Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, September 1, 2015                USDL-15-1694

Technical information:
 Employment:   (202) 691-6559    sminfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment: (202) 691-6392    lausinfo@bls.gov    www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact: (202) 691-5902    PressOffice@bls.gov


         METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- JULY 2015


Unemployment rates were lower in July than a year earlier in 359 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 20 areas, and unchanged in 8 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Six areas had jobless rates of less
than 3.0 percent and five areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm
payroll employment increased over the year in 322 metropolitan areas, decreased
in 54 areas, and was unchanged in 11 areas. The national unemployment rate in
July was 5.6 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 6.5 percent a year
earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Bismarck, N.D., had the lowest unemployment rate in July, 2.3 percent. Yuma,
Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates, 26.6 percent
and 24.2 percent, respectively. A total of 187 areas had July unemployment rates
below the U.S. figure of 5.6 percent, 185 areas had rates above it, and 15 areas
had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in
July (-3.9 percentage points). Seventeen other areas had rate declines of at
least 2.0 percentage points. Morgantown, W.Va., had the largest over-the-year
jobless rate increase (+1.2 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Austin-Round Rock, Texas, had the lowest unemployment rate in July, 3.5 percent.
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest jobless rate among the
large areas, 7.1 percent. All 51 large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases, the largest of which occurred in Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Mich. (-2.9
percentage points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
July, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif., and San Rafael,
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 3.7 percent each.
Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest division unemployment rate, 8.2
percent. (See table 2.)

All 38 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in
July. The largest decline occurred in Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich. (-3.5
percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, 322 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 54 had decreases, and 11 had no change. The largest over-the-year 
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.
(+164,400), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+157,500), and Dallas-Fort
Worth-Arlington, Texas (+121,700). The largest over-the-year percentage gain
in employment occurred in Provo-Orem, Utah (+7.2 percent), followed by San Jose-
Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+6.2 percent), and Lake Charles, La. (+5.8 percent).
(See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in New Orleans-Metairie,
La. (-3,800), Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. (-3,600), and Barnstable
Town, Mass. (-3,000). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment
occurred in Pine Bluff, Ark. (-5.8 percent), Barnstable Town, Mass. (-2.6 percent),
and Florence-Muscle Shoals, Ala., and Lawton, Okla. (-2.0 percent each). 

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 50 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a
2010 Census population of 1 million or more. The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in San Jose-
Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+6.2 percent), followed by Salt Lake City, Utah
(+4.4 percent), and Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.1 percent). The only large
metropolitan area that had an over-the-year percentage decrease was New Orleans-
Metairie, La. (-0.7 percent).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In July, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among
the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-
N.J. (+135,400), followed by Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+107,900),
and Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+94,300). The only over-the-year decrease occurred
in Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (-1,400). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan
divisions occurred in Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash. (+5.0 percent), followed by San
Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif. (+4.4 percent), and Dallas-
Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.1 percent). The only over-the-year percentage decrease in
employment occurred in Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (-1.1 percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for August is
scheduled to be released on Friday, September 18, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The
Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for August is scheduled
to be released on Wednesday, September 30, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note
 
 
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The 
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor 
force.
   
   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and
New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced
for the following areas and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-
Arlington Heights, IL Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan
Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett,
WA Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis,
such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through
indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work"
estimates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of
residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of
persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment
insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau,
any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation. All substate
estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted to add to the
revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of time-series
models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back to the series 
beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the substate estimation
methodology, and more timely inputs from the American Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather
than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one
payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are
produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data
are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in
which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the
previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment
for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by
the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative
technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets
certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or highly
variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation. These models
use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with forecasts of historical
(benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation. Two different models (Fay-Herriot
Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending on the industry level being estimated.
For more detailed information about each model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, 
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level 
for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for 
states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm 
level. For states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as 
well. Revisions of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once
a year, coincident with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for 
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the 
BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error 
are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on 
recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. 

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the
delineations issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on
February 28, 2013. Data reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA)
definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the six New
England States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is
available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment. Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, counties, cities with a population
of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the administration of various
federal economic assistance programs are available on the Internet at
www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are available
on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                June              July              June              July           June        July   
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2014     2015     2014     2015p    2014     2015     2014     2015p   2014  2015  2014 2015p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,169.7  2,177.1  2,168.8  2,179.1    161.4    144.9    165.2    147.2   7.4   6.7   7.6   6.8
  Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville..........     47.4     46.9     47.6     46.8      4.1      3.5      4.2      3.6   8.6   7.5   8.8   7.7
  Auburn-Opelika........................     71.1     72.2     71.0     72.5      4.5      4.2      4.5      4.3   6.4   5.8   6.4   5.9
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    538.7    541.0    537.3    541.7     35.1     31.8     35.8     32.3   6.5   5.9   6.7   6.0
  Daphne-Fairhope-Foley.................     88.8     89.9     88.8     89.5      5.5      5.0      5.5      5.1   6.2   5.5   6.2   5.6
  Decatur...............................     70.5     69.9     70.5     70.2      5.3      4.7      5.7      4.8   7.5   6.7   8.0   6.8
  Dothan................................     62.5     63.2     63.0     63.6      4.8      4.2      4.8      4.4   7.6   6.7   7.7   6.9
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     68.0     66.3     68.0     66.3      5.7      5.4      5.9      5.4   8.4   8.1   8.7   8.1
  Gadsden...............................     43.9     44.0     43.8     43.7      3.4      2.9      3.4      2.9   7.7   6.6   7.8   6.7
  Huntsville............................    209.2    210.0    209.4    210.7     14.2     12.7     14.5     12.8   6.8   6.1   6.9   6.1
  Mobile................................    186.5    184.8    185.6    184.1     15.6     14.3     15.9     14.6   8.4   7.7   8.6   7.9
  Montgomery............................    172.5    172.2    171.2    172.5     12.4     11.1     12.7     11.3   7.2   6.5   7.4   6.6
  Tuscaloosa............................    110.7    112.2    110.2    112.4      8.3      7.3      8.0      7.5   7.5   6.5   7.3   6.7
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    375.4    371.6    378.9    374.7     26.3     25.5     24.0     22.3   7.0   6.9   6.3   5.9
  Anchorage.............................    205.7    205.4    206.0    204.0     12.7     12.5     11.5     10.9   6.2   6.1   5.6   5.3
  Fairbanks.............................     46.8     46.5     47.6     46.4      2.9      2.8      2.6      2.3   6.1   6.0   5.4   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,092.3  3,158.3  3,090.9  3,146.8    220.7    199.4    228.1    214.8   7.1   6.3   7.4   6.8
  Flagstaff.............................     73.8     75.5     73.6     75.0      5.3      4.9      5.5      5.4   7.2   6.6   7.5   7.2
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     79.1     79.4     79.5     79.2      7.0      6.4      7.1      6.9   8.8   8.1   9.0   8.7
  Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale...............  2,104.8  2,164.2  2,099.8  2,154.3    130.5    117.0    132.5    123.7   6.2   5.4   6.3   5.7
  Prescott..............................     95.6     97.9     95.5     96.8      6.2      5.6      6.3      5.8   6.5   5.8   6.6   6.0
  Sierra Vista-Douglas..................     51.5     51.3     51.7     51.0      4.5      3.9      4.6      4.1   8.7   7.6   8.8   7.9
  Tucson................................    459.3    463.0    459.0    460.3     29.9     27.3     30.2     28.5   6.5   5.9   6.6   6.2
  Yuma..................................     94.8     93.7     98.8     98.1     22.5     21.4     26.1     26.1  23.7  22.8  26.4  26.6
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,315.7  1,353.5  1,315.1  1,348.7     81.9     75.9     86.2     78.6   6.2   5.6   6.6   5.8
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    241.0    250.9    244.0    252.0     11.3     10.6     12.3     10.9   4.7   4.2   5.0   4.3
  Fort Smith............................    120.3    122.3    120.3    122.3      7.5      7.2      7.6      7.3   6.3   5.9   6.3   5.9
  Hot Springs...........................     40.8     42.3     41.3     42.9      2.6      2.4      2.7      2.6   6.4   5.7   6.6   6.0
  Jonesboro.............................     59.4     62.9     60.1     63.4      3.5      3.2      3.6      3.3   5.9   5.1   6.1   5.2
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    343.0    353.1    347.9    361.3     19.1     17.4     20.2     18.5   5.6   4.9   5.8   5.1
  Pine Bluff............................     37.3     35.5     37.4     35.5      3.3      2.8      3.5      2.9   8.8   8.0   9.3   8.3
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,785.3 19,055.9 18,897.3 19,135.1  1,386.1  1,179.2  1,497.7  1,243.4   7.4   6.2   7.9   6.5
  Bakersfield...........................    392.1    396.0    398.4    398.6     40.5     39.1     41.0     39.7  10.3   9.9  10.3  10.0
  Chico.................................    102.4    102.3    101.2    102.4      8.8      7.2      9.3      7.6   8.6   7.0   9.2   7.5
  El Centro.............................     80.5     80.8     79.2     78.6     19.8     18.3     22.3     19.0  24.6  22.7  28.1  24.2
  Fresno................................    443.1    449.9    446.5    451.5     48.4     42.0     49.5     43.4  10.9   9.3  11.1   9.6
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     57.4     57.2     58.2     58.1      6.7      5.8      6.6      5.7  11.6  10.2  11.4   9.8
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim........  6,566.3  6,670.7  6,630.5  6,693.4    496.7    442.3    547.0    454.7   7.6   6.6   8.2   6.8
  Madera................................     63.1     63.1     62.5     62.0      6.6      5.9      6.8      6.1  10.4   9.4  10.9   9.9
  Merced................................    115.9    116.2    112.8    112.3     13.9     12.1     14.0     12.1  12.0  10.4  12.4  10.8
  Modesto...............................    241.5    241.7    245.2    242.9     26.7     22.4     27.2     22.9  11.0   9.3  11.1   9.4
  Napa..................................     74.9     75.0     75.1     75.6      3.8      3.0      4.2      3.3   5.1   4.1   5.6   4.4
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    431.1    431.5    430.2    429.3     27.4     22.8     30.3     25.2   6.4   5.3   7.0   5.9
  Redding...............................     75.5     75.2     75.1     74.7      7.0      5.5      7.2      5.8   9.2   7.3   9.7   7.8
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,910.1  1,940.0  1,916.7  1,947.2    155.9    126.3    170.1    138.4   8.2   6.5   8.9   7.1
  Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade...  1,055.4  1,061.9  1,053.9  1,066.1     73.4     59.6     78.6     64.3   7.0   5.6   7.5   6.0
  Salinas...............................    228.3    231.2    227.8    229.8     16.2     14.3     16.8     14.8   7.1   6.2   7.4   6.4
  San Diego-Carlsbad....................  1,545.4  1,565.9  1,554.9  1,581.5     98.6     77.9    106.8     85.1   6.4   5.0   6.9   5.4
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward.........  2,453.0  2,494.7  2,478.9  2,524.6    127.1    103.3    138.4    112.4   5.2   4.1   5.6   4.5
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........  1,022.8  1,063.0  1,025.5  1,069.6     53.9     42.9     58.2     46.4   5.3   4.0   5.7   4.3
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-                                                                                                          
    Arroyo Grande.......................    141.6    144.2    139.8    141.7      7.7      6.3      8.6      6.9   5.4   4.4   6.1   4.9
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    146.4    145.4    145.3    145.3     10.9      9.0     11.3      9.5   7.4   6.2   7.8   6.5
  Santa Maria-Santa Barbara.............    220.6    224.7    219.6    224.0     12.4     10.4     13.6     11.3   5.6   4.6   6.2   5.0
  Santa Rosa............................    257.8    259.9    259.6    261.3     14.2     11.2     15.3     12.1   5.5   4.3   5.9   4.6
  Stockton-Lodi.........................    310.7    311.6    311.8    313.2     32.1     26.6     33.2     27.8  10.3   8.5  10.6   8.9
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    203.6    205.9    205.0    207.8     14.9     12.1     15.9     13.0   7.3   5.9   7.8   6.2
  Visalia-Porterville...................    199.2    200.2    198.1    199.0     24.4     21.8     25.8     23.3  12.3  10.9  13.0  11.7
  Yuba City.............................     73.4     73.3     73.1     73.1      8.6      7.0      8.5      6.9  11.7   9.6  11.6   9.5
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,840.2  2,838.6  2,846.4  2,830.7    145.3    129.0    140.5    114.6   5.1   4.5   4.9   4.0
  Boulder...............................    177.1    175.7    177.7    174.7      7.6      6.7      7.4      5.8   4.3   3.8   4.2   3.3
  Colorado Springs......................    323.1    317.2    323.0    315.7     19.9     17.4     19.3     15.6   6.2   5.5   6.0   4.9
  Denver-Aurora-Lakewood................  1,505.6  1,504.9  1,510.6  1,505.0     74.0     64.6     72.1     57.8   4.9   4.3   4.8   3.8
  Fort Collins..........................    180.9    183.0    179.0    180.3      7.7      7.0      7.5      6.1   4.3   3.8   4.2   3.4
  Grand Junction........................     73.8     73.5     73.7     73.0      4.7      4.8      4.5      4.3   6.4   6.5   6.1   5.9
  Greeley...............................    146.2    150.5    146.6    149.9      6.9      6.9      6.6      6.1   4.7   4.6   4.5   4.1
  Pueblo................................     73.1     72.0     72.8     71.6      5.5      4.8      5.4      4.3   7.5   6.6   7.3   6.0
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,900.5  1,931.2  1,917.4  1,941.4    125.6    104.0    131.4    109.2   6.6   5.4   6.9   5.6
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    466.4    475.8    473.0    481.8     29.8     24.9     31.3     26.1   6.4   5.2   6.6   5.4
  Danbury...............................    107.3    108.8    108.4    109.5      5.5      4.6      6.0      5.0   5.1   4.3   5.5   4.6
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    618.2    629.3    622.9    631.9     41.2     34.0     43.3     36.0   6.7   5.4   7.0   5.7
  New Haven.............................    326.0    330.6    327.0    329.6     22.2     18.1     23.2     19.0   6.8   5.5   7.1   5.8
  Norwich-New London-Westerly...........    145.3    144.6    147.1    145.5     10.1      8.3     10.5      8.6   7.0   5.8   7.1   5.9
  Waterbury.............................    113.0    114.6    113.5    115.2      9.2      7.8      9.5      7.9   8.1   6.8   8.3   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    456.7    466.6    458.9    467.7     27.9     23.9     27.3     22.6   6.1   5.1   6.0   4.8
  Dover.................................     75.2     76.0     75.1     75.1      5.3      4.4      5.2      4.2   7.1   5.8   7.0   5.6
  Salisbury (1).........................    188.4    194.9    191.8    196.8     12.3     11.0     12.1     10.5   6.5   5.6   6.3   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    379.1    386.3    384.0    391.9     30.2     26.6     31.2     27.4   8.0   6.9   8.1   7.0
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,287.2  3,316.2  3,305.9  3,326.4    173.2    159.0    176.6    152.8   5.3   4.8   5.3   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,662.7  9,543.4  9,705.0  9,564.3    619.7    532.3    654.1    541.1   6.4   5.6   6.7   5.7
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    308.2    307.5    308.1    306.3     19.3     16.2     20.5     16.7   6.3   5.3   6.7   5.5
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....    125.1    122.4    125.9    122.6      6.3      5.4      6.7      5.6   5.0   4.4   5.3   4.6
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    283.2    280.1    285.5    279.3     19.6     16.6     20.7     16.9   6.9   5.9   7.2   6.1
  Gainesville...........................    135.5    133.3    136.1    133.9      7.7      6.6      8.1      6.6   5.6   5.0   5.9   5.0
  Homosassa Springs.....................     48.9     47.2     48.2     46.3      4.2      3.6      4.4      3.7   8.5   7.7   9.1   8.0
  Jacksonville..........................    726.3    713.9    731.6    721.6     46.7     39.5     49.4     40.1   6.4   5.5   6.8   5.6
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    281.1    278.2    281.3    278.8     20.5     17.6     22.1     18.5   7.3   6.3   7.9   6.6
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach.  3,003.1  2,961.1  3,017.3  2,975.2    192.7    170.1    201.2    169.5   6.4   5.7   6.7   5.7
  Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island.........    158.4    158.6    158.5    157.8      9.7      8.5     10.8      9.4   6.1   5.4   6.8   5.9
  North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton.........    336.9    334.1    338.0    334.3     19.8     16.9     21.3     17.8   5.9   5.1   6.3   5.3
  Ocala.................................    132.4    131.4    134.1    132.2      9.7      8.6     10.3      8.8   7.3   6.5   7.7   6.6
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,219.5  1,219.7  1,228.1  1,222.0     74.2     62.5     78.5     63.3   6.1   5.1   6.4   5.2
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    262.2    257.6    263.9    258.7     18.3     15.3     19.2     15.7   7.0   5.9   7.3   6.1
  Panama City...........................     97.4     94.5     97.8     95.1      5.8      5.0      6.1      5.0   6.0   5.2   6.3   5.3
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    217.2    213.7    219.3    215.2     13.6     11.6     14.3     11.7   6.3   5.4   6.5   5.5
  Port St. Lucie........................    200.5    197.0    200.2    196.8     15.3     12.2     16.3     12.9   7.6   6.2   8.1   6.5
  Punta Gorda...........................     67.0     65.7     66.5     65.7      4.5      3.8      4.9      4.1   6.7   5.9   7.3   6.2
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     61.8     60.0     61.9     59.8      5.1      4.3      5.5      4.6   8.3   7.2   8.9   7.7
  Sebring...............................     35.1     34.9     34.3     34.2      3.0      2.6      3.3      2.8   8.6   7.5   9.6   8.3
  Tallahassee...........................    188.4    184.7    189.8    185.0     11.6     10.1     12.3     10.2   6.1   5.5   6.5   5.5
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,452.3  1,435.9  1,458.3  1,433.5     89.5     75.8     94.2     77.0   6.2   5.3   6.5   5.4
  The Villages..........................     28.2     28.0     28.3     28.0      2.1      2.0      2.3      2.1   7.6   7.0   8.3   7.4
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,770.9  4,756.2  4,803.1  4,772.8    368.0    300.6    390.0    310.1   7.7   6.3   8.1   6.5
  Albany................................     66.6     64.6     66.3     64.3      6.0      4.9      6.3      5.1   9.0   7.6   9.5   8.0
  Athens-Clarke County..................     93.6     93.9     94.7     94.0      6.9      5.9      7.3      6.0   7.4   6.2   7.7   6.3
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell.........  2,817.2  2,819.1  2,838.3  2,839.7    205.9    169.2    216.5    173.9   7.3   6.0   7.6   6.1
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    256.3    256.9    257.4    258.5     20.2     17.6     21.5     18.3   7.9   6.8   8.4   7.1
  Brunswick.............................     50.7     50.5     51.1     50.7      4.1      3.3      4.4      3.5   8.2   6.6   8.7   6.8
  Columbus..............................    128.4    127.1    128.2    127.5     10.8      9.4     11.3      9.5   8.4   7.4   8.8   7.5
  Dalton................................     61.1     60.6     61.7     60.9      5.2      4.2      5.9      4.5   8.6   6.8   9.5   7.4
  Gainesville...........................     90.2     91.1     90.9     90.5      5.9      4.8      6.4      4.9   6.6   5.3   7.0   5.5
  Hinesville............................     32.1     31.7     32.5     31.4      2.6      2.1      2.8      2.2   8.3   6.7   8.6   6.9
  Macon.................................    105.1    102.8    105.2    102.6      8.7      7.1      9.1      7.2   8.3   6.9   8.7   7.0
  Rome..................................     43.4     42.5     43.6     42.6      3.7      3.0      4.1      3.2   8.6   7.1   9.5   7.6
  Savannah..............................    175.1    173.4    177.3    175.0     13.4     10.6     14.1     10.7   7.6   6.1   7.9   6.1
  Valdosta..............................     63.1     61.3     63.4     60.8      5.0      4.1      5.2      4.2   8.0   6.6   8.2   6.9
  Warner Robins.........................     82.4     79.5     82.2     79.4      6.5      5.4      6.9      5.5   7.9   6.7   8.3   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    672.5    679.5    674.4    673.2     33.6     29.8     30.1     21.9   5.0   4.4   4.5   3.3
  Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina...............     83.2     84.2     84.0     84.2      4.2      3.7      3.8      2.8   5.1   4.4   4.5   3.3
  Urban Honolulu........................    464.6    470.8    464.4    465.1     21.6     19.4     19.3     14.1   4.6   4.1   4.1   3.0
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    787.8    808.3    789.9    810.6     35.8     30.4     35.8     31.5   4.5   3.8   4.5   3.9
  Boise City............................    317.5    323.9    318.0    326.0     14.6     11.7     14.5     12.1   4.6   3.6   4.6   3.7
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     71.5     75.4     72.5     75.8      3.5      3.1      3.5      3.3   4.9   4.1   4.8   4.3
  Idaho Falls...........................     64.3     67.2     64.2     66.6      2.5      2.3      2.5      2.3   4.0   3.4   3.9   3.4
  Lewiston..............................     30.1     30.4     30.3     30.4      1.3      1.2      1.3      1.2   4.2   3.9   4.2   4.1
  Pocatello.............................     41.0     42.4     41.1     42.1      1.8      1.6      1.9      1.7   4.4   3.8   4.5   4.1
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,592.0  6,581.7  6,607.4  6,602.5    467.4    386.0    480.6    388.1   7.1   5.9   7.3   5.9
  Bloomington...........................     97.9     97.9     98.4     98.8      5.7      4.5      5.9      4.7   5.8   4.6   6.0   4.7
  Carbondale-Marion.....................     59.1     57.9     57.7     57.0      4.1      3.3      4.2      3.4   6.9   5.7   7.3   6.0
  Champaign-Urbana......................    115.2    116.1    116.0    117.3      7.2      5.7      7.6      5.9   6.2   4.9   6.6   5.0
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin..............  4,967.4  4,964.4  4,978.4  4,974.6    354.9    299.0    361.3    293.8   7.1   6.0   7.3   5.9
  Danville..............................     35.7     35.8     36.0     36.3      3.0      2.3      3.2      2.4   8.5   6.5   8.8   6.7
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island (1)......    197.5    192.7    200.0    193.8     11.9      9.8     12.6     10.0   6.0   5.1   6.3   5.1
  Decatur...............................     51.2     50.1     51.4     50.9      4.4      3.3      4.5      3.7   8.6   6.6   8.8   7.2
  Kankakee..............................     55.3     55.4     55.5     55.3      4.4      3.3      4.4      3.4   7.9   6.0   8.0   6.2
  Peoria................................    190.2    185.9    190.4    188.4     13.3     10.6     13.8     11.7   7.0   5.7   7.3   6.2
  Rockford..............................    170.3    169.5    171.3    172.1     13.4     10.3     14.4     12.2   7.9   6.1   8.4   7.1
  Springfield...........................    111.7    110.8    112.1    111.7      6.5      5.1      6.8      5.5   5.8   4.6   6.1   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,261.2  3,292.0  3,262.1  3,304.3    195.1    156.5    199.7    157.7   6.0   4.8   6.1   4.8
  Bloomington...........................     74.7     73.6     74.7     74.3      5.0      4.2      5.0      4.0   6.7   5.7   6.7   5.4
  Columbus..............................     43.3     43.6     43.4     44.3      1.9      1.6      1.9      1.6   4.4   3.7   4.4   3.6
  Elkhart-Goshen........................    104.8    106.1    103.2    106.4      5.4      4.1      5.4      4.1   5.1   3.9   5.3   3.9
  Evansville............................    159.9    160.9    160.9    162.3      8.8      6.9      8.7      6.9   5.5   4.3   5.4   4.3
  Fort Wayne............................    209.2    209.0    206.9    209.7     11.6      9.3     13.4      9.4   5.5   4.5   6.5   4.5
  Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson..........  1,003.6  1,017.7  1,010.1  1,027.2     57.3     45.3     58.2     45.4   5.7   4.5   5.8   4.4
  Kokomo................................     37.4     37.3     38.0     37.5      2.4      1.9      2.5      1.8   6.3   5.0   6.6   4.9
  Lafayette-West Lafayette..............    104.3    104.4    102.6    104.4      5.8      4.9      5.7      4.9   5.6   4.7   5.6   4.7
  Michigan City-La Porte................     49.6     49.3     49.3     49.5      3.5      2.8      3.5      2.9   7.1   5.7   7.2   5.8
  Muncie................................     53.3     53.6     53.7     54.0      4.0      3.2      4.2      3.1   7.5   6.0   7.9   5.8
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    153.7    153.6    152.0    153.2     10.3      7.8     10.6      7.9   6.7   5.1   7.0   5.1
  Terre Haute...........................     76.9     76.1     77.6     76.7      6.0      4.7      6.1      4.8   7.9   6.1   7.9   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,716.3  1,713.1  1,722.2  1,717.8     74.3     62.7     72.8     59.6   4.3   3.7   4.2   3.5
  Ames..................................     54.5     54.8     54.6     55.0      1.9      1.7      1.8      1.5   3.4   3.1   3.3   2.7
  Cedar Rapids..........................    146.8    143.8    146.8    143.4      6.6      5.3      6.6      5.2   4.5   3.7   4.5   3.6
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    343.2    344.0    343.9    345.2     14.2     11.8     13.8     11.1   4.1   3.4   4.0   3.2
  Dubuque...............................     55.9     55.0     55.7     55.4      2.3      2.0      2.2      1.8   4.1   3.6   3.9   3.3
  Iowa City.............................     96.6     95.8     96.9     96.9      3.4      2.8      3.4      2.7   3.5   2.9   3.5   2.8
  Sioux City............................     94.0     95.3     94.9     95.7      4.2      3.6      4.0      3.4   4.4   3.8   4.3   3.6
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     92.4     91.0     93.1     91.1      4.3      4.0      4.2      3.7   4.6   4.4   4.5   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,518.4  1,489.9  1,522.1  1,493.2     72.5     69.6     77.0     75.6   4.8   4.7   5.1   5.1
  Lawrence..............................     62.7     62.4     63.9     63.4      2.9      2.7      3.0      3.0   4.7   4.4   4.7   4.8
  Manhattan.............................     47.2     46.7     46.9     47.2      2.0      1.9      2.0      2.1   4.2   4.1   4.4   4.4
  Topeka................................    124.6    121.3    126.6    123.4      6.1      5.6      6.4      6.2   4.9   4.6   5.0   5.0
  Wichita...............................    313.6    306.0    317.3    309.3     17.4     15.9     18.9     17.6   5.5   5.2   6.0   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,038.7  1,993.9  2,018.9  1,967.4    137.0    106.7    134.0    110.9   6.7   5.4   6.6   5.6
  Bowling Green.........................     79.2     77.3     77.3     75.6      5.0      3.9      4.8      3.9   6.3   5.1   6.2   5.2
  Elizabethtown-Fort Knox...............     65.7     64.4     65.1     63.9      4.3      3.4      4.1      3.5   6.5   5.3   6.4   5.5
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    262.6    261.6    258.7    253.9     14.0     11.0     13.7     11.0   5.3   4.2   5.3   4.3
  Louisville/Jefferson County...........    639.6    632.3    640.5    632.5     38.8     29.5     38.0     32.7   6.1   4.7   5.9   5.2
  Owensboro.............................     55.4     53.7     54.6     53.0      3.4      2.9      3.2      2.6   6.1   5.4   5.9   4.9
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,184.5  2,233.2  2,202.0  2,218.5    153.5    156.1    158.8    145.6   7.0   7.0   7.2   6.6
  Alexandria............................     67.8     69.2     68.4     68.4      5.1      5.1      5.2      4.6   7.5   7.3   7.7   6.8
  Baton Rouge...........................    418.7    432.8    422.4    430.1     27.5     26.7     28.2     24.7   6.6   6.2   6.7   5.7
  Hammond...............................     54.8     56.3     55.2     55.9      4.7      4.5      4.8      4.1   8.6   8.0   8.7   7.4
  Houma-Thibodaux.......................    104.7    106.6    106.6    107.0      5.5      6.4      5.8      6.0   5.3   6.0   5.5   5.6
  Lafayette.............................    235.2    241.3    238.2    240.0     13.9     16.5     14.5     15.4   5.9   6.8   6.1   6.4
  Lake Charles..........................     98.7    105.3    100.0    105.2      6.4      6.1      6.6      5.8   6.5   5.8   6.6   5.5
  Monroe................................     82.4     83.4     83.4     82.9      6.4      6.3      6.5      5.7   7.8   7.5   7.8   6.9
  New Orleans-Metairie..................    608.1    614.3    610.1    608.3     41.9     41.2     43.9     38.9   6.9   6.7   7.2   6.4
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    199.7    201.2    201.1    201.5     15.4     15.6     15.8     14.5   7.7   7.7   7.8   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    709.2    703.0    715.9    705.2     37.9     32.2     37.9     28.1   5.3   4.6   5.3   4.0
  Bangor................................     71.6     70.0     70.8     69.6      3.7      3.2      3.9      2.9   5.2   4.5   5.5   4.1
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     57.0     56.1     56.5     55.8      3.0      2.4      3.0      2.2   5.3   4.3   5.3   3.9
  Portland-South Portland...............    205.5    206.4    205.6    206.2      9.0      7.6      9.0      6.6   4.4   3.7   4.4   3.2
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,141.5  3,182.0  3,167.1  3,196.2    191.3    177.2    196.3    173.1   6.1   5.6   6.2   5.4
  Baltimore-Columbia-Towson.............  1,467.2  1,486.5  1,478.2  1,497.2     94.3     87.4     97.3     86.3   6.4   5.9   6.6   5.8
  California-Lexington Park.............     54.6     55.5     54.8     55.4      3.2      3.0      3.4      3.1   5.8   5.4   6.2   5.6
  Cumberland............................     45.2     44.8     45.8     44.9      3.5      3.3      3.5      3.2   7.7   7.3   7.6   7.1
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    129.3    129.8    130.0    129.6      7.9      7.4      7.9      7.3   6.1   5.7   6.1   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,596.0  3,667.8  3,609.2  3,644.4    214.8    179.9    217.8    180.1   6.0   4.9   6.0   4.9
  Barnstable Town.......................    130.8    130.4    137.4    133.6      7.5      6.4      7.4      6.2   5.7   4.9   5.4   4.7
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua...............  2,633.3  2,688.8  2,637.8  2,672.2    144.7    122.0    146.1    121.3   5.5   4.5   5.5   4.5
  Leominster-Gardner....................     76.6     77.9     76.5     77.0      5.5      4.6      5.7      4.7   7.2   5.9   7.5   6.1
  New Bedford...........................     84.2     84.7     84.2     84.0      7.1      5.9      7.3      6.1   8.5   7.0   8.6   7.2
  Pittsfield............................     44.8     45.3     45.6     45.6      2.9      2.3      2.9      2.3   6.5   5.1   6.4   5.2
  Springfield...........................    365.7    371.7    365.9    367.2     26.0     21.8     26.7     22.5   7.1   5.9   7.3   6.1
  Worcester.............................    347.2    356.9    346.7    352.5     22.4     18.6     22.8     18.8   6.4   5.2   6.6   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,817.1  4,801.8  4,834.6  4,806.1    369.2    279.9    418.3    293.2   7.7   5.8   8.7   6.1
  Ann Arbor.............................    187.2    187.8    186.3    187.0     10.3      8.2     11.8      8.3   5.5   4.3   6.3   4.5
  Battle Creek..........................     65.5     66.0     64.5     65.7      4.3      3.6      5.0      3.8   6.6   5.4   7.7   5.7
  Bay City..............................     54.1     53.5     53.8     53.0      4.0      3.2      4.5      3.2   7.4   5.9   8.3   6.0
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn...............  2,037.1  2,015.0  2,064.1  2,030.8    182.3    132.0    204.4    142.3   8.9   6.6   9.9   7.0
  Flint.................................    187.4    185.9    186.4    184.5     14.9     11.7     17.4     12.5   8.0   6.3   9.3   6.8
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    552.5    565.5    548.4    563.6     30.0     23.7     34.7     23.7   5.4   4.2   6.3   4.2
  Jackson...............................     74.7     73.4     73.9     73.2      5.2      4.2      5.8      4.4   6.9   5.7   7.9   6.0
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    165.6    165.9    164.3    164.5     10.7      8.5     11.9      8.6   6.5   5.1   7.2   5.2
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    240.8    240.0    240.2    239.0     15.0     12.0     18.3     12.1   6.2   5.0   7.6   5.1
  Midland...............................     42.4     42.0     42.0     41.7      2.7      2.2      3.0      2.2   6.3   5.2   7.2   5.2
  Monroe................................     76.3     76.7     76.6     76.3      4.7      3.7      5.9      4.0   6.2   4.8   7.7   5.3
  Muskegon..............................     78.5     78.4     78.9     78.8      6.1      4.8      7.1      4.9   7.7   6.1   9.0   6.3
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     75.6     75.2     75.5     75.1      5.3      4.1      5.8      4.2   7.0   5.5   7.7   5.6
  Saginaw...............................     90.5     89.7     90.0     89.3      7.1      5.4      8.0      5.5   7.8   6.0   8.8   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,998.6  3,036.7  3,010.3  3,041.7    124.3    119.6    120.1    116.0   4.1   3.9   4.0   3.8
  Duluth................................    144.3    145.1    143.7    144.5      7.6      7.7      7.3      7.3   5.2   5.3   5.1   5.1
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     58.2     59.0     57.6     57.9      2.1      1.9      2.0      1.8   3.6   3.3   3.5   3.2
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,935.5  1,948.0  1,943.7  1,962.1     78.3     73.2     76.0     71.7   4.0   3.8   3.9   3.7
  Rochester.............................    117.9    118.2    119.7    119.1      4.3      4.1      4.2      3.9   3.6   3.5   3.5   3.3
  St. Cloud.............................    108.3    108.9    108.8    109.0      4.4      4.3      4.2      4.1   4.1   4.0   3.9   3.7
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,250.8  1,278.8  1,254.3  1,290.3    106.0     89.7    109.1     88.8   8.5   7.0   8.7   6.9
  Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula............    165.0    166.5    164.7    167.5     13.0     11.4     13.2     11.2   7.9   6.8   8.0   6.7
  Hattiesburg...........................     63.8     65.2     63.2     65.5      4.7      4.1      4.7      4.1   7.4   6.3   7.4   6.2
  Jackson...............................    260.9    270.3    260.6    272.7     18.3     15.4     19.0     15.2   7.0   5.7   7.3   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,094.6  3,110.5  3,088.3  3,112.0    195.4    179.2    202.5    184.0   6.3   5.8   6.6   5.9
  Cape Girardeau........................     49.7     48.8     48.5     47.6      3.2      2.7      3.2      2.7   6.4   5.6   6.5   5.8
  Columbia..............................     96.8     98.5     97.6     99.7      4.6      4.4      4.5      4.3   4.7   4.4   4.7   4.3
  Jefferson City........................     77.1     76.5     77.4     77.1      4.3      3.8      4.3      4.0   5.5   5.0   5.6   5.2
  Joplin................................     87.1     88.7     86.8     89.4      5.0      4.6      5.2      4.7   5.7   5.2   5.9   5.3
  Kansas City...........................  1,116.6  1,113.2  1,128.2  1,128.3     63.5     58.7     68.7     62.3   5.7   5.3   6.1   5.5
  St. Joseph............................     66.6     65.4     67.1     65.6      3.8      3.5      3.9      3.6   5.7   5.4   5.8   5.5
  St. Louis (2).........................  1,472.1  1,477.1  1,477.7  1,483.6     95.4     82.3     98.7     84.6   6.5   5.6   6.7   5.7
  Springfield...........................    229.5    230.9    231.4    232.2     12.5     11.9     12.5     11.9   5.4   5.1   5.4   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    524.1    531.3    527.6    535.5     24.1     21.2     22.2     20.5   4.6   4.0   4.2   3.8
  Billings..............................     86.3     89.3     86.1     89.3      3.3      3.0      3.2      2.9   3.9   3.3   3.7   3.2
  Great Falls...........................     39.2     38.9     38.2     38.2      1.7      1.5      1.5      1.5   4.3   3.9   4.0   4.0
  Missoula..............................     61.1     62.0     59.6     60.5      2.7      2.3      2.4      2.2   4.3   3.7   4.1   3.7
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,033.8  1,017.4  1,038.9  1,020.5     36.3     30.4     38.2     31.1   3.5   3.0   3.7   3.0
  Grand Island..........................     45.7     44.9     46.8     45.6      1.6      1.4      2.6      2.2   3.5   3.1   5.6   4.9
  Lincoln...............................    178.9    176.5    180.6    178.5      5.7      4.6      5.8      4.5   3.2   2.6   3.2   2.5
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    484.6    478.6    488.0    482.4     18.7     15.5     18.8     15.5   3.9   3.2   3.9   3.2
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,396.9  1,428.5  1,400.9  1,435.7    110.7     99.1    110.6     99.2   7.9   6.9   7.9   6.9
  Carson City...........................     25.2     25.2     25.3     25.5      2.1      1.8      2.0      1.8   8.4   7.3   8.1   7.2
  Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise..........  1,019.4  1,049.7  1,022.5  1,054.9     81.9     73.6     82.3     74.2   8.0   7.0   8.0   7.0
  Reno..................................    224.8    230.4    225.7    231.1     16.9     14.8     16.6     14.5   7.5   6.4   7.3   6.3
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    747.5    754.2    753.8    759.0     31.8     26.8     31.2     27.2   4.3   3.5   4.1   3.6
  Dover-Durham..........................     81.9     82.4     82.1     82.7      3.4      2.7      3.4      2.8   4.1   3.3   4.1   3.4
  Manchester............................    114.9    117.6    115.0    116.8      4.9      4.0      4.7      4.1   4.3   3.4   4.1   3.5
  Portsmouth............................     73.8     74.1     74.1     74.8      2.8      2.4      2.7      2.3   3.8   3.2   3.7   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,556.8  4,565.8  4,588.6  4,591.4    296.7    254.2    325.1    286.5   6.5   5.6   7.1   6.2
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    135.2    133.0    137.3    134.4     12.5     11.6     13.2     12.2   9.2   8.7   9.6   9.1
  Ocean City............................     55.8     55.4     59.5     58.1      4.6      4.3      4.7      4.3   8.3   7.8   8.0   7.3
  Trenton...............................    195.0    198.0    197.3    199.6     11.4      9.7     12.6     11.3   5.8   4.9   6.4   5.7
  Vineland-Bridgeton....................     67.6     66.9     66.0     66.4      6.2      5.5      6.8      6.2   9.1   8.3  10.3   9.3
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    922.1    933.9    923.9    927.5     67.7     66.9     66.2     65.7   7.3   7.2   7.2   7.1
  Albuquerque...........................    413.6    421.2    415.5    418.5     29.8     28.5     29.4     28.0   7.2   6.8   7.1   6.7
  Farmington............................     55.4     56.9     54.8     56.1      4.0      4.4      3.9      4.4   7.3   7.7   7.2   7.9
  Las Cruces............................     93.0     92.9     92.1     91.6      7.5      7.6      7.2      7.3   8.1   8.2   7.8   8.0
  Santa Fe..............................     71.8     71.3     71.6     71.4      4.3      4.2      4.2      4.2   6.0   5.9   5.8   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,641.6  9,745.7  9,685.3  9,756.2    597.0    509.7    629.7    529.1   6.2   5.2   6.5   5.4
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    451.0    452.7    448.8    451.8     22.3     20.4     23.3     21.7   5.0   4.5   5.2   4.8
  Binghamton............................    114.5    112.4    112.7    111.4      7.2      6.5      7.3      6.7   6.3   5.8   6.5   6.0
  Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls.....    556.1    560.5    555.3    560.3     33.4     29.6     35.3     32.4   6.0   5.3   6.4   5.8
  Elmira................................     39.0     38.9     38.5     38.6      2.4      2.3      2.4      2.4   6.1   5.8   6.2   6.1
  Glens Falls...........................     63.9     63.7     64.3     64.7      3.4      2.9      3.5      3.1   5.4   4.6   5.4   4.7
  Ithaca................................     52.2     51.8     52.0     52.6      2.5      2.4      2.6      2.5   4.7   4.6   5.0   4.7
  Kingston..............................     90.0     89.9     89.8     89.3      5.1      4.3      5.3      4.7   5.6   4.8   5.9   5.3
  New York-Newark-Jersey City........... 10,001.4 10,108.1 10,077.7 10,142.0    634.4    533.8    681.8    568.3   6.3   5.3   6.8   5.6
  Rochester.............................    530.3    535.6    526.6    530.2     30.3     27.2     31.3     28.6   5.7   5.1   5.9   5.4
  Syracuse..............................    315.2    314.8    314.8    314.2     19.0     16.9     19.2     17.7   6.0   5.4   6.1   5.6
  Utica-Rome............................    134.1    134.6    135.2    135.0      7.9      7.0      8.1      7.4   5.9   5.2   6.0   5.5
  Watertown-Fort Drum...................     48.1     47.2     48.6     48.0      3.3      2.8      3.3      3.0   6.8   5.9   6.8   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,689.5  4,776.2  4,706.7  4,803.7    300.2    291.2    316.2    302.1   6.4   6.1   6.7   6.3
  Asheville.............................    213.6    218.8    214.7    220.1     10.6     10.8     11.2     11.2   4.9   5.0   5.2   5.1
  Burlington............................     76.1     78.5     76.8     78.7      4.5      4.5      4.8      4.7   5.9   5.7   6.3   5.9
  Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia............  1,196.5  1,230.8  1,198.4  1,237.4     75.7     72.0     79.1     73.8   6.3   5.8   6.6   6.0
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    273.9    280.2    277.0    283.9     14.2     15.1     15.6     15.8   5.2   5.4   5.6   5.6
  Fayetteville..........................    147.3    146.8    145.0    145.0     12.0     11.5     12.6     12.0   8.2   7.8   8.7   8.2
  Goldsboro.............................     54.4     54.3     53.8     53.7      3.5      3.5      3.7      3.7   6.4   6.5   6.9   6.8
  Greensboro-High Point.................    357.8    368.8    358.5    368.7     24.7     23.1     25.9     24.1   6.9   6.3   7.2   6.5
  Greenville............................     86.3     87.2     86.6     87.7      6.0      6.0      6.3      6.1   6.9   6.8   7.3   7.0
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    165.8    166.5    167.7    167.9     11.1     10.3     11.6     10.6   6.7   6.2   6.9   6.3
  Jacksonville..........................     64.1     65.1     64.3     65.6      3.9      4.1      4.1      4.2   6.1   6.2   6.4   6.4
  New Bern..............................     51.6     51.4     51.5     51.7      3.6      3.3      3.7      3.4   6.9   6.5   7.2   6.6
  Raleigh...............................    631.9    650.6    644.1    660.5     32.6     33.2     35.2     34.7   5.2   5.1   5.5   5.3
  Rocky Mount...........................     66.9     66.1     66.9     66.2      6.1      5.9      6.4      6.0   9.1   8.9   9.5   9.1
  Wilmington............................    135.9    138.5    136.6    140.2      8.4      7.9      8.8      8.3   6.2   5.7   6.5   5.9
  Winston-Salem.........................    314.1    320.7    314.1    321.8     19.6     18.7     20.5     19.5   6.2   5.8   6.5   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    426.1    422.6    426.0    418.3     12.8     13.5     11.0     10.7   3.0   3.2   2.6   2.6
  Bismarck..............................     68.0     67.6     68.7     68.3      1.9      1.9      1.7      1.6   2.8   2.9   2.4   2.3
  Fargo.................................    130.0    129.3    131.2    129.5      3.8      3.5      3.4      3.1   2.9   2.7   2.6   2.4
  Grand Forks...........................     54.8     55.2     54.3     54.0      2.1      2.0      1.8      1.7   3.8   3.5   3.4   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,758.1  5,782.9  5,800.2  5,802.2    338.5    298.0    354.6    289.5   5.9   5.2   6.1   5.0
  Akron.................................    360.3    356.6    363.2    360.3     21.0     17.7     21.8     17.6   5.8   5.0   6.0   4.9
  Canton-Massillon......................    204.1    204.1    205.9    205.3     11.7     10.4     12.0     10.6   5.7   5.1   5.8   5.2
  Cincinnati............................  1,087.9  1,092.4  1,093.1  1,095.4     60.6     50.1     62.5     50.0   5.6   4.6   5.7   4.6
  Cleveland-Elyria......................  1,056.6  1,058.6  1,072.4  1,069.5     69.4     67.9     71.7     59.9   6.6   6.4   6.7   5.6
  Columbus..............................  1,031.6  1,045.6  1,036.7  1,051.0     52.1     44.2     53.7     43.8   5.1   4.2   5.2   4.2
  Dayton................................    384.4    382.1    386.4    384.1     22.7     18.9     23.8     18.9   5.9   4.9   6.2   4.9
  Lima..................................     48.7     49.6     48.7     49.1      2.8      2.4      3.1      2.4   5.7   4.8   6.3   4.9
  Mansfield.............................     55.2     54.7     55.9     54.5      3.5      2.9      3.8      2.9   6.4   5.3   6.9   5.3
  Springfield...........................     66.1     66.2     65.7     65.9      3.7      3.2      4.2      3.4   5.6   4.8   6.3   5.1
  Toledo................................    299.7    304.4    301.0    305.1     18.6     15.4     19.4     15.2   6.2   5.1   6.5   5.0
  Weirton-Steubenville (1)..............     54.2     53.9     53.8     53.9      4.2      4.1      4.3      4.3   7.8   7.6   8.0   7.9
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    255.7    254.1    257.0    255.9     17.2     15.2     18.4     15.6   6.7   6.0   7.2   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,797.9  1,867.2  1,790.9  1,848.1     86.2     89.8     81.4     83.6   4.8   4.8   4.5   4.5
  Lawton................................     52.6     52.5     51.9     51.8      2.6      2.6      2.4      2.3   4.9   4.9   4.7   4.5
  Oklahoma City.........................    650.3    675.7    650.7    673.9     28.2     28.9     26.3     26.4   4.3   4.3   4.0   3.9
  Tulsa.................................    467.6    477.8    468.7    475.7     22.0     22.8     20.7     21.5   4.7   4.8   4.4   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,951.0  1,936.9  1,966.6  1,956.1    132.7    111.8    137.8    122.4   6.8   5.8   7.0   6.3
  Albany................................     54.2     53.4     54.6     53.0      4.4      3.7      4.5      4.0   8.1   6.9   8.3   7.6
  Bend-Redmond..........................     81.3     81.3     82.5     82.2      6.0      4.7      6.1      5.1   7.4   5.8   7.4   6.2
  Corvallis.............................     45.1     44.4     42.8     42.5      2.5      2.1      2.6      2.3   5.5   4.8   6.1   5.5
  Eugene................................    169.7    168.3    168.7    167.1     11.8     10.3     12.3     11.4   7.0   6.1   7.3   6.8
  Grants Pass...........................     33.2     32.9     33.3     32.7      3.1      2.6      3.2      2.8   9.2   7.8   9.6   8.6
  Medford...............................     97.0     95.4     96.8     95.6      8.2      6.8      8.6      7.4   8.4   7.1   8.8   7.7
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,196.4  1,197.3  1,204.8  1,208.8     74.8     65.1     77.5     70.6   6.3   5.4   6.4   5.8
  Salem.................................    186.4    184.9    187.5    185.6     13.5     11.3     14.1     12.4   7.2   6.1   7.5   6.7
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,438.4  6,480.1  6,481.1  6,524.4    387.8    360.9    414.6    384.2   6.0   5.6   6.4   5.9
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    432.1    433.4    430.5    432.2     26.7     24.0     28.6     25.9   6.2   5.5   6.6   6.0
  Altoona...............................     61.9     61.4     61.9     61.8      3.4      3.5      3.7      3.5   5.6   5.7   6.0   5.6
  Bloomsburg-Berwick....................     42.9     43.0     43.6     43.8      2.6      2.5      2.8      2.6   6.1   5.7   6.4   5.9
  Chambersburg-Waynesboro...............     76.5     77.2     77.1     77.2      4.2      3.9      4.5      4.2   5.5   5.1   5.8   5.4
  East Stroudsburg......................     80.3     80.0     81.5     80.8      6.0      5.3      6.4      5.7   7.4   6.6   7.9   7.0
  Erie..................................    135.6    135.5    136.5    136.6      8.6      7.9      9.0      8.1   6.4   5.8   6.6   5.9
  Gettysburg............................     55.1     55.5     55.6     55.6      2.7      2.6      2.9      2.6   4.8   4.7   5.1   4.7
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    292.2    297.0    295.8    300.7     15.4     14.1     16.1     14.7   5.3   4.7   5.5   4.9
  Johnstown.............................     63.8     62.9     63.4     63.4      4.8      4.6      4.9      4.8   7.6   7.3   7.8   7.5
  Lancaster.............................    273.3    276.8    277.4    280.2     13.3     12.6     14.4     13.3   4.8   4.5   5.2   4.7
  Lebanon...............................     70.7     70.0     71.4     70.5      3.7      3.5      3.9      3.6   5.3   5.0   5.5   5.1
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  3,043.6  3,056.5  3,061.2  3,073.9    192.6    172.0    207.9    186.3   6.3   5.6   6.8   6.1
  Pittsburgh............................  1,227.4  1,242.4  1,231.6  1,252.8     72.0     68.0     76.6     72.4   5.9   5.5   6.2   5.8
  Reading...............................    211.8    213.0    213.4    214.3     12.2     11.3     12.7     11.8   5.8   5.3   5.9   5.5
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton......    280.4    284.5    280.9    288.3     19.8     18.1     21.3     19.6   7.1   6.4   7.6   6.8
  State College.........................     74.8     75.5     76.1     76.6      3.5      3.4      3.8      3.5   4.7   4.5   4.9   4.6
  Williamsport..........................     61.2     61.1     61.7     61.1      3.8      3.8      3.9      3.9   6.1   6.2   6.3   6.4
  York-Hanover..........................    232.9    233.6    234.3    233.4     12.9     12.2     14.7     12.6   5.5   5.2   6.3   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    556.8    562.1    562.1    567.3     40.6     31.5     44.0     32.9   7.3   5.6   7.8   5.8
  Providence-Warwick....................    684.2    691.9    688.5    695.4     49.5     38.7     53.1     40.3   7.2   5.6   7.7   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,229.2  2,284.9  2,233.2  2,283.7    148.1    152.1    154.7    146.7   6.6   6.7   6.9   6.4
  Charleston-North Charleston...........    354.1    362.6    355.5    363.2     20.4     21.0     21.2     20.2   5.8   5.8   6.0   5.6
  Columbia..............................    386.7    394.9    388.4    394.7     24.0     24.7     24.8     24.0   6.2   6.3   6.4   6.1
  Florence..............................     94.0     95.0     94.1     94.7      7.2      7.4      7.7      7.1   7.6   7.8   8.1   7.5
  Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin...........    407.0    418.1    405.8    417.2     24.4     25.3     25.1     23.9   6.0   6.1   6.2   5.7
  Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort..     82.4     84.1     83.2     84.4      4.8      5.1      5.0      5.0   5.9   6.0   6.1   5.9
  Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach    190.9    194.5    191.9    195.5     12.9     13.4     13.1     12.8   6.8   6.9   6.8   6.6
  Spartanburg...........................    147.8    151.0    147.5    150.2     10.3     10.4     10.7      9.9   7.0   6.9   7.2   6.6
  Sumter................................     44.5     44.5     44.6     44.6      3.4      3.5      3.6      3.4   7.7   7.8   8.0   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    456.1    462.0    457.1    462.7     14.7     16.0     13.7     15.2   3.2   3.5   3.0   3.3
  Rapid City............................     73.7     74.5     73.8     74.8      2.3      2.6      2.1      2.4   3.1   3.4   2.8   3.2
  Sioux Falls...........................    142.0    143.9    143.7    145.9      3.8      4.1      3.5      3.8   2.7   2.9   2.4   2.6
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,051.7  3,129.1  3,049.8  3,110.4    217.1    196.9    225.5    198.2   7.1   6.3   7.4   6.4
  Chattanooga...........................    251.2    257.2    253.1    256.6     17.7     15.9     18.9     16.1   7.0   6.2   7.5   6.3
  Clarksville...........................    108.6    111.0    108.2    110.2      8.1      7.1      8.4      7.3   7.5   6.4   7.8   6.6
  Cleveland.............................     56.2     56.2     55.8     56.2      4.0      3.6      4.1      3.6   7.0   6.5   7.4   6.5
  Jackson...............................     62.2     63.2     62.1     63.1      4.7      4.2      4.7      4.3   7.5   6.7   7.6   6.7
  Johnson City..........................     88.3     90.1     88.7     89.6      6.6      6.1      6.9      6.1   7.4   6.7   7.7   6.8
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    140.7    141.7    140.4    141.2      9.8      8.8     10.1      8.9   7.0   6.2   7.2   6.3
  Knoxville.............................    403.6    419.6    404.3    415.8     27.1     24.7     27.9     24.7   6.7   5.9   6.9   5.9
  Memphis...............................    616.5    627.2    615.9    626.4     49.8     43.9     50.8     44.1   8.1   7.0   8.2   7.0
  Morristown............................     49.3     50.4     49.6     50.3      3.8      3.5      3.9      3.5   7.7   6.9   7.8   6.9
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                    
    Franklin............................    917.0    954.3    917.2    947.8     52.3     48.4     55.2     48.6   5.7   5.1   6.0   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 13,162.1 13,097.7 13,178.7 13,081.5    714.8    580.0    728.3    597.4   5.4   4.4   5.5   4.6
  Abilene...............................     77.4     75.9     77.3     75.5      3.7      3.0      3.7      3.0   4.7   4.0   4.8   4.0
  Amarillo..............................    132.6    130.2    132.4    129.3      5.3      4.2      5.5      4.3   4.0   3.2   4.1   3.4
  Austin-Round Rock.....................  1,055.2  1,057.0  1,055.6  1,055.5     46.5     35.4     47.8     36.5   4.4   3.3   4.5   3.5
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    180.8    180.1    181.2    180.4     14.5     11.3     15.1     11.9   8.0   6.3   8.4   6.6
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    169.4    165.1    168.9    164.1     14.8     11.6     14.8     11.6   8.7   7.0   8.8   7.1
  College Station-Bryan.................    117.9    115.6    117.2    114.4      5.5      4.6      5.7      4.5   4.7   3.9   4.8   4.0
  Corpus Christi........................    212.7    211.0    212.7    209.8     11.8     10.5     12.0     10.8   5.5   5.0   5.6   5.1
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,568.0  3,577.9  3,579.7  3,577.3    189.8    143.9    192.8    147.4   5.3   4.0   5.4   4.1
  El Paso...............................    350.0    339.3    347.5    338.4     24.4     18.1     24.6     18.5   7.0   5.3   7.1   5.5
  Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land......  3,263.9  3,243.6  3,278.2  3,252.6    172.0    146.1    175.4    152.9   5.3   4.5   5.4   4.7
  Killeen-Temple........................    170.6    167.0    170.3    167.1     10.6      7.9     10.7      8.1   6.2   4.7   6.3   4.9
  Laredo................................    112.0    111.8    112.0    112.0      6.4      5.6      6.4      5.6   5.7   5.0   5.8   5.0
  Longview..............................    105.4    105.4    105.4    104.8      5.5      5.2      5.6      5.4   5.2   4.9   5.3   5.1
  Lubbock...............................    154.7    153.4    155.3    153.2      7.0      5.7      7.2      5.9   4.5   3.7   4.7   3.8
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    336.3    333.2    330.9    327.5     31.1     26.1     31.3     26.6   9.3   7.8   9.5   8.1
  Midland...............................     93.9     96.3     96.0     97.0      3.0      3.2      3.0      3.2   3.2   3.4   3.2   3.3
  Odessa................................     82.6     85.0     83.8     85.4      3.1      3.7      3.2      3.8   3.8   4.4   3.8   4.5
  San Angelo............................     55.6     55.3     55.7     55.0      2.4      2.4      2.5      2.4   4.4   4.3   4.5   4.3
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,103.1  1,099.4  1,104.9  1,100.4     54.5     42.2     55.8     43.3   4.9   3.8   5.0   3.9
  Sherman-Denison.......................     61.3     60.0     61.3     59.9      3.1      2.4      3.2      2.5   5.1   4.0   5.2   4.2
  Texarkana.............................     65.3     64.4     64.4     63.5      4.2      3.3      4.3      3.5   6.4   5.2   6.6   5.4
  Tyler.................................    103.5    101.9    103.5    101.6      5.6      4.5      5.7      4.9   5.4   4.5   5.5   4.8
  Victoria..............................     50.3     50.3     50.1     50.3      2.3      2.1      2.3      2.2   4.6   4.2   4.7   4.3
  Waco..................................    120.1    117.9    121.3    117.8      6.9      5.1      7.1      5.3   5.7   4.3   5.9   4.5
  Wichita Falls.........................     67.0     64.5     66.9     63.9      3.6      2.9      3.6      2.9   5.4   4.4   5.4   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,437.5  1,474.5  1,439.7  1,480.7     58.9     55.5     57.7     57.9   4.1   3.8   4.0   3.9
  Logan.................................     65.0     66.8     63.2     65.1      2.4      2.2      2.3      2.3   3.6   3.3   3.6   3.5
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    301.9    309.4    304.7    312.0     12.6     11.8     12.6     12.5   4.2   3.8   4.1   4.0
  Provo-Orem............................    259.4    271.7    259.1    272.5     10.4      9.7      9.8      9.9   4.0   3.6   3.8   3.6
  St. George............................     62.0     62.0     61.8     62.0      2.8      2.7      2.7      2.7   4.6   4.3   4.4   4.4
  Salt Lake City........................    608.8    623.3    611.7    627.6     24.3     22.2     24.0     23.1   4.0   3.6   3.9   3.7
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    353.0    353.2    354.2    354.8     14.5     12.6     14.5     12.8   4.1   3.6   4.1   3.6
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    125.4    129.2    126.2    131.0      4.3      3.8      4.4      3.9   3.4   2.9   3.5   3.0
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,298.7  4,284.6  4,308.2  4,287.1    231.1    214.3    236.0    202.8   5.4   5.0   5.5   4.7
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     89.6     90.4     90.2     90.9      5.4      5.1      5.6      4.6   6.0   5.6   6.3   5.1
  Charlottesville.......................    115.4    116.2    114.2    114.8      5.7      5.4      5.8      4.9   4.9   4.6   5.0   4.3
  Harrisonburg..........................     65.0     65.6     65.2     65.2      3.8      3.6      3.8      3.3   5.8   5.5   5.8   5.0
  Lynchburg.............................    125.4    124.4    126.7    124.5      7.5      7.2      7.7      6.6   6.0   5.8   6.1   5.3
  Richmond..............................    661.9    654.7    663.6    654.1     37.5     34.7     38.6     33.5   5.7   5.3   5.8   5.1
  Roanoke...............................    162.6    159.8    162.4    159.1      8.8      8.1      9.0      7.6   5.4   5.1   5.5   4.8
  Staunton-Waynesboro...................     59.8     59.4     59.7     59.1      3.0      2.9      3.0      2.7   5.0   4.8   5.0   4.5
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    854.6    849.5    859.0    855.0     49.6     46.5     50.9     44.6   5.8   5.5   5.9   5.2
  Winchester............................     69.7     70.9     69.7     70.7      3.5      3.3      3.5      3.1   5.0   4.6   5.0   4.4
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,494.0  3,552.9  3,516.8  3,560.1    206.4    186.5    211.9    190.6   5.9   5.2   6.0   5.4
  Bellingham............................    101.4    103.9    101.7    103.0      6.2      6.0      6.6      6.2   6.1   5.8   6.5   6.0
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    111.5    112.6    112.7    112.2      6.6      6.3      6.9      6.3   5.9   5.6   6.1   5.6
  Kennewick-Richland....................    134.2    136.3    130.8    130.3      8.8      8.2      9.0      8.4   6.5   6.0   6.9   6.5
  Longview..............................     43.4     43.7     43.9     43.5      3.3      3.4      3.4      3.4   7.7   7.7   7.8   7.8
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     56.0     55.7     56.8     56.2      3.8      3.7      3.9      3.7   6.8   6.6   6.8   6.6
  Olympia-Tumwater......................    120.4    124.1    121.2    122.6      7.5      7.3      7.8      7.4   6.2   5.9   6.4   6.0
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,941.5  1,970.3  1,948.9  1,978.5    104.2     87.8    105.4     89.7   5.4   4.5   5.4   4.5
  Spokane-Spokane Valley................    243.0    247.4    242.6    243.1     15.9     15.9     16.9     16.1   6.6   6.4   7.0   6.6
  Walla Walla...........................     30.4     30.8     30.2     30.3      1.7      1.7      1.8      1.7   5.7   5.5   6.1   5.6
  Wenatchee.............................     63.8     66.5     71.2     73.2      3.3      3.1      3.3      3.3   5.1   4.6   4.7   4.4
  Yakima................................    124.3    128.5    125.5    132.2      8.8      8.4      8.9      8.9   7.1   6.6   7.1   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    801.9    796.1    796.3    790.7     52.1     57.6     51.3     59.8   6.5   7.2   6.4   7.6
  Beckley...............................     49.0     48.0     48.2     47.9      3.6      3.9      3.6      4.0   7.4   8.1   7.4   8.4
  Charleston............................    102.2    101.2    101.6    100.1      6.4      6.8      6.3      7.1   6.3   6.8   6.2   7.1
  Huntington-Ashland....................    151.6    149.5    150.8    148.4     10.1      9.8     10.1     10.2   6.7   6.6   6.7   6.9
  Morgantown............................     63.5     63.4     64.0     63.3      3.1      3.9      3.1      3.9   4.9   6.1   4.9   6.1
  Parkersburg-Vienna....................     40.8     40.5     40.7     40.3      2.4      2.8      2.5      2.9   5.8   6.8   6.1   7.2
  Wheeling..............................     68.0     68.4     67.6     67.9      4.3      4.8      4.4      4.9   6.4   7.0   6.5   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,132.0  3,117.5  3,135.1  3,118.5    177.9    151.7    173.7    141.6   5.7   4.9   5.5   4.5
  Appleton..............................    131.2    130.9    131.3    131.4      6.4      5.4      6.4      5.0   4.9   4.1   4.9   3.8
  Eau Claire............................     91.0     91.4     91.7     91.5      4.7      4.0      4.6      3.7   5.1   4.4   5.0   4.1
  Fond du Lac...........................     57.9     58.8     58.2     58.3      3.0      2.6      3.0      2.4   5.2   4.4   5.2   4.1
  Green Bay.............................    172.9    172.7    172.2    173.6      9.0      7.7      8.8      7.0   5.2   4.5   5.1   4.0
  Janesville-Beloit.....................     83.7     84.5     84.9     85.4      5.4      4.7      5.2      4.4   6.5   5.6   6.1   5.1
  La Crosse-Onalaska....................     77.6     75.8     76.5     75.5      3.6      3.2      3.5      3.0   4.6   4.2   4.5   4.0
  Madison...............................    373.1    374.8    375.9    377.4     15.8     13.7     15.1     12.4   4.2   3.7   4.0   3.3
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    834.0    823.6    834.3    827.2     52.6     44.9     52.3     42.9   6.3   5.5   6.3   5.2
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     92.7     92.2     93.0     92.4      5.3      4.3      5.2      4.0   5.7   4.7   5.5   4.3
  Racine................................    102.3     98.4    102.0     99.8      7.1      6.0      7.1      6.2   6.9   6.1   7.0   6.3
  Sheboygan.............................     63.2     63.1     63.4     63.4      3.1      2.6      2.9      2.3   4.9   4.1   4.6   3.6
  Wausau................................     74.2     74.1     73.8     73.4      3.9      3.2      3.8      3.0   5.2   4.3   5.1   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    312.1    315.1    311.7    314.3     13.1     12.4     12.2     11.4   4.2   3.9   3.9   3.6
  Casper................................     43.4     43.4     43.8     43.8      1.8      2.1      1.7      1.9   4.2   4.8   3.9   4.4
  Cheyenne..............................     48.7     49.3     49.7     49.7      2.2      1.8      2.0      1.7   4.5   3.7   4.1   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,133.1  1,127.8  1,131.9  1,122.0    145.0    141.8    157.0    126.0  12.8  12.6  13.9  11.2
  Aguadilla-Isabela.....................     88.4     88.2     89.4     87.4     15.1     14.3     16.3     12.7  17.0  16.2  18.2  14.5
  Arecibo...............................     53.0     52.6     53.3     52.2      7.4      7.8      8.5      6.7  14.0  14.8  15.9  12.9
  Guayama...............................     22.2     22.1     22.1     21.7      4.5      4.4      4.7      3.8  20.3  19.8  21.4  17.6
  Mayaguez..............................     29.9     29.5     30.0     29.4      4.6      4.0      4.9      3.6  15.3  13.4  16.3  12.2
  Ponce.................................     99.4     98.9     99.4     98.3     16.5     16.4     17.4     14.5  16.6  16.5  17.5  14.8
  San German............................     37.4     36.0     37.4     35.8      6.6      5.4      6.9      4.8  17.7  15.0  18.4  13.5
  San Juan-Carolina-Caguas..............    757.0    755.4    754.7    752.9     81.1     80.8     88.5     71.9  10.7  10.7  11.7   9.5

   1 For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population,
which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
   2 The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision
the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                  June              July              June              July           June        July   
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2014     2015     2014     2015p    2014     2015     2014     2015p   2014  2015  2014 2015p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,785.3 19,055.9 18,897.3 19,135.1  1,386.1  1,179.2  1,497.7  1,243.4   7.4   6.2   7.9   6.5
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim..........  6,566.3  6,670.7  6,630.5  6,693.4    496.7    442.3    547.0    454.7   7.6   6.6   8.2   6.8
     Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine.............  1,569.4  1,599.8  1,581.0  1,607.0     85.7     69.0     94.6     75.6   5.5   4.3   6.0   4.7
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,996.9  5,070.9  5,049.5  5,086.4    411.0    373.3    452.4    379.1   8.2   7.4   9.0   7.5
  San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward...........  2,453.0  2,494.7  2,478.9  2,524.6    127.1    103.3    138.4    112.4   5.2   4.1   5.6   4.5
     Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley.............  1,355.3  1,366.8  1,366.2  1,379.9     80.3     64.6     87.3     70.2   5.9   4.7   6.4   5.1
     San Francisco-Redwood City-                                                                                                          
       South San Francisco................    957.6    985.6    970.3  1,000.3     40.9     33.9     44.6     36.8   4.3   3.4   4.6   3.7
     San Rafael...........................    140.1    142.3    142.3    144.5      5.9      4.8      6.5      5.3   4.2   3.4   4.6   3.7
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    379.1    386.3    384.0    391.9     30.2     26.6     31.2     27.4   8.0   6.9   8.1   7.0
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,287.2  3,316.2  3,305.9  3,326.4    173.2    159.0    176.6    152.8   5.3   4.8   5.3   4.6
     Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville (3)    675.0    682.3    678.5    684.1     32.9     31.0     33.1     28.8   4.9   4.5   4.9   4.2
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,612.2  2,634.0  2,627.4  2,642.3    140.3    128.0    143.5    124.0   5.4   4.9   5.5   4.7
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,662.7  9,543.4  9,705.0  9,564.3    619.7    532.3    654.1    541.1   6.4   5.6   6.7   5.7
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach...  3,003.1  2,961.1  3,017.3  2,975.2    192.7    170.1    201.2    169.5   6.4   5.7   6.7   5.7
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................    999.6    990.0  1,001.2    989.9     59.8     50.9     62.9     51.7   6.0   5.1   6.3   5.2
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,314.4  1,291.1  1,326.8  1,304.7     91.3     83.5     93.7     79.9   6.9   6.5   7.1   6.1
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Delray Beach.......................    689.1    680.0    689.3    680.6     41.6     35.6     44.6     37.8   6.0   5.2   6.5   5.6
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,592.0  6,581.7  6,607.4  6,602.5    467.4    386.0    480.6    388.1   7.1   5.9   7.3   5.9
  Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (2)............  4,967.4  4,964.4  4,978.4  4,974.6    354.9    299.0    361.3    293.8   7.1   6.0   7.3   5.9
     Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights.  3,840.7  3,839.1  3,846.5  3,838.8    280.4    240.2    284.6    232.6   7.3   6.3   7.4   6.1
     Elgin................................    322.2    322.4    324.6    326.7     21.2     16.1     22.2     17.0   6.6   5.0   6.8   5.2
     Gary (3).............................    342.1    342.5    342.3    344.1     24.9     21.0     25.3     21.7   7.3   6.1   7.4   6.3
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    462.4    460.3    464.9    464.9     28.4     21.8     29.2     22.6   6.1   4.7   6.3   4.9
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,596.0  3,667.8  3,609.2  3,644.4    214.8    179.9    217.8    180.1   6.0   4.9   6.0   4.9
  Boston-Cambridge-Nashua (2).............  2,633.3  2,688.8  2,637.8  2,672.2    144.7    122.0    146.1    121.3   5.5   4.5   5.5   4.5
     Boston-Cambridge-Newton..............  1,554.9  1,592.7  1,560.3  1,585.3     81.8     69.3     82.5     68.2   5.3   4.3   5.3   4.3
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    104.9    107.0    105.2    105.9      7.2      6.0      7.4      6.1   6.8   5.6   7.1   5.8
     Framingham...........................    155.6    159.2    155.8    157.9      7.4      6.4      7.5      6.3   4.8   4.0   4.8   4.0
     Haverhill-Newburyport-                                                                                                               
       Amesbury Town (2)..................    113.3    115.1    112.7    114.4      6.2      5.1      6.2      5.1   5.5   4.4   5.5   4.5
     Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem (2)......     95.4     96.3     95.6     95.7      7.5      6.3      7.5      6.3   7.9   6.5   7.9   6.6
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    183.6    187.4    184.5    186.0     11.3      9.3     11.5      9.4   6.1   5.0   6.2   5.1
     Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead...............     84.0     85.8     83.8     85.1      5.1      4.3      5.2      4.2   6.1   5.0   6.2   5.0
     Nashua (2)...........................    168.3    169.2    167.2    167.9      7.9      6.8      7.7      6.8   4.7   4.0   4.6   4.0
     Peabody-Salem-Beverly................     90.6     92.3     90.4     91.4      5.1      4.2      5.1      4.2   5.7   4.6   5.7   4.6
     Taunton-Middleborough-Norton.........     82.7     83.6     82.3     82.6      5.3      4.4      5.5      4.6   6.4   5.3   6.7   5.5
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,817.1  4,801.8  4,834.6  4,806.1    369.2    279.9    418.3    293.2   7.7   5.8   8.7   6.1
  Detroit-Warren-Dearborn.................  2,037.1  2,015.0  2,064.1  2,030.8    182.3    132.0    204.4    142.3   8.9   6.6   9.9   7.0
     Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia.............    771.0    755.8    783.1    764.1     80.7     58.3     91.8     63.0  10.5   7.7  11.7   8.2
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,266.0  1,259.1  1,281.0  1,266.6    101.6     73.7    112.6     79.3   8.0   5.9   8.8   6.3
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,641.6  9,745.7  9,685.3  9,756.2    597.0    509.7    629.7    529.1   6.2   5.2   6.5   5.4
  New York-Newark-Jersey City (2)......... 10,001.4 10,108.1 10,077.7 10,142.0    634.4    533.8    681.8    568.3   6.3   5.3   6.8   5.6
     Dutchess County-Putnam County........    195.4    194.3    196.0    195.2     10.1      8.9     10.6      9.5   5.2   4.6   5.4   4.9
     Nassau County-Suffolk County.........  1,482.9  1,492.7  1,484.5  1,493.6     72.6     66.5     78.0     73.7   4.9   4.5   5.3   4.9
     Newark (3)...........................  1,270.9  1,271.8  1,279.5  1,278.5     80.3     69.2     87.9     78.1   6.3   5.4   6.9   6.1
     New York-Jersey City-White Plains (2)  7,052.3  7,149.3  7,117.8  7,174.7    471.4    389.2    505.3    406.9   6.7   5.4   7.1   5.7
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,438.4  6,480.1  6,481.1  6,524.4    387.8    360.9    414.6    384.2   6.0   5.6   6.4   5.9
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  3,043.6  3,056.5  3,061.2  3,073.9    192.6    172.0    207.9    186.3   6.3   5.6   6.8   6.1
     Camden (3)...........................    640.3    639.2    638.8    640.6     44.0     37.0     48.9     41.9   6.9   5.8   7.7   6.5
     Montgomery County-Bucks County-                                                                                                      
       Chester County.....................  1,055.9  1,063.0  1,064.1  1,070.0     50.8     47.4     56.0     51.6   4.8   4.5   5.3   4.8
     Philadelphia.........................    981.1    981.6    990.2    989.0     74.4     67.2     79.6     72.7   7.6   6.8   8.0   7.4
     Wilmington (3).......................    366.4    372.7    368.1    374.3     23.4     20.5     23.5     20.1   6.4   5.5   6.4   5.4
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 13,162.1 13,097.7 13,178.7 13,081.5    714.8    580.0    728.3    597.4   5.4   4.4   5.5   4.6
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,568.0  3,577.9  3,579.7  3,577.3    189.8    143.9    192.8    147.4   5.3   4.0   5.4   4.1
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,371.9  2,385.6  2,383.0  2,387.4    126.5     94.5    128.6     96.7   5.3   4.0   5.4   4.1
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,196.1  1,192.3  1,196.7  1,189.9     63.3     49.4     64.3     50.7   5.3   4.1   5.4   4.3
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,494.0  3,552.9  3,516.8  3,560.1    206.4    186.5    211.9    190.6   5.9   5.2   6.0   5.4
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,941.5  1,970.3  1,948.9  1,978.5    104.2     87.8    105.4     89.7   5.4   4.5   5.4   4.5
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,565.0  1,583.1  1,569.2  1,593.7     78.5     63.2     78.9     65.1   5.0   4.0   5.0   4.1
     Tacoma-Lakewood......................    376.4    387.2    379.7    384.9     25.7     24.6     26.5     24.6   6.8   6.3   7.0   6.4

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated
February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are
Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two
or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their
metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which
their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles
are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area June July Change from
July 2014 to July 2015(p)
2014 2015 2014 2015(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,929.2 1,953.1 1,914.9 1,945.6 30.7 1.6

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46.4 46.7 46.2 46.2 0.0 0.0

Auburn-Opelika

59.2 60.7 58.9 60.5 1.6 2.7

Birmingham-Hoover

513.9 521.7 509.7 518.5 8.8 1.7

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

70.8 72.5 70.1 71.4 1.3 1.9

Decatur

54.5 54.3 53.6 53.8 0.2 0.4

Dothan

56.4 57.4 56.2 57.0 0.8 1.4

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.7 55.2 56.0 54.9 -1.1 -2.0

Gadsden

37.1 38.0 36.9 37.3 0.4 1.1

Huntsville

215.6 218.6 214.5 217.7 3.2 1.5

Mobile

176.4 176.3 174.4 173.9 -0.5 -0.3

Montgomery

170.3 171.8 168.0 170.8 2.8 1.7

Tuscaloosa

101.2 103.7 100.8 103.0 2.2 2.2


Alaska

356.0 357.7 361.9 363.9 2.0 0.6

Anchorage

185.3 188.0 184.0 187.5 3.5 1.9

Fairbanks

39.0 39.4 39.3 39.6 0.3 0.8


Arizona

2,520.0 2,570.0 2,495.2 2,562.8 67.6 2.7

Flagstaff

64.8 66.1 63.9 65.4 1.5 2.3

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

46.3 46.1 46.3 45.9 -0.4 -0.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,816.0 1,865.2 1,799.5 1,858.7 59.2 3.3

Prescott

58.7 59.9 58.3 59.2 0.9 1.5

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.2 33.6 33.7 33.5 -0.2 -0.6

Tucson

356.6 357.8 353.7 355.5 1.8 0.5

Yuma

50.7 48.2 49.4 48.6 -0.8 -1.6


Arkansas

1,191.5 1,216.1 1,172.5 1,201.7 29.2 2.5

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

224.0 229.6 220.7 226.0 5.3 2.4

Fort Smith

113.3 112.6 110.5 110.6 0.1 0.1

Hot Springs

38.5 39.6 38.0 38.9 0.9 2.4

Jonesboro

52.7 55.2 52.2 54.7 2.5 4.8

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

346.7 352.8 342.1 351.9 9.8 2.9

Pine Bluff

34.0 31.7 33.0 31.1 -1.9 -5.8


California

15,662.5 16,144.3 15,524.1 16,022.6 498.5 3.2

Bakersfield

255.0 259.0 252.3 254.3 2.0 0.8

Chico

77.1 78.4 74.8 77.6 2.8 3.7

El Centro

53.3 54.8 50.2 52.2 2.0 4.0

Fresno

314.1 324.6 312.9 321.8 8.9 2.8

Hanford-Corcoran

37.8 38.2 38.0 38.7 0.7 1.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,709.0 5,864.2 5,662.4 5,819.9 157.5 2.8

Madera

37.6 37.3 37.0 36.7 -0.3 -0.8

Merced

62.8 64.5 59.8 60.3 0.5 0.8

Modesto

162.0 164.6 163.2 164.4 1.2 0.7

Napa

69.7 71.0 69.1 70.8 1.7 2.5

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

294.1 298.3 290.6 293.7 3.1 1.1

Redding

63.1 64.2 61.8 62.7 0.9 1.5

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,279.6 1,327.8 1,265.3 1,315.6 50.3 4.0

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

899.9 920.2 885.1 911.5 26.4 3.0

Salinas

131.0 135.6 129.1 132.8 3.7 2.9

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,351.7 1,392.0 1,341.9 1,390.1 48.2 3.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,188.6 2,253.4 2,185.7 2,255.9 70.2 3.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,005.8 1,062.8 995.5 1,057.1 61.6 6.2

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

111.4 115.3 108.3 111.6 3.3 3.0

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

98.0 97.9 95.5 95.9 0.4 0.4

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

177.9 184.2 174.8 181.8 7.0 4.0

Santa Rosa

192.6 197.1 191.9 196.2 4.3 2.2

Stockton-Lodi

208.7 214.3 207.5 213.4 5.9 2.8

Vallejo-Fairfield

128.4 132.3 127.7 132.0 4.3 3.4

Visalia-Porterville

114.4 117.4 113.1 115.9 2.8 2.5

Yuba City

40.4 41.6 38.9 40.2 1.3 3.3


Colorado

2,478.3 2,539.3 2,471.8 2,527.6 55.8 2.3

Boulder

175.4 178.2 175.0 176.4 1.4 0.8

Colorado Springs

265.0 268.3 263.7 266.4 2.7 1.0

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,352.5 1,395.3 1,349.7 1,389.9 40.2 3.0

Fort Collins

152.2 157.6 149.2 154.4 5.2 3.5

Grand Junction

61.6 62.5 61.0 61.7 0.7 1.1

Greeley

97.2 102.2 97.2 102.1 4.9 5.0

Pueblo

59.2 60.3 58.9 59.9 1.0 1.7


Connecticut

1,686.3 1,714.2 1,662.1 1,697.6 35.5 2.1

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

412.7 419.8 410.1 420.2 10.1 2.5

Danbury

79.7 79.6 78.2 78.2 0.0 0.0

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

568.1 578.8 559.9 572.4 12.5 2.2

New Haven

281.6 285.5 275.2 278.8 3.6 1.3

Norwich-New London-Westerly

131.2 129.6 130.3 128.6 -1.7 -1.3

Waterbury

68.1 69.2 66.7 68.6 1.9 2.8


Delaware

443.2 451.6 441.7 450.4 8.7 2.0

Dover

67.5 68.0 66.5 66.6 0.1 0.2

Salisbury(1)

160.8 166.5 162.1 167.9 5.8 3.6


District of Columbia

749.8 764.2 758.9 775.9 17.0 2.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,135.9 3,208.6 3,118.0 3,191.8 73.8 2.4


Florida

7,728.4 8,000.3 7,702.7 7,979.0 276.3 3.6

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

224.6 233.2 223.8 232.4 8.6 3.8

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

107.7 109.5 107.5 109.0 1.5 1.4

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

179.7 185.1 179.7 183.1 3.4 1.9

Gainesville

127.3 130.3 127.0 130.4 3.4 2.7

Homosassa Springs

32.0 32.2 31.0 31.1 0.1 0.3

Jacksonville

618.9 634.1 618.0 637.6 19.6 3.2

Lakeland-Winter Haven

198.3 204.5 197.0 204.4 7.4 3.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,395.9 2,464.3 2,379.9 2,449.8 69.9 2.9

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

125.9 131.7 125.1 130.1 5.0 4.0

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

264.8 273.9 264.0 272.8 8.8 3.3

Ocala

93.9 97.3 94.4 97.2 2.8 3.0

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,101.1 1,149.4 1,099.2 1,144.5 45.3 4.1

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

196.1 201.4 195.8 200.5 4.7 2.4

Panama City

81.8 82.3 81.4 82.6 1.2 1.5

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

163.1 167.1 163.3 167.2 3.9 2.4

Port St. Lucie

129.1 133.4 127.9 132.1 4.2 3.3

Punta Gorda

43.1 44.2 42.2 43.8 1.6 3.8

Sebastian-Vero Beach

46.7 47.1 46.1 46.9 0.8 1.7

Sebring

23.1 24.5 22.9 24.1 1.2 5.2

Tallahassee

166.9 170.1 167.0 169.8 2.8 1.7

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,199.3 1,236.3 1,196.1 1,227.9 31.8 2.7

The Villages

24.9 25.5 24.7 25.2 0.5 2.0


Georgia

4,149.6 4,251.6 4,139.5 4,237.9 98.4 2.4

Albany

60.8 60.2 59.9 59.9 0.0 0.0

Athens-Clarke County

89.2 91.7 89.6 91.7 2.1 2.3

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,502.0 2,581.0 2,499.6 2,584.6 85.0 3.4

Augusta-Richmond County

223.2 228.4 221.4 227.9 6.5 2.9

Brunswick

41.5 42.4 41.4 42.5 1.1 2.7

Columbus

122.7 124.4 121.3 124.0 2.7 2.2

Dalton

66.6 68.3 66.2 68.1 1.9 2.9

Gainesville

79.4 82.6 79.3 81.4 2.1 2.6

Hinesville

19.2 19.6 19.3 19.3 0.0 0.0

Macon

101.3 101.7 100.4 101.1 0.7 0.7

Rome

39.6 39.9 39.2 39.7 0.5 1.3

Savannah

166.1 169.9 167.0 170.7 3.7 2.2

Valdosta

54.2 53.7 54.1 53.2 -0.9 -1.7

Warner Robins

70.7 69.4 69.7 69.3 -0.4 -0.6


Hawaii

623.9 634.2 617.4 626.7 9.3 1.5

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

71.1 72.5 71.0 72.3 1.3 1.8

Urban Honolulu

460.4 468.4 453.3 460.9 7.6 1.7


Idaho

662.3 684.3 661.2 681.5 20.3 3.1

Boise City

283.5 289.1 282.3 289.5 7.2 2.6

Coeur d'Alene

59.4 62.6 60.3 62.8 2.5 4.1

Idaho Falls

61.0 63.5 60.5 62.7 2.2 3.6

Lewiston

27.4 27.5 27.3 27.4 0.1 0.4

Pocatello

34.0 35.2 34.2 34.7 0.5 1.5


Illinois

5,928.7 5,975.3 5,889.6 5,943.1 53.5 0.9

Bloomington

93.3 93.8 92.6 93.1 0.5 0.5

Carbondale-Marion

55.3 54.6 53.1 52.6 -0.5 -0.9

Champaign-Urbana

103.4 105.0 102.5 104.5 2.0 2.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,557.5 4,618.1 4,529.7 4,596.1 66.4 1.5

Danville

29.1 29.5 29.0 29.6 0.6 2.1

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

186.6 184.0 185.9 182.3 -3.6 -1.9

Decatur

51.2 50.8 51.0 50.6 -0.4 -0.8

Kankakee

44.5 45.3 44.1 44.4 0.3 0.7

Peoria

181.4 178.5 179.1 177.2 -1.9 -1.1

Rockford

152.0 153.6 150.5 151.7 1.2 0.8

Springfield

112.9 112.7 111.4 111.4 0.0 0.0


Indiana

2,988.1 3,047.9 2,937.0 3,017.3 80.3 2.7

Bloomington

71.6 71.3 70.7 70.7 0.0 0.0

Columbus

50.8 51.5 50.3 51.5 1.2 2.4

Elkhart-Goshen

126.0 129.5 121.7 127.5 5.8 4.8

Evansville

156.1 160.0 155.1 159.1 4.0 2.6

Fort Wayne

214.0 216.1 205.8 212.9 7.1 3.4

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

996.4 1,026.6 985.9 1,016.7 30.8 3.1

Kokomo

40.3 40.7 40.1 40.2 0.1 0.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

96.6 97.6 93.4 96.0 2.6 2.8

Michigan City-La Porte

42.7 42.9 41.6 42.1 0.5 1.2

Muncie

48.7 49.9 48.2 49.6 1.4 2.9

South Bend-Mishawaka

134.2 136.5 130.3 133.5 3.2 2.5

Terre Haute

68.7 69.2 68.2 68.2 0.0 0.0


Iowa

1,563.5 1,585.9 1,539.2 1,569.4 30.2 2.0

Ames

48.6 49.1 47.6 49.0 1.4 2.9

Cedar Rapids

143.6 143.3 140.9 140.8 -0.1 -0.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

348.2 356.3 343.3 353.3 10.0 2.9

Dubuque

59.3 59.3 58.1 59.1 1.0 1.7

Iowa City

97.7 98.5 95.9 98.2 2.3 2.4

Sioux City

87.8 90.5 87.0 89.4 2.4 2.8

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91.7 91.2 90.7 90.3 -0.4 -0.4


Kansas

1,397.9 1,411.7 1,376.9 1,389.3 12.4 0.9

Lawrence

48.9 50.7 48.9 50.3 1.4 2.9

Manhattan

40.9 41.8 39.6 41.3 1.7 4.3

Topeka

112.7 113.5 112.2 113.3 1.1 1.0

Wichita

291.7 294.9 287.9 290.9 3.0 1.0


Kentucky

1,863.6 1,908.5 1,849.4 1,887.3 37.9 2.0

Bowling Green

71.3 72.5 69.5 71.2 1.7 2.4

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

54.5 55.6 53.9 55.3 1.4 2.6

Lexington-Fayette

264.2 273.8 261.2 268.7 7.5 2.9

Louisville/Jefferson County

630.0 648.4 626.9 640.5 13.6 2.2

Owensboro

52.7 52.4 51.9 52.8 0.9 1.7


Louisiana

1,980.7 1,995.6 1,965.4 1,978.8 13.4 0.7

Alexandria

63.4 63.6 63.0 62.8 -0.2 -0.3

Baton Rouge

393.4 401.6 391.8 398.4 6.6 1.7

Hammond

43.5 44.3 43.2 44.2 1.0 2.3

Houma-Thibodaux

101.9 100.8 102.0 100.9 -1.1 -1.1

Lafayette

221.3 219.9 220.6 218.8 -1.8 -0.8

Lake Charles

96.8 102.5 96.5 102.1 5.6 5.8

Monroe

77.7 77.4 77.6 76.9 -0.7 -0.9

New Orleans-Metairie

568.0 564.3 561.8 558.0 -3.8 -0.7

Shreveport-Bossier City

184.6 182.4 183.5 183.0 -0.5 -0.3


Maine

621.0 623.8 620.2 628.1 7.9 1.3

Bangor

65.2 65.1 63.6 64.8 1.2 1.9

Lewiston-Auburn

50.0 50.5 49.2 50.1 0.9 1.8

Portland-South Portland

200.4 205.7 199.7 205.8 6.1 3.1


Maryland

2,649.1 2,698.8 2,625.3 2,686.2 60.9 2.3

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,353.9 1,383.3 1,344.5 1,385.7 41.2 3.1

California-Lexington Park

44.7 45.7 44.0 45.1 1.1 2.5

Cumberland

39.7 39.6 39.8 39.4 -0.4 -1.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

103.3 104.3 102.7 104.0 1.3 1.3


Massachusetts

3,458.2 3,532.7 3,442.1 3,523.8 81.7 2.4

Barnstable Town

111.2 110.5 117.2 114.2 -3.0 -2.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,613.1 2,665.4 2,596.5 2,654.4 57.9 2.2

Leominster-Gardner

50.0 51.0 49.3 50.2 0.9 1.8

New Bedford

65.8 65.7 65.2 65.0 -0.2 -0.3

Pittsfield

42.7 43.5 43.2 44.1 0.9 2.1

Springfield

323.0 328.3 319.7 323.4 3.7 1.2

Worcester

275.3 284.0 271.6 279.8 8.2 3.0


Michigan

4,240.3 4,329.8 4,159.3 4,272.5 113.2 2.7

Ann Arbor

206.7 209.5 203.6 207.0 3.4 1.7

Battle Creek

59.1 60.2 57.3 59.4 2.1 3.7

Bay City

37.6 37.5 37.1 36.7 -0.4 -1.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,925.3 1,971.3 1,891.9 1,938.8 46.9 2.5

Flint

141.4 142.3 138.0 139.3 1.3 0.9

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

519.5 539.7 509.8 534.2 24.4 4.8

Jackson

57.3 56.5 55.9 56.0 0.1 0.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

140.3 142.7 138.0 140.4 2.4 1.7

Lansing-East Lansing

220.6 222.7 216.4 220.1 3.7 1.7

Midland

38.4 38.3 37.6 37.8 0.2 0.5

Monroe

41.8 42.6 41.2 41.6 0.4 1.0

Muskegon

63.7 64.3 63.3 64.3 1.0 1.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

62.5 62.9 62.0 62.7 0.7 1.1

Saginaw

87.7 88.7 86.2 87.6 1.4 1.6


Minnesota

2,861.6 2,906.1 2,834.7 2,878.6 43.9 1.5

Duluth

136.5 138.6 134.2 136.1 1.9 1.4

Mankato-North Mankato

55.3 55.9 53.5 54.0 0.5 0.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,922.1 1,959.0 1,905.5 1,945.8 40.3 2.1

Rochester

116.7 116.7 116.3 116.3 0.0 0.0

St. Cloud

106.4 106.6 104.9 105.7 0.8 0.8


Mississippi

1,118.3 1,131.2 1,104.5 1,123.8 19.3 1.7

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

156.0 154.3 154.0 152.6 -1.4 -0.9

Hattiesburg

60.1 60.2 58.9 59.4 0.5 0.8

Jackson

269.5 274.8 265.7 272.5 6.8 2.6


Missouri

2,759.6 2,787.0 2,713.7 2,754.8 41.1 1.5

Cape Girardeau

44.1 43.7 42.1 41.5 -0.6 -1.4

Columbia

94.6 97.1 93.7 96.6 2.9 3.1

Jefferson City

76.4 76.1 75.3 75.1 -0.2 -0.3

Joplin

80.1 81.9 78.0 80.8 2.8 3.6

Kansas City

1,030.0 1,048.3 1,015.7 1,038.9 23.2 2.3

St. Joseph

62.8 62.1 62.2 61.0 -1.2 -1.9

St. Louis(2)

1,325.2 1,346.6 1,305.2 1,326.2 21.0 1.6

Springfield

203.3 206.0 201.6 203.2 1.6 0.8


Montana

463.5 466.7 461.3 466.9 5.6 1.2

Billings

83.2 85.8 82.4 85.0 2.6 3.2

Great Falls

36.8 36.0 35.3 35.0 -0.3 -0.8

Missoula

59.2 59.7 56.9 57.6 0.7 1.2


Nebraska

1,001.6 1,007.7 990.9 998.6 7.7 0.8

Grand Island

43.5 43.3 42.8 42.5 -0.3 -0.7

Lincoln

183.4 185.9 182.5 185.7 3.2 1.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

488.8 495.8 485.2 492.5 7.3 1.5


Nevada

1,216.9 1,259.6 1,209.8 1,253.9 44.1 3.6

Carson City

28.1 28.1 28.0 28.3 0.3 1.1

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

882.4 910.7 875.8 905.3 29.5 3.4

Reno

203.0 208.5 202.3 207.8 5.5 2.7


New Hampshire

657.0 665.3 651.9 660.0 8.1 1.2

Dover-Durham

51.4 51.9 50.8 51.2 0.4 0.8

Manchester

106.8 110.5 106.5 108.7 2.2 2.1

Portsmouth

87.7 88.4 87.9 88.9 1.0 1.1


New Jersey

4,041.2 4,079.8 3,978.9 4,021.2 42.3 1.1

Atlantic City-Hammonton

138.6 136.5 138.0 135.8 -2.2 -1.6

Ocean City

52.2 52.0 55.7 54.8 -0.9 -1.6

Trenton

252.6 259.1 250.1 256.1 6.0 2.4

Vineland-Bridgeton

57.5 57.3 54.2 55.4 1.2 2.2


New Mexico

812.9 825.1 811.4 821.0 9.6 1.2

Albuquerque

376.0 384.7 375.4 383.2 7.8 2.1

Farmington

51.0 52.1 49.9 51.3 1.4 2.8

Las Cruces

69.1 68.5 68.3 68.0 -0.3 -0.4

Santa Fe

62.1 61.9 62.4 62.0 -0.4 -0.6


New York

9,151.2 9,334.8 9,098.7 9,288.4 189.7 2.1

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

456.3 462.6 449.8 457.6 7.8 1.7

Binghamton

106.7 105.7 103.8 103.8 0.0 0.0

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

557.0 569.2 550.6 563.2 12.6 2.3

Elmira

39.2 39.8 38.6 39.2 0.6 1.6

Glens Falls

58.9 59.1 58.9 59.8 0.9 1.5

Ithaca

65.4 65.0 64.3 65.4 1.1 1.7

Kingston

61.2 62.2 60.1 60.7 0.6 1.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,226.9 9,399.9 9,166.8 9,331.2 164.4 1.8

Rochester

527.4 538.2 518.0 527.3 9.3 1.8

Syracuse

316.5 319.9 313.6 316.3 2.7 0.9

Utica-Rome

128.2 130.2 128.6 129.5 0.9 0.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

43.9 43.5 44.1 43.9 -0.2 -0.5


North Carolina

4,153.5 4,257.7 4,079.5 4,196.1 116.6 2.9

Asheville

177.6 181.6 174.7 178.4 3.7 2.1

Burlington

58.6 60.8 58.2 59.6 1.4 2.4

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,065.0 1,099.4 1,046.6 1,084.5 37.9 3.6

Durham-Chapel Hill

289.8 294.5 286.4 291.9 5.5 1.9

Fayetteville

128.6 128.2 123.5 123.3 -0.2 -0.2

Goldsboro

42.2 42.2 40.9 40.4 -0.5 -1.2

Greensboro-High Point

346.5 359.1 340.0 351.0 11.0 3.2

Greenville

76.9 77.5 75.5 76.4 0.9 1.2

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

144.5 145.4 143.5 143.3 -0.2 -0.1

Jacksonville

49.4 50.1 48.6 49.2 0.6 1.2

New Bern

44.2 44.1 43.1 43.4 0.3 0.7

Raleigh

559.5 576.2 560.6 573.5 12.9 2.3

Rocky Mount

56.3 55.5 55.0 54.4 -0.6 -1.1

Wilmington

116.3 119.1 114.6 117.8 3.2 2.8

Winston-Salem

253.9 259.1 248.7 254.5 5.8 2.3


North Dakota

468.3 470.0 460.8 458.5 -2.3 -0.5

Bismarck

74.8 76.5 74.1 76.2 2.1 2.8

Fargo

137.4 140.0 135.8 138.3 2.5 1.8

Grand Forks

56.8 58.1 54.7 56.3 1.6 2.9


Ohio

5,360.5 5,440.4 5,335.9 5,420.4 84.5 1.6

Akron

331.2 331.2 330.4 333.4 3.0 0.9

Canton-Massillon

174.2 176.3 173.7 176.1 2.4 1.4

Cincinnati

1,047.4 1,074.5 1,041.7 1,069.4 27.7 2.7

Cleveland-Elyria

1,049.3 1,065.4 1,042.3 1,057.1 14.8 1.4

Columbus

1,013.8 1,042.3 1,007.9 1,041.4 33.5 3.3

Dayton

373.5 377.1 371.1 376.2 5.1 1.4

Lima

52.1 54.0 51.3 53.1 1.8 3.5

Mansfield

53.3 53.7 53.0 53.0 0.0 0.0

Springfield

52.3 53.2 50.6 52.1 1.5 3.0

Toledo

296.4 306.5 293.9 305.5 11.6 3.9

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

43.8 44.0 43.0 43.6 0.6 1.4

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

226.5 227.7 224.0 227.4 3.4 1.5


Oklahoma

1,650.7 1,658.3 1,639.1 1,651.6 12.5 0.8

Lawton

46.0 44.9 45.0 44.1 -0.9 -2.0

Oklahoma City

615.5 628.9 611.3 626.2 14.9 2.4

Tulsa

439.3 441.2 437.6 437.9 0.3 0.1


Oregon

1,730.2 1,789.7 1,713.0 1,772.1 59.1 3.5

Albany

40.9 41.8 40.5 40.4 -0.1 -0.2

Bend-Redmond

70.0 73.4 70.4 73.5 3.1 4.4

Corvallis

40.5 41.0 36.8 38.1 1.3 3.5

Eugene

149.0 152.8 145.7 149.4 3.7 2.5

Grants Pass

24.4 25.5 24.1 24.7 0.6 2.5

Medford

79.8 81.5 78.2 80.6 2.4 3.1

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,078.2 1,114.4 1,072.1 1,113.1 41.0 3.8

Salem

151.3 155.6 148.2 152.1 3.9 2.6


Pennsylvania

5,828.8 5,895.9 5,760.5 5,846.5 86.0 1.5

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

357.2 362.4 349.0 354.9 5.9 1.7

Altoona

62.0 61.6 60.8 61.3 0.5 0.8

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41.6 42.0 41.6 42.2 0.6 1.4

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

58.7 59.7 57.6 58.2 0.6 1.0

East Stroudsburg

55.4 55.7 55.6 55.6 0.0 0.0

Erie

130.4 131.6 129.1 130.8 1.7 1.3

Gettysburg

34.0 34.4 33.5 34.0 0.5 1.5

Harrisburg-Carlisle

330.5 339.5 329.5 339.1 9.6 2.9

Johnstown

57.6 57.2 56.3 56.8 0.5 0.9

Lancaster

241.0 245.5 239.0 244.3 5.3 2.2

Lebanon

51.4 50.4 50.6 49.7 -0.9 -1.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,803.9 2,837.7 2,765.6 2,807.1 41.5 1.5

Pittsburgh

1,174.2 1,200.0 1,159.5 1,192.3 32.8 2.8

Reading

173.5 175.7 171.5 174.1 2.6 1.5

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

258.0 265.2 253.7 264.5 10.8 4.3

State College

72.7 73.8 72.6 73.8 1.2 1.7

Williamsport

55.9 56.0 55.5 55.1 -0.4 -0.7

York-Hanover

181.0 182.0 177.5 178.2 0.7 0.4


Rhode Island

484.8 490.3 480.1 487.2 7.1 1.5

Providence-Warwick

574.1 585.6 566.0 581.1 15.1 2.7


South Carolina

1,966.8 2,017.6 1,943.0 2,001.7 58.7 3.0

Charleston-North Charleston

324.5 332.4 322.0 331.1 9.1 2.8

Columbia

372.0 379.6 369.3 376.6 7.3 2.0

Florence

84.3 84.7 83.0 83.8 0.8 1.0

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

390.3 401.2 384.5 398.0 13.5 3.5

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

74.3 75.5 74.1 75.0 0.9 1.2

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

162.3 165.2 161.1 164.6 3.5 2.2

Spartanburg

137.8 141.0 135.8 139.4 3.6 2.7

Sumter

38.7 38.6 38.2 38.4 0.2 0.5


South Dakota

433.4 443.4 429.0 439.1 10.1 2.4

Rapid City

69.3 70.5 68.3 69.5 1.2 1.8

Sioux Falls

149.4 152.7 148.7 151.9 3.2 2.2


Tennessee

2,796.5 2,859.9 2,785.5 2,847.8 62.3 2.2

Chattanooga

236.5 243.2 236.8 242.7 5.9 2.5

Clarksville

84.9 87.9 84.4 87.7 3.3 3.9

Cleveland

45.0 44.6 44.2 44.7 0.5 1.1

Jackson

64.7 65.8 64.5 65.8 1.3 2.0

Johnson City

75.6 77.0 75.9 76.4 0.5 0.7

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

120.3 121.9 119.4 120.9 1.5 1.3

Knoxville

372.3 386.7 372.5 384.4 11.9 3.2

Memphis

611.7 619.7 608.8 617.7 8.9 1.5

Morristown

42.8 43.5 42.8 43.5 0.7 1.6

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

869.6 901.7 866.7 897.9 31.2 3.6


Texas

11,578.2 11,848.6 11,524.9 11,808.9 284.0 2.5

Abilene

68.6 68.9 68.0 68.5 0.5 0.7

Amarillo

117.1 118.3 116.1 117.1 1.0 0.9

Austin-Round Rock

919.6 949.6 912.4 944.9 32.5 3.6

Beaumont-Port Arthur

165.1 171.2 163.8 170.8 7.0 4.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

138.4 139.8 137.1 138.9 1.8 1.3

College Station-Bryan

102.4 103.2 100.8 102.0 1.2 1.2

Corpus Christi

194.5 198.0 193.0 196.2 3.2 1.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,283.3 3,403.4 3,268.3 3,390.0 121.7 3.7

El Paso

295.9 297.0 291.2 295.2 4.0 1.4

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,931.3 2,991.1 2,921.6 2,986.2 64.6 2.2

Killeen-Temple

134.5 136.4 133.1 136.0 2.9 2.2

Laredo

98.2 100.4 97.3 100.5 3.2 3.3

Longview

103.2 105.5 102.5 104.5 2.0 2.0

Lubbock

136.5 139.4 136.2 139.2 3.0 2.2

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

243.0 249.3 236.3 243.8 7.5 3.2

Midland

94.5 98.9 96.4 99.4 3.0 3.1

Odessa

78.2 81.6 78.8 81.4 2.6 3.3

San Angelo

48.3 48.9 47.8 48.6 0.8 1.7

San Antonio-New Braunfels

955.4 982.3 949.3 980.0 30.7 3.2

Sherman-Denison

45.3 45.4 45.2 45.4 0.2 0.4

Texarkana

59.0 59.4 57.5 57.7 0.2 0.3

Tyler

99.1 100.6 98.5 99.6 1.1 1.1

Victoria

44.8 45.7 44.0 45.6 1.6 3.6

Waco

112.0 113.7 112.1 113.3 1.2 1.1

Wichita Falls

58.7 57.9 58.1 57.3 -0.8 -1.4


Utah

1,328.6 1,387.6 1,312.7 1,371.8 59.1 4.5

Logan

55.9 58.1 53.9 55.4 1.5 2.8

Ogden-Clearfield

232.0 241.1 231.2 239.2 8.0 3.5

Provo-Orem

209.3 224.1 206.2 221.0 14.8 7.2

St. George

54.6 55.5 53.4 54.4 1.0 1.9

Salt Lake City

655.8 683.3 648.8 677.4 28.6 4.4


Vermont

310.0 314.5 304.5 309.7 5.2 1.7

Burlington-South Burlington

122.0 125.8 120.8 124.8 4.0 3.3


Virginia

3,801.8 3,854.7 3,776.4 3,828.0 51.6 1.4

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

72.8 74.7 72.5 74.9 2.4 3.3

Charlottesville

108.7 111.7 106.7 109.5 2.8 2.6

Harrisonburg

62.6 64.0 62.0 62.9 0.9 1.5

Lynchburg

102.9 103.2 102.9 103.0 0.1 0.1

Richmond

635.8 639.5 631.2 633.6 2.4 0.4

Roanoke

160.9 160.6 159.2 158.7 -0.5 -0.3

Staunton-Waynesboro

48.9 49.1 48.3 48.4 0.1 0.2

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

762.6 770.4 759.4 769.7 10.3 1.4

Winchester

60.2 62.2 59.6 61.4 1.8 3.0


Washington

3,085.6 3,204.5 3,091.5 3,200.0 108.5 3.5

Bellingham

86.8 90.5 84.8 87.6 2.8 3.3

Bremerton-Silverdale

86.3 88.3 86.7 88.4 1.7 2.0

Kennewick-Richland

106.1 108.2 105.6 107.1 1.5 1.4

Longview

38.3 38.7 38.9 38.6 -0.3 -0.8

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.4 48.4 48.5 48.4 -0.1 -0.2

Olympia-Tumwater

105.9 110.8 105.8 110.0 4.2 4.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,842.9 1,918.7 1,852.4 1,923.1 70.7 3.8

Spokane-Spokane Valley

232.5 239.9 230.2 236.8 6.6 2.9

Walla Walla

27.1 27.0 26.0 26.2 0.2 0.8

Wenatchee

41.7 43.1 42.0 43.2 1.2 2.9

Yakima

79.4 82.1 79.1 81.8 2.7 3.4


West Virginia

761.7 748.0 754.4 740.8 -13.6 -1.8

Beckley

48.5 47.6 47.3 47.5 0.2 0.4

Charleston

125.1 124.3 123.7 123.2 -0.5 -0.4

Huntington-Ashland

140.1 140.5 138.5 139.2 0.7 0.5

Morgantown

67.3 66.8 67.5 67.2 -0.3 -0.4

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.8 42.5 42.4 42.3 -0.1 -0.2

Wheeling

69.1 69.7 68.0 69.0 1.0 1.5


Wisconsin

2,881.3 2,926.8 2,855.5 2,917.1 61.6 2.2

Appleton

123.9 125.7 122.2 125.3 3.1 2.5

Eau Claire

83.9 85.6 83.4 84.9 1.5 1.8

Fond du Lac

48.2 49.7 47.7 48.7 1.0 2.1

Green Bay

174.1 176.8 171.4 176.8 5.4 3.2

Janesville-Beloit

66.0 68.1 66.6 68.5 1.9 2.9

La Crosse-Onalaska

77.2 76.4 75.1 75.5 0.4 0.5

Madison

381.3 390.1 380.9 389.7 8.8 2.3

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

851.2 863.4 844.8 858.5 13.7 1.6

Oshkosh-Neenah

93.8 96.0 93.8 95.6 1.8 1.9

Racine

78.6 76.3 77.4 76.5 -0.9 -1.2

Sheboygan

62.5 63.6 62.0 63.1 1.1 1.8

Wausau

71.7 72.5 70.4 71.3 0.9 1.3


Wyoming

301.6 301.9 301.4 302.6 1.2 0.4

Casper

43.3 43.4 43.2 42.7 -0.5 -1.2

Cheyenne

47.4 48.2 47.5 47.7 0.2 0.4


Puerto Rico

901.8 901.8 887.2 891.5 4.3 0.5

Aguadilla-Isabela

49.8 51.5 49.2 50.5 1.3 2.6

Arecibo

34.4 33.9 33.4 33.6 0.2 0.6

Guayama

14.6 14.7 14.3 14.5 0.2 1.4

Mayaguez

34.4 35.0 34.2 34.6 0.4 1.2

Ponce

71.8 72.0 70.7 71.4 0.7 1.0

San German

20.0 20.1 19.8 19.8 0.0 0.0

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

656.0 656.1 645.3 649.2 3.9 0.6


Virgin Islands

37.6 37.8 37.9 38.3 0.4 1.1

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division June July Change from
July 2014 to July 2015(p)
2014 2015 2014 2015(p) Number Percent

California

15,662.5 16,144.3 15,524.1 16,022.6 498.5 3.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,709.0 5,864.2 5,662.4 5,819.9 157.5 2.8

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,495.0 1,548.0 1,486.7 1,536.3 49.6 3.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,214.0 4,316.2 4,175.7 4,283.6 107.9 2.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,188.6 2,253.4 2,185.7 2,255.9 70.2 3.2

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,070.0 1,090.4 1,063.5 1,086.7 23.2 2.2

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,006.2 1,048.0 1,008.9 1,053.5 44.6 4.4

San Rafael

112.4 115.0 113.3 115.7 2.4 2.1


District of Columbia

749.8 764.2 758.9 775.9 17.0 2.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,135.9 3,208.6 3,118.0 3,191.8 73.8 2.4

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

583.9 594.6 576.6 590.0 13.4 2.3

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,552.0 2,614.0 2,541.4 2,601.8 60.4 2.4


Florida

7,728.4 8,000.3 7,702.7 7,979.0 276.3 3.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,395.9 2,464.3 2,379.9 2,449.8 69.9 2.9

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

768.6 794.4 763.4 789.1 25.7 3.4

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,071.9 1,099.1 1,065.9 1,093.6 27.7 2.6

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

555.4 570.8 550.6 567.1 16.5 3.0


Illinois

5,928.7 5,975.3 5,889.6 5,943.1 53.5 0.9

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,557.5 4,618.1 4,529.7 4,596.1 66.4 1.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,619.7 3,667.7 3,599.3 3,655.5 56.2 1.6

Elgin

252.6 256.6 252.3 255.3 3.0 1.2

Gary(3)

275.3 279.5 269.8 274.5 4.7 1.7

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

409.9 414.3 408.3 410.8 2.5 0.6


Massachusetts

3,458.2 3,532.7 3,442.1 3,523.8 81.7 2.4

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,613.1 2,665.4 2,596.5 2,654.4 57.9 2.2

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,743.8 1,785.1 1,737.7 1,785.9 48.2 2.8

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

78.4 79.8 77.6 78.3 0.7 0.9

Framingham

171.9 175.4 170.4 173.9 3.5 2.1

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

65.6 66.4 64.2 65.6 1.4 2.2

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

80.2 80.7 79.6 79.7 0.1 0.1

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

148.0 150.7 147.5 149.4 1.9 1.3

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.3 46.6 44.6 46.2 1.6 3.6

Nashua(2)

125.8 125.0 123.4 122.0 -1.4 -1.1

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

95.1 96.8 94.1 95.6 1.5 1.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

59.0 58.9 57.4 57.8 0.4 0.7


Michigan

4,240.3 4,329.8 4,159.3 4,272.5 113.2 2.7

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,925.3 1,971.3 1,891.9 1,938.8 46.9 2.5

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

733.5 746.0 719.6 736.2 16.6 2.3

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,191.8 1,225.3 1,172.3 1,202.6 30.3 2.6


New York

9,151.2 9,334.8 9,098.7 9,288.4 189.7 2.1

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,226.9 9,399.9 9,166.8 9,331.2 164.4 1.8

Dutchess County-Putnam County

143.8 143.9 142.7 143.1 0.4 0.3

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,317.7 1,338.1 1,303.3 1,322.5 19.2 1.5

Newark(3)

1,197.2 1,205.5 1,179.9 1,189.3 9.4 0.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,568.2 6,712.4 6,540.9 6,676.3 135.4 2.1


Pennsylvania

5,828.8 5,895.9 5,760.5 5,846.5 86.0 1.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,803.9 2,837.7 2,765.6 2,807.1 41.5 1.5

Camden(3)

522.5 525.1 506.5 515.3 8.8 1.7

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,033.2 1,048.6 1,020.0 1,037.6 17.6 1.7

Philadelphia

898.8 910.3 892.9 901.9 9.0 1.0

Wilmington(3)

349.4 353.7 346.2 352.3 6.1 1.8


Texas

11,578.2 11,848.6 11,524.9 11,808.9 284.0 2.5

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,283.3 3,403.4 3,268.3 3,390.0 121.7 3.7

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,300.9 2,395.0 2,294.2 2,388.5 94.3 4.1

Fort Worth-Arlington

982.4 1,008.4 974.1 1,001.5 27.4 2.8


Washington

3,085.6 3,204.5 3,091.5 3,200.0 108.5 3.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,842.9 1,918.7 1,852.4 1,923.1 70.7 3.8

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,554.6 1,615.2 1,562.8 1,619.1 56.3 3.6

Tacoma-Lakewood

288.3 303.5 289.6 304.0 14.4 5.0

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: September 01, 2015