Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, February 3, 2016                 USDL-16-0208

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  •  sminfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  •  lausinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- DECEMBER 2015


Unemployment rates were lower in December than a year earlier in 296 of the 387 
metropolitan areas, higher in 79 areas, and unchanged in 12 areas, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-five areas had jobless rates 
of less than 3.0 percent, and 12 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. 
Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 280 metropolitan areas, 
decreased in 94 areas, and was unchanged in 13 areas. The national unemployment 
rate in December was 4.8 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.4 percent 
a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Ames, Iowa, had the lowest unemployment rate in December, 2.2 percent. El Centro, 
Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., had the highest unemployment rates, 19.6 percent and 
18.0 percent, respectively. A total of 188 areas had December jobless rates below 
the U.S. rate of 4.8 percent, 187 areas had rates above it, and 12 areas had 
rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate 
decrease in December (-3.4 percentage points), followed by El Centro, Calif. 
(-3.0 points). Three other areas had rate declines of at least 2.0 percentage 
points. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Farmington, N.M. 
(+2.1 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Salt Lake City, Utah, had the lowest unemployment rate in December, 2.8 percent. 
Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, Nev., and Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark., had the 
highest rates among the large areas, 6.2 percent and 6.1 percent, respectively. 
Forty-three large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, four had 
increases, and four had no change. New Orleans-Metairie, La., had the largest 
rate decrease (-1.7 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase 
occurred in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas (+0.6 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
December, Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County, Pa., had the lowest 
unemployment rate among the divisions, 3.1 percent. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, 
Mich., had the highest division rate, 6.4 percent. (See table 2.)

In December, 34 of the metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment 
rate decreases, 3 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest declines 
occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-1.7 percentage points), 
and Camden, N.J. (-1.6 points). The largest over-the-year rate increase 
occurred in Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+0.4 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, 280 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm 
payroll employment, 94 had decreases, and 13 had no change. The largest 
over-the-year employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, 
N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+156,400), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+135,100), 
and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+98,900). The largest over-the-year 
percentage gain in employment occurred in Idaho Falls, Idaho (+4.5 percent), 
followed by Coeur d’Alene, Idaho, Salisbury, Md.-Del., and San Jose-Sunnyvale-
Santa Clara, Calif. (+4.4 percent each). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. 
(-5,500), Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-4,500), and Houma-Thibodaux, 
La. (-3,600). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment 
occurred in Pine Bluff, Ark. (-7.0 percent), Cape Girardeau, Mo.-Ill. (-3.8 
percent), and Williamsport, Pa. (-3.7 percent). 

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 50 of the 51 metropolitan areas with 
a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more and decreased in New Orleans-
Metairie, La. (-0.2 percent). The largest over-the-year percentage increase in 
employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa 
Clara, Calif. (+4.4 percent), followed by Austin-Round Rock, Texas, and Portland-
Vancouver-Hillsboro, Ore.-Wash. (+3.8 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 34 of the 38 metropolitan 
divisions over the year and decreased in 4. The largest over-the-year increase 
in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey 
City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+122,700), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-
Glendale, Calif. (+93,700), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+84,400). The 
over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lake County-Kenosha County, 
Ill.-Wis. (-5,100), Dutchess County-Putnam County, N.Y. (-3,300), Nashua, 
N.H.-Mass. (-1,500), and Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, Mass. (-900). (See 
table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the 
metropolitan divisions occurred in San Rafael, Calif. (+5.6 percent), followed 
by San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif. (+3.7 percent), 
and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas, and Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash. (+3.6 percent each). 
The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Dutchess 
County-Putnam County, N.Y. (-2.3 percent), Taunton-Middleborough-Norton, Mass. 
(-1.5 percent), Lake County-Kenosha County, Ill.-Wis. (-1.3 percent), and 
Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (-1.2 percent). 

______________
The Regional and State Unemployment 2015 Annual Averages news release is 
scheduled to be released on Friday, February 26, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). 
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for January 
2016 is scheduled to be released on Monday, March 14, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). 
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2016 
is scheduled to be released on Friday, March 18, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



    _____________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                     |
   |    Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data      |
   |                                                                     |
   |  Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2015 |
   |  Annual Averages on February 26, 2016, the civilian labor force     |
   |  and unemployment data for census regions and divisions and all     |
   |  states, the District of Columbia, and the seven modeled substate   |
   |  areas presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release will be     |
   |  revised from 2011 to 2015 to incorporate updated inputs, new       |
   |  population controls, and reestimation of models. The new           |
   |  population controls will reflect the annual updating of population |
   |  estimates by the U.S. Census Bureau. Civilian labor force and      |
   |  unemployment estimates for all other metropolitan areas and        |
   |  metropolitan divisions subsequently will be revised to reflect     |
   |  updated inputs and adjustment to the new statewide estimates.      |
   |  These revised estimates will be published in conjunction with      |
   |  the March 2016 Regional and State Employment and Unemployment      |
   |  news release on April 15, 2016.                                    |
   |_____________________________________________________________________|


    _____________________________________________________________________
   |									 |
   |     Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data		 |
   |   									 |
   |  Effective with the release of January 2016 estimates on March 14,	 |
   |  2016, all nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states and	 |
   |  areas presented in tables 3 and 4 of this news release will be	 |
   |  adjusted to 2015 benchmark levels. Not seasonally adjusted data	 |
   |  beginning with April 2014 and seasonally adjusted data beginning	 |
   |  with January 2011 are subject to revision. Some seasonally	 |
   |  adjusted series may be revised back to 1990.			 |
   |_____________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia,
the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City
are produced using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national
CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced for the following areas
and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL
Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such
as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all other substate
areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect estimation
procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are
based largely on "place of work" estimates from the CES program, are adjusted
to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are
aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from
the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census
Bureau, any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation.
All substate estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted
to add to the revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of
time-series models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back
to the series  beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the
substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who
receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll.
Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance
with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using
several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a 
"weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month
weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed
from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of
employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios
by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique
is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical
criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or
highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation.
These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with
forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation.
Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending
on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each
model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete
count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are
submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI)
laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the
new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level
of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the
level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For
states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions
of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident
with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling
error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations
issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. Data
reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than
county-based definitions, in the six New England States. A detailed list of
the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and unemployment
data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven substate areas are
available in the news release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states, metropolitan areas,
counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in
the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                              November          December          November          December       November    December 
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2014     2015     2014     2015p    2014     2015     2014     2015p   2014  2015  2014 2015p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,139.1  2,149.4  2,122.7  2,144.0    122.8    121.3    117.5    125.4   5.7   5.6   5.5   5.8
  Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville..........     46.4     46.2     46.1     46.1      3.1      3.0      2.9      3.0   6.7   6.6   6.3   6.5
  Auburn-Opelika........................     71.5     72.4     71.0     72.0      3.2      3.4      3.1      3.5   4.5   4.7   4.3   4.9
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    533.7    537.5    530.6    535.3     27.1     27.7     25.7     28.4   5.1   5.2   4.8   5.3
  Daphne-Fairhope-Foley.................     84.3     85.8     83.6     85.3      4.4      4.4      4.4      4.7   5.2   5.2   5.3   5.5
  Decatur...............................     69.0     69.0     68.5     68.9      4.0      3.9      3.9      4.1   5.9   5.7   5.6   5.9
  Dothan................................     62.2     62.4     62.0     62.2      3.6      3.5      3.5      3.6   5.8   5.6   5.6   5.7
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     67.4     65.6     67.3     65.5      4.5      4.3      4.7      4.5   6.7   6.6   6.9   6.8
  Gadsden...............................     43.6     43.3     43.1     43.2      2.5      2.5      2.3      2.5   5.7   5.8   5.4   5.8
  Huntsville............................    209.4    208.9    206.5    208.3     10.8     10.4     10.3     10.6   5.1   5.0   5.0   5.1
  Mobile................................    182.2    182.0    180.5    181.5     12.2     11.9     11.6     12.4   6.7   6.6   6.4   6.8
  Montgomery............................    169.6    169.3    168.9    169.1      9.6      9.3      9.1      9.4   5.7   5.5   5.4   5.6
  Tuscaloosa............................    111.7    113.9    110.7    113.6      5.7      5.9      5.5      6.3   5.1   5.2   4.9   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    363.2    358.7    362.5    358.0     23.4     22.9     23.3     23.8   6.4   6.4   6.4   6.6
  Anchorage.............................    206.0    204.9    206.9    206.5     11.1     11.2     10.9     11.6   5.4   5.5   5.3   5.6
  Fairbanks.............................     47.5     47.0     47.4     46.5      2.7      2.6      2.6      2.6   5.6   5.5   5.5   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,130.0  3,168.3  3,124.4  3,156.8    199.9    182.8    197.1    173.0   6.4   5.8   6.3   5.5
  Flagstaff.............................     72.6     72.4     71.2     71.2      4.8      4.6      5.1      4.7   6.7   6.3   7.2   6.6
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     77.8     76.7     78.2     76.4      6.4      6.0      6.5      5.8   8.2   7.8   8.4   7.6
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale...............  2,144.1  2,180.5  2,140.7  2,175.1    119.6    108.5    117.3    102.9   5.6   5.0   5.5   4.7
  Prescott..............................     97.2     97.7     96.2     96.6      5.7      5.1      5.7      4.8   5.8   5.2   5.9   5.0
  Sierra Vista-Douglas..................     51.6     49.9     51.0     49.8      4.0      3.5      4.0      3.3   7.7   7.0   7.8   6.6
  Tucson................................    464.3    472.6    465.6    470.7     27.4     25.0     26.7     23.7   5.9   5.3   5.7   5.0
  Yuma..................................     92.4     90.4     91.8     89.0     18.7     18.1     18.4     16.0  20.3  20.1  20.1  18.0
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,310.7  1,331.1  1,304.1  1,332.4     69.9     59.0     72.2     61.4   5.3   4.4   5.5   4.6
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    242.8    249.9    241.4    250.3      9.5      7.8      9.6      8.0   3.9   3.1   4.0   3.2
  Fort Smith............................    119.9    120.5    118.3    120.2      6.6      6.1      6.5      6.1   5.5   5.1   5.5   5.1
  Hot Springs...........................     39.8     40.6     39.6     40.8      2.3      2.0      2.4      2.0   5.9   4.9   6.0   4.9
  Jonesboro.............................     60.7     62.9     60.4     62.8      2.9      2.5      3.1      2.5   4.9   3.9   5.1   4.0
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    339.2    349.3    338.4    347.8     16.4     13.6     16.6     14.0   4.8   3.9   4.9   4.0
  Pine Bluff............................     36.9     34.8     36.6     34.8      2.6      2.2      2.7      2.3   7.1   6.4   7.4   6.7
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,941.1 18,987.7 18,855.7 18,934.5  1,341.2  1,074.2  1,277.5  1,091.6   7.1   5.7   6.8   5.8
  Bakersfield...........................    398.3    396.9    393.8    395.2     37.2     36.5     39.2     40.4   9.4   9.2  10.0  10.2
  Chico.................................    101.8    102.6    101.2    101.9      8.0      6.8      7.9      7.1   7.9   6.6   7.8   7.0
  El Centro.............................     80.6     81.6     82.3     80.0     18.3     17.9     18.6     15.7  22.7  21.9  22.6  19.6
  Fresno................................    436.7    436.4    437.2    436.5     49.3     43.0     49.1     45.1  11.3   9.9  11.2  10.3
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     57.1     56.6     56.9     56.5      6.5      5.8      6.7      6.2  11.4  10.3  11.7  10.9
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim........  6,662.5  6,596.7  6,632.0  6,579.6    482.6    352.9    453.6    355.4   7.2   5.3   6.8   5.4
  Madera................................     61.2     60.7     62.8     62.2      7.0      6.0      7.2      6.3  11.4   9.9  11.4  10.1
  Merced................................    116.5    114.6    116.4    113.5     13.9     12.5     14.8     13.5  11.9  10.9  12.8  11.9
  Modesto...............................    239.6    241.3    239.5    241.0     25.3     21.2     24.9     22.0  10.6   8.8  10.4   9.1
  Napa..................................     73.7     73.8     71.7     72.1      4.2      3.6      4.0      3.7   5.7   4.8   5.6   5.1
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    428.8    434.0    427.6    431.2     28.3     23.6     26.4     23.3   6.6   5.4   6.2   5.4
  Redding...............................     75.7     75.2     75.1     74.9      6.5      5.3      6.6      5.6   8.6   7.0   8.8   7.5
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,940.1  1,958.7  1,935.0  1,961.6    146.6    118.9    134.6    116.7   7.6   6.1   7.0   5.9
  Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade...  1,050.9  1,056.1  1,046.6  1,054.6     70.5     57.7     66.1     57.9   6.7   5.5   6.3   5.5
  Salinas...............................    221.0    222.3    209.1    211.4     18.7     16.6     23.4     22.1   8.5   7.5  11.2  10.4
  San Diego-Carlsbad....................  1,559.4  1,572.9  1,551.7  1,568.3     92.9     75.6     84.6     74.4   6.0   4.8   5.5   4.7
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward.........  2,484.3  2,516.2  2,479.3  2,515.4    121.2     98.6    110.0     97.1   4.9   3.9   4.4   3.9
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........  1,036.8  1,069.9  1,039.2  1,068.4     51.2     41.7     46.4     40.9   4.9   3.9   4.5   3.8
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-                                                                                                          
    Arroyo Grande.......................    141.1    144.0    137.3    140.6      7.7      6.3      7.1      6.3   5.4   4.4   5.1   4.5
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    142.2    141.0    138.8    137.5     11.6     10.0     12.7     11.7   8.2   7.1   9.2   8.5
  Santa Maria-Santa Barbara.............    220.4    223.6    216.6    220.0     13.0     11.4     13.0     12.1   5.9   5.1   6.0   5.5
  Santa Rosa............................    257.4    258.6    254.8    258.1     13.6     10.9     12.6     10.9   5.3   4.2   5.0   4.2
  Stockton-Lodi.........................    310.7    311.3    309.9    312.0     31.3     26.6     30.9     27.5  10.1   8.6  10.0   8.8
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    205.4    207.7    204.8    207.5     14.1     11.6     13.5     11.7   6.9   5.6   6.6   5.6
  Visalia-Porterville...................    197.5    196.2    197.0    197.0     24.5     21.8     25.6     24.1  12.4  11.1  13.0  12.2
  Yuba City.............................     72.1     71.5     71.6     71.2      8.1      6.9      8.3      7.6  11.2   9.6  11.5  10.6
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,821.6  2,804.4  2,815.1  2,808.8    116.9     96.6    115.9     93.2   4.1   3.4   4.1   3.3
  Boulder...............................    179.4    176.6    177.0    174.6      6.2      4.9      5.9      4.6   3.4   2.8   3.3   2.6
  Colorado Springs......................    319.6    311.8    316.0    310.6     16.1     12.8     16.0     12.4   5.0   4.1   5.1   4.0
  Denver-Aurora-Lakewood................  1,501.8  1,496.6  1,497.4  1,488.9     59.7     48.2     59.5     46.4   4.0   3.2   4.0   3.1
  Fort Collins..........................    177.6    178.6    175.4    178.0      6.3      5.2      6.1      5.0   3.5   2.9   3.5   2.8
  Grand Junction........................     73.6     72.8     73.0     72.1      3.5      3.7      3.7      3.9   4.8   5.1   5.0   5.3
  Greeley...............................    149.3    151.2    147.9    150.7      5.4      5.1      5.4      5.0   3.6   3.4   3.7   3.3
  Pueblo................................     73.4     72.3     73.0     71.7      4.3      3.6      4.3      3.5   5.9   4.9   5.9   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,899.6  1,889.3  1,887.2  1,879.4    114.3     90.5    105.9     93.3   6.0   4.8   5.6   5.0
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    465.7    464.8    462.8    463.0     27.2     21.6     24.9     22.2   5.8   4.7   5.4   4.8
  Danbury...............................    106.9    105.9    106.9    105.9      4.9      4.0      4.6      4.3   4.6   3.8   4.3   4.0
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    620.3    618.8    616.4    614.2     37.2     29.6     34.9     30.7   6.0   4.8   5.7   5.0
  New Haven.............................    326.3    323.7    323.4    322.1     20.0     15.8     18.1     15.9   6.1   4.9   5.6   4.9
  Norwich-New London-Westerly...........    142.9    140.3    141.7    139.3      9.5      7.3      8.8      7.5   6.6   5.2   6.2   5.4
  Waterbury.............................    113.2    111.7    112.5    111.3      8.5      6.7      7.9      6.8   7.5   6.0   7.0   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    455.5    470.2    455.8    471.8     21.6     21.2     21.1     20.4   4.7   4.5   4.6   4.3
  Dover.................................     76.2     76.8     76.3     77.2      3.8      3.6      3.7      3.5   5.0   4.7   4.9   4.6
  Salisbury (1).........................    173.4    180.7    172.3    180.7     12.5     12.0     13.0     12.4   7.2   6.7   7.5   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    384.2    390.9    382.0    388.7     29.3     26.3     28.4     24.6   7.6   6.7   7.4   6.3
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,263.5  3,298.8  3,239.8  3,291.1    150.5    135.7    143.4    126.1   4.6   4.1   4.4   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,661.9  9,626.1  9,607.7  9,629.6    553.1    468.5    516.9    456.9   5.7   4.9   5.4   4.7
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    317.4    319.1    315.3    319.7     17.2     14.4     15.8     13.7   5.4   4.5   5.0   4.3
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    117.7    116.2    116.8    114.5      5.9      4.9      5.6      4.8   5.0   4.2   4.8   4.2
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    280.8    280.0    278.7    279.4     17.8     14.5     16.6     14.1   6.3   5.2   6.0   5.0
  Gainesville...........................    139.1    137.5    137.1    135.8      6.8      5.7      6.2      5.5   4.9   4.2   4.6   4.1
  Homosassa Springs.....................     48.3     46.9     47.9     46.8      3.8      3.1      3.6      3.1   7.8   6.7   7.6   6.6
  Jacksonville..........................    717.5    713.2    715.3    716.7     41.1     33.5     38.0     32.0   5.7   4.7   5.3   4.5
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    281.0    281.9    279.2    282.9     18.7     15.5     17.2     14.9   6.7   5.5   6.2   5.3
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach.  3,022.0  3,017.7  3,003.7  3,021.1    167.8    151.2    160.2    151.0   5.6   5.0   5.3   5.0
  Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island.........    163.8    163.5    165.0    164.5      8.9      7.6      8.1      7.3   5.5   4.7   4.9   4.4
  North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton.........    340.5    337.1    339.4    336.7     18.2     15.3     16.8     14.7   5.3   4.5   4.9   4.4
  Ocala.................................    133.8    131.8    133.1    131.4      9.1      7.5      8.5      7.3   6.8   5.7   6.4   5.6
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,218.9  1,222.4  1,211.5  1,222.0     67.2     54.9     62.2     53.0   5.5   4.5   5.1   4.3
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    257.2    256.2    256.4    255.5     16.5     13.5     15.3     13.0   6.4   5.3   6.0   5.1
  Panama City...........................     92.0     88.9     90.8     88.6      5.7      4.6      5.6      4.6   6.2   5.1   6.1   5.2
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    214.6    212.6    212.8    211.3     11.9     10.1     11.1      9.8   5.5   4.8   5.2   4.7
  Port St. Lucie........................    201.1    199.5    199.5    198.9     12.9     10.5     11.8     10.2   6.4   5.3   5.9   5.1
  Punta Gorda...........................     66.9     66.6     66.7     66.7      4.2      3.5      3.9      3.4   6.3   5.3   5.8   5.1
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.1     60.8     61.8     60.8      4.2      3.7      3.8      3.6   6.8   6.1   6.2   5.9
  Sebring...............................     36.4     35.4     37.0     36.1      2.8      2.4      2.6      2.3   7.8   6.7   7.0   6.3
  Tallahassee...........................    191.7    187.2    189.9    186.9     10.4      8.7      9.5      8.4   5.4   4.7   5.0   4.5
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,438.7  1,438.1  1,430.6  1,439.0     81.3     66.4     75.4     64.0   5.7   4.6   5.3   4.4
  The Villages..........................     28.5     28.2     28.3     28.3      2.1      1.8      2.0      1.8   7.4   6.4   7.0   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,758.3  4,758.6  4,748.4  4,772.6    305.4    247.6    298.4    249.4   6.4   5.2   6.3   5.2
  Albany................................     66.4     64.5     66.0     64.3      5.0      4.1      4.8      4.1   7.5   6.4   7.3   6.4
  Athens-Clarke County..................     95.9     95.2     95.3     95.6      5.4      4.5      5.3      4.6   5.7   4.7   5.5   4.8
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell.........  2,813.8  2,827.7  2,815.4  2,835.7    172.1    140.0    168.1    140.3   6.1   4.9   6.0   4.9
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    256.2    254.7    256.2    256.1     17.3     14.5     16.8     14.6   6.7   5.7   6.6   5.7
  Brunswick.............................     50.1     49.1     49.9     49.1      3.5      2.7      3.4      2.8   6.9   5.5   6.7   5.7
  Columbus..............................    126.9    126.3    126.0    127.1      9.1      7.9      8.8      8.1   7.2   6.3   7.0   6.4
  Dalton................................     60.7     59.8     60.6     60.0      4.5      3.6      4.4      3.6   7.5   6.0   7.2   6.1
  Gainesville...........................     90.8     90.7     90.6     91.0      4.7      3.8      4.6      3.9   5.2   4.2   5.0   4.3
  Hinesville............................     32.4     31.5     32.3     31.5      2.2      1.8      2.2      1.8   6.9   5.6   6.9   5.6
  Macon.................................    104.7    101.7    104.4    102.1      7.2      5.8      7.0      5.9   6.9   5.7   6.7   5.8
  Rome..................................     43.2     42.6     43.1     42.8      3.0      2.5      3.0      2.5   6.9   5.8   6.9   5.9
  Savannah..............................    174.4    173.5    172.5    175.3     10.7      8.4     10.6      8.7   6.1   4.9   6.1   5.0
  Valdosta..............................     63.7     61.5     63.0     61.3      4.2      3.3      4.0      3.3   6.6   5.3   6.4   5.3
  Warner Robins.........................     81.1     78.7     81.0     79.0      5.4      4.4      5.2      4.4   6.6   5.6   6.4   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    671.8    682.0    670.6    682.9     27.9     22.1     25.0     20.0   4.2   3.2   3.7   2.9
  Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina...............     83.0     83.8     83.2     84.0      3.5      2.8      3.1      2.6   4.2   3.4   3.8   3.1
  Urban Honolulu........................    468.3    477.4    469.2    477.1     18.4     14.4     16.4     13.0   3.9   3.0   3.5   2.7
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    774.8    796.7    771.8    799.3     33.8     30.9     33.6     32.0   4.4   3.9   4.4   4.0
  Boise City............................    313.7    321.2    313.6    323.2     13.1     12.0     12.7     12.0   4.2   3.7   4.0   3.7
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     70.6     73.6     70.7     74.2      3.6      3.4      3.8      3.7   5.2   4.6   5.4   5.0
  Idaho Falls...........................     63.3     66.1     63.3     66.5      2.4      2.2      2.4      2.2   3.8   3.3   3.7   3.3
  Lewiston..............................     30.4     30.8     29.9     31.0      1.3      1.1      1.3      1.2   4.4   3.7   4.4   3.9
  Pocatello.............................     42.4     43.6     42.2     43.4      1.8      1.6      1.8      1.6   4.3   3.6   4.3   3.6
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,528.3  6,550.8  6,491.4  6,536.2    389.4    379.6    373.8    388.5   6.0   5.8   5.8   5.9
  Bloomington...........................     99.1    101.8     98.2    100.2      5.0      5.5      4.7      5.4   5.0   5.4   4.8   5.4
  Carbondale-Marion.....................     59.0     59.4     57.9     58.3      3.7      4.1      3.5      3.8   6.3   6.9   6.0   6.5
  Champaign-Urbana......................    120.7    124.5    119.5    122.6      6.4      7.1      6.0      6.6   5.3   5.7   5.0   5.4
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin..............  4,906.5  4,880.2  4,883.8  4,890.9    290.5    262.3    280.3    280.2   5.9   5.4   5.7   5.7
  Danville..............................     35.7     36.8     35.5     36.4      2.6      2.9      2.5      2.7   7.3   7.7   7.0   7.4
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island (1)......    194.1    191.8    194.1    189.7     11.2     11.2     11.5     11.1   5.8   5.8   5.9   5.9
  Decatur...............................     50.6     51.2     50.1     50.1      3.7      3.9      3.5      3.7   7.4   7.6   7.0   7.4
  Kankakee..............................     56.0     57.2     55.5     56.8      3.9      4.1      3.8      4.0   6.9   7.2   6.8   7.0
  Peoria................................    186.9    191.2    184.7    189.2     11.8     13.6     11.4     13.2   6.3   7.1   6.2   7.0
  Rockford..............................    168.4    172.3    167.5    170.6     12.1     12.9     11.6     12.3   7.2   7.5   6.9   7.2
  Springfield...........................    110.3    113.7    109.8    112.3      6.1      6.5      5.8      6.1   5.5   5.7   5.3   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,264.5  3,297.8  3,239.6  3,290.3    192.3    147.3    186.2    150.2   5.9   4.5   5.7   4.6
  Bloomington...........................     79.2     79.1     77.4     78.1      4.7      3.7      4.3      3.7   5.9   4.7   5.6   4.7
  Columbus..............................     43.6     44.9     43.4     44.9      1.9      1.5      1.8      1.5   4.4   3.3   4.2   3.3
  Elkhart-Goshen........................    102.5    105.4    101.5    105.0      5.3      3.9      4.9      3.8   5.1   3.7   4.9   3.6
  Evansville............................    159.8    160.3    157.9    159.3      8.2      6.5      7.8      6.6   5.1   4.1   4.9   4.1
  Fort Wayne............................    207.8    208.5    205.4    208.1     11.5      8.9     11.1      9.1   5.5   4.3   5.4   4.4
  Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson..........  1,005.9  1,019.4    996.5  1,020.1     56.6     42.6     54.0     42.0   5.6   4.2   5.4   4.1
  Kokomo................................     37.4     37.9     37.2     38.0      2.4      1.7      2.2      1.8   6.3   4.6   6.0   4.8
  Lafayette-West Lafayette..............    109.1    110.0    108.0    109.3      5.5      4.5      5.1      4.4   5.0   4.1   4.7   4.0
  Michigan City-La Porte................     49.1     48.2     48.9     48.6      3.6      2.8      3.8      3.1   7.4   5.7   7.8   6.4
  Muncie................................     54.7     55.0     54.1     55.0      3.7      2.9      3.6      3.0   6.8   5.3   6.7   5.4
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    155.0    154.1    153.8    153.7      9.5      7.0      9.3      7.2   6.1   4.6   6.1   4.7
  Terre Haute...........................     78.5     77.2     77.6     77.3      5.7      4.3      5.6      4.5   7.2   5.6   7.2   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,714.3  1,702.8  1,706.5  1,700.0     67.1     53.8     74.7     60.6   3.9   3.2   4.4   3.6
  Ames..................................     59.3     59.0     58.8     58.2      1.4      1.1      1.5      1.3   2.4   1.9   2.6   2.2
  Cedar Rapids..........................    144.3    143.3    144.1    143.1      5.9      4.7      6.5      5.1   4.1   3.3   4.5   3.6
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    340.3    342.9    341.0    342.7     13.0     10.1     14.1     10.9   3.8   2.9   4.1   3.2
  Dubuque...............................     56.7     55.5     57.0     55.9      2.0      1.7      2.4      2.0   3.5   3.0   4.2   3.7
  Iowa City.............................     97.9     97.3     97.0     96.9      2.6      2.2      2.9      2.4   2.7   2.2   3.0   2.5
  Sioux City............................     94.5     93.8     94.3     93.7      4.0      3.0      4.0      3.4   4.2   3.2   4.2   3.7
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     94.3     92.4     93.9     91.6      4.4      3.4      4.8      3.9   4.7   3.7   5.1   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,506.3  1,512.8  1,500.5  1,510.5     58.4     52.6     56.6     54.5   3.9   3.5   3.8   3.6
  Lawrence..............................     65.4     67.1     65.3     66.5      2.2      1.9      2.1      2.0   3.3   2.9   3.2   3.0
  Manhattan.............................     51.0     52.8     50.1     51.7      1.5      1.4      1.5      1.4   3.0   2.6   3.0   2.8
  Topeka................................    121.6    121.8    120.9    121.9      4.9      4.2      4.9      4.4   4.1   3.5   4.0   3.6
  Wichita...............................    310.9    313.4    309.5    314.0     14.1     12.3     13.6     12.7   4.5   3.9   4.4   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  1,983.2  1,946.7  1,966.8  1,955.5    104.6     94.3     99.3    106.8   5.3   4.8   5.1   5.5
  Bowling Green.........................     77.7     76.2     77.3     76.7      3.8      3.3      3.5      3.5   4.8   4.3   4.5   4.6
  Elizabethtown-Fort Knox...............     63.6     62.4     63.1     62.4      3.4      3.0      3.2      3.2   5.3   4.7   5.0   5.2
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    258.9    256.2    255.8    256.4     10.5      9.5      9.4     10.4   4.1   3.7   3.7   4.0
  Louisville/Jefferson County...........    630.7    624.7    626.5    628.3     31.1     26.2     29.1     28.5   4.9   4.2   4.6   4.5
  Owensboro.............................     53.4     52.5     53.3     52.7      2.5      2.4      2.4      2.7   4.7   4.5   4.4   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,202.6  2,137.8  2,180.3  2,109.8    148.7    125.0    141.0    106.5   6.8   5.8   6.5   5.0
  Alexandria............................     68.6     65.8     68.2     65.1      4.9      3.9      4.7      3.4   7.1   6.0   6.9   5.2
  Baton Rouge...........................    427.3    423.0    421.1    416.6     26.0     20.7     24.6     17.4   6.1   4.9   5.9   4.2
  Hammond...............................     55.7     54.0     55.3     53.3      4.3      3.5      4.2      3.1   7.7   6.5   7.6   5.7
  Houma-Thibodaux.......................    105.2    101.0    104.6     99.6      5.6      5.7      5.1      4.9   5.4   5.6   4.9   4.9
  Lafayette.............................    237.5    229.1    234.6    225.6     13.8     14.4     12.7     12.3   5.8   6.3   5.4   5.4
  Lake Charles..........................    102.3    102.8    102.3    101.6      6.2      4.9      5.9      4.3   6.1   4.8   5.8   4.3
  Monroe................................     83.5     79.9     82.8     78.7      6.2      4.9      6.0      4.1   7.4   6.1   7.2   5.2
  New Orleans-Metairie..................    609.7    589.1    603.3    582.9     41.3     32.9     38.9     27.5   6.8   5.6   6.4   4.7
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    199.6    192.0    197.1    188.6     14.9     12.4     14.0     10.4   7.5   6.4   7.1   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    691.0    675.5    689.7    673.1     36.5     26.2     36.7     25.8   5.3   3.9   5.3   3.8
  Bangor................................     72.0     70.7     72.2     70.6      3.6      2.6      3.5      2.6   5.0   3.7   4.9   3.7
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     56.6     55.0     56.7     55.0      2.8      2.0      2.7      1.9   4.9   3.6   4.9   3.4
  Portland-South Portland...............    200.1    197.1    199.6    197.2      8.4      6.1      8.1      5.6   4.2   3.1   4.0   2.8
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,107.9  3,173.7  3,091.6  3,165.3    167.8    159.5    160.6    145.6   5.4   5.0   5.2   4.6
  Baltimore-Columbia-Towson.............  1,455.8  1,486.0  1,451.1  1,485.4     82.5     77.6     78.7     71.0   5.7   5.2   5.4   4.8
  California-Lexington Park.............     53.6     55.1     53.3     54.7      2.6      2.6      2.4      2.4   4.9   4.8   4.6   4.3
  Cumberland............................     44.8     45.0     44.5     44.7      2.9      2.8      3.0      2.8   6.4   6.1   6.7   6.2
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    126.8    127.2    126.2    126.9      6.8      6.0      6.8      5.8   5.4   4.7   5.4   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,587.9  3,550.8  3,576.9  3,545.0    179.3    161.2    176.0    164.4   5.0   4.5   4.9   4.6
  Barnstable Town.......................    120.3    118.5    118.7    117.8      7.3      6.7      7.7      7.4   6.0   5.7   6.5   6.3
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua...............  2,638.4  2,615.5  2,627.9  2,607.4    120.2    107.8    115.5    107.0   4.6   4.1   4.4   4.1
  Leominster-Gardner....................     77.0     75.4     77.0     75.6      4.6      4.0      4.6      4.2   6.0   5.4   6.0   5.6
  New Bedford...........................     84.3     83.0     85.0     83.7      6.2      5.5      6.3      5.8   7.3   6.6   7.4   6.9
  Pittsfield............................     43.8     42.9     44.0     43.4      2.5      2.3      2.6      2.4   5.7   5.4   5.9   5.6
  Springfield...........................    367.9    364.3    367.3    364.2     22.1     19.1     21.9     20.1   6.0   5.2   6.0   5.5
  Worcester.............................    348.5    345.7    348.1    345.8     18.7     16.3     18.4     16.7   5.4   4.7   5.3   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,738.1  4,760.4  4,711.6  4,760.3    273.0    214.1    263.6    214.7   5.8   4.5   5.6   4.5
  Ann Arbor.............................    189.5    191.2    186.9    191.3      6.9      5.6      6.3      4.9   3.6   2.9   3.3   2.6
  Battle Creek..........................     64.6     65.0     64.0     64.9      3.2      2.7      3.1      2.5   4.9   4.1   4.8   3.9
  Bay City..............................     53.1     53.2     53.0     53.4      2.8      2.3      3.0      2.3   5.2   4.3   5.6   4.3
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn...............  2,011.3  2,002.4  2,003.3  2,005.0    138.9    104.7    129.4    108.6   6.9   5.2   6.5   5.4
  Flint.................................    185.2    184.5    184.7    184.5     10.9      8.8     10.7      8.5   5.9   4.8   5.8   4.6
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    546.0    561.5    541.9    561.7     20.8     16.8     20.1     15.6   3.8   3.0   3.7   2.8
  Jackson...............................     72.7     72.9     72.3     72.8      3.7      3.0      3.7      2.9   5.2   4.2   5.1   4.0
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    163.7    166.4    162.1    166.6      7.7      6.2      7.6      5.9   4.7   3.7   4.7   3.5
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    243.6    244.5    239.8    242.4     10.4      8.3     10.0      7.7   4.3   3.4   4.2   3.2
  Midland...............................     41.4     41.7     41.2     41.8      1.9      1.6      1.9      1.6   4.6   3.9   4.6   3.8
  Monroe................................     75.6     76.7     75.2     76.5      3.3      2.8      3.2      2.6   4.4   3.6   4.3   3.3
  Muskegon..............................     76.6     77.9     76.1     77.6      4.3      3.6      4.3      3.3   5.7   4.6   5.7   4.2
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     72.5     73.9     72.0     73.7      3.8      3.1      3.8      3.0   5.2   4.2   5.2   4.0
  Saginaw...............................     90.0     90.5     89.5     90.9      5.0      4.0      4.9      3.9   5.5   4.4   5.5   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,976.6  3,010.4  2,964.8  3,033.6     95.3     90.0    105.3    108.7   3.2   3.0   3.6   3.6
  Duluth................................    142.0    143.5    141.2    144.2      5.9      6.9      6.1      8.0   4.2   4.8   4.3   5.5
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     59.8     59.3     59.0     59.7      1.3      1.3      1.5      1.5   2.3   2.1   2.6   2.5
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,916.5  1,930.3  1,905.5  1,942.3     58.5     53.4     61.7     60.6   3.1   2.8   3.2   3.1
  Rochester.............................    116.8    116.9    116.7    117.4      3.2      2.8      3.6      3.4   2.7   2.4   3.1   2.9
  St. Cloud.............................    109.8    109.3    109.9    110.6      3.7      3.2      4.2      4.1   3.3   3.0   3.8   3.7
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,221.7  1,288.8  1,225.5  1,302.1     81.4     75.4     87.3     93.8   6.7   5.8   7.1   7.2
  Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula............    157.3    165.0    157.4    166.9     10.7     10.0     11.2     12.1   6.8   6.0   7.1   7.3
  Hattiesburg...........................     64.2     67.4     64.8     68.0      3.7      3.5      3.9      4.4   5.7   5.2   6.0   6.4
  Jackson...............................    256.5    273.4    258.1    275.3     13.8     13.1     14.7     16.4   5.4   4.8   5.7   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,072.6  3,112.6  3,068.4  3,125.2    155.6    127.9    156.8    123.8   5.1   4.1   5.1   4.0
  Cape Girardeau........................     50.1     49.0     49.7     48.7      2.3      2.0      2.2      1.9   4.6   4.1   4.5   3.9
  Columbia..............................    100.8    103.4    100.5    103.8      3.4      2.9      3.2      2.7   3.4   2.8   3.2   2.6
  Jefferson City........................     76.7     76.7     76.3     76.6      3.2      2.6      3.3      2.5   4.2   3.4   4.4   3.3
  Joplin................................     88.0     89.8     87.6     90.2      3.9      3.1      3.7      3.0   4.4   3.4   4.2   3.3
  Kansas City...........................  1,102.7  1,116.3  1,107.1  1,118.9     52.6     43.3     51.3     42.5   4.8   3.9   4.6   3.8
  St. Joseph............................     66.6     66.1     66.5     66.3      3.0      2.5      3.0      2.4   4.5   3.7   4.4   3.6
  St. Louis (2).........................  1,452.2  1,473.2  1,448.2  1,480.0     77.9     68.0     76.1     63.8   5.4   4.6   5.3   4.3
  Springfield...........................    230.1    236.4    229.3    238.0      9.8      8.5      9.7      8.1   4.3   3.6   4.2   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    513.7    520.4    510.2    517.8     23.4     21.0     23.3     22.1   4.6   4.0   4.6   4.3
  Billings..............................     86.8     89.3     85.9     89.4      3.1      2.7      2.9      3.0   3.6   3.1   3.4   3.3
  Great Falls...........................     38.5     38.3     38.2     38.1      1.7      1.6      1.6      1.6   4.3   4.1   4.2   4.1
  Missoula..............................     60.3     61.7     59.6     60.8      2.5      2.2      2.6      2.4   4.2   3.6   4.4   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,019.9  1,012.5  1,015.7  1,011.6     27.7     25.6     29.4     28.0   2.7   2.5   2.9   2.8
  Grand Island..........................     45.1     43.8     45.0     44.0      1.3      1.2      1.4      1.4   3.0   2.8   3.2   3.2
  Lincoln...............................    180.5    181.3    179.8    181.1      4.2      3.8      4.6      4.2   2.3   2.1   2.6   2.3
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    479.5    480.9    478.1    480.1     14.8     13.3     15.3     14.3   3.1   2.8   3.2   3.0
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,397.4  1,429.4  1,395.2  1,417.8     97.1     89.9     96.0     86.6   6.9   6.3   6.9   6.1
  Carson City...........................     24.7     25.0     24.7     24.8      1.9      1.7      1.9      1.7   7.5   6.8   7.5   6.7
  Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise..........  1,024.7  1,051.7  1,023.3  1,040.0     72.1     66.8     71.2     64.3   7.0   6.4   7.0   6.2
  Reno..................................    224.8    229.9    224.6    229.7     14.7     13.1     14.5     12.7   6.5   5.7   6.5   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    739.9    736.7    739.2    734.1     28.8     23.2     28.3     21.3   3.9   3.2   3.8   2.9
  Dover-Durham..........................     82.6     82.1     82.4     82.0      2.9      2.3      2.9      2.2   3.5   2.8   3.5   2.6
  Manchester............................    115.7    115.7    115.9    115.1      4.3      3.5      4.2      3.2   3.8   3.1   3.6   2.8
  Portsmouth............................     71.7     71.6     71.0     71.2      2.7      2.0      2.5      1.8   3.7   2.8   3.5   2.6
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,529.5  4,557.6  4,522.8  4,569.4    268.3    227.2    264.3    201.0   5.9   5.0   5.8   4.4
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    131.7    128.6    132.1    127.7     13.9     10.2     14.2      9.3  10.6   7.9  10.7   7.3
  Ocean City............................     45.5     44.4     45.7     44.2      6.3      5.6      6.7      5.4  13.9  12.5  14.6  12.3
  Trenton...............................    195.1    199.6    195.1    200.6      9.7      8.5      9.6      7.4   5.0   4.2   4.9   3.7
  Vineland-Bridgeton....................     67.2     66.8     67.8     67.3      5.9      5.2      6.2      4.9   8.7   7.8   9.1   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    926.1    918.0    922.6    915.5     54.9     59.5     52.0     56.9   5.9   6.5   5.6   6.2
  Albuquerque...........................    416.5    416.6    414.5    413.7     24.0     24.9     22.5     23.5   5.8   6.0   5.4   5.7
  Farmington............................     56.9     56.0     56.8     56.1      3.1      4.0      3.0      4.1   5.4   7.1   5.2   7.3
  Las Cruces............................     94.3     92.0     94.1     92.3      6.0      6.6      5.9      6.4   6.4   7.2   6.3   6.9
  Santa Fe..............................     72.3     70.7     71.8     70.6      3.5      3.8      3.2      3.6   4.9   5.4   4.5   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,530.2  9,689.0  9,471.7  9,737.1    546.0    454.6    525.9    455.1   5.7   4.7   5.6   4.7
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    442.6    451.4    439.6    452.0     19.9     18.2     19.5     18.0   4.5   4.0   4.4   4.0
  Binghamton............................    111.8    111.0    110.9    111.2      6.5      5.8      6.6      6.0   5.8   5.3   6.0   5.4
  Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls.....    546.4    554.4    541.7    557.1     30.8     27.4     30.7     27.5   5.6   4.9   5.7   4.9
  Elmira................................     38.0     38.3     37.9     38.8      2.1      2.1      2.1      2.1   5.6   5.4   5.5   5.4
  Glens Falls...........................     59.0     59.8     58.6     60.1      3.5      3.0      3.6      3.3   5.9   5.1   6.2   5.4
  Ithaca................................     55.6     55.3     54.8     55.3      2.2      2.0      2.0      1.9   3.9   3.7   3.7   3.4
  Kingston..............................     87.6     88.1     86.7     88.4      4.5      3.8      4.3      3.8   5.1   4.3   5.0   4.3
  New York-Newark-Jersey City...........  9,938.7 10,092.2  9,899.2 10,136.3    572.6    471.8    547.5    450.5   5.8   4.7   5.5   4.4
  Rochester.............................    520.7    527.7    516.2    530.4     27.3     24.1     27.3     24.3   5.3   4.6   5.3   4.6
  Syracuse..............................    310.4    313.8    307.6    316.5     17.1     15.1     17.1     15.3   5.5   4.8   5.5   4.8
  Utica-Rome............................    131.2    132.3    130.1    133.7      7.5      6.5      7.6      6.7   5.7   4.9   5.9   5.0
  Watertown-Fort Drum...................     45.4     45.4     45.0     45.7      3.2      2.9      3.4      3.1   7.1   6.5   7.5   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,648.2  4,788.2  4,594.0  4,752.7    249.4    260.2    231.7    249.8   5.4   5.4   5.0   5.3
  Asheville.............................    214.4    220.0    212.0    218.9      8.8      9.4      8.4      9.1   4.1   4.3   4.0   4.2
  Burlington............................     76.6     79.1     76.1     78.7      3.7      3.9      3.5      3.8   4.9   5.0   4.6   4.8
  Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia............  1,193.0  1,242.6  1,184.6  1,239.6     63.8     63.1     59.1     60.5   5.3   5.1   5.0   4.9
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    272.5    283.0    271.3    281.9     12.1     13.3     11.4     12.8   4.5   4.7   4.2   4.5
  Fayetteville..........................    143.7    145.7    142.9    144.6      9.9     10.4      9.1      9.8   6.9   7.1   6.4   6.8
  Goldsboro.............................     54.2     53.8     53.1     52.5      3.1      3.1      2.8      3.1   5.7   5.8   5.3   5.9
  Greensboro-High Point.................    356.3    371.6    353.7    369.5     19.9     20.5     18.3     19.6   5.6   5.5   5.2   5.3
  Greenville............................     86.0     87.8     85.1     86.9      4.7      5.0      4.3      4.9   5.5   5.7   5.1   5.6
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    165.6    166.9    163.1    165.2      9.1      9.1      8.4      8.7   5.5   5.4   5.2   5.3
  Jacksonville..........................     63.7     64.6     63.1     63.8      3.4      3.8      3.2      3.6   5.4   5.9   5.0   5.7
  New Bern..............................     50.5     50.6     49.7     50.1      3.0      3.0      2.8      2.9   5.9   5.9   5.5   5.7
  Raleigh...............................    633.2    653.5    629.7    653.4     27.5     29.8     25.6     28.6   4.3   4.6   4.1   4.4
  Rocky Mount...........................     67.4     68.0     66.2     67.1      5.1      5.2      4.7      4.9   7.5   7.6   7.1   7.3
  Wilmington............................    134.7    137.2    131.6    134.3      6.9      7.4      6.4      7.2   5.1   5.4   4.9   5.4
  Winston-Salem.........................    309.7    321.0    306.4    320.5     15.7     16.4     14.6     15.7   5.1   5.1   4.8   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    417.3    410.4    416.3    411.5     10.2      9.8     11.7     11.4   2.4   2.4   2.8   2.8
  Bismarck..............................     66.0     66.4     66.2     67.1      1.7      1.4      2.0      1.8   2.6   2.2   3.1   2.7
  Fargo.................................    130.5    129.8    131.0    132.0      2.8      2.5      3.5      3.1   2.2   1.9   2.7   2.4
  Grand Forks...........................     55.5     55.6     55.1     55.8      1.5      1.2      1.7      1.5   2.7   2.2   3.1   2.7
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,744.0  5,719.5  5,697.3  5,703.4    281.1    252.6    270.5    263.9   4.9   4.4   4.7   4.6
  Akron.................................    360.2    360.7    357.9    360.4     17.9     16.7     17.5     17.2   5.0   4.6   4.9   4.8
  Canton-Massillon......................    202.0    202.8    201.5    202.1      9.9     10.6      9.8     10.6   4.9   5.2   4.9   5.2
  Cincinnati............................  1,080.8  1,077.1  1,069.1  1,071.8     49.7     44.8     46.2     45.7   4.6   4.2   4.3   4.3
  Cleveland-Elyria......................  1,046.1  1,026.2  1,033.7  1,015.0     55.7     38.2     53.3     40.1   5.3   3.7   5.2   3.9
  Columbus..............................  1,039.7  1,043.3  1,034.1  1,041.2     42.9     40.2     39.9     40.5   4.1   3.9   3.9   3.9
  Dayton................................    384.8    383.3    380.8    383.0     18.8     17.2     17.7     17.3   4.9   4.5   4.6   4.5
  Lima..................................     48.8     49.5     48.7     49.8      2.3      2.2      2.3      2.2   4.8   4.4   4.6   4.4
  Mansfield.............................     54.6     53.8     54.4     53.6      3.0      2.9      3.0      3.0   5.6   5.4   5.5   5.6
  Springfield...........................     65.8     65.0     65.6     65.0      3.1      3.1      3.0      3.1   4.8   4.7   4.6   4.8
  Toledo................................    299.9    299.5    299.5    300.5     15.4     13.9     15.1     14.5   5.1   4.6   5.0   4.8
  Weirton-Steubenville (1)..............     52.3     52.9     51.7     52.3      3.5      3.6      3.4      3.9   6.6   6.9   6.7   7.4
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    255.2    253.0    251.5    256.6     14.2     14.2     13.6     17.7   5.5   5.6   5.4   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,796.6  1,862.7  1,779.4  1,848.6     72.0     78.6     68.0     72.7   4.0   4.2   3.8   3.9
  Lawton................................     51.7     52.2     50.9     52.0      2.2      2.2      2.1      2.0   4.3   4.3   4.1   3.9
  Oklahoma City.........................    653.3    681.3    646.1    674.4     23.0     24.4     21.6     22.3   3.5   3.6   3.3   3.3
  Tulsa.................................    467.8    481.7    463.7    478.1     18.8     20.6     17.8     18.9   4.0   4.3   3.8   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,967.3  1,992.3  1,951.3  1,977.4    127.8    105.2    124.5    102.3   6.5   5.3   6.4   5.2
  Albany................................     54.8     54.8     54.4     54.3      4.3      3.7      4.2      3.5   7.8   6.8   7.6   6.4
  Bend-Redmond..........................     82.1     82.7     81.5     81.9      6.0      4.7      6.0      4.7   7.3   5.7   7.3   5.8
  Corvallis.............................     45.7     45.5     45.2     45.0      2.2      1.8      2.1      1.8   4.8   3.9   4.7   4.0
  Eugene................................    172.0    173.3    172.2    172.6     11.5      9.5     11.1      9.2   6.7   5.5   6.4   5.3
  Grants Pass...........................     33.5     33.8     33.3     33.1      3.0      2.5      2.9      2.4   9.0   7.5   8.8   7.3
  Medford...............................     99.7    101.0     98.8     99.7      7.6      6.2      7.5      5.9   7.6   6.1   7.5   5.9
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,219.9  1,241.3  1,212.8  1,239.3     73.0     59.4     70.6     58.0   6.0   4.8   5.8   4.7
  Salem.................................    188.0    189.6    185.8    187.4     13.0     10.6     12.6     10.5   6.9   5.6   6.8   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,358.2  6,419.0  6,322.6  6,427.8    310.7    283.1    291.4    263.6   4.9   4.4   4.6   4.1
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    423.5    423.0    422.6    422.8     21.8     18.7     20.4     17.1   5.1   4.4   4.8   4.0
  Altoona...............................     60.3     60.0     60.3     60.2      2.8      2.6      2.8      2.5   4.7   4.4   4.7   4.2
  Bloomsburg-Berwick....................     43.4     43.7     43.3     43.4      2.0      1.8      2.1      1.8   4.7   4.2   4.7   4.2
  Chambersburg-Waynesboro...............     76.0     76.2     76.3     76.7      3.3      3.3      3.2      3.0   4.4   4.3   4.3   3.9
  East Stroudsburg......................     78.7     78.9     78.6     78.6      5.0      4.3      4.6      4.0   6.3   5.4   5.8   5.1
  Erie..................................    133.8    134.9    133.0    134.8      6.7      6.4      6.4      6.1   5.0   4.8   4.8   4.5
  Gettysburg............................     55.0     54.9     54.9     54.7      2.0      1.8      1.9      1.7   3.7   3.3   3.5   3.0
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    287.2    294.0    285.5    295.2     11.8     10.3     10.9      9.4   4.1   3.5   3.8   3.2
  Johnstown.............................     62.7     62.1     62.3     62.1      3.6      3.4      3.5      3.4   5.8   5.4   5.6   5.4
  Lancaster.............................    269.1    273.2    267.6    276.0     10.3      9.2      9.6      8.3   3.8   3.4   3.6   3.0
  Lebanon...............................     69.6     69.0     69.5     69.3      2.8      2.6      2.6      2.4   4.1   3.8   3.8   3.4
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  3,029.1  3,061.8  3,016.2  3,066.2    160.4    140.3    149.2    126.1   5.3   4.6   4.9   4.1
  Pittsburgh............................  1,205.2  1,222.0  1,195.4  1,222.7     57.0     54.8     54.1     52.0   4.7   4.5   4.5   4.3
  Reading...............................    211.1    212.3    210.5    212.7      9.6      8.5      8.9      7.8   4.6   4.0   4.2   3.7
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton......    279.7    285.2    279.8    285.1     16.0     14.0     15.3     13.2   5.7   4.9   5.5   4.6
  State College.........................     80.5     79.7     78.3     79.3      2.7      2.6      2.6      2.4   3.4   3.2   3.3   3.0
  Williamsport..........................     61.5     60.0     61.2     60.1      3.1      3.2      3.1      3.2   5.1   5.4   5.1   5.4
  York-Hanover..........................    229.3    230.7    227.7    231.3     10.3      8.8      9.7      8.0   4.5   3.8   4.3   3.5
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    552.2    556.7    548.8    555.1     35.7     27.4     34.4     26.7   6.5   4.9   6.3   4.8
  Providence-Warwick....................    679.7    682.8    675.9    681.1     42.9     33.8     41.8     33.6   6.3   5.0   6.2   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,204.8  2,247.4  2,191.9  2,253.8    142.3    118.0    139.4    119.6   6.5   5.3   6.4   5.3
  Charleston-North Charleston...........    349.2    357.9    348.2    357.0     19.4     16.0     18.9     16.1   5.6   4.5   5.4   4.5
  Columbia..............................    384.5    394.6    380.4    395.4     22.4     19.4     21.8     19.4   5.8   4.9   5.7   4.9
  Florence..............................     93.7     93.6     93.4     94.1      6.9      5.7      6.8      5.9   7.4   6.1   7.3   6.2
  Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin...........    404.8    412.4    403.0    415.0     23.2     18.9     22.4     19.0   5.7   4.6   5.6   4.6
  Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort..     79.9     79.7     79.0     79.1      4.6      3.8      4.6      3.8   5.8   4.7   5.8   4.9
  Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach    178.2    181.0    174.2    179.1     13.1     12.0     13.8     12.7   7.3   6.6   7.9   7.1
  Spartanburg...........................    147.3    150.5    146.8    151.4      9.3      7.6      9.0      7.6   6.3   5.1   6.1   5.0
  Sumter................................     43.7     43.7     43.8     43.9      3.1      2.8      3.1      2.8   7.2   6.3   7.0   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    448.2    456.0    445.3    455.0     14.4     12.4     15.3     14.0   3.2   2.7   3.4   3.1
  Rapid City............................     70.8     71.6     70.3     70.9      2.5      2.1      2.5      2.3   3.5   3.0   3.5   3.2
  Sioux Falls...........................    142.5    148.0    142.6    148.9      3.8      3.3      4.2      3.8   2.6   2.2   2.9   2.6
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  2,993.3  3,057.5  2,973.3  3,078.3    189.9    165.1    181.7    163.7   6.3   5.4   6.1   5.3
  Chattanooga...........................    247.2    251.6    246.5    254.5     15.0     13.0     14.5     13.2   6.1   5.2   5.9   5.2
  Clarksville...........................    107.8    109.5    107.5    109.7      6.9      6.1      6.5      6.2   6.4   5.6   6.0   5.7
  Cleveland.............................     55.1     55.3     54.6     55.9      3.4      2.9      3.2      2.9   6.1   5.2   5.8   5.2
  Jackson...............................     60.4     61.6     60.1     61.9      4.1      3.6      3.9      3.5   6.8   5.8   6.5   5.7
  Johnson City..........................     87.7     89.3     86.9     89.4      5.7      5.1      5.5      5.1   6.5   5.7   6.3   5.8
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    137.3    139.3    136.5    139.9      8.3      7.2      8.0      7.1   6.0   5.2   5.9   5.1
  Knoxville.............................    399.0    408.8    394.7    412.3     23.1     20.2     22.2     20.2   5.8   4.9   5.6   4.9
  Memphis...............................    602.4    614.1    602.2    621.7     43.8     37.2     42.3     38.0   7.3   6.1   7.0   6.1
  Morristown............................     48.9     50.2     48.4     50.5      3.4      2.9      3.3      2.9   7.0   5.8   6.7   5.8
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                    
    Franklin............................    901.8    933.8    896.9    939.4     45.4     40.3     42.7     39.1   5.0   4.3   4.8   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 13,202.8 13,100.0 13,152.2 13,077.4    588.6    593.5    540.1    555.2   4.5   4.5   4.1   4.2
  Abilene...............................     77.1     75.5     76.7     75.4      2.9      2.9      2.6      2.7   3.7   3.9   3.4   3.5
  Amarillo..............................    132.0    128.8    130.7    128.5      4.2      4.1      3.8      3.7   3.2   3.2   2.9   2.9
  Austin-Round Rock.....................  1,058.4  1,063.8  1,052.1  1,059.4     39.2     35.1     35.4     32.3   3.7   3.3   3.4   3.1
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    181.9    182.1    181.6    182.0     12.4     12.4     11.8     11.8   6.8   6.8   6.5   6.5
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    166.5    163.5    165.7    163.4     12.2     11.6     11.7     11.2   7.4   7.1   7.1   6.9
  College Station-Bryan.................    121.8    119.5    120.2    118.2      4.2      4.2      3.7      3.9   3.4   3.5   3.1   3.3
  Corpus Christi........................    214.1    212.9    212.8    211.9     10.3     11.5      9.6     11.1   4.8   5.4   4.5   5.2
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,595.7  3,595.2  3,590.1  3,591.7    157.0    142.7    142.6    131.2   4.4   4.0   4.0   3.7
  El Paso...............................    347.9    341.8    346.0    341.4     20.0     17.8     18.2     16.5   5.7   5.2   5.3   4.8
  Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land......  3,289.8  3,247.7  3,280.2  3,246.3    142.4    158.8    131.4    149.4   4.3   4.9   4.0   4.6
  Killeen-Temple........................    171.0    166.2    170.6    166.3      9.0      7.9      8.1      7.3   5.3   4.8   4.8   4.4
  Laredo................................    113.0    112.8    112.5    112.5      4.9      5.4      4.5      5.1   4.3   4.8   4.0   4.5
  Longview..............................    106.7    105.7    106.2    105.2      4.5      5.3      4.0      5.1   4.2   5.0   3.8   4.8
  Lubbock...............................    154.9    153.0    153.9    152.9      5.3      5.1      4.7      4.7   3.4   3.4   3.0   3.1
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    337.0    334.9    336.1    335.6     25.9     26.7     25.4     26.3   7.7   8.0   7.6   7.8
  Midland...............................     96.8     96.9     96.6     96.9      2.3      3.4      2.2      3.2   2.4   3.5   2.2   3.3
  Odessa................................     85.4     86.5     85.7     86.3      2.4      4.2      2.4      4.0   2.9   4.8   2.8   4.6
  San Angelo............................     56.3     55.0     55.9     55.2      2.0      2.4      1.8      2.2   3.5   4.3   3.2   4.0
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,102.5  1,107.9  1,096.5  1,103.2     44.5     41.8     40.1     38.5   4.0   3.8   3.7   3.5
  Sherman-Denison.......................     61.1     60.1     60.9     59.8      2.6      2.4      2.4      2.2   4.2   4.0   3.9   3.7
  Texarkana.............................     64.7     63.1     64.4     63.1      3.5      3.0      3.4      2.9   5.5   4.8   5.3   4.6
  Tyler.................................    103.5    101.4    103.6    101.6      4.7      4.7      4.2      4.5   4.6   4.6   4.1   4.5
  Victoria..............................     50.8     50.8     50.7     50.9      1.8      2.2      1.6      2.1   3.5   4.4   3.2   4.0
  Waco..................................    118.7    116.8    118.3    116.2      5.3      4.8      4.7      4.4   4.5   4.1   4.0   3.8
  Wichita Falls.........................     66.0     63.4     66.0     63.3      2.8      2.9      2.5      2.7   4.3   4.6   3.8   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,441.8  1,463.0  1,441.3  1,457.9     45.2     44.9     45.6     44.5   3.1   3.1   3.2   3.1
  Logan.................................     66.4     66.8     66.5     66.8      1.8      1.8      1.7      1.7   2.6   2.6   2.6   2.6
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    302.5    305.7    300.5    303.6      9.8      9.5      9.9      9.6   3.2   3.1   3.3   3.1
  Provo-Orem............................    265.3    273.2    265.2    271.1      7.3      7.3      7.2      6.9   2.7   2.7   2.7   2.5
  St. George............................     61.8     62.2     61.5     61.3      2.3      2.2      2.4      2.2   3.7   3.5   3.8   3.5
  Salt Lake City........................    611.2    621.6    609.4    617.2     18.9     17.9     18.8     17.4   3.1   2.9   3.1   2.8
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    348.3    344.0    348.1    341.3     13.6     11.9     13.4     10.7   3.9   3.5   3.8   3.1
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    124.5    126.8    123.5    125.1      4.0      3.4      3.9      3.0   3.2   2.7   3.2   2.4
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,231.2  4,202.5  4,204.1  4,208.7    194.9    166.8    189.6    165.3   4.6   4.0   4.5   3.9
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     92.1     92.4     92.5     93.4      4.2      3.6      4.2      3.7   4.6   3.9   4.5   3.9
  Charlottesville.......................    118.3    116.9    116.1    115.7      4.6      3.9      4.4      3.9   3.9   3.3   3.8   3.3
  Harrisonburg..........................     64.3     63.8     64.2     64.0      2.8      2.5      2.8      2.5   4.4   3.9   4.4   3.9
  Lynchburg.............................    123.7    121.5    123.0    121.4      6.0      5.2      5.9      5.3   4.9   4.3   4.8   4.3
  Richmond..............................    654.9    647.1    651.9    648.5     32.0     27.3     30.8     26.7   4.9   4.2   4.7   4.1
  Roanoke...............................    160.2    157.1    159.7    157.6      7.3      6.1      7.1      6.1   4.6   3.9   4.5   3.8
  Staunton-Waynesboro...................     58.6     57.1     58.0     57.2      2.6      2.2      2.6      2.2   4.4   3.9   4.5   3.9
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    834.4    828.2    829.7    830.6     43.1     37.7     41.8     37.6   5.2   4.6   5.0   4.5
  Winchester............................     68.4     68.8     67.9     68.9      2.9      2.5      2.9      2.5   4.2   3.6   4.3   3.6
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,511.2  3,527.5  3,510.9  3,544.0    216.8    190.2    221.3    207.5   6.2   5.4   6.3   5.9
  Bellingham............................    103.6    104.4    104.3    105.5      6.6      5.6      6.9      6.2   6.4   5.3   6.6   5.9
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    115.1    114.1    115.6    115.9      7.2      5.7      7.3      6.3   6.2   5.0   6.3   5.5
  Kennewick-Richland....................    129.5    128.2    127.3    127.6     10.4      8.4     11.7      9.9   8.0   6.5   9.2   7.8
  Longview..............................     44.8     44.3     45.1     44.9      3.7      3.0      3.8      3.4   8.2   6.9   8.5   7.5
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     57.3     56.2     57.1     56.3      4.2      3.5      4.4      3.9   7.3   6.3   7.7   7.0
  Olympia-Tumwater......................    125.6    126.3    126.6    127.5      8.3      6.8      8.5      7.5   6.6   5.4   6.7   5.9
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,945.1  1,960.1  1,950.0  1,972.6    100.2     95.3     95.1     97.8   5.2   4.9   4.9   5.0
  Spokane-Spokane Valley................    252.4    254.2    254.0    256.4     18.1     14.6     20.1     17.2   7.2   5.7   7.9   6.7
  Walla Walla...........................     31.3     30.2     29.5     29.1      1.9      1.5      2.1      1.9   6.0   5.1   7.2   6.4
  Wenatchee.............................     58.7     59.6     58.2     58.5      4.1      3.4      4.6      4.0   6.9   5.7   7.9   6.8
  Yakima................................    117.0    118.2    116.0    117.2     11.0      9.5     13.5     12.0   9.4   8.0  11.6  10.2
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    777.3    785.3    767.4    779.6     43.6     44.2     42.8     45.8   5.6   5.6   5.6   5.9
  Beckley...............................     46.4     46.9     45.7     46.7      3.2      3.2      3.0      3.3   7.0   6.9   6.6   7.2
  Charleston............................     98.1     98.9     97.1     98.2      5.5      5.5      5.3      5.6   5.6   5.5   5.5   5.7
  Huntington-Ashland....................    148.4    148.1    147.0    147.8      8.3      7.9      8.0      8.5   5.6   5.3   5.5   5.7
  Morgantown............................     64.5     65.2     63.4     64.4      2.5      2.7      2.4      2.7   3.8   4.1   3.8   4.3
  Parkersburg-Vienna....................     40.0     40.4     39.4     40.1      2.1      2.2      2.1      2.3   5.2   5.4   5.2   5.6
  Wheeling..............................     66.8     66.8     66.3     66.5      3.6      3.9      3.6      4.2   5.4   5.9   5.4   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,108.8  3,104.6  3,096.5  3,103.0    146.3    124.0    146.4    131.8   4.7   4.0   4.7   4.2
  Appleton..............................    129.3    131.3    129.4    132.2      5.1      4.4      5.2      4.7   4.0   3.3   4.0   3.6
  Eau Claire............................     92.9     92.1     92.2     92.2      3.7      3.2      4.0      3.7   4.0   3.5   4.3   4.1
  Fond du Lac...........................     58.0     57.8     57.7     57.5      2.4      2.0      2.4      2.1   4.1   3.4   4.2   3.6
  Green Bay.............................    172.0    173.7    171.8    174.0      7.3      6.3      7.4      6.7   4.3   3.6   4.3   3.8
  Janesville-Beloit.....................     84.2     84.6     84.3     84.6      4.4      3.7      4.4      3.9   5.2   4.4   5.2   4.6
  La Crosse-Onalaska....................     77.8     77.7     77.8     77.9      2.8      2.7      2.9      2.9   3.6   3.5   3.7   3.7
  Madison...............................    377.8    382.1    376.6    379.9     12.9     11.3     12.4     11.6   3.4   3.0   3.3   3.1
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    829.5    823.7    823.4    819.6     43.8     36.4     41.4     36.5   5.3   4.4   5.0   4.5
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     92.9     93.1     92.4     93.5      4.2      3.4      4.1      3.5   4.5   3.7   4.4   3.8
  Racine................................     99.7     97.9     99.4     98.0      5.7      4.8      5.8      5.0   5.8   4.9   5.8   5.1
  Sheboygan.............................     61.5     61.9     61.4     62.3      2.4      2.1      2.3      2.1   3.9   3.3   3.7   3.4
  Wausau................................     73.5     73.9     73.8     74.5      3.1      2.6      3.0      2.8   4.2   3.5   4.1   3.7
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    307.3    305.2    304.7    300.8     13.7     13.4     12.8     13.7   4.5   4.4   4.2   4.5
  Casper................................     43.7     43.1     43.3     42.4      1.8      2.2      1.7      2.3   4.2   5.1   3.9   5.5
  Cheyenne..............................     49.3     49.3     49.4     48.5      2.3      1.9      2.2      1.9   4.7   3.8   4.5   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,142.7  1,145.0  1,140.4  1,157.5    154.7    134.4    137.7    119.9  13.5  11.7  12.1  10.4
  Aguadilla-Isabela.....................     91.0     90.9     89.8     91.6     16.0     13.7     14.1     12.3  17.6  15.1  15.7  13.4
  Arecibo...............................     54.1     54.1     53.8     54.8      8.8      7.7      7.9      6.9  16.2  14.2  14.6  12.6
  Guayama...............................     22.8     21.9     22.5     21.9      5.0      4.1      4.5      3.6  21.9  18.5  19.8  16.6
  Mayaguez..............................     30.2     29.9     30.0     30.2      4.5      3.7      4.0      3.3  15.1  12.4  13.5  10.8
  Ponce.................................    100.6    100.3    100.7    101.8     17.5     15.9     15.8     14.4  17.4  15.9  15.7  14.2
  San German............................     37.5     36.9     37.2     37.4      6.2      5.0      5.5      4.6  16.5  13.6  14.8  12.2
  San Juan-Carolina-Caguas..............    759.8    763.8    760.4    771.8     86.7     75.9     77.2     67.5  11.4   9.9  10.2   8.7

   1 For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population,
which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
   2 The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision
the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                November          December          November          December       November    December 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2014     2015     2014     2015p    2014     2015     2014     2015p   2014  2015  2014 2015p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,941.1 18,987.7 18,855.7 18,934.5  1,341.2  1,074.2  1,277.5  1,091.6   7.1   5.7   6.8   5.8
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim..........  6,662.5  6,596.7  6,632.0  6,579.6    482.6    352.9    453.6    355.4   7.2   5.3   6.8   5.4
     Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine.............  1,592.6  1,604.8  1,585.0  1,602.1     82.6     67.0     74.0     65.1   5.2   4.2   4.7   4.1
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  5,069.9  4,991.8  5,047.0  4,977.5    400.0    285.9    379.6    290.4   7.9   5.7   7.5   5.8
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward...........  2,484.3  2,516.2  2,479.3  2,515.4    121.2     98.6    110.0     97.1   4.9   3.9   4.4   3.9
     Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley.............  1,366.5  1,371.4  1,362.0  1,371.4     76.3     61.5     69.7     60.6   5.6   4.5   5.1   4.4
     San Francisco-Redwood City-                                                                                                          
       South San Francisco................    976.7  1,000.5    977.4    999.5     39.1     32.4     35.2     31.9   4.0   3.2   3.6   3.2
     San Rafael...........................    141.2    144.2    140.0    144.5      5.7      4.7      5.1      4.6   4.1   3.2   3.6   3.2
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    384.2    390.9    382.0    388.7     29.3     26.3     28.4     24.6   7.6   6.7   7.4   6.3
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,263.5  3,298.8  3,239.8  3,291.1    150.5    135.7    143.4    126.1   4.6   4.1   4.4   3.8
     Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville (3)    666.8    683.7    662.8    680.5     28.2     27.2     26.2     23.4   4.2   4.0   3.9   3.4
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,596.6  2,615.1  2,577.0  2,610.6    122.4    108.5    117.3    102.7   4.7   4.2   4.6   3.9
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,661.9  9,626.1  9,607.7  9,629.6    553.1    468.5    516.9    456.9   5.7   4.9   5.4   4.7
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach...  3,022.0  3,017.7  3,003.7  3,021.1    167.8    151.2    160.2    151.0   5.6   5.0   5.3   5.0
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................    999.8    999.0    995.6    999.6     54.0     44.9     49.9     43.3   5.4   4.5   5.0   4.3
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,330.8  1,329.8  1,322.9  1,333.6     77.9     74.3     77.6     76.9   5.8   5.6   5.9   5.8
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Delray Beach.......................    691.4    688.9    685.3    687.9     36.0     32.1     32.8     30.9   5.2   4.7   4.8   4.5
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,528.3  6,550.8  6,491.4  6,536.2    389.4    379.6    373.8    388.5   6.0   5.8   5.8   5.9
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (2)............  4,906.5  4,880.2  4,883.8  4,890.9    290.5    262.3    280.3    280.2   5.9   5.4   5.7   5.7
     Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights.  3,791.8  3,752.6  3,777.3  3,770.1    221.4    196.7    210.3    212.2   5.8   5.2   5.6   5.6
     Elgin................................    319.5    331.4    316.8    326.7     18.9     20.1     18.9     20.1   5.9   6.1   6.0   6.2
     Gary (3).............................    341.8    339.1    339.4    341.2     25.2     19.7     25.4     21.5   7.4   5.8   7.5   6.3
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    453.4    457.1    450.2    453.0     25.1     25.8     25.7     26.3   5.5   5.6   5.7   5.8
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,587.9  3,550.8  3,576.9  3,545.0    179.3    161.2    176.0    164.4   5.0   4.5   4.9   4.6
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua (2).............  2,638.4  2,615.5  2,627.9  2,607.4    120.2    107.8    115.5    107.0   4.6   4.1   4.4   4.1
     Boston-Cambridge-Newton..............  1,559.9  1,548.5  1,552.2  1,542.5     67.1     60.8     63.6     59.8   4.3   3.9   4.1   3.9
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    106.4    105.4    106.0    105.3      5.9      5.3      5.7      5.4   5.5   5.0   5.4   5.1
     Framingham...........................    156.0    154.3    155.2    154.1      6.1      5.5      6.0      5.7   3.9   3.6   3.9   3.7
     Haverhill-Newburyport-                                                                                                               
       Amesbury Town (2)..................    111.2    111.1    110.8    110.5      5.4      4.6      5.3      4.6   4.8   4.2   4.8   4.1
     Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem (2)......     94.7     94.2     94.6     93.9      6.5      5.8      6.3      5.8   6.9   6.1   6.7   6.2
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    183.9    181.7    183.7    181.3      9.3      8.5      9.0      8.5   5.0   4.7   4.9   4.7
     Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead...............     84.0     83.2     83.8     83.2      4.2      3.8      4.0      3.8   5.0   4.6   4.8   4.6
     Nashua (2)...........................    168.3    165.8    168.0    165.4      7.1      5.8      7.0      5.4   4.2   3.5   4.2   3.2
     Peabody-Salem-Beverly................     91.3     90.0     90.9     90.0      4.2      3.8      4.1      3.8   4.6   4.2   4.5   4.2
     Taunton-Middleborough-Norton.........     82.8     81.3     82.7     81.2      4.3      3.9      4.3      4.2   5.2   4.8   5.2   5.1
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,738.1  4,760.4  4,711.6  4,760.3    273.0    214.1    263.6    214.7   5.8   4.5   5.6   4.5
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn.................  2,011.3  2,002.4  2,003.3  2,005.0    138.9    104.7    129.4    108.6   6.9   5.2   6.5   5.4
     Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia.............    760.0    752.8    758.0    752.9     62.6     46.8     57.6     48.0   8.2   6.2   7.6   6.4
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,251.3  1,249.6  1,245.3  1,252.1     76.3     58.0     71.8     60.6   6.1   4.6   5.8   4.8
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,530.2  9,689.0  9,471.7  9,737.1    546.0    454.6    525.9    455.1   5.7   4.7   5.6   4.7
  New York-Newark-Jersey City (2).........  9,938.7 10,092.2  9,899.2 10,136.3    572.6    471.8    547.5    450.5   5.8   4.7   5.5   4.4
     Dutchess County-Putnam County........    190.5    190.0    188.4    190.8      8.8      7.8      8.5      7.6   4.6   4.1   4.5   4.0
     Nassau County-Suffolk County.........  1,437.4  1,473.3  1,429.7  1,482.1     65.8     59.8     62.9     58.1   4.6   4.1   4.4   3.9
     Newark (3)...........................  1,267.1  1,274.6  1,263.4  1,278.7     70.9     61.1     69.6     53.9   5.6   4.8   5.5   4.2
     New York-Jersey City-White Plains (2)  7,043.7  7,154.4  7,017.6  7,184.7    427.2    343.2    406.5    330.9   6.1   4.8   5.8   4.6
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,358.2  6,419.0  6,322.6  6,427.8    310.7    283.1    291.4    263.6   4.9   4.4   4.6   4.1
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  3,029.1  3,061.8  3,016.2  3,066.2    160.4    140.3    149.2    126.1   5.3   4.6   4.9   4.1
     Camden (3)...........................    639.6    642.4    639.3    643.4     39.7     32.9     38.9     29.0   6.2   5.1   6.1   4.5
     Montgomery County-Bucks County-                                                                                                      
       Chester County.....................  1,038.3  1,051.6  1,033.7  1,055.6     41.4     36.8     37.5     32.9   4.0   3.5   3.6   3.1
     Philadelphia.........................    979.3    985.1    971.0    983.0     60.8     52.6     55.0     47.4   6.2   5.3   5.7   4.8
     Wilmington (3).......................    371.9    382.7    372.3    384.2     18.4     17.9     17.9     16.9   5.0   4.7   4.8   4.4
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 13,202.8 13,100.0 13,152.2 13,077.4    588.6    593.5    540.1    555.2   4.5   4.5   4.1   4.2
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,595.7  3,595.2  3,590.1  3,591.7    157.0    142.7    142.6    131.2   4.4   4.0   4.0   3.7
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,395.5  2,409.1  2,392.1  2,403.4    104.6     93.6     95.1     86.1   4.4   3.9   4.0   3.6
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,200.2  1,186.1  1,198.0  1,188.2     52.4     49.1     47.5     45.2   4.4   4.1   4.0   3.8
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,511.2  3,527.5  3,510.9  3,544.0    216.8    190.2    221.3    207.5   6.2   5.4   6.3   5.9
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,945.1  1,960.1  1,950.0  1,972.6    100.2     95.3     95.1     97.8   5.2   4.9   4.9   5.0
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,554.5  1,563.2  1,556.4  1,571.8     72.1     72.8     66.6     73.3   4.6   4.7   4.3   4.7
     Tacoma-Lakewood......................    390.6    396.8    393.6    400.9     28.1     22.6     28.5     24.6   7.2   5.7   7.2   6.1

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated
February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are
Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two
or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their
metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which
their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles
are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area November December Change from
December 2014 to December 2015(p)
2014 2015 2014 2015(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,950.8 1,975.0 1,948.2 1,968.8 20.6 1.1

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.3 46.5 46.5 46.6 0.1 0.2

Auburn-Opelika

61.1 62.2 61.1 61.8 0.7 1.1

Birmingham-Hoover

517.1 525.4 519.0 524.4 5.4 1.0

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

67.1 69.2 67.0 69.0 2.0 3.0

Decatur

53.9 54.3 54.1 54.4 0.3 0.6

Dothan

57.3 57.8 57.7 58.0 0.3 0.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

57.3 56.3 57.4 56.1 -1.3 -2.3

Gadsden

37.9 38.0 37.7 37.7 0.0 0.0

Huntsville

219.7 221.4 218.5 221.3 2.8 1.3

Mobile

175.4 176.8 175.4 176.5 1.1 0.6

Montgomery

170.3 171.5 171.1 172.0 0.9 0.5

Tuscaloosa

104.6 107.6 104.5 107.0 2.5 2.4


Alaska

325.4 324.9 324.9 325.0 0.1 0.0

Anchorage

178.4 178.9 178.9 180.2 1.3 0.7

Fairbanks

38.0 38.2 37.8 37.5 -0.3 -0.8


Arizona

2,632.6 2,702.1 2,643.8 2,709.5 65.7 2.5

Flagstaff

65.3 65.8 64.1 64.6 0.5 0.8

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

46.5 46.0 46.9 46.2 -0.7 -1.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,906.4 1,960.9 1,912.5 1,967.8 55.3 2.9

Prescott

61.5 62.6 60.7 61.7 1.0 1.6

Sierra Vista-Douglas

35.0 34.7 35.0 34.6 -0.4 -1.1

Tucson

370.7 381.5 373.2 382.1 8.9 2.4

Yuma

52.4 52.6 53.4 53.2 -0.2 -0.4


Arkansas

1,209.3 1,225.3 1,208.4 1,227.9 19.5 1.6

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

229.0 233.7 229.3 234.1 4.8 2.1

Fort Smith

114.7 112.7 113.8 112.6 -1.2 -1.1

Hot Springs

37.8 38.4 38.0 38.6 0.6 1.6

Jonesboro

54.9 56.7 54.8 56.5 1.7 3.1

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

348.8 355.2 350.1 353.9 3.8 1.1

Pine Bluff

34.5 32.0 34.3 31.9 -2.4 -7.0


California

15,995.2 16,419.5 15,994.3 16,458.5 464.2 2.9

Bakersfield

264.1 264.7 263.8 266.1 2.3 0.9

Chico

77.3 79.6 77.3 79.3 2.0 2.6

El Centro

54.8 56.5 55.5 56.6 1.1 2.0

Fresno

320.8 329.0 320.9 327.3 6.4 2.0

Hanford-Corcoran

37.8 38.1 37.8 38.0 0.2 0.5

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,844.8 5,958.9 5,853.1 5,988.2 135.1 2.3

Madera

36.6 36.9 36.5 37.1 0.6 1.6

Merced

65.4 64.6 65.2 63.7 -1.5 -2.3

Modesto

163.2 167.9 163.9 168.0 4.1 2.5

Napa

71.0 72.0 69.5 70.7 1.2 1.7

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

295.8 304.5 297.6 303.8 6.2 2.1

Redding

63.6 64.8 63.3 64.5 1.2 1.9

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,321.2 1,365.4 1,324.5 1,372.3 47.8 3.6

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

904.7 926.7 904.5 927.4 22.9 2.5

Salinas

134.0 137.9 132.8 137.3 4.5 3.4

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,377.9 1,415.7 1,378.4 1,415.9 37.5 2.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,237.0 2,301.6 2,244.2 2,310.5 66.3 3.0

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,029.7 1,081.8 1,037.2 1,083.3 46.1 4.4

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

112.6 117.0 110.0 114.5 4.5 4.1

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

96.8 96.6 94.9 94.2 -0.7 -0.7

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

180.8 186.5 180.4 186.1 5.7 3.2

Santa Rosa

195.1 199.5 194.0 199.8 5.8 3.0

Stockton-Lodi

213.7 219.2 213.2 219.9 6.7 3.1

Vallejo-Fairfield

131.0 135.4 130.9 135.5 4.6 3.5

Visalia-Porterville

117.6 119.1 116.7 119.2 2.5 2.1

Yuba City

40.9 41.2 40.7 41.1 0.4 1.0


Colorado

2,493.0 2,537.0 2,511.8 2,559.0 47.2 1.9

Boulder

180.4 181.7 179.2 180.5 1.3 0.7

Colorado Springs

266.3 266.8 265.0 267.1 2.1 0.8

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,368.9 1,398.8 1,374.0 1,398.2 24.2 1.8

Fort Collins

150.1 154.7 149.7 155.1 5.4 3.6

Grand Junction

62.5 62.7 62.5 62.1 -0.4 -0.6

Greeley

102.0 105.9 102.1 105.9 3.8 3.7

Pueblo

60.9 61.5 61.3 61.2 -0.1 -0.2


Connecticut

1,694.2 1,722.3 1,699.7 1,722.9 23.2 1.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

412.7 420.9 413.9 420.5 6.6 1.6

Danbury

79.6 79.7 80.6 80.1 -0.5 -0.6

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

575.2 584.9 576.3 582.2 5.9 1.0

New Haven

284.3 286.7 284.6 287.1 2.5 0.9

Norwich-New London-Westerly

128.7 128.5 128.7 128.0 -0.7 -0.5

Waterbury

68.8 68.9 69.2 69.2 0.0 0.0


Delaware

445.7 451.3 446.2 453.5 7.3 1.6

Dover

68.5 67.8 68.5 68.0 -0.5 -0.7

Salisbury(1)

144.8 150.3 143.9 150.3 6.4 4.4


District of Columbia

767.8 775.5 764.0 774.6 10.6 1.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,158.7 3,220.5 3,156.3 3,224.8 68.5 2.2


Florida

8,010.3 8,243.5 8,049.4 8,284.6 235.2 2.9

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

238.1 245.3 239.4 247.5 8.1 3.4

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

103.7 105.3 104.1 104.1 0.0 0.0

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

184.1 189.7 184.9 190.2 5.3 2.9

Gainesville

136.0 138.3 135.5 137.0 1.5 1.1

Homosassa Springs

32.6 32.7 32.6 32.7 0.1 0.3

Jacksonville

633.9 649.7 639.5 656.8 17.3 2.7

Lakeland-Winter Haven

205.2 213.1 206.1 214.8 8.7 4.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,488.0 2,543.7 2,500.3 2,555.6 55.3 2.2

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

134.7 138.6 137.2 140.3 3.1 2.3

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

276.5 282.1 279.0 283.4 4.4 1.6

Ocala

98.3 99.9 99.0 99.9 0.9 0.9

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,139.4 1,179.1 1,145.2 1,183.3 38.1 3.3

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

198.9 204.8 201.0 205.3 4.3 2.1

Panama City

78.9 78.5 78.7 78.5 -0.2 -0.3

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

166.8 169.9 167.5 169.8 2.3 1.4

Port St. Lucie

135.1 138.9 136.0 139.1 3.1 2.3

Punta Gorda

44.4 45.7 44.9 46.2 1.3 2.9

Sebastian-Vero Beach

48.2 48.7 48.7 48.9 0.2 0.4

Sebring

25.7 26.0 26.1 26.3 0.2 0.8

Tallahassee

176.9 177.3 177.1 177.8 0.7 0.4

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,227.4 1,266.1 1,233.0 1,271.8 38.8 3.1

The Villages

26.0 26.5 26.2 26.7 0.5 1.9


Georgia

4,249.5 4,348.2 4,249.2 4,341.3 92.1 2.2

Albany

62.0 61.1 61.8 60.8 -1.0 -1.6

Athens-Clarke County

94.1 95.3 93.7 95.2 1.5 1.6

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,559.5 2,647.9 2,566.7 2,644.5 77.8 3.0

Augusta-Richmond County

229.0 231.8 229.4 232.6 3.2 1.4

Brunswick

41.8 42.0 41.9 41.9 0.0 0.0

Columbus

124.0 126.2 123.6 126.4 2.8 2.3

Dalton

67.6 68.5 67.7 68.5 0.8 1.2

Gainesville

82.4 83.5 82.3 83.3 1.0 1.2

Hinesville

20.0 19.9 19.9 19.7 -0.2 -1.0

Macon

103.6 102.9 103.4 102.9 -0.5 -0.5

Rome

40.6 41.1 40.5 41.1 0.6 1.5

Savannah

169.9 174.3 168.3 175.2 6.9 4.1

Valdosta

56.0 55.0 55.7 54.6 -1.1 -2.0

Warner Robins

71.0 70.1 71.0 69.9 -1.1 -1.5


Hawaii

632.8 645.6 635.2 650.9 15.7 2.5

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

72.0 73.1 72.7 73.8 1.1 1.5

Urban Honolulu

468.8 479.4 471.4 482.6 11.2 2.4


Idaho

663.4 689.6 659.2 688.0 28.8 4.4

Boise City

285.9 291.7 285.5 291.8 6.3 2.2

Coeur d'Alene

59.0 61.5 58.5 61.1 2.6 4.4

Idaho Falls

60.6 63.4 60.5 63.2 2.7 4.5

Lewiston

28.1 28.2 27.5 28.1 0.6 2.2

Pocatello

35.7 36.9 35.5 36.6 1.1 3.1


Illinois

5,953.9 5,982.6 5,951.3 5,949.7 -1.6 0.0

Bloomington

95.5 96.4 95.0 95.1 0.1 0.1

Carbondale-Marion

56.1 55.1 55.2 54.5 -0.7 -1.3

Champaign-Urbana

110.1 111.6 109.7 110.6 0.9 0.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,566.8 4,609.3 4,563.5 4,591.0 27.5 0.6

Danville

29.4 29.9 29.5 29.7 0.2 0.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

184.6 181.6 184.0 179.5 -4.5 -2.4

Decatur

51.6 51.2 51.2 50.3 -0.9 -1.8

Kankakee

46.1 45.9 45.7 45.7 0.0 0.0

Peoria

180.1 179.6 178.4 178.7 0.3 0.2

Rockford

152.6 152.6 152.3 152.0 -0.3 -0.2

Springfield

112.1 113.6 112.4 112.9 0.5 0.4


Indiana

3,039.9 3,102.1 3,033.3 3,091.0 57.7 1.9

Bloomington

78.3 79.0 77.4 77.8 0.4 0.5

Columbus

51.9 53.8 52.4 54.1 1.7 3.2

Elkhart-Goshen

124.9 130.0 124.8 129.7 4.9 3.9

Evansville

159.2 162.1 158.9 160.7 1.8 1.1

Fort Wayne

215.6 218.5 214.8 217.6 2.8 1.3

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,014.9 1,043.5 1,015.9 1,043.3 27.4 2.7

Kokomo

40.8 41.9 41.1 42.1 1.0 2.4

Lafayette-West Lafayette

103.5 104.5 103.4 104.2 0.8 0.8

Michigan City-La Porte

42.4 42.1 42.3 42.0 -0.3 -0.7

Muncie

51.5 52.6 51.4 52.5 1.1 2.1

South Bend-Mishawaka

139.3 139.5 139.1 138.9 -0.2 -0.1

Terre Haute

71.7 71.1 71.5 71.3 -0.2 -0.3


Iowa

1,578.1 1,604.2 1,564.8 1,590.1 25.3 1.6

Ames

55.1 55.5 54.2 54.4 0.2 0.4

Cedar Rapids

142.4 144.4 141.3 143.3 2.0 1.4

Des Moines-West Des Moines

348.5 359.2 347.3 357.3 10.0 2.9

Dubuque

61.0 60.6 60.8 60.6 -0.2 -0.3

Iowa City

100.4 101.4 99.0 100.6 1.6 1.6

Sioux City

88.7 90.0 88.8 89.3 0.5 0.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

94.1 94.2 93.3 92.8 -0.5 -0.5


Kansas

1,414.6 1,422.4 1,412.0 1,418.8 6.8 0.5

Lawrence

53.6 55.2 53.5 54.3 0.8 1.5

Manhattan

45.5 47.3 44.7 45.9 1.2 2.7

Topeka

112.7 113.0 112.0 112.4 0.4 0.4

Wichita

297.0 299.5 295.4 298.6 3.2 1.1


Kentucky

1,895.6 1,931.6 1,892.9 1,933.4 40.5 2.1

Bowling Green

72.9 74.5 73.5 74.9 1.4 1.9

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

54.7 55.8 54.7 55.5 0.8 1.5

Lexington-Fayette

270.6 277.6 270.2 278.1 7.9 2.9

Louisville/Jefferson County

645.8 661.0 646.7 662.1 15.4 2.4

Owensboro

52.9 53.6 53.4 53.9 0.5 0.9


Louisiana

2,008.9 1,997.2 2,010.2 1,992.3 -17.9 -0.9

Alexandria

64.4 63.6 64.7 63.7 -1.0 -1.5

Baton Rouge

402.9 411.3 401.6 410.4 8.8 2.2

Hammond

45.0 45.0 45.1 44.8 -0.3 -0.7

Houma-Thibodaux

102.2 99.4 102.6 99.0 -3.6 -3.5

Lafayette

223.3 218.1 222.9 217.4 -5.5 -2.5

Lake Charles

100.5 104.4 102.0 104.3 2.3 2.3

Monroe

79.0 78.0 79.2 78.0 -1.2 -1.5

New Orleans-Metairie

568.5 566.6 569.5 568.6 -0.9 -0.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

184.5 182.5 184.5 181.5 -3.0 -1.6


Maine

607.8 614.8 604.5 612.7 8.2 1.4

Bangor

67.2 68.1 67.2 67.7 0.5 0.7

Lewiston-Auburn

51.1 51.3 51.1 51.0 -0.1 -0.2

Portland-South Portland

196.6 199.9 195.6 199.5 3.9 2.0


Maryland

2,654.0 2,703.6 2,655.8 2,710.9 55.1 2.1

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,364.9 1,393.4 1,368.4 1,399.4 31.0 2.3

California-Lexington Park

44.5 45.6 44.6 45.6 1.0 2.2

Cumberland

40.4 40.2 40.2 40.2 0.0 0.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

104.0 103.4 104.5 103.8 -0.7 -0.7


Massachusetts

3,463.5 3,539.7 3,462.8 3,537.5 74.7 2.2

Barnstable Town

100.0 102.0 98.4 101.1 2.7 2.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,628.1 2,675.5 2,629.8 2,675.6 45.8 1.7

Leominster-Gardner

50.8 51.2 50.9 51.3 0.4 0.8

New Bedford

66.6 67.4 67.1 67.6 0.5 0.7

Pittsfield

41.8 42.1 41.7 42.1 0.4 1.0

Springfield

327.5 334.1 327.3 333.6 6.3 1.9

Worcester

278.7 284.9 279.3 284.8 5.5 2.0


Michigan

4,253.9 4,334.4 4,237.5 4,318.8 81.3 1.9

Ann Arbor

214.8 217.6 213.0 217.7 4.7 2.2

Battle Creek

59.4 60.1 59.1 59.8 0.7 1.2

Bay City

37.6 37.7 37.5 37.6 0.1 0.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,931.4 1,968.2 1,928.5 1,968.1 39.6 2.1

Flint

143.1 143.5 143.4 143.1 -0.3 -0.2

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

524.8 543.7 522.8 542.6 19.8 3.8

Jackson

56.3 56.7 56.1 56.5 0.4 0.7

Kalamazoo-Portage

142.9 146.4 141.5 146.2 4.7 3.3

Lansing-East Lansing

229.0 231.2 226.2 228.7 2.5 1.1

Midland

38.0 38.5 37.9 38.4 0.5 1.3

Monroe

42.1 43.4 42.1 42.8 0.7 1.7

Muskegon

63.5 65.0 63.2 64.8 1.6 2.5

Niles-Benton Harbor

60.9 62.7 60.5 62.4 1.9 3.1

Saginaw

89.9 91.4 89.6 91.5 1.9 2.1


Minnesota

2,848.4 2,882.7 2,829.6 2,872.1 42.5 1.5

Duluth

135.7 136.8 135.0 135.8 0.8 0.6

Mankato-North Mankato

57.3 56.5 56.4 56.4 0.0 0.0

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,922.5 1,954.3 1,913.6 1,947.6 34.0 1.8

Rochester

115.7 115.8 115.5 115.2 -0.3 -0.3

St. Cloud

108.1 107.5 107.9 107.5 -0.4 -0.4


Mississippi

1,129.4 1,140.4 1,129.3 1,139.8 10.5 0.9

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

152.4 152.1 152.2 152.9 0.7 0.5

Hattiesburg

62.5 62.3 63.1 62.4 -0.7 -1.1

Jackson

273.6 277.1 275.0 277.5 2.5 0.9


Missouri

2,762.4 2,793.1 2,760.1 2,786.7 26.6 1.0

Cape Girardeau

45.3 43.7 45.1 43.4 -1.7 -3.8

Columbia

100.3 102.2 100.3 101.9 1.6 1.6

Jefferson City

76.7 76.1 76.3 75.7 -0.6 -0.8

Joplin

81.7 83.2 81.6 83.3 1.7 2.1

Kansas City

1,033.8 1,046.9 1,040.0 1,042.7 2.7 0.3

St. Joseph

63.4 62.5 63.5 62.4 -1.1 -1.7

St. Louis(2)

1,325.6 1,337.4 1,325.7 1,341.2 15.5 1.2

Springfield

206.3 211.2 206.2 211.6 5.4 2.6


Montana

454.0 456.8 452.6 455.2 2.6 0.6

Billings

84.0 85.5 83.7 85.6 1.9 2.3

Great Falls

36.0 35.2 35.9 35.0 -0.9 -2.5

Missoula

58.4 59.2 57.8 58.3 0.5 0.9


Nebraska

1,002.9 1,018.4 1,000.2 1,014.6 14.4 1.4

Grand Island

43.3 42.8 43.2 43.0 -0.2 -0.5

Lincoln

187.5 192.0 187.1 191.4 4.3 2.3

Omaha-Council Bluffs

488.9 499.3 488.8 497.7 8.9 1.8


Nevada

1,238.8 1,269.5 1,240.3 1,265.6 25.3 2.0

Carson City

28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 0.0 0.0

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

901.9 924.8 901.2 919.4 18.2 2.0

Reno

206.0 211.3 206.1 212.4 6.3 3.1


New Hampshire

653.9 659.8 657.5 660.9 3.4 0.5

Dover-Durham

53.5 53.6 53.9 53.9 0.0 0.0

Manchester

108.6 110.8 109.6 110.5 0.9 0.8

Portsmouth

84.8 86.0 84.2 86.2 2.0 2.4


New Jersey

4,015.1 4,066.9 4,014.3 4,079.6 65.3 1.6

Atlantic City-Hammonton

132.2 132.1 132.3 131.2 -1.1 -0.8

Ocean City

37.5 36.8 37.2 36.5 -0.7 -1.9

Trenton

254.7 262.0 255.3 263.1 7.8 3.1

Vineland-Bridgeton

56.9 56.6 57.0 57.1 0.1 0.2


New Mexico

834.6 837.6 833.2 835.8 2.6 0.3

Albuquerque

383.2 390.5 383.1 388.1 5.0 1.3

Farmington

53.9 52.9 53.8 52.8 -1.0 -1.9

Las Cruces

72.2 71.0 72.1 71.0 -1.1 -1.5

Santa Fe

62.1 61.9 62.2 62.1 -0.1 -0.2


New York

9,236.7 9,406.3 9,242.8 9,403.1 160.3 1.7

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

461.9 467.6 461.8 465.2 3.4 0.7

Binghamton

107.5 105.9 107.0 105.2 -1.8 -1.7

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

563.4 569.4 561.6 567.7 6.1 1.1

Elmira

39.7 39.6 39.9 39.8 -0.1 -0.3

Glens Falls

54.0 54.8 53.9 54.3 0.4 0.7

Ithaca

72.7 71.5 72.2 71.2 -1.0 -1.4

Kingston

61.7 61.9 61.6 61.8 0.2 0.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,293.0 9,453.4 9,312.8 9,469.2 156.4 1.7

Rochester

533.8 538.6 533.1 537.7 4.6 0.9

Syracuse

321.7 323.7 320.8 324.4 3.6 1.1

Utica-Rome

129.2 129.7 128.8 130.1 1.3 1.0

Watertown-Fort Drum

42.0 42.0 41.9 41.9 0.0 0.0


North Carolina

4,226.4 4,322.2 4,236.2 4,324.9 88.7 2.1

Asheville

182.1 184.7 182.8 186.0 3.2 1.8

Burlington

61.1 61.9 61.2 62.0 0.8 1.3

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,089.9 1,126.1 1,093.9 1,130.0 36.1 3.3

Durham-Chapel Hill

294.3 301.6 296.6 302.9 6.3 2.1

Fayetteville

128.8 128.4 129.7 128.5 -1.2 -0.9

Goldsboro

42.9 42.1 42.9 41.7 -1.2 -2.8

Greensboro-High Point

355.2 366.3 356.9 367.1 10.2 2.9

Greenville

78.8 79.3 78.8 78.6 -0.2 -0.3

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

148.3 147.5 147.9 147.2 -0.7 -0.5

Jacksonville

50.2 50.0 50.4 49.9 -0.5 -1.0

New Bern

44.3 43.8 44.1 43.8 -0.3 -0.7

Raleigh

574.7 583.8 576.7 587.1 10.4 1.8

Rocky Mount

58.4 58.3 58.2 58.3 0.1 0.2

Wilmington

118.3 118.5 117.2 117.2 0.0 0.0

Winston-Salem

256.5 262.2 256.2 263.7 7.5 2.9


North Dakota

475.1 460.6 472.5 453.5 -19.0 -4.0

Bismarck

74.7 76.8 74.4 76.0 1.6 2.2

Fargo

142.2 143.1 141.4 142.8 1.4 1.0

Grand Forks

58.9 59.8 58.3 58.8 0.5 0.9


Ohio

5,403.7 5,478.7 5,388.6 5,471.5 82.9 1.5

Akron

335.8 342.0 335.3 342.4 7.1 2.1

Canton-Massillon

173.5 176.0 173.9 175.7 1.8 1.0

Cincinnati

1,060.1 1,079.3 1,055.9 1,075.6 19.7 1.9

Cleveland-Elyria

1,048.3 1,066.5 1,044.8 1,068.1 23.3 2.2

Columbus

1,034.2 1,055.4 1,035.7 1,056.0 20.3 2.0

Dayton

379.1 384.1 377.5 385.0 7.5 2.0

Lima

52.7 54.7 52.9 55.1 2.2 4.2

Mansfield

53.1 53.2 53.1 52.9 -0.2 -0.4

Springfield

52.6 52.3 52.6 52.0 -0.6 -1.1

Toledo

300.5 305.8 301.5 307.3 5.8 1.9

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

43.4 43.8 43.0 43.2 0.2 0.5

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

229.7 229.7 227.2 230.1 2.9 1.3


Oklahoma

1,679.3 1,678.4 1,679.6 1,670.9 -8.7 -0.5

Lawton

45.8 45.2 45.5 45.2 -0.3 -0.7

Oklahoma City

629.2 640.2 629.6 636.5 6.9 1.1

Tulsa

446.8 447.6 448.4 446.7 -1.7 -0.4


Oregon

1,761.3 1,810.8 1,760.1 1,808.2 48.1 2.7

Albany

41.1 41.7 41.1 42.2 1.1 2.7

Bend-Redmond

70.7 72.6 70.4 72.3 1.9 2.7

Corvallis

40.7 41.1 40.6 40.7 0.1 0.2

Eugene

150.8 153.9 152.1 154.2 2.1 1.4

Grants Pass

24.9 25.3 24.8 25.0 0.2 0.8

Medford

82.9 85.5 82.6 85.3 2.7 3.3

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,098.4 1,135.5 1,096.1 1,137.8 41.7 3.8

Salem

153.9 158.0 152.8 156.1 3.3 2.2


Pennsylvania

5,878.4 5,915.6 5,869.8 5,907.9 38.1 0.6

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

356.5 355.8 357.7 354.9 -2.8 -0.8

Altoona

61.5 61.1 61.6 61.1 -0.5 -0.8

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43.4 43.7 43.3 43.1 -0.2 -0.5

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

59.9 60.1 60.2 60.5 0.3 0.5

East Stroudsburg

55.3 55.5 55.8 55.0 -0.8 -1.4

Erie

131.8 132.5 131.5 132.0 0.5 0.4

Gettysburg

35.0 35.0 35.1 34.7 -0.4 -1.1

Harrisburg-Carlisle

332.1 340.5 331.5 341.2 9.7 2.9

Johnstown

58.5 57.7 58.3 57.3 -1.0 -1.7

Lancaster

242.5 247.4 241.7 249.6 7.9 3.3

Lebanon

51.9 50.8 52.0 50.9 -1.1 -2.1

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,829.1 2,863.1 2,831.2 2,866.7 35.5 1.3

Pittsburgh

1,177.9 1,189.2 1,172.6 1,186.6 14.0 1.2

Reading

177.9 179.1 178.1 179.0 0.9 0.5

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

263.9 269.6 265.2 269.0 3.8 1.4

State College

80.6 79.5 78.3 78.7 0.4 0.5

Williamsport

57.4 55.4 57.3 55.2 -2.1 -3.7

York-Hanover

181.9 182.2 180.9 182.3 1.4 0.8


Rhode Island

482.7 490.8 480.8 489.1 8.3 1.7

Providence-Warwick

575.0 586.6 573.1 585.0 11.9 2.1


South Carolina

1,981.9 2,034.6 1,975.9 2,040.4 64.5 3.3

Charleston-North Charleston

326.2 335.8 327.2 334.8 7.6 2.3

Columbia

379.2 390.3 376.3 390.8 14.5 3.9

Florence

86.0 86.2 85.8 86.6 0.8 0.9

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

396.0 405.3 397.0 408.2 11.2 2.8

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

72.6 72.5 72.2 72.1 -0.1 -0.1

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

152.3 154.3 148.2 152.2 4.0 2.7

Spartanburg

141.1 145.4 141.7 146.0 4.3 3.0

Sumter

38.8 38.7 39.2 39.0 -0.2 -0.5


South Dakota

424.0 434.4 422.6 431.9 9.3 2.2

Rapid City

65.6 66.1 65.4 65.2 -0.2 -0.3

Sioux Falls

147.8 153.4 147.7 153.7 6.0 4.1


Tennessee

2,874.5 2,930.4 2,878.4 2,944.8 66.4 2.3

Chattanooga

242.9 248.1 243.6 250.3 6.7 2.8

Clarksville

88.4 90.8 89.3 90.6 1.3 1.5

Cleveland

46.5 46.0 46.5 46.5 0.0 0.0

Jackson

66.1 67.2 66.3 67.1 0.8 1.2

Johnson City

79.4 80.2 79.1 79.9 0.8 1.0

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

122.7 125.0 122.8 125.3 2.5 2.0

Knoxville

386.4 394.9 384.8 397.5 12.7 3.3

Memphis

624.2 629.7 628.2 636.7 8.5 1.4

Morristown

44.6 45.8 44.7 45.9 1.2 2.7

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

897.2 924.5 899.4 928.5 29.1 3.2


Texas

11,776.8 11,966.3 11,811.7 11,980.7 169.0 1.4

Abilene

69.1 69.5 69.4 69.7 0.3 0.4

Amarillo

118.0 118.6 117.6 118.6 1.0 0.9

Austin-Round Rock

928.1 965.4 928.8 963.7 34.9 3.8

Beaumont-Port Arthur

168.8 173.8 169.1 174.3 5.2 3.1

Brownsville-Harlingen

137.9 140.5 138.6 141.0 2.4 1.7

College Station-Bryan

108.2 109.2 107.5 108.2 0.7 0.7

Corpus Christi

197.8 201.0 197.5 200.4 2.9 1.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,341.9 3,450.6 3,359.3 3,458.2 98.9 2.9

El Paso

298.0 302.9 298.4 303.5 5.1 1.7

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,982.7 3,007.3 2,992.6 3,015.8 23.2 0.8

Killeen-Temple

136.4 136.9 137.0 137.5 0.5 0.4

Laredo

100.5 102.7 100.9 102.8 1.9 1.9

Longview

105.9 106.9 105.9 106.4 0.5 0.5

Lubbock

138.9 141.9 139.0 142.0 3.0 2.2

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

247.9 254.5 249.8 255.8 6.0 2.4

Midland

98.6 100.5 98.8 100.6 1.8 1.8

Odessa

81.7 83.6 82.3 83.5 1.2 1.5

San Angelo

49.8 49.5 49.6 49.9 0.3 0.6

San Antonio-New Braunfels

964.2 1,000.7 965.3 998.9 33.6 3.5

Sherman-Denison

45.7 46.3 46.1 46.0 -0.1 -0.2

Texarkana

59.5 59.0 59.5 59.0 -0.5 -0.8

Tyler

100.2 100.9 101.2 101.2 0.0 0.0

Victoria

45.5 46.6 45.8 46.6 0.8 1.7

Waco

112.2 114.1 112.7 113.7 1.0 0.9

Wichita Falls

58.5 57.6 59.0 57.5 -1.5 -2.5


Utah

1,356.4 1,404.6 1,365.2 1,408.5 43.3 3.2

Logan

58.7 60.2 58.9 60.0 1.1 1.9

Ogden-Clearfield

236.4 242.6 235.3 241.4 6.1 2.6

Provo-Orem

219.4 230.6 221.1 230.1 9.0 4.1

St. George

55.1 56.5 55.1 56.0 0.9 1.6

Salt Lake City

666.7 689.9 671.3 691.2 19.9 3.0


Vermont

315.2 319.1 319.1 322.0 2.9 0.9

Burlington-South Burlington

124.9 128.5 125.2 127.9 2.7 2.2


Virginia

3,823.1 3,875.6 3,817.3 3,875.9 58.6 1.5

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

78.2 79.9 78.8 80.6 1.8 2.3

Charlottesville

114.5 115.1 113.1 113.9 0.8 0.7

Harrisonburg

65.8 66.6 65.9 66.4 0.5 0.8

Lynchburg

104.4 104.4 104.4 103.8 -0.6 -0.6

Richmond

643.5 646.2 643.1 646.3 3.2 0.5

Roanoke

162.4 162.0 162.8 162.2 -0.6 -0.4

Staunton-Waynesboro

49.2 48.5 48.7 48.5 -0.2 -0.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

759.4 765.4 758.4 765.7 7.3 1.0

Winchester

61.1 62.3 60.9 62.4 1.5 2.5


Washington

3,134.6 3,223.8 3,127.4 3,215.2 87.8 2.8

Bellingham

88.5 90.4 88.6 90.1 1.5 1.7

Bremerton-Silverdale

87.5 87.9 87.2 88.3 1.1 1.3

Kennewick-Richland

105.5 107.1 104.7 106.6 1.9 1.8

Longview

39.7 39.3 39.6 39.2 -0.4 -1.0

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.8 48.2 48.4 47.7 -0.7 -1.4

Olympia-Tumwater

108.9 110.9 109.1 110.3 1.2 1.1

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,875.3 1,931.7 1,875.1 1,931.9 56.8 3.0

Spokane-Spokane Valley

237.3 243.4 235.7 241.5 5.8 2.5

Walla Walla

27.5 27.6 27.0 27.4 0.4 1.5

Wenatchee

41.6 41.9 41.1 40.9 -0.2 -0.5

Yakima

81.6 82.8 80.3 81.5 1.2 1.5


West Virginia

770.0 759.1 767.3 755.4 -11.9 -1.6

Beckley

47.4 47.4 47.4 47.3 -0.1 -0.2

Charleston

124.2 123.7 124.3 123.5 -0.8 -0.6

Huntington-Ashland

142.9 143.4 142.8 143.2 0.4 0.3

Morgantown

71.4 70.7 70.9 70.4 -0.5 -0.7

Parkersburg-Vienna

43.6 43.4 43.6 43.3 -0.3 -0.7

Wheeling

69.7 69.3 69.6 69.1 -0.5 -0.7


Wisconsin

2,897.4 2,928.5 2,881.6 2,908.2 26.6 0.9

Appleton

122.3 126.0 122.5 126.3 3.8 3.1

Eau Claire

87.1 87.0 85.8 86.2 0.4 0.5

Fond du Lac

48.7 49.2 48.6 48.4 -0.2 -0.4

Green Bay

174.9 178.8 174.4 178.0 3.6 2.1

Janesville-Beloit

67.4 68.4 67.5 68.3 0.8 1.2

La Crosse-Onalaska

78.1 78.5 78.0 78.5 0.5 0.6

Madison

390.4 399.2 389.2 395.3 6.1 1.6

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

856.3 863.7 849.7 856.6 6.9 0.8

Oshkosh-Neenah

96.0 97.4 95.1 97.2 2.1 2.2

Racine

76.9 76.2 76.5 75.9 -0.6 -0.8

Sheboygan

61.2 62.1 61.1 62.5 1.4 2.3

Wausau

71.8 73.0 72.0 73.1 1.1 1.5


Wyoming

290.8 288.0 292.3 285.8 -6.5 -2.2

Casper

43.2 42.2 43.2 41.9 -1.3 -3.0

Cheyenne

47.0 47.7 47.6 47.3 -0.3 -0.6


Puerto Rico

916.0 920.5 928.6 931.3 2.7 0.3

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.4 52.0 52.2 52.4 0.2 0.4

Arecibo

34.4 34.5 35.2 35.3 0.1 0.3

Guayama

15.0 14.8 15.2 14.9 -0.3 -2.0

Mayaguez

35.5 35.8 36.0 36.5 0.5 1.4

Ponce

73.4 73.0 75.3 74.9 -0.4 -0.5

San German

20.9 20.8 21.1 21.1 0.0 0.0

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

665.1 669.0 674.1 676.2 2.1 0.3


Virgin Islands

38.1 38.4 38.3 38.4 0.1 0.3

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division November December Change from
December 2014 to December 2015(p)
2014 2015 2014 2015(p) Number Percent

California

15,995.2 16,419.5 15,994.3 16,458.5 464.2 2.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,844.8 5,958.9 5,853.1 5,988.2 135.1 2.3

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,531.5 1,570.3 1,531.9 1,573.3 41.4 2.7

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,313.3 4,388.6 4,321.2 4,414.9 93.7 2.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,237.0 2,301.6 2,244.2 2,310.5 66.3 3.0

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,087.0 1,104.9 1,088.4 1,109.7 21.3 2.0

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,036.4 1,078.1 1,042.3 1,081.0 38.7 3.7

San Rafael

113.6 118.6 113.5 119.8 6.3 5.6


District of Columbia

767.8 775.5 764.0 774.6 10.6 1.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,158.7 3,220.5 3,156.3 3,224.8 68.5 2.2

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

579.1 597.1 579.2 599.3 20.1 3.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,579.6 2,623.4 2,577.1 2,625.5 48.4 1.9


Florida

8,010.3 8,243.5 8,049.4 8,284.6 235.2 2.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,488.0 2,543.7 2,500.3 2,555.6 55.3 2.2

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

794.8 820.8 802.2 827.1 24.9 3.1

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,116.3 1,132.9 1,119.6 1,135.9 16.3 1.5

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

576.9 590.0 578.5 592.6 14.1 2.4


Illinois

5,953.9 5,982.6 5,951.3 5,949.7 -1.6 0.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,566.8 4,609.3 4,563.5 4,591.0 27.5 0.6

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,625.9 3,666.9 3,631.3 3,658.1 26.8 0.7

Elgin

255.0 260.6 251.6 255.7 4.1 1.6

Gary(3)

279.4 280.9 279.1 280.8 1.7 0.6

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

406.5 400.9 401.5 396.4 -5.1 -1.3


Massachusetts

3,463.5 3,539.7 3,462.8 3,537.5 74.7 2.2

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,628.1 2,675.5 2,629.8 2,675.6 45.8 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,755.2 1,793.8 1,755.6 1,793.1 37.5 2.1

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

81.9 83.1 81.9 82.8 0.9 1.1

Framingham

172.1 175.1 171.9 175.6 3.7 2.2

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

63.2 64.8 63.2 64.6 1.4 2.2

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

79.4 81.4 79.9 81.4 1.5 1.9

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

148.8 150.2 149.5 150.1 0.6 0.4

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.3 46.3 45.5 46.5 1.0 2.2

Nashua(2)

126.3 124.3 126.5 125.0 -1.5 -1.2

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

96.8 97.8 96.5 98.1 1.6 1.7

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

59.1 58.7 59.3 58.4 -0.9 -1.5


Michigan

4,253.9 4,334.4 4,237.5 4,318.8 81.3 1.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,931.4 1,968.2 1,928.5 1,968.1 39.6 2.1

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

736.5 749.3 739.3 748.4 9.1 1.2

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,194.9 1,218.9 1,189.2 1,219.7 30.5 2.6


New York

9,236.7 9,406.3 9,242.8 9,403.1 160.3 1.7

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,293.0 9,453.4 9,312.8 9,469.2 156.4 1.7

Dutchess County-Putnam County

144.9 141.4 144.5 141.2 -3.3 -2.3

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,306.9 1,328.7 1,308.2 1,328.1 19.9 1.5

Newark(3)

1,199.5 1,211.2 1,197.8 1,214.9 17.1 1.4

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,641.7 6,772.1 6,662.3 6,785.0 122.7 1.8


Pennsylvania

5,878.4 5,915.6 5,869.8 5,907.9 38.1 0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,829.1 2,863.1 2,831.2 2,866.7 35.5 1.3

Camden(3)

518.9 525.3 520.8 526.8 6.0 1.2

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,030.1 1,045.3 1,031.1 1,049.3 18.2 1.8

Philadelphia

924.4 930.7 923.5 928.2 4.7 0.5

Wilmington(3)

355.7 361.8 355.8 362.4 6.6 1.9


Texas

11,776.8 11,966.3 11,811.7 11,980.7 169.0 1.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,341.9 3,450.6 3,359.3 3,458.2 98.9 2.9

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,347.4 2,443.4 2,360.3 2,444.7 84.4 3.6

Fort Worth-Arlington

994.5 1,007.2 999.0 1,013.5 14.5 1.5


Washington

3,134.6 3,223.8 3,127.4 3,215.2 87.8 2.8

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,875.3 1,931.7 1,875.1 1,931.9 56.8 3.0

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,581.5 1,625.9 1,580.5 1,626.7 46.2 2.9

Tacoma-Lakewood

293.8 305.8 294.6 305.2 10.6 3.6

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: February 03, 2016