May 2014 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA



For metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area definitions used by the OES survey, see the Metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area definitions page.


These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA, a metropolitan statistical area in Iowa.

Additional information, including the hourly and annual 10th, 25th, 75th, and 90th percentile wages and the employment percent relative standard error, is available in the downloadable XLS file.

Links to OES estimates for other areas and States

Major Occupational Groups in Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA (Note--clicking a link will scroll the page to the occupational group):

To sort this table by a different column, click on the column header

Occupation code Occupation title (click on the occupation title to view its profile) Level Employment Employment RSE Employment per 1,000 jobs Location quotient Median hourly wage Mean hourly wage Annual mean wage Mean wage RSE
00-0000 All Occupations total 344,060 1.3% 1000.000 1.00 $17.78 $22.40 $46,600 1.5%
11-0000 Management Occupations major 21,230 2.4% 61.706 1.24 $41.78 $48.31 $100,480 2.4%
11-1011 Chief Executives detail 690 7.8% 2.001 1.10 $89.29 $91.65 $190,640 4.1%
11-1021 General and Operations Managers detail 6,180 4.7% 17.963 1.18 $42.05 $51.39 $106,890 3.9%
11-1031 Legislators detail 700 0.7% 2.046 5.03 (8) (8) (8) (8)
11-2011 Advertising and Promotions Managers detail 110 12.2% 0.308 1.42 $41.60 $44.73 $93,030 10.6%
11-2021 Marketing Managers detail 520 7.5% 1.503 1.10 $56.53 $60.13 $125,070 3.1%
11-2022 Sales Managers detail 1,060 6.7% 3.088 1.16 $49.68 $58.30 $121,260 3.3%
11-2031 Public Relations and Fundraising Managers detail 250 27.6% 0.736 1.75 $37.86 $39.22 $81,580 5.8%
11-3011 Administrative Services Managers detail 710 9.2% 2.073 1.04 $38.12 $40.55 $84,350 3.4%
11-3021 Computer and Information Systems Managers detail 1,030 5.0% 2.999 1.23 $58.04 $58.87 $122,440 1.7%
11-3031 Financial Managers detail 2,540 5.2% 7.396 1.93 $53.01 $60.19 $125,190 3.5%
11-3051 Industrial Production Managers detail 280 8.5% 0.827 0.67 $41.36 $45.82 $95,300 4.1%
11-3061 Purchasing Managers detail 100 14.8% 0.290 0.55 $39.77 $41.59 $86,520 3.7%
11-3071 Transportation, Storage, and Distribution Managers detail 270 14.1% 0.770 0.98 $33.92 $36.63 $76,200 4.8%
11-3111 Compensation and Benefits Managers detail 50 18.9% 0.153 1.27 $48.27 $56.52 $117,560 11.8%
11-3121 Human Resources Managers detail 330 6.2% 0.952 1.10 $46.74 $51.65 $107,430 3.9%
11-3131 Training and Development Managers detail 60 10.8% 0.178 0.81 $39.41 $43.43 $90,330 4.8%
11-9021 Construction Managers detail 970 12.3% 2.812 1.67 $33.85 $38.50 $80,070 7.1%
11-9031 Education Administrators, Preschool and Childcare Center/Program detail 230 15.6% 0.674 1.93 $18.28 $23.26 $48,380 8.4%
11-9032 Education Administrators, Elementary and Secondary School detail 560 24.3% 1.616 0.94 (4) (4) $94,190 2.6%
11-9033 Education Administrators, Postsecondary detail 310 10.0% 0.888 0.92 $40.72 $47.84 $99,510 8.5%
11-9039 Education Administrators, All Other detail 50 16.7% 0.156 0.66 $33.50 $33.87 $70,440 7.9%
11-9041 Architectural and Engineering Managers detail 280 15.3% 0.824 0.62 $52.46 $51.87 $107,880 2.7%
11-9051 Food Service Managers detail 870 14.2% 2.518 1.71 $19.56 $21.04 $43,760 5.0%
11-9081 Lodging Managers detail 60 36.3% 0.168 0.72 $21.36 $26.77 $55,680 14.7%
11-9111 Medical and Health Services Managers detail 980 11.0% 2.854 1.24 $36.27 $39.15 $81,420 2.7%
11-9121 Natural Sciences Managers detail 80 28.9% 0.243 0.62 $49.21 $50.38 $104,800 3.4%
11-9131 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents detail 40 0.0% 0.113 0.85 $32.78 $32.39 $67,370 1.7%
11-9141 Property, Real Estate, and Community Association Managers detail 550 11.3% 1.607 1.27 $22.95 $27.54 $57,270 8.2%
11-9151 Social and Community Service Managers detail 450 9.4% 1.313 1.52 $27.05 $28.10 $58,440 3.6%
11-9161 Emergency Management Directors detail 90 2.8% 0.273 3.78 $26.64 $27.98 $58,190 3.2%
11-9199 Managers, All Other detail 780 7.8% 2.256 0.84 $42.27 $45.21 $94,040 3.4%
13-0000 Business and Financial Operations Occupations major 25,290 2.1% 73.509 1.45 $29.21 $31.73 $65,990 1.1%
13-1021 Buyers and Purchasing Agents, Farm Products detail 40 28.7% 0.127 1.53 $24.66 $30.23 $62,890 6.6%
13-1022 Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products detail 210 20.5% 0.612 0.75 $24.79 $24.93 $51,850 8.1%
13-1023 Purchasing Agents, Except Wholesale, Retail, and Farm Products detail 470 13.5% 1.372 0.64 $25.72 $26.56 $55,230 2.7%
13-1031 Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators detail 1,780 8.0% 5.184 2.63 $23.56 $25.90 $53,870 2.7%
13-1041 Compliance Officers detail 570 5.8% 1.648 0.90 $30.91 $31.28 $65,060 2.5%
13-1051 Cost Estimators detail 600 24.8% 1.749 1.13 $26.61 $28.41 $59,080 2.1%
13-1071 Human Resources Specialists detail 1,370 5.6% 3.985 1.18 $26.96 $28.18 $58,610 1.9%
13-1075 Labor Relations Specialists detail 360 19.7% 1.049 1.78 $9.45 $21.34 $44,390 22.5%
13-1081 Logisticians detail 220 14.2% 0.653 0.70 $30.18 $30.65 $63,760 2.8%
13-1111 Management Analysts detail 1,920 5.1% 5.567 1.28 $35.49 $38.96 $81,030 3.0%
13-1121 Meeting, Convention, and Event Planners detail 200 9.3% 0.576 1.00 $22.84 $23.58 $49,050 3.3%
13-1131 Fundraisers detail 170 15.9% 0.482 1.18 $19.04 $21.08 $43,850 4.5%
13-1141 Compensation, Benefits, and Job Analysis Specialists detail 300 33.3% 0.878 1.46 $32.74 $34.79 $72,360 3.8%
13-1151 Training and Development Specialists detail 890 6.1% 2.582 1.46 $27.61 $28.49 $59,260 1.9%
13-1161 Market Research Analysts and Marketing Specialists detail 1,490 6.2% 4.324 1.25 $30.01 $31.15 $64,790 2.3%
13-1199 Business Operations Specialists, All Other detail 3,590 3.0% 10.431 1.51 $31.44 $33.03 $68,710 2.0%
13-2011 Accountants and Auditors detail 3,240 5.7% 9.427 1.07 $28.34 $33.01 $68,660 3.5%
13-2021 Appraisers and Assessors of Real Estate detail 220 28.1% 0.631 1.35 $29.89 $30.54 $63,530 10.5%
13-2031 Budget Analysts detail 140 3.1% 0.409 0.97 $35.45 $34.64 $72,060 2.0%
13-2041 Credit Analysts detail 590 8.1% 1.717 3.34 $35.09 $37.96 $78,960 2.5%
13-2051 Financial Analysts detail 1,510 6.9% 4.397 2.26 $34.23 $37.98 $79,000 3.4%
13-2052 Personal Financial Advisors detail 600 9.2% 1.753 1.21 $34.68 $38.01 $79,060 6.2%
13-2053 Insurance Underwriters detail 1,000 10.9% 2.892 4.26 $28.99 $30.32 $63,070 1.4%
13-2061 Financial Examiners detail 730 5.3% 2.134 7.83 $29.74 $32.91 $68,450 3.8%
13-2071 Credit Counselors detail 290 14.4% 0.845 3.86 $17.48 $18.86 $39,220 4.2%
13-2072 Loan Officers detail 2,010 6.6% 5.834 2.62 $27.95 $30.82 $64,110 5.9%
13-2081 Tax Examiners and Collectors, and Revenue Agents detail 140 0.0% 0.419 0.89 $29.82 $30.57 $63,590 2.1%
13-2082 Tax Preparers detail 180 43.4% 0.532 1.05 $14.93 $17.87 $37,170 13.5%
13-2099 Financial Specialists, All Other detail 390 11.8% 1.128 1.11 $30.85 $32.46 $67,520 3.5%
15-0000 Computer and Mathematical Occupations major 13,000 2.8% 37.795 1.33 $36.20 $36.94 $76,840 1.7%
15-1121 Computer Systems Analysts detail 3,060 3.1% 8.896 2.28 $38.06 $38.43 $79,920 1.3%
15-1122 Information Security Analysts detail 200 3.2% 0.579 0.98 $33.45 $35.56 $73,960 2.0%
15-1131 Computer Programmers detail 690 15.1% 2.017 0.90 $34.95 $34.60 $71,960 3.1%
15-1132 Software Developers, Applications detail 3,040 7.9% 8.826 1.74 $38.86 $39.80 $82,780 4.8%
15-1133 Software Developers, Systems Software detail 730 10.4% 2.135 0.75 $49.82 $49.84 $103,680 3.1%
15-1134 Web Developers detail 370 12.0% 1.081 1.21 $29.93 $32.39 $67,360 3.8%
15-1141 Database Administrators detail 490 10.2% 1.425 1.72 $43.69 $42.68 $88,780 2.7%
15-1142 Network and Computer Systems Administrators detail 1,280 9.6% 3.717 1.37 $33.29 $34.64 $72,060 2.8%
15-1143 Computer Network Architects detail 460 7.9% 1.328 1.28 $45.42 $45.51 $94,670 2.9%
15-1151 Computer User Support Specialists detail 1,070 8.7% 3.107 0.75 $22.00 $22.06 $45,890 2.4%
15-1152 Computer Network Support Specialists detail 690 4.9% 1.994 1.54 $25.90 $28.33 $58,930 2.7%
15-1199 Computer Occupations, All Other detail 430 5.5% 1.261 0.80 $31.24 $31.92 $66,400 2.8%
15-2011 Actuaries detail 260 14.4% 0.748 4.71 $41.81 $44.28 $92,100 5.7%
15-2031 Operations Research Analysts detail 160 18.7% 0.478 0.74 $31.00 $34.19 $71,110 4.2%
15-2041 Statisticians detail 70 8.1% 0.193 0.97 $32.17 $32.88 $68,390 2.5%
17-0000 Architecture and Engineering Occupations major 3,730 5.6% 10.834 0.61 $31.36 $33.07 $68,780 2.8%
17-1011 Architects, Except Landscape and Naval detail 250 21.2% 0.736 1.12 $32.90 $33.54 $69,760 5.2%
17-1012 Landscape Architects detail 70 26.1% 0.195 1.46 $28.60 $31.89 $66,340 7.0%
17-1022 Surveyors detail 100 19.2% 0.291 0.94 $24.26 $22.72 $47,260 7.5%
17-2031 Biomedical Engineers detail 30 44.0% 0.088 0.59 $46.47 $45.53 $94,700 9.3%
17-2051 Civil Engineers detail 710 10.2% 2.065 1.06 $36.44 $36.93 $76,810 4.6%
17-2061 Computer Hardware Engineers detail 60 23.1% 0.178 0.32 $44.10 $44.69 $92,960 2.9%
17-2071 Electrical Engineers detail 200 33.2% 0.569 0.44 $32.96 $33.13 $68,910 3.1%
17-2072 Electronics Engineers, Except Computer detail 50 17.9% 0.153 0.15 $37.31 $37.32 $77,630 2.5%
17-2081 Environmental Engineers detail 90 8.5% 0.251 0.64 $36.52 $37.93 $78,900 2.7%
17-2112 Industrial Engineers detail 240 14.9% 0.685 0.39 $36.42 $35.83 $74,520 2.7%
17-2141 Mechanical Engineers detail 280 25.7% 0.806 0.40 $37.03 $37.74 $78,510 2.6%
17-2199 Engineers, All Other detail 250 39.4% 0.723 0.78 $34.63 $35.85 $74,570 2.8%
17-3011 Architectural and Civil Drafters detail 350 27.9% 1.017 1.50 $24.34 $23.76 $49,420 3.7%
17-3012 Electrical and Electronics Drafters detail 80 40.0% 0.219 1.00 $23.79 $25.04 $52,080 6.6%
17-3013 Mechanical Drafters detail 90 25.5% 0.273 0.58 $23.24 $25.42 $52,880 6.6%
17-3019 Drafters, All Other detail 70 34.9% 0.204 1.93 $22.41 $23.07 $47,980 4.8%
17-3022 Civil Engineering Technicians detail 260 22.0% 0.759 1.44 $20.54 $22.29 $46,360 6.9%
17-3023 Electrical and Electronics Engineering Technicians detail 190 23.6% 0.557 0.55 $28.70 $27.49 $57,170 3.4%
17-3026 Industrial Engineering Technicians detail 40 16.8% 0.122 0.25 $24.54 $23.84 $49,580 2.0%
17-3029 Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other detail 80 27.6% 0.227 0.45 $29.46 $29.53 $61,430 4.7%
17-3031 Surveying and Mapping Technicians detail 30 18.7% 0.091 0.24 $24.05 $24.02 $49,970 8.6%
19-0000 Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations major 3,170 5.7% 9.201 1.09 $28.63 $31.08 $64,650 3.1%
19-1012 Food Scientists and Technologists detail 40 36.9% 0.118 1.13 $33.35 $34.25 $71,240 3.6%
19-1013 Soil and Plant Scientists detail 1,170 4.8% 3.396 30.29 $34.87 $37.66 $78,340 1.9%
19-1022 Microbiologists detail 30 25.9% 0.093 0.61 $31.74 $32.80 $68,220 10.5%
19-1031 Conservation Scientists detail 30 10.8% 0.088 0.62 $25.30 $28.01 $58,260 8.1%
19-1042 Medical Scientists, Except Epidemiologists detail 50 37.8% 0.153 0.21 $29.46 $30.25 $62,930 7.0%
19-2021 Atmospheric and Space Scientists detail 50 29.6% 0.157 1.95 $36.99 $38.66 $80,420 5.6%
19-2031 Chemists detail 70 35.9% 0.202 0.32 $28.04 $28.28 $58,830 6.5%
19-2041 Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health detail 250 11.3% 0.732 1.11 $31.91 $30.56 $63,560 5.4%
19-3011 Economists detail 40 4.8% 0.110 0.79 $31.22 $32.73 $68,070 2.6%
19-3031 Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists detail 160 13.0% 0.474 0.61 $34.87 $41.30 $85,910 5.7%
19-3051 Urban and Regional Planners detail 50 3.0% 0.143 0.54 $34.62 $34.24 $71,210 1.7%
19-3099 Social Scientists and Related Workers, All Other detail 40 7.9% 0.129 0.54 $27.88 $28.79 $59,890 6.1%
19-4011 Agricultural and Food Science Technicians detail 190 29.2% 0.558 3.65 $14.61 $15.04 $31,280 5.7%
19-4021 Biological Technicians detail 180 34.0% 0.523 0.97 $16.44 $16.68 $34,700 6.3%
19-4031 Chemical Technicians detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $21.85 $22.15 $46,070 2.9%
19-4092 Forensic Science Technicians detail 80 0.0% 0.222 2.21 $30.08 $31.54 $65,610 2.6%
19-4099 Life, Physical, and Social Science Technicians, All Other detail 400 24.1% 1.153 2.32 $21.92 $22.61 $47,030 3.3%
21-0000 Community and Social Service Occupations major 4,710 4.4% 13.703 0.96 $20.91 $21.74 $45,220 2.3%
21-1011 Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors detail 170 16.6% 0.487 0.77 $21.75 $22.81 $47,440 4.0%
21-1012 Educational, Guidance, School, and Vocational Counselors detail 510 11.3% 1.471 0.81 $22.48 $23.42 $48,710 4.1%
21-1013 Marriage and Family Therapists detail 60 32.0% 0.179 0.80 $19.99 $20.21 $42,040 5.2%
21-1014 Mental Health Counselors detail 220 20.0% 0.650 0.73 $21.45 $22.41 $46,610 4.0%
21-1015 Rehabilitation Counselors detail 520 14.5% 1.517 1.97 $23.93 $24.27 $50,470 10.6%
21-1021 Child, Family, and School Social Workers detail 750 14.7% 2.185 1.03 $19.95 $20.90 $43,480 3.6%
21-1022 Healthcare Social Workers detail 310 18.6% 0.887 0.82 $24.75 $24.84 $51,660 2.7%
21-1023 Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers detail 120 11.6% 0.351 0.43 $21.09 $21.63 $44,990 3.4%
21-1029 Social Workers, All Other detail 160 1.6% 0.468 1.03 $31.36 $28.62 $59,520 2.2%
21-1091 Health Educators detail 180 10.7% 0.535 1.27 $27.77 $28.43 $59,120 3.0%
21-1092 Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists detail 180 0.0% 0.526 0.82 $32.30 $32.16 $66,900 2.6%
21-1093 Social and Human Service Assistants detail 1,020 8.7% 2.959 1.13 $14.42 $16.23 $33,770 6.8%
21-1094 Community Health Workers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $11.63 $14.90 $31,000 10.8%
21-1099 Community and Social Service Specialists, All Other detail 230 23.3% 0.678 0.98 $19.88 $21.53 $44,780 8.5%
21-2011 Clergy detail 80 21.5% 0.222 0.65 $21.67 $22.03 $45,820 6.5%
21-2099 Religious Workers, All Other detail 70 39.6% 0.212 3.53 (8) (8) (8) (8)
23-0000 Legal Occupations major 2,980 4.6% 8.655 1.11 $31.57 $43.61 $90,710 6.6%
23-1011 Lawyers detail 1,550 7.9% 4.496 1.01 $52.72 $60.72 $126,300 7.9%
23-1021 Administrative Law Judges, Adjudicators, and Hearing Officers detail 80 0.0% 0.238 2.28 $54.30 $49.80 $103,590 2.7%
23-1022 Arbitrators, Mediators, and Conciliators detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $25.43 $26.54 $55,210 5.7%
23-2011 Paralegals and Legal Assistants detail 820 16.7% 2.389 1.18 $24.82 $24.41 $50,760 3.9%
23-2093 Title Examiners, Abstractors, and Searchers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $18.65 $19.26 $40,070 2.2%
23-2099 Legal Support Workers, All Other detail 150 2.5% 0.440 1.32 $17.04 $17.93 $37,290 7.7%
25-0000 Education, Training, and Library Occupations major 18,700 2.9% 54.349 0.87 $19.86 $21.57 $44,870 3.4%
25-1011 Business Teachers, Postsecondary detail 310 14.4% 0.915 1.45 (4) (4) $86,870 6.8%
25-1021 Computer Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 60 8.1% 0.189 0.72 (4) (4) $63,000 11.0%
25-1022 Mathematical Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 70 11.2% 0.203 0.51 (4) (4) $58,740 9.8%
25-1042 Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary detail 80 9.3% 0.237 0.61 (4) (4) $59,210 10.1%
25-1066 Psychology Teachers, Postsecondary detail 60 9.5% 0.179 0.64 (4) (4) $67,720 6.9%
25-1071 Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary detail 240 16.0% 0.690 0.55 (4) (4) $89,190 9.7%
25-1072 Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary detail 110 39.0% 0.323 0.77 (4) (4) $59,370 4.4%
25-1081 Education Teachers, Postsecondary detail 100 47.2% 0.285 0.64 (4) (4) $63,860 5.8%
25-1111 Criminal Justice and Law Enforcement Teachers, Postsecondary detail 50 8.7% 0.132 1.20 (4) (4) $59,770 3.7%
25-1121 Art, Drama, and Music Teachers, Postsecondary detail 140 31.0% 0.421 0.58 (4) (4) $59,870 4.6%
25-1122 Communications Teachers, Postsecondary detail 80 9.6% 0.235 1.08 (4) (4) $70,950 6.8%
25-1123 English Language and Literature Teachers, Postsecondary detail 110 8.5% 0.310 0.55 (4) (4) $54,280 8.7%
25-1125 History Teachers, Postsecondary detail 30 15.8% 0.095 0.54 (4) (4) $54,430 2.7%
25-1126 Philosophy and Religion Teachers, Postsecondary detail 30 26.2% 0.099 0.57 (4) (4) $56,820 12.1%
25-1194 Vocational Education Teachers, Postsecondary detail 360 7.3% 1.047 1.17 $25.23 $24.46 $50,890 6.0%
25-1199 Postsecondary Teachers, All Other detail 330 26.8% 0.966 0.69 (4) (4) $72,950 8.1%
25-2011 Preschool Teachers, Except Special Education detail 1,160 12.3% 3.357 1.29 $11.55 $13.14 $27,330 4.4%
25-2012 Kindergarten Teachers, Except Special Education detail 250 21.6% 0.714 0.61 (4) (4) $49,290 7.1%
25-2021 Elementary School Teachers, Except Special Education detail 3,390 13.6% 9.842 0.98 (4) (4) $54,390 2.1%
25-2022 Middle School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education detail 910 46.9% 2.632 0.56 (4) (4) $55,570 4.6%
25-2031 Secondary School Teachers, Except Special and Career/Technical Education detail 1,910 25.2% 5.557 0.78 (4) (4) $55,320 4.1%
25-2032 Career/Technical Education Teachers, Secondary School detail (8) (8) (8) (8) (4) (4) $52,740 6.9%
25-2051 Special Education Teachers, Preschool detail (8) (8) (8) (8) (4) (4) $53,500 5.7%
25-2052 Special Education Teachers, Kindergarten and Elementary School detail 370 22.6% 1.087 0.73 (4) (4) $52,070 2.9%
25-2053 Special Education Teachers, Middle School detail 160 49.2% 0.470 0.67 (4) (4) $59,670 8.7%
25-2054 Special Education Teachers, Secondary School detail 160 33.0% 0.457 0.46 (4) (4) $55,670 3.4%
25-2059 Special Education Teachers, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) (8) (4) (4) $53,000 4.6%
25-3021 Self-Enrichment Education Teachers detail 670 23.1% 1.955 1.31 $15.25 $16.13 $33,550 7.0%
25-3097 Teachers and Instructors, All Other, Except Substitute Teachers detail 190 22.8% 0.563 0.28 (4) (4) $47,670 6.8%
25-3098 Substitute Teachers detail 1,360 8.7% 3.947 0.86 $14.20 $13.93 $28,980 6.5%
25-4013 Museum Technicians and Conservators detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $27.85 $23.14 $48,140 3.3%
25-4021 Librarians detail 250 11.2% 0.725 0.74 $26.30 $25.52 $53,080 4.2%
25-4031 Library Technicians detail 290 12.2% 0.857 1.23 $13.17 $14.36 $29,860 3.1%
25-9031 Instructional Coordinators detail 360 13.0% 1.035 1.05 $36.74 $35.78 $74,420 3.6%
25-9041 Teacher Assistants detail 4,060 6.9% 11.812 1.34 (4) (4) $22,380 2.7%
25-9099 Education, Training, and Library Workers, All Other detail 190 11.5% 0.555 0.68 $13.70 $16.38 $34,080 7.5%
27-0000 Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations major 5,370 6.8% 15.597 1.18 $18.36 $21.06 $43,800 3.3%
27-1011 Art Directors detail 100 14.8% 0.294 1.20 $35.82 $36.12 $75,120 6.2%
27-1021 Commercial and Industrial Designers detail 40 16.6% 0.116 0.53 $27.34 $28.03 $58,310 4.3%
27-1023 Floral Designers detail 130 16.8% 0.389 1.17 $12.86 $13.07 $27,190 5.1%
27-1024 Graphic Designers detail 590 11.7% 1.721 1.18 $21.00 $22.36 $46,500 3.2%
27-1025 Interior Designers detail 120 29.7% 0.348 1.05 $18.38 $21.34 $44,380 8.4%
27-1026 Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers detail 520 33.4% 1.522 2.21 $11.18 $11.89 $24,740 2.7%
27-1029 Designers, All Other detail 40 47.4% 0.123 2.41 $29.01 $32.18 $66,940 16.1%
27-2012 Producers and Directors detail 250 16.8% 0.727 1.01 $21.64 $23.24 $48,340 5.2%
27-2022 Coaches and Scouts detail 520 20.6% 1.508 0.96 (4) (4) $30,970 8.7%
27-2023 Umpires, Referees, and Other Sports Officials detail 80 0.6% 0.227 1.75 (4) (4) $17,400 3.4%
27-2041 Music Directors and Composers detail 70 30.8% 0.190 1.17 $28.07 $28.83 $59,970 6.8%
27-2042 Musicians and Singers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $32.28 $32.48 (4) 10.6%
27-2099 Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers, All Other detail 30 47.3% 0.090 0.77 (8) (8) (8) (8)
27-3011 Radio and Television Announcers detail 60 23.7% 0.161 0.72 $21.85 $24.02 $49,970 10.3%
27-3012 Public Address System and Other Announcers detail 30 27.8% 0.095 1.72 $13.70 $16.06 $33,400 8.9%
27-3022 Reporters and Correspondents detail 300 44.2% 0.881 2.81 $14.63 $16.17 $33,630 7.0%
27-3031 Public Relations Specialists detail 640 11.9% 1.867 1.21 $27.49 $29.09 $60,510 4.7%
27-3041 Editors detail 500 26.8% 1.454 2.02 $19.42 $23.59 $49,060 6.9%
27-3042 Technical Writers detail 150 7.9% 0.436 1.22 $22.83 $23.29 $48,450 3.4%
27-3043 Writers and Authors detail 90 8.6% 0.248 0.77 $22.36 $23.89 $49,680 4.5%
27-3091 Interpreters and Translators detail 160 9.1% 0.478 1.31 $18.17 $18.79 $39,080 5.0%
27-3099 Media and Communication Workers, All Other detail 70 18.3% 0.200 1.06 $21.39 $22.73 $47,280 3.5%
27-4011 Audio and Video Equipment Technicians detail 120 37.6% 0.340 0.76 $14.36 $16.71 $34,760 9.2%
27-4012 Broadcast Technicians detail 110 16.5% 0.315 1.60 $15.23 $18.21 $37,880 10.0%
27-4021 Photographers detail 130 43.3% 0.388 1.00 $13.51 $16.76 $34,860 7.6%
27-4031 Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture detail 30 40.0% 0.097 0.72 $14.02 $20.21 $42,030 29.0%
29-0000 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations major 17,740 11.1% 51.570 0.89 $27.41 $36.29 $75,470 3.5%
29-1011 Chiropractors detail 50 43.3% 0.159 0.72 (8) (8) (8) (8)
29-1021 Dentists, General detail 200 36.1% 0.580 0.80 $87.30 $92.50 $192,390 14.5%
29-1031 Dietitians and Nutritionists detail 140 10.8% 0.404 0.92 $24.68 $25.47 $52,970 2.8%
29-1041 Optometrists detail 90 15.2% 0.265 1.07 $70.03 $74.27 $154,490 22.6%
29-1051 Pharmacists detail 1,040 20.4% 3.016 1.40 $49.47 $41.85 $87,050 4.8%
29-1062 Family and General Practitioners detail 330 14.3% 0.971 1.05 (5) $101.30 $210,710 4.4%
29-1063 Internists, General detail 110 35.6% 0.321 0.90 (5) $102.12 $212,410 8.1%
29-1065 Pediatricians, General detail 50 36.5% 0.144 0.63 $79.30 $89.09 $185,310 17.9%
29-1066 Psychiatrists detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $56.70 $73.20 $152,250 7.8%
29-1067 Surgeons detail 130 35.5% 0.374 1.23 (5) $104.00 $216,320 9.8%
29-1069 Physicians and Surgeons, All Other detail 640 17.2% 1.870 0.81 (5) $106.97 $222,500 6.8%
29-1071 Physician Assistants detail 260 19.0% 0.743 1.10 $43.37 $39.59 $82,350 7.9%
29-1122 Occupational Therapists detail 260 15.0% 0.758 0.93 $35.35 $35.50 $73,850 3.5%
29-1123 Physical Therapists detail 480 13.9% 1.382 0.93 $37.81 $36.71 $76,350 2.0%
29-1125 Recreational Therapists detail 70 34.9% 0.196 1.47 $17.77 $18.97 $39,460 5.8%
29-1126 Respiratory Therapists detail 180 29.5% 0.534 0.60 $23.57 $24.04 $50,000 1.6%
29-1127 Speech-Language Pathologists detail 280 14.7% 0.828 0.88 $30.52 $31.24 $64,980 2.5%
29-1131 Veterinarians detail 200 8.0% 0.571 1.24 $40.60 $50.01 $104,020 12.8%
29-1141 Registered Nurses detail 6,510 17.3% 18.920 0.95 $26.87 $27.38 $56,940 1.4%
29-1151 Nurse Anesthetists detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $78.00 $79.92 $166,230 5.6%
29-1171 Nurse Practitioners detail 260 21.0% 0.765 0.85 $43.46 $45.11 $93,830 2.5%
29-1199 Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners, All Other detail 120 29.7% 0.353 1.35 $32.24 $55.97 $116,410 19.0%
29-2011 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologists detail 240 24.0% 0.703 0.59 $27.45 $27.59 $57,380 3.4%
29-2012 Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technicians detail 270 14.5% 0.782 0.66 $18.59 $18.74 $38,990 2.5%
29-2021 Dental Hygienists detail 550 18.7% 1.609 1.11 $34.20 $34.21 $71,160 3.3%
29-2031 Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians detail 50 40.1% 0.146 0.39 $18.93 $22.92 $47,680 4.9%
29-2032 Diagnostic Medical Sonographers detail 160 29.6% 0.470 1.06 $29.66 $30.21 $62,840 1.9%
29-2033 Nuclear Medicine Technologists detail 50 26.1% 0.144 0.96 $32.07 $32.20 $66,970 3.2%
29-2034 Radiologic Technologists detail 480 24.0% 1.393 0.97 $24.71 $25.72 $53,500 1.9%
29-2035 Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technologists detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $28.85 $30.20 $62,810 2.5%
29-2041 Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics detail 270 8.1% 0.785 0.45 $17.98 $19.26 $40,060 2.3%
29-2051 Dietetic Technicians detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $11.19 $12.24 $25,470 8.8%
29-2052 Pharmacy Technicians detail 780 11.0% 2.257 0.83 $14.05 $14.23 $29,590 1.7%
29-2053 Psychiatric Technicians detail 100 49.1% 0.278 0.58 $13.35 $13.60 $28,290 3.2%
29-2055 Surgical Technologists detail 170 39.4% 0.488 0.67 $19.95 $19.91 $41,410 2.5%
29-2056 Veterinary Technologists and Technicians detail 200 24.5% 0.568 0.82 $15.42 $15.62 $32,500 4.9%
29-2057 Ophthalmic Medical Technicians detail 60 42.8% 0.181 0.67 $16.13 $15.63 $32,500 7.7%
29-2061 Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses detail 970 10.5% 2.811 0.55 $20.13 $19.74 $41,060 1.5%
29-2071 Medical Records and Health Information Technicians detail 390 16.3% 1.132 0.83 $18.04 $19.16 $39,840 3.0%
29-2081 Opticians, Dispensing detail 280 37.3% 0.808 1.49 $16.71 $16.43 $34,180 4.0%
29-2092 Hearing Aid Specialists detail 60 48.3% 0.172 4.18 $30.99 $28.11 $58,470 18.3%
29-2099 Health Technologists and Technicians, All Other detail 160 28.8% 0.462 0.65 $19.17 $20.42 $42,480 3.1%
29-9011 Occupational Health and Safety Specialists detail 180 21.0% 0.534 1.11 $29.77 $29.63 $61,630 4.2%
29-9012 Occupational Health and Safety Technicians detail 40 20.6% 0.111 1.07 $24.98 $25.27 $52,570 3.4%
29-9091 Athletic Trainers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) (4) (4) $42,770 5.2%
29-9099 Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Workers, All Other detail 110 13.8% 0.323 1.07 $17.77 $21.46 $44,640 6.2%
31-0000 Healthcare Support Occupations major 7,560 7.4% 21.978 0.75 $12.98 $14.08 $29,290 2.2%
31-1011 Home Health Aides detail 1,060 19.2% 3.075 0.52 $11.11 $11.38 $23,670 1.8%
31-1013 Psychiatric Aides detail 150 46.4% 0.426 0.79 $13.55 $13.68 $28,450 3.0%
31-1014 Nursing Assistants detail 3,430 8.6% 9.960 0.94 $12.19 $12.29 $25,560 2.4%
31-1015 Orderlies detail 90 27.3% 0.250 0.64 $12.18 $12.70 $26,410 2.4%
31-2011 Occupational Therapy Assistants detail 90 16.2% 0.271 1.13 $26.00 $26.03 $54,140 3.5%
31-2021 Physical Therapist Assistants detail 190 17.4% 0.539 0.95 $22.58 $22.17 $46,110 6.0%
31-9011 Massage Therapists detail 230 26.8% 0.655 1.01 $15.63 $15.72 $32,690 9.0%
31-9091 Dental Assistants detail 580 6.2% 1.683 0.72 $18.99 $18.58 $38,660 7.6%
31-9092 Medical Assistants detail 1,030 15.0% 2.995 0.69 $15.35 $17.22 $35,820 6.9%
31-9093 Medical Equipment Preparers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $15.76 $16.40 $34,100 3.5%
31-9094 Medical Transcriptionists detail 180 23.0% 0.515 1.14 $15.87 $16.24 $33,770 3.3%
31-9095 Pharmacy Aides detail 60 11.8% 0.177 0.58 $9.97 $10.77 $22,410 4.1%
31-9096 Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers detail 150 39.1% 0.441 0.84 $9.82 $10.22 $21,270 9.1%
31-9097 Phlebotomists detail 50 24.4% 0.151 0.18 $13.88 $14.12 $29,370 3.8%
31-9099 Healthcare Support Workers, All Other detail 180 34.5% 0.529 0.72 $16.58 $17.23 $35,840 4.8%
33-0000 Protective Service Occupations major 5,690 5.8% 16.551 0.68 $19.92 $21.10 $43,880 5.1%
33-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives detail 140 2.9% 0.396 0.53 $41.28 $39.79 $82,770 2.3%
33-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Fire Fighting and Prevention Workers detail 80 2.3% 0.247 0.56 $29.83 $30.91 $64,300 3.5%
33-1099 First-Line Supervisors of Protective Service Workers, All Other detail 120 14.5% 0.336 0.67 $17.66 $18.14 $37,730 5.8%
33-2011 Firefighters detail 530 0.7% 1.553 0.68 $17.87 $16.86 $35,080 1.9%
33-3012 Correctional Officers and Jailers detail 420 2.3% 1.229 0.38 $25.02 $24.07 $50,060 4.1%
33-3021 Detectives and Criminal Investigators detail 200 0.1% 0.568 0.71 $34.13 $36.59 $76,100 2.1%
33-3051 Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers detail 1,080 3.2% 3.144 0.66 $30.58 $29.03 $60,380 2.7%
33-9032 Security Guards detail 2,430 13.0% 7.073 0.89 $13.54 $17.65 $36,710 6.7%
33-9091 Crossing Guards detail 120 18.8% 0.337 0.69 $13.48 $13.67 $28,430 3.0%
33-9092 Lifeguards, Ski Patrol, and Other Recreational Protective Service Workers detail 330 6.7% 0.972 0.97 $8.57 $8.52 $17,720 2.1%
33-9093 Transportation Security Screeners detail 90 0.0% 0.262 0.82 $17.05 $17.05 $35,460 (8)
33-9099 Protective Service Workers, All Other detail 60 26.8% 0.167 0.20 $11.44 $15.02 $31,230 8.7%
35-0000 Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations major 26,930 2.7% 78.277 0.86 $8.93 $9.69 $20,150 1.2%
35-1011 Chefs and Head Cooks detail 150 23.0% 0.437 0.50 $16.54 $18.21 $37,880 4.1%
35-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Food Preparation and Serving Workers detail 1,810 11.1% 5.260 0.82 $14.54 $15.32 $31,870 3.8%
35-2011 Cooks, Fast Food detail 750 23.8% 2.178 0.57 $9.09 $10.24 $21,290 9.7%
35-2012 Cooks, Institution and Cafeteria detail 1,190 13.7% 3.465 1.16 $11.38 $11.91 $24,780 2.8%
35-2014 Cooks, Restaurant detail 2,960 9.3% 8.614 1.05 $9.56 $9.90 $20,590 2.4%
35-2015 Cooks, Short Order detail 240 33.8% 0.689 0.52 $10.72 $10.81 $22,480 3.1%
35-2021 Food Preparation Workers detail 1,130 20.6% 3.284 0.52 $9.16 $9.49 $19,740 2.2%
35-3011 Bartenders detail 1,360 16.2% 3.944 0.92 $8.52 $8.64 $17,970 2.8%
35-3021 Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, Including Fast Food detail 7,110 10.6% 20.662 0.89 $8.73 $8.96 $18,640 2.0%
35-3022 Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop detail 1,580 22.6% 4.596 1.30 $8.62 $8.84 $18,400 2.9%
35-3031 Waiters and Waitresses detail 6,240 9.5% 18.138 1.00 $8.57 $8.69 $18,070 2.0%
35-3041 Food Servers, Nonrestaurant detail 620 26.0% 1.799 0.97 $10.40 $10.57 $21,990 4.4%
35-9011 Dining Room and Cafeteria Attendants and Bartender Helpers detail 370 22.0% 1.074 0.35 $9.03 $9.31 $19,360 2.9%
35-9021 Dishwashers detail 850 17.0% 2.469 0.66 $8.63 $8.63 $17,960 1.9%
35-9031 Hosts and Hostesses, Restaurant, Lounge, and Coffee Shop detail 550 27.9% 1.588 0.58 $8.60 $8.49 $17,650 2.2%
37-0000 Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations major 9,980 4.4% 29.012 0.90 $11.34 $12.65 $26,310 3.2%
37-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Housekeeping and Janitorial Workers detail 600 38.4% 1.751 1.40 $16.63 $17.00 $35,370 5.4%
37-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers detail 170 11.3% 0.488 0.65 $21.96 $23.23 $48,320 5.6%
37-2011 Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 5,620 4.9% 16.328 1.03 $10.28 $11.57 $24,070 3.8%
37-2012 Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners detail 1,650 9.3% 4.808 0.70 $9.66 $10.23 $21,280 2.5%
37-2021 Pest Control Workers detail 120 14.4% 0.359 0.72 $14.80 $16.35 $34,010 7.6%
37-3011 Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers detail 1,550 14.2% 4.514 0.70 $14.03 $15.15 $31,510 4.7%
37-3012 Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $16.51 $17.01 $35,380 5.2%
37-3013 Tree Trimmers and Pruners detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $17.11 $18.14 $37,730 12.1%
39-0000 Personal Care and Service Occupations major 11,130 6.9% 32.349 1.05 $10.25 $11.27 $23,430 2.3%
39-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Personal Service Workers detail 410 11.6% 1.199 1.00 $16.34 $17.32 $36,030 4.7%
39-2021 Nonfarm Animal Caretakers detail 620 20.5% 1.812 1.51 $9.23 $10.28 $21,380 3.7%
39-3031 Ushers, Lobby Attendants, and Ticket Takers detail 320 10.5% 0.943 1.12 $8.41 $8.17 $17,000 3.1%
39-4021 Funeral Attendants detail 80 33.7% 0.228 0.88 $11.21 $11.35 $23,600 6.5%
39-4031 Morticians, Undertakers, and Funeral Directors detail 70 36.3% 0.196 1.05 $20.16 $21.70 $45,130 7.5%
39-5012 Hairdressers, Hairstylists, and Cosmetologists detail 760 20.6% 2.223 0.88 $12.97 $15.76 $32,790 13.1%
39-5092 Manicurists and Pedicurists detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $16.63 $15.04 $31,270 21.1%
39-5094 Skincare Specialists detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $13.24 $13.73 $28,560 10.7%
39-6011 Baggage Porters and Bellhops detail 30 48.3% 0.095 0.29 $10.58 $10.69 $22,230 5.4%
39-7011 Tour Guides and Escorts detail 40 17.8% 0.110 0.42 $13.73 $12.75 $26,520 5.0%
39-9011 Childcare Workers detail 1,980 9.2% 5.743 1.33 $9.45 $9.63 $20,040 2.1%
39-9021 Personal Care Aides detail 3,470 19.1% 10.085 1.08 $11.00 $11.20 $23,290 2.1%
39-9031 Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors detail 1,120 12.6% 3.242 1.82 $10.58 $12.15 $25,270 6.2%
39-9032 Recreation Workers detail 510 8.6% 1.480 0.62 $9.26 $10.77 $22,410 4.1%
39-9041 Residential Advisors detail 90 25.6% 0.256 0.36 $12.08 $13.77 $28,630 4.1%
39-9099 Personal Care and Service Workers, All Other detail 530 38.4% 1.537 3.52 $9.04 $9.62 $20,010 4.0%
41-0000 Sales and Related Occupations major 36,350 2.7% 105.643 1.00 $13.61 $19.45 $40,450 2.4%
41-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Retail Sales Workers detail 2,400 5.6% 6.976 0.79 $16.80 $18.93 $39,380 3.2%
41-1012 First-Line Supervisors of Non-Retail Sales Workers detail 610 17.7% 1.760 0.96 $29.54 $38.82 $80,740 4.8%
41-2011 Cashiers detail 7,110 7.3% 20.679 0.82 $8.99 $9.38 $19,500 1.4%
41-2021 Counter and Rental Clerks detail 770 17.8% 2.243 0.69 $11.12 $15.39 $32,010 8.4%
41-2022 Parts Salespersons detail 680 11.9% 1.972 1.15 $17.65 $18.13 $37,700 5.9%
41-2031 Retail Salespersons detail 10,990 5.7% 31.934 0.95 $10.65 $13.39 $27,850 3.8%
41-3011 Advertising Sales Agents detail 550 15.3% 1.599 1.40 $21.87 $28.15 $58,540 6.0%
41-3021 Insurance Sales Agents detail 2,000 11.9% 5.818 2.10 $21.98 $28.13 $58,500 6.1%
41-3031 Securities, Commodities, and Financial Services Sales Agents detail 980 15.5% 2.843 1.21 $28.04 $39.04 $81,200 9.8%
41-3041 Travel Agents detail 120 16.0% 0.339 0.71 $14.85 $14.35 $29,840 13.1%
41-3099 Sales Representatives, Services, All Other detail 1,900 8.0% 5.512 0.90 $24.38 $27.06 $56,280 3.2%
41-4011 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Technical and Scientific Products detail 1,040 12.9% 3.017 1.22 $33.97 $37.34 $77,680 7.5%
41-4012 Sales Representatives, Wholesale and Manufacturing, Except Technical and Scientific Products detail 4,360 5.6% 12.676 1.23 $28.20 $35.00 $72,800 4.5%
41-9011 Demonstrators and Product Promoters detail 450 25.0% 1.304 2.11 $11.42 $12.89 $26,800 9.8%
41-9022 Real Estate Sales Agents detail 380 29.6% 1.113 0.95 $17.27 $19.35 $40,250 7.8%
41-9031 Sales Engineers detail 80 16.3% 0.224 0.44 $44.24 $44.01 $91,550 3.7%
41-9041 Telemarketers detail 1,410 25.2% 4.099 2.36 $14.71 $14.55 $30,270 3.6%
41-9099 Sales and Related Workers, All Other detail 260 37.5% 0.769 1.17 $19.13 $19.00 $39,510 7.0%
43-0000 Office and Administrative Support Occupations major 62,500 2.3% 181.644 1.13 $16.48 $17.36 $36,100 1.4%
43-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Office and Administrative Support Workers detail 3,400 3.3% 9.877 0.95 $23.81 $24.98 $51,960 1.3%
43-2011 Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service detail 100 24.4% 0.286 0.36 $13.05 $13.46 $28,000 2.8%
43-3011 Bill and Account Collectors detail 1,710 7.5% 4.956 1.93 $16.14 $16.38 $34,080 1.8%
43-3021 Billing and Posting Clerks detail 1,140 11.3% 3.326 0.92 $17.76 $18.09 $37,620 1.6%
43-3031 Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks detail 4,330 4.4% 12.577 1.08 $16.99 $17.48 $36,350 1.4%
43-3051 Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks detail 370 17.7% 1.081 0.88 $17.05 $17.86 $37,150 3.4%
43-3061 Procurement Clerks detail 120 14.0% 0.335 0.64 $19.47 $19.16 $39,840 3.1%
43-3071 Tellers detail 1,920 9.9% 5.576 1.46 $11.88 $12.30 $25,580 3.1%
43-3099 Financial Clerks, All Other detail 60 21.4% 0.177 0.64 $15.65 $16.75 $34,850 4.8%
43-4011 Brokerage Clerks detail 170 25.3% 0.483 1.14 $20.98 $20.76 $43,180 2.0%
43-4031 Court, Municipal, and License Clerks detail 360 4.3% 1.049 1.10 $21.38 $20.24 $42,100 2.8%
43-4041 Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks detail 340 5.5% 0.990 2.89 $15.53 $17.73 $36,880 2.4%
43-4051 Customer Service Representatives detail 10,390 6.4% 30.189 1.62 $16.19 $16.90 $35,160 1.9%
43-4061 Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs detail 450 4.8% 1.300 1.43 $25.04 $25.60 $53,250 2.4%
43-4071 File Clerks detail 230 14.1% 0.671 0.61 $14.57 $14.86 $30,920 2.3%
43-4081 Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks detail 530 5.9% 1.551 0.87 $9.97 $9.87 $20,530 2.9%
43-4111 Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan detail 330 22.5% 0.963 0.68 $14.07 $14.71 $30,600 2.8%
43-4121 Library Assistants, Clerical detail 220 7.3% 0.646 0.87 $11.12 $12.14 $25,250 3.8%
43-4131 Loan Interviewers and Clerks detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $16.78 $17.07 $35,510 1.6%
43-4141 New Accounts Clerks detail 260 30.6% 0.752 1.94 $16.29 $16.54 $34,410 3.6%
43-4151 Order Clerks detail 330 28.2% 0.951 0.68 $21.92 $20.30 $42,220 6.3%
43-4161 Human Resources Assistants, Except Payroll and Timekeeping detail 310 6.9% 0.891 0.89 $18.95 $18.74 $38,970 3.1%
43-4171 Receptionists and Information Clerks detail 2,110 6.2% 6.143 0.85 $13.41 $13.65 $28,400 1.9%
43-4199 Information and Record Clerks, All Other detail 270 8.8% 0.783 0.60 $20.25 $19.33 $40,210 3.1%
43-5011 Cargo and Freight Agents detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $22.34 $24.37 $50,680 5.2%
43-5021 Couriers and Messengers detail 110 19.5% 0.306 0.58 $12.93 $13.56 $28,200 4.9%
43-5031 Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers detail 140 6.6% 0.416 0.58 $24.34 $23.30 $48,460 3.2%
43-5032 Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance detail 410 17.5% 1.183 0.84 $19.26 $19.29 $40,130 3.3%
43-5041 Meter Readers, Utilities detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $14.49 $17.85 $37,130 16.1%
43-5051 Postal Service Clerks detail 160 0.0% 0.462 0.87 $26.72 $21.53 $44,780 3.5%
43-5052 Postal Service Mail Carriers detail 600 0.0% 1.756 0.77 $27.50 $25.06 $52,120 3.5%
43-5053 Postal Service Mail Sorters, Processors, and Processing Machine Operators detail 990 0.0% 2.886 3.21 $26.21 $23.93 $49,770 4.8%
43-5061 Production, Planning, and Expediting Clerks detail 610 14.2% 1.784 0.81 $24.69 $24.33 $50,610 3.2%
43-5071 Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks detail 970 9.1% 2.821 0.58 $17.25 $17.45 $36,300 2.6%
43-5081 Stock Clerks and Order Fillers detail 4,100 6.8% 11.906 0.86 $10.92 $11.79 $24,520 1.5%
43-5111 Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping detail 100 34.7% 0.299 0.58 $15.93 $16.95 $35,250 6.4%
43-6011 Executive Secretaries and Executive Administrative Assistants detail 3,260 4.1% 9.487 1.80 $21.71 $21.88 $45,520 1.5%
43-6012 Legal Secretaries detail 580 36.2% 1.684 1.07 $22.46 $21.90 $45,560 4.1%
43-6013 Medical Secretaries detail 1,350 16.7% 3.930 1.03 $15.97 $15.93 $33,140 2.7%
43-6014 Secretaries and Administrative Assistants, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive detail 3,680 7.0% 10.694 0.65 $16.63 $16.84 $35,030 1.6%
43-9011 Computer Operators detail 180 11.6% 0.535 1.24 $20.41 $22.80 $47,430 9.8%
43-9021 Data Entry Keyers detail 430 15.3% 1.254 0.82 $12.40 $12.90 $26,820 2.9%
43-9022 Word Processors and Typists detail 160 16.4% 0.478 0.79 $16.50 $16.57 $34,470 3.2%
43-9031 Desktop Publishers detail 70 37.0% 0.198 2.01 $20.26 $20.42 $42,460 3.8%
43-9041 Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks detail 2,340 10.5% 6.795 3.63 $17.82 $18.95 $39,420 2.8%
43-9051 Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service detail 810 8.7% 2.355 3.21 $13.25 $13.42 $27,920 3.9%
43-9061 Office Clerks, General detail 7,870 7.3% 22.865 1.07 $15.22 $16.03 $33,340 1.8%
43-9071 Office Machine Operators, Except Computer detail 380 18.8% 1.113 2.26 $14.01 $14.46 $30,070 2.4%
43-9111 Statistical Assistants detail 50 14.8% 0.155 1.49 $21.36 $22.56 $46,930 3.0%
43-9199 Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other detail 450 18.9% 1.313 0.76 $15.22 $16.12 $33,530 1.9%
45-0000 Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations major 320 15.9% 0.919 0.28 $14.21 $16.26 $33,830 7.5%
45-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Workers detail 40 13.4% 0.116 0.85 $26.67 $26.82 $55,780 5.7%
45-2091 Agricultural Equipment Operators detail 80 38.9% 0.243 1.26 $14.72 $14.89 $30,960 3.6%
45-2092 Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $12.98 $13.50 $28,090 8.1%
45-2099 Agricultural Workers, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $11.20 $14.06 $29,240 9.9%
47-0000 Construction and Extraction Occupations major 13,890 6.0% 40.381 1.03 $21.14 $21.93 $45,620 1.9%
47-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Construction Trades and Extraction Workers detail 1,470 14.2% 4.262 1.16 $26.31 $27.98 $58,210 3.8%
47-2021 Brickmasons and Blockmasons detail 170 17.7% 0.483 1.10 $19.39 $20.68 $43,020 8.6%
47-2031 Carpenters detail 1,780 19.9% 5.160 1.13 $20.39 $20.80 $43,260 3.8%
47-2041 Carpet Installers detail 110 37.9% 0.331 1.72 $27.66 $26.78 $55,690 8.1%
47-2042 Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $23.77 $23.35 $48,580 5.4%
47-2044 Tile and Marble Setters detail 230 31.7% 0.676 2.89 $16.81 $17.43 $36,260 7.6%
47-2051 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers detail 450 48.3% 1.298 1.15 $17.64 $18.56 $38,600 4.6%
47-2061 Construction Laborers detail 2,340 11.4% 6.807 1.08 $16.91 $17.51 $36,410 6.0%
47-2071 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $18.34 $19.03 $39,580 5.4%
47-2073 Operating Engineers and Other Construction Equipment Operators detail 920 21.9% 2.682 1.05 $24.27 $22.95 $47,730 5.7%
47-2081 Drywall and Ceiling Tile Installers detail 120 46.7% 0.342 0.54 $15.87 $15.87 $33,010 7.0%
47-2111 Electricians detail 1,720 22.0% 5.008 1.19 $26.69 $26.17 $54,430 3.0%
47-2121 Glaziers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $22.24 $22.25 $46,290 4.0%
47-2131 Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling, and Wall detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $26.38 $24.69 $51,350 11.2%
47-2132 Insulation Workers, Mechanical detail 90 40.7% 0.251 1.19 $18.87 $19.66 $40,890 5.5%
47-2141 Painters, Construction and Maintenance detail 540 22.9% 1.575 1.04 $20.07 $19.94 $41,470 8.2%
47-2151 Pipelayers detail 200 38.6% 0.580 1.91 $22.85 $22.23 $46,250 7.0%
47-2152 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters detail 930 20.8% 2.694 0.98 $22.28 $24.48 $50,920 6.3%
47-2181 Roofers detail 250 31.3% 0.715 0.93 $22.23 $20.69 $43,040 13.3%
47-2211 Sheet Metal Workers detail 260 26.1% 0.753 0.77 $31.61 $29.10 $60,530 4.3%
47-2221 Structural Iron and Steel Workers detail 240 36.6% 0.692 1.56 $26.95 $26.85 $55,850 2.8%
47-3013 Helpers--Electricians detail 220 47.5% 0.647 1.28 $15.91 $15.41 $32,060 5.6%
47-3019 Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other detail 60 28.7% 0.189 1.33 $12.69 $12.84 $26,710 4.4%
47-4011 Construction and Building Inspectors detail 130 15.5% 0.373 0.57 $27.53 $26.23 $54,550 6.9%
47-4031 Fence Erectors detail 260 41.5% 0.749 4.82 $14.81 $15.01 $31,230 4.8%
47-4041 Hazardous Materials Removal Workers detail 170 27.3% 0.506 1.62 $16.74 $17.63 $36,670 4.6%
47-4051 Highway Maintenance Workers detail 380 7.4% 1.095 1.05 $20.94 $20.48 $42,590 1.8%
47-4099 Construction and Related Workers, All Other detail 90 41.7% 0.267 1.16 $14.26 $15.60 $32,440 5.7%
49-0000 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations major 13,700 3.9% 39.829 1.03 $20.41 $21.41 $44,540 1.6%
49-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers detail 1,170 9.7% 3.395 1.06 $27.13 $28.22 $58,690 2.4%
49-2011 Computer, Automated Teller, and Office Machine Repairers detail 450 15.5% 1.305 1.59 $19.93 $20.10 $41,800 3.9%
49-2022 Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers, Except Line Installers detail 910 22.3% 2.638 1.67 $31.31 $29.28 $60,910 4.1%
49-2094 Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Commercial and Industrial Equipment detail 110 38.7% 0.318 0.65 $23.16 $22.76 $47,340 4.0%
49-2098 Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers detail 160 33.2% 0.463 1.04 $20.70 $22.58 $46,980 5.1%
49-3011 Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians detail 150 21.0% 0.430 0.50 $26.42 $25.85 $53,780 3.8%
49-3021 Automotive Body and Related Repairers detail 400 16.5% 1.154 1.14 $19.00 $20.15 $41,910 8.2%
49-3023 Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics detail 1,780 10.0% 5.173 1.10 $19.10 $19.91 $41,410 2.8%
49-3031 Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists detail 500 16.4% 1.466 0.81 $21.53 $21.55 $44,830 2.8%
49-3041 Farm Equipment Mechanics and Service Technicians detail 180 39.8% 0.517 1.98 $20.56 $20.28 $42,180 4.2%
49-3042 Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines detail 390 27.1% 1.128 1.28 $21.17 $21.16 $44,020 2.7%
49-3051 Motorboat Mechanics and Service Technicians detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $19.64 $20.34 $42,310 5.1%
49-3052 Motorcycle Mechanics detail 70 25.7% 0.194 1.70 $17.46 $16.82 $34,990 14.5%
49-3053 Outdoor Power Equipment and Other Small Engine Mechanics detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $12.54 $12.00 $24,960 3.0%
49-3091 Bicycle Repairers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $12.09 $11.34 $23,580 5.4%
49-3093 Tire Repairers and Changers detail 240 21.7% 0.708 0.95 $13.19 $13.63 $28,350 5.9%
49-9011 Mechanical Door Repairers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $23.56 $24.91 $51,810 4.4%
49-9012 Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door detail 80 18.0% 0.242 0.79 $24.19 $24.03 $49,980 5.4%
49-9021 Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers detail 990 11.9% 2.867 1.48 $25.56 $25.30 $52,630 3.2%
49-9031 Home Appliance Repairers detail 70 16.6% 0.191 0.78 (8) (8) (8) (8)
49-9041 Industrial Machinery Mechanics detail 960 9.1% 2.780 1.20 $22.08 $22.10 $45,960 2.8%
49-9043 Maintenance Workers, Machinery detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $24.49 $23.89 $49,700 4.6%
49-9044 Millwrights detail 90 23.2% 0.256 0.88 $21.37 $21.18 $44,040 3.0%
49-9051 Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers detail 240 30.1% 0.690 0.81 $25.79 $25.40 $52,840 8.2%
49-9052 Telecommunications Line Installers and Repairers detail 330 37.7% 0.973 1.15 $16.50 $17.08 $35,520 5.9%
49-9062 Medical Equipment Repairers detail 320 28.0% 0.926 3.02 $19.86 $21.33 $44,360 7.8%
49-9069 Precision Instrument and Equipment Repairers, All Other detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $32.86 $31.64 $65,820 8.8%
49-9071 Maintenance and Repair Workers, General detail 2,560 5.0% 7.426 0.78 $17.28 $17.75 $36,930 2.0%
49-9091 Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers detail 110 21.1% 0.328 1.44 $14.10 $14.37 $29,900 4.6%
49-9094 Locksmiths and Safe Repairers detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $21.35 $22.71 $47,240 5.1%
49-9098 Helpers--Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers detail 210 41.3% 0.621 0.66 $13.08 $12.79 $26,610 4.4%
49-9099 Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Workers, All Other detail 550 27.4% 1.604 1.57 $16.89 $17.45 $36,290 3.7%
51-0000 Production Occupations major 17,530 3.8% 50.950 0.77 $14.60 $16.03 $33,340 1.5%
51-1011 First-Line Supervisors of Production and Operating Workers detail 1,100 7.7% 3.191 0.73 $24.87 $25.18 $52,370 1.8%
51-2022 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers detail 610 33.1% 1.781 1.16 $12.94 $13.67 $28,440 4.0%
51-2041 Structural Metal Fabricators and Fitters detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $14.51 $15.37 $31,960 3.7%
51-2092 Team Assemblers detail 1,720 18.8% 5.000 0.60 $13.12 $13.98 $29,080 4.8%
51-2099 Assemblers and Fabricators, All Other detail 520 27.4% 1.509 0.85 $15.60 $15.63 $32,520 3.0%
51-3011 Bakers detail 380 29.8% 1.099 0.85 $11.50 $12.39 $25,770 4.1%
51-3021 Butchers and Meat Cutters detail 580 7.1% 1.697 1.67 $12.25 $12.18 $25,340 2.8%
51-3022 Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers detail 490 5.6% 1.420 1.28 $13.22 $13.15 $27,350 4.8%
51-3092 Food Batchmakers detail 180 30.6% 0.512 0.57 $11.70 $13.43 $27,940 7.2%
51-3093 Food Cooking Machine Operators and Tenders detail 60 38.1% 0.163 0.60 $16.29 $16.31 $33,930 5.7%
51-3099 Food Processing Workers, All Other detail 450 7.3% 1.302 4.03 $13.31 $13.28 $27,620 3.8%
51-4011 Computer-Controlled Machine Tool Operators, Metal and Plastic detail 110 11.2% 0.315 0.29 $18.86 $18.06 $37,560 3.4%
51-4031 Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 510 37.1% 1.479 1.05 $16.75 $16.79 $34,920 1.8%
51-4033 Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 70 6.6% 0.205 0.39 $11.53 $13.39 $27,850 9.6%
51-4041 Machinists detail 430 9.9% 1.251 0.43 $17.92 $18.60 $38,690 3.9%
51-4072 Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 60 17.2% 0.188 0.20 $14.46 $14.98 $31,170 5.5%
51-4081 Multiple Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic detail 550 36.6% 1.600 2.20 $13.26 $13.93 $28,980 3.7%
51-4111 Tool and Die Makers detail 40 16.0% 0.127 0.23 $26.28 $25.93 $53,940 2.9%
51-4121 Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers detail 650 20.0% 1.885 0.69 $17.05 $17.62 $36,640 1.9%
51-4122 Welding, Soldering, and Brazing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 80 15.6% 0.241 0.59 $18.30 $18.49 $38,450 3.7%
51-5111 Prepress Technicians and Workers detail 40 42.4% 0.126 0.47 $18.13 $18.30 $38,070 6.5%
51-5112 Printing Press Operators detail 480 18.9% 1.381 1.12 $19.52 $19.25 $40,030 3.2%
51-5113 Print Binding and Finishing Workers detail 350 32.0% 1.008 2.65 $16.35 $16.24 $33,780 4.0%
51-6011 Laundry and Dry-Cleaning Workers detail 410 25.2% 1.183 0.80 $10.33 $10.82 $22,500 4.6%
51-6021 Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials detail 180 38.8% 0.520 1.40 $10.74 $10.90 $22,680 4.5%
51-6052 Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers detail 70 20.4% 0.216 1.45 $10.95 $11.07 $23,020 2.6%
51-7011 Cabinetmakers and Bench Carpenters detail 190 20.0% 0.561 0.86 $18.70 $17.89 $37,210 6.4%
51-7042 Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Except Sawing detail 80 39.1% 0.242 0.46 $16.56 $16.62 $34,570 4.0%
51-7099 Woodworkers, All Other detail 90 32.8% 0.261 5.08 $13.42 $13.38 $27,820 4.2%
51-8021 Stationary Engineers and Boiler Operators detail 60 30.8% 0.168 0.61 $25.57 $25.30 $52,610 2.9%
51-8031 Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant and System Operators detail 260 12.6% 0.757 0.92 $27.34 $27.21 $56,600 2.3%
51-9012 Separating, Filtering, Clarifying, Precipitating, and Still Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 90 31.3% 0.266 0.83 $17.30 $17.80 $37,030 4.4%
51-9023 Mixing and Blending Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 230 37.6% 0.672 0.74 $18.32 $18.01 $37,460 4.8%
51-9061 Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers detail 820 21.0% 2.392 0.66 $14.67 $15.36 $31,960 2.7%
51-9081 Dental Laboratory Technicians detail 80 4.0% 0.245 0.94 $14.70 $18.46 $38,390 14.3%
51-9082 Medical Appliance Technicians detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $16.41 $18.02 $37,480 7.2%
51-9111 Packaging and Filling Machine Operators and Tenders detail 1,120 24.6% 3.257 1.15 $13.46 $14.16 $29,450 5.0%
51-9121 Coating, Painting, and Spraying Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders detail 110 36.8% 0.329 0.49 $15.05 $15.33 $31,880 1.7%
51-9122 Painters, Transportation Equipment detail 110 31.7% 0.313 0.85 $17.46 $17.05 $35,460 5.1%
51-9123 Painting, Coating, and Decorating Workers detail 80 43.8% 0.226 1.87 $12.99 $12.52 $26,040 10.6%
51-9151 Photographic Process Workers and Processing Machine Operators detail 130 19.0% 0.389 1.83 $12.79 $14.30 $29,740 6.2%
51-9195 Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic detail 40 39.3% 0.120 0.47 $13.79 $14.64 $30,460 4.8%
51-9198 Helpers--Production Workers detail 430 37.3% 1.241 0.40 $11.27 $12.03 $25,030 3.2%
51-9199 Production Workers, All Other detail 730 29.9% 2.107 1.31 $13.02 $14.11 $29,350 4.9%
53-0000 Transportation and Material Moving Occupations major 22,550 3.6% 65.549 0.96 $14.97 $16.54 $34,410 2.4%
53-1021 First-Line Supervisors of Helpers, Laborers, and Material Movers, Hand detail 330 12.8% 0.968 0.76 $26.07 $26.05 $54,190 2.8%
53-1031 First-Line Supervisors of Transportation and Material-Moving Machine and Vehicle Operators detail 520 9.7% 1.524 1.05 $31.20 $30.50 $63,430 2.9%
53-2012 Commercial Pilots detail 100 14.2% 0.281 1.00 (4) (4) $84,520 7.6%
53-3022 Bus Drivers, School or Special Client detail 1,020 16.2% 2.974 0.80 $15.06 $15.08 $31,360 4.9%
53-3031 Driver/Sales Workers detail 1,100 31.5% 3.202 1.07 $8.98 $11.02 $22,920 6.6%
53-3032 Heavy and Tractor-Trailer Truck Drivers detail 6,440 7.2% 18.730 1.56 $21.41 $21.57 $44,860 2.8%
53-3033 Light Truck or Delivery Services Drivers detail 2,050 10.7% 5.955 1.01 $15.84 $17.04 $35,440 5.6%
53-3041 Taxi Drivers and Chauffeurs detail 590 16.8% 1.707 1.29 $10.65 $10.87 $22,600 2.5%
53-3099 Motor Vehicle Operators, All Other detail 100 26.8% 0.284 0.66 $18.06 $18.18 $37,820 2.6%
53-6021 Parking Lot Attendants detail 200 32.3% 0.570 0.56 $9.46 $9.88 $20,550 4.6%
53-6031 Automotive and Watercraft Service Attendants detail 170 26.8% 0.493 0.64 $13.02 $13.65 $28,400 6.9%
53-6099 Transportation Workers, All Other detail 110 26.5% 0.310 1.05 $13.82 $14.85 $30,880 6.3%
53-7011 Conveyor Operators and Tenders detail 60 24.9% 0.176 0.61 $12.48 $12.62 $26,250 5.1%
53-7021 Crane and Tower Operators detail (8) (8) (8) (8) $27.59 $26.33 $54,770 11.3%
53-7032 Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators detail 70 49.9% 0.210 0.60 $20.18 $19.11 $39,740 11.8%
53-7051 Industrial Truck and Tractor Operators detail 1,010 12.3% 2.927 0.76 $15.53 $16.10 $33,480 2.9%
53-7061 Cleaners of Vehicles and Equipment detail 620 17.5% 1.812 0.76 $10.84 $11.35 $23,620 4.3%
53-7062 Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand detail 5,660 6.1% 16.453 0.93 $11.72 $12.70 $26,410 3.2%
53-7063 Machine Feeders and Offbearers detail 80 18.7% 0.231 0.30 $13.41 $13.36 $27,780 2.7%
53-7064 Packers and Packagers, Hand detail 1,650 24.9% 4.804 0.94 $9.10 $9.98 $20,750 3.5%
53-7081 Refuse and Recyclable Material Collectors detail 180 30.4% 0.518 0.61 $11.51 $15.16 $31,540 12.4%

About May 2014 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(4) Wages for some occupations that do not generally work year-round, full time, are reported either as hourly wages or annual salaries depending on how they are typically paid.

(5) This wage is equal to or greater than $90.00 per hour or $187,199 per year.

(8) Estimates not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.




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Iowa's metropolitan and nonmetropolitan area estimates:

May 2014 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 Occupation Profiles

Technical notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 25, 2015