Consumer Price Index News Release

 Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                                        
 8:30 a.m. (EDT) August 16, 2016                USDL-16-1684

 Technical information: (202) 691-7000    Reed.Steve@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/cpi
 Media Contact:         (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov 

 CONSUMER PRICE INDEX – JULY 2016

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) was unchanged in July
 on a seasonally adjusted basis, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
 today. Over the last 12 months, the all items index rose 0.8 percent before
 seasonal adjustment.

 The energy index declined in July and the food index was unchanged. The index
 for all items less food and energy rose, but posted its smallest increase since
 March. As a result, the all items index was unchanged after rising in each of
 the 4 previous months. 

 The energy index fell 1.6 percent after rising in each of the last four months.
 The decline was due to a sharp decrease in the gasoline index; other energy
 indexes were mixed. The food at home index declined 0.2 percent as four of the
 six major grocery store food group indexes decreased, while the index for food
 away from home rose 0.2 percent.

 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in July after
 rising 0.2 percent in June. The shelter index rose 0.2 percent, its smallest
 increase since March, and the indexes for medical care, new vehicles, and motor
 vehicle insurance also rose. In contrast, the indexes for airline fares, used
 cars and trucks, communication, and recreation were among those that declined
 in July.
 
 The all items index rose 0.8 percent for the 12 months ending July, a smaller
 increase than the 1.0 percent rise for the 12 months ending June. Similarly,
 the index for all items less food and energy rose 2.2 percent for the 12 months
 ending July, a smaller increase than the 2.3 percent rise for the 12 months
 ending June. 

 Table A. Percent changes in CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city
 average
                                                                               
                                                                               
                                  Seasonally adjusted changes from             
                                          preceding month                      
                                                                          Un-  
                                                                       adjusted
                                                                        12-mos.
                              Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July   ended 
                              2016  2016  2016  2016  2016  2016  2016   July  
                                                                         2016  
                                                                               
                                                                               
 All items..................    .0   -.2    .1    .4    .2    .2    .0       .8
  Food......................    .0    .2   -.2    .2   -.2   -.1    .0       .2
   Food at home.............   -.2    .2   -.5    .1   -.5   -.3   -.2     -1.6
   Food away from home (1)..    .3    .1    .2    .2    .2    .2    .2      2.8
  Energy....................  -2.8  -6.0    .9   3.4   1.2   1.3  -1.6    -10.9
   Energy commodities.......  -4.8 -12.5   1.9   7.8   2.4   3.3  -4.4    -19.4
    Gasoline (all types)....  -4.8 -13.0   2.2   8.1   2.3   3.3  -4.7    -19.9
    Fuel oil (1)............  -6.5  -2.9   1.7   1.9   6.2   3.3  -1.3    -17.8
   Energy services..........   -.7    .1    .2   -.1    .2   -.5   1.0      -.9
    Electricity.............   -.7   -.2    .4   -.3   -.2   -.5    .5     -1.0
    Utility (piped) gas                                                        
       service..............   -.6   1.0   -.7    .6   1.7   -.4   3.1      -.4
  All items less food and                                                      
     energy.................    .3    .3    .1    .2    .2    .2    .1      2.2
   Commodities less food and                                                   
      energy commodities....    .2    .3   -.2   -.1   -.2   -.2   -.1      -.6
    New vehicles............    .3    .2    .0   -.3   -.1   -.2    .2       .0
    Used cars and trucks....    .1    .2   -.1   -.3  -1.3  -1.1  -1.0     -3.7
    Apparel.................    .6   1.6  -1.1   -.3    .8   -.4    .0       .3
    Medical care commodities    .4    .6    .3    .5   -.2   1.1    .4      3.6
   Services less energy                                                        
      services..............    .3    .3    .2    .3    .3    .3    .2      3.1
    Shelter.................    .3    .3    .2    .3    .4    .3    .2      3.3
    Transportation services     .4    .2    .2    .7    .3    .3   -.2      3.0
    Medical care services...    .5    .5    .1    .3    .5    .2    .5      4.1

   1 Not seasonally adjusted.










 Consumer Price Index Data for July 2016

 Food

 The food index was unchanged in July after falling in May and June. The index for
 food at home fell 0.2 percent in July, its seventh decline in the last 9 months.
 Four of the six major grocery store food group indexes decreased. The index for
 meats, poultry, fish, and eggs continued to fall, declining 0.6 percent after a
 0.7 percent decrease in June. The dairy and related products index fell 0.4
 percent, and the indexes for cereals and bakery products and other food at home
 both fell 0.2 percent. The index for fruits and vegetables, however, turned up
 in July, rising 0.3 percent as the indexes for fresh fruits and fresh vegetables
 both increased. The index for nonalcoholic beverages also increased 0.3 percent
 in July after falling in June. 

 The food index has risen 0.2 percent over the past year, its smallest 12-month
 increase since the period ending March 2010. The food at home index has declined
 1.6 percent over the last 12 months, with the index for meats, poultry, fish,
 and eggs falling 5.6 percent over the span. The dairy and related products index
 fell 3.1 percent, and the indexes for cereals and bakery products and for
 nonalcoholic beverages also declined. In contrast, the food away from home index
 has risen 2.8 percent over the past 12 months, and increased 0.2 percent in July.   

 Energy

 The energy index declined 1.6 percent in July after rising 6.1 percent over the
 previous 3 months. The downturn was due to the gasoline index, which fell 4.7
 percent in July after rising in each of the previous 4 months. (Before seasonal
 adjustment, gasoline prices decreased 5.5 percent in July.) The fuel oil index
 also turned down in July, falling 1.3 percent after increasing in recent months.
 In contrast to these declines, the index for natural gas increased 3.1 percent
 in July, its largest increase since March 2014. The electricity index also rose,
 advancing 0.5 percent after falling 0.5 percent in June. 

 The energy index has declined 10.9 percent over the past year, with all of its
 major component indexes falling over the period. The fuel oil and gasoline
 indexes have declined substantially, falling 17.8 percent and 19.9 percent,
 respectively. The electricity and natural gas indexes have decreased modestly,
 with the electricity index falling 1.0 percent and the index for natural gas
 falling 0.4 percent.
 
 All items less food and energy

 The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.1 percent in July after
 rising 0.2 percent in June. The shelter index increased 0.2 percent in July
 following a 0.4 percent rise in May and a 0.3 percent increase in June. The
 indexes for rent and owners' equivalent rent both increased 0.3 percent in July,
 while the index for lodging away from home turned down, falling 2.4 percent after
 increasing in May and June. The medical care index rose 0.5 percent in July, as
 the prescription drugs index rose 0.9 percent, the index for physicians' services
 advanced 0.7 percent, and the hospital services index increased 0.4 percent. The
 new vehicles index turned up in July, rising 0.2 percent, its first increase
 since February. The index for motor vehicle insurance continued to rise,
 increasing 0.4 percent in July, its ninth consecutive increase. The personal care
 index rose 0.2 percent, and the index for household furnishings and operations
 rose 0.1 percent in July after declining in each of the last 4 months.

 In contrast to these increases, an array of indexes posted declines in July. The
 index for airline fares declined 4.9 percent after rising in June. The index for
 used cars and trucks continued to decrease, falling 1.0 percent; this was its
 third consecutive decline of 1.0 percent or more. The tobacco index fell 0.5
 percent after rising 0.6 percent in June. A number of indexes posted smaller
 declines. The communication index fell 0.2 percent and the indexes for recreation,
 education, and alcoholic beverages all declined 0.1 percent. The index for apparel
 was unchanged in July.   
   
 The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.2 percent over the past
 12 months. The shelter index has risen 3.3 percent over this span, and the medical
 care index has increased 4.0 percent. The motor vehicle insurance index has
 increased 6.3 percent over the past year. In contrast, the index for airline fares
 has fallen 4.6 percent and the used cars and trucks index has declined 3.7 percent. 

 Not seasonally adjusted CPI measures

 The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) increased 0.8 percent over
 the last 12 months to an index level of 240.647 (1982-84=100). For the month, the
 index decreased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal adjustment.  

 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W)
 increased 0.4 percent over the last 12 months to an index level of 234.789
 (1982-84=100). For the month, the index decreased 0.2 percent prior to seasonal
 adjustment.  

 The Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) increased 0.5
 percent over the last 12 months. For the month, the index fell 0.2 percent on a not
 seasonally adjusted basis. Please note that the indexes for the past 10 to 12 months
 are subject to revision.    

	
 The Consumer Price Index for August 2016 is scheduled to be released on Friday,
 September 16, 2016, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT). 



















 Facilities for Sensory Impaired

 Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
 upon request.  Voice phone:  202-691-5200, Federal Relay Services:  1-800-877-8339.  

 Brief Explanation of the CPI
      
 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over
 time of goods and services purchased by households. The Bureau of Labor Statistics
 publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) the CPI for Urban Wage Earners and
 Clerical Workers (CPI-W), which covers households of wage earners and clerical workers
 that comprise approximately 28 percent of the total population and (2) the CPI for All
 Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Chained CPI for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U), which
 covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and includes, in addition to
 wage earners and clerical worker households, groups such as professional, managerial,
 and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and
 retirees and others not in the labor force.
      
 The CPIs are based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, fuels, transportation fares,
 charges for doctors’ and dentists’ services, drugs, and other goods and services that
 people buy for day-to-day living. Prices are collected each month in 87 urban areas
 across the country from about 6,000 housing units and approximately 24,000 retail
 establishments-department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other
 types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the
 purchase and use of items are included in the index. Prices of fuels and a few other
 items are obtained every month in all 87 locations. Prices of most other commodities
 and services are collected every month in the three largest geographic areas and every
 other month in other areas. Prices of most goods and services are obtained by personal
 visits or telephone calls of the Bureau’s trained representatives.
      
 In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are
 averaged together with weights, which represent their importance in the spending of the
 appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average.
 For the CPI-U and CPI-W separate indexes are also published by size of city, by region of
 the country, for cross-classifications of regions and population-size classes, and for 27
 local areas. Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices among cities;
 they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.  For
 the C-CPI-U data are issued only at the national level. It is important to note that the
 CPI-U and CPI-W are considered final when released, but the C-CPI-U is issued in
 preliminary form and subject to two annual revisions.
      
 The index measures price change from a designed reference date. For the CPI-U and the
 CPI-W the reference base is 1982-84 equals 100. The reference base for the C-CPI-U is
 December 1999 equals 100.  An increase of 16.5 percent from the reference base, for
 example, is shown as 116.500. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows:
  the price of a base period market basket of goods and services in the CPI has risen
 from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. 
      
 For further details visit the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi/ or
 contact our CPI Information and Analysis Section on (202) 691-7000.




 Note on Sampling Error in the Consumer Price Index

 The CPI is a statistical estimate that is subject to sampling error because it is based
 upon a sample of retail prices and not the complete universe of all prices. BLS
 calculates and publishes estimates of the 1-month, 2-month, 6-month and 12-month percent
 change standard errors annually, for the CPI-U.  These standard error estimates can be
 used to construct confidence intervals for hypothesis testing. For example, the estimated
 standard error of the 1 month percent change is 0.04 percent for the U.S. All Items
 Consumer Price Index.  This means that if we repeatedly sample from the universe of all
 retail prices using the same methodology, and estimate a percentage change for each sample,
 then 95% of these estimates would be within 0.08 percent of the 1 month percentage change
 based on all retail prices.  For example, for a 1-month change of 0.2 percent in the All
 Items CPI for All Urban Consumers, we are 95 percent confident that the actual percent
 change based on all retail prices would fall between 0.12 and 0.28 percent. For the latest
 data, including information on how to use the estimates of standard error, see "Variance
 Estimates for Price Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January-December 2014."  These
 data are available on the CPI home page (www.bls.gov/cpi), or by using the following
 link: www.bls.gov/cpi/cpivar2014.pdf   

 Calculating Index Changes

 Movements of the indexes from one month to another are usually expressed as percent changes
 rather than changes in index points, because index point changes are affected by the level
 of the index in relation to its base period while percent changes are not.  The example
 below illustrates the computation of index point and percent changes.
      
 Percent changes for 3-month and 6-month periods are expressed as annual rates and are
 computed according to the standard formula for compound growth rates. These data indicate
 what the percent change would be if the current rate were maintained for a 12-month period.

 Index Point Change

 CPI                                                                  202.416
 Less previous index                                                  201.800
 Equals index point change                                               .616



 Percent Change

 Index point difference                                                  .616
 Divided by the previous index                                        201.800
 Equals                                                                 0.003
 Results multiplied by one hundred                                  0.003x100
 Equals percent change                                                    0.3





 A Note on the Use of Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 Introduction

 The Consumer Price Index (CPI) produces both unadjusted and seasonally adjusted data.
 Seasonally adjusted data are computed using seasonal factors derived by the X-13ARIMA-SEATS
 Seasonal Adjustment Method. These factors are updated each February, and the new factors are
 used to revise the previous five years of seasonally adjusted data. For more information on
 data revisions and exceptions to the usual revision schedule, please see the Fact Sheet on
 Seasonal Adjustment (http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpisaqanda.htm) and the Timeline of Seasonal
 Adjustment Methodological Changes (http://www.bls.gov/cpi/cpiseastimeline.htm).
 
 How to Use Seasonally Adjusted and Unadjusted Data

 For analyzing short-term price trends in the economy, seasonally adjusted changes are usually
 preferred since they eliminate the effect of changes that normally occur at the same time and
 in about the same magnitude every year—such as price movements resulting from changing
 climatic conditions, production cycles, model changeovers, holidays, and sales. This allows
 data users to focus on changes that are not typical for the time of year.  The unadjusted data
 are of primary interest to consumers concerned about the prices they actually pay. Unadjusted
 data are also used extensively for escalation purposes. Many collective bargaining contract
 agreements and pension plans, for example, tie compensation changes to the Consumer Price Index
 before adjustment for seasonal variation. BLS advises against the use of seasonally adjusted
 data in escalation agreements because seasonally adjusted series are revised annually.

 Intervention Analysis
 
 The Bureau of Labor Statistics uses Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment for some CPI
 series. Sometimes extreme values or sharp movements can distort the underlying seasonal pattern
 of price change. Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment is a process by which the distortions
 caused by such unusual events are estimated and removed from the data prior to calculation of
 seasonal factors. The resulting seasonal factors, which more accurately represent the seasonal
 pattern, are then applied to the unadjusted data. 

 2016 Series Adjusted Using Intervention Analysis Seasonal Adjustment

 For the seasonal factors introduced in January 2016, BLS adjusted 37 series using Intervention
 Analysis Seasonal Adjustment, including selected food and beverage items, motor fuels and natural
 gas. For example, this procedure was used for the Motor fuel series to offset the effects of
 events such as the response in crude oil markets to the worldwide economic downturn in 2008.

 Revision of Seasonally Adjusted Indexes
 
 Seasonally adjusted data, including the U.S. city average All items index levels, are subject to
 revision for up to five years after their original release. Every year, economists in the CPI
 calculate new seasonal factors for seasonally adjusted series and apply them to the last five years
 of data. Seasonally adjusted indexes beyond the last five years of data are considered to be final
 and not subject to revision. In January 2016, revised seasonal factors and seasonally adjusted
 indexes for 2011-2015 were calculated and published. For directly adjusted series, the seasonal
 factors for 2015 will be applied to data in 2016 to produce the seasonally adjusted 2016 indexes.
 
 Determining Seasonal Status

 Each year the seasonal status of every series is reevaluated based upon certain statistical criteria.
 Using these criteria, BLS economists determine whether a series should change its status: from "not
 seasonally adjusted" to "seasonally adjusted", or vice versa. If any of the 81 components of the U.S.
 city average all items index change their seasonal adjustment status from seasonally adjusted to not
 seasonally adjusted, not seasonally adjusted data will be used in the aggregation of the dependent
 series for the last five years, but the seasonally adjusted indexes before that period will not be
 changed. 28 of the 81 components of the U.S. city average all items index are not seasonally adjusted
 for 2016.

 Contact Information
 
 For additional information on seasonal adjustment in the CPI, please write to the Bureau of Labor
 Statistics, Division of Consumer Prices and Price Indexes, Washington, DC 20212 or contact Justin
 Yarros, Samuel An or Marie Rogers at (202) 691-6968 or by e-mail at Yarros.Justin@bls.gov,
 An.Samuel@bls.gov or Rogers.Marie@bls.gov. If you have general questions about the CPI, please call
 our information staff at (202) 691-7000. 


























Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2016
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2015
Jun.
2016
Jul.
2016
Jul.
2015-
Jul.
2016
Jun.
2016-
Jul.
2016
Apr.
2016-
May
2016
May
2016-
Jun.
2016
Jun.
2016-
Jul.
2016

All items

100.000 238.654 241.038 240.647 0.8 -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0

Food

13.729 247.003 247.482 247.554 0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Food at home

7.978 241.993 238.430 238.207 -1.6 -0.1 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.078 275.526 273.379 273.418 -0.8 0.0 -0.4 0.1 -0.2

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.789 261.639 248.016 246.875 -5.6 -0.5 -0.5 -0.7 -0.6

Dairy and related products

0.808 221.443 214.815 214.605 -3.1 -0.1 -0.6 -0.3 -0.4

Fruits and vegetables

1.344 287.816 292.733 291.960 1.4 -0.3 -0.7 -0.1 0.3

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.950 167.421 165.940 166.648 -0.5 0.4 -0.1 -0.7 0.3

Other food at home

2.009 210.251 210.392 210.486 0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.0 -0.2

Food away from home(1)

5.752 255.905 262.529 263.051 2.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Energy

7.296 219.852 200.035 195.940 -10.9 -2.0 1.2 1.3 -1.6

Energy commodities

3.613 246.977 209.953 198.978 -19.4 -5.2 2.4 3.3 -4.4

Fuel oil(1)

0.094 258.620 215.295 212.482 -17.8 -1.3 6.2 3.3 -1.3

Motor fuel

3.437 244.584 207.389 196.053 -19.8 -5.5 2.3 3.3 -4.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.389 243.736 206.681 195.243 -19.9 -5.5 2.3 3.3 -4.7

Energy services(2)

3.683 203.674 199.691 201.832 -0.9 1.1 0.2 -0.5 1.0

Electricity(2)

2.941 216.406 213.474 214.193 -1.0 0.3 -0.2 -0.5 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(2)

0.742 162.733 155.914 162.129 -0.4 4.0 1.7 -0.4 3.1

All items less food and energy

78.975 242.436 247.821 247.768 2.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.386 145.722 145.574 144.883 -0.6 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Apparel

3.109 122.607 125.472 123.030 0.3 -1.9 0.8 -0.4 0.0

New vehicles

3.683 147.154 147.245 147.119 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Used cars and trucks

2.117 151.119 146.303 145.457 -3.7 -0.6 -1.3 -1.1 -1.0

Medical care commodities

1.828 355.235 366.033 368.147 3.6 0.6 -0.2 1.1 0.4

Alcoholic beverages

0.948 239.092 242.133 242.032 1.2 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Tobacco and smoking products

0.652 935.913 962.838 962.630 2.9 0.0 0.2 0.6 -0.5

Services less energy services

59.589 301.665 310.685 311.076 3.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.183 279.559 288.069 288.780 3.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2

Rent of primary residence(2)

7.710 286.090 295.902 296.862 3.8 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(2)(3)

24.148 286.220 294.702 295.554 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Medical care services

6.600 475.956 493.503 495.492 4.1 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.5

Physicians' services(2)

1.683 367.450 377.678 380.083 3.4 0.6 1.0 0.3 0.7

Hospital services(2)(4)

2.200 288.895 301.277 302.161 4.6 0.3 0.7 0.1 0.4

Transportation services

5.936 292.119 302.768 300.823 3.0 -0.6 0.3 0.3 -0.2

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.156 271.175 275.563 276.058 1.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Motor vehicle insurance

2.400 460.041 487.631 489.064 6.3 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.4

Airline fare

0.729 297.324 309.679 283.501 -4.6 -8.5 -1.5 1.6 -4.9

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(3) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 2. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by detailed expenditure category, July 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2016
Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2015-
Jul.
2016
Jun.
2016-
Jul.
2016
Apr.
2016-
May
2016
May
2016-
Jun.
2016
Jun.
2016-
Jul.
2016

All items

100.000 0.8 -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0

Food

13.729 0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Food at home

7.978 -1.6 -0.1 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2

Cereals and bakery products

1.078 -0.8 0.0 -0.4 0.1 -0.2

Cereals and cereal products

0.364 -0.8 0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0.6

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.044 -0.4 1.6 -0.1 -1.9 1.8

Breakfast cereal(1)

0.186 -0.7 0.6 0.1 0.4 0.6

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(1)

0.134 -1.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.3

Rice(1)(2)(3)

  -3.3 -0.7 0.6 0.6 -0.7

Bakery products(1)

0.714 -0.8 -0.3 -0.5 0.2 -0.3

Bread(1)(2)

0.213 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.5 0.0

White bread(1)(3)

  -0.6 0.2 0.7 0.2 0.2

Bread other than white(1)(3)

  0.6 -0.3 -0.8 1.1 -0.3

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(2)

0.104 -1.1 -0.3 -0.9 0.9 -1.1

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.172 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.7 -0.4

Cookies(3)

  -2.1 -1.0 -0.1 -0.9 -1.8

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(1)(3)

  2.5 1.6 -0.4 -0.2 1.6

Other bakery products

0.225 -1.6 -0.7 -1.3 0.8 -0.6

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(1)(3)

  0.0 0.2 -0.4 1.2 0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(3)

  -1.9 -1.3 -1.0 0.6 -1.5

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(3)

  -2.1 -0.5 -1.3 1.1 -0.7

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.789 -5.6 -0.5 -0.5 -0.7 -0.6

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.684 -3.6 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3 -0.6

Meats

1.073 -4.7 -0.7 -0.5 -0.3 -0.9

Beef and veal

0.486 -7.7 -1.4 -0.1 -0.8 -1.4

Uncooked ground beef(1)

0.194 -10.2 -0.6 -0.2 -1.0 -0.6

Uncooked beef roasts(1)(2)

0.067 -6.5 -1.6 2.9 -1.7 -1.6

Uncooked beef steaks(2)

0.177 -6.3 -2.6 0.0 -0.8 -2.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(1)(2)

0.048 -3.5 0.1 -1.8 2.1 0.1

Pork

0.334 -1.9 0.6 -1.2 0.6 -0.6

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(2)

0.140 1.7 0.3 -1.9 0.1 -0.2

Bacon and related products(3)

  5.0 0.5 0.1 -2.8 -0.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(2)(3)

  -2.9 -0.3 -2.7 2.1 -0.4

Ham

0.061 -2.9 0.7 -2.1 2.4 -0.1

Ham, excluding canned(3)

  -2.9 0.9 -2.4 3.1 -0.2

Pork chops(1)

0.055 -2.1 2.1 0.3 0.8 2.1

Other pork including roasts and picnics(2)

0.078 -6.4 -0.1 0.0 1.0 -1.6

Other meats

0.253 -1.9 -0.9 -0.6 -0.5 -0.5

Frankfurters(3)

  -5.6 -2.4 -1.4 -3.1 -0.8

Lunchmeats(2)(3)

  -0.3 -0.9 -0.2 0.3 -0.9

Lamb and organ meats(1)(3)

  -0.3 0.7 -1.9 1.2 0.7

Lamb and mutton(1)(2)(3)

  -2.5 0.0 -3.2 1.1 0.0

Poultry

0.346 -3.2 -0.3 0.2 -1.1 -0.3

Chicken(1)(2)

0.279 -3.4 -0.1 -0.2 -0.9 -0.1

Fresh whole chicken(1)(3)

  -2.1 3.1 0.3 -5.5 3.1

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(1)(3)

  -3.8 -1.4 -0.4 1.2 -1.4

Other poultry including turkey(2)

0.067 -2.2 -1.1 -1.0 1.2 -1.3

Fish and seafood

0.265 0.2 0.1 -0.4 0.3 0.2

Fresh fish and seafood(2)

0.144 4.0 0.6 -0.8 0.9 0.9

Processed fish and seafood(2)

0.121 -3.9 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3 -1.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(1)(3)

  -2.3 -1.5 -0.7 -0.6 -1.5

Frozen fish and seafood(3)

  -5.8 0.2 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1

Eggs

0.105 -29.0 -0.4 -2.8 -5.7 -0.6

Dairy and related products

0.808 -3.1 -0.1 -0.6 -0.3 -0.4

Milk(1)(2)

0.226 -7.0 -0.4 -0.2 -1.0 -0.4

Fresh whole milk(3)

  -7.0 -0.7 0.6 -0.8 -1.6

Fresh milk other than whole(2)(3)

  -7.2 -0.3 0.5 -1.0 -0.9

Cheese and related products

0.260 -3.2 0.6 -0.6 -0.7 0.1

Ice cream and related products

0.115 1.0 -1.6 0.5 0.6 -0.5

Other dairy and related products(1)(2)

0.206 -0.6 0.1 -1.5 0.7 0.1

Fruits and vegetables

1.344 1.4 -0.3 -0.7 -0.1 0.3

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.044 2.1 -0.5 -0.6 -0.1 0.3

Fresh fruits

0.562 3.0 -0.7 -0.7 0.0 0.4

Apples

0.092 9.1 0.3 -2.5 0.4 -1.8

Bananas(1)

0.087 -0.4 -0.4 0.1 0.8 -0.4

Citrus fruits(2)

0.160 3.1 1.2 2.1 1.5 -2.6

Oranges, including tangerines(3)

  0.1 5.0 -3.0 1.2 -0.3

Other fresh fruits(2)

0.223 2.8 -2.5 -2.1 -1.5 2.8

Fresh vegetables

0.482 1.0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2 0.2

Potatoes

0.081 0.8 1.1 0.8 -0.6 -1.8

Lettuce

0.065 -2.8 -3.9 3.3 -2.4 -2.1

Tomatoes(1)

0.078 -1.5 0.4 -7.0 -0.1 0.4

Other fresh vegetables

0.258 2.9 0.1 -1.7 0.3 1.2

Processed fruits and vegetables(2)

0.300 -0.5 0.4 -1.4 -0.1 0.2

Canned fruits and vegetables(2)

0.157 -1.3 0.3 -0.8 -0.6 0.2

Canned fruits(2)(3)

  -0.3 0.3 -0.8 -0.5 -0.2

Canned vegetables(2)(3)

  -1.7 0.5 -0.9 -0.8 0.9

Frozen fruits and vegetables(2)

0.088 1.2 0.6 -1.8 0.2 0.4

Frozen vegetables(3)

  0.6 0.5 -2.4 0.3 0.3

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(2)

0.055 -1.0 0.5 -1.6 0.3 0.7

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(1)(2)(3)

  -1.6 0.0 0.2 -0.3 0.0

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.950 -0.5 0.4 -0.1 -0.7 0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(2)

0.668 0.2 0.4 -0.7 -0.3 0.4

Carbonated drinks

0.269 0.9 0.5 -1.5 0.0 0.3

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(1)(2)

0.011 -1.6 -1.6 0.5 -1.6 -1.6

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(2)

0.388 -0.2 0.3 0.0 -0.7 0.6

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(2)

0.283 -2.2 0.5 0.6 -1.0 -0.1

Coffee

0.179 -4.0 -0.3 0.8 -0.5 -1.1

Roasted coffee(3)

  -3.8 -0.5 0.2 -0.2 -1.5

Instant and freeze dried coffee(1)(3)

  -4.9 -1.5 2.0 -1.1 -1.5

Other beverage materials including tea(2)

0.104 0.6 2.0 -0.4 -1.9 1.9

Other food at home

2.009 0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.0 -0.2

Sugar and sweets(1)

0.291 -0.7 0.0 -0.5 0.0 0.0

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.050 -2.4 -0.5 -1.0 -0.2 -1.1

Candy and chewing gum(1)(2)

0.185 -0.1 0.1 -0.5 0.2 0.1

Other sweets(2)

0.055 -0.7 0.1 -0.1 -0.7 0.3

Fats and oils

0.234 0.4 0.4 -0.9 -0.1 0.2

Butter and margarine(2)

0.068 3.5 1.3 -3.1 2.1 0.7

Butter(3)

  3.1 0.9 -3.3 1.6 -0.6

Margarine(3)

  3.4 1.1 -2.0 2.8 1.1

Salad dressing(2)

0.056 0.8 1.8 -0.6 -0.4 1.4

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(2)

0.110 -2.0 -0.9 0.0 -1.3 -0.5

Peanut butter(1)(2)(3)

  -2.9 -2.1 3.1 -3.3 -2.1

Other foods

1.484 0.2 0.0 -0.4 0.1 -0.3

Soups

0.098 0.5 -1.2 0.8 -0.8 -1.3

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(1)

0.264 -1.4 -0.6 0.0 0.2 -0.6

Snacks(1)

0.335 0.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4 -0.2

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.286 1.3 1.1 -1.5 0.6 0.7

Salt and other seasonings and spices(2)(3)

  2.9 -0.1 -0.8 -0.1 -0.6

Olives, pickles, relishes(1)(2)(3)

  3.0 1.7 -3.8 3.5 1.7

Sauces and gravies(2)(3)

  -0.5 1.8 -1.4 0.6 0.9

Other condiments(3)

  3.0 0.0 -1.9 2.5 0.1

Baby food(1)(2)

0.055 2.0 1.0 0.6 -0.5 1.0

Other miscellaneous foods(1)(2)

0.447 0.1 -0.1 -0.4 0.4 -0.1

Prepared salads(1)(3)(4)

  0.9 -1.2 -0.8 0.7 -1.2

Food away from home(1)

5.752 2.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Full service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.786 2.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Limited service meals and snacks(1)(2)

2.443 2.9 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Food at employee sites and schools(2)

0.195 10.8 0.2 0.3 0.8 1.8

Food at elementary and secondary schools(1)(3)(5)

      0.0 0.0  

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(1)(2)

0.081 3.4 0.3 -0.2 0.4 0.3

Other food away from home(1)(2)

0.246 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Energy

7.296 -10.9 -2.0 1.2 1.3 -1.6

Energy commodities

3.613 -19.4 -5.2 2.4 3.3 -4.4

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.176 -10.3 -0.5 4.2 3.7 0.1

Fuel oil(1)

0.094 -17.8 -1.3 6.2 3.3 -1.3

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(6)

0.082 0.8 0.3 1.9 2.5 1.4

Motor fuel

3.437 -19.8 -5.5 2.3 3.3 -4.6

Gasoline (all types)

3.389 -19.9 -5.5 2.3 3.3 -4.7

Gasoline, unleaded regular(3)

  -20.6 -5.9 2.4 3.4 -5.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(3)(7)

  -17.8 -5.4 2.0 3.1 -4.3

Gasoline, unleaded premium(3)

  -16.6 -3.4 1.3 2.8 -2.6

Other motor fuels(2)

0.048 -16.5 -0.7 4.2 4.2 -0.4

Energy services(8)

3.683 -0.9 1.1 0.2 -0.5 1.0

Electricity(8)

2.941 -1.0 0.3 -0.2 -0.5 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(8)

0.742 -0.4 4.0 1.7 -0.4 3.1

All items less food and energy

78.975 2.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.386 -0.6 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(9)

3.224 -1.9 -0.3 -0.4 -0.3 0.0

Window and floor coverings and other linens(1)(2)

0.258 -1.9 1.4 -0.6 -0.9 1.4

Floor coverings(1)(2)

0.059 0.6 -0.4 -0.5 0.6 -0.4

Window coverings(1)(2)

0.053 1.3 0.1 0.8 -1.3 0.1

Other linens(1)(2)

0.146 -3.9 2.7 -1.2 -1.3 2.7

Furniture and bedding(1)

0.765 -3.0 -0.5 -0.5 -0.7 -0.5

Bedroom furniture(1)

0.271 -0.9 -0.8 0.4 -0.5 -0.8

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(1)(2)

0.361 -3.1 -0.3 -1.0 -0.6 -0.3

Other furniture(2)

0.127 -7.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.8 0.1

Infants' furniture(1)(3)(5)

           

Appliances(2)

0.187 -2.7 -0.8 0.6 -0.2 -0.3

Major appliances(2)

0.058 -5.3 -2.6 0.3 -1.1 -1.8

Laundry equipment(3)

  -5.6 -2.6 -1.2 0.1 -2.1

Other appliances(1)(2)

0.126 -1.9 0.0 0.4 0.4 0.0

Other household equipment and furnishings(2)

0.468 -3.8 -1.2 -0.7 -0.9 -1.1

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(1)

0.243 -5.0 -0.3 -0.8 -1.5 -0.3

Indoor plants and flowers(10)

0.102 -2.7 -4.7 0.1 0.7 -3.6

Dishes and flatware(1)(2)

0.052 -2.2 0.5 1.1 -1.6 0.5

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(2)

0.071 -2.5 -0.7 -1.3 -0.2 -0.6

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.679 -0.8 0.0 -0.3 0.5 0.2

Tools, hardware and supplies(1)(2)

0.181 -1.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.6 -0.3

Outdoor equipment and supplies(2)

0.338 -0.5 0.1 -0.5 0.4 0.4

Housekeeping supplies(1)

0.867 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.3

Household cleaning products(2)

0.344 0.8 0.1 0.4 0.6 0.3

Household paper products(1)(2)

0.233 -0.4 0.0 -0.5 -0.2 0.0

Miscellaneous household products(1)(2)

0.290 -1.6 -0.9 -0.2 0.0 -0.9

Apparel

3.109 0.3 -1.9 0.8 -0.4 0.0

Men's and boys' apparel

0.786 0.7 -1.2 1.2 -0.6 0.9

Men's apparel

0.629 0.1 -1.2 1.7 -0.9 0.6

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.100 -2.0 -1.8 2.9 -1.2 0.9

Men's furnishings

0.205 0.5 -3.2 2.9 0.4 -2.1

Men's shirts and sweaters(2)

0.172 4.6 0.0 0.3 -1.8 1.5

Men's pants and shorts

0.145 -3.5 0.4 1.3 -1.1 1.3

Boys' apparel

0.157 3.1 -1.1 -0.8 0.6 1.1

Women's and girls' apparel

1.271 0.5 -4.1 0.7 1.0 -0.6

Women's apparel

1.068 1.6 -3.6 0.4 1.2 0.4

Women's outerwear

0.068 5.5 -3.5 3.4 3.4 0.7

Women's dresses

0.151 -1.5 -8.6 1.1 -0.3 -0.8

Women's suits and separates(2)

0.489 0.9 -4.2 -0.1 1.5 0.8

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(2)

0.351 2.1 -0.5 0.8 0.5 0.6

Girls' apparel

0.202 -4.7 -7.2 2.2 0.2 -5.5

Footwear

0.682 -1.2 -0.5 -0.5 -1.6 -0.2

Men's footwear(1)

0.211 -1.1 0.0 -1.6 -2.3 0.0

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.168 0.3 0.4 -0.1 -2.0 1.3

Women's footwear

0.303 -2.2 -1.3 -0.5 -1.5 0.4

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.145 -3.2 2.4 0.7 -2.5 2.7

Jewelry and watches(6)

0.226 4.9 0.7 4.1 -2.2 -0.7

Watches(1)(6)

0.082 7.8 1.9 3.3 0.1 1.9

Jewelry(6)

0.144 4.0 0.0 4.2 -2.5 -1.8

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(9)

6.283 -1.1 -0.3 -0.5 -0.5 -0.2

New vehicles

3.683 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

New cars and trucks(2)(3)

  -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

New cars(3)

  -0.8 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.1

New trucks(3)(11)

  0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2

Used cars and trucks

2.117 -3.7 -0.6 -1.3 -1.1 -1.0

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(1)

0.388 -0.6 -0.6 -0.6 0.1 -0.6

Tires(1)

0.232 -1.4 -0.8 -0.8 -0.2 -0.8

Vehicle accessories other than tires(1)(2)

0.156 0.6 -0.4 -0.4 0.6 -0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(1)(3)

  1.0 0.2 -0.1 0.4 0.2

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(1)(3)

  -2.5 -1.5 -0.4 -0.8 -1.5

Medical care commodities

1.828 3.6 0.6 -0.2 1.1 0.4

Medicinal drugs(1)(9)

1.768 3.8 0.6 -0.4 1.0 0.6

Prescription drugs

1.407 5.2 0.9 -0.4 1.3 0.9

Nonprescription drugs(1)(9)

0.361 -1.6 -0.5 0.3 -0.2 -0.5

Medical equipment and supplies(1)(9)

0.060 0.1 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.3

Recreation commodities(9)

1.830 -3.5 -0.5 -0.3 -0.9 -0.4

Video and audio products(9)

0.234 -11.6 -2.0 -1.2 -1.8 -1.2

Televisions

0.117 -20.1 -3.8 -1.9 -2.7 -2.0

Other video equipment(2)

0.026 -2.2 0.9 0.3 -1.4 1.2

Audio equipment

0.061 -3.9 -0.3 -0.9 0.5 -0.7

Audio discs, tapes and other media(1)(2)

0.023 -3.9 -1.5 0.3 -3.9 -1.5

Pets and pet products(1)

0.588 0.3 -0.4 0.1 -0.3 -0.4

Pet food(1)(2)(3)

  1.2 -0.5 -0.1 0.3 -0.5

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(1)(2)(3)

  -0.5 -0.2 0.3 -0.8 -0.2

Sporting goods(1)

0.436 -1.7 0.2 -0.2 -1.4 0.2

Sports vehicles including bicycles(1)

0.228 -2.9 0.2 0.0 -1.2 0.2

Sports equipment

0.199 -0.8 0.2 -0.3 -1.6 0.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.037 -2.0 3.2 0.2 2.2 2.6

Film and photographic supplies(1)(2)(3)

  0.5 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.4

Photographic equipment(2)(3)

  -2.7 3.8 -0.1 2.2 3.1

Recreational reading materials(1)

0.149 -1.6 -0.6 0.4 -0.3 -0.6

Newspapers and magazines(1)(2)

0.087 0.2 -0.3 1.2 -0.4 -0.3

Recreational books(1)(2)

0.062 -4.2 -1.0 -0.8 -0.2 -1.0

Other recreational goods(2)

0.386 -7.4 -1.0 -0.6 -1.4 -1.0

Toys

0.314 -9.2 -1.5 -0.7 -1.3 -1.5

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(2)(3)

  -7.5 -1.2 -1.5 -1.1 -0.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(1)(2)

0.024 -4.8 1.7 -0.7 -5.3 1.7

Music instruments and accessories(1)(2)

0.033 1.3 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.9

Education and communication commodities(9)

0.625 -3.9 -0.4 -0.8 -0.1 -0.3

Educational books and supplies

0.160 5.7 0.4 0.1 1.9 0.4

College textbooks(1)(3)(12)

  6.6 0.4 -0.1 1.4 0.4

Information technology commodities(9)

0.465 -7.8 -0.6 -1.2 -0.8 -0.5

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(4)

0.281 -7.7 -0.7 -0.6 -0.8 -0.4

Computer software and accessories(1)(2)

0.089 -5.3 0.5 -4.3 0.2 0.5

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(1)(2)

0.094 -11.3 -1.7 0.1 -2.0 -1.7

Alcoholic beverages

0.948 1.2 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.584 0.9 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 1.8 -0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Distilled spirits at home

0.073 0.5 0.3 -0.9 0.0 0.2

Whiskey at home(1)(3)

  0.4 0.6 -2.7 0.8 0.6

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(3)

  0.3 0.0 -0.5 0.0 -0.3

Wine at home

0.244 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.1 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages away from home(1)

0.364 1.8 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(1)(2)(3)

  1.9 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1

Wine away from home(1)(2)(3)

  0.9 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Distilled spirits away from home(1)(2)(3)

  2.9 -0.1 0.8 0.1 -0.1

Other goods(9)

1.540 0.8 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Tobacco and smoking products

0.652 2.9 0.0 0.2 0.6 -0.5

Cigarettes(2)

0.590 2.9 0.0 0.2 0.6 -0.6

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(1)(2)

0.045 2.8 0.0 0.2 0.3 0.0

Personal care products(1)

0.701 0.3 0.2 -0.2 -0.4 0.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(1)(2)

0.373 -0.4 0.4 -0.7 -0.3 0.4

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(1)

0.322 1.0 0.1 0.4 -0.5 0.1

Miscellaneous personal goods(2)

0.187 -4.4 -2.2 -1.2 -0.5 -1.8

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(3)

  -1.4 -2.3 0.0 -0.5 -1.5

Infants' equipment(1)(3)(5)

  -3.9 0.0 0.1 -1.5 0.0

Services less energy services

59.589 3.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.2

Shelter

33.183 3.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.2

Rent of shelter(13)

32.840 3.3 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.2

Rent of primary residence(8)

7.710 3.8 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3

Lodging away from home(2)

0.982 1.6 -1.3 0.7 0.6 -2.4

Housing at school, excluding board(8)(13)

0.118 2.8 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.864 0.0 -1.5 0.8 0.6 -2.7

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(8)(13)

24.148 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(8)(13)

23.041 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Tenants' and household insurance(1)(2)

0.343 1.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(2)

1.156 3.5 0.0 0.6 0.2 -0.3

Water and sewerage maintenance(8)

0.874 4.1 -0.1 0.7 0.3 -0.5

Garbage and trash collection(1)(11)

0.283 1.7 0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.2

Household operations(1)(2)

0.846 2.9 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.3

Domestic services(1)(2)

0.280 1.0 0.0     0.0

Gardening and lawncare services(1)(2)

0.276 1.3 0.5 -0.1 0.4 0.5

Moving, storage, freight expense(2)

0.120 12.3 0.8 0.8 3.1 0.7

Repair of household items(1)(2)

0.087 2.5 0.1 1.4 0.2 0.1

Medical care services

6.600 4.1 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.5

Professional services

3.130 2.9 0.4 0.7 0.0 0.5

Physicians' services(8)

1.683 3.4 0.6 1.0 0.3 0.7

Dental services(8)

0.813 2.5 0.0 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Eyeglasses and eye care(1)(6)

0.324 1.9 -0.3 0.4 -0.4 -0.3

Services by other medical professionals(8)(6)

0.311 1.8 0.9 1.1 -0.5 1.0

Hospital and related services

2.469 4.4 0.3 0.6 0.1 0.4

Hospital services(8)(14)

2.200 4.6 0.3 0.7 0.1 0.4

Inpatient hospital services(8)(14)(3)

  5.3 0.2 0.7 -0.2 0.5

Outpatient hospital services(8)(3)(6)

  2.9 0.3 0.7 0.2 0.4

Nursing homes and adult day services(8)(14)

0.192 3.6 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.2

Care of invalids and elderly at home(1)(5)

0.077 2.3 0.1 0.0 0.3 0.1

Health insurance(1)(5)

1.001 7.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.7

Transportation services

5.936 3.0 -0.6 0.3 0.3 -0.2

Leased cars and trucks(12)

0.554 2.6 0.8 -0.1 -0.1 0.7

Car and truck rental(2)

0.111 3.9 5.6 4.8 3.2 -2.6

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(1)

1.156 1.8 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(1)

0.056 2.5 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(1)

0.669 1.7 0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.3

Motor vehicle repair(1)(2)

0.389 1.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 -0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.400 6.3 0.3 0.9 0.2 0.4

Motor vehicle fees(1)(2)

0.525 1.7 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.4

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(1)(8)(2)

0.280 1.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.5

Parking and other fees(2)

0.234 2.5 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(1)(2)(3)

  3.0 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.4

Automobile service clubs(1)(2)(3)

  0.6 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0

Public transportation

1.190 -2.2 -5.0 -0.8 0.5 -2.5

Airline fare

0.729 -4.6 -8.5 -1.5 1.6 -4.9

Other intercity transportation

0.178 2.9 0.7 2.5 -1.8 -0.1

Intercity bus fare(1)(3)(4)

           

Intercity train fare(1)(3)(4)

  -1.6 2.8 -0.3 1.1 2.8

Ship fare(1)(2)(3)

  8.7 -0.1 3.1 -0.2 -0.1

Intracity transportation(1)

0.279 1.7 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Intracity mass transit(1)(3)(9)

  1.7 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Recreation services(9)

3.893 3.1 0.0 0.2 0.6 0.1

Video and audio services(9)

1.638 4.3 0.0 0.3 0.7 0.2

Cable and satellite television and radio service(11)

1.531 4.4 0.1 0.3 0.7 0.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(1)(2)

0.108 3.1 -1.8 1.5 0.7 -1.8

Video discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  1.2 -2.9 1.2 -0.2 -2.9

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(1)(2)(3)

  3.0 0.0 1.9 1.8 0.0

Pet services including veterinary(2)

0.368 3.6 0.3 0.5 0.1 0.4

Pet services(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.5

Veterinarian services(2)(3)

  3.7 0.1 0.5 0.0 0.2

Photographers and film processing(1)(2)

0.049 2.6 0.3 0.5 -0.1 0.3

Photographer fees(1)(2)(3)

  2.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Film processing(1)(2)(3)

  2.2 0.8 1.1 -0.4 0.8

Other recreation services(2)

1.836 1.9 -0.1 0.0 0.6 -0.1

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(1)(2)

0.645 -0.3 -0.5 -0.3 0.4 -0.5

Admissions(1)

0.646 4.0 0.1 0.3 1.0 0.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(1)(2)(3)

  3.4 -1.0 0.3 0.5 -1.0

Admission to sporting events(1)(2)(3)

  5.8 2.4 0.5 3.3 2.4

Fees for lessons or instructions(1)(6)

0.220 1.9 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Education and communication services(9)

6.362 1.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.984 2.7 0.2 0.3 0.4 -0.1

College tuition and fees

1.771 2.7 0.2 0.3 0.5 -0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.307 3.2 0.4 0.2 0.2 -0.1

Child care and nursery school(10)

0.735 2.4 0.3 0.1 0.3 0.3

Technical and business school tuition and fees(2)

0.041 1.6 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Postage and delivery services(2)

0.136 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Postage(1)

0.129 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Delivery services(2)

0.007 -2.5 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.2

Telephone services(1)(2)

2.513 0.2 -0.2 -0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Wireless telephone services(1)(2)

1.788 0.3 -0.3 -0.6 0.0 -0.3

Land-line telephone services(1)(9)

0.725 0.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.6 -0.2

Internet services and electronic information providers(2)

0.718 0.0 -0.5 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Other personal services(1)(9)

1.612 3.0 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4

Personal care services(1)

0.605 1.6 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Haircuts and other personal care services(1)(2)

0.605 1.6 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous personal services

1.007 3.9 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.8

Legal services(1)(6)

0.240 5.0 1.6 1.4 0.6 1.6

Funeral expenses(1)(6)

0.143 2.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Laundry and dry cleaning services(1)(2)

0.265 3.3 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.3

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(1)(2)

0.026 2.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.2

Financial services(1)(6)

0.234 4.6 0.3 1.1 1.0 0.3

Checking account and other bank services(1)(2)(3)

  3.5 0.0 2.9 0.4 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(1)(2)(3)

  5.2 0.3 0.3 1.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(6) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(8) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(9) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(11) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 3. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, special aggregate indexes, July 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Special aggregate indexes Relative
importance
Jun.
2016
Unadjusted indexes Unadjusted percent change Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jul.
2015
Jun.
2016
Jul.
2016
Jul.
2015-
Jul.
2016
Jun.
2016-
Jul.
2016
Apr.
2016-
May
2016
May
2016-
Jun.
2016
Jun.
2016-
Jul.
2016

All items less food

86.271 237.365 240.032 239.570 0.9 -0.2 0.3 0.3 0.0

All items less shelter

66.817 225.318 225.312 224.489 -0.4 -0.4 0.1 0.2 -0.2

All items less food and shelter

53.087 219.631 219.476 218.450 -0.5 -0.5 0.2 0.2 -0.2

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.791 221.866 225.469 224.982 1.4 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.674 226.125 230.184 229.727 1.6 -0.2 0.2 0.1 0.0

All items less medical care

91.573 228.607 230.399 229.897 0.6 -0.2 0.2 0.2 -0.1

All items less energy

92.704 242.439 247.082 247.047 1.9 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1

Commodities

36.729 184.071 180.786 179.422 -2.5 -0.8 0.0 0.1 -0.5

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.269 145.920 146.115 145.440 -0.3 -0.5 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Commodities less food

22.999 155.496 150.837 148.994 -4.2 -1.2 0.2 0.3 -0.8

Commodities less food and beverages

22.051 152.524 147.658 145.780 -4.4 -1.3 0.2 0.3 -0.8

Services

63.271 292.628 300.484 301.028 2.9 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(1)

30.431 316.982 324.162 324.512 2.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.3

Services less medical care services

56.672 278.663 285.842 286.286 2.7 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2

Durables

9.487 109.652 107.832 107.432 -2.0 -0.4 -0.5 -0.5 -0.2

Nondurables

27.242 221.010 217.094 215.167 -2.6 -0.9 0.1 0.4 -0.5

Nondurables less food

13.513 198.474 191.315 187.835 -5.4 -1.8 0.4 0.8 -1.1

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.564 195.923 188.151 184.477 -5.8 -2.0 0.4 0.8 -1.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.455 246.052 231.420 226.894 -7.8 -2.0 0.3 1.2 -1.4

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.403 244.225 231.260 227.141 -7.0 -1.8 0.2 1.1 -1.3

Housing

42.269 239.085 244.280 244.936 2.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

Education and communication(2)

6.987 137.600 138.898 138.790 0.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Education(2)

3.144 239.680 245.911 246.478 2.8 0.2 0.3 0.5 -0.1

Communication(2)

3.843 79.793 79.419 79.156 -0.8 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Information and information processing(2)

3.707 75.959 75.586 75.327 -0.8 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Information technology, hardware and services(3)

1.194 8.008 7.812 7.767 -3.0 -0.6 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2

Recreation(2)

5.722 116.355 117.582 117.358 0.9 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Video and audio(2)

1.872 99.705 101.975 101.719 2.0 -0.3 0.2 0.4 0.0

Pets, pet products and services(2)

0.956 166.978 169.772 169.585 1.6 -0.1 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Photography(2)

0.087 75.336 74.446 75.591 0.3 1.5 0.4 0.8 1.3

Food and beverages

14.678 246.558 247.207 247.267 0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Domestically produced farm food

6.675 250.868 246.776 246.356 -1.8 -0.2 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3

Other services

11.867 339.325 346.491 346.557 2.1 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.428 115.112 118.827 116.028 0.8 -2.4 1.2 0.0 0.1

Fuels and utilities

5.015 234.137 231.941 233.713 -0.2 0.8 0.4 -0.2 0.7

Household energy

3.858 199.142 194.481 196.422 -1.4 1.0 0.4 -0.3 1.0

Medical care

8.427 446.773 462.543 464.582 4.0 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5

Transportation

15.657 207.218 200.262 197.145 -4.9 -1.6 0.4 0.6 -1.1

Private transportation

14.467 202.049 194.261 191.796 -5.1 -1.3 0.5 0.6 -1.0

New and used motor vehicles(2)

6.561 101.611 100.919 100.850 -0.7 -0.1 -0.4 -0.4 -0.2

Utilities and public transportation

10.073 216.951 218.508 217.973 0.5 -0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.071 122.670 121.769 121.565 -0.9 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.1

Other goods and services

3.152 415.359 422.915 423.439 1.9 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.1

Personal care

2.500 220.808 224.201 224.563 1.7 0.2 0.4 0.0 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(3) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 4. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Selected areas, all items index, July 2016 [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Area Pricing
Schedule(1)
Percent change to Jul. 2016 from: Percent change to Jun. 2016 from:
Jul.
2015
May
2016
Jun.
2016
Jun.
2015
Apr.
2016
May
2016

U.S. city average

M

0.8 0.2 -0.2 1.0 0.7 0.3

Region and area size(2)

Northeast urban

M

0.8 0.2 0.0 0.8 0.5 0.2

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

1.0 0.2 -0.1 0.9 0.5 0.2

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.3 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2

Midwest urban

M

0.4 0.1 -0.5 0.8 1.0 0.6

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

0.5 0.1 -0.5 1.0 1.1 0.7

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.2 0.2 -0.4 0.5 0.9 0.6

Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than 50,000)

M

0.7 0.1 -0.2 1.1 0.6 0.3

South urban

M

0.7 0.2 -0.2 0.8 0.8 0.4

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

1.2 0.3 -0.1 1.1 0.8 0.4

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.4 0.1 -0.3 0.6 0.8 0.4

Size D - Nonmetropolitan (less than 50,000)

M

0.1 0.0 -0.5 0.2 0.9 0.5

West urban

M

1.4 0.2 0.1 1.6 0.7 0.2

Size A - More than 1,500,000

M

1.6 0.3 0.1 2.0 0.7 0.2

Size B/C - 50,000 to 1,500,000(3)

M

0.6 -0.1 0.0 0.5 0.5 -0.1

Size classes

A(4)

M

1.1 0.2 -0.1 1.3 0.7 0.4

B/C(3)

M

0.4 0.1 -0.2 0.5 0.7 0.3

D

M

0.8 0.1 -0.3 1.1 0.8 0.4

Selected local areas(5)

Chicago-Gary-Kenosha, IL-IN-WI

M

-0.1 -0.4 -0.8 0.6 0.5 0.5

Los Angeles-Riverside-Orange County, CA

M

1.2 0.1 0.0 1.8 0.6 0.1

New York-Northern N.J.-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA

M

1.0 0.2 -0.1 1.0 0.5 0.3

Boston-Brockton-Nashua, MA-NH-ME-CT

1

1.5 0.0        

Cleveland-Akron, OH

1

-0.6 0.0        

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

1

1.3 0.4        

Washington-Baltimore, DC-MD-VA-WV(6)

1

1.4 -0.1        

Atlanta, GA

2

      0.7 1.3  

Detroit-Ann Arbor-Flint, MI

2

      2.3 1.2  

Houston-Galveston-Brazoria, TX

2

      1.6 0.8  

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

2

      1.6 0.6  

Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD

2

      0.1 0.3  

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA

2

      2.7 0.6  

Seattle-Tacoma-Bremerton, WA

2

      1.8 0.9  

Footnotes
(1) Foods, fuels, and several other items are priced every month in all areas. Most other goods and services are priced as indicated: M - Every month. 1 - January, March, May, July, September, and November. 2 - February, April, June, August, October, and December.
(2) Regions defined as the four Census regions.
(3) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(5) In addition, the following metropolitan areas are published semiannually and appear in Tables 34 and 39 of the January and July issues of the CPI Detailed Report: Anchorage, AK; Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN; Denver-Boulder-Greeley, CO; Honolulu, HI; Kansas City, MO-KS; Milwaukee-Racine, WI; Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN-WI; Phoenix-Mesa, AZ; Pittsburgh, PA; Portland-Salem, OR-WA; St. Louis, MO-IL; San Diego, CA; Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL.
(6) Indexes on a November 1996=100 base.

NOTE: Local area indexes are byproducts of the national CPI program. Each local index has a smaller sample size than the national index and is, therefore, subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are similar. Therefore, the Bureau of Labor Statistics strongly urges users to consider adopting the national average CPI for use in their escalator clauses.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 5. Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (C-CPI-U) and the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, all items index, July 2016 [Percent changes]
Month Year Unadjusted 1-month percent change Unadjusted 12-month percent change
C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U C-CPI-U(1) CPI-U

December 2000

    2.6 3.4

December 2001

    1.3 1.6

December 2002

    2.0 2.4

December 2003

    1.7 1.9

December 2004

    3.2 3.3

December 2005

    2.9 3.4

December 2006

    2.3 2.5

December 2007

    3.7 4.1

December 2008

    0.2 0.1

December 2009

    2.5 2.7

December 2010

    1.3 1.5

December 2011

    2.9 3.0

December 2012

    1.5 1.7

December 2013

    1.3 1.5

January 2014

0.4 0.4 1.4 1.6

February 2014

0.4 0.4 1.0 1.1

March 2014

0.6 0.6 1.4 1.5

April 2014

0.3 0.3 1.8 2.0

May 2014

0.3 0.3 1.9 2.1

June 2014

0.2 0.2 1.9 2.1

July 2014

0.0 0.0 1.8 2.0

August 2014

-0.2 -0.2 1.5 1.7

September 2014

0.1 0.1 1.5 1.7

October 2014

-0.2 -0.3 1.5 1.7

November 2014

-0.6 -0.5 1.1 1.3

December 2014

-0.7 -0.6 0.5 0.8

January 2015

-0.5 -0.5 -0.4 -0.1

February 2015

0.4 0.4 -0.4 0.0

March 2015

0.7 0.6 -0.3 -0.1

April 2015

0.2 0.2 -0.4 -0.2

May 2015

0.6 0.5 -0.2 0.0

June 2015

0.3 0.4 0.0 0.1

July 2015

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2

August 2015

-0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.2

September 2015

-0.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.0

October 2015

-0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.2

November 2015

-0.3 -0.2 0.2 0.5

December 2015

-0.5 -0.3 0.4 0.7

January 2016

0.1 0.2 1.0 1.4

February 2016

0.0 0.1 0.5 1.0

March 2016

0.6 0.4 0.4 0.9

April 2016

0.6 0.5 0.8 1.1

May 2016

0.5 0.4 0.7 1.0

June 2016

0.4 0.3 0.8 1.0

July 2016

-0.2 -0.2 0.5 0.8

Footnotes
(1) The C-CPI-U is designed to be a closer approximation to a cost-of-living index in that it, in its final form, accounts for any substitution that consumers make across item categories in response to changes in relative prices. Since the expenditure data required for the calculation of the C-CPI-U are available only with a time lag, the C-CPI-U is being issued first in preliminary form using the latest available expenditure data at that time and is subject to two revisions.

Indexes are issued as initial estimates. Indexes are revised each quarter with the publication of January, April, July, and October data as updated expenditure estimates become available. The C-CPI-U indexes are updated quarterly until they become final. January-March indexes are final in January of the following year; April-June indexes are final in April of the following year; July-September indexes are final in July of the following year; October-December indexes are final in October of the following year.
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 6. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2016, 1-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2016
One Month
Seasonally adjusted percent change
Jun. 2016-
Jul. 2016
Seasonally adjusted effect on All Items
Jun. 2016-
Jul. 2016(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) seasonally adjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.0   0.04 S-Feb. 2016 -0.2

Food

13.729 0.0 -0.001 0.08 L-Apr. 2016 0.2

Food at home

7.978 -0.2 -0.013 0.12 L-Apr. 2016 0.1

Cereals and bakery products

1.078 -0.2 -0.002 0.27 S-May 2016 -0.4

Cereals and cereal products

0.364 0.6 0.002 0.44 L-Feb. 2016 1.2

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.044 1.8 0.001 0.64 L-Apr. 2016 2.2

Breakfast cereal(4)

0.186 0.6 0.001 0.71 L-Feb. 2016 1.5

Rice, pasta, cornmeal(4)

0.134 0.3 0.000 0.67 L-Apr. 2016 0.3

Rice(4)(5)(6)

  -0.7   0.83 S-Apr. 2016 -1.2

Bakery products(4)

0.714 -0.3 -0.002 0.31 S-May 2016 -0.5

Bread(4)(5)

0.213 0.0 0.000 0.57 S-May 2016 0.0

White bread(4)(6)

  0.2   0.81 - -

Bread other than white(4)(6)

  -0.3   0.88 S-May 2016 -0.8

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(5)

0.104 -1.1 -0.001 0.69 S-Feb. 2016 -1.2

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.172 -0.4 -0.001 0.64 L-May 2016 -0.1

Cookies(6)

  -1.8   0.97 S-Nov. 2015 -1.9

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(4)(6)

  1.6   0.86 L-Oct. 2012 2.6

Other bakery products

0.225 -0.6 -0.001 0.66 S-May 2016 -1.3

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(4)(6)

  0.2   0.84 S-May 2016 -0.4

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(6)

  -1.5   1.25 S-Mar. 2014 -1.9

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(6)

  -0.7   0.88 S-May 2016 -1.3

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.789 -0.6 -0.011 0.22 L-May 2016 -0.5

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.684 -0.6 -0.011 0.24 S-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Meats

1.073 -0.9 -0.010 0.27 S-Dec. 2015 -1.1

Beef and veal

0.486 -1.4 -0.007 0.40 S-Dec. 2015 -1.8

Uncooked ground beef(4)

0.194 -0.6 -0.001 0.55 L-May 2016 -0.2

Uncooked beef roasts(4)(5)

0.067 -1.6 -0.001 0.87 L-May 2016 2.9

Uncooked beef steaks(5)

0.177 -2.9 -0.005 0.70 S-Jan. 2009 -2.9

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)(5)

0.048 0.1 0.000 0.81 S-May 2016 -1.8

Pork

0.334 -0.6 -0.002 0.47 S-May 2016 -1.2

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(5)

0.140 -0.2 0.000 0.76 S-May 2016 -1.9

Bacon and related products(6)

  -0.1   0.95 L-May 2016 0.1

Breakfast sausage and related products(5)(6)

  -0.4   0.94 S-May 2016 -2.7

Ham

0.061 -0.1 0.000 0.91 S-May 2016 -2.1

Ham, excluding canned(6)

  -0.2   1.16 S-May 2016 -2.4

Pork chops(4)

0.055 2.1 0.001 1.17 L-Jul. 2015 2.7

Other pork including roasts and picnics(5)

0.078 -1.6 -0.001 1.01 S-Dec. 2015 -1.8

Other meats

0.253 -0.5 -0.001 0.48 - -

Frankfurters(6)

  -0.8   1.56 L-Mar. 2016 0.9

Lunchmeats(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.62 S-Feb. 2014 -0.9

Lamb and organ meats(4)(6)

  0.7   1.72 S-May 2016 -1.9

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   2.54 S-May 2016 -3.2

Poultry

0.346 -0.3 -0.001 0.63 L-May 2016 0.2

Chicken(4)(5)

0.279 -0.1 0.000 0.76 L-Apr. 2016 1.1

Fresh whole chicken(4)(6)

  3.1   1.42 L-Aug. 2014 3.3

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(4)(6)

  -1.4   0.72 S-Dec. 2015 -1.7

Other poultry including turkey(5)

0.067 -1.3 -0.001 0.78 S-Sep. 2015 -1.7

Fish and seafood

0.265 0.2 0.000 0.54 S-May 2016 -0.4

Fresh fish and seafood(5)

0.144 0.9 0.001 0.87 - -

Processed fish and seafood(5)

0.121 -1.0 -0.001 0.53 S-Oct. 2015 -1.0

Shelf stable fish and seafood(4)(6)

  -1.5   0.88 S-Mar. 2013 -2.3

Frozen fish and seafood(6)

  -0.1   0.75 L-Mar. 2016 0.0

Eggs

0.105 -0.6 -0.001 0.62 L-Feb. 2016 0.4

Dairy and related products

0.808 -0.4 -0.003 0.26 S-May 2016 -0.6

Milk(4)(5)

0.226 -0.4 -0.001 0.33 L-May 2016 -0.2

Fresh whole milk(6)

  -1.6   0.53 S-Aug. 2015 -1.8

Fresh milk other than whole(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.45 L-May 2016 0.5

Cheese and related products

0.260 0.1 0.000 0.46 L-Apr. 2016 0.7

Ice cream and related products

0.115 -0.5 -0.001 0.83 S-Feb. 2016 -1.0

Other dairy and related products(4)(5)

0.206 0.1 0.000 0.57 S-May 2016 -1.5

Fruits and vegetables

1.344 0.3 0.004 0.37 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.044 0.3 0.003 0.46 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Fresh fruits

0.562 0.4 0.002 0.64 L-Feb. 2016 2.3

Apples

0.092 -1.8 -0.002 1.11 S-May 2016 -2.5

Bananas(4)

0.087 -0.4 0.000 0.62 S-Apr. 2016 -1.5

Citrus fruits(5)

0.160 -2.6 -0.004 1.44 S-Jun. 2014 -6.4

Oranges, including tangerines(6)

  -0.3   1.41 S-May 2016 -3.0

Other fresh fruits(5)

0.223 2.8 0.007 1.08 L-Feb. 2016 5.4

Fresh vegetables

0.482 0.2 0.001 0.59 L-Jan. 2016 2.2

Potatoes

0.081 -1.8 -0.001 1.14 S-Jun. 2015 -2.5

Lettuce

0.065 -2.1 -0.001 1.44 L-May 2016 3.3

Tomatoes(4)

0.078 0.4 0.000 1.42 L-Jan. 2016 15.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.258 1.2 0.003 0.74 L-Nov. 2015 1.4

Processed fruits and vegetables(5)

0.300 0.2 0.001 0.49 L-Apr. 2016 1.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(5)

0.157 0.2 0.000 0.76 L-Apr. 2016 1.7

Canned fruits(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.86 L-Apr. 2016 1.9

Canned vegetables(5)(6)

  0.9   1.02 L-Apr. 2016 1.5

Frozen fruits and vegetables(5)

0.088 0.4 0.000 0.86 L-Apr. 2016 2.1

Frozen vegetables(6)

  0.3   1.07 - -

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(5)

0.055 0.7 0.000 0.73 L-Apr. 2016 1.3

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.79 L-May 2016 0.2

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.950 0.3 0.003 0.34 L-Apr. 2016 0.3

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(5)

0.668 0.4 0.003 0.43 L-Apr. 2016 0.7

Carbonated drinks

0.269 0.3 0.001 0.68 L-Apr. 2016 1.5

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)(5)

0.011 -1.6 0.000 0.64 - -

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(5)

0.388 0.6 0.002 0.61 L-Feb. 2016 0.7

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(5)

0.283 -0.1 0.000 0.44 L-May 2016 0.6

Coffee

0.179 -1.1 -0.002 0.59 S-Mar. 2016 -1.2

Roasted coffee(6)

  -1.5   0.64 S-Mar. 2016 -1.7

Instant and freeze dried coffee(4)(6)

  -1.5   1.03 S-Aug. 2015 -2.2

Other beverage materials including tea(5)

0.104 1.9 0.002 0.62 L-Jun. 2012 2.4

Other food at home

2.009 -0.2 -0.003 0.23 S-May 2016 -0.5

Sugar and sweets(4)

0.291 0.0 0.000 0.58 - -

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.050 -1.1 -0.001 0.62 S-Mar. 2016 -1.6

Candy and chewing gum(4)(5)

0.185 0.1 0.000 0.89 S-May 2016 -0.5

Other sweets(5)

0.055 0.3 0.000 0.63 L-Apr. 2016 0.6

Fats and oils

0.234 0.2 0.000 0.42 L-Apr. 2016 0.7

Butter and margarine(5)

0.068 0.7 0.000 0.65 S-May 2016 -3.1

Butter(6)

  -0.6   0.92 S-May 2016 -3.3

Margarine(6)

  1.1   1.02 S-May 2016 -2.0

Salad dressing(5)

0.056 1.4 0.001 0.82 L-Jun. 2011 2.8

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(5)

0.110 -0.5 -0.001 0.62 L-May 2016 0.0

Peanut butter(4)(5)(6)

  -2.1   1.00 L-May 2016 3.1

Other foods

1.484 -0.3 -0.004 0.28 S-May 2016 -0.4

Soups

0.098 -1.3 -0.001 1.02 S-Oct. 2014 -1.6

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods(4)

0.264 -0.6 -0.002 0.63 S-Mar. 2016 -0.7

Snacks(4)

0.335 -0.2 -0.001 0.66 L-May 2016 -0.1

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.286 0.7 0.002 0.59 L-Apr. 2016 1.1

Salt and other seasonings and spices(5)(6)

  -0.6   0.93 S-May 2016 -0.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)(6)

  1.7   1.56 S-May 2016 -3.8

Sauces and gravies(5)(6)

  0.9   0.87 L-Mar. 2016 1.5

Other condiments(6)

  0.1   0.97 S-May 2016 -1.9

Baby food(4)(5)

0.055 1.0 0.001 0.38 L-Feb. 2016 1.0

Other miscellaneous foods(4)(5)

0.447 -0.1 0.000 0.51 S-May 2016 -0.4

Prepared salads(4)(7)(6)

  -1.2   0.55 S-Jan. 2016 -1.5

Food away from home(4)

5.752 0.2 0.011 0.06 - -

Full service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.786 0.2 0.005 0.07 - -

Limited service meals and snacks(4)(5)

2.443 0.2 0.005 0.10 L-Apr. 2016 0.3

Food at employee sites and schools(5)

0.195 1.8 0.003 0.16 L-Sep. 2015 5.8

Food at elementary and secondary schools(4)(8)(6)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)(5)

0.081 0.3 0.000 0.34 S-May 2016 -0.2

Other food away from home(4)(5)

0.246 0.1 0.000 0.11 L-May 2016 0.1

Energy

7.296 -1.6 -0.110 0.15 S-Feb. 2016 -6.0

Energy commodities

3.613 -4.4 -0.147 0.12 S-Feb. 2016 -12.5

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.176 0.1 0.000 0.53 S-Mar. 2016 -2.0

Fuel oil(4)

0.094 -1.3 -0.001 0.37 S-Feb. 2016 -2.9

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(9)

0.082 1.4 0.001 0.78 S-Apr. 2016 -0.4

Motor fuel

3.437 -4.6 -0.147 0.12 S-Feb. 2016 -12.9

Gasoline (all types)

3.389 -4.7 -0.147 0.12 S-Feb. 2016 -13.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular(6)

  -5.0   0.38 S-Feb. 2016 -13.4

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(10)(6)

  -4.3   0.36 S-Feb. 2016 -12.5

Gasoline, unleaded premium(6)

  -2.6   0.31 S-Feb. 2016 -11.1

Other motor fuels(5)

0.048 -0.4 0.000 0.12 S-Feb. 2016 -7.5

Energy services(11)

3.683 1.0 0.037 0.28 L-May 2014 1.4

Electricity(11)

2.941 0.5 0.014 0.35 L-Jan. 2015 0.5

Utility (piped) gas service(11)

0.742 3.1 0.023 0.28 L-Mar. 2014 7.1

All items less food and energy

78.975 0.1 0.070 0.04 S-Mar. 2016 0.1

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.386 -0.1 -0.028 0.09 L-Apr. 2016 -0.1

Household furnishings and supplies(12)

3.224 0.0 0.001 0.16 L-Dec. 2015 0.1

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)(5)

0.258 1.4 0.004 0.56 L-Jan. 2014 1.5

Floor coverings(4)(5)

0.059 -0.4 0.000 0.41 S-May 2016 -0.5

Window coverings(4)(5)

0.053 0.1 0.000 0.50 L-May 2016 0.8

Other linens(4)(5)

0.146 2.7 0.004 0.83 L-Apr. 2003 5.4

Furniture and bedding(4)

0.765 -0.5 -0.004 0.31 L-May 2016 -0.5

Bedroom furniture(4)

0.271 -0.8 -0.002 0.47 S-Feb. 2016 -1.2

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)(5)

0.361 -0.3 -0.001 0.50 L-Apr. 2016 0.3

Other furniture(5)

0.127 0.1 0.000 0.61 L-Dec. 2015 0.3

Infants' furniture(4)(8)(6)

           

Appliances(5)

0.187 -0.3 -0.001 0.46 S-Apr. 2016 -0.3

Major appliances(5)

0.058 -1.8 -0.001 0.67 S-Feb. 2016 -2.1

Laundry equipment(6)

  -2.1   0.95 S-Jul. 2015 -2.5

Other appliances(4)(5)

0.126 0.0 0.000 0.66 S-Apr. 2016 -0.3

Other household equipment and furnishings(5)

0.468 -1.1 -0.005 0.51 S-Nov. 2015 -1.4

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items(4)

0.243 -0.3 -0.001 0.88 L-Apr. 2016 0.9

Indoor plants and flowers(13)

0.102 -3.6 -0.004 0.50 S-Jul. 1999 -4.1

Dishes and flatware(4)(5)

0.052 0.5 0.000 1.23 L-May 2016 1.1

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(5)

0.071 -0.6 0.000 0.42 S-May 2016 -1.3

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.679 0.2 0.002 0.25 S-May 2016 -0.3

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)(5)

0.181 -0.3 -0.001 0.39 S-Apr. 2016 -0.8

Outdoor equipment and supplies(5)

0.338 0.4 0.001 0.32 - -

Housekeeping supplies(4)

0.867 -0.3 -0.002 0.26 S-Apr. 2016 -0.5

Household cleaning products(5)

0.344 0.3 0.001 0.45 S-Apr. 2016 -0.4

Household paper products(4)(5)

0.233 0.0 0.000 0.43 L-Mar. 2016 0.2

Miscellaneous household products(4)(5)

0.290 -0.9 -0.003 0.41 S-Dec. 2010 -1.0

Apparel

3.109 0.0 0.001 0.41 L-May 2016 0.8

Men's and boys' apparel

0.786 0.9 0.007 0.74 L-May 2016 1.2

Men's apparel

0.629 0.6 0.004 0.80 L-May 2016 1.7

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.100 0.9 0.001 2.00 L-May 2016 2.9

Men's furnishings

0.205 -2.1 -0.004 0.89 S-Apr. 2016 -3.3

Men's shirts and sweaters(5)

0.172 1.5 0.003 1.56 L-Feb. 2016 4.0

Men's pants and shorts

0.145 1.3 0.002 1.57 L-May 2016 1.3

Boys' apparel

0.157 1.1 0.002 1.48 L-Apr. 2016 2.5

Women's and girls' apparel

1.271 -0.6 -0.007 0.73 S-Apr. 2016 -0.8

Women's apparel

1.068 0.4 0.004 0.78 S-May 2016 0.4

Women's outerwear

0.068 0.7 0.001 2.43 S-Apr. 2016 -0.3

Women's dresses

0.151 -0.8 -0.001 2.38 S-Mar. 2016 -1.2

Women's suits and separates(5)

0.489 0.8 0.004 0.97 S-May 2016 -0.1

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(5)

0.351 0.6 0.002 0.92 L-May 2016 0.8

Girls' apparel

0.202 -5.5 -0.012 1.83 S-Feb. 2013 -6.0

Footwear

0.682 -0.2 -0.001 0.73 L-Apr. 2016 0.2

Men's footwear(4)

0.211 0.0 0.000 1.07 L-Apr. 2016 0.6

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.168 1.3 0.002 1.10 L-Apr. 2016 1.3

Women's footwear

0.303 0.4 0.001 1.17 L-Apr. 2016 0.4

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.145 2.7 0.004 0.98 L-Feb. 2016 2.8

Jewelry and watches(9)

0.226 -0.7 -0.002 0.78 L-May 2016 4.1

Watches(4)(9)

0.082 1.9 0.002 0.87 L-May 2016 3.3

Jewelry(9)

0.144 -1.8 -0.003 0.96 L-May 2016 4.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(12)

6.283 -0.2 -0.015 0.09 L-Mar. 2016 -0.1

New vehicles

3.683 0.2 0.009 0.14 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

New cars and trucks(5)(6)

  0.2   0.12 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

New cars(6)

  0.1   0.14 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

New trucks(14)(6)

  0.2   0.13 L-Jan. 2016 0.3

Used cars and trucks

2.117 -1.0 -0.021 0.01 L-Apr. 2016 -0.3

Motor vehicle parts and equipment(4)

0.388 -0.6 -0.002 0.21 S-May 2016 -0.6

Tires(4)

0.232 -0.8 -0.002 0.29 S-May 2016 -0.8

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)(5)

0.156 -0.4 -0.001 0.27 S-May 2016 -0.4

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(4)(6)

  0.2   0.24 S-May 2016 -0.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(4)(6)

  -1.5   0.52 S-Oct. 2015 -2.4

Medical care commodities

1.828 0.4 0.008 0.21 S-May 2016 -0.2

Medicinal drugs(4)(12)

1.768 0.6 0.010 0.22 S-May 2016 -0.4

Prescription drugs

1.407 0.9 0.013 0.24 S-May 2016 -0.4

Nonprescription drugs(4)(12)

0.361 -0.5 -0.002 0.47 S-Dec. 2015 -0.6

Medical equipment and supplies(4)(12)

0.060 0.3 0.000 0.39 - -

Recreation commodities(12)

1.830 -0.4 -0.008 0.17 L-May 2016 -0.3

Video and audio products(12)

0.234 -1.2 -0.003 0.35 L-May 2016 -1.2

Televisions

0.117 -2.0 -0.002 0.60 L-May 2016 -1.9

Other video equipment(5)

0.026 1.2 0.000 0.78 L-Mar. 2016 2.0

Audio equipment

0.061 -0.7 0.000 0.55 S-May 2016 -0.9

Audio discs, tapes and other media(4)(5)

0.023 -1.5 0.000 0.62 L-May 2016 0.3

Pets and pet products(4)

0.588 -0.4 -0.002 0.30 S-Nov. 2015 -0.8

Pet food(4)(5)(6)

  -0.5   0.33 S-Jul. 2015 -2.0

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)(6)

  -0.2   0.43 L-May 2016 0.3

Sporting goods(4)

0.436 0.2 0.001 0.31 L-Apr. 2016 1.6

Sports vehicles including bicycles(4)

0.228 0.2 0.000 0.43 L-Apr. 2016 2.3

Sports equipment

0.199 0.4 0.001 0.44 L-Mar. 2016 0.4

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.037 2.6 0.001 0.96 L-Feb. 2013 2.6

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.64 L-May 2016 0.7

Photographic equipment(5)(6)

  3.1   1.06 L-EVER -

Recreational reading materials(4)

0.149 -0.6 -0.001 0.48 S-Apr. 2016 -0.6

Newspapers and magazines(4)(5)

0.087 -0.3 0.000 0.68 L-May 2016 1.2

Recreational books(4)(5)

0.062 -1.0 -0.001 0.59 S-Mar. 2016 -4.9

Other recreational goods(5)

0.386 -1.0 -0.004 0.48 L-May 2016 -0.6

Toys

0.314 -1.5 -0.005 0.59 S-Feb. 2016 -1.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(5)(6)

  -0.9   0.68 L-Apr. 2016 -0.2

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)(5)

0.024 1.7 0.000 1.32 L-Oct. 2015 2.3

Music instruments and accessories(4)(5)

0.033 0.9 0.000 0.42 L-Jan. 2016 1.3

Education and communication commodities(12)

0.625 -0.3 -0.002 0.30 S-May 2016 -0.8

Educational books and supplies

0.160 0.4 0.001 0.45 S-May 2016 0.1

College textbooks(4)(15)(6)

  0.4   0.41 S-May 2016 -0.1

Information technology commodities(12)

0.465 -0.5 -0.002 0.40 L-Apr. 2016 0.5

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(7)

0.281 -0.4 -0.001 0.49 L-Mar. 2016 -0.1

Computer software and accessories(4)(5)

0.089 0.5 0.000 0.82 L-Apr. 2016 1.7

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)(5)

0.094 -1.7 -0.002 0.84 L-May 2016 0.1

Alcoholic beverages

0.948 -0.1 -0.001 0.16 S-May 2016 -0.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.584 -0.2 -0.001 0.23 S-May 2016 -0.2

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 -0.1 0.000 0.28 S-Feb. 2016 -0.4

Distilled spirits at home

0.073 0.2 0.000 0.39 L-Apr. 2016 0.2

Whiskey at home(4)(6)

  0.6   0.40 S-May 2016 -2.7

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(6)

  -0.3   0.55 S-May 2016 -0.5

Wine at home

0.244 -0.3 -0.001 0.44 S-May 2016 -0.4

Alcoholic beverages away from home(4)

0.364 0.1 0.000 0.18 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.1   0.15 - -

Wine away from home(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.24 - -

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.20 S-Dec. 2015 -0.2

Other goods(12)

1.540 -0.3 -0.005 0.18 S-Nov. 2014 -0.4

Tobacco and smoking products

0.652 -0.5 -0.003 0.16 S-Jul. 2014 -0.8

Cigarettes(5)

0.590 -0.6 -0.003 0.17 S-Jul. 2014 -0.9

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)(5)

0.045 0.0 0.000 0.53 S-Apr. 2016 -0.2

Personal care products(4)

0.701 0.2 0.002 0.31 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)(5)

0.373 0.4 0.001 0.46 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements(4)

0.322 0.1 0.000 0.40 L-May 2016 0.4

Miscellaneous personal goods(5)

0.187 -1.8 -0.003 0.44 S-Oct. 2003 -2.4

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(6)

  -1.5   0.54 S-Aug. 2013 -1.5

Infants' equipment(4)(8)(6)

  0.0   0.51 L-May 2016 0.1

Services less energy services

59.589 0.2 0.092 0.04 S-Mar. 2016 0.2

Shelter

33.183 0.2 0.070 0.06 S-Mar. 2016 0.2

Rent of shelter(16)

32.840 0.2 0.051 0.06 S-Mar. 2016 0.2

Rent of primary residence(11)

7.710 0.3 0.021 0.04 S-Apr. 2016 0.3

Lodging away from home(5)

0.982 -2.4 -0.022 1.89 S-Apr. 2008 -2.7

Housing at school, excluding board(11)(16)

0.118 0.2 0.000 0.04 S-Apr. 2016 0.2

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.864 -2.7 -0.022 2.30 S-Oct. 2013 -3.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(11)(16)

24.148 0.3 0.070 0.03 - -

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(11)(16)

23.041 0.3 0.067 0.03 - -

Tenants' and household insurance(4)(5)

0.343 0.1 0.000 0.31 L-May 2016 0.1

Water and sewer and trash collection services(5)

1.156 -0.3 -0.003 0.13 S-EVER -

Water and sewerage maintenance(11)

0.874 -0.5 -0.004 0.16 S-Jul. 1996 -2.0

Garbage and trash collection(4)(14)

0.283 0.2 0.000 0.17 L-Feb. 2016 0.2

Household operations(4)(5)

0.846 0.3 0.003 0.14 S-May 2016 0.3

Domestic services(4)(5)

0.280 0.0 0.000 0.12 - -

Gardening and lawncare services(4)(5)

0.276 0.5 0.001 0.09 L-Apr. 2015 1.8

Moving, storage, freight expense(5)

0.120 0.7 0.001 0.59 S-Apr. 2016 -1.2

Repair of household items(4)(5)

0.087 0.1 0.000 0.12 S-Apr. 2016 -1.4

Medical care services

6.600 0.5 0.036 0.08 L-May 2016 0.5

Professional services

3.130 0.5 0.015 0.10 L-May 2016 0.7

Physicians' services(11)

1.683 0.7 0.011 0.13 L-May 2016 1.0

Dental services(11)

0.813 0.0 0.000 0.11 L-May 2016 0.1

Eyeglasses and eye care(4)(9)

0.324 -0.3 -0.001 0.38 L-May 2016 0.4

Services by other medical professionals(11)(9)

0.311 1.0 0.003 0.14 L-May 2016 1.1

Hospital and related services

2.469 0.4 0.010 0.11 L-May 2016 0.6

Hospital services(11)(17)

2.200 0.4 0.009 0.12 L-May 2016 0.7

Inpatient hospital services(11)(17)(6)

  0.5   0.21 L-May 2016 0.7

Outpatient hospital services(11)(9)(6)

  0.4   0.20 L-May 2016 0.7

Nursing homes and adult day services(11)(17)

0.192 0.2 0.000 0.10 - -

Care of invalids and elderly at home(4)(8)

0.077 0.1 0.000 0.10 S-May 2016 0.0

Health insurance(4)(8)

1.001 0.7 0.007 0.08 L-Feb. 2016 1.3

Transportation services

5.936 -0.2 -0.014 0.14 S-Jul. 2014 -0.5

Leased cars and trucks(15)

0.554 0.7 0.004 0.31 L-Apr. 2016 0.7

Car and truck rental(5)

0.111 -2.6 -0.003 1.50 S-Dec. 2015 -4.3

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair(4)

1.156 0.2 0.002 0.17 L-May 2016 0.2

Motor vehicle body work(4)

0.056 0.4 0.000 0.14 L-Mar. 2016 0.4

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing(4)

0.669 0.3 0.002 0.20 L-May 2016 0.3

Motor vehicle repair(4)(5)

0.389 -0.1 0.000 0.27 S-May 2016 -0.1

Motor vehicle insurance

2.400 0.4 0.009 0.23 L-May 2016 0.9

Motor vehicle fees(4)(5)

0.525 0.4 0.002 0.11 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(4)(11)(5)

0.280 0.5 0.002 0.08 L-Jul. 2015 2.3

Parking and other fees(5)

0.234 0.2 0.000 0.18 S-Mar. 2016 0.2

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)(6)

  0.4   0.24 L-May 2016 0.4

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.17 S-May 2016 0.0

Public transportation

1.190 -2.5 -0.028 0.36 S-Jul. 2015 -2.6

Airline fare

0.729 -4.9 -0.034 0.51 S-Jul. 2015 -5.0

Other intercity transportation

0.178 -0.1 0.000 0.67 L-May 2016 2.5

Intercity bus fare(4)(7)(6)

           

Intercity train fare(4)(7)(6)

  2.8   1.12 L-Dec. 2015 3.8

Ship fare(4)(5)(6)

  -0.1   0.79 L-May 2016 3.1

Intracity transportation(4)

0.279 0.2 0.001 0.06 L-Apr. 2016 0.4

Intracity mass transit(4)(12)(6)

  0.2   0.08 L-Apr. 2016 0.3

Recreation services(12)

3.893 0.1 0.002 0.16 S-Nov. 2015 0.0

Video and audio services(12)

1.638 0.2 0.003 0.13 S-Jan. 2016 0.0

Cable and satellite television and radio service(14)

1.531 0.3 0.005 0.13 S-May 2016 0.3

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(4)(5)

0.108 -1.8 -0.002 0.90 S-Oct. 2015 -2.0

Video discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  -2.9   1.27 S-Oct. 2015 -3.2

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.29 S-Apr. 2016 -0.3

Pet services including veterinary(5)

0.368 0.4 0.001 0.11 L-May 2016 0.5

Pet services(4)(5)(6)

  0.5   0.12 L-Aug. 2015 0.7

Veterinarian services(5)(6)

  0.2   0.12 L-May 2016 0.5

Photographers and film processing(4)(5)

0.049 0.3 0.000 0.39 L-May 2016 0.5

Photographer fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.14 - -

Film processing(4)(5)(6)

  0.8   0.57 L-May 2016 1.1

Other recreation services(5)

1.836 -0.1 -0.002 0.33 S-Nov. 2015 -0.3

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(4)(5)

0.645 -0.5 -0.003 0.45 S-Nov. 2015 -0.9

Admissions(4)

0.646 0.1 0.001 0.55 S-Mar. 2016 0.0

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)(6)

  -1.0   0.52 S-Feb. 2012 -1.0

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)(6)

  2.4   0.66 S-May 2016 0.5

Fees for lessons or instructions(4)(9)

0.220 0.2 0.000 0.18 - -

Education and communication services(12)

6.362 -0.2 -0.010 0.07 S-Oct. 2014 -0.3

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.984 -0.1 -0.004 0.08 S-Aug. 2000 -0.2

College tuition and fees

1.771 -0.3 -0.005 0.12 S-Aug. 2000 -0.3

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.307 -0.1 0.000 0.07 S-Sep. 2000 -0.3

Child care and nursery school(13)

0.735 0.3 0.002 0.11 - -

Technical and business school tuition and fees(5)

0.041 0.2 0.000 0.10 L-Apr. 2016 0.2

Postage and delivery services(5)

0.136 0.0 0.000 0.02 - -

Postage(4)

0.129 0.0 0.000 0.00 - -

Delivery services(5)

0.007 0.2 0.000 0.18 L-May 2016 1.0

Telephone services(4)(5)

2.513 -0.2 -0.006 0.10 S-May 2016 -0.4

Wireless telephone services(4)(5)

1.788 -0.3 -0.005 0.12 S-May 2016 -0.6

Land-line telephone services(4)(12)

0.725 -0.2 -0.001 0.13 L-May 2016 0.0

Internet services and electronic information providers(5)

0.718 -0.1 0.000 0.26 L-May 2016 0.1

Other personal services(4)(12)

1.612 0.4 0.007 0.08 - -

Personal care services(4)

0.605 0.0 0.000 0.11 - -

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)(5)

0.605 0.0 0.000 0.11 - -

Miscellaneous personal services

1.007 0.8 0.008 0.10 L-May 2016 0.8

Legal services(4)(9)

0.240 1.6 0.004 0.15 L-Oct. 2009 1.6

Funeral expenses(4)(9)

0.143 0.2 0.000 0.12 - -

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)(5)

0.265 0.3 0.001 0.11 S-May 2016 0.1

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)(5)

0.026 0.2 0.000 0.17 L-May 2016 0.2

Financial services(4)(9)

0.234 0.3 0.001 0.28 S-Feb. 2016 0.3

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)(6)

  0.0   0.02 S-Apr. 2016 0.0

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)(6)

  0.3   0.39 S-May 2016 0.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.271 0.0 -0.040 0.04 S-Feb. 2016 -0.2

All items less shelter

66.817 -0.2 -0.112 0.04 S-Feb. 2016 -0.4

All items less food and shelter

53.087 -0.2 -0.110 0.05 S-Feb. 2016 -0.5

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.791 0.0 0.000 0.05 S-Mar. 2016 0.0

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.674 0.0 0.021 0.05 S-Mar. 2016 0.0

All items less medical care

91.573 -0.1 -0.086 0.04 S-Feb. 2016 -0.2

All items less energy

92.704 0.1 0.069 0.03 - -

Commodities

36.729 -0.5 -0.176 0.06 S-Feb. 2016 -0.9

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.269 0.0 -0.006 0.10 L-May 2016 0.0

Commodities less food

22.999 -0.8 -0.175 0.07 S-Feb. 2016 -1.5

Commodities less food and beverages

22.051 -0.8 -0.174 0.08 S-Feb. 2016 -1.6

Services

63.271 0.2 0.128 0.05 S-Mar. 2016 0.2

Services less rent of shelter(16)

30.431 0.3 0.079 0.07 L-Apr. 2016 0.3

Services less medical care services

56.672 0.2 0.105 0.05 - -

Durables

9.487 -0.2 -0.021 0.08 L-Apr. 2016 -0.2

Nondurables

27.242 -0.5 -0.133 0.07 S-Feb. 2016 -1.2

Nondurables less food

13.513 -1.1 -0.145 0.11 S-Feb. 2016 -2.5

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.564 -1.2 -0.147 0.11 S-Feb. 2016 -2.7

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.455 -1.4 -0.132 0.08 S-Feb. 2016 -4.3

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.403 -1.3 -0.135 0.07 S-Feb. 2016 -3.9

Housing

42.269 0.3 0.108 0.06 L-May 2016 0.3

Education and communication(5)

6.987 -0.2 -0.012 0.07 S-Oct. 2014 -0.3

Education(5)

3.144 -0.1 -0.004 0.08 S-Aug. 2000 -0.1

Communication(5)

3.843 -0.2 -0.009 0.10 - -

Information and information processing(5)

3.707 -0.2 -0.009 0.10 - -

Information technology, hardware and services(18)

1.194 -0.2 -0.003 0.23 L-Mar. 2016 -0.1

Recreation(5)

5.722 -0.1 -0.006 0.12 S-Nov. 2015 -0.2

Video and audio(5)

1.872 0.0 0.000 0.14 S-Jan. 2016 -0.2

Pets, pet products and services(5)

0.956 -0.1 -0.001 0.20 - -

Photography(5)

0.087 1.3 0.001 0.54 L-EVER -

Food and beverages

14.678 0.0 -0.002 0.07 L-Apr. 2016 0.2

Domestically produced farm food

6.675 -0.3 -0.018 0.13 - -

Other services

11.867 0.0 0.000 0.07 S-Feb. 2015 0.0

Apparel less footwear

2.428 0.1 0.002 0.48 L-May 2016 1.2

Fuels and utilities

5.015 0.7 0.034 0.21 L-May 2014 1.0

Household energy

3.858 1.0 0.037 0.27 L-May 2014 1.3

Medical care

8.427 0.5 0.044 0.08 L-Feb. 2016 0.5

Transportation

15.657 -1.1 -0.176 0.06 S-Feb. 2016 -2.5

Private transportation

14.467 -1.0 -0.148 0.07 S-Feb. 2016 -2.7

New and used motor vehicles(5)

6.561 -0.2 -0.011 0.10 L-Apr. 2016 -0.2

Utilities and public transportation

10.073 0.2 0.017 0.13 L-Mar. 2016 0.2

Household furnishings and operations

4.071 0.1 0.004 0.13 L-Dec. 2015 0.2

Other goods and services

3.152 0.1 0.002 0.09 S-Apr. 2016 0.1

Personal care

2.500 0.2 0.005 0.11 L-May 2016 0.4

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that month the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 0.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.15 percent, the margin of error on this item's 1-month percent change would be 0.6 percent, plus or minus 0.3 percent.
(3) If the current seasonally adjusted 1-month percent change is greater than the previous published 1-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 1-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 1-month change. If the current 1-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 1-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 1-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparisons are used. For example, 0.8% is greater than 0.6%, -0.4% is less than -0.2%, and -0.2% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Not seasonally adjusted.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(6) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(7) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(10) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(11) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(12) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(18) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Table 7. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): U.S. city average, by expenditure category, July 2016, 12-month analysis table [1982-84=100, unless otherwise noted]
Expenditure category Relative
importance
Jun.
2016
Twelve Month
Unadjusted percent change
Jul. 2015-
Jul. 2016
Unadjusted effect on All Items
Jul. 2015-
Jul. 2016(1)
Standard error, median price change(2) Largest (L) or Smallest (S) unadjusted change since:(3)
Date Percent change

All items

100.000 0.8   0.08 S-Dec. 2015 0.7

Food

13.729 0.2 0.032 0.13 S-Mar. 2010 0.2

Food at home

7.978 -1.6 -0.128 0.18 S-Jan. 2010 -2.0

Cereals and bakery products

1.078 -0.8 -0.009 0.40 S-Aug. 2010 -1.0

Cereals and cereal products

0.364 -0.8 -0.003 0.67 L-Feb. 2016 0.3

Flour and prepared flour mixes

0.044 -0.4 0.000 0.84 L-May 2015 -0.4

Breakfast cereal

0.186 -0.7 -0.001 1.05 L-Feb. 2016 0.8

Rice, pasta, cornmeal

0.134 -1.1 -0.001 1.01 L-May 2016 -0.9

Rice(4)(5)

  -3.3   1.28 S-Sep. 2015 -3.7

Bakery products

0.714 -0.8 -0.006 0.49 S-Apr. 2010 -0.8

Bread(4)

0.213 -0.3 -0.001 0.84 L-May 2016 0.2

White bread(5)

  -0.6   1.17 - -

Bread other than white(5)

  0.6   1.26 L-May 2016 0.9

Fresh biscuits, rolls, muffins(4)

0.104 -1.1 -0.001 1.13 S-Jun. 2014 -1.6

Cakes, cupcakes, and cookies

0.172 -0.2 0.000 1.20 S-Sep. 2014 -0.3

Cookies(5)

  -2.1   1.51 S-May 2011 -2.7

Fresh cakes and cupcakes(5)

  2.5   1.71 L-Apr. 2016 3.6

Other bakery products

0.225 -1.6 -0.004 1.03 S-Mar. 2005 -2.7

Fresh sweetrolls, coffeecakes, doughnuts(5)

  0.0   1.50 S-May 2016 -0.2

Crackers, bread, and cracker products(5)

  -1.9   1.50 S-Jul. 2013 -3.0

Frozen and refrigerated bakery products, pies, tarts, turnovers(5)

  -2.1   1.38 S-Mar. 2015 -2.5

Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs

1.789 -5.6 -0.109 0.38 S-Jan. 1977 -6.2

Meats, poultry, and fish

1.684 -3.6 -0.066 0.40 S-Mar. 2016 -3.8

Meats

1.073 -4.7 -0.055 0.51 S-Feb. 2016 -4.8

Beef and veal

0.486 -7.7 -0.044 0.70 S-Dec. 1976 -8.0

Uncooked ground beef

0.194 -10.2 -0.023 0.99 L-May 2016 -9.4

Uncooked beef roasts(4)

0.067 -6.5 -0.006 1.52 S-Jan. 2016 -7.2

Uncooked beef steaks(4)

0.177 -6.3 -0.013 1.31 S-Oct. 2009 -7.4

Uncooked other beef and veal(4)

0.048 -3.5 -0.002 1.35 S-Jan. 2016 -4.1

Pork

0.334 -1.9 -0.007 0.81 S-May 2016 -2.4

Bacon, breakfast sausage, and related products(4)

0.140 1.7 0.002 1.18 S-Mar. 2016 -2.0

Bacon and related products(5)

  5.0   1.27 S-Mar. 2016 1.4

Breakfast sausage and related products(4)(5)

  -2.9   1.72 S-May 2016 -5.0

Ham

0.061 -2.9 -0.002 1.93 L-Jun. 2015 -1.2

Ham, excluding canned(5)

  -2.9   1.91 L-Jun. 2015 -2.3

Pork chops

0.055 -2.1 -0.001 1.66 S-May 2016 -3.0

Other pork including roasts and picnics(4)

0.078 -6.4 -0.005 1.74 S-May 2016 -6.5

Other meats

0.253 -1.9 -0.005 0.88 S-Apr. 2010 -2.1

Frankfurters(5)

  -5.6   2.45 S-Mar. 2010 -5.9

Lunchmeats(4)(5)

  -0.3   1.08 S-Mar. 2013 -1.0

Lamb and organ meats(5)

  -0.3   2.53 S-Mar. 2016 -4.1

Lamb and mutton(4)(5)

  -2.5   4.22 S-Mar. 2016 -5.7

Poultry

0.346 -3.2 -0.011 0.83 L-May 2016 -1.6

Chicken(4)

0.279 -3.4 -0.010 0.94 L-May 2016 -1.5

Fresh whole chicken(5)

  -2.1   1.98 L-May 2016 0.9

Fresh and frozen chicken parts(5)

  -3.8   1.18 S-Apr. 2016 -4.9

Other poultry including turkey(4)

0.067 -2.2 -0.002 1.61 S-Dec. 2002 -2.9

Fish and seafood

0.265 0.2 0.000 0.84 L-Apr. 2015 1.9

Fresh fish and seafood(4)

0.144 4.0 0.006 1.49 L-Dec. 2014 5.6

Processed fish and seafood(4)

0.121 -3.9 -0.005 0.95 S-EVER -

Shelf stable fish and seafood(5)

  -2.3   1.25 S-Jun. 2010 -3.0

Frozen fish and seafood(5)

  -5.8   1.70 S-Apr. 2016 -5.9

Eggs

0.105 -29.0 -0.043 1.09 S-Apr. 1985 -31.9

Dairy and related products

0.808 -3.1 -0.026 0.42 S-Dec. 2015 -3.9

Milk(4)

0.226 -7.0 -0.017 0.64 S-Jan. 2016 -7.2

Fresh whole milk(5)

  -7.0   1.04 S-Jan. 2016 -7.7

Fresh milk other than whole(4)(5)

  -7.2   0.89 S-Dec. 2015 -7.2

Cheese and related products

0.260 -3.2 -0.009 0.81 S-Dec. 2015 -3.7

Ice cream and related products

0.115 1.0 0.001 1.18 S-Apr. 2016 0.0

Other dairy and related products(4)

0.206 -0.6 -0.001 0.81 S-May 2016 -1.0

Fruits and vegetables

1.344 1.4 0.018 0.60 L-Apr. 2016 2.1

Fresh fruits and vegetables

1.044 2.1 0.020 0.73 L-Apr. 2016 2.4

Fresh fruits

0.562 3.0 0.016 1.01 S-May 2016 2.8

Apples

0.092 9.1 0.008 2.01 S-May 2016 9.0

Bananas

0.087 -0.4 0.000 0.98 S-May 2016 -1.8

Citrus fruits(4)

0.160 3.1 0.005 2.67 S-Feb. 2016 1.0

Oranges, including tangerines(5)

  0.1   2.41 S-May 2016 0.1

Other fresh fruits(4)

0.223 2.8 0.004 1.57 L-Apr. 2016 3.3

Fresh vegetables

0.482 1.0 0.004 0.92 L-Apr. 2016 1.4

Potatoes

0.081 0.8 0.001 1.93 S-May 2016 0.7

Lettuce

0.065 -2.8 -0.002 2.31 S-Mar. 2016 -3.9

Tomatoes

0.078 -1.5 -0.001 1.99 S-May 2016 -2.3

Other fresh vegetables

0.258 2.9 0.006 1.33 L-Mar. 2016 3.8

Processed fruits and vegetables(4)

0.300 -0.5 -0.002 0.64 S-May 2016 -0.6

Canned fruits and vegetables(4)

0.157 -1.3 -0.002 1.05 S-Mar. 2015 -1.6

Canned fruits(4)(5)

  -0.3   1.33 S-Nov. 2014 -0.7

Canned vegetables(4)(5)

  -1.7   1.44 S-Dec. 2015 -2.0

Frozen fruits and vegetables(4)

0.088 1.2 0.001 1.18 L-Apr. 2016 2.9

Frozen vegetables(5)

  0.6   1.47 L-Apr. 2016 3.4

Other processed fruits and vegetables including dried(4)

0.055 -1.0 -0.001 1.17 L-Apr. 2016 0.0

Dried beans, peas, and lentils(4)(5)

  -1.6   2.10 L-May 2016 -1.5

Nonalcoholic beverages and beverage materials

0.950 -0.5 -0.004 0.45 - -

Juices and nonalcoholic drinks(4)

0.668 0.2 0.001 0.53 L-May 2016 0.5

Carbonated drinks

0.269 0.9 0.002 0.84 S-Feb. 2016 0.9

Frozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.011 -1.6 0.000 1.20 S-Jan. 2016 -1.6

Nonfrozen noncarbonated juices and drinks(4)

0.388 -0.2 -0.001 0.83 L-May 2016 -0.1

Beverage materials including coffee and tea(4)

0.283 -2.2 -0.006 0.78 S-Apr. 2014 -2.4

Coffee

0.179 -4.0 -0.006 1.06 S-Apr. 2016 -4.2

Roasted coffee(5)

  -3.8   1.22 S-May 2014 -4.8

Instant and freeze dried coffee(5)

  -4.9   1.65 S-Apr. 2016 -5.3

Other beverage materials including tea(4)

0.104 0.6 0.001 0.88 L-May 2016 2.1

Other food at home

2.009 0.1 0.002 0.34 S-Jun. 2014 0.1

Sugar and sweets

0.291 -0.7 -0.002 0.76 S-Jul. 2014 -1.8

Sugar and artificial sweeteners

0.050 -2.4 -0.001 1.02 S-Oct. 2014 -3.8

Candy and chewing gum(4)

0.185 -0.1 0.000 1.19 S-May 2016 -0.3

Other sweets(4)

0.055 -0.7 0.000 0.96 L-May 2016 -0.2

Fats and oils

0.234 0.4 0.001 0.66 L-Apr. 2016 0.7

Butter and margarine(4)

0.068 3.5 0.003 1.16 L-Apr. 2016 3.6

Butter(5)

  3.1   1.61 S-Feb. 2016 1.6

Margarine(5)

  3.4   1.36 L-Sep. 2012 3.4

Salad dressing(4)

0.056 0.8 0.001 1.06 L-Dec. 2015 1.6

Other fats and oils including peanut butter(4)

0.110 -2.0 -0.002 1.06 L-May 2016 -0.9

Peanut butter(4)(5)

  -2.9   1.50 L-May 2016 -0.6

Other foods

1.484 0.2 0.003 0.40 S-Apr. 2014 -0.3

Soups

0.098 0.5 0.000 1.38 S-Aug. 2015 -1.4

Frozen and freeze dried prepared foods

0.264 -1.4 -0.004 0.91 S-Mar. 2014 -1.7

Snacks

0.335 0.6 0.002 1.07 S-Feb. 2016 -0.3

Spices, seasonings, condiments, sauces

0.286 1.3 0.004 0.90 L-Apr. 2016 2.6

Salt and other seasonings and spices(4)(5)

  2.9   1.35 L-May 2016 4.8

Olives, pickles, relishes(4)(5)

  3.0   2.00 S-May 2016 -0.2

Sauces and gravies(4)(5)

  -0.5   1.34 L-Apr. 2016 0.2

Other condiments(5)

  3.0   1.74 S-May 2016 0.5

Baby food(4)

0.055 2.0 0.001 0.77 L-Dec. 2014 2.1

Other miscellaneous foods(4)

0.447 0.1 0.000 0.70 S-May 2016 0.1

Prepared salads(6)(5)

  0.9   1.20 S-Apr. 2014 0.9

Food away from home

5.752 2.8 0.160 0.17 L-Oct. 2015 2.9

Full service meals and snacks(4)

2.786 2.3 0.064 0.23 S-Apr. 2016 2.3

Limited service meals and snacks(4)

2.443 2.9 0.070 0.29 L-Apr. 2016 2.9

Food at employee sites and schools(4)

0.195 10.8 0.021 0.64 L-EVER -

Food at elementary and secondary schools(7)(5)

           

Food from vending machines and mobile vendors(4)

0.081 3.4 0.003 1.22 L-Jul. 2012 3.4

Other food away from home(4)

0.246 1.0 0.003 0.44 L-May 2016 1.8

Energy

7.296 -10.9 -0.911 0.17 S-Mar. 2016 -12.6

Energy commodities

3.613 -19.4 -0.874 0.19 S-Mar. 2016 -21.2

Fuel oil and other fuels

0.176 -10.3 -0.020 0.81 L-Nov. 2014 -6.3

Fuel oil

0.094 -17.8 -0.021 0.82 L-Nov. 2014 -10.1

Propane, kerosene, and firewood(8)

0.082 0.8 0.001 1.48 L-Oct. 2014 2.6

Motor fuel

3.437 -19.8 -0.854 0.20 S-Mar. 2016 -21.1

Gasoline (all types)

3.389 -19.9 -0.844 0.20 S-Mar. 2016 -20.9

Gasoline, unleaded regular(5)

  -20.6   0.46 S-Mar. 2016 -21.8

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade(9)(5)

  -17.8   0.52 S-Feb. 2016 -18.7

Gasoline, unleaded premium(5)

  -16.6   0.38 S-Mar. 2016 -16.7

Other motor fuels(4)

0.048 -16.5 -0.010 0.26 L-Dec. 2014 -11.9

Energy services(10)

3.683 -0.9 -0.037 0.30 L-Feb. 2015 0.9

Electricity(10)

2.941 -1.0 -0.034 0.38 L-Nov. 2015 -0.2

Utility (piped) gas service(10)

0.742 -0.4 -0.002 0.49 L-Jan. 2015 -0.4

All items less food and energy

78.975 2.2 1.714 0.10 S-May 2016 2.2

Commodities less food and energy commodities

19.386 -0.6 -0.109 0.24 - -

Household furnishings and supplies(11)

3.224 -1.9 -0.062 0.30 L-Mar. 2016 -1.3

Window and floor coverings and other linens(4)

0.258 -1.9 -0.005 1.12 L-Mar. 2016 -1.7

Floor coverings(4)

0.059 0.6 0.000 1.00 S-Feb. 2016 0.2

Window coverings(4)

0.053 1.3 0.001 1.32 L-Apr. 2013 1.7

Other linens(4)

0.146 -3.9 -0.006 1.68 L-Apr. 2016 -3.8

Furniture and bedding

0.765 -3.0 -0.024 0.70 L-May 2016 -2.5

Bedroom furniture

0.271 -0.9 -0.003 1.13 L-Mar. 2016 0.6

Living room, kitchen, and dining room furniture(4)

0.361 -3.1 -0.011 1.16 S-Oct. 2014 -3.7

Other furniture(4)

0.127 -7.0 -0.010 1.75 - -

Infants' furniture(7)(5)

           

Appliances(4)

0.187 -2.7 -0.007 0.92 L-Jun. 2015 -2.6

Major appliances(4)

0.058 -5.3 -0.005 1.24 S-Feb. 2016 -5.7

Laundry equipment(5)

  -5.6   1.34 L-Apr. 2016 -5.4

Other appliances(4)

0.126 -1.9 -0.002 1.22 - -

Other household equipment and furnishings(4)

0.468 -3.8 -0.018 0.97 S-Dec. 2014 -3.9

Clocks, lamps, and decorator items

0.243 -5.0 -0.013 1.78 S-Nov. 2015 -6.1

Indoor plants and flowers(12)

0.102 -2.7 -0.003 1.42 S-Dec. 2009 -2.9

Dishes and flatware(4)

0.052 -2.2 -0.001 2.60 L-Mar. 2016 -0.9

Nonelectric cookware and tableware(4)

0.071 -2.5 -0.002 1.20 S-Mar. 2016 -3.2

Tools, hardware, outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.679 -0.8 -0.005 0.69 L-Mar. 2016 -0.7

Tools, hardware and supplies(4)

0.181 -1.3 -0.002 1.14 L-Oct. 2015 -1.1

Outdoor equipment and supplies(4)

0.338 -0.5 -0.002 0.82 L-Mar. 2016 -0.2

Housekeeping supplies

0.867 -0.3 -0.003 0.45 S-May 2016 -0.6

Household cleaning products(4)

0.344 0.8 0.003 0.73 - -

Household paper products(4)

0.233 -0.4 -0.001 0.95 S-May 2016 -0.4

Miscellaneous household products(4)

0.290 -1.6 -0.004 0.87 S-Oct. 2015 -1.6

Apparel

3.109 0.3 0.011 1.10 S-Apr. 2016 -0.6

Men's and boys' apparel

0.786 0.7 0.006 1.58 L-Jan. 2016 0.7

Men's apparel

0.629 0.1 0.000 1.68 L-Jan. 2016 0.5

Men's suits, sport coats, and outerwear

0.100 -2.0 -0.003 4.45 S-Mar. 2016 -7.6

Men's furnishings

0.205 0.5 0.001 1.95 S-May 2016 0.0

Men's shirts and sweaters(4)

0.172 4.6 0.009 3.27 L-Aug. 2012 6.4

Men's pants and shorts

0.145 -3.5 -0.006 2.93 L-Feb. 2016 2.4

Boys' apparel

0.157 3.1 0.006 3.15 L-Nov. 2015 3.6

Women's and girls' apparel

1.271 0.5 0.008 2.28 S-May 2016 0.3

Women's apparel

1.068 1.6 0.017 2.36 S-May 2016 0.4

Women's outerwear

0.068 5.5 0.008 6.49 S-Apr. 2016 3.4

Women's dresses

0.151 -1.5 -0.002 11.82 S-Apr. 2016 -2.2

Women's suits and separates(4)

0.489 0.9 0.004 2.53 L-Jun. 2014 1.5

Women's underwear, nightwear, sportswear and accessories(4)

0.351 2.1 0.007 2.23 L-Oct. 2014 2.5

Girls' apparel

0.202 -4.7 -0.009 5.34 S-Nov. 2015 -5.8

Footwear

0.682 -1.2 -0.009 1.58 S-Jun. 2014 -1.2

Men's footwear

0.211 -1.1 -0.002 2.42 S-Dec. 2015 -1.4

Boys' and girls' footwear

0.168 0.3 0.000 2.48 L-Apr. 2016 1.2

Women's footwear

0.303 -2.2 -0.007 2.86 S-Jul. 2014 -3.4

Infants' and toddlers' apparel

0.145 -3.2 -0.005 2.06 L-May 2016 -2.1

Jewelry and watches(8)

0.226 4.9 0.011 1.91 S-Apr. 2016 4.4

Watches(8)

0.082 7.8 0.007 2.38 L-Feb. 2016 8.5

Jewelry(8)

0.144 4.0 0.004 2.38 S-Mar. 2016 3.2

Transportation commodities less motor fuel(11)

6.283 -1.1 -0.055 0.23 S-EVER -

New vehicles

3.683 0.0 0.000 0.34 L-Apr. 2016 0.0

New cars and trucks(4)(5)

  -0.1   0.32 L-Apr. 2016 0.0

New cars(5)

  -0.8   0.35 L-May 2016 -0.8

New trucks(13)(5)

  0.5   0.35 L-Apr. 2016 0.6

Used cars and trucks

2.117 -3.7 -0.052 0.12 S-Jan. 2015 -4.0

Motor vehicle parts and equipment

0.388 -0.6 -0.002 0.42 S-May 2016 -0.6

Tires

0.232 -1.4 -0.003 0.58 S-Aug. 2015 -1.4

Vehicle accessories other than tires(4)

0.156 0.6 0.001 0.51 S-May 2016 0.0

Vehicle parts and equipment other than tires(5)

  1.0   0.66 L-Jan. 2016 1.1

Motor oil, coolant, and fluids(5)

  -2.5   0.81 S-Apr. 1992 -2.9

Medical care commodities

1.828 3.6 0.065 0.64 L-May 2015 3.9

Medicinal drugs(11)

1.768 3.8 0.065 0.66 L-May 2015 4.1

Prescription drugs

1.407 5.2 0.071 0.82 L-May 2015 5.3

Nonprescription drugs(11)

0.361 -1.6 -0.006 0.81 S-Mar. 2016 -1.6

Medical equipment and supplies(11)

0.060 0.1 0.000 1.18 L-Dec. 2014 0.9

Recreation commodities(11)

1.830 -3.5 -0.068 0.45 S-EVER -

Video and audio products(11)

0.234 -11.6 -0.031 0.71 S-EVER -

Televisions

0.117 -20.1 -0.027 1.27 S-Sep. 2010 -21.8

Other video equipment(4)

0.026 -2.2 -0.001 2.04 L-May 2016 -2.1

Audio equipment

0.061 -3.9 -0.002 1.54 S-May 2016 -4.2

Audio discs, tapes and other media(4)

0.023 -3.9 -0.001 1.31 S-Jun. 2015 -3.9

Pets and pet products

0.588 0.3 0.002 0.75 L-Apr. 2016 0.3

Pet food(4)(5)

  1.2   0.73 L-Nov. 2013 1.2

Purchase of pets, pet supplies, accessories(4)(5)

  -0.5   1.57 L-May 2016 0.2

Sporting goods

0.436 -1.7 -0.007 0.98 S-Feb. 2016 -1.8

Sports vehicles including bicycles

0.228 -2.9 -0.005 1.25 S-Oct. 2003 -3.6

Sports equipment

0.199 -0.8 -0.002 1.25 S-Feb. 2016 -1.3

Photographic equipment and supplies

0.037 -2.0 -0.002 2.13 L-Nov. 2014 -0.8

Film and photographic supplies(4)(5)

  0.5   3.72 L-Jun. 2015 2.7

Photographic equipment(4)(5)

  -2.7   2.32 L-Feb. 2012 -2.6

Recreational reading materials

0.149 -1.6 -0.002 1.23 S-EVER -

Newspapers and magazines(4)

0.087 0.2 0.000 1.55 S-Jul. 2011 0.1

Recreational books(4)

0.062 -4.2 -0.002 1.76 S-Feb. 2012 -4.2

Other recreational goods(4)

0.386 -7.4 -0.029 1.31 S-Apr. 2003 -7.8

Toys

0.314 -9.2 -0.027 1.52 S-Apr. 2003 -9.8

Toys, games, hobbies and playground equipment(4)(5)

  -7.5   1.31 L-May 2016 -6.9

Sewing machines, fabric and supplies(4)

0.024 -4.8 -0.001 3.78 L-May 2016 -1.3

Music instruments and accessories(4)

0.033 1.3 0.000 1.24 S-Dec. 2015 -0.9

Education and communication commodities(11)

0.625 -3.9 -0.025 0.87 S-May 2016 -4.5

Educational books and supplies

0.160 5.7 0.010 1.22 S-May 2016 3.7

College textbooks(14)(5)

  6.6   1.32 S-May 2016 4.5

Information technology commodities(11)

0.465 -7.8 -0.035 1.09 S-May 2016 -8.2

Personal computers and peripheral equipment(6)

0.281 -7.7 -0.022 1.27 S-May 2016 -7.8

Computer software and accessories(4)

0.089 -5.3 -0.005 1.91 L-Apr. 2016 -2.9

Telephone hardware, calculators, and other consumer information items(4)

0.094 -11.3 -0.008 3.25 S-Mar. 2016 -14.3

Alcoholic beverages

0.948 1.2 0.012 0.31 S-May 2016 1.1

Alcoholic beverages at home

0.584 0.9 0.005 0.46 S-May 2016 0.8

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages at home

0.267 1.8 0.005 0.51 S-Feb. 2016 1.7

Distilled spirits at home

0.073 0.5 0.000 0.63 - -

Whiskey at home(5)

  0.4   1.12 L-Apr. 2016 0.6

Distilled spirits, excluding whiskey, at home(5)

  0.3   1.00 L-Apr. 2016 0.7

Wine at home

0.244 0.0 0.000 0.86 S-May 2016 -0.3

Alcoholic beverages away from home

0.364 1.8 0.007 0.42 - -

Beer, ale, and other malt beverages away from home(4)(5)

  1.9   0.55 - -

Wine away from home(4)(5)

  0.9   0.80 S-May 2016 0.9

Distilled spirits away from home(4)(5)

  2.9   0.61 - -

Other goods(11)

1.540 0.8 0.013 0.40 S-Jan. 2016 0.7

Tobacco and smoking products

0.652 2.9 0.019 0.44 S-Jun. 2015 2.5

Cigarettes(4)

0.590 2.9 0.018 0.46 S-Jun. 2015 2.5

Tobacco products other than cigarettes(4)

0.045 2.8 0.001 1.26 S-Apr. 2016 2.5

Personal care products

0.701 0.3 0.002 0.79 L-Mar. 2015 0.5

Hair, dental, shaving, and miscellaneous personal care products(4)

0.373 -0.4 -0.001 1.10 L-Apr. 2016 -0.4

Cosmetics, perfume, bath, nail preparations and implements

0.322 1.0 0.003 1.18 L-May 2016 1.2

Miscellaneous personal goods(4)

0.187 -4.4 -0.008 1.06 S-Jan. 2016 -4.5

Stationery, stationery supplies, gift wrap(5)

  -1.4   1.13 S-Feb. 2016 -1.6

Infants' equipment(7)(5)

  -3.9   1.47 L-Feb. 2016 -3.4

Services less energy services

59.589 3.1 1.823 0.11 S-Apr. 2016 3.0

Shelter

33.183 3.3 1.077 0.16 S-Apr. 2016 3.2

Rent of shelter(15)

32.840 3.3 1.073 0.16 S-Apr. 2016 3.2

Rent of primary residence(10)

7.710 3.8 0.277 0.17 - -

Lodging away from home(4)

0.982 1.6 0.014 2.00 S-Apr. 2016 1.3

Housing at school, excluding board(10)(15)

0.118 2.8 0.004 0.26 S-Feb. 2016 2.8

Other lodging away from home including hotels and motels

0.864 0.0 0.010 2.41 S-Apr. 2016 0.0

Owners' equivalent rent of residences(10)(15)

24.148 3.3 0.782 0.16 L-May 2016 3.3

Owners' equivalent rent of primary residence(10)(15)

23.041 3.3 0.742 0.16 L-May 2016 3.3

Tenants' and household insurance(4)

0.343 1.0 0.004 0.95 S-May 2016 0.9

Water and sewer and trash collection services(4)

1.156 3.5 0.041 0.47 S-Jul. 2014 3.5

Water and sewerage maintenance(10)

0.874 4.1 0.036 0.55 S-Feb. 2016 4.1

Garbage and trash collection(13)

0.283 1.7 0.005 0.61 L-Apr. 2016 1.8

Household operations(4)

0.846 2.9 0.025 0.38 L-Mar. 2016 3.4

Domestic services(4)

0.280 1.0 0.003 0.42 S-Apr. 2016 0.9

Gardening and lawncare services(4)

0.276 1.3 0.004 0.58 L-Mar. 2016 2.1

Moving, storage, freight expense(4)

0.120 12.3 0.014 1.30 L-Mar. 2016 12.4

Repair of household items(4)

0.087 2.5 0.002 0.70 L-May 2016 3.1

Medical care services

6.600 4.1 0.258 0.24 L-Sep. 2012 4.4

Professional services

3.130 2.9 0.088 0.30 L-Sep. 2010 2.9

Physicians' services(10)

1.683 3.4 0.056 0.46 L-Dec. 2010 3.4

Dental services(10)

0.813 2.5 0.020 0.54 S-Oct. 2015 2.5

Eyeglasses and eye care(8)

0.324 1.9 0.006 0.74 L-May 2016 2.3

Services by other medical professionals(10)(8)

0.311 1.8 0.006 0.56 L-Dec. 2014 2.0

Hospital and related services

2.469 4.4 0.102 0.41 L-Feb. 2016 4.9

Hospital services(10)(16)

2.200 4.6 0.093 0.46 L-Feb. 2016 5.1

Inpatient hospital services(10)(16)(5)

  5.3   0.91 L-Mar. 2016 5.3

Outpatient hospital services(10)(8)(5)

  2.9   0.63 L-Feb. 2016 3.2

Nursing homes and adult day services(10)(16)

0.192 3.6 0.007 0.44 L-May 2016 3.7

Care of invalids and elderly at home(7)

0.077 2.3 0.002 0.74 - -

Health insurance(7)

1.001 7.8 0.068 0.25 L-Jan. 2013 8.6

Transportation services

5.936 3.0 0.171 0.31 - -

Leased cars and trucks(14)

0.554 2.6 0.010 1.26 L-Sep. 2009 4.9

Car and truck rental(4)

0.111 3.9 0.011 2.42 S-Apr. 2016 1.9

Motor vehicle maintenance and repair

1.156 1.8 0.021 0.33 L-Apr. 2016 1.8

Motor vehicle body work

0.056 2.5 0.001 0.68 L-Aug. 2014 2.7

Motor vehicle maintenance and servicing

0.669 1.7 0.010 0.44 L-Jun. 2015 1.8

Motor vehicle repair(4)

0.389 1.9 0.009 0.53 S-Feb. 2016 1.6

Motor vehicle insurance

2.400 6.3 0.145 0.59 S-Apr. 2016 6.0

Motor vehicle fees(4)

0.525 1.7 0.009 0.45 S-Jun. 2015 0.5

State motor vehicle registration and license fees(10)(4)

0.280 1.0 0.003 0.66 S-Jun. 2015 -0.7

Parking and other fees(4)

0.234 2.5 0.006 0.47 L-Sep. 2015 2.8

Parking fees and tolls(4)(5)

  3.0   0.63 - -

Automobile service clubs(4)(5)

  0.6   0.75 L-Dec. 2015 0.6

Public transportation

1.190 -2.2 -0.024 0.75 L-May 2016 -1.0

Airline fare

0.729 -4.6 -0.033 0.98 L-May 2016 -3.1

Other intercity transportation

0.178 2.9 0.005 1.86 S-Dec. 2015 2.2

Intercity bus fare(6)(5)

           

Intercity train fare(6)(5)

  -1.6   1.59 L-May 2016 1.9

Ship fare(4)(5)

  8.7   2.34 S-Mar. 2016 7.2

Intracity transportation

0.279 1.7 0.005 0.22 L-May 2016 1.7

Intracity mass transit(11)(5)

  1.7   0.59 L-May 2016 1.8

Recreation services(11)

3.893 3.1 0.118 0.52 S-May 2016 3.1

Video and audio services(11)

1.638 4.3 0.068 0.39 - -

Cable and satellite television and radio service(13)

1.531 4.4 0.066 0.40 L-Sep. 2012 4.9

Video discs and other media, including rental of video and audio(4)

0.108 3.1 0.003 1.79 S-May 2016 2.3

Video discs and other media(4)(5)

  1.2   2.46 S-May 2016 0.3

Rental of video or audio discs and other media(4)(5)

  3.0   0.99 S-May 2016 1.4

Pet services including veterinary(4)

0.368 3.6 0.014 0.44 L-May 2016 3.8

Pet services(4)(5)

  2.2   1.08 L-May 2016 2.3

Veterinarian services(4)(5)

  3.7   0.58 S-Jun. 2015 3.7

Photographers and film processing(4)

0.049 2.6 0.002 1.18 S-Apr. 2016 1.9

Photographer fees(4)(5)

  2.4   0.77 S-May 2016 1.7

Film processing(4)(5)

  2.2   1.23 S-Apr. 2016 1.7

Other recreation services(4)

1.836 1.9 0.034 1.03 S-Apr. 2015 1.7

Club dues and fees for participant sports and group exercises(4)

0.645 -0.3 -0.001 1.34 S-Jan. 2016 -0.7

Admissions

0.646 4.0 0.025 1.31 L-Jan. 2016 5.1

Admission to movies, theaters, and concerts(4)(5)

  3.4   0.98 S-Feb. 2016 2.7

Admission to sporting events(4)(5)

  5.8   1.47 L-Feb. 2016 6.0

Fees for lessons or instructions(8)

0.220 1.9 0.004 0.60 L-May 2016 2.0

Education and communication services(11)

6.362 1.3 0.085 0.19 S-Sep. 2015 0.8

Tuition, other school fees, and childcare

2.984 2.7 0.082 0.31 S-EVER -

College tuition and fees

1.771 2.7 0.049 0.45 S-EVER -

Elementary and high school tuition and fees

0.307 3.2 0.011 0.42 S-Sep. 1983 1.2

Child care and nursery school(12)

0.735 2.4 0.018 0.52 - -

Technical and business school tuition and fees(4)

0.041 1.6 0.001 0.48 - -

Postage and delivery services(4)

0.136 0.2 0.000 0.35 S-Apr. 2016 0.2

Postage

0.129 0.4 0.001 0.38 - -

Delivery services(4)

0.007 -2.5 0.000 0.53 S-Apr. 2016 -2.7

Telephone services(4)

2.513 0.2 0.002 0.30 S-Oct. 2015 -0.3

Wireless telephone services(4)

1.788 0.3 0.000 0.39 S-Feb. 2016 -0.3

Land-line telephone services(11)

0.725 0.3 0.003 0.42 S-EVER -

Internet services and electronic information providers(4)

0.718 0.0 0.000 0.75 L-Apr. 2015 1.1

Other personal services(11)

1.612 3.0 0.049 0.29 L-May 2016 3.1

Personal care services

0.605 1.6 0.010 0.43 - -

Haircuts and other personal care services(4)

0.605 1.6 0.010 0.43 - -

Miscellaneous personal services

1.007 3.9 0.040 0.40 L-Oct. 2008 4.6

Legal services(8)

0.240 5.0 0.013 0.66 L-Jun. 2007 5.2

Funeral expenses(8)

0.143 2.1 0.003 0.63 - -

Laundry and dry cleaning services(4)

0.265 3.3 0.009 0.42 L-Apr. 2016 3.5

Apparel services other than laundry and dry cleaning(4)

0.026 2.2 0.001 0.68 L-Dec. 2015 2.2

Financial services(8)

0.234 4.6 0.010 1.01 L-Jun. 2015 5.9

Checking account and other bank services(4)(5)

  3.5   0.60 L-May 2014 4.2

Tax return preparation and other accounting fees(4)(5)

  5.2   1.40 L-Jul. 2015 5.3

Special aggregate indexes

All items less food

86.271 0.9 0.803 0.09 S-Mar. 2016 0.9

All items less shelter

66.817 -0.4 -0.242 0.10 S-Dec. 2015 -0.5

All items less food and shelter

53.087 -0.5 -0.273 0.12 S-Mar. 2016 -0.6

All items less food, shelter, and energy

45.791 1.4 0.637 0.13 - -

All items less food, shelter, energy, and used cars and trucks

43.674 1.6 0.689 0.14 L-Feb. 2016 1.7

All items less medical care

91.573 0.6 0.512 0.08 S-Mar. 2016 0.6

All items less energy

92.704 1.9 1.746 0.08 S-Dec. 2015 1.9

Commodities

36.729 -2.5 -0.952 0.13 S-Nov. 2015 -2.8

Commodities less food, energy, and used cars and trucks

17.269 -0.3 -0.058 0.27 L-Feb. 2016 0.0

Commodities less food

22.999 -4.2 -0.984 0.19 S-Nov. 2015 -5.1

Commodities less food and beverages

22.051 -4.4 -0.995 0.20 S-Nov. 2015 -5.4

Services

63.271 2.9 1.787 0.10 L-May 2016 2.9

Services less rent of shelter(15)

30.431 2.4 0.714 0.12 L-Jul. 2014 2.5

Services less medical care services

56.672 2.7 1.529 0.11 - -

Durables

9.487 -2.0 -0.181 0.19 - -

Nondurables

27.242 -2.6 -0.770 0.16 S-Dec. 2015 -2.6

Nondurables less food

13.513 -5.4 -0.802 0.26 S-Mar. 2016 -5.7

Nondurables less food and beverages

12.564 -5.8 -0.814 0.28 S-Mar. 2016 -6.2

Nondurables less food, beverages, and apparel

9.455 -7.8 -0.825 0.17 S-Mar. 2016 -8.1

Nondurables less food and apparel

10.403 -7.0 -0.813 0.15 S-Mar. 2016 -7.3

Housing

42.269 2.4 1.024 0.13 - -

Education and communication(4)

6.987 0.9 0.060 0.20 S-Sep. 2015 0.4

Education(4)

3.144 2.8 0.093 0.30 S-EVER -

Communication(4)

3.843 -0.8 -0.033 0.25 S-Nov. 2015 -0.8

Information and information processing(4)

3.707 -0.8 -0.033 0.26 S-Feb. 2016 -0.8

Information technology, hardware and services(17)

1.194 -3.0 -0.035 0.66 L-Apr. 2015 -2.7

Recreation(4)

5.722 0.9 0.049 0.35 S-Feb. 2016 0.9

Video and audio(4)

1.872 2.0 0.037 0.36 S-May 2016 1.7

Pets, pet products and services(4)

0.956 1.6 0.015 0.48 L-Apr. 2016 1.7

Photography(4)

0.087 0.3 0.000 1.30 L-Nov. 2014 0.7

Food and beverages

14.678 0.3 0.044 0.12 S-Mar. 2010 0.3

Domestically produced farm food

6.675 -1.8 -0.124 0.20 S-Jan. 2010 -2.2

Other services

11.867 2.1 0.252 0.20 S-Jan. 2016 2.1

Apparel less footwear

2.428 0.8 0.019 1.32 - -

Fuels and utilities

5.015 -0.2 -0.016 0.23 L-Feb. 2015 0.0

Household energy

3.858 -1.4 -0.057 0.29 L-Feb. 2015 -1.4

Medical care

8.427 4.0 0.323 0.24 L-Sep. 2012 4.1

Transportation

15.657 -4.9 -0.738 0.16 S-Nov. 2015 -6.0

Private transportation

14.467 -5.1 -0.714 0.16 S-Nov. 2015 -6.4

New and used motor vehicles(4)

6.561 -0.7 -0.032 0.25 L-May 2016 -0.5

Utilities and public transportation

10.073 0.5 0.048 0.17 L-Jan. 2015 0.7

Household furnishings and operations

4.071 -0.9 -0.037 0.25 L-Mar. 2016 -0.3

Other goods and services

3.152 1.9 0.063 0.25 - -

Personal care

2.500 1.7 0.043 0.31 L-May 2016 1.8

Footnotes
(1) The 'effect' of an item category is a measure of that item's contribution to the All items price change. For example, if the Food index had an effect of 0.40, and the All items index rose 1.2 percent, then the increase in food prices contributed 0.40 / 1.2, or 33.3 percent, to that All items increase. Said another way, had food prices been unchanged for that year the change in the All items index would have been 1.2 percent minus 0.40, or 0.8 percent. Effects can be negative as well. For example, if the effect of food was a negative 0.1, and the All items index rose 0.5 percent, the All items index actually would have been 0.1 percent higher (or 0.6 percent) had food prices been unchanged. Since food prices fell while prices overall were rising, the contribution of food to the All items price change was negative (in this case, -0.1 / 0.5, or minus 20 percent).
(2) A statistic's margin of error is often expressed as its point estimate plus or minus two standard errors. For example, if a CPI category rose 2.6 percent, and its standard error was 0.25 percent, the margin of error on this item's 12-month percent change would be 2.6 percent, plus or minus 0.5 percent.
(3) If the current 12-month percent change is greater than the previous published 12-month percent change, then this column identifies the closest prior month with a 12-month percent change as (L)arge as or (L)arger than the current 12-month change. If the current 12-month percent change is smaller than the previous published 12-month percent change, the most recent month with a change as (S)mall or (S)maller than the current month change is identified. If the current and previous published 12-month percent changes are equal, a dash will appear. Standard numerical comparison is used. For example, 2.0% is greater than 0.6%, -4.4% is less than -2.0%, and -2.0% is less than 0.0%. Note that a (L)arger change can be a smaller decline, for example, a -0.2% change is larger than a -0.4% change, but still represents a decline in the price index. Likewise, (S)maller changes can be increases, for example, a 0.6% change is smaller than 0.8%, but still represents an increase in the price index. In this context, a -0.2% change is considered to be smaller than a 0.0% change.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
(5) Special indexes based on a substantially smaller sample. These series do not contribute to the all items index aggregation and therefore do not have a relative importance or effect.
(6) Indexes on a December 2007=100 base.
(7) Indexes on a December 2005=100 base.
(8) Indexes on a December 1986=100 base.
(9) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(10) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(11) Indexes on a December 2009=100 base.
(12) Indexes on a December 1990=100 base.
(13) Indexes on a December 1983=100 base.
(14) Indexes on a December 2001=100 base.
(15) Indexes on a December 1982=100 base.
(16) Indexes on a December 1996=100 base.
(17) Indexes on a December 1988=100 base.

NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.


Last Modified Date: August 16, 2016