U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until					USDL-15-1560
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Thursday, August 13, 2015

Technical information: (202) 691-7101 * MXPinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/mxp
Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                           U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - JULY 2015

U.S. import prices declined 0.9 percent in July, after recording no change the previous month, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Both fuel prices and nonfuel prices contributed to the July 
decrease. The price index for U.S. exports fell 0.2 percent in July following a 0.3-percent drop in June. 

Imports

All Imports: Import prices fell 0.9 percent in July, the first monthly decline since the index decreased 0.2 
percent in April and the largest 1-month drop since a 3.2-percent decline in January. A downturn in fuel 
prices in July drove much of the overall decrease, although a continued downward trend in nonfuel prices 
also supported the drop. The price index for overall imports decreased 10.4 percent for the year ended in 
July, and has not recorded a 12-month advance since the index rose 0.9 percent in July 2014.           

Fuel Imports: Prices for import fuel declined 5.7 percent in July, after rising 16.3 percent between 
February and June. The July drop was led by a 5.9-percent drop in petroleum prices that followed a 1.6-
percent increase the previous month. Natural gas prices also reversed direction in July, falling 2.0 percent, 
after recording a 2.4-percent advance in June. Fuel prices declined 42.7 percent over the past year. The price 
indexes for petroleum and natural gas also fell between July 2014 and July 2015, decreasing 43.4 percent 
and 42.8 percent, respectively.  

All Imports Excluding Fuel: The price index for nonfuel imports fell 0.3 percent in July and has not 
recorded a monthly advance since the index ticked up 0.1 percent in July 2014. In July 2015, lower prices 
for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials, consumer goods, and capital goods all contributed to the 
overall decrease. Prices for nonfuel imports also declined over the past 12 months, falling 2.6 percent. The 
drop was the largest year-over-year decrease since the index fell 3.1 percent for the 12 months ended in 
October 2009. Lower prices over the past year for finished goods; nonfuel industrial supplies and materials; 
and foods, feeds, and beverages all contributed to the 12-month decline for nonfuel import prices in July.     

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2014

July

-0.3 -1.5 0.1 0.1 -1.8 0.2

August

-0.8 -3.8 0.0 -0.5 -3.1 -0.2

September

-0.8 -3.6 -0.2 -0.4 -1.6 -0.2

October

-1.4 -6.8 -0.1 -0.9 -2.2 -0.7

November

-1.8 -9.3 -0.3 -0.9 0.1 -1.0

December

-2.5 -15.0 -0.1 -0.9 -0.7 -1.0

2015

January

-3.2 -20.1 -0.7 -1.7 -1.4 -1.8

February

-0.4 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -2.2 0.2

March

-0.2 1.5 -0.4 0.0 -1.6 0.2

April

-0.2 (r)1.8 -0.3 (r)-0.6 -0.9 -0.7

May

1.2 10.8 0.0 (r)0.5 (r)-1.3 0.7

June

(r)0.0 (r)1.6 -0.2 (r)-0.3 (r)-1.6 (r)-0.2

July

-0.9 -5.7 -0.3 -0.2 0.8 -0.4

July 2013 to 2014

0.9 2.9 0.5 0.4 -2.7 0.7

July 2014 to 2015

-10.4 -42.7 -2.6 -6.1 -14.6 -5.1

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Exports 

All Exports: U.S. export prices fell 0.2 percent in July as decreasing nonagricultural prices more than offset 
an upturn in agricultural prices. The July drop followed a 0.3-percent decrease in June and a 0.5-percent 
increase in May. The price index for exports also declined over the past year, falling 6.1 percent, and has not 
recorded a 12-month increase since the index rose 0.4 percent in August 2014.                

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: The price index for nonagricultural exports decreased 0.4 percent in 
July, after declining 0.2 percent the previous month. Falling prices for each of the major finished goods 
categories and nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials contributed to the July decrease. 
Nonagricultural exports fell 5.1 percent over the past 12 months, driven by a 13.6-percent decrease in the 
price index for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials.     

Agricultural Exports: Prices for agricultural exports increased 0.8 percent in July following a 1.6-percent 
decline in June. The July advance is the first monthly rise since the index ticked up 0.1 percent in November 
2014, and the largest 1-month increase since the index rose 1.5 percent in April 2014. The July upturn was 
led by an 8.8-percent rise in soybean prices, a 7.0-percent advance in wheat prices, and a 10.7-percent 
increase in corn prices. The price index for agricultural exports fell 14.6 percent over the past year.  


                                       SELECTED JULY HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Prices for imports from China fell 0.2 percent in July following a 0.1-
percent drop the previous month. Import prices from China have not recorded a monthly increase since the 
index advanced 0.1 percent in December, and the index declined 1.2 percent over the past 12 months. The 
price index for imports from Japan declined 0.3 percent in July, after a 0.5-percent drop in June. Prices for 
imports from Japan fell 3.0 percent for the year ended in July. Import prices from Canada, Mexico, and the 
European Union also decreased in July, led by falling prices for fuel. In July, prices for imports from 
Canada declined 1.7 percent, import prices from Mexico decreased 0.8 percent, and the price index for 
imports from the European Union edged down 0.1 percent.                 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices declined 0.8 
percent in July following a 0.4-percent decrease the previous month. Falling metals prices, which decreased 
3.4 percent in July and 1.4 percent in June, drove the decline in each month.   

Finished Goods: Both consumer goods prices and capital goods prices fell in July, while the price index for 
automotive vehicles recorded no change. Consumer goods prices declined 0.3 percent led by lower prices 
for household goods and medicinal, dental, and pharmaceutical materials. Prices for capital goods decreased 
0.2 percent driven by lower prices for computers, peripherals, and semiconductors.          

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: The price index for import foods, feeds, and beverages recorded no change 
in July, after decreasing 0.7 percent in June.          

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares fell 4.1 percent in July following an 8.9-percent 
increase in June and a 1.9-percent rise in May. The July downturn was led by a 6.9-percent decline in 
European fares and a 3.2-percent decrease in Asian fares. The index for import air passenger fares fell 2.4 
percent for the year ended in July. Import air freight prices decreased 3.1 percent in July, after declining 0.8 
percent in June. The July drop was led by lower Asian air freight prices and was the largest monthly decline 
since the index fell 3.3 percent in January 2012. Prices for import air freight decreased 5.9 percent over the 
past year.


Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials 
prices declined 1.1 percent in July following a 0.3-percent drop the previous month. The July decrease was 
driven by lower prices for metals, fuel, and chemicals.    

Finished Goods: Each of the major finished goods categories recorded declines in July. Consumer goods 
prices and prices for automotive vehicles each fell 0.2 percent. The price index for capital goods edged 
down 0.1 percent.            

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares increased 3.1 percent in July, led by a 4.0-percent 
advance in European fares. The rise in overall export air passenger fares is the largest monthly increase 
since the index advanced 8.3 percent in December 2014. Despite the July rise, export air passenger fares fell 
15.5 percent over the past 12 months. Export air freight prices rose 0.4 percent in July and fell 0.9 percent 
over the past year.       

Import and Export Price Index data for August 2015 are scheduled for release on Thursday, September 10, 
2015 at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).    


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2014 to July 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
June
2015(1)
Index Percent change
June
2015
July
2015
Annual Monthly
July
2014
to
July
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015

All commodities

  100.000 126.6 125.5 -10.4 -0.2 1.2 0.0 -0.9

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  81.967 100.0 99.7 -2.6 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

All imports excluding petroleum

  88.577 112.8 112.5 -2.8 -0.4 0.0 -0.2 -0.3

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  87.833 116.9 116.6 -2.6 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

5.866 175.5 175.5 -1.7 -0.9 0.2 -0.7 0.0

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.583 195.0 195.1 -0.6 -0.8 0.9 -0.6 0.1

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.283 131.0 130.8 -5.6 -1.3 -2.1 -1.2 -0.2

Industrial supplies & materials

1

25.501 186.0 180.2 -28.7 0.3 4.8 0.6 -3.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.079 148.4 147.1 -9.3 -1.2 -0.1 -0.3 -0.9

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.335 168.4 167.1 -7.7 -0.8 -0.1 -0.4 -0.8

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  7.857 155.2 152.9 -10.1 -1.1 -0.4 -0.6 -1.5

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.478 139.9 139.7 -8.2 -1.3 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Fuels & lubricants

10

12.166 209.7 197.8 -42.7 1.8 10.8 1.6 -5.7

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

11.423 229.7 216.2 -43.4 2.4 11.7 1.6 -5.9

Crude

10000

8.375 236.4 218.2 -45.2 5.0 13.4 2.8 -7.7

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.544 97.2 95.8 -35.4 -8.8 -0.7 1.5 -1.4

Gas-natural

10110

0.388 80.6 79.0 -42.8 -12.0 -0.9 2.4 -2.0

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.584 110.3 109.9 -3.2 -0.4 -0.1 -0.6 -0.4

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.962 161.2 161.7 -4.2 -0.5 0.3 0.2 0.3

Selected building materials

13

1.186 136.6 137.7 -3.2 -0.8 -1.2 0.8 0.8

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.265 207.2 200.1 -18.3 -1.9 -0.3 -1.4 -3.4

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.681 152.6 151.5 -4.5 -0.2 -0.3 -0.5 -0.7

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.657 109.7 109.7 -2.1 -0.4 0.2 -0.3 0.0

Capital goods

2

27.185 90.9 90.7 -2.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Electric generating equipment

20

3.314 118.2 117.9 -2.2 -0.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.470 83.4 83.2 -2.3 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.400 137.0 137.0 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

15.113 111.1 111.1 -1.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

26.334 107.4 107.1 -1.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.557 119.1 118.8 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.3

Durables, manufactured

41

12.313 95.7 95.5 -2.2 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.464 118.5 117.6 -3.1 -0.1 0.3 0.2 -0.8

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2014 to July 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
June
2015(1)
Index Percent change
June
2015
July
2015
Annual Monthly
July
2014
to
July
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015

All commodities

  100.000 125.3 125.0 -6.1 -0.6 0.5 -0.3 -0.2

Agricultural commodities

  8.778 184.3 185.8 -14.6 -0.9 -1.3 -1.6 0.8

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.711 100.5 100.1 -2.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

Nonagricultural commodities

  91.221 120.9 120.4 -5.1 -0.7 0.7 -0.2 -0.4

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.085 184.5 187.9 -14.4 -1.1 -1.3 -2.3 1.8

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.443 185.8 188.7 -15.3 -1.1 -1.0 -1.6 1.6

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.642 178.6 187.1 -1.2 -2.0 -3.9 -9.7 4.8

Industrial supplies & materials

1

31.395 155.8 154.0 -13.5 -1.5 2.1 -0.4 -1.2

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.994 159.7 157.1 -8.9 -0.4 0.0 -0.2 -1.6

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  20.400 154.6 153.1 -15.8 -2.0 3.1 -0.5 -1.0

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.335 180.4 174.7 -9.6 -0.2 -2.3 -1.6 -3.2

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  30.060 155.1 153.4 -13.6 -1.6 2.2 -0.3 -1.1

Fuels & lubricants

11

8.203 186.2 184.3 -28.7 -5.8 8.0 -0.4 -1.0

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

20.874 157.8 155.9 -6.9 0.0 0.3 -0.3 -1.2

Selected building materials

13

0.983 115.8 115.9 -6.2 -0.5 -0.7 -1.7 0.1

Capital goods

2

37.863 107.5 107.4 0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.826 114.5 114.1 -1.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.877 95.1 94.9 -0.6 -0.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.160 161.5 161.7 3.5 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.172 114.0 113.8 -0.4 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.484 112.8 112.6 -2.4 -0.4 0.0 0.3 -0.2

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.548 108.8 108.6 -3.4 -0.4 0.1 0.3 -0.2

Durables, manufactured

41

5.322 110.6 110.5 -1.3 -0.5 -0.1 0.3 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2014 to July 2015
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
June
2015(1)
Index Percent change
June
2015
July
2015
Annual Monthly
July
2014
to
July
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015

Nonmanufactured articles

  11.026 110.6 103.9 -40.1 2.5 9.9 1.9 -6.1

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.029 176.7 175.7 -1.2 -0.1 1.7 -0.7 -0.6

Crop production

111

1.625 186.6 185.2 0.4 0.2 2.6 -1.1 -0.8

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.228 94.2 92.3 - 0.3 -2.1 2.5 -2.0

Forestry and logging (Dec. 2012=100)

113

0.108 63.9 64.9 -17.5 -2.1 -0.6 -0.2 1.6

Mining

21

8.997 103.0 95.4 -44.8 3.1 12.2 2.5 -7.4

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.211 101.9 97.6 -20.8 -11.9 0.3 -0.5 -4.2

Manufactured articles

  88.658 111.8 111.5 -4.3 -0.4 0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

11.795 124.4 124.2 -1.4 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Food manufacturing

311

3.258 152.3 152.0 -5.5 -0.9 -0.6 -0.7 -0.2

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.072 117.7 118.3 0.8 -0.3 0.0 0.2 0.5

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.400 101.2 100.8 -1.6 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.4

Textile product mills

314

0.876 112.4 111.9 -2.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.317 112.1 111.9 0.6 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.872 124.2 124.3 0.6 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

17.500 123.9 123.6 -10.2 -0.7 1.2 -0.2 -0.2

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.705 114.1 115.5 -5.2 -1.3 -2.0 1.2 1.2

Paper manufacturing

322

1.087 108.4 107.9 -2.9 -0.5 0.1 -0.6 -0.5

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.905 102.8 101.9 -37.0 -3.0 7.9 -1.2 -0.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.469 134.4 134.3 -2.0 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.161 119.5 118.8 -2.5 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.6

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.968 131.2 131.1 0.5 -0.1 0.1 0.7 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

59.363 105.3 104.9 -3.0 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.934 138.4 134.3 -16.7 -1.8 -0.7 -1.3 -3.0

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.981 126.1 125.9 -0.9 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.122 119.0 118.7 -2.2 -0.5 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.461 78.0 77.9 -2.5 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.637 117.6 116.9 -1.8 -0.8 -0.1 0.0 -0.6

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.249 110.1 110.2 -1.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.562 116.1 115.9 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.418 120.1 119.9 -2.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2014 to July 2015
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
June
2015(1)
Index Percent change
June
2015
July
2015
Annual Monthly
July
2014
to
July
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015

Nonmanufactured articles

  6.327 131.6 135.2 -14.2 -2.2 -0.4 -2.1 2.7

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.163 162.5 168.7 -10.9 0.4 -1.7 -1.9 3.8

Crop production

111

3.932 168.9 175.4 -11.0 0.6 -1.6 -1.3 3.8

Mining

21

2.164 73.2 73.7 -19.3 -7.1 1.9 -2.3 0.7

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.206 89.1 86.5 -11.6 -1.0 1.5 -1.7 -2.9

Manufactured articles

  92.103 115.1 114.7 -5.2 -0.7 0.5 -0.2 -0.3

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.903 139.5 137.9 -13.2 -1.5 -1.0 -1.2 -1.1

Food manufacturing

311

4.712 157.2 155.5 -16.2 -2.1 -0.9 -1.4 -1.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.586 111.6 109.7 -4.6 1.3 -2.5 -3.1 -1.7

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

24.748 116.5 115.7 -12.5 -1.5 2.5 -0.3 -0.7

Paper manufacturing

322

1.869 123.9 124.1 -0.8 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.735 112.5 110.5 -32.7 -6.6 10.2 -0.1 -1.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.303 121.2 120.5 -6.2 0.3 0.6 -0.3 -0.6

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.237 118.5 118.0 -0.8 -0.5 0.1 -0.3 -0.4

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.818 112.4 112.4 -0.8 -0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

60.452 112.2 112.0 -0.9 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.731 139.2 137.2 -9.1 -0.6 -0.6 -0.8 -1.4

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.987 129.0 129.2 0.7 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.473 125.4 125.3 1.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.145 85.6 85.4 -2.4 -0.7 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.732 114.7 114.3 -0.4 0.2 0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.430 121.6 121.6 1.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.379 109.1 109.2 1.1 0.8 1.0 -0.5 0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.576 123.5 123.2 -1.4 -0.5 -0.1 0.4 -0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2014 to July 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
June
2015(1)
Index Percent change
June
2015
July
2015
Annual Monthly
July
2014
to
July
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015

Live animals; animal products

I

1.322 185.5 185.8 -6.8 -1.0 -1.7 -0.7 0.2

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.312 235.2 241.7 -8.7 -0.5 0.4 -2.4 2.8

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.666 127.5 127.4 -8.4 -1.8 -2.9 -1.6 -0.1

Vegetable products

II

1.940 201.7 200.9 1.1 -1.5 3.5 -0.9 -0.4

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.539 459.9 469.9 28.6 -4.4 14.1 -1.3 2.2

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.477 95.5 97.0 -0.9 -0.3 -1.0 -3.0 1.6

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.370 242.1 232.3 -7.0 -0.2 -1.6 0.7 -4.0

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.268 105.9 104.2 -10.4 -4.1 1.6 0.5 -1.6

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.764 160.6 161.6 -0.6 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2 0.6

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.184 90.7 91.0 0.9 -0.7 -0.1 -0.3 0.3

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.248 111.1 113.2 -1.1 0.0 2.2 0.5 1.9

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.276 132.0 132.0 0.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.324 155.0 155.4 -7.6 -0.8 -2.2 -1.9 0.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.040 127.5 128.2 0.3 -0.4 0.1 0.0 0.5

Mineral products

V

12.072 210.9 198.7 -42.9 1.5 10.9 1.7 -5.8

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

11.832 208.1 196.0 -43.2 1.8 11.1 1.7 -5.8

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.617 148.3 148.4 -2.7 0.2 0.1 -0.3 0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.655 296.8 291.4 -5.8 1.0 -0.7 -1.8 -1.8

Organic chemicals

29

2.439 123.6 126.0 -7.6 0.6 0.3 -0.5 1.9

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.468 136.7 136.1 1.3 0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.4

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.382 111.7 111.3 3.9 -2.0 1.8 -1.8 -0.4

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.204 99.5 98.6 -3.9 -1.7 0.0 1.2 -0.9

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.544 90.0 89.9 -3.5 0.3 -0.6 0.0 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.375 142.1 141.4 -3.9 -0.8 -0.1 -0.1 -0.5

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.196 146.4 145.8 -2.9 -0.8 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.179 136.1 135.3 -5.7 -0.9 -0.1 0.1 -0.6

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.715 128.1 128.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.675 130.8 130.8 0.3 0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.0

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.731 138.6 140.2 -5.1 -1.2 -1.9 1.1 1.2

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.694 95.1 96.3 - -1.2 -2.0 1.2 1.3

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.145 111.9 111.5 -1.9 -0.4 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.764 106.1 105.5 -1.6 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.6

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.433 114.6 114.4 0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.177 104.3 104.2 1.3 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.948 120.1 119.9 0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.633 106.6 105.8 -2.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.8

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.484 123.0 123.1 0.8 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.290 122.1 122.2 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.896 133.0 132.9 -0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.4 -0.1

Ceramic products

69

0.267 138.9 138.6 -2.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.2

Glass and glassware

70

0.313 129.8 129.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.015 170.8 167.6 -9.8 -0.3 -0.5 -0.2 -1.9

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.247 168.1 165.3 -10.1 -1.3 -0.1 -0.9 -1.7

Iron and steel

72

1.075 181.5 177.8 -20.5 -4.9 -2.1 -0.6 -2.0

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.658 148.1 147.3 -4.8 -0.6 -0.2 -0.8 -0.5

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.475 299.8 282.8 -13.0 0.9 0.8 2.4 -5.7

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.731 131.5 129.7 -8.5 0.3 0.1 -3.5 -1.4

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.443 129.0 128.5 -0.5 -0.2 0.0 0.2 -0.4

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.516 138.4 138.4 1.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.388 82.6 82.3 -2.5 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

14.932 87.7 87.4 -2.5 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.3

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

14.456 77.6 77.5 -2.5 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.636 114.6 114.7 -0.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.320 113.2 113.3 -0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.225 119.9 119.9 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.858 103.7 103.6 -1.1 -0.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.539 100.6 100.4 -1.1 -0.3 0.0 0.1 -0.2

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.258 141.9 142.7 -0.4 -0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.6

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

3.986 112.8 112.9 -0.9 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.399 117.3 117.3 -0.9 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.332 104.8 104.8 -1.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.255 134.2 134.2 -0.6 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: July 2014 to July 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
June
2015(1)
Index Percent change
June
2015
July
2015
Annual Monthly
July
2014
to
July
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015

Live animals; animal products

I

1.840 194.1 190.6 -24.3 -3.2 -1.7 -3.4 -1.8

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.079 150.8 147.0 -26.2 -3.9 -1.3 -2.8 -2.5

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.398 206.9 212.5 2.9 -3.8 -2.1 -6.2 2.7

Vegetable products

II

3.904 206.1 213.2 -12.2 -0.3 -1.0 -2.0 3.4

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

1.122 175.2 171.4 2.1 -0.9 4.7 -3.2 -2.2

Cereals

10

0.981 194.4 210.8 -11.1 2.9 -9.1 0.9 8.4

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.373 204.7 217.7 -22.4 -1.4 -0.1 -3.5 6.4

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.207 98.8 99.0 -13.7 -1.4 -0.3 3.9 0.2

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.913 153.1 152.4 -8.9 -0.7 -1.2 -1.4 -0.5

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.401 118.1 118.3 0.2 -0.3 0.2 -0.3 0.2

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.521 112.2 108.5 -2.1 0.3 0.2 1.4 -3.3

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.712 213.9 215.2 -18.5 -0.1 -4.5 -3.9 0.6

Mineral products

V

7.991 212.0 209.2 -29.5 -6.0 8.0 -1.0 -1.3

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.484 86.8 81.4 -15.7 -2.0 4.6 -4.3 -6.2

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.322 205.3 203.1 -30.8 -6.4 8.6 -0.7 -1.1

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.916 143.9 143.1 -5.0 0.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.6

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.894 184.5 185.0 8.4 0.3 0.4 -0.6 0.3

Organic chemicals

29

2.959 146.8 144.2 -14.8 0.6 0.5 -0.1 -1.8

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.581 111.6 111.4 -4.0 -0.4 0.3 0.5 -0.2

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.792 136.8 136.7 2.3 0.5 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.479 113.9 113.9 -2.4 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.894 152.0 151.4 -1.0 0.5 -0.3 -1.0 -0.4

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.166 143.1 142.8 -5.0 -0.4 0.4 -0.8 -0.2

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.207 138.4 138.1 -4.9 -0.4 0.5 -1.1 -0.2

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.959 162.8 162.2 -5.9 -0.3 -0.2 0.4 -0.4

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.418 139.9 126.9 -21.5 -2.4 -1.8 -1.3 -9.3

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.251 87.6 74.4 - -3.7 -2.5 -2.7 -15.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.614 97.0 96.4 - -1.0 -0.2 -0.6 -0.6

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.240 123.7 125.5 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.2 1.5

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.634 126.4 129.1 -0.8 0.2 1.3 2.3 2.1

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.200 122.9 122.8 -1.5 0.2 0.0 -0.6 -0.1

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.406 99.1 103.6 - -1.2 0.0 0.0 4.5

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.781 122.3 122.2 -6.9 0.2 -0.6 0.2 -0.1

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.456 119.1 120.2 -14.3 0.9 -1.9 1.4 0.9

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.820 122.4 122.3 1.7 -0.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.422 99.0 99.1 0.4 -0.3 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.747 233.8 230.7 -8.6 -0.3 -0.6 -0.4 -1.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.195 152.9 149.9 -9.0 -0.7 0.3 0.3 -2.0

Iron and steel

72

1.230 165.5 157.8 -17.1 -1.7 -1.2 5.5 -4.7

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.518 191.3 181.8 -21.6 0.7 5.7 -4.0 -5.0

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.872 115.5 112.4 -9.4 -0.3 0.3 -2.4 -2.7

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.331 147.7 148.4 0.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.5

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.898 97.0 96.8 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.400 113.5 113.3 0.4 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.498 79.2 78.9 -2.1 -0.5 -0.3 0.0 -0.4

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.536 130.9 130.9 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.033 115.0 115.0 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.201 107.6 107.6 0.0 -0.4 -0.1 0.7 0.0

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.484 111.3 111.4 0.8 0.5 0.1 -0.3 0.1

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.845 123.7 123.7 1.6 1.1 0.4 -0.5 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.478 89.5 89.6 0.1 -0.3 -0.2 0.0 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: July 2014 to July 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
June
2015(1)
Index Percent change
June
2015
July
2015
Annual Monthly
July
2014
to
July
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 122.6 121.6 -9.0 0.0 1.1 0.5 -0.8

Nonmanufactured articles

9.248 162.1 152.1 -39.9 3.6 10.4 5.4 -6.2

Manufactured articles

90.299 119.1 118.9 -4.2 -0.4 0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Other Countries(3)

100.000 124.6 123.2 -11.0 -0.2 1.1 0.1 -1.1

Nonmanufactured articles

12.142 224.5 210.5 -40.0 2.9 9.8 0.4 -6.2

Manufactured articles

87.635 105.7 105.4 -3.8 -0.7 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

Canada

100.000 131.1 128.9 -17.2 0.6 2.5 1.5 -1.7

Nonmanufactured articles

25.191 155.8 146.1 -40.3 3.9 10.6 5.5 -6.2

Manufactured articles

74.104 128.7 128.5 -5.2 -0.2 0.2 0.3 -0.2

European Union(4)

100.000 134.9 134.8 -3.2 -0.5 0.7 0.2 -0.1

Manufactured articles

99.379 131.4 131.3 -3.1 -0.5 0.7 0.3 -0.1

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.9 121.8 -1.1 -0.3 -0.4 0.3 -0.1

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.0 116.9 -1.8 -0.3 -0.1 0.4 -0.1

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.7 121.5 -8.1 -0.4 0.2 0.1 -0.2

Latin America(5)

100.000 150.5 148.3 -14.0 0.3 1.5 -0.3 -1.5

Nonmanufactured articles

19.805 244.7 230.9 -37.4 3.3 8.4 -1.1 -5.6

Manufactured articles

79.796 124.7 124.3 -4.5 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 131.9 130.8 -7.6 0.1 0.5 0.1 -0.8

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

11.115 136.4 129.8 -33.7 2.2 6.9 1.1 -4.8

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

88.579 90.8 90.5 -2.5 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.3

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 100.3 100.1 -2.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 102.9 102.7 -1.2 0.0 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Japan

100.000 95.9 95.6 -3.0 -0.5 -0.1 -0.5 -0.3

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 86.5 86.2 -3.0 -0.2 0.2 -0.5 -0.3

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 98.9 98.6 -4.9 -1.0 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 184.1 173.8 -36.0 2.3 8.7 1.2 -5.6

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: July 2014 to July 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
June
2015(1)
Index Percent change
June
2015
July
2015
Annual Monthly
July
2014
to
July
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015
Apr.
2015
to
May
2015
May
2015
to
June
2015
June
2015
to
July
2015

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 170.2 165.0 -5.9 -0.3 -0.4 -0.8 -3.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

22.645 149.9 148.7 -17.3 -4.1 1.0 3.0 -0.8

Asia

65.042 155.0 148.4 -1.8 0.9 -0.9 -2.1 -4.3

Export Air Freight

100.000 157.9 158.5 -0.9 0.9 -0.4 0.3 0.4

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

36.713 150.9 151.6 6.0 1.5 -0.5 0.3 0.5

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 158.3 157.2 -4.9 0.0 -0.5 -0.3 -0.7

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

25.195 140.5 140.6 -12.1 -2.3 0.1 2.3 0.1

Asia

60.677 145.5 143.8 -2.4 1.0 -0.8 -1.4 -1.2

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 148.2 150.3 -1.8 -2.2 2.0 -0.3 1.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

31.227 158.1 158.3 -7.9 -6.7 -0.1 0.0 0.1

Asia

44.329 140.8 145.3 0.2 0.4 -0.2 0.1 3.2

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 206.2 197.8 -2.4 -2.9 1.9 8.9 -4.1

Europe

47.824 241.8 225.2 0.7 -5.5 3.4 6.4 -6.9

Asia

25.318 158.7 153.6 -6.5 -3.0 6.1 9.1 -3.2

Latin America/Caribbean

9.056 159.7 164.6 -4.4 -0.8 -3.9 0.3 3.1

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 166.8 172.0 -15.5 -3.6 2.8 2.3 3.1

Europe

32.279 227.5 236.5 -9.7 -4.0 4.3 8.4 4.0

Asia

27.399 142.5 143.0 -16.6 -5.5 9.1 0.4 0.4

Latin America/Caribbean

22.121 166.2 168.4 -10.1 -7.3 -3.1 0.5 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                            TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a two-year lag in 
the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More detailed index series 
and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) 
include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The NAICS 
classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price Index) to 
produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- Starting in September 2008 the Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service.  These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites.  Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally.  Starting in January 2008 the Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those 
sold by consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the Import Air Passenger Fares Index and 
excluded from the Export Air Passenger Fares Index. The Air Freight Indexes are calculated from data 
collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service 
being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground 
transportation or port service. The Air Freight Indexes are presented using two definitions: Balance of 
Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and International (which 
represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed 
information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP 
Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further 
data revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes news release is available through an 
e-mail subscription service at (http://www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm).

Additional Information -- More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at (http://www.bls.gov/mxp). For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For Import/Export Price Index data requests, send e-mail to 
(mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice 
phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: August 13, 2015