Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data

Table 2. Long run labor productivity, unit labor costs, and related data
Industry 2012 NAICS code 2014 Employment (thousands) Average annual percent change, 1987-2014
Labor productivity Unit labor costs Output Hours worked Labor compensation

Utilities

Utilities

22 551.5 2.4 1.4 1.5 -0.8 2.9

Utilities

221 551.5 2.4 1.4 1.5 -0.8 2.9

Power generation and supply

2211 391.4 3.3 0.5 2.2 -1.0 2.7

Natural gas distribution

2212 111.9 0.8 3.7 -0.3 -1.1 3.4

Water, sewage and other systems

2213 48.2 -1.7 4.8 0.8 2.6 5.7

Transportation and Warehousing

Air transportation

481 422.8 3.2 0.4 2.6 -0.6 3.0

Line-haul railroads

482111 187.4 3.7 -0.4 2.1 -1.5 1.7

Truck transportation(1)

484 1632.3 0.6 0.8 2.0 1.5 2.9

General freight trucking(1)

4841 1163.2 1.1 0.9 2.4 1.2 3.3

General freight trucking, local(1)

48411 303.2 2.6 0.1 3.7 1.1 3.8

General freight trucking, long-distance

48412 860 1.2 0.3 2.3 1.0 2.6

Specialized freight trucking(2)

4842 469.1 0.7 1.8 2.2 1.5 4.1

Used household and office goods moving

48421 97 -1.0 2.6 -0.3 0.6 2.2

Other specialized trucking, local(2)

48422 236.8 -0.1 2.6 2.1 2.2 4.7

Other specialized trucking, long-distance(2)

48423 135 1.8 0.8 4.0 2.1 4.9

Postal service

491 593 0.6 3.2 -0.6 -1.3 2.5

Postal service

4911 593 0.6 3.2 -0.6 -1.3 2.5

Couriers and messengers

492 606.3 -1.9 3.5 0.3 2.2 3.8

Warehousing and storage(1)

493 752.7 2.6 -0.5 5.9 3.2 5.4

Warehousing and storage(1)

4931 752.7 2.6 -0.5 5.9 3.2 5.4

General warehousing and storage(1)

49311 646.8 3.9 -1.4 7.4 3.3 5.9

Refrigerated warehousing and storage(1)

49312 52 0.0 1.4 2.8 2.8 4.3

Information

Publishing

511 753.5 4.0 1.3 3.5 -0.5 4.8

Newspaper, book, and directory publishers

5111 438 -0.2 4.3 -2.5 -2.3 1.7

Newspaper publishers

51111 211.3 -1.2 4.4 -4.2 -3.0 0.0

Periodical publishers

51112 111.3 -0.4 4.9 -1.5 -1.1 3.4

Book publishers

51113 69.1 0.0 4.8 -0.8 -0.8 3.9

Software publishers

5112 315.5 12.3 -6.4 18.8 5.8 11.1

Motion picture and video exhibition

51213 132 1.7 1.9 1.6 -0.2 3.5

Broadcasting, except Internet

515 287.8 2.8 1.8 2.9 0.1 4.7

Radio and television broadcasting

5151 224 1.8 2.1 1.5 -0.3 3.7

Radio broadcasting

51511 92.1 3.4 1.8 2.4 -0.9 4.2

Cable and other subscription programming

5152 63.8 4.9 2.6 7.0 2.0 9.7

Wired telecommunications carriers

5171 608 3.6 -1.1 2.8 -0.8 1.6

Wireless telecommunications carriers

5172 149.6 11.2 -6.3 19.4 7.4 11.9

Finance and Insurance

Commercial banking

52211 1292.8 3.3 2.0 3.2 -0.1 5.2

Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

Passenger car rental

532111 114.7 1.7 2.3 2.4 0.7 4.8

Truck, trailer, and RV rental and leasing

53212 65.6 2.5 0.9 2.4 -0.1 3.3

Video tape and disc rental

53223 17.5 6.4 -2.0 -0.8 -6.7 -2.8

Professional and Technical Services

Accounting and bookkeeping services(3)

5412 1098.9 2.6 1.0 3.2 0.6 4.2

Accounting and bookkeeping services(3)

54121 1098.9 2.6 1.0 3.2 0.6 4.2

Offices of certified public accountants(3)

541211 449.5 1.8 2.4 2.8 0.9 5.2

Tax preparation services

541213 131.4 0.8 1.7 2.4 1.6 4.1

Other accounting services(3)

541219 338.7 4.7 -2.3 4.8 0.1 2.4

Architectural services

54131 182.6 1.5 1.9 2.3 0.8 4.2

Engineering services

54133 947.6 1.1 3.0 2.8 1.7 5.9

Advertising agencies

54181 206.7 1.7 2.5 2.1 0.5 4.6

Photography studios, portrait

541921 60 0.6 2.1 1.0 0.4 3.1

Administrative and Waste Services

Employment placement and executive search(4)

56131 303 3.9 0.3 5.1 1.2 5.5

Travel arrangement and reservation services(3)

5615 214.8 6.7 -1.6 3.6 -2.9 1.9

Travel agencies

56151 97.4 5.7 -1.0 4.2 -1.4 3.2

Janitorial services

56172 1323.3 2.0 1.4 3.6 1.6 5.0

Health Care and Social Assistance

Medical and diagnostic laboratories(4)

6215 261.8 2.2 0.3 5.3 3.0 5.6

Medical laboratories(4)

621511 185.2 2.1 0.2 5.3 3.1 5.5

Diagnostic imaging centers(4)

621512 76.6 2.4 0.7 5.4 2.9 6.1

Hospitals, except psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals(5)

6221,3 4670.9 0.5 3.5 2.1 1.6 5.6

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation

Amusement parks and arcades(6)

7131 189.7 -4.3 6.7 -1.7 2.7 4.9

Amusement and theme parks

71311 169.1 -1.2 4.3 1.8 3.0 6.2

Gambling industries(3)

7132 138.6 1.9 2.7 1.9 0.0 4.6

Golf courses and country clubs(2)

71391 381.3 -1.2 4.1 0.0 1.3 4.1

Fitness and recreational sports centers(2)

71394 580.9 3.9 -0.8 3.9 0.0 3.1

Bowling centers

71395 69.4 0.1 2.8 -1.4 -1.5 1.4

Accommodation and Food Services

Accommodation and food services

72 12851.4 0.7 2.7 2.2 1.5 5.0

Accommodation

721 1937.2 2.1 1.7 2.7 0.7 4.5

Traveler accommodation

7211 1853.9 2.1 1.7 2.8 0.7 4.5

Hotels and motels, except casino hotels

72111 1540.1 1.5 2.5 2.1 0.6 4.6

Food services and drinking places

722 10914.2 0.4 3.1 2.0 1.6 5.1

Special food services

7223 766.4 1.0 1.3 2.3 1.3 3.6

Drinking places, alcoholic beverages

7224 376 -0.5 3.3 -0.8 -0.3 2.6

Restaurants and other eating places

72251 9771.8 0.4 3.3 2.2 1.8 5.5

Full-service restaurants

722511 5083.7 0.5 3.7 2.2 1.7 5.9

Limited-service eating places

722513,4,5 4688.1 0.3 2.8 2.1 1.8 5.0

Other Services

Automotive repair and maintenance

8111 1113.1 0.9 2.3 1.3 0.4 3.7

Reupholstery and furniture repair

81142 21.1 -0.5 3.6 -2.7 -2.2 0.7

Personal care services

8121 1189.1 2.4 1.6 3.5 1.1 5.1

Hair, nail, and skin care services

81211 963 2.4 1.6 3.1 0.7 4.8

Funeral homes and funeral services

81221 113.7 -0.9 4.6 -0.4 0.5 4.1

Drycleaning and laundry services

8123 317.5 1.9 1.7 0.9 -1.0 2.6

Coin-operated laundries and drycleaners

81231 42.8 2.9 1.8 0.6 -2.3 2.4

Drycleaning and laundry services

81232 149.2 0.9 2.1 -1.0 -1.9 1.0

Linen and uniform supply

81233 125.5 1.8 1.4 2.7 0.8 4.1

Photofinishing

81292 11.8 2.5 1.8 -4.4 -6.7 -2.7

Footnotes:

(1) For NAICS industries 484, 4841, 48411, 493, 4931, 49311, 49312, average annual percent changes are for 1992-2014.

(2) For NAICS industries 4842, 48422, 48423, 71391 and 71394, average annual percent changes are for 2002-2014.

(3) For NAICS industries 5412, 54121, 541211, 541219, 5615, and 7132, average annual percent changes are for 1997-2014.

(4) For NAICS industries 56131, 6215, 621511, and 621512, average annual percent changes are for 1994-2014.

(5) For NAICS industry 6221,3, average annual percent changes are for 1993-2012. Employment is for 2012.

(6) For NAICS industry 7131, average annual percent changes are for 2007-2014.

Table of Contents

Last Modified Date: May 18, 2016