HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2013 2014 2015 2016
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

193,861 194,147 194,491 194,831 195,030 195,312 195,655 195,994 196,394 196,678 197,027 197,373 197,722

Civilian labor force

123,539 123,630 123,492 123,016 123,471 123,188 123,292 123,302 123,856 123,625 123,381 123,562 124,709

Participation rate

63.7 63.7 63.5 63.1 63.3 63.1 63.0 62.9 63.1 62.9 62.6 62.6 63.1

Employed

115,104 115,394 115,583 115,468 116,398 116,631 116,841 117,306 117,945 117,867 117,863 118,129 119,381

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.4 59.4 59.3 59.7 59.7 59.7 59.9 60.1 59.9 59.8 59.9 60.4

Unemployed

8,435 8,236 7,909 7,548 7,073 6,557 6,450 5,996 5,911 5,759 5,518 5,432 5,328

Unemployment rate

6.8 6.7 6.4 6.1 5.7 5.3 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3

Not in labor force

70,322 70,517 70,998 71,816 71,559 72,123 72,363 72,692 72,538 73,052 73,646 73,811 73,013

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,626 64,613 64,488 64,315 64,512 64,357 64,434 64,387 64,879 64,730 64,637 64,585 65,201

Participation rate

73.3 73.1 72.8 72.4 72.5 72.2 72.2 72.0 72.4 72.1 71.9 71.7 72.2

Employed

60,545 60,531 60,475 60,515 61,081 61,165 61,392 61,534 61,999 61,974 61,946 61,931 62,669

Employment-population ratio

68.6 68.5 68.3 68.2 68.7 68.7 68.8 68.8 69.2 69.0 68.9 68.7 69.4

Unemployed

4,081 4,082 4,014 3,799 3,431 3,192 3,042 2,853 2,881 2,757 2,690 2,654 2,531

Unemployment rate

6.3 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,262 54,361 54,426 54,153 54,524 54,408 54,358 54,396 54,420 54,354 54,334 54,530 54,899

Participation rate

58.3 58.3 58.2 57.8 58.2 58.0 57.8 57.8 57.6 57.5 57.3 57.4 57.7

Employed

50,926 51,189 51,429 51,259 51,676 51,811 51,768 51,947 52,100 52,044 52,124 52,380 52,751

Employment-population ratio

54.7 54.9 55.0 54.8 55.2 55.2 55.1 55.2 55.2 55.0 55.0 55.2 55.5

Unemployed

3,336 3,172 2,998 2,894 2,847 2,597 2,591 2,449 2,320 2,310 2,210 2,150 2,148

Unemployment rate

6.1 5.8 5.5 5.3 5.2 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.9

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,651 4,656 4,577 4,548 4,435 4,424 4,499 4,520 4,556 4,541 4,410 4,446 4,609

Participation rate

37.1 37.2 36.7 36.6 35.8 35.7 36.4 36.6 36.9 36.8 35.8 36.1 37.4

Employed

3,634 3,673 3,680 3,693 3,641 3,656 3,682 3,826 3,846 3,849 3,792 3,818 3,961

Employment-population ratio

29.0 29.3 29.5 29.7 29.4 29.5 29.8 31.0 31.2 31.2 30.8 31.0 32.1

Unemployed

1,017 982 897 855 795 768 817 694 710 692 618 628 649

Unemployment rate

21.9 21.1 19.6 18.8 17.9 17.4 18.2 15.4 15.6 15.2 14.0 14.1 14.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

30,222 30,322 30,426 30,535 30,685 30,788 30,894 31,005 31,222 31,327 31,439 31,556 31,716

Civilian labor force

18,623 18,645 18,586 18,459 18,718 18,749 18,987 19,030 19,078 19,392 19,351 19,430 19,539

Participation rate

61.6 61.5 61.1 60.5 61.0 60.9 61.5 61.4 61.1 61.9 61.6 61.6 61.6

Employed

16,099 16,128 16,198 16,178 16,458 16,644 16,830 16,992 17,133 17,499 17,559 17,690 17,810

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.2 53.2 53.0 53.6 54.1 54.5 54.8 54.9 55.9 55.9 56.1 56.2

Unemployed

2,524 2,517 2,388 2,281 2,259 2,105 2,157 2,039 1,945 1,893 1,792 1,740 1,729

Unemployment rate

13.6 13.5 12.8 12.4 12.1 11.2 11.4 10.7 10.2 9.8 9.3 9.0 8.8

Not in labor force

11,599 11,677 11,840 12,075 11,968 12,039 11,907 11,974 12,144 11,935 12,088 12,126 12,176

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,428 8,379 8,405 8,335 8,467 8,514 8,690 8,663 8,699 8,873 8,746 8,767 8,878

Participation rate

68.1 67.4 67.2 66.3 66.9 66.9 68.0 67.5 67.2 68.2 67.0 66.8 67.3

Employed

7,340 7,276 7,280 7,325 7,434 7,569 7,722 7,722 7,814 8,018 7,962 7,956 8,120

Employment-population ratio

59.3 58.5 58.2 58.3 58.7 59.5 60.4 60.1 60.4 61.7 61.0 60.6 61.5

Unemployed

1,088 1,103 1,125 1,009 1,033 945 968 941 885 854 784 812 758

Unemployment rate

12.9 13.2 13.4 12.1 12.2 11.1 11.1 10.9 10.2 9.6 9.0 9.3 8.5

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,470 9,542 9,441 9,457 9,606 9,557 9,620 9,638 9,692 9,817 9,899 9,964 9,925

Participation rate

62.1 62.3 61.4 61.3 62.0 61.4 61.6 61.5 61.4 62.0 62.3 62.5 62.0

Employed

8,315 8,432 8,456 8,424 8,608 8,624 8,647 8,771 8,827 8,988 9,105 9,205 9,136

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.1 55.0 54.6 55.5 55.4 55.4 56.0 55.9 56.8 57.3 57.7 57.0

Unemployed

1,155 1,110 985 1,033 998 933 973 868 865 830 794 760 790

Unemployment rate

12.2 11.6 10.4 10.9 10.4 9.8 10.1 9.0 8.9 8.4 8.0 7.6 8.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

725 724 740 668 645 678 677 728 687 702 706 699 736

Participation rate

28.0 28.1 28.9 26.3 25.6 27.0 27.0 29.2 27.5 28.2 28.4 28.1 29.4

Employed

443 420 462 429 416 451 460 498 493 493 492 530 555

Employment-population ratio

17.1 16.3 18.1 16.9 16.5 17.9 18.4 20.0 19.7 19.8 19.8 21.3 22.2

Unemployed

282 304 278 239 229 227 217 230 195 209 214 169 181

Unemployment rate

38.9 42.0 37.5 35.8 35.5 33.5 32.0 31.6 28.3 29.8 30.3 24.2 24.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

13,159 13,293 13,290 13,444 13,714 13,806 13,752 13,865 14,280 14,374 14,535 14,490 14,900

Civilian labor force

8,506 8,548 8,625 8,658 8,780 8,747 8,724 8,791 8,954 9,088 9,088 9,085 9,343

Participation rate

64.6 64.3 64.9 64.4 64.0 63.4 63.4 63.4 62.7 63.2 62.5 62.7 62.7

Employed

8,011 8,136 8,163 8,236 8,307 8,274 8,336 8,382 8,619 8,717 8,750 8,740 8,988

Employment-population ratio

60.9 61.2 61.4 61.3 60.6 59.9 60.6 60.5 60.4 60.6 60.2 60.3 60.3

Unemployed

495 413 462 422 472 473 388 409 335 371 338 345 355

Unemployment rate

5.8 4.8 5.4 4.9 5.4 5.4 4.4 4.7 3.7 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.8

Not in labor force

4,653 4,744 4,665 4,786 4,935 5,059 5,028 5,074 5,327 5,286 5,448 5,405 5,557

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

37,168 37,395 37,630 37,876 38,052 38,277 38,513 38,759 39,244 39,484 39,738 40,004 40,301

Civilian labor force

24,531 24,731 24,955 24,873 25,143 25,213 25,443 25,689 26,040 26,137 26,097 26,231 26,625

Participation rate

66.0 66.1 66.3 65.7 66.1 65.9 66.1 66.3 66.4 66.2 65.7 65.6 66.1

Employed

22,194 22,503 22,669 22,696 23,107 23,312 23,576 23,976 24,286 24,373 24,376 24,564 25,125

Employment-population ratio

59.7 60.2 60.2 59.9 60.7 60.9 61.2 61.9 61.9 61.7 61.3 61.4 62.3

Unemployed

2,337 2,228 2,287 2,177 2,036 1,901 1,867 1,713 1,754 1,764 1,721 1,668 1,500

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.0 9.2 8.8 8.1 7.5 7.3 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 5.6

Not in labor force

12,638 12,664 12,675 13,002 12,909 13,065 13,070 13,071 13,204 13,348 13,640 13,772 13,676

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,567 13,706 13,829 13,810 13,915 13,977 14,109 14,268 14,468 14,447 14,428 14,431 14,698

Participation rate

81.0 81.3 81.4 80.7 80.9 80.7 81.0 81.3 81.8 81.2 80.5 80.0 80.9

Employed

12,468 12,640 12,697 12,746 12,997 13,087 13,256 13,468 13,623 13,591 13,622 13,661 13,994

Employment-population ratio

74.4 74.9 74.8 74.5 75.6 75.6 76.1 76.7 77.0 76.4 76.0 75.7 77.0

Unemployed

1,099 1,066 1,132 1,064 918 890 853 801 846 856 806 771 705

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.8 8.2 7.7 6.6 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.6 5.3 4.8

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,890 9,886 9,918 9,953 10,161 10,140 10,240 10,240 10,376 10,536 10,562 10,681 10,735

Participation rate

59.0 58.6 58.4 58.2 59.1 58.6 58.8 58.4 58.1 58.6 58.3 58.6 58.4

Employed

8,954 9,052 9,096 9,124 9,308 9,382 9,486 9,551 9,718 9,853 9,853 9,990 10,135

Employment-population ratio

53.4 53.6 53.5 53.3 54.1 54.2 54.5 54.5 54.4 54.8 54.4 54.8 55.1

Unemployed

936 834 822 828 853 758 754 689 659 683 710 691 600

Unemployment rate

9.5 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.4 7.5 7.4 6.7 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.5 5.6

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,073 1,139 1,209 1,111 1,067 1,096 1,094 1,180 1,196 1,153 1,107 1,119 1,192

Participation rate

29.5 31.2 33.1 30.4 29.2 30.0 29.8 32.1 32.4 31.2 29.8 30.0 31.8

Employed

771 811 876 826 803 843 834 957 946 929 902 913 996

Employment-population ratio

21.2 22.2 24.0 22.6 22.0 23.0 22.8 26.0 25.6 25.1 24.3 24.5 26.6

Unemployed

302 328 332 285 265 253 259 223 250 224 205 206 195

Unemployment rate

28.2 28.8 27.5 25.6 24.8 23.1 23.7 18.9 20.9 19.5 18.5 18.4 16.4

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: April 01, 2016