U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until					USDL-15-0889
8:30 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, May 13, 2015

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Media contact:	   	  (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                           U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - APRIL 2015

U.S. import prices declined 0.3 percent in April, after decreasing 0.2 percent in March and 0.4 percent in 
February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Falling nonfuel prices in April more than 
offset higher fuel prices. Prices for U.S. exports fell 0.7 percent in April following a 0.1-percent rise the 
previous month.

Imports 

All Imports: Prices for U.S. imports declined 0.3 percent in March, and have not recorded a monthly 
advance since the index rose 0.3 percent in June 2014. Overall, import prices fell 11.2 percent between June 
2014 and April 2015, and the index decreased 10.7 percent over the past year. Most of the decline since 
June 2014 resulted from lower fuel prices, as nonfuel prices declined 2.2 percent over the period.          

Fuel Imports: The price index for import fuel increased 0.7 percent in April, after rising 1.2 percent the 
previous month. The March advance was the first monthly increase in fuel prices since the index rose 1.6 
percent in June 2014. In April, a 1.0-percent advance in petroleum prices more than offset a 7.0-percent 
drop in natural gas prices. Despite the recent increases, fuel prices declined 46.1 percent for the year ended 
in April. Both a 47.0-percent decrease in petroleum prices and a 45.2-percent drop in natural gas prices 
contributed to the overall year-over-year decline in fuel prices.         

All Imports Excluding Fuel: Nonfuel import prices declined 0.4 percent for the second consecutive month 
in April. Prices for nonfuel imports last recorded a monthly advance when the index edged up 0.1 percent in 
July 2014. In April, lower prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials; capital goods; foods, feeds, 
and beverages; and consumer goods all contributed to the decline in nonfuel prices. The price index for 
automotive vehicles recorded no change. The price index for nonfuel imports declined 2.3 percent over the 
past 12 months. Each of the major finished goods categories decreased over that period.           

Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2014

April

-0.6 -2.6 0.0 -1.0 1.5 -1.2

May

0.3 1.2 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.0

June

0.3 1.6 -0.1 -0.5 -1.9 -0.3

July

-0.3 -1.5 0.1 0.1 -1.8 0.2

August

-0.8 -3.8 0.0 -0.5 -3.1 -0.2

September

-0.8 -3.6 -0.2 -0.4 -1.6 -0.2

October

-1.4 -6.8 -0.1 -0.9 -2.2 -0.7

November

-1.8 -9.3 -0.3 -0.9 0.1 -1.0

December

-2.5 -15.0 -0.1 -0.9 -0.7 -1.0

2015

January

-3.2 -20.1 -0.7 (r)-1.7 (r)-1.4 (r)-1.8

February

(r)-0.4 (r)-2.0 (r)-0.2 -0.2 -2.1 0.1

March

(r)-0.2 (r)1.2 -0.4 0.1 -1.7 0.2

April

-0.3 0.7 -0.4 -0.7 -0.8 -0.7

Apr. 2013 to 2014

-0.4 0.8 -0.6 -0.1 2.2 -0.2

Apr. 2014 to 2015

-10.7 -46.1 -2.3 -6.3 -15.6 -5.3

Footnotes
(r) Revised


Exports

All Exports: U.S. export prices fell 0.7 percent in April, the largest 1-month drop since a 1.7-percent 
decline in January. The April drop followed a 0.1-percent rise in March which was the first monthly 
advance since a 0.1-percent increase in July 2014. Lower prices in April for both agricultural exports and 
nonagricultural exports contributed to the overall drop in export prices. The price index for exports declined 
6.3 percent over the past year.              

Agricultural Exports: Agricultural export prices decreased 0.8 percent in April, after falling 1.7 percent in 
March. The April drop was driven by a 2.4-percent decline in meat prices, a 1.7-percent decrease in soybean 
prices, and a 2.7-percent fall in fruit prices. The price index for agricultural exports has not recorded a 
monthly advance since the index ticked up 0.1 percent in November 2014. The index decreased 15.6 percent 
for the year ended in April, the largest 12-month decline since the index fell 16.7 percent between 
September 2008 and September 2009.                                   

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: The price index for nonagricultural exports declined 0.7 percent in 
April following advances of 0.2-percent and 0.1-percent the previous 2 months. The April decline was led 
by declining prices for nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials, capital goods, and consumer goods. 
In contrast, prices for automotive vehicles ticked up 0.1 percent in April. Nonagricultural export prices 
decreased 5.3 percent over the past 12 months.    


                                       SELECTED APRIL HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China edged down 0.1 percent for the third consecutive 
month in April. Prices for imports from China also declined over the past year, falling 0.6 percent, the 
largest year-over-year drop since the index fell 0.7 percent for the year ended January 2014. The price index 
for imports from Japan decreased 0.5 percent in April, and has not recorded a monthly advance since the 
index rose 0.2 percent in March 2014. Import prices from the European Union and Canada also declined in 
April, falling 0.5 percent and 0.1 percent, respectively. In contrast, prices for imports from Mexico 
advanced 0.2 percent in April.              

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
decreased 0.9 percent in April following a 1.3-percent decline the previous month. The April drop was 
driven by a 6.4-percent decrease in iron and steel mill products and a 0.7-percent decline in chemical prices. 

Finished Goods: Prices for the major finished goods categories were mostly down in April. The price index 
for capital goods fell 0.3 percent, led by lower prices for computers, peripherals, and semiconductors as well 
as industrial and service machinery. Consumer goods prices also fell in April, edging down 0.1 percent. 
Prices for automotive vehicles recorded no change in April.        

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Foods, feeds, and beverages prices fell 0.9 percent in April, after declining 
0.7 percent in March. Lower prices for fish and shellfish, food oils, and vegetables contributed to the April 
decrease.        

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares fell 2.9 percent in April following a 2.4-percent 
decrease in March and a 2.5-percent decline in February. Lower European fares drove the drops in April and 
March, and falling Asian fares led the decrease in February. The index for import air passenger fares 
declined 2.7 percent for the year ended in April. Import air freight prices rose 0.5 percent in April and 
decreased 1.1 percent over the past year.            


Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonagricultural industrial 
supplies and materials declined 1.6 percent in April, after rising 0.5 percent the previous month. The April 
decrease was driven by falling fuel prices, which decreased 5.6 percent in April following a 4.0-percent 
increase in March.  

Finished Goods: Prices for both capital goods and consumer goods declined 0.3 percent in April, after 
recording little change the previous month. In March, prices for capital goods were unchanged and 
consumer goods prices edged down 0.1 percent. The price index for automotive vehicles ticked up 0.1 
percent for the second consecutive month in April.         

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares fell 3.6 percent in April, after rising 0.9 percent the 
previous month. Lower Latin American/Caribbean fares, Asian fares, and European fares all contributed to 
the April decline. The index for export air passenger fares declined 13.3 percent over the past year. Prices 
for export air freight rose 0.9 percent in April and increased 4.6 percent over the past 12 months.        

Import and Export Price Index data for May 2015 are scheduled for release on Thursday, June 11, 2015 at 
8:30 a.m. (EDT).    


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2014 to April 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2014
to
Apr.
2015
Dec.
2014
to
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2015
to
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2015
to
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015

All commodities

  100.000 125.2 124.8 -10.7 -3.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.3

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.283 100.4 100.0 -2.2 -0.6 -0.2 -0.4 -0.4

All imports excluding petroleum

  90.119 113.5 113.0 -2.7 -0.7 -0.3 -0.4 -0.4

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  89.301 117.5 117.0 -2.3 -0.7 -0.2 -0.4 -0.4

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.018 178.0 176.4 -2.4 -1.7 0.1 -0.7 -0.9

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.660 196.0 194.5 -1.6 -1.9 -0.1 -0.7 -0.8

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.358 137.1 135.5 -5.0 -0.7 0.8 -0.7 -1.2

Industrial supplies & materials

1

24.363 175.6 175.3 -30.1 -10.4 -1.4 -0.3 -0.2

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.482 151.0 149.4 -8.6 -1.6 -1.5 -1.5 -1.1

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.664 170.6 169.0 -6.5 -1.3 -1.0 -1.3 -0.9

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  8.110 158.3 156.5 -6.9 -0.9 -0.9 -1.7 -1.1

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.553 141.8 140.5 -10.6 -2.5 -2.1 -1.3 -0.9

Fuels & lubricants

10

10.699 182.3 183.6 -46.1 -20.1 -2.0 1.2 0.7

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

9.881 196.4 198.4 -47.0 -21.2 -1.4 1.6 1.0

Crude

10000

6.860 191.4 199.6 -48.8 -21.5 -1.8 -0.2 4.3

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.616 108.9 103.3 -38.3 -7.6 -9.9 -5.6 -5.1

Gas-natural

10110

0.456 93.9 87.3 -45.2 -9.0 -12.7 -7.0 -7.0

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.599 111.7 111.2 -1.2 -0.6 -0.2 -0.2 -0.4

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

5.026 161.4 160.4 -6.4 -2.0 -1.2 -0.8 -0.6

Selected building materials

13

1.214 138.4 137.2 -3.4 0.1 -0.7 -1.0 -0.9

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.425 214.8 210.6 -12.4 -1.9 -1.3 -3.1 -2.0

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.718 154.1 153.9 -1.7 -0.8 -0.7 -0.3 -0.1

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.682 110.1 109.5 -1.9 0.2 -0.5 -0.9 -0.5

Capital goods

2

27.630 91.3 91.0 -1.3 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3

Electric generating equipment

20

3.383 119.2 118.4 -0.8 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.7

Nonelectrical machinery

21

21.830 83.9 83.5 -1.6 -0.4 -0.4 -0.1 -0.5

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.417 136.3 136.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.4 0.0

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

15.315 111.2 111.2 -1.9 -0.7 -0.4 -0.2 0.0

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

26.674 107.5 107.4 -0.8 -0.4 0.3 -0.3 -0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

12.698 119.1 119.0 0.8 -0.3 0.1 0.2 -0.1

Durables, manufactured

41

12.500 96.0 95.8 -2.1 -0.4 0.1 -0.2 -0.2

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.476 118.0 118.2 -2.9 0.0 2.7 -3.5 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2014 to April 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2014
to
Apr.
2015
Dec.
2014
to
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2015
to
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2015
to
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015

All commodities

  100.000 126.0 125.1 -6.3 -1.7 -0.2 0.1 -0.7

Agricultural commodities

  9.074 191.5 190.0 -15.6 -1.4 -2.1 -1.7 -0.8

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  83.498 100.8 100.6 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.927 121.1 120.3 -5.3 -1.8 0.1 0.2 -0.7

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.437 193.5 191.9 -14.7 -1.8 -2.2 -1.3 -0.8

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.686 192.8 191.2 -16.4 -2.1 -2.3 -2.2 -0.8

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.751 210.0 208.5 8.7 2.4 -0.5 8.5 -0.7

Industrial supplies & materials

1

31.255 155.9 153.6 -14.2 -4.9 0.3 0.5 -1.5

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  11.064 161.5 161.1 -6.4 -0.4 -0.7 -1.1 -0.2

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  20.193 153.8 150.4 -18.1 -7.3 0.9 1.5 -2.2

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.388 188.6 188.3 -10.0 3.0 -0.7 1.0 -0.2

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  29.868 154.9 152.4 -14.4 -5.2 0.4 0.5 -1.6

Fuels & lubricants

11

8.066 184.1 173.8 -33.3 -16.5 3.8 4.0 -5.6

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

20.796 158.0 157.9 -5.5 -0.8 -0.7 -0.8 -0.1

Selected building materials

13

1.006 119.2 118.7 -8.1 0.0 -1.2 -0.5 -0.4

Capital goods

2

37.762 107.8 107.5 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.816 114.8 114.5 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.3

Nonelectrical machinery

21

25.866 95.5 95.1 -0.4 0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.4

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.080 160.7 160.9 3.0 0.5 0.8 0.2 0.1

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.112 113.9 114.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.1 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

12.434 112.9 112.6 -2.2 -0.7 -0.4 -0.1 -0.3

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.522 108.8 108.5 -2.3 -1.2 -1.2 -0.2 -0.3

Durables, manufactured

41

5.306 110.9 110.5 -1.6 -0.4 0.0 0.2 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2014 to April 2015
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2014
to
Apr.
2015
Dec.
2014
to
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2015
to
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2015
to
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015

Nonmanufactured articles

  9.671 95.9 98.0 -43.4 -17.3 -2.0 -0.6 2.2

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.037 175.4 175.6 -7.9 -4.1 0.1 -1.4 0.1

Crop production

111

1.617 183.7 184.4 -7.9 -5.1 0.8 -2.2 0.4

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.229 93.6 93.9 - -2.5 -4.1 0.1 0.3

Forestry and logging (Dec. 2012=100)

113

0.113 65.8 64.4 -23.2 0.4 -1.6 -2.2 -2.1

Mining

21

7.634 86.4 88.7 -48.1 -20.2 -2.5 -0.5 2.7

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.243 115.9 102.0 -18.7 -1.8 -0.3 0.4 -12.0

Manufactured articles

  90.014 112.3 111.7 -4.0 -1.3 -0.3 -0.2 -0.5

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

12.006 125.2 124.7 -0.6 -0.3 0.1 -0.5 -0.4

Food manufacturing

311

3.361 155.4 154.1 -3.6 -0.9 0.3 -2.0 -0.8

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.087 118.0 117.6 1.7 0.3 -0.2 0.5 -0.3

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.407 102.0 100.9 -1.2 -0.4 -0.4 -0.3 -1.1

Textile product mills

314

0.890 112.9 112.6 -1.6 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.367 112.2 112.1 1.1 -0.1 0.0 0.2 -0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.893 124.2 124.3 0.8 0.1 0.2 -0.1 0.1

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

17.637 123.5 121.9 -11.3 -4.7 -0.3 0.7 -1.3

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.728 116.4 114.9 -5.4 0.3 -1.2 -1.9 -1.3

Paper manufacturing

322

1.111 109.6 109.1 -0.9 -0.4 -0.2 -0.9 -0.5

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

2.840 99.4 93.5 -40.8 -20.4 -0.1 6.0 -5.9

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.581 134.5 134.2 -2.5 -1.6 -0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.197 120.2 119.4 -3.0 -0.7 -0.6 -0.2 -0.7

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.972 130.2 130.1 -0.2 -0.1 0.1 0.1 -0.1

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

60.371 105.9 105.5 -2.3 -0.5 -0.3 -0.4 -0.4

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.133 143.8 141.1 -10.3 -1.8 -1.0 -2.9 -1.9

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.018 126.3 126.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.214 119.2 118.5 -2.4 -0.2 -0.5 -0.1 -0.6

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

17.760 78.5 78.3 -2.1 -0.5 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.730 118.6 117.7 -0.7 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.8

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

16.440 110.2 110.2 -1.5 -0.5 -0.3 -0.2 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.579 116.1 115.9 0.6 0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.2

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.497 120.5 120.4 -1.3 -0.2 0.0 -0.4 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2014 to April 2015
[December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2014
to
Apr.
2015
Dec.
2014
to
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2015
to
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2015
to
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015

Nonmanufactured articles

  6.617 138.4 135.2 -19.8 -4.1 -4.0 2.1 -2.3

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.278 167.9 168.7 -17.7 0.0 -3.0 0.5 0.5

Crop production

111

4.011 172.8 174.0 -18.0 -0.2 -3.0 -0.2 0.7

Mining

21

2.339 79.6 73.7 -22.5 -10.8 -5.9 5.3 -7.4

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.230 91.3 89.9 -9.0 -2.2 -1.6 -0.1 -1.5

Manufactured articles

  91.832 115.4 114.7 -5.0 -1.5 0.2 -0.1 -0.6

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

7.128 144.8 143.3 -8.8 -1.7 -1.1 -1.8 -1.0

Food manufacturing

311

4.895 164.2 161.8 -10.9 -2.4 -1.6 -2.6 -1.5

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.612 117.2 118.9 -4.3 1.6 1.0 0.9 1.5

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

24.393 115.5 113.8 -13.8 -5.6 0.6 0.8 -1.5

Paper manufacturing

322

1.860 123.9 123.7 -1.1 -1.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

5.547 109.4 102.3 -38.0 -19.0 6.5 4.4 -6.5

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.137 120.3 120.5 -5.7 -1.9 -1.2 -0.4 0.2

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.239 119.3 118.8 -0.1 0.8 -0.1 0.1 -0.4

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.815 112.6 112.4 -0.6 0.2 0.3 -0.1 -0.2

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

60.312 112.6 112.3 -0.5 0.2 0.2 -0.2 -0.3

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.795 141.9 141.3 -6.0 0.1 1.5 -2.1 -0.4

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

2.979 129.3 129.2 1.2 0.8 0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.375 125.0 125.1 1.3 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.240 86.6 85.9 -2.3 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.8

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.712 114.7 115.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.289 121.3 121.4 1.3 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.372 107.7 108.6 0.8 0.6 -0.1 -2.3 0.8

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.550 123.6 123.1 -2.0 -0.5 0.0 0.1 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2014 to April 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2014
to
Apr.
2015
Dec.
2014
to
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2015
to
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2015
to
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015

Live animals; animal products

I

1.382 191.7 189.9 -5.6 -1.5 0.2 -1.9 -0.9

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.321 239.6 237.4 -4.1 -2.2 2.1 -5.9 -0.9

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.718 135.8 133.7 -9.5 -0.8 1.2 -1.2 -1.5

Vegetable products

II

1.942 199.7 197.1 -6.2 -5.7 1.0 -1.6 -1.3

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.506 427.0 408.1 15.2 -20.4 1.8 8.9 -4.4

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.505 100.0 99.7 -21.6 3.9 0.3 -1.6 -0.3

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.378 245.0 243.6 2.3 1.7 -3.0 -4.6 -0.6

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.277 108.0 103.6 -10.5 1.3 -2.2 -0.1 -4.1

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.816 161.8 161.6 0.8 -0.1 0.4 -0.7 -0.1

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.188 91.7 91.1 3.9 -0.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.7

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.245 108.5 108.6 0.2 2.1 0.4 -3.8 0.1

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.280 132.5 132.2 0.7 -0.1 -0.5 -0.2 -0.2

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.342 162.2 161.1 -4.1 -1.0 -0.6 -1.5 -0.7

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.056 128.1 127.6 1.3 0.1 -0.3 0.5 -0.4

Mineral products

V

10.619 183.4 184.1 -46.3 -20.0 -1.9 1.2 0.4

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

10.356 180.1 181.3 -46.7 -20.4 -2.0 1.2 0.7

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.716 148.3 148.5 -2.8 -2.0 -0.5 -0.1 0.1

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.673 301.2 304.3 -5.4 -5.8 -3.8 -1.8 1.0

Organic chemicals

29

2.458 123.2 123.8 -9.5 -5.5 -1.0 0.0 0.5

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.497 136.3 136.2 2.5 0.7 0.4 0.1 -0.1

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.395 114.0 111.0 -1.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -2.6

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.207 100.0 100.1 -1.7 -0.9 0.1 -4.3 0.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.552 90.2 90.8 -3.2 -1.1 -0.6 0.0 0.7

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.449 143.6 142.4 -4.0 -0.7 -0.4 -0.5 -0.8

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.249 148.2 147.3 -1.6 0.0 -0.3 -0.5 -0.6

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.200 136.9 135.5 -8.3 -2.0 -0.8 -0.6 -1.0

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.723 128.2 128.1 -0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.682 130.6 130.5 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.755 141.4 139.8 -5.2 0.2 -1.1 -1.8 -1.1

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.717 97.2 96.0 - 0.2 -1.2 -1.8 -1.2

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.165 112.5 112.1 -1.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.4 -0.4

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.775 106.4 106.2 -1.0 0.2 -0.2 -0.5 -0.2

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.505 114.8 114.6 0.4 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.201 104.3 104.2 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.975 120.4 120.3 0.9 0.0 0.1 0.0 -0.1

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.642 106.9 106.7 -1.2 -0.2 -0.4 -0.1 -0.2

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.501 123.0 123.2 1.2 -0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.306 122.2 122.3 0.9 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.902 132.2 131.9 -0.8 -0.2 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Ceramic products

69

0.270 138.8 138.7 -1.7 -0.4 -0.2 0.3 -0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.313 128.4 128.1 -1.2 -0.3 0.0 -0.3 -0.2

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

3.080 172.5 172.6 -6.1 0.4 1.4 -2.0 0.1

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.434 172.1 169.9 -6.0 -1.7 -1.7 -1.4 -1.3

Iron and steel

72

1.176 196.4 186.5 -15.9 -2.2 -4.6 -3.0 -5.0

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.704 150.5 149.7 -2.0 -0.7 -0.8 -0.5 -0.5

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.462 288.4 290.8 -10.1 -3.9 -4.8 0.8 0.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.763 135.6 136.0 -0.3 -2.7 0.7 -2.6 0.3

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.448 128.9 128.6 -0.5 -0.1 0.0 0.0 -0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.522 138.4 138.3 1.3 -0.1 0.1 0.3 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

29.877 83.0 82.7 -2.0 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.205 88.3 87.8 -1.6 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.6

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

14.672 77.9 77.7 -2.6 -0.5 -0.1 -0.4 -0.3

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

13.780 114.5 114.5 -1.4 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2 0.0

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

12.455 113.2 113.2 -1.5 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.0

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.231 119.2 119.1 -0.8 0.0 0.0 -0.8 -0.1

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

3.916 104.1 103.6 -1.1 -0.3 -0.1 0.1 -0.5

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.590 100.9 100.5 -0.9 -0.2 -0.2 0.2 -0.4

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.263 143.0 140.3 -2.6 -0.7 0.4 0.1 -1.9

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.054 113.4 113.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.445 118.2 117.9 0.4 0.1 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.349 105.0 104.9 -0.8 -0.8 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.259 134.8 134.8 -0.5 0.6 -0.6 -0.1 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: April 2014 to April 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2014
to
Apr.
2015
Dec.
2014
to
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2015
to
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2015
to
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015

Live animals; animal products

I

1.985 210.8 206.9 -15.6 -4.6 -2.5 -2.1 -1.9

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

1.159 163.1 158.6 -13.2 -4.3 -2.6 -5.7 -2.8

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.447 234.3 231.6 10.8 1.6 -0.6 9.6 -1.2

Vegetable products

II

4.011 213.0 212.3 -17.8 -1.0 -3.1 -1.3 -0.3

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

1.110 174.3 172.2 -5.3 -1.7 -1.0 -4.5 -1.2

Cereals

10

1.034 206.0 211.9 -20.2 -3.5 -5.6 -0.8 2.9

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.436 215.4 212.4 -26.7 1.4 -4.1 -0.1 -1.4

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.201 96.2 93.3 -20.4 -0.9 -6.8 -0.5 -3.0

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.996 158.4 157.4 -7.5 -0.5 -0.4 -1.6 -0.6

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.400 118.5 118.1 -0.8 0.9 -0.1 0.1 -0.3

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.509 110.2 110.5 -0.9 -0.5 0.1 -0.1 0.3

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.776 234.6 236.2 -16.7 -1.1 -0.2 -2.4 0.7

Mineral products

V

7.919 211.3 199.4 -33.6 -16.2 2.7 3.9 -5.6

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.492 88.5 86.1 -6.0 -3.9 -1.2 -0.2 -2.7

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.238 204.1 191.8 -35.6 -17.3 3.1 4.3 -6.0

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

10.823 143.5 143.1 -4.1 -1.2 -0.6 -0.3 -0.3

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.888 184.5 185.0 7.4 2.4 2.6 1.3 0.3

Organic chemicals

29

2.910 145.2 143.5 -11.5 -3.9 -1.4 -1.2 -1.2

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.551 110.9 110.3 -4.4 -1.0 -1.9 -0.4 -0.5

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.784 136.2 136.4 2.3 2.5 -0.3 0.2 0.1

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.478 114.5 114.4 -4.5 -0.1 -2.9 0.7 -0.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.899 153.3 154.7 -0.3 -1.3 1.0 -0.2 0.9

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.177 144.2 143.5 -4.8 -1.3 -1.3 -0.2 -0.5

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.224 139.8 139.0 -4.4 -1.5 -1.1 -0.2 -0.6

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.953 162.9 162.8 -6.3 -0.7 -2.0 0.1 -0.1

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.440 148.2 144.6 -8.8 -1.8 -0.9 -0.3 -2.4

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.273 95.9 92.2 - -2.6 -0.9 -0.6 -3.9

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.622 98.8 97.8 - 0.2 -0.8 -0.6 -1.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.212 122.9 122.9 -2.1 -0.9 -1.2 -0.4 0.0

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.607 121.7 122.1 -7.6 -1.9 -3.6 -0.8 0.3

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.197 123.3 123.6 0.2 -0.7 -0.2 -0.3 0.2

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.409 100.3 99.1 - 0.3 0.0 0.0 -1.2

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.775 122.6 123.1 -9.4 -0.6 -0.7 -0.6 0.4

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.451 118.7 119.8 -23.5 -0.3 -1.8 -0.9 0.9

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.816 122.6 122.4 2.1 1.7 0.2 0.0 -0.2

Glass and glassware

70

0.422 99.6 99.3 1.0 0.5 0.2 0.0 -0.3

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.779 236.9 236.1 -7.0 -0.2 1.9 -1.6 -0.3

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.212 154.3 153.7 -5.4 -1.3 -1.8 -0.4 -0.4

Iron and steel

72

1.236 167.4 164.5 -13.9 -0.3 -5.0 -1.2 -1.7

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.504 187.2 192.4 -13.9 -4.5 -4.9 2.2 2.8

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.888 118.2 117.9 0.7 -3.2 -1.0 -1.1 -0.3

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.329 147.7 147.7 0.4 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.0

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

28.875 97.5 97.1 -0.3 0.2 0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.363 114.0 113.6 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.0 -0.4

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

11.512 79.7 79.3 -2.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.414 130.5 130.7 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

8.971 114.9 114.9 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.1 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.143 107.3 106.9 -0.7 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.470 110.9 111.5 0.6 0.1 0.4 -0.4 0.5

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.832 122.4 123.8 1.1 0.2 0.5 -0.7 1.1

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.478 90.0 89.9 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: April 2014 to April 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2014
to
Apr.
2015
Dec.
2014
to
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2015
to
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2015
to
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 120.8 120.3 -9.8 -2.9 -0.3 -0.5 -0.4

Nonmanufactured articles

7.869 135.9 136.6 -46.5 -17.4 -0.9 -0.2 0.5

Manufactured articles

91.696 119.2 118.7 -4.0 -1.5 -0.2 -0.5 -0.4

Other Countries(3)

100.000 123.4 123.2 -10.9 -3.3 -0.5 -0.1 -0.2

Nonmanufactured articles

10.758 197.1 204.2 -41.4 -17.4 -2.2 -0.1 3.6

Manufactured articles

89.017 106.4 105.7 -3.7 -1.2 -0.3 -0.1 -0.7

Canada

100.000 125.4 125.3 -19.6 -5.6 -0.9 -0.5 -0.1

Nonmanufactured articles

22.022 130.2 131.0 -47.1 -17.9 -1.0 0.3 0.6

Manufactured articles

77.287 128.4 128.1 -5.3 -1.4 -0.8 -0.7 -0.2

European Union(4)

100.000 134.2 133.5 -3.6 -1.6 -0.2 -0.3 -0.5

Manufactured articles

99.401 130.7 130.1 -3.4 -1.5 -0.2 -0.3 -0.5

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 122.4 121.9 -0.2 0.2 -0.6 0.0 -0.4

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 117.0 116.5 -2.3 0.0 -0.7 -0.3 -0.4

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.6 121.2 -7.1 -5.7 1.6 -0.2 -0.3

Latin America(5)

100.000 147.9 148.3 -14.4 -5.0 0.4 -0.1 0.3

Nonmanufactured articles

18.183 220.7 227.2 -38.9 -19.0 5.0 0.3 2.9

Manufactured articles

81.414 125.0 124.6 -4.6 -1.4 -0.6 -0.2 -0.3

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 130.7 130.9 -7.9 -2.8 0.0 -0.2 0.2

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

10.080 122.6 125.0 -38.2 -19.1 2.3 2.5 2.0

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

89.611 91.0 91.0 -1.8 -0.7 -0.3 -0.4 0.0

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 101.1 100.7 -1.9 -0.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 103.3 103.2 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

Japan

100.000 97.0 96.5 -2.5 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.5

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 86.9 86.4 -2.8 -0.9 -0.1 -0.7 -0.6

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 100.0 98.9 -5.2 -1.1 -0.3 -0.1 -1.1

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 162.3 163.0 -39.2 -11.1 -7.9 -1.3 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: April 2014 to April 2015
[2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Mar.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Mar.
2015
Apr.
2015
Annual Monthly
Apr.
2014
to
Apr.
2015
Dec.
2014
to
Jan.
2015
Jan.
2015
to
Feb.
2015
Feb.
2015
to
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2015
to
Apr.
2015

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 172.9 173.8 -1.1 0.1 0.3 3.1 0.5

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

25.112 150.2 145.9 -19.0 -3.3 -5.1 -1.8 -2.9

Asia

73.508 158.3 161.1 6.3 1.5 2.4 4.8 1.8

Export Air Freight

100.000 157.1 158.5 4.6 4.6 -2.0 -1.8 0.9

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

36.428 149.0 151.2 11.3 9.4 -1.8 -1.7 1.5

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 159.9 161.0 -2.0 1.0 -0.6 0.4 0.7

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

25.887 140.4 137.9 -13.4 -1.6 -3.8 -1.3 -1.8

Asia

63.454 147.9 150.5 2.8 2.3 0.7 1.1 1.8

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 149.4 144.9 -2.3 -0.7 -0.6 -0.7 -3.0

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

35.887 169.6 154.2 -6.9 -0.9 -0.1 -0.5 -9.1

Asia

47.360 140.4 141.0 0.0 -1.1 -0.8 -0.4 0.4

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 191.3 185.8 -2.7 -6.8 -2.5 -2.4 -2.9

Europe

49.580 232.5 219.8 5.0 3.1 2.7 -3.8 -5.5

Asia

24.316 141.3 137.1 -6.2 -14.4 -6.2 2.2 -3.0

Latin America/Caribbean

10.211 167.0 165.7 -4.8 -11.2 0.4 0.6 -0.8

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 165.5 159.5 -13.3 0.4 -13.3 0.9 -3.6

Europe

30.050 210.2 203.3 -8.9 -5.4 -1.7 0.2 -3.3

Asia

26.477 136.6 129.7 -15.0 2.5 -17.9 -0.5 -5.1

Latin America/Caribbean

24.755 184.6 172.1 -13.4 -0.8 -9.4 2.7 -6.8

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2013 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


                                            TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes -- All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted.  Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a two-year lag in 
the weights.  Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible.  More detailed index series 
and additional information may be obtained at http://www.bls.gov/mxp, or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems -- The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems.  Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS).  While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry.  In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry.  As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) 
include outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum.  The NAICS 
classification structure also matches the classification system used by the PPI (Producer Price Index) to 
produce the NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA).  Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer.  
The prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" 
(c.i.f.) U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry.  The index for 
crude petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes -- Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.  The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry.  Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes -- Starting in September 2008 the Import Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service.  These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites.  Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally.  Starting in January 2008 the Export Air Passenger Fares Indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are 
calculated from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those 
sold by consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the Import Air Passenger Fares Index and 
excluded from the Export Air Passenger Fares Index. The Air Freight Indexes are calculated from data 
collected directly from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service 
being priced is the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground 
transportation or port service. The Air Freight Indexes are presented using two definitions: Balance of 
Payments (which represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and International (which 
represent transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed 
information for each services industry are available at http://www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP 
Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin -- Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the Import Price Indexes.  Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21 and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 

Revision Policy -- To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the three months after original publication.  After three months, no further 
data revisions take place.  So, for example, data released in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data -- The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts constructed by the Department of Commerce.  
Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis.  For trade in international services, 
Balance of Payments indexes are used for deflating National Income and Product Accounts, while 
International indexes are more appropriate for market analysis.  Merchandise and services indexes also 
can be used to study U.S. competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import 
indexes by country or region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

E-Mail Subscription -- The U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes news release is available through an 
e-mail subscription service at (http://www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm).

Additional Information -- More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at (http://www.bls.gov/mxp). For technical assistance in using the BLS Internet site, send e-mail to 
(labstat.helpdesk@bls.gov).  For Import/Export Price Index data requests, send e-mail to 
(mxpinfo@bls.gov). 

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  Voice 
phone: 202-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339.

Last Modified Date: May 13, 2015