Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, October 1, 2014               USDL-14-1795

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- AUGUST 2014


Unemployment rates were lower in August than a year earlier in 322 of the 372 
metropolitan areas, higher in 44 areas, and unchanged in 6 areas, the U.S. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics reported today. Eleven areas had jobless rates of at least 
10.0 percent and 84 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment increased over the year in 306 metropolitan areas, decreased in 57 areas,
and was unchanged in 9 areas. The national unemployment rate in August was 6.3
percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 7.3 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in August, 
28.0 percent and 25.1 percent, respectively. Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest 
unemployment rate, 2.2 percent, followed by Fargo, N.D.-Minn., 2.4 percent. A 
total of 202 areas had August unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 6.3 
percent, 155 areas had rates above it, and 15 areas had rates equal to that of 
the nation. (See table 1.)

Decatur, Ill., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in August 
(-3.1 percentage points). The next largest declines were in Flint, Mich., and 
Muskegon-Norton Shores, Mich. (-2.9 percentage points each). Forty other areas 
had rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage points. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa, 
had the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+0.9 percentage point).

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, 
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest unemployment rate in 
August, 8.7 percent. Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the lowest 
jobless rate among the large areas, 3.8 percent. Forty-three of the large areas 
had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, while five had increases and one 
had no change. The largest unemployment rate declines occurred in Chicago-Joliet-
Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-2.7 percentage points), and Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev. 
(-2.3 points). No large area had a rate increase of more than 0.2 percentage point.

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
August, Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., had the highest unemployment rate 
among the divisions, 9.5 percent. San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif., 
had the lowest division rate, 4.5 percent, followed by Framingham, Mass., and 
Nashua, N.H.-Mass., 4.7 percent each. (See table 2.)

Thirty-two of the metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate 
decreases in August, while one had an increase and one had no change. The largest 
of the declines occurred in Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill. (-2.9 percentage 
points). The only unemployment rate increase was in Washington-Arlington-
Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. (+0.2 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In August, 306 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm 
payroll employment, 57 had decreases, and 9 had no change. The largest over-the-
year employment increases occurred in New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, 
N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+156,500), Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+107,400), and 
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+101,500). The largest over-the-year 
percentage gain in employment occurred in Lawrence, Kan. (+5.9 percent), followed 
by Midland, Texas (+5.6 percent), and Kokomo, Ind. (+5.3 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decrease in employment occurred in Atlantic City-
Hammonton, N.J. (-3,800), followed by Syracuse, N.Y. (-3,600), and Peoria, Ill. 
(-3,500). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred 
in Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J. (-2.7 percent), Fairbanks, Alaska (-2.4 percent), 
and Danville, Va. (-2.3 percent). 

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 36 of the 38 metropolitan areas with 
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year 
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in 
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+3.9 percent), followed by Austin-Round Rock-San 
Marcos, Texas (+3.7 percent), and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+3.4 percent). 
The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Columbus, Ohio 
(-0.1 percent), and Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C., which declined 
by less than 0.05 percent. 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in August 2014 for 32 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within 
a metropolitan area. Twenty-nine of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year 
employment gains and 3 had losses. The largest over-the-year increase in employment 
among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. 
(+117,500), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+74,900), and Los Angeles-Long 
Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+69,100). The over-the-year decreases in employment occurred 
in Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, Mich. (-2,600), Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, Mass.-N.H. 
(-600), and Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury, Mass.-N.H. (-100). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan 
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+3.4 percent), followed by Miami-
Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla., and San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif. (+3.3 
percent each). The over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in 
Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, Mass.-N.H. (-0.5 percent), Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn, 
Mich. (-0.4 percent), and Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury, Mass.-N.H. (-0.1 
percent). 

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for September is 
scheduled to be released on Tuesday, October 21, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The 
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for September is 
scheduled to be released on Wednesday, October 29, 2014, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note
 
 
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 372
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The 
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor 
force.
   
   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and
New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-based estimation was extended
to the following areas and their respective balances of state in 2005:
the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-
Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Livonia,
MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL
Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Metropolitan
Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan
Division. (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner
metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane Katrina; the
indirect estimation methods described below will be used for this area
until further notice.) Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis,
such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through
indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work"
estimates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of
residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of
persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment
insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any
revisions in the other data sources, and model reestimation. All
substate estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised
model-based estimates.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather
than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one
payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are
produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data
are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in
which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the
previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment
for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by
the previous month’s employment estimates. The weighted link relative
technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets
certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, relatively small sample sizes limit the 
reliability of the weighted link-relative estimates. In these cases, 
BLS uses the CES small domain model (SDM) to generate employment estimates. 
The SDM combines the direct sample estimates (described above) and forecasts 
of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease the volatility of the estimates. 
For more detailed information about the CES small domain model, refer to the 
BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, 
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level 
for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for 
states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm 
level. For states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as 
well. In some metropolitan areas deemed large enough to be subdivided into 
metropolitan divisions, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment totals 
are computed by aggregating the seasonally adjusted total nonfarm estimates 
for each of the component metropolitan divisions. Revisions of historical 
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with 
annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for 
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the 
BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error 
are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on 
recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. 

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the
standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management
and Budget on December 1, 2009. Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to
develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and
Earnings Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment. Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the
administration of various federal economic assistance programs are
available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the
CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                July             August             July             August          July       August  
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2013     2014     2013     2014p    2013     2014     2013     2014p   2013  2014  2013 2014p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,154.7  2,158.0  2,142.5  2,130.7    147.2    165.1    146.5    150.8   6.8   7.7   6.8   7.1
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     50.4     49.0     50.1     48.3      4.1      4.2      4.0      3.8   8.0   8.5   7.9   7.8
  Auburn-Opelika........................     69.4     70.5     70.2     70.5      3.9      4.4      3.8      4.1   5.6   6.2   5.4   5.8
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    530.5    531.5    527.6    522.2     30.9     35.3     31.9     32.8   5.8   6.6   6.1   6.3
  Decatur...............................     71.2     71.0     71.1     70.2      4.6      5.7      4.6      5.0   6.5   8.0   6.5   7.2
  Dothan................................     62.2     62.3     61.8     61.7      4.0      4.8      4.1      4.5   6.5   7.8   6.7   7.3
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     68.6     69.5     68.4     68.8      4.6      5.8      4.6      5.3   6.7   8.4   6.8   7.6
  Gadsden...............................     44.8     45.2     45.1     44.6      3.0      3.4      3.1      3.1   6.7   7.6   6.9   7.0
  Huntsville............................    213.3    213.7    212.2    211.4     12.3     14.3     12.4     13.0   5.8   6.7   5.8   6.2
  Mobile................................    184.3    182.2    183.7    179.9     14.6     15.9     14.5     14.5   7.9   8.7   7.9   8.1
  Montgomery............................    167.6    167.1    166.8    164.9     11.7     13.1     11.7     12.2   7.0   7.8   7.0   7.4
  Tuscaloosa............................    100.9    103.5    100.9    103.7      7.4      7.5      6.6      6.8   7.3   7.3   6.5   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    374.3    376.6    369.0    372.8     22.6     22.9     21.4     23.3   6.0   6.1   5.8   6.3
  Anchorage.............................    197.6    199.1    195.1    198.0     10.8     10.9     10.1     11.2   5.4   5.5   5.2   5.6
  Fairbanks.............................     45.3     45.6     45.8     45.5      2.5      2.5      2.4      2.6   5.5   5.5   5.2   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,020.1  3,049.1  3,012.0  3,030.9    256.8    226.1    254.3    221.5   8.5   7.4   8.4   7.3
  Flagstaff.............................     74.5     73.1     72.9     71.8      6.2      5.5      5.9      5.1   8.3   7.5   8.1   7.1
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     85.3     85.3     84.3     84.2      8.4      7.1      8.3      6.9   9.9   8.3   9.8   8.2
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,041.0  2,076.6  2,040.0  2,068.9    147.2    130.8    148.3    129.9   7.2   6.3   7.3   6.3
  Prescott..............................     91.5     91.5     91.7     91.3      7.6      6.2      7.5      6.1   8.3   6.8   8.1   6.7
  Tucson................................    447.4    452.7    445.9    447.6     33.5     29.9     33.5     29.4   7.5   6.6   7.5   6.6
  Yuma..................................     94.3     89.0     92.7     87.8     29.9     26.1     28.2     24.6  31.8  29.3  30.4  28.0
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,345.3  1,319.7  1,327.3  1,307.8    108.3     88.5     99.7     81.2   8.1   6.7   7.5   6.2
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    237.3    233.4    234.1    232.1     15.0     12.3     13.5     11.3   6.3   5.3   5.8   4.9
  Fort Smith............................    130.5    125.7    129.9    125.7     10.7      8.0     10.1      7.7   8.2   6.4   7.8   6.1
  Hot Springs...........................     42.4     41.0     41.6     40.6      3.5      2.8      3.2      2.6   8.1   6.8   7.6   6.5
  Jonesboro.............................     59.9     59.8     59.4     59.4      4.6      3.7      4.2      3.4   7.8   6.1   7.1   5.7
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    346.6    340.6    340.9    335.9     24.9     20.5     23.2     19.3   7.2   6.0   6.8   5.7
  Pine Bluff............................     41.4     40.0     40.9     39.4      4.5      3.7      4.2      3.3  10.9   9.2  10.2   8.4
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,713.6 18,702.0 18,646.6 18,761.2  1,756.0  1,469.9  1,667.3  1,395.7   9.4   7.9   8.9   7.4
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    399.9    396.8    400.4    399.4     46.2     40.9     43.6     37.8  11.6  10.3  10.9   9.5
  Chico.................................    103.6    102.6    105.4    103.7     10.9      9.2     10.1      8.4  10.5   9.0   9.6   8.1
  El Centro.............................     79.7     81.4     79.8     79.2     21.5     22.2     21.7     19.9  26.9  27.3  27.2  25.1
  Fresno................................    453.1    455.6    450.1    451.7     56.3     49.0     52.9     45.4  12.4  10.8  11.8  10.1
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     60.8     60.1     59.8     59.5      7.8      6.9      7.3      6.3  12.9  11.5  12.3  10.6
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,616.5  6,633.6  6,588.1  6,634.4    643.2    528.9    609.8    513.3   9.7   8.0   9.3   7.7
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     68.5     68.2     70.5     69.7      7.8      6.8      7.2      6.3  11.5  10.0  10.2   9.0
  Merced................................    110.2    109.6    113.8    112.4     16.0     13.9     14.8     12.7  14.5  12.7  13.0  11.3
  Modesto...............................    240.0    235.7    240.7    239.1     31.1     26.8     28.8     24.5  13.0  11.4  12.0  10.2
  Napa..................................     80.0     80.0     79.6     79.9      4.9      4.1      4.7      3.8   6.2   5.1   5.9   4.8
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    431.9    428.4    430.2    429.6     35.6     29.9     34.7     29.0   8.3   7.0   8.1   6.8
  Redding...............................     80.6     78.1     81.6     79.4      8.9      7.2      8.3      6.6  11.0   9.2  10.2   8.4
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,815.8  1,814.3  1,810.7  1,823.1    198.7    168.1    190.2    159.1  10.9   9.3  10.5   8.7
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,051.4  1,049.0  1,045.1  1,048.9     93.9     77.6     89.2     73.3   8.9   7.4   8.5   7.0
  Salinas...............................    231.4    229.1    229.1    228.2     19.5     16.9     18.5     15.8   8.4   7.4   8.1   6.9
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,601.7  1,602.4  1,592.0  1,607.9    128.1    106.4    122.1     99.8   8.0   6.6   7.7   6.2
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,375.0  2,381.5  2,363.6  2,397.6    164.6    136.1    156.5    128.7   6.9   5.7   6.6   5.4
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    954.3    957.6    954.3    971.3     69.8     57.1     66.3     53.9   7.3   6.0   6.9   5.5
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    142.1    140.8    139.6    139.5     10.2      8.5      9.6      8.1   7.2   6.1   6.8   5.8
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    226.1    223.2    223.7    223.9     15.8     13.4     14.8     12.6   7.0   6.0   6.6   5.6
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    154.4    153.9    152.5    153.3     13.3     11.1     12.5     10.2   8.6   7.2   8.2   6.7
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    264.2    261.7    263.5    263.6     18.6     15.1     17.2     14.1   7.0   5.8   6.5   5.4
  Stockton..............................    299.3    297.4    300.2    298.5     38.5     32.9     36.8     30.7  12.9  11.1  12.3  10.3
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    219.6    218.0    218.0    218.8     19.0     15.8     18.1     14.8   8.6   7.2   8.3   6.8
  Visalia-Porterville...................    203.7    202.2    203.8    202.4     28.4     25.5     27.1     23.8  13.9  12.6  13.3  11.8
  Yuba City.............................     69.9     68.8     70.6     69.8      9.9      8.4      9.1      7.7  14.1  12.2  12.9  11.0
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,779.4  2,843.2  2,771.8  2,819.8    190.4    152.1    181.5    135.7   6.9   5.3   6.5   4.8
  Boulder...............................    180.1    185.8    180.0    184.4      9.8      8.0      9.1      7.0   5.4   4.3   5.1   3.8
  Colorado Springs......................    314.6    316.2    314.3    311.9     26.0     21.1     24.6     18.7   8.3   6.7   7.8   6.0
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,447.1  1,482.4  1,446.1  1,464.3     96.4     77.5     92.6     69.7   6.7   5.2   6.4   4.8
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    184.0    187.5    184.2    187.1     10.1      8.0      9.4      7.3   5.5   4.3   5.1   3.9
  Grand Junction........................     76.9     76.8     76.5     76.3      6.4      4.9      6.0      4.2   8.3   6.3   7.8   5.5
  Greeley...............................    127.6    132.5    128.2    134.2      9.2      7.1      8.7      6.3   7.2   5.4   6.8   4.7
  Pueblo................................     74.4     75.1     73.5     74.1      7.3      5.8      7.1      5.1   9.8   7.8   9.6   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,896.9  1,900.4  1,876.1  1,889.7    156.1    129.3    148.1    130.1   8.2   6.8   7.9   6.9
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    488.0    493.5    482.0    488.3     37.3     31.2     35.5     31.2   7.6   6.3   7.4   6.4
  Danbury...............................     93.7     93.9     92.6     93.2      6.2      5.1      5.9      5.1   6.6   5.4   6.4   5.5
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    595.4    594.5    589.8    593.2     49.7     41.5     47.3     41.6   8.3   7.0   8.0   7.0
  New Haven.............................    316.1    318.5    312.7    315.8     27.3     22.6     26.0     22.8   8.6   7.1   8.3   7.2
  Norwich-New London....................    150.1    146.8    148.5    146.5     12.4     10.2     11.7     10.1   8.2   6.9   7.9   6.9
  Waterbury.............................    102.2    101.9    100.7    101.0     11.0      9.0     10.5      9.2  10.8   8.9  10.4   9.1
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    448.0    455.8    444.3    454.6     31.5     29.2     29.7     30.2   7.0   6.4   6.7   6.6
  Dover.................................     76.5     77.0     75.5     76.4      5.7      5.4      5.3      5.6   7.4   7.0   7.1   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    377.7    380.9    367.2    372.8     33.5     30.2     30.3     31.7   8.9   7.9   8.3   8.5
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,268.7  3,273.9  3,213.9  3,228.1    185.8    176.0    175.3    181.8   5.7   5.4   5.5   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,517.0  9,694.5  9,485.3  9,689.5    726.8    641.8    705.6    647.3   7.6   6.6   7.4   6.7
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    294.9    300.8    294.0    300.4     22.6     20.0     21.8     20.0   7.7   6.6   7.4   6.7
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    103.9    106.1    102.1    104.7      5.6      5.2      5.2      5.2   5.4   4.9   5.1   4.9
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    255.4    258.4    253.9    258.4     19.4     16.9     18.8     16.9   7.6   6.6   7.4   6.5
  Gainesville...........................    139.4    141.0    138.6    140.5      8.5      8.0      7.8      7.8   6.1   5.7   5.6   5.5
  Jacksonville..........................    716.2    734.6    711.5    735.7     52.5     48.5     50.4     48.3   7.3   6.6   7.1   6.6
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    274.3    277.9    274.7    278.8     24.4     21.8     23.8     22.0   8.9   7.9   8.7   7.9
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,986.1  3,047.5  2,980.5  3,045.3    229.1    194.9    226.3    201.4   7.7   6.4   7.6   6.6
  Naples-Marco Island...................    153.0    157.8    152.9    157.7     12.0     10.6     12.0     10.8   7.8   6.7   7.9   6.9
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    314.3    325.1    312.5    324.4     23.5     20.9     22.7     21.0   7.5   6.4   7.3   6.5
  Ocala.................................    133.6    132.3    133.5    132.8     11.6     10.2     11.1     10.4   8.7   7.7   8.3   7.8
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,175.9  1,216.1  1,173.1  1,218.1     85.0     76.7     81.6     76.2   7.2   6.3   7.0   6.3
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    268.5    268.6    266.4    267.7     22.2     19.1     21.4     19.0   8.3   7.1   8.0   7.1
  Palm Coast............................     35.4     36.2     35.1     36.0      3.8      3.4      3.7      3.4  10.7   9.4  10.5   9.5
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-                                                                                                    
    Panama City Beach...................     94.6     94.7     93.1     93.7      6.1      5.7      5.9      5.7   6.5   6.0   6.3   6.1
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    216.6    218.2    215.7    218.0     16.0     14.5     15.0     14.1   7.4   6.7   7.0   6.5
  Port St. Lucie........................    192.8    194.3    193.8    195.2     19.1     15.9     18.9     15.9   9.9   8.2   9.7   8.1
  Punta Gorda...........................     71.2     72.7     70.9     73.0      5.4      4.8      5.2      4.9   7.5   6.7   7.4   6.7
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     63.4     63.0     63.0     62.5      6.4      5.4      6.3      5.5  10.1   8.6  10.0   8.7
  Tallahassee...........................    190.2    193.7    189.1    193.6     12.9     12.2     12.0     11.9   6.8   6.3   6.3   6.2
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,346.8  1,371.6  1,342.0  1,367.0    102.9     93.1     99.3     92.9   7.6   6.8   7.4   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,808.0  4,807.3  4,758.8  4,755.2    417.6    399.7    388.3    393.2   8.7   8.3   8.2   8.3
  Albany................................     73.6     71.7     72.5     71.1      6.9      6.5      6.5      6.5   9.3   9.1   8.9   9.2
  Athens-Clarke County..................    112.5    112.5    112.0    111.3      7.5      7.4      6.8      7.1   6.7   6.6   6.1   6.4
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,749.5  2,765.7  2,725.1  2,729.4    228.8    219.6    214.0    218.2   8.3   7.9   7.9   8.0
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    264.2    266.0    261.4    263.2     23.2     21.3     21.6     21.1   8.8   8.0   8.3   8.0
  Brunswick.............................     51.2     49.6     50.2     48.8      4.8      4.6      4.5      4.5   9.5   9.2   9.0   9.2
  Columbus..............................    132.1    130.7    130.4    128.5     11.9     11.8     11.0     11.5   9.0   9.0   8.5   8.9
  Dalton................................     59.6     58.6     58.5     57.9      7.0      6.1      5.8      6.2  11.7  10.4  10.0  10.7
  Gainesville...........................     92.2     93.0     91.2     91.9      6.5      6.5      5.9      6.2   7.1   7.0   6.4   6.7
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     32.6     32.7     32.8     33.0      3.1      3.0      2.9      3.0   9.6   9.2   9.0   9.1
  Macon.................................    113.1    111.0    111.7    110.1     10.2      9.5      9.5      9.4   9.0   8.6   8.5   8.6
  Rome..................................     47.8     47.5     47.2     46.3      4.7      4.3      4.0      3.9   9.7   9.0   8.6   8.5
  Savannah..............................    184.2    183.7    181.4    182.8     15.0     14.5     13.7     14.2   8.1   7.9   7.6   7.8
  Valdosta..............................     66.8     66.2     66.3     65.9      5.6      5.6      5.2      5.5   8.3   8.4   7.8   8.4
  Warner Robins.........................     70.0     68.8     68.8     68.0      5.4      5.3      5.0      5.2   7.8   7.7   7.3   7.7
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    651.5    668.6    646.1    663.6     31.7     30.5     30.1     27.3   4.9   4.6   4.7   4.1
  Honolulu..............................    455.8    466.5    452.3    463.1     19.9     19.7     19.1     17.8   4.4   4.2   4.2   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    784.9    789.6    778.8    782.5     46.1     35.3     45.5     34.5   5.9   4.5   5.8   4.4
  Boise City-Nampa......................    310.5    318.2    308.7    315.7     18.0     14.1     17.4     13.9   5.8   4.4   5.6   4.4
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     74.2     74.8     73.7     74.0      4.7      3.5      4.5      3.4   6.4   4.6   6.1   4.6
  Idaho Falls...........................     64.6     64.5     64.2     64.0      3.2      2.5      3.3      2.5   5.0   3.8   5.2   3.9
  Lewiston..............................     28.5     28.2     28.4     28.4      1.7      1.2      1.6      1.2   5.8   4.3   5.7   4.2
  Pocatello.............................     42.7     42.5     42.4     42.4      2.7      2.0      2.6      2.1   6.2   4.8   6.2   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,632.9  6,607.5  6,560.0  6,521.6    630.0    464.2    597.3    436.3   9.5   7.0   9.1   6.7
  Bloomington-Normal....................     87.5     87.7     87.9     87.1      7.0      5.8      6.7      5.7   8.0   6.6   7.6   6.5
  Champaign-Urbana......................    111.4    113.6    107.9    109.9     10.0      8.2      9.6      8.1   9.0   7.2   8.9   7.4
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,980.0  4,945.3  4,913.3  4,875.0    468.5    336.7    440.2    308.4   9.4   6.8   9.0   6.3
  Danville..............................     35.8     35.8     35.4     35.2      4.3      3.4      4.3      3.4  12.0   9.6  12.2   9.7
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    203.1    205.5    199.7    201.6     13.9     13.5     13.4     12.4   6.8   6.6   6.7   6.2
  Decatur...............................     53.3     52.1     52.5     51.6      6.9      4.9      6.6      4.9  13.0   9.5  12.5   9.4
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     55.4     55.2     55.0     54.5      6.3      4.8      6.0      4.9  11.3   8.7  10.9   9.0
  Peoria................................    197.8    195.1    196.2    192.1     19.0     14.9     18.5     14.7   9.6   7.6   9.4   7.7
  Rockford..............................    164.7    165.3    163.0    162.9     19.0     15.6     18.6     15.3  11.6   9.4  11.4   9.4
  Springfield...........................    113.2    114.5    114.6    116.5      9.1      7.4      8.7      7.6   8.1   6.5   7.6   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,214.5  3,275.4  3,190.6  3,244.7    242.3    190.8    231.1    178.0   7.5   5.8   7.2   5.5
  Anderson..............................     59.9     61.2     60.3     61.5      5.4      4.2      5.2      3.8   9.0   6.9   8.6   6.1
  Bloomington...........................     93.6     93.5     93.4     93.1      6.9      5.7      6.2      5.3   7.3   6.1   6.7   5.7
  Columbus..............................     41.7     42.6     41.6     42.7      2.5      1.8      2.3      1.7   6.0   4.2   5.6   4.0
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     95.0     99.8     95.3     98.5      7.2      5.2      6.9      4.9   7.5   5.2   7.2   5.0
  Evansville............................    183.2    184.3    180.3    180.7     12.8      9.8     12.3      9.2   7.0   5.3   6.8   5.1
  Fort Wayne............................    206.8    214.4    206.8    212.8     16.1     12.9     14.1     10.5   7.8   6.0   6.8   4.9
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    942.1    960.5    931.0    952.4     64.1     50.9     61.9     48.4   6.8   5.3   6.6   5.1
  Kokomo................................     43.7     45.5     43.4     45.2      3.6      2.9      3.4      2.6   8.2   6.3   7.9   5.7
  Lafayette.............................     98.2     98.8     99.4     98.7      7.3      5.5      6.5      4.9   7.5   5.5   6.5   4.9
  Michigan City-La Porte................     49.7     49.2     48.7     48.4      4.5      3.4      4.4      3.4   9.0   7.0   9.0   7.0
  Muncie................................     50.7     54.4     52.0     53.9      4.9      4.1      4.4      3.4   9.7   7.5   8.4   6.3
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    148.5    151.2    146.9    150.8     13.2     10.2     12.6      9.3   8.9   6.8   8.6   6.2
  Terre Haute...........................     78.0     78.3     77.2     77.8      7.6      5.9      7.2      5.5   9.7   7.6   9.3   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,690.4  1,721.3  1,671.2  1,707.2     75.8     75.3     74.5     70.9   4.5   4.4   4.5   4.2
  Ames..................................     48.4     49.3     48.0     49.5      2.0      1.8      1.9      1.6   4.1   3.7   4.0   3.2
  Cedar Rapids..........................    146.9    149.8    145.6    147.6      6.8      6.8      6.8      6.2   4.6   4.6   4.7   4.2
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    329.2    335.6    326.4    332.1     14.4     14.0     14.7     13.2   4.4   4.2   4.5   4.0
  Dubuque...............................     54.4     56.0     53.5     55.7      2.4      2.3      2.3      2.1   4.3   4.1   4.4   3.7
  Iowa City.............................     96.4     97.9     95.6     98.0      3.5      3.5      3.4      3.1   3.6   3.6   3.6   3.1
  Sioux City............................     79.2     80.0     77.9     79.3      3.9      3.7      3.8      3.5   4.9   4.6   4.9   4.5
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     96.1     97.0     95.0     97.1      4.3      4.3      4.3      5.3   4.5   4.5   4.6   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,507.3  1,518.3  1,479.9  1,491.4     90.4     81.9     84.2     72.1   6.0   5.4   5.7   4.8
  Lawrence..............................     59.9     62.5     58.7     60.8      3.5      3.2      3.3      2.8   5.9   5.1   5.6   4.6
  Manhattan.............................     61.8     62.1     59.9     61.0      3.6      3.2      3.4      2.9   5.9   5.1   5.7   4.7
  Topeka................................    122.2    123.5    119.8    120.9      7.9      6.8      7.3      6.2   6.4   5.5   6.1   5.1
  Wichita...............................    306.1    306.0    299.9    301.1     21.2     19.8     19.5     17.1   6.9   6.5   6.5   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,087.4  2,046.8  2,064.0  2,008.1    176.6    154.5    166.2    130.0   8.5   7.5   8.1   6.5
  Bowling Green.........................     65.9     65.8     65.9     65.5      4.9      4.4      4.6      3.6   7.4   6.7   7.0   5.5
  Elizabethtown.........................     58.0     56.5     56.9     55.6      4.3      3.8      4.1      3.2   7.5   6.8   7.3   5.8
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    244.6    242.2    243.6    238.6     16.3     15.7     15.8     12.8   6.7   6.5   6.5   5.4
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    649.1    644.1    641.8    630.2     52.0     43.7     48.1     37.7   8.0   6.8   7.5   6.0
  Owensboro.............................     58.9     58.7     58.0     57.6      4.2      3.7      3.9      3.2   7.1   6.3   6.8   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,134.7  2,164.9  2,109.6  2,162.4    144.9    133.9    138.7    138.7   6.8   6.2   6.6   6.4
  Alexandria............................     68.2     68.1     67.3     67.9      4.8      4.5      4.6      4.7   7.1   6.6   6.8   6.9
  Baton Rouge...........................    394.6    405.3    391.0    407.0     25.9     23.8     24.7     24.6   6.6   5.9   6.3   6.1
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    111.3    113.3    109.5    112.6      5.1      4.9      4.9      5.1   4.6   4.3   4.5   4.5
  Lafayette.............................    146.2    149.3    144.1    148.5      7.5      7.2      7.2      7.4   5.1   4.8   5.0   5.0
  Lake Charles..........................     97.6    100.9     96.1    100.5      6.1      5.5      6.0      5.9   6.2   5.5   6.2   5.8
  Monroe................................     83.4     84.5     82.1     84.0      5.9      5.5      5.6      5.8   7.0   6.6   6.9   6.9
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    565.7    575.4    562.0    575.3     38.5     35.7     37.2     37.2   6.8   6.2   6.6   6.5
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    182.5    183.7    178.9    183.0     13.3     12.0     12.7     12.6   7.3   6.5   7.1   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    727.1    724.1    725.0    720.6     46.1     37.4     42.1     37.2   6.3   5.2   5.8   5.2
  Bangor................................     70.9     71.1     70.8     70.5      4.7      3.9      4.3      3.9   6.7   5.4   6.1   5.5
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     57.7     58.0     57.7     57.8      3.8      2.9      3.4      2.9   6.5   5.1   6.0   5.0
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    215.0    217.8    214.5    216.6     11.6      9.0     10.6      9.1   5.4   4.1   4.9   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,177.4  3,153.6  3,132.8  3,126.7    216.4    205.4    205.4    206.1   6.8   6.5   6.6   6.6
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,491.6  1,491.5  1,473.3  1,481.6    107.3    102.1    102.3    103.2   7.2   6.8   6.9   7.0
  Cumberland............................     49.9     49.9     49.1     49.3      3.8      3.7      3.6      3.6   7.6   7.3   7.4   7.4
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    127.5    126.0    126.3    124.4      9.0      8.5      8.7      8.8   7.1   6.8   6.9   7.1
  Salisbury.............................     65.0     64.3     64.1     63.2      5.3      5.1      5.0      5.1   8.2   8.0   7.8   8.0
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,535.4  3,584.8  3,526.4  3,565.4    258.7    217.3    246.6    212.6   7.3   6.1   7.0   6.0
  Barnstable Town.......................    152.6    152.7    150.7    151.4      9.2      7.7      8.6      7.5   6.0   5.0   5.7   5.0
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,583.3  2,626.4  2,577.2  2,609.5    173.0    145.9    164.0    143.1   6.7   5.6   6.4   5.5
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     71.6     71.8     71.7     71.2      7.0      5.8      6.7      5.7   9.8   8.1   9.4   8.0
  New Bedford...........................     88.7     88.2     88.6     88.1     10.0      7.9      9.7      7.9  11.2   8.9  10.9   9.0
  Pittsfield............................     39.7     39.8     39.1     39.1      2.8      2.4      2.7      2.3   7.2   6.0   6.8   5.9
  Springfield...........................    341.9    345.1    341.4    343.7     29.2     25.1     28.2     24.5   8.6   7.3   8.2   7.1
  Worcester.............................    294.0    299.5    294.3    299.4     23.8     19.9     22.6     19.5   8.1   6.7   7.7   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,802.0  4,828.2  4,755.0  4,760.2    476.5    415.1    417.9    316.9   9.9   8.6   8.8   6.7
  Ann Arbor.............................    184.6    188.0    182.7    185.7     13.8     11.8     11.7      8.5   7.5   6.3   6.4   4.6
  Battle Creek..........................     66.3     67.0     65.4     66.8      5.9      5.0      5.1      3.7   8.9   7.4   7.7   5.5
  Bay City..............................     52.9     53.4     52.3     52.9      5.3      4.5      4.6      3.4  10.0   8.3   8.9   6.3
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,072.9  2,060.2  2,063.8  2,017.4    219.9    201.4    198.2    159.0  10.6   9.8   9.6   7.9
  Flint.................................    189.1    188.2    186.1    185.8     21.4     17.4     18.4     12.9  11.3   9.3   9.9   7.0
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    403.6    421.1    399.9    417.8     32.1     27.1     27.4     19.9   8.0   6.4   6.9   4.8
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    134.2    139.0    132.8    138.1     10.7      8.9      9.0      6.4   8.0   6.4   6.8   4.6
  Jackson...............................     72.3     71.9     71.1     71.1      7.3      6.0      6.4      4.5  10.0   8.3   8.9   6.3
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    162.3    164.4    160.8    163.6     14.0     11.7     12.2      8.9   8.6   7.1   7.6   5.5
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    235.5    240.2    231.4    238.5     21.0     18.2     17.5     13.0   8.9   7.6   7.6   5.5
  Monroe................................     72.1     72.6     70.9     71.8      6.9      5.9      5.6      4.5   9.5   8.1   7.9   6.3
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     85.7     86.6     84.4     85.6      8.8      7.1      7.6      5.2  10.2   8.2   9.0   6.1
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     74.7     74.9     73.4     74.0      7.4      5.9      6.5      4.5   9.9   7.9   8.8   6.1
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     91.5     93.1     90.4     92.6      9.6      8.1      8.2      6.0  10.5   8.7   9.1   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  3,005.1  3,023.8  2,987.1  3,001.2    151.3    131.1    141.5    114.0   5.0   4.3   4.7   3.8
  Duluth................................    146.8    145.2    145.4    144.3      9.2      8.0      8.5      6.8   6.2   5.5   5.8   4.7
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     57.7     58.8     57.4     58.2      2.5      2.2      2.3      1.9   4.4   3.7   4.0   3.2
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,877.9  1,902.3  1,867.5  1,887.8     93.3     81.0     88.5     71.2   5.0   4.3   4.7   3.8
  Rochester.............................    108.1    107.8    107.3    107.2      4.6      4.1      4.3      3.5   4.3   3.8   4.0   3.3
  St. Cloud.............................    107.9    109.2    108.4    109.5      5.5      4.6      5.0      4.0   5.1   4.2   4.7   3.6
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,301.8  1,274.7  1,275.7  1,243.6    118.0    109.7    106.3     92.2   9.1   8.6   8.3   7.4
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    114.8    112.0    112.1    109.0      9.2      8.5      8.4      7.4   8.0   7.6   7.5   6.8
  Hattiesburg...........................     65.6     63.3     64.4     62.0      5.0      4.6      4.5      4.1   7.7   7.3   7.0   6.6
  Jackson...............................    266.6    259.7    260.4    252.1     19.0     17.5     16.7     14.4   7.1   6.7   6.4   5.7
  Pascagoula............................     71.0     71.0     69.9     69.4      6.5      6.1      5.8      5.3   9.1   8.6   8.4   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,065.9  3,079.9  3,025.9  3,045.3    216.3    208.0    204.3    186.8   7.1   6.8   6.8   6.1
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     47.3     47.0     47.1     47.1      3.3      3.2      3.1      2.9   6.9   6.8   6.6   6.1
  Columbia..............................     99.2     98.4     98.8     97.4      5.2      4.8      4.7      4.3   5.3   4.9   4.8   4.4
  Jefferson City........................     77.1     76.9     75.8     76.0      4.6      4.4      4.3      4.0   6.0   5.8   5.6   5.3
  Joplin................................     87.0     86.6     85.9     85.8      5.6      5.2      5.3      4.6   6.5   6.0   6.1   5.3
  Kansas City...........................  1,064.0  1,062.0  1,051.6  1,044.2     73.8     70.3     72.9     62.9   6.9   6.6   6.9   6.0
  St. Joseph............................     72.7     73.6     71.5     72.6      4.2      4.0      4.1      3.7   5.8   5.5   5.7   5.1
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,434.4  1,443.4  1,418.0  1,426.8    110.3    102.7    103.9     94.5   7.7   7.1   7.3   6.6
  Springfield...........................    223.4    225.1    217.4    220.2     13.4     12.6     12.8     11.5   6.0   5.6   5.9   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    523.4    531.8    521.3    526.6     27.5     23.2     26.7     22.3   5.3   4.4   5.1   4.2
  Billings..............................     89.5     91.0     89.3     90.6      3.9      3.3      3.8      3.2   4.4   3.6   4.2   3.5
  Great Falls...........................     40.6     40.9     40.7     40.9      2.0      1.6      2.0      1.6   4.9   4.0   4.8   3.9
  Missoula..............................     59.1     59.9     59.2     60.3      3.0      2.6      2.9      2.4   5.0   4.3   4.9   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,041.4  1,034.4  1,023.8  1,018.9     44.7     40.6     38.4     34.9   4.3   3.9   3.8   3.4
  Lincoln...............................    178.2    179.9    176.1    177.8      7.0      6.1      5.7      5.4   3.9   3.4   3.2   3.0
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    472.1    468.6    464.4    463.9     21.3     19.7     19.2     17.9   4.5   4.2   4.1   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,378.9  1,379.1  1,372.5  1,369.5    139.7    110.0    134.1    102.2  10.1   8.0   9.8   7.5
  Carson City...........................     27.5     26.7     27.2     26.5      2.8      2.1      2.6      2.0  10.0   7.9   9.7   7.5
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    992.1    996.7    987.9    988.4    102.7     81.6     99.0     76.0  10.4   8.2  10.0   7.7
  Reno-Sparks...........................    224.1    224.3    224.3    223.0     21.8     16.5     20.7     15.3   9.7   7.3   9.2   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    753.7    755.6    750.0    746.6     38.9     33.1     38.3     32.4   5.2   4.4   5.1   4.3
  Manchester............................    107.6    108.5    107.7    107.1      5.5      4.7      5.4      4.5   5.1   4.3   5.0   4.2
  Portsmouth............................     47.4     47.4     47.1     46.7      2.1      1.7      2.1      1.8   4.5   3.6   4.4   3.8
  Rochester-Dover.......................     84.3     83.7     84.0     82.6      4.3      3.6      4.2      3.5   5.1   4.3   5.1   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,601.9  4,566.5  4,550.8  4,536.0    394.6    322.1    360.7    296.3   8.6   7.1   7.9   6.5
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    137.2    131.7    135.4    130.4     15.9     13.1     14.6     12.1  11.6  10.0  10.8   9.3
  Ocean City............................     69.0     69.3     67.3     67.6      5.7      4.7      5.1      4.2   8.2   6.8   7.5   6.3
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    211.3    210.8    209.0    208.9     15.3     12.5     13.8     11.5   7.2   5.9   6.6   5.5
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     67.5     66.8     67.2     65.4      8.4      6.9      7.9      6.4  12.5  10.4  11.7   9.7
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    936.2    930.9    925.4    922.7     70.7     68.4     64.2     63.3   7.6   7.3   6.9   6.9
  Albuquerque...........................    395.5    392.3    390.0    388.6     31.4     30.2     28.8     28.2   7.9   7.7   7.4   7.3
  Farmington............................     55.0     54.0     54.1     53.0      4.3      4.1      3.9      3.7   7.7   7.6   7.1   7.0
  Las Cruces............................     92.3     92.7     92.6     92.6      7.7      7.4      6.8      6.6   8.3   8.0   7.3   7.2
  Santa Fe..............................     76.6     74.7     75.6     74.3      4.5      4.3      4.1      4.1   5.8   5.7   5.4   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,803.9  9,750.2  9,730.0  9,631.6    768.0    657.4    732.2    591.9   7.8   6.7   7.5   6.1
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    454.6    447.8    450.4    441.7     29.7     24.3     27.9     22.6   6.5   5.4   6.2   5.1
  Binghamton............................    115.5    112.9    115.0    111.7      9.0      7.6      8.5      7.1   7.8   6.7   7.3   6.3
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    580.7    571.1    578.0    565.6     44.0     36.6     41.3     34.7   7.6   6.4   7.2   6.1
  Elmira................................     39.6     38.3     39.2     37.9      3.2      2.5      3.0      2.4   8.1   6.6   7.6   6.3
  Glens Falls...........................     71.7     69.8     70.5     68.9      4.5      3.7      4.2      3.4   6.3   5.3   6.0   4.9
  Ithaca................................     56.0     55.6     55.7     54.6      3.2      2.7      3.0      2.4   5.6   4.8   5.4   4.4
  Kingston..............................     87.8     85.8     86.8     84.9      6.9      5.6      6.5      5.3   7.8   6.6   7.5   6.2
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                    
       Long Island......................  9,735.3  9,737.7  9,648.2  9,636.2    799.5    679.9    754.3    609.3   8.2   7.0   7.8   6.3
     New York City......................  4,099.3  4,152.0  4,075.0  4,096.2    373.3    329.7    359.5    283.8   9.1   7.9   8.8   6.9
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    326.0    320.0    323.0    316.1     23.3     19.2     21.9     17.8   7.1   6.0   6.8   5.6
  Rochester.............................    527.2    519.1    524.5    513.3     37.8     31.8     35.5     29.8   7.2   6.1   6.8   5.8
  Syracuse..............................    321.7    310.9    319.5    306.7     24.2     19.9     22.8     18.6   7.5   6.4   7.1   6.1
  Utica-Rome............................    138.1    135.0    137.3    133.4     10.4      8.5      9.8      8.1   7.5   6.3   7.1   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,748.7  4,720.9  4,689.8  4,652.2    400.1    324.4    370.9    324.6   8.4   6.9   7.9   7.0
  Asheville.............................    220.2    219.2    217.2    215.9     13.9     11.4     13.1     11.5   6.3   5.2   6.0   5.3
  Burlington............................     73.3     72.4     72.4     71.4      6.3      5.0      5.7      5.0   8.5   6.9   7.9   7.0
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    930.2    933.9    923.7    926.1     79.0     63.8     73.8     64.6   8.5   6.8   8.0   7.0
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    274.8    275.2    271.6    272.1     18.4     15.6     16.9     15.6   6.7   5.7   6.2   5.7
  Fayetteville..........................    165.3    161.6    162.6    159.5     15.8     13.1     15.1     13.1   9.6   8.1   9.3   8.2
  Goldsboro.............................     54.7     54.2     53.8     53.0      4.7      3.9      4.3      3.9   8.6   7.1   8.0   7.3
  Greensboro-High Point.................    370.8    366.9    369.0    364.0     33.1     26.6     30.5     26.4   8.9   7.3   8.3   7.3
  Greenville............................     98.1     97.4     97.4     96.5      8.8      7.2      8.0      7.1   8.9   7.4   8.2   7.4
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    168.6    164.4    165.9    162.6     15.7     12.0     14.3     12.2   9.3   7.3   8.6   7.5
  Jacksonville..........................     66.9     68.5     68.5     67.4      5.5      4.9      5.2      5.0   8.2   7.2   7.5   7.4
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    619.4    634.7    612.1    621.9     41.9     35.6     38.8     35.4   6.8   5.6   6.3   5.7
  Rocky Mount...........................     67.3     64.8     65.8     63.4      8.5      6.6      7.7      6.4  12.7  10.2  11.7  10.2
  Wilmington............................    189.1    189.8    187.3    187.5     15.9     12.9     14.7     12.8   8.4   6.8   7.9   6.8
  Winston-Salem.........................    243.9    241.4    241.2    237.8     19.3     15.7     17.8     15.6   7.9   6.5   7.4   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    409.9    421.0    408.8    419.9     11.3     11.4     10.8     10.1   2.8   2.7   2.7   2.4
  Bismarck..............................     65.0     65.9     64.1     65.0      1.5      1.6      1.5      1.4   2.4   2.4   2.3   2.2
  Fargo.................................    122.9    125.9    122.0    124.8      3.8      3.5      3.5      3.1   3.1   2.8   2.9   2.4
  Grand Forks...........................     53.0     52.8     53.1     52.6      2.0      1.9      2.0      1.7   3.8   3.6   3.8   3.2
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,858.6  5,814.8  5,816.9  5,782.0    444.0    347.6    416.2    305.7   7.6   6.0   7.2   5.3
  Akron.................................    375.3    372.9    372.3    371.2     27.5     20.6     25.9     18.4   7.3   5.5   7.0   4.9
  Canton-Massillon......................    203.9    200.6    202.1    199.0     15.3     11.5     14.5     10.1   7.5   5.7   7.2   5.1
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,115.4  1,109.5  1,108.6  1,103.7     80.4     62.2     76.6     54.2   7.2   5.6   6.9   4.9
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,075.5  1,084.4  1,066.0  1,080.0     83.5     77.6     80.0     71.1   7.8   7.2   7.5   6.6
  Columbus..............................  1,004.0    993.2    999.6    985.3     65.3     49.0     61.9     43.4   6.5   4.9   6.2   4.4
  Dayton................................    404.5    396.7    401.5    394.2     32.5     23.9     30.2     21.0   8.0   6.0   7.5   5.3
  Lima..................................     49.8     48.8     49.4     48.7      4.1      3.0      3.8      2.5   8.2   6.1   7.6   5.1
  Mansfield.............................     57.7     56.5     57.1     56.2      5.1      3.8      4.5      3.2   8.8   6.6   7.8   5.6
  Sandusky..............................     44.7     44.3     43.0     42.9      3.2      2.6      2.7      2.0   7.1   5.8   6.4   4.7
  Springfield...........................     70.0     69.7     69.4     69.3      5.1      4.0      4.7      3.3   7.2   5.8   6.8   4.8
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     54.4     53.3     53.8     52.7      5.1      4.1      4.9      3.9   9.3   7.8   9.1   7.4
  Toledo................................    322.0    319.1    321.7    315.3     27.4     20.0     25.4     17.5   8.5   6.3   7.9   5.6
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    266.6    262.7    263.2    259.4     23.2     17.7     21.2     15.6   8.7   6.7   8.0   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,829.6  1,796.6  1,816.8  1,782.4    100.2     84.3     97.9     81.8   5.5   4.7   5.4   4.6
  Lawton................................     48.2     46.5     48.0     46.1      3.2      2.6      3.2      2.6   6.7   5.7   6.6   5.6
  Oklahoma City.........................    607.8    604.3    605.9    601.4     31.8     27.4     31.0     26.4   5.2   4.5   5.1   4.4
  Tulsa.................................    455.6    446.9    451.9    441.3     25.8     21.4     25.4     21.0   5.7   4.8   5.6   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,943.5  1,964.1  1,937.0  1,972.7    150.2    137.0    144.6    141.7   7.7   7.0   7.5   7.2
  Bend..................................     79.8     79.0     80.1     79.9      6.9      6.1      6.7      6.2   8.7   7.7   8.4   7.7
  Corvallis.............................     41.3     42.0     41.9     42.7      2.8      2.6      2.6      2.7   6.7   6.2   6.3   6.4
  Eugene-Springfield....................    169.8    171.5    169.3    172.6     13.5     12.3     13.2     13.0   7.9   7.2   7.8   7.5
  Medford...............................     97.3     95.3     97.6     97.3      9.7      8.5      9.0      8.7  10.0   9.0   9.2   9.0
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,170.4  1,189.4  1,172.7  1,200.6     85.8     75.3     84.4     78.7   7.3   6.3   7.2   6.6
  Salem.................................    193.6    195.0    193.2    196.3     15.8     14.1     15.4     14.5   8.2   7.2   8.0   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,561.8  6,470.7  6,501.7  6,417.3    509.5    396.4    491.6    394.5   7.8   6.1   7.6   6.1
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    437.1    431.9    433.0    428.6     35.1     27.6     33.6     27.3   8.0   6.4   7.8   6.4
  Altoona...............................     65.6     64.9     65.4     64.7      4.5      3.6      4.3      3.6   6.9   5.5   6.6   5.6
  Erie..................................    141.6    139.9    140.4    139.2     10.7      8.6     10.3      8.6   7.5   6.2   7.4   6.1
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    294.6    291.5    292.3    290.0     20.3     15.4     19.6     15.3   6.9   5.3   6.7   5.3
  Johnstown.............................     66.8     66.0     66.3     65.5      6.2      4.8      5.9      4.7   9.2   7.3   8.8   7.2
  Lancaster.............................    274.8    271.1    273.4    268.5     17.9     13.8     17.3     13.7   6.5   5.1   6.3   5.1
  Lebanon...............................     74.9     74.4     74.6     73.7      4.8      3.8      4.6      3.7   6.4   5.0   6.1   5.1
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  3,042.0  3,008.6  3,010.1  2,988.2    253.5    201.1    242.2    198.8   8.3   6.7   8.0   6.7
  Pittsburgh............................  1,272.3  1,261.9  1,256.1  1,249.1     90.1     73.7     87.1     73.3   7.1   5.8   6.9   5.9
  Reading...............................    206.5    202.2    205.9    200.5     16.1     12.1     15.6     12.2   7.8   6.0   7.6   6.1
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    285.6    277.2    283.0    276.1     26.7     20.5     25.6     20.2   9.3   7.4   9.1   7.3
  State College.........................     74.9     74.2     75.9     75.0      4.7      3.7      4.7      3.8   6.3   4.9   6.2   5.1
  Williamsport..........................     63.3     63.1     63.3     62.9      5.0      3.8      4.7      3.7   8.0   6.0   7.5   5.9
  York-Hanover..........................    230.4    226.5    229.1    225.2     17.2     14.1     16.5     13.3   7.5   6.2   7.2   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    561.3    562.8    558.3    559.6     55.4     44.8     54.2     43.6   9.9   8.0   9.7   7.8
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    696.4    698.6    694.4    695.7     69.2     55.9     68.5     54.9   9.9   8.0   9.9   7.9
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,212.0  2,205.6  2,194.8  2,199.7    173.4    140.8    169.9    153.6   7.8   6.4   7.7   7.0
  Anderson..............................     87.7     88.1     87.5     88.2      6.3      5.0      6.2      5.6   7.2   5.7   7.1   6.3
  Charleston-North Charleston-                                                                                                                      
    Summerville.........................    343.6    340.0    341.0    339.2     22.5     18.9     22.7     21.0   6.6   5.6   6.6   6.2
  Columbia..............................    378.7    374.1    375.7    374.6     27.0     22.6     27.0     24.8   7.1   6.1   7.2   6.6
  Florence..............................     93.2     94.0     92.8     93.7      8.5      6.9      8.4      7.5   9.2   7.4   9.1   8.0
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    320.7    320.2    319.3    320.7     21.5     17.4     21.4     19.5   6.7   5.4   6.7   6.1
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    139.6    142.7    136.0    139.3     10.4      8.2     10.4      9.2   7.4   5.7   7.6   6.6
  Spartanburg...........................    139.1    139.3    139.3    139.3     11.1      8.7     10.6      9.4   8.0   6.2   7.6   6.7
  Sumter................................     44.9     44.4     44.1     44.4      4.1      3.2      3.9      3.6   9.2   7.3   8.9   8.1
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    458.4    460.8    453.9    456.3     16.8     14.9     16.5     15.2   3.7   3.2   3.6   3.3
  Rapid City............................     70.2     70.2     70.7     70.7      2.5      2.1      2.4      2.2   3.5   3.0   3.4   3.1
  Sioux Falls...........................    136.0    138.8    134.3    135.7      4.2      3.8      4.1      3.9   3.1   2.7   3.0   2.9
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,103.6  3,069.7  3,069.2  3,010.9    263.5    237.9    255.1    223.2   8.5   7.7   8.3   7.4
  Chattanooga...........................    260.6    258.8    256.8    252.9     21.2     19.9     20.2     18.5   8.1   7.7   7.9   7.3
  Clarksville...........................    116.5    114.7    116.1    113.0     11.1     10.1     10.6      9.0   9.5   8.8   9.2   8.0
  Cleveland.............................     57.9     58.2     57.9     56.8      4.7      4.3      4.6      4.0   8.2   7.5   7.9   7.1
  Jackson...............................     57.5     56.9     56.4     55.2      5.2      4.5      5.0      4.2   9.0   7.9   8.8   7.7
  Johnson City..........................     96.0     93.9     95.5     92.4      7.7      7.2      7.7      6.9   8.0   7.7   8.1   7.5
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    145.5    143.1    144.9    141.4     11.3     10.6     11.1     10.3   7.8   7.4   7.7   7.3
  Knoxville.............................    363.9    366.1    358.3    357.4     26.4     24.5     25.8     22.9   7.3   6.7   7.2   6.4
  Memphis...............................    610.6    602.2    598.1    585.5     58.4     53.3     56.5     49.8   9.6   8.8   9.5   8.5
  Morristown............................     62.0     60.4     61.6     59.3      5.9      5.1      5.8      4.8   9.5   8.4   9.4   8.0
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                      
    Franklin............................    860.9    861.3    850.0    847.9     59.1     55.0     58.1     51.3   6.9   6.4   6.8   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,905.0 13,079.3 12,832.5 13,015.8    865.8    729.9    822.0    720.4   6.7   5.6   6.4   5.5
  Abilene...............................     84.1     83.9     83.2     83.2      4.7      3.8      4.3      3.7   5.5   4.5   5.2   4.4
  Amarillo..............................    134.8    134.3    133.6    132.6      6.9      5.6      6.4      5.3   5.1   4.1   4.8   4.0
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........  1,008.2  1,033.6  1,004.4  1,027.5     56.2     47.3     53.4     47.2   5.6   4.6   5.3   4.6
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    183.6    180.9    182.4    181.1     19.2     15.0     18.8     15.3  10.5   8.3  10.3   8.4
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    166.5    166.4    164.2    164.4     17.2     14.8     16.7     14.7  10.4   8.9  10.2   8.9
  College Station-Bryan.................    114.6    119.8    116.0    118.0      6.8      5.7      6.2      5.3   5.9   4.7   5.4   4.5
  Corpus Christi........................    219.3    220.7    218.6    221.0     14.1     12.0     13.4     11.8   6.5   5.4   6.1   5.4
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,420.6  3,496.9  3,417.0  3,478.8    222.7    190.8    212.3    190.6   6.5   5.5   6.2   5.5
  El Paso...............................    324.6    322.9    325.0    322.9     30.1     24.9     28.8     24.8   9.3   7.7   8.9   7.7
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  3,141.2  3,205.2  3,124.2  3,189.6    205.3    175.5    195.7    173.5   6.5   5.5   6.3   5.4
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    173.1    173.4    172.1    172.4     13.2     11.1     12.5     10.9   7.6   6.4   7.3   6.3
  Laredo................................    102.1    102.1    101.5    101.7      7.4      6.5      6.8      6.1   7.2   6.3   6.7   6.0
  Longview..............................    115.7    116.7    114.7    116.1      7.1      5.7      6.7      5.6   6.1   4.9   5.8   4.8
  Lubbock...............................    149.5    151.8    148.6    150.3      8.6      7.1      7.5      6.5   5.7   4.7   5.1   4.3
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    316.0    314.3    316.6    315.5     35.7     31.1     34.6     30.8  11.3   9.9  10.9   9.8
  Midland...............................     95.6    100.2     94.9     98.8      3.4      2.9      3.2      2.8   3.6   2.9   3.4   2.8
  Odessa................................     85.1     87.5     84.6     87.1      3.7      3.1      3.5      3.0   4.4   3.6   4.2   3.4
  San Angelo............................     56.9     57.4     56.9     57.5      3.2      2.6      2.9      2.4   5.7   4.4   5.2   4.2
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,061.3  1,065.6  1,053.1  1,062.7     67.9     55.7     63.4     54.3   6.4   5.2   6.0   5.1
  Sherman-Denison.......................     59.4     59.1     59.1     58.7      4.1      3.2      3.8      3.2   6.8   5.4   6.4   5.4
  Texarkana.............................     62.7     61.6     61.9     61.2      4.8      4.0      4.8      3.9   7.7   6.5   7.7   6.4
  Tyler.................................    104.2    103.4    104.3    102.6      7.0      5.7      7.1      5.6   6.7   5.5   6.8   5.4
  Victoria..............................     63.2     64.6     63.1     64.4      3.6      2.9      3.4      2.9   5.8   4.6   5.3   4.4
  Waco..................................    116.0    116.5    115.4    115.5      7.8      6.7      7.2      6.4   6.7   5.8   6.2   5.6
  Wichita Falls.........................     71.7     71.0     70.6     70.1      4.6      4.0      4.2      3.8   6.4   5.6   5.9   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,427.9  1,456.8  1,430.8  1,441.2     65.5     56.9     65.7     52.9   4.6   3.9   4.6   3.7
  Logan.................................     67.5     68.4     67.9     68.3      2.6      2.3      2.6      2.1   3.9   3.3   3.9   3.1
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    276.6    279.2    275.1    274.6     13.2     11.5     13.1     10.6   4.8   4.1   4.8   3.9
  Provo-Orem............................    244.0    249.7    246.9    248.9     10.9      9.6     11.3      8.9   4.5   3.9   4.6   3.6
  St. George............................     62.5     63.6     63.1     63.5      3.3      2.7      3.3      2.5   5.3   4.2   5.2   4.0
  Salt Lake City........................    636.0    652.3    636.9    641.5     27.9     24.5     28.0     22.8   4.4   3.8   4.4   3.5
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    356.0    357.5    354.2    352.6     15.6     14.4     14.2     14.0   4.4   4.0   4.0   4.0
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    118.5    118.3    118.0    116.9      4.6      4.3      4.0      4.2   3.9   3.6   3.4   3.5
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,305.1  4,337.8  4,246.6  4,277.2    247.6    232.6    238.5    245.7   5.8   5.4   5.6   5.7
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     80.8     82.1     80.3     81.7      5.4      5.1      4.9      5.1   6.6   6.2   6.1   6.2
  Charlottesville.......................    111.1    110.4    108.7    108.6      5.5      5.3      5.2      5.6   5.0   4.8   4.8   5.2
  Danville..............................     49.6     49.0     49.6     48.6      4.3      3.9      4.1      4.1   8.6   8.0   8.3   8.4
  Harrisonburg..........................     66.5     67.8     65.0     66.2      4.0      3.7      3.5      3.6   6.0   5.5   5.4   5.5
  Lynchburg.............................    122.7    121.2    120.8    119.3      8.2      7.7      7.7      7.9   6.7   6.3   6.3   6.6
  Richmond..............................    684.1    697.5    675.0    689.3     41.5     39.4     40.4     41.9   6.1   5.6   6.0   6.1
  Roanoke...............................    160.0    158.6    158.3    156.7      9.6      8.8      9.3      9.5   6.0   5.6   5.9   6.1
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    853.2    857.6    844.7    847.2     52.7     49.3     51.2     52.0   6.2   5.8   6.1   6.1
  Winchester............................     69.5     70.9     68.6     69.4      3.8      3.5      3.7      3.7   5.4   4.9   5.4   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,484.6  3,495.6  3,461.6  3,490.1    238.1    188.4    235.8    197.9   6.8   5.4   6.8   5.7
  Bellingham............................    104.2    102.8    103.4    103.3      7.0      5.3      6.7      5.6   6.8   5.2   6.5   5.4
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    115.5    113.2    115.7    114.7      7.8      5.7      7.4      6.1   6.7   5.0   6.4   5.3
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    131.0    131.9    131.6    134.1     10.6      7.4     10.2      7.9   8.1   5.6   7.8   5.9
  Longview..............................     40.7     40.3     41.1     41.1      4.1      2.8      4.0      3.0  10.0   7.0   9.6   7.3
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.2     55.6     56.6     56.9      4.4      3.2      4.3      3.5   7.8   5.7   7.6   6.1
  Olympia...............................    123.5    122.1    124.1    124.2      8.5      6.3      8.3      6.8   6.9   5.2   6.7   5.5
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,917.2  1,942.0  1,903.0  1,930.4    115.3     99.3    113.5    101.5   6.0   5.1   6.0   5.3
  Spokane...............................    220.4    215.5    221.3    218.6     16.8     12.2     16.2     13.2   7.6   5.7   7.3   6.0
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     71.2     73.5     63.6     65.4      3.8      2.8      4.1      3.4   5.3   3.8   6.5   5.2
  Yakima................................    130.9    132.4    126.6    128.3     10.1      7.6     10.9      9.1   7.7   5.7   8.6   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    807.6    810.9    798.3    802.1     50.7     49.8     49.5     53.1   6.3   6.1   6.2   6.6
  Charleston............................    137.3    137.9    135.8    137.3      7.9      7.9      7.8      8.6   5.7   5.7   5.7   6.2
  Huntington-Ashland....................    126.5    125.6    125.9    124.3      9.1      8.2      8.8      7.8   7.2   6.6   7.0   6.3
  Morgantown............................     67.4     69.1     66.5     68.1      3.0      3.0      3.0      3.3   4.4   4.3   4.5   4.9
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     76.2     76.4     75.6     75.9      4.9      4.4      4.7      4.4   6.5   5.7   6.2   5.8
  Wheeling..............................     68.5     69.0     67.8     68.1      4.6      4.2      4.4      4.1   6.8   6.2   6.5   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,121.2  3,134.8  3,090.4  3,107.0    210.4    182.2    196.5    158.7   6.7   5.8   6.4   5.1
  Appleton..............................    126.4    127.0    124.9    125.8      7.9      6.6      7.3      5.7   6.2   5.2   5.8   4.5
  Eau Claire............................     91.5     92.2     90.9     92.0      5.6      4.8      5.3      4.2   6.1   5.2   5.8   4.6
  Fond du Lac...........................     57.1     57.8     56.8     57.3      3.7      3.2      3.5      2.8   6.5   5.5   6.1   4.9
  Green Bay.............................    176.3    176.0    175.0    174.1     11.0      9.3     10.3      8.1   6.2   5.3   5.9   4.7
  Janesville............................     81.7     82.5     80.6     81.5      6.4      5.5      6.1      4.8   7.8   6.7   7.5   5.9
  La Crosse.............................     78.2     78.4     77.1     77.5      4.2      3.6      4.0      3.1   5.4   4.6   5.2   3.9
  Madison...............................    357.5    360.9    353.6    358.4     17.4     14.8     16.4     12.9   4.9   4.1   4.6   3.6
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    810.7    817.1    803.6    812.6     61.4     54.1     57.5     47.2   7.6   6.6   7.2   5.8
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     96.0     96.6     94.8     96.1      6.2      5.3      5.8      4.7   6.5   5.5   6.2   4.9
  Racine................................     99.3    100.3     98.2     98.8      8.7      7.7      8.0      6.6   8.7   7.7   8.1   6.7
  Sheboygan.............................     64.1     64.6     63.5     64.1      3.8      3.1      3.6      2.7   5.9   4.9   5.6   4.2
  Wausau................................     72.8     72.3     72.3     71.7      4.9      4.0      4.6      3.5   6.7   5.5   6.3   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    310.8    315.5    308.7    314.0     13.2     13.7     12.8     12.9   4.2   4.4   4.1   4.1
  Casper................................     45.5     45.8     44.9     45.4      1.8      1.9      1.8      1.8   4.0   4.2   4.0   4.0
  Cheyenne..............................     47.4     47.4     46.7     47.1      2.1      2.3      2.1      2.2   4.5   4.8   4.5   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,187.1  1,139.7  1,183.3  1,151.1    174.3    158.1    176.6    175.0  14.7  13.9  14.9  15.2
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......     98.7     95.7     98.2     96.2     16.3     14.3     16.2     15.6  16.5  14.9  16.5  16.2
  Fajardo...............................     24.3     24.1     24.3     24.1      4.0      3.7      4.0      3.9  16.5  15.3  16.5  16.3
  Guayama...............................     22.7     20.7     22.6     21.0      5.1      4.3      5.2      4.7  22.5  21.0  22.8  22.5
  Mayaguez..............................     31.7     30.4     31.5     30.7      5.7      4.7      5.7      5.2  17.8  15.5  18.1  17.0
  Ponce.................................     81.5     77.8     81.4     77.9     12.1     11.0     12.5     12.2  14.9  14.2  15.4  15.7
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     44.4     41.3     44.3     41.3      7.9      6.6      8.1      7.2  17.8  15.9  18.2  17.3
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    797.7    769.4    794.1    778.7    106.3     97.8    107.4    109.5  13.3  12.7  13.5  14.1
  Yauco.................................     34.0     32.2     34.1     32.5      5.9      5.4      6.0      5.9  17.4  16.8  17.7  18.1

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under
Illinois for operational reasons. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                  July             August             July             August          July       August  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2013     2014     2013     2014p    2013     2014     2013     2014p   2013  2014  2013 2014p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,713.6 18,702.0 18,646.6 18,761.2  1,756.0  1,469.9  1,667.3  1,395.7   9.4   7.9   8.9   7.4
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,616.5  6,633.6  6,588.1  6,634.4    643.2    528.9    609.8    513.3   9.7   8.0   9.3   7.7
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,996.8  5,021.2  4,978.7  5,019.9    534.8    436.0    506.6    425.9  10.7   8.7  10.2   8.5
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,619.7  1,612.4  1,609.4  1,614.6    108.4     92.9    103.2     87.4   6.7   5.8   6.4   5.4
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,375.0  2,381.5  2,363.6  2,397.6    164.6    136.1    156.5    128.7   6.9   5.7   6.6   5.4
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,333.0  1,331.1  1,325.7  1,338.2    104.0     85.8     99.1     81.1   7.8   6.4   7.5   6.1
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.  1,042.1  1,050.4  1,037.9  1,059.4     60.6     50.2     57.4     47.5   5.8   4.8   5.5   4.5
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    377.7    380.9    367.2    372.8     33.5     30.2     30.3     31.7   8.9   7.9   8.3   8.5
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,268.7  3,273.9  3,213.9  3,228.1    185.8    176.0    175.3    181.8   5.7   5.4   5.5   5.6
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    677.2    665.4    666.9    659.8     36.4     34.6     34.4     34.3   5.4   5.2   5.2   5.2
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,591.5  2,608.4  2,547.0  2,568.2    149.4    141.4    140.9    147.5   5.8   5.4   5.5   5.7
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,517.0  9,694.5  9,485.3  9,689.5    726.8    641.8    705.6    647.3   7.6   6.6   7.4   6.7
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,986.1  3,047.5  2,980.5  3,045.3    229.1    194.9    226.3    201.4   7.7   6.4   7.6   6.6
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................  1,041.8  1,077.8  1,038.5  1,071.3     66.8     61.3     64.2     61.2   6.4   5.7   6.2   5.7
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,289.7  1,300.7  1,289.8  1,306.8    110.3     89.2    111.5     96.0   8.6   6.9   8.6   7.3
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    654.5    669.0    652.3    667.2     52.0     44.4     50.7     44.2   8.0   6.6   7.8   6.6
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,632.9  6,607.5  6,560.0  6,521.6    630.0    464.2    597.3    436.3   9.5   7.0   9.1   6.7
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,980.0  4,945.3  4,913.3  4,875.0    468.5    336.7    440.2    308.4   9.4   6.8   9.0   6.3
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,191.6  4,144.4  4,134.9  4,090.1    401.9    280.9    375.7    254.1   9.6   6.8   9.1   6.2
     Gary (3).............................    332.5    334.4    327.4    328.8     28.5     24.1     28.0     23.5   8.6   7.2   8.6   7.1
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    455.9    466.5    451.0    456.1     38.1     31.6     36.5     30.8   8.4   6.8   8.1   6.7
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,535.4  3,584.8  3,526.4  3,565.4    258.7    217.3    246.6    212.6   7.3   6.1   7.0   6.0
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,583.3  2,626.4  2,577.2  2,609.5    173.0    145.9    164.0    143.1   6.7   5.6   6.4   5.5
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,569.2  1,599.2  1,564.0  1,592.3    100.7     84.8     94.0     82.3   6.4   5.3   6.0   5.2
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    130.0    131.9    130.1    131.1     10.6      9.1     10.1      8.8   8.2   6.9   7.7   6.7
     Framingham...........................    151.1    153.5    150.6    152.6      8.9      7.3      8.4      7.2   5.9   4.8   5.6   4.7
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    127.3    129.0    126.7    127.0      8.4      7.3      8.2      7.4   6.6   5.7   6.5   5.8
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     75.9     75.4     75.9     74.8      8.5      6.9      8.6      7.1  11.2   9.1  11.4   9.5
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    157.1    159.5    156.7    157.3     11.7      9.8     11.1      9.9   7.4   6.2   7.1   6.3
     Nashua (2)...........................    178.4    180.3    178.7    177.8      9.9      8.5      9.9      8.4   5.5   4.7   5.5   4.7
     Peabody..............................    131.5    133.7    131.4    133.0      9.5      8.1      9.0      8.1   7.2   6.1   6.9   6.1
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     62.9     64.0     63.1     63.7      4.8      4.1      4.7      4.1   7.7   6.4   7.4   6.4
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,802.0  4,828.2  4,755.0  4,760.2    476.5    415.1    417.9    316.9   9.9   8.6   8.8   6.7
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,072.9  2,060.2  2,063.8  2,017.4    219.9    201.4    198.2    159.0  10.6   9.8   9.6   7.9
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    831.8    823.8    829.1    807.3     99.9     91.1     89.7     72.7  12.0  11.1  10.8   9.0
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,241.1  1,236.4  1,234.8  1,210.1    120.0    110.3    108.5     86.3   9.7   8.9   8.8   7.1
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,803.9  9,750.2  9,730.0  9,631.6    768.0    657.4    732.2    591.9   7.8   6.7   7.5   6.1
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,735.3  9,737.7  9,648.2  9,636.2    799.5    679.9    754.3    609.3   8.2   7.0   7.8   6.3
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,246.1  1,235.6  1,234.5  1,229.4     97.5     79.5     88.6     72.6   7.8   6.4   7.2   5.9
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,532.4  1,514.7  1,516.5  1,500.5     96.6     80.7     92.0     76.6   6.3   5.3   6.1   5.1
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,849.4  5,886.9  5,803.0  5,813.0    510.5    442.5    486.9    389.0   8.7   7.5   8.4   6.7
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,107.4  1,100.6  1,094.2  1,093.3     94.9     77.2     86.7     71.1   8.6   7.0   7.9   6.5
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,561.8  6,470.7  6,501.7  6,417.3    509.5    396.4    491.6    394.5   7.8   6.1   7.6   6.1
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  3,042.0  3,008.6  3,010.1  2,988.2    253.5    201.1    242.2    198.8   8.3   6.7   8.0   6.7
     Camden (3)...........................    660.3    650.2    652.1    647.0     59.7     48.8     54.7     44.9   9.0   7.5   8.4   6.9
     Philadelphia.........................  2,024.8  1,994.8  2,003.5  1,977.2    166.9    127.9    162.4    129.0   8.2   6.4   8.1   6.5
     Wilmington (3).......................    356.9    363.6    354.4    364.1     26.8     24.3     25.1     24.8   7.5   6.7   7.1   6.8
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,905.0 13,079.3 12,832.5 13,015.8    865.8    729.9    822.0    720.4   6.7   5.6   6.4   5.5
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,420.6  3,496.9  3,417.0  3,478.8    222.7    190.8    212.3    190.6   6.5   5.5   6.2   5.5
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,280.6  2,340.4  2,279.5  2,324.7    149.6    128.3    142.9    128.0   6.6   5.5   6.3   5.5
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,140.0  1,156.5  1,137.4  1,154.1     73.1     62.5     69.4     62.6   6.4   5.4   6.1   5.4
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,484.6  3,495.6  3,461.6  3,490.1    238.1    188.4    235.8    197.9   6.8   5.4   6.8   5.7
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,917.2  1,942.0  1,903.0  1,930.4    115.3     99.3    113.5    101.5   6.0   5.1   6.0   5.3
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,542.2  1,571.6  1,525.8  1,551.4     86.0     77.8     84.5     78.2   5.6   5.0   5.5   5.0
     Tacoma...............................    375.0    370.4    377.2    379.0     29.4     21.5     29.0     23.3   7.8   5.8   7.7   6.1

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town
Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the
state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions
lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.
Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.,
the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and Chicago-Joliet-Naperville,
Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and Illinois, respectively. Estimates
for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area July August Change from
August 2013 to August 2014(p)
2013 2014 2013 2014(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,896.6 1,914.4 1,904.3 1,923.8 19.5 1.0

Anniston-Oxford

45.7 44.9 45.7 44.8 -0.9 -2.0

Auburn-Opelika

56.6 58.8 58.3 59.9 1.6 2.7

Birmingham-Hoover

505.8 512.1 506.4 510.4 4.0 0.8

Decatur

53.8 53.7 54.2 54.0 -0.2 -0.4

Dothan

56.4 56.2 56.5 56.6 0.1 0.2

Florence-Muscle Shoals

55.1 55.6 55.2 56.2 1.0 1.8

Gadsden

36.2 36.8 36.7 37.0 0.3 0.8

Huntsville

212.8 215.3 213.4 216.8 3.4 1.6

Mobile

172.0 171.3 173.0 172.4 -0.6 -0.3

Montgomery

167.0 168.4 167.8 168.6 0.8 0.5

Tuscaloosa

94.8 98.9 96.7 101.3 4.6 4.8


Alaska

359.3 359.0 359.4 357.7 -1.7 -0.5

Anchorage

183.2 182.9 184.2 184.7 0.5 0.3

Fairbanks

40.0 39.9 41.4 40.4 -1.0 -2.4


Arizona

2,448.4 2,510.3 2,498.4 2,549.8 51.4 2.1

Flagstaff

63.7 63.4 64.0 63.8 -0.2 -0.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

44.8 45.3 45.2 45.9 0.7 1.5

Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale

1,763.7 1,810.5 1,802.3 1,844.5 42.2 2.3

Prescott

55.1 56.7 57.0 57.9 0.9 1.6

Tucson

348.7 357.5 355.3 360.5 5.2 1.5

Yuma

48.5 48.3 50.1 49.4 -0.7 -1.4


Arkansas

1,161.7 1,180.1 1,167.3 1,182.7 15.4 1.3

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

211.4 214.3 212.5 215.5 3.0 1.4

Fort Smith

113.6 113.9 114.9 115.3 0.4 0.3

Hot Springs

37.5 37.8 37.7 37.8 0.1 0.3

Jonesboro

50.8 52.7 51.5 53.1 1.6 3.1

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

342.0 347.6 343.4 346.5 3.1 0.9

Pine Bluff

34.2 34.2 34.5 34.2 -0.3 -0.9


California

15,045.9 15,377.6 15,155.8 15,448.5 292.7 1.9

Bakersfield-Delano

246.1 252.0 248.3 253.7 5.4 2.2

Chico

73.1 74.6 75.4 75.5 0.1 0.1

El Centro

49.3 50.1 50.0 50.5 0.5 1.0

Fresno

303.6 314.0 305.6 312.8 7.2 2.4

Hanford-Corcoran

37.3 37.7 37.5 37.9 0.4 1.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,524.6 5,622.8 5,551.5 5,638.5 87.0 1.6

Madera-Chowchilla

35.5 35.5 35.4 35.5 0.1 0.3

Merced

57.2 57.5 60.0 60.1 0.1 0.2

Modesto

156.8 159.1 160.2 162.2 2.0 1.2

Napa

66.9 68.8 68.0 69.1 1.1 1.6

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

283.0 288.3 284.9 288.6 3.7 1.3

Redding

59.5 59.6 61.2 60.8 -0.4 -0.7

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,205.6 1,243.6 1,219.8 1,253.5 33.7 2.8

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville

859.0 881.8 864.0 880.9 16.9 2.0

Salinas

125.0 127.3 127.1 128.3 1.2 0.9

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos

1,307.3 1,343.7 1,313.0 1,347.2 34.2 2.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

2,101.4 2,160.7 2,112.3 2,170.1 57.8 2.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

957.8 984.5 967.9 998.8 30.9 3.2

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles

104.8 106.6 104.2 105.4 1.2 1.2

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta

170.8 172.9 171.6 173.8 2.2 1.3

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

93.1 94.8 93.2 94.8 1.6 1.7

Santa Rosa-Petaluma

182.6 185.7 185.0 187.2 2.2 1.2

Stockton

199.7 203.7 203.6 206.1 2.5 1.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

125.5 127.1 125.5 127.5 2.0 1.6

Visalia-Porterville

112.1 113.2 113.9 114.5 0.6 0.5

Yuba City

37.7 38.3 38.8 39.0 0.2 0.5


Colorado

2,390.2 2,455.6 2,404.2 2,455.5 51.3 2.1

Boulder

170.0 176.0 171.4 176.7 5.3 3.1

Colorado Springs

257.2 258.3 259.4 259.2 -0.2 -0.1

Denver-Aurora-Broomfield

1,302.2 1,338.2 1,310.2 1,339.0 28.8 2.2

Fort Collins-Loveland

145.2 147.8 146.7 148.7 2.0 1.4

Grand Junction

59.8 59.9 60.0 60.2 0.2 0.3

Greeley

88.9 93.2 90.8 95.0 4.2 4.6

Pueblo

58.2 59.1 57.8 59.2 1.4 2.4


Connecticut

1,656.4 1,667.3 1,648.7 1,656.1 7.4 0.4

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

416.3 426.4 412.8 419.7 6.9 1.7

Danbury

68.8 69.4 68.3 68.8 0.5 0.7

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

545.8 549.2 542.6 546.5 3.9 0.7

New Haven

271.5 277.4 269.9 273.8 3.9 1.4

Norwich-New London

129.8 127.6 129.0 127.3 -1.7 -1.3

Waterbury

64.4 64.7 63.4 63.8 0.4 0.6


Delaware

431.3 443.9 431.2 442.8 11.6 2.7

Dover

65.4 65.7 64.9 65.4 0.5 0.8


District of Columbia

754.7 763.7 740.3 748.8 8.5 1.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,088.0 3,108.0 3,073.9 3,084.2 10.3 0.3


Florida

7,456.4 7,674.3 7,565.3 7,767.8 202.5 2.7

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

211.5 216.1 215.0 218.4 3.4 1.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

81.4 83.0 81.1 82.9 1.8 2.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

155.2 157.7 156.8 159.1 2.3 1.5

Gainesville

124.6 126.1 126.2 126.8 0.6 0.5

Jacksonville

604.1 621.3 610.2 628.2 18.0 2.9

Lakeland-Winter Haven

192.6 195.2 196.1 198.0 1.9 1.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,302.9 2,379.5 2,336.3 2,401.9 65.6 2.8

Naples-Marco Island

117.9 122.7 119.5 123.5 4.0 3.3

North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota

250.6 261.6 253.4 263.3 9.9 3.9

Ocala

91.0 90.5 92.7 91.5 -1.2 -1.3

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,053.9 1,090.3 1,068.5 1,105.0 36.5 3.4

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

192.4 193.5 193.8 194.6 0.8 0.4

Palm Coast

19.9 20.5 20.2 20.6 0.4 2.0

Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach

75.5 75.6 75.5 75.5 0.0 0.0

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

159.9 161.3 162.2 163.4 1.2 0.7

Port St. Lucie

122.2 125.0 125.0 126.9 1.9 1.5

Punta Gorda

41.9 42.9 42.3 43.6 1.3 3.1

Sebastian-Vero Beach

44.9 44.9 45.3 45.0 -0.3 -0.7

Tallahassee

162.6 165.4 164.6 167.0 2.4 1.5

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,164.4 1,184.7 1,178.6 1,193.7 15.1 1.3


Georgia

4,015.1 4,108.2 4,053.6 4,132.9 79.3 2.0

Albany

60.8 60.5 60.9 60.5 -0.4 -0.7

Athens-Clarke County

87.6 88.6 89.0 89.3 0.3 0.3

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta

2,397.3 2,464.7 2,419.2 2,470.6 51.4 2.1

Augusta-Richmond County

214.5 221.1 216.3 221.7 5.4 2.5

Brunswick

41.2 40.7 41.1 40.6 -0.5 -1.2

Columbus

120.6 121.3 121.1 121.0 -0.1 -0.1

Dalton

63.3 63.9 64.2 64.0 -0.2 -0.3

Gainesville

76.9 78.6 77.8 79.3 1.5 1.9

Hinesville-Fort Stewart

19.2 19.6 19.7 20.1 0.4 2.0

Macon

98.6 98.7 99.3 99.2 -0.1 -0.1

Rome

38.4 39.1 38.8 39.0 0.2 0.5

Savannah

160.8 163.6 161.4 165.3 3.9 2.4

Valdosta

53.5 53.6 54.2 54.2 0.0 0.0

Warner Robins

58.6 58.2 58.5 58.6 0.1 0.2


Hawaii

612.2 617.1 609.9 619.0 9.1 1.5

Honolulu

450.5 452.8 448.1 453.0 4.9 1.1


Idaho

645.5 652.5 646.3 649.4 3.1 0.5

Boise City-Nampa

275.1 282.7 277.2 283.1 5.9 2.1

Coeur d'Alene

58.1 59.1 58.5 59.1 0.6 1.0

Idaho Falls

51.4 52.1 52.0 51.8 -0.2 -0.4

Lewiston

26.5 26.8 26.5 26.7 0.2 0.8

Pocatello

35.7 35.8 36.0 36.0 0.0 0.0


Illinois

5,799.9 5,839.4 5,818.5 5,849.8 31.3 0.5

Bloomington-Normal

87.4 86.5 89.4 87.8 -1.6 -1.8

Champaign-Urbana

101.4 103.0 99.7 101.0 1.3 1.3

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

4,456.0 4,505.7 4,472.3 4,510.6 38.3 0.9

Danville

28.7 28.9 28.6 28.9 0.3 1.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

184.4 184.2 184.5 184.6 0.1 0.1

Decatur

51.1 50.8 51.4 51.4 0.0 0.0

Kankakee-Bradley

43.3 42.9 43.8 43.5 -0.3 -0.7

Peoria

179.2 176.5 180.2 176.7 -3.5 -1.9

Rockford

147.7 147.4 147.9 148.3 0.4 0.3

Springfield

110.7 110.7 113.9 114.9 1.0 0.9


Indiana

2,876.5 2,966.6 2,946.5 3,004.9 58.4 2.0

Anderson

38.5 39.9 40.2 41.5 1.3 3.2

Bloomington

77.0 77.5 80.0 79.0 -1.0 -1.3

Columbus

47.8 49.5 49.4 50.8 1.4 2.8

Elkhart-Goshen

116.0 124.0 120.3 125.2 4.9 4.1

Evansville

174.0 177.3 176.3 178.0 1.7 1.0

Fort Wayne

202.6 211.9 210.3 217.0 6.7 3.2

Indianapolis-Carmel

928.1 951.8 944.9 966.0 21.1 2.2

Kokomo

42.4 45.0 43.6 45.9 2.3 5.3

Lafayette

92.4 94.1 97.8 96.7 -1.1 -1.1

Michigan City-La Porte

41.6 41.5 41.8 41.7 -0.1 -0.2

Muncie

45.2 49.8 48.9 51.0 2.1 4.3

South Bend-Mishawaka

127.1 131.0 129.1 133.6 4.5 3.5

Terre Haute

68.2 69.5 69.9 70.8 0.9 1.3


Iowa

1,526.0 1,544.2 1,530.4 1,542.8 12.4 0.8

Ames

46.2 46.9 46.9 48.0 1.1 2.3

Cedar Rapids

139.7 141.6 140.0 141.2 1.2 0.9

Des Moines-West Des Moines

336.6 342.6 339.6 342.7 3.1 0.9

Dubuque

57.5 59.1 57.6 59.4 1.8 3.1

Iowa City

95.4 96.5 96.6 98.1 1.5 1.6

Sioux City

75.1 75.7 75.2 75.9 0.7 0.9

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90.4 90.7 90.9 90.5 -0.4 -0.4


Kansas

1,355.5 1,377.4 1,361.3 1,376.9 15.6 1.1

Lawrence

47.4 50.8 47.5 50.3 2.8 5.9

Manhattan

54.1 55.1 53.7 55.2 1.5 2.8

Topeka

108.8 111.7 109.4 111.3 1.9 1.7

Wichita

284.2 286.7 285.5 288.8 3.3 1.2


Kentucky

1,825.0 1,860.0 1,844.5 1,869.0 24.5 1.3

Bowling Green

61.9 64.0 63.5 65.7 2.2 3.5

Elizabethtown

49.4 49.7 49.7 50.0 0.3 0.6

Lexington-Fayette

255.0 258.2 259.7 261.0 1.3 0.5

Louisville-Jefferson County

621.0 634.5 630.7 636.6 5.9 0.9

Owensboro

52.1 53.4 52.6 53.7 1.1 2.1


Louisiana

1,932.1 1,967.3 1,945.9 1,971.9 26.0 1.3

Alexandria

62.2 62.2 62.5 62.2 -0.3 -0.5

Baton Rouge

379.1 393.0 383.7 396.6 12.9 3.4

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux

99.9 101.8 100.1 101.6 1.5 1.5

Lafayette

158.3 162.3 159.1 162.3 3.2 2.0

Lake Charles

91.3 95.5 91.6 95.2 3.6 3.9

Monroe

77.6 78.6 77.8 78.4 0.6 0.8

New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

538.8 553.1 546.7 554.9 8.2 1.5

Shreveport-Bossier City

171.0 173.1 171.1 173.0 1.9 1.1


Maine

617.1 626.5 616.4 626.1 9.7 1.6

Bangor

63.5 64.6 63.6 64.2 0.6 0.9

Lewiston-Auburn

48.1 48.6 48.1 48.6 0.5 1.0

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford

200.5 205.9 199.9 205.5 5.6 2.8


Maryland

2,602.1 2,621.2 2,601.8 2,614.7 12.9 0.5

Baltimore-Towson

1,325.5 1,359.6 1,324.9 1,352.7 27.8 2.1

Cumberland

39.0 39.4 38.8 39.4 0.6 1.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

103.8 103.7 104.5 103.9 -0.6 -0.6

Salisbury

51.6 52.3 51.6 52.3 0.7 1.4


Massachusetts

3,368.5 3,449.5 3,364.7 3,428.3 63.6 1.9

Barnstable Town

115.9 117.4 114.7 116.2 1.5 1.3

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

2,554.6 2,610.8 2,551.8 2,591.9 40.1 1.6

Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner

48.1 48.5 48.4 47.9 -0.5 -1.0

New Bedford

68.0 69.2 68.2 68.8 0.6 0.9

Pittsfield

37.1 37.5 36.8 37.1 0.3 0.8

Springfield

291.2 297.3 291.6 296.0 4.4 1.5

Worcester

245.7 253.7 246.8 254.1 7.3 3.0


Michigan

4,069.7 4,129.5 4,102.8 4,136.5 33.7 0.8

Ann Arbor

200.1 204.8 201.6 203.2 1.6 0.8

Battle Creek

57.3 58.3 57.8 58.7 0.9 1.6

Bay City

36.7 37.5 37.1 37.6 0.5 1.3

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,846.5 1,865.1 1,867.8 1,870.5 2.7 0.1

Flint

134.7 135.4 135.5 135.4 -0.1 -0.1

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

393.2 411.4 397.3 412.1 14.8 3.7

Holland-Grand Haven

112.9 117.0 114.1 117.7 3.6 3.2

Jackson

54.5 54.4 54.6 54.5 -0.1 -0.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

134.7 137.0 135.2 136.8 1.6 1.2

Lansing-East Lansing

213.3 218.5 214.4 219.9 5.5 2.6

Monroe

40.5 40.8 40.5 40.7 0.2 0.5

Muskegon-Norton Shores

61.6 62.7 62.0 62.7 0.7 1.1

Niles-Benton Harbor

60.8 61.8 61.0 61.5 0.5 0.8

Saginaw-Saginaw Township North

84.8 87.1 85.7 88.2 2.5 2.9


Minnesota

2,772.5 2,845.3 2,792.7 2,848.9 56.2 2.0

Duluth

131.6 132.8 132.2 133.2 1.0 0.8

Mankato-North Mankato

52.6 54.3 53.0 54.3 1.3 2.5

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,787.2 1,837.8 1,798.6 1,839.5 40.9 2.3

Rochester

108.9 109.7 109.3 110.2 0.9 0.8

St. Cloud

101.7 104.6 103.3 106.3 3.0 2.9


Mississippi

1,093.6 1,110.6 1,108.6 1,113.7 5.1 0.5

Gulfport-Biloxi

106.7 107.3 107.6 107.3 -0.3 -0.3

Hattiesburg

57.7 57.4 58.6 57.8 -0.8 -1.4

Jackson

256.5 257.8 259.6 258.1 -1.5 -0.6

Pascagoula

56.0 58.3 57.3 59.0 1.7 3.0


Missouri

2,701.4 2,755.7 2,720.3 2,763.1 42.8 1.6

Cape Girardeau-Jackson

43.3 43.2 43.9 44.0 0.1 0.2

Columbia

96.8 97.8 98.7 98.0 -0.7 -0.7

Jefferson City

75.4 76.0 75.7 75.9 0.2 0.3

Joplin

79.3 80.2 79.9 80.7 0.8 1.0

Kansas City

1,002.2 1,014.9 1,009.1 1,014.2 5.1 0.5

St. Joseph

61.6 63.3 61.6 63.3 1.7 2.8

St. Louis(1)

1,306.1 1,329.4 1,315.7 1,334.2 18.5 1.4

Springfield

195.9 200.5 194.3 198.5 4.2 2.2


Montana

456.4 466.9 458.3 467.1 8.8 1.9

Billings

81.1 83.4 81.8 83.6 1.8 2.2

Great Falls

35.4 36.0 35.8 36.3 0.5 1.4

Missoula

56.4 57.6 57.0 58.7 1.7 3.0


Nebraska

977.3 984.1 981.7 988.0 6.3 0.6

Lincoln

179.4 185.1 181.8 186.1 4.3 2.4

Omaha-Council Bluffs

477.5 480.9 479.1 483.6 4.5 0.9


Nevada

1,170.3 1,211.7 1,179.5 1,216.4 36.9 3.1

Carson City

27.9 27.8 27.9 27.7 -0.2 -0.7

Las Vegas-Paradise

844.0 871.8 850.1 874.8 24.7 2.9

Reno-Sparks

195.5 201.8 198.6 202.8 4.2 2.1


New Hampshire

641.8 652.3 643.9 647.7 3.8 0.6

Manchester

99.6 101.0 100.1 100.6 0.5 0.5

Portsmouth

59.4 60.1 59.2 59.2 0.0 0.0

Rochester-Dover

54.8 54.2 54.9 54.2 -0.7 -1.3


New Jersey

3,947.9 3,979.6 3,942.2 3,955.2 13.0 0.3

Atlantic City-Hammonton

139.0 135.3 138.9 135.1 -3.8 -2.7

Ocean City

54.2 56.3 53.3 55.0 1.7 3.2

Trenton-Ewing

246.8 251.2 246.3 248.8 2.5 1.0

Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton

55.1 56.7 55.6 56.1 0.5 0.9


New Mexico

802.2 807.1 810.2 814.8 4.6 0.6

Albuquerque

368.9 368.7 370.3 369.7 -0.6 -0.2

Farmington

48.4 47.8 48.6 47.6 -1.0 -2.1

Las Cruces

67.9 69.0 70.3 70.3 0.0 0.0

Santa Fe

62.5 61.6 62.8 61.9 -0.9 -1.4


New York

8,922.9 9,055.0 8,893.4 9,030.5 137.1 1.5

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

445.6 450.8 443.9 448.2 4.3 1.0

Binghamton

104.6 105.0 105.1 104.9 -0.2 -0.2

Buffalo-Niagara Falls

546.0 550.9 546.6 550.7 4.1 0.8

Elmira

38.6 38.4 38.4 38.5 0.1 0.3

Glens Falls

59.1 59.2 58.3 58.9 0.6 1.0

Ithaca

64.4 65.5 64.4 65.1 0.7 1.1

Kingston

59.4 59.8 58.9 59.7 0.8 1.4

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island

8,718.0 8,873.8 8,679.7 8,836.2 156.5 1.8

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown

251.8 253.9 251.5 253.4 1.9 0.8

Rochester

508.2 513.8 508.6 512.7 4.1 0.8

Syracuse

312.1 310.1 311.9 308.3 -3.6 -1.2

Utica-Rome

128.3 129.5 128.6 128.8 0.2 0.2


North Carolina

3,980.9 4,076.3 4,062.4 4,148.7 86.3 2.1

Asheville

171.7 175.1 174.5 177.6 3.1 1.8

Burlington

57.6 58.2 58.5 59.0 0.5 0.9

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill

856.7 882.6 874.4 897.7 23.3 2.7

Durham-Chapel Hill

278.1 283.1 283.0 288.6 5.6 2.0

Fayetteville

127.8 127.7 129.0 129.7 0.7 0.5

Goldsboro

41.3 41.9 42.4 42.6 0.2 0.5

Greensboro-High Point

336.6 342.0 346.0 349.6 3.6 1.0

Greenville

78.3 79.8 80.4 81.8 1.4 1.7

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

141.6 142.2 143.9 144.7 0.8 0.6

Jacksonville

46.0 48.2 48.8 48.9 0.1 0.2

Raleigh-Cary

536.4 562.6 544.8 566.2 21.4 3.9

Rocky Mount

52.3 51.9 53.3 52.7 -0.6 -1.1

Wilmington

140.9 145.6 144.1 148.2 4.1 2.8

Winston-Salem

204.0 206.7 207.6 209.1 1.5 0.7


North Dakota

441.5 463.9 444.1 464.7 20.6 4.6

Bismarck

69.5 71.7 69.3 71.5 2.2 3.2

Fargo

130.4 136.3 130.9 136.2 5.3 4.0

Grand Forks

53.7 54.3 53.9 54.0 0.1 0.2


Ohio

5,260.5 5,316.9 5,287.4 5,318.3 30.9 0.6

Akron

323.8 328.5 324.6 329.3 4.7 1.4

Canton-Massillon

171.2 171.5 171.4 171.1 -0.3 -0.2

Cincinnati-Middletown

1,023.3 1,042.6 1,031.2 1,048.6 17.4 1.7

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor

1,031.8 1,046.8 1,038.3 1,045.6 7.3 0.7

Columbus

979.4 986.7 985.1 984.4 -0.7 -0.1

Dayton

375.1 375.9 376.9 376.1 -0.8 -0.2

Lima

52.6 52.6 52.9 53.3 0.4 0.8

Mansfield

52.1 52.2 52.3 52.6 0.3 0.6

Sandusky

41.1 41.4 39.8 40.3 0.5 1.3

Springfield

52.2 52.6 52.1 53.1 1.0 1.9

Steubenville-Weirton

43.2 43.0 43.3 43.0 -0.3 -0.7

Toledo

306.3 311.6 310.3 310.3 0.0 0.0

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

222.7 225.0 223.1 223.6 0.5 0.2


Oklahoma

1,615.6 1,651.9 1,628.2 1,658.1 29.9 1.8

Lawton

43.2 43.6 43.6 43.6 0.0 0.0

Oklahoma City

599.3 620.0 604.5 623.7 19.2 3.2

Tulsa

428.9 436.3 430.2 436.0 5.8 1.3


Oregon

1,665.8 1,714.5 1,673.8 1,721.1 47.3 2.8

Bend

66.3 67.2 66.7 67.6 0.9 1.3

Corvallis

36.2 37.0 36.8 37.3 0.5 1.4

Eugene-Springfield

140.7 144.2 140.5 144.1 3.6 2.6

Medford

76.1 75.8 76.5 76.6 0.1 0.1

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,032.5 1,065.3 1,037.8 1,068.9 31.1 3.0

Salem

143.1 146.3 144.8 148.4 3.6 2.5


Pennsylvania

5,706.7 5,774.2 5,712.7 5,767.2 54.5 1.0

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

344.5 347.2 345.0 346.4 1.4 0.4

Altoona

60.4 61.2 60.9 61.4 0.5 0.8

Erie

128.8 129.5 129.0 130.0 1.0 0.8

Harrisburg-Carlisle

327.9 332.5 328.3 332.8 4.5 1.4

Johnstown

56.4 57.4 56.6 57.3 0.7 1.2

Lancaster

230.5 233.2 231.6 234.2 2.6 1.1

Lebanon

49.8 50.8 50.3 50.9 0.6 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,729.5 2,763.9 2,726.4 2,751.1 24.7 0.9

Pittsburgh

1,156.9 1,170.5 1,153.1 1,162.3 9.2 0.8

Reading

167.1 167.9 168.5 168.0 -0.5 -0.3

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre

250.8 250.2 251.6 250.5 -1.1 -0.4

State College

71.8 72.7 73.5 74.0 0.5 0.7

Williamsport

54.7 56.1 55.4 56.4 1.0 1.8

York-Hanover

175.8 175.6 177.0 176.4 -0.6 -0.3


Rhode Island

471.8 480.5 472.4 480.4 8.0 1.7

Providence-Fall River-Warwick

555.3 566.0 556.0 565.6 9.6 1.7


South Carolina

1,891.0 1,927.0 1,896.7 1,929.3 32.6 1.7

Anderson

63.8 65.9 64.5 66.4 1.9 2.9

Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville

311.2 313.7 312.1 314.8 2.7 0.9

Columbia

357.2 359.6 358.2 362.3 4.1 1.1

Florence

82.6 85.2 83.3 85.4 2.1 2.5

Greenville-Mauldin-Easley

310.1 316.1 311.8 318.3 6.5 2.1

Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway

128.3 134.2 125.9 131.4 5.5 4.4

Spartanburg

125.1 128.7 127.3 129.8 2.5 2.0

Sumter

37.3 38.1 37.1 38.1 1.0 2.7


South Dakota

422.3 428.7 425.0 429.9 4.9 1.2

Rapid City

64.6 64.8 66.4 66.7 0.3 0.5

Sioux Falls

143.7 147.2 144.9 146.5 1.6 1.1


Tennessee

2,722.2 2,784.3 2,749.6 2,806.8 57.2 2.1

Chattanooga

235.8 240.3 238.3 241.8 3.5 1.5

Clarksville

85.9 87.0 88.0 88.7 0.7 0.8

Cleveland

42.9 45.0 44.6 45.4 0.8 1.8

Jackson

60.8 61.9 61.3 62.0 0.7 1.1

Johnson City

75.4 75.8 76.8 76.8 0.0 0.0

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

117.8 118.2 119.8 119.4 -0.4 -0.3

Knoxville

328.8 340.4 332.9 343.5 10.6 3.2

Memphis

598.4 607.9 602.5 609.2 6.7 1.1

Morristown

44.9 45.1 45.8 46.0 0.2 0.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

800.7 823.4 812.6 837.9 25.3 3.1


Texas

11,159.6 11,563.8 11,203.4 11,585.0 381.6 3.4

Abilene

65.9 66.8 65.9 66.9 1.0 1.5

Amarillo

112.2 113.1 112.5 112.8 0.3 0.3

Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos

860.7 893.9 863.9 895.6 31.7 3.7

Beaumont-Port Arthur

153.7 156.1 154.0 157.0 3.0 1.9

Brownsville-Harlingen

133.8 136.4 133.5 136.2 2.7 2.0

College Station-Bryan

96.2 102.8 98.9 102.0 3.1 3.1

Corpus Christi

185.9 190.9 187.2 192.2 5.0 2.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,086.5 3,202.8 3,107.5 3,209.0 101.5 3.3

El Paso

282.8 288.1 285.6 289.7 4.1 1.4

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown

2,783.5 2,892.7 2,789.0 2,896.4 107.4 3.9

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood

130.7 132.9 131.4 133.4 2.0 1.5

Laredo

94.6 96.4 95.0 97.0 2.0 2.1

Longview

99.6 102.9 99.7 103.0 3.3 3.3

Lubbock

131.3 135.5 132.7 135.7 3.0 2.3

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

227.1 232.1 231.3 234.7 3.4 1.5

Midland

85.8 91.0 85.7 90.5 4.8 5.6

Odessa

72.2 75.4 72.3 75.6 3.3 4.6

San Angelo

46.3 47.9 47.0 48.2 1.2 2.6

San Antonio-New Braunfels

906.4 928.1 908.0 932.3 24.3 2.7

Sherman-Denison

44.2 44.8 44.6 44.9 0.3 0.7

Texarkana

53.9 54.5 53.9 54.4 0.5 0.9

Tyler

95.5 96.9 96.3 96.7 0.4 0.4

Victoria

53.2 55.6 54.0 55.8 1.8 3.3

Waco

105.8 108.2 106.4 107.9 1.5 1.4

Wichita Falls

57.5 57.5 57.5 57.2 -0.3 -0.5


Utah

1,279.4 1,324.9 1,288.2 1,332.9 44.7 3.5

Logan

52.8 53.6 53.5 53.8 0.3 0.6

Ogden-Clearfield

208.2 211.2 207.8 211.5 3.7 1.8

Provo-Orem

199.0 204.4 202.7 208.4 5.7 2.8

St. George

51.5 52.7 52.2 53.8 1.6 3.1

Salt Lake City

658.4 677.8 662.0 681.6 19.6 3.0


Vermont

300.1 301.8 300.1 302.2 2.1 0.7

Burlington-South Burlington

116.3 116.9 116.5 117.0 0.5 0.4


Virginia

3,765.3 3,794.4 3,768.0 3,783.6 15.6 0.4

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

69.2 70.3 70.2 71.3 1.1 1.6

Charlottesville

101.4 100.7 101.0 100.6 -0.4 -0.4

Danville

38.0 37.6 38.7 37.8 -0.9 -2.3

Harrisonburg

61.1 62.9 61.4 62.8 1.4 2.3

Lynchburg

102.0 100.3 102.2 100.3 -1.9 -1.9

Richmond

634.0 646.8 633.6 645.1 11.5 1.8

Roanoke

157.9 156.6 158.4 156.1 -2.3 -1.5

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

760.4 763.8 762.3 762.0 -0.3 0.0

Winchester

58.5 59.8 58.8 59.4 0.6 1.0


Washington

3,001.8 3,082.1 3,002.9 3,069.7 66.8 2.2

Bellingham

83.5 84.5 83.3 83.9 0.6 0.7

Bremerton-Silverdale

83.9 84.7 83.5 83.6 0.1 0.1

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland

102.3 106.4 102.8 106.1 3.3 3.2

Longview

36.4 37.9 36.8 38.0 1.2 3.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

47.1 47.8 46.9 47.7 0.8 1.7

Olympia

102.3 104.3 102.3 103.8 1.5 1.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,796.1 1,848.2 1,796.3 1,845.8 49.5 2.8

Spokane

212.9 215.1 212.7 212.8 0.1 0.0

Wenatchee-East Wenatchee

42.1 43.9 41.3 42.7 1.4 3.4

Yakima

79.4 81.0 79.5 80.6 1.1 1.4


West Virginia

757.3 770.9 760.2 770.5 10.3 1.4

Charleston

146.0 146.6 146.5 147.9 1.4 1.0

Huntington-Ashland

111.3 112.3 112.6 112.9 0.3 0.3

Morgantown

66.2 68.0 66.2 67.8 1.6 2.4

Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna

69.4 70.2 69.6 70.4 0.8 1.1

Wheeling

67.1 68.3 67.3 68.1 0.8 1.2


Wisconsin

2,828.0 2,890.3 2,836.7 2,897.0 60.3 2.1

Appleton

118.7 121.1 119.2 121.4 2.2 1.8

Eau Claire

81.1 82.9 81.8 83.6 1.8 2.2

Fond du Lac

46.8 47.9 47.1 48.1 1.0 2.1

Green Bay

169.8 171.6 170.8 171.8 1.0 0.6

Janesville

64.3 66.2 64.4 66.0 1.6 2.5

La Crosse

75.3 76.3 75.2 76.6 1.4 1.9

Madison

358.2 365.9 358.7 366.9 8.2 2.3

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

827.9 848.7 831.8 853.0 21.2 2.5

Oshkosh-Neenah

92.7 94.6 92.4 95.0 2.6 2.8

Racine

75.3 77.2 75.5 77.0 1.5 2.0

Sheboygan

60.2 61.5 60.5 62.1 1.6 2.6

Wausau

66.9 67.7 67.3 67.9 0.6 0.9


Wyoming

297.9 303.2 297.2 301.9 4.7 1.6

Casper

42.3 42.7 42.3 42.7 0.4 0.9

Cheyenne

47.3 47.2 46.8 47.0 0.2 0.4


Puerto Rico

902.3 904.6 907.8 911.6 3.8 0.4

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian

45.5 46.0 45.8 45.9 0.1 0.2

Fajardo

15.0 15.5 15.2 15.5 0.3 2.0

Guayama

15.0 14.1 15.0 14.3 -0.7 -4.7

Mayaguez

34.3 34.7 34.3 34.8 0.5 1.5

Ponce

60.3 59.4 60.7 59.1 -1.6 -2.6

San German-Cabo Rojo

18.9 18.3 18.9 18.1 -0.8 -4.2

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo

676.4 671.7 680.6 677.0 -3.6 -0.5

Yauco

13.3 13.0 13.4 13.0 -0.4 -3.0


Virgin Islands

38.1 38.2 37.8 37.8 0.0 0.0

Footnotes
(1) Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
[In thousands]
State, area, and division July August Change from
August 2013 to August 2014(p)
2013 2014 2013 2014(p) Number Percent

California

15,045.9 15,377.6 15,155.8 15,448.5 292.7 1.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,524.6 5,622.8 5,551.5 5,638.5 87.0 1.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,076.5 4,150.6 4,099.1 4,168.2 69.1 1.7

Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine

1,448.1 1,472.2 1,452.4 1,470.3 17.9 1.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

2,101.4 2,160.7 2,112.3 2,170.1 57.8 2.7

Oakland-Fremont-Hayward

1,032.4 1,055.8 1,036.6 1,058.9 22.3 2.2

San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City

1,069.0 1,104.9 1,075.7 1,111.2 35.5 3.3


District of Columbia

754.7 763.7 740.3 748.8 8.5 1.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

3,088.0 3,108.0 3,073.9 3,084.2 10.3 0.3

Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick(2)

574.2 575.5 573.9 574.4 0.5 0.1

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,513.8 2,532.5 2,500.0 2,509.8 9.8 0.4


Florida

7,456.4 7,674.3 7,565.3 7,767.8 202.5 2.7

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,302.9 2,379.5 2,336.3 2,401.9 65.6 2.8

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

739.5 762.7 748.6 764.9 16.3 2.2

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,034.6 1,070.1 1,052.0 1,086.7 34.7 3.3

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

528.8 546.7 535.7 550.3 14.6 2.7


Illinois

5,799.9 5,839.4 5,818.5 5,849.8 31.3 0.5

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville(1)

4,456.0 4,505.7 4,472.3 4,510.6 38.3 0.9

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

3,786.8 3,823.6 3,797.4 3,831.0 33.6 0.9

Gary(2)

268.6 272.6 272.9 273.5 0.6 0.2

Lake County-Kenosha County(1)

400.6 409.5 402.0 406.1 4.1 1.0


Massachusetts

3,368.5 3,449.5 3,364.7 3,428.3 63.6 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy(1)

2,554.6 2,610.8 2,551.8 2,591.9 40.1 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

1,773.0 1,821.1 1,771.5 1,814.4 42.9 2.4

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

92.1 93.6 92.7 93.0 0.3 0.3

Framingham

161.4 165.2 161.0 163.8 2.8 1.7

Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury(1)

81.4 83.3 81.1 81.0 -0.1 -0.1

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(1)

120.9 123.1 120.3 119.7 -0.6 -0.5

Nashua(1)

126.0 128.0 126.8 126.9 0.1 0.1

Peabody

103.2 105.6 103.7 104.8 1.1 1.1


Michigan

4,069.7 4,129.5 4,102.8 4,136.5 33.7 0.8

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,846.5 1,865.1 1,867.8 1,870.5 2.7 0.1

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn

704.4 708.2 716.3 713.7 -2.6 -0.4

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,142.1 1,156.9 1,151.5 1,156.8 5.3 0.5


New York

8,922.9 9,055.0 8,893.4 9,030.5 137.1 1.5

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island(1)

8,718.0 8,873.8 8,679.7 8,836.2 156.5 1.8

Edison-New Brunswick(2)

1,028.0 1,037.8 1,028.7 1,035.0 6.3 0.6

Nassau-Suffolk

1,288.5 1,301.6 1,280.3 1,300.3 20.0 1.6

New York-White Plains-Wayne(1)

5,422.5 5,540.3 5,394.4 5,511.9 117.5 2.2

Newark-Union(2)

979.0 994.1 976.3 989.0 12.7 1.3


Pennsylvania

5,706.7 5,774.2 5,712.7 5,767.2 54.5 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(1)

2,729.5 2,763.9 2,726.4 2,751.1 24.7 0.9

Camden(2)

502.3 505.0 500.3 504.3 4.0 0.8

Philadelphia

1,888.1 1,909.4 1,886.3 1,896.5 10.2 0.5

Wilmington(2)

339.1 349.5 339.8 350.3 10.5 3.1


Texas

11,159.6 11,563.8 11,203.4 11,585.0 381.6 3.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,086.5 3,202.8 3,107.5 3,209.0 101.5 3.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,171.1 2,259.5 2,187.0 2,261.9 74.9 3.4

Fort Worth-Arlington

915.4 943.3 920.5 947.1 26.6 2.9


Washington

3,001.8 3,082.1 3,002.9 3,069.7 66.8 2.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,796.1 1,848.2 1,796.3 1,845.8 49.5 2.8

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,515.5 1,562.7 1,516.3 1,560.7 44.4 2.9

Tacoma

280.6 285.5 280.0 285.1 5.1 1.8

Footnotes
(1) Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(2) All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.


Last Modified Date: October 01, 2014