Job Openings and Labor Turnover Summary


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, August 10, 2016	USDL-16-1653

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                            JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – JUNE 2016

The number of job openings was little changed at 5.6 million on the last business day of June, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Hires and separations were little changed at 5.1 million and 
4.9 million, respectively. Within separations, the quits rate was 2.0 percent and the layoffs and 
discharges rate was 1.1 percent. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of job openings, 
hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by four geographic regions.

Job Openings

In June, there were 5.6 million job openings, little changed from May. The job openings rate in June 
was 3.8 percent. The number of job openings was essentially unchanged for total nonfarm, total private, 
and government. Job openings increased in durable goods manufacturing (+37,000) and decreased in 
federal government (-15,000). In the regions, job openings increased in the South. (See table 1.)

Hires

The number of hires was 5.1 million in June, essentially the same as May. The hires rate was 3.6 
percent in June. The number of hires was little changed for total private and for government. Hires was 
also little changed in all industries. The number of hires increased in the Northeast region. (See table 2.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations includes separations 
due to retirement, death, disability, and transfers to other locations of the same firm.

There were 4.9 million total separations in June, little changed from May. The total separations rate in 
June was 3.4 percent. The number of total separations was essentially unchanged over the month for 
total private and for government. The number of total separations was little changed over the month at 
the industry level and in all four regions. (See table 3.)

The number of quits held steady in June at 2.9 million. The quits rate was 2.0 percent. Over the month, 
the number of quits was little changed for total private and increased for government (+18,000). The 
number of quits increased in state and local government education (+20,000) and was little changed in 
all other industries. The number of quits was little changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)

There were 1.6 million layoffs and discharges in June, essentially unchanged from May. The layoffs 
and discharges rate was 1.1 percent. The number of layoffs and discharges held steady over the month 
for total private and edged down for government (-19,000). Layoffs and discharges decreased in state 
and local government education (-14,000). The number of layoffs and discharges was little changed over 
the month in all four regions. (See table 5.)

The number of other separations was little changed for total nonfarm, total private, and government in 
June. Other separations increased in educational services (+8,000). Other separations was essentially 
unchanged over the month in all four regions. (See table 6.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in June, hires totaled 62.3 million and 
separations totaled 59.8 million, yielding a net employment gain of 2.5 million. These totals include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.
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The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for July 2016 are scheduled to be released 
on Wednesday, September 7, 2016 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

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Last Modified Date: August 10, 2016