Table 3. Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force from age 18 to age 48 in 1978-2012 by educational attainment, sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

Table 3. Percent of weeks individuals were employed, unemployed, or not in the labor 
force from age 18 to age 48 in 1978-2012 by educational attainment, sex, race, and 
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

                                               Percent of total weeks while ages 18 to 48
              Characteristic                                    in 1978-2012
              
                                                   Employed     Unemployed    Not in 
                                                                            labor force

Total, ages 18 to 48 in 1978-2012 ............      77.8          4.7           17.6	
  Less than a high school diploma ............      59.7          8.0           32.3	
  High school graduates, no college (1) ......      76.8          5.6           17.6	
  Some college or associate degree ...........      79.3          4.3           16.4	
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2)............      83.8          2.4           13.9	

Men ..........................................      84.0          5.2           10.8
  Less than a high school diploma ............      70.7          9.6           19.7
  High school graduates, no college (1) ......      83.4          6.1           10.5
  Some college or associate degree ...........      86.3          4.5            9.2
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ...........      87.9          2.4            9.6 

Women ........................................      71.2          4.2           24.6
  Less than a high school diploma ............      45.8          6.1           48.2
  High school graduates, no college (1) ......      68.8          5.0           26.2
  Some college or associate degree ...........      73.5          4.2           22.3
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ...........      79.7          2.3           18.0

White non-Hispanic ...........................      79.9          3.9           16.2
  Less than a high school diploma ............      63.7          7.2           29.1
  High school graduates, no college (1) ......      79.6          4.7           15.7
  Some college or associate degree ...........      80.4          3.6           16.0
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ...........      83.8          2.2           14.0

Black non-Hispanic ...........................      68.7          8.7           22.6
  Less than a high school diploma ............      47.7         11.5           40.8
  High school graduates, no college (1) ......      65.9         10.1           24.0
  Some college or associate degree ...........      74.9          7.6           17.6
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ...........      83.2          4.1           12.7

Hispanic  or Latino ..........................      72.4          5.5           22.1
  Less than a high school diploma ............      58.4          7.7           33.9
  High school graduates, no college (1) ......      72.6          5.8           21.6
  Some college or associate degree ...........      77.9          4.4           17.7
  Bachelor's degree and higher (2) ...........      84.7          2.7           12.6

  1  Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
  2  Includes persons with a bachelor's, master's, professional, or doctoral degrees.
  NOTE: This table excludes individuals who turned age 18 before Jan. 1, 1978, or who 
had not yet turned age 49 when interviewed in 2012-13. Totals may not add to 100 percent
due to rounding. The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 consists of men and women
who were born in the years 1957-64 and were ages 14 to 22 when first interviewed in 1979.
These individuals were ages 47 to 56 in 2012-13. Educational attainment is defined as of the    
2012-13 survey. Race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity groups are mutually exclusive but not
exhaustive. Other race groups, which are included in the overall totals, are not shown
separately because their representation in the survey sample is not sufficiently large to 
provide statistically reliable estimates.



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Last Modified Date: April 01, 2015