U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                               USDL-16-0745
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, April 12, 2016

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Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                          U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - MARCH 2016

U.S. import prices increased 0.2 percent in March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The 
advance followed a 0.4-percent drop the previous month and was driven by an upturn in fuel prices which 
more than offset lower nonfuel prices. Prices for U.S. exports recorded no change in March, after falling 0.5 
percent in February. 

Imports

All Imports: The price index for U.S. imports rose 0.2 percent in March, the first monthly increase for the 
index since a 0.1-percent uptick in June 2015. The March advance was the largest 1-month rise since the 
index increased 1.1 percent in May 2015. Despite the upturn, overall import prices remained down over the 
past year, falling 6.2 percent from March 2015 to March 2016. 

Fuel Imports: Import fuel prices increased 4.9 percent in March following declines of 5.9 percent in 
February, 15.7 percent in January, and 10.0 percent in December. The March advance was the first monthly 
increase since the index rose 1.5 percent in June 2015 and the largest advance since a 10.8-percent increase 
in May 2015. The March rise was led by a 6.5-percent advance in petroleum prices that more than offset a 
16.1-percent drop in natural gas prices. Fuel prices decreased 38.3 percent over the past 12 months; a 39.5-
percent decline in petroleum prices and a 37.7-percent fall in natural gas prices each contributed to the 
overall drop. 

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Prices for nonfuel imports in March fell 0.1 percent for a third consecutive 
month. Nonfuel import prices have not recorded an increase since the index advanced 0.1 percent in July 
2014. In March, falling prices for consumer goods; foods, feeds, and beverages; and capital goods more than 
countered rising prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials, and automotive vehicles. Nonfuel 
import prices declined 2.5 percent for the year ended in March. 

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2015

March

-0.2 1.5 -0.4 0.0 -1.6 0.2

April

-0.2 1.8 -0.3 -0.6 -0.9 -0.7

May

1.1 10.8 0.0 0.5 -1.3 0.6

June

0.1 1.5 -0.2 -0.3 -1.6 -0.1

July

-0.9 -6.1 -0.3 -0.4 1.0 -0.6

August

-1.8 -12.7 -0.3 -1.4 -2.5 -1.3

September

-1.1 -8.4 -0.3 -0.6 -1.4 -0.5

October

-0.3 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.3

November

-0.6 -4.0 -0.3 -0.7 -0.9 -0.7

December

-1.2 -10.0 -0.3 -1.1 -0.9 -1.1

2016

January

(r)-1.3 (r)-15.7 (r)-0.1 -0.8 -1.3 -0.9

February

(r)-0.4 (r)-5.9 -0.1 (r)-0.5 0.6 (r)-0.5

March

0.2 4.9 -0.1 0.0 -2.5 0.3

Mar. 2014 to 2015

-10.8 -47.7 -1.8 -6.7 -13.7 -5.8

Mar. 2015 to 2016

-6.2 -38.3 -2.5 -6.1 -11.1 -5.6

Footnotes
(r) Revised

Exports

All Exports: U.S. export prices recorded no change in March.  This is the first time that the index did not 
decline since a 0.5-percent rise in May 2015. Prior to March, export prices decreased 0.5 percent in 
February, 0.8 percent in January, and 1.1 percent in December. In March, agricultural prices declined and 
the price index for nonagricultural exports advanced. Overall prices for U.S. exports decreased 6.1 percent 
over the past year. 

Agricultural Exports: Prices for agricultural exports declined 2.5 percent in March, after rising 0.6 percent 
the previous month. The March decrease matched a 2.5-percent drop in August 2015; those were the largest 
1-month declines since the index fell 3.1 percent in August 2014. The decrease in March was driven by 
lower prices for fruit, soybeans, corn, and nuts. Agricultural prices also fell over the past 12 months, 
declining 11.1 percent for the year ended in March. 

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: The price index for nonagricultural exports rose 0.3 percent in March 
following a 0.5-percent decrease in February. The March advance was the first monthly increase for the 
index since a 0.6-percent rise in May 2015. In March, higher prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies 
and materials more than offset falling automotive vehicles prices. Despite the March upturn, nonagricultural 
export prices decreased 5.6 percent over the past 12 months. 


                                    SELECTED MARCH HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: In March, import prices from China declined 0.2 percent for the second 
consecutive month. The index has not recorded a monthly increase since ticking up 0.1 percent in December 
2014 and declined 1.8 percent over the past year. That matched the largest 12-month drop since the index 
decreased 2.4 percent for the year ended November 2009. Prices for imports from the European Union also 
declined in March, edging down 0.1 percent. In contrast, the price index for imports from Japan rose 0.1 
percent in March, after increasing 0.2 percent in February. Import prices from Canada and Mexico advanced 
0.5 percent and 0.1 percent, respectively, led by an upturn in petroleum prices. 

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonfuel industrial supplies and materials prices advanced 0.5 
percent in March, the first 1-month increase since the index rose 0.5 percent in July 2014 and the largest 
monthly advance since a 0.6-percent rise in March 2014. The March 2016 increase was led by a 3.2-percent 
increase in unfinished metals prices which more than offset lower chemical prices. 

Finished Goods: Consumer goods prices fell 0.3 percent in March, after increasing 0.3 percent in February. 
The March decline was led by a 1.0-percent drop in the price index for medicinal, dental, and 
pharmaceutical materials. Prices for capital goods also decreased in March, edging down 0.1 percent. In 
contrast, automotive vehicles prices rose 0.1 percent, the first monthly advance for the index since a 0.1-
percent increase in July 2015. 

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Prices for foods, feeds, and beverages declined 0.6 percent in March, 
following a 1.6-percent decrease the previous month. The March drop was driven by lower prices for 
vegetables, meat, and fruit. 

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares declined 5.4 percent in March, the largest monthly 
drop since the index fell 6.8 percent in January 2015. The March decrease was led by an 11.3-percent 
decline in European fares. The index for import air passenger fares fell 6.3 percent for the year ended in 
March. Import air freight prices decreased 0.1 percent in March and 12.6 percent over the past year. 

Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials 
prices rose 0.8 percent in March following a 2.2-percent decline the previous month. Higher metals prices in 
March drove the increase. 

Finished Goods: Finished goods prices were mixed in March. The price index for automotive vehicles 
decreased 0.2 percent for the second consecutive month. In contrast, consumer goods prices ticked up 0.1 
percent, the first 1-month increase since the index advanced 0.4 percent in June 2015. Prices for capital 
goods recorded no change in March. 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares advanced 7.8 percent in March following a 13.5-
percent drop the previous month. The March increase was the largest monthly rise since the index advanced 
8.3 percent in December 2014. Despite the March rise, export air passenger fares fell 4.6 percent over the 
past year. Export air freight prices declined 3.0 percent in March and 1.8 percent over the past year. 

Import and Export Price Index data for April 2016 are scheduled for release on Thursday, May 12, 2016 at 
8:30 a.m. (EDT). 

Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: March 2015 to March 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Feb.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Annual Monthly
Mar.
2015
to
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016
to
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016

All commodities

  100.000 117.3 117.5 -6.2 -1.2 -1.3 -0.4 0.2

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  87.776 98.2 98.1 -2.3 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.1

All imports excluding petroleum

  94.595 110.6 110.4 -2.7 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  93.974 114.7 114.6 -2.5 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.198 170.8 169.8 -4.6 -0.1 0.7 -1.6 -0.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.801 187.2 185.2 -5.5 -0.3 0.5 -2.0 -1.1

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.397 133.7 135.0 -1.6 0.5 1.4 -0.3 1.0

Industrial supplies & materials

1

19.476 136.2 138.7 -21.1 -4.8 -6.2 -2.0 1.8

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.072 136.8 136.8 -9.3 -1.4 -0.8 -0.4 0.0

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.451 155.5 156.2 -8.4 -1.3 -0.9 -0.2 0.5

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.024 142.2 144.2 -9.0 -1.7 -1.2 0.3 1.4

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.427 129.9 127.5 -9.8 -1.1 -0.3 -1.1 -1.8

Fuels & lubricants

10

6.024 107.6 112.9 -38.3 -10.0 -15.7 -5.9 4.9

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

5.403 112.3 119.6 -39.5 -10.5 -17.2 -6.2 6.5

Crude

10000

3.755 109.3 118.8 -38.5 -12.4 -17.1 -5.8 8.7

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.429 82.8 72.3 -31.7 -5.3 -2.5 -5.0 -12.7

Gas-natural

10110

0.336 67.0 56.2 -37.7 -7.5 0.0 -6.4 -16.1

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.594 107.7 107.5 -3.7 -0.9 -0.6 -0.1 -0.2

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.901 149.8 148.3 -8.0 -0.7 -0.5 -0.9 -1.0

Selected building materials

13

1.299 133.2 133.8 -3.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.7 0.5

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.164 174.2 179.8 -16.3 -3.6 -2.1 0.5 3.2

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.726 144.6 145.1 -5.8 -1.0 -0.6 0.0 0.3

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.767 108.7 108.5 -1.5 -0.3 -0.7 1.0 -0.2

Capital goods

2

29.474 89.6 89.5 -2.1 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Electric generating equipment

20

3.575 116.6 116.6 -2.2 -0.3 0.2 -0.2 0.0

Nonelectrical machinery

21

23.101 82.0 81.9 -2.4 -0.2 -0.4 0.0 -0.1

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.798 137.5 137.5 0.5 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.529 110.2 110.3 -0.9 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

28.322 107.7 107.4 -0.1 0.0 0.2 0.3 -0.3

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.542 120.8 120.2 0.9 0.1 0.5 0.8 -0.5

Durables, manufactured

41

13.229 94.8 94.7 -1.4 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.551 120.1 118.8 0.6 1.5 -0.4 0.3 -1.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: March 2015 to March 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Feb.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Annual Monthly
Mar.
2015
to
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016
to
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016

All commodities

  100.000 118.2 118.2 -6.1 -1.1 -0.8 -0.5 0.0

Agricultural commodities

  9.167 174.5 170.2 -11.1 -0.9 -1.3 0.6 -2.5

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  85.801 97.9 98.1 -2.7 -0.5 -0.3 0.0 0.2

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.834 114.0 114.3 -5.6 -1.1 -0.9 -0.5 0.3

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.588 176.2 171.8 -11.3 -1.2 -1.4 0.9 -2.5

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.900 176.2 171.5 -11.1 -1.1 -1.5 0.7 -2.7

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.688 184.4 182.9 -12.9 -1.2 -1.2 2.4 -0.8

Industrial supplies & materials

1

27.531 131.7 132.6 -14.8 -3.0 -2.1 -2.1 0.7

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.431 147.4 150.5 -6.4 -1.8 -0.1 -0.1 2.1

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  17.102 124.3 124.0 -19.3 -3.6 -3.2 -3.2 -0.2

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.267 169.4 167.1 -11.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -1.4

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  26.265 130.4 131.5 -14.9 -3.1 -2.3 -2.2 0.8

Fuels & lubricants

11

5.612 117.1 117.5 -36.0 -8.9 -7.7 -7.3 0.3

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.613 145.1 146.6 -7.1 -1.3 -0.5 -0.7 1.0

Selected building materials

13

1.040 113.7 113.1 -5.1 0.6 0.2 -0.9 -0.5

Capital goods

2

39.774 107.1 107.1 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1 0.3 0.0

Electrical generating equipment

20

4.032 111.9 112.0 -2.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

26.848 94.3 94.3 -1.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.894 164.4 164.5 2.4 -0.1 0.2 1.4 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.949 113.3 113.1 -0.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

13.158 110.5 110.6 -2.0 -0.4 -0.8 -0.1 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.915 105.3 105.4 -3.1 -0.5 -1.4 -0.4 0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

5.573 109.3 109.3 -1.4 -0.4 -0.5 0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: March 2015 to March 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Feb.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Annual Monthly
Mar.
2015
to
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016
to
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016

Nonmanufactured articles

  6.398 64.3 66.8 -30.6 -8.4 -10.6 -5.4 3.9

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.022 170.3 167.1 -4.7 1.6 1.5 -5.2 -1.9

Crop production

111

1.630 182.3 177.3 -3.4 2.8 1.5 -6.3 -2.7

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.221 82.6 85.3 -8.9 -5.2 5.4 1.6 3.3

Mining

21

4.376 50.9 54.2 -37.6 -11.5 -15.3 -5.6 6.5

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.241 93.1 93.1 -19.7 -0.2 -4.5 0.1 0.0

Manufactured articles

  93.313 108.2 108.2 -3.7 -0.5 -0.6 -0.1 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

12.423 122.7 122.6 -2.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Food manufacturing

311

3.468 147.6 147.3 -5.3 -0.9 -0.1 0.3 -0.2

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.122 118.1 118.6 0.7 -0.3 0.2 0.1 0.4

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.418 99.1 98.7 -3.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.4

Textile product mills

314

0.927 109.6 109.4 -3.1 -0.1 -0.6 -0.5 -0.2

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.505 111.6 111.4 -0.7 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.2

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.983 123.7 123.6 -0.5 -0.1 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

16.879 113.2 112.5 -8.9 -0.9 -2.2 -0.3 -0.6

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.775 110.3 111.0 -4.7 -0.5 0.1 -0.5 0.6

Paper manufacturing

322

1.106 105.4 105.9 -3.4 -0.7 -0.5 0.0 0.5

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

1.536 56.1 56.8 -42.9 -5.9 -18.6 -7.3 1.2

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.850 132.5 130.9 -2.6 -0.1 0.4 0.7 -1.2

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.340 117.3 116.9 -2.9 -0.3 -0.9 0.1 -0.3

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.067 130.1 130.0 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

64.011 103.2 103.3 -2.5 -0.4 -0.3 0.0 0.1

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.930 118.0 121.3 -15.6 -3.3 -2.2 0.2 2.8

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.212 122.9 122.6 -3.0 -0.3 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.969 117.1 116.8 -2.2 -0.4 -0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

18.680 77.1 76.9 -2.0 -0.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

5.029 116.0 115.9 -2.3 -0.5 0.3 -0.4 -0.1

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.776 109.5 109.6 -0.6 -0.2 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.713 115.2 115.1 -0.9 -0.3 0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.702 120.0 120.3 -0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.8 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: March 2015 to March 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Feb.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Annual Monthly
Mar.
2015
to
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016
to
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016

Nonmanufactured articles

  6.848 118.6 112.0 -18.9 -0.4 0.7 -1.7 -5.6

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.737 154.4 147.2 -12.3 -1.1 -1.2 1.4 -4.7

Crop production

111

4.336 159.6 152.7 -11.7 -1.2 -1.3 1.2 -4.3

Mining

21

2.111 59.0 54.6 -31.0 0.8 4.9 -8.2 -7.5

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.084 73.2 75.2 -16.6 -1.9 -2.1 -3.2 2.7

Manufactured articles

  91.935 109.4 109.7 -5.0 -1.1 -0.8 -0.4 0.3

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.760 132.4 131.8 -8.9 -0.6 -1.0 0.1 -0.5

Food manufacturing

311

4.501 147.5 146.7 -10.8 -1.0 -1.1 -0.1 -0.5

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.618 105.8 105.8 -9.3 0.8 -2.1 0.8 0.0

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

22.362 100.1 100.3 -13.2 -2.9 -2.7 -1.7 0.2

Paper manufacturing

322

1.777 121.8 121.8 -1.7 -0.3 -0.4 0.1 0.0

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2015=100)

323

0.274 100.0 100.0 - - 0.0 0.0 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

3.453 64.6 66.1 -39.6 -11.8 -10.3 -7.1 2.3

Chemical manufacturing

325

12.997 112.3 112.1 -7.0 -0.9 -1.4 -0.9 -0.2

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.459 116.7 116.8 -2.1 -0.2 0.3 -0.1 0.1

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.876 111.9 111.8 -0.7 0.1 -0.7 0.0 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

62.814 110.9 111.2 -1.2 -0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.067 126.0 131.8 -7.1 -3.0 -0.5 -0.6 4.6

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.353 130.1 129.4 0.1 -0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.5

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.783 125.5 125.8 0.6 -0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.800 84.1 84.0 -3.1 -0.4 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.891 111.9 111.9 -2.5 -0.5 -0.4 0.0 0.0

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.706 122.3 122.1 0.7 -0.1 0.1 0.5 -0.2

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.408 113.1 113.0 4.9 0.1 0.4 2.3 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.806 122.0 122.2 -1.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.1 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: March 2015 to March 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Feb.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Annual Monthly
Mar.
2015
to
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016
to
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.462 182.2 182.6 -4.9 -1.6 1.4 1.4 0.2

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.374 223.6 216.8 -10.1 -3.5 -2.8 5.2 -3.0

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.751 132.0 134.7 -0.9 0.6 2.8 -0.5 2.0

Vegetable products

II

2.063 199.0 192.4 -3.6 3.1 1.5 -6.2 -3.3

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.507 447.7 424.6 -0.6 4.3 13.3 -24.0 -5.2

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.605 96.8 94.2 -5.6 2.7 -4.5 3.9 -2.7

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.368 225.9 224.6 -8.3 2.0 -2.6 0.3 -0.6

Oilseeds & misc grains, seeds, plants, straw & fodder (Dec. 2015=100)

12

0.171 102.2 101.5 - - 3.0 -0.8 -0.7

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.265 98.4 99.3 -8.1 -5.3 0.7 0.6 0.9

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.815 158.0 158.8 -1.9 -0.4 -0.4 -0.3 0.5

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.194 84.9 86.2 -6.0 -0.6 -0.1 0.1 1.5

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.235 106.2 110.7 2.3 -0.3 -5.5 -2.7 4.2

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.292 132.1 132.4 -0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.2 0.2

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.330 153.9 155.4 -4.5 0.3 -0.1 -0.5 1.0

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.059 128.2 128.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2

Mineral products

V

6.073 107.6 113.0 -38.6 -10.1 -16.0 -5.9 5.0

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

5.810 104.4 109.8 -39.3 -10.4 -16.4 -6.0 5.2

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

9.250 149.0 147.3 -0.7 -0.1 1.0 0.8 -1.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.591 267.5 265.5 -11.9 -2.2 -2.6 -1.0 -0.7

Organic chemicals

29

2.529 124.5 121.4 -1.4 0.6 2.8 -0.6 -2.5

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.957 141.8 142.1 4.3 0.2 -0.2 2.4 0.2

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.318 83.8 75.9 -33.4 0.9 -9.0 -0.5 -9.4

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.190 96.2 97.2 -2.8 -0.2 -2.2 0.6 1.0

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.694 102.6 102.6 13.7 -0.7 14.7 0.2 0.0

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.580 135.9 135.5 -5.6 -0.4 -1.0 -0.3 -0.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.300 139.6 139.4 -5.8 -0.2 -1.1 -0.6 -0.1

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.280 130.8 130.1 -5.2 -0.8 -0.9 0.2 -0.5

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.736 125.2 124.7 -2.8 -0.1 -0.5 -0.9 -0.4

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.689 129.6 129.3 -1.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.812 134.5 135.2 -4.4 -0.5 0.1 -0.7 0.5

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.772 92.2 92.7 -4.5 -0.4 0.1 -0.8 0.5

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.186 109.8 110.2 -2.0 -0.5 -0.5 -0.1 0.4

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.802 104.2 104.6 -1.7 -0.1 -0.9 0.3 0.4

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.216 100.1 100.4 - - 0.1 0.0 0.3

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.658 113.5 113.4 -1.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.348 104.0 103.7 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 0.1 -0.3

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.959 119.7 119.7 -0.5 -0.2 0.3 0.0 0.0

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.657 103.5 103.2 -3.4 -0.2 -0.7 -0.6 -0.3

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.580 123.1 123.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.372 122.1 122.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.3 0.0 0.0

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.990 131.5 131.6 -0.7 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.342 99.0 99.5 - - -0.6 -0.4 0.5

Ceramic products

69

0.293 138.4 137.5 -0.9 0.1 0.3 -0.1 -0.7

Glass and glassware

70

0.355 129.0 129.4 0.2 -0.5 -0.4 0.1 0.3

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.016 162.6 168.2 -2.5 -2.6 0.6 1.4 3.4

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.444 151.1 151.5 -12.0 -1.2 -1.8 -0.5 0.3

Iron and steel

72

1.210 149.7 149.8 -23.7 -1.7 -4.4 -0.7 0.1

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.781 139.2 138.8 -7.8 -0.9 -1.3 -0.7 -0.3

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.370 241.9 248.7 -13.7 -1.5 -2.6 -2.1 2.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.740 120.1 120.5 -11.1 -0.7 -0.7 -0.4 0.3

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.470 125.6 125.5 -2.7 -0.2 -0.2 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.543 136.9 136.7 -1.2 -0.1 -0.5 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

31.714 81.4 81.3 -2.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

16.116 86.4 86.4 -2.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.598 76.5 76.4 -2.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.4 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.773 113.9 114.0 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

13.223 112.4 112.5 -0.6 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.476 120.3 120.4 0.4 0.1 0.4 0.0 0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

4.165 104.0 103.9 -0.2 -0.2 -0.3 1.4 -0.1

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.825 100.8 100.7 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4 1.4 -0.1

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.274 141.2 141.8 -0.8 -0.7 0.2 0.6 0.4

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.329 112.2 112.1 -1.1 -0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.647 116.8 116.6 -1.4 -0.3 0.1 0.0 -0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.393 103.7 103.5 -1.4 0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.288 135.4 135.4 0.6 -0.1 1.1 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: March 2015 to March 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Feb.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Annual Monthly
Mar.
2015
to
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016
to
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.720 181.8 181.9 -13.9 -1.6 -1.5 1.3 0.1

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.005 141.7 144.6 -11.6 -1.4 -2.4 4.5 2.0

Vegetable products

II

4.460 197.2 187.5 -12.0 -1.8 -1.0 1.4 -4.9

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

1.050 172.2 154.7 -11.3 -2.9 1.4 -0.1 -10.2

Cereals

10

1.315 184.6 176.6 -14.3 -4.1 -3.5 3.2 -4.3

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.538 187.9 181.4 -15.8 0.4 -1.7 1.2 -3.5

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.946 145.2 144.3 -8.8 -0.4 -1.1 -1.1 -0.6

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.385 118.9 118.9 0.3 0.5 0.3 -0.3 0.0

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.525 104.3 105.5 -4.3 -1.3 -1.5 -0.2 1.2

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.650 193.1 186.6 -20.0 -0.7 -2.0 -1.0 -3.4

Mineral products

V

5.659 136.7 136.1 -35.5 -9.0 -5.7 -6.2 -0.4

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.440 68.3 70.8 -20.0 -2.5 -2.3 -0.6 3.7

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

5.018 128.7 127.7 -37.3 -9.7 -6.0 -7.0 -0.8

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.830 134.6 134.4 -6.5 -0.6 -1.4 -1.5 -0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.922 172.6 172.4 -6.6 0.4 0.2 -6.3 -0.1

Organic chemicals

29

2.460 130.4 130.3 -10.4 -0.9 -2.4 -0.8 -0.1

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.932 105.7 105.9 -4.9 -1.0 -2.4 -0.8 0.2

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.556 98.9 99.0 - - -0.4 -0.7 0.1

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.845 134.1 134.4 -1.3 0.0 -0.9 -0.1 0.2

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.525 116.2 116.2 1.5 -0.4 3.3 0.2 0.0

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.855 144.5 143.8 -6.2 -0.9 -0.7 -2.1 -0.5

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.187 136.4 136.3 -5.5 -0.4 -0.4 0.3 -0.1

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.191 131.9 131.6 -5.9 -0.4 -0.5 0.4 -0.2

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.996 155.3 156.4 -4.0 -0.6 0.5 -0.4 0.7

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.338 120.8 117.7 -20.4 0.0 -0.5 0.7 -2.6

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.180 67.8 68.3 -28.7 -0.4 -1.3 -0.3 0.7

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.657 94.7 93.3 -5.6 0.8 -0.2 -1.5 -1.5

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.142 120.2 120.9 -1.6 -0.6 -1.0 -0.4 0.6

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.596 117.8 119.9 -1.5 -1.3 -1.5 -1.4 1.8

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.159 120.2 120.4 -2.4 -0.8 -1.1 -0.1 0.2

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.388 100.4 100.4 0.1 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.747 120.0 118.7 -3.0 0.5 -0.3 -0.2 -1.1

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.388 113.4 109.9 -7.4 0.4 -1.6 -1.1 -3.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.886 122.9 122.8 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 -0.1

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.299 100.5 100.5 - - 0.5 0.0 0.0

Glass and glassware

70

0.447 99.4 99.4 -0.2 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.320 223.4 231.3 -2.3 -2.5 0.7 1.7 3.5

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.935 139.7 141.0 -7.8 -1.3 -0.4 -1.1 0.9

Iron and steel

72

0.971 134.8 134.5 -16.8 -2.8 -1.0 -1.1 -0.2

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.409 144.5 152.4 -18.6 -6.3 -4.4 0.0 5.5

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.743 98.3 102.4 -13.4 0.0 -0.1 -5.0 4.2

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.399 99.8 99.8 - - 0.2 -0.4 0.0

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.362 148.2 148.2 0.3 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.484 96.2 96.2 -1.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.2 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

18.254 113.4 113.4 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.6 0.0

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

12.230 77.7 77.6 -2.8 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3 -0.1

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.387 131.0 131.0 0.4 -0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.383 114.6 114.6 -0.3 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.377 107.2 107.4 0.1 -0.3 0.3 -0.1 0.2

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.578 111.6 111.6 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.5 0.0

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.932 125.0 125.0 2.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.0

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.485 90.1 90.1 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: March 2015 to March 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Feb.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Annual Monthly
Mar.
2015
to
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016
to
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 113.8 114.1 -5.5 -1.0 -1.3 -0.2 0.3

Nonmanufactured articles

5.761 90.7 93.9 -30.1 -9.2 -11.1 -4.6 3.5

Manufactured articles

93.862 115.2 115.2 -3.4 -0.4 -0.6 0.1 0.0

Other Countries(3)

100.000 115.0 115.1 -6.8 -1.2 -1.4 -0.7 0.1

Nonmanufactured articles

6.767 131.8 137.2 -30.7 -8.4 -9.8 -6.6 4.1

Manufactured articles

93.006 102.3 102.2 -4.0 -0.4 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1

Canada

100.000 108.9 109.4 -12.5 -2.9 -3.6 -1.2 0.5

Nonmanufactured articles

17.234 85.2 88.2 -31.4 -9.8 -11.7 -4.9 3.5

Manufactured articles

82.078 119.6 119.3 -7.1 -1.1 -1.6 -0.4 -0.3

European Union(4)

100.000 131.4 131.3 -2.2 -0.4 0.0 -0.5 -0.1

Manufactured articles

99.548 128.1 128.0 -2.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.5 -0.1

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.3 122.5 0.1 -0.2 0.9 0.1 0.2

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 113.7 113.7 -2.8 -0.3 -2.7 0.4 0.0

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.4 118.3 -3.0 -0.7 1.9 -0.3 -2.6

Latin America(5)

100.000 133.3 133.9 -9.7 -1.6 -1.9 -1.4 0.5

Nonmanufactured articles

13.331 151.5 155.2 -29.8 -8.2 -7.7 -6.3 2.4

Manufactured articles

86.235 118.7 118.8 -5.3 -0.3 -0.8 -0.5 0.1

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 123.8 123.9 -5.5 -0.8 -0.6 -1.0 0.1

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

6.720 83.5 84.9 -31.3 -6.8 -2.9 -11.1 1.7

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

92.847 88.9 88.8 -2.7 -0.3 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 98.9 98.7 -2.4 -0.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 101.6 101.4 -1.8 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Japan

100.000 95.2 95.3 -1.8 -0.2 -0.1 0.2 0.1

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 85.1 84.7 -2.5 -0.4 -0.6 0.6 -0.5

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 96.3 96.3 -3.7 -0.4 -0.7 -0.7 0.0

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 119.6 122.4 -25.2 -5.3 -8.4 -4.2 2.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: March 2015 to March 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Feb.
2016(1)
Index Percent change
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Annual Monthly
Mar.
2015
to
Mar.
2016
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2016
to
Feb.
2016
Feb.
2016
to
Mar.
2016

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 151.2 151.1 -12.6 -2.8 -4.6 -2.1 -0.1

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

24.083 138.9 140.5 -6.5 -3.4 0.4 -1.5 1.2

Asia

61.755 132.8 132.2 -16.5 -3.1 -7.4 -3.3 -0.5

Export Air Freight

100.000 158.7 153.9 -1.8 -0.1 1.4 0.0 -3.0

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

38.189 151.8 147.7 -0.9 0.3 1.3 0.1 -2.7

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 146.8 144.8 -9.2 -1.9 -2.5 -1.3 -1.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

27.894 133.7 134.6 -4.2 -2.0 0.3 -1.3 0.7

Asia

57.361 130.1 127.1 -13.7 -2.2 -4.3 -2.0 -2.3

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 144.2 138.9 -6.8 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -3.7

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

34.806 158.3 152.6 -10.0 0.5 0.1 0.2 -3.6

Asia

42.373 133.3 126.7 -9.8 -1.0 -0.8 0.2 -5.0

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 189.5 179.2 -6.3 -0.6 -1.0 -1.5 -5.4

Europe

47.759 236.6 209.9 -9.7 -11.6 11.0 3.6 -11.3

Asia

22.332 134.2 130.5 -7.6 13.2 -10.1 -6.7 -2.8

Latin America/Caribbean

8.606 146.6 148.3 -11.2 14.2 -16.4 2.9 1.2

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 145.7 157.1 -4.6 4.5 4.7 -13.5 7.8

Europe

31.223 194.6 223.3 6.5 -5.9 -0.7 -1.7 14.7

Asia

28.332 127.0 128.5 -6.7 5.0 9.0 -16.4 1.2

Latin America/Caribbean

22.986 149.9 157.3 -14.6 5.4 8.3 -15.1 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


					     TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: April 12, 2016