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14-1559-SAN
August 19, 2014

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Consumer Price Index, Phoenix – First Half 2014

Area prices up 1.2 percent over the past six months, up 1.5 percent from a year ago

Prices in the greater Phoenix area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 1.2 percent in the first half of 2014, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Regional Commissioner Richard J. Holden noted that this latest six-month increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, six-month-to-six-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the past 12 months, the CPI-U rose 1.5 percent. (See chart 1.) Energy prices moved down 1.7 percent, mainly due to a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy increased 2.0 percent over the year.

 Chart 1. Over-the-year percent change in CPI-U, Phoenix, Second half 2010-First half 2014

 

Food

Food prices advanced 1.3 percent in the first half of 2014. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home rose 1.5 percent for the past six months. Prices for food away from home increased 0.7 percent for the same period.

For the year ending in the first half of 2014, food prices rose 1.1 percent. Prices for food at home advanced 1.6 percent during the past 12 months, and prices for food away from home increased 0.6 percent.

Energy

Energy prices declined 0.8 percent since the second half of 2013, largely due to lower electricity prices (-7.7 percent). Prices increased for natural gas service (7.5 percent) and gasoline (3.1 percent) during the first half of 2014.

Energy prices decreased 1.7 percent over the year, influenced by a decrease in gasoline prices(-3.6 percent). In contrast, prices increased for natural gas service (7.8 percent) and electricity(0.6 percent) during the same period.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy increased 1.4 percent from the second half of 2013 to the first half of 2014. Among the index components, increases were recorded for medical care (2.9 percent), apparel (2.8 percent), recreation (1.9 percent), and shelter (1.4 percent). Partially offsetting the increases were lower prices for alcoholic beverages (-1.6 percent) and household furnishings and operations (-1.0 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy advanced 2.0 percent. Prices increased for apparel (5.9 percent), shelter (3.9 percent), and medical care (3.2 percent). In contrast, lower prices were reported for alcoholic beverages (-3.2 percent), recreation (-2.4 percent), and household furnishings and operations (-0.8 percent).

Table A. Phoenix CPI-U semi-annual and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual Semi-annual Annual

First Half

-1.9 -1.3 0.3 0.7 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.5

Second Half

0.4 -1.5 0.1 0.4 1.2 3.3 0.1 1.7 0.2 1.3    

CPI-W

In the first half of 2014, the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) was 126.599, up 1.2 percent. The CPI-W increased 1.1 percent over the year.

The second half of 2014 Consumer Price Index for Phoenix is scheduled to be released mid-February 2015.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 88 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 29 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The Phoenix-Mesa, AZ. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Maricopa and Pinal Counties in the State of Arizona.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD message referral phone number: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes for semiannual averages and percent changes for selected periods

Phoenix-Mesa, AZ (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Semiannual average indexes
 
Percent change to
1st half 2014 from-
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013
1st half
2014
1st half
2013
2nd half
2013

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

125.642 125.922 127.490 1.5 1.2

All items (1967=100)

- - - - -

Food and beverages

135.311 134.840 136.255 0.7 1.0

Food

135.500 135.182 136.950 1.1 1.3

Food at home

138.469 138.713 140.739 1.6 1.5

Food away from home

131.548 131.410 132.346 0.6 0.7

Alcoholic beverages

133.156 130.927 128.849 -3.2 -1.6

Housing

118.815 121.378 122.261 2.9 0.7

Shelter

115.922 118.713 120.396 3.9 1.4

Rent of primary residence

117.691 121.402 123.834 5.2 2.0

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1)

115.820 118.402 119.693 3.3 1.1

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1)

115.820 118.402 119.693 3.3 1.1

Fuels and utilities

158.682 162.497 160.186 0.9 -1.4

Household energy

161.188 174.125 163.311 1.3 -6.2

Energy services

160.809 173.823 162.935 1.3 -6.3

Electricity

171.418 186.830 172.419 0.6 -7.7

Utility (piped) gas service

105.999 106.371 114.314 7.8 7.5

Household furnishings and operations

105.672 105.944 104.844 -0.8 -1.0

Apparel

129.681 133.511 137.272 5.9 2.8

Transportation

127.066 123.777 125.669 -1.1 1.5

Private transportation

128.140 124.698 127.117 -0.8 1.9

Motor fuel

294.840 275.867 284.357 -3.6 3.1

Gasoline (all types)

294.949 275.760 284.210 -3.6 3.1

Gasoline, unleaded regular (2)

300.706 280.920 289.461 -3.7 3.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (2) (3)

289.388 271.404 280.662 -3.0 3.4

Gasoline, unleaded premium (2)

280.055 262.384 270.242 -3.5 3.0

Medical care

155.273 155.778 160.229 3.2 2.9

Recreation (4)

114.243 109.458 111.544 -2.4 1.9

Education and communication (4)

121.763 121.712 122.594 0.7 0.7

Other goods and services

138.525 137.974 138.494 0.0 0.4
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All Items

125.642 125.922 127.490 1.5 1.2

Commodities

123.671 122.451 123.457 -0.2 0.8

Commodities less food & beverages

117.413 115.850 116.666 -0.6 0.7

Nondurables less food & beverages

152.657 150.668 153.786 0.7 2.1

Durables

87.229 86.037 84.988 -2.6 -1.2

Services

127.147 128.562 130.486 2.6 1.5
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

123.902 124.170 125.573 1.3 1.1

All items less shelter

130.594 129.660 131.206 0.5 1.2

Commodities less food

118.022 116.433 117.115 -0.8 0.6

Nondurables

143.885 142.637 144.830 0.7 1.5

Nondurables less food

151.059 149.049 151.670 0.4 1.8

Services less rent of shelter (1)

141.260 140.896 143.042 1.3 1.5

Services less medical care services

124.118 125.628 127.240 2.5 1.3

Energy

218.616 216.671 214.846 -1.7 -0.8

All items less energy

120.068 120.625 122.310 1.9 1.4

All items less food and energy

117.583 118.278 119.955 2.0 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(2) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(3) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(4) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, August 19, 2014