Usual Weekly Earnings of Wage and Salary Workers News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, January 22, 2014 	               USDL-14-0094

Technical information:	(202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:  	(202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      USUAL WEEKLY EARNINGS OF WAGE AND SALARY WORKERS
                                     FOURTH QUARTER 2013


Median weekly earnings of the nation's 104.8 million full-time wage and salary workers were
$786 in the fourth quarter of 2013 (not seasonally adjusted), the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. This was 1.4 percent higher than a year earlier, compared with
a gain of 1.2 percent in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) over the
same period.

Data on usual weekly earnings are collected as part of the Current Population Survey, a
nationwide sample survey of households in which respondents are asked, among other things,
how much each wage and salary worker usually earns. (See the Technical Note.) Data shown in
this release are not seasonally adjusted unless otherwise specified. Highlights from the
fourth-quarter data are:

   • Seasonally adjusted median weekly earnings were $782 in the fourth quarter of 2013,
     little changed from the previous quarter ($778). (See table 1.)

   • On a not seasonally adjusted basis, median weekly earnings were $786 in the fourth
     quarter of 2013. Women who usually worked full time had median weekly earnings of
     $713, or 82.0 percent of the $869 median for men. (See table 2.)

   • The women's-to-men's earnings ratio varied by race and ethnicity. White women earned
     81.3 percent as much as their male counterparts, compared with black (96.1 percent),
     Asian (77.7 percent), and Hispanic women (89.4 percent). (See table 2.)

   • Among the major race and ethnicity groups, median weekly earnings for black men
     working at full-time jobs were $646 per week, or 72.1 percent of the median for
     white men ($896). The difference was less among women, as black women's median
     earnings ($621) were 85.3 percent of those for white women ($728). Overall, median
     earnings of Hispanics who worked full time ($576) were lower than those of blacks
     ($632), whites ($813), and Asians ($916). (See table 2.)

   • Usual weekly earnings of full-time workers varied by age. Among men, those age 55
     to 64 had the highest median weekly earnings ($1,048). Among women, usual weekly
     earnings were highest for those age 35 to 64; weekly earnings were $775 for women
     age 35 to 44, $767 for women age 45 to 54, and $789 for women age 55 to 64. Workers
     age 16 to 24 had the lowest median weekly earnings, at $474. (See table 3.)

   • Among the major occupational groups, persons employed full time in management,
     professional, and related occupations had the highest median weekly earnings--
     $1,367 for men and $992 for women. Men and women employed in service jobs earned
     the least, $546 and $452, respectively. (See table 4.)

   • By educational attainment, full-time workers age 25 and over without a high school
     diploma had median weekly earnings of $468, compared with $648 for high school
     graduates (no college) and $1,219 for those holding at least a bachelor's degree.
     Among college graduates with advanced degrees (professional or master's degree and
     above), the highest earning 10 percent of male workers made $3,469 or more per week,
     compared with $2,417 or more for their female counterparts. (See table 5.)

Annual Averages for 2012 and 2013

In addition to the data for the fourth quarter, this release includes 2012 and 2013 annual
averages of median weekly earnings for major demographic and occupational groups, and 2013
annual average data for educational attainment groups. (See tables 7, 8, and 9.) Annual
average data on median usual weekly earnings for men and women by detailed occupational
categories will be posted online at www.bls.gov/cps/tables.htm when they become available.

   _____________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                     |
  |              Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Usual Weekly Earnings Data             |
  |                                                                                     |
  |Seasonally adjusted median usual weekly earnings data shown in table 1 of this       |
  |release have been revised using updated seasonal adjustment factors from the Current |
  |Population Survey, a procedure done at the end of each calendar year. The revisions  |
  |directly affected the number of full-time wage and salary workers and current dollar |
  |estimates of median weekly earnings; estimates of constant (1982-84) dollar median   |
  |weekly earnings were indirectly affected. Seasonally adjusted estimates back to the  |
  |first quarter of 2009 were subject to revision.                                      |
  |                                                                                     |
  |The Usual Weekly Earnings news release for the first quarter of 2014, scheduled for  |
  |release on April 17, 2014, will incorporate revisions to the seasonally adjusted data|
  |for the median weekly earnings in constant (1982-84) dollars. Seasonally adjusted    |
  |constant (1982-84) dollar estimates back to the first quarter of 2009 will be subject|
  |to revision due to annual revisions to seasonally adjusted data for the Consumer     |
  |Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U).                                         |
  |_____________________________________________________________________________________|
   




Technical Note


   The estimates in this release were obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS),
which provides basic information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment. The
survey is conducted monthly for the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census
Bureau using a scientifically selected national sample of about 60,000 eligible house-
holds, with coverage in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The earnings data
are collected from one-fourth of the CPS monthly sample and are limited to wage and
salary workers. All self-employed workers, both incorporated and unincorporated, are
excluded from CPS earnings estimates.

   Material in this news release is in the public domain and may be used without
permission. This information is available to sensory impaired individuals upon
request. Voice telephone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   The principal definitions used in connection with the earnings data in this news
release are described briefly below.

   Usual weekly earnings. Data represent earnings before taxes and other deductions and
include any overtime pay, commissions, or tips usually received (at the main job in the
case of multiple jobholders). Prior to 1994, respondents were asked how much they
usually earned per week. Since January 1994, respondents have been asked to identify
the easiest way for them to report earnings (hourly, weekly, biweekly, twice monthly,
monthly, annually, or other) and how much they usually earn in the reported time period.

   Earnings reported on a basis other than weekly are converted to a weekly equivalent.
The term "usual" is determined by each respondent’s own understanding of the term. If
the respondent asks for a definition of "usual," interviewers are instructed to define
the term as more than half the weeks worked during the past 4 or 5 months.

   Medians (and other quantiles) of weekly earnings. The median (or upper limit of the
second quartile) is the midpoint in a given earnings distribution, with half of workers
having earnings above the median and the other half having earnings below the median.
Ten percent of a given distribution have earnings below the upper limit of the first
decile (90 percent have higher earnings), 25 percent have earnings below the upper limit
of the first quartile (75 percent have higher earnings), 75 percent have earnings below
the upper limit of the third quartile (25 percent have higher earnings), and 90 percent
have earnings below the upper limit of the ninth decile (10 percent have higher earnings).

   The BLS procedure for estimating the median of an earnings distribution places each 
reported or calculated weekly earnings value into a $50-wide interval that is centered
around a multiple of $50. The median is calculated through the linear interpolation of 
the interval in which the median lies.

   Changes over time in the medians (and other quantile boundaries) for specific groups
may not necessarily be consistent with the movements estimated for the overall quantile
boundary. The most common reasons for this possible anomaly are as follows: (1) there
could be a change in the relative weights of the subgroups. For example, the median of
16- to 24-year-olds and the median earnings of those 25 years and over may rise, but if
the lower earning 16-to-24 age group accounts for a greatly increased share of the
total, the overall median could actually fall. (2) there could be a large change in the
shape of the distribution of reported earnings, particularly near a quantile boundary.
This change could be caused by survey observations that are clustered at rounded values,
such as $400 or $500. An estimate lying in a $50-wide centered interval containing such
a cluster or "spike" tends to change more slowly than one in other intervals.

   Constant dollars. The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) is used
to convert current dollars to constant (1982-84) dollars.

   Wage and salary workers. These are workers who receive wages, salaries, commissions,
tips, payment in kind, or piece rates. The group includes employees in both the private
and public sectors but, for the purposes of the earnings series, it excludes all self-
employed persons, both those with incorporated businesses and those with unincorporated
businesses.

   Full-time workers. For the purpose of producing estimates of earnings, workers who
usually work 35 hours or more per week at their sole or principal job are defined as
working full time.

   Part-time workers. For the purpose of producing estimates of earnings, workers who
usually work fewer than 35 hours per week at their sole or principal job are defined as
working part time.

   Race. In the survey process, race is determined by the household respondent. In
accordance with the Office of Management and Budget guidelines, white, black or African
American, Asian, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific 
Islanders are terms used to describe a person’s race. Estimates for the latter two race
groups and persons who selected more than one race are not included in this release due
to insufficient sample size.

   Hispanic or Latino ethnicity. This refers to people who identified themselves in the
survey process as being of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin. People whose ethnicity
is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.

Reliability

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a
sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample
estimates may differ from the true population values they represent. The component of
this difference that occurs because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error,
and its variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a
90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence. 

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur for
many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, inability
to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of
respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   Additional information about the reliability of data from the CPS is available on the
BLS website at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and other measures
of labor market activity undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These recurring
events include seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening and closing
of schools. The effect of such seasonal variations can be very large.

   Because seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year, their
influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular seasonal
variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments easier to spot. The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes
in quarter-to-quarter activity.

   At the end of each calendar year, the seasonally adjusted data are revised for the past
5 years when the seasonal adjustment factors are updated. More information on seasonal
adjustment is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#sa.




Table 1. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by sex, quarterly averages, seasonally adjusted
Year and quarter Number of workers
(in thousands)
Median weekly earnings
Total Men Women In current dollars In constant (1982-84) dollars
Total
$
Men
$
Women
$
Total
$
Men
$
Women
$

2004

4th Quarter

101,658 57,289 44,369 646 720 577 337 376 302

2005

1st Quarter

102,091 57,710 44,381 647 723 580 336 376 302

2nd Quarter

103,201 58,099 45,101 647 714 584 334 369 301

3rd Quarter

104,310 58,843 45,467 651 723 588 331 368 299

4th Quarter

104,605 58,967 45,638 658 730 588 332 368 296

2006

1st Quarter

104,708 58,960 45,748 662 737 594 332 370 298

2nd Quarter

105,798 59,831 45,966 663 732 597 329 364 296

3rd Quarter

107,041 60,060 46,981 678 755 603 334 372 297

4th Quarter

106,847 60,140 46,707 681 748 607 337 370 300

2007

1st Quarter

107,176 60,105 47,070 687 752 610 336 368 298

2nd Quarter

106,827 60,351 46,476 693 765 610 335 370 295

3rd Quarter

107,156 60,216 46,940 698 774 621 336 372 298

4th Quarter

108,178 60,508 47,670 700 774 615 332 368 292

2008

1st Quarter

107,786 60,378 47,408 713 783 633 335 368 298

2nd Quarter

107,046 59,586 47,460 722 802 636 335 372 295

3rd Quarter

106,136 59,273 46,863 724 802 637 331 367 291

4th Quarter

105,617 58,511 47,106 727 806 647 340 377 302

2009

1st Quarter

101,683 56,302 45,381 732 815 645 344 383 304

2nd Quarter

99,996 55,233 44,763 737 818 652 345 383 305

3rd Quarter

99,050 54,481 44,569 742 820 664 345 381 309

4th Quarter

98,555 54,410 44,145 747 823 666 344 379 307

2010

1st Quarter

98,151 54,104 44,047 748 836 662 344 384 304

2nd Quarter

99,616 55,042 44,574 743 813 670 342 374 309

3rd Quarter

100,407 55,613 44,793 745 822 670 342 377 307

4th Quarter

99,939 55,469 44,470 750 826 676 341 376 308

2011

1st Quarter

99,691 55,339 44,352 750 821 679 338 370 306

2nd Quarter

100,376 55,855 44,521 754 828 687 336 369 306

3rd Quarter

100,477 56,042 44,435 758 837 682 335 370 301

4th Quarter

101,287 56,646 44,641 761 838 686 335 369 302

2012

1st Quarter

102,194 57,114 45,080 765 841 693 335 369 304

2nd Quarter

102,543 57,113 45,430 772 867 686 337 379 300

3rd Quarter

102,615 57,216 45,399 764 838 693 332 364 301

4th Quarter

103,644 57,709 45,935 772 868 690 334 375 299

2013

1st Quarter

103,960 57,909 46,051 770 860 700 332 371 301

2nd Quarter

103,981 57,969 46,013 776 862 705 334 371 304

3rd Quarter

104,497 58,124 46,373 778 859 706 333 368 302

4th Quarter

104,620 57,988 46,632 782 862 712 334 368 304

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 2. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, quarterly averages, not seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of workers
(in thousands)
Median weekly earnings
4th
2012
4th
2013
In current dollars In constant (1982-84) dollars
4th
2012
4th
2013
4th
2012
4th
2013

SEX AND AGE

Total, 16 years and over

103,819 104,791 $775 $786 $336 $337

Men, 16 years and over

57,735 57,995 875 869 380 373

16 to 24 years

5,094 5,064 480 492 208 211

25 years and over

52,641 52,931 926 915 402 392

Women, 16 years and over

46,084 46,796 692 713 300 306

16 to 24 years

3,916 4,058 422 449 183 192

25 years and over

42,168 42,738 725 746 315 320

RACE, HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY, AND SEX

White

82,536 82,953 802 813 348 348

Men

46,876 46,927 895 896 388 384

Women

35,660 36,026 712 728 309 312

Black or African American

12,445 12,402 615 632 267 271

Men

5,841 5,846 680 646 295 277

Women

6,604 6,556 594 621 258 266

Asian

5,857 6,206 910 916 395 393

Men

3,385 3,419 1,051 1,019 456 437

Women

2,472 2,788 752 792 326 340

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16,217 16,949 571 576 248 247

Men

9,868 10,407 599 594 260 255

Women

6,349 6,542 519 531 225 228

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 3. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by age, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and sex, 4th quarter 2013 averages, not seasonally adjusted
Age, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity Total Men Women
Number of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Number of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings
Number of
workers
(in
thousands)
Median
weekly
earnings

TOTAL

16 years and over

104,791 $786 57,995 $869 46,796 $713

16 to 24 years

9,121 474 5,064 492 4,058 449

16 to 19 years

968 392 583 407 385 370

20 to 24 years

8,153 484 4,480 502 3,672 461

25 years and over

95,669 835 52,931 915 42,738 746

25 to 54 years

74,790 815 41,619 888 33,170 739

25 to 34 years

25,296 701 14,252 732 11,044 668

35 to 44 years

24,438 887 13,793 975 10,645 775

45 to 54 years

25,055 884 13,574 987 11,481 767

55 years and over

20,880 916 11,312 1,036 9,568 776

55 to 64 years

17,289 923 9,260 1,048 8,028 789

65 years and over

3,591 842 2,051 965 1,540 698

White

16 years and over

82,953 813 46,927 896 36,026 728

16 to 24 years

7,340 482 4,155 500 3,185 459

25 years and over

75,613 864 42,772 945 32,841 761

25 to 54 years

58,378 840 33,210 909 25,168 754

55 years and over

17,235 949 9,562 1,094 7,673 788

Black or African American

16 years and over

12,402 632 5,846 646 6,556 621

16 to 24 years

997 391 479 400 518 384

25 years and over

11,405 658 5,367 674 6,038 645

25 to 54 years

9,229 651 4,372 669 4,857 635

55 years and over

2,176 715 995 728 1,180 708

Asian

16 years and over

6,206 916 3,419 1,019 2,788 792

16 to 24 years

403 500 239 567 164 430

25 years and over

5,803 959 3,180 1,070 2,623 835

25 to 54 years

4,746 991 2,629 1,120 2,117 850

55 years and over

1,057 863 551 914 506 778

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16 years and over

16,949 576 10,407 594 6,542 531

16 to 24 years

2,103 419 1,289 431 814 407

25 years and over

14,845 602 9,118 618 5,728 574

25 to 54 years

12,886 598 7,917 611 4,968 575

55 years and over

1,960 638 1,201 698 759 542

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 4. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by occupation and sex, quarterly averages, not seasonally adjusted
Occupation and sex Number of workers
(in thousands)
Median weekly earnings
4th
2012
4th
2013
4th
2012
4th
2013

TOTAL

Management, professional, and related occupations

41,759 42,429 $1,124 $1,145

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

17,137 17,144 1,178 1,202

Professional and related occupations

24,622 25,284 1,067 1,108

Service occupations

14,643 14,969 476 489

Sales and office occupations

23,358 23,035 665 666

Sales and related occupations

9,699 9,401 694 713

Office and administrative support occupations

13,659 13,634 654 644

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

10,120 10,193 748 745

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

749 690 461 445

Construction and extraction occupations

5,238 5,193 747 762

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,133 4,311 806 790

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

13,939 14,164 620 619

Production occupations

7,656 7,535 619 617

Transportation and material moving occupations

6,283 6,629 620 621

Men

Management, professional, and related occupations

20,436 20,451 1,340 1,367

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

9,267 9,259 1,366 1,391

Professional and related occupations

11,168 11,192 1,309 1,354

Service occupations

7,086 7,476 550 546

Sales and office occupations

9,338 9,162 801 766

Sales and related occupations

5,672 5,413 838 833

Office and administrative support occupations

3,665 3,750 749 691

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

9,713 9,718 756 757

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

554 539 487 466

Construction and extraction occupations

5,133 5,101 749 765

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,025 4,079 805 796

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

11,162 11,186 676 676

Production occupations

5,686 5,514 692 700

Transportation and material moving occupations

5,476 5,672 655 647

Women

Management, professional, and related occupations

21,323 21,977 953 992

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

7,869 7,885 986 1,054

Professional and related occupations

13,454 14,092 931 963

Service occupations

7,556 7,493 420 452

Sales and office occupations

14,021 13,873 609 621

Sales and related occupations

4,026 3,988 505 585

Office and administrative support occupations

9,994 9,885 633 633

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

408 475 557 591

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

195 151 369 372

Construction and extraction occupations

105 92 670 620

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

108 232 865 667

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

2,777 2,978 487 498

Production occupations

1,971 2,021 497 494

Transportation and material moving occupations

806 957 444 510

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 5. Quartiles and selected deciles of usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, 4th quarter 2013 averages, not seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
workers
(in
thousands)
Upper limit of:
First decile First
quartile
Second
quartile
(median)
Third
quartile
Ninth
decile

SEX, RACE, AND HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Total, 16 years and over

104,791 $376 $514 $786 $1,250 $1,899

Men

57,995 394 560 869 1,404 2,102

Women

46,796 351 487 713 1,102 1,591

White

82,953 382 525 813 1,287 1,919

Men

46,927 401 581 896 1,437 2,207

Women

36,026 358 493 728 1,128 1,624

Black or African American

12,402 331 450 632 953 1,430

Men

5,846 344 466 646 974 1,532

Women

6,556 324 436 621 920 1,347

Asian

6,206 390 558 916 1,526 2,154

Men

3,419 401 612 1,019 1,703 2,308

Women

2,788 380 515 792 1,270 1,883

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16,949 320 402 576 868 1,354

Men

10,407 335 416 594 898 1,437

Women

6,542 303 379 531 805 1,255

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

Total, 25 years and over

95,669 393 553 835 1,317 1,924

Less than a high school diploma

6,869 291 355 468 633 902

High school graduates, no college(1)

25,064 365 479 648 936 1,310

Some college or associate degree

26,514 396 531 752 1,103 1,546

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

37,222 585 824 1,219 1,813 2,676

Bachelor's degree only

23,705 541 756 1,131 1,653 2,365

Advanced degree

13,517 691 957 1,394 2,018 3,068

Men, 25 years and over

52,931 414 597 915 1,467 2,208

Less than a high school diploma

4,733 305 384 499 697 968

High school graduates, no college(1)

14,947 397 516 732 1,031 1,447

Some college or associate degree

13,764 422 602 858 1,236 1,757

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

19,487 623 925 1,433 2,024 2,921

Bachelor's degree only

12,599 591 854 1,313 1,893 2,725

Advanced degree

6,888 759 1,138 1,648 2,401 3,469

Women, 25 years and over

42,738 369 508 746 1,145 1,651

Less than a high school diploma

2,136 276 318 390 515 692

High school graduates, no college(1)

10,117 324 419 564 774 1,094

Some college or associate degree

12,750 371 494 666 944 1,316

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

17,735 546 746 1,051 1,478 2,113

Bachelor's degree only

11,106 501 684 977 1,396 1,918

Advanced degree

6,629 650 878 1,170 1,647 2,417

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Ten percent of all full-time wage and salary workers earn less than the upper limit of the first decile; 25 percent earn less than the upper limit of the first quartile; 50 percent earn less than the upper limit of the second quartile, or median; 75 percent earn less than the upper limit of the third quartile; and 90 percent earn less than the upper limit of the ninth decile. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 6. Median usual weekly earnings of part-time wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, quarterly averages, not seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of workers
(in thousands)
Median weekly earnings
4th
2012
4th
2013
4th
2012
4th
2013

SEX AND AGE

Total, 16 years and over

24,604 24,726 $235 $234

Men, 16 years and over

8,573 8,847 225 223

16 to 24 years

3,698 3,746 173 182

25 years and over

4,874 5,102 273 270

Women, 16 years and over

16,031 15,879 241 240

16 to 24 years

4,616 4,735 168 177

25 years and over

11,415 11,144 281 271

RACE, HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY, AND SEX

White

19,884 19,893 236 236

Men

6,871 7,006 224 229

Women

13,013 12,887 243 240

Black or African American

2,760 2,932 225 223

Men

1,023 1,162 231 207

Women

1,737 1,770 221 237

Asian

1,116 1,124 263 247

Men

366 421 232 227

Women

750 703 281 256

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

3,953 3,992 234 229

Men

1,589 1,586 231 237

Women

2,365 2,406 236 225

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 7. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, annual averages
Characteristic Number of workers
(in thousands)
Median weekly earnings
2012 2013 In current dollars In constant (1982-84) dollars
2012 2013 2012 2013

SEX AND AGE

Total, 16 years and over

102,749 104,262 $768 $776 $335 $333

Men, 16 years and over

57,286 57,994 854 860 372 369

16 to 24 years

5,164 5,207 468 479 204 206

25 years and over

52,122 52,787 910 912 396 391

Women, 16 years and over

45,462 46,268 691 706 301 303

16 to 24 years

3,866 4,041 416 423 181 182

25 years and over

41,597 42,228 727 740 317 318

RACE, HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY, AND SEX

White

81,779 82,672 792 802 345 344

Men

46,672 47,053 879 884 383 380

Women

35,108 35,619 710 722 309 310

Black or African American

12,230 12,439 621 629 271 270

Men

5,756 5,851 665 664 289 285

Women

6,474 6,588 599 606 261 260

Asian

5,790 6,073 920 942 401 404

Men

3,231 3,376 1,055 1,059 459 455

Women

2,560 2,698 770 819 335 352

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

16,302 16,859 568 578 247 248

Men

9,887 10,325 592 594 258 255

Women

6,414 6,534 521 541 227 232

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 8. Median usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by occupation and sex, annual averages
Occupation and sex Number of workers
(in thousands)
Median weekly earnings
2012 2013 2012 2013

TOTAL

Management, professional, and related occupations

40,984 41,820 $1,108 $1,132

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

16,991 17,137 1,171 1,208

Professional and related occupations

23,993 24,683 1,053 1,071

Service occupations

14,839 15,052 485 493

Sales and office occupations

23,115 23,120 655 659

Sales and related occupations

9,433 9,376 689 708

Office and administrative support occupations

13,683 13,744 643 638

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

9,968 10,341 740 747

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

777 720 435 448

Construction and extraction occupations

5,102 5,353 740 732

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,088 4,268 808 821

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

13,842 13,930 624 621

Production occupations

7,427 7,307 627 623

Transportation and material moving occupations

6,415 6,623 621 619

Men

Management, professional, and related occupations

19,926 20,290 1,328 1,349

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

9,121 9,200 1,387 1,412

Professional and related occupations

10,804 11,089 1,267 1,295

Service occupations

7,511 7,597 543 555

Sales and office occupations

9,202 9,112 768 756

Sales and related occupations

5,428 5,371 838 835

Office and administrative support occupations

3,774 3,741 700 673

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

9,579 9,906 749 757

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

611 576 457 472

Construction and extraction occupations

5,004 5,242 741 736

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

3,963 4,089 809 824

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

11,069 11,090 675 674

Production occupations

5,497 5,382 695 697

Transportation and material moving occupations

5,572 5,707 650 645

Women

Management, professional, and related occupations

21,059 21,530 951 973

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

7,869 7,937 993 1,049

Professional and related occupations

13,189 13,594 928 944

Service occupations

7,328 7,456 435 452

Sales and office occupations

13,914 14,008 610 615

Sales and related occupations

4,005 4,005 521 566

Office and administrative support occupations

9,909 10,003 629 628

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

389 434 550 578

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

166 144 377 368

Construction and extraction occupations

98 112 723 654

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

125 179 757 710

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

2,773 2,840 493 498

Production occupations

1,930 1,925 496 498

Transportation and material moving occupations

843 916 487 497

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 9. Quartiles and selected deciles of usual weekly earnings of full-time wage and salary workers by selected characteristics, 2013 annual averages
Characteristic Number of
workers
(in
thousands)
Upper limit of:
First decile First
quartile
Second
quartile
(median)
Third
quartile
Ninth
decile

TOTAL

Total, 25 years and over

95,015 $392 $549 $827 $1,299 $1,917

Less than a high school diploma

6,956 293 358 472 635 906

High school graduates, no college(1)

25,043 361 478 651 937 1,322

Some college or associate degree

26,034 397 527 748 1,096 1,537

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

36,982 578 810 1,194 1,800 2,612

Bachelor's degree only

23,606 529 747 1,108 1,644 2,326

Advanced degree

13,376 680 947 1,389 2,011 2,983

Men

Total, 25 years and over

52,787 411 594 912 1,449 2,154

Less than a high school diploma

4,822 307 383 500 691 981

High school graduates, no college(1)

14,928 389 514 732 1,043 1,466

Some college or associate degree

13,688 427 597 858 1,240 1,752

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

19,349 619 913 1,395 2,014 2,979

Bachelor's degree only

12,478 589 840 1,266 1,887 2,776

Advanced degree

6,871 749 1,088 1,630 2,380 3,509

Women

Total, 25 years and over

42,228 371 507 740 1,131 1,646

Less than a high school diploma

2,133 276 320 400 524 703

High school graduates, no college(1)

10,115 328 421 573 769 1,066

Some college or associate degree

12,346 374 489 657 918 1,267

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

17,633 529 737 1,043 1,495 2,104

Bachelor's degree only

11,128 492 677 959 1,389 1,920

Advanced degree

6,505 635 870 1,188 1,686 2,321

White, total

Total, 25 years and over

75,308 400 572 853 1,334 1,975

Less than a high school diploma

5,619 296 363 479 655 927

High school graduates, no college(1)

19,924 375 492 680 972 1,361

Some college or associate degree

20,464 407 553 773 1,135 1,577

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

29,301 586 825 1,215 1,845 2,703

Bachelor's degree only

18,885 545 760 1,130 1,678 2,414

Advanced degree

10,417 688 953 1,400 2,044 3,019

White men

Total, 25 years and over

42,793 419 609 935 1,473 2,232

Less than a high school diploma

4,035 310 386 505 705 1,000

High school graduates, no college(1)

12,155 400 539 763 1,084 1,498

Some college or associate degree

11,022 443 617 893 1,282 1,804

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

15,581 635 929 1,416 2,086 3,024

Bachelor's degree only

10,209 601 860 1,317 1,904 2,884

Advanced degree

5,372 756 1,107 1,652 2,421 3,828

White women

Total, 25 years and over

32,515 379 517 755 1,141 1,662

Less than a high school diploma

1,583 277 325 401 525 700

High school graduates, no college(1)

7,770 336 435 587 789 1,093

Some college or associate degree

9,442 382 500 677 945 1,296

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

13,720 537 743 1,045 1,505 2,112

Bachelor's degree only

8,675 500 686 962 1,394 1,950

Advanced degree

5,045 638 875 1,193 1,688 2,311

Black or African American, total

Total, 25 years and over

11,321 348 468 662 1,000 1,501

Less than a high school diploma

723 280 317 423 563 763

High school graduates, no college(1)

3,422 319 409 551 755 1,065

Some college or associate degree

3,763 364 469 629 886 1,262

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

3,412 500 705 997 1,462 2,009

Bachelor's degree only

2,249 468 654 928 1,350 1,875

Advanced degree

1,163 610 835 1,165 1,599 2,424

Black or African American men

Total, 25 years and over

5,329 372 490 700 1,047 1,582

Less than a high school diploma

403 285 328 456 595 868

High school graduates, no college(1)

1,803 338 441 601 825 1,164

Some college or associate degree

1,677 393 498 680 979 1,428

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

1,446 524 736 1,045 1,572 2,143

Bachelor's degree only

993 506 702 964 1,486 1,959

Advanced degree

452 612 905 1,279 1,889 3,047

Black or African American women

Total, 25 years and over

5,992 333 445 631 957 1,397

Less than a high school diploma

320 269 308 391 521 715

High school graduates, no college(1)

1,619 307 384 508 673 942

Some college or associate degree

2,087 338 440 596 802 1,152

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

1,966 482 677 964 1,367 1,897

Bachelor's degree only

1,256 438 620 886 1,273 1,734

Advanced degree

711 608 799 1,116 1,485 2,260

Asian, total

Total, 25 years and over

5,702 404 595 976 1,579 2,280

Less than a high school diploma

339 280 340 433 590 768

High school graduates, no college(1)

942 337 431 596 876 1,176

Some college or associate degree

938 395 521 744 1,069 1,511

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

3,483 577 872 1,333 1,895 2,693

Bachelor's degree only

1,944 501 748 1,160 1,724 2,292

Advanced degree

1,539 725 1,033 1,541 2,115 2,998

Asian men

Total, 25 years and over

3,159 425 650 1,117 1,775 2,500

Less than a high school diploma

177 302 381 463 656 800

High school graduates, no college(1)

515 346 451 629 967 1,305

Some college or associate degree

518 429 585 835 1,193 1,669

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

1,949 607 968 1,491 2,047 2,908

Bachelor's degree only

1,019 529 845 1,332 1,884 2,624

Advanced degree

931 780 1,162 1,734 2,305 3,279

Asian women

Total, 25 years and over

2,543 385 538 856 1,357 1,905

Less than a high school diploma

163 254 309 405 521 736

High school graduates, no college(1)

427 324 417 551 748 1,084

Some college or associate degree

420 377 488 671 901 1,300

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

1,534 526 765 1,138 1,657 2,268

Bachelor's degree only

925 484 692 1,040 1,482 1,924

Advanced degree

608 643 915 1,287 1,881 2,521

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, total

Total, 25 years and over

14,764 327 415 604 919 1,417

Less than a high school diploma

4,051 291 349 438 593 807

High school graduates, no college(1)

4,533 334 419 591 820 1,151

Some college or associate degree

3,376 371 481 678 987 1,405

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

2,805 475 698 1,004 1,557 2,243

Bachelor's degree only

1,963 437 632 934 1,424 2,021

Advanced degree

842 615 856 1,266 1,846 2,521

Hispanic or Latino men

Total, 25 years and over

9,021 341 427 621 965 1,515

Less than a high school diploma

2,939 302 373 480 628 876

High school graduates, no college(1)

2,876 356 454 629 897 1,262

Some college or associate degree

1,776 388 508 749 1,131 1,540

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

1,430 508 756 1,184 1,797 2,500

Bachelor's degree only

1,002 474 698 1,059 1,669 2,287

Advanced degree

429 655 936 1,477 2,096 2,992

Hispanic or Latino women

Total, 25 years and over

5,743 310 397 578 851 1,260

Less than a high school diploma

1,112 275 314 378 493 617

High school graduates, no college(1)

1,657 309 389 513 710 934

Some college or associate degree

1,600 348 457 614 859 1,186

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

1,375 439 645 908 1,331 1,901

Bachelor's degree only

962 403 602 842 1,214 1,787

Advanced degree

413 597 790 1,045 1,545 2,114

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Ten percent of all full-time wage and salary workers earn less than the upper limit of the first decile; 25 percent earn less than the upper limit of the first quartile; 50 percent earn less than the upper limit of the second quartile, or median; 75 percent earn less than the upper limit of the third quartile; and 90 percent earn less than the upper limit of the ninth decile. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Last Modified Date: January 22, 2014