U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until				    USDL-16-1826
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, September 14, 2016

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Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov

			  U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - AUGUST 2016

U.S. import prices declined 0.2 percent in August, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today, after 
ticking up 0.1 percent in July. The August downturn was driven by lower fuel prices. Prices for U.S. exports 
decreased 0.8 percent in August following a 0.2-percent increase in July.  

Imports

All Imports: Prices for U.S. imports fell 0.2 percent in August, the first monthly decrease since the index 
fell 0.5 percent in February. Over the 5 months previous to August, import prices advanced 3.1 percent. The 
August decline was led by falling fuel prices which decreased for the second consecutive month. The price 
index for U.S. imports decreased 2.2 percent for the year ended in August, after declining 11.4 percent over 
the previous 12-month period.                     

Fuel Imports: Fuel prices declined 2.1 percent in August following a 2.5-percent drop in July. The July 
decrease was the first monthly decline since the index fell 6.8 percent in February. Both the August and July 
decreases were driven by lower petroleum prices which fell 2.8 percent in August and 3.6 percent in July. In 
contrast, prices for natural gas increased 12.1 percent in August and 28.0 percent the previous month. 
Import fuel prices declined 12.2 percent between August 2015 and August 2016, and the price indexes for 
petroleum and natural gas each fell over the same period, 12.9 percent and 5.2 percent, respectively.  

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Nonfuel prices recorded no change in August, after rising 0.3 percent in July. 
In August, higher prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials offset lower prices for automotive 
vehicles; foods, feeds, and beverages; and consumer goods. The price index for nonfuel imports decreased 
0.9 percent over the past year, and falling prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials and each of the 
major finished goods categories all contributed to the decline. 
  
Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2015

August

-1.8 -12.7 -0.3 -1.4 -2.5 -1.3

September

-1.1 -8.4 -0.3 -0.6 -1.4 -0.5

October

-0.3 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.3

November

-0.6 -4.0 -0.3 -0.7 -0.9 -0.7

December

-1.2 -10.0 -0.3 -1.1 -0.9 -1.1

2016

January

-1.3 -15.6 -0.1 -0.9 -1.3 -0.9

February

-0.5 -6.8 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 -0.6

March

0.4 8.5 -0.1 -0.1 -2.1 0.2

April

0.7 9.8 0.1 0.5 0.8 0.4

May

1.2 12.7 0.3 1.1 3.0 1.0

June

(r)0.7 (r)10.4 -0.2 (r)0.7 (r)2.5 0.5

July

0.1 -2.5 0.3 0.2 (r)-0.3 (r)0.2

August

-0.2 -2.1 0.0 -0.8 -3.4 -0.4

Aug. 2014 to 2015

-11.4 -48.2 -2.9 -7.1 -13.9 -6.3

Aug. 2015 to 2016

-2.2 -12.2 -0.9 -2.4 -3.5 -2.2

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: U.S. export prices decreased 0.8 percent in August, the first monthly drop since the index 
edged down 0.1 percent in March and the largest decline since the index fell 0.9 percent in January. In 
August, lower prices for both agricultural and nonagricultural exports contributed to the overall drop in 
export prices. The price index for U.S. exports decreased 2.4 percent over the past year, the smallest 12-
month decline since the index fell 1.7 percent in November 2014. 

Agricultural Exports: The price index for agricultural exports decreased 3.4 percent in August, the largest 
monthly drop since the index fell 4.2 percent in August 2013. The August 2016 decline was led by a 9.5-
percent decrease in soybean prices, although falling prices for fruit, vegetables, corn, and meat also 
contributed to the overall drop. Agricultural prices fell 3.5 percent over the past 12 months.      

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: Prices for nonagricultural exports decreased 0.4 percent in August, 
after rising 0.2 percent the previous month. The August decline in nonagricultural export prices was the first 
monthly drop since the index fell 0.6 percent in February. Lower prices for industrial supplies and materials, 
automotive vehicles, capital goods, and consumer goods all contributed to the August downturn. The price 
index for nonagricultural exports decreased 2.2 percent over the past 12 months, primarily driven by a 5.3-
percent decline in nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials prices. 
 

   					SELECTED AUGUST HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China declined 0.2 percent in August, led by a 1.0-
percent drop in communications equipment manufacturing. Prices for imports from China have not recorded 
a monthly advance since the index rose 0.1 percent in December 2014; the index fell 1.9 percent over the 
past year. In August, import prices from Canada fell 0.9 percent; import prices from the European Union 
declined 0.3 percent; and import prices from Mexico decreased 0.2 percent. In contrast, the price index for 
imports from Japan increased 0.3 percent in August following a 0.2-percent advance the previous month. 
The August rise was the largest monthly increase since the index advanced 0.3 percent in August 2011, and 
the last time the index recorded a larger 1-month jump was a 0.5-percent increase in February 2011.  

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials advanced 
0.2 percent in August following a 1.6-percent increase the previous month. In August, a 1.4-percent rise in 
unfinished metals prices more than offset a 0.8-percent drop in chemicals prices.          
 
Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mostly down in August. Automotive vehicles prices fell 0.2 
percent, driven by a 1.0-percent decline in the price index for engines and engine parts. Prices for consumer 
goods also fell in August, edging down 0.1 percent. Capital goods prices recorded no change in August as a 
0.7-percent decrease in computer prices offset increases for non-computer capital goods prices.  
    
Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: The price index for foods, feeds, and beverages decreased 0.5 percent in 
August, after increasing 3.1 percent in July. The August downturn was led by a 15.4-percent drop in 
feedstuff and foodgrain prices.                 

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares fell 6.0 percent in August, the largest monthly decline 
since the index decreased 6.8 percent in January 2015. The August drop was led by an 8.5-percent decline in 
European fares and a 7.2-percent decrease in Asian fares. The index for import air passenger fares fell 9.1 
percent over the past 12 months. Import air freight prices rose 1.1 percent in August and declined 5.5 
percent over the past year.        

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and 
materials declined 1.3 percent in August, after rising 0.9 percent in July. The August downturn was led by a 
4.3-percent decrease in fuel prices and a 1.1-percent drop in chemicals prices.         
 
Finished Goods: Each of the major finished goods categories recorded monthly decreases in August. Prices 
for automotive vehicles fell 0.5 percent in August, the largest 1-month drop since the index was first 
published monthly in December 1988. A 1.2-percent decline in passenger car prices was the largest 
contributor to the August decrease. The price indexes for capital goods and for consumer goods each edged 
down 0.1 percent in August.                  

Transportation Services: Export air passenger prices advanced 3.6 percent in August following a 4.0-
percent rise in July and a 3.4-percent increase in June. The August advance was driven by a 27.1-percent 
increase in Asian fares which more than offset a 10.2-percent drop in European fares. Despite the recent 
rises, export air passenger fares decreased 8.0 percent over the past year. The price index for export air 
freight ticked up 0.1 percent in August and decreased 2.6 percent over the past 12 months.              
		
Import and Export Price Index data for September 2016 are scheduled for release on Thursday, October 13, 
2016 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2015 to August 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2016(1)
Index Percent change
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2015
to
Aug.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016

All commodities

  100.000 120.8 120.5 -2.2 1.2 0.7 0.1 -0.2

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  85.349 98.3 98.3 -1.0 0.3 -0.1 0.1 0.0

All imports excluding petroleum

  92.205 111.1 111.1 -0.9 0.4 -0.2 0.5 0.0

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  91.611 115.2 115.2 -0.9 0.3 -0.2 0.3 0.0

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.262 177.7 176.9 0.6 0.3 -0.6 3.1 -0.5

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.857 195.0 193.9 -0.5 -0.1 -0.6 4.0 -0.6

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.405 138.5 138.7 4.4 1.6 -0.4 0.1 0.1

Industrial supplies & materials

1

21.975 158.2 157.2 -6.0 5.4 3.7 -0.1 -0.6

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.180 142.0 142.8 -1.0 1.5 -0.4 2.2 0.6

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.586 161.8 162.2 -0.9 1.6 -0.3 1.6 0.2

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.307 151.6 152.7 2.2 2.3 -0.6 2.5 0.7

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.279 129.9 130.3 -5.3 0.5 -0.2 1.6 0.3

Fuels & lubricants

10

8.389 154.3 151.0 -12.2 12.7 10.4 -2.5 -2.1

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

7.795 166.9 162.2 -12.9 13.9 11.4 -3.6 -2.8

Crude

10000

5.704 171.1 168.4 -9.4 14.8 11.3 -3.6 -1.6

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.416 82.7 90.5 -5.4 -1.0 -3.9 20.7 9.4

Gas-natural

10110

0.326 66.8 74.9 -5.2 -1.3 -5.3 28.0 12.1

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.573 106.9 107.1 -2.5 -0.2 0.4 -0.5 0.2

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.773 150.3 149.5 -5.8 0.7 0.1 0.3 -0.5

Selected building materials

13

1.303 137.5 137.8 1.7 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.2

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.539 200.7 203.6 6.3 5.1 -1.5 6.0 1.4

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.692 146.0 146.7 -2.3 0.1 0.0 0.7 0.5

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.706 108.0 108.0 -1.0 0.1 0.0 -0.6 0.0

Capital goods

2

28.409 88.9 88.9 -1.8 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Electric generating equipment

20

3.448 115.8 116.0 -1.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

22.267 81.4 81.4 -1.9 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.694 136.3 136.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.5 -0.2 0.4

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.079 110.4 110.2 -0.8 0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.275 106.8 106.7 -0.4 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.029 119.7 119.6 0.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

12.764 94.2 94.0 -1.4 0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.2

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.483 118.3 118.0 0.5 0.8 -0.3 -0.6 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2015 to August 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
July
2016(1)
Index Percent change
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2015
to
Aug.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016

All commodities

  100.000 121.1 120.1 -2.4 1.1 0.7 0.2 -0.8

Agricultural commodities

  9.307 181.4 175.2 -3.5 3.0 2.5 -0.3 -3.4

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  84.381 98.5 98.4 -1.1 0.2 -0.2 0.3 -0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.692 116.5 116.0 -2.2 1.0 0.5 0.2 -0.4

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.726 183.3 176.8 -2.9 3.0 2.6 -0.4 -3.5

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

8.046 183.7 176.4 -3.7 3.3 2.7 -0.5 -4.0

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.680 186.7 189.0 6.3 -1.1 1.6 1.0 1.2

Industrial supplies & materials

1

28.980 142.0 140.3 -5.1 3.0 1.8 0.9 -1.2

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.689 154.6 154.9 1.2 1.8 -1.2 1.9 0.2

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  18.290 136.1 133.4 -8.6 3.7 3.6 0.2 -2.0

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.261 172.7 172.6 -2.2 0.4 1.2 1.6 -0.1

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  27.718 141.0 139.2 -5.3 3.2 1.7 0.9 -1.3

Fuels & lubricants

11

6.892 147.3 140.9 -15.3 11.1 9.7 -0.5 -4.3

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.793 150.0 149.7 -2.0 0.9 -0.6 1.3 -0.2

Selected building materials

13

1.033 115.7 115.9 1.8 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.2

Capital goods

2

38.755 106.8 106.7 -0.7 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.959 112.6 112.3 -1.5 -0.2 0.3 0.0 -0.3

Nonelectrical machinery

21

26.125 93.9 93.8 -1.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.671 164.1 164.0 1.3 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.682 113.2 112.6 -1.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.5

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.857 110.6 110.5 -1.5 0.2 -0.4 0.5 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.869 107.0 106.6 -1.2 0.4 -0.1 0.9 -0.4

Durables, manufactured

41

5.368 107.8 107.9 -2.3 -0.1 -0.6 0.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2015 to August 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2016(1)
Index Percent change
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2015
to
Aug.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016

Nonmanufactured articles

  8.344 86.4 85.8 -7.0 9.5 7.2 -0.2 -0.7

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.018 175.0 175.2 0.0 -0.8 -1.9 6.8 0.1

Crop production

111

1.641 188.9 189.3 2.3 -0.4 -2.2 8.8 0.2

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.203 78.2 79.2 -11.3 -4.9 -0.1 -2.6 1.3

Mining

21

6.326 75.8 75.0 -8.9 13.3 9.9 -2.2 -1.1

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.237 94.6 94.7 -3.6 -0.6 -0.1 -0.4 0.1

Manufactured articles

  91.335 109.1 108.9 -1.6 0.6 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

12.186 123.9 123.7 -0.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Food manufacturing

311

3.522 154.4 153.4 0.5 1.5 0.5 0.7 -0.6

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.086 117.8 117.7 -0.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.8 -0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.405 98.8 97.6 -3.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 -1.2

Textile product mills

314

0.893 108.7 109.5 -2.1 -0.2 -0.4 0.0 0.7

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.361 111.2 111.2 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.918 123.2 123.0 -1.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

16.812 116.1 114.9 -4.7 1.6 1.4 -0.3 -1.0

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.790 115.8 116.3 3.0 1.0 0.7 0.2 0.4

Paper manufacturing

322

1.073 105.3 105.3 -1.8 -0.1 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

1.955 73.6 69.2 -23.2 11.6 11.9 -3.7 -6.0

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.480 131.3 130.5 -2.2 0.5 0.1 0.2 -0.6

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.283 117.8 117.9 -0.8 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.030 129.4 129.3 -1.1 0.3 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

62.337 103.5 103.5 -1.1 0.3 -0.2 0.2 0.0

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.290 132.6 134.7 3.9 4.1 -1.0 5.1 1.6

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.101 122.2 122.1 -2.8 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.699 116.5 116.3 -1.9 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.966 76.3 76.2 -2.1 0.0 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.813 114.3 114.4 -2.1 0.3 -0.5 -0.2 0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.266 109.5 109.5 -0.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.662 115.1 114.8 -0.9 0.1 0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.540 120.1 120.1 0.6 0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2015 to August 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
July
2016(1)
Index Percent change
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2015
to
Aug.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016

Nonmanufactured articles

  7.204 127.7 123.7 -4.7 4.5 5.2 0.8 -3.1

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.781 159.5 150.3 -6.0 4.0 4.6 -1.6 -5.8

Crop production

111

4.509 167.3 157.2 -5.4 5.0 4.8 -1.6 -6.0

Mining

21

2.423 69.4 70.8 -2.5 5.5 6.7 5.8 2.0

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.129 78.1 79.9 -4.8 1.8 -0.6 1.4 2.3

Manufactured articles

  91.452 111.5 110.9 -2.1 0.7 0.5 0.2 -0.5

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.802 136.4 136.1 -0.7 1.1 0.9 0.7 -0.2

Food manufacturing

311

4.585 153.8 153.1 -0.6 1.5 1.2 0.9 -0.5

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.638 111.9 113.4 2.7 1.0 1.1 2.0 1.3

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

23.107 105.9 104.2 -6.5 2.4 2.2 -0.3 -1.6

Paper manufacturing

322

1.716 120.4 120.7 -1.0 0.2 -0.7 -0.4 0.2

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2015=100)

323

0.267 100.0 100.0 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.400 84.3 79.4 -18.5 13.1 12.1 -3.2 -5.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

12.983 114.9 113.8 -4.4 0.3 0.2 0.8 -1.0

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.355 114.4 114.2 -2.5 0.2 -0.2 -0.8 -0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.859 112.3 112.8 0.4 0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.4

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

61.543 111.3 111.2 -0.4 0.2 -0.3 0.3 -0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.355 138.1 138.6 4.9 2.4 -2.3 5.0 0.4

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.280 130.3 130.5 0.5 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.549 126.0 125.9 0.5 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.348 83.5 83.3 -2.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.818 112.5 112.2 -1.5 0.0 0.3 -0.2 -0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.231 122.1 121.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.3

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.411 116.6 117.7 7.5 0.2 1.1 1.4 0.9

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.552 119.4 119.4 -2.8 -0.2 -0.8 -0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2015 to August 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2016(1)
Index Percent change
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2015
to
Aug.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.479 189.8 192.0 2.8 1.8 -0.8 0.3 1.2

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.386 237.7 244.3 2.0 5.5 -2.9 0.7 2.8

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.780 141.2 142.3 9.0 1.7 -0.7 1.2 0.8

Vegetable products

II

2.054 204.0 205.6 3.2 -0.5 -3.7 9.7 0.8

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.453 411.9 433.5 -9.0 -7.7 -0.9 1.1 5.2

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.679 111.8 113.2 20.2 -0.4 -10.9 36.2 1.3

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.371 234.9 233.4 -0.1 0.8 0.5 2.4 -0.6

Oilseeds & misc grains, seeds, plants, straw & fodder (Dec. 2015=100)

12

0.173 106.4 103.3 - 3.5 0.3 -0.8 -2.9

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.280 106.9 107.0 0.7 -1.9 -0.3 0.2 0.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.831 163.6 160.9 -0.1 0.6 1.9 0.0 -1.7

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.192 86.6 87.0 1.6 -0.1 0.6 0.2 0.5

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.248 115.2 112.9 -0.2 2.9 0.4 0.1 -2.0

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.286 133.1 133.0 0.5 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.330 158.3 157.9 1.0 -0.6 0.5 1.9 -0.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.024 127.6 127.6 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.9 0.0

Mineral products

V

8.425 153.7 150.4 -13.0 12.6 10.2 -2.7 -2.1

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

8.264 151.3 148.0 -12.9 13.1 10.7 -2.7 -2.2

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.874 147.1 146.6 -1.1 0.5 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.552 257.5 257.8 -12.4 0.7 -1.2 -1.6 0.1

Organic chemicals

29

2.386 120.9 121.2 -3.0 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.851 142.1 141.8 3.3 0.8 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.291 79.1 71.9 -29.6 -0.8 1.2 1.3 -9.1

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.195 101.6 101.6 3.0 0.5 0.5 3.1 0.0

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.666 101.5 101.8 12.9 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 0.3

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.508 137.1 137.1 -2.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.0

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.244 140.2 140.3 -2.3 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.264 133.1 132.8 -1.8 0.5 0.1 1.1 -0.2

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.705 123.5 123.3 -3.6 -0.1 -0.6 0.0 -0.2

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.672 128.8 128.7 -1.5 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.827 141.0 141.6 3.1 0.9 0.6 0.3 0.4

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.788 96.9 97.3 3.3 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.4

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.150 109.6 109.6 -1.4 0.0 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.782 104.6 104.7 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.211 100.5 100.4 - -0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.480 113.2 113.3 -0.8 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.268 103.5 103.3 -0.8 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.900 119.6 119.8 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.2

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.633 102.8 104.0 -1.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 1.2

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.529 122.7 122.5 -0.7 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.305 121.8 121.6 -0.8 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.958 131.1 130.8 -1.2 0.4 -0.5 -0.5 -0.2

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.329 98.2 97.9 - 0.7 -1.0 -1.3 -0.3

Ceramic products

69

0.281 137.1 136.9 -1.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.347 129.9 129.6 -0.1 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.195 177.3 179.2 10.1 2.9 -2.7 5.8 1.1

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.484 156.7 157.4 -3.4 1.5 0.2 1.0 0.4

Iron and steel

72

1.362 173.5 174.4 -0.9 5.7 3.1 2.4 0.5

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.716 138.1 138.4 -5.7 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.2

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.360 241.7 242.6 -9.8 -0.8 -2.2 0.2 0.4

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.724 120.9 120.7 -4.7 1.3 -1.1 0.0 -0.2

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.445 122.3 122.3 -4.5 -1.0 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.528 137.0 136.7 -0.9 0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.568 80.7 80.6 -1.9 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.537 85.8 85.5 -1.9 0.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.3

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.031 75.9 75.9 -1.9 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.352 113.9 113.9 -0.6 0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.860 112.5 112.4 -0.7 0.2 0.0 -0.4 -0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.417 118.9 119.8 -0.1 0.0 -1.0 -0.1 0.8

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

4.016 103.2 103.5 0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.3

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.685 100.0 100.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.3 0.3

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.266 141.5 141.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.198 112.0 111.9 -0.7 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.568 116.6 116.4 -0.8 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.349 103.4 103.4 -1.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.281 135.8 136.1 1.5 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: August 2015 to August 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
July
2016(1)
Index Percent change
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2015
to
Aug.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.747 188.9 189.1 1.4 0.8 0.9 1.3 0.1

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.039 149.8 147.8 2.5 2.3 0.3 0.2 -1.3

Vegetable products

II

4.529 204.8 191.7 -5.5 4.7 4.2 -1.5 -6.4

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.921 155.5 147.9 -14.4 1.7 1.2 -1.7 -4.9

Cereals

10

1.217 175.8 170.7 -7.2 3.9 4.2 -8.6 -2.9

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.813 227.9 209.0 0.2 9.2 7.6 3.4 -8.3

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.994 151.0 150.3 -1.8 1.4 1.1 0.7 -0.5

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.374 118.2 117.6 -0.5 0.0 -0.1 -0.6 -0.5

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.553 112.3 110.2 0.0 2.9 1.8 0.9 -1.9

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.708 215.1 214.6 -1.8 3.7 4.6 2.9 -0.2

Mineral products

V

6.838 168.9 164.6 -13.4 9.3 9.1 0.8 -2.5

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.492 78.1 79.4 1.4 1.1 1.7 2.9 1.7

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

6.143 161.1 156.3 -14.8 10.4 10.1 0.6 -3.0

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.762 136.8 136.0 -4.1 0.4 0.1 0.4 -0.6

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.914 175.0 173.8 -5.9 0.3 0.2 0.8 -0.7

Organic chemicals

29

2.445 132.5 131.6 -8.0 0.5 0.2 -0.3 -0.7

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.965 109.3 108.7 -1.9 0.8 0.0 1.9 -0.5

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.540 98.2 98.0 - -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.829 134.6 134.6 -1.2 0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.0

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.511 115.7 115.6 2.6 -0.1 0.0 -0.6 -0.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.862 148.4 147.3 -1.0 0.3 0.5 0.2 -0.7

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.097 137.0 135.8 -3.8 0.1 -0.2 0.5 -0.9

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.122 132.7 131.3 -4.0 -0.1 0.0 0.8 -1.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.975 155.4 154.9 -2.6 0.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.3

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.327 119.5 119.2 -6.7 0.1 0.6 0.2 -0.3

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.181 69.7 68.8 -8.8 0.3 0.3 0.1 -1.3

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.650 95.8 96.1 1.4 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.3

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.132 122.4 124.1 1.4 0.3 -0.3 1.0 1.4

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.630 127.5 134.0 9.0 0.9 -0.9 4.1 5.1

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.123 119.2 119.1 -2.8 0.0 0.0 -0.4 -0.1

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.379 100.4 100.4 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.718 120.6 120.1 -2.0 0.1 0.1 0.9 -0.4

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.418 124.9 121.3 0.5 2.3 2.3 5.9 -2.9

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.866 122.8 123.1 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.292 100.5 101.3 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8

Glass and glassware

70

0.438 99.7 99.7 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.546 240.4 241.1 8.1 1.6 -2.1 4.7 0.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.949 143.3 143.7 -2.8 2.1 -1.0 0.0 0.3

Iron and steel

72

0.992 140.6 143.6 -5.8 7.0 -2.9 -2.8 2.1

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.428 154.3 154.5 -8.5 -0.7 -0.2 2.8 0.1

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.776 104.8 103.2 -6.4 2.8 -0.9 0.1 -1.5

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.392 100.1 100.1 - 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.354 147.7 147.7 -0.5 0.0 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.643 95.7 95.5 -1.3 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.731 112.7 112.4 -0.7 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.3

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.912 77.4 77.3 -2.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.105 131.5 131.0 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.194 114.8 114.3 -0.7 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.166 106.0 105.8 -1.5 -0.1 -0.7 -0.1 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.551 112.2 112.3 1.4 -0.7 0.7 0.5 0.1

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.930 127.6 128.3 3.8 -0.4 1.0 1.1 0.5

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.470 89.2 89.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: August 2015 to August 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2016(1)
Index Percent change
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2015
to
Aug.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 117.5 117.1 -1.3 1.4 0.7 0.1 -0.3

Nonmanufactured articles

7.602 123.6 122.9 -1.4 8.4 8.0 -2.2 -0.6

Manufactured articles

91.963 116.5 116.2 -1.4 0.9 0.2 0.2 -0.3

Other Countries(3)

100.000 118.1 117.8 -2.9 1.3 0.8 -0.3 -0.3

Nonmanufactured articles

8.884 177.8 175.4 -8.6 10.1 7.2 1.6 -1.3

Manufactured articles

90.862 102.7 102.6 -2.1 0.6 0.2 -0.5 -0.1

Canada

100.000 120.1 119.0 -2.1 3.1 2.4 -0.1 -0.9

Nonmanufactured articles

21.612 117.8 117.3 -1.3 8.7 8.6 -2.4 -0.4

Manufactured articles

77.631 124.7 123.4 -2.5 1.7 0.6 0.6 -1.0

European Union(4)

100.000 131.6 131.2 -2.2 0.6 0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Manufactured articles

99.522 128.3 127.8 -2.2 0.5 0.1 -0.3 -0.4

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.6 122.6 0.7 0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 113.1 112.7 -3.4 0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 118.7 118.8 -1.9 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Latin America(5)

100.000 140.3 140.3 -2.8 1.7 1.0 0.6 0.0

Nonmanufactured articles

16.973 203.0 200.2 -3.0 9.1 6.4 3.0 -1.4

Manufactured articles

82.523 119.5 119.8 -2.8 0.4 0.0 0.2 0.3

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 126.5 126.3 -2.2 0.9 0.6 0.2 -0.2

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

9.594 121.7 120.3 4.0 10.0 7.2 13.7 -1.2

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

89.946 87.9 87.9 -2.8 0.2 -0.1 -1.0 0.0

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.5 98.4 -1.5 0.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 100.9 100.7 -1.9 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Japan

100.000 95.4 95.7 0.4 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.3

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 84.1 84.2 -2.1 0.1 -0.4 -0.4 0.1

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 96.8 96.8 -2.0 0.1 0.4 -0.4 0.0

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 144.4 143.2 -12.4 6.3 4.9 -1.0 -0.8

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: August 2015 to August 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
July
2016(1)
Index Percent change
July
2016
Aug.
2016
Annual Monthly
Aug.
2015
to
Aug.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016
June
2016
to
July
2016
July
2016
to
Aug.
2016

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 151.0 152.7 -5.5 -1.3 -2.0 2.4 1.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.900 137.6 135.8 -8.4 1.4 0.2 -0.3 -1.3

Asia

62.104 133.4 136.5 -5.3 -2.9 -3.1 4.1 2.3

Export Air Freight

100.000 153.2 153.4 -2.6 0.2 -0.5 -0.2 0.1

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

37.891 145.5 145.5 -3.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 143.9 144.9 -4.9 -1.8 -1.4 1.5 0.7

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

28.704 134.9 134.2 -3.5 0.7 0.0 -0.4 -0.5

Asia

56.670 126.0 127.8 -7.0 -3.6 -2.4 2.9 1.4

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 137.2 135.2 -9.4 0.1 -0.3 -0.6 -1.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

32.729 141.6 142.1 -11.0 0.0 -1.0 0.4 0.4

Asia

43.366 129.8 124.9 -12.9 0.0 0.0 -1.4 -3.8

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 181.4 170.6 -9.1 1.5 0.3 -3.9 -6.0

Europe

43.275 205.2 187.8 -8.4 0.5 1.1 -8.4 -8.5

Asia

24.886 143.1 132.8 -9.4 3.0 5.9 -3.1 -7.2

Latin America/Caribbean

9.624 156.9 157.2 -4.1 -0.7 5.7 3.0 0.2

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 157.5 163.1 -8.0 -0.5 3.4 4.0 3.6

Europe

31.235 200.4 179.9 -16.1 -3.4 9.0 -3.8 -10.2

Asia

30.860 142.5 181.1 4.4 7.8 0.8 5.9 27.1

Latin America/Caribbean

25.231 169.4 163.7 -4.9 0.1 2.0 10.9 -3.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


					     TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: September 14, 2016