American Time Use Survey News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 18, 2014                          USDL-14-1137

Technical information: (202) 691-6339  •  atusinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/tus
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                              AMERICAN TIME USE SURVEY -- 2013 RESULTS


On an average day in 2013, employed adults living in households with no children under
age 18 engaged in leisure activities for 4.5 hours, about an hour more than employed
adults living with a child under age 6, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported
today. Nearly everyone age 15 and over (95 percent) engaged in some sort of leisure
activity, such as watching TV, socializing, or exercising. 

These and other results from the American Time Use Survey (ATUS) were released today.
These data include the average amount of time per day in 2013 that individuals worked,
did household activities, and engaged in leisure and sports activities. Additionally,
measures of the average time per day spent providing childcare--both as a primary (or
main) activity and while doing other things--for the combined years 2009-13 are provided.
For a further description of ATUS data and methodology, see the Technical Note.

Working (by Employed Persons) in 2013

  --Employed persons worked an average of 7.6 hours on the days they worked. More hours
    were worked, on average, on weekdays than on weekend days--7.9 hours compared with
    5.5 hours. (See table 4.)

  --On the days they worked, employed men worked 53 minutes more than employed women.
    This difference partly reflects women's greater likelihood of working part time.
    However, even among full-time workers (those usually working 35 hours or more per
    week), men worked longer than women--8.3 hours compared with 7.7 hours. (See
    table 4.)

  --Many more people worked on weekdays than on weekend days: 83 percent of employed
    persons worked on an average weekday, compared with 34 percent on an average
    weekend day. (See table 4.) 

  --On the days they worked, 83 percent of employed persons did some or all of their
    work at their workplace and 23 percent did some or all of their work at home.
    They spent more time working at the workplace than at home--7.9 hours compared
    with 3.0 hours. (See table 6.)

  --Multiple jobholders were more likely to work on an average day than were single
    jobholders--77 percent compared with 67 percent. (For a definition of average
    day, see the Technical Note.) Multiple jobholders also were more likely to work
    at home than were single jobholders--31 percent compared with 22 percent. (See
    table 6.)

  --Self-employed workers were nearly three times more likely than wage and salary
    workers to have done some work at home on days worked--56 percent compared with
    20 percent. Self-employed workers also were more likely to work on weekend days
    than were wage and salary workers--43 percent compared with 31 percent. (See
    tables 5 and 7.)

  --On the days they worked, 36 percent of employed people age 25 and over with a
    bachelor's degree or higher did some work at home, compared with only 7 percent
    of those with less than a high school diploma. (See table 6.)

Household Activities in 2013

  --On an average day, 83 percent of women and 65 percent of men spent some time
    doing household activities such as housework, cooking, lawn care, or financial
    and other household management. (See table 1.)

  --On the days they did household activities, women spent an average of 2.6 hours
    on such activities, while men spent 2.1 hours. (See table 1.)

  --On an average day, 19 percent of men did housework--such as cleaning or doing
    laundry--compared with 49 percent of women. Forty-two percent of men did food
    preparation or cleanup, compared with 68 percent of women. (See table 1.)

Leisure Activities in 2013

  --On an average day, nearly everyone age 15 and over (95 percent) engaged in some
    sort of leisure activity, such as watching TV, socializing, or exercising. Of
    those who engaged in leisure activities, men spent more time in these activities
    (5.9 hours) than did women (5.2 hours). (See table 1.)

  --Watching TV was the leisure activity that occupied the most time (2.8 hours
    per day), accounting for more than half of leisure time, on average, for those
    age 15 and over. Socializing, such as visiting with friends or attending or
    hosting social events, was the next most common leisure activity, accounting
    for 43 minutes per day. (See table 1.)

  --Men were more likely than women to participate in sports, exercise, or recreation
    on any given day--21 percent compared with 16 percent. On the days that they
    participated, men also spent more time in these activities than did women--1.9
    hours compared with 1.3 hours. (See table 1.)

  --On an average day, adults age 75 and over spent 7.5 hours engaged in leisure
    activities--more than any other age group; 25- to 34-year-olds spent 4.3
    hours and 35- to 44-year-olds spent 4.1 hours engaged in leisure and sports
    activities--less than other age groups. (See table 11.)

  --Time spent reading for personal interest and playing games or using a computer
    for leisure varied greatly by age. Individuals age 75 and over averaged 1.0 hour
    of reading per weekend day and 20 minutes playing games or using a computer for
    leisure. Conversely, individuals ages 15 to 19 read for an average of 4 minutes
    per weekend day and spent 52 minutes playing games or using a computer for
    leisure. (See table 11.)

  --Employed adults living in households with no children under age 18 engaged in
    leisure activities for 4.5 hours per day, about an hour more than employed
    adults living with a child under age 6. (See table 8.)

Care of Household Children for the period 2009-13

  --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent an average of
    2.0 hours per day providing primary childcare to household children. Adults
    living in households where the youngest child was between the ages of 6 and
    17 spent less than half as much time providing primary childcare to household
    children--47 minutes per day. Primary childcare is childcare that is done as
    a main activity, such as physical care of children and reading to or talking
    with children. (See table 9.)

  --On an average day, among adults living in households with children under age 6,
    women spent 1.0 hour providing physical care (such as bathing or feeding a child)
    to household children; by contrast, men spent 26 minutes providing physical care.
    (See table 9.)

  --Adults living in households with at least one child under age 6 spent an average
    of 5.4 hours per day providing secondary childcare--that is, they had at least
    one child in their care while doing activities other than primary childcare.
    Secondary childcare provided by adults living in households with children under
    age 6 was most commonly provided while doing leisure activities (2.1 hours) or
    household activities (1.3 hours). (See table 10.)

  --Adults living in households with children under age 6 spent more time providing
    primary childcare on an average weekday (2.1 hours) than on an average weekend
    day (1.8 hours). However, they spent less time providing secondary childcare
    on weekdays than on weekend days--4.5 hours compared with 7.4 hours. (See
    tables 9 and 10.)

Additional Data 

ATUS 2013 data files are available for users to do their own tabulations and analyses.
In accordance with BLS and Census Bureau policies that protect survey respondents'
privacy, identifying information was removed from the data files. The 2013 data files
are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/tus/data.htm.


   ____________________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                                    |
  |                        Partial Federal Government Shutdown                         |
  |                                                                                    |
  |Some agencies of the federal government--including the Bureau of Labor Statistics-- |
  |were shut down or operating at reduced staffing levels from October 1, 2013, through|
  |October 16, 2013.                                                                   |
  |                                                                                    |
  |All American Time Use Survey (ATUS) operations were suspended from October 1 through|
  |October 16. No call attempts were made and no interviews were completed during the  |
  |shutdown. Because ATUS interviews are conducted every day and collect time diaries  |
  |about “yesterday”--that is, the day prior to the interview day--there are no ATUS   |
  |data for September 30 through October 15. Data collection resumed on October 17.    |
  |                                                                                    |
  |The shutdown primarily affected ATUS data for the fourth quarter of 2013, as nearly |
  |all of the missing time diaries were in this period. ATUS estimates included in this|
  |news release have been weighted such that the time diaries for October 16 through   |
  |December 30 represent all days in the quarter, including those missing because of   |
  |the shutdown. For information on the ATUS weights, please see the Technical Note.   |
  |										       |
  |It is possible that ATUS estimates for 2013 or for the fourth quarter of 2013 could |
  |have been affected by the loss of data due to the shutdown. If people's time use in |
  |early October 2013 differed from their time use in the remainder of the year, ATUS  |
  |estimates would fail to account for this difference. For example, people who were   |
  |affected by the shutdown may have modified how they spent their time, but the       |
  |estimates would not capture this. Any seasonal differences in activities between    |
  |these periods could also affect the estimates, although ATUS data historically have |
  |exhibited minimal seasonality. It is not possible to quantify the effect of the     |
  |shutdown on the ATUS estimates.                                                     |
  |                                                                                    |
  |Additional information is available at www.bls.gov/tus/october2013shutdown.htm.    |
  |____________________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note

The estimates in this release are based on annual average data from the American Time
Use Survey (ATUS). The ATUS, which is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the
Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is a continuous survey about how individuals age
15 and over spend their time.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Survey methodology

Data collection for the ATUS began in January 2003. Sample cases for the survey are
selected monthly, and interviews are conducted continuously throughout the year. In
2013, approximately 11,400 individuals were interviewed. Estimates are released
annually.

ATUS sample households are chosen from the households that completed their eighth
(final) interview for the Current Population Survey (CPS), the nation's monthly
household labor force survey. ATUS sample households are selected to ensure that
estimates will be nationally representative.

One individual age 15 or over is randomly chosen from each sampled household. This
"designated person" is interviewed by telephone once about his or her activities on
the day before the interview--the "diary day."

All ATUS interviews are conducted using Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing.
Procedures are in place to collect information from the small number of households
that did not provide a telephone number during the CPS interview.

ATUS designated persons are preassigned a day of the week about which to report.
Preassignment is designed to reduce variability in response rates across the week
and to allow oversampling of weekend days so that accurate weekend day measures can
be developed. Interviews occur on the day following the assigned day. For example,
a person assigned to report about a Monday would be contacted on the following 
Tuesday. Ten percent of designated persons are assigned to report about each of the
five weekdays. Twenty-five percent are assigned to report about each weekend day.
Households are called for up to 8 consecutive weeks (for example, 8 Tuesdays) in
order to secure an interview.

About the questionnaire

In the time diary portion of the ATUS interview, survey respondents sequentially
report activities they did between 4 a.m. on the day before the interview
("yesterday") until 4 a.m. on the day of the interview. For each activity,
respondents are asked how long the activity lasted. For activities other than
personal care activities (such as sleeping and grooming), interviewers also ask
respondents where they were and who was in the room with them (if at home) or who
accompanied them (if away from home). If respondents report doing more than one
activity at a time, they are asked to identify which one was the "main" (primary)
activity. If none can be identified, then the interviewer records the first
activity mentioned. After completing the time diary, interviewers ask respondents
additional questions to clearly identify work, volunteering, and secondary childcare
activities. Secondary childcare is defined as having a child under age 13 in one's
care while doing other activities. Questions to identify eldercare providers and
activities done as eldercare were added to the survey in 2011.

In addition, the ATUS includes an update of the household composition from the
last CPS interview (2 to 5 months prior to the ATUS interview) and the employment
status of the respondent and his or her spouse or unmarried partner. For respondents
who became employed or changed jobs between the last CPS interview and the ATUS
interview, information also is collected on industry, occupation, class of worker,
and earnings. For those who are unemployed or on layoff, CPS questions on job search
activities are asked. Those who report being on layoff are asked if or when they
expect to be recalled to work. Finally, a question about current school enrollment
status is asked of all respondents ages 15 to 49.

After completing the interview, primary activity descriptions are assigned a single
6-digit code using the ATUS Coding Lexicon. The 3-tier coding system consists of 17
major activity categories, each with multiple second- and third-tier subcategories.
These coding lexicon categories are then combined into composite categories for
publication, such as in this news release. Descriptions of categories shown in this
release can be found in the Major activity category definitions section of this
Technical Note. The ATUS Coding Lexicon can be accessed at www.bls.gov/tus/lexicons.htm.

Concepts and definitions

Average day. The average day measure reflects an average distribution across all
persons in the reference population and all days of the week. Average day measures
for the entire population provide a mechanism for seeing the overall distribution
of time allocation for society as a whole. The ATUS collects data about daily
activities from all segments of the population age 15 and over, including persons
who are employed and not employed. Activity profiles differ based upon age, employment
status, gender, and other characteristics. On an average day in 2013, persons in the
United States age 15 and over did work and work-related activities for 3.5 hours,
slept 8.7 hours, spent 5.3 hours doing leisure and sports activities, and spent 1.8
hours doing household activities. The remaining 4.7 hours were spent doing a variety
of other activities, including eating and drinking, attending school, and shopping.
(See table 1.) By comparison, an average weekday for persons employed full time on
days that they worked included 9.2 hours doing work and work-related activities,
7.8 hours sleeping, 2.8 hours doing leisure and sports activities, and 0.9 hour 
doing household activities. The remaining 3.3 hours were spent in other activities,
such as those described above. (These estimates include related travel time.)

Many activities typically are not done on a daily basis, and some activities only are
done by a subset of the population. For example, only 42 percent of all persons age 15
years and over worked on an average day in 2013 because some were not employed and
those who were employed did not work every day. (See table 1.)

Average hours per day. The average number of hours spent in a 24- hour day (between
4 a.m. on the diary day and 4 a.m. on the interview day) doing a specified activity.

   --Average hours per day, population. The average number of hours per day is
     computed using all responses from a given population, including those of
     respondents who did not do a particular activity on their diary day. These
     estimates reflect how many population members engaged in an activity and
     the amount of time they spent doing it.

   --Average hours per day, persons who did the activity. The average number of
     hours per day is computed using only responses from those who engaged in a
     particular activity on their diary day.

   --Diary day. The diary day is the day about which the respondent reports. For
     example, the diary day of a respondent interviewed on Tuesday is Monday.

Earnings

   --Usual weekly earnings. Estimates represent the earnings of full-time wage and
     salary workers with one job only (both incorporated and unincorporated self-
     employed are excluded), before taxes and other deductions. They include any
     overtime pay, commissions, or tips usually received. Usual weekly earnings
     are only updated in ATUS for about a third of employed respondents--if the
     respondent changed jobs or employment status between the CPS and ATUS
     interviews or if the CPS weekly earnings value was imputed. This means that
     the earnings information could be out of date because the CPS interview was
     done 2 to 5 months prior to the ATUS interview. Respondents are asked to
     identify the easiest way for them to report earnings (hourly, weekly,
     biweekly, twice monthly, annually, or other) and how much they usually earn
     in the reported time period. Earnings reported on a basis other than weekly
     are converted to a weekly equivalent. The term "usual" is as perceived by the
     respondent. If the respondent asks for a definition of usual, interviewers
     are instructed to define the term as more than half the weeks worked during
     the past 4 or 5 months.

   --Weekly earnings ranges. The ranges used represent approximately 25 percent
     of full-time wage and salary workers (both incorporated and unincorporated
     self-employed are excluded) who held only one job. For example, 25 percent
     of full-time wage and salary workers with one job only had weekly earnings
     of $520 or less. These dollar values vary from year to year.

Employment status

   --Employed. All persons who, at any time during the 7 days prior to the
     interview:

   1) Did any work at all as paid employees; worked in their own business,
      profession, or on their own farm; or usually worked 15 hours or more
      as unpaid workers in a family-operated enterprise; or

   2) Were not working but had jobs or businesses from which they were
      temporarily absent due to illness, bad weather, vacation, childcare
      problems, labor-management disputes, maternity or paternity leave,
      job training, or other family or personal reasons, whether or not
      they were paid for the time off or were seeking other jobs.

   --Employed full time. Full-time workers are those who usually worked
     35 hours or more per week at all jobs combined.

   --Employed part time. Part-time workers are those who usually worked
     fewer than 35 hours per week at all jobs combined.

   --Not employed. Persons are not employed if they do not meet the
     conditions for employment. The not employed include those classified
     as unemployed as well as those classified as not in the labor force
     (using CPS definitions).

The numbers of employed and not employed persons in this report do not correspond
to published totals from the CPS for several reasons. First, the reference population
for the ATUS is age 15 years and over, whereas it is age 16 years and over for the
CPS. Second, ATUS data are collected continuously, the employment reference period
being the 7 days prior to the interview. By contrast, CPS data are usually collected
during the week including the 19th of the month and refer to employment during the
week containing the 12th of the month. Finally, the CPS accepts answers from household
members about other household members whereas such proxy responses are not allowed in
the ATUS. One consequence of the difference in proxy reporting is that a significantly
higher proportion of teenagers report employment in the ATUS than in the CPS. While
the information on employment from the ATUS is useful for assessing work in the context
of other daily activities, the employment data are not intended for analysis of current
employment trends. Compared with the CPS and other estimates of employment, the ATUS
estimates are based on a much smaller sample and are only available with a substantial
lag since ATUS data and estimates are published during the year following data collection.

Household children. Household children are children under age 18 residing in the household 
of the ATUS respondent. The children may be related to the respondent (such as his or her
own children, grandchildren, nieces or nephews, or siblings) or not related (such as foster
children or children of roommates).

Primary activity. A primary activity is the main activity a respondent was doing at a
specified time. With the exception of secondary childcare in table 10, the estimates 
presented in this release reflect time spent in primary activities only.

Secondary activities. A secondary (or simultaneous) activity is an activity done at the
same time as a primary activity. With the exception of the care of children under age 13,
information on secondary activities is not systematically collected in the ATUS.

Secondary childcare. Secondary childcare is care for children under age 13 that is done
while doing an activity other than primary childcare, such as cooking dinner. Secondary
childcare estimates are derived by summing the durations of activities during which
respondents had a household child or their own nonhousehold child under age 13 in their
care while doing activities other than primary childcare. It is restricted to times the
respondent was awake. Secondary childcare time for household children is further
restricted to the time between when the first household child under age 13 woke up and
the last household child under age 13 went to bed. If respondents report providing both
primary and secondary care at the same time, the time is attributed to primary care only.


Weekday, weekend, and holiday estimates. Estimates for weekdays are an average of reports
about Monday through Friday. Estimates for weekend days and holidays are an average of
reports about Saturdays, Sundays, and the following holidays:  New Year's Day, Easter,
Memorial Day, the Fourth of July, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day. Data
were not collected about New Year's Day in 2012, Christmas Day in 2011, and the Fourth
of July in 2010.

Major activity category definitions

The following definitions describe the activity categories shown in this report. All
major time-use categories in tables 1-12 include related travel time and waiting time.
For example, time spent "driving to the stadium" and time spent "waiting to get into
the stadium to play ball" are included in Leisure and sports.

Personal care activities. Personal care activities include sleeping, grooming (such as
bathing or dressing), health-related self-care, and personal or private activities.
Receiving unpaid personal care from others (for example, "my sister put polish on my
nails") also is captured in this category. In general, respondents are not asked who
they were with or where they were for personal care activities, as such information
can be sensitive.

Eating and drinking. All time spent eating or drinking (except eating and drinking done
as part of a work or volunteer activity), whether alone, with others, at home, at a place
of purchase, or somewhere else, is classified here.

Household activities. Household activities are those done by persons to maintain their
households. These include housework; cooking; lawn and garden care; pet care; vehicle
maintenance and repair; home maintenance, repair, decoration, and renovation; and
household management and organizational activities (such as filling out paperwork or
planning a party). Food preparation, whether or not reported as done specifically for
another household member, is always classified as a household activity unless it was
done as a volunteer, work, or income-generating activity. For example, "making breakfast
for my son" is coded as a household activity, not as childcare.

Purchasing goods and services. This category includes purchases of consumer goods,
professional and personal care services, household services, and government services.
Consumer purchases include most purchases and rentals of consumer goods, regardless
of the mode or place of purchase or rental (in person, via telephone, over the Internet,
at home, or in a store). Gasoline, grocery, other food purchases, and all other shopping
are further broken out in subcategories.

Time spent obtaining, receiving, and purchasing professional and personal care services
provided by someone else also is classified in this category. Professional services
include childcare, financial services and banking, legal services, medical and adult
care services, real estate services, and veterinary services. Personal care services
include day spas, hair salons and barbershops, nail salons, and tanning salons.
Activities classified here include time spent paying, meeting with, or talking to
service providers, as well as time spent receiving the service or waiting to receive
the service.

Time spent arranging for and purchasing household services provided by someone else also
is classified here. Household services include housecleaning; cooking; lawn care and
landscaping; pet care; tailoring, laundering, and dry cleaning; vehicle maintenance and
repairs; and home repairs, maintenance, and construction.

This category also captures the time spent obtaining government services--such as applying
for food stamps--and purchasing government-required licenses or paying fines or fees.

Caring for and helping household members. Time spent doing activities to care for or
help any child (under age 18) or adult in the household, regardless of relationship to
the respondent or the physical or mental health status of the person being helped, is
classified here. Caring for and helping activities for household children and adults
are coded separately in subcategories.

Primary childcare activities include time spent providing physical care; playing with
children; reading to children; assistance with homework; attending children's events;
taking care of children's health needs; and dropping off, picking up, and waiting for
children. Passive childcare done as a primary activity (such as "keeping an eye on my
son while he swam in the pool") also is included. A child's presence during the activity
is not enough in itself to classify the activity as childcare. For example, "watching
television with my child" is coded as a leisure activity, not as childcare.

Secondary childcare occurs when persons have a child under age 13 "in their care" while
doing activities other than primary childcare. For a complete definition, see the 
Concepts and definitions section of this Technical Note.

Caring for and helping household members also includes a range of activities done to
benefit adult members of households, such as providing physical and medical care or
obtaining medical services. Doing something as a favor for or helping another household 
adult does not automatically result in classification as a helping activity. For example,
a report of "helping my spouse cook dinner" is considered a household activity (food
preparation), not a helping activity, because cooking dinner benefits the household as a
whole. By contrast, doing paperwork for another person usually benefits the individual,
so a report of "filling out an insurance application for my spouse" is considered a
helping activity.

Caring for and helping nonhousehold members. Caring for and helping nonhousehold members
includes activities persons do to care for or help those--either children (under age 18)
or adults--who do not live with them. When done for or through an organization, time
spent helping nonhousehold members is classified as volunteering, rather than as helping
nonhousehold members. Care of nonhousehold children, even when done as a favor or helping
activity for another adult, is always classified as caring for and helping nonhousehold
children, not as helping another adult.

Working and work-related activities. This category includes time spent working, doing
activities as part of one's job, engaging in income-generating activities (not as part
of one's job), and job search activities. "Working" includes hours spent doing the
specific tasks required of one's main or other job, regardless of location or time of
day. "Work-related activities" include activities that are not obviously work but are
done as part of one's job, such as having a business lunch or playing golf with clients.
"Other income-generating activities" are those done "on the side" or under informal
arrangement and are not part of a regular job. Such activities might include selling
homemade crafts, babysitting, maintaining a rental property, or having a yard sale, and
are those that persons "are paid for or will be paid for." 

Travel time related to working and work-related activities includes time spent traveling
to and from work, as well as time spent traveling for work-related, income-generating,
and job search activities.

Educational activities. Educational activities include taking classes (including Internet
and other distance-learning courses) for a degree as well as for personal interest; doing
research and homework; and taking care of administrative tasks related to education, such
as registering for classes or obtaining a school ID. For high school students, before- and
after-school extracurricular activities (except sports) also are classified as educational
activities. Educational activities do not include time spent for classes or training
received as part of a job. Time spent helping others with their education-related 
activities is classified in the Caring for and helping categories.

Organizational, civic, and religious activities. This category captures time spent
volunteering for or through an organization, performing civic obligations, and
participating in religious and spiritual activities. Civic obligations include
government-required duties, such as serving jury duty or appearing in court, and
activities that assist or influence government processes, such as voting or attending
town hall meetings. Religious activities include those normally associated with
membership in or identification with specific religions or denominations, such as
attending religious services; participating in choirs, youth groups, orchestras, or
unpaid teaching (unless identified as volunteer activities); and engaging in personal
religious practices, such as praying.

Leisure and sports. The leisure and sports category includes sports, exercise, and
recreation; socializing and communicating; and other leisure activities. Sports,
exercise, and recreation activities include participating in—-as well as attending or
watching--sports, exercise, and recreational activities. Recreational activities are
leisure activities that are active in nature, such as yard games like croquet or
horseshoes. Socializing and communicating includes face-to-face social communication
and hosting or attending social functions. Leisure activities include watching
television; reading; relaxing or thinking; playing computer, board, or card games;
using a computer or the Internet for personal interest; playing or listening to music;
and other activities, such as attending arts, cultural, and entertainment events.

Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail. This category captures telephone communication and
handling household or personal mail or e-mail. This category also includes texting and
Internet voice and video calling. Telephone and Internet purchases are classified in
Purchasing goods and services. Telephone calls, mail, or e-mail identified as related
to work or volunteering are classified as work or volunteering.

Other activities, not elsewhere classified. This residual category includes security
procedures related to traveling, traveling not associated with a specific activity
category, ambiguous activities that could not be coded, and missing activities. Missing
activities result when respondents did not remember what they did for a period of time,
or when they considered an activity too private or personal to report. 

Processing and estimation

After ATUS data are collected, they go through an editing and imputation procedure.
Responses to CPS questions that are re-asked in the ATUS go through the regular CPS edit
and imputation procedures. Some item nonresponses for questions unique to the ATUS 
(such as where an activity took place or how much time was spent doing secondary
childcare) also are imputed. Missing activities and missing values for who was present
during an activity are never imputed.

ATUS records are weighted quarterly to reduce bias in the estimates due to differences
in sampling and response rates across subpopulations and days of the week. Specifically,
the data are weighted to ensure the following:

   --Weekdays represent about 5/7 of the weighted data, and weekend days represent
     about 2/7 of the weighted data for the population as a whole. The actual
     proportions depend on the number of weekdays and weekend days in a given 
     quarter.

   --The sum of the weights is equal to the number of person-days in the quarter for
     the population as a whole and for selected subpopulations.

Reliability of the estimates

Statistics based on the ATUS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a
sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, estimates differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs because
samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate.

Sample estimates from a given survey design are unbiased when an average of the estimates
from all possible samples would yield, hypothetically, the true population value. In this
case, the sample estimate and its standard error can be used to construct approximate
confidence intervals, or ranges of values that include the true population value with
known probabilities. If the process of selecting a sample from the population were
repeated many times, an estimate made from each sample, and a suitable estimate of its
standard error calculated for each sample, then approximately 90 percent of the intervals
from 1.645 standard errors below the estimate to 1.645 standard errors above the estimate
would include the true population value. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.

The ATUS data also are affected by nonsampling error, which is the average difference
between population and sample values for samples generated by a given process. Nonsampling
error can occur for many reasons, including failure to sample a segment of the population,
inability to obtain information for all persons in the sample, inability or unwillingness 
of respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data. Errors also could occur if non-response is correlated with time
use.

Publication requirements

Estimates of average hours per day and participation rates are not published unless
there are a minimum number of respondents representing the given population. Additional
publication criteria are applied that include the number of respondents who reported doing
a specified activity and the standard error or coefficient of variation for the estimate.
Estimates that are considered "close to zero" or that round to 0.00, are published as
approximately zero or "~0." For a detailed description of the statistical reliability
criteria necessary for publication, please contact ATUS staff at ATUSinfo@bls.gov.




Table 1. Time spent in primary activities (1) and percent of the civilian population engaging in each activity, averages per
day by sex, 2013 annual averages
                                                                                                                               
                                                         Average hours per day, Average percent engaged  Average hours per day 
                                                          civilian population   in the activity per day for persons who engaged
                       Activity                                                                             in the activity    
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                               
                                                         Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women 
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                               
Total, all activities (2)..............................   24.00   24.00   24.00    ---     ---     ---     ---     ---     --- 
                                                                                                                               
  Personal care activities.............................    9.54    9.31    9.76  100.0    99.9   100.0     9.55    9.31    9.76
     Sleeping..........................................    8.74    8.65    8.82   99.9    99.9    99.9     8.75    8.66    8.82
  Eating and drinking..................................    1.23    1.26    1.20   96.4    96.5    96.2     1.27    1.31    1.24
  Household activities.................................    1.78    1.34    2.19   74.5    65.1    83.4     2.39    2.06    2.63
     Housework.........................................     .57     .25     .87   34.4    19.4    48.5     1.67    1.30    1.80
     Food preparation and cleanup......................     .57     .33     .80   55.3    41.7    68.1     1.03     .80    1.17
     Lawn and garden care..............................     .18     .25     .12    9.3    11.3     7.4     1.98    2.26    1.60
     Household management..............................     .13     .10     .16   17.2    14.2    20.1      .75     .73     .77
  Purchasing goods and services........................     .75     .63     .86   42.9    38.7    46.8     1.74    1.62    1.83
     Consumer goods purchases..........................     .37     .29     .45   39.2    35.1    43.1      .94     .81    1.04
     Professional and personal care services...........     .08     .06     .10    7.4     5.9     8.8     1.11    1.07    1.13
  Caring for and helping household members.............     .53     .36     .69   25.5    20.5    30.3     2.07    1.75    2.28
     Caring for and helping household children.........     .41     .27     .54   20.9    16.2    25.3     1.96    1.68    2.13
  Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........     .19     .17     .22   11.5    10.0    12.9     1.68    1.69    1.68
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........     .06     .07     .06    7.2     7.0     7.4      .87     .94     .81
  Working and work-related activities..................    3.46    4.20    2.77   43.2    49.7    37.2     8.01    8.45    7.46
     Working...........................................    3.14    3.80    2.52   41.5    47.8    35.7     7.55    7.95    7.06
  Educational activities...............................     .48     .47     .48    8.0     7.6     8.3     5.98    6.25    5.74
     Attending class...................................     .26     .27     .25    5.0     5.0     5.1     5.10    5.35    4.88
     Homework and research.............................     .18     .17     .19    5.8     5.7     5.9     3.09    2.95    3.22
  Organizational, civic, and religious activities......     .32     .29     .36   14.0    11.3    16.5     2.31    2.52    2.17
     Religious and spiritual activities................     .14     .12     .17    9.1     7.3    10.8     1.58    1.64    1.55
     Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)     .14     .13     .15    6.1     5.1     7.1     2.31    2.62    2.11
  Leisure and sports...................................    5.26    5.61    4.94   95.3    95.1    95.4     5.52    5.89    5.17
     Socializing and communicating.....................     .72     .65     .78   36.8    34.0    39.5     1.95    1.92    1.97
     Watching television...............................    2.77    2.98    2.57   79.4    80.4    78.5     3.49    3.71    3.27
     Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation      .30     .40     .20   18.6    21.0    16.3     1.60    1.90    1.25
  Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................     .15     .10     .19   20.4    15.2    25.3      .72     .64     .77
  Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........     .31     .27     .35   17.5    15.5    19.5     1.77    1.77    1.78

   1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
   --- Not applicable.
   NOTE: Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 2.  Time spent in primary activities (1) and percent of the civilian population engaging in each
activity, averages per day on weekdays and weekends, 2013 annual averages
                                                                                                              
                                                    Average hours per    Average percent    Average hours per 
                                                      day, civilian       engaged in the   day for persons who
                                                        population       activity per day     engaged in the  
                                                                                                 activity     
                     Activity                                                                                 
                                                                                                              
                                                              Weekends            Weekends            Weekends
                                                    Weekdays    and     Weekdays    and     Weekdays    and   
                                                              holidays            holidays            holidays
                                                                                                              
                                                                                                              
Total, all activities (2).........................    24.00     24.00     ---       ---       ---       ---   
                                                                                                              
  Personal care activities........................     9.30     10.11    100.0     100.0       9.30     10.11 
     Sleeping.....................................     8.48      9.34     99.9     100.0       8.49      9.34 
  Eating and drinking.............................     1.17      1.37     96.9      95.2       1.20      1.44 
  Household activities............................     1.65      2.09     74.2      75.3       2.22      2.77 
     Housework....................................      .54       .65     33.9      35.5       1.60      1.82 
     Food preparation and cleanup.................      .55       .63     56.0      53.7        .98      1.18 
     Lawn and garden care.........................      .15       .25      8.7      10.7       1.77      2.38 
     Household management.........................      .12       .15     17.0      17.8        .73       .82 
  Purchasing goods and services...................      .70       .84     42.6      43.7       1.66      1.93 
     Consumer goods purchases.....................      .31       .50     38.0      42.2        .83      1.17 
     Professional and personal care services......      .10       .03      9.0       3.8       1.15       .86 
  Caring for and helping household members........      .56       .46     27.0      22.2       2.08      2.07 
     Caring for and helping household children....      .43       .37     22.3      17.5       1.90      2.12 
  Caring for and helping nonhousehold members.....      .18       .22     10.9      12.9       1.68      1.68 
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults...      .05       .08      6.5       8.9        .85       .92 
  Working and work-related activities.............     4.41      1.27     52.2      22.6       8.46      5.63 
     Working......................................     4.01      1.14     50.6      20.7       7.92      5.48 
  Educational activities..........................      .60       .18      9.2       5.2       6.59      3.50 
     Attending class..............................      .37       .01      7.1        .3       5.16      2.55 
     Homework and research........................      .19       .16      6.3       4.8       2.99      3.38 
  Organizational, civic, and religious activities       .22       .56     11.5      19.9       1.94      2.79 
     Religious and spiritual activities...........      .07       .31      6.4      15.5       1.17      1.98 
     Volunteering (organizational and civic                                                                   
   activities)....................................      .12       .18      5.8       6.8       2.11      2.71 
  Leisure and sports..............................     4.74      6.46     94.7      96.7       5.01      6.68 
     Socializing and communicating................      .54      1.12     34.6      41.9       1.57      2.68 
     Watching television..........................     2.57      3.24     79.2      79.8       3.24      4.05 
     Participating in sports, exercise, and                                                                   
   recreation.....................................      .27       .36     19.0      17.5       1.42      2.04 
  Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail...............      .16       .13     21.9      17.1        .71       .75 
  Other activities, not elsewhere classified......      .31       .32     17.9      16.8       1.73      1.88 

   1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not
included. 
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category
definitions.
   --- Not applicable.
   NOTE: Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 3. Time spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population by age, sex, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, marital status, and
educational attainment, 2013 annual averages
                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                   Average hours per day spent in primary activities (2)                                  
                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                     Caring                        Organiza-                       Other  
         Characteristic           Personal                     Purchas-    Caring    for and   Working    Educa-    tional,            Telephone  activi- 
                                    care     Eating  Household ing goods   for and   helping   and work- tional      civic,   Leisure    calls,  ties, not
                                   activi-    and     activi-    and       helping     non-    related   activi-      and       and    mail, and elsewhere
                                    ties    drinking   ties    services   household  household activi-     ties    religious  sports    e-mail    classi- 
                                                                           members    members    ties                activi-                       fied   
                                                                                                                     ties                                 
                                                                                                                                                         
Total, 15 years and over........    9.54      1.23      1.78      0.75      0.53      0.19      3.46      0.48      0.32      5.26      0.15      0.31 
  15 to 19 years................   10.49      1.04       .75       .50       .15       .18      1.05      3.41       .28      5.61       .20       .34 
  20 to 24 years................    9.91      1.21       .94       .64       .40       .18      3.66      1.06       .21      5.22       .10       .47 
  25 to 34 years................    9.39      1.21      1.53       .76      1.04       .14      4.65       .41       .21      4.30       .09       .27 
  35 to 44 years................    9.27      1.16      1.85       .76      1.15       .13      4.82       .09       .27      4.12       .10       .26 
  45 to 54 years................    9.33      1.16      1.97       .76       .47       .22      4.66       .06       .33      4.65       .13       .27 
  55 to 64 years................    9.32      1.26      2.14       .78       .19       .24      3.62       .01       .30      5.70       .17       .29 
  65 to 74 years................    9.37      1.41      2.45       .82       .13       .34      1.15       .02       .56      7.13       .24       .37 
  75 years and over.............   10.13      1.46      2.24       .87       .06       .13       .39        ~0       .60      7.48       .26       .35 
                                                                                                                                                       
 Men, 15 years and over.........    9.31      1.26      1.34       .63       .36       .17      4.20       .47       .29      5.61       .10       .27 
  15 to 19 years................   10.47      1.00       .75       .44       .12       .11      1.13      3.09       .25      6.19       .14       (3) 
  20 to 24 years................    9.48      1.22       .66       .44       .10       .17      4.42      1.13       .20      5.63       .08       (3) 
  25 to 34 years................    9.07      1.27      1.08       .64       .54       .13      5.55       (3)       .18      4.84       .06       .16 
  35 to 44 years................    8.97      1.23      1.33       .66       .88       .17      5.88       .05       .24      4.33       .05       .21 
  45 to 54 years................    9.09      1.19      1.45       .64       .38       .19      5.37       .05       .29      4.98       .08       .28 
  55 to 64 years................    9.21      1.27      1.69       .65       .14       .14      4.34        ~0       .22      5.89       .13       .30 
  65 to 74 years................    9.22      1.48      2.08       .71       .12       .31      1.49        ~0       .60      7.57       .14       .28 
  75 years and over.............    9.91      1.56      1.56       .82       .07       .12       .79       (3)       .54      8.13       .18       .31 
                                                                                                                                                       
 Women, 15 years and over.......    9.76      1.20      2.19       .86       .69       .22      2.77       .48       .36      4.94       .19       .35 
  15 to 19 years................   10.52      1.08       .75       .56       .19       .25       .96      3.74       .30      5.01       .27       .38 
  20 to 24 years................   10.35      1.20      1.23       .83       .69       .19      2.91       .98       .22      4.82       .11       (3) 
  25 to 34 years................    9.71      1.16      1.97       .88      1.53       .15      3.76       .34       .23      3.77       .12       .37 
  35 to 44 years................    9.57      1.10      2.35       .87      1.41       .09      3.80       .14       .30      3.92       .14       .32 
  45 to 54 years................    9.56      1.13      2.47       .88       .54       .25      3.98       .06       .37      4.33       .18       .26 
  55 to 64 years................    9.41      1.25      2.55       .90       .23       .33      2.95        ~0       .37      5.52       .20       .28 
  65 to 74 years................    9.51      1.35      2.77       .92       .13       .37       .86        ~0       .53      6.75       .33       .45 
  75 years and over.............   10.29      1.40      2.71       .91       .06       .13       .11        ~0       .64      7.03       .32       .38 
                                                                                                                                                       
 White, 15 years and over.......    9.48      1.26      1.85       .76       .53       .20      3.51       .45       .30      5.21       .15       .30 
  Men...........................    9.26      1.30      1.40       .63       .37       .18      4.30       .47       .26      5.47       .10       .25 
  Women.........................    9.69      1.23      2.28       .88       .68       .22      2.75       .43       .34      4.95       .19       .35 

 Black or African American, 15                                                                                                                         
   years and over...............    9.93      0.91      1.28      0.67      0.43      0.19      3.08      0.48      0.47      6.00      0.15      0.41 
  Men...........................    9.52       .95       .90       .59       .20       .14      3.32       .47       .51      6.87       .08       (3) 
  Women.........................   10.27       .88      1.60       .74       .62       .23      2.89       .50       .43      5.26       .21       .38 
                                                                                                                                                       
 Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,                                                                                                                         
   15 years and over............    9.94      1.19      1.80       .73       .67       .13      3.48       .69       .30      4.61       .11       .35 
  Men...........................    9.76      1.16      1.13       .62       .45       .10      4.59       .53       .32      4.90       .09       .34 
  Women.........................   10.12      1.22      2.46       .84       .89       .16      2.36       .85       .28      4.32       .13       .36 
                                                                                                                                                       
 Marital status and sex:                                                                                                                               
  Married, spouse present.......    9.29      1.31      2.07       .78       .74       .17      3.88       .07       .37      4.89       .13       .29 
   Men..........................    9.08      1.33      1.53       .66       .55       .15      4.81       .07       .34      5.17       .08       .23 
   Women........................    9.50      1.29      2.63       .90       .95       .19      2.93       .08       .41      4.61       .17       .34 
  Other marital statuses........    9.81      1.14      1.46       .71       .30       .22      3.02       .91       .27      5.65       .17       .33 
   Men..........................    9.57      1.18      1.12       .59       .14       .19      3.48       .95       .23      6.12       .12       .32 
   Women........................   10.02      1.10      1.76       .81       .44       .25      2.62       .87       .31      5.25       .21       .35 
                                                                                                                                                       
 Educational attainment, 25                                                                                                                            
   years and over:                                                                                                                                     
 Less than a high school diploma    9.88      1.11      2.17       .57       .57       .18      2.46        ~0       .35      6.29       .08       .34 
 High school graduates, no                                                                                                                             
    college.....................    9.54      1.19      2.15       .77       .44       .23      3.24       .04       .30      5.69       .14       .26 
 Some college or associate                                                                                                                             
    degree......................    9.39      1.19      1.91       .81       .61       .20      3.78       .23       .31      5.10       .15       .31 
 Bachelor's degree and higher...    9.15      1.39      1.79       .84       .69       .17      4.40       .14       .40      4.57       .18       .29 

   1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
   3 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
   ~0 Estimate is approximately zero.
   NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over. Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.




Table 4. Employed persons working (1) and time spent working on days worked by full- and part-time status and sex, jobholding status,
educational attainment, and day of week, 2013 annual averages

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                      Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                           on an average day           on an average weekday        on an average Saturday,   
                                                                                                                      Sunday, and holiday     
              Characteristic                 Total                                                                                            
                                            employed                                                                                          
                                                                Percent   Average              Percent   Average             Percent   Average
                                                       Number      of     hours of Number (2)    of     hours of Number (3)    of     hours of
                                                                employed    work              employed    work              employed    work  
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
    Full- and part-time status and sex                                                                                                        
Total, 15 years and over (4)..............  151,665   103,157     68.0       7.58   125,773     82.9       7.94    51,300     33.8       5.50 
   Full-time workers......................  116,607    83,784     71.9       8.09   102,863     88.2       8.50    39,920     34.2       5.68 
   Part-time workers......................   35,059    19,374     55.3       5.34    22,889     65.3       5.43    11,384     32.5       4.90 
 Men (4)..................................   80,456    57,341     71.3       7.97    69,079     85.9       8.39    30,169     37.5       5.77 
   Full-time workers......................   68,059    50,212     73.8       8.34    60,608     89.1       8.77    25,889     38.0       5.96 
   Part-time workers......................   12,397     7,129     57.5       5.42     8,426     68.0       5.60     4,296     34.7       4.66 
 Women (4)................................   71,210    45,816     64.3       7.08    56,679     79.6       7.40    21,172     29.7       5.13 
   Full-time workers......................   48,548    33,572     69.2       7.73    42,248     87.0       8.11    14,104     29.1       5.17 
   Part-time workers......................   22,662    12,244     54.0       5.29    14,470     63.8       5.34     7,076     31.2       5.06 
                                                                                                                                              
            Jobholding status                                                                                                                 
Single jobholders.........................  138,445    92,930     67.1       7.55   114,192     82.5       7.91    44,155     31.9       5.38 
Multiple jobholders.......................   13,220    10,227     77.4       7.82    11,582     87.6       8.24     7,135     54.0       6.25 
                                                                                                                                              
Educational attainment, 25 years and over                                                                                                     
Less than a high school diploma...........    9,022     6,195     68.7       7.96     7,486     83.0       8.08     2,962     32.8       7.23 
High school graduates, no college.........   35,259    24,087     68.3       7.78    29,519     83.7       8.00    11,478     32.6       6.51 
Some college or associate degree..........   32,784    22,468     68.5       7.79    27,560     84.1       8.09    10,696     32.6       5.97 
Bachelor's degree and higher..............   52,980    37,545     70.9       7.44    46,430     87.6       8.03    18,000     34.0       4.11 

   1 Includes work at main and other job(s), and excludes travel related to work.
   2 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average weekday.
   3 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and
holiday.
   4 Includes workers whose hours vary.
   NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 5. Employed persons working (1) on main job and time spent working on days worked by class of worker, occupation, earnings, and day of
week, 2013 annual averages

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                      Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                           on an average day           on an average weekday        on an average Saturday,   
                                                                                                                      Sunday, and holiday     
              Characteristic                 Total                                                                                            
                                            employed                                                                                          
                                                                Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                       Number      of     hours of Number (2)    of     hours of Number (3)    of     hours of
                                                                employed    work              employed    work              employed    work  
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
     Class of worker (main job only)                                                                                                          
Wage and salary workers...................  141,046    94,531     67.0       7.60   116,442     82.6       7.96    43,888     31.1       5.46 
Self-employed workers (4).................   10,460     6,825     65.3       6.22     7,925     75.8       6.59     4,515     43.2       4.85 
                                                                                                                                              
      Occupation (main job only) (5)                                                                                                          
Management, business, and financial                                                                                                           
   operations.............................   26,096    19,336     74.1       7.56    23,323     89.4       8.06     8,622     33.0       3.93 
Professional and related..................   35,644    23,709     66.5       7.27    30,086     84.4       7.78    10,598     29.7       4.27 
Service...................................   26,441    15,783     59.7       7.00    18,349     69.4       7.15    10,151     38.4       6.37 
Sales and related.........................   13,239     8,780     66.3       7.35     9,936     75.1       7.91     6,174     46.6       5.35 
Office and administrative support.........   19,939    13,393     67.2       7.44    17,347     87.0       7.60     4,365     21.9       6.08 
Farming, fishing, and forestry............     (7)       (7)       (7)       8.46      (7)       (7)       8.79      (7)       (7)       5.87 
Construction and extraction...............    5,816     3,479     59.8       8.42     4,903     84.3       8.54       808     13.9       7.03 
Installation, maintenance, and repair.....    5,551     3,888     70.0       8.14     4,932     88.8       8.38      (7)       (7)       6.70 
Production................................    8,934     6,202     69.4       8.31     7,344     82.2       8.39     2,723     30.5       7.60 
Transportation and material moving........    8,242     5,402     65.5       8.09     6,607     80.2       8.45     2,732     33.1       6.15 
                                                                                                                                              
  Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                       
   workers (single jobholders only) (6)                                                                                                       
$0 - $520.................................   24,483    17,196     70.2       7.93    20,778     84.9       8.07     8,414     34.4       7.02 
$521 - $850...............................   24,139    16,133     66.8       8.16    20,972     86.9       8.40     5,664     23.5       6.28 
$851 - $1,340.............................   24,288    16,810     69.2       8.27    21,006     86.5       8.69     7,219     29.7       5.48 
$1,341 and higher.........................   24,250    17,921     73.9       8.02    22,051     90.9       8.66     7,930     32.7       3.77 

   1 Includes work at main job only and excludes travel related to work.
   2 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average weekday.
   3 Number was derived by multiplying the "Total employed" by the percent of employed persons who worked on an average Saturday, Sunday, and
holiday.
   4 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated. Self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated are
classified as wage and salary workers.
   5 These values were generated using the 2010 Census occupational classification system which was introduced with the 2011 estimates.
Estimates are not strictly comparable to those from earlier years.
   6 These values are based on usual weekly earnings. The earnings data are limited to wage and salary workers (both incorporated and
unincorporated self-employed workers are excluded). Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
workers who held only one job.
   7 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
   NOTE: Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 6. Employed persons working (1) at home and at their workplace and time spent working at each location by full- and part-time status and
sex, jobholding status, and educational attainment, 2013 annual averages

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                      Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                           on an average day          at their workplace on an       at home on an average    
                                                                                           average day (2)                  day (2) (3)       
                                             Total                                                                                            
              Characteristic                employed                                                                                          
                                                                Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                       Number      of     hours of   Number   of those  hours of   Number   of those  hours of
                                                                employed    work                who     work at               who     work at 
                                                                                               worked  workplace             worked     home  
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
    Full- and part-time status and sex                                                                                                        
Total, 15 years and over (4)..............  151,665   103,157     68.0       7.58    85,643     83.0       7.85    23,630     22.9       2.99 
   Full-time workers......................  116,607    83,784     71.9       8.09    71,235     85.0       8.28    18,164     21.7       3.15 
   Part-time workers......................   35,059    19,374     55.3       5.34    14,409     74.4       5.76     5,466     28.2       2.44 
 Men (4)..................................   80,456    57,341     71.3       7.97    48,060     83.8       8.19    13,179     23.0       3.16 
   Full-time workers......................   68,059    50,212     73.8       8.34    42,674     85.0       8.49    11,040     22.0       3.27 
   Part-time workers......................   12,397     7,129     57.5       5.42     5,386     75.5       5.77     2,139     30.0       2.57 
 Women (4)................................   71,210    45,816     64.3       7.08    37,584     82.0       7.42    10,451     22.8       2.78 
   Full-time workers......................   48,548    33,572     69.2       7.73    28,561     85.1       7.95     7,124     21.2       2.98 
   Part-time workers......................   22,662    12,244     54.0       5.29     9,023     73.7       5.75     3,326     27.2       2.35 
                                                                                                                                              
            Jobholding status                                                                                                                 
Single jobholders.........................  138,445    92,930     67.1       7.55    77,593     83.5       7.84    20,434     22.0       2.96 
Multiple jobholders.......................   13,220    10,227     77.4       7.82     8,050     78.7       7.94     3,196     31.2       3.18 
                                                                                                                                              
Educational attainment, 25 years and over                                                                                                     
Less than a high school diploma...........    9,022     6,195     68.7       7.96     5,787     93.4       7.97       437      7.1       3.35 
High school graduates, no college.........   35,259    24,087     68.3       7.78    20,518     85.2       8.00     4,103     17.0       3.98 
Some college or associate degree..........   32,784    22,468     68.5       7.79    18,874     84.0       8.06     4,241     18.9       3.10 
Bachelor's degree and higher..............   52,980    37,545     70.9       7.44    28,529     76.0       7.90    13,605     36.2       2.77 

   1 Includes work at main and other job(s) and at locations other than home or workplace. Excludes travel related to work.
   2 Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
   3 "Working at home" includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home.
   4 Includes workers whose hours vary.
   NOTE: Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 7. Employed persons working on main job (1) at home and at their workplace and time spent working at each location by class of worker,
occupation, and earnings, 2013 annual averages

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                              
                                                      Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked   Employed persons who worked 
                                                           on an average day          at their workplace on an       at home on an average    
                                                                                           average day (2)                  day(2) (3)        
                                             Total                                                                                            
              Characteristic                employed                                                                                          
                                                                Percent   Average             Percent   Average             Percent   Average 
                                                       Number      of     hours of   Number   of those  hours of   Number   of those  hours of
                                                                employed    work                who     work at               who     work at 
                                                                                               worked  workplace             worked     home  
                                                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                              
     Class of worker (main job only)                                                                                                          
Wage and salary workers...................  141,046    94,531     67.0       7.60    80,757     85.4       7.89    18,643     19.7       2.75 
Self-employed workers (4).................   10,460     6,825     65.3       6.22     3,535     51.8       6.15     3,810     55.8       4.12 
                                                                                                                                              
      Occupation (main job only) (5)                                                                                                          
Management, business, and financial                                                                                                           
   operations.............................   26,096    19,336     74.1       7.56    14,389     74.4       8.10     6,782     35.1       3.54 
Professional and related..................   35,644    23,709     66.5       7.27    18,504     78.0       7.66     8,259     34.8       2.43 
Service...................................   26,441    15,783     59.7       7.00    13,731     87.0       7.22     1,740     11.0       2.93 
Sales and related.........................   13,239     8,780     66.3       7.35     7,300     83.1       7.79     1,880     21.4       2.86 
Office and administrative support.........   19,939    13,393     67.2       7.44    12,075     90.2       7.63     1,482     11.1       2.81 
Farming, fishing, and forestry............     (7)       (7)       (7)       8.46      (7)       (7)       9.44      (7)       (7)       5.86 
Construction and extraction...............    5,816     3,479     59.8       8.42     3,204     92.1       8.47       592     17.0        (7) 
Installation, maintenance, and repair.....    5,551     3,888     70.0       8.14     3,470     89.3       8.38       574     14.8       2.66 
Production................................    8,934     6,202     69.4       8.31     5,858     94.4       8.30       487      7.9       5.24 
Transportation and material moving........    8,242     5,402     65.5       8.09     4,697     86.9       8.09       336      6.2        (7) 
                                                                                                                                              
  Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                       
                 workers                                                                                                                      
       (single jobholders only) (6)                                                                                                           
$0 - $520.................................   24,483    17,196     70.2       7.93    16,113     93.7       8.00     1,268      7.4       3.16 
$521 - $850...............................   24,139    16,133     66.8       8.16    14,806     91.8       8.26     1,941     12.0       1.76 
$851 - $1,340.............................   24,288    16,810     69.2       8.27    14,835     88.2       8.56     3,253     19.4       2.12 
$1,341 and higher.........................   24,250    17,921     73.9       8.02    14,119     78.8       8.47     5,679     31.7       2.97 

   1 Includes work at main job only and at locations other than home or workplace. Excludes travel related to work.
   2 Individuals may have worked at more than one location.
   3 "Working at home" includes any time persons did work at home and is not restricted to persons whose usual workplace is their home.
   4 Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are unincorporated. Self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated are
classified as wage and salary workers.
   5 These values were generated using the 2010 Census occupational classification system which was introduced with the 2011 estimates. 
Estimates are not strictly comparable to those from earlier years.
   6 These values are based on usual weekly earnings. The earnings data are limited to wage and salary workers (both incorporated and
unincorporated self-employed workers are excluded). Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary
workers who held only one job.
   7 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
   NOTE: Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Table 8. Time spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population 18 years and over by employment status, presence and age of
youngest household child, and sex, 2013 annual averages

                                                                                                                                           
                                                                         Average hours per day spent in primary activities                 
                                                                                                                                           
                                                                           Household child under 18                                        
                                                                                                                                           
                       Activity                                                                                                            
                                                                              Youngest household   Youngest household      No household    
                                                                Total            child under 6            child              children      
                                                                                                         6 to 17             under 18      
                                                                                                                                           
                                                         Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women  Total   Men   Women
                                                                                                                                           
Total                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                           
Total, all activities (2)..............................  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00
                                                                                                                                           
  Personal care activities.............................   9.36   9.04   9.64   9.31   8.81   9.73   9.40   9.22   9.56   9.57   9.34   9.79
     Sleeping..........................................   8.60   8.40   8.78   8.60   8.19   8.93   8.61   8.56   8.65   8.75   8.69   8.81
  Eating and drinking..................................   1.16   1.21   1.12   1.15   1.18   1.13   1.17   1.23   1.11   1.28   1.30   1.25
  Household activities.................................   1.85   1.26   2.36   1.81   1.19   2.32   1.88   1.31   2.39   1.84   1.45   2.23
     Housework.........................................    .68    .27   1.04    .68    .25   1.03    .68    .28   1.04    .55    .25    .84
     Food preparation and cleanup......................    .70    .39    .97    .74    .43   1.00    .67    .36    .95    .54    .32    .75
     Lawn and garden care..............................    .12    .18    .07    .10    .15    .05    .13    .19    .08    .23    .31    .16
     Household management..............................    .10    .08    .11    .10    .07    .12    .10    .09    .11    .15    .12    .19
  Purchasing goods and services........................    .73    .62    .83    .71    .63    .78    .75    .61    .88    .78    .65    .90
     Consumer goods purchases..........................    .37    .28    .46    .38    .31    .45    .37    .25    .47    .38    .29    .46
     Professional and personal care services...........    .06    .06    .07    .06    .06    .05    .07    .05    .09    .09    .07    .12
  Caring for and helping household members.............   1.42    .99   1.79   2.06   1.45   2.57    .91    .64   1.15    .07    .05    .09
     Caring for and helping household children.........   1.19    .82   1.50   1.84   1.29   2.28    .68    .46    .87    ---    ---    ---
  Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........    .12    .11    .13    .07    .09    .06    .16    .13    .18    .24    .20    .27
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........    .05    .05    .04    .02    .03    .02    .06    .06    .06    .08    .08    .07
  Working and work-related activities..................   4.20   5.48   3.11   4.19   5.97   2.71   4.22   5.11   3.43   3.32   3.86   2.78
     Working...........................................   3.82   4.99   2.81   3.82   5.46   2.47   3.82   4.64   3.09   3.00   3.48   2.53
  Educational activities...............................    .25    .20    .29    .15    .05    .24    .33    .32    .34    .25    .30    .19
     Attending class...................................    .11    .10    .12    .07     ~0    .12    .14    .17    .11    .08    .12    .05
     Homework and research.............................    .12    .08    .15    .07    .04    .09    .16    .11    .20    .14    .16    .13
  Organizational, civic, and religious activities......    .31    .28    .33    .27    .31    .23    .34    .27    .41    .33    .29    .37
     Religious and spiritual activities................    .13    .13    .13    .14    .16    .11    .13    .11    .15    .15    .12    .19
     Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)    .13    .11    .15    .10    .11    .09    .16    .12    .20    .14    .14    .15
  Leisure and sports...................................   4.17   4.49   3.91   3.87   4.04   3.74   4.41   4.83   4.04   5.85   6.16   5.56
     Socializing and communicating.....................    .71    .68    .73    .70    .65    .75    .72    .71    .72    .72    .63    .80
     Watching television...............................   2.17   2.35   2.01   2.06   2.16   1.97   2.25   2.50   2.03   3.17   3.39   2.97
     Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation     .25    .32    .19    .23    .30    .18    .26    .33    .19    .29    .39    .19
  Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................    .11    .07    .14    .08    .07    .09    .13    .08    .17    .17    .11    .23
  Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........    .31    .24    .36    .31    .21    .39    .30    .26    .34    .31    .28    .34
                                                                                                                                           
Employed                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                           
Total, all activities (2)..............................  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00
                                                                                                                                           
  Personal care activities.............................   9.10   8.88   9.36   8.99   8.71   9.36   9.19   9.02   9.36   9.27   9.06   9.50
     Sleeping..........................................   8.33   8.24   8.42   8.26   8.10   8.47   8.38   8.36   8.40   8.46   8.41   8.52
  Eating and drinking..................................   1.17   1.23   1.11   1.16   1.19   1.12   1.18   1.27   1.10   1.28   1.31   1.24
  Household activities.................................   1.56   1.21   1.96   1.45   1.15   1.84   1.65   1.26   2.05   1.47   1.19   1.79
     Housework.........................................    .50    .23    .80    .45    .23    .74    .53    .23    .83    .43    .21    .67
     Food preparation and cleanup......................    .59    .38    .84    .59    .40    .84    .59    .35    .84    .42    .27    .58
     Lawn and garden care..............................    .11    .16    .06    .09    .14    .03    .13    .18    .08    .17    .23    .09
     Household management..............................    .09    .08    .11    .10    .08    .12    .09    .08    .11    .12    .10    .14
  Purchasing goods and services........................    .72    .62    .83    .71    .63    .81    .73    .61    .85    .72    .61    .86
     Consumer goods purchases..........................    .37    .29    .47    .37    .31    .46    .37    .27    .48    .36    .28    .46
     Professional and personal care services...........    .05    .04    .06    .05    .06    .05    .05    .03    .06    .07    .06    .08
  Caring for and helping household members.............   1.19    .95   1.46   1.71   1.38   2.14    .81    .59   1.02    .05    .04    .07
     Caring for and helping household children.........    .98    .80   1.19   1.51   1.23   1.87    .59    .43    .75    ---    ---    ---
  Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........    .09    .08    .10    .06    .07    .05    .10    .08    .12    .21    .23    .20
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........    .03    .03    .03    .03    .03    .02    .04    .03    .05    .07    .09    .05
  Working and work-related activities..................   5.64   6.43   4.76   5.82   6.66   4.73   5.51   6.24   4.78   5.73   6.16   5.24
     Working...........................................   5.19   5.91   4.38   5.35   6.11   4.37   5.07   5.75   4.38   5.25   5.63   4.82
  Educational activities...............................    .14    .08    .20    .07    .03    .14    .18    .12    .24    .15    .16    .14
     Attending class...................................    .05    .04    .07    .04     ~0   (4)     .06   (4)     .07    .03    .03    .03
     Homework and research.............................    .07    .04    .11    .03     ~0    .05    .11    .06    .15    .11    .12    .10
  Organizational, civic, and religious activities......    .28    .27    .30    .26    .31    .19    .30    .23    .36    .23    .19    .27
     Religious and spiritual activities................    .12    .13    .11    .13    .16    .09    .12    .11    .13    .11    .10    .13
     Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)    .12    .10    .14    .10    .11    .08    .14    .09    .18    .09    .07    .10
  Leisure and sports...................................   3.73   3.97   3.46   3.44   3.61   3.21   3.95   4.27   3.63   4.53   4.77   4.25
     Socializing and communicating.....................    .67    .65    .68    .66    .63    .69    .68    .68    .67    .69    .61    .78
     Watching television...............................   1.85   2.03   1.64   1.71   1.86   1.51   1.95   2.17   1.73   2.30   2.48   2.10
     Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation     .25    .30    .19    .24    .30    .17    .25    .30    .20    .29    .37    .19
  Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................    .09    .06    .14    .08    .06    .10    .11    .05    .16    .12    .08    .16
  Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........    .28    .23    .33    .26    .20    .33    .30    .26    .33    .24    .21    .28
                                                                                                                                           
Not employed                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                           
Total, all activities (2)..............................  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00  24.00
                                                                                                                                           
  Personal care activities.............................  10.07   9.88  10.14  10.09   9.55  10.21  10.04  10.04  10.05   9.97   9.79  10.10
     Sleeping..........................................   9.36   9.25   9.40   9.41   8.85   9.53   9.32   9.43   9.25   9.13   9.14   9.13
  Eating and drinking..................................   1.13   1.10   1.13   1.14   1.12   1.14   1.12   1.10   1.13   1.28   1.30   1.27
  Household activities.................................   2.64   1.53   3.07   2.69   1.51   2.95   2.60   1.54   3.21   2.34   1.86   2.72
     Housework.........................................   1.18    .45   1.46   1.23    .40   1.41   1.14    .48   1.52    .71    .32   1.03
     Food preparation and cleanup......................   1.00    .45   1.21   1.09    .60   1.20    .92    .37   1.23    .70    .41    .93
     Lawn and garden care..............................    .13    .25    .08    .12    (4)    .09    .14    .23    .08    .32    .43    .23
     Household management..............................    .11    .08    .11    .10    (4)    .11    .11    .10    .12    .20    .15    .24
  Purchasing goods and services........................    .78    .61    .84    .73    .65    .75    .82    .60    .95    .85    .72    .95
     Consumer goods purchases..........................    .38    .24    .44    .41    (4)    .43    .36    .20    .45    .39    .32    .45
     Professional and personal care services...........    .10    .13    .09    .06    (4)    .05    .14    .14    .14    .13    .09    .16
  Caring for and helping household members.............   2.04   1.19   2.37   2.92   1.98   3.13   1.22    .83   1.45    .09    .07    .11
     Caring for and helping household children.........   1.75    .94   2.06   2.63   1.78   2.82    .93    .56   1.15    ---    ---    ---
  Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........    .21    .29    .19    .09    .21    .07    .33    (4)    (4)    .26    .17    .34
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........    .08    .13    .06    .02    (4)    .02    .13    .18    .11    .08    .06    .10
  Working and work-related activities (3)..............    .27    .53    .17    .24    (4)    .13    .29    .43    .21    .11    .17    .07
     Working (3).......................................    (4)    (4)    (4)    (4)    (4)    (4)    (4)     ~0    (4)    .02     ~0     ~0
  Educational activities...............................    .57    (4)    .46    .34    (4)    .36    .78    (4)    .58    .38    .54    .25
     Attending class...................................    .27    (4)    .20    .15    (4)    .18    .37    (4)    .21    .15    (4)    .07
     Homework and research.............................    .24    .32    .21    .15    (4)    .13    .32    (4)    .31    .19    .23    .16
  Organizational, civic, and religious activities......    .38    .37    .39    .28    .27    .29    .48    .41    .51    .47    .44    .50
     Religious and spiritual activities................    .17    .15    .17    .15    .18    .15    .18    .14    .20    .21    .15    .25
     Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)    .17    .18    .17    .10    (4)    .10    .24    .22    .26    .22    .25    .19
  Leisure and sports...................................   5.39   7.20   4.70   4.94   7.28   4.42   5.81   7.16   5.03   7.61   8.39   6.99
     Socializing and communicating.....................    .83    .83    .83    .82    .84    .81    .84    .83    .84    .76    .68    .82
     Watching television...............................   3.04   4.05   2.65   2.91   4.41   2.58   3.17   3.89   2.75   4.33   4.84   3.93
     Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation     .25    .45    .18    .21    (4)    .19    .29    .49    .18    .29    .42    .19
  Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................    .14    .16    .13    .10    .13    .09    .18    .18    .18    .23    .15    .30
  Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........    .38    .28    .42    .43    (4)    .46    .33    .28    .36    .40    .39    .41

   1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
   3 Estimates include a small amount of work time done by persons who do not meet the American Time Use Survey definition for employed.
   4 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
   ~0 Estimate is approximately zero.
   --- Not applicable.




Table 9. Time spent caring for household children under 18 by sex of adult (1) and age of youngest child by day of week, average  
for the combined years 2009-13
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                  Average hours per day spent caring for household children       
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                   Childcare activities                             Total                  Weekdays         Weekends and holidays 
                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                  
                                                              Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men   Women
                                                                                                                                  
Persons in households with children under 18 years, total:                                                                        
 Caring for household children as a primary activity......    1.34    0.91    1.70    1.42    0.91    1.86    1.14    0.91    1.34
  Physical care...........................................     .42     .23     .59     .45     .24     .63     .36     .21     .48
  Education-related activities............................     .11     .07     .14     .14     .08     .19     .04     .03     .05
  Reading to/with children................................     .03     .02     .04     .04     .03     .05     .03     .02     .04
  Talking to/with children................................     .05     .03     .06     .05     .03     .07     .03     .02     .05
  Playing/doing hobbies with children.....................     .30     .27     .34     .28     .23     .32     .36     .35     .36
  Looking after children..................................     .08     .07     .09     .07     .05     .09     .10     .10     .10
  Attending children's events.............................     .06     .05     .07     .05     .03     .06     .09     .08     .09
  Travel related to care of household children............     .17     .12     .22     .21     .14     .27     .09     .07     .10
  Other childcare activities..............................     .11     .06     .15     .13     .08     .18     .05     .03     .07
                                                                                                                                  
  Persons in households with youngest child 6 to 17 years:                                                                        
   Caring for household children as a primary activity....     .79     .54    1.02     .86     .56    1.14     .62     .50     .73
    Physical care.........................................     .14     .07     .20     .16     .09     .23     .09     .05     .13
    Education-related activities..........................     .12     .08     .17     .16     .09     .21     .05     .03     .06
    Reading to/with children..............................     .01     .01     .02     .01     .01     .02     .01     .01     .02
    Talking to/with children..............................     .06     .03     .08     .07     .04     .09     .04     .02     .05
    Playing/doing hobbies with children...................     .07     .08     .06     .06     .07     .05     .10     .12     .09
    Looking after children................................     .05     .04     .06     .05     .03     .06     .06     .05     .07
    Attending children's events...........................     .08     .06     .09     .06     .05     .07     .12     .10     .14
    Travel related to care of household children..........     .16     .11     .20     .19     .13     .25     .09     .08     .10
    Other childcare activities............................     .09     .05     .13     .11     .06     .16     .05     .04     .07
                                                                                                                                  
  Persons in households with youngest child under 6 years:                                                                        
   Caring for household children as a primary activity....    2.00    1.39    2.49    2.10    1.37    2.68    1.76    1.41    2.05
    Physical care.........................................     .76     .43    1.03     .80     .44    1.09     .67     .40     .89
    Education-related activities..........................     .09     .05     .12     .12     .07     .16     .03     .02     .04
    Reading to/with children..............................     .06     .04     .07     .06     .05     .08     .05     .04     .06
    Talking to/with children..............................     .03     .02     .05     .04     .02     .05     .03     .01     .04
    Playing/doing hobbies with children...................     .59     .51     .65     .55     .45     .64     .67     .65     .68
    Looking after children................................     .12     .10     .13     .10     .08     .12     .14     .15     .14
    Attending children's events...........................     .03     .03     .04     .03     .02     .04     .04     .05     .04
    Travel related to care of household children..........     .19     .13     .24     .23     .15     .30     .08     .07     .10
    Other childcare activities............................     .13     .08     .17     .16     .10     .21     .05     .03     .06

   1 Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 18, whether or not they provided childcare.




Table 10. Time spent providing secondary childcare for household children under 13 by sex of adult (1) and age of youngest child by day
of week, average for the combined years 2009-13
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                        Average hours per day spent caring for household children (3)   
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                     Childcare activities (2)                              Total                  Weekdays         Weekends and holidays
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women   Total    Men    Women
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Persons in households with children under 13 years, total........   5.11    4.13    5.93    4.16    3.05    5.08    7.34    6.64    7.93
 Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                               
    conjunction with:                                                                                                                   
   Personal care activities......................................    .25     .16     .33     .22     .14     .29     .33     .22     .42
   Household activities..........................................   1.17     .67    1.59     .99     .47    1.43    1.58    1.14    1.96
   Purchasing goods and services.................................    .35     .27     .42     .27     .18     .35     .53     .48     .58
   Working and work-related activities...........................    .19     .18     .20     .21     .19     .23     .14     .15     .13
   Eating and drinking...........................................    .65     .58     .71     .53     .45     .60     .93     .88     .97
   Leisure and sports............................................   2.06    1.94    2.16    1.59    1.40    1.75    3.16    3.20    3.12
   Other activities..............................................    .44     .33     .53     .34     .23     .43     .67     .58     .76
                                                                                                                                        
   Persons in households with youngest child 6 to 12 years, total   4.74    3.99    5.40    3.68    2.96    4.32    7.22    6.43    7.92
    Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                            
       conjunction with:                                                                                                                
     Personal care activities....................................    .23     .16     .30     .20     .14     .25     .30     .20     .39
     Household activities........................................   1.04     .64    1.39     .81     .44    1.14    1.58    1.11    1.99
     Purchasing goods and services...............................    .29     .23     .34     .20     .14     .25     .49     .42     .54
     Working and work-related activities.........................    .21     .20     .21     .23     .22     .23     .16     .17     .15
     Eating and drinking.........................................    .58     .52     .64     .46     .40     .51     .87     .80     .94
     Leisure and sports..........................................   1.97    1.94    2.00    1.49    1.43    1.55    3.10    3.14    3.07
     Other activities............................................    .42     .31     .51     .29     .19     .38     .72     .58     .83
                                                                                                                                        
   Persons in households with youngest child under 6 years, total   5.38    4.23    6.30    4.50    3.11    5.59    7.43    6.79    7.94
    Caring for household children as a secondary activity in                                                                            
       conjunction with:                                                                                                                
     Personal care activities....................................    .27     .17     .35     .23     .14     .31     .34     .23     .44
     Household activities........................................   1.26     .70    1.72    1.13     .49    1.62    1.59    1.16    1.93
     Purchasing goods and services...............................    .39     .30     .47     .32     .20     .41     .56     .52     .60
     Working and work-related activities.........................    .18     .16     .19     .20     .17     .23     .12     .13     .11
     Eating and drinking.........................................    .70     .63     .76     .59     .49     .66     .97     .94     .99
     Leisure and sports..........................................   2.12    1.94    2.27    1.66    1.37    1.89    3.20    3.24    3.16
     Other activities............................................    .45     .35     .53     .37     .25     .46     .64     .57     .70

   1 Persons 18 years and over living in households with children under 13 years, whether or not they provided childcare.
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
   3 Secondary childcare time is defined as time one has a child under 13 years "in his or her care" while doing something else as a
main activity; information on secondary childcare is not collected for children over 12 years. Estimates include a small amount of care
provided to own, nonhousehold children.




Table 11. Time spent in leisure and sports activities for the civilian population by selected characteristics, 2013 annual averages
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                             Average hours per day spent in leisure and sports activities                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                                         Participating in sports,                                                                                                       Relaxing/             Playing games and computer     Other leisure and sports 
                                           Total, all leisure and sports activities      exercise, and recreation   Socializing and communicating          Watching TV                     Reading                       thinking                  use for leisure            activities, including   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    travel (1)        
             Characteristic                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                                                                            Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-                         Week-   
                                           Total, all        Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends           Week-          ends    
                                              days           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and           days            and    
                                                                            holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-                         holi-   
                                                                            days                          days                          days                          days                          days                          days                          days                          days    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                  Sex                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Men.....................................      5.61           4.98           7.07           0.35           0.51           0.50           1.02           2.69           3.67           0.25           0.27           0.32           0.30           0.51           0.62           0.36           0.68    
Women...................................      4.94           4.52           5.89            .20            .22            .59           1.22           2.45           2.84            .37            .40            .28            .28            .32            .36            .30            .58    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
                  Age                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 
Total, 15 years and over................      5.26           4.74           6.46            .27            .36            .54           1.12           2.57           3.24            .32            .34            .30            .29            .41            .48            .33            .63    
   15 to 19 years.......................      5.61           5.12           6.78            .65            .76            .69           1.19           1.92           2.76            .15            .07            .13            .18            .88            .87            .70            .96    
   20 to 24 years.......................      5.22           4.75           6.38            .47            .38            .74           1.26           2.05           2.49           (3)             .17            .27            .38            .62            .93            .35            .77    
   25 to 34 years.......................      4.30           3.68           5.72            .24            .34            .57           1.21           1.89           2.72            .10            .13            .22            .18            .38            .48            .27            .66    
   35 to 44 years.......................      4.12           3.41           5.73            .17            .38            .50           1.04           1.93           2.95            .14            .19            .20            .23            .25            .35            .22            .60    
   45 to 54 years.......................      4.65           4.11           5.92            .19            .28            .44           1.13           2.46           3.14            .20            .25            .29            .26            .26            .31            .28            .55    
   55 to 64 years.......................      5.70           5.17           6.88            .22            .37            .47           1.12           3.10           3.57            .41            .44            .35            .37            .32            .39            .29            .62    
   65 to 74 years.......................      7.13           6.78           7.93            .25            .27            .55           1.03           3.92           4.51            .74            .73            .37            .29            .52            .55            .44            .54    
   75 years and over....................      7.48           7.35           7.76            .21            .16            .55            .99           4.15           4.19            .93           1.03            .74            .62            .42            .34            .36            .43    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
 Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
White...................................      5.21           4.66           6.47            .26            .38            .54           1.17           2.47           3.14            .35            .37            .28            .28            .41            .47            .34            .65    
Black or African American...............      6.00           5.55           7.03            .25            .23            .62           1.05           3.42           4.25            .13            .18            .48            .35            .35            .41            .31            .57    
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity............      4.61           4.19           5.61            .31            .29            .61           1.17           2.17           2.86            .14            .08            .27            .36            .39            .31            .29            .54    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
           Employment status                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
Employed................................      4.21           3.53           5.79            .24            .38            .47           1.16           1.83           2.73            .20            .24            .22            .26            .31            .36            .26            .66    
   Full-time workers....................      4.02           3.24           5.80            .23            .38            .42           1.14           1.70           2.82            .17            .23            .21            .26            .27            .31            .24            .65    
   Part-time workers....................      4.87           4.47           5.77            .30            .36            .64           1.21           2.26           2.42            .27            .29            .25            .27            .42            .55            .32            .66    
Not employed............................      6.87           6.61           7.50            .31            .33            .65           1.07           3.70           4.02            .50            .48            .43            .34            .57            .66            .44            .59    

 Earnings of full-time wage and salary                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                
                workers                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
      (single jobholders only) (2)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
$0 - $520...............................      4.23           3.64           5.68           0.20           0.30           0.43           0.95           1.82           3.15           0.23           0.14           0.27           0.36           0.39           0.31           0.30           0.46    
$521 - $850.............................      4.32           3.46           6.18            .26            .30            .48           1.27           1.88           3.13            .13            .18            .23            .35            .25            .30            .23            .65    
$851 - $1,340...........................      4.04           3.21           5.94            .17            .44            .48           1.18           1.70           2.83            .16            .21            .20            .18            .27            .34            .23            .77    
$1,341 and higher.......................      3.82           2.90           6.07            .30            .50            .33           1.37           1.47           2.61            .20            .38            .12            .16            .24            .30            .24            .75    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
      Presence and age of children                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    
No household children under 18..........      5.84           5.33           7.00            .29            .36            .55           1.13           2.93           3.57            .42            .45            .33            .30            .48            .55            .34            .64    
Household children under 18.............      4.27           3.72           5.53            .25            .36            .54           1.11           1.94           2.67            .14            .15            .24            .27            .29            .37            .31            .61    
   Children 13 to 17 years, none younger      4.81           4.29           6.01            .28            .37            .64           1.17           2.07           2.82            .18            .20            .23            .35            .44            .52            .45            .59    
   Children 6 to 12 years, none younger       4.32           3.61           6.00            .22            .44            .47           1.14           1.91           2.86            .17            .16            .25            .30            .26            .36            .33            .76    
   Youngest child under 6 years.........      3.93           3.49           4.90            .25            .29            .54           1.05           1.90           2.45            .09            .11            .25            .20            .24            .30            .22            .50    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
         Marital status and sex                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
Married, spouse present.................      4.89           4.38           6.09            .23            .33            .47           1.11           2.47           3.12            .35            .35            .28            .28            .30            .35            .28            .55    
   Men..................................      5.17           4.56           6.59            .25            .45            .42           1.00           2.64           3.59            .31            .32            .32            .28            .32            .38            .30            .58    
   Women................................      4.61           4.20           5.57            .20            .21            .52           1.21           2.30           2.65            .39            .38            .24            .28            .28            .32            .26            .52    
Other marital statuses..................      5.65           5.13           6.85            .32            .38            .62           1.14           2.67           3.36            .28            .33            .32            .30            .53            .62            .39            .72    
   Men..................................      6.12           5.46           7.62            .48            .58            .58           1.04           2.75           3.76            .18            .22            .31            .32            .73            .90            .43            .81    
   Women................................      5.25           4.84           6.20            .19            .22            .65           1.22           2.60           3.02            .36            .42            .33            .28            .36            .39            .35            .64    
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      
    Educational attainment, 25 years                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                and over                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Less than a high school diploma.........      6.29           6.06           6.85            .16            .30            .64           1.04           3.77           4.10            .20            .18            .80            .54            .21            .22            .28            .48    
High school graduates, no college.......      5.69           5.22           6.79            .14            .27            .50           1.07           3.31           3.91            .30            .27            .38            .35            .36            .37            .23            .55    
Some college or associate degree........      5.10           4.56           6.34            .20            .25            .51           1.09           2.56           3.40            .30            .37            .23            .28            .42            .44            .35            .52    
Bachelor's degree and higher............      4.57           3.88           6.08            .30            .41            .47           1.16           1.86           2.64            .44            .54            .18            .19            .31            .45            .31            .69    

   1 Includes other leisure and sports activities, not elsewhere classified, and travel related to leisure and sports activities.
   2 These values are based on usual weekly earnings. The earnings data are limited to wage and salary workers (both incorporated and unincorporated self-employed workers are excluded). Each earnings range represents approximately 25 percent of full-time wage and salary workers who held only
one job.
   3 Estimate is suppressed because it does not meet the American Time Use Survey publication standards.
   NOTE:  Unless otherwise specified, data refer to persons 15 years and over. Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.




Table 12. Average hours per day spent in primary activities (1) for the civilian population, 2013 quarterly and annual
averages

(Not seasonally adjusted)
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                         2013                               
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
                       Activity                                            Quarterly averages                               
                                                                                                                    Annual  
                                                                                                                   average  
                                                              I             II           III            IV                  
                                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                            
Total, all activities (2)..............................     24.00         24.00         24.00         24.00         24.00   
                                                                                                                            
  Personal care activities.............................      9.59          9.48          9.62          9.48          9.54   
     Sleeping..........................................      8.78          8.67          8.81          8.69          8.74   
  Eating and drinking..................................      1.20          1.25          1.22          1.23          1.23   
  Household activities.................................      1.65          1.79          1.86          1.81          1.78   
     Housework.........................................       .60           .56           .56           .57           .57   
     Food preparation and cleanup......................       .57           .51           .58           .62           .57   
     Lawn and garden care..............................       .07           .30           .25           .12           .18   
     Household management..............................       .13           .12           .12           .15           .13   
  Purchasing goods and services........................       .74           .70           .76           .78           .75   
     Consumer goods purchases..........................       .36           .34           .36           .41           .37   
     Professional and personal care services...........       .09           .07           .10           .07           .08   
  Caring for and helping household members.............       .57           .56           .51           .47           .53   
     Caring for and helping household children.........       .44           .41           .41           .37           .41   
  Caring for and helping nonhousehold members..........       .18           .23           .19           .18           .19   
     Caring for and helping nonhousehold adults........       .05           .08           .07           .06           .06   
  Working and work-related activities..................      3.64          3.57          3.37          3.28          3.46   
     Working...........................................      3.29          3.24          3.05          2.97          3.14   
  Educational activities...............................       .56           .46           .30           .58           .48   
     Attending class...................................       .28           .27           .14           .34           .26   
     Homework and research.............................       .24           .16           .12           .21           .18   
  Organizational, civic, and religious activities......       .33           .34           .30           .32           .32   
     Religious and spiritual activities................       .17           .15           .12           .14           .14   
     Volunteering (organizational and civic activities)       .13           .15           .15           .14           .14   
  Leisure and sports...................................      5.19          5.23          5.30          5.31          5.26   
     Socializing and communicating.....................       .64           .72           .77           .74           .72   
     Watching television...............................      2.90          2.77          2.60          2.81          2.77   
     Participating in sports, exercise, and recreation        .22           .34           .35           .27           .30   
  Telephone calls, mail, and e-mail....................       .14           .15           .15           .14           .15   
  Other activities, not elsewhere classified...........       .20           .23           .41           .40           .31   

   1 A primary activity refers to an individual's main activity. Other activities done simultaneously are not included.
   2 All major activity categories include related travel time. See Technical Note for activity category definitions.
   NOTE:  Data refer to persons 15 years and over.




Last Modified Date: June 18, 2014