Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, December 10, 2013	USDL-13-2348

Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – OCTOBER 2013

There were 3.9 million job openings on the last business day of October, little changed from September, 
the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.3 percent) and separations rate (3.1 
percent) were also little changed in October. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of 
job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by geographic region.

Job Openings

There were 3.9 million job openings in October, little changed from September. The number of openings 
was little changed for total private and government. The number of job openings increased in arts, 
entertainment, and recreation and in the Midwest region and was little changed in the remaining 
industries and regions. (See table 1.)

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the year for total nonfarm and total 
private and was little changed for government. Over the year, the number of job openings increased in 
several industries but decreased in federal government. The Midwest and West regions experienced an 
increase in job openings over the 12 months ending in October. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 4.5 million hires in October, little changed from September. The number of hires was little 
changed for total private and government. The number fell in professional and business services and was 
little changed in the rest of the industries and in all four regions. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in October, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) changed little for 
total nonfarm and total private but rose for government. The number of hires increased over the year in 
state and local government and was essentially unchanged in the rest of the industries and in all four 
regions. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.2 million total separations in October, little changed from September. The number of total 
separations fell for total private but rose for government. (See table 3.)

In October, the quits rate was unchanged at 1.7 percent for total nonfarm. The rate was little changed for 
total private (2.0 percent) and for government (0.6 percent). The quits rate was essentially unchanged 
over the month for all industries and all four regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in October for total 
nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. The number of quits rose over the year 
in several industries but fell in mining and logging. The number rose in the Midwest and South regions. 
(See table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges rate fell in October to 1.1 percent. The rate was little changed over the month 
for total private (1.2 percent) and was unchanged for government (0.5 percent). The layoffs and 
discharges rate fell in October in the South region. Seasonally adjusted estimates of layoffs and 
discharges are not available for individual industries. (See table 5.) 

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) declined over the 12 months ending in 
October for total nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. The number of 
layoffs and discharges increased over the year ending in October for mining and logging. The number 
decreased in retail trade, accommodation and food services, and other services. The level also fell in the 
West region. (See table 11.)

In October, there were 390,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from September. The 
number of other separations was little changed over the month for total private but rose for government. 
Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available for individual industries or regions. 
(See table 6.) Over the 12 months ending in October, the number of other separations rose for total 
nonfarm and government and changed little for total private. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in October 2013, hires totaled 53.0 
million and separations totaled 51.0 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.0 million. These figures 
include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for November 2013 are scheduled to be 
released on Friday, January 17, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,646 3,883 3,925 4,287 4,632 4,509 4,079 4,477 4,249

Total private(1)

3,295 3,508 3,552 4,031 4,338 4,205 3,751 4,203 3,911

Construction

100 112 124 318 299 307 288 279 280

Manufacturing

265 256 281 234 251 235 220 246 214

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

618 726 682 911 923 950 828 872 875

Retail trade

392 459 419 617 634 669 551 619 597

Professional and business services

661 629 717 864 999 873 784 959 805

Education and health services(3)

667 675 638 489 534 531 456 515 485

Health care and social assistance

611 602 575 420 462 457 384 439 419

Leisure and hospitality

438 550 559 752 813 831 726 814 776

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

49 58 76 125 135 150 113 143 125

Accommodation and food services

389 492 483 627 678 681 613 671 651

Government(4)

350 375 373 255 294 304 328 274 338

State and local

289 324 334 225 268 277 291 241 297

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.6 2.8 2.8 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.1

Total private(1)

2.8 3.0 3.0 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.3 3.7 3.4

Construction

1.7 1.9 2.1 5.6 5.1 5.3 5.1 4.8 4.8

Manufacturing

2.2 2.1 2.3 2.0 2.1 2.0 1.8 2.1 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.4 2.7 2.5 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.2 3.3 3.3

Retail trade

2.6 2.9 2.7 4.1 4.2 4.4 3.7 4.1 3.9

Professional and business services

3.5 3.3 3.7 4.8 5.4 4.7 4.3 5.1 4.3

Education and health services(3)

3.2 3.2 3.0 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.2 2.5 2.3

Health care and social assistance

3.5 3.3 3.2 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

3.1 3.7 3.8 5.4 5.7 5.8 5.2 5.7 5.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.4 2.8 3.6 6.3 6.7 7.4 5.7 7.1 6.1

Accommodation and food services

3.2 3.9 3.8 5.3 5.6 5.6 5.2 5.5 5.3

Government(4)

1.6 1.7 1.7 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.5

State and local

1.5 1.7 1.7 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.5

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,400
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

3,646 3,869 3,808 3,844 3,883 3,925 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,295 3,459 3,402 3,459 3,508 3,552 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0

Construction

100 120 99 109 112 124 1.7 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.1

Manufacturing

265 210 234 268 256 281 2.2 1.7 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

618 712 655 694 726 682 2.4 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.5

Retail trade

392 473 413 418 459 419 2.6 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.9 2.7

Professional and business services

661 685 664 658 629 717 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.3 3.7

Education and health services(6)

667 665 670 732 675 638 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.2 3.0

Health care and social assistance

611 598 610 668 602 575 3.5 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

438 483 493 514 550 559 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

49 49 47 76 58 76 2.4 2.3 2.3 3.6 2.8 3.6

Accommodation and food services

389 434 446 438 492 483 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.8

Government(7)

350 411 406 385 375 373 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7

State and local

289 356 357 339 324 334 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.7

REGION(8)

Northeast

643 658 619 682 701 635 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.4

South

1,434 1,504 1,464 1,424 1,433 1,403 2.9 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.8

Midwest

829 918 843 877 906 997 2.6 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.1

West

740 789 881 861 843 890 2.5 2.6 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.9

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

4,287 4,318 4,497 4,559 4,632 4,509 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,031 4,036 4,219 4,261 4,338 4,205 3.6 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7

Construction

318 309 307 298 299 307 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.3

Manufacturing

234 225 222 248 251 235 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

911 842 906 936 923 950 3.6 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6

Retail trade

617 586 635 659 634 669 4.1 3.9 4.2 4.3 4.2 4.4

Professional and business services

864 928 1,001 979 999 873 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.3 5.4 4.7

Education and health services(6)

489 470 530 556 534 531 2.4 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6

Health care and social assistance

420 403 452 461 462 457 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

752 793 753 749 813 831 5.4 5.6 5.3 5.3 5.7 5.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

125 133 114 106 135 150 6.3 6.5 5.6 5.2 6.7 7.4

Accommodation and food services

627 660 639 643 678 681 5.3 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.6 5.6

Government(7)

255 282 277 298 294 304 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4

State and local

225 253 253 273 268 277 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

637 671 663 729 728 716 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.8

South

1,729 1,714 1,761 1,822 1,817 1,769 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.6

Midwest

931 945 1,105 1,038 1,068 986 3.0 3.1 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.2

West

990 988 968 970 1,020 1,038 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

4,079 4,228 4,273 4,405 4,477 4,249 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,751 3,913 3,992 4,138 4,203 3,911 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.4

Construction

288 310 292 297 279 280 5.1 5.3 5.0 5.1 4.8 4.8

Manufacturing

220 224 238 246 246 214 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

828 789 838 917 872 875 3.2 3.0 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.3

Retail trade

551 549 568 650 619 597 3.7 3.6 3.7 4.3 4.1 3.9

Professional and business services

784 891 934 947 959 805 4.3 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.1 4.3

Education and health services(6)

456 480 490 516 515 485 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.3

Health care and social assistance

384 413 426 431 439 419 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

726 740 731 720 814 776 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.1 5.7 5.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

113 107 119 101 143 125 5.7 5.2 5.9 5.0 7.1 6.1

Accommodation and food services

613 633 612 619 671 651 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 5.5 5.3

Government(7)

328 315 281 267 274 338 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.5

State and local

291 281 247 235 241 297 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.5

REGION(8)

Northeast

666 679 685 735 713 693 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.7

South

1,628 1,739 1,734 1,634 1,837 1,693 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.3 3.7 3.4

Midwest

851 887 894 1,032 992 934 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.3 3.2 3.0

West

933 923 961 1,003 935 929 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

2,079 2,205 2,342 2,364 2,327 2,385 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,929 2,063 2,208 2,240 2,217 2,255 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0

Construction

93 106 100 102 96 85 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.5

Manufacturing

96 99 114 106 123 108 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

461 461 459 527 533 565 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.0 2.2

Retail trade

318 329 347 406 403 402 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.7 2.6 2.6

Professional and business services

360 455 541 490 453 426 2.0 2.5 2.9 2.6 2.4 2.3

Education and health services(6)

255 286 285 288 297 285 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

Health care and social assistance

226 254 258 250 266 254 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

437 436 454 453 474 527 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

43 46 48 46 43 44 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.2

Accommodation and food services

394 390 406 407 431 483 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.9

Government(7)

150 142 134 124 111 131 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6

State and local

137 131 122 113 100 117 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

290 298 321 329 320 336 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3

South

875 934 1,006 993 962 1,009 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0

Midwest

452 525 525 524 577 530 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.7

West

462 448 490 519 468 510 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.7

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

1,672 1,602 1,589 1,676 1,756 1,474 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,559 1,503 1,498 1,592 1,650 1,356 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.2

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

113 99 91 84 106 118 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

320 309 307 337 321 287 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1

South

621 647 608 525 721 543 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.5 1.1

Midwest

332 277 294 439 328 329 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.4 1.1 1.1

West

398 370 380 376 386 314 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
June
2013
July
2013
Aug.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

328 420 342 365 394 390 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

263 347 286 306 336 301 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

65 73 56 59 57 89 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

3,896 3,906 4,204 2.8 2.8 3.0

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,534 3,547 3,826 3.0 3.0 3.2

Mining and logging

14 18 19 1.6 2.0 2.0

Construction

104 117 134 1.7 1.9 2.2

Manufacturing

265 254 286 2.2 2.1 2.3

Durable goods

160 166 189 2.1 2.2 2.4

Nondurable goods

105 87 98 2.3 1.9 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

698 838 773 2.6 3.1 2.9

Wholesale trade

120 119 110 2.1 2.0 1.9

Retail trade

479 549 515 3.1 3.5 3.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

100 169 148 1.9 3.2 2.8

Information

105 104 113 3.8 3.8 4.0

Financial activities

287 255 286 3.5 3.1 3.5

Finance and insurance

225 208 243 3.7 3.4 3.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

62 47 43 3.1 2.3 2.1

Professional and business services

709 585 777 3.7 3.0 4.0

Education and health services

701 658 659 3.3 3.1 3.1

Educational services

59 69 66 1.7 2.0 1.8

Health care and social assistance

641 589 593 3.6 3.3 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

465 553 596 3.3 3.7 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

48 53 79 2.4 2.5 3.8

Accommodation and food services

418 500 517 3.4 3.9 4.1

Other services

186 164 184 3.3 2.9 3.2

Government

362 359 378 1.6 1.6 1.7

Federal

64 49 38 2.2 1.8 1.4

State and local

297 310 339 1.5 1.6 1.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

699 709 689 2.7 2.7 2.6

South

1,534 1,403 1,487 3.0 2.7 2.9

Midwest

870 946 1,063 2.8 3.0 3.3

West

792 848 964 2.6 2.7 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

4,505 4,824 4,746 3.3 3.5 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,277 4,444 4,476 3.8 3.9 3.9

Mining and logging

31 31 33 3.6 3.5 3.7

Construction

323 292 311 5.5 4.8 5.1

Manufacturing

234 252 237 2.0 2.1 2.0

Durable goods

141 149 141 1.9 2.0 1.9

Nondurable goods

94 103 96 2.1 2.3 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,065 980 1,137 4.1 3.8 4.3

Wholesale trade

135 135 128 2.4 2.3 2.2

Retail trade

752 673 829 5.0 4.4 5.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

178 172 179 3.5 3.4 3.5

Information

68 68 78 2.6 2.6 2.9

Financial activities

207 217 220 2.7 2.7 2.8

Finance and insurance

143 130 148 2.4 2.2 2.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

64 87 73 3.3 4.3 3.6

Professional and business services

899 961 902 4.9 5.1 4.8

Education and health services

513 627 553 2.5 3.0 2.6

Educational services

73 140 77 2.1 4.2 2.2

Health care and social assistance

440 486 476 2.6 2.8 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

724 824 804 5.2 5.7 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

97 126 119 5.0 6.0 6.0

Accommodation and food services

627 698 685 5.3 5.7 5.6

Other services

213 193 201 3.9 3.5 3.7

Government

228 380 269 1.0 1.7 1.2

Federal

30 28 26 1.1 1.0 1.0

State and local

198 352 243 1.0 1.9 1.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

650 828 731 2.5 3.2 2.8

South

1,830 1,839 1,875 3.7 3.7 3.7

Midwest

978 1,099 1,018 3.2 3.5 3.3

West

1,046 1,058 1,122 3.5 3.5 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

4,170 4,833 4,303 3.1 3.5 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,917 4,521 4,039 3.5 3.9 3.5

Mining and logging

35 28 28 4.1 3.1 3.1

Construction

310 290 299 5.3 4.8 4.9

Manufacturing

242 256 227 2.0 2.1 1.9

Durable goods

150 148 136 2.0 2.0 1.8

Nondurable goods

91 108 91 2.0 2.4 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

820 906 872 3.2 3.5 3.3

Wholesale trade

141 119 145 2.5 2.1 2.5

Retail trade

533 653 580 3.6 4.3 3.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

147 134 146 2.9 2.6 2.9

Information

61 76 66 2.3 2.9 2.5

Financial activities

189 230 210 2.4 2.9 2.7

Finance and insurance

116 138 133 2.0 2.3 2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

73 93 77 3.7 4.6 3.9

Professional and business services

789 934 784 4.3 5.0 4.2

Education and health services

413 533 437 2.0 2.6 2.1

Educational services

52 84 46 1.5 2.5 1.3

Health care and social assistance

362 449 391 2.1 2.6 2.2

Leisure and hospitality

860 1,042 919 6.2 7.2 6.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

155 276 178 8.0 13.3 8.9

Accommodation and food services

705 765 741 5.9 6.2 6.1

Other services

198 225 197 3.6 4.1 3.6

Government

253 312 264 1.1 1.4 1.2

Federal

35 36 43 1.3 1.3 1.6

State and local

218 276 222 1.1 1.5 1.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

684 876 706 2.7 3.4 2.7

South

1,664 1,854 1,713 3.4 3.7 3.4

Midwest

857 1,104 924 2.8 3.6 3.0

West

966 999 960 3.3 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

2,103 2,532 2,421 1.6 1.9 1.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,986 2,408 2,313 1.8 2.1 2.0

Mining and logging

24 14 10 2.8 1.6 1.1

Construction

109 102 96 1.8 1.7 1.6

Manufacturing

102 133 112 0.9 1.1 0.9

Durable goods

60 73 62 0.8 1.0 0.8

Nondurable goods

42 60 50 0.9 1.3 1.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

463 599 582 1.8 2.3 2.2

Wholesale trade

71 62 95 1.2 1.1 1.6

Retail trade

312 466 403 2.1 3.1 2.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

80 71 83 1.6 1.4 1.6

Information

36 35 32 1.4 1.3 1.2

Financial activities

88 109 89 1.1 1.4 1.1

Finance and insurance

56 72 58 1.0 1.2 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

32 36 31 1.6 1.8 1.5

Professional and business services

375 446 426 2.1 2.4 2.3

Education and health services

250 325 275 1.2 1.6 1.3

Educational services

25 39 26 0.7 1.2 0.7

Health care and social assistance

225 286 249 1.3 1.7 1.4

Leisure and hospitality

457 545 566 3.3 3.8 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

43 63 44 2.2 3.0 2.2

Accommodation and food services

414 482 522 3.5 3.9 4.3

Other services

83 100 125 1.5 1.8 2.3

Government

117 124 108 0.5 0.6 0.5

Federal

11 11 12 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

106 114 96 0.5 0.6 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

286 397 334 1.1 1.5 1.3

South

890 992 1,022 1.8 2.0 2.0

Midwest

467 637 542 1.5 2.1 1.7

West

460 506 523 1.5 1.7 1.7

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

1,764 1,916 1,511 1.3 1.4 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,672 1,780 1,422 1.5 1.5 1.2

Mining and logging

10 11 16 1.2 1.2 1.8

Construction

199 168 183 3.4 2.8 3.0

Manufacturing

124 104 98 1.0 0.9 0.8

Durable goods

81 64 63 1.1 0.9 0.8

Nondurable goods

43 39 35 1.0 0.9 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

288 225 211 1.1 0.9 0.8

Wholesale trade

58 48 44 1.0 0.8 0.8

Retail trade

180 129 125 1.2 0.8 0.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

50 48 42 1.0 0.9 0.8

Information

17 33 23 0.7 1.2 0.9

Financial activities

71 96 80 0.9 1.2 1.0

Finance and insurance

34 51 42 0.6 0.9 0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

37 46 38 1.9 2.3 1.9

Professional and business services

364 415 315 2.0 2.2 1.7

Education and health services

131 153 118 0.6 0.7 0.6

Educational services

21 41 18 0.6 1.2 0.5

Health care and social assistance

110 111 100 0.6 0.6 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

355 461 316 2.6 3.2 2.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

108 207 134 5.6 10.0 6.7

Accommodation and food services

247 254 182 2.1 2.1 1.5

Other services

112 115 62 2.1 2.1 1.1

Government

92 136 89 0.4 0.6 0.4

Federal

16 12 19 0.6 0.5 0.7

State and local

76 124 70 0.4 0.7 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

341 405 300 1.3 1.6 1.2

South

653 710 556 1.3 1.4 1.1

Midwest

329 383 317 1.1 1.2 1.0

West

442 419 339 1.5 1.4 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)
Oct.
2012
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013(p)

Total

303 385 371 0.2 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

259 333 304 0.2 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

2 3 2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Construction

2 21 20 0.0 0.3 0.3

Manufacturing

16 20 17 0.1 0.2 0.1

Durable goods

9 11 11 0.1 0.2 0.1

Nondurable goods

6 9 6 0.1 0.2 0.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities

70 82 79 0.3 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

11 9 6 0.2 0.2 0.1

Retail trade

42 59 52 0.3 0.4 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

17 15 21 0.3 0.3 0.4

Information

8 8 11 0.3 0.3 0.4

Financial activities

29 26 42 0.4 0.3 0.5

Finance and insurance

25 14 33 0.4 0.2 0.6

Real estate and rental and leasing

4 11 8 0.2 0.6 0.4

Professional and business services

51 73 43 0.3 0.4 0.2

Education and health services

32 55 44 0.2 0.3 0.2

Educational services

6 3 3 0.2 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

26 51 41 0.2 0.3 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

48 36 37 0.3 0.2 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3 6 1 0.2 0.3 0.0

Accommodation and food services

44 29 36 0.4 0.2 0.3

Other services

3 10 10 0.1 0.2 0.2

Government

44 52 67 0.2 0.2 0.3

Federal

9 13 11 0.3 0.5 0.4

State and local

35 39 55 0.2 0.2 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

56 74 71 0.2 0.3 0.3

South

122 152 136 0.2 0.3 0.3

Midwest

61 85 66 0.2 0.3 0.2

West

64 74 98 0.2 0.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: December 10, 2013