Table 18. Number, incidence rate, and median days away from work for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work and musculoskeletal disorders by selected worker occupation and ownership, 2012


     TABLE 18. Number, incidence rate(1), and median days(2) away from work for nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work(3) and musculoskeletal
     disorders(4) by selected worker occupation(5) and ownership, 2012
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                   |                                                                                                                                               
                                   |                                                           Musculoskeletal disorders                                                           
                                   |                                                                     (MSDs)                                                                    
                                    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                   |                                                                                                                                               
                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   
                                   |           Total private,          |              Private              |               State               |               Local               
               Occupation          |    State, and local government    |         industry(6)(7)(8)         |        government(6)(7)(8)        |        government(6)(7)(8)        
                                    _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   |                                   
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
                                   |           | Incidence |Median days|           | Incidence |Median days|           | Incidence |Median days|           | Incidence |Median days
                                   |   Number  |    rate   | away from |   Number  |    rate   | away from |   Number  |    rate   | away from |   Number  |    rate   | away from 
                                   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   |           |           |    work   
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
          Total....................|   388,060 |     37.8  |     12    |   314,470 |     35.5  |     11    |    18,380 |     46.0  |     14    |    55,210 |     54.1  |     12    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Laborers and freight, stock,  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      and material movers, hand....|    26,770 |    164.2  |     13    |    25,640 |    159.2  |     13    |       140 |    177.5  |     19    |     1,000 |    414.5  |     13    
     Nursing assistants............|    23,390 |    225.8  |      6    |    20,650 |    216.6  |      6    |       790 |    274.1  |     12    |     1,960 |    353.1  |      6    
     Janitors and cleaners, except |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      maids and housekeeping       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      cleaners.....................|    15,230 |    103.6  |     14    |     8,270 |     74.9  |     14    |     1,350 |    225.5  |     14    |     5,610 |    186.3  |     15    
     Heavy and tractor-trailer     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      truck drivers................|    14,490 |    101.2  |     19    |    13,850 |     97.2  |     19    |        60 |     -     |     19    |       570 |    347.0  |     18    
     Registered nurses.............|    11,610 |     58.4  |      8    |     9,900 |     58.5  |      8    |       780 |     65.7  |      9    |       920 |     49.7  |      8    
     Maintenance and repair        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      workers, general.............|    10,600 |    101.4  |     11    |     7,570 |     86.1  |     10    |       540 |    134.2  |     16    |     2,490 |    200.4  |     11    
     Light truck or delivery       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      services drivers.............|    10,120 |    143.1  |     20    |     9,770 |    138.5  |     20    |     -     |     -     |     -     |       350 |    548.0  |     35    
     Stock clerks and order fillers|    10,050 |     79.0  |     11    |     9,840 |     78.1  |     11    |        90 |     85.9  |      5    |       130 |    106.6  |      2    
     Maids and housekeeping        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      cleaners.....................|     7,970 |    123.9  |      9    |     7,470 |    120.4  |      9    |       190 |    281.7  |      6    |       310 |    166.3  |     15    
     Firefighters..................|     6,350 |    210.1  |     14    |        30 |     20.3  |     51    |        20 |     34.7  |     14    |     6,300 |    241.2  |     14    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Police and sheriffs patrol    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      officers.....................|     5,810 |    102.9  |     14    |        20 |     33.6  |     16    |       810 |    114.2  |     15    |     4,990 |    109.2  |     13    
     Personal care aides...........|     5,090 |     74.9  |     10    |     4,670 |     69.5  |     10    |       250 |    189.7  |     17    |       170 |    199.1  |     13    
     Construction laborers.........|     5,010 |     75.3  |     10    |     4,760 |     74.3  |     10    |        50 |     -     |     24    |       210 |     81.8  |      7    
     Emergency medical technicians |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      and paramedics...............|     4,950 |    255.1  |      6    |     3,470 |    283.8  |      6    |        50 |     -     |     23    |     1,430 |    215.4  |      7    
     First-line supervisors of     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      retail sales workers.........|     4,730 |     41.9  |     14    |     4,700 |     41.6  |     14    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Cashiers......................|     4,710 |     23.4  |     10    |     4,500 |     22.6  |     10    |       150 |    201.4  |      5    |        60 |     26.2  |     62    
     Landscaping and groundskeeping|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      workers......................|     4,570 |     69.8  |      7    |     3,100 |     54.6  |      7    |       240 |    152.6  |     14    |     1,230 |    175.2  |     17    
     Correctional officers and     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      jailers......................|     3,830 |    101.7  |     28    |       210 |    100.9  |     25    |     2,670 |    113.2  |     35    |       950 |     73.9  |     12    
     Automotive service technicians|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      and mechanics................|     3,810 |     71.6  |     20    |     3,670 |     71.5  |     20    |        40 |     54.4  |      6    |       110 |     68.9  |     12    
     Driver/sales workers..........|     3,740 |    102.7  |     16    |     3,710 |    101.0  |     15    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Carpenters....................|     3,500 |     74.4  |     13    |     3,230 |     70.1  |     13    |       110 |    286.3  |      5    |       160 |    172.2  |      6    
     Bus drivers, transit and      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      intercity....................|     3,420 |    301.7  |     27    |       800 |    138.6  |      9    |       580 |     -     |     77    |     2,030 |    418.5  |     33    
     Food preparation workers......|     3,340 |     67.7  |      9    |     2,940 |     64.5  |      8    |        70 |    125.4  |      7    |       320 |    103.4  |     11    
     Home health aides.............|     3,300 |     53.3  |     13    |     3,170 |     52.4  |     13    |        30 |     37.6  |     16    |       100 |    137.7  |      8    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Licensed practical and        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      licensed vocational nurses...|     2,790 |     50.9  |      7    |     2,230 |     45.2  |      8    |       250 |    111.1  |      7    |       310 |     89.0  |      6    
     Heating, air conditioning, and|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      refrigeration mechanics and  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      installers...................|     2,740 |    133.9  |     17    |     2,620 |    135.9  |     17    |        40 |     72.2  |      3    |        90 |    108.3  |     14    
     Customer service              |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      representatives..............|     2,370 |     13.3  |     16    |     2,330 |     13.5  |     16    |        20 |      7.0  |      1    |        20 |      6.2  |     45    
     Plumbers, pipefitters, and    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      steamfitters.................|     2,320 |     77.9  |     17    |     2,050 |     72.4  |     17    |        60 |    141.7  |     33    |       210 |    175.4  |     11    
     Electricians..................|     2,200 |     47.6  |     11    |     1,840 |     41.4  |     10    |       140 |    242.3  |     32    |       220 |    145.5  |     14    
     Teacher assistants............|     2,180 |     27.1  |      7    |       370 |     21.7  |      5    |        30 |     11.5  |      8    |     1,770 |     31.5  |      7    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Shipping, receiving, and      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      traffic clerks...............|     2,020 |     35.6  |      8    |     1,990 |     35.0  |      8    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        20 |     -     |      2    
     Refuse and recyclable material|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      collectors...................|     1,930 |    203.2  |     10    |       500 |     81.9  |     23    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     1,430 |    448.6  |      6    
     Bus and truck mechanics and   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      diesel engine specialists....|     1,840 |     85.4  |     14    |     1,270 |     68.5  |     12    |       230 |    573.3  |     12    |       340 |    135.6  |     29    
     Industrial truck and tractor  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      operators....................|     1,780 |     39.9  |     12    |     1,670 |     37.4  |     12    |     -     |     -     |     -     |       110 |     -     |     14    
     First-line supervisors of     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      construction trades and      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      extraction workers...........|     1,770 |     39.8  |      5    |     1,360 |     33.3  |      7    |       150 |    154.6  |     15    |       260 |     92.8  |      4    
     Bus drivers, school or special|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      client.......................|     1,660 |     48.6  |     16    |       600 |     38.2  |     13    |        20 |     -     |     17    |     1,040 |     61.9  |     21    
     Welders, cutters, solderers,  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      and brazers..................|     1,630 |     53.2  |      8    |     1,600 |     52.3  |      7    |        20 |     -     |     27    |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Office clerks, general........|     1,590 |      7.9  |     16    |       890 |      5.4  |     25    |       360 |     23.6  |     16    |       340 |     14.9  |      7    
     Inspectors, testers, sorters, |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      samplers, and weighers.......|     1,550 |     38.3  |     14    |     1,480 |     36.5  |     14    |        20 |     -     |     16    |        50 |     -     |      5    
     Telecommunications equipment  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      installers and repairers,    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      except line installers.......|     1,530 |     81.4  |     21    |     1,520 |     82.1  |     23    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Machinists....................|     1,460 |     41.2  |     15    |     1,450 |     40.8  |     15    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Telecommunications line       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      installers and repairers.....|     1,430 |    114.4  |     33    |     1,430 |    114.4  |     33    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Laundry and dry-cleaning      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      workers......................|     1,420 |     92.3  |      9    |     1,340 |     88.8  |     10    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        50 |    179.5  |      4    
     Combined food preparation and |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      serving workers, including   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      fast food....................|     1,410 |      7.5  |     14    |     1,360 |      7.5  |     14    |        30 |     57.1  |      8    |        20 |      5.0  |      7    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     Operating engineers and other |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      construction equipment       |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      operators....................|     1,390 |     44.7  |     12    |       480 |     18.9  |     12    |       170 |    134.5  |      8    |       730 |    178.9  |     13    
     First-line supervisors of food|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      preparation and serving      |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      workers......................|     1,280 |     18.9  |      8    |     1,080 |     16.8  |      7    |       100 |    144.0  |      6    |       100 |     30.9  |     10    
     Security guards...............|     1,240 |     15.6  |     12    |     1,070 |     14.8  |     11    |       100 |     54.5  |     30    |        70 |     12.2  |     20    
     Psychiatric aides.............|     1,240 |    215.8  |     19    |       140 |     52.5  |      5    |     1,090 |    319.4  |     31    |     -     |     -     |     -     
     General and operations        |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      managers.....................|     1,210 |      6.4  |     19    |     1,170 |      6.5  |     19    |        20 |      8.1  |      7    |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Elementary school teachers,   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      except special education.....|     1,110 |      9.9  |      7    |        50 |      4.6  |      1    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     1,060 |     11.3  |      7    
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
     First-line supervisors of     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      production and operating     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      workers......................|     1,020 |     18.9  |     12    |       970 |     18.3  |     12    |        20 |     57.1  |     18    |        40 |     30.2  |      4    
     Industrial machinery mechanics|     1,010 |     36.2  |     21    |       980 |     36.0  |     21    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        30 |     38.0  |     12    
     Reservation and transportation|           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      ticket agents and travel     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      clerks.......................|     1,000 |     87.7  |     26    |     1,000 |     87.8  |     26    |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     |     -     
     Medical and clinical          |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      laboratory technicians.......|       980 |     79.0  |     21    |       920 |     82.0  |     21    |        40 |     63.8  |     25    |        20 |     32.9  |      7    
     Dining room and cafeteria     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      attendants and bartender     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      helpers......................|       970 |     44.2  |     10    |       900 |     42.0  |      9    |     -     |     -     |     -     |        60 |     84.2  |     29    
     Painters, construction and    |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      maintenance..................|       920 |     63.6  |     30    |       750 |     54.7  |     30    |        40 |    131.6  |     15    |       130 |    253.9  |     49    
     Radiologic technologists......|       910 |     60.6  |     10    |       850 |     63.2  |     11    |        30 |     51.2  |      2    |        30 |     28.5  |     12    
     Orderlies.....................|       880 |    222.1  |     12    |       780 |    225.9  |     12    |     -     |     -     |     -     |       110 |    323.5  |     21    
     Food servers, nonrestaurant...|       840 |     56.7  |     10    |       690 |     48.2  |      8    |        90 |     -     |    101    |        50 |    120.7  |      5    
     First-line supervisors of     |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      housekeeping and janitorial  |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           
      workers......................|       800 |     56.6  |      5    |       610 |     54.8  |      5    |        20 |     34.3  |     13    |       170 |     68.2  |     18    
     ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                   |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           |           

       1 Incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses per 10,000 full-time workers and were calculated as:  (N/EH) x 20,000,000 where            
       
       N     =number of injuries and illnesses                      
       EH    =total hours worked by all employees                   
              during the calendar year                             
       
       20,000,000=base for 10,000 equivalent full-time workers 
              (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year)
       
       2 Median days away from work is the measure used to summarize the varying lengths of absences from work among the cases with days away from work. Half the cases involved
     more days and half involved less days than a specified median. Median days away from work are represented in actual values.
       3 Days-away-from-work cases include those that resulted in days away from work, some of which also included job transfer or restriction.
       4 Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include cases where the nature of the injury or illness is pinched nerve;  herniated disc; meniscus tear; sprains, strains, tears; hernia
     (traumatic and nontraumatic); pain, swelling, and numbness; carpal or tarsal tunnel syndrome; Raynaud's syndrome or phenomenon; musculoskeletal system and connective tissue
     diseases and disorders, when the event or exposure leading to the injury or illness is overexertion and bodily reaction, unspecified; overexertion involving outside sources;
     repetitive motion involving microtasks; other and multiple exertions or bodily reactions; and rubbed, abraded, or jarred by vibration.
       5 Selected occupations ranked in descending musculoskeletal disorder case count for private, State, and local government.
       6 Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.
       7 Data for Mining (Sector 21 in the North American Industry Classification System-- United States, 2007) include establishments not governed by the Mine Safety and Health
     Administration rules and reporting, such as those in Oil and Gas Extraction and related support activities.  Data for mining operators in coal, metal, and nonmetal mining are
     provided to BLS by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor.  Independent mining contractors are excluded from the coal, metal, and nonmetal mining
     industries.  These data do not reflect the changes the Occupational Safety and Health Administration made to its recordkeeping requirements effective January 1, 2002;
     therefore, estimates for these industries are not comparable to estimates in other industries.     
       8 Data for employers in rail transportation are provided to BLS by the Federal Railroad Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.  
       
       NOTE:  Dash indicates data do not meet publication guidelines.  Because of rounding and data exclusion of nonclassifiable responses, data may not sum to the totals.
       SOURCE:  Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses in cooperation with participating State agencies.

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Last Modified Date: October 09, 2014