Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, September 7, 2016	USDL-16-1807

Technical information:  (202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:          (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov

                         JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JULY 2016

The number of job openings increased to 5.9 million on the last business day of July, the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics reported today. Hires and separations were little changed at 5.2 million and 4.9 million, 
respectively. Within separations, the quits rate was 2.1 percent and the layoffs and discharges rate was 
1.1 percent. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and 
separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

On the last business day of July, there were 5.9 million job openings, an increase of 228,000 from June. 
The job openings rate was 3.9 percent in July. The number of job openings increased over the month for 
total private (+243,000) and was little changed for government. Job openings increased in professional 
and business services (+166,000) and durable goods manufacturing (+27,000) but decreased in health 
care and social assistance (-63,000). The number of job openings was little changed in all four regions. 
(See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires was 5.2 million in July, little changed from June. The hires rate was 3.6 percent in 
July. The number of hires was little changed for total private and for government. Hires increased in 
professional and business services (+137,000) but decreased in other services (-77,000). The number of 
hires increased in the South region. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.9 million total separations in July, little changed from June. The total separations rate in 
July was 3.4 percent. The number of total separations was essentially unchanged for total private and 
edged down for government (-25,000) over the month. Total separations decreased in state and local 
government education (-29,000). The number of total separations was little changed in all four regions. 
(See table 3.)

The number of quits was essentially unchanged in July at 3.0 million. The quits rate was 2.1 percent. 
Over the month, the number of quits was little changed for total private and decreased for government  
(-21,000). Quits decreased in state and local government education (-25,000). The number of quits was 
little changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)

There were 1.6 million layoffs and discharges in July, little changed from June. The layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.1 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was essentially unchanged over 
the month for total private and for government. The layoffs and discharges level was also essentially 
unchanged in all industries and in all four regions. (See table 5.)

The number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government in 
July. Other separations decreased in other services (-12,000), educational services (-6,000), and state and 
local government education (-5,000). The number of other separations was little changed over the month 
in all four regions. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in July, hires totaled 62.5 million and 
separations totaled 60.0 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.5 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

____________
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for August 2016 are scheduled to be 
released on Wednesday, October 12, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)


Total

5,788 5,643 5,871 5,084 5,172 5,227 4,794 4,964 4,937

Total private

5,243 5,115 5,358 4,710 4,814 4,861 4,458 4,612 4,611

Mining and logging(1)

23 12 13 27 23 21 32 28 24

Construction(1)

151 187 214 301 281 334 274 293 297

Manufacturing

366 361 379 264 281 274 253 264 258

Durable goods(1)

218 200 227 159 161 167 161 160 158

Nondurable goods(1)

148 160 152 106 119 106 91 103 100

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,037 986 1,030 1,109 1,038 1,034 1,071 1,047 1,022

Wholesale trade(1)

210 182 165 141 144 137 158 138 148

Retail trade

604 588 627 773 719 723 739 711 708

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

223 217 239 196 175 174 174 198 167

Information(1)

116 94 79 79 76 77 81 68 77

Financial activities

366 314 321 187 197 178 174 177 168

Finance and insurance

248 232 245 125 130 117 112 118 108

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

117 82 76 62 67 62 61 58 60

Professional and business services

1,125 1,104 1,270 1,003 1,003 1,140 940 943 1,030

Education and health services

1,133 1,127 1,078 603 654 622 541 618 586

Educational services(1)

123 102 115 84 96 83 76 102 92

Health care and social assistance

1,010 1,025 962 519 558 539 465 517 494

Leisure and hospitality

743 741 763 925 1,024 1,021 873 950 958

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

65 91 106 120 180 162 105 155 141

Accommodation and food services

678 651 656 805 844 858 767 795 817

Other services(1)

183 188 211 211 238 161 220 224 192

Government

546 527 513 374 358 367 336 352 327

Federal(1)

69 86 88 45 38 39 42 34 33

State and local

477 441 426 329 320 327 294 317 294

State and local education

169 139 147 173 163 164 135 164 135

State and local, excluding education(1)

308 302 279 156 156 163 159 153 159





RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)


Total

3.9 3.8 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.4

Total private

4.2 4.0 4.2 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.8 3.8

Mining and logging(1)

2.8 1.8 1.9 3.4 3.4 3.1 4.0 4.0 3.5

Construction(1)

2.3 2.7 3.1 4.7 4.2 5.0 4.3 4.4 4.5

Manufacturing

2.9 2.8 3.0 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.1

Durable goods(1)

2.7 2.5 2.9 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1

Nondurable goods(1)

3.1 3.4 3.2 2.3 2.6 2.3 2.0 2.2 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

3.7 3.5 3.6 4.1 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.7

Wholesale trade(1)

3.5 3.0 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.5

Retail trade

3.7 3.6 3.8 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.5 4.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(1)

3.9 3.8 4.2 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.6 3.1

Information(1)

4.0 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.5 2.8

Financial activities

4.3 3.7 3.7 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0

Finance and insurance

3.9 3.6 3.8 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing(1)

5.3 3.7 3.4 3.0 3.1 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.8

Professional and business services

5.4 5.2 5.9 5.1 5.0 5.6 4.8 4.7 5.1

Education and health services

4.9 4.7 4.5 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.7 2.6

Educational services(1)

3.4 2.8 3.2 2.4 2.7 2.3 2.2 2.9 2.6

Health care and social assistance

5.1 5.1 4.8 2.8 2.9 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

4.7 4.6 4.7 6.1 6.6 6.6 5.8 6.1 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2.9 3.9 4.5 5.5 8.0 7.2 4.9 6.9 6.2

Accommodation and food services

5.0 4.7 4.7 6.2 6.4 6.5 5.9 6.0 6.2

Other services(1)

3.2 3.2 3.6 3.7 4.2 2.8 3.9 3.9 3.4

Government

2.4 2.3 2.3 1.7 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5

Federal(1)

2.4 3.0 3.0 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.2 1.2

State and local

2.4 2.2 2.1 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5

State and local education

1.6 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.6 1.3

State and local, excluding education(1)

3.3 3.2 3.0 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7

Footnotes
(1) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,000
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-13 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Sampling error estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/jlt/jolts_median_standard_errors.htm.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

5,788 5,670 5,845 5,514 5,643 5,871 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.7 3.8 3.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,243 5,175 5,311 4,986 5,115 5,358 4.2 4.1 4.2 3.9 4.0 4.2

Mining and logging(3)

23 9 14 11 12 13 2.8 1.3 2.0 1.5 1.8 1.9

Construction(3)

151 215 193 193 187 214 2.3 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.7 3.1

Manufacturing

366 337 397 350 361 379 2.9 2.7 3.1 2.8 2.8 3.0

Durable goods(3)

218 167 208 180 200 227 2.7 2.1 2.6 2.3 2.5 2.9

Nondurable goods(3)

148 170 190 170 160 152 3.1 3.6 4.0 3.6 3.4 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,037 975 1,060 970 986 1,030 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.5 3.6

Wholesale trade(3)

210 189 255 162 182 165 3.5 3.1 4.1 2.7 3.0 2.7

Retail trade

604 605 589 605 588 627 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.8

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

223 181 215 202 217 239 3.9 3.2 3.8 3.6 3.8 4.2

Information(3)

116 75 101 95 94 79 4.0 2.6 3.5 3.3 3.3 2.8

Financial activities

366 326 387 305 314 321 4.3 3.8 4.5 3.6 3.7 3.7

Finance and insurance

248 257 278 249 232 245 3.9 4.0 4.3 3.9 3.6 3.8

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

117 69 109 56 82 76 5.3 3.2 4.9 2.5 3.7 3.4

Professional and business services

1,125 1,145 961 1,032 1,104 1,270 5.4 5.4 4.6 4.9 5.2 5.9

Education and health services

1,133 1,042 1,112 1,073 1,127 1,078 4.9 4.4 4.7 4.5 4.7 4.5

Educational services(3)

123 85 126 87 102 115 3.4 2.4 3.5 2.4 2.8 3.2

Health care and social assistance

1,010 957 986 985 1,025 962 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.9 5.1 4.8

Leisure and hospitality

743 781 793 791 741 763 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9 4.6 4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

65 80 76 87 91 106 2.9 3.5 3.3 3.8 3.9 4.5

Accommodation and food services

678 701 717 704 651 656 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.1 4.7 4.7

Other services(3)

183 269 293 167 188 211 3.2 4.5 4.9 2.9 3.2 3.6

Government

546 494 534 528 527 513 2.4 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3

Federal(3)

69 90 84 93 86 88 2.4 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.0

State and local

477 404 449 435 441 426 2.4 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.2 2.1

State and local education

169 145 146 144 139 147 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4

State and local, excluding education(3)

308 259 303 291 302 279 3.3 2.8 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.0

REGION(4)

Northeast

942 898 915 966 928 1,002 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.6

South

2,246 2,152 2,171 1,995 2,166 2,171 4.2 4.0 4.0 3.7 4.0 4.0

Midwest

1,260 1,308 1,323 1,243 1,275 1,349 3.8 3.9 4.0 3.7 3.8 4.0

West

1,340 1,311 1,435 1,310 1,273 1,349 4.0 3.9 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

5,084 5,290 5,085 5,047 5,172 5,227 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,710 4,912 4,734 4,695 4,814 4,861 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.9 4.0

Mining and logging

27 26 22 20 23 21 3.4 3.6 3.1 2.9 3.4 3.1

Construction

301 346 339 325 281 334 4.7 5.2 5.1 4.9 4.2 5.0

Manufacturing

264 251 269 268 281 274 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2

Durable goods

159 145 154 160 161 167 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.1 2.2

Nondurable goods

106 106 115 108 119 106 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,109 1,094 1,031 1,019 1,038 1,034 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8

Wholesale trade

141 164 148 142 144 137 2.4 2.8 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3

Retail trade

773 769 714 710 719 723 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

196 161 169 167 175 174 3.6 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.2 3.2

Information

79 74 85 69 76 77 2.9 2.7 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.8

Financial activities

187 218 202 192 197 178 2.3 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.1

Finance and insurance

125 135 132 130 130 117 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

62 83 71 62 67 62 3.0 3.9 3.3 2.9 3.1 2.9

Professional and business services

1,003 1,071 1,031 987 1,003 1,140 5.1 5.3 5.1 4.9 5.0 5.6

Education and health services

603 615 605 644 654 622 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.7

Educational services

84 82 96 102 96 83 2.4 2.3 2.7 2.9 2.7 2.3

Health care and social assistance

519 534 509 541 558 539 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.8

Leisure and hospitality

925 1,001 959 986 1,024 1,021 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.4 6.6 6.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

120 150 127 146 180 162 5.5 6.7 5.7 6.6 8.0 7.2

Accommodation and food services

805 852 832 840 844 858 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.4 6.5

Other services

211 215 191 187 238 161 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.3 4.2 2.8

Government

374 379 351 352 358 367 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7

Federal

45 40 37 41 38 39 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4

State and local

329 339 315 311 320 327 1.7 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7

State and local education

173 174 152 160 163 164 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6

State and local, excluding education

156 165 162 151 156 163 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

805 829 814 777 859 801 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.9 3.2 3.0

South

2,035 2,069 1,969 1,907 1,889 2,034 3.9 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.9

Midwest

1,085 1,254 1,075 1,152 1,187 1,170 3.4 3.9 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.6

West

1,159 1,138 1,227 1,211 1,237 1,221 3.6 3.5 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

4,794 5,096 5,015 4,978 4,964 4,937 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,458 4,747 4,660 4,642 4,612 4,611 3.7 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8

Mining and logging

32 40 35 26 28 24 4.0 5.6 4.9 3.7 4.0 3.5

Construction

274 334 354 338 293 297 4.3 5.0 5.3 5.1 4.4 4.5

Manufacturing

253 288 279 294 264 258 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.1 2.1

Durable goods

161 171 160 183 160 158 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.1 2.1

Nondurable goods

91 116 119 111 103 100 2.0 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,071 1,043 1,012 1,010 1,047 1,022 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7

Wholesale trade

158 145 144 132 138 148 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.5

Retail trade

739 747 702 706 711 708 4.7 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.5 4.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

174 151 166 173 198 167 3.2 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.6 3.1

Information

81 67 82 75 68 77 2.9 2.4 2.9 2.7 2.5 2.8

Financial activities

174 191 188 186 177 168 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0

Finance and insurance

112 116 113 126 118 108 1.9 1.9 1.9 2.0 1.9 1.8

Real estate and rental and leasing

61 76 74 60 58 60 2.9 3.6 3.5 2.8 2.7 2.8

Professional and business services

940 1,042 1,004 966 943 1,030 4.8 5.2 5.0 4.8 4.7 5.1

Education and health services

541 557 570 593 618 586 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.6

Educational services

76 73 83 92 102 92 2.2 2.1 2.4 2.6 2.9 2.6

Health care and social assistance

465 484 486 501 517 494 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

873 972 950 969 950 958 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

105 144 131 155 155 141 4.9 6.5 5.9 7.0 6.9 6.2

Accommodation and food services

767 828 819 815 795 817 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.2

Other services

220 213 187 184 224 192 3.9 3.7 3.3 3.2 3.9 3.4

Government

336 349 355 335 352 327 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5

Federal

42 39 38 32 34 33 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2

State and local

294 310 317 303 317 294 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5

State and local education

135 171 165 146 164 135 1.3 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.3

State and local, excluding education

159 139 153 157 153 159 1.8 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7

REGION(3)

Northeast

689 797 783 749 787 853 2.6 3.0 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.2

South

1,931 1,891 1,917 1,946 1,885 1,931 3.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.7

Midwest

1,094 1,287 1,118 1,139 1,115 1,085 3.4 4.0 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.4

West

1,080 1,121 1,197 1,143 1,176 1,067 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

2,724 2,948 2,909 2,942 2,979 2,980 1.9 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,566 2,780 2,738 2,775 2,785 2,807 2.1 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3

Mining and logging

15 15 11 12 13 12 1.8 2.1 1.6 1.7 2.0 1.8

Construction

108 158 118 120 110 125 1.7 2.4 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.9

Manufacturing

127 142 139 142 136 140 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1

Durable goods

80 79 79 80 77 79 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0

Nondurable goods

47 63 59 62 59 61 1.0 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

610 656 624 623 649 652 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4

Wholesale trade

80 88 83 67 89 94 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.5 1.6

Retail trade

438 492 447 462 459 464 2.8 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

92 77 94 94 101 94 1.7 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.7

Information

44 36 41 36 36 46 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.6

Financial activities

93 98 106 112 103 99 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2

Finance and insurance

60 53 66 74 71 63 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

34 45 40 38 32 36 1.6 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.5 1.7

Professional and business services

468 545 558 547 542 553 2.4 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.7

Education and health services

356 386 382 405 410 400 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8

Educational services

48 35 38 53 51 49 1.4 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.4

Health care and social assistance

308 351 344 352 359 351 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.8

Leisure and hospitality

609 644 645 678 645 639 4.0 4.2 4.2 4.4 4.2 4.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

53 56 63 65 58 62 2.4 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.6 2.8

Accommodation and food services

556 588 582 612 587 577 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.6 4.4 4.3

Other services(3)

137 101 115 100 140 142 2.4 1.8 2.0 1.8 2.5 2.5

Government

158 168 171 168 194 173 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

Federal

13 14 14 11 13 12 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4

State and local

144 154 157 156 181 161 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8

State and local education

75 74 73 70 96 71 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.7

State and local, excluding education

69 79 84 86 85 90 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0

REGION(4)

Northeast

402 399 339 394 407 453 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.7

South

1,170 1,165 1,194 1,197 1,199 1,190 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3

Midwest

607 684 673 691 660 658 1.9 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0

West

546 700 703 661 713 679 1.7 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

1,664 1,768 1,708 1,701 1,622 1,579 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,552 1,650 1,586 1,594 1,529 1,484 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2

Mining and logging(3)

16 21 20 10 11 8 2.0 2.9 2.8 1.4 1.6 1.1

Construction

144 165 217 204 168 148 2.2 2.5 3.3 3.1 2.5 2.2

Manufacturing

103 116 115 131 106 95 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.9 0.8

Durable goods

67 71 66 92 70 65 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.2 0.9 0.8

Nondurable goods

36 44 49 39 36 30 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

354 287 283 301 311 282 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0

Wholesale trade(3)

68 44 49 59 37 42 1.2 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.7

Retail trade

222 183 177 177 189 181 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

64 59 57 65 85 59 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.6 1.1

Information

24 22 29 30 24 20 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.7

Financial activities

60 65 53 53 51 40 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5

Finance and insurance

40 42 28 36 30 23 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

21 23 25 17 20 18 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.8 0.9 0.8

Professional and business services

425 438 384 368 340 413 2.2 2.2 1.9 1.8 1.7 2.0

Education and health services

133 145 151 157 167 140 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6

Educational services

19 36 43 33 37 35 0.6 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.0

Health care and social assistance

113 109 109 123 130 105 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5

Leisure and hospitality

217 295 266 261 281 290 1.4 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

48 84 65 84 95 77 2.2 3.8 2.9 3.8 4.2 3.4

Accommodation and food services

170 211 200 177 186 213 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.6

Other services

75 97 67 80 71 48 1.3 1.7 1.2 1.4 1.3 0.8

Government

113 118 122 107 93 95 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4

Federal

15 12 11 11 11 11 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

98 107 111 97 83 84 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4

State and local education

40 73 65 49 42 43 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4

State and local, excluding education

58 34 46 47 41 41 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5

REGION(4)

Northeast

213 326 375 307 328 336 0.8 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.3

South

593 569 554 615 539 587 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.1

Midwest

402 519 363 372 383 354 1.3 1.6 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1

West

456 354 416 408 372 302 1.4 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
May
2016
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

405 380 398 334 363 378 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

340 317 336 274 298 319 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Mining and logging

1 4 4 5 3 4 0.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6

Construction(3)

22 11 20 15 15 24 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.4

Manufacturing

23 30 25 21 22 23 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

14 21 15 11 13 15 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods(3)

8 9 10 10 8 8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

107 101 105 87 87 88 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

9 13 12 6 12 11 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Retail trade

80 73 78 68 63 62 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities(3)

18 15 15 13 12 14 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Information(3)

12 9 12 9 9 11 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4

Financial activities

20 29 28 21 23 29 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Finance and insurance

13 21 19 16 17 22 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4

Real estate and rental and leasing(3)

7 8 9 5 6 7 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3

Professional and business services

48 59 61 51 61 64 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

53 26 36 31 42 46 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2

Educational services(3)

9 2 3 6 14 8 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2

Health care and social assistance(3)

44 24 34 26 28 38 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

46 32 39 31 24 29 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation(3)

5 4 3 5 2 2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services(3)

42 29 37 26 22 27 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

Other services(3)

8 15 5 4 13 1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0

Government

65 62 63 60 65 59 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

13 13 13 10 11 10 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

52 49 49 50 54 49 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local education

20 24 27 27 27 22 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2

State and local, excluding education

32 25 23 23 27 27 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

REGION(4)

Northeast

75 72 69 48 53 64 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

South

168 157 168 134 147 155 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3

Midwest

85 84 82 77 72 73 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2

West

78 67 78 75 91 87 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) No regular seasonal movements could be identified in this series; therefore, identical numbers appear for the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted series.
(4) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

6,039 5,610 6,090 4.1 3.7 4.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,444 5,049 5,534 4.3 3.9 4.3

Mining and logging

23 12 13 2.7 1.8 1.8

Construction

151 187 214 2.2 2.7 3.0

Manufacturing

366 361 379 2.9 2.8 3.0

Durable goods

218 200 227 2.7 2.5 2.9

Nondurable goods

148 160 152 3.1 3.3 3.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,098 980 1,097 3.9 3.5 3.9

Wholesale trade

210 182 165 3.4 3.0 2.7

Retail trade

665 582 693 4.1 3.5 4.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

223 217 239 4.0 3.8 4.2

Information

116 94 79 4.0 3.3 2.7

Financial activities

378 316 330 4.4 3.7 3.8

Finance and insurance

261 234 254 4.1 3.7 3.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

117 82 76 5.2 3.6 3.3

Professional and business services

1,131 1,089 1,284 5.4 5.1 5.9

Education and health services

1,197 1,072 1,133 5.2 4.6 4.8

Educational services

123 102 115 3.7 3.0 3.5

Health care and social assistance

1,074 970 1,017 5.5 4.8 5.0

Leisure and hospitality

801 749 795 4.8 4.4 4.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

59 82 100 2.3 3.1 3.7

Accommodation and food services

742 666 695 5.3 4.7 4.8

Other services

183 188 211 3.1 3.2 3.5

Government

594 562 556 2.8 2.5 2.6

Federal

69 86 88 2.4 3.0 3.0

State and local

526 476 468 2.8 2.4 2.5

State and local education

218 173 189 2.4 1.7 2.1

State and local, excluding education

308 302 279 3.2 3.2 2.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

974 926 1,055 3.6 3.3 3.8

South

2,345 2,161 2,239 4.3 3.9 4.1

Midwest

1,317 1,238 1,406 4.0 3.7 4.2

West

1,402 1,284 1,391 4.2 3.7 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

5,500 5,960 5,653 3.9 4.1 3.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

5,092 5,492 5,243 4.2 4.5 4.3

Mining and logging

30 28 23 3.7 4.1 3.3

Construction

355 347 395 5.3 5.1 5.7

Manufacturing

288 346 298 2.3 2.8 2.4

Durable goods

167 194 177 2.1 2.5 2.3

Nondurable goods

121 152 122 2.6 3.3 2.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,142 1,044 1,065 4.2 3.8 3.9

Wholesale trade

160 162 153 2.7 2.7 2.6

Retail trade

776 710 725 4.9 4.5 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

206 171 187 3.8 3.1 3.4

Information

84 90 82 3.0 3.2 2.9

Financial activities

208 229 195 2.5 2.7 2.3

Finance and insurance

143 151 131 2.4 2.5 2.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

65 78 64 3.0 3.6 2.9

Professional and business services

1,048 1,084 1,185 5.3 5.3 5.8

Education and health services

692 735 712 3.2 3.3 3.2

Educational services

109 118 106 3.5 3.6 3.3

Health care and social assistance

583 617 606 3.1 3.2 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

984 1,272 1,082 6.2 7.9 6.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

119 289 162 4.8 11.4 6.2

Accommodation and food services

866 983 920 6.5 7.2 6.7

Other services

260 317 206 4.6 5.5 3.6

Government

408 468 410 2.0 2.1 2.0

Federal

38 51 33 1.4 1.8 1.2

State and local

370 417 377 2.1 2.2 2.1

State and local education

180 139 175 2.1 1.4 2.0

State and local, excluding education

190 279 202 2.1 3.0 2.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

911 1,036 905 3.5 3.9 3.4

South

2,187 2,068 2,205 4.2 3.9 4.2

Midwest

1,103 1,388 1,180 3.5 4.3 3.7

West

1,298 1,468 1,362 4.0 4.4 4.1

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

5,162 5,145 5,310 3.6 3.5 3.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,745 4,591 4,907 3.9 3.7 4.0

Mining and logging

35 28 26 4.2 4.0 3.8

Construction

296 258 322 4.4 3.8 4.7

Manufacturing

271 271 275 2.2 2.2 2.2

Durable goods

177 163 170 2.3 2.1 2.2

Nondurable goods

94 108 105 2.0 2.3 2.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,102 996 1,050 4.1 3.6 3.8

Wholesale trade

165 140 156 2.8 2.4 2.6

Retail trade

751 676 719 4.8 4.2 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

186 180 175 3.5 3.3 3.2

Information

86 67 82 3.1 2.4 2.9

Financial activities

179 180 165 2.2 2.2 2.0

Finance and insurance

118 119 106 1.9 1.9 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

61 61 59 2.9 2.8 2.7

Professional and business services

955 929 1,061 4.8 4.6 5.2

Education and health services

644 725 699 3.0 3.2 3.1

Educational services

109 175 136 3.4 5.3 4.2

Health care and social assistance

535 550 563 2.9 2.9 2.9

Leisure and hospitality

944 912 1,029 6.0 5.6 6.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

95 108 119 3.8 4.3 4.6

Accommodation and food services

849 804 910 6.4 5.9 6.7

Other services

234 227 198 4.1 3.9 3.4

Government

417 554 403 2.0 2.5 1.9

Federal

37 32 27 1.3 1.1 1.0

State and local

381 522 376 2.1 2.7 2.1

State and local education

213 370 205 2.4 3.7 2.3

State and local, excluding education

168 152 171 1.8 1.6 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

741 791 921 2.8 2.9 3.5

South

2,086 1,970 2,084 4.0 3.7 4.0

Midwest

1,125 1,123 1,106 3.6 3.5 3.4

West

1,210 1,261 1,199 3.7 3.8 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

3,106 3,178 3,389 2.2 2.2 2.4

INDUSTRY

Total private

2,908 2,890 3,175 2.4 2.3 2.6

Mining and logging

17 13 14 2.1 1.9 2.0

Construction

136 119 160 2.0 1.7 2.3

Manufacturing

149 143 163 1.2 1.2 1.3

Durable goods

94 81 92 1.2 1.0 1.2

Nondurable goods

55 62 71 1.2 1.3 1.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

652 654 695 2.4 2.4 2.5

Wholesale trade

85 95 101 1.4 1.6 1.7

Retail trade

461 458 487 2.9 2.9 3.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

106 101 107 2.0 1.9 2.0

Information

50 35 53 1.8 1.2 1.9

Financial activities

101 109 104 1.2 1.3 1.2

Finance and insurance

68 77 68 1.1 1.2 1.1

Real estate and rental and leasing

34 32 36 1.6 1.5 1.6

Professional and business services

527 560 624 2.7 2.8 3.1

Education and health services

427 448 477 2.0 2.0 2.1

Educational services

66 76 70 2.1 2.3 2.2

Health care and social assistance

361 372 407 1.9 1.9 2.1

Leisure and hospitality

712 670 744 4.5 4.1 4.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

67 61 80 2.7 2.4 3.1

Accommodation and food services

644 609 664 4.8 4.5 4.9

Other services

137 140 142 2.4 2.4 2.5

Government

198 287 214 1.0 1.3 1.0

Federal

14 14 12 0.5 0.5 0.4

State and local

184 273 202 1.0 1.4 1.1

State and local education

108 188 100 1.2 1.9 1.1

State and local, excluding education

76 85 102 0.8 0.9 1.1

REGION(3)

Northeast

449 415 514 1.7 1.5 1.9

South

1,329 1,288 1,350 2.6 2.4 2.6

Midwest

692 700 739 2.2 2.2 2.3

West

636 774 785 2.0 2.3 2.4

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

1,625 1,561 1,530 1.1 1.1 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,490 1,419 1,415 1.2 1.2 1.1

Mining and logging

16 11 8 2.0 1.6 1.1

Construction

138 124 138 2.1 1.8 2.0

Manufacturing

98 104 88 0.8 0.8 0.7

Durable goods

67 67 63 0.9 0.9 0.8

Nondurable goods

31 38 25 0.7 0.8 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

330 269 259 1.2 1.0 0.9

Wholesale trade

68 37 42 1.2 0.6 0.7

Retail trade

198 166 163 1.3 1.0 1.0

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

63 67 54 1.2 1.2 1.0

Information

23 24 19 0.8 0.8 0.7

Financial activities

59 47 36 0.7 0.6 0.4

Finance and insurance

39 24 20 0.6 0.4 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

20 23 16 1.0 1.0 0.7

Professional and business services

386 312 382 1.9 1.5 1.9

Education and health services

164 235 176 0.8 1.0 0.8

Educational services

33 85 58 1.1 2.6 1.8

Health care and social assistance

130 150 118 0.7 0.8 0.6

Leisure and hospitality

186 218 255 1.2 1.3 1.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

23 45 37 0.9 1.8 1.4

Accommodation and food services

163 173 218 1.2 1.3 1.6

Other services

89 74 54 1.6 1.3 0.9

Government

135 142 115 0.6 0.6 0.5

Federal

10 9 7 0.4 0.3 0.3

State and local

124 133 107 0.7 0.7 0.6

State and local education

71 100 70 0.8 1.0 0.8

State and local, excluding education

54 34 37 0.6 0.4 0.4

REGION(3)

Northeast

214 309 338 0.8 1.1 1.3

South

579 523 573 1.1 1.0 1.1

Midwest

341 346 294 1.1 1.1 0.9

West

490 384 324 1.5 1.2 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)
July
2015
June
2016
July
2016(p)

Total

431 406 392 0.3 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

347 281 317 0.3 0.2 0.3

Mining and logging

2 4 4 0.2 0.5 0.6

Construction

22 15 24 0.3 0.2 0.4

Manufacturing

23 23 24 0.2 0.2 0.2

Durable goods

15 15 16 0.2 0.2 0.2

Nondurable goods

8 8 8 0.2 0.2 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

120 73 97 0.4 0.3 0.4

Wholesale trade

11 9 13 0.2 0.1 0.2

Retail trade

91 52 69 0.6 0.3 0.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

18 12 14 0.3 0.2 0.3

Information

12 9 11 0.4 0.3 0.4

Financial activities

18 24 25 0.2 0.3 0.3

Finance and insurance

11 18 18 0.2 0.3 0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

7 6 7 0.3 0.3 0.3

Professional and business services

42 56 56 0.2 0.3 0.3

Education and health services

53 42 46 0.2 0.2 0.2

Educational services

9 14 8 0.3 0.4 0.3

Health care and social assistance

44 28 38 0.2 0.1 0.2

Leisure and hospitality

46 24 29 0.3 0.1 0.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

5 2 2 0.2 0.1 0.1

Accommodation and food services

42 22 27 0.3 0.2 0.2

Other services

8 13 1 0.1 0.2 0.0

Government

84 125 75 0.4 0.6 0.4

Federal

12 9 8 0.4 0.3 0.3

State and local

72 116 67 0.4 0.6 0.4

State and local education

35 83 35 0.4 0.8 0.4

State and local, excluding education

38 33 32 0.4 0.4 0.3

REGION(3)

Northeast

78 66 68 0.3 0.2 0.3

South

178 159 160 0.3 0.3 0.3

Midwest

92 77 73 0.3 0.2 0.2

West

83 103 90 0.3 0.3 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: September 07, 2016