Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, February 4, 2015               USDL-15-0156

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- DECEMBER 2014


Unemployment rates were lower in December than a year earlier in 341 of the 
372 metropolitan areas, higher in 25 areas, and unchanged in 6 areas, the U.S. 
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Fourteen areas had jobless rates of 
at least 10.0 percent and 158 areas had rates of less than 5.0 percent. Nonfarm 
payroll employment increased over the year in 312 metropolitan areas, decreased 
in 49 areas, and was unchanged in 11 areas. The national unemployment rate in 
December was 5.4 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 6.5 percent a year 
earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Yuma, Ariz., and El Centro, Calif., had the highest unemployment rates in 
December, 22.1 percent and 21.0 percent, respectively. Midland, Texas, had the 
lowest unemployment rate, 2.1 percent. A total of 208 areas had December 
unemployment rates below the U.S. figure of 5.4 percent, 155 areas had rates 
above it, and 9 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

Decatur, Ill., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in 
December (-4.9 percentage points), followed by Danville, Ill. (-4.8 points). 
Fifty-one other areas had rate decreases of at least 2.0 percentage points. 
Alexandria, La., had the largest over-the-year jobless rate increase (+1.9 
percentage points).

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, 
Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark., had the highest unemployment rate in December, 7.6 
percent. Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis., had the lowest jobless 
rate among the large areas, 3.3 percent. Forty-eight of the large areas had 
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, the largest of which occurred in 
Providence-Fall River-Warwick, R.I.-Mass. (-2.9 percentage points), and Chicago-
Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (-2.7 points). The only rate increase occurred 
in New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, La. (+1.5 percentage points). 

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
December, Gary, Ind., had the highest unemployment rate among the divisions, 7.8 
percent. Framingham, Mass., and San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City, Calif., had 
the lowest rates among the divisions, 3.7 percent each. (See table 2.)

Thirty-three of the metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate 
decreases in December. The largest of the declines occurred in Chicago-Joliet-
Naperville, Ill. (-2.9 percentage points). The only unemployment rate increase was 
in Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla. (+0.1 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, 312 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll 
employment, 49 had decreases, and 11 had no change. The largest over-the-year 
employment increases occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+136,900), New 
York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+129,000), and Houston-Sugar 
Land-Baytown, Texas (+120,600). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in 
employment occurred in Midland, Texas (+6.0 percent), followed by Longview, Texas 
(+5.2 percent), and Lake Charles, La. (+5.0 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton, 
N.J. (-8,100), Peoria, Ill. (-1,900), and Syracuse, N.Y. (-1,800). The largest over-
the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Atlantic City-Hammonton, N.J. 
(-6.0 percent), Steubenville-Weirton, Ohio-W.Va. (-3.6 percent), and Ocean City, N.J. 
(-3.2 percent). 

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in all of the 38 metropolitan areas with 
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2013. The largest over-the-year 
percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in 
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+4.4 percent), followed by Orlando-Kissimmee-
Sanford, Fla. (+4.3 percent), and Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas (+4.2 percent). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in December 2014 for 32 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a 
metropolitan area. All of the 32 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year employment 
gains. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan 
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+108,100), followed by New York-
White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J. (+106,900), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. 
(+70,600). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan 
divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.9 percent), followed by Fort 
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla., and San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood 
City, Calif. (+3.7 percent each). 

_____________
The Regional and State Unemployment 2014 Annual Averages news release is scheduled 
to be released on Wednesday, March 4, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Regional and 
State Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2015 is scheduled to be 
released on Tuesday, March 17, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area 
Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2015 is scheduled to be 
released on Friday, March 20, 2015, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).



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 |                                                                            |
 |          Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data            |
 |                                                                            |
 |  Effective with the release of January 2015 estimates on March 17, 2015,   |
 |  all nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states and areas presented   |
 |  in tables 3 and 4 of this news release will be adjusted to 2014 benchmark |
 |  levels. Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2013 and        |
 |  seasonally adjusted data beginning with January 2010 are subject to       |
 |  revision. Some seasonally adjusted series may be revised back to 1990.    |
 |                                                                            |
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 |                                                                            |
 |        Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data         |
 |                                                                            |
 |    Effective with the issuance of Regional and State Unemployment 2014     |
 |    Annual Averages on March 4, 2015, the civilian labor force and          |
 |    unemployment data for census regions and divisions and all states,      |
 |    the District of Columbia, and the seven modeled substate areas          |
 |    presented in tables 1 and 2 of this news release will be replaced       |
 |    with data produced using a new generation of time-series models.        |
 |    Revised estimates will be loaded into the BLS time-series database      |
 |    back to the series beginnings in 1976, 1990, or 1994 at that time.      |
 |    Both seasonally adjusted and not seasonally adjusted data will be       |
 |    affected. The revisions to model-based data at the state level          |
 |    and below for 2013 and 2014 also will incorporate updated               |
 |    estimation inputs, while the revisions for all model-based data         |
 |    from April 2010 forward will reflect new population controls            |
 |    from the U.S. Census Bureau.                                            |
 |                                                                            |
 |    For non-modeled substate areas, data will reflect methodological        |
 |    changes and the incorporation of estimation inputs from the             |
 |    American Community Survey effective with the issuance of the            |
 |    January 2015 Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news         |
 |    release on March 20, 2015. Subsequently on April 21, 2015,              |
 |    comprehensive revisions for substate areas from 2010-14 will be         |
 |    loaded into the BLS time-series database. More information on           |
 |    all upcoming changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics data         |
 |    is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lauschanges2015.htm. |
 |                                                                            |
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 |                                                                            |
 |          Upcoming Changes to Metropolitan Area and Metropolitan            |
 |                        Division Delineations                               |
 |                                                                            |
 |    In addition to the changes described above, both the civilian           |
 |    labor force data presented in tables 1 and 2 and the nonfarm            |
 |    payroll employment data presented in tables 3 and 4 of this news        |
 |    release will reflect implementation of revised metropolitan area        |
 |    and metropolitan division delineations effective with the               |
 |    January 2015 issuance on March 20, 2015. The revised delineations       |
 |    were issued by the Office of Management and Budget for solely           |
 |    statistical purposes through Bulletin No. 13-01 on February 28,         |
 |    2013, based on the application of updated statistical standards         |
 |    to U.S. Census Bureau population and journey-to-work data. The          |
 |    Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs) and NECTA         |
 |    Divisions again will be used for the six New England states,            |
 |    rather than the county-based delineations, for purposes of this         |
 |    news release. Compared with the Census 2000-based delineations,         |
 |    the number of metropolitan areas in the U.S. and Puerto Rico            |
 |    will increase from 380 to 394, while the number of metropolitan         |
 |    divisions will increase from 34 to 38. The analyses of both             |
 |    unemployment rates and nonfarm payroll employment changes for           |
 |    large metropolitan areas will focus on the 51 areas with 2010           |
 |    Census populations of 1 million or more.                                |
 |                                                                            |
 |    Within the BLS time-series database, both civilian labor force          |
 |    and nonfarm payroll employment series reconstructed back to             |
 |    January 1990 to reflect the revised metropolitan area and               |
 |    metropolitan division delineations will be loaded on March 17,          |
 |    2015, three days before the issuance of the January 2015                |
 |    Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release.             |
 |    More information about the upcoming statistical area changes            |
 |    is available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.         |
 |                                                                            |
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Technical Note
 
 
   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 372
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The 
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor 
force.
   
   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and
New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals. Model-based estimation was extended
to the following areas and their respective balances of state in 2005:
the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-
Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-Warren-Livonia,
MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL
Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA Metropolitan
Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan
Division. (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner
metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane Katrina; the
indirect estimation methods described below will be used for this area
until further notice.) Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis,
such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all
other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared through
indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work"
estimates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of
residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are aggregates of
persons previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment
insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates. The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any
revisions in the other data sources, and model reestimation. All
substate estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised
model-based estimates.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather
than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one
payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2012 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are
produced using several estimation procedures. Where possible these data
are produced using a "weighted link relative" estimation technique in
which a ratio of current-month weighted employment to that of the
previous-month weighted employment is computed from a sample of
establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment
for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios by
the previous month’s employment estimates. The weighted link relative
technique is utilized for data series where the sample size meets
certain statistical criteria.

   For some employment series, relatively small sample sizes limit the 
reliability of the weighted link-relative estimates. In these cases, 
BLS uses the CES small domain model (SDM) to generate employment estimates. 
The SDM combines the direct sample estimates (described above) and forecasts 
of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease the volatility of the estimates. 
For more detailed information about the CES small domain model, refer to the 
BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, 
and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level 
for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for 
states, metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm 
level. For states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as 
well. In some metropolitan areas deemed large enough to be subdivided into 
metropolitan divisions, the seasonally adjusted payroll employment totals 
are computed by aggregating the seasonally adjusted total nonfarm estimates 
for each of the component metropolitan divisions. Revisions of historical 
data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident with 
annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for 
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on the 
BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error 
are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information on 
recent benchmark revisions is available online at www.bls.gov/sae/. 

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the
standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management
and Budget on December 1, 2009. Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to
develop these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and
Earnings Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment. Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the
administration of various federal economic assistance programs are
available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the
CES program are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay 
Service:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                      Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                              November          December          November          December       November    December 
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2013     2014     2013     2014p    2013     2014     2013     2014p   2013  2014  2013 2014p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,123.3  2,108.7  2,113.3  2,098.6    122.2    115.3    120.2    111.6   5.8   5.5   5.7   5.3
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     49.4     47.8     49.0     47.6      3.2      2.9      3.1      2.7   6.5   6.1   6.3   5.8
  Auburn-Opelika........................     70.4     70.5     70.0     69.9      3.1      3.0      3.1      2.8   4.4   4.2   4.5   4.1
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    527.7    521.5    525.9    520.3     26.5     25.1     26.0     24.1   5.0   4.8   4.9   4.6
  Decatur...............................     70.4     69.4     69.9     69.0      4.0      3.8      3.9      3.7   5.6   5.5   5.6   5.3
  Dothan................................     61.5     61.4     61.6     61.2      3.5      3.4      3.4      3.3   5.7   5.6   5.6   5.4
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     68.6     68.8     68.0     68.9      3.8      4.2      3.8      4.4   5.6   6.1   5.6   6.3
  Gadsden...............................     44.9     44.0     44.6     43.6      2.6      2.3      2.5      2.2   5.7   5.3   5.6   5.1
  Huntsville............................    210.8    209.6    208.7    207.7     10.4     10.0     10.2      9.7   4.9   4.8   4.9   4.7
  Mobile................................    181.6    177.3    180.1    176.0     12.3     11.4     11.9     11.0   6.8   6.4   6.6   6.2
  Montgomery............................    165.9    162.7    165.5    162.5      9.9      9.3      9.7      8.9   6.0   5.7   5.9   5.5
  Tuscaloosa............................    101.1    102.6    100.8    101.8      5.4      5.1      5.4      4.9   5.3   5.0   5.4   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    361.7    362.4    360.6    361.7     22.7     22.3     23.3     23.0   6.3   6.2   6.5   6.3
  Anchorage.............................    201.7    202.5    202.3    203.4     10.3     10.5     10.5     10.6   5.1   5.2   5.2   5.2
  Fairbanks.............................     45.6     46.6     45.8     46.7      2.5      2.6      2.5      2.6   5.4   5.5   5.4   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,004.3  3,117.0  2,998.3  3,103.7    220.8    211.8    219.1    202.2   7.3   6.8   7.3   6.5
  Flagstaff.............................     71.3     73.6     70.4     71.6      5.5      5.1      5.6      5.2   7.8   7.0   7.9   7.3
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     83.0     84.9     82.4     84.5      7.4      6.8      7.3      6.7   8.9   8.0   8.9   7.9
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,043.5  2,134.6  2,043.7  2,127.0    127.3    126.4    127.4    119.9   6.2   5.9   6.2   5.6
  Prescott..............................     90.6     94.4     88.8     92.3      6.3      6.0      6.4      5.8   7.0   6.3   7.2   6.3
  Tucson................................    447.3    462.2    445.5    463.0     28.7     28.9     28.6     27.2   6.4   6.3   6.4   5.9
  Yuma..................................     89.6     86.6     88.7     86.0     24.5     20.0     22.7     19.0  27.3  23.1  25.6  22.1
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,324.8  1,320.4  1,315.0  1,317.0     91.3     69.6     94.6     73.9   6.9   5.3   7.2   5.6
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    235.9    234.8    234.0    234.1     11.8      9.2     11.8      9.6   5.0   3.9   5.1   4.1
  Fort Smith............................    129.8    126.6    130.0    125.5      9.3      6.9     10.1      6.9   7.1   5.5   7.7   5.5
  Hot Springs...........................     40.6     40.1     40.2     40.1      3.0      2.3      3.0      2.4   7.4   5.8   7.5   6.0
  Jonesboro.............................     60.0     60.4     59.7     60.4      3.8      2.9      4.0      3.1   6.4   4.8   6.6   5.1
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    341.6    335.5    337.7    335.4     21.1     16.2     21.2     16.8   6.2   4.8   6.3   5.0
  Pine Bluff............................     41.2     39.7     40.9     39.6      3.9      2.7      4.0      2.9   9.5   6.8   9.7   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,573.0 18,848.9 18,501.3 18,726.4  1,529.5  1,346.2  1,462.7  1,251.8   8.2   7.1   7.9   6.7
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    392.4    396.4    390.9    390.8     41.0     37.9     42.5     38.5  10.4   9.6  10.9   9.9
  Chico.................................    104.7    104.2    103.4    103.0      9.4      8.1      9.1      7.7   9.0   7.7   8.8   7.5
  El Centro.............................     79.8     81.8     80.3     81.4     18.0     18.6     16.9     17.1  22.5  22.7  21.1  21.0
  Fresno................................    438.4    443.0    440.0    440.8     53.6     49.7     53.2     48.3  12.2  11.2  12.1  11.0
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     58.7     58.8     58.8     58.1      7.5      6.9      7.5      6.8  12.7  11.7  12.8  11.6
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,578.3  6,665.9  6,550.9  6,662.3    546.0    480.7    518.4    447.7   8.3   7.2   7.9   6.7
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     66.5     66.7     67.7     67.6      7.3      7.1      7.3      7.1  11.0  10.7  10.8  10.5
  Merced................................    113.8    114.5    112.5    113.9     15.1     14.0     15.5     14.6  13.3  12.2  13.8  12.8
  Modesto...............................    235.5    237.0    234.6    233.8     28.6     25.4     28.2     24.4  12.1  10.7  12.0  10.5
  Napa..................................     78.0     79.3     76.3     76.4      4.7      4.2      4.6      3.9   6.0   5.3   6.0   5.1
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    434.3    437.9    431.3    434.2     31.9     28.4     30.0     25.7   7.3   6.5   7.0   5.9
  Redding...............................     80.7     81.0     79.9     79.7      8.0      6.6      7.7      6.5   9.9   8.1   9.6   8.1
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,824.7  1,841.6  1,825.1  1,827.7    169.4    147.5    159.7    131.5   9.3   8.0   8.7   7.2
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,039.8  1,052.4  1,037.5  1,042.5     82.6     70.9     78.2     64.7   7.9   6.7   7.5   6.2
  Salinas...............................    222.6    223.9    213.1    214.2     20.3     19.1     24.1     23.0   9.1   8.5  11.3  10.7
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,585.6  1,622.8  1,578.6  1,606.7    110.6     94.2    102.3     82.9   7.0   5.8   6.5   5.2
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,358.2  2,415.5  2,355.0  2,398.8    141.1    121.2    130.1    106.4   6.0   5.0   5.5   4.4
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    952.9    977.8    953.4    976.0     59.9     51.0     55.5     44.9   6.3   5.2   5.8   4.6
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    141.1    142.9    137.7    138.5      8.7      7.8      8.0      6.9   6.1   5.5   5.8   5.0
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    223.2    228.2    220.1    222.3     14.3     13.1     14.0     12.6   6.4   5.7   6.4   5.7
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    150.4    152.0    149.9    150.0     13.1     11.6     13.9     12.4   8.7   7.6   9.2   8.3
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    261.3    267.9    258.2    263.6     15.7     13.6     14.6     12.3   6.0   5.1   5.7   4.7
  Stockton..............................    293.5    294.7    292.7    292.0     35.7     31.6     35.1     30.4  12.2  10.7  12.0  10.4
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    218.2    220.6    217.5    218.5     16.9     14.3     16.0     13.3   7.7   6.5   7.4   6.1
  Visalia-Porterville...................    200.3    200.3    199.1    197.7     26.3     24.7     27.1     25.1  13.1  12.3  13.6  12.7
  Yuba City.............................     67.8     67.8     67.6     66.6      9.3      8.2      9.3      8.1  13.8  12.1  13.8  12.2
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,752.8  2,809.0  2,740.1  2,803.1    168.2    112.6    162.1    111.1   6.1   4.0   5.9   4.0
  Boulder...............................    183.0    186.3    181.2    184.5      8.7      5.9      8.1      5.6   4.7   3.2   4.5   3.0
  Colorado Springs......................    312.4    307.8    308.5    303.2     22.8     15.7     22.2     15.6   7.3   5.1   7.2   5.1
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,439.0  1,462.6  1,425.9  1,450.6     84.6     56.9     81.9     56.5   5.9   3.9   5.7   3.9
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    182.6    186.7    181.6    185.0      9.1      6.0      8.6      5.8   5.0   3.2   4.7   3.1
  Grand Junction........................     77.2     76.3     76.5     75.9      5.4      3.4      5.4      3.5   7.0   4.5   7.0   4.7
  Greeley...............................    128.0    135.0    127.1    134.8      8.0      5.2      7.6      5.2   6.2   3.9   6.0   3.9
  Pueblo................................     75.2     74.9     74.5     74.4      6.5      4.2      6.5      4.2   8.7   5.6   8.7   5.7
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,845.8  1,908.6  1,834.5  1,890.8    129.2    118.0    124.9    107.8   7.0   6.2   6.8   5.7
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    469.8    488.6    467.3    484.1     30.8     28.2     29.3     25.6   6.6   5.8   6.3   5.3
  Danbury...............................     91.3     94.4     90.9     94.2      5.0      4.4      4.8      4.1   5.5   4.7   5.3   4.3
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    583.9    602.8    580.3    597.4     40.7     37.4     39.6     34.6   7.0   6.2   6.8   5.8
  New Haven.............................    310.4    320.6    308.2    317.2     22.6     20.5     21.6     18.3   7.3   6.4   7.0   5.8
  Norwich-New London....................    143.0    146.2    142.0    144.5     10.7      9.6     10.7      8.8   7.5   6.5   7.6   6.1
  Waterbury.............................     99.9    102.9     99.5    102.1      9.2      8.4      9.0      7.8   9.3   8.2   9.0   7.6
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    442.8    452.5    442.9    450.6     25.8     22.6     25.9     20.6   5.8   5.0   5.9   4.6
  Dover.................................     76.4     77.0     77.2     76.8      4.5      3.8      4.6      3.5   5.9   4.9   5.9   4.6
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    365.9    381.2    365.5    375.7     25.9     26.8     25.1     27.0   7.1   7.0   6.9   7.2
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,197.4  3,213.2  3,184.3  3,190.9    156.1    144.5    148.0    142.2   4.9   4.5   4.6   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,411.4  9,631.1  9,395.0  9,571.0    599.4    541.8    558.1    514.8   6.4   5.6   5.9   5.4
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    296.6    302.0    297.9    300.5     18.6     16.5     16.9     15.1   6.3   5.5   5.7   5.0
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....     97.8    100.1     97.0     98.8      4.8      4.5      4.4      4.2   4.9   4.5   4.6   4.2
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    251.3    255.7    249.4    253.1     16.3     14.3     15.0     13.4   6.5   5.6   6.0   5.3
  Gainesville...........................    141.5    143.8    140.0    141.2      7.1      6.6      6.6      6.1   5.0   4.6   4.7   4.3
  Jacksonville..........................    704.4    726.3    700.0    723.5     42.4     39.6     39.3     36.6   6.0   5.4   5.6   5.1
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    270.9    274.8    270.2    273.0     20.0     18.2     18.3     16.7   7.4   6.6   6.8   6.1
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,961.5  3,048.6  2,965.5  3,039.7    186.5    168.9    178.0    170.0   6.3   5.5   6.0   5.6
  Naples-Marco Island...................    158.9    164.2    159.6    164.6      9.5      8.6      8.6      7.8   6.0   5.2   5.4   4.7
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    311.4    324.8    310.5    323.0     19.4     17.5     17.7     16.1   6.2   5.4   5.7   5.0
  Ocala.................................    131.4    131.0    130.4    129.8      9.9      8.9      9.1      8.3   7.5   6.8   7.0   6.4
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,160.6  1,210.9  1,161.2  1,202.1     70.1     64.4     64.8     59.6   6.0   5.3   5.6   5.0
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    261.0    263.0    259.1    261.3     18.7     16.0     17.2     14.8   7.2   6.1   6.6   5.7
  Palm Coast............................     34.8     35.4     34.4     35.1      3.3      2.9      3.0      2.7   9.4   8.1   8.7   7.6
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-                                                                                                    
    Panama City Beach...................     87.9     88.6     86.8     87.0      5.6      5.2      5.3      5.0   6.4   5.9   6.1   5.8
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    209.1    213.9    207.5    211.0     13.1     11.8     12.2     10.9   6.3   5.5   5.9   5.2
  Port St. Lucie........................    194.1    195.6    193.2    193.9     15.6     12.5     14.2     11.4   8.0   6.4   7.3   5.9
  Punta Gorda...........................     71.3     73.9     71.5     73.9      4.5      4.1      4.1      3.8   6.4   5.6   5.7   5.1
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     63.4     62.8     63.2     62.3      5.1      4.1      4.6      3.7   8.1   6.5   7.3   6.0
  Tallahassee...........................    192.2    195.8    189.2    192.5     10.6     10.1      9.8      9.3   5.5   5.2   5.2   4.8
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,327.6  1,342.9  1,325.5  1,331.8     86.7     78.7     80.1     72.8   6.5   5.9   6.0   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,743.9  4,754.4  4,746.1  4,733.3    343.8    316.0    340.2    314.3   7.2   6.6   7.2   6.6
  Albany................................     72.8     71.6     72.6     71.0      5.9      5.2      5.9      5.2   8.1   7.3   8.2   7.3
  Athens-Clarke County..................    113.8    113.1    114.3    112.8      5.7      5.6      5.9      5.5   5.0   4.9   5.2   4.9
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,728.5  2,734.2  2,730.9  2,728.6    190.9    176.2    187.1    175.4   7.0   6.4   6.8   6.4
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    258.7    263.5    259.7    262.6     18.9     17.5     18.4     17.1   7.3   6.6   7.1   6.5
  Brunswick.............................     48.9     48.5     48.5     48.2      4.1      3.6      4.0      3.6   8.4   7.5   8.2   7.4
  Columbus..............................    130.8    128.9    130.3    128.1     10.0      9.4      9.9      9.3   7.6   7.3   7.6   7.2
  Dalton................................     57.8     56.6     57.8     56.3      5.4      4.7      5.5      4.6   9.3   8.3   9.4   8.2
  Gainesville...........................     91.0     91.9     90.8     91.3      5.3      4.8      5.2      4.8   5.9   5.2   5.7   5.2
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     32.7     32.4     32.6     32.2      2.7      2.4      2.6      2.5   8.2   7.5   8.1   7.6
  Macon.................................    111.1    110.3    111.2    109.6      8.5      7.6      8.5      7.5   7.6   6.9   7.6   6.8
  Rome..................................     47.1     46.5     47.3     46.3      3.6      3.1      3.6      3.2   7.6   6.7   7.7   6.8
  Savannah..............................    181.6    182.2    180.1    180.2     12.1     11.1     11.9     11.2   6.7   6.1   6.6   6.2
  Valdosta..............................     65.8     66.1     65.7     65.4      4.7      4.5      4.6      4.4   7.2   6.8   7.0   6.7
  Warner Robins.........................     68.6     67.4     69.1     67.2      4.4      4.3      4.6      4.2   6.4   6.3   6.7   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    653.4    670.1    653.3    671.1     30.7     26.9     27.6     24.5   4.7   4.0   4.2   3.7
  Honolulu..............................    462.0    474.2    463.1    475.0     19.8     17.8     17.5     16.2   4.3   3.8   3.8   3.4
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    774.7    770.5    772.9    768.0     42.2     29.1     42.3     28.3   5.4   3.8   5.5   3.7
  Boise City-Nampa......................    309.8    312.1    310.1    312.1     16.2     11.1     15.8     10.4   5.2   3.6   5.1   3.3
  Coeur d’Alene.........................     72.5     72.7     72.4     72.6      4.7      3.1      4.8      3.2   6.5   4.3   6.6   4.4
  Idaho Falls...........................     64.1     63.9     63.5     63.5      3.0      2.0      3.0      1.9   4.6   3.2   4.7   3.1
  Lewiston..............................     28.7     28.4     28.6     28.0      1.5      1.2      1.5      1.2   5.2   4.3   5.3   4.2
  Pocatello.............................     43.9     43.5     43.7     43.3      2.3      1.7      2.3      1.7   5.2   4.0   5.3   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,547.7  6,552.9  6,525.4  6,509.6    558.3    390.8    560.9    371.0   8.5   6.0   8.6   5.7
  Bloomington-Normal....................     88.1     87.9     87.4     86.4      6.4      4.9      6.3      4.6   7.2   5.6   7.2   5.3
  Champaign-Urbana......................    116.6    118.0    115.8    116.0      9.3      6.9      9.3      6.4   8.0   5.9   8.0   5.5
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,888.4  4,897.1  4,872.4  4,882.9    403.2    283.8    402.5    272.9   8.2   5.8   8.3   5.6
  Danville..............................     35.8     35.2     35.7     34.7      4.4      2.8      4.4      2.6  12.2   8.1  12.4   7.6
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    197.3    198.7    197.2    198.1     13.0     11.9     13.6     11.9   6.6   6.0   6.9   6.0
  Decatur...............................     52.8     51.4     52.4     50.7      6.5      4.1      6.5      3.8  12.2   7.9  12.4   7.5
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     55.7     55.3     55.6     54.4      6.1      4.2      6.2      4.0  10.9   7.6  11.2   7.4
  Peoria................................    194.1    192.8    192.6    188.8     18.1     12.8     18.1     12.2   9.3   6.6   9.4   6.5
  Rockford..............................    162.6    162.0    162.1    159.4     18.5     13.1     18.9     12.4  11.4   8.1  11.7   7.8
  Springfield...........................    112.0    112.6    111.3    111.2      8.6      6.7      8.6      6.2   7.7   5.9   7.7   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,192.5  3,267.3  3,160.7  3,250.8    213.7    188.3    200.7    187.2   6.7   5.8   6.3   5.8
  Anderson..............................     60.0     61.6     59.6     60.9      4.7      4.1      4.5      4.1   7.9   6.6   7.5   6.8
  Bloomington...........................     97.3     98.7     94.9     96.7      6.1      5.5      5.4      5.4   6.2   5.6   5.7   5.5
  Columbus..............................     41.7     43.4     41.2     43.2      2.2      1.9      2.0      1.8   5.2   4.4   4.8   4.3
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     94.8     98.7     93.6     97.6      6.4      5.2      6.0      5.0   6.8   5.3   6.4   5.1
  Evansville............................    181.0    183.1    178.0    181.2     11.1      9.4     10.3      9.0   6.2   5.1   5.8   5.0
  Fort Wayne............................    207.2    214.6    206.0    213.0     13.1     11.3     12.2     11.2   6.3   5.3   5.9   5.2
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    926.7    952.6    914.7    946.6     57.2     51.2     52.6     50.0   6.2   5.4   5.8   5.3
  Kokomo................................     44.0     45.5     43.9     45.4      3.2      2.8      3.0      2.7   7.2   6.1   6.8   6.0
  Lafayette.............................    101.6    103.5    100.3    102.8      6.2      5.4      5.5      5.1   6.1   5.2   5.5   5.0
  Michigan City-La Porte................     48.9     49.1     48.6     48.9      4.1      3.7      4.1      3.9   8.4   7.5   8.4   8.0
  Muncie................................     54.6     55.6     54.1     55.1      4.1      3.7      3.8      3.7   7.5   6.7   7.0   6.6
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    151.1    152.9    149.6    152.0     11.5      9.2     11.1      9.3   7.6   6.0   7.5   6.1
  Terre Haute...........................     77.8     78.6     77.1     77.9      6.5      5.7      6.2      5.8   8.3   7.3   8.1   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,677.8  1,714.7  1,672.4  1,705.9     65.7     66.2     73.1     71.4   3.9   3.9   4.4   4.2
  Ames..................................     51.6     53.6     51.0     53.2      1.4      1.3      1.6      1.4   2.7   2.5   3.0   2.7
  Cedar Rapids..........................    146.4    148.1    146.0    147.3      6.2      5.8      6.7      6.1   4.2   3.9   4.6   4.2
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    326.3    331.5    324.5    332.1     12.9     12.5     13.9     13.1   4.0   3.8   4.3   3.9
  Dubuque...............................     54.5     57.1     54.8     57.2      2.0      2.0      2.3      2.3   3.6   3.4   4.2   3.9
  Iowa City.............................     96.6     99.8     95.7     99.2      2.6      2.5      2.9      2.7   2.7   2.6   3.0   2.7
  Sioux City............................     78.5     79.8     78.3     79.7      3.2      3.3      3.5      3.3   4.1   4.1   4.5   4.2
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     96.4     97.7     95.6     97.2      3.7      4.3      4.1      4.5   3.8   4.4   4.3   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,479.9  1,497.6  1,474.4  1,497.4     67.3     58.9     67.2     59.7   4.5   3.9   4.6   4.0
  Lawrence..............................     62.0     63.3     61.5     64.0      2.4      2.2      2.5      2.2   3.9   3.5   4.0   3.5
  Manhattan.............................     61.9     64.3     62.0     63.2      2.7      2.3      2.7      2.4   4.3   3.6   4.4   3.7
  Topeka................................    118.5    120.2    118.7    120.6      5.9      5.1      5.9      5.2   5.0   4.2   5.0   4.4
  Wichita...............................    297.8    300.1    296.9    301.1     15.6     14.2     15.6     14.4   5.2   4.7   5.3   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,045.8  2,000.3  2,035.3  1,975.0    154.5    116.5    150.7     99.9   7.6   5.8   7.4   5.1
  Bowling Green.........................     66.6     66.2     65.9     65.4      4.2      3.3      4.0      2.7   6.3   5.0   6.1   4.2
  Elizabethtown.........................     56.6     55.0     56.3     54.3      4.0      3.0      3.8      2.5   7.0   5.5   6.8   4.7
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    240.7    238.7    241.0    234.8     15.0     11.6     14.2      9.3   6.2   4.9   5.9   4.0
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    637.4    630.6    633.7    625.1     44.6     34.5     42.8     29.8   7.0   5.5   6.8   4.8
  Owensboro.............................     58.0     56.6     57.8     56.2      3.6      2.8      3.5      2.3   6.2   4.9   6.1   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,102.8  2,186.0  2,078.1  2,181.2    105.8    138.2     97.0    134.2   5.0   6.3   4.7   6.2
  Alexandria............................     66.6     68.3     65.9     68.3      3.5      4.6      3.2      4.6   5.2   6.8   4.8   6.7
  Baton Rouge...........................    393.7    410.1    388.5    407.9     18.7     24.2     17.1     23.4   4.8   5.9   4.4   5.7
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    109.9    114.3    108.5    114.3      3.8      5.2      3.3      4.8   3.4   4.5   3.0   4.2
  Lafayette.............................    145.5    151.6    144.2    151.1      5.5      7.5      4.9      7.0   3.8   4.9   3.4   4.6
  Lake Charles..........................     97.0    102.8     96.1    104.0      4.5      5.8      4.0      5.6   4.6   5.6   4.2   5.3
  Monroe................................     82.1     84.9     81.3     84.9      4.3      5.8      4.0      5.7   5.3   6.8   5.0   6.7
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    560.0    581.9    553.0    580.6     28.2     37.0     25.6     35.6   5.0   6.4   4.6   6.1
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    177.7    184.0    176.0    183.3     10.0     12.5      9.1     12.0   5.6   6.8   5.2   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    706.3    697.3    702.9    695.8     44.2     37.6     43.6     34.7   6.3   5.4   6.2   5.0
  Bangor................................     74.5     72.9     74.0     72.7      4.2      3.8      4.1      3.4   5.7   5.2   5.6   4.6
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     58.6     58.2     58.4     58.3      3.4      2.8      3.2      2.6   5.7   4.9   5.5   4.4
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    210.0    209.6    208.8    209.0     10.8      8.8     10.2      7.8   5.1   4.2   4.9   3.7
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  3,111.0  3,093.4  3,090.3  3,076.5    184.1    163.3    173.6    163.5   5.9   5.3   5.6   5.3
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,472.8  1,468.2  1,459.9  1,462.0     89.8     80.6     84.1     80.1   6.1   5.5   5.8   5.5
  Cumberland............................     49.4     49.1     49.3     48.8      3.2      2.9      3.2      3.1   6.5   5.9   6.6   6.3
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    124.3    121.8    124.2    121.9      7.7      7.1      7.7      7.2   6.2   5.8   6.2   5.9
  Salisbury.............................     63.1     61.8     63.0     61.6      5.1      4.4      4.9      4.6   8.0   7.2   7.7   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,483.7  3,575.8  3,473.8  3,548.6    232.1    187.5    232.1    170.8   6.7   5.2   6.7   4.8
  Barnstable Town.......................    130.6    134.6    128.8    131.5      9.5      7.8      9.9      7.7   7.3   5.8   7.7   5.8
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,564.2  2,634.4  2,558.6  2,616.8    152.9    124.9    151.0    111.6   6.0   4.7   5.9   4.3
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     71.4     72.4     71.6     71.9      6.2      4.9      6.3      4.5   8.8   6.7   8.8   6.2
  New Bedford...........................     88.7     89.5     88.3     89.1      9.1      7.0      9.2      6.6  10.3   7.8  10.5   7.4
  Pittsfield............................     37.8     38.3     38.0     38.2      2.7      2.1      2.8      2.1   7.3   5.6   7.3   5.4
  Springfield...........................    341.9    351.1    340.4    347.9     25.9     21.9     26.1     20.4   7.6   6.3   7.7   5.9
  Worcester.............................    292.4    301.1    291.9    298.9     21.1     17.1     20.9     15.6   7.2   5.7   7.2   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,686.0  4,720.3  4,672.4  4,721.0    356.3    269.0    361.6    264.5   7.6   5.7   7.7   5.6
  Ann Arbor.............................    186.1    190.3    183.4    189.4      9.6      6.6      9.5      6.1   5.1   3.5   5.2   3.2
  Battle Creek..........................     65.1     65.9     64.4     65.8      4.2      3.1      4.4      3.0   6.4   4.6   6.8   4.6
  Bay City..............................     51.6     52.6     51.3     52.6      3.9      2.7      4.2      2.9   7.6   5.1   8.2   5.5
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,029.4  1,996.9  2,026.4  1,996.9    166.6    139.9    162.6    132.9   8.2   7.0   8.0   6.7
  Flint.................................    184.8    185.9    184.0    187.2     16.1     10.5     16.2     10.4   8.7   5.6   8.8   5.6
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    401.1    422.9    401.6    423.3     22.5     15.6     23.4     15.4   5.6   3.7   5.8   3.6
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    131.6    138.7    131.2    138.5      7.4      5.2      7.9      5.1   5.7   3.7   6.0   3.6
  Jackson...............................     69.9     70.2     69.7     70.1      5.4      3.7      5.6      3.7   7.7   5.2   8.0   5.3
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    159.2    164.0    157.9    163.8     10.4      7.3     10.9      7.3   6.5   4.5   6.9   4.5
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    235.6    241.5    234.2    239.9     14.0      9.9     14.5      9.8   5.9   4.1   6.2   4.1
  Monroe................................     70.7     71.4     69.9     71.5      4.8      3.2      4.8      3.2   6.8   4.5   6.9   4.4
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     82.5     84.1     82.7     84.3      6.4      4.2      6.8      4.2   7.7   5.0   8.2   5.0
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     71.2     71.1     70.7     71.0      5.6      3.7      5.8      3.7   7.8   5.1   8.2   5.2
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     89.8     93.4     90.4     93.3      7.0      4.8      7.2      4.9   7.8   5.2   8.0   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,973.2  2,989.9  2,965.9  2,985.2    127.1     96.3    137.9    109.2   4.3   3.2   4.6   3.7
  Duluth................................    145.9    143.7    145.3    143.1      8.0      5.9      8.5      6.4   5.5   4.1   5.8   4.4
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     59.1     60.7     58.5     60.5      1.9      1.3      2.1      1.6   3.2   2.2   3.5   2.6
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,866.5  1,883.0  1,862.8  1,876.2     77.1     57.0     80.4     61.8   4.1   3.0   4.3   3.3
  Rochester.............................    104.7    104.7    104.4    104.8      3.7      2.8      4.0      3.2   3.5   2.6   3.8   3.1
  St. Cloud.............................    109.0    109.9    108.5    109.8      4.5      3.7      5.2      4.3   4.1   3.3   4.8   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,268.4  1,241.5  1,266.4  1,247.1     92.9     79.7     92.1     88.1   7.3   6.4   7.3   7.1
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    111.5    108.1    111.0    108.2      7.6      6.8      7.6      7.4   6.8   6.3   6.8   6.9
  Hattiesburg...........................     66.0     65.0     65.8     65.4      3.9      3.5      4.0      3.9   6.0   5.5   6.0   6.0
  Jackson...............................    260.0    253.0    259.3    254.0     15.0     12.7     15.1     14.0   5.8   5.0   5.8   5.5
  Pascagoula............................     70.0     69.3     70.0     69.0      5.5      4.9      5.4      5.4   7.8   7.0   7.7   7.8
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  3,011.6  3,053.2  3,005.6  3,060.5    171.5    156.8    173.1    160.9   5.7   5.1   5.8   5.3
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     47.2     47.7     47.6     47.5      2.9      2.3      2.9      2.3   6.0   4.8   6.0   4.8
  Columbia..............................    101.7    102.5    100.8    102.4      3.9      3.6      3.7      3.4   3.8   3.5   3.7   3.3
  Jefferson City........................     75.9     76.3     75.9     76.5      3.8      3.2      3.7      3.4   5.0   4.2   4.9   4.4
  Joplin................................     87.3     87.4     86.6     87.4      4.4      3.8      4.3      3.7   5.0   4.4   4.9   4.2
  Kansas City...........................  1,027.0  1,042.9  1,021.2  1,052.8     56.4     52.3     56.6     52.4   5.5   5.0   5.5   5.0
  St. Joseph............................     71.9     72.8     71.9     73.2      3.6      3.0      3.5      3.1   5.0   4.2   4.8   4.2
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,402.3  1,419.7  1,399.1  1,419.0     93.1     80.1     93.2     79.3   6.6   5.6   6.7   5.6
  Springfield...........................    222.8    223.6    222.3    224.8     10.6      9.7     10.5      9.7   4.7   4.3   4.7   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    510.4    516.4    507.6    514.8     26.9     21.6     27.5     22.0   5.3   4.2   5.4   4.3
  Billings..............................     89.6     91.9     89.0     91.2      3.5      2.8      3.5      2.7   3.9   3.1   4.0   3.0
  Great Falls...........................     41.4     41.7     41.1     41.4      1.8      1.6      1.9      1.5   4.4   3.8   4.7   3.7
  Missoula..............................     61.1     62.6     60.2     62.0      2.9      2.3      3.1      2.5   4.8   3.7   5.1   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................  1,019.2  1,019.7  1,015.8  1,014.5     33.7     25.6     35.2     28.9   3.3   2.5   3.5   2.9
  Lincoln...............................    176.3    180.7    175.8    181.4      5.2      3.8      5.5      4.6   3.0   2.1   3.1   2.5
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    459.2    461.2    457.6    463.5     16.9     13.6     17.7     15.0   3.7   2.9   3.9   3.2
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,365.9  1,372.7  1,361.2  1,362.5    120.4     95.3    119.1     91.5   8.8   6.9   8.7   6.7
  Carson City...........................     26.5     26.2     26.4     25.9      2.4      1.9      2.4      1.8   9.2   7.2   9.2   7.0
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    986.2    992.3    982.1    984.2     88.9     70.6     87.6     67.8   9.0   7.1   8.9   6.9
  Reno-Sparks...........................    224.2    224.0    224.2    221.6     18.5     14.4     18.5     13.8   8.3   6.4   8.2   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    739.5    744.2    737.8    741.7     36.5     28.8     35.7     28.3   4.9   3.9   4.8   3.8
  Manchester............................    108.4    109.1    107.9    109.0      5.2      4.0      5.0      3.9   4.8   3.6   4.7   3.6
  Portsmouth............................     46.0     46.4     45.4     45.8      2.0      1.6      2.0      1.5   4.4   3.4   4.3   3.2
  Rochester-Dover.......................     84.8     84.7     84.2     84.4      3.8      3.0      3.8      2.9   4.5   3.5   4.5   3.5
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,486.2  4,535.5  4,476.8  4,545.1    310.2    269.1    299.2    260.7   6.9   5.9   6.7   5.7
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    128.4    123.7    128.4    124.2     13.6     14.0     13.4     14.1  10.6  11.3  10.5  11.3
  Ocean City............................     53.5     51.9     53.2     52.0      6.6      6.4      6.8      6.6  12.4  12.3  12.7  12.7
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    206.7    211.6    206.9    212.5     11.3      9.8     10.8      9.5   5.4   4.6   5.2   4.5
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     67.0     65.5     67.0     65.9      7.0      6.0      7.0      6.2  10.4   9.2  10.5   9.4
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    928.7    934.2    927.1    926.2     58.9     57.7     58.5     50.8   6.3   6.2   6.3   5.5
  Albuquerque...........................    392.0    394.3    391.1    390.9     25.8     25.1     25.6     21.9   6.6   6.4   6.5   5.6
  Farmington............................     55.8     56.3     55.4     55.8      3.4      3.3      3.3      2.9   6.0   5.8   6.0   5.2
  Las Cruces............................     94.4     94.5     93.9     93.8      6.4      6.3      6.4      5.7   6.8   6.7   6.8   6.1
  Santa Fe..............................     75.0     75.1     74.9     74.4      3.7      3.7      3.8      3.2   5.0   4.9   5.0   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,577.9  9,493.9  9,538.8  9,487.3    654.8    552.0    628.7    536.5   6.8   5.8   6.6   5.7
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    441.9    431.0    437.9    430.0     24.2     20.4     23.7     19.8   5.5   4.7   5.4   4.6
  Binghamton............................    114.5    110.9    113.2    110.2      7.9      6.6      7.8      6.7   6.9   6.0   6.9   6.1
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    569.1    551.5    563.6    549.2     37.4     31.8     36.9     31.0   6.6   5.8   6.5   5.7
  Elmira................................     38.7     37.3     38.6     37.2      2.8      2.2      2.7      2.1   7.3   5.9   7.0   5.7
  Glens Falls...........................     63.7     61.8     63.6     61.7      4.3      3.6      4.5      3.7   6.8   5.8   7.1   6.0
  Ithaca................................     59.4     58.1     58.3     57.5      2.5      2.2      2.3      2.0   4.2   3.8   4.0   3.5
  Kingston..............................     85.8     83.4     85.1     82.8      5.7      4.7      5.5      4.5   6.6   5.6   6.5   5.4
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                     
       Long Island......................  9,529.0  9,591.6  9,506.3  9,603.4    658.8    558.4    627.5    538.2   6.9   5.8   6.6   5.6
     New York City......................  4,048.2  4,109.2  4,037.7  4,121.5    322.8    270.4    304.8    263.0   8.0   6.6   7.5   6.4
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    317.7    308.1    315.8    307.1     19.2     15.8     18.2     14.8   6.0   5.1   5.8   4.8
  Rochester.............................    518.3    502.5    515.8    502.4     32.2     27.3     31.5     26.9   6.2   5.4   6.1   5.4
  Syracuse..............................    314.3    303.7    313.9    302.4     20.7     17.6     20.4     17.3   6.6   5.8   6.5   5.7
  Utica-Rome............................    133.6    129.0    133.4    128.7      9.1      7.8      9.1      7.9   6.8   6.0   6.8   6.1
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,678.2  4,625.9  4,621.7  4,560.7    325.5    247.9    305.8    238.9   7.0   5.4   6.6   5.2
  Asheville.............................    217.2    219.5    214.8    216.7     11.3      8.7     10.7      8.6   5.2   4.0   5.0   4.0
  Burlington............................     72.3     72.0     71.5     71.4      4.9      3.7      4.6      3.6   6.8   5.2   6.4   5.1
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    925.6    922.4    916.1    911.8     64.9     50.3     60.8     47.9   7.0   5.5   6.6   5.3
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    273.1    272.1    271.0    270.0     14.2     11.8     13.4     11.5   5.2   4.3   4.9   4.3
  Fayetteville..........................    164.3    159.4    162.4    158.1     13.3     10.0     12.4      9.6   8.1   6.2   7.7   6.1
  Goldsboro.............................     54.1     53.3     54.0     52.4      3.8      3.1      3.6      3.0   7.0   5.8   6.6   5.7
  Greensboro-High Point.................    369.0    361.9    363.3    359.1     26.8     19.8     25.1     18.9   7.3   5.5   6.9   5.3
  Greenville............................     97.8     96.6     96.6     95.1      6.7      5.2      6.4      4.9   6.9   5.4   6.6   5.2
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    166.2    161.7    163.7    159.1     12.4      9.2     11.7      8.8   7.5   5.7   7.1   5.5
  Jacksonville..........................     68.1     67.9     67.0     66.9      4.6      3.8      4.4      3.8   6.7   5.7   6.5   5.6
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    614.2    620.1    608.2    614.0     33.4     26.9     31.3     26.0   5.4   4.3   5.1   4.2
  Rocky Mount...........................     66.9     64.5     66.2     63.4      6.8      5.1      6.4      4.9  10.2   7.9   9.6   7.7
  Wilmington............................    184.2    183.4    181.0    178.8     13.3      9.9     12.7      9.7   7.2   5.4   7.0   5.4
  Winston-Salem.........................    241.3    236.9    237.9    233.9     15.4     11.5     14.4     11.2   6.4   4.9   6.1   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    397.8    414.3    396.9    413.3      9.2      9.7     10.7     11.7   2.3   2.3   2.7   2.8
  Bismarck..............................     61.6     64.0     61.5     64.2      1.4      1.6      1.7      1.9   2.2   2.5   2.7   3.0
  Fargo.................................    120.0    124.5    120.1    124.9      3.0      2.7      3.5      3.6   2.5   2.2   2.9   2.9
  Grand Forks...........................     54.6     54.7     54.2     54.1      1.6      1.4      1.8      1.7   3.0   2.6   3.4   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,777.4  5,746.9  5,727.7  5,707.4    398.8    258.9    379.0    267.7   6.9   4.5   6.6   4.7
  Akron.................................    374.5    371.3    372.9    368.6     24.9     16.0     24.1     16.5   6.6   4.3   6.5   4.5
  Canton-Massillon......................    201.4    200.0    199.7    198.8     14.0      8.9     13.7      9.3   7.0   4.5   6.9   4.7
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,099.5  1,098.9  1,087.8  1,089.5     71.5     47.1     66.7     44.7   6.5   4.3   6.1   4.1
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,046.6  1,044.4  1,033.1  1,035.0     75.4     56.8     72.3     61.9   7.2   5.4   7.0   6.0
  Columbus..............................    993.6    988.0    986.7    983.6     58.3     36.9     53.7     36.2   5.9   3.7   5.4   3.7
  Dayton................................    398.4    398.3    393.5    395.5     28.9     17.8     26.9     17.7   7.3   4.5   6.8   4.5
  Lima..................................     49.1     48.4     48.9     48.2      3.6      2.1      3.4      2.2   7.3   4.4   6.9   4.5
  Mansfield.............................     56.6     55.8     56.4     55.5      4.4      2.8      4.3      2.9   7.7   5.0   7.6   5.2
  Sandusky..............................     39.7     39.6     38.8     39.3      2.9      1.8      2.8      2.1   7.2   4.6   7.3   5.2
  Springfield...........................     69.6     69.6     69.3     69.3      4.5      2.8      4.2      2.9   6.4   4.1   6.0   4.1
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     54.0     52.0     53.4     51.3      4.5      3.2      4.2      3.3   8.3   6.2   7.9   6.5
  Toledo................................    320.9    314.9    316.9    315.4     24.5     15.2     23.6     15.9   7.6   4.8   7.4   5.1
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    264.1    260.2    262.5    257.2     20.2     12.9     19.2     13.1   7.6   5.0   7.3   5.1
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,831.9  1,807.6  1,817.6  1,792.1     95.6     75.9     94.1     68.7   5.2   4.2   5.2   3.8
  Lawton................................     48.3     46.7     48.0     46.4      3.1      2.4      3.0      2.1   6.4   5.1   6.2   4.6
  Oklahoma City.........................    616.9    613.6    610.2    608.2     30.2     24.2     29.8     21.7   4.9   3.9   4.9   3.6
  Tulsa.................................    458.1    446.0    454.6    444.1     24.9     19.7     24.5     17.8   5.4   4.4   5.4   4.0
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,927.7  1,967.0  1,912.3  1,944.5    131.9    131.1    131.9    121.8   6.8   6.7   6.9   6.3
  Bend..................................     77.6     78.7     76.8     77.7      6.6      6.1      6.7      5.8   8.5   7.8   8.8   7.5
  Corvallis.............................     43.9     44.4     43.4     43.7      2.1      2.3      2.2      2.1   4.8   5.1   5.1   4.7
  Eugene-Springfield....................    174.2    176.4    172.9    175.5     11.5     11.8     11.6     10.8   6.6   6.7   6.7   6.2
  Medford...............................     98.4     99.1     97.7     97.9      8.1      7.8      8.1      7.2   8.2   7.8   8.3   7.4
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,173.4  1,206.0  1,169.0  1,196.0     75.1     75.6     75.0     68.9   6.4   6.3   6.4   5.8
  Salem.................................    191.3    194.1    188.3    190.3     13.7     13.4     13.7     12.3   7.2   6.9   7.2   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,431.0  6,366.7  6,396.9  6,339.5    419.3    290.8    394.8    289.9   6.5   4.6   6.2   4.6
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    425.9    423.7    424.9    423.4     28.7     20.6     27.6     20.3   6.7   4.9   6.5   4.8
  Altoona...............................     64.2     64.2     64.2     63.8      3.8      2.6      3.8      2.8   5.9   4.1   5.9   4.4
  Erie..................................    139.5    138.1    138.8    137.0      9.5      6.3      9.0      6.4   6.8   4.6   6.5   4.6
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    287.1    284.7    285.9    282.7     16.2     11.1     14.9     10.8   5.6   3.9   5.2   3.8
  Johnstown.............................     66.8     65.7     66.3     65.2      5.0      3.4      4.8      3.5   7.4   5.2   7.3   5.4
  Lancaster.............................    268.0    265.0    267.7    263.3     14.0      9.7     13.0      9.5   5.2   3.7   4.9   3.6
  Lebanon...............................     74.1     73.2     74.1     73.0      3.7      2.7      3.5      2.6   5.0   3.6   4.7   3.5
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  2,993.4  2,974.4  2,968.4  2,971.5    203.8    153.2    189.9    147.2   6.8   5.2   6.4   5.0
  Pittsburgh............................  1,240.0  1,242.0  1,230.3  1,232.8     73.9     53.4     70.4     53.9   6.0   4.3   5.7   4.4
  Reading...............................    203.9    201.2    203.1    200.6     13.2      9.0     12.1      8.8   6.5   4.5   6.0   4.4
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    279.4    275.2    278.9    275.0     22.4     15.0     21.5     15.3   8.0   5.4   7.7   5.6
  State College.........................     78.8     79.0     77.8     76.7      3.8      2.6      3.5      2.6   4.8   3.3   4.5   3.4
  Williamsport..........................     63.1     63.1     63.1     63.2      4.3      2.9      4.3      3.1   6.9   4.7   6.8   4.9
  York-Hanover..........................    224.5    224.7    224.1    222.9     13.9      9.6     13.0      9.6   6.2   4.3   5.8   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    555.4    554.9    550.4    553.7     48.6     36.6     48.9     33.2   8.7   6.6   8.9   6.0
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    691.9    692.8    686.7    690.6     61.8     46.2     62.7     42.6   8.9   6.7   9.1   6.2
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,157.3  2,184.5  2,147.3  2,183.2    141.5    138.5    134.5    135.3   6.6   6.3   6.3   6.2
  Anderson..............................     87.5     88.3     87.1     88.4      4.9      4.9      4.6      4.7   5.6   5.6   5.3   5.4
  Charleston-North Charleston-                                                                                                                     
    Summerville.........................    332.1    335.0    328.4    336.8     18.2     18.7     17.2     18.1   5.5   5.6   5.2   5.4
  Columbia..............................    372.5    373.6    370.6    369.7     21.8     22.0     20.4     21.2   5.8   5.9   5.5   5.7
  Florence..............................     92.2     93.2     92.1     93.3      7.0      6.7      6.7      6.6   7.6   7.2   7.2   7.1
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    315.1    320.7    314.4    320.5     17.0     17.4     15.8     16.6   5.4   5.4   5.0   5.2
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    125.2    127.5    123.0    126.3      9.7      9.5      9.7     10.2   7.8   7.4   7.9   8.1
  Spartanburg...........................    139.2    139.6    138.7    140.1      8.5      8.1      8.0      7.8   6.1   5.8   5.7   5.5
  Sumter................................     43.8     44.0     43.6     44.1      3.2      3.1      3.1      3.0   7.3   7.0   7.0   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    447.9    453.1    444.1    450.8     15.0     14.4     16.1     15.8   3.3   3.2   3.6   3.5
  Rapid City............................     65.8     67.6     65.4     67.7      2.3      2.3      2.5      2.3   3.6   3.4   3.8   3.5
  Sioux Falls...........................    133.6    137.2    132.8    138.0      3.9      3.7      4.2      4.3   2.9   2.7   3.1   3.1
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,043.6  3,011.0  3,020.5  2,985.3    226.1    192.3    219.7    192.4   7.4   6.4   7.3   6.4
  Chattanooga...........................    254.2    252.0    252.9    250.8     17.1     15.3     16.9     15.3   6.7   6.1   6.7   6.1
  Clarksville...........................    115.2    112.0    114.8    110.9      9.4      7.8      9.1      7.3   8.2   6.9   7.9   6.5
  Cleveland.............................     57.2     57.1     56.5     56.9      3.9      3.4      3.7      3.3   6.8   5.9   6.6   5.8
  Jackson...............................     55.9     55.1     55.7     54.7      4.3      3.7      4.1      3.6   7.7   6.6   7.4   6.6
  Johnson City..........................     95.4     93.3     95.0     92.1      6.6      5.7      6.5      5.8   6.9   6.1   6.8   6.2
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    143.0    140.7    142.2    140.1      9.5      8.3      9.2      8.3   6.7   5.9   6.5   6.0
  Knoxville.............................    354.9    357.1    351.3    353.0     21.7     19.0     21.2     18.9   6.1   5.3   6.0   5.4
  Memphis...............................    598.7    584.0    594.2    581.8     52.1     44.1     50.7     44.4   8.7   7.6   8.5   7.6
  Morristown............................     61.2     59.8     60.8     59.3      5.1      4.2      5.0      4.2   8.4   7.0   8.2   7.0
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                      
    Franklin............................    845.2    850.7    839.6    843.7     48.1     42.9     46.3     42.2   5.7   5.0   5.5   5.0
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,882.2 13,068.9 12,864.2 13,005.4    751.5    604.5    722.5    538.7   5.8   4.6   5.6   4.1
  Abilene...............................     84.3     83.2     84.4     82.6      3.9      3.0      3.7      2.7   4.6   3.6   4.4   3.2
  Amarillo..............................    135.2    133.8    134.8    132.4      5.6      4.4      5.4      3.8   4.2   3.3   4.0   2.9
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........  1,017.2  1,031.0  1,016.1  1,023.2     48.1     39.8     45.7     34.9   4.7   3.9   4.5   3.4
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    184.0    182.3    183.0    181.5     17.4     12.6     16.9     11.6   9.5   6.9   9.2   6.4
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    164.8    163.3    165.2    162.4     15.8     12.5     15.5     11.7   9.6   7.7   9.4   7.2
  College Station-Bryan.................    123.1    123.0    121.4    121.9      5.5      4.3      5.2      3.7   4.4   3.5   4.3   3.0
  Corpus Christi........................    219.0    222.2    217.9    221.1     12.4     10.5     12.0      9.6   5.7   4.7   5.5   4.3
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,428.4  3,483.6  3,412.6  3,478.0    195.0    159.1    186.5    140.4   5.7   4.6   5.5   4.0
  El Paso...............................    326.4    324.7    324.7    322.3     26.7     20.7     25.6     18.3   8.2   6.4   7.9   5.7
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  3,135.1  3,211.9  3,130.9  3,198.0    178.8    145.9    171.5    130.7   5.7   4.5   5.5   4.1
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    172.4    173.1    172.8    172.3     11.6      9.5     11.1      8.3   6.7   5.5   6.4   4.8
  Laredo................................    102.4    102.8    102.3    102.0      6.2      5.0      6.0      4.4   6.1   4.9   5.9   4.4
  Longview..............................    115.4    118.5    114.9    117.9      6.1      4.7      5.8      4.1   5.2   4.0   5.1   3.5
  Lubbock...............................    150.0    151.3    150.1    150.6      6.7      5.3      6.3      4.6   4.4   3.5   4.2   3.0
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    320.7    322.3    321.8    320.7     33.1     26.5     33.4     25.2  10.3   8.2  10.4   7.8
  Midland...............................     96.0    100.2     96.2     99.9      2.9      2.3      2.8      2.1   3.0   2.3   2.9   2.1
  Odessa................................     85.7     88.2     85.6     88.1      3.1      2.5      3.0      2.3   3.7   2.8   3.5   2.6
  San Angelo............................     57.3     57.5     57.5     57.0      2.6      2.1      2.5      1.8   4.6   3.6   4.4   3.1
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............  1,050.5  1,063.5  1,048.8  1,058.7     57.8     45.5     55.1     39.8   5.5   4.3   5.3   3.8
  Sherman-Denison.......................     58.8     59.0     58.4     58.8      3.4      2.7      3.3      2.4   5.8   4.5   5.6   4.0
  Texarkana.............................     62.7     62.1     62.4     61.5      4.3      3.3      4.3      3.1   6.9   5.2   7.0   5.0
  Tyler.................................    105.0    103.9    104.2    103.5      6.4      4.8      6.0      4.2   6.1   4.7   5.8   4.1
  Victoria..............................     63.6     64.7     63.7     64.4      3.0      2.3      2.9      2.0   4.8   3.6   4.6   3.1
  Waco..................................    115.0    113.7    114.8    113.2      6.4      5.1      6.0      4.4   5.5   4.5   5.2   3.9
  Wichita Falls.........................     70.5     69.2     70.9     69.2      3.8      3.1      3.7      2.7   5.4   4.5   5.2   3.9
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,437.8  1,442.3  1,438.2  1,429.7     52.8     47.5     52.9     44.5   3.7   3.3   3.7   3.1
  Logan.................................     70.5     71.6     70.8     71.3      2.0      1.8      1.9      1.6   2.8   2.5   2.7   2.3
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    273.4    273.3    271.0    268.9     10.2      9.4     10.2      9.0   3.7   3.5   3.8   3.3
  Provo-Orem............................    253.3    253.1    252.9    250.4      8.6      7.6      8.7      7.0   3.4   3.0   3.4   2.8
  St. George............................     63.0     63.2     62.9     62.1      2.6      2.4      2.6      2.3   4.1   3.7   4.2   3.7
  Salt Lake City........................    640.9    637.8    644.8    634.4     23.1     20.6     22.8     18.9   3.6   3.2   3.5   3.0
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    350.1    352.0    348.7    350.7     14.0     13.9     13.2     13.7   4.0   4.0   3.8   3.9
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    116.2    115.7    114.5    114.6      3.8      3.9      3.6      3.8   3.3   3.4   3.1   3.3
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,219.8  4,237.8  4,209.5  4,215.3    211.2    192.2    203.6    190.9   5.0   4.5   4.8   4.5
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     84.9     84.8     84.4     84.1      4.3      3.8      4.1      3.8   5.1   4.5   4.9   4.6
  Charlottesville.......................    112.3    114.1    110.9    112.4      4.4      4.2      4.2      4.2   3.9   3.7   3.8   3.7
  Danville..............................     50.0     49.3     49.9     49.0      3.4      3.1      3.3      3.1   6.8   6.4   6.6   6.4
  Harrisonburg..........................     67.4     68.2     67.6     67.7      3.2      2.8      3.0      2.8   4.8   4.1   4.5   4.2
  Lynchburg.............................    120.1    118.6    119.8    117.8      6.7      6.0      6.4      6.0   5.5   5.1   5.3   5.1
  Richmond..............................    671.3    682.2    669.0    678.9     35.6     32.7     34.4     32.2   5.3   4.8   5.1   4.7
  Roanoke...............................    157.5    156.0    157.4    155.7      8.1      7.3      7.8      7.2   5.1   4.7   4.9   4.6
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    822.5    827.5    821.9    824.6     45.8     41.6     43.9     41.3   5.6   5.0   5.3   5.0
  Winchester............................     68.6     68.9     68.4     68.3      3.2      2.9      3.2      2.9   4.7   4.2   4.6   4.2
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,447.8  3,509.5  3,437.7  3,485.9    222.7    215.2    226.6    215.8   6.5   6.1   6.6   6.2
  Bellingham............................    104.0    105.6    103.4    105.6      6.2      6.5      6.5      6.7   6.0   6.1   6.2   6.4
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    116.5    116.4    116.8    116.3      6.9      7.1      7.0      7.2   6.0   6.1   6.0   6.2
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    128.5    133.3    126.1    130.0     10.4     10.3     11.2     11.4   8.1   7.7   8.9   8.8
  Longview..............................     41.9     42.1     41.7     42.2      3.7      3.7      3.8      3.7   8.9   8.8   9.2   8.9
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     55.3     55.9     55.1     55.3      4.2      4.1      4.3      4.2   7.6   7.3   7.9   7.6
  Olympia...............................    126.6    126.9    126.2    127.0      7.9      8.1      8.1      8.2   6.3   6.4   6.5   6.5
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,908.3  1,940.4  1,913.1  1,933.1    106.6     98.1    103.0     92.7   5.6   5.1   5.4   4.8
  Spokane...............................    224.5    226.7    225.1    227.6     15.4     15.8     16.7     17.3   6.9   7.0   7.4   7.6
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     57.7     60.4     56.0     59.5      4.0      4.0      4.2      4.4   6.9   6.6   7.6   7.4
  Yakima................................    120.6    124.3    117.1    122.2     10.6     10.9     12.2     13.2   8.8   8.8  10.4  10.8
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    788.6    784.7    782.8    774.6     44.1     43.2     44.1     41.8   5.6   5.5   5.6   5.4
  Charleston............................    131.7    132.0    130.7    130.6      6.7      7.0      6.9      6.8   5.1   5.3   5.3   5.2
  Huntington-Ashland....................    126.4    124.7    125.5    123.5      7.8      6.5      7.5      6.1   6.2   5.2   6.0   5.0
  Morgantown............................     68.0     69.4     67.1     68.3      2.4      2.4      2.5      2.3   3.5   3.4   3.8   3.4
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     75.1     75.3     74.4     74.5      4.3      3.6      4.3      3.6   5.7   4.7   5.8   4.8
  Wheeling..............................     68.5     68.4     67.8     67.8      4.4      3.5      4.2      3.5   6.4   5.1   6.2   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,072.7  3,117.4  3,059.2  3,102.3    183.5    146.9    178.3    153.7   6.0   4.7   5.8   5.0
  Appleton..............................    124.0    125.6    123.5    125.2      6.5      5.2      6.4      5.4   5.2   4.2   5.1   4.3
  Eau Claire............................     92.4     93.8     91.7     93.3      4.6      4.0      4.8      4.2   5.0   4.3   5.2   4.5
  Fond du Lac...........................     56.2     56.9     55.6     56.5      3.0      2.4      3.0      2.6   5.3   4.3   5.4   4.6
  Green Bay.............................    173.7    175.1    172.2    174.9      9.6      7.5      9.3      8.0   5.5   4.3   5.4   4.6
  Janesville............................     81.1     81.8     80.7     81.7      5.7      4.5      5.6      4.7   7.1   5.5   6.9   5.7
  La Crosse.............................     78.9     79.6     78.9     79.3      3.5      2.9      3.6      3.0   4.4   3.6   4.5   3.8
  Madison...............................    353.8    364.2    352.4    362.3     14.8     12.2     14.1     12.2   4.2   3.4   4.0   3.4
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    797.7    813.4    793.8    804.3     53.1     42.2     49.5     41.7   6.7   5.2   6.2   5.2
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     95.6     96.8     95.4     95.6      5.2      4.1      4.9      4.1   5.4   4.3   5.2   4.3
  Racine................................     97.5     97.9     97.5     97.5      7.6      5.8      7.4      6.1   7.8   6.0   7.6   6.3
  Sheboygan.............................     61.6     62.4     61.4     62.3      3.2      2.5      3.0      2.5   5.2   4.0   4.9   3.9
  Wausau................................     72.1     72.1     72.1     72.4      4.2      3.2      4.0      3.2   5.8   4.4   5.6   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    306.7    310.8    305.5    308.9     13.2     13.0     13.6     12.2   4.3   4.2   4.5   4.0
  Casper................................     45.6     45.8     45.3     45.4      1.7      1.7      1.9      1.6   3.8   3.7   4.1   3.6
  Cheyenne..............................     46.7     47.1     46.5     47.0      2.0      2.2      2.2      2.1   4.3   4.6   4.7   4.5
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,196.4  1,149.8  1,206.0  1,147.9    168.6    155.6    185.4    138.7  14.1  13.5  15.4  12.1
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......     99.5     97.9     99.7     97.0     15.8     14.0     17.3     12.5  15.9  14.3  17.4  12.9
  Fajardo...............................     24.5     23.7     24.7     23.8      3.9      3.6      4.4      3.2  16.0  15.1  17.6  13.4
  Guayama...............................     22.8     21.0     23.0     20.9      4.9      4.4      5.4      4.1  21.5  21.2  23.4  19.4
  Mayaguez..............................     32.2     30.5     32.3     30.5      5.4      4.5      5.8      4.0  16.7  14.7  18.1  13.0
  Ponce.................................     83.5     79.1     83.8     79.5     12.0     11.2     13.1     10.1  14.4  14.2  15.7  12.7
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     44.6     41.5     44.6     41.4      7.5      6.1      8.2      5.4  16.9  14.6  18.4  13.0
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    804.4    773.2    811.7    773.2    102.4     96.6    113.0     85.7  12.7  12.5  13.9  11.1
  Yauco.................................     33.9     32.8     34.3     32.8      5.8      5.1      6.4      4.8  17.1  15.6  18.8  14.6

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under
Illinois for operational reasons. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                        Unemployed                        
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                                                   
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                November          December          November          December       November    December 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2013     2014     2013     2014p    2013     2014     2013     2014p   2013  2014  2013 2014p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,573.0 18,848.9 18,501.3 18,726.4  1,529.5  1,346.2  1,462.7  1,251.8   8.2   7.1   7.9   6.7
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,578.3  6,665.9  6,550.9  6,662.3    546.0    480.7    518.4    447.7   8.3   7.2   7.9   6.7
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,964.6  5,024.0  4,941.5  5,034.8    452.9    398.2    432.8    375.9   9.1   7.9   8.8   7.5
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,613.8  1,642.0  1,609.5  1,627.5     93.1     82.5     85.6     71.7   5.8   5.0   5.3   4.4
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,358.2  2,415.5  2,355.0  2,398.8    141.1    121.2    130.1    106.4   6.0   5.0   5.5   4.4
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,321.3  1,345.7  1,317.6  1,334.1     89.2     76.3     82.5     67.4   6.8   5.7   6.3   5.1
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.  1,036.9  1,069.8  1,037.4  1,064.7     51.9     44.9     47.6     38.9   5.0   4.2   4.6   3.7
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    365.9    381.2    365.5    375.7     25.9     26.8     25.1     27.0   7.1   7.0   6.9   7.2
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,197.4  3,213.2  3,184.3  3,190.9    156.1    144.5    148.0    142.2   4.9   4.5   4.6   4.5
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    657.7    655.8    653.3    650.0     30.3     27.6     27.9     26.7   4.6   4.2   4.3   4.1
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,539.7  2,557.4  2,531.0  2,541.0    125.8    117.0    120.2    115.5   5.0   4.6   4.7   4.5
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,411.4  9,631.1  9,395.0  9,571.0    599.4    541.8    558.1    514.8   6.4   5.6   5.9   5.4
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,961.5  3,048.6  2,965.5  3,039.7    186.5    168.9    178.0    170.0   6.3   5.5   6.0   5.6
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................  1,030.5  1,070.4  1,034.8  1,065.3     56.0     51.8     51.6     47.9   5.4   4.8   5.0   4.5
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,281.1  1,313.7  1,282.1  1,315.0     88.3     82.1     87.8     90.3   6.9   6.2   6.8   6.9
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    649.9    664.5    648.5    659.4     42.3     35.0     38.6     31.8   6.5   5.3   6.0   4.8
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,547.7  6,552.9  6,525.4  6,509.6    558.3    390.8    560.9    371.0   8.5   6.0   8.6   5.7
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,888.4  4,897.1  4,872.4  4,882.9    403.2    283.8    402.5    272.9   8.2   5.8   8.3   5.6
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,111.8  4,109.9  4,098.6  4,104.5    340.4    232.1    338.5    219.8   8.3   5.6   8.3   5.4
     Gary (3).............................    327.3    332.4    325.2    330.5     26.2     24.8     25.9     25.6   8.0   7.4   8.0   7.8
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    449.2    454.8    448.7    447.8     36.6     26.9     38.2     27.5   8.1   5.9   8.5   6.1
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,483.7  3,575.8  3,473.8  3,548.6    232.1    187.5    232.1    170.8   6.7   5.2   6.7   4.8
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,564.2  2,634.4  2,558.6  2,616.8    152.9    124.9    151.0    111.6   6.0   4.7   5.9   4.3
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,556.0  1,603.8  1,550.8  1,591.9     88.1     72.4     86.7     63.3   5.7   4.5   5.6   4.0
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    129.5    132.7    129.0    131.6      9.1      7.6      9.1      6.9   7.1   5.7   7.1   5.2
     Framingham...........................    149.6    154.2    149.6    153.0      7.8      6.3      7.9      5.7   5.2   4.1   5.3   3.7
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    126.0    128.5    126.1    127.8      7.8      6.4      7.7      6.0   6.2   5.0   6.1   4.7
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     75.1     75.3     75.1     74.7      7.8      6.2      7.7      5.7  10.5   8.2  10.3   7.6
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    155.2    159.9    155.3    159.4     10.2      8.4     10.1      7.6   6.6   5.2   6.5   4.7
     Nashua (2)...........................    179.7    181.9    179.9    181.2      9.4      7.3      9.2      7.3   5.2   4.0   5.1   4.0
     Peabody..............................    130.2    133.8    130.0    133.0      8.4      6.9      8.3      6.2   6.5   5.2   6.4   4.6
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     63.0     64.3     62.7     64.2      4.2      3.4      4.2      3.1   6.7   5.3   6.7   4.9
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,686.0  4,720.3  4,672.4  4,721.0    356.3    269.0    361.6    264.5   7.6   5.7   7.7   5.6
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,029.4  1,996.9  2,026.4  1,996.9    166.6    139.9    162.6    132.9   8.2   7.0   8.0   6.7
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    815.2    798.5    813.9    799.0     75.1     63.4     73.0     59.4   9.2   7.9   9.0   7.4
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,214.2  1,198.4  1,212.5  1,197.9     91.5     76.5     89.6     73.5   7.5   6.4   7.4   6.1
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,577.9  9,493.9  9,538.8  9,487.3    654.8    552.0    628.7    536.5   6.8   5.8   6.6   5.7
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,529.0  9,591.6  9,506.3  9,603.4    658.8    558.4    627.5    538.2   6.9   5.8   6.6   5.6
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,210.7  1,223.8  1,207.4  1,224.8     76.2     64.9     73.5     62.6   6.3   5.3   6.1   5.1
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,480.4  1,452.6  1,476.7  1,449.5     78.6     67.2     75.5     63.5   5.3   4.6   5.1   4.4
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,752.6  5,815.7  5,737.9  5,828.5    430.7    363.2    407.9    351.1   7.5   6.2   7.1   6.0
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,085.2  1,099.5  1,084.3  1,100.6     73.3     63.1     70.6     61.0   6.8   5.7   6.5   5.5
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,431.0  6,366.7  6,396.9  6,339.5    419.3    290.8    394.8    289.9   6.5   4.6   6.2   4.6
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,993.4  2,974.4  2,968.4  2,971.5    203.8    153.2    189.9    147.2   6.8   5.2   6.4   5.0
     Camden (3)...........................    646.7    652.3    643.1    654.7     46.7     40.1     45.2     38.7   7.2   6.1   7.0   5.9
     Philadelphia.........................  1,989.6  1,956.0  1,968.6  1,951.6    135.8     94.7    123.6     91.3   6.8   4.8   6.3   4.7
     Wilmington (3).......................    357.2    366.2    356.7    365.2     21.2     18.4     21.2     17.3   5.9   5.0   5.9   4.7
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,882.2 13,068.9 12,864.2 13,005.4    751.5    604.5    722.5    538.7   5.8   4.6   5.6   4.1
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,428.4  3,483.6  3,412.6  3,478.0    195.0    159.1    186.5    140.4   5.7   4.6   5.5   4.0
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,283.4  2,327.5  2,273.7  2,323.8    131.3    106.8    125.6     94.3   5.7   4.6   5.5   4.1
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,145.0  1,156.1  1,138.9  1,154.2     63.7     52.3     60.9     46.1   5.6   4.5   5.3   4.0
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,447.8  3,509.5  3,437.7  3,485.9    222.7    215.2    226.6    215.8   6.5   6.1   6.6   6.2
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,908.3  1,940.4  1,913.1  1,933.1    106.6     98.1    103.0     92.7   5.6   5.1   5.4   4.8
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,529.8  1,556.5  1,535.5  1,547.0     79.3     70.6     75.4     65.0   5.2   4.5   4.9   4.2
     Tacoma...............................    378.5    384.0    377.6    386.1     27.4     27.5     27.6     27.7   7.2   7.2   7.3   7.2

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town
Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the
state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions
lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.
Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.,
the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and Chicago-Joliet-Naperville,
Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and Illinois, respectively. Estimates
for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area November December Change from
December 2013 to December 2014(p)
2013 2014 2013 2014(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,920.7 1,955.6 1,919.9 1,951.7 31.8 1.7

Anniston-Oxford

45.9 45.5 45.7 45.3 -0.4 -0.9

Auburn-Opelika

59.2 60.9 59.3 61.1 1.8 3.0

Birmingham-Hoover

513.3 517.9 514.9 519.9 5.0 1.0

Decatur

54.7 54.2 54.5 54.2 -0.3 -0.6

Dothan

57.2 57.6 57.6 57.8 0.2 0.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.3 57.2 56.2 57.3 1.1 2.0

Gadsden

37.4 37.4 37.2 37.1 -0.1 -0.3

Huntsville

214.7 218.1 213.8 217.0 3.2 1.5

Mobile

173.8 173.1 173.6 173.0 -0.6 -0.3

Montgomery

169.6 169.7 170.2 170.5 0.3 0.2

Tuscaloosa

98.1 102.2 98.0 101.8 3.8 3.9


Alaska

324.5 324.4 320.8 323.0 2.2 0.7

Anchorage

177.7 177.0 177.3 177.2 -0.1 -0.1

Fairbanks

38.6 38.9 38.4 38.9 0.5 1.3


Arizona

2,567.5 2,632.9 2,576.6 2,639.9 63.3 2.5

Flagstaff

63.9 65.2 63.5 63.2 -0.3 -0.5

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

45.8 46.1 45.6 46.2 0.6 1.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale

1,854.8 1,908.5 1,862.7 1,912.5 49.8 2.7

Prescott

58.3 59.7 57.4 58.8 1.4 2.4

Tucson

366.8 372.2 367.9 375.6 7.7 2.1

Yuma

52.4 51.7 53.0 52.8 -0.2 -0.4


Arkansas

1,191.7 1,211.6 1,187.5 1,210.1 22.6 1.9

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

218.6 221.3 218.1 221.1 3.0 1.4

Fort Smith

117.1 117.4 117.3 116.7 -0.6 -0.5

Hot Springs

37.1 37.5 37.1 37.6 0.5 1.3

Jonesboro

53.2 54.7 53.2 54.8 1.6 3.0

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

348.2 350.3 345.9 350.9 5.0 1.4

Pine Bluff

35.7 35.3 35.7 35.2 -0.5 -1.4


California

15,426.8 15,770.9 15,446.4 15,768.2 321.8 2.1

Bakersfield-Delano

254.0 259.8 255.4 259.3 3.9 1.5

Chico

76.3 76.7 75.9 76.6 0.7 0.9

El Centro

52.9 54.0 53.6 54.7 1.1 2.1

Fresno

312.2 320.5 311.7 320.1 8.4 2.7

Hanford-Corcoran

36.8 37.3 36.9 37.2 0.3 0.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,673.0 5,770.2 5,674.2 5,778.3 104.1 1.8

Madera-Chowchilla

35.7 35.1 35.3 34.7 -0.6 -1.7

Merced

62.4 63.4 61.6 63.4 1.8 2.9

Modesto

158.1 161.5 158.6 160.9 2.3 1.5

Napa

68.6 70.0 67.3 68.0 0.7 1.0

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

291.2 295.7 291.5 297.3 5.8 2.0

Redding

61.4 62.6 61.3 62.2 0.9 1.5

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,258.3 1,285.0 1,265.0 1,289.7 24.7 2.0

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville

875.6 895.5 876.9 894.8 17.9 2.0

Salinas

128.1 129.6 127.1 128.9 1.8 1.4

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos

1,330.6 1,375.5 1,331.6 1,376.1 44.5 3.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

2,142.3 2,210.3 2,149.2 2,215.1 65.9 3.1

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

983.3 1,018.7 987.6 1,026.9 39.3 4.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles

107.6 109.3 105.8 107.2 1.4 1.3

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta

173.9 179.0 174.2 177.7 3.5 2.0

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

94.3 96.3 94.8 96.6 1.8 1.9

Santa Rosa-Petaluma

187.4 193.2 185.8 191.8 6.0 3.2

Stockton

204.6 208.6 203.8 208.2 4.4 2.2

Vallejo-Fairfield

128.0 130.5 128.0 130.1 2.1 1.6

Visalia-Porterville

115.3 116.8 115.0 116.1 1.1 1.0

Yuba City

39.4 39.7 39.6 39.5 -0.1 -0.3


Colorado

2,417.4 2,473.3 2,426.5 2,489.4 62.9 2.6

Boulder

176.7 180.5 176.6 181.1 4.5 2.5

Colorado Springs

260.1 260.0 258.0 258.3 0.3 0.1

Denver-Aurora-Broomfield

1,315.5 1,354.5 1,313.7 1,357.3 43.6 3.3

Fort Collins-Loveland

146.4 149.5 146.8 149.4 2.6 1.8

Grand Junction

61.8 61.2 61.2 60.8 -0.4 -0.7

Greeley

92.9 96.8 92.4 96.7 4.3 4.7

Pueblo

60.3 61.1 60.3 61.2 0.9 1.5


Connecticut

1,680.0 1,703.6 1,681.2 1,707.8 26.6 1.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

416.0 424.8 418.1 425.6 7.5 1.8

Danbury

70.4 71.5 70.9 72.3 1.4 2.0

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

558.3 564.6 558.5 565.3 6.8 1.2

New Haven

280.0 283.6 280.0 283.8 3.8 1.4

Norwich-New London

127.6 128.1 127.0 127.9 0.9 0.7

Waterbury

65.8 66.6 66.0 67.0 1.0 1.5


Delaware

436.5 447.7 435.9 447.6 11.7 2.7

Dover

67.2 67.6 67.9 67.5 -0.4 -0.6


District of Columbia

750.8 765.8 748.6 763.2 14.6 2.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,107.9 3,128.4 3,106.6 3,127.4 20.8 0.7


Florida

7,736.9 7,961.2 7,766.7 7,999.4 232.7 3.0

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

222.6 226.0 224.5 228.0 3.5 1.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

80.0 81.7 79.8 81.5 1.7 2.1

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

160.2 162.0 160.0 162.3 2.3 1.4

Gainesville

132.6 134.1 131.6 133.4 1.8 1.4

Jacksonville

623.5 640.1 623.4 646.6 23.2 3.7

Lakeland-Winter Haven

199.2 201.9 199.9 203.5 3.6 1.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,392.9 2,472.8 2,414.4 2,487.2 72.8 3.0

Naples-Marco Island

128.3 132.8 130.2 135.0 4.8 3.7

North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota

259.8 270.9 261.2 273.2 12.0 4.6

Ocala

93.7 92.6 93.5 93.4 -0.1 -0.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,087.6 1,134.9 1,093.5 1,141.0 47.5 4.3

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

195.4 196.9 195.5 198.4 2.9 1.5

Palm Coast

20.5 20.9 20.5 21.1 0.6 2.9

Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach

72.6 72.9 72.2 72.5 0.3 0.4

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

161.8 165.3 161.7 165.3 3.6 2.2

Port St. Lucie

129.8 131.9 130.4 132.8 2.4 1.8

Punta Gorda

44.1 45.5 44.5 46.3 1.8 4.0

Sebastian-Vero Beach

46.6 46.7 46.8 46.9 0.1 0.2

Tallahassee

171.9 174.1 170.6 173.5 2.9 1.7

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,196.2 1,208.3 1,198.5 1,212.8 14.3 1.2


Georgia

4,093.8 4,195.5 4,088.2 4,196.4 108.2 2.6

Albany

62.3 62.0 62.1 61.8 -0.3 -0.5

Athens-Clarke County

92.0 92.4 91.7 92.5 0.8 0.9

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta

2,446.8 2,508.5 2,449.3 2,514.0 64.7 2.6

Augusta-Richmond County

217.7 226.3 219.1 226.3 7.2 3.3

Brunswick

40.5 40.8 40.1 40.9 0.8 2.0

Columbus

123.0 123.3 122.4 123.3 0.9 0.7

Dalton

64.0 63.9 63.6 63.9 0.3 0.5

Gainesville

78.0 80.6 77.6 80.2 2.6 3.4

Hinesville-Fort Stewart

20.0 20.1 20.0 20.0 0.0 0.0

Macon

100.0 101.0 99.7 100.9 1.2 1.2

Rome

39.4 39.8 39.5 39.6 0.1 0.3

Savannah

163.4 167.5 161.7 166.1 4.4 2.7

Valdosta

54.4 55.2 54.1 54.8 0.7 1.3

Warner Robins

59.0 58.7 58.9 58.7 -0.2 -0.3


Hawaii

632.2 638.5 632.0 641.4 9.4 1.5

Honolulu

466.7 470.5 466.8 472.4 5.6 1.2


Idaho

643.6 653.9 638.7 648.2 9.5 1.5

Boise City-Nampa

279.6 286.4 278.4 286.1 7.7 2.8

Coeur d'Alene

56.7 58.4 56.1 57.7 1.6 2.9

Idaho Falls

51.8 52.8 51.2 52.3 1.1 2.1

Lewiston

26.9 27.3 26.8 26.7 -0.1 -0.4

Pocatello

37.4 37.8 37.2 37.5 0.3 0.8


Illinois

5,885.4 5,925.6 5,862.8 5,914.9 52.1 0.9

Bloomington-Normal

90.3 89.4 89.8 88.9 -0.9 -1.0

Champaign-Urbana

109.6 110.8 108.8 110.4 1.6 1.5

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

4,509.4 4,544.7 4,497.7 4,537.7 40.0 0.9

Danville

29.0 29.1 28.8 29.1 0.3 1.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

183.8 182.6 183.6 182.3 -1.3 -0.7

Decatur

52.0 51.9 51.6 51.6 0.0 0.0

Kankakee-Bradley

44.7 44.7 44.6 44.4 -0.2 -0.4

Peoria

179.1 178.6 178.7 176.8 -1.9 -1.1

Rockford

148.6 149.7 148.4 149.2 0.8 0.5

Springfield

111.9 111.6 111.6 111.7 0.1 0.1


Indiana

2,999.1 3,050.6 2,980.6 3,039.0 58.4 2.0

Anderson

40.6 41.6 40.8 41.2 0.4 1.0

Bloomington

84.8 85.1 83.7 83.8 0.1 0.1

Columbus

50.2 51.9 50.1 52.2 2.1 4.2

Elkhart-Goshen

120.6 126.2 119.7 125.5 5.8 4.8

Evansville

179.4 182.1 177.6 181.3 3.7 2.1

Fort Wayne

213.9 221.0 214.4 220.5 6.1 2.8

Indianapolis-Carmel

952.0 973.1 948.7 974.2 25.5 2.7

Kokomo

45.0 46.4 45.1 46.5 1.4 3.1

Lafayette

101.2 102.4 100.8 102.5 1.7 1.7

Michigan City-La Porte

42.4 42.3 42.5 42.0 -0.5 -1.2

Muncie

52.6 53.2 52.6 53.0 0.4 0.8

South Bend-Mishawaka

136.7 137.5 136.6 137.3 0.7 0.5

Terre Haute

71.7 71.9 71.6 71.6 0.0 0.0


Iowa

1,561.8 1,579.1 1,549.3 1,565.5 16.2 1.0

Ames

52.2 53.9 51.5 53.3 1.8 3.5

Cedar Rapids

142.2 143.0 141.6 141.4 -0.2 -0.1

Des Moines-West Des Moines

343.8 346.9 341.8 345.4 3.6 1.1

Dubuque

59.8 62.1 59.9 61.7 1.8 3.0

Iowa City

99.4 102.0 98.5 101.0 2.5 2.5

Sioux City

77.4 77.4 76.9 77.3 0.4 0.5

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

93.9 93.5 93.0 92.8 -0.2 -0.2


Kansas

1,400.4 1,409.4 1,392.0 1,404.6 12.6 0.9

Lawrence

53.5 54.2 52.7 54.6 1.9 3.6

Manhattan

57.5 59.8 57.4 58.4 1.0 1.7

Topeka

111.3 112.9 111.3 112.2 0.9 0.8

Wichita

293.6 294.0 291.5 292.6 1.1 0.4


Kentucky

1,850.8 1,890.8 1,856.1 1,888.9 32.8 1.8

Bowling Green

65.4 67.3 65.3 67.5 2.2 3.4

Elizabethtown

50.0 50.1 50.1 50.2 0.1 0.2

Lexington-Fayette

259.9 266.5 262.2 266.3 4.1 1.6

Louisville-Jefferson County

634.5 649.1 635.2 650.1 14.9 2.3

Owensboro

53.4 54.0 53.2 54.3 1.1 2.1


Louisiana

1,979.6 1,999.1 1,974.9 2,004.1 29.2 1.5

Alexandria

63.3 62.8 63.3 62.9 -0.4 -0.6

Baton Rouge

392.4 399.6 392.3 398.4 6.1 1.6

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux

101.8 103.3 101.7 103.9 2.2 2.2

Lafayette

162.4 166.1 163.1 166.0 2.9 1.8

Lake Charles

94.1 97.5 94.6 99.3 4.7 5.0

Monroe

79.2 79.5 79.1 79.8 0.7 0.9

New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

553.7 560.9 554.1 561.8 7.7 1.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

172.3 174.4 172.5 174.7 2.2 1.3


Maine

607.5 613.9 605.2 610.5 5.3 0.9

Bangor

67.6 67.6 67.4 67.4 0.0 0.0

Lewiston-Auburn

49.8 50.3 49.4 50.3 0.9 1.8

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford

195.8 200.4 195.3 199.0 3.7 1.9


Maryland

2,622.8 2,637.9 2,621.8 2,641.7 19.9 0.8

Baltimore-Towson

1,356.3 1,371.3 1,353.3 1,375.2 21.9 1.6

Cumberland

40.2 40.5 40.1 40.4 0.3 0.7

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

105.1 104.7 105.2 105.9 0.7 0.7

Salisbury

53.5 54.3 53.5 54.5 1.0 1.9


Massachusetts

3,403.9 3,462.3 3,397.3 3,459.3 62.0 1.8

Barnstable Town

98.9 101.3 97.4 99.2 1.8 1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

2,590.8 2,639.9 2,588.7 2,638.9 50.2 1.9

Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner

49.3 49.7 49.6 49.6 0.0 0.0

New Bedford

71.2 72.0 70.8 72.5 1.7 2.4

Pittsfield

36.0 36.3 36.0 36.3 0.3 0.8

Springfield

297.1 302.9 295.6 301.8 6.2 2.1

Worcester

250.9 257.0 250.2 257.0 6.8 2.7


Michigan

4,166.0 4,208.1 4,144.3 4,188.0 43.7 1.1

Ann Arbor

213.8 215.1 210.9 213.6 2.7 1.3

Battle Creek

59.5 59.3 58.7 58.8 0.1 0.2

Bay City

38.0 38.3 37.4 37.8 0.4 1.1

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,886.1 1,900.4 1,875.4 1,895.1 19.7 1.1

Flint

139.2 139.9 138.7 140.6 1.9 1.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

411.8 429.4 411.6 427.5 15.9 3.9

Holland-Grand Haven

117.0 121.7 115.9 120.8 4.9 4.2

Jackson

55.0 54.7 54.8 54.4 -0.4 -0.7

Kalamazoo-Portage

139.3 141.6 138.1 140.7 2.6 1.9

Lansing-East Lansing

227.1 229.3 225.8 226.5 0.7 0.3

Monroe

42.0 42.1 41.7 41.8 0.1 0.2

Muskegon-Norton Shores

62.4 62.8 62.3 62.8 0.5 0.8

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.0 60.4 60.6 59.8 -0.8 -1.3

Saginaw-Saginaw Township North

88.2 91.5 88.9 90.8 1.9 2.1


Minnesota

2,818.4 2,865.7 2,809.2 2,842.5 33.3 1.2

Duluth

134.8 134.2 134.2 133.2 -1.0 -0.7

Mankato-North Mankato

56.0 58.1 55.6 57.7 2.1 3.8

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,823.8 1,861.2 1,819.6 1,851.7 32.1 1.8

Rochester

108.1 109.0 108.0 108.6 0.6 0.6

St. Cloud

105.8 107.1 104.8 106.5 1.7 1.6


Mississippi

1,127.2 1,126.2 1,125.0 1,125.1 0.1 0.0

Gulfport-Biloxi

108.0 107.2 107.7 107.2 -0.5 -0.5

Hattiesburg

61.1 61.8 61.0 62.1 1.1 1.8

Jackson

261.3 261.6 260.7 262.3 1.6 0.6

Pascagoula

57.9 59.6 58.1 58.9 0.8 1.4


Missouri

2,772.4 2,815.9 2,765.2 2,810.4 45.2 1.6

Cape Girardeau-Jackson

44.9 45.6 45.3 45.4 0.1 0.2

Columbia

104.3 104.9 103.4 104.4 1.0 1.0

Jefferson City

77.0 77.5 77.0 77.4 0.4 0.5

Joplin

83.4 83.7 82.7 83.5 0.8 1.0

Kansas City

1,017.5 1,029.2 1,011.2 1,033.5 22.3 2.2

St. Joseph

63.5 64.4 63.5 64.5 1.0 1.6

St. Louis(1)

1,325.9 1,345.4 1,325.9 1,343.0 17.1 1.3

Springfield

204.4 205.2 203.7 205.6 1.9 0.9


Montana

450.1 456.7 448.7 456.0 7.3 1.6

Billings

82.7 84.4 82.5 84.3 1.8 2.2

Great Falls

36.8 36.8 36.7 36.6 -0.1 -0.3

Missoula

59.2 60.7 58.4 60.1 1.7 2.9


Nebraska

989.1 996.5 985.7 993.2 7.5 0.8

Lincoln

185.8 190.6 184.7 189.9 5.2 2.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

483.1 484.9 480.4 484.5 4.1 0.9


Nevada

1,203.2 1,231.7 1,203.1 1,230.8 27.7 2.3

Carson City

27.6 27.4 27.6 27.3 -0.3 -1.1

Las Vegas-Paradise

866.5 888.4 864.3 887.3 23.0 2.7

Reno-Sparks

202.9 205.7 203.2 204.8 1.6 0.8


New Hampshire

646.0 652.5 648.3 656.7 8.4 1.3

Manchester

101.8 102.8 102.0 103.6 1.6 1.6

Portsmouth

57.4 58.4 57.0 57.9 0.9 1.6

Rochester-Dover

57.6 57.7 57.6 57.8 0.2 0.3


New Jersey

3,980.7 3,993.9 3,961.6 3,990.2 28.6 0.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

134.6 126.0 134.0 125.9 -8.1 -6.0

Ocean City

38.1 36.6 37.5 36.3 -1.2 -3.2

Trenton-Ewing

251.4 255.9 251.6 256.5 4.9 1.9

Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton

58.5 58.1 58.0 58.0 0.0 0.0


New Mexico

815.7 830.0 815.0 828.5 13.5 1.7

Albuquerque

371.4 374.7 371.0 374.4 3.4 0.9

Farmington

50.4 50.9 50.0 50.8 0.8 1.6

Las Cruces

71.8 72.0 71.6 71.6 0.0 0.0

Santa Fe

62.1 62.3 62.3 62.2 -0.1 -0.2


New York

9,059.4 9,147.2 9,045.3 9,150.5 105.2 1.2

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

454.2 457.9 451.2 457.8 6.6 1.5

Binghamton

108.3 108.4 107.3 107.8 0.5 0.5

Buffalo-Niagara Falls

558.9 560.0 553.9 558.4 4.5 0.8

Elmira

39.2 39.4 39.5 39.4 -0.1 -0.3

Glens Falls

52.9 52.9 52.7 52.9 0.2 0.4

Ithaca

71.9 72.3 70.9 72.1 1.2 1.7

Kingston

61.0 61.7 60.7 61.5 0.8 1.3

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island

8,842.6 8,952.2 8,841.3 8,970.3 129.0 1.5

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown

258.4 258.6 257.7 258.7 1.0 0.4

Rochester

522.9 523.6 521.6 524.9 3.3 0.6

Syracuse

319.1 318.3 319.4 317.6 -1.8 -0.6

Utica-Rome

129.7 129.4 129.4 129.2 -0.2 -0.2


North Carolina

4,132.3 4,237.7 4,125.6 4,241.0 115.4 2.8

Asheville

177.7 183.9 177.9 183.7 5.8 3.3

Burlington

59.4 61.3 59.6 61.3 1.7 2.9

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill

892.0 915.0 893.6 914.3 20.7 2.3

Durham-Chapel Hill

290.2 294.4 291.3 295.6 4.3 1.5

Fayetteville

132.9 133.0 133.3 133.6 0.3 0.2

Goldsboro

43.7 43.9 43.8 43.9 0.1 0.2

Greensboro-High Point

351.9 355.8 350.9 357.7 6.8 1.9

Greenville

82.8 84.0 82.6 84.1 1.5 1.8

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

147.0 147.5 146.8 146.8 0.0 0.0

Jacksonville

49.5 50.5 49.3 50.5 1.2 2.4

Raleigh-Cary

555.4 575.2 556.9 576.3 19.4 3.5

Rocky Mount

56.1 55.8 55.8 55.6 -0.2 -0.4

Wilmington

144.0 147.5 143.1 145.6 2.5 1.7

Winston-Salem

211.3 213.3 211.2 213.0 1.8 0.9


North Dakota

456.4 479.3 454.0 478.5 24.5 5.4

Bismarck

70.6 72.9 70.1 72.4 2.3 3.3

Fargo

135.4 140.8 134.9 140.0 5.1 3.8

Grand Forks

58.1 58.9 57.5 57.9 0.4 0.7


Ohio

5,314.1 5,369.2 5,292.4 5,352.7 60.3 1.1

Akron

332.7 333.7 333.1 332.9 -0.2 -0.1

Canton-Massillon

172.6 173.9 171.4 173.6 2.2 1.3

Cincinnati-Middletown

1,037.1 1,056.7 1,033.0 1,054.7 21.7 2.1

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor

1,035.7 1,048.0 1,031.3 1,043.7 12.4 1.2

Columbus

993.5 998.2 992.6 1,000.9 8.3 0.8

Dayton

379.0 385.7 376.4 385.2 8.8 2.3

Lima

53.4 53.5 53.3 53.5 0.2 0.4

Mansfield

52.5 52.6 52.6 52.6 0.0 0.0

Sandusky

36.0 36.6 35.1 36.2 1.1 3.1

Springfield

53.2 53.9 53.3 54.1 0.8 1.5

Steubenville-Weirton

44.7 43.4 44.5 42.9 -1.6 -3.6

Toledo

313.4 313.1 310.7 314.9 4.2 1.4

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

227.8 228.1 227.4 225.9 -1.5 -0.7


Oklahoma

1,658.1 1,689.4 1,655.3 1,692.1 36.8 2.2

Lawton

44.4 44.3 44.6 44.8 0.2 0.4

Oklahoma City

621.4 638.2 619.8 638.2 18.4 3.0

Tulsa

439.3 442.8 438.7 444.5 5.8 1.3


Oregon

1,707.1 1,754.8 1,704.9 1,755.8 50.9 3.0

Bend

65.5 67.1 64.8 66.3 1.5 2.3

Corvallis

39.8 39.8 39.5 39.7 0.2 0.5

Eugene-Springfield

147.8 149.2 147.1 150.1 3.0 2.0

Medford

79.6 79.8 79.6 80.3 0.7 0.9

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,055.1 1,086.9 1,055.0 1,087.2 32.2 3.1

Salem

148.4 150.5 146.7 149.1 2.4 1.6


Pennsylvania

5,830.8 5,866.1 5,796.8 5,851.6 54.8 0.9

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

348.6 351.0 347.0 351.4 4.4 1.3

Altoona

61.2 62.3 61.0 61.9 0.9 1.5

Erie

131.2 132.5 130.3 131.6 1.3 1.0

Harrisburg-Carlisle

332.4 333.8 331.2 332.5 1.3 0.4

Johnstown

59.4 59.3 58.8 58.8 0.0 0.0

Lancaster

234.2 237.3 233.7 236.7 3.0 1.3

Lebanon

51.8 52.1 51.8 52.3 0.5 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,795.7 2,792.9 2,777.6 2,798.5 20.9 0.8

Pittsburgh

1,171.5 1,181.8 1,162.7 1,175.3 12.6 1.1

Reading

172.3 173.8 171.8 173.9 2.1 1.2

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre

256.3 256.9 256.0 257.1 1.1 0.4

State College

79.2 80.5 78.1 78.1 0.0 0.0

Williamsport

56.7 57.9 56.5 58.0 1.5 2.7

York-Hanover

178.1 181.2 178.1 179.9 1.8 1.0


Rhode Island

478.2 483.4 473.0 480.9 7.9 1.7

Providence-Fall River-Warwick

565.2 573.7 560.5 570.9 10.4 1.9


South Carolina

1,923.9 1,974.1 1,923.2 1,969.6 46.4 2.4

Anderson

67.1 68.3 67.0 68.5 1.5 2.2

Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville

312.7 319.3 310.9 320.9 10.0 3.2

Columbia

367.1 371.7 366.8 367.1 0.3 0.1

Florence

86.0 88.0 86.0 87.7 1.7 2.0

Greenville-Mauldin-Easley

317.1 327.0 318.4 326.7 8.3 2.6

Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway

117.2 121.3 114.8 118.7 3.9 3.4

Spartanburg

132.0 134.3 132.0 134.7 2.7 2.0

Sumter

38.4 39.0 38.3 39.1 0.8 2.1


South Dakota

418.7 421.0 416.3 419.6 3.3 0.8

Rapid City

62.0 62.8 61.8 63.0 1.2 1.9

Sioux Falls

144.8 146.7 144.7 146.5 1.8 1.2


Tennessee

2,805.3 2,862.0 2,798.2 2,865.5 67.3 2.4

Chattanooga

241.0 244.3 240.7 245.4 4.7 2.0

Clarksville

89.0 89.6 89.4 89.6 0.2 0.2

Cleveland

45.3 46.2 45.2 46.9 1.7 3.8

Jackson

62.2 63.0 62.3 63.3 1.0 1.6

Johnson City

79.1 79.2 79.3 78.8 -0.5 -0.6

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

120.7 121.3 120.7 121.7 1.0 0.8

Knoxville

338.4 348.2 336.8 347.9 11.1 3.3

Memphis

613.8 615.8 612.7 618.6 5.9 1.0

Morristown

47.1 47.4 47.0 47.2 0.2 0.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

828.8 851.3 828.7 854.3 25.6 3.1


Texas

11,378.2 11,821.5 11,387.0 11,847.5 460.5 4.0

Abilene

67.8 67.6 67.9 67.7 -0.2 -0.3

Amarillo

115.2 115.5 114.7 115.1 0.4 0.3

Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos

884.4 911.6 884.9 910.4 25.5 2.9

Beaumont-Port Arthur

157.8 161.3 157.4 162.0 4.6 2.9

Brownsville-Harlingen

135.6 137.9 136.0 138.3 2.3 1.7

College Station-Bryan

106.8 108.1 105.6 108.3 2.7 2.6

Corpus Christi

189.9 195.2 189.4 195.7 6.3 3.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,149.1 3,261.6 3,142.5 3,279.4 136.9 4.4

El Paso

290.6 296.3 290.5 297.2 6.7 2.3

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown

2,830.6 2,953.3 2,840.1 2,960.7 120.6 4.2

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood

132.9 136.0 133.4 136.6 3.2 2.4

Laredo

97.4 99.3 97.7 99.6 1.9 1.9

Longview

102.0 106.7 101.7 107.0 5.3 5.2

Lubbock

135.7 138.9 135.6 139.2 3.6 2.7

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

238.2 245.2 238.9 246.3 7.4 3.1

Midland

87.6 93.0 87.9 93.2 5.3 6.0

Odessa

74.1 77.1 74.4 77.5 3.1 4.2

San Angelo

48.2 49.0 48.4 48.9 0.5 1.0

San Antonio-New Braunfels

915.8 943.9 918.5 947.0 28.5 3.1

Sherman-Denison

44.9 45.5 44.7 45.8 1.1 2.5

Texarkana

55.5 56.1 55.5 56.1 0.6 1.1

Tyler

98.4 98.8 98.0 99.7 1.7 1.7

Victoria

54.9 57.0 55.0 57.1 2.1 3.8

Waco

107.5 107.9 107.6 108.1 0.5 0.5

Wichita Falls

57.8 57.5 58.2 58.1 -0.1 -0.2


Utah

1,317.4 1,362.0 1,316.0 1,366.7 50.7 3.9

Logan

57.1 57.8 57.2 57.8 0.6 1.0

Ogden-Clearfield

208.5 213.8 206.3 212.0 5.7 2.8

Provo-Orem

211.4 217.3 210.3 217.8 7.5 3.6

St. George

52.9 54.4 52.6 54.2 1.6 3.0

Salt Lake City

671.0 689.7 675.5 696.6 21.1 3.1


Vermont

310.7 314.1 314.0 317.6 3.6 1.1

Burlington-South Burlington

119.4 121.0 119.3 121.2 1.9 1.6


Virginia

3,797.0 3,816.7 3,785.3 3,814.0 28.7 0.8

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

76.3 76.6 75.4 76.1 0.7 0.9

Charlottesville

106.9 108.4 105.3 107.5 2.2 2.1

Danville

40.3 39.8 40.2 39.8 -0.4 -1.0

Harrisonburg

65.5 66.5 65.5 66.7 1.2 1.8

Lynchburg

103.6 102.5 102.9 102.4 -0.5 -0.5

Richmond

641.3 654.1 638.7 653.9 15.2 2.4

Roanoke

160.4 159.3 160.2 159.8 -0.4 -0.2

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

754.2 762.2 753.7 762.0 8.3 1.1

Winchester

60.0 60.7 59.6 60.4 0.8 1.3


Washington

3,023.3 3,107.0 3,016.5 3,099.4 82.9 2.7

Bellingham

86.5 88.0 85.5 87.8 2.3 2.7

Bremerton-Silverdale

84.6 84.8 84.9 84.4 -0.5 -0.6

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland

103.5 106.7 102.5 105.8 3.3 3.2

Longview

37.7 38.3 37.4 38.2 0.8 2.1

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

47.0 47.7 46.5 47.2 0.7 1.5

Olympia

105.0 105.7 104.7 105.7 1.0 1.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,807.8 1,869.9 1,811.7 1,869.2 57.5 3.2

Spokane

217.0 221.2 215.8 220.2 4.4 2.0

Wenatchee-East Wenatchee

40.8 42.3 40.1 41.5 1.4 3.5

Yakima

81.6 82.9 80.0 81.4 1.4 1.8


West Virginia

774.0 781.3 770.1 778.1 8.0 1.0

Charleston

146.0 146.3 145.2 146.6 1.4 1.0

Huntington-Ashland

115.9 116.2 115.8 116.2 0.4 0.3

Morgantown

70.2 71.9 69.3 71.5 2.2 3.2

Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna

70.8 71.6 70.5 71.4 0.9 1.3

Wheeling

69.4 70.2 69.1 70.2 1.1 1.6


Wisconsin

2,864.9 2,922.9 2,852.5 2,905.5 53.0 1.9

Appleton

119.6 121.4 119.1 121.3 2.2 1.8

Eau Claire

84.8 85.9 84.1 85.4 1.3 1.5

Fond du Lac

47.7 48.3 47.1 47.8 0.7 1.5

Green Bay

172.0 173.9 170.4 173.5 3.1 1.8

Janesville

65.6 66.6 65.3 66.7 1.4 2.1

La Crosse

78.5 79.2 78.4 79.0 0.6 0.8

Madison

364.1 375.2 362.8 374.4 11.6 3.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

836.2 859.0 834.3 852.2 17.9 2.1

Oshkosh-Neenah

95.2 97.0 95.1 95.5 0.4 0.4

Racine

75.5 76.7 75.7 76.3 0.6 0.8

Sheboygan

59.5 60.4 59.1 60.4 1.3 2.2

Wausau

68.5 68.6 68.6 69.0 0.4 0.6


Wyoming

290.3 293.1 290.0 294.3 4.3 1.5

Casper

42.5 42.7 42.7 42.6 -0.1 -0.2

Cheyenne

46.6 46.5 46.6 46.8 0.2 0.4


Puerto Rico

933.9 933.1 953.5 945.1 -8.4 -0.9

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian

47.4 47.5 47.8 48.1 0.3 0.6

Fajardo

15.3 15.6 15.6 15.9 0.3 1.9

Guayama

15.4 14.6 15.5 14.8 -0.7 -4.5

Mayaguez

35.7 35.8 36.3 36.5 0.2 0.6

Ponce

62.9 61.9 63.9 63.3 -0.6 -0.9

San German-Cabo Rojo

19.5 18.9 19.6 19.3 -0.3 -1.5

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo

695.3 691.4 710.0 700.6 -9.4 -1.3

Yauco

13.8 13.6 14.0 13.9 -0.1 -0.7


Virgin Islands

38.4 38.1 38.4 38.3 -0.1 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
[In thousands]
State, area, and division November December Change from
December 2013 to December 2014(p)
2013 2014 2013 2014(p) Number Percent

California

15,426.8 15,770.9 15,446.4 15,768.2 321.8 2.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,673.0 5,770.2 5,674.2 5,778.3 104.1 1.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,193.9 4,255.7 4,192.4 4,263.0 70.6 1.7

Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine

1,479.1 1,514.5 1,481.8 1,515.3 33.5 2.3

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

2,142.3 2,210.3 2,149.2 2,215.1 65.9 3.1

Oakland-Fremont-Hayward

1,050.8 1,077.1 1,051.6 1,076.5 24.9 2.4

San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City

1,091.5 1,133.2 1,097.6 1,138.6 41.0 3.7


District of Columbia

750.8 765.8 748.6 763.2 14.6 2.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

3,107.9 3,128.4 3,106.6 3,127.4 20.8 0.7

Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick(2)

574.9 578.3 576.4 578.6 2.2 0.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,533.0 2,550.1 2,530.2 2,548.8 18.6 0.7


Florida

7,736.9 7,961.2 7,766.7 7,999.4 232.7 3.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,392.9 2,472.8 2,414.4 2,487.2 72.8 3.0

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

761.2 789.6 767.8 796.4 28.6 3.7

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,079.6 1,117.3 1,090.9 1,121.2 30.3 2.8

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

552.1 565.9 555.7 569.6 13.9 2.5


Illinois

5,885.4 5,925.6 5,862.8 5,914.9 52.1 0.9

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville(1)

4,509.4 4,544.7 4,497.7 4,537.7 40.0 0.9

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

3,830.5 3,857.4 3,819.2 3,855.7 36.5 1.0

Gary(2)

276.8 278.1 277.2 277.5 0.3 0.1

Lake County-Kenosha County(1)

402.1 409.2 401.3 404.5 3.2 0.8


Massachusetts

3,403.9 3,462.3 3,397.3 3,459.3 62.0 1.8

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy(1)

2,590.8 2,639.9 2,588.7 2,638.9 50.2 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

1,798.4 1,835.2 1,792.8 1,834.1 41.3 2.3

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

94.8 96.2 94.0 95.5 1.5 1.6

Framingham

163.3 166.4 163.6 165.8 2.2 1.3

Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury(1)

82.0 83.1 82.2 83.3 1.1 1.3

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(1)

121.3 124.8 121.6 125.4 3.8 3.1

Nashua(1)

129.4 131.9 130.9 132.0 1.1 0.8

Peabody

104.5 106.4 104.6 106.7 2.1 2.0


Michigan

4,166.0 4,208.1 4,144.3 4,188.0 43.7 1.1

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,886.1 1,900.4 1,875.4 1,895.1 19.7 1.1

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn

725.3 726.6 721.3 727.3 6.0 0.8

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,160.8 1,173.8 1,154.1 1,167.8 13.7 1.2


New York

9,059.4 9,147.2 9,045.3 9,150.5 105.2 1.2

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island(1)

8,842.6 8,952.2 8,841.3 8,970.3 129.0 1.5

Edison-New Brunswick(2)

1,031.2 1,032.2 1,026.0 1,030.1 4.1 0.4

Nassau-Suffolk

1,297.0 1,311.8 1,298.1 1,311.8 13.7 1.1

New York-White Plains-Wayne(1)

5,515.7 5,605.1 5,519.8 5,626.7 106.9 1.9

Newark-Union(2)

998.7 1,003.1 997.4 1,001.7 4.3 0.4


Pennsylvania

5,830.8 5,866.1 5,796.8 5,851.6 54.8 0.9

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(1)

2,795.7 2,792.9 2,777.6 2,798.5 20.9 0.8

Camden(2)

511.5 514.5 507.6 515.7 8.1 1.6

Philadelphia

1,935.7 1,921.1 1,921.8 1,925.4 3.6 0.2

Wilmington(2)

348.5 357.3 348.2 357.4 9.2 2.6


Texas

11,378.2 11,821.5 11,387.0 11,847.5 460.5 4.0

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,149.1 3,261.6 3,142.5 3,279.4 136.9 4.4

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,211.0 2,301.3 2,205.2 2,313.3 108.1 4.9

Fort Worth-Arlington

938.1 960.3 937.3 966.1 28.8 3.1


Washington

3,023.3 3,107.0 3,016.5 3,099.4 82.9 2.7

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,807.8 1,869.9 1,811.7 1,869.2 57.5 3.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,526.4 1,581.4 1,532.4 1,579.8 47.4 3.1

Tacoma

281.4 288.5 279.3 289.4 10.1 3.6

Footnotes
(1) Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(2) All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.


Last Modified Date: February 04, 2015