U.S. Import and Export Price Indexes News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until					USDL-16-0273
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 12, 2016

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Media contact:	       (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                        U.S. IMPORT AND EXPORT PRICE INDEXES - JANUARY 2016

In January, prices for U.S. imports decreased 1.1 percent for the second consecutive month, the U.S. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics reported today. In both months, the declines were primarily driven by lower fuel prices. 
U.S. export prices also fell in January, decreasing 0.8 percent. The decline followed a 1.1-percent drop the 
previous month.  


Imports

All Imports: The price index for overall imports fell 1.1 percent in January, the largest monthly decrease 
for the index since a 1.8-percent drop in August 2015. Both fuel and nonfuel prices continued to trend 
down. Import prices fell 6.2 percent over the past year. Despite declining in January, the 12-month drop in 
import prices was the smallest over-the-year decrease since the index fell 5.6 percent between December 
2013 and December 2014.              

Fuel Imports: Import fuel prices declined 12.4 percent in January, the largest 1-month drop since a 12.7-
percent decline in August 2015. Import fuel prices have not risen on a monthly basis since a 1.5-percent 
advance in June 2015. The January drop was led by a 13.4-percent decline in petroleum prices, although 
natural gas prices also fell, decreasing 3.2 percent. The price index for import fuel declined 34.5 percent for 
the year ended in January, while over the same period petroleum prices fell 35.3 percent and natural gas 
prices decreased 40.1 percent.        

All Imports Excluding Fuel: In January, prices for nonfuel imports declined 0.2 percent after declining 0.3 
percent in each of the past 6 months. Lower prices for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials as well as 
capital goods drove the January drop in nonfuel import prices. In contrast, the price indexes for foods, feeds, 
and beverages; automotive vehicles; and consumer goods all rose in January. Nonfuel import prices 
decreased 2.9 percent over the past 12 months with each of the major import categories factoring into the 
decline.       


Table A. Percent change in Import and Export Price Indexes, selected categories

Month IMPORTS EXPORTS
All
imports
Fuel
imports
Nonfuel
imports
All
exports
Agri-
cultural
exports
Non-
agricultural
exports

2015

January

-3.2 -20.1 -0.7 -1.7 -1.4 -1.8

February

-0.4 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -2.2 0.2

March

-0.2 1.5 -0.4 0.0 -1.6 0.2

April

-0.2 1.8 -0.3 -0.6 -0.9 -0.7

May

1.1 10.8 0.0 0.5 -1.3 0.6

June

0.1 1.5 -0.2 -0.3 -1.6 -0.1

July

-0.9 -6.1 -0.3 -0.4 1.0 -0.6

August

-1.8 -12.7 -0.3 -1.4 -2.5 -1.3

September

-1.1 -8.4 -0.3 -0.6 -1.4 -0.5

October

(r)-0.3 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 0.1 -0.3

November

(r)-0.6 (r)-4.1 (r)-0.3 -0.7 -0.9 -0.7

December

(r)-1.1 (r)-8.7 -0.3 -1.1 -1.0 (r)-1.1

2016

January

-1.1 -12.4 -0.2 -0.8 -1.1 -0.8

Jan. 2014 to 2015

-8.9 -43.8 -0.9 -5.0 -6.4 -4.9

Jan. 2015 to 2016

-6.2 -34.5 -2.9 -5.7 -12.7 -5.0

Footnotes
(r) Revised



Exports 

All Exports: Prices for U.S. exports fell 0.8 percent in January and have not recorded a monthly advance 
since the index rose 0.5 percent in May 2015. In January, declining prices for both agricultural exports and 
nonagricultural exports contributed to the overall drop. The price index for overall exports fell 5.7 percent 
for the year ended in January.                     

Agricultural Exports: Agricultural export prices decreased 1.1 percent in January, after declining 1.0 
percent in December and 0.9 percent in November. Lower nut prices, which fell 7.8 percent in January, 
were the largest contributor to the decline for all 3 months. In January, falling prices for soybeans, meat, 
corn, and wheat also factored into the decrease. Prices for agricultural exports fell 12.7 percent from January 
2015 to January 2016.   

All Exports Excluding Agriculture: The price index for nonagricultural exports declined 0.8 percent in 
January, after a 1.1-percent decrease in December. The January drop was driven by lower nonagricultural 
industrial supplies and materials prices, although lower consumer goods prices and capital goods prices also 
contributed to the overall drop in nonagricultural export prices. In contrast, automotive vehicle prices 
advanced in January. Nonagricultural export prices declined 5.0 percent for the January 2015-16 period, 
following a 4.9-percent decrease over the previous 12-month period.


                                     SELECTED JANUARY HIGHLIGHTS

Import Prices

Imports by Locality of Origin: Import prices from China edged down 0.1 percent in January, following 
0.2-percent decreases in each of the previous 2 months. Prices for imports from China have not increased on 
a monthly basis since ticking up 0.1 percent in December 2014. The price index for imports from Japan also 
fell 0.1 percent in January. Import prices from Japan have not recorded a monthly advance since the index 
rose 0.2 percent in March 2014. Prices for imports from Canada declined 2.8 percent in January, led by 
lower fuel prices. Falling fuel prices in January also impacted the price index for imports from the European 
Union and from Mexico, which declined 0.3 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively.                     

Nonfuel Industrial Supplies and Materials: The price index for nonfuel industrial supplies and materials 
fell 1.5 percent in January, after decreasing 1.1 percent the previous month. The January decline was led by 
a 2.2-percent drop in chemical prices and a 1.9-percent decrease in metal prices.     

Finished Goods: The major import finished goods categories were mixed in January. Capital goods prices 
declined 0.2 percent and last recorded a monthly advance when the index increased 0.1 percent in June 
2014. In contrast, prices for automotive vehicles rose 0.2 percent, and consumer goods prices ticked up 0.1 
percent.                

Foods, Feeds, and Beverages: Prices for foods, feeds, and beverages advanced 0.6 percent in January, the 
largest monthly rise for the index since a 0.7-percent increase in December 2014. The January advance was 
driven by a 10.9-percent increase in vegetable prices.              

Transportation Services: Import air passenger fares declined 1.0 percent in January, following a 0.6-
percent drop the previous month. In January, lower Asian and Latin American/Caribbean fares helped to 
offset an 11.0-percent increase in European fares. Overall import air passenger fares fell 4.3 percent over the 
past 12 months. The price index for import air freight declined 4.6 percent in January, the largest monthly 
drop for the index since a 4.9-percent decrease in December 2008. Import air freight prices fell 7.5 percent 
for the year ended in January.     


Export Prices

Nonagricultural Industrial Supplies and Materials: Nonagricultural industrial supplies and materials 
prices declined 2.1 percent in January, after a 3.1-percent drop in December. Both decreases were led by 
falling fuel prices.      

Finished Goods: The price indexes for consumer goods and capital goods each fell in January while prices 
for automotive vehicles ticked up 0.1 percent. Consumer goods prices declined 0.4 percent for the second 
consecutive month. Prices for export capital goods edged down 0.1 percent in January and 0.7 percent over 
the past year, the largest 12-month decrease since the index fell 0.7 percent in January 2004. Those were the 
largest over-the-year declines since capital goods prices decreased 1.0 percent in November 2003.                 

Transportation Services: Export air passenger fares increased 6.2 percent in January, the largest monthly 
advance since the index rose 8.3 percent in December 2014. In January, a 9.0-percent increase in Asian 
fares was the largest contributor to the advance. Despite the January rise, export air passenger fares fell 9.7 
percent over the past year. The price index for export air freight rose 1.7 percent in January and declined 2.5 
percent over the past 12 months.          

Import and Export Price Index data for February 2016 are scheduled for release on Friday, March 11, 2016 at 
8:30 a.m. (EST).    


Table 1. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2015 to January 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015
Oct.
2015
to
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016

All commodities

  100.000 119.5 118.2 -6.2 -0.3 -0.6 -1.1 -1.1

All imports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  86.312 98.3 98.1 -2.9 -0.3 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2

All imports excluding petroleum

  93.077 110.9 110.7 -3.1 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2

All imports excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  92.447 115.0 114.8 -2.9 -0.3 -0.3 -0.3 -0.2

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

6.135 172.1 173.1 -3.3 -1.0 -0.2 -0.3 0.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

4.777 189.7 190.3 -3.7 -1.5 0.0 -0.5 0.3

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

1.358 132.4 134.3 -2.0 0.4 -0.7 0.5 1.4

Industrial supplies & materials

1

20.957 149.2 141.2 -20.9 -0.7 -2.1 -4.2 -5.4

Industrial supplies & materials excluding petroleum

  14.034 138.9 136.9 -12.0 -0.9 -0.8 -1.3 -1.4

Industrial supplies & materials excluding fuels (Dec. 2001=100)

  13.404 157.8 155.5 -10.9 -0.8 -0.7 -1.1 -1.5

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  7.955 143.5 141.8 -12.8 -0.5 -1.0 -1.7 -1.2

Industrial supplies & materials nondurable excluding petroleum

  5.450 132.9 130.5 -11.0 -1.5 -0.4 -0.8 -1.8

Fuels & lubricants

10

7.555 137.4 120.4 -34.5 -0.4 -4.1 -8.7 -12.4

Petroleum & petroleum products

100

6.925 146.5 126.8 -35.3 -0.2 -4.2 -9.2 -13.4

Crude

10000

4.810 142.6 125.9 -35.5 1.6 -6.3 -10.6 -11.7

Fuels, n.e.s.-coals & gas

101

0.455 89.4 85.4 -33.3 -2.6 -3.3 -5.3 -4.5

Gas-natural

10110

0.353 71.6 69.3 -40.1 -3.6 -4.7 -7.5 -3.2

Paper & paper base stocks

11

0.588 108.4 107.6 -4.0 -0.6 0.2 -0.9 -0.7

Materials associated with nondurable supplies & materials

12

4.929 153.4 150.3 -8.7 -1.5 -0.2 -0.3 -2.0

Selected building materials

13

1.285 134.1 133.9 -4.9 -0.2 1.3 -0.4 -0.1

Unfinished metals related to durable goods

14

3.165 177.4 174.1 -22.5 -0.6 -2.6 -3.4 -1.9

Finished metals related to durable goods

15

1.706 145.5 144.7 -7.0 -0.7 -0.7 -1.0 -0.5

Nonmetals related to durable goods

16

1.731 108.3 106.9 -4.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.4 -1.3

Capital goods

2

29.004 89.8 89.6 -2.4 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Electric generating equipment

20

3.511 116.6 116.8 -2.4 -0.5 -0.2 -0.3 0.2

Nonelectrical machinery

21

22.755 82.3 82.1 -2.6 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

2.738 137.0 137.3 0.3 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

16.266 110.4 110.6 -1.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

27.638 107.1 107.2 -0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.1 0.1

Nondurables, manufactured

40

13.106 119.0 119.5 0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.4

Durables, manufactured

41

13.008 94.9 94.9 -1.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.4 0.0

Nonmanufactured consumer goods

42

1.525 120.3 119.8 0.6 1.3 0.3 1.5 -0.4

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 2. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2015 to January 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description End
Use
Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015
Oct.
2015
to
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016

All commodities

  100.000 119.8 118.9 -5.7 -0.2 -0.7 -1.1 -0.8

Agricultural commodities

  9.108 175.6 173.7 -12.7 0.1 -0.9 -1.0 -1.1

All exports excluding food and fuels (Dec. 2010=100)

  85.008 98.2 98.1 -3.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.5 -0.1

Nonagricultural commodities

  90.893 115.6 114.7 -5.0 -0.3 -0.7 -1.1 -0.8

Foods, feeds, & beverages

0

8.524 177.2 174.4 -13.0 0.5 -0.8 -1.1 -1.6

Agricultural foods, feeds & beverages, excluding distilled beverages

00

7.854 177.4 174.5 -13.5 0.4 -0.9 -1.2 -1.6

Nonagricultural foods (fish, distilled beverages)

01

0.670 182.0 180.2 -7.4 2.3 -0.1 0.2 -1.0

Industrial supplies & materials

1

28.358 137.5 134.8 -12.8 -0.8 -2.0 -2.9 -2.0

Industrial supplies & materials, durable

  10.319 147.7 147.7 -10.2 -0.1 -1.4 -1.8 0.0

Industrial supplies & materials, nondurable

  18.038 132.8 128.8 -14.2 -1.3 -2.3 -3.6 -3.0

Agricultural industrial supplies & materials

10

1.254 169.9 173.9 -7.5 -1.7 -1.5 0.4 2.4

Nonagricultural industrial supplies & materials

  27.104 136.4 133.5 -13.0 -0.8 -2.0 -3.1 -2.1

Fuels & lubricants

11

6.469 136.8 125.8 -26.3 -1.3 -3.6 -9.0 -8.0

Nonagricultural supplies & materials excluding fuels & building materials

12

19.601 147.0 146.5 -8.6 -0.7 -1.6 -1.3 -0.3

Selected building materials

13

1.034 114.6 115.0 -5.2 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.3

Capital goods

2

39.194 106.9 106.8 -0.7 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Electrical generating equipment

20

3.996 112.4 112.3 -2.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.4 -0.1

Nonelectrical machinery

21

26.551 94.5 94.2 -1.5 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.3

Transportation equipment excluding motor vehicles (Dec. 2001=100)

22

8.648 161.9 162.2 1.9 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.2

Automotive vehicles, parts & engines

3

10.827 113.5 113.6 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Consumer goods, excluding automotives

4

13.098 111.5 111.0 -2.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.4 -0.4

Nondurables, manufactured

40

5.943 107.2 106.7 -3.3 0.0 0.0 -0.5 -0.5

Durables, manufactured

41

5.507 109.4 108.8 -1.7 -0.2 0.0 -0.5 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 3. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2015 to January 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015
Oct.
2015
to
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016

Nonmanufactured articles

  7.523 77.1 71.2 -27.7 0.6 -4.4 -7.1 -7.7

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

2.062 176.9 179.0 0.7 -1.9 0.9 1.5 1.2

Crop production

111

1.684 191.7 194.3 4.2 -0.6 0.6 2.8 1.4

Animal production (Dec. 2014=100)

112

0.200 76.2 79.1 -18.9 -11.4 4.6 -6.3 3.8

Mining

21

5.461 64.7 57.7 -35.2 1.5 -6.0 -9.9 -10.8

Mining (except oil and gas) (Dec. 2006=100)

212

0.245 96.6 92.4 -20.2 -0.2 -0.3 -0.2 -4.3

Manufactured articles

  92.200 108.9 108.3 -4.0 -0.5 -0.2 -0.5 -0.6

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

12.200 122.7 122.5 -2.5 -0.4 -0.2 -0.4 -0.2

Food manufacturing

311

3.392 147.0 146.6 -7.3 -1.1 -0.5 -1.1 -0.3

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

1.099 117.9 118.0 0.3 0.0 -0.2 -0.2 0.1

Textile mills (Dec. 2011=100)

313

0.413 99.5 99.6 -3.0 -0.2 -0.5 -0.2 0.1

Textile product mills

314

0.920 110.8 110.1 -3.1 -0.4 -0.4 -0.1 -0.6

Apparel manufacturing

315

4.418 111.4 111.5 -0.4 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Leather and allied product manufacturing

316

1.959 124.4 124.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.3

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

16.993 116.1 112.9 -8.3 -1.3 0.3 -0.9 -2.8

Wood product manufacturing

321

0.764 110.7 110.8 -7.8 -0.5 1.8 -0.6 0.1

Paper manufacturing

322

1.090 105.8 105.3 -5.0 -0.5 0.0 -0.8 -0.5

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

1.997 74.3 60.6 -35.5 -5.4 1.5 -5.8 -18.4

Chemical manufacturing

325

9.575 131.2 130.7 -3.4 -0.8 0.0 -0.2 -0.4

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.318 118.4 116.3 -4.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -1.8

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

1.048 130.2 129.7 -0.2 0.0 0.1 -0.1 -0.4

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

63.007 103.5 103.3 -3.1 -0.2 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

3.938 120.4 117.9 -21.2 -0.5 -2.4 -3.4 -2.1

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.180 123.9 123.6 -2.8 -0.7 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2

Machinery manufacturing

333

7.862 117.7 117.3 -2.2 -0.2 -0.2 -0.4 -0.3

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

18.393 77.3 77.1 -2.2 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

4.942 116.1 116.5 -1.9 -0.2 -0.2 -0.5 0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

17.468 109.6 109.9 -0.7 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.3

Furniture and related product manufacturing

337

1.680 115.0 115.3 -0.8 -0.2 0.1 -0.4 0.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.545 118.9 119.0 -1.7 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 4. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2015 to January 2016 [December 2005=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description NAICS Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015
Oct.
2015
to
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016

Nonmanufactured articles

  6.842 119.9 121.6 -13.8 -1.3 -3.4 -0.4 1.4

Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

11

4.677 154.2 153.0 -11.1 1.6 -1.6 -1.1 -0.8

Crop production

111

4.402 159.8 158.4 -11.3 1.7 -1.6 -1.2 -0.9

Mining

21

2.165 61.3 65.2 -18.8 -7.0 -7.0 0.8 6.4

Mining (except oil and gas)

212

1.128 77.1 77.8 -16.3 -2.4 -1.5 -2.0 0.9

Manufactured articles

  91.964 110.8 109.9 -4.7 -0.4 -0.5 -1.0 -0.8

Manufactured goods, part 1

31

6.744 133.6 132.2 -11.3 -1.1 -0.5 -0.5 -1.0

Food manufacturing

311

4.508 149.5 147.8 -13.7 -1.2 -0.6 -0.7 -1.1

Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing

312

0.619 107.3 104.9 -8.9 -2.0 -0.2 0.8 -2.2

Manufactured goods, part 2

32

23.117 104.7 102.2 -10.3 -0.6 -1.3 -2.8 -2.4

Paper manufacturing

322

1.762 122.2 121.8 -2.2 -0.2 -0.9 -0.3 -0.3

Printing and related support activities (Dec. 2015=100)

323

0.270 100.0 100.0 - - - - 0.0

Petroleum and coal products manufacturing

324

4.092 77.5 69.1 -29.8 -1.1 -3.3 -11.8 -10.8

Chemical manufacturing

325

13.157 115.0 114.3 -6.5 -0.8 -1.1 -0.9 -0.6

Plastics and rubber products manufacturing

326

2.427 116.5 116.8 -2.1 -0.3 0.0 -0.2 0.3

Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing

327

0.872 112.7 111.9 -0.4 0.2 0.1 0.1 -0.7

Manufactured goods, part 3

33

62.103 111.0 110.8 -1.6 -0.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.2

Primary metal manufacturing

331

4.060 127.3 126.5 -11.4 0.2 -2.0 -3.0 -0.6

Fabricated metal product manufacturing

332

3.307 129.8 130.2 0.7 -0.2 0.2 -0.1 0.3

Machinery manufacturing

333

11.606 125.1 125.1 0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0

Computer and electronic product manufacturing

334

14.736 84.7 84.3 -3.0 -0.2 -0.2 -0.4 -0.5

Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing

335

3.862 112.4 112.1 -2.3 0.0 -0.4 -0.5 -0.3

Transportation equipment manufacturing

336

18.394 121.7 121.7 0.7 0.0 -0.1 0.0 0.0

Furniture and related product manufacturing (Dec. 2011=100)

337

0.393 110.2 110.5 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing

339

5.745 122.1 122.0 -1.2 -0.3 0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 5. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2015 to January 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015
Oct.
2015
to
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.398 177.5 180.0 -7.8 -2.9 0.6 -1.5 1.4

Meat and edible meat offal

02

0.363 220.7 214.3 -14.0 -6.5 1.8 -2.6 -2.9

Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates

03

0.724 129.6 133.6 -1.6 0.9 -1.3 0.9 3.1

Vegetable products

II

2.126 209.0 211.7 5.3 -0.4 0.1 3.1 1.3

Edible vegetables, roots, and tubers

07

0.578 520.0 589.0 52.9 -5.9 0.0 4.3 13.3

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

0.599 97.6 93.2 -8.0 3.4 0.3 2.7 -4.5

Coffee, tea, mate and spices

09

0.369 231.2 225.1 -15.0 -0.7 -0.9 2.0 -2.6

Oilseeds & misc grains, seeds, plants, straw & fodder (Dec. 2015=100)

12

0.164 100.0 101.9 - - - - 1.9

Animal or vegetable fats and oils (Dec. 2009=100)

III

0.257 97.1 97.8 -11.5 0.1 -0.4 -5.3 0.7

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco

IV

2.779 159.0 158.1 -2.5 -0.4 0.0 -0.4 -0.6

Sugars and sugar confectionary (Dec. 2012=100)

17

0.190 84.9 84.7 -7.4 -0.5 0.1 -0.6 -0.2

Cocoa and cocoa preparations (Dec. 2009=100)

18

0.251 115.6 108.6 -3.3 -1.7 1.7 -0.3 -6.1

Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers' wares (Dec. 2007=100)

19

0.287 132.0 132.0 -1.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts, or other parts of plants

20

0.324 154.1 153.4 -7.4 -0.3 1.1 -0.1 -0.5

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar

22

1.038 128.0 128.0 0.1 0.0 -0.2 0.0 0.0

Mineral products

V

7.629 137.8 120.3 -34.9 -0.5 -4.2 -8.7 -12.7

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

7.361 134.7 117.2 -35.5 -0.5 -4.3 -9.0 -13.0

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

8.950 146.9 146.9 -1.5 -0.4 0.1 0.0 0.0

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.602 277.9 268.9 -15.7 -1.4 -1.3 -2.1 -3.2

Organic chemicals

29

2.415 121.2 120.6 -3.1 -0.6 -0.1 0.1 -0.5

Pharmaceutical products

30

3.779 138.1 140.2 3.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 1.5

Fertilizers (Dec. 2009=100)

31

0.344 92.4 83.0 -27.9 -8.9 0.0 0.9 -10.2

Tanning extracts; dye, pigments, varnish, paints & putty (Dec. 2011=100)

32

0.190 97.8 96.7 -7.4 -1.5 0.0 -0.2 -1.1

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

0.654 98.7 100.6 10.9 3.3 3.3 2.5 1.9

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

3.560 137.7 135.6 -6.4 -0.6 -0.3 -0.4 -1.5

Plastics and articles thereof

39

2.293 141.9 139.1 -6.8 -0.3 -0.2 -0.2 -2.0

Rubber and articles thereof

40

1.267 132.0 130.7 -5.8 -1.2 -0.3 -0.8 -1.0

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc

VIII

0.732 127.0 126.6 -1.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.3

Articles of leather; travel goods, bags, etc. of various materials

42

0.692 130.0 129.9 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, basketware and wickerwork

IX

0.801 135.3 135.3 -7.1 -0.4 1.8 -0.4 0.0

Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (Dec. 2014=100)

44

0.775 92.8 92.8 -7.4 -0.4 1.9 -0.4 0.0

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

1.170 110.4 109.8 -2.9 -0.3 0.0 -0.5 -0.5

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

0.791 104.8 103.9 -3.0 0.1 -0.3 -0.1 -0.9

Printed matter (Dec. 2015=100)

49

0.212 100.0 100.0 - - - - 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

5.562 113.7 113.6 -1.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted

61

2.303 104.0 103.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.1

Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted

62

1.916 119.4 119.6 -0.6 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Made-up or worn textile articles

63

0.652 104.8 104.1 -3.1 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 -0.7

Headgear, umbrellas, artifical flowers, etc.

XII

1.555 123.4 123.2 0.5 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.2

Footwear and parts of such articles

64

1.351 122.6 122.3 0.2 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.972 131.6 131.1 -0.8 0.1 0.1 -0.4 -0.4

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.337 100.0 99.1 - - - - -0.9

Ceramic products

69

0.286 138.1 138.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 0.1

Glass and glassware

70

0.348 128.9 128.5 -0.2 0.1 0.0 -0.8 -0.3

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

2.904 159.5 160.4 -7.6 0.8 -0.9 -2.6 0.6

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

5.468 154.7 152.0 -14.4 -1.2 -1.4 -1.2 -1.7

Iron and steel

72

1.249 157.5 150.5 -29.1 -3.6 -4.0 -1.7 -4.4

Articles of iron or steel

73

1.782 142.0 140.3 -8.0 -1.0 -0.8 -0.9 -1.2

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.381 253.7 248.3 -17.3 1.5 -0.9 -1.5 -2.1

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.734 121.4 120.6 -12.7 -0.9 -1.5 -0.7 -0.7

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof

82

0.462 125.9 126.4 -1.9 -0.4 -0.7 -0.2 0.4

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.536 137.6 137.3 -0.4 -0.2 0.4 -0.2 -0.2

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

31.227 81.6 81.6 -2.0 -0.2 -0.1 -0.4 0.0

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

15.854 86.6 86.6 -2.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.5 0.0

Electrical machinery and equip, sound and TV recorders & reproducers, parts

85

15.373 76.8 76.8 -1.9 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.0

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

14.534 114.1 114.3 -0.5 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.2

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

13.019 112.7 112.8 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (Dec. 2002=100)

88

1.443 119.8 120.3 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.4

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

4.045 102.9 102.4 -1.6 -0.2 0.0 -0.2 -0.5

Optical, photographic, measuring and medical instruments

90

3.714 99.8 99.3 -1.6 -0.1 0.0 -0.2 -0.5

Clocks and watches and parts thereof

91

0.266 140.0 139.9 -1.7 -0.6 0.3 -0.7 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

4.244 112.1 112.2 -1.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.2 0.1

Furniture & stuffed furnishings; lamps & lighting fittings, nesoi; prefab bldgs

94

2.595 116.6 116.8 -1.7 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

1.369 103.8 103.7 -1.2 -0.2 -0.1 0.0 -0.1

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

96

0.280 134.0 135.8 0.1 -0.1 0.0 0.0 1.3

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 6. U.S. export price indexes and percent changes for selected categories of goods: January 2015 to January 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Harmo-
nized
system
Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015
Oct.
2015
to
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016

Live animals; animal products

I

1.700 181.7 178.5 -19.2 -1.9 0.1 -1.4 -1.8

Meat & edible meat offal (Dec. 2006=100)

02

0.975 139.0 135.4 -23.8 -2.9 -0.4 -1.4 -2.6

Vegetable products

II

4.393 196.4 194.0 -13.0 2.0 -0.8 -1.8 -1.2

Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons

08

1.026 170.1 170.4 -7.6 2.3 0.3 -2.9 0.2

Cereals

10

1.307 185.4 178.9 -18.6 7.9 -1.3 -4.1 -3.5

Oilseeds and misc. grains, seeds, fruits, plants, straw and fodder

12

1.529 188.8 185.8 -17.4 0.1 -2.9 0.4 -1.6

Prepared foodstuffs, beverages,and tobacco

IV

2.977 148.3 146.6 -9.3 -0.9 -0.4 -0.5 -1.1

Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (Dec. 2009=100)

20

0.404 119.6 120.3 1.5 0.3 0.2 0.7 0.6

Beverages, spirits, and vinegar (Dec. 2008=100)

22

0.557 106.1 104.5 -5.2 0.0 -0.7 -1.3 -1.5

Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed

23

0.698 198.9 194.2 -19.4 -3.6 -1.3 -0.7 -2.4

Mineral products

V

6.329 154.5 145.1 -26.7 -2.3 -4.0 -9.0 -6.1

Ores, slag and ash (Dec. 2012=100)

26

0.448 70.2 72.3 -19.5 -3.8 -1.9 -2.6 3.0

Mineral fuels, oils and residuals, bituminous substances and mineral waxes

27

5.683 147.3 137.0 -27.9 -2.2 -4.2 -9.7 -7.0

Products of the chemical or allied industries

VI

11.029 138.5 137.5 -5.0 -0.4 -0.5 -0.6 -0.7

Inorganic chemicals

28

0.971 183.8 184.1 3.7 -0.4 -0.1 0.3 0.2

Organic chemicals

29

2.523 135.2 132.1 -11.3 -1.1 -0.9 -0.6 -2.3

Pharmaceutical products

30

2.998 109.2 108.8 -4.1 -0.2 0.2 -1.1 -0.4

Tanning or dyeing extracts, dyes, paints varnish, putty, & inks (Dec. 2015=100)

32

0.556 100.0 99.3 - - - - -0.7

Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery cosmetic or toilet preparations

33

0.844 135.5 134.0 -1.7 -0.1 0.1 0.0 -1.1

Soap; lubricants; waxes, polishing or scouring products; candles, pastes

34

0.502 112.3 116.0 -0.9 -0.5 0.3 -0.4 3.3

Miscellaneous chemical products

38

1.884 148.4 147.6 -3.0 -0.3 -0.7 -1.1 -0.5

Plastics and articles thereof; rubber and articles thereof

VII

5.135 136.5 136.1 -7.0 -1.3 -1.4 -0.4 -0.3

Plastics and articles thereof

39

4.150 132.1 131.5 -7.2 -1.5 -1.6 -0.4 -0.5

Rubber and articles thereof

40

0.985 155.2 156.0 -6.1 -0.5 -0.6 -0.6 0.5

Raw hides, skins, leather, furskins, travel goods, etc.

VIII

0.334 120.6 118.6 -21.0 -2.9 -3.4 0.0 -1.7

Raw hides and skins other than furskins and leather (Dec.2014=100)

41

0.181 68.9 66.5 -31.7 -4.8 -5.2 -0.4 -3.5

Wood, wood charcoal, cork, straw, baskets and wickerwork (Dec. 2014=100)

IX

0.662 96.4 96.7 -3.5 0.6 1.1 0.9 0.3

Woodpulp, recovered paper, and paper products

X

2.149 121.9 120.9 -3.2 0.0 -0.7 -0.6 -0.8

Woodpulp and recovered paper

47

0.607 121.3 119.6 -6.0 -0.3 -2.8 -1.3 -1.4

Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, paper or paperboard

48

1.159 121.6 120.6 -2.7 0.0 0.2 -0.8 -0.8

Printed material (Dec. 2014=100)

49

0.384 100.4 100.4 0.1 0.6 0.1 1.2 0.0

Textile and textile articles

XI

1.737 120.6 120.1 -3.3 -0.7 -0.7 0.4 -0.4

Cotton, including yarns and woven fabrics thereof

52

0.392 116.1 114.2 -6.4 -1.3 -1.2 0.0 -1.6

Stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, ceramics, glass etc.

XIII

0.874 122.6 122.9 0.4 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2

Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, or mica (Dec. 2015=100)

68

0.294 100.0 100.5 - - - - 0.5

Glass and glassware

70

0.441 99.3 99.4 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Pearls, stones, precious metals, imitation jewelry, and coins

XIV

4.174 218.2 219.7 -7.0 0.4 -1.4 -2.5 0.7

Base metals and articles of base metals

XV

4.954 141.8 141.5 -10.3 -0.6 -1.6 -1.3 -0.2

Iron and steel

72

0.986 137.5 136.6 -23.4 -1.9 -4.1 -2.8 -0.7

Copper and articles thereof

74

0.426 151.1 144.8 -24.9 -0.3 -3.4 -6.3 -4.2

Aluminum and articles thereof

76

0.779 103.6 103.4 -14.3 -0.7 -2.7 0.0 -0.2

Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal (Dec. 2015=100)

82

0.398 100.0 100.2 - - - - 0.2

Miscellaneous articles of base metal

83

0.361 148.3 148.2 0.3 0.0 0.0 -0.2 -0.1

Machinery, electrical equipment, TV image and sound recorders, parts, etc.

XVI

30.143 96.2 95.9 -1.6 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3

Machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof

84

17.967 112.9 112.4 -1.1 0.0 -0.1 -0.2 -0.4

Electrical machinery and equipment and parts and accessories thereof

85

12.176 78.2 78.0 -2.5 -0.3 -0.1 -0.3 -0.3

Vehicles, aircraft, vessels and associated transport equipment

XVII

15.217 130.9 131.0 0.5 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1 0.1

Motor vehicles and their parts

87

9.301 114.8 114.8 -0.3 0.0 -0.1 -0.1 0.0

Optical, photo, measuring, medical & musical instruments; & timepieces

XVIII

6.303 107.1 107.4 -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.2 0.3

Miscellaneous manufactured articles

XX

1.554 111.1 111.1 0.2 0.5 -0.6 0.2 0.0

Furniture; stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings nesoi;

94

0.916 124.2 124.4 1.4 0.6 -0.6 0.2 0.2

Toys, games and sports equipment; parts and accessories thereof

95

0.480 90.1 90.1 0.4 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


Table 7. U.S. import price indexes and percent changes by locality of origin: January 2015 to January 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015
Oct.
2015
to
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016

Industrialized Countries(2)

100.000 115.5 114.0 -6.4 0.2 -0.4 -1.0 -1.3

Nonmanufactured articles

6.745 107.8 99.2 -27.9 6.3 -3.7 -8.6 -8.0

Manufactured articles

92.887 115.7 114.8 -4.3 -0.3 -0.1 -0.5 -0.8

Other Countries(3)

100.000 117.5 116.4 -6.2 -0.4 -0.7 -1.1 -0.9

Nonmanufactured articles

8.019 159.7 148.8 -26.3 -0.7 -5.0 -6.3 -6.8

Manufactured articles

91.755 103.2 102.7 -3.8 -0.4 -0.2 -0.5 -0.5

Canada

100.000 114.4 111.2 -12.6 0.4 -0.8 -2.6 -2.8

Nonmanufactured articles

19.722 102.4 93.9 -28.4 6.7 -3.8 -9.0 -8.3

Manufactured articles

79.634 121.8 120.1 -7.8 -1.0 0.1 -1.1 -1.4

European Union(4)

100.000 132.1 131.7 -2.4 0.3 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3

Manufactured articles

99.515 128.7 128.3 -2.4 0.3 -0.4 -0.3 -0.3

France (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 121.1 122.2 -0.7 -0.2 -0.2 -0.2 0.9

Germany (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 116.2 114.8 -2.8 0.1 -0.1 -0.5 -1.2

United Kingdom (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 120.0 120.1 0.1 -0.1 -0.2 -0.7 0.1

Latin America(5)

100.000 137.7 136.0 -7.8 -0.7 -1.2 -1.6 -1.2

Nonmanufactured articles

15.153 177.9 170.1 -18.9 1.0 -5.3 -6.7 -4.4

Manufactured articles

84.417 119.9 119.1 -5.5 -1.1 -0.3 -0.7 -0.7

Mexico (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 126.1 125.8 -3.9 -0.5 -0.4 -0.6 -0.2

Nonmanufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

7.774 98.3 96.6 -17.4 0.6 -4.9 -5.3 -1.7

Manufactured articles (Dec. 2008=100)

91.788 89.4 89.4 -2.5 -0.7 0.1 -0.3 0.0

Pacific Rim (Dec. 2003=100)(6)

100.000 99.3 99.0 -2.4 -0.2 -0.1 -0.2 -0.3

China (Dec. 2003=100)

100.000 101.9 101.8 -1.6 -0.1 -0.2 -0.2 -0.1

Japan

100.000 95.1 95.0 -2.4 0.0 0.0 -0.1 -0.1

Asian NICs(7)

100.000 85.1 84.7 -3.3 -0.1 -0.6 -0.4 -0.5

ASEAN (Dec. 2003=100)(8)

100.000 97.8 97.1 -3.3 -0.1 -0.1 -0.3 -0.7

Asia Near East (Dec. 2003=100)(9)

100.000 137.4 127.6 -28.6 -2.6 -2.7 -4.5 -7.1

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.
(2) Western Europe, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.
(3) Eastern Europe, Latin America, OPEC countries, and other countries in Asia, Africa and the Western Hemisphere.
(4) European Union countries.
(5) Mexico, Central America, South America and the Caribbean.
(6) China, Japan, Australia, Brunei, Indonesia, Macao, Malaysia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines and the Asian Newly Industrialized Countries.
(7) Asian Newly Industrialized Countries - Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan.
(8) Association of Southeast Asian Nations - Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
(9) Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Regions are not mutually exclusive.
Dash = Not available


Table 8. U.S. international price indexes and percent changes for selected transportation services: January 2015 to January 2016 [2000=100, unless otherwise noted]
Description Relative
import-
ance
Dec.
2015(1)
Index Percent change
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Annual Monthly
Jan.
2015
to
Jan.
2016
Sept.
2015
to
Oct.
2015
Oct.
2015
to
Nov.
2015
Nov.
2015
to
Dec.
2015
Dec.
2015
to
Jan.
2016

Air Freight

Import Air Freight

100.000 162.0 154.6 -7.5 5.0 0.4 -2.8 -4.6

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

22.736 140.4 141.0 -12.5 -0.4 -1.2 -3.4 0.4

Asia

64.313 148.2 137.3 -6.9 8.0 1.7 -3.1 -7.4

Export Air Freight

100.000 156.5 159.1 -2.5 -0.3 0.4 -0.1 1.7

Europe (Dec. 2006=100)

38.229 149.8 151.7 -1.7 -0.5 0.3 0.3 1.3

Inbound Air Freight

100.000 152.5 148.8 -7.2 2.6 0.3 -1.9 -2.4

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

27.106 135.0 135.4 -8.4 -0.6 0.0 -2.0 0.3

Asia

58.896 138.8 132.8 -8.6 4.6 1.1 -2.2 -4.3

Outbound Air Freight

100.000 144.3 144.0 -4.8 -1.8 -0.7 -0.3 -0.2

Europe (Dec. 2003=100)

34.677 157.8 158.0 -7.4 -0.5 -0.9 0.5 0.1

Asia

42.623 134.2 133.1 -6.4 -3.6 -1.4 -1.0 -0.8

Air Passenger Fares

Import Air Passenger Fares

100.000 194.4 192.4 -4.3 5.2 3.7 -0.6 -1.0

Europe

40.445 205.6 228.3 -3.0 3.8 5.1 -11.6 11.0

Asia

25.945 159.9 143.8 -2.5 5.1 -0.7 13.2 -10.1

Latin America/Caribbean

9.750 170.5 142.5 -13.8 0.1 0.2 14.2 -16.4

Export Air Passenger Fares

100.000 160.9 170.8 -9.7 -1.4 -0.4 4.5 6.2

Europe

28.964 199.3 197.9 -7.3 -3.4 2.6 -5.9 -0.7

Asia

28.149 139.4 152.0 -9.1 0.4 -1.0 5.0 9.0

Latin America/Caribbean

22.629 162.9 176.7 -10.9 2.4 1.4 5.4 8.5

Footnotes
(1) Relative importance figures are based on 2014 trade values.

NOTES: Data may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication.
Dash = Not available


					     TECHNICAL NOTE


Import and Export Merchandise and Services Price Indexes - All indexes use a modified Laspeyres 
formula and are not seasonally adjusted. Price indexes are reweighted annually, with a 2-year lag in the 
weights. Published series use a base year of 2000=100 where possible. More detailed index series and 
additional information may be obtained at www.bls.gov/mxp or by calling (202) 691-7101.

Merchandise Goods Classification Systems - The merchandise price indexes are published using three 
classification systems. Items are classified by end use according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis 
Classification System, by industry according to the North American Industry Classification System 
(NAICS), and by product category according to the Harmonized System (HS). While classification by 
end use and product category are self-explanatory, some notes are in order for classifying items by 
industry. In the NAICS imports and exports tables, items are classified by output industry, not input 
industry. As an example, NAICS import index 326 (plastics and rubber products manufacturing) include 
outputs such as manufactured plastic rather than inputs such as petroleum. The NAICS classification 
structure also matches the classification system used by the Producer Price Index (PPI) to produce the 
NAICS primary products indexes.

Import Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United 
States Annotated (TSUSA). Import prices are based on U.S. dollar prices paid by the U.S. importer. The 
prices are generally either "free on board" (f.o.b.) foreign port or "cost, insurance, and freight" (c.i.f.) 
U.S. port transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual industry. The index for crude 
petroleum is calculated from data collected by the U.S. Department of Energy.  

Export Price Indexes - Products have been classified by the Harmonized Schedule B classification 
system of the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The prices used are generally either "free alongside ship" 
(f.a.s.) factory or "free on board" (f.o.b.) transaction prices, depending on the practices of the individual 
industry. Prices used in the grain index, excluding rice, are obtained from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture.

Services Price Indexes - Starting in September 2008, the import air passenger fares indexes represent 
changes in the average revenue per passenger received by foreign carriers from U.S. residents and are 
calculated from data obtained from an airline consulting service. These data include tickets sold by 
travel agencies and travel websites. Tickets sold directly by the airlines are excluded, as are frequent 
flyer tickets generally. Starting in January 2008, the export air passenger fares indexes represent changes 
in the average revenue per passenger received by U.S. carriers from foreign residents and are calculated 
from data collected directly from airlines. These data include frequent flyer tickets and those sold by 
consolidators. Taxes and fees are included in the import air passenger fares indexes and excluded from 
the export air passenger fares indexes. The air freight indexes are calculated from data collected directly 
from airlines. These data exclude mail and passenger baggage. The scope of the service being priced is 
the movement of freight from airport to airport only, and does not include any ground transportation or 
port service. The air freight indexes are presented using two definitions: balance of payments (which 
represent transactions between U.S. and foreign residents) and international (which represent 
transactions inbound to and outbound from the U.S.). Fact sheets specifying detailed information for 
each services industry are available at www.bls.gov/mxp under "MXP Publications."

Import Indexes by Locality of Origin - Prices used in these indexes are a subset of the data collected 
for the import price indexes. Beginning with January 2002, the indexes are defined by locality of origin 
using a nomenclature based upon the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). 
Nonmanufactured goods are defined as NAICS 11 and 21, and manufactured goods are defined as 
NAICS 31-33. 
 
Revision Policy - To reflect the availability of late reports and corrections by respondents, monthly data 
may be revised in each of the 3 months after original publication. After 3 months, no further data 
revisions take place. For example, data first published in the January release will be subject to revision 
in the releases for February, March, and April.

Uses of the Data - The primary use of the indexes is to deflate trade statistics, notably the foreign trade 
sector of the National Income and Product Accounts (NIPA) constructed by the Department of 
Commerce. Other published indexes are useful for general market analysis. For trade in international 
services, balance of payments indexes are used for deflating NIPA, while international indexes are more 
appropriate for market analysis. Merchandise and services indexes also can be used to study U.S. 
competitiveness and to compute price elasticities, and the merchandise import indexes by country or 
region of origin are useful in terms of trade analysis.

Email Subscription - The U.S. import and export price indexes news release is available through an 
email subscription service at www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm. 
 
Additional Information - More detailed data are available on the Import/Export Price Indexes home 
page at www.bls.gov/mxp. For import and export price indexes data requests, send an email to 
mxpinfo@bls.gov.   

Information from this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request.  
Voice phone: (202)-691-5200; Federal Relay Service: 1-(800)-877-8339.



Last Modified Date: February 12, 2016