Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2014

27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials

Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Includes all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Mean wage
RSE (3)
17,510 6.1 % (4) $33,400 4.7 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Annual Wage (2) $17,500 $19,030 $24,090 $38,180 $57,340
  (4)

Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Local Government (OES Designation) 5,440 0.10 (4) $31,750
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 4,260 0.37 (4) $30,270
Spectator Sports 1,880 1.39 (4) $34,850
Elementary and Secondary Schools 1,780 0.02 (4) $35,720
Civic and Social Organizations 1,140 0.30 (4) $25,710

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Spectator Sports 1,880 1.39 (4) $34,850
Other Amusement and Recreation Industries 4,260 0.37 (4) $30,270
Civic and Social Organizations 1,140 0.30 (4) $25,710
Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events 260 0.22 (4) $27,820
Business, Professional, Labor, Political, and Similar Organizations 640 0.15 (8) (8)

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gambling Industries 150 0.06 (4) $38,930
Elementary and Secondary Schools 1,780 0.02 (4) $35,720
Spectator Sports 1,880 1.39 (4) $34,850
Local Government (OES Designation) 5,440 0.10 (4) $31,750
State Government (OES Designation) 110 0.01 (4) $31,130


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.




States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Illinois 2,170 0.38 2.91 (4) $25,580
California 1,810 0.12 0.92 (4) $33,280
New York 1,230 0.14 1.08 (8) (8)
Colorado 1,070 0.45 3.48 (4) $28,550
Florida 870 0.11 0.87 (4) $28,460



States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kansas 790 0.58 4.48 (4) $26,880
Colorado 1,070 0.45 3.48 (4) $28,550
Alaska 130 0.39 2.99 (8) (8)
Illinois 2,170 0.38 2.91 (4) $25,580
Utah 460 0.36 2.78 (4) $22,280



Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Arkansas (8) (8) (8) (4) $42,780
Louisiana 280 0.14 1.11 (4) $42,120
West Virginia 70 0.10 0.78 (4) $40,420
North Carolina (8) (8) (8) (4) $39,020
Virginia 530 0.14 1.12 (4) $37,930




Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 990 0.18 1.41 (8) (8)
St. Louis, MO-IL 650 0.50 3.85 (4) $26,230
Denver-Aurora-Broomfield, CO 520 0.39 3.02 (4) $26,740
Kansas City, MO-KS 500 0.50 3.86 (4) $27,510
Raleigh-Cary, NC 360 0.65 5.05 (4) $42,270
Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL 340 0.31 2.42 (4) $31,920
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 330 0.32 2.50 (4) $37,520
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI 270 0.15 1.14 (4) $34,950
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 230 0.13 1.00 (4) $37,700
Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA 230 0.22 1.69 (4) $24,330



Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA 130 1.98 15.25 (4) $34,960
Provo-Orem, UT 200 1.05 8.10 (4) $17,780
Peoria, IL 180 1.02 7.89 (4) $22,830
Shreveport-Bossier City, LA 130 0.79 6.12 (8) (8)
Tacoma, WA Metropolitan Division 170 0.65 5.00 (4) $27,290
Raleigh-Cary, NC 360 0.65 5.05 (4) $42,270
Greeley, CO 60 0.64 4.96 (4) $28,820
Bakersfield-Delano, CA 180 0.62 4.81 (4) $43,590
Fort Collins-Loveland, CO 80 0.61 4.67 (4) $23,100
St. Louis, MO-IL 650 0.50 3.85 (4) $26,230



Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Bakersfield-Delano, CA 180 0.62 4.81 (4) $43,590
Memphis, TN-MS-AR 70 0.12 0.90 (4) $43,530
Anchorage, AK 60 0.36 2.82 (4) $42,350
Raleigh-Cary, NC 360 0.65 5.05 (4) $42,270
Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville, CA (8) (8) (8) (4) $40,990
Lexington-Fayette, KY 70 0.27 2.09 (4) $40,390
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division 230 0.10 0.74 (4) $38,000
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, MA NECTA Division 230 0.13 1.00 (4) $37,700
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 330 0.32 2.50 (4) $37,520
Richmond, VA 80 0.14 1.05 (4) $36,940

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Illinois nonmetropolitan area 270 2.01 15.51 (4) $19,200
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 120 0.32 2.45 (4) $20,850
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 100 1.01 7.81 (4) $42,970
Eastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 70 0.44 3.37 (4) $34,140
Southwestern Virginia nonmetropolitan area 40 0.30 2.28 (4) $25,320

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Northwest Illinois nonmetropolitan area 270 2.01 15.51 (4) $19,200
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 100 1.01 7.81 (4) $42,970
Eastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 70 0.44 3.37 (4) $34,140
Railbelt / Southwest Alaska nonmetropolitan area 30 0.42 3.23 (8) (8)
Kansas nonmetropolitan area 120 0.32 2.45 (4) $20,850

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Western Colorado nonmetropolitan area 100 1.01 7.81 (4) $42,970
Southeast Minnesota nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) (4) $38,350
Eastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 70 0.44 3.37 (4) $34,140
Southwest New York nonmetropolitan area 30 0.16 1.24 (4) $31,620
Southwestern Virginia nonmetropolitan area 40 0.30 2.28 (4) $25,320


About May 2014 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2014 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 25, 2015