U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                               USDL-16-1455
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, July 13, 2016

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Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                           U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - JUNE 2016

U.S. import prices rose 0.2 percent in June, after rising 1.4 percent in May, the U.S. Bureau of Labor 
Statistics reported today. The June advance was driven by higher fuel prices which more than offset a 
decline in nonfuel prices. Prices for U.S. exports also increased in June, rising 0.8 percent following 
advances of 1.2 percent in May and 0.4 percent in April. 

Imports

All Imports: Prices for U.S. imports continued to trend up in June, rising 0.2 percent, after increasing 2.6 
percent between February and May. That was the largest 3-month rise since import prices increased 5.8 
percent between February and May 2011. Most of the recent increase in import prices was led by higher fuel 
prices. Despite the recent advances, import prices remain down on a 12-month basis, falling 4.8 percent for 
the year ended in June. That was the smallest over-the-year decline since the index fell 3.1 percent for the 
12 months ended in November 2014. 

Fuel Imports: Fuel prices increased 6.2 percent in June, after recording advances of 14.9 percent in May, 
9.8 percent in April, and 8.5 percent in March. In June, higher prices for both petroleum and natural gas 
contributed to the overall increase. Petroleum prices advanced 6.4 percent in June and prices for natural gas 
rose 5.2 percent. Even with the recent increase in fuel prices, the price index for import fuel decreased 26.0 
percent from June 2015 to June 2016. Prices for petroleum and natural gas fell 26.6 percent and 26.8 
percent, respectively, over the same period. 

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Prices for nonfuel imports declined 0.3 percent in June following increases in 
each of the previous 2 months. The 0.3-percent decrease was the largest monthly drop since the index 
declined 0.3 percent for 6 consecutive months from July to December 2015. In June, nonfuel prices were 
driven down by falling prices for capital goods; foods, feeds, and beverages; consumer goods; and industrial 
supplies and materials. Nonfuel import prices also decreased over the past 12 months, falling 1.8 percent. 

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2015

June

0.1 1.5 -0.2 -0.3 -1.6 -0.1

July

-0.9 -6.1 -0.3 -0.4 1.0 -0.6

August

-1.8 -12.7 -0.3 -1.4 -2.5 -1.3

September

-1.1 -8.4 -0.3 -0.6 -1.4 -0.5

October

-0.3 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.3

November

-0.6 -4.0 -0.3 -0.7 -0.9 -0.7

December

-1.2 -10.0 -0.3 -1.1 -0.9 -1.1

2016

January

-1.3 -15.6 -0.1 -0.9 -1.3 -0.9

February

-0.5 -6.8 -0.1 -0.4 0.7 -0.6

March

0.4 (r)8.5 -0.1 -0.1 (r)-2.1 0.2

April

0.7 (r)9.8 0.1 (r)0.4 0.8 0.4

May

1.4 (r)14.9 0.3 (r)1.2 2.9 1.0

June

0.2 6.2 -0.3 0.8 2.4 0.5

June 2014 to 2015

-9.9 -40.1 -2.3 -5.8 -16.8 -4.5

June 2015 to 2016

-4.8 -26.0 -1.8 -3.5 -1.4 -3.8

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Exports

All Exports: Export prices advanced 0.8 percent in June following a 1.2-percent increase the previous 
month. The 2.4-percent rise in the second quarter of 2016 was the largest 3-month advance in export prices 
since the index rose 2.7 percent between February and May 2011. In June, higher agricultural and 
nonagricultural prices both contributed to the overall increase in export prices. The price index for U.S. 
exports decreased 3.5 percent over the past 12 months, the smallest over-the-year decline since the index fell 
3.0 percent in December 2014. 

Agricultural Exports: Prices for agricultural exports advanced 2.4 percent in June, after a 2.9-percent 
increase in May. Those were the 2 largest 1-month increases since the index advanced 4.8 percent in August 
2012. Both the June and May increases were led by higher soybean and corn prices. Soybean prices 
advanced 8.6 percent in June following an 11.3-percent advance in May and prices for corn rose 6.0 percent 
in June and 6.7 percent in May. Despite the recent increases, agricultural export prices declined 1.4 percent 
for the year ended in June. 

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: The price index for nonagricultural prices increased 0.5 percent in 
June, after rising 1.0 percent the previous month. The June advance was mostly led by higher 
nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials prices, although capital goods prices also rose. In contrast, 
consumer goods prices fell in June. Nonagricultural prices decreased 3.8 percent over the past year. 


                                        SELECTED JUNE HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China declined 0.4 percent in June, after recording no 
change in May. The June decrease was driven by a 0.5-percent drop in the price index for computer and 
electronic product manufacturing and was the largest monthly decline since the index fell 0.6 percent in 
May 2013. In contrast, the price indexes for imports from Canada, Mexico, and the European Union all rose 
in June, increasing 1.4 percent, 0.2 percent, and 0.1 percent, respectively. Each index was led by higher fuel 
prices. Prices for imports from Japan recorded no change in June following a 0.1-percent advance the 
previous month. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
declined 0.3 percent in June, after increasing 1.7 percent in May, 0.4 percent in April, and 0.6 percent in 
March. The June downturn was driven by a 5.2-percent drop in gold prices and an 8.6-percent decline in the 
prices for other precious metals. 

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mostly down in June, after recording increases the previous 
month. Capital goods prices fell 0.3 percent in June, led by a 0.8-percent drop in the price index for 
computers, peripherals, and semiconductors. Prices for consumer goods fell 0.2 percent in June following a 
0.2-percent rise the previous month. The price index for automotive vehicles recorded no change in June, 
after increasing 0.4 percent the previous month. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Foods, feeds, and beverages prices decreased 1.3 percent in June following a 
0.5-percent increase in May and a 1.3-percent rise in April. The June downturn resulted from a 12.8-percent 
drop in fruit prices, a 3.9-percent decrease in meat prices, and a 2.2-percent decline in the price index for 
fish and shellfish. 

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares advanced 0.3 percent in June following a 1.5-percent 
rise in May and a 3.5-percent increase in April. The June rise was led by a 5.9-percent increase in Asian 
fares. Despite the recent increases, import air passenger fares fell 8.4 percent over the past 12 months. The 
price index for import air freight declined 2.0 percent in June and 13.0 percent over the past year. 


Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Prices for export nonagricultural industrial supplies 
and materials rose 2.0 percent in June, after increasing 3.2 percent the previous month. Both increases were 
driven by higher fuel prices which advanced 10.4 percent in June and 11.1 percent in May. 

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mixed in June. Consumer goods prices fell 0.4 percent, the 
largest 1-month decline since the index decreased 0.8 percent in January. In contrast, capital goods prices 
ticked up 0.1 percent and the price index for automotive vehicles recorded no change. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares increased 3.5 percent in June, driven by a 9.0-percent 
advance in European fares. Even with the June increase, export air passenger fares fell 10.0 percent over the 
past year. Prices for export air freight decreased 0.4 percent in June and 2.7 percent between June 2015 and 
June 2016. 

Import and Export Price Index data for July 2016 are scheduled for release on Thursday, August 11, 2016 at 
8:30 a.m. (EDT). 


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2015 to June 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
May
2016(1)
Index Percent change
May
2016
June
2016
Annual Monthly
June
2015
to
June
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016

All commodities

  100.000 120.2 120.5 -4.8 0.4 0.7 1.4 0.2

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  85.866 98.4 98.2 -1.7 -0.1 0.0 0.4 -0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  92.555 110.9 110.6 -2.0 -0.1 0.1 0.4 -0.3

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  92.012 115.1 114.8 -1.8 -0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.146 173.5 171.2 -2.5 -0.4 1.3 0.5 -1.3

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.727 188.8 186.4 -4.4 -0.8 1.3 0.1 -1.3

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.419 139.2 137.0 4.5 1.0 1.5 1.6 -1.6

Industrial supplies & materials

1

21.475 153.8 157.1 -15.5 3.0 3.5 6.2 2.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.030 139.6 139.4 -6.1 0.0 0.5 1.5 -0.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.487 159.8 159.3 -5.4 0.6 0.4 1.7 -0.3

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.194 148.8 148.0 -4.6 1.4 0.8 2.3 -0.5

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.293 128.2 128.7 -7.9 -1.8 0.2 0.5 0.4

Fuels & lubricants

10

7.988 146.1 155.1 -26.0 8.5 9.8 14.9 6.2

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

7.446 158.5 168.6 -26.6 10.8 10.6 16.3 6.4

Crude

10000

5.503 164.2 171.5 -27.5 14.9 12.0 18.2 4.4

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.364 71.9 74.7 -22.8 -15.7 3.3 -0.1 3.9

Gas-natural

10110

0.273 55.7 58.6 -26.8 -20.0 4.3 -0.2 5.2

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.576 107.0 107.3 -2.7 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.3

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.784 149.8 150.0 -6.9 -0.6 0.1 0.8 0.1

Selected building materials

13

1.306 137.1 137.2 0.4 0.7 1.3 0.8 0.1

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.404 192.0 189.6 -8.5 3.2 1.5 5.0 -1.3

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.690 145.1 144.9 -5.1 0.3 -0.2 0.2 -0.1

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.727 108.7 108.8 -0.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Capital goods

2

28.684 89.3 89.0 -2.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Electric generating equipment

20

3.474 116.0 115.9 -1.9 -0.1 -0.4 0.1 -0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

22.481 81.8 81.5 -2.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 -0.4

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.729 137.4 136.7 -0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.5

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.206 110.7 110.7 -0.4 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.489 107.1 106.9 -0.5 -0.4 -0.3 0.2 -0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.134 120.0 119.8 0.6 -0.5 -0.1 0.2 -0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

12.852 94.3 94.2 -1.6 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.503 119.3 119.0 0.5 -1.1 -0.3 0.8 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2015 to June 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
May
2016(1)
Index Percent change
May
2016
June
2016
Annual Monthly
June
2015
to
June
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016

All commodities

  100.000 120.0 120.9 -3.5 -0.1 0.4 1.2 0.8

Agricultural commodities

  9.188 177.4 181.7 -1.4 -2.1 0.8 2.9 2.4

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  85.004 98.4 98.3 -2.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.811 115.7 116.3 -3.8 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.5

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.619 179.4 183.8 -0.4 -2.1 0.9 3.0 2.5

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.950 179.9 184.5 -0.7 -2.2 0.9 3.4 2.6

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.669 182.2 183.8 2.5 -0.7 0.6 -1.0 0.9

Industrial supplies & materials

1

28.435 138.0 140.9 -9.6 0.6 1.1 3.0 2.1

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.699 153.4 151.4 -5.1 1.9 0.5 1.7 -1.3

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  17.734 130.7 136.0 -12.0 -0.2 1.5 3.8 4.1

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.238 167.9 170.5 -5.5 -1.2 -0.1 0.3 1.5

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  27.197 137.1 139.9 -9.7 0.7 1.1 3.2 2.0

Fuels & lubricants

11

6.376 135.0 149.1 -20.0 -0.1 3.8 11.1 10.4

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.783 148.6 147.8 -6.3 1.0 0.4 1.0 -0.5

Selected building materials

13

1.038 115.2 115.6 -0.2 -0.2 0.8 0.6 0.3

Capital goods

2

39.214 107.1 107.2 -0.3 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.993 112.5 112.7 -1.4 0.2 0.3 -0.2 0.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

26.472 94.3 94.3 -0.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.750 164.1 164.2 1.7 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.766 113.1 113.1 -0.8 -0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.965 110.5 110.1 -2.6 0.0 -0.1 0.2 -0.4

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.874 106.1 106.0 -2.6 0.1 0.3 0.4 -0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

5.452 108.5 107.8 -3.0 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.6

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2015 to June 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
May
2016(1)
Index Percent change
May
2016
June
2016
Annual Monthly
June
2015
to
June
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016

Nonmanufactured articles

  8.009 82.5 84.9 -23.3 7.2 7.9 11.8 2.9

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

1.936 167.0 164.1 -7.1 -2.1 0.9 -0.7 -1.7

Crop production

111

1.550 177.6 174.1 -6.7 -2.7 0.6 -0.4 -2.0

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.211 80.8 79.9 -14.9 1.7 1.1 -4.3 -1.1

Mining

21

6.073 72.3 75.5 -26.8 11.5 10.9 16.2 4.4

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.240 95.1 95.1 -7.3 -0.1 2.8 -0.6 0.0

Manufactured articles

  91.670 108.9 109.0 -2.5 -0.1 0.2 0.6 0.1

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

12.247 123.9 123.8 -0.4 0.0 0.4 0.5 -0.1

Food manufacturing

311

3.508 152.9 152.9 0.4 0.1 1.6 1.7 0.0

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.102 118.9 118.8 0.9 0.5 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.407 98.6 98.6 -2.6 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Textile product mills

314

0.901 109.1 108.8 -3.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.394 111.5 111.5 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.935 123.6 123.4 -0.8 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

16.704 114.7 116.3 -6.1 -0.5 0.6 1.5 1.4

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.787 114.8 115.6 1.3 1.0 1.9 1.0 0.7

Paper manufacturing

322

1.079 105.3 105.5 -2.7 0.3 -0.3 -0.1 0.2

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

1.814 67.9 76.1 -25.8 1.1 7.6 11.3 12.1

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.499 130.9 131.0 -2.5 -1.1 -0.2 0.5 0.1

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.280 117.1 117.3 -1.8 -0.4 -0.3 0.3 0.2

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.044 130.4 129.5 -1.2 -0.1 0.0 0.3 -0.7

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

62.719 103.6 103.4 -1.8 0.0 0.0 0.4 -0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.153 127.7 127.0 -8.2 2.8 1.0 4.2 -0.5

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.124 122.4 122.4 -3.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.0

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.746 116.6 116.6 -2.0 -0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

18.163 76.7 76.4 -2.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.873 115.1 114.4 -2.6 -0.2 -0.9 0.3 -0.6

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.425 109.9 110.0 -0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.673 115.2 115.0 -0.9 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.561 119.9 119.9 -0.2 0.1 -0.2 0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2015 to June 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
May
2016(1)
Index Percent change
May
2016
June
2016
Annual Monthly
June
2015
to
June
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016

Nonmanufactured articles

  6.859 120.4 126.7 -3.6 -5.5 2.7 4.5 5.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.691 154.9 161.9 -0.3 -4.5 1.1 4.0 4.5

Crop production

111

4.353 162.3 169.7 0.5 -4.1 1.1 5.0 4.6

Mining

21

2.168 61.5 65.8 -9.9 -7.6 6.4 5.5 7.0

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.132 77.5 75.5 -14.8 2.2 0.8 1.8 -2.6

Manufactured articles

  91.779 110.7 111.4 -3.2 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.6

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.768 134.3 135.8 -2.4 -0.1 0.2 1.1 1.1

Food manufacturing

311

4.539 150.8 152.8 -2.6 0.0 0.4 1.6 1.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.622 107.9 109.4 -2.1 0.5 0.2 0.8 1.4

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

22.831 103.5 106.3 -8.8 0.2 1.0 2.4 2.7

Paper manufacturing

322

1.753 121.8 121.9 -1.6 0.0 -0.2 0.2 0.1

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2015=100)

323

0.270 100.0 100.0 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.100 77.8 88.1 -21.5 1.9 4.4 13.2 13.2

Chemical manufacturing

325

12.917 113.1 113.7 -6.2 -0.2 0.5 0.4 0.5

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.400 115.4 115.4 -2.4 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.869 112.4 112.2 -0.2 0.0 0.1 0.4 -0.2

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

62.180 111.3 111.1 -1.1 0.3 0.0 0.2 -0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.281 134.4 130.9 -6.1 4.4 -0.2 2.3 -2.6

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.308 130.1 130.0 0.7 -0.2 -0.3 0.5 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.665 126.0 126.2 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.555 83.8 83.7 -2.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.864 112.6 112.9 -1.4 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.418 122.0 122.1 0.4 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.405 113.7 115.0 5.4 -0.1 0.4 0.2 1.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.684 121.0 120.0 -2.9 -0.2 -0.5 0.0 -0.8

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2015 to June 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
May
2016(1)
Index Percent change
May
2016
June
2016
Annual Monthly
June
2015
to
June
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.500 191.4 187.0 1.0 0.1 2.7 2.1 -2.3

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.399 243.9 234.8 0.1 -3.1 4.8 6.4 -3.7

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.785 141.2 136.7 7.4 1.9 3.0 1.9 -3.2

Vegetable products

II

1.955 193.2 184.7 -8.5 -3.4 1.0 -0.5 -4.4

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.455 411.0 407.4 -11.4 -5.2 4.8 -7.7 -0.9

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.563 92.2 79.9 -16.3 -2.8 -1.7 -0.3 -13.3

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.363 228.3 230.1 -5.1 -0.4 0.8 0.8 0.8

Oilseeds & misc grains, seeds, plants, straw & fodder (Dec. 2015=100)

12

0.175 107.0 107.3 - -0.7 1.9 3.5 0.3

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.281 106.7 106.8 0.8 2.9 6.3 -2.2 0.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.791 160.4 163.5 1.7 0.7 0.3 0.5 1.9

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.191 85.8 86.9 -4.0 1.3 -0.1 -0.2 1.3

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.248 114.6 115.2 3.5 4.1 0.7 2.9 0.5

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.288 133.2 133.2 0.9 0.2 0.5 0.1 0.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.324 154.5 154.6 -0.6 0.8 0.3 -0.6 0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.039 128.8 128.7 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Mineral products

V

8.045 146.0 154.6 -26.7 8.6 9.7 14.9 5.9

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.786 143.2 152.2 -26.9 9.0 10.0 15.5 6.3

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.925 147.2 147.0 -0.9 -1.1 0.0 0.3 -0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.570 264.6 260.4 -12.5 -1.0 -1.1 0.7 -1.6

Organic chemicals

29

2.391 120.6 120.9 -2.3 -2.4 0.4 0.3 0.2

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.889 142.8 142.2 4.0 0.1 -0.1 0.6 -0.4

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.286 77.2 78.1 -29.6 -7.7 1.0 -0.8 1.2

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.189 97.6 97.8 -1.7 1.0 0.1 0.3 0.2

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.669 101.3 101.0 12.2 0.0 -1.3 0.0 -0.3

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.511 136.5 136.6 -3.9 -0.4 0.3 0.3 0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.254 140.2 140.3 -4.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.257 131.6 131.6 -3.3 -0.8 0.6 0.4 0.0

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.715 124.7 124.1 -3.1 -0.4 -0.2 0.1 -0.5

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.681 129.3 128.9 -1.4 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.824 139.7 140.6 1.4 0.9 1.8 0.9 0.6

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.798 96.0 96.6 1.6 1.0 1.8 1.1 0.6

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.158 109.8 109.9 -1.8 0.4 -0.4 0.0 0.1

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.786 104.6 104.4 -1.5 0.4 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.212 100.3 100.4 - 0.4 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.520 113.4 113.4 -1.0 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 0.0

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.280 103.5 103.4 -0.8 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.918 120.1 120.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.638 103.1 103.0 -3.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.542 123.0 122.9 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.340 122.1 122.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.973 132.4 131.4 -1.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 -0.8

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.339 100.5 98.9 - 0.4 0.4 0.7 -1.6

Ceramic products

69

0.284 137.5 137.0 -1.4 -0.7 0.0 0.0 -0.4

Glass and glassware

70

0.350 130.2 130.0 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 -0.2

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.123 172.4 167.7 -1.8 3.3 -0.1 2.8 -2.7

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.452 155.0 155.6 -7.4 0.2 0.7 1.6 0.4

Iron and steel

72

1.295 164.1 170.2 -6.3 0.1 3.5 5.7 3.7

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.736 139.0 139.1 -6.1 -0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.368 246.5 240.3 -19.8 2.9 -0.2 -0.8 -2.5

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.735 122.3 120.9 -8.1 0.4 0.1 1.3 -1.1

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.449 122.8 122.6 -5.0 -0.7 -0.8 -0.7 -0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.530 136.7 136.7 -1.2 -0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.854 81.1 80.8 -2.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.4

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.689 86.2 85.7 -2.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.2 -0.6

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.165 76.2 76.1 -1.9 -0.1 -0.4 0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.482 114.3 114.4 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.970 112.9 113.1 -0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.440 120.2 119.0 -0.8 0.0 -0.1 0.0 -1.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

4.039 103.3 103.5 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 0.1 0.2

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.706 100.1 100.3 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 0.2

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.268 141.8 141.6 -0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.226 112.2 112.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.587 116.9 116.6 -0.6 -0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.3

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.358 103.5 103.7 -1.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.281 135.2 135.2 0.8 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: June 2015 to June 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
May
2016(1)
Index Percent change
May
2016
June
2016
Annual Monthly
June
2015
to
June
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.728 185.1 187.3 -3.2 0.4 0.1 0.9 1.2

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.044 149.1 151.1 0.2 2.5 -0.2 2.3 1.3

Vegetable products

II

4.456 199.6 207.5 0.7 -4.5 1.2 4.7 4.0

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.935 156.3 156.4 -10.7 -8.7 -2.2 1.7 0.1

Cereals

10

1.291 184.7 192.4 -1.0 -4.3 0.6 3.9 4.2

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.644 204.8 220.3 7.6 -3.4 3.3 9.3 7.6

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.973 148.5 150.0 -2.1 -0.2 1.0 1.4 1.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.380 119.0 118.9 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.545 109.7 111.3 -0.8 0.9 1.8 2.4 1.5

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.664 199.8 209.9 -2.1 -1.3 0.7 3.7 5.1

Mineral products

V

6.278 153.6 169.4 -19.8 -0.9 3.5 9.3 10.3

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.475 74.6 77.1 -8.2 3.3 3.2 1.1 3.4

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

5.600 145.5 161.8 -21.1 -1.2 3.6 10.5 11.2

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.756 135.4 136.1 -5.4 -0.1 0.4 0.4 0.5

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.906 171.9 171.3 -7.2 -0.3 -0.3 0.1 -0.3

Organic chemicals

29

2.460 132.1 133.4 -9.5 -0.1 1.3 0.3 1.0

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.939 107.3 107.1 -4.0 0.3 0.4 0.8 -0.2

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.552 99.4 99.7 - 0.0 0.3 0.2 0.3

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.837 134.6 134.5 -1.7 0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.519 116.4 116.6 2.1 0.0 0.3 -0.2 0.2

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.824 144.0 146.7 -3.5 -0.5 -0.3 0.5 1.9

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.118 136.3 136.2 -4.8 0.0 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.122 131.4 131.6 -5.0 -0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.996 157.3 155.9 -3.7 0.4 0.2 0.8 -0.9

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.328 118.6 119.8 -14.4 -2.6 0.7 0.1 1.0

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.182 69.4 69.6 -20.7 0.6 1.3 0.3 0.3

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.654 95.4 95.9 -1.1 -0.7 1.1 0.3 0.5

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.137 121.5 121.8 -1.5 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.616 123.6 124.7 -1.3 2.0 1.9 0.9 0.9

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.138 119.7 119.6 -2.7 0.1 -0.5 0.0 -0.1

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.383 100.4 100.4 1.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.717 119.5 119.5 -2.2 -0.9 0.5 0.2 0.0

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.389 115.2 117.9 -0.8 -3.1 2.5 2.3 2.3

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.872 122.6 122.7 0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.295 100.5 100.5 - 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.441 99.5 99.7 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.480 234.8 229.6 -1.8 3.4 0.0 1.6 -2.2

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.053 144.9 143.1 -6.5 0.8 0.4 2.3 -1.2

Iron and steel

72

1.069 150.4 143.8 -13.1 -0.1 3.4 8.0 -4.4

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.420 150.4 149.9 -21.6 5.2 -0.3 -0.7 -0.3

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.788 105.7 104.8 -9.3 2.9 0.3 2.8 -0.9

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.394 100.0 100.0 - 0.0 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.358 148.2 148.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.981 95.9 95.9 -1.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.914 112.8 112.9 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

12.067 77.7 77.6 -2.1 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.251 131.5 131.6 0.6 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.286 114.9 114.9 -0.1 -0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.288 107.0 106.4 -1.3 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.6

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.547 110.8 111.6 0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.7 0.7

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.919 124.9 126.2 2.1 0.0 0.3 -0.4 1.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.474 89.2 89.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: June 2015 to June 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
May
2016(1)
Index Percent change
May
2016
June
2016
Annual Monthly
June
2015
to
June
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 117.0 117.6 -4.0 0.5 0.8 1.7 0.5

Nonmanufactured articles

7.533 122.0 126.2 -22.1 10.2 9.2 13.2 3.4

Manufactured articles

92.020 116.1 116.4 -2.3 0.0 0.1 0.9 0.3

Other Countries(3)

100.000 117.2 117.6 -5.5 0.3 0.5 1.1 0.3

Nonmanufactured articles

8.117 161.2 166.2 -25.9 5.7 6.5 8.6 3.1

Manufactured articles

91.635 102.8 102.9 -2.6 -0.1 0.1 0.5 0.1

Canada

100.000 118.6 120.3 -8.1 1.6 3.4 4.0 1.4

Nonmanufactured articles

21.571 116.1 120.7 -22.4 10.7 9.9 13.6 4.0

Manufactured articles

77.629 123.2 124.1 -3.4 -0.3 1.8 1.7 0.7

European Union(4)

100.000 132.0 132.1 -2.1 -0.2 0.2 0.6 0.1

Manufactured articles

99.530 128.6 128.8 -2.0 -0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.8 122.7 0.7 0.2 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 113.2 113.3 -3.2 -0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.1

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 118.9 118.6 -2.5 -2.6 0.2 0.3 -0.3

Latin America(5)

100.000 137.7 138.1 -8.2 0.8 0.8 1.5 0.3

Nonmanufactured articles

15.526 182.2 186.9 -23.6 5.6 5.1 7.2 2.6

Manufactured articles

83.982 119.3 119.2 -4.4 0.1 0.1 0.4 -0.1

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 125.4 125.6 -4.8 0.2 0.3 0.8 0.2

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

7.845 98.6 101.3 -25.8 3.5 5.0 8.7 2.7

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

91.691 88.9 88.8 -2.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.2 -0.1

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.7 98.5 -1.8 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 101.3 100.9 -1.9 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Japan

100.000 95.3 95.3 -0.6 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 84.7 84.3 -2.2 -0.6 -0.1 0.1 -0.5

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 96.8 97.4 -1.1 0.0 0.4 0.1 0.6

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 138.7 140.2 -24.0 4.1 6.8 6.0 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: June 2015 to June 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
May
2016(1)
Index Percent change
May
2016
June
2016
Annual Monthly
June
2015
to
June
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016
Mar.
2016
to
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2016
to
May
2016
May
2016
to
June
2016

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 151.1 148.1 -13.0 -0.1 0.9 -0.9 -2.0

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

23.897 137.7 138.0 -7.9 1.2 -3.3 1.4 0.2

Asia

61.968 133.2 129.0 -16.8 -0.5 3.0 -2.2 -3.2

Export Air Freight

100.000 154.2 153.6 -2.7 -3.1 0.1 0.2 -0.4

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

37.665 145.5 145.5 -3.6 -3.6 -0.5 0.0 0.0

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 144.2 142.2 -10.2 -1.4 1.2 -1.5 -1.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

28.738 135.4 135.4 -3.6 0.7 -0.1 0.7 0.0

Asia

56.572 126.1 123.1 -15.4 -2.4 2.4 -3.1 -2.4

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 138.4 138.1 -7.1 -3.4 -2.0 0.1 -0.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

32.629 142.4 141.0 -10.8 -4.2 -6.1 0.0 -1.0

Asia

43.557 131.6 131.9 -7.1 -4.3 0.0 0.0 0.2

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 188.3 188.8 -8.4 -5.4 3.5 1.5 0.3

Europe

44.996 221.5 224.0 -7.4 -11.3 5.1 0.5 1.1

Asia

23.369 139.5 147.7 -6.9 -2.8 3.8 3.0 5.9

Latin America/Caribbean

8.511 144.1 152.3 -4.6 1.2 -2.2 -0.7 5.7

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 146.5 151.7 -10.0 7.5 -6.0 -0.5 3.5

Europe

32.007 191.1 208.3 -9.1 14.7 -11.4 -3.4 9.0

Asia

31.066 133.4 134.5 -6.1 1.2 -3.7 7.8 0.8

Latin America/Caribbean

23.975 149.8 153.8 -10.4 4.3 -4.3 0.1 2.7

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


					     TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: July 13, 2016