Employment Characteristics of Families News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Friday, April 22, 2016                          USDL-16-0795

Technical information: (202) 691-6378 * cpsinfo@bls.gov * www.bls.gov/cps
Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 * PressOffice@bls.gov


                     EMPLOYMENT CHARACTERISTICS OF FAMILIES -- 2015


In 2015, 6.9 percent of families included an unemployed person, down from 8.0 percent in
2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Of the nation's 81.4 million
families, 80.3 percent had at least one employed member in 2015.

These data on employment, unemployment, and family relationships are collected as part of
the Current Population Survey (CPS), a monthly survey of about 60,000 households. Data
in this release are annual averages. Families are classified either as married-couple
families or as families maintained by women or men without spouses present. Unless
otherwise noted, families include those without children as well as those with children
under age 18. For further information, see the Technical Note in this news release.

Families and Unemployment

The number of families with at least one member unemployed decreased by 871,000 to 5.6
million in 2015, and the proportion of families with an unemployed person declined by
1.1 percentage points to 6.9 percent.  Black and Hispanic families remained more likely
to have an unemployed member in 2015 (12.0 percent and 9.7 percent, respectively) than
White or Asian families (6.0 percent and 5.7 percent, respectively). (See table 1.)

In 2015, about two-thirds (68.2 percent) of families with an unemployed member also had
at least one family member who was employed, and 58.8 percent had at least one family
member who was employed full time. Both measures were about unchanged from 2014. 
(See table 1.)

Among married-couple families with an unemployed member, the proportion with at least
one employed family member was 80.6 percent in 2015. Among families maintained by women
(no spouse present) with an unemployed member, 48.2 percent also had an employed family
member in 2015; for families maintained by men (no spouse present), the proportion was
57.0 percent. These proportions were all about the same as in the prior year. 
(See table 3.)

Families and Employment

In 2015, the share of families with an employed member was 80.3 percent, up by 0.2
percentage point from 2014. The likelihood of having an employed family member rose
in 2015 for Black families (from 76.4 percent to 77.7 percent) and for Hispanic 
families (from 85.9 percent to 86.4 percent). The likelihood for White and Asian
families showed little or no change (80.1 percent and 88.6 percent, respectively).
(See table 1.)

In 2015, families maintained by women with no spouse present remained less likely to
have an employed member (75.0 percent) than families maintained by men with no spouse
present (82.9 percent) or married-couple families (81.4 percent). Among married-couple
families, both the husband and wife were employed in 48.0 percent of families; in 19.8
percent of married-couple families only the husband was employed, and in 7.1 percent
only the wife was employed. (See table 2.)

Families with Children

In 2015, 34.4 million families included children under age 18, about two-fifths of all
families. (Children are sons, daughters, step-children, or adopted children living in the
household who are under 18 years old. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren,
other related and unrelated children, and children not living in the household.) Among
families with children, 89.3 percent had at least one employed parent in 2015. Among 
married-couple families with children, 96.7 percent had at least one employed parent;
both parents worked in 60.6 percent of married-couple families. Among families of
other marital statuses with children, the mother was employed in 70.8 percent of those
maintained by mothers in 2015, and the father was employed in 82.1 percent of those
maintained by fathers. (Other marital status refers to persons who never married or
are widowed, divorced, separated, or married but living apart from their spouse.) 
(See table 4.)

Parents

The labor force participation rate--the percent of the population working or looking
for work--for all women with children under age 18 was 69.9 percent in 2015. The
participation rate for married mothers (67.6 percent) remained lower than the rate for
mothers with other marital statuses (74.8 percent). The unemployment rate for married
mothers was also considerably lower than for mothers with other marital statuses--3.3
percent, compared with 8.9 percent. (See table 5.)

Mothers with younger children are less likely to be in the labor force than mothers with
older children. In 2015, the labor force participation rate of mothers with children
under 6 years old was lower than the rate of those whose youngest child was 6 to 17 years
old (64.2 percent versus 74.4 percent). The participation rate of mothers with infants
under a year old was 58.1 percent. Among mothers with infants, the participation rates
of married mothers and mothers with other marital statuses were little different--57.6
percent and 59.1 percent, respectively. However, the unemployment rate of married mothers
with infants, at 3.2 percent, was substantially lower than the rate for mothers with
other marital statuses, at 13.9 percent. (See tables 5 and 6.)

In 2015, 92.7 percent of all men with children under age 18 participated in the labor
force. The rate for married fathers, at 93.7 percent, continued to be higher than the
participation rate of fathers with other marital statuses (86.7 percent). Married fathers
also continued to have a lower unemployment rate (2.7 percent) than fathers with other
marital statuses (7.4 percent). (See table 5.)




Technical Note

   The estimates in this release are based on annual average data from the Current
Population Survey (CPS). The CPS, which is conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for
the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is a monthly survey of about 60,000 eligible
households that provides information on the labor force status, demographics, and
other characteristics of the nation's civilian noninstitutional population age 16
and over.

   The data presented in this release are not strictly comparable with data for
earlier years due to the introduction of updated population estimates, or controls,
used in the CPS. The population controls are updated each year in January to reflect
the latest information about population change. Additional information is available from
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#pop.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals
upon request: Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the CPS are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When
a sample, rather than the entire population, is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the true population values they represent. The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and
this variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a
90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will
differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of
sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of
confidence.

   The CPS data also are affected by nonsampling error. Nonsampling error can occur for
many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the population, inability
to obtain information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of
respondents to provide correct information, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   Information about the reliability of data from the CPS and guidance on estimating standard
errors is available at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm#reliability.

Definitions

   Definitions of the principal terms used in this release are presented below.

   Family. A family is a group of two or more persons residing together who are related
by birth, marriage, or adoption. The count of families is for "primary" families only,
that is, the householder and all other persons related to and residing with the householder.
Families are classified either as married-couple families or as families maintained by
women or men without spouses. Families include those without children as well as those with
children under 18.

   Householder. The householder is the family reference person. This is the person (or one
of the persons) in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented. The relationship of other
individuals in the household is defined in terms of relationship to the householder. The
race or ethnicity of the family is determined by that of the householder. 

   Married, spouse present; other marital status. These terms denote the marital status of
individuals at the time of interview. Married, spouse present, refers to husbands and wives
living together in the same household, even though one may be temporarily absent on business,
on vacation, on a visit, in a hospital, or for other reasons. Other marital status includes
persons who are never-married; married, spouse absent; separated; widowed; or divorced. 
Separated includes persons with legal separations, those living apart with intentions of 
obtaining a divorce, and other people permanently or temporarily separated because of marital
discord. Married, spouse absent, includes married people living apart because either the 
husband or wife was employed and living at a considerable distance from home, was serving 
away from home in the Armed Forces, had moved to another area, or had a different place of
residence for any other reason except separation as defined above.

   Children. Data on children refer to own children under age 18 that live in the household.
Included are sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children of the husband, wife, or
person maintaining the family. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, other related
children, and all unrelated children living in the household.

   Employed. Employed persons are all those who, during the survey reference week, (a) did
any work at all as paid employees; (b) worked in their own business, profession, or on
their own farm; (c) or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in an enterprise operated
by a member of the family. Persons who were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness,
vacation, labor disputes, or another reason also are counted as employed.

   Unemployed. The unemployed are persons who had no employment during the reference week,
were available for work at that time, and had made specific efforts to find employment
sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons who were waiting
to be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off need not be looking for work to
be classified as unemployed.

   Civilian labor force. The civilian labor force comprises all persons classified as
employed or unemployed.

   Unemployment rate. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the
 civilian labor force.

   Labor force participation rate. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as
a percent of the population.

   Employment-population ratio. The employment-population ratio is the employed as a percent
of the population.




Table 1. Employment and unemployment in families by race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2014-2015 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2014 2015

EMPLOYMENT IN FAMILIES

Total families

80,889 81,410

With at least one family member employed

64,832 65,360

As a percent of total families

80.1 80.3

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

58,762 59,520

With no family member employed

16,057 16,050

As a percent of total families

19.9 19.7

White

Total families

64,476 64,663

With at least one family member employed

51,661 51,769

As a percent of total families

80.1 80.1

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

46,937 47,225

With no family member employed

12,815 12,894

As a percent of total families

19.9 19.9

Black or African American

Total families

9,793 9,854

With at least one family member employed

7,481 7,652

As a percent of total families

76.4 77.7

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

6,596 6,792

With no family member employed

2,312 2,202

As a percent of total families

23.6 22.3

Asian

Total families

4,374 4,538

With at least one family member employed

3,872 4,020

As a percent of total families

88.5 88.6

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

3,614 3,786

With no family member employed

502 518

As a percent of total families

11.5 11.4

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total families

12,178 12,602

With at least one family member employed

10,456 10,883

As a percent of total families

85.9 86.4

With at least one family member employed full time(1)

9,429 9,914

With no family member employed

1,722 1,719

As a percent of total families

14.1 13.6

UNEMPLOYMENT IN FAMILIES

Total families

80,889 81,410

With at least one family member unemployed

6,486 5,615

As a percent of total families

8.0 6.9

Some family member(s) employed

4,419 3,831

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

68.1 68.2

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

3,819 3,302

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

58.9 58.8

White

Total families

64,476 64,663

With at least one family member unemployed

4,499 3,908

As a percent of total families

7.0 6.0

Some family member(s) employed

3,195 2,784

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

71.0 71.2

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

2,767 2,408

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

61.5 61.6

Black or African American

Total families

9,793 9,854

With at least one family member unemployed

1,376 1,184

As a percent of total families

14.1 12.0

Some family member(s) employed

780 666

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

56.7 56.3

Some family member employed full time(1)

666 558

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

48.4 47.2

Asian

Total families

4,374 4,538

With at least one family member unemployed

328 260

As a percent of total families

7.5 5.7

Some family member(s) employed

262 213

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

79.8 82.1

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

232 191

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

70.9 73.6

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Total families

12,178 12,602

With at least one family member unemployed

1,311 1,220

As a percent of total families

10.8 9.7

Some family member(s) employed

933 864

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

71.1 70.8

Some family member(s) employed full time(1)

798 740

As a percent of families with at least one family member unemployed

60.9 60.7

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.

NOTE: The race or ethnicity of the family is determined by that of the householder, the family reference person in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented. Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 2. Families by presence and relationship of employed members and family type, 2014-2015 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2014 2015 2014 2015

MARRIED-COUPLE FAMILIES

Total

58,806 59,217 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

47,852 48,205 81.4 81.4

Husband only

11,713 11,726 19.9 19.8

Wife only

4,422 4,209 7.5 7.1

Husband and wife

28,042 28,434 47.7 48.0

Other employment combinations

3,676 3,837 6.3 6.5

With no family member employed

10,954 11,012 18.6 18.6

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY WOMEN(1)

Total

15,581 15,693 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

11,585 11,765 74.4 75.0

Householder only

6,368 6,451 40.9 41.1

Householder and other member(s)

3,059 3,181 19.6 20.3

Other member(s), not householder

2,159 2,133 13.9 13.6

With no family member employed

3,995 3,928 25.6 25.0

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY MEN(1)

Total

6,502 6,499 100.0 100.0

With at least one family member employed

5,394 5,389 83.0 82.9

Householder only

2,568 2,517 39.5 38.7

Householder and other member(s)

1,891 1,932 29.1 29.7

Other member(s), not householder

935 940 14.4 14.5

With no family member employed

1,108 1,110 17.0 17.1

Footnotes
(1) No spouse present.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 3. Unemployment in families by presence and relationship of employed members and family type, 2014-2015 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2014 2015 2014 2015

MARRIED-COUPLE FAMILIES

With at least one family member unemployed, total

3,765 3,292 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

3,028 2,653 80.4 80.6

No family member employed

737 639 19.6 19.4

Unemployment of family members

Husband unemployed(1)

1,398 1,194 37.1 36.3

Wife employed

872 739 23.2 22.5

Wife unemployed, husband employed or not in labor force

1,121 947 29.8 28.8

Husband employed

943 786 25.1 23.9

Other family member(s) unemployed

1,246 1,151 33.1 35.0

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY WOMEN(2)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

1,933 1,666 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

936 804 48.4 48.2

No family member employed

997 862 51.6 51.8

Unemployment of family members

Householder unemployed

892 770 46.2 46.2

Other member(s) employed

216 181 11.2 10.8

Other family member(s) unemployed

1,040 896 53.8 53.8

FAMILIES MAINTAINED BY MEN(2)

With at least one family member unemployed, total

789 657 100.0 100.0

Employment of family members

Some family member(s) employed

455 375 57.7 57.0

No family member employed

333 282 42.3 43.0

Unemployment of family members

Householder unemployed

446 378 56.5 57.5

Other member(s) employed

200 158 25.4 24.1

Other family member(s) unemployed

343 280 43.5 42.5

Footnotes
(1) Total families with unemployed husbands, including those with unemployed wives.
(2) No spouse present.

NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2014-2015 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Number Percent distribution
2014 2015 2014 2015

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Total families

34,434 34,363 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

30,545 30,672 88.7 89.3

No parent employed

3,889 3,692 11.3 10.7

Married-couple families

Total

23,330 23,401 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

22,528 22,631 96.6 96.7

Mother employed

15,347 15,420 65.8 65.9

Both parents employed

14,033 14,174 60.2 60.6

Mother employed, not father

1,314 1,246 5.6 5.3

Father employed, not mother

7,181 7,211 30.8 30.8

Neither parent employed

801 771 3.4 3.3

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

8,589 8,505 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

5,958 6,024 69.4 70.8

Mother not employed

2,632 2,481 30.6 29.2

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

2,515 2,457 100.0 100.0

Father employed

2,059 2,017 81.9 82.1

Father not employed

456 440 18.1 17.9

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Total families

19,850 19,774 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

17,768 17,762 89.5 89.8

No parent employed

2,082 2,012 10.5 10.2

Married-couple families

Total

13,239 13,306 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,753 12,842 96.3 96.5

Mother employed

9,321 9,363 70.4 70.4

Both parents employed

8,453 8,565 63.9 64.4

Mother employed, not father

868 798 6.6 6.0

Father employed, not mother

3,432 3,479 25.9 26.1

Neither parent employed

486 464 3.7 3.5

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

5,130 5,080 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

3,811 3,790 74.3 74.6

Mother not employed

1,319 1,290 25.7 25.4

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

1,481 1,388 100.0 100.0

Father employed

1,204 1,130 81.3 81.4

Father not employed

277 258 18.7 18.6

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Total families

14,584 14,589 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

12,777 12,910 87.6 88.5

No parent employed

1,807 1,680 12.4 11.5

Married-couple families

Total

10,091 10,096 100.0 100.0

Parent(s) employed

9,775 9,789 96.9 97.0

Mother employed

6,027 6,057 59.7 60.0

Both parents employed

5,580 5,609 55.3 55.6

Mother employed, not father

447 448 4.4 4.4

Father employed, not mother

3,749 3,732 37.1 37.0

Neither parent employed

315 307 3.1 3.0

Families maintained by mother(1)

Total

3,460 3,425 100.0 100.0

Mother employed

2,147 2,234 62.1 65.2

Mother not employed

1,313 1,191 37.9 34.8

Families maintained by father(1)

Total

1,034 1,069 100.0 100.0

Father employed

854 887 82.7 83.0

Father not employed

179 182 17.3 17.0

Footnotes
(1) No spouse present.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 5. Employment status of the population by sex, marital status, and presence and age of own children under 18, 2014-2015 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2014 2015
Total Men Women Total Men Women

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

65,643 29,040 36,602 65,564 29,095 36,469

Civilian labor force

52,580 26,939 25,641 52,476 26,978 25,498

Participation rate

80.1 92.8 70.1 80.0 92.7 69.9

Employed

49,948 25,899 24,049 50,238 26,079 24,159

Full-time workers(1)

42,727 24,615 18,112 43,250 24,880 18,370

Part-time workers(2)

7,221 1,284 5,937 6,989 1,199 5,790

Employment-population ratio

76.1 89.2 65.7 76.6 89.6 66.2

Unemployed

2,632 1,040 1,592 2,238 899 1,339

Unemployment rate

5.0 3.9 6.2 4.3 3.3 5.3

Married, spouse present

Civilian noninstitutional population

49,739 25,098 24,641 49,822 25,122 24,700

Civilian labor force

40,220 23,505 16,715 40,226 23,532 16,694

Participation rate

80.9 93.7 67.8 80.7 93.7 67.6

Employed

38,804 22,762 16,042 39,026 22,889 16,137

Full-time workers(1)

33,773 21,751 12,022 34,148 21,958 12,190

Part-time workers(2)

5,032 1,012 4,020 4,877 931 3,947

Employment-population ratio

78.0 90.7 65.1 78.3 91.1 65.3

Unemployed

1,415 742 673 1,200 643 557

Unemployment rate

3.5 3.2 4.0 3.0 2.7 3.3

Other marital status(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

15,904 3,943 11,961 15,742 3,973 11,769

Civilian labor force

12,360 3,434 8,926 12,250 3,446 8,804

Participation rate

77.7 87.1 74.6 77.8 86.7 74.8

Employed

11,143 3,137 8,007 11,213 3,190 8,022

Full-time workers(1)

8,955 2,864 6,090 9,101 2,922 6,179

Part-time workers(2)

2,189 272 1,917 2,111 268 1,843

Employment-population ratio

70.1 79.6 66.9 71.2 80.3 68.2

Unemployed

1,217 298 919 1,038 256 782

Unemployment rate

9.8 8.7 10.3 8.5 7.4 8.9

WITH OWN CHILDREN 6 TO 17 YEARS, NONE YOUNGER

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,486 16,114 20,372 36,616 16,171 20,445

Civilian labor force

29,989 14,768 15,221 30,057 14,840 15,218

Participation rate

82.2 91.6 74.7 82.1 91.8 74.4

Employed

28,689 14,244 14,445 28,923 14,392 14,531

Full-time workers(1)

24,746 13,594 11,153 25,073 13,785 11,288

Part-time workers(2)

3,943 650 3,292 3,850 607 3,243

Employment-population ratio

78.6 88.4 70.9 79.0 89.0 71.1

Unemployed

1,300 524 775 1,134 448 687

Unemployment rate

4.3 3.6 5.1 3.8 3.0 4.5

WITH OWN CHILDREN UNDER 6 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,157 12,927 16,230 28,948 12,924 16,024

Civilian labor force

22,591 12,171 10,420 22,419 12,138 10,281

Participation rate

77.5 94.2 64.2 77.4 93.9 64.2

Employed

21,259 11,655 9,604 21,315 11,687 9,628

Full-time workers(1)

17,981 11,021 6,959 18,177 11,095 7,082

Part-time workers(2)

3,278 634 2,644 3,139 592 2,547

Employment-population ratio

72.9 90.2 59.2 73.6 90.4 60.1

Unemployed

1,332 516 816 1,104 451 652

Unemployment rate

5.9 4.2 7.8 4.9 3.7 6.3

WITH NO OWN CHILDREN UNDER 18 YEARS

Civilian noninstitutional population

182,304 90,707 91,596 185,237 92,006 93,231

Civilian labor force

103,342 55,943 47,399 104,654 56,643 48,011

Participation rate

56.7 61.7 51.7 56.5 61.6 51.5

Employed

96,357 51,793 44,564 98,595 53,052 45,544

Full-time workers(1)

75,991 43,214 32,777 78,243 44,471 33,772

Part-time workers(2)

20,366 8,579 11,787 20,353 8,581 11,772

Employment-population ratio

52.9 57.1 48.7 53.2 57.7 48.9

Unemployed

6,985 4,150 2,835 6,058 3,591 2,468

Unemployment rate

6.8 7.4 6.0 5.8 6.3 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Includes never married; married, spouse absent; divorced; separated; and widowed persons.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Table 6. Employment status of mothers with own children under 3 years old by single year of age of youngest child and marital status, 2014-2015 annual averages [Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2014 2015
With own children under 3 years old With own children under 3 years old
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year
Total 2 years 1 year Under 1
year

TOTAL MOTHERS

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,224 2,834 3,293 3,097 9,308 2,920 3,254 3,134

Civilian labor force

5,624 1,799 2,056 1,770 5,714 1,869 2,024 1,821

Participation rate

61.0 63.5 62.4 57.1 61.4 64.0 62.2 58.1

Employed

5,169 1,661 1,880 1,628 5,336 1,741 1,897 1,698

Full-time workers(1)

3,685 1,185 1,325 1,175 3,882 1,280 1,370 1,232

Part-time workers(2)

1,484 477 555 453 1,455 462 526 466

Employment-population ratio

56.0 58.6 57.1 52.6 57.3 59.6 58.3 54.2

Unemployed

456 137 176 142 377 127 128 123

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.6 8.6 8.0 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.7

Married, spouse present

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,243 1,934 2,300 2,009 6,341 1,974 2,252 2,114

Civilian labor force

3,691 1,153 1,376 1,163 3,772 1,198 1,356 1,218

Participation rate

59.1 59.6 59.8 57.9 59.5 60.7 60.2 57.6

Employed

3,526 1,104 1,307 1,116 3,628 1,149 1,300 1,179

Full-time workers(1)

2,602 807 950 844 2,698 864 961 873

Part-time workers(2)

925 296 357 271 931 285 339 306

Employment-population ratio

56.5 57.1 56.8 55.5 57.2 58.2 57.7 55.8

Unemployed

165 49 68 47 144 49 55 39

Unemployment rate

4.5 4.3 5.0 4.1 3.8 4.1 4.1 3.2

Other marital status(3)

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,981 900 993 1,088 2,967 946 1,001 1,020

Civilian labor force

1,933 646 681 607 1,942 670 669 603

Participation rate

64.9 71.8 68.6 55.8 65.4 70.9 66.8 59.1

Employed

1,642 558 573 512 1,708 592 596 519

Full-time workers(1)

1,083 377 375 330 1,184 415 409 359

Part-time workers(2)

559 180 197 182 524 177 187 160

Employment-population ratio

55.1 62.0 57.7 47.0 57.6 62.6 59.5 50.9

Unemployed

291 88 108 95 234 78 72 84

Unemployment rate

15.0 13.6 15.8 15.6 12.0 11.6 10.8 13.9

Footnotes
(1) Usually work 35 hours or more per week at all jobs.
(2) Usually work less than 35 hours per week at all jobs.
(3) Includes never married; married, spouse absent; divorced; separated; and widowed persons.

NOTE: Own children include sons, daughters, step-children, and adopted children. Not included are nieces, nephews, grandchildren, and other related and unrelated children. Detail may not sum to totals due to rounding. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


Last Modified Date: April 22, 2016