U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                      USDL-14-0035
8:30 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, January 14, 2014

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Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                         U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - DECEMBER 2013

U.S. import prices recorded no change in December, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, 
following declines of 0.9 percent in November and 0.6 percent in October. In December, higher fuel prices 
offset declining nonfuel prices. U.S. export prices advanced 0.4 percent in December, after edging up 0.1 
percent the previous month. 

Imports

All Imports: Import prices were unchanged in December, after falling 1.6 percent over the previous 2 
months. Decreasing fuel prices drove the overall declines in import prices in November and October. The 
price index for U.S. imports decreased 1.3 percent in 2013 following a 2.0 percent decline in 2012. Falling 
fuel and nonfuel prices contributed to the 2013 decline in overall import prices. 

Fuel Imports: The price index for import fuel increased 0.4 percent in December, after declining 4.3 
percent in November and 3.3 percent in October. The December upturn in fuel prices was led by a 15.8 
percent increase in natural gas prices that more than offset a 0.1 percent drop in petroleum prices. Fuel 
prices fell 1.7 percent in 2013 following a 7.9 percent decrease the previous year. The price indexes for both 
petroleum and natural gas fell in 2013, declining 1.5 percent and 3.7 percent, respectively. Natural gas 
prices fell over the past year despite rising 35.5 percent over the final quarter of 2013.  

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Nonfuel import prices edged down 0.1 percent in December, after recording 
no change in November. Lower prices for each of the major finished goods categories and nonfuel industrial 
supplies and materials contributed to the December drop in nonfuel import prices. Despite movement over 
the last 4 months of 2013, the price index for nonfuel imports declined 1.2 percent over the past year, after 
recording no change in 2012. 

Table A. Percent change in import and export price indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2012

December

-0.6 -2.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

2013

January

0.5 1.9 0.2 0.4 -1.2 0.5

February

0.9 3.6 0.1 0.7 2.0 0.6

March

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.5 -1.8 -0.3

April

-0.7 -2.4 -0.2 -0.6 -2.1 -0.5

May

-0.6 -1.7 -0.4 -0.5 1.1 -0.7

June

-0.4 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1 0.8 -0.2

July

0.1 1.7 -0.4 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2

August

0.4 2.6 -0.2 -0.5 -4.2 0.0

September

0.3 1.0 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.3

October

-0.6 (r)-3.3 0.1 -0.6 (r)-1.3 (r)-0.5

November

(r)-0.9 (r)-4.3 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.1

December

0.0 0.4 -0.1 0.4 0.4 0.3

Dec. 2011 to 2012

-2.0 -7.9 0.0 1.1 13.4 -0.3

Dec. 2012 to 2013

-1.3 -1.7 -1.2 -1.0 -6.3 -0.5

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: Export prices rose 0.4 percent in December following a 0.1 percent advance in November. 
Higher agricultural and nonagricultural prices contributed to the December increase in overall export prices. 
Despite rising in 3 of the past 4 months, the price index for U.S. exports fell 1.0 percent over the past year, 
after increasing 1.1 percent in 2012. 

Agricultural Exports: Agricultural prices advanced 0.4 percent in December, after declining 0.2 percent 
the previous month. The December increase was driven by a 4.5 percent rise in soybean prices that more 
than offset lower vegetable and wheat prices. The price index for agricultural exports fell 6.3 percent in 
2013 following a 13.4 percent increase the previous year. The 2013 drop was led by a 36.4 percent decline 
in corn prices, a 19.3 percent decrease in wheat prices, and an 8.9 percent fall in soybean prices. 

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: The price index for nonagricultural exports rose 0.3 percent in 
December following a 0.1 percent advance in November. The December increase was driven by higher 
nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials prices. Despite the recent upturn, prices for nonagricultural 
exports fell for the second consecutive year in 2013, declining 0.5 percent, after a 0.3 percent drop in 2012.


                                   SELECTED DECEMBER HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China were unchanged in December, after ticking up 
0.1 percent in November. Prices for imports from China declined for the second consecutive year in 2013, 
decreasing 0.8 percent following a 0.6 percent drop in 2012. The 2013 decline was the largest calendar-year 
decrease since the index fell 1.8 percent in 2009. The price index for imports from Japan declined 0.3 
percent in December and 3.4 percent over the past year. The 2013 drop was the largest calendar-year decline 
for the index since a 5.2 percent decrease in 1997. Prices for imports from the European Union and Mexico 
also decreased in December, each declining 0.2 percent. In contrast, import prices from Canada ticked up 
0.1 percent in December.   

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices fell 0.3 
percent in December, led by lower prices for gold and other precious metals. Lower metals prices also were 
the main contributor to a 5.0 percent drop in the price index for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
over the past year.  

Finished Goods: Each of the major finished goods categories recorded declines in both December and over 
2013. Prices for consumer goods declined 0.2 percent in December and 0.4 percent over the past year. 
Capital goods prices edged down 0.1 percent in December and fell 0.9 percent over the past 12 months. The 
price index for automotive vehicles decreased 0.1 percent in December and 1.4 percent in 2013. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Foods, feeds, and beverages prices rose 0.6 percent in December, and 4.1 
percent in 2013. The December increase was driven by higher vegetable and coffee prices.  

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares rose 7.1 percent in December, after a 3.4 percent 
advance in November and a 4.3 percent increase in October. The December increase was led by higher 
Asian and Latin American/Caribbean fares. Import air passenger fares advanced 8.2 percent in 2013. Import 
air freight prices fell 0.4 percent in December, while increasing 0.9 percent over the past year. 

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials 
prices rose 1.0 percent in December as a 4.3 percent increase in fuel prices more than offset lower prices for 
gold and other precious metals. Despite the December increase, the price index for nonagricultural industrial 
supplies and materials fell 1.6 percent in 2013. 

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mixed in December as the price indexes for capital goods and 
automotive vehicles fell 0.1 percent while consumer goods prices rose 0.1 percent. In 2013, capital goods 
prices and automotive vehicles prices increased 0.7 percent and 0.5 percent, respectively, while consumer 
goods prices declined 1.4 percent. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger prices increased 9.4 percent in December following 
declines in each of the 3 previous months. The index for export air passenger fares rose 4.1 percent in 2013, 
led by a 7.6 percent advance in Latin American/Caribbean fares. Export air freight prices declined 0.2 
percent in December and rose 0.3 percent in 2013. 


Import and Export Price Index data for January 2014 are scheduled for release on Friday, February 
14, 2014 at 8:30 a.m. (EST). 

Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: December 2012 to December 2013
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Nov.
2013(1)
Index Percent change
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Annual Monthly
Dec.
2012
to
Dec.
2013
Aug.
2013
to
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2013
to
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2013
to
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2013
to
Dec.
2013

All commodities

  100.000 137.6 137.6 -1.3 0.3 -0.6 -0.9 0.0

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  74.304 102.0 101.8 -1.5 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  80.365 115.0 115.0 -1.3 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  79.485 119.1 119.0 -1.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

5.181 175.0 176.0 4.1 0.6 0.6 -0.6 0.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

3.908 190.8 192.5 0.9 0.1 0.3 -0.5 0.9

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.273 139.1 138.4 15.0 2.3 1.7 -0.9 -0.5

Industrial supplies & materials

1

33.651 241.4 241.7 -3.0 0.8 -2.1 -2.7 0.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.015 158.4 159.1 -5.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.135 179.4 178.9 -5.0 0.6 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  7.745 167.6 166.8 -6.0 0.9 0.2 -0.1 -0.5

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.389 147.2 149.5 -4.1 -0.5 0.6 0.8 1.6

Fuels & lubricants

10

20.518 321.2 322.6 -1.7 1.0 -3.3 -4.3 0.4

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

19.637 358.0 357.8 -1.5 1.1 -3.6 -4.7 -0.1

Crude

10000

14.838 366.1 361.7 -3.3 1.4 -4.4 -6.1 -1.2

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.687 112.5 127.8 -4.1 -4.5 8.2 5.2 13.6

Gas-natural

10110

0.566 99.3 115.0 -3.7 -5.5 10.2 6.1 15.8

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.576 114.3 113.8 2.1 -0.1 1.1 -0.3 -0.4

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.913 168.9 168.9 -3.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0

Selected building materials

13

1.023 142.5 142.0 -1.1 1.0 0.3 0.4 -0.4

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.509 238.0 235.7 -10.7 1.9 -0.1 -0.3 -1.0

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.579 155.8 156.1 -3.5 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.535 112.4 112.3 -1.8 -0.7 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Capital goods

2

24.326 92.5 92.4 -0.9 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.040 119.3 119.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Nonelectrical machinery

21

19.391 85.2 85.1 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

1.895 136.1 136.1 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

12.285 113.4 113.3 -1.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

24.558 107.4 107.2 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.012 116.2 116.2 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Durables, manufactured

41

11.198 98.2 98.0 -1.7 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.348 117.0 117.0 1.5 0.0 0.8 -0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2011 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: December 2012 to December 2013
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Nov.
2013(1)
Index Percent change
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Annual Monthly
Dec.
2012
to
Dec.
2013
Aug.
2013
to
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2013
to
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2013
to
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2013
to
Dec.
2013

All commodities

  100.000 131.7 132.2 -1.0 0.4 -0.6 0.1 0.4

Agricultural commodities

  10.127 212.2 213.0 -6.3 0.6 -1.3 -0.2 0.4

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  81.326 101.8 101.7 -1.0 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  89.873 125.9 126.3 -0.5 0.3 -0.5 0.1 0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

9.407 212.3 213.4 -6.9 0.8 -1.3 -0.1 0.5

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.721 215.4 216.3 -7.5 0.8 -1.5 -0.1 0.4

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.686 187.2 189.3 0.7 1.4 1.8 -0.2 1.1

Industrial supplies & materials

1

33.790 176.3 178.0 -1.4 0.8 -1.2 0.1 1.0

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  11.695 172.3 171.0 -8.1 1.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.8

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  22.096 179.3 182.7 2.4 0.6 -2.0 0.2 1.9

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.406 199.5 199.3 1.5 -0.4 -0.4 -0.9 -0.1

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  32.384 175.6 177.4 -1.6 0.9 -1.3 0.1 1.0

Fuels & lubricants

11

9.267 253.8 264.7 4.3 1.1 -4.3 1.5 4.3

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

22.048 165.5 165.0 -4.3 0.8 -0.1 -0.5 -0.3

Selected building materials

13

1.069 125.9 126.3 7.1 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3

Capital goods

2

35.761 106.5 106.4 0.7 0.0 -0.2 0.2 -0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.523 114.6 114.6 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.0

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.985 95.4 95.3 0.4 0.0 -0.2 0.2 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

6.253 151.9 152.0 2.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

9.048 113.6 113.5 0.5 -0.1 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

11.994 114.7 114.8 -1.4 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.492 114.3 114.0 -1.4 -0.1 0.2 0.2 -0.3

Durables, manufactured

41

5.122 111.5 111.6 -2.0 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2011 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: December 2012 to December 2013
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Nov.
2013(1)
Index Percent change
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Annual Monthly
Dec.
2012
to
Dec.
2013
Aug.
2013
to
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2013
to
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2013
to
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2013
to
Dec.
2013

Nonmanufactured articles

  17.953 159.4 159.4 -1.6 1.4 -3.1 -5.0 0.0

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.837 171.3 174.2 5.3 0.1 1.3 -1.4 1.7

Crop production

111

1.285 175.8 180.7 5.8 0.1 1.8 -2.3 2.8

Forestry and logging (Dec. 2012=100)

113

0.184 93.5 91.5 -8.5 -0.2 -0.6 0.2 -2.1

Mining

21

16.116 157.8 157.5 -2.4 1.5 -3.6 -5.4 -0.2

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.318 129.9 130.0 -6.7 -0.2 -0.2 0.3 0.1

Manufactured articles

  81.573 115.9 115.9 -1.2 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

10.694 124.0 123.9 0.2 0.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Food manufacturing

311

2.939 156.3 155.8 0.5 1.5 -0.4 -0.6 -0.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.896 114.6 114.5 2.2 0.4 0.4 0.3 -0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.393 101.1 101.5 -0.8 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.4

Textile product mills

314

0.792 114.5 114.2 -1.5 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.3

Apparel manufacturing

315

3.987 110.3 110.5 -0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.687 121.8 121.8 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

17.957 136.0 136.9 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.7

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.610 122.2 121.5 -1.5 1.7 0.4 0.7 -0.6

Paper manufacturing

322

1.055 111.2 111.1 0.9 -0.1 0.5 0.0 -0.1

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.207 159.7 164.4 2.4 -0.8 -1.8 -0.3 2.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.208 133.8 133.9 -0.7 -0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

1.941 124.3 124.5 -2.4 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.852 130.0 129.9 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

52.922 108.0 107.8 -1.8 0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.097 156.2 155.1 -10.4 1.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.7

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.654 126.3 125.7 -3.4 -0.1 -0.5 0.2 -0.5

Machinery manufacturing

333

6.689 121.2 121.0 -0.8 0.0 0.1 0.2 -0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

16.149 80.6 80.4 -1.7 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.057 119.0 119.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

13.087 111.7 111.7 -0.6 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.275 114.6 114.6 0.7 0.2 0.5 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

4.915 121.1 120.9 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2011 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: December 2012 to December 2013
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Nov.
2013(1)
Index Percent change
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Annual Monthly
Dec.
2012
to
Dec.
2013
Aug.
2013
to
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2013
to
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2013
to
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2013
to
Dec.
2013

Nonmanufactured articles

  7.379 158.4 160.0 -8.8 1.6 -1.1 -0.3 1.0

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

5.344 193.0 193.6 -10.8 1.7 -2.2 -0.6 0.3

Crop production

111

4.894 199.0 199.4 -12.0 1.6 -2.4 -0.7 0.2

Mining

21

2.035 88.7 91.2 -3.5 1.2 1.8 0.3 2.8

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.377 101.2 101.1 -7.2 0.1 0.7 -0.1 -0.1

Manufactured articles

  90.238 120.1 120.5 -0.2 0.3 -0.6 0.1 0.3

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

7.059 150.5 151.2 -0.7 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.5

Food manufacturing

311

4.961 172.6 173.7 -0.9 -0.2 0.1 -0.6 0.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.566 124.9 123.9 -1.8 -0.4 -1.6 1.7 -0.8

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

26.631 132.7 134.4 1.7 0.5 -1.7 0.4 1.3

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.443 122.6 122.3 7.9 0.8 1.2 0.2 -0.2

Paper manufacturing

322

1.858 122.7 122.8 3.3 0.4 0.0 0.5 0.1

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

7.075 165.0 173.5 7.4 1.4 -5.7 2.2 5.2

Chemical manufacturing

325

14.200 129.1 129.0 -1.2 0.1 -0.2 -0.5 -0.1

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.256 120.3 120.1 0.7 0.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.799 112.0 112.0 1.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

56.549 112.2 112.1 -1.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.673 150.0 147.4 -14.6 2.5 -0.4 -0.6 -1.7

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.781 131.2 132.0 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.6

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.843 122.9 122.9 1.5 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.260 88.2 88.0 -1.1 -0.2 -0.5 0.2 -0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.335 113.5 113.4 0.4 -0.3 0.0 -0.5 -0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

14.348 118.2 118.2 1.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.325 107.6 107.6 2.7 -0.3 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

4.986 121.3 121.6 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2011 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: December 2012 to December 2013
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Nov.
2013(1)
Index Percent change
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Annual Monthly
Dec.
2012
to
Dec.
2013
Aug.
2013
to
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2013
to
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2013
to
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2013
to
Dec.
2013

Live animals; animal products

I

1.230 188.3 187.8 15.1 1.5 1.6 -0.8 -0.3

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.259 221.1 222.3 2.3 -2.2 1.3 -1.3 0.5

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.702 143.3 142.4 25.9 3.1 2.1 -1.5 -0.6

Vegetable products

II

1.560 197.2 202.4 -1.7 1.1 -0.7 -1.7 2.6

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.393 376.4 392.8 12.3 6.1 3.0 -2.6 4.4

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.414 109.9 112.0 2.9 0.5 -2.9 -0.6 1.9

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.342 217.8 226.0 -2.7 -1.7 -1.2 -2.2 3.8

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.253 116.1 118.8 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3 2.3

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.470 159.4 158.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.1 -0.6

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.191 89.0 87.1 -12.9 -1.1 -0.4 -0.3 -2.1

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.231 101.4 100.5 9.0 0.3 1.6 -0.6 -0.9

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.242 130.7 130.6 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.322 165.9 161.6 -2.8 0.1 0.1 0.4 -2.6

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

0.884 125.2 125.4 2.5 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Mineral products

V

20.436 322.9 323.6 -2.1 0.8 -3.4 -4.5 0.2

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

20.157 319.7 320.5 -2.0 0.8 -3.4 -4.5 0.3

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.645 148.5 148.7 -1.6 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.714 311.8 308.3 -20.0 -1.7 -0.4 0.4 -1.1

Organic chemicals

29

2.650 135.3 136.5 -2.4 0.4 0.0 0.1 0.9

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.479 125.9 125.8 5.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.345 107.3 108.2 -17.2 -3.4 -1.2 1.2 0.8

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.167 94.3 94.1 1.1 0.4 -0.7 0.2 -0.2

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.475 98.7 98.7 -3.8 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.192 149.1 148.6 -2.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

1.995 147.9 147.5 1.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.197 152.5 152.0 -7.7 -1.3 -0.5 0.1 -0.3

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.608 126.1 126.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.1

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.564 127.5 127.7 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.4 0.2

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.646 148.4 147.4 -1.4 1.8 0.3 0.8 -0.7

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.158 114.4 114.1 0.9 -0.1 0.5 0.0 -0.3

Pulp wood, waste paper, and paperboard (Dec. 2011=100)

47

0.185 105.3 105.2 7.9 -0.8 2.5 0.0 -0.1

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.769 108.0 107.7 -0.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.025 113.8 113.8 -0.6 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

1.960 102.8 102.8 -1.9 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.869 118.3 118.5 1.2 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.2

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.555 107.6 107.2 -1.3 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.4

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.384 121.1 121.1 0.5 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.185 120.1 120.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.785 133.0 133.0 1.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2001=100)

68

0.252 126.1 125.9 1.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Ceramic products

69

0.245 140.9 141.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.288 129.9 129.8 2.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 -0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.048 181.7 178.3 -13.4 2.2 -0.2 -0.7 -1.9

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.003 179.8 180.1 -1.9 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.2

Iron and steel

72

1.154 215.9 218.2 0.0 -0.7 0.7 0.4 1.1

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.490 153.3 153.7 -2.5 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.467 333.3 333.9 -6.0 3.6 1.1 -0.6 0.2

Nickel and articles thereof (Dec. 2009=100)

75

0.130 87.4 85.8 -11.8 2.1 -1.3 1.4 -1.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.677 136.0 134.4 -2.3 0.4 0.1 0.1 -1.2

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.393 129.8 129.8 1.4 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.437 135.5 135.5 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

26.699 84.6 84.5 -1.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

13.863 89.5 89.3 -0.9 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

12.836 79.9 79.8 -2.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

10.857 116.0 116.0 -0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.898 114.7 114.7 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

0.885 120.3 120.3 0.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.412 104.4 104.4 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.094 101.2 101.2 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.258 142.1 141.7 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.5 -0.3

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

3.525 113.3 113.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.0 -0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

1.970 117.3 117.0 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.0 -0.3

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.357 105.4 105.5 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.198 138.6 138.7 2.4 -0.4 0.0 0.1 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2011 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: December 2012 to December 2013
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Nov.
2013(1)
Index Percent change
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Annual Monthly
Dec.
2012
to
Dec.
2013
Aug.
2013
to
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2013
to
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2013
to
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2013
to
Dec.
2013

Live animals; animal products

I

2.147 224.1 226.7 1.2 1.4 1.0 1.0 1.2

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.190 167.3 168.5 0.0 0.8 -1.1 0.7 0.7

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.400 198.6 204.3 0.7 2.5 2.5 -0.4 2.9

Vegetable products

II

4.918 244.6 244.2 -12.2 1.3 -2.5 0.5 -0.2

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

1.141 176.5 174.2 12.0 -1.4 4.1 7.4 -1.3

Cereals

10

1.695 246.4 244.7 -27.2 -1.9 -4.5 -2.3 -0.7

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.550 260.9 271.1 -8.3 6.7 -4.7 -2.8 3.9

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.268 116.3 116.4 -11.8 -2.5 -0.8 -4.2 0.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

3.006 165.3 166.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.6 -0.4 0.5

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.335 112.6 112.5 1.0 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.613 113.0 112.5 2.1 0.3 -0.3 0.2 -0.4

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.736 261.3 266.6 -4.3 -0.5 -1.7 -1.5 2.0

Mineral products

V

9.215 297.5 309.0 4.0 1.3 -4.2 1.8 3.9

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.454 92.2 90.9 -9.1 3.3 1.6 0.8 -1.4

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.577 294.8 307.2 4.8 1.3 -4.6 1.9 4.2

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

11.381 151.0 151.1 -2.1 -0.1 -0.5 -0.5 0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.996 177.4 176.6 -4.3 -1.3 -1.1 -0.6 -0.5

Organic chemicals

29

3.185 160.4 160.6 -3.4 0.6 -2.3 -0.9 0.1

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.681 121.3 120.9 -3.0 -0.2 0.2 0.4 -0.3

Fertilizers (Dec. 2012=100)

31

0.319 79.7 81.0 -19.0 -3.8 -2.4 -7.3 1.6

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.717 135.5 136.1 -0.3 -0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.461 121.4 121.4 -1.1 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.781 154.1 155.6 2.6 0.1 0.2 -0.5 1.0

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.333 149.7 149.6 1.4 0.3 0.7 -0.2 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.343 144.1 144.0 3.7 0.5 1.0 -0.4 -0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.990 173.8 174.0 -7.3 -0.2 -1.0 0.8 0.1

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.407 145.7 148.3 8.6 -1.8 2.7 -0.1 1.8

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.608 117.0 116.2 5.6 0.5 0.9 0.4 -0.7

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.312 123.1 122.4 4.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 -0.6

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.625 128.4 126.4 6.2 0.4 1.0 0.8 -1.6

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.226 120.8 120.7 3.2 0.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

Printed material

49

0.461 133.0 132.4 5.2 0.0 0.8 0.0 -0.5

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.854 131.0 130.8 3.8 0.6 -0.3 -0.8 -0.2

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.523 144.8 143.6 8.5 2.0 -0.2 -2.7 -0.8

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.770 118.6 118.6 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.393 97.5 97.5 -1.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.664 244.6 240.1 -16.0 2.9 -0.9 -0.6 -1.8

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.321 165.2 165.1 -4.0 0.1 0.6 0.0 -0.1

Iron and steel

72

1.480 186.7 187.2 -7.2 0.4 1.2 0.5 0.3

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.323 168.0 169.1 -1.2 -0.7 0.8 -0.8 0.7

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.604 236.9 233.8 -7.9 1.3 1.2 -0.3 -1.3

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.836 121.1 119.9 -4.8 -0.3 -0.5 0.3 -1.0

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.412 134.2 134.2 0.8 0.1 0.8 0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.329 147.3 147.2 1.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.170 97.0 97.0 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.946 111.8 111.7 1.1 0.1 -0.1 0.4 -0.1

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.224 81.1 81.0 -1.2 -0.2 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

12.165 128.5 128.5 1.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.251 114.3 114.2 1.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 -0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

5.961 107.2 107.2 0.8 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.344 109.8 109.8 -1.2 -0.5 0.0 -0.5 0.0

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.731 121.3 121.3 -0.2 -0.9 0.6 -0.7 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.504 88.5 88.5 -2.6 0.1 -0.8 -0.2 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2011 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: December 2012 to December 2013
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Nov.
2013(1)
Index Percent change
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Annual Monthly
Dec.
2012
to
Dec.
2013
Aug.
2013
to
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2013
to
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2013
to
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2013
to
Dec.
2013

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 130.1 130.0 -0.8 0.1 -0.7 -0.8 -0.1

Nonmanufactured articles

11.049 213.9 214.7 -0.3 -1.8 -5.6 -7.9 0.4

Manufactured articles

88.331 123.2 123.0 -1.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Other Countries(3)

100.000 137.4 137.4 -1.0 0.3 -0.6 -0.9 0.0

Nonmanufactured articles

21.931 335.4 334.0 -2.7 2.1 -2.8 -3.9 -0.4

Manufactured articles

77.730 109.9 110.0 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1

Canada

100.000 147.0 147.1 -1.5 -0.3 -2.3 -2.3 0.1

Nonmanufactured articles

28.239 204.7 205.5 0.4 -2.0 -5.7 -8.0 0.4

Manufactured articles

70.678 135.6 135.4 -2.4 0.4 -0.7 0.1 -0.1

European Union(4)

100.000 136.7 136.4 1.9 0.3 0.5 0.2 -0.2

Nonmanufactured articles

1.032 359.4 356.5 -3.6 1.5 -3.4 0.3 -0.8

Manufactured articles

98.968 133.0 132.7 2.0 0.3 0.6 0.2 -0.2

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.5 122.5 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.0

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.5 117.3 2.4 0.3 0.9 0.2 -0.2

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 129.3 129.1 -2.6 0.7 0.2 0.4 -0.2

Latin America(5)

100.000 171.0 171.1 -1.7 0.3 -1.0 -1.7 0.1

Nonmanufactured articles

31.171 354.6 354.9 -1.6 1.1 -3.4 -4.8 0.1

Manufactured articles

68.456 130.9 130.9 -1.7 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 140.9 140.6 -1.5 0.0 -1.0 -1.1 -0.2

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

17.984 186.2 186.5 -2.2 1.0 -4.3 -6.1 0.2

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

81.708 93.2 93.0 -1.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 103.1 103.0 -1.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 103.7 103.7 -0.8 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Japan

100.000 99.6 99.3 -3.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 90.9 89.9 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 0.3 -1.1

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 104.7 104.6 0.4 0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 256.2 255.0 -5.8 0.5 -2.2 -2.0 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2011 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: December 2012 to December 2013
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Nov.
2013(1)
Index Percent change
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Annual Monthly
Dec.
2012
to
Dec.
2013
Aug.
2013
to
Sept.
2013
Sept.
2013
to
Oct.
2013
Oct.
2013
to
Nov.
2013
Nov.
2013
to
Dec.
2013

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 178.1 177.3 0.9 0.6 0.9 2.2 -0.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.380 180.8 179.4 10.6 2.3 1.0 7.2 -0.8

Asia

72.403 154.3 153.8 -1.9 0.1 0.8 0.8 -0.3

Export Air Freight

100.000 147.7 147.4 0.3 0.8 0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

35.804 132.5 132.2 2.0 0.5 0.5 -0.5 -0.2

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 165.5 164.9 -1.6 0.6 0.8 1.7 -0.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

22.876 157.8 156.9 5.2 1.8 0.9 4.5 -0.6

Asia

66.682 148.6 148.1 -4.0 0.3 0.9 0.9 -0.3

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 146.8 146.9 -0.7 0.1 0.3 0.4 0.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

28.437 163.9 163.9 1.4 0.3 0.4 1.8 0.0

Asia

52.050 139.3 139.6 -1.4 -0.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 196.1 210.1 8.2 0.0 4.3 3.4 7.1

Europe

43.882 223.9 218.4 5.4 4.7 3.5 2.4 -2.5

Asia

23.792 149.4 172.7 0.8 -6.5 2.3 -0.1 15.6

Latin America/Caribbean

9.014 170.6 187.6 1.4 -6.3 1.2 3.9 10.0

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 177.3 194.0 4.1 -10.3 -2.8 -1.7 9.4

Europe

29.711 221.4 217.8 0.7 -10.4 -3.5 2.4 -1.6

Asia

27.729 148.7 163.6 -9.2 -23.4 -3.7 -0.5 10.0

Latin America/Caribbean

22.747 191.9 214.4 7.6 -8.1 4.9 -1.8 11.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2011 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                            TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a two-year lag in 
the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More detailed index series 
and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) 
include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The NAICS 
classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price Index) to 
produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- Starting in September 2008 the Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service.  These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites.  Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally.  Starting in January 2008 the Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those 
sold by consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the Import Air Passenger Fares Index and 
excluded from the Export Air Passenger Fares Index. The Air Freight Indexes are calculated from data 
collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service 
being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground 
transportation or port service. The Air Freight Indexes are presented using two definitions: Balance of 
Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and International (which 
represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed 
information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP 
Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further 
data revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes news release is available through an 
e-mail subscription service at (http://www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm).

Additional Information -- More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at (http://www.bls.gov/mxp). For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For Import/Export Price Index data requests, send e-mail to 
(mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice 
phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: January 14, 2014