 percent for the year ending
in September 2012, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. About 64.5 million
people volunteered through or for an organization at least once between September 2011
and September 2012. The decline in the volunteer rate in 2012 followed an increase of
one-half of a percentage point in 2011.

These data on volunteering were collected through a supplement to the September 2012
Current Population Survey (CPS). The supplement was sponsored by the Corporation for
National and Community Service. The CPS is a monthly survey of about 60,000 households
that obtains information on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian
noninstitutional population age 16 and over. Volunteers are defined as persons who did
unpaid work (except for expenses) through or for an organization. For more information
about the volunteer supplement, see the Technical Note.

Volunteering Among Demographic Groups

The volunteer rates for both men and women (23.2 and 29.5 percent, respectively) changed
little in the year ending in September 2012. Women continued to volunteer at a higher
rate than did men across all age groups, educational levels, and other major demographic
characteristics. (See tables A and 1.)

By age, 35- to 44-year-olds were most likely to volunteer (31.6 percent). Volunteer
rates were lowest among 20- to 24-year-olds (18.9 percent). For persons 45 years and over,
the volunteer rate tapered off as age increased. Teens (16- to 19-year-olds) had a 
volunteer rate of 27.4 percent.

Among the major race and ethnicity groups, whites continued to volunteer at a higher rate
(27.8 percent) than did blacks (21.1 percent), Asians (19.6 percent), and Hispanics (15.2
percent). Of these groups, the volunteer rate for whites fell 0.4 percentage point in
2012, driven by a decline in the volunteer rate of white women. Among blacks, the rate
edged up 0.8 percentage point.

Married persons volunteered at a higher rate (31.9 percent) in 2012 than did those who
had never married (20.7 percent) and those with other marital statuses (21.3 percent).
The volunteer rate of parents with children under age 18 (33.5 percent) remained higher
than the rate for persons without children (23.8 percent).

Individuals with higher levels of education engaged in volunteer activities at higher
rates than did those with less education. Among persons age 25 and over, 42.2 percent
of college graduates volunteered, compared with 17.3 percent of high school graduates
and 8.8 percent of those with less than a high school diploma. The rate of volunteering
was about unchanged for college graduates. The rate declined for persons in the other
educational attainment categories.

Volunteers by Employment Status

Among employed persons, 29.1 percent volunteered during the year ending in September 2012.
By comparison, 23.8 percent of unemployed persons and 22.4 percent of those not in the
labor force volunteered. Among the employed, part-time workers were more likely than 
full-time workers to have participated in volunteer activities--33.4 percent compared
with 28.1 percent. (See table 1.)

Total Annual Hours Spent Volunteering

Volunteers spent a median of 50 hours on volunteer activities during the period from
September 2011 to September 2012. Time spent on volunteer activities was similar for
women and men. Median annual hours spent on volunteer activities ranged from a low of
32 hours for those 25 to 34 years old to a high of 90 hours for volunteers age 65
and over. (See table 2.)


Table A.  Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2008 through September 2012             
(Numbers in thousands)                                                                              
                                                                                                    
                          September       September       September       September       September 
                            2008            2009            2010            2011            2012    
                                                                                                    
  Characteristics               Per-            Per-            Per-            Per-            Per-
                                cent            cent            cent            cent            cent
                                 of              of              of              of              of 
                       Number   pop-   Number   pop-   Number   pop-   Number   pop-   Number   pop-
                                ula-            ula-            ula-            ula-            ula-
                                tion            tion            tion            tion            tion
                                                                                                    
       Sex                                                                                          
                                                                                                    
Total, both sexes..... 61,803   26.4   63,361   26.8   62,790   26.3   64,252   26.8   64,513   26.5
 Men.................. 26,268   23.2   26,655   23.3   26,787   23.2   27,354   23.5   27,238   23.2
 Women ............... 35,535   29.4   36,706   30.1   36,004   29.3   36,898   29.9   37,274   29.5
                                                                                                    
       Age                                                                                          
                                                                                                    
Total, 16 years and                                                                                 
  over...,............ 61,803   26.4   63,361   26.8   62,790   26.3   64,252   26.8   64,513   26.5
 16 to 24 years.......  8,239   21.9    8,290   22.0    8,297   21.9    8,578   22.5    8,776   22.6
 25 to 34 years.......  9,154   22.8    9,511   23.5    9,140   22.3    9,691   23.3    9,513   23.2
 35 to 44 years....... 13,016   31.3   12,835   31.5   12,904   32.2   12,566   31.8   12,527   31.6
 45 to 54 years....... 13,189   29.9   13,703   30.8   13,435   30.3   13,420   30.6   12,777   29.3
 55 to 64 years.......  9,456   28.1    9,894   28.3    9,830   27.2   10,449   28.1   10,619   27.6
 65 years and over....  8,749   23.5    9,129   23.9    9,184   23.6    9,547   24.0   10,301   24.4
                                                                                                    
 Race and Hispanic or                                                                               
  Latino ethnicity                                                                                  
                                                                                                    
White................. 53,078   27.9   54,078   28.3   53,556   27.8   54,432   28.2   53,778   27.8
Black or African                                                                                    
 American.............  5,325   19.1    5,712   20.2    5,580   19.4    5,934   20.3    6,316   21.1
Asian.................  2,022   18.7    2,060   19.0    2,207   19.6    2,304   20.0    2,524   19.6
Hispanic or Latino                                                                                  
 ethnicity............  4,662   14.4    4,873   14.7    4,982   14.7    5,151   14.9    5,635   15.2
                                                                                                    
Educational attainment (1)                                                                          
                                                                                                    
Less than a high school                                                                             
  diploma.............   2,427   9.4    2,242   8.6     2,231    8.8    2,461    9.8    2,177    8.8
High school graduates,                                                                              
 no college (2)........ 10,998  18.1   11,408  18.8    10,887   17.9   11,049   18.2   10,527   17.3
Some college or                                                                                     
 associate degree...... 15,519  30.0   15,931  30.5    15,505   29.2   15,946   29.5   15,832   28.7
Bachelor's degree and                                                                               
 higher (3)............ 24,620  42.2   25,490  42.8    25,870   42.3   26,218   42.4   27,202   42.2
                                                                                                    
    Employment status                                                                               
                                                                                                    
Civilian labor force... 44,313  28.5   44,833  29.0    44,522   28.7   45,249   29.1   44,974   28.7
 Employed.............. 42,131  28.9   41,372  29.7    40,980   29.2   41,881   29.6   42,083   29.1
  Full time (4)........ 33,344  27.8   32,085  28.7    31,625   28.2   32,517   28.7   32,568   28.1
  Part time (5)........  8,788  34.2    9,287  33.7     9,355   33.2    9,363   33.3    9,515   33.4
 Unemployed............  2,181  22.3    3,462  22.9     3,542   23.8    3,368   23.8    2,891   23.8
Not in the labor force. 17,491  22.2   18,528  22.6    18,268   22.0   19,003   22.5   19,539   22.4

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   4 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   5 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not
sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified
as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with
the release of January data. Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer
activities for an organization at any point in the year ending in September. See the Technical Note
for further information.


Number and Type of Organizations

Most volunteers were involved with either one or two organizations--70.5 and 19.1 percent,
respectively. Individuals with higher educational attainment were more likely to volunteer
for multiple organizations than were those with less education. (See table 3.)

In 2012, the main organization--the organization for which the volunteer worked the most
hours during the year--was most frequently religious (33.1 percent of all volunteers),
followed by educational or youth service related (25.5 percent) and social or community
service organizations (14.2 percent). (See table 4.)

Older volunteers were more likely to volunteer mainly for religious organizations than
were their younger counterparts. For example, 46.5 percent of volunteers age 65 and over
did their service mainly through or for a religious organization, compared with 26.5
percent of volunteers age 16 to 24.

For all levels of educational attainment, volunteers were most likely to volunteer for
religious organizations, followed by educational or youth service organizations. Among
volunteers with less than a high school diploma, 48.6 percent volunteered mainly for
religious organizations and 23.2 percent volunteered for educational or youth service
organizations. Of volunteers with a bachelor's degree and higher, 30.5 percent volunteered
mainly for religious organizations and 26.8 percent volunteered mainly for educational or
youth service organizations.

Among volunteers with children under 18 years old, 46.2 percent of mothers and 38.8
percent of fathers volunteered mainly for an educational or youth service organization,
such as a school or scouting group. Volunteers without children under age 18 were more
likely than parents to volunteer for other types of organizations, such as social or
community service organizations, hospitals or other health organizations, and religious
organizations.

Main Volunteer Activity for Main Organization

Collecting, preparing, distributing, or serving food (10.9 percent) and fundraising
(10.7 percent) were the activities volunteers performed most frequently for their
main organization. Men and women tended to engage in different main activities. Men
who volunteered were most likely to engage in general labor (11.6 percent) or coach,
referee, or supervise sports teams (10.1 percent). Female volunteers were most likely
to collect, prepare, distribute, or serve food (12.3 percent) or fundraise (11.8 percent).
(See table 5.)

The main types of activities volunteers performed varied by educational attainment. Persons
with a bachelor's degree and higher were more likely than those with less education to
provide professional or management assistance or to tutor or teach. They were least likely
to collect, make, or distribute clothing, crafts, or goods other than food. Volunteers with
less than a high school diploma were more likely to collect, prepare, distribute, or serve
food than those with higher levels of education.

Parents were considerably more likely than those without children to engage mainly in
volunteer activities that are frequently related to children--including coaching,
refereeing, or supervising sports teams; tutoring or teaching; and mentoring youth.

How Volunteers Became Involved with Main Organization

About 41.6 percent of volunteers became involved with their main organization after being
asked to volunteer, most often by someone in the organization. About 42.1 percent became
involved on their own initiative--that is, they approached the organization. (See table 6.)




Technical Note

The data in this release were collected through a supplement to the September 2012
Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--focuses on
obtaining information on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian
noninstitutional population age 16 and over. The purpose of this supplement to the
CPS was to obtain information on the incidence of volunteering and the characteristics
of volunteers in the United States.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory-impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When
a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they represent. The
component of this difference that occurs because samples differ by chance is known
as sampling error, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the
estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate
based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true"
population value because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at
the 90-percent level of confidence.

The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur for
many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, inability
to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

A full discussion of the reliability of data from the CPS and for information on
estimating standard errors is available on the BLS Web site at
www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

The Census Bureau introduces adjustments to the population controls for the CPS as
part of its annual update of population estimates. For this reason, data in this
release are not strictly comparable with data for earlier years. Additional
information is available on the internet at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

Volunteer questions and concepts

In the September supplement, questions on volunteer activities were asked of all
households. Efforts were made to have household members answer the volunteer
questions for themselves. (Generally, one member of the household answers all
the questions in the CPS on behalf of the entire household.) Self-response was
considered important for the volunteer supplement because research indicated that
self-respondents could more easily answer questions on the characteristics of the
volunteer activity. About 7 of 10 responses were self-reports. The survey was
introduced as follows: "This month, we are interested in volunteer activities, that
is, activities for which people are not paid, except perhaps expenses. We only want
you to include volunteer activities that you did through or for an organization,
even if you only did them once in a while."

Following this introduction, respondents were asked the first supplement question:
"Since September 1st of last year, have you done any volunteer activities through
or for an organization?"

If respondents did not answer "yes" to the first question, they were asked the
following question: "Sometimes people don't think of activities they do infrequently
or activities they do for children's schools or youth organizations as volunteer
activities. Since September 1st of last year, have you done any of these types of
volunteer activities?"

Respondents were considered volunteers if they answered "yes" to either of these
questions. This method has been used since the supplement was first administered
in 2002.

Respondents classified as volunteers were asked further questions about the number
and type of organizations for which they volunteered, total hours spent volunteering,
how they became involved with the main organization for which they volunteered, the
type of activities they performed for the main organization, and what their main
activity was. The reference period for the questions on volunteering was about
1 year, from September 1, 2011, through the survey reference week in September 2012.
The reference period for other characteristics--such as labor force status, educational
attainment, and marital status--refer to the survey reference week in September 2012.
It is possible that these characteristics were different at the time volunteer
activities were performed.

One new question was added to the 2008 survey to determine whether or not respondents
had donated money, assets, or property with a combined value of more than $25 to
charitable or religious organizations in the past 12 months. Two questions asked in
the 2007 supplement were removed in 2008. These questions asked how often respondents
who had attended public meetings or who had worked with others in their neighborhood
to fix a problem did so.

Definitions

Volunteers are persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities at any point during
the survey reference year. The count of volunteers only includes persons who
volunteered through or for an organization; the figures do not include persons who
volunteered in a more informal manner. For example, a woman who taught acting to
children through a local theater would be considered a volunteer. However, a woman
who, on her own, organized softball games for the children in her neighborhood would
not be counted as a volunteer for the purpose of this survey.

Organizations are associations, societies, or groups of people who share a common
interest. Examples include churches, youth groups, and civic organizations. For
the purpose of this study, organizations are grouped into eight major categories,
including religious, youth, and social or community service organizations.

In the 2005 survey, one organization category, immigrant/refugee assistance, was
added to the questionnaire as a possible response. Responses that were collected in
this category may have been distributed over at least six of the major organization
categories in previous years. For this reason, the addition of the new response
category created a break in the comparability of organizations between 2005 and prior
years. Because few people reported volunteering for immigrant/refugee assistance
organizations and because the group was not a definite subset of any of the major
organization categories, those persons who did report that they volunteered for
immigrant/refugee assistance organizations were placed in the "other" group.

The main organization is the organization for which the volunteer worked the most
hours during the year. If a respondent volunteered for only one organization, it
was considered the main organization, even if exact hours were not obtained.

In order to identify the type of main organization, respondents provided information
about the organization and, for those who volunteered for more than one organization,
annual hours worked for each. Some respondents did not provide the information
necessary to determine the main organization. For these respondents, the follow-up
questions on activities and how they became involved with the main organization
asked them to report on the organization for which they think they spent the most
time volunteering.

Activities are the specific tasks the volunteer did for an organization. Examples
include tutoring, fundraising, and serving food. The activity categories were
modified in 2005, thus creating a break in the comparability of activities between
2005 and prior years.

In 2006, a new question was added that asked respondents on which of the activities
they mentioned they spent the most time. Previously, respondents reported all of the
activities they did for their main organization. The new question identified which of
them was the main activity for the main organization.




Table 1. Volunteers by selected characteristics, September 2012

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                            
                                              Total, both sexes                  Men                        Women           
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                                                       Volunteers                  Volunteers                  Volunteers   
   Characteristics in September 2012      Civilian                    Civilian                    Civilian                  
                                         noninsti-                   noninsti-                   noninsti-                  
                                          tutional           Percent  tutional          Percent   tutional          Percent 
                                           popula-   Number    of      popula-  Number    of       popula-  Number    of    
                                            tion             popula-    tion            popula-     tion            popula- 
                                                              tion                       tion                        tion   
                  Age                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                            
Total, 16 years and over................  243,772   64,513    26.5    117,600   27,238    23.2    126,172   37,274    29.5  
  16 to 24 years........................   38,800    8,776    22.6     19,556    3,914    20.0     19,244    4,862    25.3  
     16 to 19 years.....................   16,931    4,644    27.4      8,628    2,166    25.1      8,303    2,478    29.8  
     20 to 24 years.....................   21,869    4,132    18.9     10,928    1,748    16.0     10,941    2,384    21.8  
  25 years and over.....................  204,973   55,737    27.2     98,045   23,324    23.8    106,928   32,413    30.3  
     25 to 34 years.....................   41,072    9,513    23.2     20,263    3,813    18.8     20,810    5,700    27.4  
     35 to 44 years.....................   39,632   12,527    31.6     19,412    5,130    26.4     20,221    7,397    36.6  
     45 to 54 years.....................   43,608   12,777    29.3     21,294    5,569    26.2     22,314    7,208    32.3  
     55 to 64 years.....................   38,442   10,619    27.6     18,475    4,547    24.6     19,966    6,072    30.4  
     65 years and over..................   42,219   10,301    24.4     18,601    4,265    22.9     23,618    6,036    25.6  
                                                                                                                            
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                      
                                                                                                                            
White...................................  193,503   53,778    27.8     94,429   22,961    24.3     99,074   30,817    31.1  
Black or African American...............   29,991    6,316    21.1     13,550    2,429    17.9     16,441    3,886    23.6  
Asian...................................   12,875    2,524    19.6      6,040    1,057    17.5      6,835    1,467    21.5  
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............   36,969    5,635    15.2     18,546    2,422    13.1     18,424    3,213    17.4  
                                                                                                                            
       Educational attainment (1)                                                                                           
                                                                                                                            
Less than a high school diploma.........   24,697    2,177     8.8     12,293      956     7.8     12,404    1,221     9.8  
High school graduates, no college (2)...   60,767   10,527    17.3     29,747    4,391    14.8     31,020    6,136    19.8  
Some college or associate degree .......   55,081   15,832    28.7     25,004    6,123    24.5     30,077    9,709    32.3  
Bachelor's degree and higher (3)........   64,428   27,202    42.2     31,000   11,855    38.2     33,427   15,346    45.9  
                                                                                                                            
             Marital status                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                            
Single, never married...................   72,102   14,920    20.7     38,024    6,501    17.1     34,078    8,419    24.7  
Married, spouse present.................  123,194   39,290    31.9     61,981   17,711    28.6     61,213   21,579    35.3  
Other marital status (4)................   48,476   10,302    21.3     17,595    3,027    17.2     30,881    7,276    23.6  
                                                                                                                            
        Presence of own children                                                                                            
           under 18 years (5)                                                                                               
                                                                                                                            
Without own children under 18...........  176,911   42,105    23.8     88,080   18,248    20.7     88,831   23,857    26.9  
With own children under 18..............   66,861   22,408    33.5     29,521    8,991    30.5     37,340   13,417    35.9  
                                                                                                                            
           Employment status                                                                                                
                                                                                                                            
Civilian labor force....................  156,594   44,974    28.7     83,124   20,882    25.1     73,469   24,092    32.8  
  Employed..............................  144,450   42,083    29.1     76,695   19,681    25.7     67,755   22,402    33.1  
    Full time (6).......................  115,983   32,568    28.1     66,207   16,873    25.5     49,775   15,695    31.5  
    Part time (7).......................   28,468    9,515    33.4     10,488    2,807    26.8     17,980    6,707    37.3  
  Unemployed............................   12,144    2,891    23.8      6,430    1,202    18.7      5,714    1,689    29.6  
Not in the labor force..................   87,179   19,539    22.4     34,476    6,356    18.4     52,703   13,183    25.0  

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
from September 1, 2011, through the survey period in September 2012. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or
African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is
identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.




Table 2. Volunteers by annual hours of volunteer activities and selected characteristics, September 2012
                                                                                                                               
                                                      Percent distribution of total annual hours spent volunteering            
                                                                         at all organizations                                  
                                                                                                                               
   Characteristics in September 2012        Total                                                             Not      Median  
                                         volunteers  Total  1 to 14 15 to 49  50 to 99   100 to    500    reporting    annual  
                                        (thousands)         hour(s)   hours     hours     499     hours     annual    hours (1)
                                                                                         hours   and over   hours              
                  Sex                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                               
Total, both sexes.......................   64,513    100.0    21.7     24.5     15.3     27.4      5.8       5.3         50    
   Men..................................   27,238    100.0    21.4     24.8     15.3     27.3      6.0       5.2         50    
   Women................................   37,274    100.0    21.9     24.3     15.4     27.5      5.6       5.3         51    
                                                                                                                               
                  Age                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                               
Total, 16 years and over................   64,513    100.0    21.7     24.5     15.3     27.4      5.8       5.3         50    
  16 to 24 years........................    8,776    100.0    25.1     25.4     14.8     22.9      4.6       7.2         40    
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,644    100.0    24.6     27.4     16.5     21.7      3.3       6.5         40    
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,132    100.0    25.6     23.1     12.9     24.3      6.0       8.0         40    
  25 years and over.....................   55,737    100.0    21.2     24.4     15.4     28.1      6.0       4.9         52    
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,513    100.0    29.0     26.1     15.8     20.9      3.5       4.8         32    
     35 to 44 years.....................   12,527    100.0    23.6     26.1     15.8     25.6      4.5       4.5         46    
     45 to 54 years.....................   12,777    100.0    20.9     25.3     15.2     28.5      5.5       4.6         52    
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,619    100.0    18.4     24.0     15.9     30.2      6.4       5.1         56    
     65 years and over..................   10,301    100.0    14.3     20.1     14.4     35.1     10.2       5.9         90    
                                                                                                                               
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                         
                                                                                                                               
White...................................   53,778    100.0    21.3     25.0     15.5     27.6      5.6       5.0         50    
Black or African American...............    6,316    100.0    21.7     22.2     13.5     27.9      7.6       7.2         52    
Asian...................................    2,524    100.0    28.5     22.4     16.7     22.7      3.6       6.1         40    
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,635    100.0    22.8     26.0     15.6     24.1      5.8       5.7         48    
                                                                                                                               
       Educational attainment (2)                                                                                              
                                                                                                                               
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,177    100.0    25.5     18.7     16.1     27.5      6.1       6.0         52    
High school graduates, no college (3)...   10,527    100.0    22.4     24.0     14.6     27.2      6.3       5.4         50    
Some college or associate degree .......   15,832    100.0    22.0     24.7     14.9     27.0      6.3       5.1         50    
Bachelor's degree and higher (4)........   27,202    100.0    19.9     24.8     15.9     29.1      5.6       4.6         52    
                                                                                                                               
             Marital status                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                               
Single, never married...................   14,920    100.0    26.4     24.9     14.9     22.7      4.5       6.7         40    
Married, spouse present.................   39,290    100.0    20.3     24.6     15.8     29.1      5.8       4.5         52    
Other marital status (5)................   10,302    100.0    20.3     23.9     14.4     27.7      7.7       6.0         52    
                                                                                                                               
        Presence of own children                                                                                               
           under 18 years (6)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                               
Men:                                                                                                                           
  No own children under 18 years old....   18,248    100.0    20.5     25.0     14.6     27.1      6.9       5.9         52    
  With own children under 18 years old..    8,991    100.0    23.3     24.3     16.5     27.7      4.3       3.9         50    
Women:                                                                                                                         
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,857    100.0    20.5     23.4     15.0     29.0      6.2       5.8         52    
  With own children under 18 years old..   13,417    100.0    24.5     26.0     16.1     24.7      4.4       4.3         44    
                                                                                                                               
           Employment status                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                               
Civilian labor force....................   44,974    100.0    23.0     25.8     15.7     25.8      4.7       5.0         48    
  Employed..............................   42,083    100.0    23.0     25.9     15.8     25.7      4.5       5.0         48    
    Full time (7).......................   32,568    100.0    23.5     26.2     15.8     25.2      4.2       5.0         45    
    Part time (8).......................    9,515    100.0    21.3     24.9     16.0     27.5      5.4       4.9         52    
  Unemployed............................    2,891    100.0    23.3     23.8     13.6     27.6      7.6       4.1         52    
Not in the labor force..................   19,539    100.0    18.7     21.7     14.5     31.0      8.2       5.9         61    

   1 For those reporting annual hours.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.  
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point
from September 1, 2011, through the survey period in September 2012. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or
African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races.  Persons whose ethnicity
is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. 




Table 3. Volunteers by number of organizations for which volunteer activities were performed and
selected characteristics, September 2012
                                                                                                         
                                                           Percent distribution of the number of         
                                                       organizations for which volunteer activities      
                                                                     were performed                      
                                            Total                                                        
   Characteristics in September 2012     volunteers                                               Not    
                                         (thousands)                                           reporting 
                                                                                        Five   number of 
                                                     Total   One    Two   Three   Four   or    organiza- 
                                                                                        more     tions   
                                                                                                         
                  Sex                                                                                    
                                                                                                         
Total, both sexes.......................   64,513    100.0   70.5   19.1   6.8    2.2   1.2        0.2   
   Men..................................   27,238    100.0   71.8   18.7   6.4    1.9   1.1         .1   
   Women................................   37,274    100.0   69.5   19.5   7.1    2.4   1.3         .2   
                                                                                                         
                  Age                                                                                    
                                                                                                         
Total, 16 years and over................   64,513    100.0   70.5   19.1   6.8    2.2   1.2         .2   
  16 to 24 years........................    8,776    100.0   77.2   14.8   5.3    1.8    .8         .1   
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,644    100.0   74.1   17.2   5.6    2.2    .9         .1   
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,132    100.0   80.8   12.0   5.0    1.3    .6         .2   
  25 years and over.....................   55,737    100.0   69.4   19.8   7.0    2.2   1.3         .2   
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,513    100.0   75.0   17.4   5.5    1.3    .7         -    
     35 to 44 years.....................   12,527    100.0   69.8   19.9   7.2    2.0   1.0         .1   
     45 to 54 years.....................   12,777    100.0   67.5   20.1   8.0    2.6   1.6         .2   
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,619    100.0   67.1   21.5   7.2    2.5   1.5         .2   
     65 years and over..................   10,301    100.0   68.6   20.0   6.9    2.6   1.6         .2   
                                                                                                         
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                   
                                                                                                         
White...................................   53,778    100.0   69.2   19.7   7.3    2.3   1.3         .2   
Black or African American...............    6,316    100.0   78.4   14.6   4.4    1.3   1.1         .2   
Asian...................................    2,524    100.0   78.4   15.9   4.3     .7    .6         .2   
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,635    100.0   82.5   11.6   3.9    1.2    .7         .1   
                                                                                                         
       Educational attainment (1)                                                                        
                                                                                                         
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,177    100.0   87.8    9.6   1.9     .3    .2         .2   
High school graduates, no college (2)...   10,527    100.0   79.3   14.9   4.5     .7    .5         .1   
Some college or associate degree .......   15,832    100.0   71.8   19.2   5.7    2.0   1.1         .2   
Bachelor's degree and higher (3)........   27,202    100.0   62.8   22.9   9.2    3.1   1.8         .1   
                                                                                                         
             Marital status                                                                              
                                                                                                         
Single, never married...................   14,920    100.0   75.7   15.7   5.8    1.8    .9         .2   
Married, spouse present.................   39,290    100.0   68.5   20.4   7.3    2.3   1.3         .1   
Other marital status (4)................   10,302    100.0   70.6   19.3   6.2    2.2   1.3         .3   
                                                                                                         
Presence of own children under                                                                           
  18 years (5)                                                                                           
                                                                                                         
Men:                                                                                                     
  No own children under 18 years old....   18,248    100.0   72.2   18.5   6.3    1.8   1.2         -    
  With own children under 18 years old..    8,991    100.0   71.2   19.1   6.8    2.0    .8         .1   
Women:                                                                                                   
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,857    100.0   70.2   18.9   6.8    2.5   1.2         .3   
  With own children under 18 years old..   13,417    100.0   68.3   20.4   7.5    2.2   1.5         .1   
                                                                                                         
           Employment status                                                                             
                                                                                                         
Civilian labor force....................   44,974    100.0   69.5   19.8   7.1    2.2   1.2         .2   
  Employed..............................   42,083    100.0   69.4   19.9   7.1    2.2   1.2         .2   
    Full time (6).......................   32,568    100.0   69.8   19.6   7.1    2.2   1.1         .2   
    Part time (7).......................    9,515    100.0   68.1   20.7   7.3    2.4   1.4         .1   
  Unemployed............................    2,891    100.0   71.4   18.1   6.4    2.6   1.3         .3   
Not in the labor force..................   19,539    100.0   72.7   17.7   6.2    2.0   1.3         .2   

   1 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   2 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   3 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   4 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   5 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are
nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   6 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   7 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an
organization at any point from September 1, 2011, through the survey period in September 2012.
Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to
totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as
Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 4. Volunteers by type of main organization for which volunteer activities were performed and selected characteristics,
September 2012

                                            Percent distribution of volunteers by type of main organization (1)                   
                                                                                                                                  
                                           Total            Civic,                                                                
       Characteristics in                  volun-           polit-  Educa-  Envi-  Hos-               Social   Sport,             
         September 2009                    teers            ical,   tional  ron-  pital   Pub-          or     hobby,         Not 
                                           (thou-  Total   profes-    or   mental   or    lic  Reli-  commu-    cul-  Other deter-
                                           sands)          sional,  youth    or   other  safe- gious   nity    tural,        mined
                                                            inter-   ser-  animal health  ty         service  or arts             
                                                           national  vice   care                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                  Sex                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                  
Total, both sexes.......................   64,513  100.0     5.5     25.5    2.6   7.8    1.2   33.1   14.2     3.8    4.0    2.3 
   Men..................................   27,238  100.0     6.8     23.8    2.5   6.2    1.9   32.9   14.8     4.5    4.4    2.2 
   Women................................   37,274  100.0     4.6     26.7    2.7   9.0     .6   33.2   13.8     3.3    3.7    2.3 
                                                                                                                                  
                  Age                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                  
Total, 16 years and over................   64,513  100.0     5.5     25.5    2.6   7.8    1.2   33.1   14.2     3.8    4.0    2.3 
  16 to 24 years........................    8,776  100.0     4.7     27.4    3.1   9.9    1.4   26.5   16.1     3.1    4.5    3.3 
     16 to 19 years.....................    4,644  100.0     4.2     30.9    2.4   8.0     .9   27.7   15.8     2.8    4.1    3.2 
     20 to 24 years.....................    4,132  100.0     5.2     23.4    3.8  12.0    2.0   25.1   16.5     3.4    5.0    3.5 
  25 years and over.....................   55,737  100.0     5.6     25.2    2.6   7.5    1.1   34.1   13.9     3.9    3.9    2.1 
     25 to 34 years.....................    9,513  100.0     4.2     31.7    3.2   8.3    1.6   27.9   14.3     3.2    3.5    2.0 
     35 to 44 years.....................   12,527  100.0     4.0     40.2    2.4   5.5    1.1   26.5   11.6     3.8    3.4    1.5 
     45 to 54 years.....................   12,777  100.0     4.9     28.6    2.5   7.5    1.0   33.0   12.8     3.7    3.8    2.2 
     55 to 64 years.....................   10,619  100.0     7.6     14.5    3.1   8.8    1.1   38.2   14.5     4.9    4.6    2.8 
     65 years and over..................   10,301  100.0     7.8      7.5    1.8   7.9     .9   46.5   17.1     4.2    4.2    2.2 
                                                                                                                                  
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                  
White...................................   53,778  100.0     5.7     25.1    2.8   8.2    1.3   32.3   14.3     4.0    4.0    2.2 
Black or African American...............    6,316  100.0     4.5     24.6    1.2   5.3     .4   40.7   13.4     2.9    3.9    3.1 
Asian...................................    2,524  100.0     4.1     31.4    1.7   7.8    -     34.0   12.2     2.7    3.3    2.8 
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............    5,635  100.0     3.7     31.2    1.9   6.5     .8   35.0   12.3     2.8    3.0    2.8 
                                                                                                                                  
       Educational attainment (2)                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                  
Less than a high school diploma.........    2,177  100.0     3.6     23.2     .6   3.5    1.4   48.6   12.0     2.8    2.6    1.8 
High school graduates, no college (3)...   10,527  100.0     5.1     21.4    2.9   7.0    1.7   40.0   13.5     3.3    3.3    1.8 
Some college or associate degree .......   15,832  100.0     5.5     25.2    2.3   7.8    1.4   34.5   13.9     3.3    4.2    2.0 
Bachelor's degree and higher (4)........   27,202  100.0     6.0     26.8    2.8   7.9     .7   30.5   14.3     4.7    4.1    2.3 
                                                                                                                                  
             Marital status                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                  
Single, never married...................   14,920  100.0     5.6     25.8    3.7  10.1    1.4   24.0   17.3     3.7    5.1    3.3 
Married, spouse present.................   39,290  100.0     5.1     26.9    2.1   6.7    1.1   36.5   12.3     4.0    3.4    1.8 
Other marital status (5)................   10,302  100.0     6.7     19.6    3.0   8.7    1.2   33.3   16.9     3.5    4.4    2.5 
                                                                                                                                  
        Presence of own children                                                                                                  
           under 18 years (6)                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                  
Men:                                                                                                                              
  No own children under 18 years old....   18,248  100.0     7.9     16.4    3.1   7.1    2.1   34.3   17.2     4.3    5.1    2.6 
  With own children under 18 years old..    8,991  100.0     4.6     38.8    1.2   4.4    1.5   30.3   10.0     4.8    3.0    1.4 
Women:                                                                                                                            
  No own children under 18 years old....   23,857  100.0     5.7     15.8    3.4  11.1     .7   36.4   16.0     3.9    4.4    2.7 
  With own children under 18 years old..   13,417  100.0     2.5     46.2    1.5   5.3     .5   27.6   10.0     2.3    2.5    1.6 
                                                                                                                                  
           Employment status                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                  
Civilian labor force....................   44,974  100.0     5.5     27.4    2.9   7.8    1.4   30.9   14.0     4.0    3.9    2.3 
  Employed..............................   42,083  100.0     5.4     27.6    2.9   7.9    1.4   30.9   13.8     4.1    3.8    2.3 
    Full time (7).......................   32,568  100.0     5.6     27.7    2.8   8.2    1.4   30.0   14.1     4.2    3.8    2.3 
    Part time (8).......................    9,515  100.0     5.0     27.2    3.2   6.8    1.1   33.8   12.8     4.1    3.8    2.2 
  Unemployed............................    2,891  100.0     5.8     24.6    2.3   6.5    1.9   31.7   16.8     2.7    5.5    2.3 
Not in the labor force..................   19,539  100.0     5.6     21.1    2.1   8.0     .6   38.1   14.8     3.4    4.1    2.3 

   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year.  See the
Technical Note for more details.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren,
and other related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point from
September 1, 2011, through the survey period in September 2012. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African
American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as
Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. 




Table 5. Main volunteer activity for main organization for which activities were performed and selected characteristics, September 2012
                                                                                                                                             
                                       Percent distribution of main volunteer activity for main organization (1)                             
                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                        Pro-                                 
                                                                                                        vide                                 
                                                                        Collect,        Pro-           profes-           Engage              
                                                                        make or         vide           sional   Engage     in                
                                    Coach                        Col-   distri-        coun-             or       in      gen-               
                            Total    ref-                        lect,   bute    Fund- seling,        manage-   music,    eral          Equal
                            volun-   eree,               Be an   pre-    cloth-  raise medi-  Provide  ment    perfor-   labor,          time
    Characteristics in      teers     or,  Tutor         usher,  pare,   ing,     or    cal   general assis-   mance,    supply         among
      September 2012        (thou-  super-   or  Mentor greet-   dis-   crafts   sell  care,  office  tance,     or,     trans-  Other   all 
                            sands)  vise   teach youth  er, or   tri-  or goods items  fire/,  ser-   includ-   other     port-              
                                   sports                mini-   bute,  other     to    EMS,  vices    ing     artis-    ation               
                                    teams                ster     or     than   raise   or,          serving    tic       to                 
                                                                 serve   food   money  pro-           on a     activ-   people               
                                                                 food                  tec-           board    ities                         
                                                                                       tive            or                                    
                                                                                        ser-          commit-                                
                                                                                       vices            tee                                  
          Sex                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                             
Total, both sexes.......... 64,513    5.8   9.5    6.3    4.0    10.9     3.7   10.7    3.0     4.8     6.9     3.6       8.1    14.8    7.9 
   Men..................... 27,238   10.1   6.9    5.9    4.9     9.1     2.2    9.3    3.5     2.9     8.3     3.8      11.6    14.5    7.1 
   Women................... 37,274    2.7  11.3    6.5    3.4    12.3     4.8   11.8    2.7     6.3     5.8     3.4       5.6    15.1    8.4 
                                                                                                                                             
           Age                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                             
Total, 16 years and over... 64,513    5.8   9.5    6.3    4.0    10.9     3.7   10.7    3.0     4.8     6.9     3.6       8.1    14.8    7.9 
  16 to 24 years...........  8,776    5.1  10.3    8.8    2.2    10.4     3.7   10.4    2.9     4.1     1.5     4.8      10.7    16.9    8.2 
     16 to 19 years........  4,644    5.2   9.8    9.3    2.7    11.9     4.3    9.3    1.7     3.7      .9     4.9      11.1    15.8    9.5 
     20 to 24 years........  4,132    5.0  10.9    8.4    1.6     8.6     3.0   11.6    4.3     4.6     2.2     4.6      10.3    18.2    6.7 
  25 years and over........ 55,737    5.9   9.3    5.9    4.3    11.0     3.7   10.8    3.1     4.9     7.7     3.4       7.7    14.5    7.8 
     25 to 34 years........  9,513    7.8  10.5    8.9    2.8     9.2     3.7   12.0    3.6     3.3     4.9     3.8       8.5    14.1    6.8 
     35 to 44 years........ 12,527   11.0  11.4    7.5    2.3     8.7     2.9   11.6    3.0     4.5     6.3     2.5       6.7    13.7    8.0 
     45 to 54 years........ 12,777    6.3   8.8    6.7    4.6    11.1     3.0   11.6    2.8     4.6     7.8     3.0       8.3    13.7    7.5 
     55 to 64 years........ 10,619    2.7   8.8    3.8    5.4    11.2     3.7   10.3    3.7     4.9    10.3     4.0       7.9    15.6    7.8 
     65 years and over..... 10,301    1.0   6.9    2.1    6.5    15.3     5.4    8.0    2.4     7.4     9.2     3.9       7.2    15.8    8.9 
                                                                                                                                             
  Race and Hispanic or                                                                                                                       
    Latino ethnicity                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                             
White...................... 53,778    5.9   9.3    6.1    3.8    10.6     3.6   11.2    3.0     4.8     7.3     3.4       8.4    14.9    7.7 
Black or African                                                                                                                             
 American..................  6,316    6.3   9.6    7.3    5.8    13.4     4.0    7.5    3.4     4.6     4.5     4.4       6.5    13.7    8.9 
Asian......................  2,524    4.2  11.1    5.0    4.0    11.6     3.6   10.2    4.3     4.8     6.3     3.6       6.4    17.7    7.1 
Hispanic or Latino                                                                                                                           
 ethnicity.................  5,635    7.4  10.3    5.3    4.2    10.7     4.4   10.1    2.3     5.2     2.6     3.3       8.8    17.4    8.1 
                          .                                                                                                                  
Educational attainment (2).                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
Less than a high school                                                                                                                      
 diploma.................    2,177    5.8   5.3    2.8    5.3    19.6     6.8    8.8    1.2     4.7     1.6     2.1      12.0    15.7    8.2 
High school graduates, no                                                                                                                    
 college (3)............... 10,527    6.0   7.0    4.3    4.7    15.6     4.6   11.0    2.9     4.2     3.6     3.5       9.2    14.7    8.7 
Some college or associate                                                                                                                    
 degree ................... 15,832    5.5   8.8    6.0    4.2    11.6     3.8   11.8    2.9     5.6     5.2     3.3       8.3    14.5    8.5 
Bachelor's degree and                                                                                                                       .
 higher (4)................ 27,202    6.1  10.8    6.6    4.1     8.2     3.0   10.2    3.4     4.9    11.2     3.5       6.4    14.4    7.0 
                                                                                                                                             
     Marital status                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                             
Single, never married...... 14,920    5.1   8.5    7.7    2.6    10.9     3.5   11.4    3.6     4.4     3.4     4.3       9.9    16.9    7.7 
Married, spouse present.... 39,290    6.6  10.2    6.2    4.5    10.3     3.2   10.7    2.7     4.7     8.5     3.3       7.5    13.7    7.7 
Other marital status (5)... 10,302    4.0   8.0    4.2    4.1    13.3     5.6    9.8    3.4     6.0     5.8     3.3       7.7    16.1    8.6 
                                                                                                                                             
Presence of own children  .                                                                                                                  
    under 18 years (6)    .                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                             
Men:                                                                                                                                         
  No own children under                                                                                                                      
   18 years old............ 18,248    5.0   6.6    5.2    5.3    10.0     2.4    9.1    3.7     3.4     8.7     4.3      12.3    16.1    7.7 
  With own children under                                                                                                                    
   18 years old............  8,991   20.4   7.5    7.3    4.0     7.2     1.8    9.5    3.1     1.8     7.4     2.7      10.1    11.1    6.0 
Women:                                                                                                                                       
  No own children under                                                                                                                      
   18 years old............ 23,857    1.7   9.8    5.5    4.1    12.9     5.3   10.9    3.3     6.9     6.1     3.9       5.6    15.7    8.3 
  With own children under                                                                                                                    
   18 years old............ 13,417    4.6  14.0    8.3    2.0    11.2     3.9   13.3    1.7     5.1     5.3     2.6       5.4    14.0    8.6 
                                                                                                                                             
    Employment status                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                             
Civilian labor force....... 44,974    7.3   9.2    6.7    3.7    10.1     3.2   11.5    3.4     4.0     7.6     3.6       8.1    14.2    7.5 
  Employed................. 42,083    7.3   9.4    6.8    3.7     9.8     3.0   11.8    3.4     3.8     7.8     3.5       8.0    14.0    7.5 
    Full time (7).......... 32,568    8.3   8.9    7.0    3.7     9.6     2.9   12.4    3.6     3.5     7.9     3.3       8.0    13.6    7.2 
    Part time (8)..........  9,515    3.8  11.2    6.2    3.8    10.6     3.5    9.7    2.9     5.0     7.3     4.2       8.0    15.4    8.4 
  Unemployed...............  2,891    6.5   6.6    5.2    3.5    13.8     5.0    8.1    2.7     6.4     5.2     3.7       8.8    15.9    8.6 
Not in the labor force..... 19,539    2.5  10.0    5.2    4.7    12.9     4.9    8.9    2.2     6.7     5.2     3.6       8.2    16.4    8.6 

   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year.  See the Technical
Note for more details.
   2 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   3 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   4 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   5 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   6 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other
 related and unrelated children.
   7 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   8 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any point from 
September 1, 2011, through the survey period in September 2012. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and
Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be
of any race.



Table 6. Volunteers by how they became involved with main organization for which volunteer activities were performed  
and selected characteristics, September 2012                                                                          
                                                                                                                      
                                    Percent distribution of how volunteers became involved with main                  
                                                            organization (1)                                          
                                                                                                                      
                           Total                              Was asked by:                                           
   Characteristics in      volun-                                                                                Not  
     September 2012        teers          Approach-                                                            report-
                           (thou-          ed the                        Rela-    Someone                      ing how
                           sands)  Total   organi-  Total    Boss or      tive     in the            Other     became 
                                           zation    (2)    employer    friend,   organi-    Some-               in-  
                                                                          or      zation/     one              volved 
                                                                          co-     school     else                     
                                                                        worker                                        
                                                                                                                      
          Sex                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                      
Total, both sexes......... 64,513  100.0   42.1     41.6       1.4       14.8      23.8       1.4    13.0        3.4  
   Men.................... 27,238  100.0   41.4     42.6       1.5       16.0      23.5       1.5    12.6        3.4  
   Women.................. 37,274  100.0   42.6     40.8       1.3       13.9      24.1       1.3    13.2        3.4  
                                                                                                                      
         Age                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                      
Total, 16 years and                                                                                                   
over...................... 64,513  100.0   42.1     41.6       1.4       14.8      23.8       1.4    13.0        3.4  
  16 to 24 years..........  8,776  100.0   40.8     39.2       1.0       16.3      19.7       2.1    15.4        4.6  
     16 to 19 years.......  4,644  100.0   40.7     40.3        .2       16.2      21.4       2.4    14.7        4.3  
     20 to 24 years.......  4,132  100.0   41.0     38.0       1.9       16.5      17.8       1.7    16.1        4.9  
  25 years and over....... 55,737  100.0   42.3     41.9       1.4       14.6      24.5       1.2    12.6        3.2  
     25 to 34 years.......  9,513  100.0   42.5     43.2       2.5       15.7      23.6       1.1    11.2        3.2  
     35 to 44 years....... 12,527  100.0   41.8     42.8       1.7       13.8      26.0       1.2    12.6        2.8  
     45 to 54 years....... 12,777  100.0   41.3     42.7       1.4       14.4      25.7        .9    12.9        3.2  
     55 to 64 years....... 10,619  100.0   42.5     40.5       1.3       14.7      22.7       1.5    13.4        3.6  
     65 years and over.... 10,301  100.0   43.5     40.3        .2       14.4      23.8       1.6    12.6        3.6  
                                                                                                                      
 Race and Hispanic or                                                                                                 
  Latino ethnicity                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                      
White..................... 53,778  100.0   42.0     41.9       1.4       15.0      23.9       1.4    12.8        3.3  
Black or African                                                                                                      
American..................  6,316  100.0   41.6     40.1       1.2       13.6      23.6       1.4    14.1        4.3  
Asian.....................  2,524  100.0   46.8     36.9       1.4       11.6      22.4       1.2    12.8        3.5  
Hispanic or Latino                                                                                                    
 ethnicity................  5,635  100.0   44.5     40.7       1.7       13.5      24.3       1.0    11.2        3.6  
                                                                                                                      
Educational attainment (3)                                                                                            
                                                                                                                      
Less than a high                                                                                                      
 school diploma...........  2,177  100.0   44.2     42.2        .5       15.3      25.4        .9    10.4        3.2  
High school graduates,                                                                                                
 no college (4)........... 10,527  100.0   42.0     42.8       1.1       15.8      24.5       1.2    12.4        2.8  
Some college or                                                                                                       
 associate degree ........ 15,832  100.0   41.8     42.2       1.6       15.2      23.9       1.3    12.9        3.0  
Bachelor's degree and                                                                                                 
 higher (5)............... 27,202  100.0   42.4     41.4       1.5       13.6      24.8       1.3    12.6        3.5  
                                                                                                                      
    Marital status                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                      
Single, never married..... 14,920  100.0   41.4     39.6       1.6       16.7      19.3       1.9    14.4        4.6  
Married, spouse present... 39,290  100.0   41.9     42.7       1.3       14.1      25.9       1.1    12.4        3.0  
Other marital status (6).. 10,302  100.0   43.5     39.9       1.2       14.5      22.4       1.6    13.1        3.5  
................                                                                                                      
Presence of own  children                                                                                             
 under 18 years (7)                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                      
Men:                                                                                                                  
  No own children under                                                                                               
   18 years old.......... 18,248  100.0    41.1     41.8       1.3       16.8      21.6       1.8    13.4        3.7  
  With own children under                                                                                             
   18 years old..........  8,991  100.0    41.9     44.4       1.8       14.4      27.2        .9    10.9        2.9  
Women:                                                                                                               
  No own children under                                                                                               
   18 years old.......... 23,857  100.0    43.4     39.2       1.3       15.5      20.7       1.4    13.5        3.9  
  With own children under                                                                                             
   18 years old.......... 13,417  100.0    41.1     43.5       1.2       11.0      30.1       1.0    12.8        2.6  
                                                                                                                      
  Employment status                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                      
Civilian labor force..... 44,974  100.0    41.2    42.3        1.9       15.2      23.7       1.3    13.1        3.3  
  Employed............... 42,083  100.0    41.1    42.5        2.0       15.1      23.8       1.3    13.1        3.3  
    Full time (8)........ 32,568  100.0    41.0    42.8        2.3       15.5      23.6       1.2    12.9        3.3  
    Part time (9)........  9,515  100.0    41.5    41.5         .9       14.1      24.7       1.7    13.6        3.3  
  Unemployed.............  2,891  100.0    43.2    40.1         .8       15.5      22.0       1.4    13.4        3.2  
Not in the labor force... 19,539  100.0    44.0    39.7         .1       13.9      24.1       1.4    12.6        3.7  

   1 Main organization is defined as the organization for which the volunteer worked the most hours during the year.
See the Technical Note for more details.
   2 Includes persons who did not specify who asked them to volunteer, not shown separately.
   3 Data refer to persons 25 years and over.
   4 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
   5 Includes persons with bachelor's, professional, and doctoral degrees.
   6 Includes divorced, separated, and widowed persons.
   7 Own children include sons, daughters, stepchildren, and adopted children.  Not included are nieces, nephews,
grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children.
   8 Usually work 35 hours or more a week at all jobs.
   9 Usually work less than 35 hours a week at all jobs.
   NOTE: Data on volunteers relate to persons who performed unpaid volunteer activities for an organization at any
point from September 1, 2011, through the survey period in September 2012. Estimates for the above race groups (white,
black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose
ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.




Last Modified Date: February 22, 2013