Employee Benefits in the United States news release text


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, July 25, 2014                                  USDL-14-1348

Technical information:  (202) 691-6199    ncsinfo@bls.gov        www.bls.gov/ebs
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902    pressoffice@bls.gov

                  EMPLOYEE BENEFITS IN THE UNITED STATES - MARCH 2014

Employer-provided medical care was available to 86 percent of full-time private industry workers in the 
United States in March 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. By contrast, only 23 
percent of part-time workers had medical care benefits available. Access, or availability, also varied by 
establishment size: 57 percent for workers in small establishments (those with fewer than 100 
employees), compared with 84 percent in medium and large establishments (those with 100 employees 
or more). (See charts 1 and 2 and table 2.)

Retirement benefits followed a similar pattern as medical care benefits. In private industry, 74 percent of 
full-time workers had access to a retirement plan, significantly higher than 37 percent of part-time 
workers. Retirement benefits were available to 50 percent of workers in small establishments and 82 
percent of workers in medium and large establishments. A worker with access to a medical or retirement 
plan is defined as having an employer-provided plan available for use, regardless of the decision to 
enroll or participate in the plan. (See charts 1 and 2 and table 1.)

Paid sick leave benefits were also more commonly offered to full-time workers and those in medium and 
large establishments in private industry. Plans were offered to 74 percent of full-time workers and 24 
percent of part-time workers. Similarly, 52 percent of workers in small establishments and 72 percent in 
medium and large establishments had access to a paid sick leave benefit. (See charts 1 and 2 and table 
6.)

These data are from the National Compensation Survey (NCS), which provides comprehensive 
measures of compensation cost levels and trends as well as incidence and provisions of employee benefit plans.

Additional findings include:

   *  In private industry, 65 percent of employees had access to retirement benefits and 48 percent of 
      employees participated in retirement plans. In state and local government, 89 percent of employees 
      had access and 81 percent participated in retirement plans. (See table 1.)

   *  Almost all full-time workers in state and local government (99 percent) had access to retirement and medical 
      care benefits.  For state and local government part-time workers, 38 percent had access to retirement 
      benefits and 24 percent had access to medical care benefits. (See tables 1 and 2.)

   *  For private industry employees in the lowest 10 percent of average earnings, employers paid 70 
      percent of the single coverage medical plan premium. For employees in the highest 10 percent of 
      average earnings, the employer share of the premium was 81 percent. For family coverage, the 
      employer share of the premium was 57 percent for employees in the lowest 10 percent of 
      earnings, significantly less than the 72 percent for employees in the highest 10 percent of 
      earnings. (See tables 3 and 4.)

   *  Access and participation in life insurance benefits varied significantly for full-time and part-time 
      workers. In private industry, 72 percent of full-time workers had access to life insurance benefits. 
      In contrast, only 13 percent of part-time workers in private industry had access. For state and 
      local government workers, 90 percent of full-time workers and 22 percent of part-time workers 
      had access. Most workers who had access participated in life insurance benefits. (See table 5.)

   *  Paid holidays were provided to 90 percent of full-time and 37 percent of part-time workers in 
      private industry. In state and local government 74 percent of full-time workers and 30 percent of 
      part-time workers had access. (See table 6.)

More information can be obtained by calling (202) 691-6199, sending e-mail to ncsinfo@bls.gov, or 
by visiting www.bls.gov/ebs. 

                                             NOTE

More information will be published in September 2014 on the incidence and provisions of health care 
benefits, retirement benefits, life insurance, short-term and long-term disability benefits, paid holidays 
and vacations, and other selected benefits. For the latest benefit publications see www.bls.gov/ebs.

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Last Modified Date: July 25, 2014