Table 9. Number, incidence rate, and median days away from work for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work and musculoskeletal disorders by selected worker occupation and ownership, 2015


   TABLE 9. Number, incidence rate(1), and median days(2) away from work for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work(3) and musculoskeletal
   disorders(4) by selected worker occupation(5) and ownership, 2015
   ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                 |                                                                                                                                               
                                 |                                                           Musculoskeletal disorders                                                           
                                 |                                                                     (MSDs)                                                                    
                                  _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                 |                                                                                                                                               
                                 |                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   
                                 |           Total private,          |              Private              |               State               |               Local               
             Occupation          |          state, and local         |         industry(6)(7)(8)         |          government(7)(8)         |          government(7)(8)         
                                                                      ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                 |        government(6)(7)(8)        |                                   |                                   |                                   
                                  ___________________________________                                                                                                            
                                 |                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |Median days|           |           |Median days|           |           |Median days
                                 |           | Incidence |Median days|   Number  | Incidence | away from |   Number  | Incidence | away from |   Number  | Incidence | away from 
                                 |   Number  |    rate   | away from |           |    rate   |    work   |           |    rate   |    work   |           |    rate   |    work   
                                 |           |           |    work   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
   ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
        Total....................|   356,910 |     32.2  |     12    |   286,350 |     29.8  |     12    |    16,380 |     41.0  |     15    |    54,190 |     50.2  |     10    
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
    Laborers and freight, stock, |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     and material movers, hand...|    21,990 |    111.0  |     11    |    20,990 |    107.4  |     11    |        70 |     85.4  |     19    |       930 |    403.1  |     24    
    Nursing assistants...........|    19,360 |    180.5  |      6    |    16,860 |    171.0  |      6    |       880 |    291.4  |      8    |     1,620 |    283.0  |      6    
    Janitors and cleaners, except|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     maids and housekeeping      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     cleaners....................|    15,810 |    102.6  |     10    |     6,730 |     57.3  |     12    |     1,090 |    183.8  |     21    |     7,990 |    260.8  |     10    
    Heavy and tractor-trailer    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     truck drivers...............|    15,320 |     95.6  |     30    |    14,900 |     94.0  |     30    |        20 |     -     |     21    |       400 |    199.9  |     33    
    Light truck or delivery      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     services drivers............|    10,730 |    135.9  |     14    |    10,040 |    128.3  |     17    |        30 |     -     |     45    |       660 |    938.6  |     10    
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
    Registered nurses............|    10,290 |     48.1  |      9    |     8,530 |     46.8  |      9    |       860 |     73.3  |     14    |       890 |     43.9  |      7    
    Maintenance and repair       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     workers, general............|    10,290 |     90.0  |     15    |     7,210 |     75.9  |     13    |       630 |    145.1  |     14    |     2,460 |    165.1  |     19    
    Stock clerks and order       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     fillers.....................|    10,150 |     73.2  |     11    |    10,010 |     73.2  |     11    |        80 |     75.1  |      8    |        60 |     47.9  |     41    
    Retail salespersons..........|     8,920 |     27.1  |     13    |     8,660 |     26.2  |     12    |       250 |     -     |     60    |     -     |     -     |     -     
    Production workers, all other|     7,860 |     -     |     12    |     7,830 |     -     |     11    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        20 |     -     |     18    
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
    Maids and housekeeping       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     cleaners....................|     6,680 |     98.0  |     10    |     6,230 |     94.4  |     10    |       120 |    245.0  |     20    |       340 |    173.7  |      9    
    Firefighters.................|     5,630 |    168.5  |     10    |        30 |     24.0  |     15    |        40 |     33.1  |     47    |     5,560 |    189.4  |     10    
    First-line supervisors of    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     retail sales workers........|     5,550 |     50.0  |     10    |     5,510 |     49.7  |     10    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
    Personal care aides..........|     5,290 |     54.0  |      9    |     4,830 |     49.8  |      9    |       360 |    270.6  |      9    |       100 |    104.7  |      9    
    Police and sheriffs patrol   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     officers....................|     5,270 |     88.4  |     12    |        20 |     42.2  |     19    |       910 |    129.4  |     16    |     4,340 |     86.2  |     11    
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
    Construction laborers........|     5,150 |     68.4  |     15    |     4,540 |     62.7  |     13    |        90 |     -     |     25    |       520 |    192.0  |     16    
    Assemblers and fabricators,  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     all other...................|     4,500 |     -     |     13    |     4,490 |     -     |     13    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
    Automotive service           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     technicians and mechanics...|     4,430 |     77.0  |     17    |     4,290 |     77.3  |     17    |        60 |     95.8  |     34    |        80 |     55.3  |      6    
    Emergency medical technicians|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     and paramedics..............|     3,980 |    187.4  |      9    |     2,600 |    181.6  |      8    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     1,390 |    214.9  |      9    
    Landscaping and              |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     groundskeeping workers......|     3,820 |     52.3  |      8    |     2,380 |     37.0  |     10    |       280 |    215.3  |      7    |     1,160 |    156.0  |      8    
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
    Cargo and freight agents.....|     3,730 |     -     |     21    |     3,720 |    539.4  |     21    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
    Correctional officers and    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     jailers.....................|     3,160 |     82.5  |     16    |       140 |     80.3  |      7    |     2,500 |    105.9  |     19    |       520 |     36.9  |      8    
    Driversales workers..........|     3,110 |     -     |     19    |     3,110 |     77.4  |     19    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
    Home health aides............|     2,980 |     47.7  |     11    |     2,940 |     47.9  |     11    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        30 |     62.4  |     86    
    Cashiers.....................|     2,980 |     13.9  |     10    |     2,900 |     13.7  |     10    |        40 |     55.0  |      6    |        50 |     21.8  |      5    
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
    Bus drivers, transit and     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     intercity...................|     2,860 |     -     |     20    |       670 |    113.8  |     12    |       240 |     -     |     22    |     1,950 |    372.3  |     21    
    Teacher assistants...........|     2,830 |     33.7  |      6    |       600 |     32.9  |      2    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     2,220 |     36.5  |      8    
    Food preparation workers.....|     2,830 |     51.9  |     10    |     2,440 |     47.3  |      8    |       120 |    321.9  |     14    |       270 |    107.4  |     10    
    Licensed practical and       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     licensed vocational nurses..|     2,570 |     47.4  |     10    |     2,140 |     43.8  |      8    |       270 |    126.5  |     16    |       150 |     48.5  |     18    
    Plumbers, pipefitters, and   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     steamfitters................|     2,490 |     70.3  |     80    |     2,340 |     69.3  |     84    |        30 |     71.4  |     31    |       120 |     91.7  |      3    
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
    Installation, maintenance,   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     and repair workers, all     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     other.......................|     2,470 |     -     |     25    |     2,160 |     -     |     25    |        30 |     -     |     15    |       280 |     -     |     32    
    Customer service             |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     representatives.............|     2,450 |     12.0  |     15    |     2,420 |     12.2  |     15    |        20 |      7.7  |     30    |     -     |     -     |     -     
    Shipping, receiving, and     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     traffic clerks..............|     2,200 |     38.5  |      4    |     2,200 |     38.6  |      4    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
    Telecommunications line      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     installers and repairers....|     2,190 |    224.6  |     52    |     2,170 |    224.3  |     52    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        20 |     -     |     51    
    Bus and truck mechanics and  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     diesel engine specialists...|     2,160 |     90.7  |     30    |     1,390 |     67.9  |     30    |       140 |    352.6  |     44    |       630 |    213.7  |     19    
   ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                 |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           

     1 The incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses per 10,000 full-time workers and were calculated as (N/EH) x 20,000,000, where
        N = number of injuries and illnesses
        EH = total hours worked by all employees during the calendar year
        20,000,000 = base for 10,000 equivalent full-time workers
        (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).
     2 Median days away from work is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of absences from work among the cases with days away from work. Half the cases involved
   more days and half involved fewer days than a specified median. Median days away from work are represented in actual values.
     3 Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.
     4 Musculoskeletal disorders include cases in which the nature of the injury or illness is pinched nerve; herniated disc; meniscus tear; sprains, strains, tears; hernia
   (traumatic and nontraumatic); pain, swelling, and numbness; carpal or tarsal tunnel syndrome; Raynaud's syndrome or phenomenon; musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
   diseases and disorders, and when the event or exposure leading to the injury or illness is overexertion and bodily reaction, unspecified; overexertion involving outside
   sources; repetitive motion involving microtasks; other and multiple exertions or bodily reactions; and rubbed, abraded, or jarred by vibration.
     5 Selected occupations ranked in descending musculoskeletal disorder count for private, State, and local government.
     6 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.
     7 Data for Mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System United States, 2012) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health
   Administration rules and reporting, such as those in Oil and Gas Extraction and related support activities. Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining are
   provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor. Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining
   industries. These data do not reflect the changes the Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002;
   therefore, estimates for these industries are not comparable to estimates in other industries.
     8 Data for employers in rail transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.  
     Note:  Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines.  Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
     Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses, in cooperation with participating state agencies.

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Last Modified Date: November 10, 2016