Table 3. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 25 years and over by educational attainment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2011-2012 annual averages

Table 3. Employment status of the foreign-born and native-born populations 25 years and over by educational attainment, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, 2011-2012 annual averages
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic 2011 2012
Less than
a high
school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some
college or
associate
degree
Bachelor's
degree and
higher(2)
Less than
a high
school
diploma
High school
graduates,
no college(1)
Some
college or
associate
degree
Bachelor's
degree and
higher(2)

FOREIGN BORN

White non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

815 1,884 1,407 2,935 789 1,778 1,434 3,019

Civilian labor force

274 978 899 2,144 256 932 879 2,200

Participation rate

33.6 51.9 63.9 73.0 32.4 52.4 61.3 72.9

Employed

243 897 832 2,019 233 864 818 2,078

Employment-population ratio

29.9 47.6 59.1 68.8 29.6 48.6 57.0 68.8

Unemployed

30 81 67 125 23 68 61 122

Unemployment rate

11.1 8.3 7.4 5.8 8.9 7.3 6.9 5.5

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

391 810 709 752 368 812 693 813

Civilian labor force

204 594 578 614 182 591 544 680

Participation rate

52.1 73.3 81.5 81.6 49.5 72.7 78.5 83.7

Employed

163 516 512 556 153 520 488 631

Employment-population ratio

41.7 63.7 72.2 74.0 41.6 64.0 70.4 77.7

Unemployed

41 78 66 57 29 71 56 49

Unemployment rate

19.9 13.2 11.4 9.3 16.0 12.0 10.3 7.2

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

955 1,628 1,149 3,892 978 1,658 1,306 4,364

Civilian labor force

404 1,014 807 2,936 438 1,011 894 3,251

Participation rate

42.3 62.3 70.3 75.4 44.8 61.0 68.5 74.5

Employed

366 935 749 2,785 407 949 837 3,104

Employment-population ratio

38.3 57.4 65.2 71.6 41.6 57.2 64.1 71.1

Unemployed

39 79 58 150 31 62 57 147

Unemployment rate

9.6 7.8 7.2 5.1 7.1 6.2 6.4 4.5

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

7,331 4,072 2,052 1,687 7,319 4,360 2,147 1,798

Civilian labor force

4,815 3,032 1,586 1,309 4,789 3,175 1,642 1,386

Participation rate

65.7 74.4 77.3 77.6 65.4 72.8 76.5 77.1

Employed

4,294 2,746 1,437 1,221 4,312 2,911 1,507 1,308

Employment-population ratio

58.6 67.4 70.0 72.4 58.9 66.8 70.2 72.8

Unemployed

521 286 149 88 476 263 134 78

Unemployment rate

10.8 9.4 9.4 6.7 9.9 8.3 8.2 5.6

NATIVE BORN

White non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,841 41,003 36,755 44,100 9,533 40,294 36,922 44,806

Civilian labor force

3,609 23,710 24,997 33,543 3,372 22,863 24,868 33,777

Participation rate

36.7 57.8 68.0 76.1 35.4 56.7 67.4 75.4

Employed

3,103 21,813 23,315 32,316 2,946 21,234 23,363 32,596

Employment-population ratio

31.5 53.2 63.4 73.3 30.9 52.7 63.3 72.7

Unemployed

506 1,897 1,682 1,226 426 1,629 1,505 1,182

Unemployment rate

14.0 8.0 6.7 3.7 12.6 7.1 6.1 3.5

Black non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,924 7,075 5,924 3,866 2,799 7,000 6,097 4,068

Civilian labor force

1,015 4,297 4,188 3,013 910 4,204 4,275 3,157

Participation rate

34.7 60.7 70.7 77.9 32.5 60.1 70.1 77.6

Employed

745 3,613 3,635 2,810 703 3,626 3,793 2,966

Employment-population ratio

25.5 51.1 61.4 72.7 25.1 51.8 62.2 72.9

Unemployed

270 684 553 203 207 578 482 191

Unemployment rate

26.6 15.9 13.2 6.7 22.7 13.7 11.3 6.1

Asian non-Hispanic or Latino

Civilian noninstitutional population

119 397 451 1,090 135 397 474 1,237

Civilian labor force

46 221 317 862 52 222 350 979

Participation rate

39.0 55.8 70.3 79.1 38.6 56.0 73.8 79.1

Employed

41 207 292 814 49 210 323 944

Employment-population ratio

34.9 52.1 64.8 74.7 36.6 52.8 68.2 76.3

Unemployed

5 15 25 48 3 13 27 34

Unemployment rate

10.4 6.7 7.8 5.6 5.0 5.7 7.6 3.5

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,281 3,927 3,414 2,074 2,461 4,273 3,831 2,413

Civilian labor force

1,043 2,781 2,628 1,722 1,131 2,993 2,942 1,998

Participation rate

45.7 70.8 77.0 83.0 46.0 70.0 76.8 82.8

Employed

862 2,470 2,393 1,636 957 2,702 2,708 1,902

Employment-population ratio

37.8 62.9 70.1 78.9 38.9 63.2 70.7 78.8

Unemployed

181 311 235 86 174 291 234 96

Unemployment rate

17.4 11.2 8.9 5.0 15.4 9.7 8.0 4.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Data for race/ethnicity groups do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 22, 2013