Employment Situation of Veterans News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, March 18, 2015                  USDL-15-0426

Technical information:  (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                         EMPLOYMENT SITUATION OF VETERANS -- 2014


The unemployment rate for veterans who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed 
Forces at any time since September 2001--a group referred to as Gulf War-era II 
veterans--declined by 1.8 percentage points over the year to 7.2 percent in 2014, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The jobless rate for all 
veterans, at 5.3 percent, also declined from a year earlier. In addition, 29 
percent of Gulf War-era II veterans reported having a service-connected 
disability in August 2014, compared with 16 percent of all veterans.

This information was obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a monthly 
sample survey of about 60,000 households that provides data on employment and 
unemployment in the United States. Data about veterans are collected monthly in 
the CPS; those monthly data are the source of the 2014 annual averages presented 
in this news release. In August 2014, a supplement to the CPS collected 
additional information about veterans on topics such as service-connected 
disability and veterans' current or past Reserve or National Guard membership. 
Information from the supplement is also presented in this release. The supplement 
was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and by the U.S. 
Department of Labor's Veterans' Employment and Training Service. For more 
information, see the Technical Note, which provides definitions of terms used 
in this release.

Highlights from the 2014 data:

--The unemployment rate for male veterans declined to 5.2 percent in 2014. The 
  rate for female veterans edged down to 6.0 percent. (See table A.) 

--Among the 573,000 unemployed veterans in 2014, 59 percent were age 45 and over. 
  Thirty-seven percent were age 25 to 44, and 4 percent were age 18 to 24. (See 
  table 2A.) 

--Veterans with a service-connected disability had an unemployment rate of 5.9 
  percent in August 2014, the same rate as for veterans with no disability. 
  (See table 7.) 

--Nearly 1 in 3 employed veterans with a service-connected disability worked in 
  the public sector in August 2014, compared with nearly 1 in 5 veterans with 
  no disability. (See table 8.) 

--In 2014, the unemployment rate of veterans varied by state, ranging from 1.4 
  percent in North Dakota to 8.5 percent in Maryland. (See table 6A.) 

The Veteran Population

In 2014, 21.2 million men and women, or 9 percent of the civilian noninstitutional 
population age 18 and over, were veterans. In the survey, veterans are defined 
as men and women who have previously served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces 
and who were civilians at the time these data were collected. Veterans are more 
likely to be men and older than nonveterans. In part, this reflects the 
characteristics of veterans who served during World War II, the Korean War, and 
the Vietnam era. Veterans who served during these wartime periods accounted for 
44 percent (9.4 million) of the total veteran population in 2014. Thirty-one 
percent of veterans (6.5 million) served during Gulf War era I (August 1990 to 
August 2001) or Gulf War era II (September 2001 forward). Another quarter (5.3 
million) served outside the designated wartime periods. (See table 1.)

Gulf War-era II Veterans

In 2014, there were 3.2 million veterans who had served during Gulf War era II. 
Twenty percent of these veterans were women, compared with 4 percent of veterans 
from World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam era. Nearly half of all Gulf 
War-era II veterans were between the ages of 25 and 34. (See tables 1 and 2A.)

Among Gulf War-era II veterans, the unemployment rate for men declined from 8.8 
percent in 2013 to 6.9 percent in 2014.  The unemployment rate for women (8.5 
percent) in 2014 was not statistically different from the prior year (9.6 
percent). (See table A.)

The unemployment rate for male Gulf War-era II veterans (6.9 percent) was higher 
than the rate for male nonveterans (6.2 percent) in 2014.  In general, 
unemployment rates of male veterans and male nonveterans in the same age ranges 
were not statistically different. However, among men age 25 to 34, Gulf War-era 
II veterans had a higher unemployment rate (7.5 percent) than did nonveterans 
(6.3 percent). (See table 2B.)

Among women, the unemployment rate for Gulf War-era II veterans (8.5 percent) 
was higher than the rate for nonveterans (5.9 percent) in 2014. By age, 
unemployment rates for female veterans and nonveterans were similar with one 
exception: 35-to 44-year-old female veterans had a rate of 9.0 percent, higher 
than the rate of 4.8 percent for their nonveteran counterparts. (See table 2C.) 

Veterans of Gulf War era II and nonveterans had similar occupational profiles 
in 2014 after accounting for gender. About one-third of employed veteran and
nonveteran men worked in management and professional occupations, a higher 
proportion than in any other major occupational group. Among employed women, 
just over 40 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans and nonveterans worked in 
management and professional occupations. (See table 4.)

A higher proportion of employed Gulf War-era II veterans worked in the public 
sector in 2014 than employed nonveterans--25 percent and 14 percent, 
respectively. Among the employed, 14 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans worked 
for the federal government, compared with 2 percent of employed nonveterans. 
(See table 5.)

In August 2014, 36 percent of Gulf War-era II veterans reported serving in 
Iraq, Afghanistan, or both. (Some veterans did not report their location of 
service.) These veterans had an unemployment rate of 8.4 percent, not 
statistically different from Gulf War-era II veterans who served elsewhere 
(7.8 percent). (See table 10.)

Gulf War-era I Veterans

Of the 3.4 million veterans who served during Gulf War era I (August 1990 
to August 2001), the proportion who were women (19 percent in 2014) was 
similar to that of Gulf War-era II veterans. Almost all (95 percent) Gulf 
War-era I veterans were age 35 and over in 2014, compared with 45 percent 
of Gulf War-era II veterans. (See tables 1 and 2A.)

In 2014, the unemployment rates for male and female Gulf War-era I veterans 
were 4.0 percent and 5.2 percent, respectively, lower than the rates for 
their Gulf War-era II veteran counterparts (6.9 percent and 8.5 percent, 
respectively). These differences in the unemployment rates reflect, at least 
in part, the older age profile of veterans who served during Gulf War era I. 
Younger people--whether veterans or nonveterans--tend to have higher 
unemployment rates than older people. (See tables 2B and 2C.)

Veterans of World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam Era

In 2014, there were 9.4 million veterans who had served during World War II, 
the Korean War, and the Vietnam era. All of these veterans were at least 
55 years old, and about three-fourths were at least 65 years old. Nearly all 
(96 percent) of these veterans were men. In 2014, 28.4 percent of male 
veterans of these wartime periods were in the labor force, and their 
unemployment rate was 5.0 percent. Male veterans of these wartime periods 
had lower labor force participation rates than did male nonveterans in the 
same age categories. (See tables 1, 2A, and 2B.)

Veterans of Other Service Periods

In 2014, 5.3 million veterans had served on active duty during "other 
service periods," mainly between the Korean War and the Vietnam era, and 
between the Vietnam era and Gulf War era I. Because these veterans served 
between the major wartime periods, which span several decades, this group 
is concentrated in two age ranges. Thirty-five percent of these veterans 
were age 45 to 54 in 2014, and another 40 percent were age 65 and over. 
(See table 2A.)

In 2014, nearly 9 in 10 veterans of other service periods were men. Among 
veterans of other service periods, the unemployment rate for men was 5.3 
percent, not statistically different from the rate of 4.2 percent for women. 
(See tables 1, 2B, and 2C.)

Veterans with a Service-connected Disability

In August 2014, about 3.4 million veterans, or 16 percent of the total, 
had a service-connected disability. (Some veterans did not report whether 
they had a service-connected disability.) Veterans with a service-connected 
disability are assigned a disability rating by the U.S. Department of 
Veterans Affairs or the U.S. Department of Defense. Ratings range from 0 
to 100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage points, depending on the 
severity of the condition. (See table 7.)

Among veterans with a service-connected disability, one-third reported a 
disability rating of less than 30 percent, while another third had a rating 
of 60 percent or higher. In August 2014, veterans with a service-connected 
disability rating of less than 30 percent were much more likely to be in 
the labor force than those with a rating of 60 percent or higher (50.0 
percent and 32.6 percent, respectively).

Among veterans who served during Gulf War era II, nearly 3 in 10 (928,000) 
reported having a service-connected disability. Of these, 75.1 percent were 
in the labor force in August 2014, lower than the 85.6 percent for veterans 
from this period with no service-connected disability. Among Gulf War-era II 
veterans, the unemployment rate of those with a disability was 9.1 percent, 
not statistically different from those with no disability (7.8 percent).

In August 2014, 17 percent (584,000) of veterans who served during Gulf 
War era I reported a service-connected disability. Their labor force 
participation rate (73.6 percent) was lower than the rate for veterans 
from the era who did not have a disability (87.2 percent). The unemployment 
rate for Gulf War-era I veterans with a service-connected disability was 
lower than that for Gulf War-era I veterans without a service-connected 
disability.

Among the 1.4 million veterans with a service-connected disability from 
World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam era, 14.0 percent were in the 
labor force in August 2014, lower than the 29.2 percent of veterans from 
these periods who did not have a service-connected disability. The 
unemployment rate of veterans with a disability from these wartime periods 
was 6.0 percent, little different from their counterparts with no disability 
(5.8 percent).

In August 2014, labor force participation rates and unemployment rates for 
veterans of other service periods were similar for those with and without 
a service-connected disability.

Regardless of period of service, many veterans with a service-connected 
disability worked in the public sector. In August 2014, 31 percent of 
employed veterans with a disability worked in federal, state, or local 
government, compared with 18 percent of veterans with no disability and 
13 percent of nonveterans. Among the employed, 21 percent of veterans 
with a disability worked for the federal government, compared with 6 
percent of veterans with no disability and 2 percent of nonveterans. 
(See table 8.)

Reserve or National Guard Membership

In August 2014, 28 percent of Gulf War-era veterans (August 1990 to present) 
were reported to be current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard. 
Unemployment rates were not statistically different for veterans who were 
current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard compared with veterans 
who were never members. Among Gulf War-era II veterans, those who were current 
or past members of the Reserve or National Guard had a higher labor force 
participation rate than those who had never been members (86.5 percent and 
77.8 percent, respectively). For veterans of Gulf War-era I, labor force 
participation rates were similar for members and nonmembers. (See table 9.)



   --------------------------------------------------------------------
  |                                                                    |
  |     Updated Veteran Weighting Methodology for Household Survey     |
  |                                                                    |
  |  Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans in   |
  |  this news release incorporate updated weighting procedures. The   |
  |  new weighting methodology more accurately reflects the current    |
  |  demographic composition of the veteran population. The primary    |
  |  impact of the change was an increase in the "Gulf War-era I"      |
  |  veteran population and a decrease in the number of veterans in    |
  |  the "Other service periods" category. The updated methodology     |
  |  had little effect on unemployment rates for veterans, regardless  |
  |  of gender or period of service. Additional information on the     |
  |  effect of the change on labor force estimates for veterans is     |
  |  available at www.bls.gov/cps/vetsweights2014.pdf.                 |
  |                                                                    |
   --------------------------------------------------------------------




Table A. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, 2013-2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status and period of service 2013 2014
Total Men Women Total Men Women

TOTAL VETERANS

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,397 19,173 2,225 21,229 19,023 2,206

Civilian labor force

10,975 9,565 1,410 10,744 9,358 1,386

Participation rate

51.3 49.9 63.4 50.6 49.2 62.8

Employed

10,253 8,940 1,313 10,171 8,868 1,303

Employment-population ratio

47.9 46.6 59.0 47.9 46.6 59.0

Unemployed

722 625 97 573 490 83

Unemployment rate

6.6 6.5 6.9 5.3 5.2 6.0

Not in labor force

10,422 9,608 815 10,485 9,664 821

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,837 2,259 579 3,185 2,549 635

Civilian labor force

2,286 1,879 407 2,535 2,096 439

Participation rate

80.6 83.2 70.3 79.6 82.2 69.2

Employed

2,081 1,713 368 2,353 1,952 402

Employment-population ratio

73.3 75.8 63.6 73.9 76.6 63.3

Unemployed

205 166 39 182 144 37

Unemployment rate

9.0 8.8 9.6 7.2 6.9 8.5

Not in labor force

552 380 172 649 453 196

NONVETERANS

Civilian noninstitutional population

215,339 94,850 120,489 217,820 96,213 121,607

Civilian labor force

142,391 72,114 70,277 143,207 72,565 70,641

Participation rate

66.1 76.0 58.3 65.7 75.4 58.1

Employed

132,189 66,712 65,477 134,589 68,095 66,494

Employment-population ratio

61.4 70.3 54.3 61.8 70.8 54.7

Unemployed

10,202 5,402 4,800 8,618 4,470 4,148

Unemployment rate

7.2 7.5 6.8 6.0 6.2 5.9

Not in labor force

72,948 22,736 50,212 74,613 23,647 50,966

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Gulf War-era II veterans served on active duty anywhere in the world sometime since September 2001. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Effective with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from an updated Department of Veterans Affairs' population model.


Technical Note

   The data in this release were collected through the Current Population Survey
(CPS). The CPS--a monthly survey of about 60,000 eligible households conducted by
the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics--obtains information
on employment and unemployment among the nation's civilian noninstitutional
population age 16 and over.

   Most of the data in this release are annual averages for 2014, compiled from the
results of the monthly survey. In August 2014, a supplement to the CPS collected
additional information about veterans on topics such as service-connected disability,
veterans' Reserve or National Guard status, and veterans who served in Iraq and/or
Afghanistan. The supplement was co-sponsored by the U.S. Department of Veterans
Affairs and by the U.S. Department of Labor's Veterans' Employment and Training
Service. Questions were asked of persons 17 years of age and older regarding their
prior service in the U.S. Armed Forces. Data are tabulated for persons 18 years of
age and older.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Definitions

   The definitions underlying the data in this release are as follows:

   Veterans are men and women who previously served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces and who were civilians at the time they were surveyed. Members of
the Reserve and National Guard are counted as veterans if they had ever been
called  to active duty. Persons who are on active duty at the time of the survey
are outside the scope of the survey and thus not in the estimates shown here, as
are persons who reside in institutions, such as nursing homes and prisons.

   Nonveterans are men and women who never served on active duty in the U.S.
Armed Forces.

   World War II, Korean War, Vietnam-era, and Gulf War-era veterans are men and
women who served in the U.S. Armed Forces during these periods of service, 
regardless of where in the world they served. Veterans who served in more than 
one wartime period are classified in the most recent one.

   Veterans of other service periods are men and women who served in the U.S. Armed
Forces at any time other than World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam era, or
the Gulf War era. Although U.S. Armed Forces were engaged in several armed conflicts
during other service periods, these conflicts were more limited in scope and included
a smaller proportion of the Armed Forces than the selected wartime periods. Veterans
who served during one of the selected wartime periods and during another period are
classified in the wartime period.

   Veteran status is obtained from responses to the question, "Did you ever serve
on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces?"

   Period of service identifies when a veteran served in the Armed Forces, but 
not the location of their service. It is obtained from answers to the question 
asked of veterans, "When did you serve on active duty in the  U.S. Armed Forces?"

   The following service periods are identified:

      Gulf War era II -- September 2001-present
      Gulf War era I  -- August 1990-August 2001
      Vietnam era     -- August 1964-April 1975
      Korean War      -- July 1950-January 1955
      World War II    -- December 1941-December 1946
      Other service periods -- All other time periods

   Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service. 
Veterans are counted only in one period of service, their most recent wartime period. 
Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent 
one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are 
classified in the wartime period. The period-of-service definitions are modified 
occasionally to reflect changes in law, regulations, and program needs of the survey 
sponsors.

   Veterans who served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both are individuals who served in
Iraq at any time since March 2003, in Afghanistan at any time since October 2001,
or in both locations. Service in Iraq or Afghanistan is determined by answers to
two questions: "Did you serve in Iraq, off the coast of Iraq, or did you fly missions
over Iraq at any time since March 2003?" and "Did you serve in Afghanistan, or
did you fly missions over Afghanistan, at any time since October 2001?"

   Presence of service-connected disability is determined by answers to the question,
"Has the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) or Department of Defense (DoD) determined
that you have a service-connected disability, that is, a health condition or
impairment caused or made worse by any of your military service?"

   Service-connected disability rating is based on answers to the question, "What
is your current service-connected disability rating?" Answers can range from 0 to
100 percent, in increments of 10 percentage points. Ratings are determined by the
VA or DoD from a rating schedule published in the Code of Federal Regulations,
Title 38, "Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief," Part 4--"Schedule for Rating
Disabilities." The rating schedule is "primarily a guide in the evaluation of 
disability resulting from all types of diseases and injuries encountered as a result
of or incident to military service. The percentage ratings represent as far as can
practicably be determined the average impairment in earning capacity resulting from
such diseases and injuries and their residual conditions in civil occupations." 
Part 4 contains a listing of hundreds of possible disorders and assigns ratings of
0 through 100 percent, with instructions for rating multiple disorders.

   Reserve and National Guard membership refers only to Gulf War-era veterans who are 
current or past members of the Reserve or National Guard. Members of the Reserve and
National Guard are counted as veterans if they had ever been called to active duty.
These data do not refer to all persons who may have ever served in the Reserve or 
National Guard. Reserve or National Guard status is obtained from answers to two 
questions. Gulf War-era veterans were asked: "Was any of your active service the 
result of a call-up from the Reserve or National Guard?" If the answer was no, they
were  asked, "Have you ever been a member of the Reserve or National Guard?" A 'yes' 
response to either question classified persons as "Current or past member of the 
Reserve or National Guard." A 'no' response to the latter question classified 
persons as "Never a member of the Reserve or National Guard."

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that
the sample estimates will differ from the true population values they represent. The
component of this difference that occurs because samples differ by chance is known as
sampling error, and its variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate.
There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on
a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population
value because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent
level of confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur
for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, the
inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, the inability or
unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the
collection or processing of the data.

   Information about the reliability of national data from the CPS and estimating
standard errors is available at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

   For a discussion of the reliability of state estimates from the CPS, such as those
in table 6 of this release, see www.bls.gov/opub/gp/gpapndb.htm.




Table 1. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, period of service,
sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL

Total, 18 years and over

239,049 153,951 64.4 144,760 60.6 9,191 6.0 85,098

Veterans

21,229 10,744 50.6 10,171 47.9 573 5.3 10,485

Gulf War era, total

6,540 5,302 81.1 5,003 76.5 298 5.6 1,238

Gulf War era II

3,185 2,535 79.6 2,353 73.9 182 7.2 649

Gulf War era I

3,356 2,766 82.4 2,650 79.0 117 4.2 589

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

9,372 2,654 28.3 2,522 26.9 132 5.0 6,718

Other service periods

5,317 2,788 52.4 2,645 49.7 143 5.1 2,529

Nonveterans

217,820 143,207 65.7 134,589 61.8 8,618 6.0 74,613

Men

Total, 18 years and over

115,235 81,924 71.1 76,963 66.8 4,960 6.1 33,311

Veterans

19,023 9,358 49.2 8,868 46.6 490 5.2 9,664

Gulf War era, total

5,268 4,393 83.4 4,157 78.9 236 5.4 875

Gulf War era II

2,549 2,096 82.2 1,952 76.6 144 6.9 453

Gulf War era I

2,719 2,297 84.5 2,205 81.1 92 4.0 421

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

9,023 2,559 28.4 2,432 27.0 127 5.0 6,464

Other service periods

4,732 2,406 50.8 2,279 48.2 127 5.3 2,326

Nonveterans

96,213 72,565 75.4 68,095 70.8 4,470 6.2 23,647

Women

Total, 18 years and over

123,814 72,027 58.2 67,796 54.8 4,231 5.9 51,787

Veterans

2,206 1,386 62.8 1,303 59.0 83 6.0 821

Gulf War era, total

1,272 909 71.4 847 66.5 62 6.8 364

Gulf War era II

635 439 69.2 402 63.3 37 8.5 196

Gulf War era I

637 469 73.7 445 69.8 25 5.2 168

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

349 95 27.2 90 25.7 5 5.4 254

Other service periods

585 382 65.3 366 62.6 16 4.2 203

Nonveterans

121,607 70,641 58.1 66,494 54.7 4,148 5.9 50,966

White

Total, 18 years and over

188,848 121,736 64.5 115,499 61.2 6,237 5.1 67,112

Veterans

17,786 8,735 49.1 8,317 46.8 418 4.8 9,050

Gulf War era, total

5,039 4,128 81.9 3,915 77.7 213 5.2 910

Gulf War era II

2,449 1,977 80.7 1,849 75.5 127 6.4 472

Gulf War era I

2,590 2,152 83.1 2,066 79.8 85 4.0 438

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

8,317 2,360 28.4 2,251 27.1 109 4.6 5,957

Other service periods

4,430 2,247 50.7 2,151 48.6 96 4.3 2,183

Nonveterans

171,062 113,001 66.1 107,182 62.7 5,819 5.1 58,062

Black or African American

Total, 18 years and over

29,562 18,698 63.2 16,643 56.3 2,055 11.0 10,864

Veterans

2,516 1,445 57.4 1,334 53.0 111 7.7 1,071

Gulf War era, total

1,049 815 77.6 761 72.5 54 6.6 235

Gulf War era II

490 366 74.6 331 67.5 35 9.5 124

Gulf War era I

559 449 80.3 430 76.9 19 4.2 110

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

768 204 26.6 188 24.4 17 8.2 564

Other service periods

699 426 61.0 386 55.2 41 9.6 272

Nonveterans

27,047 17,253 63.8 15,309 56.6 1,944 11.3 9,794

Asian

Total, 18 years and over

13,288 8,651 65.1 8,226 61.9 425 4.9 4,637

Veterans

335 217 64.9 207 61.8 10 4.7 118

Gulf War era, total

166 141 85.1 134 80.7 7 5.2 25

Gulf War era II

90 74 82.7 69 76.6 5 7.4 16

Gulf War era I

77 67 87.9 65 85.4 2 2.8 9

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

112 39 35.1 37 33.2 2 5.3 73

Other service periods

57 37 64.4 36 62.9 1 2.3 20

Nonveterans

12,952 8,434 65.1 8,019 61.9 414 4.9 4,519

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total, 18 years and over

36,333 24,952 68.7 23,168 63.8 1,784 7.1 11,381

Veterans

1,395 897 64.3 841 60.3 56 6.3 498

Gulf War era, total

716 581 81.1 543 75.9 38 6.5 135

Gulf War era II

423 331 78.2 306 72.3 25 7.6 92

Gulf War era I

293 250 85.4 238 81.1 12 5.0 43

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

381 130 34.1 122 32.0 8 6.1 251

Other service periods

298 186 62.4 175 58.8 11 5.9 112

Nonveterans

34,938 24,055 68.9 22,327 63.9 1,727 7.2 10,883

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2A. Employment status of persons 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

TOTAL VETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

21,229 10,744 50.6 10,171 47.9 573 5.3 10,485

18 to 24 years

211 142 67.3 119 56.4 23 16.2 69

25 to 34 years

1,708 1,387 81.2 1,280 75.0 107 7.7 321

35 to 44 years

2,402 2,088 86.9 1,982 82.5 106 5.1 314

45 to 54 years

3,377 2,780 82.3 2,655 78.6 125 4.5 597

55 to 64 years

4,056 2,484 61.2 2,349 57.9 135 5.4 1,572

65 years and over

9,474 1,862 19.7 1,785 18.8 78 4.2 7,612

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

6,540 5,302 81.1 5,003 76.5 298 5.6 1,238

18 to 24 years

211 142 67.3 119 56.4 23 16.2 69

25 to 34 years

1,708 1,387 81.2 1,280 75.0 107 7.7 321

35 to 44 years

2,294 1,993 86.9 1,889 82.3 104 5.2 301

45 to 54 years

1,531 1,282 83.7 1,238 80.9 44 3.4 249

55 to 64 years

624 455 73.0 435 69.8 20 4.4 168

65 years and over

172 43 24.8 42 24.3 1 1.9 130

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

3,185 2,535 79.6 2,353 73.9 182 7.2 649

18 to 24 years

211 142 67.3 119 56.4 23 16.2 69

25 to 34 years

1,550 1,255 81.0 1,158 74.7 98 7.8 295

35 to 44 years

708 594 84.0 555 78.5 39 6.5 113

45 to 54 years

483 394 81.5 377 78.0 17 4.3 89

55 to 64 years

193 141 73.4 136 70.7 5 3.7 51

65 years and over

40 9 21.9 9 21.4 0 - 31

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

3,356 2,766 82.4 2,650 79.0 117 4.2 589

25 to 34 years

158 132 83.3 123 77.7 9 6.8 26

35 to 44 years

1,586 1,399 88.2 1,333 84.1 65 4.7 188

45 to 54 years

1,048 888 84.8 862 82.2 27 3.0 160

55 to 64 years

431 314 72.8 299 69.4 15 4.8 117

65 years and over

133 34 25.7 33 25.2 1 - 99

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 55 years and over

9,372 2,654 28.3 2,522 26.9 132 5.0 6,718

55 to 64 years

2,215 1,178 53.2 1,108 50.0 69 5.9 1,037

65 years and over

7,157 1,477 20.6 1,414 19.8 63 4.3 5,680

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

5,317 2,788 52.4 2,645 49.7 143 5.1 2,529

35 to 44 years

108 95 88.0 94 86.6 1 1.5 13

45 to 54 years

1,846 1,498 81.2 1,417 76.7 82 5.5 348

55 to 64 years

1,218 852 69.9 806 66.2 45 5.3 366

65 years and over

2,144 343 16.0 329 15.3 14 4.2 1,802

TOTAL NONVETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

217,820 143,207 65.7 134,589 61.8 8,618 6.0 74,613

18 to 24 years

29,603 19,182 64.8 16,777 56.7 2,404 12.5 10,422

25 to 34 years

40,423 32,812 81.2 30,695 75.9 2,117 6.5 7,611

35 to 44 years

37,163 30,418 81.8 28,984 78.0 1,434 4.7 6,745

45 to 54 years

39,437 31,281 79.3 29,901 75.8 1,381 4.4 8,155

55 to 64 years

35,712 23,022 64.5 22,046 61.7 976 4.2 12,690

65 years and over

35,481 6,492 18.3 6,186 17.4 305 4.7 28,990

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2B. Employment status of men 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

VETERANS, MEN

Total, 18 years and over

19,023 9,358 49.2 8,868 46.6 490 5.2 9,664

18 to 24 years

148 111 74.4 91 61.6 19 17.3 38

25 to 34 years

1,386 1,158 83.6 1,071 77.3 87 7.5 228

35 to 44 years

1,886 1,692 89.7 1,615 85.6 76 4.5 195

45 to 54 years

2,854 2,392 83.8 2,278 79.8 113 4.7 463

55 to 64 years

3,586 2,198 61.3 2,081 58.0 117 5.3 1,388

65 years and over

9,161 1,808 19.7 1,731 18.9 77 4.3 7,353

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

5,268 4,393 83.4 4,157 78.9 236 5.4 875

18 to 24 years

148 111 74.4 91 61.6 19 17.3 38

25 to 34 years

1,386 1,158 83.6 1,071 77.3 87 7.5 228

35 to 44 years

1,802 1,618 89.8 1,543 85.6 75 4.6 184

45 to 54 years

1,274 1,098 86.2 1,059 83.2 39 3.5 176

55 to 64 years

509 374 73.4 359 70.4 15 4.1 135

65 years and over

148 35 23.4 34 22.8 1 2.4 114

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

2,549 2,096 82.2 1,952 76.6 144 6.9 453

18 to 24 years

148 111 74.4 91 61.6 19 17.3 38

25 to 34 years

1,261 1,051 83.3 971 77.0 79 7.5 210

35 to 44 years

538 470 87.4 443 82.2 28 5.9 68

45 to 54 years

417 348 83.4 333 79.7 15 4.4 69

55 to 64 years

153 110 72.1 107 70.1 3 2.7 43

65 years and over

31 6 - 6 - 0 - 25

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

2,719 2,297 84.5 2,205 81.1 92 4.0 421

25 to 34 years

126 108 85.9 100 79.7 8 7.3 18

35 to 44 years

1,264 1,147 90.8 1,100 87.0 48 4.1 116

45 to 54 years

856 750 87.6 726 84.8 24 3.2 106

55 to 64 years

356 264 74.0 251 70.5 12 4.7 93

65 years and over

117 28 24.2 28 23.6 1 - 89

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 55 years and over

9,023 2,559 28.4 2,432 27.0 127 5.0 6,464

55 to 64 years

2,074 1,115 53.7 1,050 50.6 65 5.8 960

65 years and over

6,949 1,445 20.8 1,382 19.9 62 4.3 5,504

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

4,732 2,406 50.8 2,279 48.2 127 5.3 2,326

35 to 44 years

84 74 87.6 73 86.1 1 1.7 10

45 to 54 years

1,581 1,294 81.8 1,219 77.1 75 5.8 287

55 to 64 years

1,003 710 70.8 673 67.1 37 5.2 293

65 years and over

2,064 328 15.9 315 15.2 14 4.2 1,735

NONVETERANS, MEN

Total, 18 years and over

96,213 72,565 75.4 68,095 70.8 4,470 6.2 23,647

18 to 24 years

14,854 9,940 66.9 8,588 57.8 1,352 13.6 4,915

25 to 34 years

19,455 17,320 89.0 16,222 83.4 1,097 6.3 2,135

35 to 44 years

17,501 15,856 90.6 15,119 86.4 736 4.6 1,645

45 to 54 years

18,066 15,508 85.8 14,839 82.1 669 4.3 2,558

55 to 64 years

15,532 11,166 71.9 10,680 68.8 485 4.3 4,367

65 years and over

10,804 2,776 25.7 2,646 24.5 130 4.7 8,027

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 2C. Employment status of women 18 years and over by veteran status, age, and period of service, 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status, age, and period of service Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent of
population
Total Percent of
labor force

VETERANS, WOMEN

Total, 18 years and over

2,206 1,386 62.8 1,303 59.0 83 6.0 821

18 to 24 years

63 32 50.3 28 44.0 4 - 31

25 to 34 years

322 228 71.0 209 65.0 19 8.5 93

35 to 44 years

516 396 76.9 367 71.2 29 7.4 119

45 to 54 years

523 389 74.3 377 72.0 12 3.1 134

55 to 64 years

470 286 60.9 268 57.0 18 6.3 184

65 years and over

313 55 17.4 54 17.2 1 1.3 259

Gulf War era, total

Total, 18 years and over

1,272 909 71.4 847 66.5 62 6.8 364

18 to 24 years

63 32 50.3 28 44.0 4 - 31

25 to 34 years

322 228 71.0 209 65.0 19 8.5 93

35 to 44 years

492 375 76.3 346 70.4 29 7.7 117

45 to 54 years

257 184 71.4 179 69.5 5 2.6 74

55 to 64 years

114 81 71.1 77 66.9 5 5.9 33

65 years and over

24 8 - 8 - 0 - 16

Gulf War era II

Total, 18 years and over

635 439 69.2 402 63.3 37 8.5 196

18 to 24 years

63 32 50.3 28 44.0 4 - 31

25 to 34 years

289 205 70.8 186 64.4 18 8.9 85

35 to 44 years

169 124 73.1 113 66.5 11 9.0 46

45 to 54 years

66 46 69.5 44 66.7 2 4.1 20

55 to 64 years

40 31 78.2 29 72.8 2 - 9

65 years and over

8 2 - 2 - 0 - 6

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

637 469 73.7 445 69.8 25 5.2 168

25 to 34 years

32 24 - 23 - 1 - 9

35 to 44 years

323 251 77.9 234 72.4 18 7.1 71

45 to 54 years

192 138 72.1 135 70.5 3 2.2 53

55 to 64 years

74 50 67.3 47 63.8 3 5.3 24

65 years and over

16 6 - 6 - 0 - 10

WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 55 years and over

349 95 27.2 90 25.7 5 5.4 254

55 to 64 years

141 63 44.8 58 41.4 5 7.6 78

65 years and over

208 32 15.3 32 15.2 0 - 176

Other service periods

Total, 35 years and over

585 382 65.3 366 62.6 16 4.2 203

35 to 44 years

24 21 - 21 - 0 - 3

45 to 54 years

265 205 77.1 198 74.4 7 3.4 61

55 to 64 years

215 142 65.9 133 62.0 8 5.9 73

65 years and over

81 14 17.8 14 17.4 0 - 66

NONVETERANS, WOMEN

Total, 18 years and over

121,607 70,641 58.1 66,494 54.7 4,148 5.9 50,966

18 to 24 years

14,749 9,242 62.7 8,189 55.5 1,052 11.4 5,507

25 to 34 years

20,968 15,493 73.9 14,473 69.0 1,020 6.6 5,476

35 to 44 years

19,662 14,562 74.1 13,865 70.5 697 4.8 5,100

45 to 54 years

21,371 15,773 73.8 15,061 70.5 712 4.5 5,597

55 to 64 years

20,180 11,857 58.8 11,366 56.3 491 4.1 8,323

65 years and over

24,678 3,715 15.1 3,540 14.3 175 4.7 20,962

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 3. Employment status of persons 25 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and educational attainment, 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Veteran status,
period of service, and educational attainment
Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

VETERANS

Total, 25 years and over

21,018 10,602 50.4 10,052 47.8 550 5.2 10,416

Less than a high school diploma

1,154 260 22.5 244 21.1 16 6.3 894

High school graduates, no college

6,497 2,948 45.4 2,772 42.7 176 6.0 3,548

Some college or associate degree

7,376 4,032 54.7 3,802 51.5 230 5.7 3,344

Bachelor's degree and higher

5,991 3,361 56.1 3,234 54.0 128 3.8 2,630

Gulf War era, total

Total, 25 years and over

6,329 5,160 81.5 4,884 77.2 275 5.3 1,169

Less than a high school diploma

87 56 64.5 50 58.1 5 9.8 31

High school graduates, no college

1,540 1,226 79.7 1,149 74.6 78 6.3 313

Some college or associate degree

2,728 2,167 79.5 2,039 74.8 128 5.9 560

Bachelor's degree and higher

1,975 1,710 86.6 1,646 83.3 64 3.7 265

Gulf War era II

Total, 25 years and over

2,973 2,393 80.5 2,234 75.2 159 6.6 580

Less than a high school diploma

35 22 65.1 20 57.8 3 - 12

High school graduates, no college

695 556 80.0 511 73.4 46 8.2 139

Some college or associate degree

1,338 1,029 76.9 956 71.5 73 7.0 309

Bachelor's degree and higher

905 785 86.8 747 82.6 38 4.8 119

Gulf War era I

Total, 25 years and over

3,356 2,766 82.4 2,650 79.0 117 4.2 589

Less than a high school diploma

52 33 64.0 30 58.4 3 - 19

High school graduates, no college

844 670 79.4 638 75.6 32 4.8 174

Some college or associate degree

1,389 1,138 82.0 1,083 77.9 56 4.9 251

Bachelor's degree and higher

1,070 925 86.4 899 84.0 26 2.8 146

WWII, Korean War, and Vietnam era

Total, 25 years and over

9,372 2,654 28.3 2,522 26.9 132 5.0 6,718

Less than a high school diploma

738 111 15.1 106 14.4 5 4.7 626

High school graduates, no college

3,028 749 24.7 709 23.4 40 5.3 2,279

Some college or associate degree

2,913 894 30.7 838 28.8 55 6.2 2,019

Bachelor's degree and higher

2,693 900 33.4 869 32.3 32 3.5 1,793

Other service periods

Total, 25 years and over

5,317 2,788 52.4 2,645 49.7 143 5.1 2,529

Less than a high school diploma

330 93 28.2 87 26.5 6 6.0 237

High school graduates, no college

1,929 973 50.4 915 47.4 58 6.0 956

Some college or associate degree

1,735 971 55.9 924 53.3 47 4.8 764

Bachelor's degree and higher

1,323 751 56.8 719 54.3 32 4.3 572

NONVETERANS

Total, 25 years and over

188,217 124,025 65.9 117,812 62.6 6,213 5.0 64,191

Less than a high school diploma

22,835 10,455 45.8 9,506 41.6 949 9.1 12,380

High school graduates, no college

55,469 33,030 59.5 31,043 56.0 1,987 6.0 22,439

Some college or associate degree

48,593 33,499 68.9 31,693 65.2 1,806 5.4 15,093

Bachelor's degree and higher

61,320 47,041 76.7 45,570 74.3 1,471 3.1 14,279

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. Dash indicates no data or data that do not meet publication criteria (values not shown where base is less than 35,000).


Table 4. Employed persons 18 years and over by occupation, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2014 annual averages
[Percent distribution]
Occupation and sex Veterans Non-
veterans
Total Gulf War era WW II,
Korean
War, and
Vietnam
era
Other
service
periods
Total Gulf War
era II
Gulf War
era I

TOTAL

Total employed (in thousands)

10,171 5,003 2,353 2,650 2,522 2,645 134,589

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

37.3 37.8 34.9 40.3 39.1 34.5 38.8

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

17.4 16.3 14.1 18.3 20.5 16.4 15.9

Professional and related occupations

19.8 21.4 20.8 22.0 18.6 18.1 22.9

Service occupations

14.1 15.3 16.9 14.0 12.5 13.4 17.6

Sales and office occupations

17.9 18.2 18.9 17.5 19.2 16.0 23.1

Sales and related occupations

9.4 8.9 9.2 8.6 12.5 7.6 10.6

Office and administrative support occupations

8.4 9.3 9.7 8.9 6.7 8.4 12.5

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13.5 13.3 13.9 12.7 12.3 15.0 9.0

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.4 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.4 0.7

Construction and extraction occupations

5.8 5.1 5.5 4.8 5.6 7.3 5.2

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

7.3 7.9 8.1 7.7 6.0 7.3 3.1

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

17.3 15.5 15.5 15.5 16.9 21.1 11.6

Production occupations

7.1 6.9 7.2 6.6 5.9 8.7 5.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

10.2 8.6 8.3 8.9 11.0 12.4 5.8

MEN

Total employed (in thousands)

8,868 4,157 1,952 2,205 2,432 2,279 68,095

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

35.5 35.1 33.4 36.7 38.9 32.4 35.1

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

17.6 16.1 14.1 17.9 20.9 16.6 16.8

Professional and related occupations

17.9 19.0 19.3 18.8 18.0 15.8 18.3

Service occupations

14.1 15.6 16.2 14.9 12.3 13.3 14.2

Sales and office occupations

16.3 16.3 16.9 15.8 18.6 13.9 16.4

Sales and related occupations

9.7 8.9 9.0 8.9 12.7 7.8 10.2

Office and administrative support occupations

6.6 7.4 7.9 6.9 5.9 6.1 6.1

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

15.2 15.6 16.4 14.8 12.8 16.9 16.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.4 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.7 0.4 1.1

Construction and extraction occupations

6.5 6.0 6.5 5.6 5.8 8.2 10.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

8.2 9.3 9.6 9.1 6.2 8.3 5.9

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

19.0 17.4 17.1 17.7 17.4 23.5 17.5

Production occupations

7.8 7.7 7.9 7.6 6.1 9.7 7.9

Transportation and material moving occupations

11.2 9.7 9.2 10.1 11.3 13.8 9.6

WOMEN

Total employed (in thousands)

1,303 847 402 445 90 366 66,494

Occupation as a percent of total employed

Total employed

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

49.4 50.6 42.2 58.3 45.9 47.5 42.5

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

16.4 17.5 14.2 20.5 9.9 15.2 14.9

Professional and related occupations

33.1 33.1 28.0 37.7 36.0 32.3 27.6

Service occupations

14.4 14.4 19.9 9.3 16.8 14.1 21.1

Sales and office occupations

28.3 27.1 28.5 25.8 35.2 29.4 30.0

Sales and related occupations

7.8 8.6 10.4 7.0 6.6 6.3 11.0

Office and administrative support occupations

20.4 18.4 18.1 18.8 28.6 23.1 19.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

2.2 2.0 1.8 2.1 0.5 3.1 0.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3

Construction and extraction occupations

1.1 0.8 0.6 1.0 0.3 1.9 0.3

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 0.1 0.9 0.2

Production, transportation, and material moving occupations

5.7 6.0 7.7 4.5 1.6 5.9 5.5

Production occupations

2.5 2.8 4.0 1.6 1.1 2.2 3.5

Transportation and material moving occupations

3.2 3.2 3.6 2.9 0.5 3.7 2.0

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period.


Table 5. Employed persons 18 years and over by industry, class of worker, sex, veteran status, and period of service, 2014 annual averages
[Percent distribution]
Industry, class of worker, and sex Veterans Non-
veterans
Total Gulf War era WW II,
Korean
War, and
Vietnam
era
Other
service
periods
Total Gulf War
era II
Gulf War
era I

TOTAL

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

10,171 5,003 2,353 2,650 2,522 2,645 134,589

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

1.7 0.5 0.4 0.5 4.2 1.5 1.5

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.7 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.6 0.7 1.0

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

0.9 0.2 0.2 0.3 2.5 0.8 0.5

Nonagricultural industries

98.3 99.5 99.6 99.5 95.8 98.5 98.5

Wage and salary workers(2)

91.8 95.9 96.8 95.1 83.9 91.7 92.6

Private industries

71.1 70.9 71.7 70.2 69.9 72.7 79.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

1.4 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.1 0.9 0.7

Construction

5.6 5.2 5.5 5.0 5.4 6.5 5.3

Manufacturing

12.5 11.6 10.6 12.5 12.2 14.7 10.0

Wholesale trade

2.7 2.3 2.4 2.2 3.2 2.9 2.4

Retail trade

8.9 8.8 8.8 8.7 9.3 8.8 10.8

Transportation and utilities

7.0 6.8 6.3 7.2 5.6 8.6 3.9

Information

2.0 2.7 2.3 3.0 1.3 1.5 1.9

Financial activities

4.4 3.9 3.6 4.1 5.5 4.2 6.3

Professional and business services

10.6 11.6 12.8 10.6 10.0 9.4 10.0

Education and health services

8.7 8.9 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.4 15.3

Leisure and hospitality

4.0 4.5 5.4 3.7 3.9 3.3 8.3

Other services

3.3 3.0 3.1 2.9 4.0 3.3 4.2

Government

20.7 25.0 25.1 24.9 14.0 19.0 13.5

Federal

8.7 12.3 13.8 10.9 4.1 6.4 2.0

State

4.6 5.0 4.4 5.4 3.7 4.9 4.3

Local

7.4 7.8 6.9 8.5 6.3 7.6 7.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

6.5 3.6 2.8 4.4 11.8 6.7 5.9

MEN

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

8,868 4,157 1,952 2,205 2,432 2,279 68,095

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

1.9 0.6 0.5 0.6 4.3 1.7 2.2

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.6 0.7 1.5

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

1.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 2.6 0.9 0.7

Nonagricultural industries

98.1 99.4 99.5 99.4 95.7 98.3 97.8

Wage and salary workers(2)

91.3 95.8 96.8 95.0 83.6 91.1 91.2

Private industries

72.0 72.1 72.5 71.7 70.1 73.9 80.9

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

1.6 2.1 2.3 1.9 1.1 1.1 1.2

Construction

6.3 6.1 6.5 5.8 5.6 7.2 9.4

Manufacturing

13.6 12.9 11.5 14.3 12.4 16.2 13.5

Wholesale trade

2.9 2.5 2.6 2.4 3.2 3.0 3.2

Retail trade

8.9 8.8 8.5 9.0 9.3 8.7 10.6

Transportation and utilities

7.7 7.7 7.0 8.4 5.8 9.6 5.9

Information

2.1 2.8 2.5 3.0 1.3 1.7 2.3

Financial activities

4.2 3.7 3.5 3.8 5.5 4.0 5.5

Professional and business services

10.8 12.0 13.1 11.0 10.0 9.3 11.2

Education and health services

6.7 6.1 6.6 5.7 7.8 6.5 6.7

Leisure and hospitality

3.9 4.3 5.0 3.7 3.9 3.2 7.8

Other services

3.4 3.0 3.4 2.6 4.0 3.5 3.8

Government

19.3 23.8 24.3 23.3 13.6 17.2 10.3

Federal

7.9 11.2 12.7 9.9 4.0 6.1 1.8

State

4.2 4.8 4.6 4.9 3.6 4.1 3.2

Local

7.1 7.8 7.0 8.5 6.0 7.0 5.3

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

6.8 3.6 2.7 4.4 12.0 7.2 6.6

WOMEN

Total employed (in thousands)(1)

1,303 847 402 445 90 366 66,494

As a percent of total employed

Total employed(1)

100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0

Agriculture and related industries

0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.1 0.6 0.8

Wage and salary workers(2)

0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.5 0.5

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.3

Nonagricultural industries

99.7 100.0 100.0 99.9 98.9 99.4 99.2

Wage and salary workers(2)

95.8 96.3 97.0 95.6 91.5 95.6 94.1

Private industries

65.3 65.2 67.8 62.8 66.2 65.4 77.3

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

0.1 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2

Construction

1.1 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.3 2.2 1.1

Manufacturing

5.2 5.0 6.4 3.6 5.6 5.8 6.3

Wholesale trade

1.6 1.2 1.3 1.0 2.8 2.1 1.6

Retail trade

9.2 8.9 10.3 7.7 9.8 9.8 11.0

Transportation and utilities

2.0 1.9 2.9 1.1 0.0 2.5 1.9

Information

1.5 2.1 1.2 2.8 0.3 0.4 1.5

Financial activities

5.1 4.8 4.1 5.5 4.8 6.0 7.2

Professional and business services

9.7 9.8 11.2 8.5 7.8 10.0 8.8

Education and health services

22.2 22.3 20.5 24.0 27.9 20.5 24.1

Leisure and hospitality

4.8 5.3 7.3 3.5 2.9 4.0 9.0

Other services

2.9 3.1 2.1 4.0 3.9 2.2 4.7

Government

30.5 31.1 29.2 32.8 25.4 30.2 16.7

Federal

14.2 17.4 19.0 16.0 5.9 8.8 2.1

State

7.1 5.9 3.7 8.0 6.4 10.0 5.5

Local

9.2 7.7 6.5 8.9 13.1 11.4 9.1

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

4.0 3.7 3.0 4.3 7.3 3.7 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Total includes a small number of unpaid family workers, not shown separately.
(2) Includes self-employed workers whose business are incorporated.

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period.


Table 6A. Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by state, 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
State Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL VETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

21,229 10,744 50.6 10,171 47.9 573 5.3 10,485

Alabama

346 170 49.1 160 46.3 9 5.6 176

Alaska

74 47 64.0 45 60.2 3 5.9 27

Arizona

540 285 52.7 268 49.7 16 5.7 256

Arkansas

209 83 39.6 78 37.2 5 6.0 127

California

1,815 871 48.0 806 44.4 64 7.4 944

Colorado

419 232 55.5 219 52.3 14 5.9 186

Connecticut

192 92 48.1 88 46.0 4 4.2 100

Delaware

70 32 45.7 30 42.9 2 6.1 38

District of Columbia

27 15 56.9 14 52.7 1 7.5 12

Florida

1,579 806 51.0 766 48.5 40 5.0 774

Georgia

714 405 56.8 374 52.5 31 7.6 308

Hawaii

100 49 48.7 46 46.3 2 5.1 51

Idaho

127 58 45.6 57 44.6 1 2.3 69

Illinois

703 343 48.7 318 45.3 24 7.0 360

Indiana

489 258 52.8 244 49.9 14 5.6 231

Iowa

225 125 55.5 119 53.2 5 4.2 100

Kansas

216 117 54.4 109 50.7 8 6.8 98

Kentucky

298 135 45.4 129 43.3 6 4.6 163

Louisiana

316 170 53.7 165 52.0 5 3.1 147

Maine

126 62 49.2 59 46.7 3 5.0 64

Maryland

403 222 55.1 203 50.4 19 8.5 181

Massachusetts

381 171 44.8 163 42.7 8 4.7 210

Michigan

687 289 42.0 271 39.4 18 6.3 398

Minnesota

359 176 49.1 168 46.7 9 4.9 183

Mississippi

198 97 48.8 93 46.9 4 3.9 102

Missouri

501 239 47.8 226 45.1 14 5.7 261

Montana

97 48 49.6 45 46.7 3 5.8 49

Nebraska

134 74 55.4 71 53.1 3 4.1 60

Nevada

256 135 52.8 126 49.1 10 7.1 121

New Hampshire

113 61 54.0 59 52.0 2 3.8 52

New Jersey

396 165 41.7 152 38.4 13 7.9 231

New Mexico

182 81 44.8 77 42.4 4 5.3 100

New York

894 392 43.9 370 41.3 23 5.8 502

North Carolina

700 366 52.2 347 49.5 19 5.2 334

North Dakota

51 31 60.9 31 60.1 0 1.4 20

Ohio

804 395 49.1 383 47.6 12 3.1 409

Oklahoma

300 157 52.2 150 50.1 6 4.0 143

Oregon

359 168 46.8 156 43.5 12 7.1 191

Pennsylvania

881 410 46.5 390 44.3 19 4.7 472

Rhode Island

72 34 47.6 32 44.7 2 5.9 38

South Carolina

402 192 47.7 185 46.0 7 3.5 210

South Dakota

68 38 55.5 37 53.5 1 3.7 30

Tennessee

553 282 51.0 269 48.7 13 4.5 271

Texas

1,642 927 56.5 889 54.2 38 4.1 714

Utah

141 77 54.4 73 51.7 4 4.9 64

Vermont

46 22 47.7 22 46.6 0 2.2 24

Virginia

785 508 64.8 492 62.7 17 3.2 276

Washington

625 324 51.9 303 48.5 21 6.4 301

West Virginia

155 67 43.1 64 40.9 3 4.9 88

Wisconsin

403 209 51.8 200 49.7 9 4.1 194

Wyoming

55 31 56.3 30 53.9 1 4.3 24

NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.


Table 6B. Employment status of nonveterans 18 years and over by state, 2014 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
State Civilian
noninsti-
tutional
population
Civilian labor force Not in
labor
force
Total Percent
of
population
Employed Unemployed
Total Percent
of
population
Total Percent
of
labor force

TOTAL NONVETERANS

Total, 18 years and over

217,820 143,207 65.7 134,589 61.8 8,618 6.0 74,613

Alabama

3,299 1,978 60.0 1,844 55.9 135 6.8 1,321

Alaska

450 317 70.4 295 65.5 22 7.0 133

Arizona

4,419 2,771 62.7 2,580 58.4 191 6.9 1,648

Arkansas

1,992 1,192 59.8 1,122 56.3 70 5.9 800

California

27,007 17,654 65.4 16,359 60.6 1,295 7.3 9,353

Colorado

3,564 2,544 71.4 2,430 68.2 115 4.5 1,019

Connecticut

2,567 1,779 69.3 1,663 64.8 116 6.5 788

Delaware

637 414 65.0 391 61.3 24 5.7 223

District of Columbia

503 360 71.6 332 66.0 28 7.8 143

Florida

13,815 8,742 63.3 8,196 59.3 546 6.3 5,072

Georgia

6,652 4,262 64.1 3,964 59.6 298 7.0 2,390

Hawaii

941 613 65.2 588 62.5 26 4.2 327

Idaho

1,039 697 67.1 665 64.0 32 4.5 342

Illinois

8,977 6,078 67.7 5,667 63.1 410 6.8 2,899

Indiana

4,418 2,940 66.6 2,766 62.6 174 5.9 1,478

Iowa

2,117 1,547 73.1 1,478 69.8 69 4.4 570

Kansas

1,906 1,359 71.3 1,302 68.3 58 4.2 547

Kentucky

3,021 1,844 61.0 1,726 57.2 117 6.4 1,177

Louisiana

3,126 1,975 63.2 1,846 59.1 128 6.5 1,151

Maine

939 626 66.6 592 63.0 34 5.5 313

Maryland

4,127 2,846 69.0 2,693 65.3 153 5.4 1,281

Massachusetts

4,845 3,310 68.3 3,126 64.5 184 5.6 1,535

Michigan

6,893 4,379 63.5 4,073 59.1 306 7.0 2,514

Minnesota

3,742 2,736 73.1 2,631 70.3 105 3.8 1,006

Mississippi

1,971 1,122 56.9 1,034 52.5 88 7.8 849

Missouri

4,035 2,746 68.1 2,576 63.8 170 6.2 1,289

Montana

687 470 68.4 449 65.4 21 4.4 217

Nebraska

1,250 921 73.7 893 71.5 28 3.0 329

Nevada

1,867 1,245 66.7 1,151 61.6 94 7.6 622

New Hampshire

932 664 71.2 637 68.4 27 4.0 268

New Jersey

6,379 4,290 67.2 4,009 62.8 281 6.5 2,090

New Mexico

1,363 826 60.6 769 56.4 57 6.9 538

New York

14,282 9,034 63.3 8,472 59.3 563 6.2 5,247

North Carolina

6,702 4,212 62.8 3,965 59.2 247 5.9 2,490

North Dakota

509 383 75.2 373 73.2 11 2.8 126

Ohio

7,955 5,219 65.6 4,935 62.0 284 5.4 2,736

Oklahoma

2,544 1,600 62.9 1,530 60.1 70 4.4 944

Oregon

2,706 1,750 64.7 1,633 60.4 117 6.7 955

Pennsylvania

8,997 5,868 65.2 5,541 61.6 327 5.6 3,129

Rhode Island

748 509 68.1 471 63.0 38 7.6 238

South Carolina

3,262 1,997 61.2 1,869 57.3 128 6.4 1,265

South Dakota

559 404 72.3 391 70.0 13 3.2 155

Tennessee

4,372 2,698 61.7 2,521 57.7 176 6.5 1,675

Texas

17,568 11,969 68.1 11,379 64.8 591 4.9 5,599

Utah

1,868 1,313 70.3 1,266 67.8 47 3.6 555

Vermont

449 319 71.1 306 68.2 13 4.1 130

Virginia

5,485 3,766 68.7 3,570 65.1 196 5.2 1,719

Washington

4,707 3,121 66.3 2,933 62.3 187 6.0 1,586

West Virginia

1,293 723 55.9 676 52.3 48 6.6 570

Wisconsin

3,949 2,802 71.0 2,651 67.1 151 5.4 1,147

Wyoming

387 274 70.9 263 68.0 11 4.1 113

NOTE: Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces.


Table 7. Employment status of veterans 18 years and over by presence of service-connected disability, reported disability rating,
period of service, and sex, August 2014, not seasonally adjusted
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                     Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
   Presence of disability, reported disability      Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                     rating,                        noninsti-                                                                      labor  
            period of service, and sex              tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                   population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                         population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                               population               labor             
                                                                                                                        force             
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                      TOTAL                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   21,124     10,667      50.5      10,070      47.7         598       5.6      10,457  
With service-connected disability.................    3,435      1,548      45.1       1,456      42.4          92       5.9       1,887  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,126        563      50.0         538      47.8          25       4.5         563  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      785        462      58.9         439      55.9          23       5.0         323  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........    1,200        391      32.6         358      29.8          33       8.5         809  
  Disability rating not reported..................      324        132      40.7         121      37.5          10       7.9         192  
Without service-connected disability..............   13,692      6,848      50.0       6,441      47.0         407       5.9       6,845  
Presence of disability not reported...............    3,997      2,272      56.8       2,173      54.4          99       4.4       1,725  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    6,507      5,272      81.0       4,946      76.0         327       6.2       1,235  
With service-connected disability.................    1,512      1,127      74.5       1,060      70.1          67       5.9         385  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      397        326      82.1         308      77.6          18       5.5          71  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      441        369      83.6         358      81.1          11       3.0          72  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      523        330      63.0         300      57.4          30       9.0         193  
  Disability rating not reported..................      150        102      67.8          94      62.6           8       7.6          48  
Without service-connected disability..............    3,477      3,007      86.5       2,808      80.8         199       6.6         469  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,519      1,138      74.9       1,078      70.9          61       5.3         381  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    3,154      2,484      78.8       2,282      72.4         201       8.1         670  
With service-connected disability.................      928        697      75.1         633      68.2          64       9.1         231  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      196        160      81.6         143      72.8          17      10.7          36  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      254        216      85.3         205      80.8          11       5.2          37  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      383        257      67.1         228      59.4          29      11.4         126  
  Disability rating not reported..................       95         63      67.0          57      60.7           6       (1)          31  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,493      1,278      85.6       1,178      78.9         100       7.8         215  
Presence of disability not reported...............      733        509      69.4         471      64.3          38       7.4         224  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    3,353      2,789      83.2       2,663      79.4         125       4.5         565  
With service-connected disability.................      584        430      73.6         427      73.1           3        .7         154  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      201        166      82.7         165      82.3           1        .5          35  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      188        153      81.4         153      81.4         -          -           35  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      140         73      52.0          72      51.7         -         (1)          67  
  Disability rating not reported..................       56         38       (1)          37       (1)           2       (1)          17  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,984      1,729      87.2       1,630      82.2         100       5.8         254  
Presence of disability not reported...............      786        629      80.1         606      77.2          23       3.6         157  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    9,321      2,651      28.4       2,507      26.9         144       5.4       6,670  
With service-connected disability.................    1,416        198      14.0         186      13.1          12       6.0       1,218  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      501        103      20.5         101      20.2           2       1.6         399  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      230         38      16.6          34      14.7           4       (1)         192  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      567         45       7.9          41       7.3           3       (1)         523  
  Disability rating not reported..................      118         12      10.2           9       8.0           3       (1)         106  
Without service-connected disability..............    6,374      1,858      29.2       1,751      27.5         107       5.8       4,515  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,531        595      38.9         571      37.3          25       4.1         936  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,296      2,744      51.8       2,617      49.4         127       4.6       2,552  
With service-connected disability.................      507        224      44.1         210      41.5          13       6.0         284  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      228        134      59.1         129      56.6           6       4.1          93  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      115         55      48.5          48      41.7           8       (1)          59  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      109         16      14.6          16      14.6         -         (1)          93  
  Disability rating not reported..................       56         18       (1)          18       (1)         -         (1)          38  
Without service-connected disability..............    3,842      1,982      51.6       1,882      49.0         100       5.0       1,860  
Presence of disability not reported...............      946        538      56.9         524      55.4          14       2.6         408  
                                                                                                                                          
                       MEN                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................   18,870      9,300      49.3       8,784      46.5         516       5.5       9,570  
With service-connected disability.................    3,045      1,299      42.7       1,223      40.2          76       5.9       1,746  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........    1,032        493      47.8         474      45.9          20       4.0         539  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      689        386      56.1         368      53.4          19       4.8         302  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........    1,055        319      30.3         292      27.6          28       8.7         735  
  Disability rating not reported..................      269        100      37.2          90      33.3          10      10.4         169  
Without service-connected disability..............   12,368      6,040      48.8       5,689      46.0         351       5.8       6,328  
Presence of disability not reported...............    3,457      1,960      56.7       1,872      54.2          88       4.5       1,497  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    5,201      4,361      83.8       4,090      78.6         271       6.2         840  
With service-connected disability.................    1,208        899      74.4         848      70.2          51       5.7         309  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      322        266      82.5         254      78.7          12       4.7          56  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      356        300      84.4         294      82.6           7       2.2          56  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      418        262      62.7         238      56.9          24       9.3         156  
  Disability rating not reported..................      113         71      62.8          63      55.9           8       (1)          42  
Without service-connected disability..............    2,817      2,518      89.4       2,359      83.7         159       6.3         299  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,175        944      80.3         883      75.1          61       6.4         232  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,464      2,009      81.5       1,843      74.8         165       8.2         455  
With service-connected disability.................      728        545      74.8         497      68.2          48       8.8         183  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      144        122      84.6         111      76.6          12       9.5          22  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      210        178      84.7         171      81.6           7       3.7          32  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      305        200      65.8         177      57.9          24      12.0         104  
  Disability rating not reported..................       69         44       (1)          38       (1)           6       (1)          25  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,190      1,057      88.8         977      82.1          80       7.5         133  
Presence of disability not reported...............      545        407      74.6         369      67.7          38       9.3         139  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,737      2,352      85.9       2,247      82.1         105       4.5         385  
With service-connected disability.................      480        354      73.8         351      73.2           3        .9         126  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      178        144      80.9         143      80.4           1        .6          34  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      146        122      83.9         122      83.9         -          -           23  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      113         62      54.6          61      54.3         -         (1)          51  
  Disability rating not reported..................       43         26       (1)          25       (1)           2       (1)          17  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,627      1,461      89.8       1,382      84.9          79       5.4         166  
Presence of disability not reported...............      630        537      85.2         514      81.6          23       4.3          93  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    8,971      2,555      28.5       2,411      26.9         144       5.6       6,416  
With service-connected disability.................    1,379        191      13.8         179      13.0          12       6.2       1,188  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      499        103      20.5         101      20.2           2       1.6         397  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      227         35      15.5          31      13.6           4       (1)         192  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      543         41       7.6          38       7.0           3       (1)         501  
  Disability rating not reported..................      110         12      10.9           9       8.5           3       (1)          98  
Without service-connected disability..............    6,117      1,798      29.4       1,690      27.6         107       6.0       4,320  
Presence of disability not reported...............    1,475        567      38.4         542      36.8          25       4.3         908  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    4,698      2,384      50.7       2,282      48.6         101       4.3       2,314  
With service-connected disability.................      458        209      45.7         196      42.8          13       6.4         249  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........      211        125      59.1         119      56.5           6       4.4          86  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............      106         51      48.0          43      40.7           8       (1)          55  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........       94         16      16.9          16      16.9         -         (1)          78  
  Disability rating not reported..................       46         17       (1)          17       (1)         -         (1)          29  
Without service-connected disability..............    3,434      1,725      50.2       1,640      47.8          85       4.9       1,709  
Presence of disability not reported...............      806        450      55.8         447      55.4           3        .7         357  
                                                                                                                                          
                      WOMEN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                          
                     VETERANS                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    2,254      1,368      60.7       1,286      57.1          82       6.0         886  
With service-connected disability.................      390        249      63.8         233      59.8          16       6.3         141  
  Less than 30 percent disability rating..........       93         70      74.7          64      68.9           5       (1)          24  
  30 to 50 percent disability rating..............       97         76      78.7          71      73.9           5       6.1          21  
  60 percent or higher disability rating..........      145         71      49.1          66      45.3           5       (1)          74  
  Disability rating not reported..................       54         32       (1)          32       (1)         -         (1)          23  
Without service-connected disability..............    1,325        807      61.0         752      56.8          55       6.8         517  
Presence of disability not reported...............      540        312      57.7         301      55.7          11       3.5         228  
                                                                                                                                          
               Gulf War era, total                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................    1,306        911      69.8         856      65.5          56       6.1         395  
With service-connected disability.................      303        228      75.0         212      69.9          16       6.9          76  
Without service-connected disability..............      659        489      74.2         449      68.1          40       8.2         170  
Presence of disability not reported...............      343        195      56.6         195      56.6         -          -          149  
                                                                                                                                          
                 Gulf War era II                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      690        475      68.8         439      63.6          36       7.6         215  
With service-connected disability.................      199        152      76.1         136      68.3          16      10.3          48  
Without service-connected disability..............      303        221      72.9         201      66.3          20       9.2          82  
Presence of disability not reported...............      188        102      54.4         102      54.4         -         (1)          85  
                                                                                                                                          
                  Gulf War era I                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      616        437      70.9         417      67.6          20       4.6         180  
With service-connected disability.................      104         76      72.9          76      72.9         -          -           28  
Without service-connected disability..............      356        268      75.3         248      69.7          20       7.5          88  
Presence of disability not reported...............      156         92      59.3          92      59.3         -          -           63  
                                                                                                                                          
        WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      350         96      27.4          96      27.4         -          -          254  
With service-connected disability.................       37          7       (1)           7       (1)         -         (1)          30  
Without service-connected disability..............      256         60      23.6          60      23.6         -         (1)         196  
Presence of disability not reported...............       56         28       (1)          28       (1)         -         (1)          28  
                                                                                                                                          
              Other service periods                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                          
  Total...........................................      598        361      60.3         335      56.0          26       7.1         237  
With service-connected disability.................       49         15       (1)          15       (1)         -         (1)          35  
Without service-connected disability..............      409        258      63.0         243      59.3          15       5.8         151  
Presence of disability not reported...............      140         89      63.3          78      55.6          11      12.2          51  

  1 Rates not shown where the base is less than 75,000. Small estimated levels are based on a small number of survey responses and, thus,
are subject to relatively large standard errors.
NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
  Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era
I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December
1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most
recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most recent one. Veterans who served in
both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. A service-connected disability is a health
condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating, which can range from 0 to 100 percent,
is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More information appears in the
Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 8. Employed persons 18 years and over by veteran status, presence of service-connected disability, period of service,
and class of worker, August 2014, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                 Percent distribution by class of worker                        
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                   Nonagricultural industries                   
                                                                                                                                                
                                                 Total                                                                                          
 Veteran status, presence of disability, and   employed                                           Wage and salary workers (1)                   
              period of service               (thousands)           Agriculture                                                          Self-  
                                                            Total       and                                                            employed,
                                                                      related                                   Government              unicor- 
                                                                    industries    Total                                                porated, 
                                                                                            Private                                   and unpaid
                                                                                            sector                            State     family  
                                                                                                        Total     Federal      and      workers 
                                                                                                                              local             
                                                                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                
Veterans, total (2)..........................   10,070     100.0        1.7       98.3       72.2       19.3        8.5       10.8        6.8   
  With service-connected disability..........    1,456     100.0        2.1       97.9       63.1       30.8       21.2        9.7        4.0   
  Without service-connected disability.......    6,441     100.0        1.9       98.1       73.5       17.5        5.8       11.6        7.2   
                                                                                                                                                
  Gulf War era, total (2)....................    4,946     100.0         .7       99.3       70.7       24.4       11.7       12.7        4.2   
    With service-connected disability........    1,060     100.0        1.0       99.0       62.0       33.7       23.3       10.4        3.3   
    Without service-connected disability.....    2,808     100.0         .5       99.5       73.1       22.2        7.9       14.3        4.1   
                                                                                                                                                
    Gulf War era II (2)......................    2,282     100.0         .6       99.4       70.5       25.0       13.5       11.5        3.9   
      With service-connected disability......      633     100.0        1.1       98.9       60.9       34.1       22.5       11.6        3.9   
      Without service-connected disability...    1,178     100.0         .3       99.7       73.7       21.5        8.6       12.8        4.5   
                                                                                                                                                
    Gulf War era I (2).......................    2,663     100.0         .7       99.3       71.0       23.9       10.1       13.7        4.4   
      With service-connected disability......      427     100.0         .9       99.1       63.6       33.1       24.4        8.6        2.5   
      Without service-connected disability...    1,630     100.0         .6       99.4       72.8       22.8        7.3       15.4        3.8   
                                                                                                                                                
  WW II, Korean War, and Vietnam era (2).....    2,507     100.0        4.3       95.7       72.5       11.6        4.2        7.4       11.6   
    With service-connected disability........      186     100.0        6.8       93.2       67.9       15.3        9.2        6.2       10.0   
    Without service-connected disability.....    1,751     100.0        5.1       94.9       71.1       12.2        3.7        8.5       11.6   
                                                                                                                                                
  Other service periods (2)..................    2,617     100.0        1.2       98.8       74.5       17.2        6.6       10.6        7.1   
    With service-connected disability........      210     100.0        3.6       96.4       64.6       30.0       21.0        9.0        1.8   
    Without service-connected disability.....    1,882     100.0        1.0       99.0       76.2       15.3        4.8       10.6        7.5   
                                                                                                                                                
Nonveterans..................................  134,922     100.0        1.6       98.4       79.5       13.0        1.9       11.1        5.8   
   
  1 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
  2 Includes veterans who did not report presence of disability.
  NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of
service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War
(July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans are counted
in only one period of service, their most recent wartime period. Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified in the most
recent one. Veterans who served in both a wartime period and any other service period are classified in the wartime period. A service-connected
disability is a health condition or impairment caused or made worse by military service. The associated disability rating, which can range from
0 to 100 percent, is determined from a rating schedule published in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, "Title 38." More information appears
in the Technical Note of this release. Dash represents or rounds to zero.




Table 9. Employment status of Gulf War-era veterans by Reserve or National Guard status, August 2014, not seasonally adjusted
  
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                         Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                        Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
                Period of service and                   noninsti-                                                                      labor  
           Reserve or National Guard status             tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                       population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                             population    Total       of        Total       of               
                                                                                                   population               labor             
                                                                                                                            force             
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                       VETERANS                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                              
                 Gulf War era, total                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     6,507      5,272     81.0        4,946     76.0          327      6.2        1,235 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...     1,845      1,552     84.1        1,470     79.7           82      5.3          293 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     3,151      2,577     81.8        2,392     75.9          185      7.2          574 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....     1,511      1,143     75.7        1,084     71.7           59      5.2          368 
                                                                                                                                              
                   Gulf War era II                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     3,154      2,484     78.8        2,282     72.4          201      8.1          670 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       980        848     86.5          795     81.1           53      6.2          132 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,454      1,131     77.8        1,019     70.1          112      9.9          323 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       720        505     70.1          468     65.1           36      7.2          215 
                                                                                                                                              
                    Gulf War era I                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                              
  Total...............................................     3,353      2,789     83.2        2,663     79.4          125      4.5          565 
Current or past member of Reserve or National Guard...       864        704     81.4          674     78.0           30      4.2          160 
Never a member of Reserve or National Guard ..........     1,698      1,446     85.2        1,373     80.9           73      5.1          252 
Reserve or National Guard membership not reported.....       791        639     80.7          616     77.8           23      3.6          153 
 
  NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. The
Gulf War era began in August 1990 and continues to the present day. It is divided into two periods of service: Gulf War era II (September
2001-present) and Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001).  Veterans are counted in only one period of service, their most recent period.
Data do not include Reserve and National Guard members who have never been called to Active Duty.




Table 10. Employment status of Gulf War-era II veterans 18 years and over by location of service, August 2014, not seasonally adjusted
 
(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                     Civilian labor force                                 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                    Civilian                               Employed             Unemployed        Not in  
          Period of service and location            noninsti-                                                                      labor  
                                                    tutional               Percent                                                 force  
                                                   population    Total       of                  Percent               Percent            
                                                                         population      Total     of          Total     of               
                                                                                               population               labor             
                                                                                                                        force             
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
Total, Gulf War-era II veterans...................     3,154      2,484     78.8        2,282     72.4          201      8.1          670 
  Served in Iraq, Afghanistan, or both(1).........     1,138        890     78.2          815     71.6           75      8.4          248 
    Served in Iraq(2).............................       955        759     79.5          706     73.9           54      7.1          195 
    Served in Afghanistan(3)......................       444        338     76.3          303     68.2           36     10.5          105 
    Served in both locations(4)...................       260        208     79.8          193     74.2           14      6.9           53 
  Served elsewhere................................     1,403      1,166     83.1        1,075     76.6           91      7.8          238 
  Location of service not reported................       612        428     69.9          392     64.1           36      8.3          184 
 
  1 Refers to veterans who served in Iraq at anytime since March 2003 and veterans who served in Afghanistan at anytime since October
2001. Also includes veterans who served in both countries.
  2 Includes all veterans who served in Iraq at any time since March 2003, whether or not they also served in Afghanistan.
  3 Includes all veterans who served in Afghanistan at any time since October 2001, whether or not they also served in Iraq.
  4 Veterans who served in both Iraq and Afghanistan during the designated dates are also included in the totals of each location above.
  NOTE: Veterans are men and women who served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey.
Gulf War-era II veterans served anywhere in the world at any time since September 2001.




Last Modified Date: March 18, 2015