Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

Technical information:      (202) 691-5870        USDL 09-1097
                   http://www.bls.gov/jlt/
                         JoltsInfo@bls.gov
                                                  For release:  10:00 A.M. EDT
Media contact:              (202) 691-5902        Wednesday, September 9, 2009


              JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER:  JULY 2009

     On the last business day of July, the number of job openings in
the U.S. was little changed at a series low level of 2.4 million, the
Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor reported
today.  The hires rate was little changed and remained low at 3.1
percent in July.  The total separations rate remained at a series low
of 3.3 percent.  This release includes estimates of the number and
rate of job openings, hires, and separations for the total nonfarm
sector by industry and geographic region.

Job Openings
     The job openings rate was little changed in July at a rate of 1.8
percent.  The number of job openings has fallen by 2.4 million, or 50
percent, since the most recent peak in June 2007.  The job openings
rate was little changed in July in every industry except retail where
the rate declined.  The job openings rate decreased in the Northeast
and was little changed in the remaining regions.  (See table 1.)
     
                             - 2 -

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry      | July | June | July | July | June | July | July | June | July
                   | 2008 | 2009 | 2009p| 2008 | 2009 | 2009p| 2008 | 2009 | 2009p
-------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                     Levels (in thousands)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total(1)...........|3,912 |2,513 |2,392 |4,715 |3,919 |4,059 |4,847 |4,306 |4,292
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|3,552 |2,163 |2,062 |4,426 |3,654 |3,772 |4,588 |3,939 |4,030
  Construction.....|  126 |   56 |   45 |  394 |  277 |  346 |  425 |  355 |  414
  Manufacturing....|  257 |  113 |  111 |  271 |  225 |  259 |  332 |  352 |  336
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  686 |  469 |  380 |1,002 |  744 |  811 |1,058 |  816 |  880
   Retail trade....|  400 |  308 |  234 |  686 |  519 |  543 |  728 |  549 |  588
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  696 |  445 |  422 |  850 |  644 |  710 |  891 |  698 |  762
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  818 |  531 |  534 |  557 |  530 |  498 |  508 |  489 |  474
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  457 |  276 |  282 |  826 |  695 |  669 |  841 |  696 |  671
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|   58 |   19 |   30 |  121 |  107 |   90 |  129 |  115 |   90
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  403 |  254 |  254 |  702 |  590 |  576 |  712 |  594 |  578
 Government(3).....|  410 |  322 |  321 |  303 |  262 |  283 |  299 |  340 |  276
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  341 |  273 |  270 |  275 |  237 |  253 |  273 |  272 |  253
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Rates (percent)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total(1)...........|  2.8 |  1.9 |  1.8 |  3.4 |  3.0 |  3.1 |  3.5 |  3.3 |  3.3
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|  3.0 |  1.9 |  1.9 |  3.9 |  3.3 |  3.5 |  4.0 |  3.6 |  3.7
  Construction.....|  1.7 |  0.9 |  0.7 |  5.5 |  4.5 |  5.6 |  5.9 |  5.7 |  6.7
  Manufacturing....|  1.9 |  0.9 |  0.9 |  2.0 |  1.9 |  2.2 |  2.5 |  3.0 |  2.8
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  2.5 |  1.8 |  1.5 |  3.8 |  2.9 |  3.2 |  4.0 |  3.2 |  3.5
   Retail trade....|  2.5 |  2.0 |  1.6 |  4.5 |  3.5 |  3.7 |  4.7 |  3.7 |  4.0
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  3.8 |  2.6 |  2.5 |  4.8 |  3.9 |  4.3 |  5.0 |  4.2 |  4.6
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  4.1 |  2.7 |  2.7 |  2.9 |  2.8 |  2.6 |  2.7 |  2.5 |  2.5
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  3.3 |  2.1 |  2.1 |  6.1 |  5.3 |  5.1 |  6.2 |  5.3 |  5.1
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|  2.9 |  1.0 |  1.5 |  6.2 |  5.7 |  4.7 |  6.5 |  6.1 |  4.8
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  3.4 |  2.2 |  2.2 |  6.1 |  5.2 |  5.1 |  6.2 |  5.3 |  5.1
 Government(3).....|  1.8 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.5 |  1.2
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  1.7 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
  3 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p = preliminary.

                             - 3 -

     Over the 12 months ending in July, the job openings rates (not
seasonally adjusted) decreased for total nonfarm, total private,
government, and the majority of industries.  The exceptions were
information and arts, entertainment, and recreation, in which the
rates were little changed.  All four regions experienced a drop in the
job openings rate over the 12 months ending in July.  (See table 5.)

Hires
     The hires level was little changed at 4.1 million in July but has
declined by 1.6 million, or 28 percent, since the most recent peak in
July 2006.  The hires rate was 3.1 percent in July and little changed
from June.  The hires rate increased over the month in construction.
(See table 2.)
     
     Over the 12 months ending in July, the hires rate (not seasonally
adjusted) declined for total nonfarm and total private.  The hires
rate decreased for retail trade; health care and social assistance;
and accommodation and food services.  The hires rate was little
changed in the remaining industries.  The hires rate fell over the
past 12 months in the South and was little changed in the remaining
regions.  (See table 6.)

Separations
     The total separations, or turnover, rate was unchanged in July
and remained low at 3.3 percent.  The total separations rate (not
seasonally adjusted) decreased over the 12 months ending in July for
total nonfarm, total private, and government.  Total separations
includes quits (voluntary separations), layoffs and discharges
(involuntary separations), and other separations (including
retirements).  (See tables 3 and 7.)
     
     The quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or
ability to change jobs.  The rate was little changed in July at 1.3
percent.  The quits level was 1.7 million in July, which is 45 percent
lower than the most recent peak in December 2006.  (See table 4.)
     
     Over the 12 months ending in July, the quits rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was lower for total nonfarm, total private, government, the
majority of industries, and all four regions.  The industries for
which the quits rates were little changed over the year include
transportation, warehousing, and utilities; information; finance and
insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; other services; and
federal government.  (See table 8.)
     
     The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels.  The layoffs and discharges level was little
changed in July at 2.3 million for total nonfarm.  The level for total
private increased to 2.2 million and decreased to 114,000 for
government.  The corresponding layoffs and discharges rates were 1.8
percent, 2.1 percent, and 0.5 percent, respectively.  The number of
layoffs and discharges in July was 46 percent higher than the recent
low point in January 2006.  (See table B below.)
     
     The layoffs and discharges rate (not seasonally adjusted)
increased over the 12 months ending in July for total nonfarm and
total private and was little changed for government.  The layoffs and
discharges rate rose in mining and logging; construction; durable
goods manufacturing; nondurable goods manufacturing; professional and
business services; and educational services.  The layoffs and
discharges rate increased in the West and was little changed in the
remaining regions.  (See table 9.)
     
                             - 4 -

Table B.  Layoffs and discharges by industry, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                   | Levels (in thousands) |        Rates
                   |------------------------------------------------
     Industry      |  July |  June |  July |  July |  June |  July
                   |  2008 |  2009 |  2009p|  2008 |  2009 |  2009p
-------------------|------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 1,998 | 2,141 | 2,327 |  1.5  |  1.6  |  1.8
 Total private.....| 1,909 | 1,975 | 2,234 |  1.7  |  1.8  |  2.1
 Government....... |   107 |   163 |   114 |  0.5  |  0.7  |  0.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = preliminary.

     The other separations series is not seasonally adjusted.  In
July, there were 350,000 other separations for total nonfarm, 270,000
for total private, and 81,000 for government.  Compared to July 2008,
the number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm,
total private, and government.  (See table 10.)

     The total separations level is influenced by the relative
contribution of its three components—quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  The percentage of total separations at the
total nonfarm level attributable to the individual components has
varied over time.  The proportion of separations due to quits declined
from 61 percent in January 2007 to a series low of 38 percent in April
2009.  It then rose slightly and stood at 40 percent in July 2009. The
proportion of layoffs and discharges reached a series high of 54
percent in March 2009 and April 2009 then dropped slightly before
returning to 54 percent in July 2009.  (See tables 3 and 4, and table
B above.)

Net Change in Employment
     Over the 12 months ending in July, hires totaled 51.3 million and
separations totaled 56.6 million, yielding a net employment loss of
5.3 million.
             ________________________________________
     
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover release for August 2009 is
scheduled to be issued on Friday, October 9.



                         - 5 -

Technical Note


  The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
are collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business
establishments by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

  In a monthly survey of business establishments, data are
collected for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs
and discharges, and other separations.  Data collection methods
include computer-assisted telephone interviewing, touchtone data
entry, fax, e-mail, and mail.

Coverage

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such
as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities in the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this
release are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  In order to
ensure the highest possible quality of data, State Workforce
Agencies verify with employers and update, if necessary, the
industry code, location, and ownership classification of all
establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establishment
characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for
the first month of the year.

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who
worked or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th
day of the reference month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-
term, seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave.  Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay
period, are not counted as employed.  Employees of temporary help
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and
consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

  Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for
the last business day of the reference month.  A job opening
requires that: 1) a specific position exists and there is work
available for that position, 2) work could start within 30 days
regardless of whether a suitable candidate is found, and 3) the
employer is actively recruiting from outside the establishment to
fill the position.  Included are full-time, part-time, permanent,
short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active recruiting means that
the establishment is taking steps to fill a position by advertising
in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted signs,
accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions,
demotions, or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are
jobs with start dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for
which employees have been hired but have not yet reported for work,
and jobs to be filled by employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants.
The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job
openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll
occurring at any time during the reference month, including both
new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the
location after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or
intermittent employees who returned to work after having been
formally separated, and transfers from other locations.  The hires
count does not include transfers or promotions within the reporting
site, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help
agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or
consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of
hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and
are reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations).  Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations
initiated by the employer and include layoffs with no intent to
rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last more than 7
days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or closings;
firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or
short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal employees.
Other separations include retirements, transfers to other
locations, deaths, and separations due to disability.  Separations
do not include transfers within the same location or employees on
strike.

  The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of
separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are
computed similarly, dividing the number by employment and
multiplying by 100.

  Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels

                         - 6 -

of hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total
separations are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are
computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying
that quotient by 100.  This figure will be approximately equal to
the sum of the 12 monthly rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES
annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual
estimates are calculated.  Consistent with BLS practices, annual
estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data.

  Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last
business day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day
of the month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot
be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings
cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and
separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with
a total reported for the month.  Therefore, the annual figures can
be created by summing the monthly estimates.

Special Collection Procedures

  An implied measure of employment change can be derived from the
JOLTS data by subtracting separations from hires for a given
month.  Aggregating these monthly changes historically produced
employment levels that overstated employment change as measured by
CES at the total nonfarm level.  Research into this problem showed
that a significant amount of the divergence between the CES
employment levels and the derived JOLTS employment levels was
traceable to the Employment Services industry and to the State
Government Education industry.  In the former industry, businesses
have a difficult time reporting hires and separations of temporary
help workers.  In the latter industry, employers have difficulty
reporting hires and separations of student workers.  BLS now
devotes additional resources to the collection, editing, and review
of data for these industries.  BLS analysts more closely examine
reported data that do not provide a consistent picture over time,
and re-contact the respondents as necessary.  Analysts work with
the respondents to adjust their reporting practices as possible.
Units that cannot be reconciled but are clearly incorrect on a
consistent basis are not used, they are replaced by imputed values
using standard techniques.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm
business establishments, including factories, offices, and stores,
as well as federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a
universe of over 9.1 million establishments compiled as part of the
operations of the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)
program.  This program includes all employers subject to state
Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).

  The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry
sector, and size class. The JOLTS sample is constructed from
individual panels of sample units drawn on an annual basis. The
full annual sample consists of one certainty panel composed of only
large units selected with virtual certainty based on their size and
24 non-certainty panels.  Each month a new non-certainty panel is
rolled into collection, and the oldest non-certainty panel is
rolled out.  This means that at any given time the JOLTS sample is
constructed from panels from three different annual sampling
frames.  The entire sample of old plus new panels is post-
stratified and re-weighted annually to represent the most recent
sampling frame.  Additionally, the out-of-business establishments
are removed from the old panels.  The annual sample is supplemented
with a quarterly sample of birth establishments (i.e., new
establishments) to better reflect the impact of younger
establishments in the JOLTS sample.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked monthly to the
employment estimates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey.  A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the
levels for all other JOLTS data elements.

  JOLTS Business Birth/Death Model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as
current as its sampling frame.  The time lag from the birth of an
establishment until its appearance on the sampling frame is
approximately one year.  In addition, many of these new units may
fail within the first year.  Since these universe units cannot be
reflected on the sampling frame immediately, the JOLTS sample
cannot capture job openings, hires, and separations from these
units during their early existence.  BLS has developed a model to
estimate birth/death activity for current months by examining the
birth/death activity from previous years on the QCEW and projecting
forward to the present using an econometric technique known as X-12
ARIMA modeling. The birth/death model also uses historical JOLTS
data to estimate the amount of “churn” (hires and separations) that
exists in establishments of various sizes.  The model then combines
the estimated churn with the projected employment change to
estimate the number of hires and separations taking place in these
units that cannot be measured through sampling.

                         - 7 -

  The model-based estimate of total separations is distributed to
the three components – quits; layoffs and discharges; and other
separations - in proportion to their contribution to the sample-
based estimate of total separations.  Additionally, job openings
for the modeled units are estimated by computing the ratio of
openings to hires in the collected data and applying that ratio to
the modeled hires.  The estimates of job openings, hires, and
separations produced by the birth/death model are then added to the
sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12-ARIMA
seasonal adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of
estimating and removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such
as weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school
year.  Seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental
changes in the level of the series, particularly those associated
with general economic expansions and contractions.  A concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal
adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.

Alignment procedure

  JOLTS hires minus separations should be comparable to the CES net
employment change.  However, definitional differences as well as
sampling and non-sampling errors between the two surveys
historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES over time. To limit
the divergence, and improve the quality of the JOLTS hires and
separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly Alignment Method.
The Monthly Alignment Method applies the CES employment trends to
the seasonally adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus
separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while
preserving the seasonality of the JOLTS data.  First, the two
series are seasonally adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS
implied employment trend and the CES net employment change is
calculated. Next, the JOLTS implied employment trend is adjusted to
equal the CES net employment change through a proportional
adjustment. This proportional adjustment procedure adjusts the two
components (hires, separations) proportionally to their
contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations).  For
example, if hires are 40 percent of the churn for a given month,
they will receive 40 percent of the needed adjustment and
separations will receive 60 percent of the needed adjustment. The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors.  After the monthly alignment method has been used to
adjust the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the
adjusted levels.  The Monthly Alignment procedure assures a close
match of the JOLTS implied employment trend with the CES trend. The
CES series is considered a highly accurate measure of net
employment change owing to its very large sample size and annual
benchmarking to universe counts of employment from the QCEW
program.

Using JOLTS data

  The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are
relatively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one
panel enrolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the
original data series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system was not completely enrolled in the
survey until January 2002.  The supplemental panels of
establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were not completely
enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until those points
are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units
were reporting data at that time.

  In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and
separations data were revised to address possible underreporting.
As a result, JOLTS hires and separations estimates for months prior
to March 2002 may not be comparable to estimates for March 2002 and
later.

  The federal government reorganization that involved transferring
approximately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland
Security is not reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations
estimates for the federal government.  The Office of Personnel
Management's record shows these transfers were completed in March
2003.  The inclusion of transfers in the JOLTS definitions of hires
and separations is intended to cover ongoing movements of workers
between establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security
reorganization was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of
these intergovernmental transfers would distort the federal
government time series.

  JOLTS uses moving averages as seasonal filters in seasonal
adjustment.  JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and
multiplicative seasonal adjustment models and REGARIMA (regression
with autocorrelated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal
adjustment factors at the beginning and end of the series and to
detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ
from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.  That means that there is a

                         - 8 -

90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  Estimates of
sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain
data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by
respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the
data, and errors from the employment benchmark data used in
estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD
message referral phone: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              July   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   July  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  3,912  2,973  2,633  2,513  2,523  2,513  2,392    2.8   2.2   1.9   1.9   1.9   1.9   1.8

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,552  2,606  2,269  2,042  2,191  2,163  2,062    3.0   2.3   2.0   1.8   2.0   1.9   1.9
  Construction...........................    126     58     51     29     39     56     45    1.7    .9    .8    .5    .6    .9    .7
  Manufacturing..........................    257    141    115     95    105    113    111    1.9   1.1    .9    .8    .9    .9    .9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    686    488    414    332    466    469    380    2.5   1.9   1.6   1.3   1.8   1.8   1.5
   Retail trade..........................    400    334    265    205    319    308    234    2.5   2.2   1.8   1.4   2.1   2.0   1.6
  Professional and business services.....    696    482    428    461    451    445    422    3.8   2.8   2.5   2.7   2.6   2.6   2.5
  Education and health services..........    818    589    537    515    530    531    534    4.1   3.0   2.7   2.6   2.7   2.7   2.7
  Leisure and hospitality................    457    332    289    322    265    276    282    3.3   2.4   2.1   2.4   2.0   2.1   2.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     58     30     25     22     20     19     30    2.9   1.5   1.3   1.1   1.0   1.0   1.5
   Accommodation and food services.......    403    302    263    312    239    254    254    3.4   2.6   2.3   2.7   2.1   2.2   2.2
 Government(6)...........................    410    367    353    461    310    322    321    1.8   1.6   1.5   2.0   1.4   1.4   1.4
  State and local government.............    341    317    291    307    267    273    270    1.7   1.6   1.5   1.5   1.3   1.4   1.4


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    752    607    583    520    554    609    501    2.8   2.4   2.3   2.0   2.2   2.4   2.0
  South..................................  1,459  1,109  1,000    942    888    882    840    2.9   2.2   2.0   1.9   1.8   1.8   1.7
  Midwest................................    770    563    499    512    512    496    538    2.4   1.8   1.6   1.7   1.7   1.6   1.8
  West...................................    986    638    556    570    544    561    519    3.1   2.1   1.8   1.9   1.8   1.9   1.7


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p = preliminary.


Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              July   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   July  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  4,715  4,339  4,099  4,117  3,942  3,919  4,059    3.4   3.2   3.1   3.1   3.0   3.0   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,426  4,042  3,799  3,822  3,739  3,654  3,772    3.9   3.6   3.4   3.5   3.4   3.3   3.5
  Construction...........................    394    370    343    341    365    277    346    5.5   5.6   5.3   5.4   5.8   4.5   5.6
  Manufacturing..........................    271    257    244    236    206    225    259    2.0   2.1   2.0   1.9   1.7   1.9   2.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)  1,002    814    883    888    842    744    811    3.8   3.2   3.5   3.5   3.3   2.9   3.2
   Retail trade..........................    686    563    595    655    575    519    543    4.5   3.8   4.0   4.4   3.9   3.5   3.7
  Professional and business services.....    850    730    668    733    721    644    710    4.8   4.3   4.0   4.4   4.3   3.9   4.3
  Education and health services..........    557    527    483    475    473    530    498    2.9   2.8   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.8   2.6
  Leisure and hospitality................    826    704    693    691    695    695    669    6.1   5.3   5.3   5.3   5.3   5.3   5.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    121     89     85     86     83    107     90    6.2   4.6   4.4   4.5   4.4   5.7   4.7
   Accommodation and food services.......    702    614    607    603    606    590    576    6.1   5.4   5.4   5.4   5.4   5.2   5.1
 Government(6)...........................    303    275    271    340    273    262    283    1.3   1.2   1.2   1.5   1.2   1.2   1.3
  State and local government.............    275    252    247    246    257    237    253    1.4   1.3   1.2   1.2   1.3   1.2   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    763    837    696    729    712    735    700    3.0   3.3   2.8   2.9   2.9   3.0   2.8
  South..................................  1,726  1,566  1,458  1,619  1,423  1,428  1,432    3.5   3.2   3.0   3.4   3.0   3.0   3.0
  Midwest................................  1,079    904    943    901    867    839    929    3.5   3.0   3.1   3.0   2.9   2.8   3.1
  West...................................  1,128    960    931    949    995    917    989    3.7   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.4   3.1   3.4


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              July   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   July  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  4,847  4,833  4,712  4,641  4,356  4,306  4,292    3.5   3.6   3.5   3.5   3.3   3.3   3.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,588  4,555  4,434  4,362  4,066  3,939  4,030    4.0   4.1   4.0   4.0   3.7   3.6   3.7
  Construction...........................    425    463    463    437    411    355    414    5.9   7.0   7.2   6.9   6.5   5.7   6.7
  Manufacturing..........................    332    424    401    390    367    352    336    2.5   3.4   3.3   3.2   3.1   3.0   2.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)  1,058    920  1,001    982    951    816    880    4.0   3.6   3.9   3.9   3.8   3.2   3.5
   Retail trade..........................    728    590    646    678    601    549    588    4.7   3.9   4.3   4.6   4.1   3.7   4.0
  Professional and business services.....    891    951    778    839    771    698    762    5.0   5.6   4.6   5.0   4.6   4.2   4.6
  Education and health services..........    508    498    466    462    419    489    474    2.7   2.6   2.4   2.4   2.2   2.5   2.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    841    731    751    716    684    696    671    6.2   5.5   5.7   5.4   5.2   5.3   5.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    129     88     95    102     88    115     90    6.5   4.5   4.9   5.4   4.6   6.1   4.8
   Accommodation and food services.......    712    635    649    612    596    594    578    6.2   5.6   5.8   5.4   5.3   5.3   5.1
 Government(6)...........................    299    271    265    255    288    340    276    1.3   1.2   1.2   1.1   1.3   1.5   1.2
  State and local government.............    273    251    251    243    250    272    253    1.4   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.4   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    844    783    878    700    774    799    675    3.3   3.1   3.5   2.8   3.1   3.2   2.7
  South..................................  1,819  1,742  1,741  1,682  1,565  1,535  1,558    3.7   3.6   3.6   3.5   3.3   3.2   3.3
  Midwest................................  1,025  1,121  1,085  1,065  1,016    958    946    3.3   3.7   3.6   3.5   3.4   3.2   3.2
  West...................................  1,188  1,188    978  1,188    980  1,053  1,103    3.9   4.0   3.3   4.0   3.3   3.6   3.7


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              July   Feb.   Mar.   Apr.   May    June   July   July  Feb.  Mar.  Apr.  May   June  July
                                            2008   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2008  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009p

Total(4).................................  2,550  1,911  1,856  1,777  1,788  1,787  1,730    1.9   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,415  1,831  1,749  1,678  1,682  1,680  1,635    2.1   1.6   1.6   1.5   1.5   1.5   1.5
  Construction...........................    152     87    102     74     84     70     66    2.1   1.3   1.6   1.2   1.3   1.1   1.1
  Manufacturing..........................    147    105     81     80     86     93     78    1.1    .8    .7    .7    .7    .8    .7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    556    372    444    385    398    391    411    2.1   1.5   1.7   1.5   1.6   1.5   1.6
   Retail trade..........................    397    323    344    271    296    299    289    2.6   2.2   2.3   1.8   2.0   2.0   2.0
  Professional and business services.....    473    310    278    272    281    257    255    2.7   1.8   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.5   1.5
  Education and health services..........    295    258    249    228    249    264    247    1.6   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.4   1.3
  Leisure and hospitality................    565    431    433    430    396    429    380    4.2   3.3   3.3   3.3   3.0   3.3   2.9
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     57     36     35     41     45     46     28    2.9   1.9   1.8   2.1   2.4   2.4   1.5
   Accommodation and food services.......    510    399    402    392    351    378    352    4.4   3.5   3.6   3.5   3.1   3.4   3.1
 Government(6)...........................    135    115    107     99    107    111     97     .6    .5    .5    .4    .5    .5    .4
  State and local government.............    127    110    106     96     97     99     92     .6    .6    .5    .5    .5    .5    .5


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    402    271    273    263    303    279    234    1.6   1.1   1.1   1.1   1.2   1.1    .9
  South..................................  1,010    759    751    691    718    693    704    2.0   1.6   1.6   1.4   1.5   1.5   1.5
  Midwest................................    574    468    431    410    397    403    405    1.8   1.5   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.4
  West...................................    568    453    408    453    398    434    392    1.8   1.5   1.4   1.5   1.3   1.5   1.3


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 5.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  July     June     July          July     June     July
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  4,280    2,496    2,560           3.0      1.8      1.9

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,822    2,149    2,209           3.2      1.9      2.0
  Mining and Logging............................     30        7        5           3.7       .9       .7
  Construction..................................    164       60       59           2.1       .9       .9
  Manufacturing.................................    278      116      122           2.0      1.0      1.0
   Durable goods................................    163       60       67           1.9       .8       .9
   Nondurable goods.............................    115       56       55           2.2      1.2      1.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    752      452      392           2.8      1.8      1.5
   Wholesale trade..............................    151       89       88           2.5      1.5      1.5
   Retail trade.................................    460      293      248           2.9      1.9      1.7
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    140       69       57           2.7      1.4      1.2
  Information...................................     78       47       57           2.5      1.6      2.0
  Financial activities..........................    275      148      165           3.2      1.9      2.1
   Finance and insurance........................    198      117      122           3.2      2.0      2.1
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     77       31       43           3.4      1.5      2.1
  Professional and business services............    747      419      444           4.0      2.4      2.6
  Education and health services.................    852      511      558           4.4      2.6      2.9
   Educational services.........................     94       66       52           3.3      2.2      1.8
   Health care and social assistance............    759      446      506           4.6      2.7      3.0
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    477      267      304           3.3      1.9      2.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     54       17       29           2.3       .8      1.3
   Accommodation and food services.............     423      250      275           3.4      2.1      2.3
  Other services................................    171      123      103           3.0      2.2      1.8

 Government.....................................    458      348      351           2.1      1.5      1.6
  Federal.......................................     76       46       59           2.7      1.6      2.0
  State and local...............................    382      302      292           2.0      1.5      1.6

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    781      598      512           3.0      2.3      2.0
  South.........................................  1,601      859      900           3.1      1.8      1.9
  Midwest.......................................    849      459      601           2.7      1.5      2.0
  West..........................................  1,049      581      547           3.3      1.9      1.8


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 6.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  July     June     July          July     June     July
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  5,236    4,534    4,518           3.8      3.4      3.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  4,906    4,179    4,201           4.2      3.8      3.8
  Mining and Logging............................     34       22       25           4.4      3.0      3.4
  Construction..................................    452      342      401           6.0      5.3      6.2
  Manufacturing.................................    304      260      293           2.2      2.2      2.5
   Durable goods................................    173      125      149           2.0      1.7      2.1
   Nondurable goods.............................    131      135      144           2.6      2.9      3.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  1,049      786      849           4.0      3.1      3.4
   Wholesale trade..............................    161      127      135           2.7      2.2      2.4
   Retail trade.................................    697      537      551           4.5      3.6      3.7
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    191      123      163           3.8      2.6      3.4
  Information...................................     64       71       66           2.1      2.5      2.3
  Financial activities..........................    257      206      230           3.1      2.6      2.9
   Finance and insurance........................    169      117      135           2.8      2.0      2.3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     88       89       95           4.0      4.4      4.7
  Professional and business services............    939      665      803           5.2      4.0      4.8
  Education and health services.................    631      603      565           3.4      3.2      3.0
   Educational services.........................    105       99      100           3.8      3.4      3.6
   Health care and social assistance............    526      504      465           3.3      3.1      2.9
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    917      863      734           6.5      6.3      5.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    135      171       98           5.9      8.0      4.5
   Accommodation and food services.............     782      693      635           6.6      6.0      5.4
  Other services................................    260      360      235           4.6      6.6      4.3

 Government.....................................    330      355      316           1.5      1.6      1.5
  Federal.......................................     33       30       40           1.2      1.1      1.4
  State and local...............................    297      325      276           1.6      1.7      1.5

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    906      903      830           3.5      3.6      3.4
  South.........................................  1,894    1,611    1,555           3.8      3.4      3.3
  Midwest.......................................  1,156      961    1,005           3.7      3.2      3.4
  West..........................................  1,279    1,058    1,127           4.2      3.6      3.8


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 7.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  July     June     July          July     June     July
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  5,442    4,166    4,744           4.0      3.1      3.6

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  5,045    3,686    4,376           4.4      3.3      4.0
  Mining and Logging............................     25       19       22           3.1      2.6      3.0
  Construction..................................    458      313      446           6.1      4.9      6.9
  Manufacturing.................................    348      315      316           2.6      2.6      2.7
   Durable goods................................    209      192      165           2.5      2.6      2.3
   Nondurable goods.............................    138      123      151           2.8      2.7      3.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  1,109      724      908           4.2      2.9      3.6
   Wholesale trade..............................    176      113      148           2.9      2.0      2.6
   Retail trade.................................    734      486      584           4.8      3.3      4.0
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    198      125      176           3.9      2.6      3.7
  Information...................................     79       72       84           2.6      2.5      2.9
  Financial activities..........................    265      161      238           3.2      2.1      3.0
   Finance and insurance........................    172      102      142           2.8      1.8      2.5
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     93       59       96           4.2      2.9      4.7
  Professional and business services............    949      637      815           5.3      3.8      4.9
  Education and health services.................    616      536      576           3.3      2.8      3.0
   Educational services.........................    102       96      115           3.7      3.3      4.1
   Health care and social assistance............    515      441      461           3.3      2.7      2.9
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    936      694      736           6.6      5.1      5.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    115       92       77           5.1      4.3      3.5
   Accommodation and food services.............     821      603      659           6.9      5.2      5.7
  Other services................................    260      215      234           4.6      3.9      4.3

 Government.....................................    397      480      369           1.9      2.1      1.7
  Federal.......................................     20       66       21            .7      2.3       .7
  State and local...............................    377      414      348           2.0      2.1      1.9

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    946      794      756           3.7      3.2      3.1
  South.........................................  2,066    1,465    1,745           4.2      3.1      3.7
  Midwest.......................................  1,111      878      992           3.6      2.9      3.3
  West..........................................  1,320    1,029    1,252           4.3      3.5      4.2


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 8.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  July     June     July          July     June     July
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  3,051    1,871    2,061           2.2      1.4      1.6

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,878    1,721    1,941           2.5      1.6      1.8
  Mining and Logging............................     15        6        5           1.9       .9       .7
  Construction..................................    215       75       92           2.9      1.2      1.4
  Manufacturing.................................    169       90       87           1.2       .8       .7
   Durable goods................................     87       41       35           1.0       .6       .5
   Nondurable goods.............................     82       49       51           1.6      1.1      1.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    612      366      453           2.3      1.4      1.8
   Wholesale trade..............................    102       41       60           1.7       .7      1.0
   Retail trade.................................    433      281      310           2.8      1.9      2.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     77       45       83           1.5       .9      1.7
  Information...................................     48       27       46           1.6       .9      1.6
  Financial activities..........................    114       66       90           1.4       .8      1.2
   Finance and insurance........................     78       46       56           1.3       .8      1.0
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     36       20       34           1.7      1.0      1.7
  Professional and business services............    537      280      306           3.0      1.7      1.8
  Education and health services.................    361      271      302           1.9      1.4      1.6
   Educational services.........................     42       41       30           1.5      1.4      1.1
   Health care and social assistance............    320      230      272           2.0      1.4      1.7
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    696      427      461           4.9      3.1      3.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     77       50       38           3.4      2.3      1.8
   Accommodation and food services.............     619      378      423           5.2      3.3      3.6
  Other services................................    111      111       99           2.0      2.0      1.8

 Government.....................................    173      151      120            .8       .7       .6
  Federal.......................................      7       16        3            .3       .6       .1
  State and local...............................    166      135      117            .9       .7       .6

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    502      291      292           2.0      1.2      1.2
  South.........................................  1,201      705      838           2.4      1.5      1.8
  Midwest.......................................    645      403      455           2.1      1.3      1.5
  West..........................................    703      472      476           2.3      1.6      1.6


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  July     June     July          July     June     July
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................  2,031    1,931    2,332           1.5      1.5      1.8

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,878    1,710    2,165           1.6      1.6      2.0
  Mining and Logging............................      7       11       15            .9      1.5      2.0
  Construction..................................    228      229      342           3.0      3.6      5.3
  Manufacturing.................................    153      190      209           1.1      1.6      1.8
   Durable goods................................    107      126      118           1.3      1.7      1.6
   Nondurable goods.............................     46       64       91            .9      1.4      2.0
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    403      314      388           1.5      1.2      1.5
   Wholesale trade..............................     61       68       80           1.0      1.2      1.4
   Retail trade.................................    250      174      227           1.6      1.2      1.5
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     92       72       81           1.8      1.5      1.7
  Information...................................     23       39       35            .8      1.4      1.2
  Financial activities..........................    125       90      133           1.5      1.2      1.7
   Finance and insurance........................     72       52       79           1.2       .9      1.4
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     54       38       54           2.5      1.9      2.7
  Professional and business services............    370      308      441           2.1      1.8      2.6
  Education and health services.................    227      209      239           1.2      1.1      1.3
   Educational services.........................     58       48       80           2.1      1.7      2.9
   Health care and social assistance............    169      161      159           1.1      1.0      1.0
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    210      231      248           1.5      1.7      1.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     34       38       35           1.5      1.8      1.6
   Accommodation and food services.............     176      194      213           1.5      1.7      1.8
  Other services................................    131       88      117           2.3      1.6      2.1

 Government.....................................    153      221      168            .7      1.0       .8
  Federal.......................................      6       20        4            .2       .7       .1
  State and local...............................    147      201      164            .8      1.0       .9

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    360      418      382           1.4      1.7      1.5
  South.........................................    737      632      783           1.5      1.3      1.7
  Midwest.......................................    394      407      449           1.3      1.4      1.5
  West..........................................    539      474      719           1.8      1.6      2.4


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.


Table 10.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  July     June     July          July     June     July
                                                   2008     2009     2009p         2008     2009     2009p

Total...........................................    360      364      350           0.3      0.3      0.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    289      255      270            .2       .2       .2
  Mining and Logging............................      3        2        2            .3       .3       .3
  Construction..................................     16        9       13            .2       .1       .2
  Manufacturing.................................     26       35       20            .2       .3       .2
   Durable goods................................     15       25       12            .2       .3       .2
   Nondurable goods.............................     11       10        9            .2       .2       .2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     94       43       68            .4       .2       .3
   Wholesale trade..............................     13        4        9            .2       .1       .2
   Retail trade.................................     51       31       46            .3       .2       .3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     30        8       12            .6       .2       .3
  Information...................................      8        6        3            .3       .2       .1
  Financial activities..........................     25        5       14            .3       .1       .2
   Finance and insurance........................     22        4        7            .4       .1       .1
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      3        1        7            .1      (4)       .3
  Professional and business services............     42       48       68            .2       .3       .4
  Education and health services.................     28       56       36            .2       .3       .2
   Educational services.........................      2        6        6            .1       .2       .2
   Health care and social assistance............     26       49       30            .2       .3       .2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     30       36       28            .2       .3       .2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      4        4        4            .2       .2       .2
   Accommodation and food services.............      26       31       24            .2       .3       .2
  Other services................................     18       16       19            .3       .3       .3

 Government.....................................     71      109       81            .3       .5       .4
  Federal.......................................      7       30       14            .2      1.1       .5
  State and local...............................     64       78       67            .3       .4       .4

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     84       86       82            .3       .3       .3
  South.........................................    128      128      124            .3       .3       .3
  Midwest.......................................     72       68       89            .2       .2       .3
  West..........................................     76       82       55            .2       .3       .2


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  4 data round to zero
  p = preliminary.


Last Modified Date: September 09, 2009