Table 4. Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force from age 18 to age 48 in 1978-2012 by age, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Table 4. Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force 
from age 18 to age 48 in 1978-2012 by age, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
  
                                                                 Percent of total weeks
           Age and characteristic                                                   Not in
                                                         Employed    Unemployed   labor force

Total, ages 18 to 48 in 1978-2012 (1) ...............      77.8         4.7          17.6
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      68.1         8.0          23.9
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      78.6         4.6          16.9
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      80.2         3.6          16.1
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      82.5         2.8          14.6
  Ages 40 to 48 in 1997-2012 (3) ....................      80.8         3.5          15.6

Men, ages 18 to 48 in 1978-2012 (1) .................      84.0         5.2          10.8
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      72.8         9.1          18.1
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      87.0         5.4           7.6
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      88.4         4.1           7.5
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      89.2         3.0           7.8
  Ages 40 to 48 in 1997-2012 (3) ....................      85.8         4.0          10.2
				
Women, ages 18 to 48 in 1978-2012 (1) ...............      71.2         4.2          24.6
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      63.2         6.9          29.9 
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      69.8         3.8          26.4
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      71.8         3.2          25.0
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      75.7         2.7          21.7
  Ages 40 to 48 in 1997-2012 (3) ....................      75.7         3.1          21.2

White non-Hispanic, ages 18 to 48 in 1978-2012 (1) ..      79.9         3.9          16.2
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      70.9         7.0          22.1
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      80.8         3.7          15.5
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      82.2         3.0          14.8
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      84.2         2.2          13.7
  Ages 40 to 46 in 1997-2012 (3) ....................      82.4         3.0          14.6

Black non-Hispanic, ages 18 to 48 in 1978-2012 (1) ..      68.7         8.7          22.6
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      55.7        13.5          30.7
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      69.7         8.9          21.4
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      71.7         7.3          21.0
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      75.7         5.9          18.4 
  Ages 40 to 48 in 1997-2012 (3) ....................      73.7         6.6          19.8

Hispanic or Latino, ages 18 to 48 in 1978-2012 (1) ..      72.4         5.5          22.1
  Ages 18 to 24 in 1978-1988 (2) ....................      63.2         8.6          28.1
  Ages 25 to 29 in 1982-1993 ........................      71.4         5.5          23.1
  Ages 30 to 34 in 1987-1998 ........................      74.9         4.1          21.0
  Ages 35 to 39 in 1992-2003 ........................      78.1         4.0          17.9
  Ages 40 to 48 in 1997-2012 (3) ....................      77.3         4.5          18.2

  1 This category excludes individuals who turned age 18 before January 1, 1978, or who had not
yet turned age 49 when interviewed in 2012-13.
  2 This category excludes individuals who turned age 18 before January 1, 1978.	
  3 This  category excludes individuals who had not yet turned age 49 when interviewed in 2012-13.
  NOTE: Totals may not add to 100 percent due to rounding. The National Longitudinal Survey of
Youth 1979 consists of men and women who were born in the years 1957-64 and were ages 14 to 22
when first interviewed in 1979. These individuals were ages 47 to 56 in 2012-13. Race and Hispanic
or Latino ethnicity groups are mutually exclusive but not exhaustive. Other race groups, which are
included in the overall totals, are not shown separately because their representation in the
survey sample is not sufficiently large to provide statistically reliable estimates.



Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: March 31, 2015