Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, May 10, 2016	USDL-16-0944

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – MARCH 2016

The number of job openings was little changed at 5.8 million on the last business day of March, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires edged down to 5.3 million while separations were little 
changed at 5.0 million. Within separations, the quits rate was 2.1 percent, and the layoffs and discharges 
rate was 1.2 percent. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and 
separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

Job openings were little changed at 5.8 million in March. The job openings rate was 3.9 percent. The 
number of job openings was little changed in March for total private and edged up for government. Job 
openings increased in professional and business services (+124,000), transportation, warehousing, and 
utilities (+35,000), and nondurable goods manufacturing (+29,000). Job openings decreased in retail 
trade (-80,000), educational services (-36,000), and wholesale trade (-35,000). The number of job 
openings was little changed in all four regions. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires edged down to 5.3 million in March. The hires rate was 3.7 percent. The number of 
hires decreased for total private (-241,000) and was little changed for government. Hires rose in state 
and local government education (+23,000), but fell in retail trade (-85,000) and educational services 
(-21,000). In the regions, hires decreased in the West. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 5.0 million total separations in March, little changed from February. The total separations 
rate in March was 3.5 percent. The number of total separations was little changed for total private and 
for government. Total separations decreased in finance and insurance (-38,000). The number of total 
separations was down in the South region. (See table 3.)

The number of quits was little changed in March at 3.0 million. The quits rate was 2.1 percent. Over the 
month, the number of quits was little changed for total private and government. Quits increased in 
construction (+50,000) and state and local government, excluding education (+9,000). Quits decreased 
in finance and insurance (-38,000) and arts, entertainment, and recreation (-19,000). The number of quits 
was little changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)

There were 1.7 million layoffs and discharges in March, little changed from February. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.2 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over the month 
for total private and for government. In March, layoffs and discharges rose in arts, entertainment, and 
recreation (+35,000) but fell in mining and logging (-6,000). The number of layoffs and discharges 
decreased in the South region. (See table 5.)

In March, other separations was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government. The 
number of other separations decreased in retail trade (-22,000), nondurable goods manufacturing 
(-7,000), and information (-5,000). In the regions, the number of other separations increased in the 
Northeast and Midwest but decreased in the West. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in March, hires totaled 62.4 million and 
separations totaled 59.6 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.8 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for April 2016 are scheduled to be released 
on Wednesday, June 8, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)


Total

5,180 5,608 5,757 5,110 5,510 5,292 4,985 5,159 5,045

Total private

4,660 5,132 5,251 4,783 5,154 4,913 4,654 4,812 4,698

Mining and logging(1)

16 10 10 25 23 26 45 42 41

Construction(1)

177 201 210 314 341 344 335 325 334

Manufacturing

311 320 356 259 276 250 260 304 286

Durable goods(1)

197 169 176 150 163 144 152 187 171

Nondurable goods(1)

115 151 180 109 113 106 108 117 114

Trade, transportation, and utilities

877 1,026 946 1,117 1,182 1,088 1,082 1,052 1,028

Wholesale trade(1)

141 216 181 162 147 164 147 137 148

Retail trade

519 649 569 770 856 771 752 751 729

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

217 161 196 185 178 152 183 164 150

Information(1)

107 87 71 79 80 72 83 70 68

Financial activities

265 351 341 199 234 220 177 219 192

Finance and insurance

197 261 270 142 164 139 129 156 118

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

69 91 71 57 70 81 48 63 74

Professional and business services

1,062 1,101 1,225 1,056 1,110 1,058 1,021 1,072 1,025

Education and health services

877 1,047 1,037 590 651 622 543 552 550

Educational services(1)

89 113 77 76 101 80 69 86 71

Health care and social assistance

788 934 960 514 550 542 474 466 479

Leisure and hospitality

745 751 780 938 1,062 1,017 922 1,011 966

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

101 69 84 160 152 152 146 132 149

Accommodation and food services

644 682 696 778 909 865 776 879 817

Other services(1)

223 238 274 206 195 217 187 165 209

Government

520 475 506 328 357 379 331 348 347

Federal(1)

85 88 99 38 43 40 36 40 38

State and local

435 387 407 290 313 338 295 308 309

State and local education

141 147 145 132 152 175 152 167 169

State and local, excluding education(1)

294 240 262 158 161 163 144 141 141





RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)


Total

3.5 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5

Total private

3.8 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.2 4.0 3.9 4.0 3.9

Mining and logging(1)

1.9 1.3 1.3 3.0 3.2 3.6 5.3 5.8 5.6

Construction(1)

2.7 2.9 3.0 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.3 4.9 5.0

Manufacturing

2.5 2.5 2.8 2.1 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.5 2.3

Durable goods(1)

2.5 2.1 2.2 1.9 2.1 1.9 2.0 2.4 2.2

Nondurable goods(1)

2.5 3.2 3.8 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3.2 3.6 3.4 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.8

Wholesale trade(1)

2.3 3.5 3.0 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.5 2.3 2.5

Retail trade

3.2 3.9 3.4 4.9 5.4 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

3.9 2.9 3.5 3.5 3.3 2.8 3.4 3.0 2.8

Information(1)

3.8 3.1 2.5 2.9 2.9 2.6 3.0 2.5 2.5

Financial activities

3.2 4.1 4.0 2.5 2.8 2.7 2.2 2.7 2.3

Finance and insurance

3.2 4.1 4.2 2.4 2.7 2.3 2.2 2.6 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

3.2 4.1 3.2 2.7 3.3 3.8 2.3 3.0 3.5

Professional and business services

5.2 5.2 5.8 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.1

Education and health services

3.9 4.4 4.4 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.5 2.4

Educational services(1)

2.5 3.1 2.2 2.2 2.9 2.3 2.0 2.4 2.0

Health care and social assistance

4.1 4.7 4.8 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

4.7 4.6 4.8 6.3 6.9 6.6 6.1 6.6 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

4.5 3.0 3.6 7.5 6.9 6.8 6.8 6.0 6.7

Accommodation and food services

4.8 4.9 5.0 6.1 6.9 6.5 6.0 6.7 6.2

Other services(1)

3.8 4.0 4.6 3.7 3.4 3.8 3.3 2.9 3.7

Government

2.3 2.1 2.2 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6

Federal(1)

3.0 3.1 3.5 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4

State and local

2.2 2.0 2.1 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.6

State and local education

1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6

State and local, excluding education(1)

3.2 2.6 2.8 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6

Footnotes
(1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in the job openings series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

5,180 5,198 5,281 5,604 5,608 5,757 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,660 4,725 4,786 5,137 5,132 5,251 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.1 4.1 4.1

Mining and logging(3)

16 15 14 17 10 10 1.9 1.9 1.8 2.2 1.3 1.3

Construction(3)

177 101 124 157 201 210 2.7 1.5 1.8 2.3 2.9 3.0

Manufacturing

311 238 317 336 320 356 2.5 1.9 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.8

Durable goods(3)

197 138 174 183 169 176 2.5 1.8 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2

Nondurable goods(3)

115 100 143 153 151 180 2.5 2.1 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

877 861 822 979 1,026 946 3.2 3.1 2.9 3.5 3.6 3.4

Wholesale trade(3)

141 128 137 199 216 181 2.3 2.1 2.3 3.3 3.5 3.0

Retail trade

519 527 538 602 649 569 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.7 3.9 3.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

217 205 147 178 161 196 3.9 3.6 2.6 3.2 2.9 3.5

Information(3)

107 68 101 97 87 71 3.8 2.4 3.5 3.4 3.1 2.5

Financial activities

265 356 390 372 351 341 3.2 4.2 4.5 4.3 4.1 4.0

Finance and insurance

197 312 319 298 261 270 3.2 4.9 5.0 4.7 4.1 4.2

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

69 44 71 74 91 71 3.2 2.0 3.3 3.4 4.1 3.2

Professional and business services

1,062 1,126 1,034 1,088 1,101 1,225 5.2 5.4 4.9 5.2 5.2 5.8

Education and health services

877 1,113 1,075 1,129 1,047 1,037 3.9 4.7 4.6 4.8 4.4 4.4

Educational services(3)

89 89 93 83 113 77 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.3 3.1 2.2

Health care and social assistance

788 1,023 982 1,046 934 960 4.1 5.2 4.9 5.2 4.7 4.8

Leisure and hospitality

745 732 710 745 751 780 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.6 4.6 4.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

101 64 62 68 69 84 4.5 2.8 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.6

Accommodation and food services

644 668 648 677 682 696 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.9 4.9 5.0

Other services(3)

223 116 199 217 238 274 3.8 2.0 3.4 3.7 4.0 4.6

Government

520 473 495 467 475 506 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2

Federal(3)

85 72 80 80 88 99 3.0 2.5 2.8 2.8 3.1 3.5

State and local

435 401 415 387 387 407 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1

State and local education

141 160 171 152 147 145 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4

State and local, excluding education(3)

294 241 245 235 240 262 3.2 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.8

REGION(4)

Northeast

848 897 887 900 895 890 3.1 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2

South

1,892 2,071 1,981 2,077 2,110 2,158 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.9 4.0

Midwest

1,206 1,121 1,100 1,311 1,283 1,314 3.7 3.4 3.3 3.9 3.8 3.9

West

1,234 1,109 1,313 1,316 1,319 1,394 3.7 3.3 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

5,110 5,253 5,401 5,125 5,510 5,292 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.8 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,783 4,904 5,042 4,789 5,154 4,913 4.0 4.1 4.2 3.9 4.2 4.0

Mining and logging

25 21 33 26 23 26 3.0 2.8 4.3 3.4 3.2 3.6

Construction

314 340 322 305 341 344 4.9 5.2 4.9 4.6 5.1 5.1

Manufacturing

259 278 274 274 276 250 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.0

Durable goods

150 153 163 168 163 144 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1 1.9

Nondurable goods

109 126 112 106 113 106 2.4 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,117 1,085 1,087 1,062 1,182 1,088 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.9 4.3 4.0

Wholesale trade

162 134 128 137 147 164 2.8 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.8

Retail trade

770 766 760 765 856 771 4.9 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.4 4.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

185 186 199 161 178 152 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.0 3.3 2.8

Information

79 71 72 84 80 72 2.9 2.6 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.6

Financial activities

199 208 217 229 234 220 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.7

Finance and insurance

142 137 142 164 164 139 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

57 71 75 65 70 81 2.7 3.4 3.6 3.1 3.3 3.8

Professional and business services

1,056 1,056 1,175 1,080 1,110 1,058 5.4 5.3 5.9 5.4 5.5 5.3

Education and health services

590 661 641 579 651 622 2.7 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.9 2.8

Educational services

76 102 84 60 101 80 2.2 2.9 2.4 1.7 2.9 2.3

Health care and social assistance

514 559 557 519 550 542 2.8 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

938 992 1,024 967 1,062 1,017 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.3 6.9 6.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

160 131 151 157 152 152 7.5 5.9 6.9 7.1 6.9 6.8

Accommodation and food services

778 861 873 810 909 865 6.1 6.6 6.6 6.1 6.9 6.5

Other services

206 190 198 183 195 217 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.8

Government

328 349 359 335 357 379 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7

Federal

38 45 45 41 43 40 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5

State and local

290 304 314 295 313 338 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.8

State and local education

132 157 165 162 152 175 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7

State and local, excluding education

158 148 149 133 161 163 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.8 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

795 851 827 795 850 824 3.0 3.2 3.1 3.0 3.2 3.1

South

1,996 1,985 2,109 1,851 2,083 2,082 3.9 3.8 4.0 3.5 4.0 4.0

Midwest

1,166 1,197 1,249 1,259 1,276 1,261 3.7 3.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9

West

1,153 1,219 1,216 1,220 1,302 1,125 3.6 3.8 3.7 3.7 4.0 3.4

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

4,985 4,958 5,128 4,977 5,159 5,045 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,654 4,616 4,774 4,631 4,812 4,698 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8 4.0 3.9

Mining and logging

45 35 45 43 42 41 5.3 4.6 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6

Construction

335 292 283 279 325 334 5.3 4.5 4.3 4.2 4.9 5.0

Manufacturing

260 267 263 266 304 286 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.5 2.3

Durable goods

152 154 162 158 187 171 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.2

Nondurable goods

108 113 101 108 117 114 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,082 1,040 1,074 1,052 1,052 1,028 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.8

Wholesale trade

147 127 133 142 137 148 2.5 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.5

Retail trade

752 744 762 725 751 729 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.6 4.7 4.6

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

183 169 178 185 164 150 3.4 3.1 3.3 3.4 3.0 2.8

Information

83 79 61 79 70 68 3.0 2.9 2.2 2.9 2.5 2.5

Financial activities

177 190 203 215 219 192 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.3

Finance and insurance

129 136 142 154 156 118 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.6 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

48 54 62 60 63 74 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.5

Professional and business services

1,021 1,020 1,095 1,053 1,072 1,025 5.3 5.1 5.5 5.3 5.4 5.1

Education and health services

543 600 578 557 552 550 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4

Educational services

69 97 74 77 86 71 2.0 2.8 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.0

Health care and social assistance

474 503 504 480 466 479 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.5 2.5 2.5

Leisure and hospitality

922 939 1,003 907 1,011 966 6.1 6.1 6.5 5.9 6.6 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

146 130 141 157 132 149 6.8 5.9 6.5 7.2 6.0 6.7

Accommodation and food services

776 809 862 750 879 817 6.0 6.2 6.6 5.7 6.7 6.2

Other services

187 154 168 181 165 209 3.3 2.7 3.0 3.2 2.9 3.7

Government

331 342 354 346 348 347 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

Federal

36 42 40 41 40 38 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4

State and local

295 300 314 304 308 309 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

State and local education

152 160 161 168 167 169 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6

State and local, excluding education

144 140 153 137 141 141 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

748 797 855 775 808 813 2.9 3.0 3.2 2.9 3.0 3.0

South

1,921 1,952 2,011 1,906 2,000 1,850 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.5

Midwest

1,159 1,112 1,105 1,114 1,181 1,250 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.9

West

1,157 1,098 1,156 1,182 1,170 1,133 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.5

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

2,722 2,862 3,088 2,851 2,955 2,980 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,561 2,705 2,922 2,684 2,793 2,808 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.3

Mining and logging

12 18 16 19 11 14 1.4 2.4 2.1 2.6 1.6 2.0

Construction

116 129 137 86 111 161 1.8 2.0 2.1 1.3 1.7 2.4

Manufacturing

127 145 133 147 154 143 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2

Durable goods

72 74 80 83 89 79 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0

Nondurable goods

55 71 54 64 65 64 1.2 1.6 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

637 627 719 637 618 653 2.4 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.3 2.4

Wholesale trade

77 72 81 86 86 91 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5

Retail trade

479 471 518 462 446 488 3.1 3.0 3.3 2.9 2.8 3.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

82 85 120 90 87 75 1.5 1.6 2.2 1.6 1.6 1.4

Information

48 42 35 38 38 40 1.8 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

Financial activities

89 86 122 111 130 101 1.1 1.0 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.2

Finance and insurance

68 62 87 81 93 55 1.1 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.5 0.9

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

21 24 36 30 37 46 1.0 1.1 1.7 1.4 1.8 2.2

Professional and business services

478 522 614 550 577 551 2.5 2.6 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.7

Education and health services

362 408 385 343 379 390 1.7 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.7

Educational services

39 55 49 47 43 40 1.1 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1

Health care and social assistance

322 353 336 296 335 350 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

600 636 671 636 683 654 4.0 4.2 4.4 4.1 4.4 4.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

43 53 60 64 77 58 2.0 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.5 2.6

Accommodation and food services

558 583 611 572 606 596 4.3 4.4 4.6 4.3 4.6 4.5

Other services(3)

91 91 89 117 91 101 1.6 1.6 1.6 2.1 1.6 1.8

Government

161 157 166 167 162 172 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8

Federal

12 14 13 13 14 13 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

149 143 153 154 149 158 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

State and local education

73 72 75 80 78 78 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8

State and local, excluding education

76 71 78 73 71 80 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9

REGION(4)

Northeast

375 400 445 401 415 406 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5

South

1,127 1,137 1,286 1,179 1,167 1,167 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.2

Midwest

605 687 656 629 725 713 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.2

West

615 638 701 641 647 694 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

1,907 1,718 1,672 1,704 1,808 1,671 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,802 1,599 1,549 1,582 1,687 1,563 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3

Mining and logging(3)

31 12 26 21 27 21 3.7 1.6 3.4 2.8 3.7 2.9

Construction

200 157 138 182 202 160 3.1 2.4 2.1 2.7 3.0 2.4

Manufacturing

108 101 104 97 121 116 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9

Durable goods

65 64 65 61 83 73 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.9

Nondurable goods

43 37 39 35 38 43 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

354 302 266 312 320 274 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.0

Wholesale trade(3)

64 45 39 48 42 44 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8

Retail trade

204 189 177 194 211 169 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

85 69 50 71 67 61 1.6 1.3 0.9 1.3 1.2 1.1

Information

23 31 19 25 21 22 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8

Financial activities

61 58 62 57 64 64 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8

Finance and insurance

39 32 38 37 41 43 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

23 26 24 20 23 21 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.0

Professional and business services

495 441 414 442 427 394 2.5 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0

Education and health services

143 156 149 152 145 137 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6

Educational services

28 37 22 27 40 29 0.8 1.1 0.6 0.8 1.2 0.8

Health care and social assistance

115 119 127 126 104 108 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

297 280 298 237 295 286 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.5 1.9 1.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

101 72 80 91 53 88 4.7 3.3 3.6 4.1 2.4 4.0

Accommodation and food services

197 208 219 146 243 198 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.1 1.8 1.5

Other services

88 59 72 56 66 91 1.6 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.6

Government

106 119 123 122 121 108 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5

Federal

13 11 10 15 8 6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.2

State and local

93 108 113 108 113 102 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5

State and local education

55 62 61 65 68 67 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6

State and local, excluding education

38 46 52 43 45 35 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4

REGION(4)

Northeast

300 329 324 299 346 340 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3

South

679 647 601 576 669 535 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.0

Midwest

476 348 374 407 384 435 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.4

West

452 393 372 422 408 361 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.1

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Nov.
2015
Dec.
2015
Jan.
2016
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

356 378 368 422 397 395 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

291 311 303 365 332 327 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

2 5 3 2 4 5 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.7

Construction(3)

19 6 8 11 13 14 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

24 20 26 22 29 27 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

14 15 17 13 15 20 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

Nondurable goods(3)

10 5 8 9 14 7 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

92 110 89 102 113 101 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4

Wholesale trade

6 10 14 8 9 13 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Retail trade

69 84 68 69 94 72 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

17 15 8 24 10 15 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.3

Information(3)

11 5 7 16 11 6 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.2

Financial activities

27 46 19 47 25 28 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.3

Finance and insurance

22 42 17 36 22 21 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

5 4 2 11 3 7 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.3

Professional and business services

47 56 66 61 68 80 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Education and health services

38 36 44 61 29 24 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1

Educational services(3)

2 5 4 3 2 2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance(3)

36 31 40 58 27 21 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

24 23 34 34 32 26 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

2 5 2 3 2 2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services(3)

22 18 32 32 30 24 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services(3)

8 4 7 8 8 17 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3

Government

65 66 65 56 65 68 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

11 17 17 14 18 19 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.7

State and local

54 49 48 43 47 49 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

State and local education

24 26 25 22 22 23 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local, excluding education

30 23 23 20 24 26 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

REGION(4)

Northeast

73 67 86 75 46 68 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3

South

114 168 125 151 163 148 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3

Midwest

78 77 75 77 72 102 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3

West

90 66 82 119 116 77 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series, therefore, the seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data are identical.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

5,133 5,377 5,729 3.5 3.6 3.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,631 4,923 5,242 3.8 4.0 4.2

Mining and logging

16 10 10 1.9 1.4 1.4

Construction

177 201 210 2.8 3.1 3.2

Manufacturing

311 320 356 2.5 2.5 2.8

Durable goods

197 169 176 2.5 2.2 2.2

Nondurable goods

115 151 180 2.5 3.2 3.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

874 966 941 3.2 3.5 3.4

Wholesale trade

141 216 181 2.4 3.5 3.0

Retail trade

516 590 564 3.3 3.6 3.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

217 161 196 3.9 2.9 3.5

Information

107 87 71 3.8 3.1 2.5

Financial activities

262 318 334 3.2 3.8 3.9

Finance and insurance

193 228 264 3.1 3.6 4.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

69 91 71 3.2 4.2 3.3

Professional and business services

1,030 1,046 1,214 5.1 5.0 5.8

Education and health services

857 993 1,010 3.8 4.2 4.3

Educational services

89 113 77 2.4 3.0 2.1

Health care and social assistance

768 880 933 4.0 4.4 4.7

Leisure and hospitality

773 743 822 5.0 4.8 5.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

106 63 97 5.1 3.1 4.5

Accommodation and food services

667 680 724 5.0 5.0 5.3

Other services

223 238 274 3.8 4.1 4.6

Government

503 454 487 2.2 2.0 2.1

Federal

85 88 99 3.0 3.1 3.5

State and local

418 366 388 2.1 1.8 1.9

State and local education

124 126 126 1.1 1.2 1.2

State and local, excluding education

294 240 262 3.2 2.6 2.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

829 832 862 3.1 3.1 3.1

South

1,876 2,041 2,140 3.5 3.8 4.0

Midwest

1,206 1,235 1,328 3.7 3.7 4.0

West

1,222 1,269 1,399 3.7 3.8 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

4,825 4,541 4,965 3.4 3.2 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,575 4,282 4,681 3.9 3.6 3.9

Mining and logging

25 19 26 3.0 2.7 3.7

Construction

311 285 347 5.1 4.6 5.5

Manufacturing

254 242 243 2.1 2.0 2.0

Durable goods

151 147 144 1.9 1.9 1.9

Nondurable goods

103 96 99 2.3 2.1 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,072 905 1,032 4.1 3.4 3.8

Wholesale trade

162 128 170 2.8 2.2 2.9

Retail trade

748 649 737 4.9 4.2 4.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

162 129 125 3.1 2.4 2.3

Information

68 65 61 2.5 2.3 2.2

Financial activities

179 190 200 2.2 2.3 2.4

Finance and insurance

127 138 123 2.1 2.3 2.0

Real estate and rental and leasing

52 52 77 2.5 2.5 3.7

Professional and business services

1,019 984 1,013 5.3 5.0 5.1

Education and health services

518 551 541 2.4 2.4 2.4

Educational services

49 85 51 1.3 2.3 1.4

Health care and social assistance

469 467 490 2.6 2.5 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

938 875 1,012 6.4 5.9 6.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

155 100 150 7.8 5.0 7.3

Accommodation and food services

782 775 862 6.2 6.1 6.6

Other services

192 165 207 3.4 2.9 3.7

Government

250 259 284 1.1 1.2 1.3

Federal

37 33 39 1.4 1.2 1.4

State and local

213 226 245 1.1 1.2 1.2

State and local education

73 110 99 0.7 1.0 0.9

State and local, excluding education

140 116 146 1.6 1.3 1.6

REGION(3)

Northeast

739 632 756 2.8 2.4 2.8

South

1,906 1,795 1,982 3.7 3.5 3.8

Midwest

1,109 1,012 1,191 3.5 3.2 3.7

West

1,072 1,101 1,037 3.4 3.4 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

4,310 4,198 4,373 3.1 3.0 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,076 3,985 4,133 3.5 3.3 3.4

Mining and logging

44 40 40 5.1 5.5 5.6

Construction

277 273 280 4.6 4.4 4.4

Manufacturing

234 263 263 1.9 2.2 2.2

Durable goods

138 167 159 1.8 2.2 2.1

Nondurable goods

95 96 104 2.1 2.1 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

950 892 897 3.6 3.3 3.3

Wholesale trade

145 122 148 2.5 2.1 2.5

Retail trade

641 648 614 4.2 4.2 3.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

165 122 134 3.1 2.3 2.5

Information

78 58 64 2.9 2.1 2.3

Financial activities

162 171 182 2.0 2.1 2.2

Finance and insurance

121 114 114 2.0 1.9 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

42 57 68 2.0 2.8 3.3

Professional and business services

929 944 931 4.8 4.8 4.7

Education and health services

485 443 492 2.2 2.0 2.2

Educational services

45 47 44 1.2 1.3 1.2

Health care and social assistance

441 397 448 2.4 2.1 2.4

Leisure and hospitality

759 752 801 5.2 5.1 5.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

110 78 117 5.5 3.9 5.7

Accommodation and food services

649 674 685 5.1 5.3 5.3

Other services

159 148 184 2.8 2.6 3.3

Government

234 214 240 1.0 1.0 1.1

Federal

32 31 32 1.2 1.1 1.1

State and local

202 183 208 1.0 0.9 1.1

State and local education

83 81 91 0.8 0.8 0.8

State and local, excluding education

119 102 117 1.3 1.1 1.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

596 617 659 2.3 2.3 2.5

South

1,737 1,665 1,654 3.4 3.2 3.2

Midwest

953 948 1,061 3.0 3.0 3.3

West

1,023 969 999 3.2 3.0 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

2,451 2,428 2,680 1.7 1.7 1.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,326 2,312 2,546 2.0 1.9 2.1

Mining and logging

10 9 12 1.2 1.3 1.7

Construction

97 87 138 1.6 1.4 2.2

Manufacturing

121 123 136 1.0 1.0 1.1

Durable goods

70 71 77 0.9 0.9 1.0

Nondurable goods

51 52 59 1.1 1.1 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

572 514 589 2.2 1.9 2.2

Wholesale trade

75 74 91 1.3 1.3 1.5

Retail trade

417 372 428 2.7 2.4 2.7

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

80 68 70 1.5 1.3 1.3

Information

44 31 36 1.6 1.1 1.3

Financial activities

88 108 99 1.1 1.3 1.2

Finance and insurance

67 71 54 1.1 1.2 0.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

21 37 46 1.0 1.8 2.2

Professional and business services

452 499 510 2.3 2.5 2.6

Education and health services

330 319 359 1.5 1.4 1.6

Educational services

29 28 28 0.8 0.8 0.7

Health care and social assistance

302 292 331 1.6 1.5 1.7

Leisure and hospitality

521 531 565 3.6 3.6 3.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

32 51 43 1.6 2.6 2.1

Accommodation and food services

489 480 522 3.9 3.8 4.0

Other services

91 91 101 1.6 1.6 1.8

Government

124 116 134 0.6 0.5 0.6

Federal

10 11 12 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

114 105 122 0.6 0.5 0.6

State and local education

47 47 50 0.4 0.4 0.5

State and local, excluding education

67 58 72 0.8 0.7 0.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

319 331 343 1.2 1.3 1.3

South

1,043 971 1,071 2.0 1.9 2.1

Midwest

528 585 631 1.7 1.8 2.0

West

561 542 635 1.8 1.7 2.0

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

1,543 1,406 1,330 1.1 1.0 0.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,482 1,352 1,275 1.3 1.1 1.1

Mining and logging

31 27 21 3.7 3.7 3.0

Construction

160 173 128 2.6 2.8 2.0

Manufacturing

89 113 100 0.7 0.9 0.8

Durable goods

55 83 63 0.7 1.1 0.8

Nondurable goods

35 30 37 0.8 0.7 0.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

301 266 227 1.1 1.0 0.8

Wholesale trade

64 42 44 1.1 0.7 0.8

Retail trade

169 181 133 1.1 1.2 0.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

68 43 49 1.3 0.8 0.9

Information

23 17 21 0.8 0.6 0.8

Financial activities

54 46 62 0.7 0.6 0.8

Finance and insurance

38 29 46 0.6 0.5 0.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

16 17 15 0.8 0.8 0.7

Professional and business services

432 378 331 2.2 1.9 1.7

Education and health services

117 95 109 0.5 0.4 0.5

Educational services

14 17 14 0.4 0.5 0.4

Health care and social assistance

103 79 95 0.6 0.4 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

213 188 210 1.5 1.3 1.4

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

75 25 71 3.8 1.3 3.4

Accommodation and food services

138 163 139 1.1 1.3 1.1

Other services

60 49 66 1.1 0.9 1.2

Government

61 53 56 0.3 0.2 0.2

Federal

12 4 5 0.5 0.2 0.2

State and local

49 49 51 0.2 0.2 0.3

State and local education

24 25 29 0.2 0.2 0.3

State and local, excluding education

25 24 21 0.3 0.3 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

210 243 251 0.8 0.9 0.9

South

600 540 461 1.2 1.0 0.9

Midwest

360 299 337 1.1 0.9 1.1

West

372 324 281 1.2 1.0 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)
Mar.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016(p)

Total

316 364 362 0.2 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

268 320 312 0.2 0.3 0.3

Mining and logging

2 3 6 0.2 0.5 0.9

Construction

19 13 14 0.3 0.2 0.2

Manufacturing

24 27 27 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

14 13 20 0.2 0.2 0.3

Nondurable goods

10 14 7 0.2 0.3 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

78 112 81 0.3 0.4 0.3

Wholesale trade

5 6 13 0.1 0.1 0.2

Retail trade

56 95 53 0.4 0.6 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

17 10 15 0.3 0.2 0.3

Information

11 11 6 0.4 0.4 0.2

Financial activities

20 18 21 0.2 0.2 0.3

Finance and insurance

15 14 14 0.3 0.2 0.2

Real estate and rental and leasing

5 3 7 0.2 0.2 0.3

Professional and business services

45 68 90 0.2 0.3 0.5

Education and health services

38 29 24 0.2 0.1 0.1

Educational services

2 2 2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Health care and social assistance

36 27 21 0.2 0.1 0.1

Leisure and hospitality

24 32 26 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 2 2 0.1 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services

22 30 24 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services

8 8 17 0.1 0.1 0.3

Government

48 45 50 0.2 0.2 0.2

Federal

9 15 15 0.3 0.5 0.5

State and local

39 30 35 0.2 0.2 0.2

State and local education

12 9 12 0.1 0.1 0.1

State and local, excluding education

27 20 23 0.3 0.2 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

67 43 64 0.3 0.2 0.2

South

94 154 123 0.2 0.3 0.2

Midwest

66 64 92 0.2 0.2 0.3

West

90 103 83 0.3 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: May 10, 2016