Work Experience summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 16, 2014 			USDL-14-2247

Technical information:	(202) 691-6378
Media contact:		(202) 691-5902


A total of 157.0 million persons worked at some point during 2013, the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics reported today. The proportion of the civilian noninstitutional
population age 16 and over who worked at some time during 2013 was 63.5 percent,
little different from 63.8 percent in 2012. The number of persons who experienced
some unemployment during 2013 decreased by 1.5 million to 20.9 million.

These data are based on information collected in the Annual Social and Economic 
Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey (CPS). The CPS is a monthly
survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The ASEC collects information on employment and unemployment experienced during
the prior calendar year. Additional information about the CPS and the ASEC, including
concepts and definitions, is provided in the Technical Note.

Highlights from the 2013 data:

	The proportion of workers who worked full time, year round in 2013 was 66.9
	percent, up from 65.5 percent the prior year. (See table 1.)
	The "work-experience unemployment rate"--defined as the number of persons
	unemployed at some time during the year as a proportion of the number of
	persons who worked or looked for work during the year--fell by 1.0 percentage
	point over the year to 12.9 percent in 2013. (See table 3.)
	About 4.8 million individuals looked for a job but did not work at all in
	2013, down from 5.5 million in 2012. (See table 3.)

|									   |
|	   Reduced sample for 2013 work experience estimates		   |
|									   |
|  The 2013 data in this news release are based on fewer sample responses  |
|  than in recent years. Work experience data for calendar year 2013 were  |
|  collected in the 2014 Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to   |
|  the Current Population Survey (CPS). Approximately three-eighths of the |
|  2014 CPS ASEC sample was used to test redesigned questions on income    |
|  and health insurance coverage; this portion of the sample was not used  |
|  to generate estimates in this news release.				   |

Persons with Employment

The proportion of men who worked during 2013 was 69.2 percent, and the proportion of
women who worked during the year was 58.2 percent. These proportions were little
changed from 2012. (See table 1.)

Similarly, the proportions of whites (64.3 percent), blacks (58.8 percent), Asians
(63.4 percent), and Hispanics (64.4 percent) who worked at some time during 2013 were
little changed from the prior year. (See table 2.)  

Although the proportion having work experience during 2013 was little changed from a
year earlier, those who did work were more likely to work full time and more likely
to work year round.  Among those with work experience during 2013, 79.0 percent
usually worked full time, up from 78.4 percent in 2012. Men continued to be more
likely to work full time during the year (85.5 percent) than women (71.8 percent).
The proportion of employed men working full time rose over the year, while the
proportion of women working full time changed little. (See table 1.)

Of the total who worked during 2013, 77.8 percent were employed year round (working
50 to 52 weeks, either full or part time), up by 1.1 percentage points from 2012. The
percentage of men working year round increased by 1.3 percentage points to 79.8
percent in 2013, while the percentage of women employed year round rose by 1.1
percentage points to 75.7 percent.

Persons with Unemployment

Overall, 161.8 million persons worked or looked for work at some time in 2013. Of
those, 20.9 million experienced some unemployment during the year, 1.5 million fewer
than in 2012. (See table 3.)

The work-experience unemployment rate (those looking for work during the year as a
percent of those who worked or looked for work during the year) continued to decline.
At 12.9 percent in 2013, the work-experience unemployment rate was 1.0 percentage
point lower than in 2012. The 2013 work-experience unemployment rates for whites
(12.1 percent), blacks (18.7 percent), and Hispanics (15.7 percent) declined from
a year earlier, while the rate for Asians (9.9 percent) changed little.
(See tables 3 and 4.)

Overall, men continued to have higher work-experience unemployment rates in 2013 than
women, 13.5 percent versus 12.2 percent. Among whites, blacks, and Hispanics, the rates
for men were higher than the rates for women. Among Asians, the rates for men and women
were little different from each other.

Among those who experienced unemployment in 2013, the median number of weeks spent
looking for work was 17.9. The number of persons who looked for a job but did not work
at all in 2013 declined by 688,000 over the year to 4.8 million. Of the 16.1 million
individuals who worked during 2013 and also experienced unemployment, 20.7 percent had
two or more spells of joblessness, down slightly from 22.2 percent in 2012. (See table 3.)

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Last Modified Date: December 16, 2014