News Release Information

15-2193-DAL
Monday, December 14, 2015

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Technical information:
Media contact:
  • (972) 850-4800

Business Employment Dynamics in Texas – First Quarter 2015

From December 2014 to March 2015 gross job gains in private sector establishments in Texas totaled 558,120, while gross job losses numbered 554,065, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Regional Commissioner Stanley W. Suchman noted that gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 4,055. During the previous quarter, gross job gains exceeded gross job losses by 139,098.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. Business Employment Dynamics (BED) statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross job gains and the number of gross job losses is the net change in employment. (See the Technical Note for more information.)

Gross job gains in Texas have trended upward since the series low of 436,521 in June 2009. Texas’ 621,191 gross job gains in December 2014 were the highest level since the series’ inception in 1992, although the number of gross job gains fell 63,071 in March 2015. Gross job losses in the state peaked in March 2009, when more than 620,000 jobs were lost, and remained below 500,000 from December 2009 to December 2014. However, in March 2015, gross job losses increased by 71,972 to 554,065 (see chart 1.), the highest level since June 2009.

 Chart 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses of employment in Texas, March 2010–March 2015 by quarter, seasonally adjusted

Gross job gains represented 5.8 percent of private sector employment in Texas in the quarter ended March 2015, while nationally gross job gains accounted for 5.9 percent of private sector employment. (See chart 2.) The rate of gross job gains in Texas has been below the U.S. rate in each quarter since March 2009 and generally below the U.S. rate since the series began in September 1992. In March 2015 the state’s rate of gross job loss as a percent of private sector employment rose to match the national rate at 5.7 percent. With a few exceptions, the Texas rate of gross job loss has been below the U.S. rate since the series inception.

 Chart 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of employment, United States and Texas, March 2010-March 2015, seasonally adjusted

During the first quarter of 2015, Texas gross job gains exceeded gross job losses in 6 of the 11 industry sectors. For example, more than 89,400 jobs were created by opening and expanding establishments in leisure and hospitality during the period, though about 76,100 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments. The resulting net gain of 13,387 jobs was the largest of any sector in the first quarter 2015. Other industries showing large net job gains included retail trade and education and health services. Within retail trade, approximately 76,000 jobs were created at opening and expanding establishments, while nearly 66,000 jobs were lost at closing and contracting establishments, resulting in a net gain of 10,145. Education and health services recorded a net employment gain of 7,967, with nearly 68,900 gross job gains in opening and expanding establishments and around 60,900 job losses in closing and contracting establishments. (See table 1.)

In contrast, gross job losses exceeded gross job gains in five industry sectors in Texas in March 2015. The manufacturing sector recorded a net employment loss of 8,936 jobs. Although more than 27,500 jobs were added in opening and expanding establishments, these gains were offset by a loss of about 36,500 jobs at closing and contracting establishments. Professional and business services led all industry sectors in terms of both gross job gains and gross job losses with more than 109,000 of each, producing a net loss of approximately 1,500. Among the three remaining sectors – transportation and warehousing, other services, and information – gross job losses exceeded gross job gains by less than 1,200.

Additional statistics and other information

BED data for the states have been included in table 2 of this release. For more information on the Business Employment Dynamics data, visit the BED web site at www.bls.gov/bdm/.

The Business Employment Dynamics for Second Quarter 2015 are scheduled to be released on Wednesday, January 27, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EST).

Changes to Business Employment Dynamics (BED) Data

Data in this release incorporate annual revisions to the BED series. Annual revisions are published each year with the release of first quarter data. These revisions cover the last four quarters of not seasonally adjusted data and five years of seasonally adjusted data.

Additionally, all historical BED series back to third quarter 1992 have been revised for both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted series, to incorporate an administrative scope change. These revisions are primarily due to the reclassification of a number of establishments from private households (NAICS 814110) to services for the elderly and persons with disabilities (NAICS 624120). Private households are not within the scope of BED and, as a result, those establishments impacted by this industry reclassification are now within scope.


Technical Note

The Business Employment Dynamics (BED) data are a product of a federal-state cooperative program known as Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), or the ES-202 program. The BED data are compiled from existing quarterly QCEW records. The QCEW reports are sent by the State Employment Security Agencies (SESAs) to BLS and form the basis of the Bureau’s QCEW program and establishment universe sampling frame. These reports are also used to produce the QCEW data on total employment and wages. Other important Bureau uses of the QCEW reports are in the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES program produces monthly estimates of employment, net changes, and earnings by detailed industry.

In the BED program, the QCEW records are linked across quarters to provide a longitudinal history for each establishment. The linkage process allows the tracking of net employment changes at the establishment level, which in turn allows the estimation of jobs gained at opening and expanding establishments and jobs lost at closing and contracting establishments.

The change in the number of jobs over time is the net result of increases and decreases in employment that occur at all businesses in the economy. BED statistics track these changes in employment at private business establishments from the third month of one quarter to the third month of the next. Gross job gains are the sum of increases in employment from expansions at existing establishments and the addition of new jobs at opening establishments. Gross job losses are the result of contractions in employment at existing establishments and the loss of jobs at closing establishments. The difference between the number of gross jobs gained and the number of gross jobs lost is the net change in employment.

Gross job gains and gross job losses are expressed as rates by dividing their levels by the average of employment in the current and previous quarters. The rates are calculated for the components of gross job gains and gross job losses and then summed to form their respective totals. These rates can be added and subtracted just as their levels can. For instance, the difference between the gross job gains rate and the gross job losses rate is the net growth rate.

The formal definitions of employment changes are as follows:

Openings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment for the first time in the current quarter, with no links to the prior quarter, or with positive third month employment in the current quarter following zero employment in the previous quarter.

Expansions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net increase in employment over this period.

Closings. These are either establishments with positive third month employment in the previous quarter, with no employment or zero employment reported in the current quarter.

Contractions. These are establishments with positive employment in the third month in both the previous and current quarters, with a net decrease in employment over this period.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request: voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Private sector gross job gains and losses by industry, Texas, seasonally adjusted
Category Gross job gains and job losses
(3 months ended)
Gross job gains and job losses
as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015

Total private (1)

 

Gross job gains

557,909 572,445 578,909 621,191 558,120 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.4 5.8

At expanding establishments

465,877 483,942 487,315 523,547 455,177 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.4 4.7

At opening establishments

92,032 88,503 91,594 97,644 102,943 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1

Gross job losses

482,188 471,468 492,179 482,093 554,065 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.7

At contracting establishments

407,061 390,819 416,536 398,929 475,588 4.3 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.9

At closing establishments

75,127 80,649 75,643 83,164 78,477 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

75,721 100,977 86,730 139,098 4,055 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.4 0.1

Construction

 

Gross job gains

57,046 57,043 57,580 60,639 54,950 9.0 8.9 8.8 9.1 8.2

At expanding establishments

49,294 49,936 51,218 53,078 47,140 7.8 7.8 7.8 8.0 7.0

At opening establishments

7,752 7,107 6,362 7,561 7,810 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2

Gross job losses

46,067 43,895 44,500 46,073 53,190 7.3 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.9

At contracting establishments

38,859 37,809 38,612 39,379 47,124 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.9 7.0

At closing establishments

7,208 6,086 5,888 6,694 6,066 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

10,979 13,148 13,080 14,566 1,760 1.7 2.1 2.0 2.2 0.3

Manufacturing

 

Gross job gains

30,416 31,753 32,278 35,263 27,573 3.4 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.1

At expanding establishments

27,656 29,410 26,393 32,515 24,888 3.1 3.3 3.0 3.6 2.8

At opening establishments

2,760 2,343 5,885 2,748 2,685 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.3

Gross job losses

26,672 28,496 27,222 24,313 36,509 3.0 3.2 3.1 2.7 4.1

At contracting establishments

24,039 21,457 24,582 21,713 33,715 2.7 2.4 2.8 2.4 3.8

At closing establishments

2,633 7,039 2,640 2,600 2,794 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3

Net employment change (2)

3,744 3,257 5,056 10,950 -8,936 0.4 0.4 0.6 1.2 -1.0

Wholesale trade

 

Gross job gains

27,448 27,427 29,387 32,034 27,562 4.8 4.8 5.0 5.4 4.7

At expanding establishments

22,917 23,622 25,139 27,056 21,894 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.6 3.7

At opening establishments

4,531 3,805 4,248 4,978 5,668 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0

Gross job losses

22,886 20,503 21,344 21,819 26,019 4.0 3.5 3.7 3.8 4.4

At contracting establishments

18,294 15,735 17,247 16,762 21,460 3.2 2.7 3.0 2.9 3.6

At closing establishments

4,592 4,768 4,097 5,057 4,559 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

4,562 6,924 8,043 10,215 1,543 0.8 1.3 1.3 1.6 0.3

Retail trade

 

Gross job gains

70,375 74,630 70,541 74,887 76,005 5.6 5.9 5.6 6.0 6.0

At expanding establishments

62,278 62,828 61,560 65,287 63,519 5.0 5.0 4.9 5.2 5.0

At opening establishments

8,097 11,802 8,981 9,600 12,486 0.6 0.9 0.7 0.8 1.0

Gross job losses

65,661 63,380 65,386 63,119 65,860 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.9 5.1

At contracting establishments

58,863 56,030 57,957 55,106 57,774 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.3 4.5

At closing establishments

6,798 7,350 7,429 8,013 8,086 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Net employment change (2)

4,714 11,250 5,155 11,768 10,145 0.4 0.8 0.4 1.1 0.9

Transportation and warehousing

 

Gross job gains

22,050 23,056 23,871 32,014 22,981 5.5 5.7 5.8 7.6 5.4

At expanding establishments

18,762 19,932 20,194 28,767 19,678 4.7 4.9 4.9 6.8 4.6

At opening establishments

3,288 3,124 3,677 3,247 3,303 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8

Gross job losses

18,853 17,008 17,810 18,452 24,124 4.7 4.2 4.3 4.3 5.6

At contracting establishments

16,337 14,745 14,907 15,324 21,623 4.1 3.6 3.6 3.6 5.0

At closing establishments

2,516 2,263 2,903 3,128 2,501 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6

Net employment change (2)

3,197 6,048 6,061 13,562 -1,143 0.8 1.5 1.5 3.3 -0.2

Information

 

Gross job gains

8,557 9,460 9,416 10,049 8,510 4.3 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.3

At expanding establishments

6,810 8,395 8,228 9,012 7,560 3.4 4.1 4.1 4.4 3.8

At opening establishments

1,747 1,065 1,188 1,037 950 0.9 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5

Gross job losses

10,328 7,804 10,162 8,218 8,993 5.1 3.8 5.0 4.0 4.5

At contracting establishments

9,084 6,503 9,146 7,126 7,396 4.5 3.2 4.5 3.5 3.7

At closing establishments

1,244 1,301 1,016 1,092 1,597 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.8

Net employment change (2)

-1,771 1,656 -746 1,831 -483 -0.8 0.8 -0.3 0.9 -0.2

Financial activities

 

Gross job gains

30,056 32,763 35,266 36,543 32,432 4.5 4.8 5.1 5.3 4.6

At expanding establishments

24,164 26,623 29,170 28,904 25,285 3.6 3.9 4.2 4.2 3.6

At opening establishments

5,892 6,140 6,096 7,639 7,147 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.0

Gross job losses

29,001 27,663 29,808 28,329 30,139 4.3 4.1 4.4 4.1 4.3

At contracting establishments

22,319 21,713 23,225 22,376 24,689 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.2 3.5

At closing establishments

6,682 5,950 6,583 5,953 5,450 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8

Net employment change (2)

1,055 5,100 5,458 8,214 2,293 0.2 0.7 0.7 1.2 0.3

Professional and business services

 

Gross job gains

110,179 112,354 114,302 116,366 109,880 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.4 7.0

At expanding establishments

91,023 94,365 95,083 97,909 89,686 6.0 6.2 6.1 6.2 5.7

At opening establishments

19,156 17,989 19,219 18,457 20,194 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3

Gross job losses

96,357 92,986 96,756 96,275 111,415 6.4 6.1 6.2 6.2 7.1

At contracting establishments

79,917 75,209 79,797 78,132 92,953 5.3 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.9

At closing establishments

16,440 17,777 16,959 18,143 18,462 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2

Net employment change (2)

13,822 19,368 17,546 20,091 -1,535 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.2 -0.1

Education and health services

 

Gross job gains

62,375 64,998 66,663 79,536 68,882 4.3 4.5 4.6 5.4 4.6

At expanding establishments

52,401 56,631 57,180 65,640 56,610 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.5 3.8

At opening establishments

9,974 8,367 9,483 13,896 12,272 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.8

Gross job losses

58,524 56,254 57,441 54,670 60,915 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.7 4.1

At contracting establishments

50,225 46,531 48,145 41,643 50,926 3.5 3.2 3.3 2.8 3.4

At closing establishments

8,299 9,723 9,296 13,027 9,989 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.7

Net employment change (2)

3,851 8,744 9,222 24,866 7,967 0.2 0.6 0.7 1.7 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

 

Gross job gains

90,391 89,275 88,076 90,771 89,474 7.7 7.5 7.4 7.6 7.3

At expanding establishments

70,538 71,656 69,332 71,972 68,338 6.0 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.6

At opening establishments

19,853 17,619 18,744 18,799 21,136 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.7

Gross job losses

69,988 75,031 81,674 77,497 76,087 6.0 6.4 6.8 6.5 6.2

At contracting establishments

58,403 63,573 70,355 65,908 65,131 5.0 5.4 5.9 5.5 5.3

At closing establishments

11,585 11,458 11,319 11,589 10,956 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9

Net employment change (2)

20,403 14,244 6,402 13,274 13,387 1.7 1.1 0.6 1.1 1.1

Other services (3)

 

Gross job gains

21,305 22,316 20,416 22,995 20,062 7.5 7.8 7.0 7.9 6.9

At expanding establishments

16,825 17,774 16,812 18,359 15,791 5.9 6.2 5.8 6.3 5.4

At opening establishments

4,480 4,542 3,604 4,636 4,271 1.6 1.6 1.2 1.6 1.5

Gross job losses

18,100 18,820 20,075 19,621 20,892 6.4 6.5 7.0 6.7 7.1

At contracting establishments

14,438 15,060 16,099 15,851 17,018 5.1 5.2 5.6 5.4 5.8

At closing establishments

3,662 3,760 3,976 3,770 3,874 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3

Net employment change (2)

3,205 3,496 341 3,374 -830 1.1 1.3 0.0 1.2 -0.2

(1) Includes unclassified sector not shown separately.
(2) The net employment change is the difference between total gross job gains and total gross job losses. See the Technical Note for further information.
(3) Except public administration.


Table 2. Private sector gross job gains and losses as a percent of total employment by state, seasonally adjusted
State Gross job gains as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Gross job losses as a percent of employment
(3 months ended)
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015
Mar.
2014
June
2014
Sept.
2014
Dec.
2014
Mar.
2015

United States (1)

6.1 6.5 6.3 6.6 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.7 5.7

Alabama

5.7 5.9 5.9 6.0 5.6 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.2 5.4

Alaska

10.8 10.8 9.5 10.6 10.4 9.7 11.0 10.4 10.4 9.2

Arizona

5.9 6.0 6.4 7.0 6.0 5.9 6.0 5.5 5.3 5.7

Arkansas

5.9 5.6 6.0 6.6 5.4 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.1 5.7

California

6.9 7.0 7.1 7.4 6.8 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.4 6.2

Colorado

6.8 7.2 7.3 7.0 6.9 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1

Connecticut

5.1 5.7 5.2 5.4 4.8 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.2 5.1

Delaware

6.3 6.6 6.3 7.0 5.7 5.9 5.2 6.2 5.4 7.3

District of Columbia

5.9 6.3 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.4

Florida

6.5 7.2 7.3 7.1 6.3 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.0 5.6

Georgia

6.6 6.9 6.8 6.9 6.2 5.6 6.0 5.9 5.5 5.6

Hawaii

4.9 5.0 5.3 5.2 4.9 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.4 4.8

Idaho

8.4 7.7 7.5 8.0 9.1 7.2 7.9 7.3 7.0 7.0

Illinois

5.8 6.2 5.7 6.2 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.8 5.5 5.7

Indiana

5.3 5.9 5.4 6.3 5.3 5.6 5.0 5.3 5.0 5.3

Iowa

5.8 6.1 5.8 6.1 5.9 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.4

Kansas

5.7 6.1 5.7 6.2 5.7 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.4 5.8

Kentucky

6.2 6.2 6.2 6.6 5.5 6.0 5.6 5.5 5.3 6.0

Louisiana

6.8 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.1 5.9 6.5 5.9 5.8 6.7

Maine

6.8 7.8 6.7 7.2 6.5 7.1 6.5 7.0 7.2 7.0

Maryland

6.0 6.6 6.5 6.7 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.2

Massachusetts

5.5 6.3 5.7 6.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.2 5.4

Michigan

5.4 6.4 5.4 6.2 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.7 5.2 5.1

Minnesota

5.2 6.5 5.6 5.8 5.6 5.6 5.1 5.7 5.4 5.2

Mississippi

5.8 6.2 6.2 6.9 5.5 6.0 6.6 6.0 5.4 6.4

Missouri

5.6 6.0 5.7 6.3 5.6 5.6 5.3 5.7 5.1 5.4

Montana

7.3 8.2 8.1 8.5 9.1 8.0 7.7 8.1 8.0 7.2

Nebraska

5.8 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.1 5.6 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.6

Nevada

6.6 6.7 6.6 6.6 6.3 5.4 5.7 5.7 5.3 5.3

New Hampshire

5.9 6.9 5.9 6.9 5.7 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.0 5.7

New Jersey

6.0 7.0 6.3 6.9 5.8 6.3 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.0

New Mexico

6.5 6.8 6.6 7.2 6.4 6.5 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.5

New York

6.2 6.7 6.4 6.6 5.9 6.0 5.8 6.0 5.8 5.9

North Carolina

6.0 6.4 6.2 6.5 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.7

North Dakota

8.7 7.6 8.2 8.7 7.1 6.7 7.0 6.9 6.7 8.7

Ohio

5.6 6.1 5.5 6.1 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.5 5.1 5.6

Oklahoma

6.2 6.3 6.2 6.7 5.7 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.5 6.1

Oregon

7.0 6.9 7.0 7.1 6.9 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.3 5.7

Pennsylvania

5.2 5.6 5.2 5.6 4.9 4.9 4.8 5.1 4.9 5.2

Rhode Island

5.7 6.5 5.9 6.4 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.8 5.6 5.8

South Carolina

6.2 6.4 6.0 6.8 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.0 5.5

South Dakota

6.5 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7

Tennessee

5.5 5.7 5.7 6.2 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.0 4.8 5.2

Texas

5.9 6.0 6.1 6.4 5.8 5.1 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.7

Utah

6.5 7.1 7.1 7.2 7.3 6.0 6.7 6.0 5.8 5.9

Vermont

6.9 7.3 6.9 7.5 6.8 6.8 6.9 7.3 6.7 6.8

Virginia

5.4 6.2 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.5 5.6

Washington

6.9 7.4 7.1 6.9 6.7 6.0 6.4 6.2 6.1 5.6

West Virginia

6.5 6.6 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.7 6.4 6.5 6.0 6.7

Wisconsin

5.3 5.8 5.5 5.8 5.4 5.1 5.0 5.6 5.2 5.1

Wyoming

8.6 8.7 8.3 9.3 8.9 8.1 8.3 8.5 8.0 8.9

Puerto Rico

5.3 5.5 5.6 6.4 5.3 6.5 6.3 6.0 4.9 6.4

Virgin Islands

5.0 6.2 6.6 6.2 5.5 6.0 6.3 5.6 5.6 5.9

(1) Totals for the United States do not include data for Puerto Rico or the Virgin Islands.

 

Last Modified Date: Monday, December 14, 2015