Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release

                                   
For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Tuesday, March 9, 2010             USDL-10-0282

Technical information: (202) 691-5870 • JoltsInfo@bls.gov •  www.bls.gov/jlt

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902 • PressOffice@bls.gov


            Job Openings and Labor Turnover – January 2010

There were 2.7 million job openings on the last business day of
January 2010, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The
job openings rate rose over the month to 2.1 percent, the highest the
rate has been since February 2009. The hires rate (3.1 percent) and
the separations rate (3.2 percent) were unchanged in January. This
release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings,
hires, and separations for the total nonfarm sector by industry and
geographic region. This release also includes annual estimates for
hires and separations.  The annual totals for hires and quits
decreased in 2009 while the annual total for layoffs and discharges
increased.

 __________________________________________________________________________
|                    Revisions to the JOLTS Data                           |
|                                                                          |
| The job openings, hires, and separations data in this release have been  |
| revised from December 2000 forward to incorporate annual updates to the  |
| Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the Job Openings  |
| and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) seasonal adjustment factors.           |
| See page 5 for more information.                                         |
|__________________________________________________________________________|


Job Openings
The job openings rate increased in January to 2.1 percent, the highest
the rate has been since February 2009. In January, the job openings
rate increased in education and health services. (See table 1.)


                             - 2 -


Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally
adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                   |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry      | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan. | Jan. | Dec. | Jan.
                   | 2009 | 2009 | 2010p| 2009 | 2009 | 2010p| 2009 | 2009 | 2010p
-------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                     Levels (in thousands)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|2,792 |2,531 |2,724 |4,330 |3,997 |4,080 |5,121 |4,195 |4,122
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|2,396 |2,130 |2,327 |4,005 |3,715 |3,802 |4,833 |3,884 |3,843
  Construction.....|   33 |   67 |   60 |  358 |  335 |  326 |  523 |  382 |  409
  Manufacturing....|  114 |  171 |  153 |  213 |  244 |  252 |  502 |  273 |  250
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  482 |  378 |  385 |  928 |  849 |  844 |1,085 |  901 |  854
   Retail trade....|  349 |  237 |  231 |  572 |  547 |  594 |  662 |  567 |  583
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  508 |  404 |  432 |  726 |  652 |  741 |  855 |  649 |  703
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  620 |  545 |  617 |  552 |  496 |  488 |  499 |  486 |  461
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  235 |  227 |  252 |  725 |  657 |  711 |  757 |  688 |  711
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|   31 |   20 |   17 |  109 |   94 |   99 |  113 |  109 |  110
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  203 |  207 |  235 |  616 |  562 |  611 |  644 |  578 |  601
 Government(3).....|  396 |  401 |  397 |  325 |  282 |  278 |  288 |  311 |  279
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  313 |  294 |  266 |  286 |  254 |  234 |  267 |  283 |  258
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
                   |                       Rates (percent)
                   |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..............|  2.0 |  1.9 |  2.1 |  3.2 |  3.1 |  3.1 |  3.8 |  3.2 |  3.2
                   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..|  2.1 |  2.0 |  2.1 |  3.6 |  3.5 |  3.6 |  4.4 |  3.6 |  3.6
  Construction.....|  0.5 |  1.2 |  1.1 |  5.5 |  5.9 |  5.8 |  8.0 |  6.7 |  7.3
  Manufacturing....|  0.9 |  1.5 |  1.3 |  1.7 |  2.1 |  2.2 |  4.0 |  2.4 |  2.2
  Trade, trans-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   portation, and  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   utilities(2)....|  1.9 |  1.5 |  1.5 |  3.6 |  3.4 |  3.4 |  4.3 |  3.7 |  3.5
   Retail trade....|  2.3 |  1.6 |  1.6 |  3.9 |  3.8 |  4.1 |  4.5 |  3.9 |  4.0
  Professional     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and business    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services........|  2.9 |  2.4 |  2.5 |  4.2 |  4.0 |  4.5 |  5.0 |  3.9 |  4.3
  Education and    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   health ser-     |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   vices...........|  3.2 |  2.7 |  3.1 |  2.9 |  2.6 |  2.5 |  2.6 |  2.5 |  2.4
  Leisure and      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   hospitality.....|  1.7 |  1.7 |  1.9 |  5.5 |  5.1 |  5.5 |  5.7 |  5.3 |  5.5
   Arts, enter-    |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    tainment and   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    recreation.....|  1.6 |  1.1 |  0.9 |  5.6 |  5.0 |  5.3 |  5.8 |  5.8 |  5.9
   Accommodation   |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and food       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    services.......|  1.8 |  1.8 |  2.1 |  5.5 |  5.1 |  5.5 |  5.7 |  5.2 |  5.4
 Government(3).....|  1.7 |  1.8 |  1.7 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.2
  State and local  |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   government......|  1.6 |  1.5 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.2 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.3
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and
other services, not shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not
shown separately.
  3 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment 
factors.


Over the 12 months ending in January, the job openings rate (not
seasonally adjusted) was essentially unchanged for total nonfarm,
total private, and government. The job openings rate increased over
the year in construction, durable goods manufacturing, wholesale
trade, information, and federal government. The job openings rate
decreased over the 12-month period in retail trade and educational
services. (See table 5.)

Hires

The hires rate was unchanged in January, remaining at 3.1 percent. The
rate has remained between 3.0 percent and 3.2 percent since November
2008. After falling from the most recent peak of 5.6 million hires in
January 2005, the hires level reached a low point of 3.9 million in
June 2009. In January 2010, 


                             - 3 -


the hires level was 4.1 million. The hires rate was essentially unchanged
in January for all industries and all four regions. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in January, the hires rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was little changed for total nonfarm and total private, but
fell for government. Over the 12 months ending in January, the hires
rate increased for durable goods manufacturing and decreased for
wholesale trade, health care and social assistance, and the South
region. (See table 6.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits (voluntary separations), layoffs and
discharges (involuntary separations), and other separations (including
retirements). The total separations, or turnover, rate was unchanged
in January for total nonfarm and remained low at 3.2 percent. The rate
was also unchanged for total private, but fell for government. The
total separations rate (not seasonally adjusted) decreased over the 12
months ending in January for total nonfarm and total private while the
rate for government was unchanged. (See tables 3 and 7.)

The quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or
ability to change jobs. In January, the quits rate was little changed
for total nonfarm (1.4 percent), total private (1.6 percent), and
government (0.5 percent). The rate rose over the month in construction
and arts, entertainment, and recreation. After falling from the most
recent peak of 3.2 million in November 2006, the number of quits has
held steady at 1.7 million or 1.8 million since April 2009. (See table
4.)

Over the 12 months ending in January, the quits rate (not seasonally
adjusted) was little changed for total nonfarm and government, but
decreased for total private.  The quits rate increased over the year
in educational services and arts, entertainment, and recreation; the
rate decreased in mining and logging, durable goods manufacturing, and
retail trade. The quits rate fell over the year in the Midwest and was
essentially unchanged in the other regions. (See table 8.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is
seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, total private, and
government levels. The layoffs and discharges level for total nonfarm
(1.9 million) and total private (1.8 million) were essentially
unchanged in January, while the level for government (110,000) fell.
The corresponding layoffs and discharges rates were 1.5 percent, 1.7
percent, and 0.5 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges at the
total nonfarm level peaked at 2.6 million in January 2009; the most
recent trough was 1.6 million in January 2006. (See table B below.)

The layoffs and discharges rate (not seasonally adjusted) fell over
the 12 months ending in January for total nonfarm and total private,
and was little changed for government. The layoffs and discharges rate
fell over the year in many industries, including construction, durable
goods manufacturing, nondurable goods manufacturing, wholesale trade,
information, finance and insurance, real estate and rental and
leasing, and other services. Regionally, the rate fell over the year
in 3 of the 4 regions—Midwest, Northeast, and South. The layoffs and
discharges rate did not rise over the year in any industry or region.
(See table 9.)


                             - 4 -


Table B.  Layoffs and discharges by industry, seasonally adjusted
--------------------------------------------------------------------
                   | Levels (in thousands) |        Rates
                   |------------------------------------------------
     Industry      |  Jan. |  Dec. |  Jan. |  Jan. |  Dec. |  Jan.
                   |  2009 |  2009 |  2010p|  2009 |  2009 |  2010p
-------------------|------------------------------------------------
Total..............| 2,641 | 2,049 | 1,890 |  2.0  |  1.6  |  1.5
 Total private.....| 2,518 | 1,914 | 1,780 |  2.3  |  1.8  |  1.7
 Government....... |   123 |   135 |   110 |  0.5  |  0.6  |  0.5
--------------------------------------------------------------------
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current
Employment Statistics employment estimates and the JOLTS seasonal adjustment 
factors.

The other separations series is not seasonally adjusted. In January,
there were 547,000 other separations for total nonfarm, 476,000 for
total private, and 71,000 for government. Compared to January 2009,
the number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm,
total private, and government. (See table 10.)

The total separations level is influenced by the relative contribution
of its three components—quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. The percentage of total separations at the total nonfarm
level attributable to the individual components has varied over time.
The proportion of quits had exceeded the proportion of layoffs and
discharges every month from the beginning of the series in December
2000 until November 2008 when layoffs and discharges became the larger
contributor to total separations. The proportion of separations due to
quits hit a series low of 39 percent in January 2009 and again in
April 2009. The proportion is now 43 percent in January 2010. The
proportion of separations due to layoffs and discharges rose to a
series high of 56 percent in April 2009 and was 46 percent in January
2010. (See tables 3 and 4, and table B above.)

Net Change in Employment

Over the 12 months ending in January, hires totaled 48.4 million and
separations totaled 52.4 million, yielding a net employment loss of
4.0 million.

Annual Levels and Rates

This release contains the 2009 annual rates and levels for hires,
total separations, quits, layoffs and discharges, and other
separations. Note that annual figures for job openings are not
calculated because job openings are measured on a stock, or point-in-
time, basis rather than on a flow basis over a specified time period.
The annual figures and additional tables are published with the
release of January data each year. (See the Technical Note for
additional information on these measures.)

Calculating annual levels and rates allows additional comparisons
across years. For the third year in a row, annual levels fell for
hires, total separations, quits, and other separations, while rising
for layoffs and discharges. In 2009, annual hires fell to 48.7 million
(37.2 percent of employment), annual total separations fell to 53.7
million (41.0 percent of employment), annual quits declined steeply to
22.0 million (16.8 percent of employment), and annual other
separations decreased slightly to 3.9 million (3.0 percent of
employment). Annual layoffs and discharges rose in 2009 to 27.8
million (21.2 percent of employment). (See tables 11 through 20.)


                             - 5 -


The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for February 2010
are scheduled to be released on Tuesday, April 6, 2010 at 10:00 a.m.
(EDT).
     
           Revisions to Job Openings and Labor Turnover Data

In accordance with annual practice, the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS) data have been revised to reflect annual
updates to the Current Employment Statistics (CES), or establishment
survey, employment estimates. The JOLTS employment levels (not
published) are ratio-adjusted to the CES employment levels, and the
resulting ratios are applied to all JOLTS data elements. This annual
benchmark process resulted in revisions to all not seasonally adjusted
JOLTS data series from April 2008 forward, the time period since the
last benchmark was established. Additionally, the seasonally adjusted
JOLTS data series have been recalculated from December 2000 forward to
reflect updated seasonal adjustment factors. Further, the new
methodology incorporated in 2009 to more closely align the hires and
separations estimates with the monthly payroll employment change
created a dependency of the not seasonally adjusted estimates on the
seasonal adjustment process. Therefore, the not seasonally adjusted
data series have been recalculated from December 2000 forward to
reflect the updated seasonal adjustment factors’ effect on the
alignment process.

Tables C through H present revised total nonfarm data for January
through December 2009.  The revised data incorporate the effect of
applying the new benchmark level.  The December 2009 revisions also
reflect the routine incorporation of additional sample receipts into
the final December estimates.  Table C (job openings), table D
(hires), table E (total separations), table F (quits), and table G
(layoffs and discharges) present revised data on a seasonally adjusted
basis, incorporating the new seasonal adjustment factors as well as
the new benchmark level. Table H (other separations) present revisions
on a not seasonally adjusted basis since that series is not adjusted.

The BLS website contains all revised historical seasonally adjusted
and not seasonally adjusted JOLTS data. The data can be accessed
through the JOLTS homepage at http://www.bls.gov/jlt/.

Further information on the revisions released today may be obtained by
calling (202) 691-5870 or via the Internet on the JOLTS homepage.



                             - 6 -


Table C. Revisions in job openings data January 2009 - December 2009,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2009   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    2,920   |  2,792  |   -128     |     2.1    |  2.0    |   -0.1
February..|    2,973   |  2,830  |   -143     |     2.2    |  2.1    |    -.1
March.....|    2,633   |  2,671  |     38     |     1.9    |  2.0    |     .1
April.....|    2,513   |  2,475  |    -38     |     1.9    |  1.8    |    -.1
May.......|    2,523   |  2,488  |    -35     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
June......|    2,513   |  2,519  |      6     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
July......|    2,408   |  2,338  |    -70     |     1.8    |  1.8    |     .0
August....|    2,423   |  2,411  |    -12     |     1.8    |  1.8    |     .0
September.|    2,586   |  2,624  |     38     |     1.9    |  2.0    |     .1
October...|    2,571   |  2,546  |    -25     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
November..|    2,434   |  2,456  |     22     |     1.8    |  1.9    |     .1
December..|    2,497   |  2,531  |     34     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________



Table D. Revisions in hires data January 2009 - December 2009,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2009   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,460   |  4,330  |   -130     |     3.3    |  3.2    |   -0.1
February..|    4,339   |  4,095  |   -244     |     3.2    |  3.1    |    -.1
March.....|    4,099   |  3,935  |   -164     |     3.1    |  3.0    |    -.1
April.....|    4,117   |  4,182  |     65     |     3.1    |  3.2    |     .1
May.......|    3,942   |  3,962  |     20     |     3.0    |  3.0    |     .0
June......|    3,919   |  3,856  |    -63     |     3.0    |  3.0    |     .0
July......|    4,228   |  4,065  |   -163     |     3.2    |  3.1    |    -.1
August....|    4,040   |  3,975  |    -65     |     3.1    |  3.1    |     .0
September.|    4,061   |  4,091  |     30     |     3.1    |  3.2    |     .1
October...|    4,045   |  4,001  |    -44     |     3.1    |  3.1    |     .0
November..|    4,125   |  4,160  |     35     |     3.1    |  3.2    |     .1
December..|    4,073   |  3,997  |    -76     |     3.1    |  3.1    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________



                             - 7 -


Table E. Revisions in total separations data January 2009 - December 2009,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2009   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    4,949   |  5,121  |    172     |     3.7    |  3.8    |    0.1
February..|    4,833   |  4,869  |     36     |     3.6    |  3.7    |     .1
March.....|    4,712   |  4,710  |     -2     |     3.5    |  3.6    |     .1
April.....|    4,641   |  4,651  |     10     |     3.5    |  3.5    |     .0
May.......|    4,356   |  4,401  |     45     |     3.3    |  3.4    |     .1
June......|    4,306   |  4,310  |      4     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
July......|    4,430   |  4,424  |     -6     |     3.4    |  3.4    |     .0
August....|    4,284   |  4,166  |   -118     |     3.3    |  3.2    |    -.1
September.|    4,325   |  4,274  |    -51     |     3.3    |  3.3    |     .0
October...|    4,223   |  4,171  |    -52     |     3.2    |  3.2    |     .0
November..|    4,274   |  4,130  |   -144     |     3.3    |  3.2    |    -.1
December..|    4,238   |  4,195  |    -43     |     3.2    |  3.2    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table F. Revisions in quits data January 2009 - December 2009,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2009   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    2,063   |  1,980  |    -83     |     1.5    |  1.5    |    0.0
February..|    1,911   |  2,003  |     92     |     1.4    |  1.5    |     .1
March.....|    1,856   |  1,942  |     86     |     1.4    |  1.5    |     .1
April.....|    1,777   |  1,821  |     44     |     1.3    |  1.4    |     .1
May.......|    1,788   |  1,807  |     19     |     1.4    |  1.4    |     .0
June......|    1,787   |  1,830  |     43     |     1.4    |  1.4    |     .0
July......|    1,778   |  1,822  |     44     |     1.4    |  1.4    |     .0
August....|    1,779   |  1,779  |      0     |     1.4    |  1.4    |     .0
September.|    1,804   |  1,716  |    -88     |     1.4    |  1.3    |    -.1
October...|    1,771   |  1,723  |    -48     |     1.4    |  1.3    |    -.1
November..|    1,919   |  1,837  |    -82     |     1.5    |  1.4    |    -.1
December..|    1,764   |  1,753  |    -11     |     1.3    |  1.4    |     .1
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________




                             - 8 -


Table G. Revisions in layoffs and discharges data January 2009 - December 2009,
seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2009   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|    2,568   |  2,641  |     73     |     1.9    |  2.0    |    0.1
February..|    2,546   |  2,593  |     47     |     1.9    |  2.0    |     .1
March.....|    2,528   |  2,462  |    -66     |     1.9    |  1.9    |     .0
April.....|    2,513   |  2,617  |    104     |     1.9    |  2.0    |     .1
May.......|    2,273   |  2,342  |     69     |     1.7    |  1.8    |     .1
June......|    2,141   |  2,224  |     83     |     1.6    |  1.7    |     .1
July......|    2,431   |  2,349  |    -82     |     1.8    |  1.8    |     .0
August....|    2,248   |  2,129  |   -119     |     1.7    |  1.6    |    -.1
September.|    2,128   |  2,241  |    113     |     1.6    |  1.7    |     .1
October...|    2,128   |  2,063  |    -65     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
November..|    2,011   |  1,973  |    -38     |     1.5    |  1.5    |     .0
December..|    2,079   |  2,049  |    -30     |     1.6    |  1.6    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________


Table H. Revisions in other separations data January 2009 - December 2009,
not seasonally adjusted
_________________________________________________________________________________
          |                                   |
          |          Levels (in thousands)    |           Rates (percent)
   Year   |---------------------------------- |----------------------------------
   and    |     As     |    As   |            |     As     |    As   |
   month  | previously | revised | Difference | previously | revised | Difference
          | published  |         |            | published  |         |
_________________________________________________________________________________
   2009   |            |         |            |            |         |
January...|      514   |    531  |     17     |     0.4    |  0.4    |    0.0
February..|      272   |    264  |     -8     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
March.....|      284   |    294  |     10     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
April.....|      384   |    357  |    -27     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
May.......|      288   |    271  |    -17     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
June......|      364   |    335  |    -29     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
July......|      351   |    370  |     19     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
August....|      338   |    338  |      0     |      .3    |   .3    |     .0
September.|      309   |    305  |     -4     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
October...|      325   |    357  |     32     |      .2    |   .3    |     .1
November..|      232   |    220  |    -12     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
December..|      289   |    279  |    -10     |      .2    |   .2    |     .0
__________|____________|_________|____________|____________|_________|___________



























                         - 9 -

Technical Note


  The data for the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS)
are collected and compiled monthly from a sample of business
establishments by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

Collection

  In a monthly survey of business establishments, data are
collected for total employment, job openings, hires, quits, layoffs
and discharges, and other separations.  Data collection methods
include computer-assisted telephone interviewing, touchtone data
entry, fax, e-mail, and mail.

Coverage

  The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments such
as factories, offices, and stores, as well as federal, state, and
local government entities in the 50 states and the District of
Columbia.

Concepts

  Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this
release are in accordance with the 2007 version of the North
American Industry Classification System (NAICS).  In order to
ensure the highest possible quality of data, State Workforce
Agencies verify with employers and update, if necessary, the
industry code, location, and ownership classification of all
establishments on a 3-year cycle.  Changes in establishment
characteristics resulting from the verification process are always
introduced into the JOLTS sampling frame with the data reported for
the first month of the year.

  Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who
worked or received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th
day of the reference month.  Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-
term, seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave.  Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay
period, are not counted as employed.  Employees of temporary help
agencies, employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and
consultants are counted by their employer of record, not by the
establishment where they are working.

  Job openings.  Establishments submit job openings information for
the last business day of the reference month.  A job opening
requires that: 1) a specific position exists and there is work
available for that position, 2) work could start within 30 days
regardless of whether a suitable candidate is found, and 3) the
employer is actively recruiting from outside the establishment to
fill the position.  Included are full-time, part-time, permanent,
short-term, and seasonal openings.  Active recruiting means that
the establishment is taking steps to fill a position by advertising
in newspapers or on the Internet, posting help-wanted signs,
accepting applications, or using other similar methods.

  Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions,
demotions, or recall from layoffs are excluded.  Also excluded are
jobs with start dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for
which employees have been hired but have not yet reported for work,
and jobs to be filled by employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or consultants.
The job openings rate is computed by dividing the number of job
openings by the sum of employment and job openings and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

  Hires.  Hires are the total number of additions to the payroll
occurring at any time during the reference month, including both
new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the
location after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or
intermittent employees who returned to work after having been
formally separated, and transfers from other locations.  The hires
count does not include transfers or promotions within the reporting
site, employees returning from strike, employees of temporary help
agencies or employee leasing companies, outside contractors, or
consultants.  The hires rate is computed by dividing the number of
hires by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.

  Separations.  Separations are the total number of terminations of
employment occurring at any time during the reference month, and
are reported by type of separation--quits, layoffs and discharges,
and other separations.  Quits are voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations).  Layoffs and discharges are involuntary separations
initiated by the employer and include layoffs with no intent to
rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last more than 7
days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or closings;
firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of permanent or
short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal employees.
Other separations include retirements, transfers to other
locations, deaths, and separations due to disability.  Separations
do not include transfers within the same location or employees on
strike.

  The separations rate is computed by dividing the number of
separations by employment and multiplying that quotient by 100.
The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates are
computed similarly, dividing the number by employment and
multiplying by 100.

  Annual estimates.  Annual estimates of rates and levels

                         - 10 -

of hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and total
separations are released with the January news release each year.

   The JOLTS annual level estimates for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels.  The annual rate estimates are
computed by dividing the annual level by the Current Employment
Statistics (CES) annual average employment level, and multiplying
that quotient by 100.  This figure will be approximately equal to
the sum of the 12 monthly rates.  Note that both the JOLTS and CES
annual levels are rounded to the nearest thousand before the annual
estimates are calculated.  Consistent with BLS practices, annual
estimates are published only for not seasonally adjusted data.

  Annual estimates are not calculated for job openings because job
openings are a stock, or point-in-time, measurement for the last
business day of each month.  Only jobs still open on the last day
of the month are counted.  For the same reason job openings cannot
be cumulated throughout each month, annual figures for job openings
cannot be created by summing the monthly estimates.  Hires and
separations are flow measures and are cumulated over the month with
a total reported for the month.  Therefore, the annual figures can
be created by summing the monthly estimates.

Special Collection Procedures

  An implied measure of employment change can be derived from the
JOLTS data by subtracting separations from hires for a given
month.  Aggregating these monthly changes historically produced
employment levels that overstated employment change as measured by
CES at the total nonfarm level.  Research into this problem showed
that a significant amount of the divergence between the CES
employment levels and the derived JOLTS employment levels was
traceable to the Employment Services industry and to the State
Government Education industry.  In the former industry, businesses
have a difficult time reporting hires and separations of temporary
help workers.  In the latter industry, employers have difficulty
reporting hires and separations of student workers.  BLS now
devotes additional resources to the collection, editing, and review
of data for these industries.  BLS analysts more closely examine
reported data that do not provide a consistent picture over time,
and re-contact the respondents as necessary.  Analysts work with
the respondents to adjust their reporting practices as possible.
Units that cannot be reconciled but are clearly incorrect on a
consistent basis are not used, they are replaced by imputed values
using standard techniques.

Sample and estimation methodology

  The JOLTS survey design is a random sample of 16,000 nonfarm
business establishments, including factories, offices, and stores,
as well as federal, state, and local governments in the 50 states
and the District of Columbia.  The establishments are drawn from a
universe of over 9.1 million establishments compiled as part of the
operations of the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW)
program.  This program includes all employers subject to state
Unemployment Insurance (UI) laws and federal agencies subject to
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees (UCFE).

  The sampling frame is stratified by ownership, region, industry
sector, and size class. The JOLTS sample is constructed from
individual panels of sample units drawn on an annual basis. The
full annual sample consists of one certainty panel composed of only
large units selected with virtual certainty based on their size and
24 non-certainty panels.  Each month a new non-certainty panel is
rolled into collection, and the oldest non-certainty panel is
rolled out.  This means that at any given time the JOLTS sample is
constructed from panels from three different annual sampling
frames.  The entire sample of old plus new panels is post-
stratified and re-weighted annually to represent the most recent
sampling frame.  Additionally, the out-of-business establishments
are removed from the old panels.  The annual sample is supplemented
with a quarterly sample of birth establishments (i.e., new
establishments) to better reflect the impact of younger
establishments in the JOLTS sample.

  JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked monthly to the
employment estimates of the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
survey.  A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the
levels for all other JOLTS data elements.

  JOLTS Business Birth/Death Model

  As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as
current as its sampling frame.  The time lag from the birth of an
establishment until its appearance on the sampling frame is
approximately one year.  In addition, many of these new units may
fail within the first year.  Since these universe units cannot be
reflected on the sampling frame immediately, the JOLTS sample
cannot capture job openings, hires, and separations from these
units during their early existence.  BLS has developed a model to
estimate birth/death activity for current months by examining the
birth/death activity from previous years on the QCEW and projecting
forward to the present using an econometric technique known as X-12
ARIMA modeling. The birth/death model also uses historical JOLTS
data to estimate the amount of “churn” (hires and separations) that
exists in establishments of various sizes.  The model then combines
the estimated churn with the projected employment change to
estimate the number of hires and separations taking place in these
units that cannot be measured through sampling.

                         - 11 -

  The model-based estimate of total separations is distributed to
the three components – quits; layoffs and discharges; and other
separations - in proportion to their contribution to the sample-
based estimate of total separations.  Additionally, job openings
for the modeled units are estimated by computing the ratio of
openings to hires in the collected data and applying that ratio to
the modeled hires.  The estimates of job openings, hires, and
separations produced by the birth/death model are then added to the
sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

  BLS seasonally adjusts several JOLTS series using the X-12-ARIMA
seasonal adjustment program.  Seasonal adjustment is the process of
estimating and removing periodic fluctuations caused by events such
as weather, holidays, and the beginning and ending of the school
year.  Seasonal adjustment makes it easier to observe fundamental
changes in the level of the series, particularly those associated
with general economic expansions and contractions.  A concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal
adjustment factors are calculated each month, using all relevant
data, up to and including the data for the current month.

Alignment procedure

  JOLTS hires minus separations should be comparable to the CES net
employment change.  However, definitional differences as well as
sampling and non-sampling errors between the two surveys
historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES over time. To limit
the divergence, and improve the quality of the JOLTS hires and
separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly Alignment Method.
The Monthly Alignment Method applies the CES employment trends to
the seasonally adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus
separations) forcing them to be approximately the same, while
preserving the seasonality of the JOLTS data.  First, the two
series are seasonally adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS
implied employment trend and the CES net employment change is
calculated. Next, the JOLTS implied employment trend is adjusted to
equal the CES net employment change through a proportional
adjustment. This proportional adjustment procedure adjusts the two
components (hires, separations) proportionally to their
contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations).  For
example, if hires are 40 percent of the churn for a given month,
they will receive 40 percent of the needed adjustment and
separations will receive 60 percent of the needed adjustment. The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors.  After the monthly alignment method has been used to
adjust the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the
adjusted levels.  The Monthly Alignment procedure assures a close
match of the JOLTS implied employment trend with the CES trend. The
CES series is considered a highly accurate measure of net
employment change owing to its very large sample size and annual
benchmarking to universe counts of employment from the QCEW
program.

Using JOLTS data

  The JOLTS data series on job openings, hires, and separations are
relatively new.  The full sample is divided into panels, with one
panel enrolled each month.  A full complement of panels for the
original data series based on the 1987 Standard Industrial
Classification (SIC) system was not completely enrolled in the
survey until January 2002.  The supplemental panels of
establishments needed to create NAICS estimates were not completely
enrolled until May 2003.  The data collected up until those points
are from less than a full sample.  Therefore, estimates from
earlier months should be used with caution, as fewer sampled units
were reporting data at that time.

  In March 2002, BLS procedures for collecting hires and
separations data were revised to address possible underreporting.
As a result, JOLTS hires and separations estimates for months prior
to March 2002 may not be comparable to estimates for March 2002 and
later.

  The federal government reorganization that involved transferring
approximately 180,000 employees to the new Department of Homeland
Security is not reflected in the JOLTS hires and separations
estimates for the federal government.  The Office of Personnel
Management's record shows these transfers were completed in March
2003.  The inclusion of transfers in the JOLTS definitions of hires
and separations is intended to cover ongoing movements of workers
between establishments.  The Department of Homeland Security
reorganization was a massive one-time event, and the inclusion of
these intergovernmental transfers would distort the federal
government time series.

  JOLTS uses moving averages as seasonal filters in seasonal
adjustment.  JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both additive and
multiplicative seasonal adjustment models and REGARIMA (regression
with autocorrelated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal
adjustment factors at the beginning and end of the series and to
detect and adjust for outliers in the series.

Reliability of the estimates

  JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling
error.  When a sample rather than the entire population is
surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ
from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular
sample selected, and this variability is measured by the standard
error of the estimate.  BLS analysis is generally conducted at the
90-percent level of confidence.  That means that there is a

                         - 12 -

90-percent chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a
sample will differ by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the
"true" population value because of sampling error.  Estimates of
sampling errors are available upon request.

  The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain
data from all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness
of respondents to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by
respondents, errors made in the collection or processing of the
data, and errors from the employment benchmark data used in
estimation.

Other information

  Information in this release will be made available to sensory
impaired individuals upon request.  Voice phone: 202-691-5200; TDD
message referral phone: 1-800-877-8339.

Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2010p

Total....................................  2,792  2,411  2,624  2,546  2,456  2,531  2,724    2.0   1.8   2.0   1.9   1.9   1.9   2.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,396  2,098  2,333  2,164  2,113  2,130  2,327    2.1   1.9   2.1   2.0   1.9   2.0   2.1
  Construction...........................     33     66     73     65     71     67     60     .5   1.1   1.2   1.1   1.2   1.2   1.1
  Manufacturing..........................    114    134    139    141    155    171    153     .9   1.1   1.2   1.2   1.3   1.5   1.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    482    425    415    363    334    378    385    1.9   1.7   1.7   1.4   1.3   1.5   1.5
   Retail trade..........................    349    248    282    228    207    237    231    2.3   1.7   1.9   1.6   1.4   1.6   1.6
  Professional and business services.....    508    404    446    436    425    404    432    2.9   2.4   2.7   2.6   2.5   2.4   2.5
  Education and health services..........    620    531    573    529    537    545    617    3.2   2.7   2.9   2.7   2.7   2.7   3.1
  Leisure and hospitality................    235    241    305    268    236    227    252    1.7   1.8   2.3   2.0   1.8   1.7   1.9
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     31     20     27     19     23     20     17    1.6   1.0   1.4   1.0   1.2   1.1    .9
   Accommodation and food services.......    203    221    278    249    214    207    235    1.8   1.9   2.4   2.2   1.9   1.8   2.1
 Government(6)...........................    396    313    292    382    343    401    397    1.7   1.4   1.3   1.7   1.5   1.8   1.7
  State and local government.............    313    287    232    292    249    294    266    1.6   1.4   1.2   1.5   1.3   1.5   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    566    504    532    532    482    547    468    2.2   2.0   2.1   2.1   1.9   2.2   1.9
  South..................................  1,031    883    952    915    859    943    953    2.1   1.8   2.0   1.9   1.8   2.0   2.0
  Midwest................................    567    478    565    566    553    495    552    1.8   1.6   1.9   1.9   1.8   1.7   1.8
  West...................................    616    535    566    605    586    603    586    2.0   1.8   1.9   2.1   2.0   2.1   2.0


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the
JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2010p

Total....................................  4,330  3,975  4,091  4,001  4,160  3,997  4,080    3.2   3.1   3.2   3.1   3.2   3.1   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,005  3,696  3,833  3,689  3,878  3,715  3,802    3.6   3.4   3.6   3.4   3.6   3.5   3.6
  Construction...........................    358    278    349    325    329    335    326    5.5   4.7   6.0   5.7   5.7   5.9   5.8
  Manufacturing..........................    213    254    271    243    259    244    252    1.7   2.2   2.3   2.1   2.2   2.1   2.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    928    798    854    772    847    849    844    3.6   3.2   3.4   3.1   3.4   3.4   3.4
   Retail trade..........................    572    545    566    518    554    547    594    3.9   3.8   3.9   3.6   3.9   3.8   4.1
  Professional and business services.....    726    680    698    709    808    652    741    4.2   4.2   4.3   4.3   4.9   4.0   4.5
  Education and health services..........    552    531    532    522    512    496    488    2.9   2.8   2.8   2.7   2.7   2.6   2.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    725    711    693    663    693    657    711    5.5   5.4   5.3   5.1   5.3   5.1   5.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    109    115    121    100    111     94     99    5.6   6.1   6.3   5.2   5.9   5.0   5.3
   Accommodation and food services.......    616    596    572    563    582    562    611    5.5   5.3   5.1   5.1   5.2   5.1   5.5
 Government(6)...........................    325    279    258    312    282    282    278    1.4   1.2   1.1   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.2
  State and local government.............    286    252    236    271    247    254    234    1.4   1.3   1.2   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.2


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    755    676    731    805    758    746    811    3.0   2.7   3.0   3.3   3.1   3.0   3.3
  South..................................  1,721  1,436  1,518  1,420  1,555  1,463  1,485    3.6   3.1   3.2   3.0   3.3   3.1   3.2
  Midwest................................    948    915    926    949    896    900    927    3.1   3.1   3.1   3.2   3.0   3.1   3.2
  West...................................    974    838    954    933    970    879    936    3.3   2.9   3.3   3.2   3.4   3.1   3.3


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the
JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2010p

Total....................................  5,121  4,166  4,274  4,171  4,130  4,195  4,122    3.8   3.2   3.3   3.2   3.2   3.2   3.2

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,833  3,883  3,990  3,901  3,846  3,884  3,843    4.4   3.6   3.7   3.6   3.6   3.6   3.6
  Construction...........................    523    335    415    381    347    382    409    8.0   5.7   7.1   6.6   6.1   6.7   7.3
  Manufacturing..........................    502    297    313    293    285    273    250    4.0   2.5   2.7   2.5   2.5   2.4   2.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)  1,085    826    916    844    853    901    854    4.3   3.3   3.7   3.4   3.5   3.7   3.5
   Retail trade..........................    662    558    605    567    544    567    583    4.5   3.9   4.2   3.9   3.8   3.9   4.0
  Professional and business services.....    855    711    705    717    706    649    703    5.0   4.3   4.3   4.4   4.3   3.9   4.3
  Education and health services..........    499    501    503    473    486    486    461    2.6   2.6   2.6   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.4
  Leisure and hospitality................    757    718    677    707    716    688    711    5.7   5.5   5.2   5.4   5.5   5.3   5.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    113    116     86    128    116    109    110    5.8   6.1   4.4   6.7   6.1   5.8   5.9
   Accommodation and food services.......    644    602    591    579    600    578    601    5.7   5.4   5.3   5.2   5.4   5.2   5.4
 Government(6)...........................    288    283    284    269    284    311    279    1.3   1.3   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.4   1.2
  State and local government.............    267    259    267    242    249    283    258    1.3   1.3   1.4   1.2   1.3   1.4   1.3


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    844    698    744    727    728    817    760    3.3   2.8   3.0   3.0   3.0   3.3   3.1
  South..................................  2,007  1,419  1,598  1,544  1,531  1,499  1,550    4.2   3.0   3.4   3.3   3.3   3.2   3.3
  Midwest................................  1,168    913    948    920    752  1,016    973    3.8   3.1   3.2   3.1   2.6   3.5   3.3
  West...................................  1,179    992  1,037    939    894  1,061  1,050    4.0   3.4   3.6   3.3   3.1   3.7   3.7


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the
JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Jan.   Aug.   Sept.  Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Jan.  Aug.  Sept. Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.
                                            2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2009   2010p  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2009  2010p

Total....................................  1,980  1,779  1,716  1,723  1,837  1,753  1,781    1.5   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.4

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  1,872  1,669  1,616  1,620  1,731  1,639  1,669    1.7   1.6   1.5   1.5   1.6   1.5   1.6
  Construction...........................     80     68     77     62     92     76    105    1.2   1.2   1.3   1.1   1.6   1.3   1.9
  Manufacturing..........................    105     82     90     80     75     75     75     .8    .7    .8    .7    .6    .7    .7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    454    408    387    382    413    392    367    1.8   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.6   1.5
   Retail trade..........................    351    307    285    287    276    291    266    2.4   2.1   2.0   2.0   1.9   2.0   1.8
  Professional and business services.....    329    263    265    277    264    248    263    1.9   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.6   1.5   1.6
  Education and health services..........    245    247    270    267    262    271    253    1.3   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.4   1.3
  Leisure and hospitality................    439    410    345    356    397    375    409    3.3   3.1   2.6   2.7   3.0   2.9   3.2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     30     41     14     39     42     32     51    1.5   2.2    .7   2.0   2.2   1.7   2.7
   Accommodation and food services.......    409    368    331    317    355    344    359    3.6   3.3   3.0   2.8   3.2   3.1   3.2
 Government(6)...........................    108    110    100    102    106    114    112     .5    .5    .4    .5    .5    .5    .5
  State and local government.............    103    100     96     98    101    106    107     .5    .5    .5    .5    .5    .5    .5


                 REGION(7)

  Northeast..............................    273    275    245    300    276    280    283    1.1   1.1   1.0   1.2   1.1   1.1   1.2
  South..................................    746    696    659    677    757    722    754    1.5   1.5   1.4   1.4   1.6   1.5   1.6
  Midwest................................    461    383    359    382    377    391    372    1.5   1.3   1.2   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.3
  West...................................    457    454    371    388    446    382    393    1.5   1.6   1.3   1.3   1.6   1.3   1.4


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  7 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment Statistics employment estimates and the
JOLTS seasonal adjustment factors.


Table 5.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2009     2009     2010p         2009     2009     2010p

Total...........................................  3,020    2,279    3,020           2.2      1.7      2.3

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,607    1,927    2,577           2.3      1.8      2.4
  Mining and Logging............................     18        6       12           2.3       .9      1.8
  Construction..................................     33       55       59            .5      1.0      1.1
  Manufacturing.................................    120      159      162           1.0      1.4      1.4
   Durable goods................................     54       80       92            .7      1.1      1.3
   Nondurable goods.............................     65       79       70           1.4      1.7      1.5
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    490      295      405           1.9      1.2      1.6
   Wholesale trade..............................     70       75      125           1.2      1.3      2.2
   Retail trade.................................    343      177      228           2.3      1.2      1.6
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     77       43       52           1.6       .9      1.1
  Information...................................     77       56      133           2.6      2.0      4.7
  Financial activities..........................    231      134      220           2.8      1.7      2.8
   Finance and insurance........................    191       97      187           3.1      1.7      3.2
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     41       37       33           2.0      1.8      1.7
  Professional and business services............    583      381      498           3.4      2.2      3.0
  Education and health services.................    667      532      675           3.4      2.7      3.4
   Educational services.........................     69       42       36           2.2      1.3      1.2
   Health care and social assistance............    598      490      639           3.6      2.9      3.8
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    238      186      259           1.9      1.4      2.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     29       14       16           1.7       .8       .9
   Accommodation and food services.............     208      172      243           1.9      1.5      2.2
  Other services................................    151      123      154           2.8      2.3      2.8

 Government.....................................    413      352      443           1.8      1.5      1.9
  Federal.......................................    115       86      190           4.0      3.0      6.3
  State and local...............................    297      266      253           1.5      1.3      1.3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    637      488      581           2.5      1.9      2.3
  South.........................................  1,105      873    1,083           2.3      1.8      2.3
  Midwest.......................................    601      419      646           2.0      1.4      2.2
  West..........................................    677      499      710           2.3      1.7      2.4


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 6.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2009     2009     2010p         2009     2009     2010p

Total...........................................  4,254    2,912    4,014           3.2      2.2      3.1

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,949    2,746    3,750           3.6      2.6      3.6
  Mining and Logging............................     28       16       33           3.7      2.4      5.0
  Construction..................................    315      206      287           5.1      3.7      5.5
  Manufacturing.................................    221      152      267           1.8      1.3      2.3
   Durable goods................................    112       85      170           1.4      1.2      2.4
   Nondurable goods.............................    109       67       97           2.3      1.5      2.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    845      672      746           3.3      2.7      3.0
   Wholesale trade..............................    252       82      145           4.4      1.5      2.6
   Retail trade.................................    463      435      483           3.2      2.9      3.4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    131      156      118           2.7      3.3      2.5
  Information...................................     86       57       77           3.0      2.1      2.8
  Financial activities..........................    225      148      192           2.9      1.9      2.5
   Finance and insurance........................    154       83      130           2.6      1.5      2.3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     71       64       62           3.5      3.3      3.2
  Professional and business services............    817      524      843           4.9      3.2      5.2
  Education and health services.................    569      356      504           3.0      1.8      2.6
   Educational services.........................     71       31       70           2.3      1.0      2.3
   Health care and social assistance............    498      326      434           3.1      2.0      2.7
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    626      477      617           5.0      3.8      5.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     95       71       87           5.5      4.1      5.2
   Accommodation and food services.............     531      406      530           4.9      3.7      5.0
  Other services................................    217      138      185           4.1      2.6      3.5

 Government.....................................    305      166      264           1.4       .7      1.2
  Federal.......................................     43       23       50           1.5       .8      1.7
  State and local...............................    262      144      215           1.3       .7      1.1

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    717      544      775           2.9      2.2      3.2
  South.........................................  1,717    1,066    1,482           3.6      2.3      3.2
  Midwest.......................................    918      641      894           3.1      2.2      3.1
  West..........................................    902      661      864           3.1      2.3      3.1


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 7.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2009     2009     2010p         2009     2009     2010p

Total...........................................  6,766    3,900    5,405           5.1      3.0      4.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  6,445    3,654    5,092           5.9      3.4      4.8
  Mining and Logging............................     44       22       32           5.9      3.2      4.8
  Construction..................................    688      403      540          11.2      7.2     10.3
  Manufacturing.................................    711      237      356           5.7      2.0      3.1
   Durable goods................................    474      127      209           6.1      1.8      3.0
   Nondurable goods.............................    237      110      147           5.1      2.4      3.3
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  1,556      952    1,235           6.2      3.8      5.0
   Wholesale trade..............................    348      124      178           6.1      2.2      3.2
   Retail trade.................................    982      606      871           6.7      4.1      6.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    226      222      186           4.6      4.6      4.0
  Information...................................    165       72      115           5.8      2.6      4.2
  Financial activities..........................    464      156      341           5.9      2.0      4.5
   Finance and insurance........................    323       83      242           5.5      1.5      4.3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    141       73       99           7.0      3.7      5.1
  Professional and business services............  1,013      707      838           6.0      4.3      5.2
  Education and health services.................    675      388      617           3.6      2.0      3.2
   Educational services.........................     56       52       84           1.9      1.6      2.8
   Health care and social assistance............    618      336      534           3.9      2.1      3.3
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    832      563      785           6.6      4.4      6.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    103       81      101           6.0      4.6      6.1
   Accommodation and food services.............     728      483      684           6.7      4.4      6.4
  Other services................................    298      154      233           5.6      2.9      4.5

 Government.....................................    321      246      314           1.4      1.1      1.4
  Federal.......................................     30       31       31           1.1      1.1      1.1
  State and local...............................    291      215      283           1.5      1.1      1.4

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................  1,114      736      936           4.5      3.0      3.9
  South.........................................  2,543    1,278    1,910           5.3      2.7      4.1
  Midwest.......................................  1,595      969    1,267           5.3      3.3      4.4
  West..........................................  1,515      917    1,293           5.2      3.2      4.6


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 8.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2009     2009     2010p         2009     2009     2010p

Total...........................................  2,376    1,402    2,123           1.8      1.1      1.7

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  2,251    1,318    1,992           2.1      1.2      1.9
  Mining and Logging............................     17        3        9           2.3       .5      1.4
  Construction..................................     77       58      100           1.3      1.0      1.9
  Manufacturing.................................    133       48       95           1.1       .4       .8
   Durable goods................................     68       22       43            .9       .3       .6
   Nondurable goods.............................     65       26       53           1.4       .6      1.2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    548      345      443           2.2      1.4      1.8
   Wholesale trade..............................     49       31       54            .9       .6      1.0
   Retail trade.................................    424      265      320           2.9      1.8      2.2
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     75       49       69           1.5      1.0      1.5
  Information...................................     58       21       41           2.0       .8      1.5
  Financial activities..........................    125       66      118           1.6       .9      1.6
   Finance and insurance........................     90       35       76           1.5       .6      1.3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     34       31       42           1.7      1.6      2.2
  Professional and business services............    364      226      292           2.2      1.4      1.8
  Education and health services.................    332      206      340           1.7      1.1      1.8
   Educational services.........................     23       23       46            .8       .7      1.5
   Health care and social assistance............    309      184      294           1.9      1.1      1.8
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    476      293      438           3.8      2.3      3.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     26       21       43           1.5      1.2      2.6
   Accommodation and food services.............     450      272      395           4.1      2.5      3.7
  Other services................................    121       51      116           2.3      1.0      2.2

 Government.....................................    126       84      130            .6       .4       .6
  Federal.......................................      8        8        7            .3       .3       .3
  State and local...............................    118       76      123            .6       .4       .6

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    346      214      335           1.4       .9      1.4
  South.........................................    907      558      897           1.9      1.2      1.9
  Midwest.......................................    579      318      445           1.9      1.1      1.5
  West..........................................    544      313      446           1.9      1.1      1.6


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 9.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2009     2009     2010p         2009     2009     2010p

Total...........................................  3,859    2,219    2,736           2.9      1.7      2.1

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,733    2,111    2,623           3.4      2.0      2.5
  Mining and Logging............................     21       17       18           2.8      2.5      2.8
  Construction..................................    587      326      410           9.5      5.8      7.8
  Manufacturing.................................    533      168      219           4.3      1.4      1.9
   Durable goods................................    368       95      142           4.7      1.3      2.0
   Nondurable goods.............................    164       73       78           3.5      1.6      1.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    877      563      684           3.5      2.2      2.8
   Wholesale trade..............................    270       84       96           4.7      1.5      1.7
   Retail trade.................................    483      314      492           3.3      2.1      3.4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    124      164       96           2.5      3.4      2.1
  Information...................................     98       45       55           3.4      1.6      2.0
  Financial activities..........................    296       79      136           3.7      1.0      1.8
   Finance and insurance........................    195       39       88           3.3       .7      1.6
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    101       40       48           5.0      2.0      2.5
  Professional and business services............    588      441      484           3.5      2.7      3.0
  Education and health services.................    244      144      203           1.3       .7      1.1
   Educational services.........................     31       26       30           1.0       .8      1.0
   Health care and social assistance............    213      118      173           1.3       .7      1.1
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    331      250      303           2.6      2.0      2.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     71       59       50           4.1      3.4      3.0
   Accommodation and food services.............     260      191      253           2.4      1.7      2.4
  Other services................................    159       80      109           3.0      1.5      2.1

 Government.....................................    125      108      113            .6       .5       .5
  Federal.......................................     10       12        9            .4       .4       .3
  State and local...............................    115       96      104            .6       .5       .5

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    677      463      483           2.7      1.9      2.0
  South.........................................  1,437      624      824           3.0      1.3      1.8
  Midwest.......................................    866      597      691           2.9      2.0      2.4
  West..........................................    879      535      738           3.0      1.9      2.6


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 10.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Jan.     Dec.     Jan.          Jan.     Dec.     Jan.
                                                   2009     2009     2010p         2009     2009     2010p

Total...........................................    531      279      547           0.4      0.2      0.4

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    461      225      476            .4       .2       .5
  Mining and Logging............................      6        1        5            .8       .2       .7
  Construction..................................     23       20       29            .4       .4       .6
  Manufacturing.................................     46       20       41            .4       .2       .4
   Durable goods................................     38       10       25            .5       .1       .4
   Nondurable goods.............................      8       11       16            .2       .2       .4
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    131       44      109            .5       .2       .4
   Wholesale trade..............................     29        9       28            .5       .2       .5
   Retail trade.................................     75       27       59            .5       .2       .4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     27        9       22            .5       .2       .5
  Information...................................      9        6       19            .3       .2       .7
  Financial activities..........................     44       11       87            .6       .1      1.1
   Finance and insurance........................     38        9       78            .6       .2      1.4
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      6        2        9            .3       .1       .5
  Professional and business services............     60       40       62            .4       .2       .4
  Education and health services.................     99       38       74            .5       .2       .4
   Educational services.........................      2        3        7            .1       .1       .2
   Health care and social assistance............     97       34       66            .6       .2       .4
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     25       21       44            .2       .2       .4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      7        1        8            .4       .1       .5
   Accommodation and food services.............      18       19       36            .2       .2       .3
  Other services................................     18       23        8            .3       .4       .2

 Government.....................................     70       54       71            .3       .2       .3
  Federal.......................................     12       11       15            .4       .4       .5
  State and local...............................     58       43       55            .3       .2       .3

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     90       58      117            .4       .2       .5
  South.........................................    199      100      189            .4       .2       .4
  Midwest.......................................    150       53      131            .5       .2       .5
  West..........................................     93       68      111            .3       .2       .4


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 7, table 1.
  p = preliminary.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 11.  Annual hires levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Total........................................... 59,797   57,787   61,624   64,498   64,906   63,404   56,204   48,696

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 55,665   54,082   57,534   60,444   60,481   58,843   52,486   45,237
  Mining and Logging............................    238      261      284      303      311      346      364      214
  Construction..................................  5,104    5,234    5,438    5,884    5,396    4,813    4,564    3,882
  Manufacturing.................................  4,679    4,245    4,675    4,535    4,601    4,613    3,671    2,906
   Durable goods................................  2,735    2,581    2,961    2,893    2,735    2,685    2,110    1,513
   Nondurable goods.............................  1,946    1,663    1,714    1,640    1,864    1,928    1,558    1,391
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 12,235   11,837   13,291   13,683   13,805   13,212   11,600   10,009
   Wholesale trade..............................  1,929    1,869    2,069    2,008    2,045    2,208    1,905    1,648
   Retail trade.................................  8,565    8,248    9,130    9,440    9,602    9,121    7,897    6,658
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...  1,744    1,720    2,096    2,235    2,160    1,882    1,801    1,704
  Information...................................  1,095      942      983    1,045    1,123      985      805      760
  Financial activities..........................  2,679    2,598    2,866    2,868    3,099    3,160    2,629    2,136
   Finance and insurance........................  1,723    1,580    1,771    1,850    1,991    2,092    1,697    1,274
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    954    1,020    1,092    1,018    1,107    1,066      932      861
  Professional and business services............ 11,352   10,631   11,035   12,152   11,955   11,474    9,983    8,428
  Education and health services.................  5,773    5,730    5,792    6,207    6,382    6,440    6,499    6,156
   Educational services.........................    708      825      756      826      879      915      934      888
   Health care and social assistance............  5,064    4,906    5,036    5,379    5,503    5,524    5,565    5,268
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  9,993    9,979   10,558   10,953   11,258   11,208    9,981    8,313
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........  1,579    1,609    1,633    1,643    1,581    1,648    1,471    1,246
   Accommodation and food services.............   8,414    8,370    8,926    9,310    9,677    9,561    8,509    7,066
  Other services................................  2,516    2,629    2,615    2,818    2,559    2,595    2,386    2,430

 Government.....................................  4,132    3,706    4,090    4,052    4,427    4,562    3,720    3,457
  Federal.......................................    593      530      503      511      714      853      333      452
  State and local...............................  3,536    3,176    3,586    3,541    3,711    3,709    3,387    3,007

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  9,725   10,010   10,722   10,676   10,246   10,015    9,210    8,810
  South......................................... 22,451   21,823   23,530   24,610   25,299   24,368   20,822   18,020
  Midwest....................................... 14,066   12,909   13,754   14,123   14,030   14,244   12,628   10,822
  West.......................................... 13,557   13,045   13,619   15,085   15,335   14,781   13,543   11,041


  1 The annual hires level is the total number of hires during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 12.  Annual hires rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Total........................................... 45.9     44.5     46.9     48.2     47.7     46.1     41.1     37.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 51.1     49.9     52.4     54.0     53.0     51.0     45.9     41.7
  Mining and Logging............................ 40.8     45.6     48.1     48.2     45.5     47.8     47.5     30.6
  Construction.................................. 76.0     77.7     78.0     80.2     70.2     63.1     63.7     64.3
  Manufacturing................................. 30.7     29.3     32.7     31.9     32.5     33.2     27.4     24.5
   Durable goods................................ 28.8     28.8     33.2     32.3     30.5     30.5     24.9     20.7
   Nondurable goods............................. 33.7     30.0     31.8     31.1     36.0     38.0     31.5     30.4
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 48.0     46.8     52.1     52.7     52.5     49.6     44.1     40.1
   Wholesale trade.............................. 34.1     33.3     36.5     34.8     34.6     36.7     32.1     29.3
   Retail trade................................. 57.0     55.3     60.6     61.8     62.5     58.8     51.7     45.8
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 36.2     36.1     43.6     45.5     43.0     36.9     35.5     35.5
  Information................................... 32.3     29.5     31.5     34.1     37.0     32.5     27.0     27.1
  Financial activities.......................... 34.1     32.6     35.7     35.2     37.2     38.1     32.3     27.5
   Finance and insurance........................ 29.6     26.7     29.8     30.7     32.3     34.1     28.2     22.1
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 46.9     49.6     52.3     47.7     51.0     49.1     43.8     43.1
  Professional and business services............ 71.1     66.5     67.3     71.7     68.1     64.0     56.3     50.8
  Education and health services................. 35.6     34.5     34.2     35.7     35.8     35.1     34.5     32.1
   Educational services......................... 26.8     30.6     27.4     29.1     30.3     31.1     30.7     28.7
   Health care and social assistance............ 37.4     35.3     35.5     37.0     36.9     35.9     35.2     32.7
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 83.4     82.0     84.5     85.5     85.9     83.5     74.3     63.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 88.6     88.7     88.3     86.8     82.0     83.7     74.7     65.1
   Accommodation and food services.............  82.5     80.8     83.9     85.2     86.5     83.5     74.2     63.2
  Other services................................ 46.8     48.7     48.3     52.2     47.1     47.2     43.3     45.3

 Government..................................... 19.2     17.2     18.9     18.6     20.1     20.5     16.5     15.3
  Federal....................................... 21.4     19.2     18.4     18.7     26.1     31.2     12.1     16.0
  State and local............................... 18.9     16.9     19.0     18.6     19.3     19.0     17.2     15.2

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 39.0     40.4     43.2     42.7     40.4     39.0     35.7     35.5
  South......................................... 48.8     47.3     50.2     51.4     51.6     49.0     42.1     38.1
  Midwest....................................... 45.5     42.1     44.8     45.6     45.0     45.4     40.6     36.4
  West.......................................... 47.7     45.8     46.9     50.6     50.2     47.9     44.5     38.0


  1 The annual hires rate is the number of hires during the entire year as a percent of annual average
employment.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 13.  Annual total separations levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Total........................................... 60,412   57,847   59,666   62,107   62,661   62,125   59,640   53,679

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 56,498   54,027   55,654   58,234   58,467   57,882   56,111   50,112
  Mining and Logging............................    258      268      262      252      255      310      332      310
  Construction..................................  5,182    5,104    5,138    5,485    5,232    4,972    5,303    4,930
  Manufacturing.................................  5,474    4,893    4,674    4,637    4,762    4,873    4,543    4,277
   Durable goods................................  3,305    2,992    2,850    2,887    2,770    2,884    2,736    2,600
   Nondurable goods.............................  2,170    1,901    1,821    1,751    1,988    1,989    1,808    1,677
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 12,479   12,043   12,868   13,304   13,442   12,893   12,708   11,030
   Wholesale trade..............................  1,989    1,912    1,940    1,913    1,894    2,129    2,161    1,900
   Retail trade.................................  8,710    8,330    8,946    9,239    9,513    8,931    8,612    7,172
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...  1,782    1,799    1,982    2,152    2,034    1,835    1,935    1,955
  Information...................................  1,355    1,088    1,039    1,072    1,139      997      919      928
  Financial activities..........................  2,620    2,504    2,738    2,710    2,949    3,260    2,845    2,528
   Finance and insurance........................  1,663    1,525    1,703    1,737    1,864    2,177    1,849    1,545
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    957      980    1,037      976    1,081    1,082      997      984
  Professional and business services............ 11,562   10,356   10,624   11,467   11,424   11,187   10,784    9,146
  Education and health services.................  5,316    5,408    5,402    5,769    5,908    5,913    6,035    5,850
   Educational services.........................    621      774      693      753      835      852      840      855
   Health care and social assistance............  4,697    4,636    4,710    5,017    5,074    5,060    5,196    4,994
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  9,790    9,738   10,278   10,712   10,861   10,940   10,208    8,568
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........  1,525    1,577    1,643    1,587    1,497    1,602    1,496    1,319
   Accommodation and food services.............   8,265    8,161    8,637    9,124    9,364    9,338    8,711    7,249
  Other services................................  2,460    2,625    2,634    2,818    2,498    2,537    2,438    2,549

 Government.....................................  3,913    3,823    4,013    3,873    4,195    4,243    3,528    3,564
  Federal.......................................    559      574      549      507      715      819      329      391
  State and local...............................  3,355    3,249    3,464    3,365    3,478    3,426    3,199    3,174

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 10,008    9,700   10,276   10,199    9,861    9,536    9,800    9,370
  South......................................... 22,362   22,112   22,388   23,524   24,353   23,858   22,092   19,641
  Midwest....................................... 14,199   13,094   13,520   14,079   13,967   13,869   13,161   11,931
  West.......................................... 13,841   12,942   13,481   14,306   14,480   14,863   14,589   12,741


  1 The annual total separations level is the total number of total separations during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 14.  Annual total separations rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Total........................................... 46.3     44.5     45.4     46.5     46.0     45.1     43.6     41.0

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 51.9     49.8     50.7     52.0     51.2     50.2     49.1     46.2
  Mining and Logging............................ 44.3     46.9     44.3     40.1     37.3     42.8     43.3     44.3
  Construction.................................. 77.2     75.8     73.7     74.8     68.0     65.2     74.0     81.7
  Manufacturing................................. 35.9     33.7     32.7     32.6     33.6     35.1     33.9     36.0
   Durable goods................................ 34.8     33.4     31.9     32.2     30.8     32.7     32.3     35.6
   Nondurable goods............................. 37.6     34.3     33.8     33.2     38.4     39.2     36.6     36.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 48.9     47.6     50.4     51.3     51.2     48.4     48.3     44.2
   Wholesale trade.............................. 35.2     34.1     34.3     33.2     32.1     35.4     36.4     33.8
   Retail trade................................. 58.0     55.8     59.4     60.5     62.0     57.5     56.4     49.4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 37.0     37.8     41.2     43.8     40.5     36.0     38.2     40.8
  Information................................... 39.9     34.1     33.3     35.0     37.5     32.9     30.8     33.1
  Financial activities.......................... 33.4     31.4     34.1     33.2     35.4     39.3     34.9     32.6
   Finance and insurance........................ 28.6     25.8     28.6     28.9     30.3     35.5     30.7     26.8
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 47.1     47.6     49.7     45.7     49.8     49.9     46.8     49.3
  Professional and business services............ 72.4     64.8     64.8     67.6     65.0     62.4     60.8     55.2
  Education and health services................. 32.8     32.6     31.9     33.2     33.1     32.3     32.0     30.5
   Educational services......................... 23.5     28.7     25.1     26.6     28.8     29.0     27.6     27.7
   Health care and social assistance............ 34.6     33.4     33.2     34.5     34.0     32.9     32.9     31.0
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 81.7     80.0     82.3     83.6     82.8     81.5     76.0     65.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 85.5     87.0     88.8     83.9     77.6     81.4     75.9     68.9
   Accommodation and food services.............  81.0     78.8     81.2     83.5     83.7     81.5     76.0     64.8
  Other services................................ 45.8     48.6     48.7     52.2     45.9     46.2     44.2     47.5

 Government..................................... 18.2     17.7     18.6     17.8     19.1     19.1     15.7     15.8
  Federal....................................... 20.2     20.8     20.1     18.6     26.2     30.0     11.9     13.9
  State and local............................... 17.9     17.3     18.3     17.6     18.1     17.6     16.2     16.1

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 40.1     39.2     41.4     40.8     38.9     37.1     38.0     37.7
  South......................................... 48.6     47.9     47.7     49.1     49.7     48.0     44.7     41.5
  Midwest....................................... 45.9     42.7     44.0     45.5     44.8     44.2     42.3     40.1
  West.......................................... 48.7     45.5     46.5     48.0     47.4     48.1     47.9     43.9


  1 The annual total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire year as a percent of annual average
employment.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 15.  Annual quits levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Total........................................... 32,375   29,351   31,852   34,964   36,327   35,108   31,074   21,964

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 30,472   27,593   30,011   33,116   34,246   33,094   29,374   20,689
  Mining and Logging............................    110       98      113      121      141      184      184       90
  Construction..................................  1,848    1,776    1,962    2,362    2,245    1,901    1,623      906
  Manufacturing.................................  2,290    2,104    2,327    2,363    2,509    2,513    1,938    1,064
   Durable goods................................  1,324    1,274    1,400    1,427    1,454    1,424    1,068      519
   Nondurable goods.............................    968      827      929      937    1,055    1,089      870      544
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  7,044    6,387    7,107    7,866    8,159    7,650    6,858    4,911
   Wholesale trade..............................  1,014      929      964    1,033    1,055    1,177    1,004      551
   Retail trade.................................  5,176    4,699    5,323    5,850    5,996    5,550    4,897    3,615
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    856      762      822      983    1,111      927      956      744
  Information...................................    720      592      571      700      794      579      469      409
  Financial activities..........................  1,422    1,407    1,609    1,563    1,766    1,899    1,492      918
   Finance and insurance........................    905      870    1,009    1,044    1,175    1,399    1,019      593
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    516      538      603      520      593      499      475      325
  Professional and business services............  5,963    4,667    5,050    5,588    5,988    5,795    5,186    3,398
  Education and health services.................  3,286    3,243    3,361    3,701    3,799    3,731    3,538    3,057
   Educational services.........................    326      364      355      400      443      414      395      328
   Health care and social assistance............  2,961    2,880    3,004    3,298    3,355    3,318    3,144    2,729
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  6,330    5,920    6,287    7,111    7,483    7,440    6,730    4,808
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    681      567      543      657      619      633      557      421
   Accommodation and food services.............   5,646    5,353    5,744    6,456    6,864    6,807    6,171    4,386
  Other services................................  1,460    1,403    1,623    1,739    1,361    1,403    1,360    1,128

 Government.....................................  1,903    1,758    1,842    1,850    2,082    2,012    1,701    1,278
  Federal.......................................    267      254      204      195      324      284      105       65
  State and local...............................  1,635    1,500    1,637    1,655    1,759    1,730    1,597    1,214

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  4,905    4,272    4,668    5,225    5,316    4,708    4,622    3,294
  South......................................... 12,435   11,902   12,842   14,052   15,116   14,475   12,426    8,645
  Midwest.......................................  7,592    6,615    7,061    7,528    7,758    7,554    6,893    4,928
  West..........................................  7,444    6,560    7,280    8,160    8,141    8,370    7,131    5,100


  1 The annual quits level is the total number of quits during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 16.  Annual quits rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Total........................................... 24.8     22.6     24.2     26.2     26.7     25.5     22.7     16.8

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 28.0     25.5     27.3     29.6     30.0     28.7     25.7     19.1
  Mining and Logging............................ 18.9     17.1     19.1     19.3     20.6     25.4     24.0     12.9
  Construction.................................. 27.5     26.4     28.1     32.2     29.2     24.9     22.7     15.0
  Manufacturing................................. 15.0     14.5     16.3     16.6     17.7     18.1     14.5      9.0
   Durable goods................................ 14.0     14.2     15.7     15.9     16.2     16.2     12.6      7.1
   Nondurable goods............................. 16.8     14.9     17.2     17.8     20.4     21.5     17.6     11.9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 27.6     25.3     27.8     30.3     31.1     28.7     26.1     19.7
   Wholesale trade.............................. 17.9     16.6     17.0     17.9     17.9     19.6     16.9      9.8
   Retail trade................................. 34.4     31.5     35.3     38.3     39.1     35.8     32.0     24.9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 17.8     16.0     17.1     20.0     22.1     18.2     18.9     15.5
  Information................................... 21.2     18.6     18.3     22.9     26.1     19.1     15.7     14.6
  Financial activities.......................... 18.1     17.6     20.0     19.2     21.2     22.9     18.3     11.8
   Finance and insurance........................ 15.6     14.7     17.0     17.3     19.1     22.8     16.9     10.3
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 25.4     26.2     28.9     24.4     27.3     23.0     22.3     16.3
  Professional and business services............ 37.3     29.2     30.8     33.0     34.1     32.3     29.2     20.5
  Education and health services................. 20.3     19.6     19.8     21.3     21.3     20.4     18.8     15.9
   Educational services......................... 12.3     13.5     12.9     14.1     15.3     14.1     13.0     10.6
   Health care and social assistance............ 21.8     20.7     21.2     22.7     22.5     21.6     19.9     16.9
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 52.8     48.6     50.3     55.5     57.1     55.4     50.1     36.7
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 38.2     31.3     29.4     34.7     32.1     32.1     28.3     22.0
   Accommodation and food services.............  55.3     51.7     54.0     59.1     61.4     59.4     53.8     39.2
  Other services................................ 27.2     26.0     30.0     32.2     25.0     25.5     24.7     21.0

 Government.....................................  8.8      8.1      8.5      8.5      9.5      9.1      7.6      5.7
  Federal.......................................  9.7      9.2      7.5      7.1     11.9     10.4      3.8      2.3
  State and local...............................  8.7      8.0      8.7      8.7      9.1      8.9      8.1      6.2

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 19.6     17.3     18.8     20.9     21.0     18.3     17.9     13.3
  South......................................... 27.0     25.8     27.4     29.3     30.8     29.1     25.1     18.3
  Midwest....................................... 24.6     21.6     23.0     24.3     24.9     24.1     22.1     16.6
  West.......................................... 26.2     23.0     25.1     27.4     26.7     27.1     23.4     17.6


  1 The annual quits rate is the number of quits during the entire year as a percent of annual average
employment.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 17.  Annual layoffs and discharges levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Total........................................... 23,325   23,959   23,389   22,774   21,460   22,557   24,549   27,790

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 22,124   22,666   22,011   21,476   20,094   21,197   23,368   26,154
  Mining and Logging............................    106      107       83       78       74       90      119      193
  Construction..................................  3,118    3,145    2,945    2,928    2,634    2,850    3,448    3,891
  Manufacturing.................................  2,690    2,326    1,998    1,847    1,819    1,969    2,259    2,929
   Durable goods................................  1,653    1,414    1,219    1,154    1,022    1,208    1,445    1,892
   Nondurable goods.............................  1,038      914      782      693      797      761      814    1,035
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  4,536    4,783    4,809    4,641    4,174    4,283    4,890    5,185
   Wholesale trade..............................    810      836      790      761      645      821    1,035    1,171
   Retail trade.................................  2,990    3,141    3,070    2,922    2,848    2,754    3,061    2,960
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    735      805      946      957      681      706      796    1,055
  Information...................................    534      426      390      272      259      316      378      438
  Financial activities..........................    950      771      785      863      869    1,107    1,105    1,389
   Finance and insurance........................    577      421      427      474      465      607      661      784
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........    374      349      358      389      406      501      448      603
  Professional and business services............  4,637    4,924    4,907    5,080    4,585    4,749    4,997    5,115
  Education and health services.................  1,626    1,732    1,655    1,680    1,686    1,737    2,042    2,255
   Educational services.........................    247      359      287      301      339      388      396      469
   Health care and social assistance............  1,380    1,372    1,370    1,381    1,348    1,351    1,644    1,785
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  3,090    3,408    3,584    3,232    3,053    3,175    3,161    3,467
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    804      966    1,061      907      836      911      899      859
   Accommodation and food services.............   2,286    2,442    2,522    2,328    2,218    2,263    2,262    2,607
  Other services................................    841    1,042      853      855      937      915      968    1,291

 Government.....................................  1,202    1,292    1,380    1,298    1,365    1,360    1,179    1,634
  Federal.......................................    143      160      162      166      190      224      111      217
  State and local...............................  1,058    1,134    1,217    1,134    1,174    1,135    1,070    1,419

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  4,201    4,530    4,689    4,201    3,675    4,002    4,395    5,335
  South.........................................  8,297    8,548    7,946    7,967    7,470    7,912    8,300    9,554
  Midwest.......................................  5,505    5,454    5,501    5,547    5,079    5,282    5,316    6,103
  West..........................................  5,318    5,429    5,257    5,058    5,236    5,359    6,538    6,797


  1 The annual layoffs and discharges level is the total number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 18.  Annual layoffs and discharges rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Total........................................... 17.9     18.4     17.8     17.0     15.8     16.4     17.9     21.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private.................................. 20.3     20.9     20.0     19.2     17.6     18.4     20.4     24.1
  Mining and Logging............................ 18.2     18.7     14.0     12.4     10.8     12.4     15.5     27.6
  Construction.................................. 46.4     46.7     42.2     39.9     34.2     37.4     48.1     64.5
  Manufacturing................................. 17.6     16.0     14.0     13.0     12.9     14.2     16.9     24.6
   Durable goods................................ 17.4     15.8     13.7     12.9     11.4     13.7     17.1     25.9
   Nondurable goods............................. 18.0     16.5     14.5     13.1     15.4     15.0     16.5     22.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities.......... 17.8     18.9     18.8     17.9     15.9     16.1     18.6     20.8
   Wholesale trade.............................. 14.3     14.9     14.0     13.2     10.9     13.6     17.4     20.8
   Retail trade................................. 19.9     21.1     20.4     19.1     18.6     17.7     20.0     20.4
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities... 15.2     16.9     19.7     19.5     13.6     13.9     15.7     22.0
  Information................................... 15.7     13.4     12.5      8.9      8.5     10.4     12.7     15.6
  Financial activities.......................... 12.1      9.7      9.8     10.6     10.4     13.3     13.6     17.9
   Finance and insurance........................  9.9      7.1      7.2      7.9      7.6      9.9     11.0     13.6
   Real estate and rental and leasing........... 18.4     17.0     17.2     18.2     18.7     23.1     21.0     30.2
  Professional and business services............ 29.0     30.8     29.9     30.0     26.1     26.5     28.2     30.9
  Education and health services................. 10.0     10.4      9.8      9.7      9.5      9.5     10.8     11.8
   Educational services.........................  9.3     13.3     10.4     10.6     11.7     13.2     13.0     15.2
   Health care and social assistance............ 10.2      9.9      9.7      9.5      9.0      8.8     10.4     11.1
  Leisure and hospitality....................... 25.8     28.0     28.7     25.2     23.3     23.6     23.5     26.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation.......... 45.1     53.3     57.4     47.9     43.4     46.3     45.6     44.9
   Accommodation and food services.............  22.4     23.6     23.7     21.3     19.8     19.8     19.7     23.3
  Other services................................ 15.7     19.3     15.8     15.8     17.2     16.7     17.6     24.1

 Government.....................................  5.6      6.0      6.4      6.0      6.2      6.1      5.2      7.2
  Federal.......................................  5.2      5.8      5.9      6.1      7.0      8.2      4.0      7.7
  State and local...............................  5.6      6.0      6.4      5.9      6.1      5.8      5.4      7.2

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast..................................... 16.8     18.3     18.9     16.8     14.5     15.6     17.1     21.5
  South......................................... 18.0     18.5     16.9     16.6     15.2     15.9     16.8     20.2
  Midwest....................................... 17.8     17.8     17.9     17.9     16.3     16.9     17.1     20.5
  West.......................................... 18.7     19.1     18.1     17.0     17.1     17.4     21.5     23.4


  1 The annual layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire year as a percent of annual average
employment.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Table 19.  Annual other separations levels(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                            Levels (in thousands)

              Industry and region                  2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Total...........................................  4,711    4,537    4,425    4,369    4,871    4,464    4,018    3,921

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,901    3,766    3,634    3,646    4,125    3,592    3,370    3,273
  Mining and Logging............................     44       64       67       55       39       35       30       26
  Construction..................................    215      181      231      199      353      220      231      131
  Manufacturing.................................    495      462      349      429      431      391      345      288
   Durable goods................................    327      305      237      309      294      251      223      190
   Nondurable goods.............................    165      159      113      119      136      144      124       97
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    897      871      952      797    1,104      958      960      931
   Wholesale trade..............................    165      147      188      116      196      132      124      182
   Retail trade.................................    543      492      551      469      668      623      650      597
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    191      232      214      211      242      200      186      155
  Information...................................    102       67       76      101       84      101       75       76
  Financial activities..........................    246      326      341      287      310      256      244      221
   Finance and insurance........................    179      234      266      217      226      173      167      165
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     67       97       76       67       85       81       75       55
  Professional and business services............    964      768      669      796      849      646      603      632
  Education and health services.................    407      435      385      389      424      443      455      538
   Educational services.........................     50       50       51       54       53       51       47       55
   Health care and social assistance............    355      384      336      336      372      395      409      481
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    369      410      406      365      326      323      315      295
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     37       46       38       26       42       59       40       39
   Accommodation and food services.............     333      364      369      340      280      265      278      254
  Other services................................    160      181      156      227      201      216      112      130

 Government.....................................    807      772      791      723      749      871      648      650
  Federal.......................................    148      162      182      148      203      310      114      109
  State and local...............................    661      610      610      576      546      562      535      541

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................    898      891      916      775      871      820      779      740
  South.........................................  1,632    1,665    1,604    1,507    1,769    1,475    1,372    1,445
  Midwest.......................................  1,101    1,024      955    1,000    1,129    1,034      954      900
  West..........................................  1,079      951      948    1,088    1,105    1,134      916      839


  1 The annual other separations level is the total number of other separations during the entire year.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.


Table 20.  Annual other separations rates(1) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                                  Rates

              Industry and region                2002     2003     2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Total...........................................  3.6      3.5      3.4      3.3      3.6      3.2      2.9      3.0

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3.6      3.5      3.3      3.3      3.6      3.1      2.9      3.0
  Mining and Logging............................  7.5     11.2     11.3      8.8      5.7      4.8      3.9      3.7
  Construction..................................  3.2      2.7      3.3      2.7      4.6      2.9      3.2      2.2
  Manufacturing.................................  3.2      3.2      2.4      3.0      3.0      2.8      2.6      2.4
   Durable goods................................  3.4      3.4      2.7      3.5      3.3      2.8      2.6      2.6
   Nondurable goods.............................  2.9      2.9      2.1      2.3      2.6      2.8      2.5      2.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  3.5      3.4      3.7      3.1      4.2      3.6      3.7      3.7
   Wholesale trade..............................  2.9      2.6      3.3      2.0      3.3      2.2      2.1      3.2
   Retail trade.................................  3.6      3.3      3.7      3.1      4.4      4.0      4.3      4.1
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...  4.0      4.9      4.4      4.3      4.8      3.9      3.7      3.2
  Information...................................  3.0      2.1      2.4      3.3      2.8      3.3      2.5      2.7
  Financial activities..........................  3.1      4.1      4.2      3.5      3.7      3.1      3.0      2.8
   Finance and insurance........................  3.1      4.0      4.5      3.6      3.7      2.8      2.8      2.9
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........  3.3      4.7      3.6      3.1      3.9      3.7      3.5      2.8
  Professional and business services............  6.0      4.8      4.1      4.7      4.8      3.6      3.4      3.8
  Education and health services.................  2.5      2.6      2.3      2.2      2.4      2.4      2.4      2.8
   Educational services.........................  1.9      1.9      1.8      1.9      1.8      1.7      1.5      1.8
   Health care and social assistance............  2.6      2.8      2.4      2.3      2.5      2.6      2.6      3.0
  Leisure and hospitality.......................  3.1      3.4      3.2      2.8      2.5      2.4      2.3      2.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........  2.1      2.5      2.1      1.4      2.2      3.0      2.0      2.0
   Accommodation and food services.............   3.3      3.5      3.5      3.1      2.5      2.3      2.4      2.3
  Other services................................  3.0      3.4      2.9      4.2      3.7      3.9      2.0      2.4

 Government.....................................  3.8      3.6      3.7      3.3      3.4      3.9      2.9      2.9
  Federal.......................................  5.4      5.9      6.7      5.4      7.4     11.3      4.1      3.9
  State and local...............................  3.5      3.2      3.2      3.0      2.8      2.9      2.7      2.7

                    REGION (2)

  Northeast.....................................  3.6      3.6      3.7      3.1      3.4      3.2      3.0      3.0
  South.........................................  3.5      3.6      3.4      3.1      3.6      3.0      2.8      3.1
  Midwest.......................................  3.6      3.3      3.1      3.2      3.6      3.3      3.1      3.0
  West..........................................  3.8      3.3      3.3      3.6      3.6      3.7      3.0      2.9


  1 The annual other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire year as a percent of annual average
employment.
  2 See footnote 7, table 1.
  NOTE: Data have been revised to incorporate the annual updates to the Current Employment
Statistics employment estimates.

Last Modified Date: March 09, 2010