Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization

HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Jan.
2015
Sept.
2015
Oct.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

2.7 2.1 2.1 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.1 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.3

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

6.1 4.8 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

6.5 5.2 5.7 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

7.4 5.9 6.5 7.0 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

12.0 9.8 10.5 11.3 10.0 9.8 9.9 9.9 9.9

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

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Last Modified Date: February 05, 2016