Consumer Price Index News Release

 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
 8:30 a.m. (EDT) May 17, 2016                   USDL-16-0986

 Technical information: (202) 691-7000   Reed.Steve@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/cpi
 Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902   PressOffice@bls.gov 

 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – APRIL 2016

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.4 percent
 in April on a seasonally adjusted basis, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
 reported today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index rose 1.1 percent
 before seasonal adjustment.

 The seasonally adjusted all items increase was broad-based, with the indexes
 for food, energy, and all items less food and energy all rising in April. The
 food index rose 0.2 percent after declining in March, with the food at home
 index increasing slightly. The index for energy increased 3.4 percent, with the
 gasoline index rising 8.1 percent, and the indexes for fuel oil and natural gas
 also advancing.

 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in April.
 The shelter index rose 0.3 percent, as did the index for medical care, and the
 indexes for motor vehicle insurance, airline fares, recreation, and education
 increased as well. Several other component indexes increased slightly, including
 those for alcoholic beverages, tobacco, and personal care. In contrast, the
 indexes for household furnishings and operations, apparel, new vehicles, used
 cars and trucks, and communication all declined. 

 The all items index rose 1.1 percent for the 12 months ending April, a larger
 increase than the 0.9-percent increase for the 12 months ending March. The index
 for all items less food and energy rose 2.1 percent over the last 12 months,
 compared to a 2.2-percent rise for the 12 months ending March. The food index
 has risen 0.9 percent over the last 12 months, and the energy index has declined
 8.9 percent.

 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.   ended 
                              2015  2015  2015  2016  2016  2016  2016   Apr.  
                                                                         2016  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .2    .1   -.1    .0   -.2    .1    .4      1.1
  Food......................    .1   -.1   -.2    .0    .2   -.2    .2       .9
   Food at home.............    .0   -.3   -.4   -.2    .2   -.5    .1      -.3
   Food away from home (1)..    .2    .2    .1    .3    .1    .2    .2      2.7
  Energy....................    .4    .3  -2.8  -2.8  -6.0    .9   3.4     -8.9
   Energy commodities.......    .9    .7  -4.8  -4.8 -12.5   1.9   7.8    -14.2
    Gasoline (all types)....    .9    .8  -4.8  -4.8 -13.0   2.2   8.1    -13.8
    Fuel oil (1)............  -1.1  -1.3  -7.8  -6.5  -2.9   1.7   1.9    -27.5
   Energy services..........   -.1   -.2   -.7   -.7    .1    .2   -.1     -3.1
    Electricity.............    .1    .2   -.4   -.7   -.2    .4   -.3     -2.1
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   -.9  -1.7  -1.9   -.6   1.0   -.7    .6     -6.5
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .2    .2    .2    .3    .3    .1    .2      2.1
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....   -.1   -.1   -.1    .2    .3   -.2   -.1      -.5
    New vehicles............   -.1    .0    .0    .3    .2    .0   -.3       .0
    Used cars and trucks....   -.1    .1    .2    .1    .2   -.1   -.3     -1.5
    Apparel.................   -.5   -.1   -.2    .6   1.6  -1.1   -.3      -.6
    Medical care commodities    .2    .2    .1    .4    .6    .3    .5      2.7
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .3    .2    .3    .3    .2    .3      3.0
    Shelter.................    .3    .2    .2    .3    .3    .2    .3      3.2
    Transportation services     .1    .5    .3    .4    .2    .2    .7      3.3
    Medical care services...    .7    .3    .1    .5    .5    .1    .3      3.1

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.  

 
 Consumer Price Index Data for April 2016

 Food

 The food index rose 0.2 percent in April after falling 0.2 percent in March.
 The food at home index increased 0.1 percent after declining 0.5 percent the
 prior month. Major grocery store food group indexes were mixed in April, with
 four increases and two declines, and generally small changes.  The largest of
 the increases belonged to the other food at home group, which rose 0.5 percent.
 The index for dairy and related products, which fell in March, rose 0.4 percent
 in April. The indexes for cereals and bakery products and for nonalcoholic
 beverages both increased 0.3 percent.

 The index for fruits and vegetables, however, declined for the second straight
 month, falling 0.5 percent as both the fresh fruits and fresh vegetables indexes
 decreased. The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs fell 0.1 percent, as a
 6.3 percent decline in the index for eggs more than offset increases in the
 indexes for meats, poultry, and fish. The food at home index has declined 0.3
 percent over the past year, with the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs
 falling 3.1 percent. The index for food away from home advanced 0.2 percent in
 April and has risen 2.7 percent over the last 12 months.   


 Energy

 The energy index rose 3.4 percent in April; this followed a 0.9 percent increase
 in March and was its largest increase since February 2013. Most of the rise was
 due to the gasoline index, which increased 8.1 percent in April. (Before
 seasonal adjustment, gasoline prices increased 9.1 percent in April.) The fuel
 oil index also increased, rising 1.9 percent in April. The index for natural gas,
 which declined in March, advanced 0.6 percent in April. The electricity index,
 however, declined in April, falling 0.3 percent after rising in March. Despite
 the monthly increase, the energy index has declined 8.9 percent over the past
 year, with all major component indexes falling over the period. The gasoline
 index has decreased 13.8 percent over the past year. 


 All items less food and energy

 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in April after
 increasing 0.1 percent in March. The shelter index rose 0.3 percent in April
 following a 0.2 percent rise the prior month. The indexes for rent and for owners'
 equivalent rent both increased 0.3 percent, while the index for lodging away from
 home declined for the second straight month, falling 0.4 percent. The medical care
 index rose 0.3 percent in April, with the index for prescription drugs rising 0.7
 percent and the hospital services index advancing 0.3 percent, but the physicians'
 services index declining 0.1 percent. The motor vehicle insurance index rose 1.2
 percent in April, and the index for airline fares advanced 1.1 percent after
 declining in March. The recreation index rose 0.3 percent in April, as did the
 index for education, and the indexes for alcoholic beverages, tobacco, and
 personal care all posted slight increases. 

 In contrast, the index for household furnishings and operations declined 0.4
 percent in April, its largest decline since April 2010. The indexes for apparel,
 for new vehicles, and for used cars and trucks also fell in April, each declining
 0.3 percent. The index for communication declined as well, falling 0.2 percent.
   
 The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.1 percent over the past
 12 months. Indexes posting larger increases include motor vehicle insurance
 (6.0 percent), tobacco (3.7 percent), shelter (3.2 percent), and medical care
 (3.0 percent). Indexes rising more slowly include personal care (1.7 percent),
 recreation (1.3 percent), and airline fares (0.4 percent). The index for new
 vehicles was unchanged over the past 12 months, and several indexes declined,
 including used cars and trucks (-1.5 percent), household furnishings and
 operations (-1.2 percent), and apparel (-0.6 percent). 


 Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 1.1 percent over
 the last 12 months to an index level of 239.261 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
 index increased 0.5 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
 increased 0.8 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 233.438
 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index increased 0.5 percent prior to seasonal
 adjustment.  

 The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 0.7
 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index rose 0.6 percent on a not
 seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months
 are subject to revision.  

	
 The Consumer Price Index for May 2016 is scheduled to be released on Thursday,
 June 16, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT). 






 Facilities for Sensory Impaired

 Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
 upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200, Federal Relay Services:  1-800-877-8339.  

 Brief Explanation of the CPI
      
 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over
 time of goods and services purchased by households. The Bureau of Labor Statistics
 publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
 Clerical Workers (CPI-W), which covers households of wage earners and clerical workers
 that comprise approximately 28 percent of the total population and (2) the CPI for All
 Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained CPI for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U), which
 covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and includes, in addition to
 wage earners and clerical worker households, groups such as professional, managerial,
 and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and
 retirees and others not in the labor force.
      
 The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation fares,
 charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that
 people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 87 urban areas
 across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail
 establishments-department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other
 types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the
 purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other
 items are obtained every month in all 87 locations. Prices of most other commodities
 and services are collected every month in the three largest geographic areas and every
 other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal
 visits or telephone calls of the Bureau’s trained representatives.
      
 In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are
 averaged together with weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the
 appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average.
 For the CPI-U and CPI-W separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region
 of the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and
 for 27 local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among
 cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base
 period.  For the C-CPI-U data are issued only at the national level. It is important to
 note that the CPI-U and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is
 issued in preliminary form and subject to two annual revisions.
      
 The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For the CPI-U and the
 CPI-W the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is
 December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 16.5 percent from the reference base, for
 example, is shown as 116.500. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows:
 the price of a base period market basket of goods and services in the CPI has risen
 from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. 
      
 For further details visit the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi/ or
 contact our CPI Information and Analysis Section on (202) 691-7000.




 Note on Sampling Error in the Consumer Price Index

 The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based
 upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS
 calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month and 12-month percent
 change standard errors annually, for the CPI-U.  These standard error estimates can be
 used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated
 standard error of the 1 month percent change is 0.04 percent for the U.S. All Items
 Consumer Price Index.  This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all
 retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample,
 then 95% of these estimates would be within 0.08 percent of the 1 month percentage change
 based on all retail prices.  For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the All
 Items CPI for All Urban Consumers, we are 95 percent confident that the actual percent
 change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.12 and 0.28 percent. For the latest
 data, including information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see "Variance
 Estimates for Price Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January-December 2014."  These
 data are available on the CPI home page (www.bls.gov/cpi), or by using the following
 link: www.bls.gov/cpi/cpivar2014.pdf   

 Calculating Index Changes

 Movements of the indexes from one month to another are usually expressed as percent changes
 rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level
 of the index in relation to its base period while percent changes are not.  The example
 below illustrates the computation of index point and percent changes.
      
 Percent changes for 3-month and 6-month periods are expressed as annual rates and are
 computed according to the standard formula for compound growth rates. These data indicate
 what the percent change would be if the current rate were maintained for a 12-month period.

 Index Point Change

 CPI                                                                   202.416
 Less previous index                                                   201.800
 Equals index point change                                                .616



 Percent Change

 Index point difference                                                   .616
 Divided by the previous index                                         201.800
 Equals                                                                  0.003
 Results multiplied by one hundred                                   0.003x100
 Equals percent change                                                     0.3





 A Note on the Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 Introduction

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
 Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS
 Seasonal Adjustment Method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are
 used to revise the previous five years of seasonally adjusted data. For more information on
 data revisions and exceptions to the usual revision schedule, please see the Fact Sheet on
 Seasonal Adjustment (http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpisaqanda.htm) and the Timeline of Seasonal
 Adjustment Methodological Changes (http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpiseastimeline.htm).
 
 How to Use Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually
 preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and
 in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from changing
 climatic conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows
 data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year.  The unadjusted data
 are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted
 data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract
 agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index
 before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted
 data in escalation agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

 Intervention Analysis
 
 The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI
 series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern
 of price change. Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment is a process by which the distortions
 caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of
 seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal
 pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

 2016 Series Adjusted Using Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment

 For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2016, BLS adjusted 37 series using Intervention
 Analysis Seasonal Adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels and natural
 gas. For example, this procedure was used for the Motor fuel series to offset the effects of
 events such as the response in crude oil markets to the worldwide economic downturn in 2008.

 Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes
 
 Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average All items index levels, are subject to
 revision for up to five years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
 calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last five years
 of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last five years of data are considered to be final
 and not subject to revision. In January 2016, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
 indexes for 2011-2015 were calculated and published. For directly adjusted series, the seasonal
 factors for 2015 will be applied to data in 2016 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2016 indexes.
 
 Determining Seasonal Status

 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria.
 Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status: from "not
 seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the U.S.
 city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not
 seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the dependent
 series for the last five years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be
 changed. 28 of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted
 for 2016.

 Contact Information
 
 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI, please write to the Bureau of Labor
 Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or contact Justin
 Yarros, Samuel An or Marie Rogers at (202) 691-6968 or by e-mail at Yarros.Justin@bls.gov,
 An.Samuel@bls.gov or Rogers.Marie@bls.gov. If you have general questions about the CPI, please call
 our information staff at (202) 691-7000. 



Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2016
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2015-
Apr.
2016
Mar.
2016-
Apr.
2016
Jan.
2016-
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016-
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016-
Apr.
2016

All items

100.000 236.599 238.132 239.261 1.1 0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.4

Food

13.925 246.121 247.978 248.413 0.9 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.2

Food at home

8.139 241.305 240.329 240.635 -0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.5 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.090 273.366 273.162 273.924 0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.6 0.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.831 258.991 250.837 250.839 -3.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Dairy and related products

0.830 222.691 218.131 218.315 -2.0 0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.386 290.178 298.162 296.217 2.1 -0.7 0.8 -1.9 -0.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.975 168.401 168.187 168.771 0.2 0.3 0.6 -0.3 0.3

Other food at home

2.027 208.648 209.743 211.009 1.1 0.6 -0.1 0.4 0.5

Food away from home(1)

5.785 254.727 260.883 261.517 2.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Energy

6.609 203.715 179.017 185.652 -8.9 3.7 -6.0 0.9 3.4

Energy commodities

3.040 220.732 174.500 189.322 -14.2 8.5 -12.5 1.9 7.8

Fuel oil(1)

0.085 270.850 192.617 196.349 -27.5 1.9 -2.9 1.7 1.9

Motor fuel

2.870 216.595 171.050 186.428 -13.9 9.0 -12.9 2.2 8.0

Gasoline (all types)

2.828 215.461 170.356 185.808 -13.8 9.1 -13.0 2.2 8.1

Energy services(2)

3.569 196.502 191.203 190.495 -3.1 -0.4 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Electricity(2)

2.824 206.179 202.487 201.778 -2.1 -0.4 -0.2 0.4 -0.3

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

0.746 164.839 154.822 154.130 -6.5 -0.4 1.0 -0.7 0.6

All items less food and energy

79.466 241.802 246.358 246.992 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.730 147.303 146.367 146.565 -0.5 0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Apparel

3.196 128.593 127.427 127.770 -0.6 0.3 1.6 -1.1 -0.3

New vehicles

3.753 147.844 148.227 147.895 0.0 -0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.141 149.788 146.178 147.489 -1.5 0.9 0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Medical care commodities

1.831 354.339 362.386 363.843 2.7 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.5

Alcoholic beverages

0.960 239.237 242.230 242.407 1.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2

Tobacco and smoking products

0.653 917.843 953.512 952.185 3.7 -0.1 0.2 0.5 0.1

Services less energy services

59.737 299.544 307.703 308.619 3.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Shelter

33.253 276.978 285.196 285.836 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Rent of primary residence(2)

7.741 283.598 293.489 294.175 3.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)

24.225 283.920 292.080 292.855 3.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Medical care services

6.626 476.163 489.520 490.848 3.1 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.3

Physicians' services(2)

1.681 365.146 372.672 372.961 2.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Hospital services(2)(4)

2.219 291.775 300.303 300.733 3.1 0.1 0.5 -0.2 0.3

Transportation services

5.882 289.971 296.363 299.635 3.3 1.1 0.2 0.2 0.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.164 269.948 273.980 274.864 1.8 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3

Motor vehicle insurance

2.385 456.564 478.644 483.823 6.0 1.1 0.4 0.6 1.2

Airline fare

0.676 294.603 283.584 295.909 0.4 4.3 0.1 -0.9 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, April 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2016
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2015-
Apr.
2016
Mar.
2016-
Apr.
2016
Jan.
2016-
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016-
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016-
Apr.
2016

All items

100.000 1.1 0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.4

Food

13.925 0.9 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.2

Food at home

8.139 -0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.5 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.090 0.2 0.3 0.2 -0.6 0.3

Cereals and cereal products

0.367 -1.3 0.3 1.2 -1.1 0.0

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.044 -1.8 2.1 -0.3 -1.9 2.2

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.188 -1.5 -0.2 1.5 -1.0 -0.2

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.135 -0.9 0.3 0.3 -0.7 0.3

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -3.1 -1.2 -0.3 0.0 -1.2

Bakery products(1)

0.723 1.0 0.3 -0.3 -0.4 0.3

Bread(1)(2)

0.215 -0.2 -0.4 0.0 -0.6 -0.4

White bread(1)(3)

  -1.0 -0.6 -0.5 -0.6 -0.6

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  0.8 -0.3 0.6 -0.7 -0.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.107 0.9 -0.3 -1.2 0.2 0.8

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.176 3.2 -0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.2

Cookies(3)

  2.9 1.2 -0.3 -0.3 1.6

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  3.6 -1.3 -0.7 0.6 -1.3

Other bakery products

0.226 0.3 1.5 0.1 -0.7 1.1

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  -1.3 -0.2 0.8 -0.7 -0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  0.7 2.6 -0.8 -0.6 2.2

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -0.9 0.8 -0.2 -0.5 0.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.831 -3.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.702 -3.0 0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Meats

1.090 -3.4 -0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.1

Beef and veal

0.495 -5.6 -0.2 -0.3 0.7 -0.6

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.201 -9.7 -1.0 -0.7 0.0 -1.0

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.068 -5.2 -1.3 2.3 2.2 -1.3

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.177 -1.5 1.2 -0.1 1.6 0.3

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.049 -3.2 -0.5 1.1 -0.4 -0.5

Pork

0.332 -2.1 0.9 -0.7 -0.1 2.0

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.139 1.9 2.2 -2.1 0.2 2.7

Bacon and related products(3)

  5.8 2.1 -3.1 1.2 3.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  -3.5 2.1 -1.1 -0.7 1.8

Ham

0.061 -6.5 -2.5 -0.7 -1.3 1.5

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  -7.0 -3.0 -1.2 -0.9 1.7

Pork chops(1)

0.055 -1.9 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5

Other pork including roasts and picnics(2)

0.077 -5.3 1.4 0.3 -1.3 -0.3

Other meats

0.264 0.0 -1.0 0.8 -0.2 -1.1

Frankfurters(3)

  0.6 -3.2 2.1 0.9 -4.2

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  1.0 -0.9 0.1 0.3 -0.8

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

  0.6 2.9 0.9 -0.8 2.9

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

  0.7 4.1 0.5 -1.2 4.1

Poultry

0.349 -3.1 1.0 0.3 -0.8 0.8

Chicken(1)(2)

0.282 -3.7 1.1 -0.1 -0.5 1.1

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  -0.4 2.3 2.2 -0.9 2.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -4.9 0.2 -1.3 0.3 0.2

Other poultry including turkey(2)

0.067 -0.4 0.2 -0.6 -0.7 0.8

Fish and seafood

0.263 -1.6 2.4 -0.4 0.6 0.8

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.143 -0.1 2.5 -1.0 1.0 1.8

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.120 -3.2 2.3 0.1 0.0 0.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  0.7 3.1 -0.8 -1.3 3.1

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -5.9 2.2 0.6 0.0 -0.2

Eggs

0.129 -3.9 -6.9 0.4 -5.2 -6.3

Dairy and related products

0.830 -2.0 0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.4

Milk(1)(2)

0.233 -5.6 -0.8 -1.0 -1.3 -0.8

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -5.9 -0.3 -0.9 -0.8 0.2

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -5.9 -1.4 0.7 -1.3 -0.7

Cheese and related products

0.269 -1.3 0.2 0.1 -0.4 0.7

Ice cream and related products

0.119 0.0 0.3 -1.0 1.1 0.2

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.209 0.4 0.8 -0.4 -0.3 0.8

Fruits and vegetables

1.386 2.1 -0.7 0.8 -1.9 -0.5

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.086 2.4 -1.2 1.0 -2.4 -1.1

Fresh fruits

0.578 3.4 -0.1 2.3 -1.7 -1.0

Apples

0.090 10.5 -1.1 1.6 1.6 -1.2

Bananas(1)

0.089 -2.2 -1.5 -1.0 0.8 -1.5

Citrus fruits(2)

0.144 3.2 3.0 -0.9 1.6 0.2

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  3.9 1.1 1.5 0.3 0.8

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.255 3.3 -1.0 5.4 -6.0 -1.8

Fresh vegetables

0.508 1.4 -2.5 -0.4 -3.2 -1.1

Potatoes

0.079 1.8 -0.3 1.6 0.3 -0.5

Lettuce

0.066 -2.5 -3.2 -2.6 -2.6 0.2

Tomatoes(1)

0.089 0.3 -4.7 -6.1 -7.2 -4.7

Other fresh vegetables

0.273 2.5 -2.3 1.0 -2.9 -1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.299 1.0 1.4 -0.3 -0.1 1.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.157 0.3 1.2 -0.6 -0.5 1.7

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  1.8 0.9 -1.2 -0.7 1.9

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  -0.4 1.3 -0.2 -0.3 1.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.087 2.9 2.2 -0.3 1.0 2.1

Frozen vegetables(3)

  3.4 2.8 -0.7 0.4 2.5

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.056 0.0 1.0 0.4 -1.2 1.3

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -1.9 -1.1 1.7 -0.4 -1.1

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.975 0.2 0.3 0.6 -0.3 0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.687 1.1 0.3 0.7 -0.3 0.7

Carbonated drinks

0.276 3.0 0.7 0.9 0.1 1.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.011 1.3 0.1 2.5 -0.1 0.1

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.400 -0.2 0.1 0.7 -0.3 -0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.288 -2.0 0.4 0.0 -0.7 0.2

Coffee

0.181 -4.2 0.1 0.1 -1.2 0.1

Roasted coffee(3)

  -3.6 0.7 -0.2 -1.7 0.8

Instant and freeze dried coffee(1)(3)

  -5.3 -1.4 1.0 0.4 -1.4

Other beverage materials including tea(2)

0.107 1.7 1.0 0.8 -1.2 0.8

Other food at home

2.027 1.1 0.6 -0.1 0.4 0.5

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.294 1.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.6

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.050 0.8 3.3 0.6 -1.6 2.9

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.189 1.8 -0.2 0.0 0.9 -0.2

Other sweets(2)

0.056 0.1 0.9 -0.4 -0.1 0.6

Fats and oils

0.239 0.7 0.2 0.3 -0.3 0.7

Butter and margarine(2)

0.069 3.6 0.0 0.0 -0.3 0.9

Butter(3)

  5.6 -1.2 0.1 2.0 -0.3

Margarine(3)

  1.8 1.5 0.4 -3.4 2.6

Salad dressing(2)

0.058 0.1 0.3 1.1 -0.3 0.5

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.112 -1.2 0.4 0.2 -0.4 0.9

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -3.3 -0.3 0.5 -0.6 -0.3

Other foods

1.494 1.2 0.7 -0.3 0.5 0.5

Soups

0.095 2.1 1.9 0.4 1.4 -0.1

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.265 0.2 0.7 1.3 -0.7 0.7

Snacks(1)

0.340 1.8 0.1 -0.3 1.0 0.1

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.290 2.6 1.0 -0.5 0.6 1.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  5.8 1.5 0.7 0.2 1.6

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  2.8 0.4 1.0 -0.8 0.4

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  0.2 -1.0 -2.0 1.5 -1.1

Other condiments(3)

  2.7 3.5 -1.9 -0.3 3.0

Baby food(1)(2)

0.056 0.9 -0.5 1.0 -0.6 -0.5

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.449 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.7

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  3.0 -0.2 -0.3 1.0 -0.2

Food away from home(1)

5.785 2.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.800 2.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.459 2.9 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.197 4.9 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.0

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

  4.6 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 3.1 1.5 0.2 0.2 1.5

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.248 2.5 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Energy

6.609 -8.9 3.7 -6.0 0.9 3.4

Energy commodities

3.040 -14.2 8.5 -12.5 1.9 7.8

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.170 -19.4 0.1 -4.2 -2.0 4.2

Fuel oil(1)

0.085 -27.5 1.9 -2.9 1.7 1.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.085 -8.3 -1.7 0.2 -1.8 -0.4

Motor fuel

2.870 -13.9 9.0 -12.9 2.2 8.0

Gasoline (all types)

2.828 -13.8 9.1 -13.0 2.2 8.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -14.4 9.4 -13.4 2.5 8.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -11.5 7.4 -12.5 3.3 6.6

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -10.4 7.5 -11.1 -0.3 6.6

Other motor fuels(2)

0.042 -24.3 3.6 -7.5 -0.2 4.0

Energy services(8)

3.569 -3.1 -0.4 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Electricity(8)

2.824 -2.1 -0.4 -0.2 0.4 -0.3

Utility (piped) gas service(8)

0.746 -6.5 -0.4 1.0 -0.7 0.6

All items less food and energy

79.466 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.730 -0.5 0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(9)

3.293 -2.0 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 -0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.265 -2.5 0.0 -0.4 -1.7 0.0

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.059 1.1 0.4 -0.5 1.0 0.4

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.054 -2.3 -0.7 -3.0 0.3 -0.7

Other linens(1)(2)

0.152 -3.8 0.0 0.5 -3.5 0.0

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.785 -2.7 -0.2 -0.7 0.3 -0.2

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.276 -1.6 -0.5 -1.2 1.2 -0.5

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.371 -1.8 0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.3

Other furniture(2)

0.133 -7.4 -1.2 -2.4 -1.8 -0.8

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

           

Appliances(2)

0.189 -3.8 -0.3 -0.3 -0.8 -0.3

Major appliances(2)

0.060 -4.8 -0.1 -2.1 0.6 0.2

Laundry equipment(3)

  -5.4 -0.4 -1.7 0.3 -0.1

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.127 -2.7 -0.3 1.0 -1.7 -0.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.480 -2.7 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.249 -3.9 0.9 -0.1 -0.5 0.9

Indoor plants and flowers(10)

0.105 -0.3 -3.0 1.1 -1.2 -2.3

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.054 -3.7 -1.8 -2.5 -0.4 -1.8

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.072 -1.2 1.6 -0.8 0.5 1.7

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.691 -1.5 -0.5 -0.2 0.3 -0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.183 -2.4 -0.8 0.2 0.4 -0.8

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.345 -1.0 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.6

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.882 -0.7 -0.5 0.4 0.1 -0.5

Household cleaning products(2)

0.349 -0.5 -0.9 0.2 0.3 -0.4

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.239 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.3

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.294 -1.2 0.0 0.6 -0.1 0.0

Apparel

3.196 -0.6 0.3 1.6 -1.1 -0.3

Men's and boys' apparel

0.787 -1.6 1.3 0.5 -2.2 0.3

Men's apparel

0.633 -2.2 0.6 1.4 -2.5 -0.1

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.097 -1.1 3.5 -1.9 -3.0 3.6

Men's furnishings

0.206 -3.1 -1.8 1.6 0.6 -3.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.178 1.1 2.1 4.0 -1.1 1.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.146 -4.8 0.5 1.0 -7.9 0.4

Boys' apparel

0.154 0.3 4.0 -2.6 -1.5 2.5

Women's and girls' apparel

1.324 -1.0 -0.3 1.8 0.0 -0.8

Women's apparel

1.108 -0.6 0.1 1.9 0.0 -0.3

Women's outerwear

0.073 3.4 -0.6 2.7 -0.8 -0.3

Women's dresses

0.161 -2.2 1.6 1.6 -1.2 2.9

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.514 -1.8 -0.1 1.7 1.0 -1.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.350 0.3 -0.1 2.4 -0.8 -0.6

Girls' apparel

0.216 -2.9 -2.3 1.6 0.0 -3.1

Footwear

0.707 0.7 0.7 1.3 -0.7 0.2

Men's footwear(1)

0.221 1.7 0.6 3.5 -0.1 0.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.171 1.2 1.4 2.4 -0.9 1.3

Women's footwear

0.315 -0.4 0.5 0.2 -1.6 0.4

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.157 -2.7 -1.9 2.8 -2.2 -2.5

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.222 4.4 0.0 5.1 -3.7 0.9

Watches(1)(6)

0.081 3.3 -1.3 8.9 -4.4 -1.3

Jewelry(6)

0.141 5.0 0.8 3.2 -3.1 1.5

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(9)

6.384 -0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.3

New vehicles

3.753 0.0 -0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.3

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  0.0 -0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.3

New cars(3)

  -0.6 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.4

New trucks(3)(11)

  0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.141 -1.5 0.9 0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.393 0.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.3 0.3

Tires(1)

0.237 0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.4 0.3

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.157 0.5 0.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  0.9 0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.4

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -1.9 0.1 -0.7 -0.2 0.1

Medical care commodities

1.831 2.7 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.5

Medicinal drugs(1)(9)

1.771 2.8 0.4 1.1 0.3 0.4

Prescription drugs

1.408 4.0 0.4 0.9 0.5 0.7

Nonprescription drugs(1)(9)

0.363 -1.5 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.4

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(9)

0.060 -1.5 -0.3 0.6 -1.0 -0.3

Recreation commodities(9)

1.870 -2.6 0.2 -0.5 -0.3 0.2

Video and audio products(9)

0.248 -8.8 -1.4 -0.8 -0.8 -1.3

Televisions

0.126 -16.1 -1.8 -1.4 -2.4 -1.4

Other video equipment(2)

0.026 -2.9 0.2 -0.6 2.0 -1.2

Audio equipment

0.063 -3.8 -1.7 0.1 0.5 -1.6

Audio discs, tapes and other media(1)(2)

0.024 1.8 -0.7 -0.2 0.9 -0.7

Pets and pet products(1)

0.593 0.3 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.4

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  0.4 0.8 -0.3 -0.1 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 0.0 0.5 0.3 0.0

Sporting goods(1)

0.441 -0.6 1.6 -0.3 -0.1 1.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.228 -1.7 2.3 -0.4 -0.3 2.3

Sports equipment

0.204 0.2 0.8 -0.6 0.4 0.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.037 -7.6 -1.8 -1.1 -1.0 -3.2

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

  -0.9 1.0   0.0 1.0

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -8.6 -2.3 -1.2 -0.9 -4.2

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.151 -0.4 -0.6 0.9 -1.6 -0.6

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.088 1.3 -1.1 0.8 1.0 -1.1

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.063 -2.7 -0.1 1.0 -4.9 -0.1

Other recreational goods(2)

0.399 -5.9 -0.2 -1.5 -0.5 -0.3

Toys

0.324 -8.0 -0.4 -1.8 -0.7 -0.4

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -5.9 -0.2 -1.7 -0.9 -0.2

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.026 -1.5 0.7 -1.7 1.2 0.7

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.034 2.8 0.5 0.5 -0.2 0.5

Education and communication commodities(9)

0.635 -3.8 0.9 -0.7 -0.5 0.7

Educational books and supplies

0.158 3.7 1.2 0.0 -0.1 1.5

College textbooks(1)(3)(12)

  4.8 1.6 -0.8 -0.3 1.6

Information technology commodities(9)

0.477 -7.3 0.9 -1.0 -0.6 0.5

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.290 -7.7 0.0 -1.3 -0.1 -0.6

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.092 -2.9 1.7 -0.6 -2.0 1.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.095 -10.8 2.6 -0.4 -0.7 2.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.960 1.3 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.595 1.1 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.271 2.3 0.3 -0.4 0.3 0.6

Distilled spirits at home

0.075 0.8 0.1 1.0 0.1 0.2

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  0.6 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.3

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(3)

  0.7 0.1 0.8 0.0 0.2

Wine at home

0.249 0.0 -0.5 0.6 -0.8 0.0

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.366 1.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.9 0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.3

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  3.3 0.2 0.3 0.5 0.2

Other goods(9)

1.560 1.4 -0.1 0.3 0.2 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.653 3.7 -0.1 0.2 0.5 0.1

Cigarettes(2)

0.591 3.8 -0.1 0.3 0.5 0.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.045 2.5 -0.2 -0.4 0.5 -0.2

Personal care products(1)

0.714 0.0 -0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.381 -0.4 0.2 0.8 -0.3 0.2

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.328 0.4 -0.3 -0.4 0.2 -0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.192 -2.0 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.2

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  0.4 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.2

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -6.1 -1.5 0.7 -2.8 -1.5

Services less energy services

59.737 3.0 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Shelter

33.253 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Rent of shelter(13)

32.906 3.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3

Rent of primary residence(8)

7.741 3.7 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

0.940 1.3 -0.7 0.9 -1.8 -0.4

Housing at school, excluding board(8)(13)

0.119 2.9 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.821 0.0 -0.8 1.0 -2.1 -0.5

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(8)(13)

24.225 3.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(8)(13)

23.114 3.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.348 0.8 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.161 3.9 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.5

Water and sewerage maintenance(8)

0.875 4.6 0.5 0.1 0.5 0.7

Garbage and trash collection(1)(11)

0.286 1.8 0.0 0.2 -0.1 0.0

Household operations(1)(2)

0.849 2.2 -0.3 0.5 0.2 -0.3

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.283 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.279 0.4 0.1     0.1

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.116 10.2 -0.9 3.1 0.3 -1.2

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.088 1.7 -1.4 1.0 0.1 -1.4

Medical care services

6.626 3.1 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.3

Professional services

3.137 2.3 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.2

Physicians' services(8)

1.681 2.1 0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.1

Dental services(8)

0.818 3.2 0.8 0.8 -0.3 0.7

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.326 2.5 0.7 -0.2 0.4 0.7

Services by other medical professionals(8)(6)

0.313 0.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Hospital and related services

2.490 3.1 0.2 0.5 -0.1 0.3

Hospital services(8)(14)

2.219 3.1 0.1 0.5 -0.2 0.3

Inpatient hospital services(8)(14)(3)

  4.0 0.2 0.9 -0.2 0.4

Outpatient hospital services(8)(3)(6)

  1.0 0.1 -0.5 -0.2 0.3

Nursing homes and adult day services(8)(14)

0.193 3.7 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.077 2.8 0.1 0.4 -0.3 0.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

0.999 5.8 0.4 1.3 0.4 0.4

Transportation services

5.882 3.3 1.1 0.2 0.2 0.7

Leased cars and trucks(12)

0.562 0.2 0.6 -0.1 -0.9 0.7

Car and truck rental(2)

0.106 1.9 0.9 3.0 2.2 0.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.164 1.8 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.057 2.2 0.1 0.4 0.4 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.674 1.2 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.391 2.5 0.5 0.0 0.6 0.5

Motor vehicle insurance

2.385 6.0 1.1 0.4 0.6 1.2

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.529 2.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(8)(2)

0.283 2.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Parking and other fees(2)

0.235 1.8 0.3 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(1)(2)(3)

  2.5 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

  0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Public transportation

1.137 1.1 2.7 0.1 -0.3 0.3

Airline fare

0.676 0.4 4.3 0.1 -0.9 1.1

Other intercity transportation

0.176 4.3 0.1 0.6 -0.2 0.0

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

  1.1 0.1 0.8 1.0 0.1

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  9.2 0.8 -0.8 1.6 0.8

Intracity transportation(1)

0.282 1.6 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.4

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(9)

  1.8 0.3 0.4 0.0 0.3

Recreation services(9)

3.897 3.2 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4

Video and audio services(9)

1.639 3.2 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.3

Cable and satellite television and radio service(11)

1.534 3.3 0.3 0.8 0.8 0.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(1)(2)

0.105 2.0 1.6 -0.7 -0.3 1.6

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  1.0 2.0 -0.3 -1.1 2.0

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  0.1 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.370 4.1 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  2.6 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  4.2 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3

Photographers and film processing(1)(2)

0.050 1.9 -0.3 0.3 -0.3 -0.3

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  2.0 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.1

Film processing(1)(2)(3)

  1.7 -0.7 0.0 -0.2 -0.7

Other recreation services(2)

1.838 3.1 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.6

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(1)(2)

0.647 3.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9

Admissions(1)

0.641 3.0 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.7

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  3.7 0.2 0.1 2.3 0.2

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  0.9 0.8 -0.7 -4.6 0.8

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.223 2.9 -0.5 0.1 -0.2 -0.5

Education and communication services(9)

6.456 1.6 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

3.011 3.0 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.2

College tuition and fees

1.787 3.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.310 3.9 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4

Child care and nursery school(10)

0.741 2.5 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.1

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.042 1.9 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.140 0.2 -1.7 1.5 0.0 -1.7

Postage(1)

0.133 0.4 -1.8 1.6 0.0 -1.8

Delivery services(2)

0.007 -2.7 -0.9 -0.8 0.5 -1.1

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.558 0.9 0.0 -0.6 0.0 0.0

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.820 0.7 0.0 -1.0 0.0 0.0

Land-line telephone services(1)(9)

0.738 1.6 0.0 0.5 -0.2 0.0

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.736 -1.3 -0.6 -0.4 0.2 -0.8

Other personal services(1)(9)

1.613 2.8 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2

Personal care services(1)

0.610 3.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.610 3.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Miscellaneous personal services

1.003 2.5 0.3 0.0 0.4 0.1

Legal services(1)(6)

0.238 1.9 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.144 1.7 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.266 3.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.027 1.6 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.0

Financial services(1)(6)

0.230 2.6 0.6 0.3 1.3 0.6

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  0.3 0.0 0.6 0.9 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  3.3 0.8 0.3 1.0 0.8

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(9) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, April 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Mar.
2016
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Apr.
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2015-
Apr.
2016
Mar.
2016-
Apr.
2016
Jan.
2016-
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016-
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016-
Apr.
2016

All items less food

86.075 235.125 236.602 237.837 1.2 0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.4

All items less shelter

66.747 223.446 222.363 223.693 0.1 0.6 -0.4 0.1 0.5

All items less food and shelter

52.822 217.530 215.747 217.278 -0.1 0.7 -0.5 0.1 0.5

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.213 222.365 224.802 225.434 1.4 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.1

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

44.072 226.729 229.479 230.055 1.5 0.3 0.3 0.0 0.2

All items less medical care

91.542 226.479 227.545 228.660 1.0 0.5 -0.2 0.1 0.4

All items less energy

93.391 241.769 245.913 246.515 2.0 0.2 0.3 0.0 0.2

Commodities

36.694 182.533 178.437 179.941 -1.4 0.8 -0.9 0.0 0.6

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.589 147.776 147.024 147.086 -0.5 0.0 0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Commodities less food

22.769 153.753 147.528 149.373 -2.8 1.3 -1.5 0.1 0.9

Commodities less food and beverages

21.809 150.735 144.277 146.157 -3.0 1.3 -1.6 0.1 1.0

Services

63.306 290.063 297.024 297.797 2.7 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.401 314.401 319.935 320.871 2.1 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Services less medical care services

56.680 275.951 282.437 283.167 2.6 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Durables

9.664 110.212 108.525 108.676 -1.4 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Nondurables

27.030 218.244 212.806 215.135 -1.4 1.1 -1.2 -0.4 0.8

Nondurables less food

13.105 194.292 183.308 187.105 -3.7 2.1 -2.5 -0.3 1.7

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.145 191.485 179.677 183.682 -4.1 2.2 -2.7 -0.3 1.8

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.949 235.013 216.383 222.720 -5.2 2.9 -4.3 0.0 2.5

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.909 234.235 217.611 223.382 -4.6 2.7 -3.9 -0.1 2.2

Housing

42.295 236.777 241.485 241.790 2.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Education and communication(2)

7.091 137.707 139.279 139.316 1.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Education(2)

3.169 238.003 244.876 245.206 3.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.3

Communication(2)

3.923 80.422 80.088 80.039 -0.5 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2

Information and information processing(2)

3.782 76.584 76.199 76.200 -0.5 0.0 -0.6 -0.1 -0.1

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.225 8.212 7.919 7.917 -3.6 0.0 -0.6 -0.1 -0.3

Recreation(2)

5.767 116.045 117.071 117.515 1.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3

Video and audio(2)

1.887 100.249 101.510 101.676 1.4 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.1

Pets, pet products and services(2)

0.963 166.727 168.942 169.637 1.7 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.3

Photography(2)

0.088 75.452 74.233 73.540 -2.5 -0.9 -0.3 -0.6 -1.5

Food and beverages

14.885 245.746 247.677 248.095 1.0 0.2 0.2 -0.2 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.813 249.585 248.842 248.912 -0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.5 0.1

Other services

11.966 337.847 345.176 345.693 2.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2

Apparel less footwear

2.489 121.723 120.371 120.536 -1.0 0.1 1.7 -1.2 -0.4

Fuels and utilities

4.900 228.304 223.918 223.529 -2.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Household energy

3.739 193.157 186.198 185.549 -3.9 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Medical care

8.458 446.663 458.620 459.994 3.0 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.3

Transportation

15.135 200.245 191.257 195.491 -2.4 2.2 -2.5 0.4 1.6

Private transportation

13.998 194.906 185.706 189.744 -2.6 2.2 -2.7 0.5 1.8

New and used motor vehicles(2)

6.658 101.680 101.180 101.410 -0.3 0.2 0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Utilities and public transportation

9.959 213.651 213.433 214.017 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1

Household furnishings and operations

4.141 123.451 122.389 122.012 -1.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

Other goods and services

3.173 412.231 420.632 420.977 2.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Personal care

2.519 219.852 223.241 223.553 1.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, April 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Apr. 2016 from: Percent change to Mar. 2016 from:
Apr.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016

U.S. city average

M

1.1 0.9 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.4

Region and area size(2)

Northeast urban

M

1.0 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.2

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

1.1 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.2

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.8 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.2

Midwest urban

M

0.8 1.1 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

0.8 1.0 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.7 1.1 0.4 0.3 0.8 0.8

Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than 50,000)

M

1.2 1.4 0.2 1.0 1.3 1.2

South urban

M

0.9 1.0 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.6

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

1.3 0.9 0.4 1.0 0.6 0.5

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.7 1.1 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7

Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than 50,000)

M

0.3 1.0 0.5 -0.1 0.4 0.5

West urban

M

1.8 0.7 0.5 1.5 0.3 0.2

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

2.2 0.7 0.4 2.0 0.4 0.3

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.5 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.1

Size classes

A(4)

M

1.4 0.8 0.5 1.1 0.4 0.4

B/C(3)

M

0.7 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.5

D

M

1.1 1.1 0.4 0.9 0.6 0.6

Selected local areas(5)

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI

M

0.7 0.8 0.6 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA

M

2.0 0.5 0.2 1.7 0.3 0.3

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA

M

1.0 0.7 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.2

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT

1

      0.6 0.5  

Cleveland-Akron, OH

1

      -0.2 0.5  

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

1

      0.6 0.8  

Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV(6)

1

      1.0 0.6  

Atlanta, GA

2

1.9 1.0        

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI

2

1.1 1.4        

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX

2

1.4 0.5        

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

2

1.4 0.7        

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

0.6 0.9        

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA

2

2.7 0.7        

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA

2

2.5 1.1        

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(5) In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
(6) Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, April 2016 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

January 2014

0.4 0.4 1.4 1.6

February 2014

0.4 0.4 1.0 1.1

March 2014

0.6 0.6 1.4 1.5

April 2014

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.0

May 2014

0.3 0.3 1.9 2.1

June 2014

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.1

July 2014

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.0

August 2014

-0.2 -0.2 1.5 1.7

September 2014

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.7

October 2014

-0.2 -0.3 1.5 1.7

November 2014

-0.6 -0.5 1.1 1.3

December 2014

-0.7 -0.6 0.5 0.8

January 2015

-0.5 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1

February 2015

0.4 0.4 -0.4 0.0

March 2015

0.7 0.6 -0.3 -0.1

April 2015

0.2 0.2 -0.4 -0.2

May 2015

0.6 0.5 -0.2 0.0

June 2015

0.3 0.4 0.0 0.1

July 2015

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

August 2015

-0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

September 2015

-0.3 -0.2 -0.4 0.0

October 2015

-0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.2

November 2015

-0.3 -0.2 0.1 0.5

December 2015

-0.5 -0.3 0.3 0.7

January 2016

0.1 0.2 0.9 1.4

February 2016

0.0 0.1 0.5 1.0

March 2016

0.6 0.4 0.3 0.9

April 2016

0.6 0.5 0.7 1.1

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2016, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2016
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Mar. 2016-
Apr. 2016
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Mar. 2016-
Apr. 2016(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.4   0.04 L-Feb. 2013 0.6

Food

13.925 0.2 0.025 0.08 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

Food at home

8.139 0.1 0.011 0.12 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.090 0.3 0.003 0.27 L-Oct. 2015 0.7

Cereals and cereal products

0.367 0.0 0.000 0.44 L-Feb. 2016 1.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.044 2.2 0.001 0.64 L-Apr. 2013 2.3

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.188 -0.2 0.000 0.71 L-Feb. 2016 1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.135 0.3 0.000 0.67 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -1.2   0.83 S-Dec. 2015 -1.6

Bakery products(4)

0.723 0.3 0.002 0.31 L-Jan. 2016 0.8

Bread(4)(5)

0.215 -0.4 -0.001 0.57 L-Feb. 2016 0.0

White bread(4)(6)

  -0.6   0.81 - -

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.88 L-Feb. 2016 0.6

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.107 0.8 0.001 0.69 L-Jul. 2015 0.9

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.176 0.2 0.000 0.64 - -

Cookies(6)

  1.6   0.97 L-Sep. 2013 2.2

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  -1.3   0.86 S-May 2012 -2.2

Other bakery products

0.226 1.1 0.002 0.66 L-Jul. 2015 1.2

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  -0.2   0.84 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  2.2   1.25 L-Aug. 2013 3.7

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  0.5   0.88 L-Oct. 2015 1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.831 -0.1 -0.002 0.22 L-Feb. 2016 -0.1

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.702 0.3 0.006 0.24 L-Dec. 2014 0.3

Meats

1.090 0.1 0.001 0.27 S-Feb. 2016 -0.2

Beef and veal

0.495 -0.6 -0.003 0.40 S-Jan. 2016 -0.8

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.201 -1.0 -0.002 0.55 S-Jan. 2016 -2.0

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.068 -1.3 -0.001 0.87 S-Dec. 2015 -3.6

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.177 0.3 0.001 0.70 S-Feb. 2016 -0.1

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.049 -0.5 0.000 0.81 S-Jan. 2016 -0.8

Pork

0.332 2.0 0.007 0.47 L-May 2014 2.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.139 2.7 0.004 0.76 L-May 2014 3.3

Bacon and related products(6)

  3.1   0.95 L-Oct. 2015 3.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  1.8   0.94 L-May 2014 2.7

Ham

0.061 1.5 0.001 0.91 L-Aug. 2014 1.9

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  1.7   1.16 L-Aug. 2014 2.4

Pork chops(4)

0.055 0.5 0.000 1.17 S-Feb. 2016 0.4

Other pork including roasts and picnics(5)

0.077 -0.3 0.000 1.01 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Other meats

0.264 -1.1 -0.003 0.48 S-Apr. 2012 -1.2

Frankfurters(6)

  -4.2   1.56 S-Jun. 2004 -4.2

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.8   0.62 S-Feb. 2014 -0.9

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

  2.9   1.72 L-Mar. 2015 3.3

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

  4.1   2.54 L-May 2014 5.8

Poultry

0.349 0.8 0.003 0.63 L-Jun. 2015 0.8

Chicken(4)(5)

0.282 1.1 0.003 0.76 L-Jun. 2015 1.7

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  2.3   1.42 L-Aug. 2014 3.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  0.2   0.72 S-Feb. 2016 -1.3

Other poultry including turkey(5)

0.067 0.8 0.001 0.78 L-Oct. 2015 1.8

Fish and seafood

0.263 0.8 0.002 0.54 L-Aug. 2015 0.9

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.143 1.8 0.003 0.87 L-Aug. 2015 2.0

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.120 0.4 0.000 0.53 L-Nov. 2015 0.4

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  3.1   0.88 L-Apr. 2012 3.4

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -0.2   0.75 S-Jan. 2016 -0.2

Eggs

0.129 -6.3 -0.008 0.62 S-Jan. 2016 -8.4

Dairy and related products

0.830 0.4 0.003 0.26 L-Jul. 2015 0.5

Milk(4)(5)

0.233 -0.8 -0.002 0.33 L-Dec. 2015 0.6

Fresh whole milk(6)

  0.2   0.53 L-Jan. 2016 0.3

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.45 L-Feb. 2016 0.7

Cheese and related products

0.269 0.7 0.002 0.46 L-Jul. 2015 0.8

Ice cream and related products

0.119 0.2 0.000 0.83 S-Feb. 2016 -1.0

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.209 0.8 0.002 0.57 L-Oct. 2014 1.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.386 -0.5 -0.007 0.37 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.086 -1.1 -0.012 0.46 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Fresh fruits

0.578 -1.0 -0.006 0.64 L-Feb. 2016 2.3

Apples

0.090 -1.2 -0.001 1.11 S-Aug. 2015 -1.9

Bananas(4)

0.089 -1.5 -0.001 0.62 S-Oct. 2013 -1.9

Citrus fruits(5)

0.144 0.2 0.000 1.44 S-Feb. 2016 -0.9

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  0.8   1.41 L-Feb. 2016 1.5

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.255 -1.8 -0.005 1.08 L-Feb. 2016 5.4

Fresh vegetables

0.508 -1.1 -0.006 0.59 L-Feb. 2016 -0.4

Potatoes

0.079 -0.5 0.000 1.14 S-Nov. 2015 -1.4

Lettuce

0.066 0.2 0.000 1.44 L-Dec. 2015 3.0

Tomatoes(4)

0.089 -4.7 -0.004 1.42 L-Jan. 2016 15.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.273 -1.0 -0.003 0.74 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.299 1.6 0.005 0.49 L-Sep. 2008 1.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.157 1.7 0.003 0.76 L-Oct. 2014 1.8

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  1.9   0.86 L-Dec. 2014 1.9

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  1.5   1.02 L-Oct. 2014 1.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.087 2.1 0.002 0.86 L-Oct. 2011 2.6

Frozen vegetables(6)

  2.5   1.07 L-Oct. 2011 3.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.056 1.3 0.001 0.73 L-Apr. 2015 1.3

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  -1.1   0.79 S-Mar. 2015 -1.6

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.975 0.3 0.003 0.34 L-Feb. 2016 0.6

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.687 0.7 0.005 0.43 L-Feb. 2016 0.7

Carbonated drinks

0.276 1.5 0.004 0.68 L-Mar. 2011 1.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.011 0.1 0.000 0.64 L-Feb. 2016 2.5

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.400 -0.4 -0.002 0.61 S-Jan. 2016 -0.4

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.288 0.2 0.001 0.44 L-Dec. 2015 0.4

Coffee

0.181 0.1 0.000 0.59 L-Feb. 2016 0.1

Roasted coffee(6)

  0.8   0.64 L-Apr. 2015 1.4

Instant and freeze dried coffee(4)(6)

  -1.4   1.03 S-Aug. 2015 -2.2

Other beverage materials including tea(5)

0.107 0.8 0.001 0.62 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Other food at home

2.027 0.5 0.011 0.23 L-Sep. 2015 0.6

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.294 0.6 0.002 0.58 L-May 2015 1.1

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.050 2.9 0.001 0.62 L-Apr. 2005 2.9

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.189 -0.2 0.000 0.89 S-Jan. 2016 -1.1

Other sweets(5)

0.056 0.6 0.000 0.63 L-Nov. 2015 0.8

Fats and oils

0.239 0.7 0.002 0.42 L-Oct. 2015 0.7

Butter and margarine(5)

0.069 0.9 0.001 0.65 L-Dec. 2015 0.9

Butter(6)

  -0.3   0.92 S-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Margarine(6)

  2.6   1.02 L-Jul. 2011 2.7

Salad dressing(5)

0.058 0.5 0.000 0.82 L-Feb. 2016 1.1

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.112 0.9 0.001 0.62 L-Oct. 2013 1.1

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   1.00 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Other foods

1.494 0.5 0.008 0.28 - -

Soups

0.095 -0.1 0.000 1.02 S-Jan. 2016 -0.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.265 0.7 0.002 0.63 L-Feb. 2016 1.3

Snacks(4)

0.340 0.1 0.000 0.66 S-Feb. 2016 -0.3

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.290 1.1 0.003 0.59 L-Jun. 2015 1.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  1.6   0.93 L-Jan. 2016 1.7

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   1.56 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  -1.1   0.87 S-Feb. 2016 -2.0

Other condiments(6)

  3.0   0.97 L-Aug. 2014 3.5

Baby food(4)(5)

0.056 -0.5 0.000 0.38 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.449 0.7 0.003 0.51 L-Oct. 2015 0.9

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -0.2   0.55 S-Feb. 2016 -0.3

Food away from home(4)

5.785 0.2 0.014 0.06 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.800 0.1 0.004 0.07 S-Feb. 2016 0.1

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.459 0.3 0.008 0.10 - -

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.197 0.0 0.000 0.16 S-Nov. 2015 -0.1

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.08 - -

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 1.5 0.001 0.34 L-Nov. 2008 1.8

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.248 0.1 0.000 0.11 L-Jan. 2016 0.1

Energy

6.609 3.4 0.228 0.15 L-Feb. 2013 4.5

Energy commodities

3.040 7.8 0.233 0.12 L-Aug. 2012 8.1

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.170 4.2 0.007 0.53 L-Jan. 2014 4.5

Fuel oil(4)

0.085 1.9 0.002 0.37 L-Mar. 2015 5.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.085 -0.4 0.000 0.78 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

Motor fuel

2.870 8.0 0.226 0.12 L-Aug. 2012 8.4

Gasoline (all types)

2.828 8.1 0.224 0.12 L-Aug. 2012 8.4

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  8.4   0.38 L-Aug. 2012 8.6

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  6.6   0.36 L-Feb. 2013 7.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  6.6   0.31 L-Feb. 2013 7.1

Other motor fuels(5)

0.042 4.0 0.002 0.12 L-Feb. 2013 4.0

Energy services(11)

3.569 -0.1 -0.005 0.28 S-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Electricity(11)

2.824 -0.3 -0.010 0.35 S-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Utility (piped) gas service(11)

0.746 0.6 0.005 0.28 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

All items less food and energy

79.466 0.2 0.155 0.04 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.730 -0.1 -0.020 0.09 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Household furnishings and supplies(12)

3.293 -0.4 -0.013 0.16 S-May 2015 -0.4

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.265 0.0 0.000 0.56 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.059 0.4 0.000 0.41 S-Feb. 2016 -0.5

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.054 -0.7 0.000 0.50 S-Feb. 2016 -3.0

Other linens(4)(5)

0.152 0.0 0.000 0.83 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.785 -0.2 -0.002 0.31 S-Feb. 2016 -0.7

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.276 -0.5 -0.001 0.47 S-Feb. 2016 -1.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.371 0.3 0.001 0.50 L-Jan. 2016 1.4

Other furniture(5)

0.133 -0.8 -0.001 0.61 L-Dec. 2015 0.3

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

           

Appliances(5)

0.189 -0.3 -0.001 0.46 L-Feb. 2016 -0.3

Major appliances(5)

0.060 0.2 0.000 0.67 S-Feb. 2016 -2.1

Laundry equipment(6)

  -0.1   0.95 S-Feb. 2016 -1.7

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.127 -0.3 0.000 0.66 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.480 -0.1 0.000 0.51 L-Jan. 2016 0.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.249 0.9 0.002 0.88 L-May 2013 1.7

Indoor plants and flowers(13)

0.105 -2.3 -0.002 0.50 S-Jul. 1999 -4.1

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.054 -1.8 -0.001 1.23 S-Feb. 2016 -2.5

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.072 1.7 0.001 0.42 L-Aug. 2003 1.8

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.691 -0.7 -0.005 0.25 S-Apr. 2014 -0.8

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.183 -0.8 -0.001 0.39 S-Nov. 2015 -1.0

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.345 -0.6 -0.002 0.32 S-Jan. 2015 -0.6

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.882 -0.5 -0.004 0.26 S-Jul. 2014 -0.5

Household cleaning products(5)

0.349 -0.4 -0.001 0.45 S-Oct. 2015 -0.5

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.239 -0.3 -0.001 0.43 S-Jun. 2015 -0.3

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.294 0.0 0.000 0.41 L-Feb. 2016 0.6

Apparel

3.196 -0.3 -0.008 0.41 L-Feb. 2016 1.6

Men's and boys' apparel

0.787 0.3 0.002 0.74 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Men's apparel

0.633 -0.1 -0.001 0.80 L-Feb. 2016 1.4

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.097 3.6 0.003 2.00 L-Jul. 2011 3.9

Men's furnishings

0.206 -3.3 -0.007 0.89 S-Jan. 2016 -3.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.178 1.0 0.002 1.56 L-Feb. 2016 4.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.146 0.4 0.001 1.57 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Boys' apparel

0.154 2.5 0.004 1.48 L-Mar. 2012 6.4

Women's and girls' apparel

1.324 -0.8 -0.010 0.73 S-Sep. 2015 -0.8

Women's apparel

1.108 -0.3 -0.004 0.78 S-Dec. 2015 -0.3

Women's outerwear

0.073 -0.3 0.000 2.43 L-Feb. 2016 2.7

Women's dresses

0.161 2.9 0.004 2.38 L-Oct. 2014 4.1

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.514 -1.1 -0.005 0.97 S-Jan. 2016 -1.2

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.350 -0.6 -0.002 0.92 L-Feb. 2016 2.4

Girls' apparel

0.216 -3.1 -0.007 1.83 S-Sep. 2015 -3.6

Footwear

0.707 0.2 0.002 0.73 L-Feb. 2016 1.3

Men's footwear(4)

0.221 0.6 0.001 1.07 L-Feb. 2016 3.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.171 1.3 0.002 1.10 L-Feb. 2016 2.4

Women's footwear

0.315 0.4 0.001 1.17 L-Dec. 2015 0.6

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.157 -2.5 -0.004 0.98 S-Dec. 2015 -4.0

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.222 0.9 0.002 0.78 L-Feb. 2016 5.1

Watches(4)(9)

0.081 -1.3 -0.001 0.87 L-Feb. 2016 8.9

Jewelry(9)

0.141 1.5 0.002 0.96 L-Feb. 2016 3.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(12)

6.384 -0.3 -0.018 0.09 S-Nov. 2014 -0.3

New vehicles

3.753 -0.3 -0.012 0.14 S-Jun. 2014 -0.3

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.12 S-Jun. 2014 -0.3

New cars(6)

  -0.4   0.14 S-Jul. 2015 -0.4

New trucks(14)(6)

  -0.3   0.13 S-Jun. 2014 -0.4

Used cars and trucks

2.141 -0.3 -0.007 0.01 S-Aug. 2015 -0.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.393 0.3 0.001 0.21 L-Jan. 2016 0.4

Tires(4)

0.237 0.3 0.001 0.29 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.157 0.4 0.001 0.27 L-Nov. 2015 0.7

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.4   0.24 L-Nov. 2015 0.8

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  0.1   0.52 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Medical care commodities

1.831 0.5 0.008 0.21 L-Feb. 2016 0.6

Medicinal drugs(4)(12)

1.771 0.4 0.008 0.22 L-Feb. 2016 1.1

Prescription drugs

1.408 0.7 0.009 0.24 L-Feb. 2016 0.9

Nonprescription drugs(4)(12)

0.363 0.4 0.002 0.47 L-Jul. 2015 0.7

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(12)

0.060 -0.3 0.000 0.39 L-Feb. 2016 0.6

Recreation commodities(12)

1.870 0.2 0.003 0.17 L-Sep. 2015 0.3

Video and audio products(12)

0.248 -1.3 -0.003 0.35 S-Dec. 2015 -1.6

Televisions

0.126 -1.4 -0.002 0.60 L-Feb. 2016 -1.4

Other video equipment(5)

0.026 -1.2 0.000 0.78 S-Jul. 2015 -1.2

Audio equipment

0.063 -1.6 -0.001 0.55 S-Jul. 2014 -2.3

Audio discs, tapes and other media(4)(5)

0.024 -0.7 0.000 0.62 S-Nov. 2015 -1.6

Pets and pet products(4)

0.593 0.4 0.002 0.30 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.33 L-Jun. 2012 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.43 S-Nov. 2015 -1.7

Sporting goods(4)

0.441 1.6 0.007 0.31 L-Sep. 1991 1.9

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.228 2.3 0.005 0.43 L-Jul. 2006 2.3

Sports equipment

0.204 0.3 0.001 0.44 S-Feb. 2016 -0.6

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.037 -3.2 -0.001 0.96 S-Apr. 2013 -3.2

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

  1.0   0.64 L-Aug. 2014 2.2

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  -4.2   1.06 S-EVER -

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.151 -0.6 -0.001 0.48 L-Feb. 2016 0.9

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.088 -1.1 -0.001 0.68 S-Jun. 2015 -1.2

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.063 -0.1 0.000 0.59 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Other recreational goods(5)

0.399 -0.3 -0.001 0.48 L-Jan. 2016 0.0

Toys

0.324 -0.4 -0.001 0.59 L-Jan. 2016 -0.3

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.68 L-Oct. 2015 0.0

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.026 0.7 0.000 1.32 S-Feb. 2016 -1.7

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.034 0.5 0.000 0.42 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Education and communication commodities(12)

0.635 0.7 0.005 0.30 L-EVER -

Educational books and supplies

0.158 1.5 0.002 0.45 L-Aug. 2008 2.3

College textbooks(4)(15)(6)

  1.6   0.41 L-Aug. 2015 1.9

Information technology commodities(12)

0.477 0.5 0.002 0.40 L-EVER -

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.290 -0.6 -0.002 0.49 S-Feb. 2016 -1.3

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.092 1.7 0.002 0.82 L-Dec. 2011 1.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.095 2.6 0.002 0.84 L-Oct. 2009 4.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.960 0.2 0.002 0.16 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.595 0.3 0.002 0.23 L-Jan. 2016 0.6

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.271 0.6 0.002 0.28 L-Oct. 2015 0.8

Distilled spirits at home

0.075 0.2 0.000 0.39 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.3   0.40 S-Jan. 2016 0.2

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(6)

  0.2   0.55 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Wine at home

0.249 0.0 0.000 0.44 L-Feb. 2016 0.6

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.366 0.3 0.001 0.18 L-May 2015 0.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.15 L-Dec. 2015 0.3

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.24 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.20 S-Jan. 2016 0.1

Other goods(12)

1.560 0.0 0.000 0.18 S-Dec. 2015 0.0

Tobacco and smoking products

0.653 0.1 0.001 0.16 S-Sep. 2015 0.1

Cigarettes(5)

0.591 0.1 0.001 0.17 S-Jan. 2016 0.1

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.045 -0.2 0.000 0.53 S-Feb. 2016 -0.4

Personal care products(4)

0.714 -0.1 0.000 0.31 - -

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.381 0.2 0.001 0.46 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.328 -0.3 -0.001 0.40 S-Feb. 2016 -0.4

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.192 0.2 0.000 0.44 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  0.2   0.54 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  -1.5   0.51 L-Feb. 2016 0.7

Services less energy services

59.737 0.3 0.175 0.04 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Shelter

33.253 0.3 0.094 0.06 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Rent of shelter(16)

32.906 0.3 0.092 0.06 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Rent of primary residence(11)

7.741 0.3 0.027 0.04 - -

Lodging away from home(5)

0.940 -0.4 -0.004 1.89 L-Feb. 2016 0.9

Housing at school, excluding board(11)(16)

0.119 0.2 0.000 0.04 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.821 -0.5 -0.004 2.30 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(11)(16)

24.225 0.3 0.073 0.03 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(11)(16)

23.114 0.3 0.070 0.03 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.348 -0.3 -0.001 0.31 S-Jun. 2015 -0.3

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.161 0.5 0.006 0.13 L-Sep. 2015 0.5

Water and sewerage maintenance(11)

0.875 0.7 0.006 0.16 L-Aug. 2015 0.7

Garbage and trash collection(4)(14)

0.286 0.0 0.000 0.17 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

Household operations(4)(5)

0.849 -0.3 -0.002 0.14 S-Dec. 2014 -0.3

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.283 0.0 0.000 0.12 - -

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.279 0.1 0.000 0.09 S-Nov. 2015 0.1

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.116 -1.2 -0.001 0.59 S-Dec. 2014 -1.7

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.088 -1.4 -0.001 0.12 S-EVER -

Medical care services

6.626 0.3 0.018 0.08 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Professional services

3.137 0.2 0.008 0.10 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

Physicians' services(11)

1.681 -0.1 -0.001 0.13 S-Dec. 2015 -0.2

Dental services(11)

0.818 0.7 0.006 0.11 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.326 0.7 0.002 0.38 L-Jan. 2016 1.0

Services by other medical professionals(11)(9)

0.313 0.2 0.001 0.14 L-Aug. 2015 0.2

Hospital and related services

2.490 0.3 0.008 0.11 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Hospital services(11)(17)

2.219 0.3 0.007 0.12 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Inpatient hospital services(11)(17)(6)

  0.4   0.21 L-Feb. 2016 0.9

Outpatient hospital services(11)(9)(6)

  0.3   0.20 L-Oct. 2015 1.5

Nursing homes and adult day services(11)(17)

0.193 0.5 0.001 0.10 L-Aug. 2014 0.5

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.077 0.1 0.000 0.10 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

Health insurance(4)(8)

0.999 0.4 0.004 0.08 - -

Transportation services

5.882 0.7 0.041 0.14 L-Jul. 2013 0.8

Leased cars and trucks(15)

0.562 0.7 0.004 0.31 L-Dec. 2015 1.5

Car and truck rental(5)

0.106 0.6 0.001 1.50 S-Dec. 2015 -4.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.164 0.3 0.004 0.17 - -

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.057 0.1 0.000 0.14 S-Jan. 2016 0.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.674 0.2 0.002 0.20 - -

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.391 0.5 0.002 0.27 S-Feb. 2016 0.0

Motor vehicle insurance

2.385 1.2 0.029 0.23 L-Jul. 2013 1.2

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.529 0.1 0.001 0.11 - -

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(11)(5)

0.283 0.0 0.000 0.08 - -

Parking and other fees(5)

0.235 0.3 0.001 0.18 L-Jan. 2016 0.3

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.24 L-Jan. 2016 1.0

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.17 - -

Public transportation

1.137 0.3 0.003 0.36 L-Jan. 2016 0.7

Airline fare

0.676 1.1 0.007 0.51 L-Jan. 2016 1.2

Other intercity transportation

0.176 0.0 0.000 0.67 L-Feb. 2016 0.6

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

  0.1   1.12 S-Jan. 2016 -3.6

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.79 S-Feb. 2016 -0.8

Intracity transportation(4)

0.282 0.4 0.001 0.06 L-Oct. 2015 0.5

Intracity mass transit(4)(12)(6)

  0.3   0.08 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

Recreation services(12)

3.897 0.4 0.017 0.16 S-Jan. 2016 0.3

Video and audio services(12)

1.639 0.3 0.006 0.13 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Cable and satellite television and radio service(14)

1.534 0.3 0.004 0.13 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(4)(5)

0.105 1.6 0.002 0.90 L-Dec. 2015 2.3

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  2.0   1.27 L-Dec. 2015 3.3

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -0.3   0.29 S-Aug. 2015 -0.8

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.370 0.2 0.001 0.11 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.12 S-Jan. 2016 -0.1

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.3   0.12 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

Photographers and film processing(4)(5)

0.050 -0.3 0.000 0.39 - -

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.14 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

Film processing(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.57 S-Nov. 2015 -1.7

Other recreation services(5)

1.838 0.6 0.010 0.33 L-Jan. 2016 0.6

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(4)(5)

0.647 0.9 0.006 0.45 - -

Admissions(4)

0.641 0.7 0.004 0.55 L-Jan. 2016 1.2

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  0.2   0.52 S-Feb. 2016 0.1

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.66 L-Jan. 2016 5.4

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.223 -0.5 -0.001 0.18 S-Mar. 2013 -0.9

Education and communication services(12)

6.456 0.0 -0.001 0.07 S-Feb. 2016 -0.1

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

3.011 0.2 0.007 0.08 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

College tuition and fees

1.787 0.3 0.005 0.12 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.310 0.4 0.001 0.07 L-Nov. 2015 0.4

Child care and nursery school(13)

0.741 0.1 0.001 0.11 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.042 0.2 0.000 0.10 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.140 -1.7 -0.002 0.02 S-EVER -

Postage(4)

0.133 -1.8 -0.002 0.00 S-EVER -

Delivery services(5)

0.007 -1.1 0.000 0.18 S-Jan. 2016 -2.6

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.558 0.0 0.000 0.10 - -

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.820 0.0 0.000 0.12 - -

Land-line telephone services(4)(12)

0.738 0.0 0.000 0.13 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.736 -0.8 -0.006 0.26 S-Aug. 2015 -0.9

Other personal services(4)(12)

1.613 0.2 0.004 0.08 S-Feb. 2016 0.1

Personal care services(4)

0.610 0.2 0.001 0.11 - -

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.610 0.2 0.001 0.11 - -

Miscellaneous personal services

1.003 0.1 0.001 0.10 S-Feb. 2016 0.0

Legal services(4)(9)

0.238 0.1 0.000 0.15 L-Nov. 2015 0.3

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.144 0.0 0.000 0.12 S-Dec. 2015 -0.5

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.266 0.2 0.001 0.11 - -

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.027 0.0 0.000 0.17 S-Nov. 2015 -0.3

Financial services(4)(9)

0.230 0.6 0.001 0.28 S-Feb. 2016 0.3

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.02 S-Nov. 2015 -0.6

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.39 S-Feb. 2016 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.075 0.4 0.383 0.04 L-Feb. 2013 0.7

All items less shelter

66.747 0.5 0.313 0.04 L-Feb. 2013 0.8

All items less food and shelter

52.822 0.5 0.288 0.05 L-Feb. 2013 0.9

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.213 0.1 0.061 0.05 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

44.072 0.2 0.067 0.05 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

All items less medical care

91.542 0.4 0.381 0.04 L-Feb. 2013 0.6

All items less energy

93.391 0.2 0.180 0.03 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Commodities

36.694 0.6 0.238 0.06 L-Feb. 2013 1.1

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.589 -0.1 -0.013 0.10 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Commodities less food

22.769 0.9 0.213 0.07 L-Feb. 2013 1.7

Commodities less food and beverages

21.809 1.0 0.211 0.08 L-Feb. 2013 1.7

Services

63.306 0.3 0.170 0.05 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Services less rent of shelter(16)

30.401 0.3 0.080 0.07 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Services less medical care services

56.680 0.3 0.154 0.05 L-May 2014 0.4

Durables

9.664 -0.2 -0.023 0.08 S-Aug. 2015 -0.2

Nondurables

27.030 0.8 0.229 0.07 L-Feb. 2013 1.4

Nondurables less food

13.105 1.7 0.220 0.11 L-Feb. 2013 2.6

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.145 1.8 0.219 0.11 L-Feb. 2013 2.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.949 2.5 0.220 0.08 L-Feb. 2013 3.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.909 2.2 0.221 0.07 L-Feb. 2013 3.2

Housing

42.295 0.2 0.087 0.06 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

Education and communication(5)

7.091 0.1 0.004 0.07 L-Dec. 2015 0.1

Education(5)

3.169 0.3 0.009 0.08 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Communication(5)

3.923 -0.2 -0.006 0.10 S-Feb. 2016 -0.5

Information and information processing(5)

3.782 -0.1 -0.003 0.10 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.225 -0.3 -0.004 0.23 S-Feb. 2016 -0.6

Recreation(5)

5.767 0.3 0.020 0.12 L-Jun. 2012 0.4

Video and audio(5)

1.887 0.1 0.002 0.14 S-Jan. 2016 -0.2

Pets, pet products and services(5)

0.963 0.3 0.003 0.20 L-Jan. 2016 0.3

Photography(5)

0.088 -1.5 -0.001 0.54 S-EVER -

Food and beverages

14.885 0.2 0.027 0.07 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.813 0.1 0.007 0.13 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

Other services

11.966 0.2 0.018 0.07 - -

Apparel less footwear

2.489 -0.4 -0.010 0.48 L-Feb. 2016 1.7

Fuels and utilities

4.900 0.2 0.008 0.21 L-Aug. 2015 0.2

Household energy

3.739 0.0 0.002 0.27 S-Feb. 2016 -0.1

Medical care

8.458 0.3 0.027 0.08 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Transportation

15.135 1.6 0.249 0.06 L-May 2015 1.6

Private transportation

13.998 1.8 0.245 0.07 L-Feb. 2013 2.7

New and used motor vehicles(5)

6.658 -0.2 -0.015 0.10 S-Jul. 2015 -0.2

Utilities and public transportation

9.959 0.1 0.009 0.13 S-Feb. 2016 0.1

Household furnishings and operations

4.141 -0.4 -0.016 0.13 S-Apr. 2010 -0.5

Other goods and services

3.173 0.1 0.004 0.09 S-Feb. 2016 0.1

Personal care

2.519 0.1 0.003 0.11 - -

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(12) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, April 2016, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Mar.
2016
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Apr. 2015-
Apr. 2016
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Apr. 2015-
Apr. 2016(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 1.1   0.08 L-Jan. 2016 1.4

Food

13.925 0.9 0.131 0.13 L-Feb. 2016 0.9

Food at home

8.139 -0.3 -0.023 0.18 L-Feb. 2016 -0.3

Cereals and bakery products

1.090 0.2 0.002 0.40 L-Feb. 2016 0.6

Cereals and cereal products

0.367 -1.3 -0.005 0.67 S-Nov. 2010 -2.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.044 -1.8 -0.001 0.84 L-Sep. 2015 -1.1

Breakfast cereal

0.188 -1.5 -0.003 1.05 S-Jan. 2016 -1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.135 -0.9 -0.001 1.01 - -

Rice(4)(5)

  -3.1   1.28 S-Sep. 2015 -3.7

Bakery products

0.723 1.0 0.007 0.49 L-Jan. 2016 1.0

Bread(4)

0.215 -0.2 0.000 0.84 S-Nov. 2014 -0.4

White bread(5)

  -1.0   1.17 S-Nov. 2014 -1.5

Bread other than white(5)

  0.8   1.26 L-Feb. 2016 0.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.107 0.9 0.001 1.13 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.176 3.2 0.006 1.20 L-Sep. 2013 3.6

Cookies(5)

  2.9   1.51 L-Feb. 2014 3.1

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  3.6   1.71 S-Feb. 2016 3.5

Other bakery products

0.226 0.3 0.000 1.03 L-Feb. 2016 0.7

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  -1.3   1.50 S-Feb. 2015 -1.7

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  0.7   1.50 L-Dec. 2015 0.8

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  -0.9   1.38 S-Sep. 2015 -1.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.831 -3.1 -0.061 0.38 L-Dec. 2015 -2.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.702 -3.0 -0.056 0.40 L-Nov. 2015 -2.1

Meats

1.090 -3.4 -0.040 0.51 L-Nov. 2015 -2.1

Beef and veal

0.495 -5.6 -0.033 0.70 S-Feb. 2016 -6.0

Uncooked ground beef

0.201 -9.7 -0.023 0.99 S-Feb. 2016 -9.7

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.068 -5.2 -0.005 1.52 S-Feb. 2016 -5.3

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.177 -1.5 -0.004 1.31 L-Nov. 2015 1.7

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.049 -3.2 -0.002 1.35 S-Jan. 2016 -4.1

Pork

0.332 -2.1 -0.007 0.81 L-Mar. 2015 2.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.139 1.9 0.003 1.18 L-Jan. 2015 2.3

Bacon and related products(5)

  5.8   1.27 L-Jul. 2014 6.7

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  -3.5   1.72 L-May 2015 -3.3

Ham

0.061 -6.5 -0.005 1.93 L-Jul. 2015 -4.8

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  -7.0   1.91 L-Jul. 2015 -6.1

Pork chops

0.055 -1.9 -0.001 1.66 L-Mar. 2015 0.9

Other pork including roasts and picnics(4)

0.077 -5.3 -0.004 1.74 L-May 2015 -4.9

Other meats

0.264 0.0 0.000 0.88 S-Feb. 2014 -0.6

Frankfurters(5)

  0.6   2.45 S-Mar. 2014 -1.7

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  1.0   1.08 S-Feb. 2016 0.9

Lamb and organ meats(5)

  0.6   2.53 L-Oct. 2015 2.9

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

  0.7   4.22 L-Nov. 2015 1.0

Poultry

0.349 -3.1 -0.011 0.83 L-Dec. 2015 -2.2

Chicken(4)

0.282 -3.7 -0.011 0.94 L-Dec. 2015 -3.1

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  -0.4   1.98 L-Jul. 2015 1.6

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  -4.9   1.18 L-Feb. 2016 -4.7

Other poultry including turkey(4)

0.067 -0.4 0.000 1.61 L-Feb. 2016 -0.2

Fish and seafood

0.263 -1.6 -0.005 0.84 L-Aug. 2015 -1.5

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.143 -0.1 0.000 1.49 L-Apr. 2015 2.3

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.120 -3.2 -0.005 0.95 S-Feb. 2016 -3.3

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  0.7   1.25 L-Jan. 2016 0.8

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -5.9   1.70 S-Feb. 2016 -6.0

Eggs

0.129 -3.9 -0.005 1.09 S-Jan. 2010 -7.3

Dairy and related products

0.830 -2.0 -0.017 0.42 L-Jul. 2015 -1.6

Milk(4)

0.233 -5.6 -0.014 0.64 L-Feb. 2016 -5.0

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -5.9   1.04 L-Mar. 2015 -4.5

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -5.9   0.89 S-Jan. 2016 -6.6

Cheese and related products

0.269 -1.3 -0.004 0.81 L-Jul. 2015 -0.9

Ice cream and related products

0.119 0.0 0.000 1.18 L-Jan. 2016 0.2

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.209 0.4 0.001 0.81 L-Sep. 2015 1.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.386 2.1 0.028 0.60 S-Dec. 2015 0.6

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.086 2.4 0.025 0.73 S-Dec. 2015 0.8

Fresh fruits

0.578 3.4 0.018 1.01 S-Jan. 2016 2.7

Apples

0.090 10.5 0.009 2.01 S-Feb. 2016 7.9

Bananas

0.089 -2.2 -0.002 0.98 S-Apr. 2013 -2.4

Citrus fruits(4)

0.144 3.2 0.005 2.67 S-Feb. 2016 1.0

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  3.9   2.41 L-Nov. 2014 6.6

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.255 3.3 0.007 1.57 S-Dec. 2015 -0.5

Fresh vegetables

0.508 1.4 0.006 0.92 S-Dec. 2015 0.4

Potatoes

0.079 1.8 0.001 1.93 S-Feb. 2016 1.8

Lettuce

0.066 -2.5 -0.001 2.31 L-Jan. 2016 -0.9

Tomatoes

0.089 0.3 0.000 1.99 S-Dec. 2015 -10.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.273 2.5 0.006 1.33 S-Oct. 2015 2.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.299 1.0 0.003 0.64 L-Nov. 2015 1.3

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.157 0.3 0.000 1.05 L-Jan. 2016 0.7

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  1.8   1.33 L-Jan. 2016 2.7

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  -0.4   1.44 L-Sep. 2015 1.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.087 2.9 0.003 1.18 L-Sep. 2012 3.0

Frozen vegetables(5)

  3.4   1.47 L-Aug. 2012 6.0

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.056 0.0 0.000 1.17 S-Mar. 2015 -0.4

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  -1.9   2.10 S-Sep. 2013 -3.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.975 0.2 0.002 0.45 S-Feb. 2016 0.2

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.687 1.1 0.007 0.53 S-Feb. 2016 0.9

Carbonated drinks

0.276 3.0 0.008 0.84 L-Feb. 2012 4.4

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.011 1.3 0.000 1.20 S-Feb. 2016 0.8

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.400 -0.2 -0.001 0.83 S-Dec. 2014 -1.0

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.288 -2.0 -0.005 0.78 - -

Coffee

0.181 -4.2 -0.007 1.06 S-Apr. 2014 -4.5

Roasted coffee(5)

  -3.6   1.22 S-May 2014 -4.8

Instant and freeze dried coffee(5)

  -5.3   1.65 S-Feb. 2016 -6.6

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.107 1.7 0.002 0.88 L-Oct. 2013 2.2

Other food at home

2.027 1.1 0.023 0.34 L-Nov. 2015 1.5

Sugar and sweets

0.294 1.2 0.004 0.76 L-Dec. 2015 2.6

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.050 0.8 0.000 1.02 L-Jan. 2016 1.3

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.189 1.8 0.003 1.19 L-Dec. 2015 2.9

Other sweets(4)

0.056 0.1 0.000 0.96 L-Dec. 2015 1.2

Fats and oils

0.239 0.7 0.002 0.66 L-Jan. 2015 0.8

Butter and margarine(4)

0.069 3.6 0.003 1.16 L-Feb. 2015 6.4

Butter(5)

  5.6   1.61 S-Feb. 2016 1.6

Margarine(5)

  1.8   1.36 L-Feb. 2016 2.4

Salad dressing(4)

0.058 0.1 0.000 1.06 L-Dec. 2015 1.6

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.112 -1.2 -0.001 1.06 L-Sep. 2014 -1.2

Peanut butter(4)(5)

  -3.3   1.50 L-Feb. 2016 -3.2

Other foods

1.494 1.2 0.018 0.40 L-Nov. 2015 1.7

Soups

0.095 2.1 0.002 1.38 S-Feb. 2016 1.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.265 0.2 0.001 0.91 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Snacks

0.340 1.8 0.006 1.07 L-Jan. 2016 2.8

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.290 2.6 0.007 0.90 L-Nov. 2015 4.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

  5.8   1.35 L-Oct. 2015 7.0

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

  2.8   2.00 L-Feb. 2016 3.4

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

  0.2   1.34 S-Feb. 2016 0.0

Other condiments(5)

  2.7   1.74 L-Jan. 2016 3.1

Baby food(4)

0.056 0.9 0.000 0.77 L-Feb. 2016 1.2

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.449 0.4 0.002 0.70 L-Dec. 2015 0.8

Prepared salads(6)(5)

  3.0   1.20 S-Feb. 2016 1.7

Food away from home

5.785 2.7 0.154 0.17 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)

2.800 2.3 0.064 0.23 S-Dec. 2015 2.3

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.459 2.9 0.070 0.29 L-Oct. 2015 3.0

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.197 4.9 0.010 0.64 S-Nov. 2015 4.9

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

  4.6   0.41 S-Dec. 2015 4.6

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.081 3.1 0.002 1.22 L-Mar. 2013 3.2

Other food away from home(4)

0.248 2.5 0.008 0.44 S-Jan. 2015 2.2

Energy

6.609 -8.9 -0.688 0.17 L-Jan. 2016 -6.5

Energy commodities

3.040 -14.2 -0.574 0.19 L-Jan. 2016 -8.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.170 -19.4 -0.041 0.81 L-Dec. 2014 -13.7

Fuel oil

0.085 -27.5 -0.034 0.82 L-Mar. 2015 -24.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.085 -8.3 -0.007 1.48 L-Feb. 2016 -7.8

Motor fuel

2.870 -13.9 -0.533 0.20 L-Jan. 2016 -7.7

Gasoline (all types)

2.828 -13.8 -0.518 0.20 L-Jan. 2016 -7.3

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

  -14.4   0.46 L-Jan. 2016 -8.2

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

  -11.5   0.52 L-Jan. 2016 -4.8

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

  -10.4   0.38 L-Jan. 2016 -2.5

Other motor fuels(4)

0.042 -24.3 -0.015 0.26 L-Jan. 2015 -24.2

Energy services(10)

3.569 -3.1 -0.114 0.30 L-Nov. 2015 -2.8

Electricity(10)

2.824 -2.1 -0.063 0.38 S-Feb. 2016 -3.0

Utility (piped) gas service(10)

0.746 -6.5 -0.051 0.49 L-Feb. 2015 -6.5

All items less food and energy

79.466 2.1 1.682 0.10 S-Dec. 2015 2.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.730 -0.5 -0.092 0.24 S-Nov. 2015 -0.6

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.293 -2.0 -0.068 0.30 S-Jan. 2015 -2.1

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.265 -2.5 -0.007 1.12 S-Nov. 2015 -4.1

Floor coverings(4)

0.059 1.1 0.001 1.00 S-Feb. 2016 0.2

Window coverings(4)

0.054 -2.3 -0.001 1.32 S-Feb. 2016 -2.3

Other linens(4)

0.152 -3.8 -0.006 1.68 S-Oct. 2015 -5.3

Furniture and bedding

0.785 -2.7 -0.021 0.70 S-Oct. 2014 -2.7

Bedroom furniture

0.276 -1.6 -0.004 1.13 S-Aug. 2015 -2.1

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.371 -1.8 -0.006 1.16 S-Dec. 2015 -2.3

Other furniture(4)

0.133 -7.4 -0.010 1.75 S-Jan. 2014 -7.4

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

           

Appliances(4)

0.189 -3.8 -0.011 0.92 S-Nov. 2015 -4.2

Major appliances(4)

0.060 -4.8 -0.008 1.24 S-Feb. 2016 -5.7

Laundry equipment(5)

  -5.4   1.34 L-Jan. 2016 -4.0

Other appliances(4)

0.127 -2.7 -0.003 1.22 S-Nov. 2015 -3.8

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.480 -2.7 -0.013 0.97 S-Nov. 2015 -3.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.249 -3.9 -0.010 1.78 L-Apr. 2015 -3.5

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.105 -0.3 0.000 1.42 S-Oct. 2014 -0.3

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.054 -3.7 -0.002 2.60 S-Mar. 2015 -4.4

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.072 -1.2 -0.001 1.20 L-Aug. 2015 -0.9

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.691 -1.5 -0.011 0.69 S-Sep. 2014 -1.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.183 -2.4 -0.004 1.14 S-Dec. 2015 -2.5

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.345 -1.0 -0.004 0.82 S-Mar. 2015 -1.3

Housekeeping supplies

0.882 -0.7 -0.006 0.45 S-Oct. 2015 -0.7

Household cleaning products(4)

0.349 -0.5 -0.002 0.73 S-Mar. 2015 -0.7

Household paper products(4)

0.239 -0.3 -0.001 0.95 S-Oct. 2015 -0.8

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.294 -1.2 -0.003 0.87 L-Feb. 2016 -0.7

Apparel

3.196 -0.6 -0.030 1.10 - -

Men's and boys' apparel

0.787 -1.6 -0.015 1.58 L-Feb. 2016 -0.4

Men's apparel

0.633 -2.2 -0.015 1.68 L-Feb. 2016 -0.4

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.097 -1.1 -0.002 4.45 L-Oct. 2015 -0.5

Men's furnishings

0.206 -3.1 -0.006 1.95 S-Oct. 2015 -4.5

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.178 1.1 0.002 3.27 L-Sep. 2015 2.7

Men's pants and shorts

0.146 -4.8 -0.009 2.93 L-Feb. 2016 2.4

Boys' apparel

0.154 0.3 0.000 3.15 L-Jan. 2016 1.3

Women's and girls' apparel

1.324 -1.0 -0.024 2.28 S-Jan. 2016 -2.1

Women's apparel

1.108 -0.6 -0.017 2.36 S-Jan. 2016 -2.1

Women's outerwear

0.073 3.4 0.003 6.49 S-Feb. 2016 3.2

Women's dresses

0.161 -2.2 -0.003 11.82 L-Sep. 2015 -1.1

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.514 -1.8 -0.018 2.53 S-Jan. 2016 -2.0

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(4)

0.350 0.3 0.001 2.23 L-Feb. 2016 1.8

Girls' apparel

0.216 -2.9 -0.007 5.34 S-Nov. 2015 -5.8

Footwear

0.707 0.7 0.004 1.58 L-Feb. 2016 1.8

Men's footwear

0.221 1.7 0.004 2.42 S-Jan. 2016 -0.5

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.171 1.2 0.002 2.48 L-Feb. 2016 2.5

Women's footwear

0.315 -0.4 -0.002 2.86 L-Feb. 2016 0.7

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.157 -2.7 -0.004 2.06 S-Feb. 2014 -2.7

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.222 4.4 0.009 1.91 L-Feb. 2016 6.9

Watches(8)

0.081 3.3 0.003 2.38 S-Jan. 2016 0.8

Jewelry(8)

0.141 5.0 0.006 2.38 L-Feb. 2016 6.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.384 -0.3 -0.004 0.23 S-Oct. 2015 -0.4

New vehicles

3.753 0.0 0.003 0.34 S-Jun. 2014 0.0

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

  0.0   0.32 S-Jun. 2014 0.0

New cars(5)

  -0.6   0.35 S-Nov. 2015 -0.6

New trucks(13)(5)

  0.6   0.35 S-Jun. 2014 0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.141 -1.5 -0.007 0.12 S-Sep. 2015 -1.7

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.393 0.2 0.001 0.42 L-Dec. 2012 0.9

Tires

0.237 0.1 0.000 0.58 L-Dec. 2012 0.2

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.157 0.5 0.001 0.51 L-Jan. 2016 0.6

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

  0.9   0.66 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

  -1.9   0.81 S-Oct. 2015 -2.2

Medical care commodities

1.831 2.7 0.048 0.64 L-Oct. 2015 2.8

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.771 2.8 0.049 0.66 L-Oct. 2015 2.9

Prescription drugs

1.408 4.0 0.055 0.82 L-Sep. 2015 4.2

Nonprescription drugs(11)

0.363 -1.5 -0.005 0.81 L-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Medical equipment and supplies(11)

0.060 -1.5 -0.001 1.18 S-Dec. 2015 -1.8

Recreation commodities(11)

1.870 -2.6 -0.051 0.45 L-Feb. 2016 -2.6

Video and audio products(11)

0.248 -8.8 -0.025 0.71 S-May 2015 -9.6

Televisions

0.126 -16.1 -0.022 1.27 L-Feb. 2016 -15.0

Other video equipment(4)

0.026 -2.9 -0.001 2.04 S-Feb. 2016 -5.4

Audio equipment

0.063 -3.8 -0.003 1.54 S-Aug. 2015 -4.3

Audio discs, tapes and other media(4)

0.024 1.8 0.001 1.31 S-Feb. 2016 0.4

Pets and pet products

0.593 0.3 0.001 0.75 L-Mar. 2015 0.9

Pet food(4)(5)

  0.4   0.73 L-Mar. 2015 0.8

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

  0.3   1.57 L-Sep. 2015 1.0

Sporting goods

0.441 -0.6 -0.002 0.98 L-Sep. 2014 -0.4

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.228 -1.7 -0.002 1.25 L-Jan. 2016 -1.4

Sports equipment

0.204 0.2 0.000 1.25 L-Dec. 2012 0.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.037 -7.6 -0.004 2.13 S-Oct. 2015 -7.6

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

  -0.9   3.72 L-Jul. 2015 0.1

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

  -8.6   2.32 S-Sep. 2015 -9.2

Recreational reading materials

0.151 -0.4 0.001 1.23 S-Sep. 2011 -0.6

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.088 1.3 0.001 1.55 S-Jan. 2016 0.6

Recreational books(4)

0.063 -2.7 -0.001 1.76 S-Feb. 2012 -4.2

Other recreational goods(4)

0.399 -5.9 -0.022 1.31 S-Feb. 2015 -6.0

Toys

0.324 -8.0 -0.022 1.52 S-Jul. 2010 -8.0

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

  -5.9   1.31 S-Jul. 2010 -5.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.026 -1.5 0.000 3.78 L-Jan. 2016 1.6

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.034 2.8 0.001 1.24 L-Feb. 2016 3.3

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.635 -3.8 -0.023 0.87 L-Dec. 2015 -3.2

Educational books and supplies

0.158 3.7 0.007 1.22 L-Dec. 2015 4.4

College textbooks(14)(5)

  4.8   1.32 L-Dec. 2015 5.3

Information technology commodities(11)

0.477 -7.3 -0.031 1.09 L-Dec. 2015 -6.9

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(6)

0.290 -7.7 -0.021 1.27 S-Feb. 2016 -7.9

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.092 -2.9 -0.002 1.91 L-Feb. 2016 -2.0

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.095 -10.8 -0.007 3.25 L-Feb. 2015 -8.6

Alcoholic beverages

0.960 1.3 0.013 0.31 L-Feb. 2016 1.3

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.595 1.1 0.007 0.46 L-Feb. 2016 1.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.271 2.3 0.006 0.51 L-Dec. 2013 2.3

Distilled spirits at home

0.075 0.8 0.001 0.63 L-Apr. 2015 1.0

Whiskey at home(5)

  0.6   1.12 L-May 2015 1.5

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

  0.7   1.00 L-Jun. 2015 1.0

Wine at home

0.249 0.0 0.000 0.86 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.366 1.5 0.006 0.42 S-Dec. 2015 1.4

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

  0.9   0.55 - -

Wine away from home(4)(5)

  1.2   0.80 - -

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

  3.3   0.61 S-Apr. 2015 3.1

Other goods(11)

1.560 1.4 0.023 0.40 L-Feb. 2015 1.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.653 3.7 0.026 0.44 - -

Cigarettes(4)

0.591 3.8 0.025 0.46 L-Jan. 2016 3.8

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.045 2.5 0.001 1.26 S-Feb. 2016 2.0

Personal care products

0.714 0.0 0.000 0.79 L-Dec. 2015 0.1

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.381 -0.4 -0.001 1.10 L-Dec. 2015 0.0

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.328 0.4 0.001 1.18 S-Feb. 2016 -0.3

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.192 -2.0 -0.004 1.06 L-Mar. 2015 -1.9

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

  0.4   1.13 L-Oct. 2014 1.2

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

  -6.1   1.47 L-Feb. 2016 -3.4

Services less energy services

59.737 3.0 1.774 0.11 - -

Shelter

33.253 3.2 1.047 0.16 - -

Rent of shelter(15)

32.906 3.2 1.043 0.16 - -

Rent of primary residence(10)

7.741 3.7 0.271 0.17 - -

Lodging away from home(4)

0.940 1.3 0.011 2.00 S-Jun. 2015 0.8

Housing at school, excluding board(10)(15)

0.119 2.9 0.005 0.26 - -

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.821 0.0 0.007 2.41 S-Oct. 2013 -3.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(10)(15)

24.225 3.1 0.761 0.16 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(10)(15)

23.114 3.1 0.718 0.16 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.348 0.8 0.003 0.95 S-Apr. 2008 0.7

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.161 3.9 0.047 0.47 L-Jan. 2016 3.9

Water and sewerage maintenance(10)

0.875 4.6 0.042 0.55 L-Nov. 2015 4.6

Garbage and trash collection(13)

0.286 1.8 0.005 0.61 S-Oct. 2015 1.6

Household operations(4)

0.849 2.2 0.019 0.38 S-Mar. 2014 1.1

Domestic services(4)

0.283 0.9 0.003 0.42 - -

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.279 0.4 0.001 0.58 S-Jul. 2013 0.2

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.116 10.2 0.012 1.30 S-Nov. 2015 7.1

Repair of household items(4)

0.088 1.7 0.001 0.70 S-Jun. 2014 1.7

Medical care services

6.626 3.1 0.194 0.24 S-Dec. 2015 2.9

Professional services

3.137 2.3 0.069 0.30 - -

Physicians' services(10)

1.681 2.1 0.035 0.46 S-Oct. 2015 1.9

Dental services(10)

0.818 3.2 0.026 0.54 L-Feb. 2016 3.2

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.326 2.5 0.008 0.74 L-Dec. 2014 2.6

Services by other medical professionals(10)(8)

0.313 0.4 0.001 0.56 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

Hospital and related services

2.490 3.1 0.074 0.41 S-Mar. 2015 3.1

Hospital services(10)(16)

2.219 3.1 0.064 0.46 S-Dec. 1998 3.1

Inpatient hospital services(10)(16)(5)

  4.0   0.91 S-Sep. 2015 3.2

Outpatient hospital services(10)(8)(5)

  1.0   0.63 S-EVER -

Nursing homes and adult day services(10)(16)

0.193 3.7 0.007 0.44 L-Nov. 2012 3.7

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.077 2.8 0.003 0.74 L-Feb. 2016 3.2

Health insurance(7)

0.999 5.8 0.050 0.25 S-Jan. 2016 4.8

Transportation services

5.882 3.3 0.191 0.31 L-May 2011 3.3

Leased cars and trucks(14)

0.562 0.2 0.001 1.26 L-Feb. 2016 0.9

Car and truck rental(4)

0.106 1.9 0.005 2.42 L-Sep. 2015 5.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.164 1.8 0.021 0.33 S-Feb. 2016 1.5

Motor vehicle body work

0.057 2.2 0.001 0.68 S-Feb. 2016 2.1

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.674 1.2 0.007 0.44 S-Jan. 2016 1.1

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.391 2.5 0.013 0.53 L-Aug. 2015 2.5

Motor vehicle insurance

2.385 6.0 0.138 0.59 L-Oct. 2003 7.2

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.529 2.3 0.013 0.45 S-Feb. 2016 2.3

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(10)(4)

0.283 2.7 0.008 0.66 S-Aug. 2015 1.2

Parking and other fees(4)

0.235 1.8 0.004 0.47 L-Jan. 2016 2.3

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

  2.5   0.63 L-Jan. 2016 2.8

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

  0.0   0.75 - -

Public transportation

1.137 1.1 0.013 0.75 L-Jun. 2014 3.5

Airline fare

0.676 0.4 0.003 0.98 L-Jun. 2014 5.3

Other intercity transportation

0.176 4.3 0.006 1.86 S-Feb. 2016 4.3

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

           

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

  1.1   1.59 S-Jan. 2016 -1.0

Ship fare(4)(5)

  9.2   2.34 L-EVER -

Intracity transportation

0.282 1.6 0.004 0.22 S-Mar. 2015 1.4

Intracity mass transit(11)(5)

  1.8   0.59 S-Mar. 2015 1.3

Recreation services(11)

3.897 3.2 0.124 0.52 L-Nov. 2012 3.2

Video and audio services(11)

1.639 3.2 0.051 0.39 - -

Cable and satellite television and radio service(13)

1.534 3.3 0.050 0.40 S-Feb. 2016 2.5

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(4)

0.105 2.0 0.002 1.79 L-Dec. 2015 3.5

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

  1.0   2.46 L-Dec. 2015 3.7

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(4)(5)

  0.1   0.99 S-Nov. 2014 -0.3

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.370 4.1 0.016 0.44 - -

Pet services(4)(5)

  2.6   1.08 S-Feb. 2016 2.6

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

  4.2   0.58 L-Feb. 2016 4.3

Photographers and film processing(4)

0.050 1.9 0.001 1.18 S-Jan. 2016 1.9

Photographer fees(4)(5)

  2.0   0.77 S-Feb. 2016 2.0

Film processing(4)(5)

  1.7   1.23 S-Aug. 2015 1.7

Other recreation services(4)

1.838 3.1 0.055 1.03 L-Nov. 2012 3.3

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(4)

0.647 3.0 0.019 1.34 L-Jul. 2014 3.0

Admissions

0.641 3.0 0.019 1.31 L-Feb. 2016 3.6

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

  3.7   0.98 S-Feb. 2016 2.7

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

  0.9   1.47 L-Feb. 2016 6.0

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.223 2.9 0.006 0.60 S-Nov. 2015 2.9

Education and communication services(11)

6.456 1.6 0.105 0.19 S-Oct. 2015 1.4

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

3.011 3.0 0.093 0.31 S-Jan. 2014 3.0

College tuition and fees

1.787 3.0 0.056 0.45 S-EVER -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.310 3.9 0.014 0.42 L-Jun. 2015 4.0

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.741 2.5 0.018 0.52 S-Dec. 2014 2.2

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.042 1.9 0.001 0.48 L-Mar. 2015 2.0

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.140 0.2 0.000 0.35 S-Dec. 2015 0.1

Postage

0.133 0.4 0.001 0.38 S-Dec. 2015 0.0

Delivery services(4)

0.007 -2.7 0.000 0.53 S-Nov. 2009 -6.6

Telephone services(4)

2.558 0.9 0.022 0.30 L-Jan. 2016 0.9

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.820 0.7 0.009 0.39 L-May 2003 1.2

Land-line telephone services(11)

0.738 1.6 0.013 0.42 - -

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.736 -1.3 -0.009 0.75 S-Dec. 2015 -1.5

Other personal services(11)

1.613 2.8 0.047 0.29 - -

Personal care services

0.610 3.2 0.020 0.43 L-Feb. 2016 3.6

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.610 3.2 0.020 0.43 L-Feb. 2016 3.6

Miscellaneous personal services

1.003 2.5 0.027 0.40 S-Feb. 2016 2.4

Legal services(8)

0.238 1.9 0.006 0.66 S-Aug. 2015 1.7

Funeral expenses(8)

0.144 1.7 0.003 0.63 S-May 2015 1.6

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.266 3.5 0.010 0.42 L-Apr. 2009 3.8

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.027 1.6 0.000 0.68 S-Aug. 2015 1.4

Financial services(8)

0.230 2.6 0.006 1.01 L-Dec. 2015 2.7

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

  0.3   0.60 S-Feb. 2015 0.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

  3.3   1.40 L-Dec. 2015 3.7

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.075 1.2 0.994 0.09 L-Jan. 2016 1.5

All items less shelter

66.747 0.1 0.078 0.10 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

All items less food and shelter

52.822 -0.1 -0.053 0.12 L-Jan. 2016 0.3

All items less food, shelter, and energy

46.213 1.4 0.635 0.13 S-Dec. 2015 1.3

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

44.072 1.5 0.643 0.14 - -

All items less medical care

91.542 1.0 0.883 0.08 L-Jan. 2016 1.2

All items less energy

93.391 2.0 1.813 0.08 - -

Commodities

36.694 -1.4 -0.535 0.13 L-Jan. 2016 -0.5

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.589 -0.5 -0.085 0.27 S-Dec. 2015 -0.5

Commodities less food

22.769 -2.8 -0.666 0.19 L-Jan. 2016 -1.4

Commodities less food and beverages

21.809 -3.0 -0.679 0.20 L-Jan. 2016 -1.5

Services

63.306 2.7 1.660 0.10 - -

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.401 2.1 0.616 0.12 - -

Services less medical care services

56.680 2.6 1.466 0.11 - -

Durables

9.664 -1.4 -0.117 0.19 S-Feb. 2015 -1.6

Nondurables

27.030 -1.4 -0.417 0.16 L-Jan. 2016 -0.5

Nondurables less food

13.105 -3.7 -0.549 0.26 L-Jan. 2016 -1.9

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.145 -4.1 -0.562 0.28 L-Jan. 2016 -2.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

8.949 -5.2 -0.532 0.17 L-Jan. 2016 -2.7

Nondurables less food and apparel

9.909 -4.6 -0.519 0.15 L-Jan. 2016 -2.4

Housing

42.295 2.1 0.889 0.13 - -

Education and communication(4)

7.091 1.2 0.082 0.20 - -

Education(4)

3.169 3.0 0.100 0.30 S-Jan. 2014 3.0

Communication(4)

3.923 -0.5 -0.018 0.25 S-Feb. 2016 -0.7

Information and information processing(4)

3.782 -0.5 -0.019 0.26 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.225 -3.6 -0.040 0.66 S-Feb. 2016 -3.6

Recreation(4)

5.767 1.3 0.073 0.35 L-Nov. 2012 1.4

Video and audio(4)

1.887 1.4 0.027 0.36 - -

Pets, pet products and services(4)

0.963 1.7 0.017 0.48 L-May 2013 1.9

Photography(4)

0.088 -2.5 -0.003 1.30 S-Nov. 2015 -2.9

Food and beverages

14.885 1.0 0.144 0.12 L-Nov. 2015 1.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.813 -0.3 -0.018 0.20 L-Feb. 2016 -0.3

Other services

11.966 2.3 0.276 0.20 S-Feb. 2016 2.2

Apparel less footwear

2.489 -1.0 -0.034 1.32 S-Nov. 2015 -1.8

Fuels and utilities

4.900 -2.1 -0.108 0.23 L-Apr. 2015 -1.0

Household energy

3.739 -3.9 -0.155 0.29 L-Apr. 2015 -2.6

Medical care

8.458 3.0 0.242 0.24 S-Jan. 2016 3.0

Transportation

15.135 -2.4 -0.346 0.16 L-Jan. 2016 -0.4

Private transportation

13.998 -2.6 -0.360 0.16 L-Jan. 2016 -0.4

New and used motor vehicles(4)

6.658 -0.3 0.000 0.25 S-Oct. 2015 -0.4

Utilities and public transportation

9.959 0.2 0.017 0.17 L-Feb. 2015 0.4

Household furnishings and operations

4.141 -1.2 -0.049 0.25 S-Sep. 2014 -1.4

Other goods and services

3.173 2.1 0.070 0.25 L-Nov. 2015 2.1

Personal care

2.519 1.7 0.044 0.31 L-Nov. 2015 1.7

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous published 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Last Modified Date: May 17, 2016