Employer-Reported Workplace Injury and Illness Summary

12/04/2014 News Release: Employer-Reported Workplace Injuries and Illnesses--2013

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, December 4, 2014                                   USDL-14-2183

Technical information:	(202) 691-6170  * iifstaff@bls.gov  	* www.bls.gov/iif/oshsum.htm	
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  * PressOffice@bls.gov


Slightly more than 3.0 million nonfatal workplace injuries and illnesses were reported by private 
industry employers in 2013, resulting in an incidence rate of 3.3 cases per 100 equivalent full-time 
workers, according to estimates from the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) conducted 
by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (See tables 1 and 2.) The rate reported for 2013 continues the 
pattern of statistically significant declines that, with the exception of 2012, occurred annually for the last
11 years.

Key findings from the 2013 Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses

* The total recordable cases (TRC) incidence rate of injury and illness reported by private industry
employers declined in 2013 from a year earlier, as did the rate for cases of a more serious nature
involving days away from work, job transfer, or restriction--commonly referred to as DART--
marking the first decline in the DART rate since 2009. (See chart 1.)
* The rate of reported injuries and illnesses declined significantly in 2013 among the manufacturing,
retail trade, and utilities sectors but was statistically unchanged among all other private industry
sectors compared to a year earlier.
* Manufacturing continued a 16-year trend in 2013 as the only private industry sector in which the rate
of job transfer or restriction only cases exceeded the rate of cases with days away from work. The 
rates for these two case types declined by 0.1 case in 2013 to 1.2 cases and 1.0 case per 100 full-time 
workers, respectively.
* The incidence rate of injuries only among private industry workers declined to 3.1 cases per 100
full-time workers in 2013, down from 3.2 cases in 2012. (See table 5.) In comparison, the incidence
rate of illness cases was statistically unchanged in 2013. (See table 6a.)
* The rate of injuries and illnesses among state and local government workers combined declined to
5.2 cases per 100 full-time workers in 2013 compared to 5.6 cases in 2012 and remains significantly
higher than the private industry rate. The incidence rates among state government and local
government workplaces individually also declined significantly in 2013, state government from 4.4
to 3.9 cases per 100 full-time workers and local government from 6.1 to 5.7 cases per 100 full-time
workers. (See chart 3.)

|                                                                                                    |
|                             Workplace Injuries and Illnesses Data Error                            |
|                                                                                                    |
|BLS identified data processing errors that impacted previously published national-level estimates   |
|from the 2011 and 2012 Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses. These estimates were          |
|corrected and republished in November 2014. More information on the data correction and revised     |
|estimates can be found at www.bls.gov/bls/errata/iif_errata_1014.htm.                               |

Private Industry Injuries and Illnesses

Injuries and illnesses by type of case 
Over half of the more than 3.0 million private industry injury and illness cases reported in 2013 were of
a more serious nature that involved days away from work, job transfer, or restriction (DART cases). 
These cases occurred at a rate of 1.7 cases per 100 full-time workers, a statistically significant decrease 
from 2012. (See table 7.) The rates for the two components of DART cases--cases involving days away 
from work and cases requiring job transfer or restriction--was unchanged at 1.0 and 0.7 case per 100 
workers, respectively, in 2013. Other recordable cases--those not involving days away from work, job 
transfer, or restriction--accounted for the remaining 1.4 million injury and illness cases in 2013 and was 
unchanged at a rate of 1.6 cases per 100 full-time workers.

The TRC injury and illness incidence rate remained highest in 2013 among mid-size private industry
establishments (those employing between 50 and 249 workers) and lowest among small establishments
(those employing fewer than 11 workers). (See table 3 and chart 2.)

Nearly 2.9 million (94.9 percent) of the more than 3.0 million nonfatal occupational injuries and 
illnesses in 2013 were injuries. (See table 5.) Among injuries, over 2.1 million (75.5 percent) occurred in 
service-providing industries, which employed 82.4 percent of the private industry workforce. The 
remaining 0.7 million injuries (24.5 percent) occurred in goods-producing industries, which accounted 
for 17.6 percent of private industry employment in 2013.

Workplace illnesses accounted for 5.1 percent of the more than 3.0 million injury and illness cases in
2013. (See table 6b.) The rate of workplace illnesses in 2013 (16.6 cases per 10,000 full-time workers) 
was not statistically different from the 2012 incidence rate (17.3 cases). The TRC illness incidence rate 
for all other illnesses--a category including such illnesses as musculoskeletal disorders--decreased 
significantly from 11.0 cases per 10,000 workers in 2012 to 10.2 cases in 2013. Rates among the other 
individual illness categories were unchanged in 2013 compared to a year earlier.

Goods-producing industries accounted for 34.4 percent of all occupational illness cases in 2013, 
resulting in an incidence rate of 27.6 cases per 10,000 full-time workers--remaining statistically 
unchanged from 28.6 cases in 2012. Service-providing industries accounted for 65.6 percent of private 
industry illness cases and experienced a rate of 13.7 cases per 10,000 full-time workers in 2013--
statistically unchanged from the prior year.

State Estimates

Private industry and public sector estimates are available for 41 participating states and for the District
of Columbia for 2013. (See chart 4.) Data for establishments in the nine states for which individual
estimates are unavailable are collected by BLS regional offices and used solely for the tabulation of
national estimates. State estimates will be available online on Thursday, December 18, 2014; these 
estimates may also be requested prior to this date from the respective state offices. (See 
www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm for state contacts.) Factors such as differences in the composition of 
industry employment may influence state incidences rates and should be considered whenever 
comparing rates among different states.

Publication Tables and Supplemental Charts

The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has generated estimates of injuries and illnesses for many of the 
2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit industries as defined in the 2007 North American Industry Classification 
System (NAICS) manual. A complete listing of these estimates is not available in this release. However, 
summary tables 1 and 2--providing incidence rates and counts of injuries and illnesses by detailed 
NAICS industry, case type, and ownership (e.g., total recordable cases or cases with days away from 
work in private industry), respectively--may be accessed from www.bls.gov/iif/oshsum.htm, requested
from BLS staff at (202) 691-6170, or requested by email at IIFSTAFF@bls.gov. Supplemental tables 
and charts illustrating trends among incidence rates and counts are also available from these sources.
Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice 
phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service (800) 877-8339.

Background of the Survey

This news release is the second in a series of three releases from the BLS covering occupational safety
and health statistics for the 2013 calendar year and follows the September preliminary report on fatal
work-related injuries from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). A third release later this
month will provide case circumstances and worker characteristics from the SOII for nonfatal injury and
illness cases requiring at least one day away from work to recuperate. 

All statements of comparison made in this news release were found to be statistically significant at the
95 percent confidence level. Additional background and methodological information regarding the BLS
occupational safety and health statistics program can be found in Chapter 9 of the BLS Handbook of 
Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch9.pdf. Employment data in this news release are 2013 
annual averages provided by the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program.

Completeness of SOII Estimates

Several studies by outside researchers conducted in the mid-2000s questioned the completeness of BLS
injury and illness estimates from the SOII. In response to these studies, the BLS began researching the
issue internally in 2007 and, at the request of Congress, established an ongoing research program to
explore potential undercounting of workplace injuries and illnesses. An initial round of research
conducted between 2009 and 2012 determined that the SOII failed to capture some cases but could not
determine the magnitude or leading cause of an undercount. Findings suggested that the ability to match
injury and illness data across different data sources is impacted by various factors, such as establishment
type, the time of case filing, and the type of injury. BLS initiated additional research from 2012 to 2014
that included interviews with employers on their injury and illness recordkeeping practices, a multiple
year match of SOII data to workers’ compensation records to analyze matching trends over time, and 
initial research on the use of computer-assisted coding of the SOII narrative information to improve 
classification consistency. In September 2014, BLS began a third round of research that includes a 
respondent recontact survey and exploratory research on collecting occupational injury and illness data 
directly from employees. Additional information about the completeness of SOII estimates can be found 
at www.bls.gov/iif/undercount.htm.

(Chart 1 appears here in the printed release.)

(Chart 2 appears here in the printed release.)

(Chart 3 appears here in the printed release.)

(Chart 4 appears here in the printed release.)

The PDF version of the news release

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Last Modified Date: December 04, 2014