For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, September 7, 2016 USDL-16-1807
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JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JULY 2016
The number of job openings increased to 5.9 million on the last business day of July, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. Hires and separations were little changed at 5.2 million and 4.9 million,
respectively. Within separations, the quits rate was 2.1 percent and the layoffs and discharges rate was
1.1 percent. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, hires, and
separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions.
On the last business day of July, there were 5.9 million job openings, an increase of 228,000 from June.
The job openings rate was 3.9 percent in July. The number of job openings increased over the month for
total private (+243,000) and was little changed for government. Job openings increased in professional
and business services (+166,000) and durable goods manufacturing (+27,000) but decreased in health
care and social assistance (-63,000). The number of job openings was little changed in all four regions.
(See table 1.)
The number of hires was 5.2 million in July, little changed from June. The hires rate was 3.6 percent in
July. The number of hires was little changed for total private and for government. Hires increased in
professional and business services (+137,000) but decreased in other services (-77,000). The number of
hires increased in the South region. (See table 2.)
Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore,
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.
There were 4.9 million total separations in July, little changed from June. The total separations rate in
July was 3.4 percent. The number of total separations was essentially unchanged for total private and
edged down for government (-25,000) over the month. Total separations decreased in state and local
government education (-29,000). The number of total separations was little changed in all four regions.
(See table 3.)
The number of quits was essentially unchanged in July at 3.0 million. The quits rate was 2.1 percent.
Over the month, the number of quits was little changed for total private and decreased for government
(-21,000). Quits decreased in state and local government education (-25,000). The number of quits was
little changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)
There were 1.6 million layoffs and discharges in July, little changed from June. The layoffs and
discharges rate was 1.1 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges was essentially unchanged over
the month for total private and for government. The layoffs and discharges level was also essentially
unchanged in all industries and in all four regions. (See table 5.)
The number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government in
July. Other separations decreased in other services (-12,000), educational services (-6,000), and state and
local government education (-5,000). The number of other separations was little changed over the month
in all four regions. (See table 6.)
Net Change in Employment
Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining.
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in July, hires totaled 62.5 million and
separations totaled 60.0 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.5 million. These totals include
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for August 2016 are scheduled to be
released on Wednesday, October 12, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).