Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

                                   
For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, June 8, 2010         USDL-10-0773

Technical information:   (202) 691-5870 • JoltsInfo@bls.gov • www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov


             Job Openings and Labor Turnover – April 2010

There were 3.1 million job openings on the last business day of April
2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The job
openings rate increased over the month to 2.3 percent. The hires rate
(3.3 percent) and the separations rate (3.1 percent) were unchanged.
This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job
openings, hires, and separations for the total nonfarm sector by
industry and geographic region.


Job Openings
The number of job openings increased in April to 3.1 million. Since
the most recent trough of 2.3 million in July 2009, the number of job
openings has risen by 740,000. The job openings level increased in
April for total nonfarm and total private. The level decreased for
government. The number of job openings was little changed in most
industries and in 2 of the 4 regions. The level increased in the
Northeast and the West. (See table 1.)

The number of job openings in April (not seasonally adjusted)
increased from 12 months earlier for total nonfarm and total private.
The job openings level increased in many industries and the number of
job openings increased in 3 of the 4 regions. (See table 5.)

                                 - 2 -

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry      | Apr. | Mar. | Apr. | Apr. | Mar. | Apr. | Apr. | Mar. | Apr.
                   | 2009 | 2010 | 2010p| 2009 | 2010 | 2010p| 2009 | 2010 | 2010p
-------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                     Levels (in thousands)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|2,475 |2,785 |3,078 |4,182 |4,331 |4,304 |4,651 |4,048 |4,000
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|2,108 |2,363 |2,693 |3,795 |3,970 |3,946 |4,396 |3,743 |3,706
  Construction.....|   27 |   83 |  102 |  339 |  400 |  355 |  449 |  365 |  347
  Manufacturing....|  108 |  180 |  189 |  248 |  279 |  300 |  378 |  245 |  245
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  345 |  470 |  470 |  891 |  897 |  867 |  986 |  866 |  818
   Retail trade....|  211 |  305 |  301 |  646 |  646 |  602 |  674 |  620 |  558
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  433 |  423 |  523 |  720 |  744 |  757 |  862 |  699 |  697
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  506 |  536 |  573 |  470 |  503 |  508 |  474 |  455 |  478
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  337 |  257 |  300 |  691 |  712 |  720 |  723 |  677 |  687
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|   24 |   24 |   34 |   93 |  114 |  126 |  112 |  119 |  114
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  313 |  232 |  265 |  598 |  598 |  594 |  611 |  558 |  572
 Government(3).....|  367 |  421 |  385 |  387 |  360 |  358 |  256 |  305 |  294
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  311 |  262 |  256 |  244 |  268 |  251 |  235 |  268 |  253
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Rates (percent)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|  1.8 |  2.1 |  2.3 |  3.2 |  3.3 |  3.3 |  3.5 |  3.1 |  3.1
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|  1.9 |  2.2 |  2.4 |  3.5 |  3.7 |  3.7 |  4.0 |  3.5 |  3.4
  Construction.....|  0.4 |  1.5 |  1.8 |  5.5 |  7.1 |  6.3 |  7.3 |  6.5 |  6.2
  Manufacturing....|  0.9 |  1.5 |  1.6 |  2.1 |  2.4 |  2.6 |  3.1 |  2.1 |  2.1
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  1.4 |  1.9 |  1.9 |  3.6 |  3.6 |  3.5 |  3.9 |  3.5 |  3.3
   Retail trade....|  1.4 |  2.1 |  2.0 |  4.4 |  4.5 |  4.2 |  4.6 |  4.3 |  3.9
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  2.5 |  2.5 |  3.0 |  4.3 |  4.5 |  4.5 |  5.2 |  4.2 |  4.2
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  2.6 |  2.7 |  2.9 |  2.5 |  2.6 |  2.6 |  2.5 |  2.3 |  2.5
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  2.5 |  1.9 |  2.2 |  5.3 |  5.5 |  5.5 |  5.5 |  5.2 |  5.2
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.8 |  4.9 |  6.0 |  6.6 |  5.8 |  6.3 |  6.0
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  2.7 |  2.0 |  2.3 |  5.3 |  5.4 |  5.3 |  5.5 |  5.0 |  5.1
 Government(3).....|  1.6 |  1.8 |  1.7 |  1.7 |  1.6 |  1.6 |  1.1 |  1.4 |  1.3
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  1.5 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.4 |  1.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
  3 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p = preliminary.


Hires
In April, the hires rate was unchanged for total nonfarm at 3.3
percent. The hires rate has remained between 3.0 percent and 3.3
percent since September 2008. The hires rate was little changed in
April for all industries and regions. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in April, the hires rate (not seasonally
adjusted) increased for total private and was little changed for total
nonfarm, government, and most industries. The hires rate increased in
the Midwest and was little changed in the remaining regions over the
year. (See table 6.)

Separations
Total separations includes quits (voluntary separations), layoffs and
discharges (involuntary separations), and other separations (including
retirements). The total separations, or turnover, rate 

                                 - 3 -

remained unchanged in April for total nonfarm at 3.1 percent. The rate
was also little changed over the month for total private and government.
The total separations rate (not seasonally adjusted) decreased over the 12
months ending in April for total nonfarm and total private and was
little changed for government. (See tables 3 and 7.)

The quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or
ability to change jobs. In April, the quits rate was unchanged for
total nonfarm (1.5 percent) and total private (1.7 percent), and the
rate for government was little changed (0.4 percent). The rate was
little changed over the month for all industries and regions. (See
table 4.)

Over the 12 months ending in April, the quits rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was little changed for total nonfarm and government but
increased for total private. The quits rate was little changed in most
industries and 3 of the 4 regions over the year. The rate increased in
the Northeast. (See table 8.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels. The layoffs and discharges rate was little changed
in April for total nonfarm, total private, and government. (See table
B below.)

The layoffs and discharges rate (not seasonally adjusted) fell over
the 12 months ending in April for total nonfarm and total private and
was little changed for government. The layoffs and discharges rate
fell over the year in many industries and all four regions. (See table
9.)

Table B.  Layoffs and discharges by industry, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                   | Levels (in thousands) |        Rates
                   |------------------------------------------------
     Industry      |  Apr. |  Mar. |  Apr. |  Apr. |  Mar. |  Apr.
                   |  2009 |  2010 |  2010p|  2009 |  2010 |  2010p
-------------------|------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 2,617 | 1,821 | 1,747 |  2.0  |  1.4  |  1.3
 Total private.....| 2,504 | 1,697 | 1,614 |  2.3  |  1.6  |  1.5
 Government........|   114 |   124 |   132 |  0.5  |  0.6  |  0.6
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = preliminary.


The other separations series is not seasonally adjusted. In April,
there were 349,000 other separations for total nonfarm, 300,000 for
total private, and 49,000 for government. Compared to April 2009, the
number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm,
total private, and government. (See table 10.)

The total separations level is influenced by the relative contribution
of its three components—quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. The percentage of total separations at the total nonfarm
level attributable to the individual components has varied over time.
The proportion of quits had exceeded the proportion of layoffs and
discharges every month from the beginning of the series in December
2000 until November 2008 when layoffs and discharges became the larger
contributor to total separations. In April 2009, the proportion of
quits was 39 percent and began to rise, while the proportion of
layoffs and discharges reached a high of 56 percent and began to fall.
In February 2010, the relative contribution reversed again with the
proportion of quits (47 percent) slightly exceeding the proportion of
layoffs and discharges (46 percent). The difference between the
proportions for quits (50 percent) and layoffs and discharges (44
percent) increased in April 2010. (Computed using values from tables 3
and 4, and table B above.)

                                 - 4 -

Net Change in Employment
Over the 12 months ending in April, hires totaled 48.8 million and
separations totaled 50.2 million, yielding a net employment loss of
1.4 million.


____________________

The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for May 2010 are
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, July 13, 2010 at 10:00 a.m.
(EDT).




                         - 5 -

Technical Note


  The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
are collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business
establishments by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

  In a monthly survey of business establishments, data are
collected for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs
and discharges, and other separations.  Data collection methods
include computer-assisted telephone interviewing, touchtone data
entry, fax, e-mail, and mail.

Coverage

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such
as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities in the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this
release are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  In order to
ensure the highest possible quality of data, State Workforce
Agencies verify with employers and update, if necessary, the
industry code, location, and ownership classification of all
establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establishment
characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for
the first month of the year.

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who
worked or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th
day of the reference month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-
term, seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave.  Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay
period, are not counted as employed.  Employees of temporary help
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and
consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

  Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for
the last business day of the reference month.  A job opening
requires that: 1) a specific position exists and there is work
available for that position, 2) work could start within 30 days
regardless of whether a suitable candidate is found, and 3) the
employer is actively recruiting from outside the establishment to
fill the position.  Included are full-time, part-time, permanent,
short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active recruiting means that
the establishment is taking steps to fill a position by advertising
in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted signs,
accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions,
demotions, or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are
jobs with start dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for
which employees have been hired but have not yet reported for work,
and jobs to be filled by employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants.
The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job
openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll
occurring at any time during the reference month, including both
new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the
location after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or
intermittent employees who returned to work after having been
formally separated, and transfers from other locations.  The hires
count does not include transfers or promotions within the reporting
site, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help
agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or
consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of
hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and
are reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations).  Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations
initiated by the employer and include layoffs with no intent to
rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last more than 7
days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or closings;
firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or
short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal employees.
Other separations include retirements, transfers to other
locations, deaths, and separations due to disability.  Separations
do not include transfers within the same location or employees on
strike.

  The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of
separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are
computed similarly, dividing the number by employment and
multiplying by 100.

  Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels

                         - 6 -

of hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total
separations are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are
computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying
that quotient by 100.  This figure will be approximately equal to
the sum of the 12 monthly rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES
annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual
estimates are calculated.  Consistent with BLS practices, annual
estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data.

  Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last
business day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day
of the month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot
be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings
cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and
separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with
a total reported for the month.  Therefore, the annual figures can
be created by summing the monthly estimates.

Special Collection Procedures

  An implied measure of employment change can be derived from the
JOLTS data by subtracting separations from hires for a given
month.  Aggregating these monthly changes historically produced
employment levels that overstated employment change as measured by
CES at the total nonfarm level.  Research into this problem showed
that a significant amount of the divergence between the CES
employment levels and the derived JOLTS employment levels was
traceable to the Employment Services industry and to the State
Government Education industry.  In the former industry, businesses
have a difficult time reporting hires and separations of temporary
help workers.  In the latter industry, employers have difficulty
reporting hires and separations of student workers.  BLS now
devotes additional resources to the collection, editing, and review
of data for these industries.  BLS analysts more closely examine
reported data that do not provide a consistent picture over time,
and re-contact the respondents as necessary.  Analysts work with
the respondents to adjust their reporting practices as possible.
Units that cannot be reconciled but are clearly incorrect on a
consistent basis are not used, they are replaced by imputed values
using standard techniques.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm
business establishments, including factories, offices, and stores,
as well as federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a
universe of over 9.1 million establishments compiled as part of the
operations of the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)
program.  This program includes all employers subject to state
Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).

  The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry
sector, and size class. The JOLTS sample is constructed from
individual panels of sample units drawn on an annual basis. The
full annual sample consists of one certainty panel composed of only
large units selected with virtual certainty based on their size and
24 non-certainty panels.  Each month a new non-certainty panel is
rolled into collection, and the oldest non-certainty panel is
rolled out.  This means that at any given time the JOLTS sample is
constructed from panels from three different annual sampling
frames.  The entire sample of old plus new panels is post-
stratified and re-weighted annually to represent the most recent
sampling frame.  Additionally, the out-of-business establishments
are removed from the old panels.  The annual sample is supplemented
with a quarterly sample of birth establishments (i.e., new
establishments) to better reflect the impact of younger
establishments in the JOLTS sample.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked monthly to the
employment estimates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey.  A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the
levels for all other JOLTS data elements.

  JOLTS Business Birth/Death Model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as
current as its sampling frame.  The time lag from the birth of an
establishment until its appearance on the sampling frame is
approximately one year.  In addition, many of these new units may
fail within the first year.  Since these universe units cannot be
reflected on the sampling frame immediately, the JOLTS sample
cannot capture job openings, hires, and separations from these
units during their early existence.  BLS has developed a model to
estimate birth/death activity for current months by examining the
birth/death activity from previous years on the QCEW and projecting
forward to the present using an econometric technique known as X-12
ARIMA modeling. The birth/death model also uses historical JOLTS
data to estimate the amount of “churn” (hires and separations) that
exists in establishments of various sizes.  The model then combines
the estimated churn with the projected employment change to
estimate the number of hires and separations taking place in these
units that cannot be measured through sampling.

                         - 7 -

  The model-based estimate of total separations is distributed to
the three components – quits; layoffs and discharges; and other
separations - in proportion to their contribution to the sample-
based estimate of total separations.  Additionally, job openings
for the modeled units are estimated by computing the ratio of
openings to hires in the collected data and applying that ratio to
the modeled hires.  The estimates of job openings, hires, and
separations produced by the birth/death model are then added to the
sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12-ARIMA
seasonal adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of
estimating and removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such
as weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school
year.  Seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental
changes in the level of the series, particularly those associated
with general economic expansions and contractions.  A concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal
adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.

Alignment procedure

  JOLTS hires minus separations should be comparable to the CES net
employment change.  However, definitional differences as well as
sampling and non-sampling errors between the two surveys
historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES over time. To limit
the divergence, and improve the quality of the JOLTS hires and
separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly Alignment Method.
The Monthly Alignment Method applies the CES employment trends to
the seasonally adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus
separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while
preserving the seasonality of the JOLTS data.  First, the two
series are seasonally adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS
implied employment trend and the CES net employment change is
calculated. Next, the JOLTS implied employment trend is adjusted to
equal the CES net employment change through a proportional
adjustment. This proportional adjustment procedure adjusts the two
components (hires, separations) proportionally to their
contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations).  For
example, if hires are 40 percent of the churn for a given month,
they will receive 40 percent of the needed adjustment and
separations will receive 60 percent of the needed adjustment. The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors.  After the monthly alignment method has been used to
adjust the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the
adjusted levels.  The Monthly Alignment procedure assures a close
match of the JOLTS implied employment trend with the CES trend. The
CES series is considered a highly accurate measure of net
employment change owing to its very large sample size and annual
benchmarking to universe counts of employment from the QCEW
program.

Using JOLTS data

  The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are
relatively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one
panel enrolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the
original data series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system was not completely enrolled in the
survey until January 2002.  The supplemental panels of
establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were not completely
enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until those points
are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units
were reporting data at that time.

  In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and
separations data were revised to address possible underreporting.
As a result, JOLTS hires and separations estimates for months prior
to March 2002 may not be comparable to estimates for March 2002 and
later.

  The federal government reorganization that involved transferring
approximately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland
Security is not reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations
estimates for the federal government.  The Office of Personnel
Management's record shows these transfers were completed in March
2003.  The inclusion of transfers in the JOLTS definitions of hires
and separations is intended to cover ongoing movements of workers
between establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security
reorganization was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of
these intergovernmental transfers would distort the federal
government time series.

  JOLTS uses moving averages as seasonal filters in seasonal
adjustment.  JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and
multiplicative seasonal adjustment models and REGARIMA (regression
with autocorrelated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal
adjustment factors at the beginning and end of the series and to
detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ
from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.  That means that there is a

                         - 8 -

90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  Estimates of
sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain
data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by
respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the
data, and errors from the employment benchmark data used in
estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD
message referral phone: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Apr.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   Apr.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  2,475  2,456  2,531  2,854  2,647  2,785  3,078    1.8   1.9   1.9   2.2   2.0   2.1   2.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,108  2,113  2,130  2,471  2,266  2,363  2,693    1.9   1.9   2.0   2.3   2.1   2.2   2.4
  Construction...........................     27     71     67     62     65     83    102     .4   1.2   1.2   1.1   1.2   1.5   1.8
  Manufacturing..........................    108    155    171    154    167    180    189     .9   1.3   1.5   1.3   1.4   1.5   1.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    345    334    378    395    453    470    470    1.4   1.3   1.5   1.6   1.8   1.9   1.9
   Retail trade..........................    211    207    237    255    297    305    301    1.4   1.4   1.6   1.7   2.0   2.1   2.0
  Professional and business services.....    433    425    404    424    409    423    523    2.5   2.5   2.4   2.5   2.4   2.5   3.0
  Education and health services..........    506    537    545    624    502    536    573    2.6   2.7   2.7   3.1   2.5   2.7   2.9
  Leisure and hospitality................    337    236    227    268    285    257    300    2.5   1.8   1.7   2.0   2.1   1.9   2.2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     24     23     20     19     19     24     34    1.2   1.2   1.1   1.0   1.0   1.3   1.8
   Accommodation and food services.......    313    214    207    250    266    232    265    2.7   1.9   1.8   2.2   2.3   2.0   2.3
 Government(6)...........................    367    343    401    383    381    421    385    1.6   1.5   1.8   1.7   1.7   1.8   1.7
  State and local government.............    311    249    294    256    246    262    256    1.5   1.3   1.5   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    495    482    547    585    542    599    696    1.9   1.9   2.2   2.3   2.2   2.4   2.7
  South..................................    897    859    943    986    916    945  1,005    1.9   1.8   2.0   2.1   1.9   2.0   2.1
  Midwest................................    504    553    495    613    566    573    642    1.7   1.8   1.7   2.0   1.9   1.9   2.1
  West...................................    560    586    603    648    682    707    820    1.9   2.0   2.1   2.2   2.3   2.4   2.8


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p = preliminary.


Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Apr.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   Apr.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  4,182  4,160  3,997  4,087  4,011  4,331  4,304    3.2   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.1   3.3   3.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,795  3,878  3,715  3,790  3,710  3,970  3,946    3.5   3.6   3.5   3.5   3.5   3.7   3.7
  Construction...........................    339    329    335    312    306    400    355    5.5   5.7   5.9   5.6   5.5   7.1   6.3
  Manufacturing..........................    248    259    244    289    267    279    300    2.1   2.2   2.1   2.5   2.3   2.4   2.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    891    847    849    822    821    897    867    3.6   3.4   3.4   3.3   3.3   3.6   3.5
   Retail trade..........................    646    554    547    584    572    646    602    4.4   3.9   3.8   4.1   4.0   4.5   4.2
  Professional and business services.....    720    808    652    729    767    744    757    4.3   4.9   4.0   4.4   4.6   4.5   4.5
  Education and health services..........    470    512    496    487    470    503    508    2.5   2.7   2.6   2.5   2.4   2.6   2.6
  Leisure and hospitality................    691    693    657    715    652    712    720    5.3   5.3   5.1   5.5   5.0   5.5   5.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     93    111     94    102     88    114    126    4.9   5.9   5.0   5.4   4.6   6.0   6.6
   Accommodation and food services.......    598    582    562    613    564    598    594    5.3   5.2   5.1   5.5   5.1   5.4   5.3
 Government(6)...........................    387    282    282    297    301    360    358    1.7   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.6   1.6
  State and local government.............    244    247    254    254    258    268    251    1.2   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    697    758    746    836    733    837    775    2.8   3.1   3.0   3.4   3.0   3.4   3.1
  South..................................  1,625  1,555  1,463  1,449  1,381  1,618  1,662    3.4   3.3   3.1   3.1   2.9   3.4   3.5
  Midwest................................    871    896    900    936    965  1,073  1,093    2.9   3.0   3.1   3.2   3.3   3.6   3.7
  West...................................    892    970    879    922    861  1,025    958    3.1   3.4   3.1   3.2   3.0   3.6   3.3


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Apr.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   Apr.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  4,651  4,130  4,195  4,155  3,969  4,048  4,000    3.5   3.2   3.2   3.2   3.1   3.1   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,396  3,846  3,884  3,858  3,663  3,743  3,706    4.0   3.6   3.6   3.6   3.4   3.5   3.4
  Construction...........................    449    347    382    405    362    365    347    7.3   6.1   6.7   7.2   6.5   6.5   6.2
  Manufacturing..........................    378    285    273    276    260    245    245    3.1   2.5   2.4   2.4   2.3   2.1   2.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    986    853    901    856    806    866    818    3.9   3.5   3.7   3.5   3.3   3.5   3.3
   Retail trade..........................    674    544    567    577    551    620    558    4.6   3.8   3.9   4.0   3.8   4.3   3.9
  Professional and business services.....    862    706    649    698    716    699    697    5.2   4.3   3.9   4.2   4.3   4.2   4.2
  Education and health services..........    474    486    486    457    440    455    478    2.5   2.5   2.5   2.4   2.3   2.3   2.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    723    716    688    709    621    677    687    5.5   5.5   5.3   5.5   4.8   5.2   5.2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    112    116    109    111     78    119    114    5.8   6.1   5.8   5.9   4.1   6.3   6.0
   Accommodation and food services.......    611    600    578    598    543    558    572    5.5   5.4   5.2   5.4   4.9   5.0   5.1
 Government(6)...........................    256    284    311    296    306    305    294    1.1   1.3   1.4   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.3
  State and local government.............    235    249    283    269    273    268    253    1.2   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    725    728    817    789    730    821    702    2.9   3.0   3.3   3.2   3.0   3.3   2.8
  South..................................  1,641  1,531  1,499  1,561  1,459  1,423  1,434    3.5   3.3   3.2   3.3   3.1   3.0   3.0
  Midwest................................  1,007    752  1,016    988    858    895    911    3.4   2.6   3.5   3.4   2.9   3.0   3.1
  West...................................  1,123    894  1,061  1,034    954    920    971    3.9   3.1   3.7   3.6   3.3   3.2   3.4


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Apr.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   Apr.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2010   2010   2010   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2010  2010  2010  2010p

Total....................................  1,821  1,837  1,753  1,772  1,851  1,918  1,984    1.4   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.5   1.5

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  1,723  1,731  1,639  1,661  1,719  1,802  1,882    1.6   1.6   1.5   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.7
  Construction...........................     64     92     76     99     84     83     69    1.0   1.6   1.3   1.8   1.5   1.5   1.2
  Manufacturing..........................     85     75     75     85     97     89     94     .7    .6    .7    .7    .8    .8    .8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    384    413    392    368    432    424    457    1.5   1.7   1.6   1.5   1.8   1.7   1.8
   Retail trade..........................    277    276    291    266    333    316    343    1.9   1.9   2.0   1.8   2.3   2.2   2.4
  Professional and business services.....    285    264    248    259    300    315    330    1.7   1.6   1.5   1.6   1.8   1.9   2.0
  Education and health services..........    240    262    271    248    237    253    298    1.3   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    432    397    375    401    393    406    417    3.3   3.0   2.9   3.1   3.0   3.1   3.2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     37     42     32     48     35     36     41    1.9   2.2   1.7   2.5   1.9   1.9   2.2
   Accommodation and food services.......    395    355    344    353    358    371    376    3.5   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.2   3.3   3.4
 Government(6)...........................     99    106    114    112    132    117    101     .4    .5    .5    .5    .6    .5    .4
  State and local government.............     95    101    106    106    121    105     93     .5    .5    .5    .5    .6    .5    .5


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    247    276    280    268    320    325    333    1.0   1.1   1.1   1.1   1.3   1.3   1.3
  South..................................    682    757    722    736    755    750    761    1.4   1.6   1.5   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.6
  Midwest................................    400    377    391    380    421    438    449    1.3   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.5   1.5
  West...................................    426    446    382    362    434    406    420    1.5   1.6   1.3   1.3   1.5   1.4   1.5


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 5.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  2,703    2,707    3,434           2.0      2.1      2.6

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,318    2,288    3,031           2.1      2.1      2.8
  Mining and Logging............................     10       13       24           1.4      1.8      3.4
  Construction..................................     31       80      126            .5      1.5      2.2
  Manufacturing.................................    112      166      198            .9      1.4      1.7
   Durable goods................................     53      101      128            .7      1.4      1.8
   Nondurable goods.............................     59       65       70           1.3      1.4      1.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    350      481      496           1.4      1.9      2.0
   Wholesale trade..............................     78      133      104           1.4      2.3      1.8
   Retail trade.................................    210      293      316           1.4      2.0      2.2
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     62       55       77           1.3      1.2      1.6
  Information...................................     44       67       90           1.5      2.4      3.2
  Financial activities..........................    195      172      267           2.4      2.2      3.4
   Finance and insurance........................    152      152      222           2.6      2.6      3.8
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     42       20       44           2.1      1.0      2.2
  Professional and business services............    461      391      562           2.7      2.3      3.3
  Education and health services.................    548      513      625           2.8      2.6      3.1
   Educational services.........................     52       66       76           1.6      2.0      2.2
   Health care and social assistance............    496      447      550           3.0      2.7      3.3
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    420      261      391           3.1      2.0      2.9
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     33       26       48           1.7      1.5      2.5
   Accommodation and food services.............     387      235      343           3.4      2.1      3.0
  Other services................................    147      144      252           2.7      2.7      4.5

 Government.....................................    385      419      403           1.6      1.8      1.7
  Federal.......................................     67      170      143           2.3      5.5      4.6
  State and local...............................    318      249      260           1.6      1.2      1.3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    539      555      753           2.1      2.2      3.0
  South.........................................    989      919    1,098           2.0      1.9      2.3
  Midwest.......................................    559      558      683           1.8      1.9      2.3
  West..........................................    616      675      900           2.1      2.3      3.0


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 6.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  4,577    4,055    4,768           3.5      3.1      3.7

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,255    3,783    4,480           3.9      3.6      4.2
  Mining and Logging............................     16       25       31           2.3      3.6      4.5
  Construction..................................    475      419      502           7.9      7.9      9.1
  Manufacturing.................................    247      265      306           2.1      2.3      2.6
   Durable goods................................    147      148      182           2.0      2.1      2.6
   Nondurable goods.............................    100      117      124           2.2      2.6      2.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    942      879      943           3.8      3.6      3.9
   Wholesale trade..............................    144      140      179           2.6      2.5      3.2
   Retail trade.................................    678      634      641           4.7      4.5      4.5
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    120      106      123           2.5      2.3      2.6
  Information...................................     69       53       56           2.4      2.0      2.1
  Financial activities..........................    191      139      229           2.5      1.8      3.0
   Finance and insurance........................     99       95      149           1.7      1.7      2.6
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     92       44       80           4.6      2.3      4.2
  Professional and business services............    807      701      865           4.9      4.3      5.2
  Education and health services.................    461      432      497           2.4      2.2      2.5
   Educational services.........................     42       50       50           1.3      1.5      1.5
   Health care and social assistance............    420      382      446           2.6      2.3      2.7
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    818      708      871           6.3      5.6      6.7
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    114      105      160           6.1      6.0      8.5
   Accommodation and food services.............     704      602      711           6.3      5.5      6.4
  Other services................................    228      162      180           4.3      3.1      3.4

 Government.....................................    321      271      287           1.4      1.2      1.3
  Federal.......................................    141       88      104           4.9      3.0      3.5
  State and local...............................    180      183      184            .9       .9       .9

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    812      683      801           3.3      2.8      3.2
  South.........................................  1,772    1,496    1,793           3.7      3.2      3.8
  Midwest.......................................    988      979    1,178           3.3      3.3      4.0
  West..........................................  1,005      898      995           3.5      3.1      3.5


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 7.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  4,817    3,361    4,115           3.7      2.6      3.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,628    3,172    3,902           4.3      3.0      3.6
  Mining and Logging............................     31       16       22           4.4      2.3      3.1
  Construction..................................    433      294      333           7.2      5.6      6.1
  Manufacturing.................................    423      221      271           3.5      1.9      2.3
   Durable goods................................    290      120      148           3.9      1.7      2.1
   Nondurable goods.............................    134      101      123           2.9      2.3      2.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  1,012      724      836           4.1      3.0      3.4
   Wholesale trade..............................    170      121      145           3.0      2.2      2.6
   Retail trade.................................    680      512      561           4.7      3.6      3.9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    161       91      129           3.4      1.9      2.8
  Information...................................     91       62       57           3.2      2.3      2.1
  Financial activities..........................    227      158      232           2.9      2.1      3.1
   Finance and insurance........................    139      106      163           2.4      1.9      2.9
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     88       52       69           4.4      2.7      3.6
  Professional and business services............    945      689      771           5.7      4.2      4.6
  Education and health services.................    484      376      487           2.5      1.9      2.5
   Educational services.........................     56       42       53           1.7      1.3      1.6
   Health care and social assistance............    428      333      434           2.7      2.0      2.7
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    742      510      716           5.7      4.0      5.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    101       74      106           5.4      4.3      5.7
   Accommodation and food services.............     641      436      609           5.8      4.0      5.5
  Other services................................    240      122      178           4.5      2.3      3.3

 Government.....................................    188      189      214            .8       .8       .9
  Federal.......................................     18       30       37            .6      1.0      1.3
  State and local...............................    170      159      176            .8       .8       .9

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    784      654      693           3.1      2.7      2.8
  South.........................................  1,849    1,218    1,566           3.9      2.6      3.3
  Midwest.......................................  1,014      729      881           3.4      2.5      3.0
  West..........................................  1,169      761      975           4.0      2.7      3.4


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 8.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  1,913    1,633    2,137           1.5      1.3      1.6

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,834    1,551    2,058           1.7      1.5      1.9
  Mining and Logging............................      8        7       10           1.1      1.0      1.4
  Construction..................................     67       72       65           1.1      1.4      1.2
  Manufacturing.................................     91       77      105            .8       .7       .9
   Durable goods................................     50       37       53            .7       .5       .8
   Nondurable goods.............................     42       40       52            .9       .9      1.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    407      367      494           1.6      1.5      2.0
   Wholesale trade..............................     47       57       68            .8      1.0      1.2
   Retail trade.................................    285      265      362           2.0      1.9      2.5
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     75       45       65           1.6      1.0      1.4
  Information...................................     39       36       33           1.4      1.3      1.2
  Financial activities..........................     85       84      119           1.1      1.1      1.6
   Finance and insurance........................     53       62       80            .9      1.1      1.4
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     32       22       39           1.6      1.2      2.0
  Professional and business services............    290      314      367           1.7      1.9      2.2
  Education and health services.................    242      211      308           1.3      1.1      1.6
   Educational services.........................     23       25       33            .7       .8      1.0
   Health care and social assistance............    219      186      275           1.4      1.1      1.7
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    458      315      450           3.5      2.5      3.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     33       21       38           1.8      1.2      2.0
   Accommodation and food services.............     425      294      412           3.8      2.7      3.7
  Other services................................    146       69      106           2.7      1.3      2.0

 Government.....................................     80       82       79            .3       .4       .3
  Federal.......................................      4        9        8            .1       .3       .3
  State and local...............................     76       72       72            .4       .4       .4

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    270      277      355           1.1      1.1      1.4
  South.........................................    776      650      858           1.6      1.4      1.8
  Midwest.......................................    417      373      478           1.4      1.3      1.6
  West..........................................    450      333      447           1.5      1.2      1.5


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................  2,546    1,428    1,629           1.9      1.1      1.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,477    1,362    1,544           2.3      1.3      1.4
  Mining and Logging............................     20        7       10           2.9      1.1      1.4
  Construction..................................    343      204      241           5.7      3.9      4.4
  Manufacturing.................................    308      123      138           2.6      1.1      1.2
   Durable goods................................    225       72       75           3.0      1.0      1.1
   Nondurable goods.............................     83       51       63           1.8      1.1      1.4
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    493      305      276           2.0      1.2      1.1
   Wholesale trade..............................    112       54       71           2.0      1.0      1.3
   Retail trade.................................    308      221      153           2.1      1.6      1.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     73       30       52           1.5       .6      1.1
  Information...................................     45       19       21           1.6       .7       .8
  Financial activities..........................    116       57       73           1.5       .8      1.0
   Finance and insurance........................     75       32       49           1.3       .6       .9
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     40       25       24           2.0      1.3      1.2
  Professional and business services............    586      298      353           3.5      1.8      2.1
  Education and health services.................    203      127      150           1.1       .6       .8
   Educational services.........................     30       14       18            .9       .4       .6
   Health care and social assistance............    173      113      131           1.1       .7       .8
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    270      171      228           2.1      1.4      1.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     67       52       67           3.6      3.0      3.6
   Accommodation and food services.............     203      120      161           1.8      1.1      1.4
  Other services................................     93       51       55           1.7      1.0      1.0

 Government.....................................     69       66       85            .3       .3       .4
  Federal.......................................      6       12       19            .2       .4       .6
  State and local...............................     63       54       66            .3       .3       .3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    450      321      266           1.8      1.3      1.1
  South.........................................    925      469      597           1.9      1.0      1.3
  Midwest.......................................    524      308      323           1.8      1.1      1.1
  West..........................................    647      330      442           2.2      1.2      1.5


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 10.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Apr.     Mar.     Apr.          Apr.     Mar.     Apr.
                                                   2009     2010     2010p         2009     2010     2010p

Total...........................................    357      300      349           0.3      0.2      0.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    318      259      300            .3       .2       .3
  Mining and Logging............................      3        2        2            .5       .3       .3
  Construction..................................     22       18       26            .4       .3       .5
  Manufacturing.................................     24       21       28            .2       .2       .2
   Durable goods................................     15       10       20            .2       .1       .3
   Nondurable goods.............................      9       11        8            .2       .2       .2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    112       52       66            .5       .2       .3
   Wholesale trade..............................     12       10        6            .2       .2       .1
   Retail trade.................................     87       26       47            .6       .2       .3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     13       16       13            .3       .3       .3
  Information...................................      7        7        4            .3       .3       .1
  Financial activities..........................     27       16       39            .3       .2       .5
   Finance and insurance........................     11       12       33            .2       .2       .6
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     16        4        6            .8       .2       .3
  Professional and business services............     69       77       51            .4       .5       .3
  Education and health services.................     39       38       30            .2       .2       .2
   Educational services.........................      3        3        2            .1       .1       .1
   Health care and social assistance............     36       35       27            .2       .2       .2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     14       24       38            .1       .2       .3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      1        2        1            .1       .1       .1
   Accommodation and food services.............      13       23       36            .1       .2       .3
  Other services................................    (4)        2       17           (4)      (4)       .3

 Government.....................................     39       41       49            .2       .2       .2
  Federal.......................................      8        9       11            .3       .3       .4
  State and local...............................     31       33       38            .2       .2       .2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     64       55       72            .3       .2       .3
  South.........................................    148      100      111            .3       .2       .2
  Midwest.......................................     73       47       80            .2       .2       .3
  West..........................................     72       98       86            .2       .3       .3


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  4 Data round to zero.
  p = preliminary.


Last Modified Date: June 08, 2010