Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state

Table 5. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by state, 2013-2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
State 2013 2014
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total
employed
Members
of
unions(1)
Represented
by unions(2)
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed
Total Percent
of
employed

Alabama

1,894 203 10.7 222 11.7 1,887 204 10.8 228 12.1

Alaska

306 71 23.1 75 24.5 307 70 22.8 75 24.4

Arizona

2,452 122 5.0 147 6.0 2,593 138 5.3 173 6.7

Arkansas

1,072 38 3.5 44 4.1 1,108 52 4.7 60 5.4

California

14,835 2,430 16.4 2,579 17.4 15,135 2,472 16.3 2,652 17.5

Colorado

2,243 171 7.6 207 9.2 2,328 221 9.5 250 10.7

Connecticut

1,535 207 13.5 220 14.3 1,564 231 14.8 245 15.7

Delaware

370 38 10.3 41 11.0 384 38 9.9 43 11.3

District of Columbia

308 29 9.3 34 11.0 325 28 8.6 35 10.7

Florida

7,655 414 5.4 529 6.9 8,042 455 5.7 561 7.0

Georgia

3,958 209 5.3 248 6.3 3,926 170 4.3 193 4.9

Hawaii

549 121 22.1 129 23.6 572 124 21.8 131 22.9

Idaho

617 29 4.7 36 5.8 641 34 5.3 43 6.7

Illinois

5,397 851 15.8 882 16.3 5,500 831 15.1 880 16.0

Indiana

2,682 249 9.3 275 10.3 2,802 299 10.7 335 12.0

Iowa

1,421 143 10.1 171 12.0 1,459 156 10.7 184 12.6

Kansas

1,252 94 7.5 106 8.4 1,287 95 7.4 116 9.0

Kentucky

1,735 194 11.2 226 13.0 1,714 189 11.0 219 12.8

Louisiana

1,728 75 4.3 95 5.5 1,834 96 5.2 118 6.4

Maine

574 64 11.1 75 13.1 566 62 11.0 71 12.5

Maryland

2,665 308 11.6 349 13.1 2,612 310 11.9 347 13.3

Massachusetts

2,940 401 13.7 430 14.6 3,036 415 13.7 445 14.7

Michigan

3,889 633 16.3 656 16.9 4,028 585 14.5 631 15.7

Minnesota

2,532 362 14.3 381 15.0 2,538 360 14.2 380 15.0

Mississippi

1,040 38 3.7 44 4.2 1,028 38 3.7 46 4.5

Missouri

2,537 219 8.6 264 10.4 2,559 214 8.4 249 9.7

Montana

403 52 13.0 60 14.8 414 52 12.7 57 13.8

Nebraska

870 63 7.3 79 9.0 877 64 7.3 79 9.0

Nevada

1,154 169 14.6 186 16.1 1,173 169 14.4 192 16.4

New Hampshire

623 60 9.6 67 10.7 626 62 9.9 72 11.5

New Jersey

3,814 611 16.0 632 16.6 3,860 635 16.5 664 17.2

New Mexico

751 46 6.2 55 7.3 763 43 5.7 56 7.4

New York

8,149 1,986 24.4 2,104 25.8 8,060 1,980 24.6 2,081 25.8

North Carolina

3,879 117 3.0 184 4.8 3,936 76 1.9 126 3.2

North Dakota

342 22 6.4 29 8.5 353 18 5.0 24 6.9

Ohio

4,786 605 12.6 674 14.1 4,958 615 12.4 688 13.9

Oklahoma

1,516 114 7.5 144 9.5 1,465 89 6.0 106 7.2

Oregon

1,504 208 13.9 223 14.8 1,554 243 15.6 264 17.0

Pennsylvania

5,501 701 12.7 754 13.7 5,525 703 12.7 754 13.7

Rhode Island

459 77 16.9 82 17.8 453 68 15.1 72 15.8

South Carolina

1,855 69 3.7 86 4.7 1,884 41 2.2 61 3.2

South Dakota

362 17 4.8 21 5.8 363 18 4.9 22 6.0

Tennessee

2,543 155 6.1 188 7.4 2,514 127 5.0 141 5.6

Texas

10,877 518 4.8 647 6.0 11,205 543 4.8 700 6.2

Utah

1,253 49 3.9 67 5.4 1,236 46 3.7 57 4.6

Vermont

285 31 10.9 38 13.2 286 32 11.1 37 13.1

Virginia

3,601 180 5.0 229 6.4 3,665 179 4.9 228 6.2

Washington

2,882 546 18.9 568 19.7 2,914 491 16.8 536 18.4

West Virginia

686 87 12.7 93 13.5 687 73 10.6 80 11.6

Wisconsin

2,569 317 12.3 337 13.1 2,626 306 11.7 327 12.5

Wyoming

259 15 5.7 17 6.4 255 17 6.7 19 7.5

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to both union members and workers who report no union affiliation but whose jobs are covered by a union or an employee association contract.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time wage and salary workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, both those with incorporated businesses as well as those with unincorporated businesses. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: January 23, 2015