Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, September 9, 2014	USDL-14-1672

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JULY 2014

There were 4.7 million job openings on the last business day of July, little changed from June, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.5 percent) and the separations rate (3.3 
percent) were unchanged in July. Within separations, the quits rate (1.8 percent) and the layoffs and 
discharges rate (1.2 percent) were unchanged. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of 
job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions. 

Job Openings

There were 4.7 million job openings on the last business day of July and the rate was 3.3 percent. The 
1-month change in the number of openings was not significant for total private, government, all 
industries, and in all four regions. (See table 1.) Although the number of total nonfarm job openings was 
little changed in July, there were 799,000 more job openings in July than in January 2014. The largest 
increases since January were in retail trade, professional and business services, and health care and 
social assistance.

The number of job openings (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in July 2014 
for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The job openings level increased in several of the 
industries and in all four regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

There were 4.9 million hires in July, little changed from June and the rate was 3.5 percent. The number 
of hires was little changed for total private and government and in all four regions. Hires increased over 
the month in construction. (See table 2.)

Over the 12 months ending in July, the number of hires (not seasonally adjusted) increased for total 
nonfarm and total private and was little changed for government. The hires level increased over the year 
for construction and retail trade but decreased for educational services. The number of hires increased in 
the South region. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.6 million total separations in July and the rate was 3.3 percent. The number of 
separations was little changed from June for total nonfarm, total private, and government. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed in July at 2.5 million. The quits rate measured 1.8 percent for the 
sixth month in a row. The number of quits was also little changed in July for total private, government, 
all industries, and all four regions. (See table 4.)

The quits level (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the 12 months ending in July for total nonfarm 
and total private and was little changed for government. Over the year, the number of quits increased for 
several industries and in the Midwest and West regions. (See table 10.)

The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed in July at 1.7 million. The rate measured 1.2 
percent in July for the eighth month in a row. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed 
over the month for total private and fell for government. The number was little changed in all four 
regions. (See table 5.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of layoffs and discharges are not available for 
individual industries.

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months 
ending in July for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The number of layoffs and discharges 
decreased over the year for finance and insurance and for educational services. The number was little 
changed in all four regions over the year. (See table 11.)

In July, there were 382,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from June. Over the 
month, the number of other separations was little changed for total private at 319,000 and for 
government at 64,000. (See table 6.) Seasonally adjusted estimates of other separations are not available 
for individual industries or regions.

Over the 12 months ending in July, the number of other separations (not seasonally adjusted) was little 
changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in July 2014, hires totaled 56.0 million 
and separations totaled 53.5 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.5 million. These figures 
include workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for August 2014 are scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, October 7, 2014 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,816 4,675 4,673 4,525 4,791 4,872 4,313 4,520 4,559

Total private(1)

3,433 4,176 4,187 4,250 4,503 4,574 4,035 4,229 4,297

Construction

103 152 140 307 268 366 298 241 332

Manufacturing

232 302 296 231 268 259 246 241 226

Durable goods

139 194 201 140 155 157 153 136 132

Nondurable goods

93 108 95 91 113 102 93 106 94

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

717 797 806 926 1,107 1,099 868 1,023 1,039

Retail trade

463 465 487 644 756 781 588 711 743

Professional and business services

634 909 913 964 1,002 1,010 896 937 940

Education and health services(3)

683 821 806 544 538 542 507 518 505

Health care and social assistance

621 728 742 462 457 478 440 443 436

Leisure and hospitality

502 643 649 779 855 846 745 820 817

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

50 68 66 121 143 140 122 129 123

Accommodation and food services

452 575 583 658 712 706 623 691 694

Government(4)

384 499 485 275 288 298 277 291 262

State and local

340 430 417 251 255 267 244 259 235

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.7 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.3

Total private(1)

2.9 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.7

Construction

1.7 2.5 2.3 5.3 4.5 6.1 5.1 4.0 5.5

Manufacturing

1.9 2.4 2.4 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9

Durable goods

1.8 2.5 2.5 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.7

Nondurable goods

2.0 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.4 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.7 2.9 3.0 3.6 4.2 4.2 3.4 3.9 3.9

Retail trade

3.0 2.9 3.1 4.3 4.9 5.1 3.9 4.6 4.8

Professional and business services

3.3 4.5 4.5 5.2 5.2 5.2 4.8 4.9 4.9

Education and health services(3)

3.1 3.7 3.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.4

Health care and social assistance

3.4 3.9 3.9 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

3.4 4.2 4.2 5.5 5.8 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.4 3.1 3.0 6.0 6.8 6.7 6.0 6.2 5.8

Accommodation and food services

3.6 4.4 4.4 5.4 5.7 5.6 5.1 5.5 5.5

Government(4)

1.7 2.2 2.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.2

State and local

1.8 2.2 2.1 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

3,816 4,166 4,464 4,577 4,675 4,673 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,433 3,758 4,043 4,131 4,176 4,187 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5

Construction

103 116 92 125 152 140 1.7 1.9 1.5 2.0 2.5 2.3

Manufacturing

232 264 275 292 302 296 1.9 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4

Durable goods

139 165 179 175 194 201 1.8 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.5 2.5

Nondurable goods

93 99 95 117 108 95 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.5 2.4 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

717 761 877 731 797 806 2.7 2.8 3.2 2.7 2.9 3.0

Retail trade

463 488 570 419 465 487 3.0 3.1 3.6 2.7 2.9 3.1

Professional and business services

634 787 857 896 909 913 3.3 4.0 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.5

Education and health services(6)

683 725 726 796 821 806 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.6

Health care and social assistance

621 658 658 723 728 742 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.9 3.9

Leisure and hospitality

502 627 677 752 643 649 3.4 4.1 4.4 4.9 4.2 4.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

50 64 88 79 68 66 2.4 3.0 4.1 3.6 3.1 3.0

Accommodation and food services

452 563 589 674 575 583 3.6 4.3 4.5 5.1 4.4 4.4

Government(7)

384 407 421 446 499 485 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.2

State and local

340 347 362 383 430 417 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.1

REGION(8)

Northeast

618 688 769 793 798 796 2.4 2.6 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0

South

1,468 1,599 1,614 1,695 1,736 1,746 2.9 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3

Midwest

854 943 1,047 1,075 1,055 1,080 2.7 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3

West

876 935 1,034 1,014 1,086 1,051 2.8 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

4,525 4,706 4,770 4,738 4,791 4,872 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,250 4,398 4,477 4,452 4,503 4,574 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.9

Construction

307 257 286 301 268 366 5.3 4.3 4.8 5.0 4.5 6.1

Manufacturing

231 248 238 240 268 259 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.1

Durable goods

140 144 145 153 155 157 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0

Nondurable goods

91 105 94 88 113 102 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.5 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

926 1,023 1,074 1,073 1,107 1,099 3.6 3.9 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.2

Retail trade

644 716 764 742 756 781 4.3 4.7 5.0 4.8 4.9 5.1

Professional and business services

964 1,017 1,010 973 1,002 1,010 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.1 5.2 5.2

Education and health services(6)

544 569 575 525 538 542 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.5

Health care and social assistance

462 485 499 454 457 478 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

779 811 847 857 855 846 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

121 122 155 150 143 140 6.0 5.9 7.4 7.2 6.8 6.7

Accommodation and food services

658 689 692 707 712 706 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.7 5.6

Government(7)

275 307 293 285 288 298 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4

State and local

251 277 264 256 255 267 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

671 723 754 726 676 731 2.6 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.8

South

1,809 1,847 1,814 1,870 1,950 1,943 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.9

Midwest

1,030 1,038 1,137 1,122 1,059 1,115 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.6

West

1,015 1,098 1,066 1,020 1,105 1,083 3.3 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.6 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

4,313 4,491 4,550 4,530 4,520 4,559 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

4,035 4,180 4,269 4,246 4,229 4,297 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.7

Construction

298 245 259 276 241 332 5.1 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.0 5.5

Manufacturing

246 243 236 228 241 226 2.1 2.0 2.0 1.9 2.0 1.9

Durable goods

153 129 143 134 136 132 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.7

Nondurable goods

93 114 93 94 106 94 2.1 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.4 2.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

868 989 1,026 1,028 1,023 1,039 3.4 3.8 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9

Retail trade

588 697 744 718 711 743 3.9 4.6 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.8

Professional and business services

896 924 970 906 937 940 4.8 4.9 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.9

Education and health services(6)

507 542 531 483 518 505 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.4

Health care and social assistance

440 458 468 412 443 436 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

745 778 817 837 820 817 5.2 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

122 124 150 140 129 123 6.0 6.0 7.2 6.7 6.2 5.8

Accommodation and food services

623 653 666 697 691 694 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.6 5.5 5.5

Government(7)

277 311 281 284 291 262 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2

State and local

244 275 248 253 259 235 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2

REGION(8)

Northeast

712 653 733 726 680 703 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.6 2.7

South

1,696 1,787 1,739 1,715 1,816 1,766 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.5

Midwest

909 1,008 1,015 1,009 1,016 1,014 3.0 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.2

West

995 1,043 1,062 1,079 1,008 1,076 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.2 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

2,305 2,461 2,467 2,487 2,484 2,517 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

2,172 2,330 2,331 2,355 2,355 2,385 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0

Construction

100 87 114 121 110 107 1.7 1.5 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.8

Manufacturing

116 125 111 115 114 127 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0

Durable goods

75 66 61 67 61 70 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9

Nondurable goods

41 59 50 48 53 57 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

455 578 565 611 588 609 1.8 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.3

Retail trade

342 432 422 448 442 450 2.3 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9

Professional and business services

475 511 487 438 461 450 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.3

Education and health services(6)

305 275 305 305 323 340 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6

Health care and social assistance

275 240 270 268 286 299 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

473 510 515 506 532 519 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

49 52 46 52 53 52 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.5

Accommodation and food services

424 458 469 454 480 467 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.7

Government(7)

133 131 136 132 129 132 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

State and local

122 120 125 122 119 122 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6

REGION(8)

Northeast

313 320 341 335 330 344 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

South

947 1,018 985 1,019 1,061 1,009 1.9 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0

Midwest

538 562 573 599 583 597 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9

West

507 561 568 534 510 567 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

1,666 1,638 1,701 1,656 1,657 1,659 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,580 1,532 1,615 1,578 1,558 1,593 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

86 106 86 78 99 67 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

339 275 309 312 279 282 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1

South

626 598 624 540 599 603 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2

Midwest

294 358 354 317 351 345 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1

West

407 406 414 487 429 430 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.6 1.4 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
Mar.
2014
Apr.
2014
May
2014
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

341 392 382 387 378 382 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

284 318 323 313 315 319 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Durable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Nondurable goods

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

58 73 59 74 62 64 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

4,098 4,723 5,016 2.9 3.3 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,690 4,178 4,485 3.1 3.4 3.7

Mining and logging

26 30 39 2.9 3.2 4.0

Construction

107 175 148 1.7 2.7 2.3

Manufacturing

270 310 334 2.2 2.5 2.7

Durable goods

168 200 233 2.2 2.5 2.9

Nondurable goods

102 110 101 2.2 2.4 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

800 780 902 3.0 2.9 3.3

Wholesale trade

161 146 182 2.7 2.4 3.0

Retail trade

523 467 550 3.3 3.0 3.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

116 166 170 2.3 3.1 3.2

Information

94 108 100 3.4 3.9 3.6

Financial activities

328 339 326 4.0 4.1 3.9

Finance and insurance

277 266 241 4.5 4.3 3.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

51 74 85 2.4 3.4 3.9

Professional and business services

644 881 933 3.3 4.4 4.6

Education and health services

713 801 851 3.3 3.6 3.9

Educational services

72 93 73 2.3 2.8 2.3

Health care and social assistance

641 708 779 3.5 3.8 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

547 654 687 3.5 4.1 4.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

49 63 61 2.0 2.6 2.5

Accommodation and food services

499 591 625 3.8 4.4 4.6

Other services

160 101 164 2.8 1.8 2.9

Government

408 545 531 1.9 2.4 2.5

Federal

42 69 68 1.5 2.5 2.4

State and local

366 476 464 2.0 2.4 2.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

660 813 849 2.5 3.0 3.2

South

1,577 1,740 1,884 3.1 3.3 3.6

Midwest

927 1,066 1,167 2.9 3.3 3.6

West

934 1,104 1,116 3.0 3.4 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

4,943 5,499 5,319 3.6 3.9 3.8

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,632 5,103 4,982 4.0 4.3 4.2

Mining and logging

33 41 37 3.7 4.5 4.0

Construction

365 335 448 6.0 5.4 7.1

Manufacturing

260 317 294 2.2 2.6 2.4

Durable goods

152 184 173 2.0 2.4 2.3

Nondurable goods

108 133 120 2.4 3.0 2.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

935 1,097 1,107 3.6 4.1 4.2

Wholesale trade

142 186 159 2.5 3.1 2.7

Retail trade

632 744 776 4.2 4.8 5.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

161 168 172 3.2 3.2 3.4

Information

83 88 66 3.1 3.3 2.5

Financial activities

241 223 203 3.0 2.8 2.5

Finance and insurance

161 145 131 2.7 2.5 2.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

80 78 71 3.9 3.7 3.4

Professional and business services

1,022 1,086 1,074 5.5 5.6 5.5

Education and health services

631 620 621 3.0 2.9 2.9

Educational services

111 90 83 3.6 2.8 2.7

Health care and social assistance

520 530 538 2.9 2.9 3.0

Leisure and hospitality

847 1,062 916 5.7 7.0 6.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

123 214 142 5.3 9.1 5.9

Accommodation and food services

723 848 774 5.7 6.6 6.0

Other services

216 233 216 3.9 4.2 3.9

Government

311 395 337 1.5 1.8 1.6

Federal

22 47 28 0.8 1.7 1.0

State and local

289 349 310 1.6 1.8 1.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

788 834 856 3.1 3.2 3.3

South

1,922 2,139 2,071 3.9 4.2 4.1

Midwest

1,079 1,223 1,176 3.5 3.9 3.8

West

1,154 1,302 1,217 3.8 4.2 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

4,713 4,693 4,998 3.5 3.4 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,354 4,263 4,656 3.8 3.6 3.9

Mining and logging

29 27 27 3.3 3.0 2.9

Construction

323 232 366 5.3 3.7 5.8

Manufacturing

256 243 246 2.1 2.0 2.0

Durable goods

154 135 139 2.0 1.7 1.8

Nondurable goods

103 109 107 2.3 2.4 2.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

893 974 1,079 3.5 3.7 4.1

Wholesale trade

138 150 162 2.4 2.5 2.7

Retail trade

589 673 756 3.9 4.4 4.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

166 151 161 3.3 2.9 3.1

Information

76 58 72 2.8 2.2 2.7

Financial activities

213 173 181 2.7 2.2 2.3

Finance and insurance

146 118 115 2.5 2.0 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

67 54 66 3.3 2.6 3.1

Professional and business services

945 946 994 5.0 4.9 5.1

Education and health services

617 614 616 3.0 2.9 2.9

Educational services

108 129 102 3.5 4.0 3.3

Health care and social assistance

509 485 513 2.9 2.7 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

802 810 880 5.4 5.3 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

104 96 106 4.4 4.1 4.4

Accommodation and food services

698 714 774 5.5 5.5 6.0

Other services

201 186 196 3.6 3.3 3.5

Government

358 430 342 1.7 2.0 1.7

Federal

32 31 24 1.1 1.1 0.9

State and local

326 399 318 1.8 2.1 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

767 705 765 3.0 2.7 2.9

South

1,881 1,911 1,969 3.8 3.8 3.9

Midwest

957 1,038 1,056 3.1 3.3 3.4

West

1,108 1,039 1,209 3.6 3.3 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

2,672 2,649 2,926 2.0 1.9 2.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,507 2,466 2,763 2.2 2.1 2.3

Mining and logging

16 15 16 1.8 1.6 1.7

Construction

130 126 139 2.1 2.0 2.2

Manufacturing

131 121 153 1.1 1.0 1.3

Durable goods

83 62 84 1.1 0.8 1.1

Nondurable goods

48 59 69 1.1 1.3 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

489 591 649 1.9 2.2 2.5

Wholesale trade

49 73 83 0.8 1.2 1.4

Retail trade

365 435 474 2.4 2.8 3.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

75 83 92 1.5 1.6 1.8

Information

45 32 35 1.6 1.2 1.3

Financial activities

115 89 111 1.4 1.1 1.4

Finance and insurance

77 62 76 1.3 1.0 1.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

38 27 35 1.8 1.3 1.7

Professional and business services

554 469 522 3.0 2.4 2.7

Education and health services

356 351 413 1.7 1.7 2.0

Educational services

39 53 56 1.3 1.6 1.8

Health care and social assistance

317 299 357 1.8 1.7 2.0

Leisure and hospitality

564 570 621 3.8 3.7 4.0

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

64 58 71 2.7 2.5 2.9

Accommodation and food services

500 512 550 4.0 4.0 4.3

Other services

108 103 104 1.9 1.9 1.9

Government

165 183 163 0.8 0.8 0.8

Federal

12 12 10 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

152 171 153 0.9 0.9 0.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

352 352 392 1.4 1.3 1.5

South

1,096 1,118 1,162 2.2 2.2 2.3

Midwest

620 634 689 2.0 2.0 2.2

West

604 546 682 2.0 1.7 2.2

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

1,642 1,614 1,632 1.2 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,534 1,477 1,540 1.3 1.3 1.3

Mining and logging

11 8 8 1.3 0.9 0.9

Construction

184 91 214 3.0 1.5 3.4

Manufacturing

93 98 71 0.8 0.8 0.6

Durable goods

53 56 43 0.7 0.7 0.6

Nondurable goods

40 41 27 0.9 0.9 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

312 276 305 1.2 1.0 1.2

Wholesale trade

76 60 69 1.3 1.0 1.2

Retail trade

171 166 182 1.1 1.1 1.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

65 50 54 1.3 1.0 1.1

Information

25 20 29 0.9 0.8 1.1

Financial activities

64 52 47 0.8 0.6 0.6

Finance and insurance

42 31 22 0.7 0.5 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

22 21 25 1.1 1.0 1.2

Professional and business services

356 437 407 1.9 2.3 2.1

Education and health services

202 213 148 1.0 1.0 0.7

Educational services

61 70 40 2.0 2.2 1.3

Health care and social assistance

141 144 108 0.8 0.8 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

201 213 234 1.3 1.4 1.5

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

34 33 32 1.5 1.4 1.3

Accommodation and food services

166 180 202 1.3 1.4 1.6

Other services

86 70 76 1.6 1.2 1.4

Government

108 137 92 0.5 0.6 0.4

Federal

9 10 6 0.3 0.4 0.2

State and local

99 127 87 0.6 0.7 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

341 269 283 1.3 1.0 1.1

South

637 612 621 1.3 1.2 1.2

Midwest

251 313 291 0.8 1.0 0.9

West

412 419 438 1.4 1.3 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)
July
2013
June
2014
July
2014(p)

Total

399 430 440 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

314 320 353 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

3 5 2 0.3 0.5 0.3

Construction

9 14 12 0.1 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

32 25 22 0.3 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

18 16 12 0.2 0.2 0.1

Nondurable goods

14 9 10 0.3 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

92 107 125 0.4 0.4 0.5

Wholesale trade

13 17 10 0.2 0.3 0.2

Retail trade

53 72 100 0.4 0.5 0.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

26 18 15 0.5 0.3 0.3

Information

6 6 8 0.2 0.2 0.3

Financial activities

34 32 23 0.4 0.4 0.3

Finance and insurance

27 26 16 0.5 0.4 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

7 6 6 0.4 0.3 0.3

Professional and business services

36 41 65 0.2 0.2 0.3

Education and health services

58 50 55 0.3 0.2 0.3

Educational services

8 7 6 0.2 0.2 0.2

Health care and social assistance

51 43 48 0.3 0.2 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

37 27 25 0.3 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

5 5 3 0.2 0.2 0.1

Accommodation and food services

32 22 22 0.3 0.2 0.2

Other services

7 13 17 0.1 0.2 0.3

Government

86 110 86 0.4 0.5 0.4

Federal

11 10 8 0.4 0.4 0.3

State and local

75 100 78 0.4 0.5 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

73 84 89 0.3 0.3 0.3

South

148 181 186 0.3 0.4 0.4

Midwest

87 91 77 0.3 0.3 0.2

West

92 74 88 0.3 0.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: September 09, 2014