HOUSEHOLD DATA
SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
QUARTERLY AVERAGES
E-2. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, sex, and age, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race,
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity,
sex, and age
2013 2014 2015 2016
3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 2nd 3rd

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

194,491 194,831 195,030 195,312 195,655 195,994 196,394 196,678 197,027 197,373 197,722 198,017 198,381

Civilian labor force

123,492 123,016 123,471 123,188 123,292 123,302 123,856 123,625 123,381 123,562 124,709 124,533 124,807

Participation rate

63.5 63.1 63.3 63.1 63.0 62.9 63.1 62.9 62.6 62.6 63.1 62.9 62.9

Employed

115,583 115,468 116,398 116,631 116,841 117,306 117,945 117,867 117,863 118,129 119,381 119,241 119,378

Employment-population ratio

59.4 59.3 59.7 59.7 59.7 59.9 60.1 59.9 59.8 59.9 60.4 60.2 60.2

Unemployed

7,909 7,548 7,073 6,557 6,450 5,996 5,911 5,759 5,518 5,432 5,328 5,292 5,429

Unemployment rate

6.4 6.1 5.7 5.3 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.4

Not in labor force

70,998 71,816 71,559 72,123 72,363 72,692 72,538 73,052 73,646 73,811 73,013 73,484 73,573

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,488 64,315 64,512 64,357 64,434 64,387 64,879 64,730 64,637 64,585 65,201 65,074 65,256

Participation rate

72.8 72.4 72.5 72.2 72.2 72.0 72.4 72.1 71.9 71.7 72.2 71.9 72.0

Employed

60,475 60,515 61,081 61,165 61,392 61,534 61,999 61,974 61,946 61,931 62,669 62,541 62,570

Employment-population ratio

68.3 68.2 68.7 68.7 68.8 68.8 69.2 69.0 68.9 68.7 69.4 69.1 69.0

Unemployed

4,014 3,799 3,431 3,192 3,042 2,853 2,881 2,757 2,690 2,654 2,531 2,533 2,686

Unemployment rate

6.2 5.9 5.3 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.9 4.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,426 54,153 54,524 54,408 54,358 54,396 54,420 54,354 54,334 54,530 54,899 54,869 54,900

Participation rate

58.2 57.8 58.2 58.0 57.8 57.8 57.6 57.5 57.3 57.4 57.7 57.6 57.6

Employed

51,429 51,259 51,676 51,811 51,768 51,947 52,100 52,044 52,124 52,380 52,751 52,752 52,814

Employment-population ratio

55.0 54.8 55.2 55.2 55.1 55.2 55.2 55.0 55.0 55.2 55.5 55.4 55.4

Unemployed

2,998 2,894 2,847 2,597 2,591 2,449 2,320 2,310 2,210 2,150 2,148 2,117 2,086

Unemployment rate

5.5 5.3 5.2 4.8 4.8 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,577 4,548 4,435 4,424 4,499 4,520 4,556 4,541 4,410 4,446 4,609 4,590 4,651

Participation rate

36.7 36.6 35.8 35.7 36.4 36.6 36.9 36.8 35.8 36.1 37.4 37.2 37.7

Employed

3,680 3,693 3,641 3,656 3,682 3,826 3,846 3,849 3,792 3,818 3,961 3,948 3,994

Employment-population ratio

29.5 29.7 29.4 29.5 29.8 31.0 31.2 31.2 30.8 31.0 32.1 32.0 32.3

Unemployed

897 855 795 768 817 694 710 692 618 628 649 642 657

Unemployment rate

19.6 18.8 17.9 17.4 18.2 15.4 15.6 15.2 14.0 14.1 14.1 14.0 14.1

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

30,426 30,535 30,685 30,788 30,894 31,005 31,222 31,327 31,439 31,556 31,716 31,828 31,946

Civilian labor force

18,586 18,459 18,718 18,749 18,987 19,030 19,078 19,392 19,351 19,430 19,539 19,452 19,705

Participation rate

61.1 60.5 61.0 60.9 61.5 61.4 61.1 61.9 61.6 61.6 61.6 61.1 61.7

Employed

16,198 16,178 16,458 16,644 16,830 16,992 17,133 17,499 17,559 17,690 17,810 17,792 18,075

Employment-population ratio

53.2 53.0 53.6 54.1 54.5 54.8 54.9 55.9 55.9 56.1 56.2 55.9 56.6

Unemployed

2,388 2,281 2,259 2,105 2,157 2,039 1,945 1,893 1,792 1,740 1,729 1,660 1,630

Unemployment rate

12.8 12.4 12.1 11.2 11.4 10.7 10.2 9.8 9.3 9.0 8.8 8.5 8.3

Not in labor force

11,840 12,075 11,968 12,039 11,907 11,974 12,144 11,935 12,088 12,126 12,176 12,377 12,241

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,405 8,335 8,467 8,514 8,690 8,663 8,699 8,873 8,746 8,767 8,878 8,967 8,980

Participation rate

67.2 66.3 66.9 66.9 68.0 67.5 67.2 68.2 67.0 66.8 67.3 67.7 67.5

Employed

7,280 7,325 7,434 7,569 7,722 7,722 7,814 8,018 7,962 7,956 8,120 8,212 8,259

Employment-population ratio

58.2 58.3 58.7 59.5 60.4 60.1 60.4 61.7 61.0 60.6 61.5 62.0 62.1

Unemployed

1,125 1,009 1,033 945 968 941 885 854 784 812 758 756 721

Unemployment rate

13.4 12.1 12.2 11.1 11.1 10.9 10.2 9.6 9.0 9.3 8.5 8.4 8.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,441 9,457 9,606 9,557 9,620 9,638 9,692 9,817 9,899 9,964 9,925 9,756 9,974

Participation rate

61.4 61.3 62.0 61.4 61.6 61.5 61.4 62.0 62.3 62.5 62.0 60.7 61.8

Employed

8,456 8,424 8,608 8,624 8,647 8,771 8,827 8,988 9,105 9,205 9,136 9,056 9,263

Employment-population ratio

55.0 54.6 55.5 55.4 55.4 56.0 55.9 56.8 57.3 57.7 57.0 56.3 57.4

Unemployed

985 1,033 998 933 973 868 865 830 794 760 790 699 711

Unemployment rate

10.4 10.9 10.4 9.8 10.1 9.0 8.9 8.4 8.0 7.6 8.0 7.2 7.1

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

740 668 645 678 677 728 687 702 706 699 736 728 751

Participation rate

28.9 26.3 25.6 27.0 27.0 29.2 27.5 28.2 28.4 28.1 29.4 29.0 29.9

Employed

462 429 416 451 460 498 493 493 492 530 555 524 553

Employment-population ratio

18.1 16.9 16.5 17.9 18.4 20.0 19.7 19.8 19.8 21.3 22.2 20.9 22.0

Unemployed

278 239 229 227 217 230 195 209 214 169 181 205 198

Unemployment rate

37.5 35.8 35.5 33.5 32.0 31.6 28.3 29.8 30.3 24.2 24.6 28.1 26.4

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

13,290 13,444 13,714 13,806 13,752 13,865 14,280 14,374 14,535 14,490 14,900 14,941 15,275

Civilian labor force

8,625 8,658 8,780 8,747 8,724 8,791 8,954 9,088 9,088 9,085 9,343 9,455 9,705

Participation rate

64.9 64.4 64.0 63.4 63.4 63.4 62.7 63.2 62.5 62.7 62.7 63.3 63.5

Employed

8,163 8,236 8,307 8,274 8,336 8,382 8,619 8,717 8,750 8,740 8,988 9,096 9,317

Employment-population ratio

61.4 61.3 60.6 59.9 60.6 60.5 60.4 60.6 60.2 60.3 60.3 60.9 61.0

Unemployed

462 422 472 473 388 409 335 371 338 345 355 358 388

Unemployment rate

5.4 4.9 5.4 5.4 4.4 4.7 3.7 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0

Not in labor force

4,665 4,786 4,935 5,059 5,028 5,074 5,327 5,286 5,448 5,405 5,557 5,486 5,570

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population(1)

37,630 37,876 38,052 38,277 38,513 38,759 39,244 39,484 39,738 40,004 40,301 40,559 40,826

Civilian labor force

24,955 24,873 25,143 25,213 25,443 25,689 26,040 26,137 26,097 26,231 26,625 26,593 26,945

Participation rate

66.3 65.7 66.1 65.9 66.1 66.3 66.4 66.2 65.7 65.6 66.1 65.6 66.0

Employed

22,669 22,696 23,107 23,312 23,576 23,976 24,286 24,373 24,376 24,564 25,125 25,043 25,381

Employment-population ratio

60.2 59.9 60.7 60.9 61.2 61.9 61.9 61.7 61.3 61.4 62.3 61.7 62.2

Unemployed

2,287 2,177 2,036 1,901 1,867 1,713 1,754 1,764 1,721 1,668 1,500 1,551 1,565

Unemployment rate

9.2 8.8 8.1 7.5 7.3 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6 6.4 5.6 5.8 5.8

Not in labor force

12,675 13,002 12,909 13,065 13,070 13,071 13,204 13,348 13,640 13,772 13,676 13,966 13,880

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,829 13,810 13,915 13,977 14,109 14,268 14,468 14,447 14,428 14,431 14,698 14,678 14,859

Participation rate

81.4 80.7 80.9 80.7 81.0 81.3 81.8 81.2 80.5 80.0 80.9 80.3 80.7

Employed

12,697 12,746 12,997 13,087 13,256 13,468 13,623 13,591 13,622 13,661 13,994 14,000 14,120

Employment-population ratio

74.8 74.5 75.6 75.6 76.1 76.7 77.0 76.4 76.0 75.7 77.0 76.6 76.7

Unemployed

1,132 1,064 918 890 853 801 846 856 806 771 705 678 739

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.7 6.6 6.4 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.6 5.3 4.8 4.6 5.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,918 9,953 10,161 10,140 10,240 10,240 10,376 10,536 10,562 10,681 10,735 10,720 10,918

Participation rate

58.4 58.2 59.1 58.6 58.8 58.4 58.1 58.6 58.3 58.6 58.4 57.9 58.6

Employed

9,096 9,124 9,308 9,382 9,486 9,551 9,718 9,853 9,853 9,990 10,135 10,056 10,280

Employment-population ratio

53.5 53.3 54.1 54.2 54.5 54.5 54.4 54.8 54.4 54.8 55.1 54.3 55.2

Unemployed

822 828 853 758 754 689 659 683 710 691 600 665 638

Unemployment rate

8.3 8.3 8.4 7.5 7.4 6.7 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.5 5.6 6.2 5.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,209 1,111 1,067 1,096 1,094 1,180 1,196 1,153 1,107 1,119 1,192 1,195 1,169

Participation rate

33.1 30.4 29.2 30.0 29.8 32.1 32.4 31.2 29.8 30.0 31.8 31.7 30.9

Employed

876 826 803 843 834 957 946 929 902 913 996 987 981

Employment-population ratio

24.0 22.6 22.0 23.0 22.8 26.0 25.6 25.1 24.3 24.5 26.6 26.2 25.9

Unemployed

332 285 265 253 259 223 250 224 205 206 195 208 188

Unemployment rate

27.5 25.6 24.8 23.1 23.7 18.9 20.9 19.5 18.5 18.4 16.4 17.4 16.1

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation.

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups (White, Black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

 

Last Modified Date: October 07, 2016