Employer-Reported Workplace Injury and Illness Summary

10/29/2015 News Release: Employer-Reported Workplace Injuries and Illnesses--2014

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, October 29, 2015		USDL-15-2086

Technical information:	(202) 691-6170  *IIFSTAFF@bls.gov    	*www.bls.gov/iif/oshsum.htm	
Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  	*PressOffice@bls.gov


The nearly 3.0 million nonfatal workplace injuries and illnesses reported by private industry employers 
in 2014 occurred at a rate of 3.2 cases per 100 equivalent full-time workers, according to estimates from 
the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics. (See tables 1 and 2.) The rate reported for 2014 continues a pattern of declines that, with the 
exception of 2012, occurred annually for the last 12 years.

Private industry employers reported nearly 54,000 fewer nonfatal injury and illness cases in 2014 
compared to a year earlier. Because of this decline combined with an increase in reported hours worked, 
the total recordable cases (TRC) incidence rate fell 0.1 cases per 100 full-time workers. The fall in the 
TRC rate was driven by a decline in the rate of other recordable cases, as rates for both cases involving 
days away from work (DAFW) and for cases of job transfer or restriction only (DJTR) were unchanged in 2014.

(Chart 1 appears here in the printed release.)

|                           Change in Industry Classifications                                         |
| Beginning with the 2014 reference year, the SOII began using the 2012 North American Industry        |
| Classification System (NAICS). Comparison of SOII estimates for 2014 to prior years is not advised   |
| below the sector level due to this change. For more detailed information regarding NAICS revisions,  | 
| visit http://www.bls.gov/bls/naics.htm.                                                              |

Among all private industry sectors, the rate of reported injuries and illnesses declined in 2014 only 
among the retail trade, health care and social assistance, and accommodation and food services sectors. 
Manufacturing continued a 17-year trend as the only private industry sector in which the rate of DJTR 
cases exceeded the rate of DAFW cases. The rates for these two case types were unchanged from a year 
earlier at 1.2 cases and 1.0 case per 100 full-time workers, respectively.

Private Industry Injuries and Illnesses

Injuries and illnesses by type of case 

Over half of the nearly 3.0 million private industry injury and illness cases reported in 2014 involved 
days away from work, job transfer, or restriction (DART cases). These cases occurred at a rate of 1.7 
cases per 100 full-time workers, unchanged from 2013. (See table 7.) The rates for the two components 
of DART cases--DAFW cases and DJTR cases--were also unchanged at 1.0 case and 0.7 cases per 100 
workers, respectively. Other recordable cases--those not involving days away from work or days of job 
transfer or restriction--accounted for the remaining nearly 1.4 million injury and illness cases in 2014, 
lowering the rate by 0.1 cases to 1.5 cases per 100 full-time workers.

The TRC injury and illness incidence rate declined for each of the individual establishment size classes 
in 2014. The rate of injuries and illnesses remained highest among mid-size private industry 
establishments (employing 50 to 249 workers) and lowest among small establishments (employing 
fewer than 11 workers). (See table 3.)

(Chart 2 appears here in the printed release.)


Of the nearly 3.0 million nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses in 2014, 2.8 million (95.1 percent) 
were injuries. (See table 5.) Among injuries, nearly 2.1 million (75.0 percent) occurred in service-
providing industries, which employed 82.4 percent of the private industry workforce. The remaining 
nearly 0.7 million injuries (25.0 percent) occurred in goods-producing industries, which accounted for 
17.6 percent of private industry employment. 


Workplace illnesses accounted for 4.9 percent of the nearly 3.0 million injury and illness cases in 2014 
and occurred at a rate of 15.3 cases per 10,000 full-time workers, down 1.3 cases from 2013. (See tables 
6a and 6b.) Among individual illness categories, only the rate of reported skin diseases declined in 2014, 
falling 0.5 cases to 2.3 cases per 10,000 full-time workers. Rates among the other individual illness 
categories were relatively unchanged compared to a year earlier.  

Goods-producing industries accounted for 35.6 percent of all occupational illness cases in 2014, 
resulting in an incidence rate of 26.0 cases per 10,000 full-time workers--down 1.6 cases. Service-
providing industries accounted for 64.4 percent of private industry illness cases and experienced a rate 
of 12.5 cases per 10,000 full-time workers in 2014--down 1.2 cases. 

National Public Sector Estimates

An estimated 722,300 injury and illness cases were reported in 2014 among the approximately 18.3 
million state and local government workers--for example, police protection and fire protection--
resulting in a rate of 5.0 cases per 100 full-time workers. The rate among these workers was relatively 
unchanged from a year earlier (5.2 cases) but was higher than the rate among private industry workers 
(3.2 cases) in 2014. Nearly 4 in 5 injuries and illnesses reported in the public sector occurred among 
local government workers in 2014, resulting in an injury and illness rate of 5.4 cases per 100 full-time 
workers--higher than the 4.1 cases per 100 full-time workers in state government.

(Chart 3 appears here in the printed release.)

State Estimates

Among states for which estimates are available for 2014, the private industry TRC injury and illness 
incidence rates declined in 10 states and were relatively unchanged in 31 states and in the District of 
Columbia, compared to a year earlier. The private industry TRC injury and illness incidence rates were 
higher in 19 states than the national rate of 3.2 cases per 100 full-time workers, lower than the national 
rate in 14 states and in the District of Columbia, and about the same as the national rate in eight states. 
Factors such as differences in the composition of industry employment may influence state incidence 
rates and should be considered whenever comparing rates among different states.

(Chart 4 appears here in the printed release.)

Private industry and public sector estimates are available for 41 participating states, three U.S. 
territories, and for the District of Columbia for 2014. Data for establishments in the nine states for which 
individual estimates are unavailable are collected by Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) regional offices 
and used solely for the tabulation of national estimates. State estimates will be available online on 
Friday, November 13, 2015; these estimates may also be requested prior to this date from the respective 
state offices. (See www.bls.gov/iif/oshstate.htm for state contacts.) 

Publication Tables and Supplemental Charts

BLS has generated estimates of injuries and illnesses for many of the 2-, 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-digit industries 
as defined in the 2012 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) manual. A complete 
listing of these estimates is not available in this release. However, summary tables 1 and 2--providing 
incidence rates and counts of injuries and illnesses by detailed NAICS industry, case type, and 
ownership (e.g., total recordable cases or cases with days away from work in private industry), 
respectively--may be accessed from www.bls.gov/iif/oshsum.htm, requested from BLS staff at 
(202) 691-6170, or requested by email at IIFSTAFF@bls.gov. Supplemental tables and charts 
illustrating trends among incidence rates and counts are also available from these sources. Information 
in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 
(202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service (800) 877-8339.

Background of the Survey

This news release is the second in a series of three releases from BLS covering occupational safety and 
health statistics for the 2014 calendar year and follows the September preliminary report on fatal work-
related injuries from the Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI). A third release in November will 
provide case circumstances and worker characteristics from the SOII for nonfatal injury and illness cases 
requiring at least one day away from work to recuperate. 

All statements of comparison made in this news release were found to be statistically significant at the 
95 percent confidence level. Additional background and methodological information regarding the BLS 
occupational safety and health statistics program can be found in Chapter 9 of the BLS Handbook of 
Methods at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch9.pdf. Employment data in this news release are 2014 
annual averages from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW) program.

Completeness of SOII Estimates

BLS has long acknowledged that some conditions which often are difficult for employers to relate to the 
workplace are not adequately recognized and reported during a calendar year (for example, long-term 
latent illnesses) and are believed to be understated in SOII illness measures. Following several studies in 
the mid-2000s questioning the completeness of SOII injury and illness counts, BLS began internal 
research in 2007 and, at the request of Congress, established an ongoing research program. Initial 
research conducted between 2009 and 2012 found that the SOII failed to capture some cases but could 
not determine the magnitude or leading cause of an undercount. Researchers determined that the ability 
to match injury and illness data across different data sources was impacted by various factors, such as 
establishment type, the time of case filing, and the type of injury. BLS initiated additional research from 
2012 to 2014 that included interviews with employers in four states to learn more about their injury and 
illness recordkeeping practices and a multiple-year match of SOII data to workers' compensation 
records to analyze matching trends over time. BLS is currently funding a nationwide follow-back survey 
with SOII respondents to learn more about their recordkeeping practices and timing issues that may 
negatively affect injury and illness reporting to the SOII. BLS also continues to conduct exploratory 
research on the collection of occupational injury and illness data directly from employees. For more 
information on undercount research, please see www.bls.gov/iif/undercount.htm.

The PDF version of the news release

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Last Modified Date: August 27, 2016