Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Wednesday, June 1, 2016                        USDL-16-1095

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


        METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- APRIL 2016


Unemployment rates were lower in April than a year earlier in 269 of the 387
metropolitan areas, higher in 94 areas, and unchanged in 24 areas, the U.S.
Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Twenty-five areas had jobless rates
of less than 3.0 percent and seven areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent.
Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 327 metropolitan areas,
decreased in 54 areas, and was unchanged in 6 areas. The national unemployment
rate in April was 4.7 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 5.1 percent
a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Ames, Iowa, had the lowest unemployment rate in April, 2.0 percent. El Centro,
Calif., had the highest unemployment rate, 20.1 percent. A total of 195 areas
had April jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.7 percent, 177 areas had rates
above it, and 15 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

El Centro, Calif., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in
April (-4.0 percentage points). Four other areas had rate declines of at least
2.0 percentage points. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Casper,
Wyo. (+2.9 percentage points), followed by Odessa, Texas (+2.1 points). 

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more,
Austin-Round Rock, Texas, had the lowest unemployment rate in April, 2.9 percent.
Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., had the highest rate among the large
areas, 6.2 percent. Thirty-seven large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate
decreases, nine had increases, and five had no change. The largest rate decreases
occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (-1.7 percentage points), and
Memphis, Tenn.-Miss.-Ark. (-1.6 points). The largest over-the-year rate increases
occurred in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, Texas, and Pittsburgh, Pa. (+0.7
percentage point each).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In
April, Nashua, N.H.-Mass., and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco,
Calif., had the lowest unemployment rates among the divisions, 3.0 percent each.
Gary, Ind., and Tacoma-Lakewood, Wash., had the highest division rates, 6.5 percent
each. (See table 2.)

In April, 30 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases,
7 had increases, and 1 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (-2.1 percentage points). The largest
over-the-year rate increase occurred in Elgin, Ill. (+0.9 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In April, 327 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 54 had decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest over-the-year
employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.
(+173,900), Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+155,000), and Dallas-
Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+130,600). The largest over-the-year percentage
gain in employment occurred in Madera, Calif. (+7.7 percent), followed by 
St. George, Utah (+7.0 percent), and Bend-Redmond, Ore. (+6.3 percent). 
(See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La.
(-7,700), Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-4,600), and Odessa, Texas (-3,800). The
largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in Casper,
Wyo. (-6.6 percent), Odessa, Texas (-5.0 percent), and Houma-Thibodaux, La.
(-4.7 percent).
	
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 49 of the 51 metropolitan areas
with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more and fell in New Orleans-
Metairie, La., and Rochester, N.Y. (-0.4 percent each). The largest over-the-
year percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas 
occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.5 percent), followed by 
San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. (+4.1 percent), and Austin-Round Rock,
Texas (+4.0 percent).  

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In April, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 36 of the 38 metropolitan
divisions over the year and was unchanged in Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead, Mass.,
and Nashua, N.H.-Mass. The largest over-the-year increase in employment among
the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains,
N.Y.-N.J. (+145,600), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+111,900), and
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+106,800). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the
metropolitan divisions occurred in Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+4.7 percent),
followed by Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, Mass.-N.H. (+4.4 percent),
and San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, Calif. (+4.1 percent). 

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for May
is scheduled to be released on Friday, June 17, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).
The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release for May
is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, June 29, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).




Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia,
the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City
are produced using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national
CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced for the following areas
and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL
Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such
as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all other substate
areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect estimation
procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are
based largely on "place of work" estimates from the CES program, are adjusted
to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are
aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from
the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census
Bureau, any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation.
All substate estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted
to add to the revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of
time-series models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back
to the series  beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the
substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who
receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll.
Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance
with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using
several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a 
"weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month
weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed
from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of
employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios
by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique
is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical
criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or
highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation.
These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with
forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation.
Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending
on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each
model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete
count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are
submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI)
laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the
new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level
of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the
level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For
states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions
of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident
with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling
error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations
issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. Data
reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than
county-based definitions, in the six New England States. A detailed list of
the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and unemployment
data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven substate areas are
available in the news release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states, metropolitan areas,
counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in
the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
March April Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) March April March April
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

Alabama

2,135,802 2,155,709 2,139,605 2,158,491 125,880 132,404 117,358 117,703 5.9 6.1 5.5 5.5

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

46,062 46,232 46,001 45,985 3,090 3,226 2,883 2,790 6.7 7.0 6.3 6.1

Auburn-Opelika

71,373 72,257 71,327 72,572 3,421 3,853 3,211 3,402 4.8 5.3 4.5 4.7

Birmingham-Hoover

527,501 532,598 529,986 534,449 27,863 30,772 26,395 27,417 5.3 5.8 5.0 5.1

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

86,428 88,789 87,198 89,420 4,682 4,938 4,215 4,328 5.4 5.6 4.8 4.8

Decatur

68,590 68,936 68,592 68,835 4,163 4,238 3,850 3,740 6.1 6.1 5.6 5.4

Dothan

62,280 62,289 62,392 62,444 3,733 3,810 3,455 3,386 6.0 6.1 5.5 5.4

Florence-Muscle Shoals

65,950 66,553 66,303 66,843 4,698 4,527 4,342 4,145 7.1 6.8 6.5 6.2

Gadsden

42,668 43,880 42,993 44,125 2,565 2,715 2,376 2,346 6.0 6.2 5.5 5.3

Huntsville

207,614 210,361 208,410 210,598 11,205 11,397 10,286 10,063 5.4 5.4 4.9 4.8

Mobile

182,993 184,019 183,045 184,848 12,137 12,804 11,312 11,441 6.6 7.0 6.2 6.2

Montgomery

167,781 168,602 168,210 169,181 9,585 9,835 8,980 8,784 5.7 5.8 5.3 5.2

Tuscaloosa

111,354 113,715 111,372 113,328 5,938 6,676 5,617 5,963 5.3 5.9 5.0 5.3

Alaska

360,272 355,942 359,279 355,786 25,525 26,035 23,709 24,654 7.1 7.3 6.6 6.9

Anchorage

202,161 200,707 201,621 200,787 12,203 12,734 11,441 12,187 6.0 6.3 5.7 6.1

Fairbanks

45,794 45,164 46,170 45,573 2,651 2,822 2,448 2,705 5.8 6.2 5.3 5.9

Arizona

3,131,692 3,228,830 3,139,578 3,228,342 188,589 163,834 184,727 173,530 6.0 5.1 5.9 5.4

Flagstaff

71,815 72,985 72,532 73,217 4,739 4,107 4,288 4,168 6.6 5.6 5.9 5.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

78,991 80,113 79,044 79,652 6,546 5,452 6,061 5,459 8.3 6.8 7.7 6.9

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,148,746 2,223,786 2,151,404 2,222,889 113,737 100,328 108,019 103,825 5.3 4.5 5.0 4.7

Prescott

97,093 100,607 97,936 101,177 5,535 4,879 5,275 4,964 5.7 4.8 5.4 4.9

Sierra Vista-Douglas

50,388 50,689 50,367 50,158 3,821 3,166 3,684 3,257 7.6 6.2 7.3 6.5

Tucson

465,199 478,533 465,254 477,596 25,346 22,665 24,578 23,677 5.4 4.7 5.3 5.0

Yuma

90,221 91,669 93,667 93,607 16,181 12,709 20,928 17,458 17.9 13.9 22.3 18.7

Arkansas

1,319,136 1,359,762 1,326,263 1,355,321 74,931 54,954 68,986 45,873 5.7 4.0 5.2 3.4

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

248,450 263,746 250,939 263,820 10,364 7,625 9,572 6,432 4.2 2.9 3.8 2.4

Fort Smith

120,360 122,143 121,434 121,657 7,090 5,649 6,738 5,018 5.9 4.6 5.5 4.1

Hot Springs

39,606 41,118 40,197 41,310 2,396 1,740 2,224 1,459 6.0 4.2 5.5 3.5

Jonesboro

59,936 62,885 60,303 62,591 3,128 2,181 2,836 1,779 5.2 3.5 4.7 2.8

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

341,891 354,046 345,654 353,334 17,341 12,709 16,090 10,698 5.1 3.6 4.7 3.0

Pine Bluff

36,776 36,915 36,817 36,697 2,700 2,006 2,528 1,689 7.3 5.4 6.9 4.6

California

18,949,567 19,029,837 18,942,424 19,015,109 1,266,911 1,057,748 1,166,325 987,438 6.7 5.6 6.2 5.2

Bakersfield

387,351 388,940 391,781 392,895 45,493 45,113 41,451 41,803 11.7 11.6 10.6 10.6

Chico

101,872 101,154 101,903 101,803 7,974 7,237 7,125 6,612 7.8 7.2 7.0 6.5

El Centro

76,937 77,585 78,160 77,286 17,478 15,424 18,834 15,505 22.7 19.9 24.1 20.1

Fresno

444,646 445,477 445,250 448,721 52,035 47,103 46,522 43,454 11.7 10.6 10.4 9.7

Hanford-Corcoran

58,150 58,179 58,224 57,739 7,143 6,597 6,300 5,801 12.3 11.3 10.8 10.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,624,900 6,617,762 6,613,033 6,615,593 433,477 316,286 408,214 295,449 6.5 4.8 6.2 4.5

Madera

60,433 61,329 60,052 61,118 7,436 6,418 6,563 5,906 12.3 10.5 10.9 9.7

Merced

114,980 115,334 114,151 114,357 15,528 14,344 13,592 12,823 13.5 12.4 11.9 11.2

Modesto

242,984 244,921 242,260 243,038 26,001 23,251 23,998 21,824 10.7 9.5 9.9 9.0

Napa

73,713 74,669 74,957 75,646 3,612 3,287 3,173 2,949 4.9 4.4 4.2 3.9

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

434,686 432,248 432,597 429,946 24,872 21,540 22,609 20,478 5.7 5.0 5.2 4.8

Redding

74,519 73,954 74,512 74,091 6,607 5,889 5,853 5,170 8.9 8.0 7.9 7.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,959,850 1,973,614 1,951,718 1,964,117 133,250 113,854 124,046 110,288 6.8 5.8 6.4 5.6

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,059,173 1,063,585 1,056,650 1,055,893 65,741 57,478 60,243 53,901 6.2 5.4 5.7 5.1

Salinas

212,059 214,676 221,450 222,778 22,543 22,431 17,307 16,760 10.6 10.4 7.8 7.5

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,558,003 1,567,487 1,555,211 1,562,609 84,214 73,714 77,738 70,750 5.4 4.7 5.0 4.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,492,020 2,519,780 2,490,894 2,514,761 110,939 96,474 102,267 92,300 4.5 3.8 4.1 3.7

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,040,603 1,058,524 1,040,481 1,059,665 46,645 40,961 43,091 39,491 4.5 3.9 4.1 3.7

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

143,967 144,372 144,415 144,188 6,960 6,152 6,301 5,682 4.8 4.3 4.4 3.9

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

144,352 143,821 144,868 144,711 13,700 12,548 11,376 10,906 9.5 8.7 7.9 7.5

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

220,604 222,568 221,388 223,608 12,454 11,699 10,737 10,073 5.6 5.3 4.8 4.5

Santa Rosa

258,974 261,646 260,253 260,243 12,471 10,770 11,181 9,907 4.8 4.1 4.3 3.8

Stockton-Lodi

314,851 318,077 314,855 318,185 31,016 27,910 28,029 25,875 9.9 8.8 8.9 8.1

Vallejo-Fairfield

205,679 207,153 205,721 206,443 13,553 11,673 12,385 10,953 6.6 5.6 6.0 5.3

Visalia-Porterville

202,669 202,349 207,085 207,165 27,290 25,022 23,553 22,414 13.5 12.4 11.4 10.8

Yuba City

73,011 73,213 72,860 72,808 8,765 8,003 7,787 7,067 12.0 10.9 10.7 9.7

Colorado

2,815,057 2,875,156 2,814,025 2,880,042 129,458 100,748 112,965 101,980 4.6 3.5 4.0 3.5

Boulder

175,990 178,746 176,223 179,608 6,497 5,105 5,729 5,160 3.7 2.9 3.3 2.9

Colorado Springs

316,380 323,019 317,632 324,061 17,510 13,021 15,073 13,173 5.5 4.0 4.7 4.1

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,491,624 1,525,443 1,498,466 1,539,068 65,424 50,108 57,040 50,714 4.4 3.3 3.8 3.3

Fort Collins

177,272 183,655 178,792 184,769 6,978 5,637 6,063 5,607 3.9 3.1 3.4 3.0

Grand Junction

72,262 72,566 71,785 72,716 4,620 4,270 4,073 4,268 6.4 5.9 5.7 5.9

Greeley

148,116 149,442 147,956 150,904 6,437 5,486 5,831 5,598 4.3 3.7 3.9 3.7

Pueblo

72,050 72,869 72,305 73,403 4,887 3,604 4,228 3,802 6.8 4.9 5.8 5.2

Connecticut

1,881,804 1,894,126 1,879,963 1,884,284 115,209 117,165 106,299 104,997 6.1 6.2 5.7 5.6

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

462,104 467,617 462,539 466,292 27,347 28,028 25,184 25,236 5.9 6.0 5.4 5.4

Danbury

105,967 107,298 106,307 106,617 5,288 5,629 4,845 4,776 5.0 5.2 4.6 4.5

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

616,943 618,759 614,515 615,940 37,551 38,258 34,866 35,184 6.1 6.2 5.7 5.7

New Haven

321,786 322,330 322,067 320,776 19,410 19,731 18,144 17,672 6.0 6.1 5.6 5.5

Norwich-New London-Westerly

140,177 141,896 140,196 140,521 9,518 8,997 8,793 7,694 6.8 6.3 6.3 5.5

Waterbury

111,171 111,435 110,473 110,111 8,616 8,562 7,884 7,488 7.8 7.7 7.1 6.8

Delaware

462,287 480,537 463,717 481,462 23,420 21,152 22,429 19,085 5.1 4.4 4.8 4.0

Dover

77,185 79,529 76,614 78,915 4,245 3,721 4,118 3,390 5.5 4.7 5.4 4.3

Salisbury(1)

176,599 183,278 178,268 185,238 13,426 12,153 11,473 10,188 7.6 6.6 6.4 5.5

District of Columbia

384,644 393,819 384,502 395,952 27,213 24,868 24,937 21,784 7.1 6.3 6.5 5.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,274,365 3,304,292 3,277,033 3,286,614 150,984 133,616 138,714 116,315 4.6 4.0 4.2 3.5

Florida

9,619,505 9,749,859 9,646,945 9,703,717 518,916 457,809 501,676 437,897 5.4 4.7 5.2 4.5

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

321,223 329,796 321,272 329,152 15,839 14,038 15,241 13,391 4.9 4.3 4.7 4.1

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

118,571 118,956 119,943 119,613 5,422 4,855 5,134 4,588 4.6 4.1 4.3 3.8

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

282,082 287,428 282,289 285,444 16,478 14,195 15,917 13,544 5.8 4.9 5.6 4.7

Gainesville

136,336 138,555 137,729 139,095 6,142 5,563 5,908 5,380 4.5 4.0 4.3 3.9

Homosassa Springs

47,975 47,858 47,931 47,239 3,598 3,136 3,441 2,977 7.5 6.6 7.2 6.3

Jacksonville

717,870 731,146 719,210 727,552 37,957 32,336 36,519 30,994 5.3 4.4 5.1 4.3

Lakeland-Winter Haven

278,322 282,134 279,206 280,563 16,879 14,716 16,234 14,026 6.1 5.2 5.8 5.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,993,460 3,018,127 3,010,181 3,009,557 166,023 149,482 162,530 143,259 5.5 5.0 5.4 4.8

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

165,531 165,844 163,876 163,837 7,838 7,131 7,466 6,785 4.7 4.3 4.6 4.1

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

343,782 347,260 343,459 343,927 16,890 15,071 16,248 14,504 4.9 4.3 4.7 4.2

Ocala

131,122 131,050 131,178 130,414 8,445 7,298 8,038 6,968 6.4 5.6 6.1 5.3

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,209,122 1,243,457 1,212,781 1,237,971 61,400 53,622 59,154 51,214 5.1 4.3 4.9 4.1

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

257,022 255,816 256,235 253,034 15,213 13,268 14,634 12,604 5.9 5.2 5.7 5.0

Panama City

94,148 93,504 94,016 93,098 5,095 4,376 4,803 4,185 5.4 4.7 5.1 4.5

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

210,707 213,887 212,934 211,306 11,137 9,989 10,723 9,489 5.3 4.7 5.0 4.5

Port St. Lucie

200,943 203,036 200,974 201,724 11,416 10,140 11,114 9,729 5.7 5.0 5.5 4.8

Punta Gorda

67,726 68,639 67,862 67,860 3,967 3,508 3,825 3,354 5.9 5.1 5.6 4.9

Sebastian-Vero Beach

61,498 62,064 61,102 61,139 3,792 3,444 3,765 3,354 6.2 5.5 6.2 5.5

Sebring

35,806 36,673 36,180 36,568 2,533 2,230 2,448 2,096 7.1 6.1 6.8 5.7

Tallahassee

186,679 188,107 186,950 186,459 9,464 8,335 9,088 8,046 5.1 4.4 4.9 4.3

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,439,545 1,464,512 1,439,881 1,455,377 74,510 64,837 71,467 61,985 5.2 4.4 5.0 4.3

The Villages

28,646 29,093 28,492 28,733 2,183 1,962 2,066 1,884 7.6 6.7 7.3 6.6

Georgia

4,759,333 4,846,651 4,757,923 4,829,352 282,546 263,541 270,502 241,868 5.9 5.4 5.7 5.0

Albany

65,773 66,579 65,243 66,058 4,543 4,313 4,361 3,976 6.9 6.5 6.7 6.0

Athens-Clarke County

92,647 96,308 92,701 95,675 4,893 4,672 4,887 4,368 5.3 4.9 5.3 4.6

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,823,179 2,883,331 2,826,960 2,877,964 160,376 149,397 153,899 137,863 5.7 5.2 5.4 4.8

Augusta-Richmond County

257,225 258,159 258,947 260,155 15,936 15,090 15,303 14,221 6.2 5.8 5.9 5.5

Brunswick

49,867 51,345 50,046 51,207 3,179 2,956 3,012 2,650 6.4 5.8 6.0 5.2

Columbus

125,222 124,778 124,617 123,971 8,559 8,263 8,196 7,427 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.0

Dalton

60,670 61,761 60,375 60,627 4,107 4,217 3,978 3,337 6.8 6.8 6.6 5.5

Gainesville

91,287 94,610 91,387 94,085 4,356 4,242 4,187 3,956 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.2

Hinesville

32,241 32,282 32,085 31,951 2,016 1,894 1,925 1,696 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.3

Macon

103,246 104,684 102,657 103,703 6,573 6,250 6,321 5,573 6.4 6.0 6.2 5.4

Rome

42,977 43,133 42,908 42,908 2,899 2,610 2,718 2,405 6.7 6.1 6.3 5.6

Savannah

174,859 180,097 175,619 179,522 9,846 9,174 9,426 8,427 5.6 5.1 5.4 4.7

Valdosta

63,180 63,665 62,705 63,268 3,757 3,342 3,597 3,079 5.9 5.2 5.7 4.9

Warner Robins

80,539 81,320 80,716 80,748 4,845 4,716 4,716 4,243 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.3

Hawaii

674,969 689,584 675,845 685,058 25,468 21,914 24,591 21,330 3.8 3.2 3.6 3.1

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

83,680 85,977 83,636 85,580 3,429 2,926 3,246 2,746 4.1 3.4 3.9 3.2

Urban Honolulu

467,955 476,352 468,977 472,381 16,389 14,116 15,890 13,642 3.5 3.0 3.4 2.9

Idaho

787,431 801,552 790,441 806,806 37,027 33,815 34,004 29,407 4.7 4.2 4.3 3.6

Boise City

322,394 328,089 321,213 330,510 14,308 12,497 13,352 11,392 4.4 3.8 4.2 3.4

Coeur d'Alene

70,511 71,907 71,193 72,677 4,184 4,014 3,565 3,299 5.9 5.6 5.0 4.5

Idaho Falls

63,921 66,135 64,175 65,733 2,478 2,255 2,272 1,956 3.9 3.4 3.5 3.0

Lewiston

30,341 31,106 30,473 31,106 1,337 1,299 1,221 1,176 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.8

Pocatello

42,324 42,708 42,105 43,026 1,911 1,545 1,744 1,361 4.5 3.6 4.1 3.2

Illinois

6,452,137 6,618,526 6,461,911 6,609,308 387,047 446,897 352,068 410,456 6.0 6.8 5.4 6.2

Bloomington

98,979 98,302 99,557 97,878 4,525 5,896 3,925 5,297 4.6 6.0 3.9 5.4

Carbondale-Marion

60,074 60,421 61,330 60,792 3,461 4,244 3,088 3,841 5.8 7.0 5.0 6.3

Champaign-Urbana

119,308 122,525 120,311 122,080 5,773 7,136 5,056 6,420 4.8 5.8 4.2 5.3

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,849,821 4,986,473 4,851,770 4,984,649 293,001 331,292 271,704 307,811 6.0 6.6 5.6 6.2

Danville

35,533 35,941 35,275 35,635 2,425 3,012 2,106 2,688 6.8 8.4 6.0 7.5

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

191,451 191,019 191,727 189,351 11,003 12,440 9,549 10,977 5.7 6.5 5.0 5.8

Decatur

49,733 49,984 49,670 49,861 3,417 3,924 2,941 3,543 6.9 7.9 5.9 7.1

Kankakee

54,493 55,671 54,623 55,035 3,750 4,298 3,222 3,733 6.9 7.7 5.9 6.8

Peoria

183,796 186,896 184,146 185,189 11,461 14,326 9,801 12,836 6.2 7.7 5.3 6.9

Rockford

164,830 170,232 165,347 169,314 11,242 13,177 9,880 11,698 6.8 7.7 6.0 6.9

Springfield

109,393 111,905 109,791 111,479 5,723 6,664 4,814 5,713 5.2 6.0 4.4 5.1

Indiana

3,229,254 3,321,162 3,243,563 3,348,855 169,205 182,405 145,075 161,388 5.2 5.5 4.5 4.8

Bloomington

77,513 78,642 77,490 79,589 4,087 4,407 3,336 4,100 5.3 5.6 4.3 5.2

Columbus

42,908 45,064 42,926 45,156 1,757 1,899 1,405 1,603 4.1 4.2 3.3 3.5

Elkhart-Goshen

103,067 103,762 103,492 104,740 4,101 4,444 3,567 4,108 4.0 4.3 3.4 3.9

Evansville

156,572 158,587 157,390 160,131 7,127 7,922 6,124 7,015 4.6 5.0 3.9 4.4

Fort Wayne

205,903 215,463 208,033 217,923 10,214 11,116 8,494 9,852 5.0 5.2 4.1 4.5

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

991,555 1,023,423 999,481 1,034,028 48,985 51,321 42,761 46,091 4.9 5.0 4.3 4.5

Kokomo

36,527 38,182 36,398 37,814 2,005 2,576 1,701 1,935 5.5 6.7 4.7 5.1

Lafayette-West Lafayette

107,187 110,869 107,761 112,463 4,596 5,272 3,879 4,658 4.3 4.8 3.6 4.1

Michigan City-La Porte

48,046 48,496 48,041 48,806 3,386 3,739 2,806 3,183 7.0 7.7 5.8 6.5

Muncie

54,038 55,776 54,524 56,016 3,362 3,499 2,865 3,156 6.2 6.3 5.3 5.6

South Bend-Mishawaka

152,853 157,972 153,841 158,752 8,370 8,439 7,237 7,423 5.5 5.3 4.7 4.7

Terre Haute

77,569 78,706 77,229 78,586 5,251 5,295 4,426 4,650 6.8 6.7 5.7 5.9

Iowa

1,696,622 1,708,716 1,697,847 1,706,354 70,287 72,907 59,771 60,641 4.1 4.3 3.5 3.6

Ames

58,164 58,558 58,451 58,906 1,337 1,417 1,264 1,187 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.0

Cedar Rapids

145,233 145,666 143,890 144,532 6,210 6,388 5,185 5,320 4.3 4.4 3.6 3.7

Des Moines-West Des Moines

337,717 338,592 336,836 338,632 13,450 13,051 11,528 11,252 4.0 3.9 3.4 3.3

Dubuque

55,782 56,599 55,804 55,569 2,353 2,480 1,850 1,907 4.2 4.4 3.3 3.4

Iowa City

96,615 97,710 96,645 96,648 2,592 2,762 2,386 2,348 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.4

Sioux City

92,338 93,568 91,947 92,751 3,671 3,613 3,010 2,923 4.0 3.9 3.3 3.2

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

92,344 91,550 91,999 91,340 4,268 4,558 4,028 3,952 4.6 5.0 4.4 4.3

Kansas

1,490,192 1,501,338 1,491,323 1,494,320 67,379 60,269 64,074 50,712 4.5 4.0 4.3 3.4

Lawrence

65,520 66,383 66,005 66,314 2,549 2,204 2,441 1,903 3.9 3.3 3.7 2.9

Manhattan

50,114 52,402 50,577 52,063 1,820 1,571 1,737 1,360 3.6 3.0 3.4 2.6

Topeka

119,736 120,303 120,172 119,818 5,722 4,946 5,156 4,052 4.8 4.1 4.3 3.4

Wichita

309,846 314,450 311,162 313,396 15,604 14,015 14,853 11,935 5.0 4.5 4.8 3.8

Kentucky

1,956,705 1,973,117 1,952,036 1,967,805 110,519 116,072 95,575 91,246 5.6 5.9 4.9 4.6

Bowling Green

76,055 76,979 76,545 76,779 3,913 3,897 3,376 3,016 5.1 5.1 4.4 3.9

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

63,300 64,674 63,366 64,480 3,565 3,459 3,080 2,703 5.6 5.3 4.9 4.2

Lexington-Fayette

255,091 257,212 254,598 258,840 10,775 11,011 9,598 8,812 4.2 4.3 3.8 3.4

Louisville/Jefferson County

618,607 631,137 618,840 633,236 30,660 31,687 27,402 25,917 5.0 5.0 4.4 4.1

Owensboro

52,950 53,746 52,575 53,517 2,601 2,804 2,207 2,251 4.9 5.2 4.2 4.2

Louisiana

2,166,163 2,155,605 2,172,166 2,149,273 139,234 132,323 131,433 125,326 6.4 6.1 6.1 5.8

Alexandria

67,158 67,314 67,455 67,077 4,519 4,178 4,241 3,838 6.7 6.2 6.3 5.7

Baton Rouge

420,826 428,041 421,813 428,234 23,411 21,578 22,087 20,609 5.6 5.0 5.2 4.8

Hammond

54,025 53,587 54,301 53,748 3,983 3,666 3,750 3,498 7.4 6.8 6.9 6.5

Houma-Thibodaux

101,485 96,627 100,813 96,738 5,688 6,487 5,577 6,106 5.6 6.7 5.5 6.3

Lafayette

231,345 224,856 230,241 223,570 14,262 16,061 13,846 15,460 6.2 7.1 6.0 6.9

Lake Charles

101,785 104,276 102,108 103,656 5,656 5,178 5,323 4,894 5.6 5.0 5.2 4.7

Monroe

81,896 82,164 82,212 81,953 5,643 5,088 5,247 4,835 6.9 6.2 6.4 5.9

New Orleans-Metairie

604,721 602,653 609,490 600,303 37,366 34,016 34,895 31,792 6.2 5.6 5.7 5.3

Shreveport-Bossier City

196,401 193,602 197,377 191,920 13,797 12,658 13,036 11,990 7.0 6.5 6.6 6.2

Maine

674,654 665,151 674,781 667,397 36,591 27,729 32,093 25,106 5.4 4.2 4.8 3.8

Bangor

70,177 68,867 70,326 69,102 3,505 2,814 3,116 2,554 5.0 4.1 4.4 3.7

Lewiston-Auburn

55,200 54,655 55,104 54,701 2,796 2,102 2,411 1,875 5.1 3.8 4.4 3.4

Portland-South Portland

194,574 192,449 195,235 193,812 8,209 5,985 7,232 5,436 4.2 3.1 3.7 2.8

Maryland

3,130,115 3,163,348 3,128,513 3,151,455 168,016 150,641 153,386 138,197 5.4 4.8 4.9 4.4

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,463,035 1,478,742 1,462,657 1,472,291 81,235 72,262 74,850 66,868 5.6 4.9 5.1 4.5

California-Lexington Park

54,469 54,664 54,202 54,317 2,712 2,468 2,442 2,253 5.0 4.5 4.5 4.1

Cumberland

44,900 43,846 44,644 43,655 3,469 3,148 2,977 2,712 7.7 7.2 6.7 6.2

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

128,592 127,472 128,939 128,048 7,932 6,752 7,056 5,867 6.2 5.3 5.5 4.6

Massachusetts

3,557,729 3,572,677 3,550,470 3,582,096 186,491 164,997 167,345 138,006 5.2 4.6 4.7 3.9

Barnstable Town

114,985 117,068 117,334 118,920 9,083 8,002 6,888 5,710 7.9 6.8 5.9 4.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,619,115 2,634,166 2,614,352 2,644,668 120,666 105,731 110,771 91,259 4.6 4.0 4.2 3.5

Leominster-Gardner

76,358 76,370 75,919 76,292 4,824 4,263 4,375 3,576 6.3 5.6 5.8 4.7

New Bedford

84,420 84,720 83,631 83,842 7,104 6,110 5,885 4,723 8.4 7.2 7.0 5.6

Pittsfield

43,307 43,482 42,569 43,022 2,753 2,471 2,431 2,045 6.4 5.7 5.7 4.8

Springfield

366,059 364,369 365,246 365,225 22,628 20,568 20,304 17,507 6.2 5.6 5.6 4.8

Worcester

346,563 346,930 344,677 345,891 19,513 17,331 17,690 14,579 5.6 5.0 5.1 4.2

Michigan

4,717,971 4,837,147 4,699,774 4,811,014 278,601 247,190 238,400 205,877 5.9 5.1 5.1 4.3

Ann Arbor

189,736 198,322 190,682 199,375 6,771 5,919 6,253 5,452 3.6 3.0 3.3 2.7

Battle Creek

64,573 65,433 64,536 65,246 3,490 3,025 3,040 2,674 5.4 4.6 4.7 4.1

Bay City

52,617 53,118 52,418 52,846 3,494 2,966 2,956 2,576 6.6 5.6 5.6 4.9

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,976,545 2,050,096 1,964,019 2,024,267 123,854 114,310 107,385 91,237 6.3 5.6 5.5 4.5

Flint

182,904 184,911 182,814 184,070 12,195 10,194 10,371 8,968 6.7 5.5 5.7 4.9

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

551,414 564,669 551,068 566,428 22,523 19,177 19,310 16,694 4.1 3.4 3.5 2.9

Jackson

73,381 72,947 73,472 73,020 4,175 3,535 3,589 3,184 5.7 4.8 4.9 4.4

Kalamazoo-Portage

165,712 170,108 165,614 169,505 8,423 7,154 7,181 6,208 5.1 4.2 4.3 3.7

Lansing-East Lansing

243,552 248,016 244,690 249,017 11,410 9,402 9,940 8,247 4.7 3.8 4.1 3.3

Midland

41,523 41,805 41,695 41,852 2,306 1,990 1,898 1,678 5.6 4.8 4.6 4.0

Monroe

76,459 78,546 76,461 78,647 3,739 3,166 3,238 2,862 4.9 4.0 4.2 3.6

Muskegon

77,676 78,639 77,368 78,895 4,787 4,137 4,191 3,653 6.2 5.3 5.4 4.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

73,130 74,349 73,299 74,915 4,082 3,583 3,513 3,079 5.6 4.8 4.8 4.1

Saginaw

88,600 90,917 88,176 90,473 5,597 4,802 4,760 4,152 6.3 5.3 5.4 4.6

Minnesota

2,989,975 3,055,192 2,997,380 3,041,732 132,260 140,026 108,445 114,639 4.4 4.6 3.6 3.8

Duluth

142,658 143,826 143,024 143,450 7,794 10,255 6,917 8,932 5.5 7.1 4.8 6.2

Mankato-North Mankato

59,501 60,739 59,330 60,232 1,975 2,169 1,619 1,735 3.3 3.6 2.7 2.9

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,917,759 1,968,110 1,931,998 1,966,192 76,122 78,195 64,397 66,325 4.0 4.0 3.3 3.4

Rochester

117,940 120,703 117,533 120,196 4,897 4,702 3,799 3,644 4.2 3.9 3.2 3.0

St. Cloud

110,646 113,597 110,210 112,212 5,195 5,470 4,026 4,105 4.7 4.8 3.7 3.7

Mississippi

1,251,316 1,274,539 1,255,374 1,268,744 76,674 71,181 71,785 63,882 6.1 5.6 5.7 5.0

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

161,876 163,459 161,818 162,501 9,797 9,389 9,365 8,557 6.1 5.7 5.8 5.3

Hattiesburg

65,552 67,580 65,711 67,462 3,480 3,341 3,374 3,095 5.3 4.9 5.1 4.6

Jackson

262,394 269,498 263,277 267,860 13,123 12,663 12,346 11,324 5.0 4.7 4.7 4.2

Missouri

3,098,397 3,140,813 3,117,600 3,141,501 179,962 150,452 160,464 132,550 5.8 4.8 5.1 4.2

Cape Girardeau

49,471 50,061 49,517 50,020 2,657 2,377 2,308 2,135 5.4 4.7 4.7 4.3

Columbia

100,391 103,456 100,810 103,258 4,030 3,417 3,509 2,952 4.0 3.3 3.5 2.9

Jefferson City

76,586 77,523 76,557 77,332 3,828 3,045 3,347 2,696 5.0 3.9 4.4 3.5

Joplin

87,282 87,981 87,830 87,477 4,291 3,739 4,026 3,437 4.9 4.2 4.6 3.9

Kansas City

1,111,562 1,126,987 1,116,539 1,121,035 58,279 48,996 54,827 43,169 5.2 4.3 4.9 3.9

St. Joseph

66,741 66,933 66,508 66,257 3,504 2,878 3,072 2,515 5.3 4.3 4.6 3.8

St. Louis(2)

1,469,120 1,493,292 1,479,788 1,494,777 83,274 75,365 73,832 67,065 5.7 5.0 5.0 4.5

Springfield

232,641 238,970 233,866 238,347 11,712 10,101 10,510 8,814 5.0 4.2 4.5 3.7

Montana

518,490 522,450 521,095 520,461 24,706 25,951 20,794 20,262 4.8 5.0 4.0 3.9

Billings

86,956 88,388 87,633 88,643 3,175 3,569 2,722 2,820 3.7 4.0 3.1 3.2

Great Falls

38,795 38,733 39,189 38,477 1,725 1,759 1,413 1,377 4.4 4.5 3.6 3.6

Missoula

61,039 61,537 61,401 61,223 2,802 2,810 2,341 2,095 4.6 4.6 3.8 3.4

Nebraska

1,006,544 1,020,456 1,011,345 1,021,403 31,019 33,162 28,650 30,701 3.1 3.2 2.8 3.0

Grand Island

43,591 44,751 43,401 44,120 1,476 2,192 1,353 1,476 3.4 4.9 3.1 3.3

Lincoln

176,388 179,808 177,669 179,719 4,728 5,057 4,461 4,901 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.7

Omaha-Council Bluffs

474,297 480,954 477,530 481,896 15,983 16,689 14,692 15,397 3.4 3.5 3.1 3.2

Nevada

1,417,027 1,433,309 1,422,176 1,430,601 98,659 85,079 98,157 86,709 7.0 5.9 6.9 6.1

Carson City

25,036 24,875 25,156 24,794 1,901 1,698 1,880 1,672 7.6 6.8 7.5 6.7

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,039,547 1,049,438 1,046,471 1,051,610 72,184 62,539 72,015 64,578 6.9 6.0 6.9 6.1

Reno

227,494 232,158 228,955 232,811 15,398 12,869 15,124 12,631 6.8 5.5 6.6 5.4

New Hampshire

739,427 744,974 734,390 742,366 29,885 22,117 25,785 19,663 4.0 3.0 3.5 2.6

Dover-Durham

82,298 83,521 82,083 83,117 3,071 2,260 2,567 1,883 3.7 2.7 3.1 2.3

Manchester

114,670 116,255 114,452 116,613 4,465 3,282 3,885 2,957 3.9 2.8 3.4 2.5

Portsmouth

71,537 74,277 72,098 74,337 2,614 1,967 2,224 1,711 3.7 2.6 3.1 2.3

New Jersey

4,530,620 4,589,955 4,528,655 4,558,681 292,612 230,446 260,113 221,972 6.5 5.0 5.7 4.9

Atlantic City-Hammonton

128,266 124,560 127,889 124,435 14,849 9,700 12,858 9,146 11.6 7.8 10.1 7.4

Ocean City

43,619 45,434 45,556 45,793 7,349 6,037 5,791 5,092 16.8 13.3 12.7 11.1

Trenton

197,363 202,579 197,151 201,316 10,559 8,670 9,598 8,309 5.4 4.3 4.9 4.1

Vineland-Bridgeton

68,348 68,803 68,342 67,177 7,067 5,597 6,103 5,086 10.3 8.1 8.9 7.6

New Mexico

918,430 916,574 918,110 916,249 60,504 56,019 57,116 53,081 6.6 6.1 6.2 5.8

Albuquerque

411,843 414,774 412,732 415,296 25,290 22,564 23,742 21,322 6.1 5.4 5.8 5.1

Farmington

55,539 55,706 55,423 55,866 3,671 4,316 3,543 4,347 6.6 7.7 6.4 7.8

Las Cruces

93,148 93,216 93,236 93,179 7,129 6,518 6,731 6,202 7.7 7.0 7.2 6.7

Santa Fe

71,583 71,610 71,303 71,194 3,838 3,486 3,583 3,189 5.4 4.9 5.0 4.5

New York

9,632,056 9,773,492 9,651,340 9,656,948 552,367 505,488 515,375 443,422 5.7 5.2 5.3 4.6

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

447,740 450,687 448,897 447,257 21,336 19,377 19,841 18,063 4.8 4.3 4.4 4.0

Binghamton

110,404 111,021 110,781 109,913 7,323 6,392 6,678 5,835 6.6 5.8 6.0 5.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

547,030 550,291 546,861 548,015 33,421 29,202 30,539 27,359 6.1 5.3 5.6 5.0

Elmira

37,805 37,807 37,902 37,523 2,378 2,265 2,248 2,095 6.3 6.0 5.9 5.6

Glens Falls

59,685 60,599 59,228 59,930 4,034 3,642 3,376 3,139 6.8 6.0 5.7 5.2

Ithaca

56,388 57,133 57,738 57,399 2,226 2,000 2,208 2,051 3.9 3.5 3.8 3.6

Kingston

87,275 89,428 88,043 88,996 4,664 4,001 4,273 3,802 5.3 4.5 4.9 4.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City

10,033,815 10,191,451 10,040,280 10,072,911 579,684 512,884 535,873 457,767 5.8 5.0 5.3 4.5

Rochester

524,400 525,084 526,281 523,352 29,709 25,921 27,717 24,403 5.7 4.9 5.3 4.7

Syracuse

312,244 314,125 312,901 313,343 18,405 16,074 17,109 14,768 5.9 5.1 5.5 4.7

Utica-Rome

131,003 132,258 131,161 131,482 8,357 7,174 7,690 6,648 6.4 5.4 5.9 5.1

Watertown-Fort Drum

45,587 46,741 45,641 46,352 3,808 3,399 3,326 3,006 8.4 7.3 7.3 6.5

North Carolina

4,739,503 4,876,473 4,768,208 4,857,560 266,657 262,028 260,213 243,285 5.6 5.4 5.5 5.0

Asheville

216,474 224,379 219,182 223,760 10,004 9,933 9,481 8,755 4.6 4.4 4.3 3.9

Burlington

77,246 79,155 77,138 79,129 3,976 3,973 3,826 3,685 5.1 5.0 5.0 4.7

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,225,414 1,268,770 1,231,362 1,265,998 65,988 64,689 64,824 60,803 5.4 5.1 5.3 4.8

Durham-Chapel Hill

280,193 289,283 281,861 287,775 13,349 13,605 12,987 12,522 4.8 4.7 4.6 4.4

Fayetteville

145,827 149,060 146,509 148,079 10,585 10,014 10,490 9,402 7.3 6.7 7.2 6.3

Goldsboro

54,340 55,723 54,020 55,022 3,201 3,205 3,181 3,023 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.5

Greensboro-High Point

362,366 372,609 366,752 371,734 20,937 20,324 20,537 18,880 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.1

Greenville

87,777 88,889 87,990 87,710 4,923 4,969 4,992 4,753 5.6 5.6 5.7 5.4

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

167,366 170,013 167,446 168,994 9,373 8,891 9,145 8,194 5.6 5.2 5.5 4.8

Jacksonville

64,231 64,920 64,687 64,800 3,696 3,848 3,609 3,549 5.8 5.9 5.6 5.5

New Bern

51,074 52,547 51,277 52,095 3,097 2,973 3,009 2,692 6.1 5.7 5.9 5.2

Raleigh

647,890 679,315 653,163 675,157 29,984 30,837 29,324 28,652 4.6 4.5 4.5 4.2

Rocky Mount

67,317 67,699 66,725 66,440 5,261 5,119 5,424 5,071 7.8 7.6 8.1 7.6

Wilmington

136,692 139,862 138,820 141,068 7,389 7,302 7,052 6,700 5.4 5.2 5.1 4.7

Winston-Salem

316,443 324,994 319,152 321,627 16,660 16,593 16,283 15,236 5.3 5.1 5.1 4.7

North Dakota

412,560 414,687 413,193 415,345 14,120 16,501 11,622 13,211 3.4 4.0 2.8 3.2

Bismarck

66,176 69,213 66,893 69,373 2,289 2,452 1,793 1,842 3.5 3.5 2.7 2.7

Fargo

128,945 135,465 129,942 135,815 3,987 4,392 3,148 3,310 3.1 3.2 2.4 2.4

Grand Forks

54,936 56,346 54,769 55,710 2,050 2,072 1,704 1,739 3.7 3.7 3.1 3.1

Ohio

5,663,340 5,764,338 5,678,773 5,780,804 295,828 312,433 263,032 275,660 5.2 5.4 4.6 4.8

Akron

359,261 364,391 358,663 364,658 19,298 20,381 16,714 17,979 5.4 5.6 4.7 4.9

Canton-Massillon

199,799 202,533 199,891 202,986 11,325 12,696 10,066 11,298 5.7 6.3 5.0 5.6

Cincinnati

1,064,575 1,076,909 1,068,915 1,080,865 50,548 51,370 44,773 45,032 4.7 4.8 4.2 4.2

Cleveland-Elyria

1,021,407 1,029,259 1,028,213 1,039,948 53,763 56,280 49,575 50,408 5.3 5.5 4.8 4.8

Columbus

1,027,340 1,050,194 1,030,606 1,051,954 44,115 46,428 39,894 41,529 4.3 4.4 3.9 3.9

Dayton

379,933 387,410 379,783 386,563 19,245 19,422 17,230 17,388 5.1 5.0 4.5 4.5

Lima

47,733 49,304 47,653 49,296 2,449 2,460 2,197 2,176 5.1 5.0 4.6 4.4

Mansfield

53,569 53,621 53,218 53,479 3,200 3,395 2,845 2,907 6.0 6.3 5.3 5.4

Springfield

63,929 65,138 63,780 64,981 3,357 3,663 2,950 3,185 5.3 5.6 4.6 4.9

Toledo

299,905 305,775 300,243 306,002 16,614 16,563 14,383 14,067 5.5 5.4 4.8 4.6

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

52,327 52,776 52,821 53,369 4,209 4,846 3,901 4,356 8.0 9.2 7.4 8.2

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

251,151 252,056 251,049 252,318 16,359 17,586 14,285 15,757 6.5 7.0 5.7 6.2

Oklahoma

1,830,172 1,867,820 1,835,463 1,852,350 74,830 83,838 72,223 78,513 4.1 4.5 3.9 4.2

Lawton

52,721 53,656 53,102 53,437 2,137 2,407 2,031 2,246 4.1 4.5 3.8 4.2

Oklahoma City

661,761 679,902 662,583 673,385 23,871 26,352 22,927 24,649 3.6 3.9 3.5 3.7

Tulsa

471,856 479,603 473,043 476,278 18,932 22,040 18,205 20,677 4.0 4.6 3.8 4.3

Oregon

1,936,819 2,023,801 1,942,784 2,026,693 118,704 99,081 108,639 90,698 6.1 4.9 5.6 4.5

Albany

54,223 55,820 54,177 55,790 3,927 3,363 3,693 3,086 7.2 6.0 6.8 5.5

Bend-Redmond

81,325 87,171 82,292 88,343 5,486 4,465 4,873 3,921 6.7 5.1 5.9 4.4

Corvallis

45,284 46,620 45,049 46,466 2,023 1,724 1,734 1,519 4.5 3.7 3.8 3.3

Eugene

169,780 176,561 170,125 175,880 10,577 8,996 9,793 8,127 6.2 5.1 5.8 4.6

Grants Pass

32,593 33,987 32,675 34,044 2,746 2,330 2,529 2,133 8.4 6.9 7.7 6.3

Medford

95,928 99,836 95,838 99,357 7,451 6,007 6,819 5,600 7.8 6.0 7.1 5.6

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,209,692 1,265,221 1,209,406 1,265,884 67,136 58,141 62,398 55,236 5.5 4.6 5.2 4.4

Salem

184,671 192,576 185,037 192,825 12,057 9,836 10,952 9,004 6.5 5.1 5.9 4.7

Pennsylvania

6,367,096 6,487,598 6,386,413 6,479,316 351,590 359,451 309,175 337,561 5.5 5.5 4.8 5.2

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

425,953 431,063 427,345 429,340 24,779 23,387 21,541 21,997 5.8 5.4 5.0 5.1

Altoona

60,320 61,521 60,367 61,479 3,334 3,358 2,800 3,130 5.5 5.5 4.6 5.1

Bloomsburg-Berwick

43,004 43,859 43,034 43,667 2,462 2,485 2,081 2,155 5.7 5.7 4.8 4.9

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

77,531 80,066 76,440 79,114 4,038 4,050 3,300 3,818 5.2 5.1 4.3 4.8

East Stroudsburg

79,549 80,971 79,058 80,304 5,475 5,237 4,850 4,948 6.9 6.5 6.1 6.2

Erie

133,872 134,757 134,003 134,752 7,715 9,238 6,749 8,823 5.8 6.9 5.0 6.5

Gettysburg

55,095 56,024 54,557 55,872 2,515 2,248 2,123 2,042 4.6 4.0 3.9 3.7

Harrisburg-Carlisle

288,716 295,866 290,573 296,602 12,992 13,115 11,524 12,546 4.5 4.4 4.0 4.2

Johnstown

62,357 62,494 62,353 62,232 4,286 4,445 3,752 4,067 6.9 7.1 6.0 6.5

Lancaster

272,581 277,892 272,558 277,959 11,455 11,602 9,962 10,753 4.2 4.2 3.7 3.9

Lebanon

69,418 71,081 69,570 70,672 3,276 3,265 2,833 2,990 4.7 4.6 4.1 4.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,035,852 3,113,270 3,048,729 3,106,354 170,729 157,007 155,790 150,971 5.6 5.0 5.1 4.9

Pittsburgh

1,200,616 1,215,333 1,205,691 1,215,448 66,416 71,845 56,931 65,949 5.5 5.9 4.7 5.4

Reading

211,050 216,032 211,597 215,389 10,956 10,783 9,533 10,401 5.2 5.0 4.5 4.8

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

277,197 280,921 278,192 280,380 18,385 18,106 16,376 16,973 6.6 6.4 5.9 6.1

State College

78,439 80,566 79,492 80,754 3,009 3,331 2,606 3,031 3.8 4.1 3.3 3.8

Williamsport

61,135 61,081 61,160 60,490 3,827 4,397 3,464 4,091 6.3 7.2 5.7 6.8

York-Hanover

230,177 236,115 230,559 235,919 11,568 10,950 10,067 10,350 5.0 4.6 4.4 4.4

Rhode Island

550,308 548,991 550,084 547,315 37,949 32,874 32,442 26,565 6.9 6.0 5.9 4.9

Providence-Warwick

676,912 676,261 676,043 673,683 46,554 40,400 39,538 32,361 6.9 6.0 5.8 4.8

South Carolina

2,236,752 2,306,611 2,252,170 2,306,596 133,893 129,495 129,919 119,952 6.0 5.6 5.8 5.2

Charleston-North Charleston

358,282 370,070 361,654 370,098 18,371 17,973 17,953 16,723 5.1 4.9 5.0 4.5

Columbia

392,935 406,626 393,818 404,457 21,112 21,099 20,647 19,600 5.4 5.2 5.2 4.8

Florence

95,459 97,398 95,506 96,562 6,528 6,205 6,331 5,688 6.8 6.4 6.6 5.9

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

411,305 425,360 413,778 423,001 21,855 21,475 21,503 19,796 5.3 5.0 5.2 4.7

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

81,373 84,760 82,895 85,679 4,393 4,422 4,446 4,303 5.4 5.2 5.4 5.0

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

180,263 186,566 186,497 190,139 13,371 12,467 12,255 11,080 7.4 6.7 6.6 5.8

Spartanburg

149,447 155,239 150,276 154,255 8,924 8,479 8,723 7,797 6.0 5.5 5.8 5.1

Sumter

44,264 45,696 44,423 45,627 2,982 3,008 2,908 2,860 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.3

South Dakota

449,326 452,316 450,319 452,578 17,188 13,228 14,101 11,722 3.8 2.9 3.1 2.6

Rapid City

70,282 70,086 70,520 70,087 2,840 2,196 2,393 1,995 4.0 3.1 3.4 2.8

Sioux Falls

143,757 148,662 142,728 146,313 4,704 3,599 3,729 3,156 3.3 2.4 2.6 2.2

Tennessee

3,045,237 3,113,994 3,052,320 3,121,081 175,685 128,756 164,030 120,810 5.8 4.1 5.4 3.9

Chattanooga

250,890 257,846 252,786 257,915 13,679 11,356 13,098 10,640 5.5 4.4 5.2 4.1

Clarksville

108,685 111,141 108,903 111,402 6,391 5,417 6,043 4,882 5.9 4.9 5.5 4.4

Cleveland

55,224 57,362 55,189 57,507 3,040 2,267 2,866 2,143 5.5 4.0 5.2 3.7

Jackson

61,238 62,229 61,303 62,189 3,690 2,697 3,452 2,530 6.0 4.3 5.6 4.1

Johnson City

88,372 89,588 88,833 90,166 5,333 4,052 4,974 3,738 6.0 4.5 5.6 4.1

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

137,114 138,657 137,286 138,275 7,909 6,385 7,288 5,676 5.8 4.6 5.3 4.1

Knoxville

402,321 413,473 403,404 413,994 21,355 15,816 20,313 14,829 5.3 3.8 5.0 3.6

Memphis

609,708 616,825 608,392 618,807 38,935 29,002 36,539 27,363 6.4 4.7 6.0 4.4

Morristown

49,888 50,906 49,762 50,864 3,253 2,339 2,973 2,118 6.5 4.6 6.0 4.2

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

926,722 957,293 930,174 961,221 41,896 30,872 40,226 29,470 4.5 3.2 4.3 3.1

Texas

13,013,634 13,273,267 13,054,103 13,257,468 557,383 590,991 529,352 560,713 4.3 4.5 4.1 4.2

Abilene

75,111 75,827 75,552 76,009 2,832 2,911 2,663 2,655 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.5

Amarillo

129,684 131,401 130,256 132,064 3,822 3,953 3,565 3,612 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.7

Austin-Round Rock

1,057,857 1,097,460 1,064,106 1,095,908 34,750 34,194 32,364 31,423 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.9

Beaumont-Port Arthur

176,815 177,531 175,983 176,283 11,245 11,347 10,810 10,760 6.4 6.4 6.1 6.1

Brownsville-Harlingen

164,843 168,075 164,727 167,812 11,771 11,654 11,172 11,214 7.1 6.9 6.8 6.7

College Station-Bryan

120,868 125,564 121,797 125,439 3,915 4,268 3,830 4,003 3.2 3.4 3.1 3.2

Corpus Christi

207,536 213,530 207,708 213,221 9,816 11,967 9,750 11,405 4.7 5.6 4.7 5.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,536,729 3,656,152 3,561,537 3,664,013 144,198 138,776 133,664 128,900 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.5

El Paso

342,390 350,854 343,820 350,308 17,710 16,961 16,603 15,908 5.2 4.8 4.8 4.5

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,244,652 3,275,884 3,249,183 3,267,197 138,294 161,225 132,984 157,195 4.3 4.9 4.1 4.8

Killeen-Temple

167,845 172,468 168,686 172,333 7,741 7,502 7,214 7,110 4.6 4.3 4.3 4.1

Laredo

111,755 114,437 112,037 113,755 5,040 5,601 4,932 5,279 4.5 4.9 4.4 4.6

Longview

101,484 101,828 101,020 101,090 4,432 5,507 4,536 5,498 4.4 5.4 4.5 5.4

Lubbock

153,168 157,189 153,861 157,377 5,003 5,202 4,686 4,767 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.0

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

332,233 340,610 332,647 339,025 25,338 25,875 24,529 24,399 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.2

Midland

92,404 90,134 92,138 90,187 2,856 3,892 2,846 3,852 3.1 4.3 3.1 4.3

Odessa

81,533 79,319 80,703 78,660 3,215 4,845 3,293 4,915 3.9 6.1 4.1 6.2

San Angelo

55,611 56,547 55,669 56,456 2,169 2,500 2,136 2,424 3.9 4.4 3.8 4.3

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,092,576 1,119,896 1,097,065 1,117,295 40,329 40,968 37,749 37,913 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.4

Sherman-Denison

59,844 61,476 60,291 61,203 2,353 2,347 2,182 2,145 3.9 3.8 3.6 3.5

Texarkana

64,163 65,570 64,574 65,242 3,304 2,847 3,067 2,467 5.1 4.3 4.7 3.8

Tyler

101,384 104,136 102,315 104,019 4,421 4,505 4,202 4,261 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.1

Victoria

49,489 50,070 49,690 50,373 1,872 2,406 1,821 2,420 3.8 4.8 3.7 4.8

Waco

118,004 120,453 118,236 120,389 4,747 4,739 4,345 4,371 4.0 3.9 3.7 3.6

Wichita Falls

64,899 65,084 64,898 64,675 2,652 2,915 2,544 2,643 4.1 4.5 3.9 4.1

Utah

1,451,219 1,483,414 1,449,907 1,485,427 54,802 56,201 48,811 55,882 3.8 3.8 3.4 3.8

Logan

66,485 68,124 66,715 68,178 2,050 2,305 1,854 2,186 3.1 3.4 2.8 3.2

Ogden-Clearfield

302,870 312,279 303,259 312,546 11,576 11,655 10,174 11,410 3.8 3.7 3.4 3.7

Provo-Orem

267,607 278,384 268,862 279,009 8,932 9,131 8,143 9,064 3.3 3.3 3.0 3.2

St. George

62,885 66,058 63,144 66,621 2,697 2,681 2,303 2,637 4.3 4.1 3.6 4.0

Salt Lake City

609,495 617,218 608,167 619,885 22,251 22,115 19,640 22,155 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.6

Vermont

343,884 344,377 340,548 341,364 13,743 11,988 12,810 10,332 4.0 3.5 3.8 3.0

Burlington-South Burlington

122,964 124,461 123,480 124,854 3,668 3,253 3,314 2,607 3.0 2.6 2.7 2.1

Virginia

4,242,173 4,236,058 4,251,938 4,204,294 201,523 176,030 182,646 145,201 4.8 4.2 4.3 3.5

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

92,539 91,729 93,164 91,574 4,440 4,165 3,962 3,285 4.8 4.5 4.3 3.6

Charlottesville

116,963 117,287 118,044 117,651 4,826 4,144 4,322 3,209 4.1 3.5 3.7 2.7

Harrisonburg

65,063 63,302 65,824 63,342 3,150 2,626 2,739 2,005 4.8 4.1 4.2 3.2

Lynchburg

122,860 120,715 123,187 120,511 6,387 5,549 5,708 4,494 5.2 4.6 4.6 3.7

Richmond

658,047 671,290 657,891 662,063 32,231 27,812 29,556 23,423 4.9 4.1 4.5 3.5

Roanoke

159,547 158,246 159,311 157,215 7,577 6,369 6,869 5,208 4.7 4.0 4.3 3.3

Staunton-Waynesboro

59,457 57,471 59,418 57,130 2,792 2,281 2,434 1,849 4.7 4.0 4.1 3.2

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

839,165 832,925 841,078 826,737 43,759 39,877 39,945 34,140 5.2 4.8 4.7 4.1

Winchester

68,532 69,559 68,888 69,488 3,310 2,768 2,922 2,201 4.8 4.0 4.2 3.2

Washington

3,526,657 3,620,983 3,519,350 3,611,914 203,610 216,025 182,479 201,523 5.8 6.0 5.2 5.6

Bellingham

102,897 106,475 102,259 106,109 6,173 6,804 5,616 6,583 6.0 6.4 5.5 6.2

Bremerton-Silverdale

114,841 118,367 113,354 117,815 6,478 6,724 6,106 6,996 5.6 5.7 5.4 5.9

Kennewick-Richland

127,966 132,110 128,149 133,251 9,464 9,757 8,378 9,405 7.4 7.4 6.5 7.1

Longview

44,357 45,724 43,747 45,638 3,438 3,406 3,286 3,406 7.8 7.4 7.5 7.5

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

56,600 57,907 56,167 58,086 3,956 4,165 3,524 3,997 7.0 7.2 6.3 6.9

Olympia-Tumwater

125,519 130,602 124,322 129,723 7,627 7,940 7,066 7,821 6.1 6.1 5.7 6.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,966,835 2,019,486 1,971,701 2,010,728 94,711 103,013 84,064 92,869 4.8 5.1 4.3 4.6

Spokane-Spokane Valley

251,600 257,967 248,047 257,020 17,694 18,060 15,638 16,919 7.0 7.0 6.3 6.6

Walla Walla

29,988 30,255 29,481 30,109 1,859 1,851 1,659 1,747 6.2 6.1 5.6 5.8

Wenatchee

58,824 60,693 59,363 61,307 3,913 4,633 3,466 4,363 6.7 7.6 5.8 7.1

Yakima

117,573 121,241 117,157 121,981 10,309 11,048 9,011 10,231 8.8 9.1 7.7 8.4

West Virginia

778,813 774,836 789,035 778,872 59,439 56,007 55,758 48,477 7.6 7.2 7.1 6.2

Beckley

46,347 45,497 46,970 45,839 4,117 4,045 3,815 3,589 8.9 8.9 8.1 7.8

Charleston

98,898 96,488 99,893 97,259 6,993 6,563 6,754 5,906 7.1 6.8 6.8 6.1

Huntington-Ashland

147,879 147,456 148,943 148,217 10,099 10,259 9,246 8,877 6.8 7.0 6.2 6.0

Morgantown

65,626 66,472 66,516 66,497 3,529 3,578 3,464 3,104 5.4 5.4 5.2 4.7

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,569 38,987 40,003 39,310 2,843 2,583 2,621 2,190 7.2 6.6 6.6 5.6

Wheeling

65,940 66,717 66,495 66,779 4,544 5,863 4,343 5,017 6.9 8.8 6.5 7.5

Wisconsin

3,071,974 3,115,562 3,067,126 3,104,004 163,465 156,898 137,484 134,003 5.3 5.0 4.5 4.3

Appleton

128,174 130,939 127,922 129,884 5,862 5,642 4,954 4,929 4.6 4.3 3.9 3.8

Eau Claire

91,575 92,455 91,224 92,206 4,536 4,568 3,677 3,743 5.0 4.9 4.0 4.1

Fond du Lac

57,075 58,040 56,732 57,379 2,730 2,503 2,265 2,083 4.8 4.3 4.0 3.6

Green Bay

169,008 171,253 168,437 170,313 8,367 7,984 6,946 6,775 5.0 4.7 4.1 4.0

Janesville-Beloit

83,077 85,918 82,783 85,946 5,077 4,585 4,302 3,944 6.1 5.3 5.2 4.6

La Crosse-Onalaska

77,655 78,465 77,389 78,374 3,416 3,609 2,691 2,881 4.4 4.6 3.5 3.7

Madison

373,508 383,699 373,499 379,776 14,457 13,909 12,085 11,543 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.0

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

818,182 828,397 814,813 824,621 44,490 41,828 39,174 37,785 5.4 5.0 4.8 4.6

Oshkosh-Neenah

90,959 92,556 90,717 91,919 4,390 3,984 3,802 3,578 4.8 4.3 4.2 3.9

Racine

98,540 99,165 98,601 98,663 6,342 6,031 5,471 5,314 6.4 6.1 5.5 5.4

Sheboygan

60,502 61,277 60,223 61,097 2,675 2,519 2,201 2,217 4.4 4.1 3.7 3.6

Wausau

73,466 74,360 72,757 73,571 3,448 3,347 2,924 2,864 4.7 4.5 4.0 3.9

Wyoming

305,469 299,031 305,074 298,327 13,685 17,148 12,609 17,115 4.5 5.7 4.1 5.7

Casper

44,186 41,424 43,671 41,359 2,063 3,055 2,008 3,115 4.7 7.4 4.6 7.5

Cheyenne

49,321 48,506 49,123 48,080 2,084 2,133 1,726 1,938 4.2 4.4 3.5 4.0

Puerto Rico

1,139,374 1,134,278 1,125,808 1,136,779 143,846 138,455 141,951 129,061 12.6 12.2 12.6 11.4

Aguadilla-Isabela

90,074 90,451 88,812 90,366 15,179 14,668 14,611 13,540 16.9 16.2 16.5 15.0

Arecibo

53,437 53,206 52,621 53,251 8,564 8,131 8,304 7,398 16.0 15.3 15.8 13.9

Guayama

22,884 22,754 22,615 22,650 4,473 4,150 4,455 3,861 19.5 18.2 19.7 17.0

Mayaguez

29,522 29,738 29,302 29,734 4,151 4,036 4,015 3,796 14.1 13.6 13.7 12.8

Ponce

100,438 100,010 99,522 99,708 16,527 16,518 16,595 15,084 16.5 16.5 16.7 15.1

San German

37,083 36,601 36,514 36,956 5,651 5,423 5,375 5,165 15.2 14.8 14.7 14.0

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

758,573 755,459 750,516 758,261 80,765 77,719 79,868 73,000 10.6 10.3 10.6 9.6

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
March April Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) March April March April
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

California

18,949,567 19,029,837 18,942,424 19,015,109 1,266,911 1,057,748 1,166,325 987,438 6.7 5.6 6.2 5.2

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,624,900 6,617,762 6,613,033 6,615,593 433,477 316,286 408,214 295,449 6.5 4.8 6.2 4.5

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,593,214 1,606,402 1,590,764 1,604,064 73,869 64,075 68,001 61,864 4.6 4.0 4.3 3.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

5,031,686 5,011,360 5,022,269 5,011,529 359,608 252,211 340,213 233,585 7.1 5.0 6.8 4.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,492,020 2,519,780 2,490,894 2,514,761 110,939 96,474 102,267 92,300 4.5 3.8 4.1 3.7

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,370,284 1,377,722 1,369,128 1,374,105 69,410 60,201 63,996 57,735 5.1 4.4 4.7 4.2

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

981,590 999,905 981,325 998,513 36,391 31,722 33,508 30,186 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.0

San Rafael

140,146 142,153 140,441 142,143 5,138 4,551 4,763 4,379 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.1

District of Columbia

384,644 393,819 384,502 395,952 27,213 24,868 24,937 21,784 7.1 6.3 6.5 5.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,274,365 3,304,292 3,277,033 3,286,614 150,984 133,616 138,714 116,315 4.6 4.0 4.2 3.5

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

673,464 680,451 674,093 675,068 27,749 24,824 25,745 22,835 4.1 3.6 3.8 3.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,600,901 2,623,841 2,602,940 2,611,546 123,235 108,792 112,969 93,480 4.7 4.1 4.3 3.6

Florida

9,619,505 9,749,859 9,646,945 9,703,717 518,916 457,809 501,676 437,897 5.4 4.7 5.2 4.5

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,993,460 3,018,127 3,010,181 3,009,557 166,023 149,482 162,530 143,259 5.5 5.0 5.4 4.8

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

984,798 1,003,229 983,971 997,817 50,023 43,832 48,144 42,204 5.1 4.4 4.9 4.2

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,318,451 1,316,002 1,335,425 1,316,809 82,812 74,195 82,299 71,070 6.3 5.6 6.2 5.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

690,211 698,896 690,785 694,931 33,188 31,455 32,087 29,985 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.3

Illinois

6,452,137 6,618,526 6,461,911 6,609,308 387,047 446,897 352,068 410,456 6.0 6.8 5.4 6.2

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,849,821 4,986,473 4,851,770 4,984,649 293,001 331,292 271,704 307,811 6.0 6.6 5.6 6.2

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,752,950 3,859,665 3,753,389 3,856,659 225,301 253,708 214,887 241,822 6.0 6.6 5.7 6.3

Elgin

316,022 324,716 317,440 323,022 18,869 22,241 15,526 18,740 6.0 6.8 4.9 5.8

Gary(3)

335,653 343,440 335,511 345,972 23,078 25,694 20,426 22,512 6.9 7.5 6.1 6.5

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

445,196 458,652 445,430 458,996 25,753 29,649 20,865 24,737 5.8 6.5 4.7 5.4

Massachusetts

3,557,729 3,572,677 3,550,470 3,582,096 186,491 164,997 167,345 138,006 5.2 4.6 4.7 3.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,619,115 2,634,166 2,614,352 2,644,668 120,666 105,731 110,771 91,259 4.6 4.0 4.2 3.5

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,549,077 1,558,047 1,547,824 1,565,503 65,876 58,447 61,495 50,770 4.3 3.8 4.0 3.2

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

105,002 106,608 104,687 106,722 6,066 5,392 5,487 4,646 5.8 5.1 5.2 4.4

Framingham

154,593 154,810 154,101 155,352 6,427 5,808 5,805 4,818 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.1

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

111,288 113,824 111,254 114,047 5,682 4,597 4,977 3,911 5.1 4.0 4.5 3.4

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

94,884 95,611 94,257 95,447 6,538 5,688 5,975 4,921 6.9 5.9 6.3 5.2

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

182,124 182,446 181,578 183,375 9,479 8,537 8,737 7,238 5.2 4.7 4.8 3.9

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

82,681 82,557 82,480 82,909 4,154 3,739 3,828 3,194 5.0 4.5 4.6 3.9

Nashua(2)

167,207 167,269 166,888 168,166 7,353 5,479 6,388 4,964 4.4 3.3 3.8 3.0

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

90,316 90,244 89,807 90,303 4,186 3,722 3,880 3,249 4.6 4.1 4.3 3.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

81,943 82,750 81,476 82,844 4,905 4,322 4,199 3,548 6.0 5.2 5.2 4.3

Michigan

4,717,971 4,837,147 4,699,774 4,811,014 278,601 247,190 238,400 205,877 5.9 5.1 5.1 4.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,976,545 2,050,096 1,964,019 2,024,267 123,854 114,310 107,385 91,237 6.3 5.6 5.5 4.5

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

744,376 767,841 738,120 758,662 53,348 49,345 47,193 39,998 7.2 6.4 6.4 5.3

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,232,169 1,282,256 1,225,899 1,265,605 70,506 64,965 60,192 51,239 5.7 5.1 4.9 4.0

New York

9,632,056 9,773,492 9,651,340 9,656,948 552,367 505,488 515,375 443,422 5.7 5.2 5.3 4.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

10,033,815 10,191,451 10,040,280 10,072,911 579,684 512,884 535,873 457,767 5.8 5.0 5.3 4.5

Dutchess County-Putnam County

191,983 196,782 193,105 195,972 9,040 7,983 8,517 7,676 4.7 4.1 4.4 3.9

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,451,971 1,483,796 1,460,101 1,476,154 70,976 62,213 64,868 58,049 4.9 4.2 4.4 3.9

Newark(3)

1,264,159 1,272,645 1,260,501 1,265,521 78,071 62,722 69,817 61,007 6.2 4.9 5.5 4.8

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,125,702 7,238,228 7,126,573 7,135,264 421,597 379,966 392,671 331,035 5.9 5.2 5.5 4.6

Pennsylvania

6,367,096 6,487,598 6,386,413 6,479,316 351,590 359,451 309,175 337,561 5.5 5.5 4.8 5.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,035,852 3,113,270 3,048,729 3,106,354 170,729 157,007 155,790 150,971 5.6 5.0 5.1 4.9

Camden(3)

636,968 649,568 637,508 642,269 42,185 32,365 37,549 31,094 6.6 5.0 5.9 4.8

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,042,202 1,070,617 1,048,585 1,072,153 45,327 45,334 40,342 43,061 4.3 4.2 3.8 4.0

Philadelphia

980,820 1,004,631 986,493 1,003,089 63,507 61,702 59,327 60,606 6.5 6.1 6.0 6.0

Wilmington(3)

375,862 388,454 376,143 388,843 19,710 17,606 18,572 16,210 5.2 4.5 4.9 4.2

Texas

13,013,634 13,273,267 13,054,103 13,257,468 557,383 590,991 529,352 560,713 4.3 4.5 4.1 4.2

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,536,729 3,656,152 3,561,537 3,664,013 144,198 138,776 133,664 128,900 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.5

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,362,588 2,460,315 2,381,141 2,464,987 95,419 91,335 88,211 84,298 4.0 3.7 3.7 3.4

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,174,141 1,195,837 1,180,396 1,199,026 48,779 47,441 45,453 44,602 4.2 4.0 3.9 3.7

Washington

3,526,657 3,620,983 3,519,350 3,611,914 203,610 216,025 182,479 201,523 5.8 6.0 5.2 5.6

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,966,835 2,019,486 1,971,701 2,010,728 94,711 103,013 84,064 92,869 4.8 5.1 4.3 4.6

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,575,528 1,612,663 1,585,299 1,607,155 69,235 77,024 59,866 66,809 4.4 4.8 3.8 4.2

Tacoma-Lakewood

391,307 406,823 386,402 403,573 25,476 25,989 24,198 26,060 6.5 6.4 6.3 6.5

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area March April Change from
April 2015 to April 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,931.6 1,954.8 1,945.9 1,971.3 25.4 1.3

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45.9 46.2 46.3 46.4 0.1 0.2

Auburn-Opelika

60.8 61.7 61.0 62.5 1.5 2.5

Birmingham-Hoover

510.7 514.8 514.2 519.0 4.8 0.9

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

69.0 71.5 70.2 72.5 2.3 3.3

Decatur

53.4 53.6 53.7 53.9 0.2 0.4

Dothan

57.0 57.4 57.7 57.9 0.2 0.3

Florence-Muscle Shoals

55.6 56.7 56.4 57.1 0.7 1.2

Gadsden

37.0 38.1 37.3 38.7 1.4 3.8

Huntsville

217.1 221.3 219.1 222.5 3.4 1.6

Mobile

176.1 177.5 177.6 179.6 2.0 1.1

Montgomery

168.6 169.7 169.5 171.1 1.6 0.9

Tuscaloosa

103.8 106.2 104.7 106.4 1.7 1.6


Alaska

328.1 327.2 333.2 330.7 -2.5 -0.8

Anchorage

177.3 177.0 179.5 178.6 -0.9 -0.5

Fairbanks

37.3 36.9 38.3 37.6 -0.7 -1.8


Arizona

2,628.3 2,710.5 2,637.1 2,718.0 80.9 3.1

Flagstaff

64.6 65.6 65.6 66.2 0.6 0.9

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

47.0 48.2 47.5 48.0 0.5 1.1

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,903.1 1,970.9 1,909.3 1,978.1 68.8 3.6

Prescott

60.6 63.0 61.6 63.9 2.3 3.7

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.6 34.5 34.7 34.3 -0.4 -1.2

Tucson

369.9 381.2 370.4 381.7 11.3 3.1

Yuma

54.7 55.4 53.4 54.4 1.0 1.9


Arkansas

1,195.0 1,224.4 1,206.7 1,232.8 26.1 2.2

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

231.2 242.2 233.7 243.9 10.2 4.4

Fort Smith

112.6 112.9 113.6 113.7 0.1 0.1

Hot Springs

37.3 38.2 37.9 38.9 1.0 2.6

Jonesboro

53.2 55.5 53.9 55.7 1.8 3.3

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

346.3 353.5 349.8 355.1 5.3 1.5

Pine Bluff

33.9 33.8 34.1 33.9 -0.2 -0.6


California

15,860.2 16,299.8 15,938.4 16,390.8 452.4 2.8

Bakersfield

257.9 261.9 257.8 263.0 5.2 2.0

Chico

76.8 77.9 77.8 79.5 1.7 2.2

El Centro

51.1 53.5 51.2 53.8 2.6 5.1

Fresno

320.1 330.5 322.1 334.2 12.1 3.8

Hanford-Corcoran

37.4 38.4 37.8 38.4 0.6 1.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,767.2 5,917.2 5,787.7 5,942.7 155.0 2.7

Madera

34.8 37.3 34.9 37.6 2.7 7.7

Merced

62.4 64.6 62.6 64.6 2.0 3.2

Modesto

163.3 169.8 164.7 170.6 5.9 3.6

Napa

68.9 71.6 69.9 72.4 2.5 3.6

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

293.8 297.4 294.3 298.4 4.1 1.4

Redding

62.1 63.0 63.0 64.4 1.4 2.2

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,332.3 1,377.5 1,337.1 1,380.6 43.5 3.3

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

905.0 929.7 909.9 930.3 20.4 2.2

Salinas

129.3 134.0 131.7 136.1 4.4 3.3

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,367.2 1,406.0 1,375.1 1,412.0 36.9 2.7

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,224.4 2,297.3 2,238.9 2,310.2 71.3 3.2

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,025.3 1,065.0 1,031.4 1,073.5 42.1 4.1

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

113.7 116.6 115.2 117.5 2.3 2.0

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

97.0 99.0 98.8 100.6 1.8 1.8

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

178.9 184.4 180.5 185.1 4.6 2.5

Santa Rosa

193.5 200.7 196.2 201.3 5.1 2.6

Stockton-Lodi

213.4 222.3 214.6 224.2 9.6 4.5

Vallejo-Fairfield

130.0 134.4 131.0 135.0 4.0 3.1

Visalia-Porterville

117.1 120.3 117.8 121.0 3.2 2.7

Yuba City

40.0 41.5 40.5 41.7 1.2 3.0


Colorado

2,509.4 2,582.8 2,521.8 2,586.1 64.3 2.5

Boulder

178.5 181.9 179.7 182.8 3.1 1.7

Colorado Springs

265.6 274.6 268.6 275.8 7.2 2.7

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,369.9 1,412.5 1,383.7 1,427.5 43.8 3.2

Fort Collins

151.2 157.7 153.6 158.8 5.2 3.4

Grand Junction

61.0 61.1 61.3 61.5 0.2 0.3

Greeley

101.1 101.0 101.3 102.1 0.8 0.8

Pueblo

59.9 61.6 60.9 62.0 1.1 1.8


Connecticut

1,648.8 1,665.6 1,668.5 1,685.9 17.4 1.0

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

400.6 405.5 406.0 410.7 4.7 1.2

Danbury

77.3 77.8 78.4 78.6 0.2 0.3

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

562.9 567.6 568.4 575.0 6.6 1.2

New Haven

275.9 277.7 280.6 281.5 0.9 0.3

Norwich-New London-Westerly

123.6 127.0 125.8 128.3 2.5 2.0

Waterbury

65.6 66.4 66.1 66.6 0.5 0.8


Delaware

439.2 451.4 442.5 458.2 15.7 3.5

Dover

67.4 69.2 67.8 69.7 1.9 2.8

Salisbury(1)

143.5 150.7 148.9 155.4 6.5 4.4


District of Columbia

762.2 772.6 767.3 778.8 11.5 1.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,119.9 3,206.6 3,160.6 3,232.3 71.7 2.3


Florida

8,064.7 8,316.9 8,088.6 8,353.3 264.7 3.3

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

247.6 258.1 247.3 259.3 12.0 4.9

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

105.9 107.1 107.7 109.2 1.5 1.4

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

188.3 194.6 189.1 195.5 6.4 3.4

Gainesville

134.5 138.5 134.8 138.9 4.1 3.0

Homosassa Springs

32.8 33.2 32.9 33.2 0.3 0.9

Jacksonville

642.1 664.9 645.4 668.2 22.8 3.5

Lakeland-Winter Haven

207.4 213.5 207.5 213.8 6.3 3.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,498.3 2,561.7 2,502.1 2,570.1 68.0 2.7

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

138.3 140.4 137.3 140.3 3.0 2.2

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

284.4 290.6 284.3 290.7 6.4 2.3

Ocala

97.6 99.3 97.4 99.2 1.8 1.8

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,143.1 1,194.5 1,150.1 1,202.0 51.9 4.5

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

201.6 203.2 201.6 203.2 1.6 0.8

Panama City

82.9 83.1 83.0 83.5 0.5 0.6

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

165.5 170.1 168.1 169.6 1.5 0.9

Port St. Lucie

137.6 141.2 138.2 142.1 3.9 2.8

Punta Gorda

46.2 47.1 46.3 47.2 0.9 1.9

Sebastian-Vero Beach

49.0 50.4 48.7 50.1 1.4 2.9

Sebring

24.8 26.0 24.8 25.9 1.1 4.4

Tallahassee

173.9 177.3 174.7 177.4 2.7 1.5

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,241.8 1,282.3 1,247.7 1,289.7 42.0 3.4

The Villages

26.4 27.1 26.3 27.0 0.7 2.7


Georgia

4,208.8 4,341.1 4,241.8 4,380.5 138.7 3.3

Albany

60.9 61.8 61.1 62.3 1.2 2.0

Athens-Clarke County

89.7 93.9 90.4 94.5 4.1 4.5

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,545.5 2,625.2 2,563.4 2,646.7 83.3 3.2

Augusta-Richmond County

227.7 229.3 231.1 233.1 2.0 0.9

Brunswick

41.3 42.9 41.9 43.3 1.4 3.3

Columbus

121.4 121.6 121.6 122.2 0.6 0.5

Dalton

67.2 68.5 67.3 68.8 1.5 2.2

Gainesville

81.9 85.7 82.7 86.2 3.5 4.2

Hinesville

19.8 19.7 19.8 19.8 0.0 0.0

Macon

101.1 103.3 101.2 103.7 2.5 2.5

Rome

40.0 40.5 40.2 40.7 0.5 1.2

Savannah

169.0 176.1 170.6 177.4 6.8 4.0

Valdosta

55.1 55.9 55.3 56.3 1.0 1.8

Warner Robins

69.9 70.8 70.8 71.2 0.4 0.6


Hawaii

637.0 652.6 634.9 647.0 12.1 1.9

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

72.8 75.3 72.6 75.0 2.4 3.3

Urban Honolulu

469.3 478.5 467.2 473.7 6.5 1.4


Idaho

659.9 682.7 666.9 690.9 24.0 3.6

Boise City

288.2 296.3 290.2 302.0 11.8 4.1

Coeur d'Alene

56.8 58.7 58.9 60.8 1.9 3.2

Idaho Falls

60.6 63.2 61.2 63.4 2.2 3.6

Lewiston

27.5 28.0 27.5 28.4 0.9 3.3

Pocatello

35.3 36.0 35.4 36.4 1.0 2.8


Illinois

5,853.2 5,930.0 5,935.4 5,992.2 56.8 1.0

Bloomington

95.4 93.3 96.9 94.3 -2.6 -2.7

Carbondale-Marion

57.0 56.6 59.0 58.0 -1.0 -1.7

Champaign-Urbana

108.9 111.2 110.8 111.7 0.9 0.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,493.5 4,573.3 4,550.1 4,624.1 74.0 1.6

Danville

29.5 29.3 29.4 29.6 0.2 0.7

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

180.8 179.6 183.5 180.6 -2.9 -1.6

Decatur

50.6 50.6 51.2 50.7 -0.5 -1.0

Kankakee

44.2 44.7 44.9 44.8 -0.1 -0.2

Peoria

176.2 176.5 178.5 177.3 -1.2 -0.7

Rockford

148.2 152.1 150.7 154.0 3.3 2.2

Springfield

110.6 112.8 112.7 114.4 1.7 1.5


Indiana

2,995.9 3,034.0 3,030.4 3,076.0 45.6 1.5

Bloomington

76.4 76.1 76.5 76.7 0.2 0.3

Columbus

50.8 52.7 51.0 52.8 1.8 3.5

Elkhart-Goshen

125.9 124.4 126.9 125.8 -1.1 -0.9

Evansville

155.9 155.3 157.6 157.3 -0.3 -0.2

Fort Wayne

213.0 219.2 216.7 222.5 5.8 2.7

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

999.5 1,015.7 1,011.5 1,027.9 16.4 1.6

Kokomo

39.8 40.5 39.8 40.6 0.8 2.0

Lafayette-West Lafayette

101.2 102.8 102.5 104.4 1.9 1.9

Michigan City-La Porte

40.9 40.5 41.6 41.0 -0.6 -1.4

Muncie

50.8 51.7 51.7 51.9 0.2 0.4

South Bend-Mishawaka

136.2 140.0 138.0 141.2 3.2 2.3

Terre Haute

70.4 70.6 70.9 70.7 -0.2 -0.3


Iowa

1,542.3 1,559.4 1,564.4 1,585.5 21.1 1.3

Ames

53.2 53.6 54.0 54.8 0.8 1.5

Cedar Rapids

142.1 142.8 142.9 144.2 1.3 0.9

Des Moines-West Des Moines

342.4 344.8 346.2 351.0 4.8 1.4

Dubuque

59.0 60.0 60.1 60.1 0.0 0.0

Iowa City

98.3 99.6 99.3 100.0 0.7 0.7

Sioux City

86.5 87.5 87.3 88.2 0.9 1.0

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91.5 90.3 92.0 91.6 -0.4 -0.4


Kansas

1,393.1 1,391.9 1,403.9 1,401.0 -2.9 -0.2

Lawrence

53.5 53.7 54.2 54.2 0.0 0.0

Manhattan

44.5 46.3 45.1 46.5 1.4 3.1

Topeka

109.9 109.6 111.4 110.9 -0.5 -0.4

Wichita

294.2 296.1 297.1 299.3 2.2 0.7


Kentucky

1,853.5 1,892.8 1,875.6 1,911.2 35.6 1.9

Bowling Green

70.9 73.0 72.5 73.9 1.4 1.9

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

54.3 56.9 55.3 57.3 2.0 3.6

Lexington-Fayette

265.4 270.9 269.5 276.3 6.8 2.5

Louisville/Jefferson County

631.5 651.0 635.9 658.4 22.5 3.5

Owensboro

52.4 53.7 52.7 53.9 1.2 2.3


Louisiana

1,989.1 1,972.6 1,995.0 1,979.0 -16.0 -0.8

Alexandria

63.8 64.1 64.2 64.5 0.3 0.5

Baton Rouge

401.9 411.1 402.4 414.0 11.6 2.9

Hammond

43.6 43.2 43.8 43.9 0.1 0.2

Houma-Thibodaux

98.7 92.3 97.8 93.2 -4.6 -4.7

Lafayette

217.7 208.5 216.0 208.3 -7.7 -3.6

Lake Charles

101.5 104.7 101.7 104.8 3.1 3.0

Monroe

78.5 79.3 78.9 79.5 0.6 0.8

New Orleans-Metairie

572.3 573.1 577.1 574.7 -2.4 -0.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

183.8 182.0 185.0 181.5 -3.5 -1.9


Maine

588.2 594.3 597.7 598.8 1.1 0.2

Bangor

65.2 65.0 66.1 65.6 -0.5 -0.8

Lewiston-Auburn

49.5 50.2 50.1 50.7 0.6 1.2

Portland-South Portland

189.8 191.9 193.4 195.0 1.6 0.8


Maryland

2,613.6 2,678.5 2,651.1 2,708.8 57.7 2.2

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,343.6 1,379.1 1,362.1 1,392.3 30.2 2.2

California-Lexington Park

44.4 44.8 44.7 45.0 0.3 0.7

Cumberland

39.4 38.7 39.7 39.2 -0.5 -1.3

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

103.1 103.4 104.3 105.0 0.7 0.7


Massachusetts

3,420.0 3,480.1 3,475.2 3,541.0 65.8 1.9

Barnstable Town

92.8 96.9 98.5 101.4 2.9 2.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,602.2 2,643.5 2,638.9 2,682.8 43.9 1.7

Leominster-Gardner

49.8 50.8 50.8 51.4 0.6 1.2

New Bedford

65.1 66.2 66.6 67.4 0.8 1.2

Pittsfield

40.4 41.4 41.0 41.8 0.8 2.0

Springfield

323.8 325.1 330.0 332.0 2.0 0.6

Worcester

275.3 278.6 278.9 282.0 3.1 1.1


Michigan

4,174.0 4,270.8 4,208.7 4,307.1 98.4 2.3

Ann Arbor

212.7 222.7 214.0 225.1 11.1 5.2

Battle Creek

58.1 58.7 58.5 59.1 0.6 1.0

Bay City

35.9 36.1 36.2 36.3 0.1 0.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,905.0 1,947.1 1,919.7 1,961.2 41.5 2.2

Flint

137.6 138.6 138.5 139.4 0.9 0.6

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

518.7 531.2 522.5 537.3 14.8 2.8

Jackson

55.4 54.5 56.0 55.0 -1.0 -1.8

Kalamazoo-Portage

140.8 145.7 142.8 146.4 3.6 2.5

Lansing-East Lansing

223.9 228.2 226.8 231.2 4.4 1.9

Midland

37.4 37.4 37.9 37.9 0.0 0.0

Monroe

41.9 43.1 42.0 43.5 1.5 3.6

Muskegon

63.0 63.7 63.3 64.8 1.5 2.4

Niles-Benton Harbor

60.0 61.1 60.8 62.2 1.4 2.3

Saginaw

86.1 88.8 86.5 89.5 3.0 3.5


Minnesota

2,792.3 2,828.3 2,843.6 2,874.9 31.3 1.1

Duluth

133.2 130.6 135.1 132.7 -2.4 -1.8

Mankato-North Mankato

55.4 56.0 56.0 56.7 0.7 1.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,887.5 1,920.2 1,921.1 1,949.9 28.8 1.5

Rochester

113.3 115.7 115.0 117.6 2.6 2.3

St. Cloud

105.7 107.5 107.3 108.8 1.5 1.4


Mississippi

1,125.3 1,144.7 1,135.6 1,148.5 12.9 1.1

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

153.7 153.9 154.1 154.4 0.3 0.2

Hattiesburg

62.3 63.8 62.6 64.2 1.6 2.6

Jackson

273.1 278.4 275.1 279.2 4.1 1.5


Missouri

2,754.0 2,787.4 2,797.0 2,825.3 28.3 1.0

Cape Girardeau

44.0 44.5 44.4 44.8 0.4 0.9

Columbia

97.8 101.0 98.9 102.3 3.4 3.4

Jefferson City

75.4 76.5 76.1 77.0 0.9 1.2

Joplin

80.0 80.6 80.9 80.8 -0.1 -0.1

Kansas City

1,029.9 1,044.2 1,040.0 1,051.6 11.6 1.1

St. Joseph

62.7 62.9 62.9 63.0 0.1 0.2

St. Louis(2)

1,321.1 1,347.9 1,344.7 1,369.5 24.8 1.8

Springfield

204.9 211.4 207.8 213.5 5.7 2.7


Montana

452.6 454.6 458.5 461.8 3.3 0.7

Billings

82.8 84.0 84.0 85.7 1.7 2.0

Great Falls

35.8 35.7 36.4 36.0 -0.4 -1.1

Missoula

58.2 58.6 58.9 59.6 0.7 1.2


Nebraska

993.2 1,007.0 1,004.0 1,018.9 14.9 1.5

Grand Island

41.6 42.1 41.8 42.4 0.6 1.4

Lincoln

183.6 187.2 185.7 187.9 2.2 1.2

Omaha-Council Bluffs

484.4 490.7 490.9 495.7 4.8 1.0


Nevada

1,242.7 1,277.1 1,253.6 1,283.8 30.2 2.4

Carson City

28.0 27.8 28.2 28.0 -0.2 -0.7

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

908.7 932.3 915.5 936.1 20.6 2.3

Reno

206.0 214.4 208.6 217.1 8.5 4.1


New Hampshire

644.2 656.1 649.2 657.8 8.6 1.3

Dover-Durham

52.6 53.1 52.8 53.0 0.2 0.4

Manchester

106.8 109.8 107.8 110.6 2.8 2.6

Portsmouth

84.0 88.8 86.2 89.6 3.4 3.9


New Jersey

3,938.8 4,015.6 3,993.8 4,047.5 53.7 1.3

Atlantic City-Hammonton

125.6 125.9 128.0 128.3 0.3 0.2

Ocean City

33.8 37.0 38.0 39.3 1.3 3.4

Trenton

254.5 262.2 256.5 264.7 8.2 3.2

Vineland-Bridgeton

56.4 57.4 57.4 57.8 0.4 0.7


New Mexico

823.5 825.8 829.1 828.8 -0.3 0.0

Albuquerque

376.9 382.3 380.8 385.5 4.7 1.2

Farmington

51.9 51.2 51.8 51.4 -0.4 -0.8

Las Cruces

71.5 72.0 71.6 71.8 0.2 0.3

Santa Fe

61.4 62.5 62.4 62.9 0.5 0.8


New York

9,106.8 9,246.8 9,206.8 9,328.1 121.3 1.3

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

453.6 453.6 458.2 457.1 -1.1 -0.2

Binghamton

102.2 102.7 103.8 103.2 -0.6 -0.6

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

545.8 548.7 552.1 555.2 3.1 0.6

Elmira

38.3 37.8 38.6 38.2 -0.4 -1.0

Glens Falls

52.8 53.3 52.7 53.8 1.1 2.1

Ithaca

71.7 72.2 73.8 73.2 -0.6 -0.8

Kingston

59.4 60.6 60.6 61.4 0.8 1.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,182.4 9,380.5 9,285.8 9,459.7 173.9 1.9

Rochester

521.6 519.0 527.0 525.0 -2.0 -0.4

Syracuse

313.9 314.4 317.3 319.1 1.8 0.6

Utica-Rome

124.5 125.3 125.7 126.6 0.9 0.7

Watertown-Fort Drum

40.8 41.7 41.2 42.1 0.9 2.2


North Carolina

4,183.8 4,294.2 4,227.7 4,325.1 97.4 2.3

Asheville

178.4 183.6 181.9 185.6 3.7 2.0

Burlington

59.3 59.8 59.2 60.8 1.6 2.7

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,091.2 1,120.5 1,097.5 1,129.7 32.2 2.9

Durham-Chapel Hill

294.3 299.8 296.8 301.7 4.9 1.7

Fayetteville

127.0 129.0 127.8 129.4 1.6 1.3

Goldsboro

41.7 42.6 42.1 42.8 0.7 1.7

Greensboro-High Point

351.2 358.4 356.4 361.6 5.2 1.5

Greenville

78.3 78.3 78.4 78.0 -0.4 -0.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

146.0 147.1 146.4 148.0 1.6 1.1

Jacksonville

49.1 48.9 49.6 49.5 -0.1 -0.2

New Bern

43.5 44.6 43.9 44.8 0.9 2.1

Raleigh

570.2 593.7 576.5 596.2 19.7 3.4

Rocky Mount

56.7 56.5 56.4 55.9 -0.5 -0.9

Wilmington

116.9 118.2 119.1 120.8 1.7 1.4

Winston-Salem

255.2 259.3 257.8 259.1 1.3 0.5


North Dakota

453.6 434.7 455.3 438.6 -16.7 -3.7

Bismarck

73.2 73.7 74.5 74.1 -0.4 -0.5

Fargo

136.6 138.9 138.6 141.1 2.5 1.8

Grand Forks

56.6 56.6 56.9 56.4 -0.5 -0.9


Ohio

5,322.3 5,417.0 5,402.8 5,469.7 66.9 1.2

Akron

334.8 341.5 338.7 343.8 5.1 1.5

Canton-Massillon

169.7 170.9 172.2 172.9 0.7 0.4

Cincinnati

1,041.7 1,061.9 1,057.6 1,072.5 14.9 1.4

Cleveland-Elyria

1,024.5 1,036.9 1,040.5 1,050.7 10.2 1.0

Columbus

1,019.7 1,045.4 1,034.0 1,053.4 19.4 1.9

Dayton

373.5 383.3 377.9 384.7 6.8 1.8

Lima

51.6 53.4 52.1 53.9 1.8 3.5

Mansfield

51.8 51.7 52.1 52.1 0.0 0.0

Springfield

50.2 50.6 50.6 51.1 0.5 1.0

Toledo

299.6 306.8 304.4 310.4 6.0 2.0

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

42.7 42.9 43.5 43.8 0.3 0.7

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

223.0 222.7 225.9 225.3 -0.6 -0.3


Oklahoma

1,665.6 1,662.9 1,671.4 1,670.2 -1.2 -0.1

Lawton

46.1 46.2 46.6 46.7 0.1 0.2

Oklahoma City

627.2 634.5 629.4 635.8 6.4 1.0

Tulsa

444.7 443.1 447.0 445.2 -1.8 -0.4


Oregon

1,750.7 1,810.1 1,766.9 1,826.3 59.4 3.4

Albany

41.6 42.2 41.5 42.4 0.9 2.2

Bend-Redmond

70.9 75.0 72.7 77.3 4.6 6.3

Corvallis

41.4 41.6 41.2 41.7 0.5 1.2

Eugene

150.3 153.5 151.8 154.5 2.7 1.8

Grants Pass

24.5 24.9 24.7 25.3 0.6 2.4

Medford

79.8 82.0 80.7 82.6 1.9 2.4

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,096.8 1,130.8 1,104.9 1,139.2 34.3 3.1

Salem

153.3 157.9 154.6 159.3 4.7 3.0


Pennsylvania

5,761.0 5,836.1 5,834.6 5,892.4 57.8 1.0

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

351.1 354.9 355.9 358.1 2.2 0.6

Altoona

60.1 61.0 60.9 61.8 0.9 1.5

Bloomsburg-Berwick

41.8 42.4 42.4 43.0 0.6 1.4

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

59.7 61.6 59.6 61.5 1.9 3.2

East Stroudsburg

54.9 56.0 54.8 56.0 1.2 2.2

Erie

128.9 127.4 130.3 129.0 -1.3 -1.0

Gettysburg

34.1 34.4 34.1 34.9 0.8 2.3

Harrisburg-Carlisle

327.5 334.2 332.3 339.0 6.7 2.0

Johnstown

56.6 56.1 57.2 56.7 -0.5 -0.9

Lancaster

240.9 243.7 243.7 247.4 3.7 1.5

Lebanon

50.3 51.1 51.1 51.5 0.4 0.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,782.2 2,854.2 2,818.6 2,881.8 63.2 2.2

Pittsburgh

1,145.8 1,149.7 1,162.0 1,165.8 3.8 0.3

Reading

173.7 176.9 176.2 178.4 2.2 1.2

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

254.9 257.7 258.2 260.5 2.3 0.9

State College

76.7 78.1 78.5 79.4 0.9 1.1

Williamsport

55.5 54.5 56.0 54.7 -1.3 -2.3

York-Hanover

178.6 183.3 180.3 185.2 4.9 2.7


Rhode Island

472.4 481.7 482.8 487.1 4.3 0.9

Providence-Warwick

561.0 571.9 573.5 579.1 5.6 1.0


South Carolina

1,979.1 2,034.6 1,996.8 2,050.7 53.9 2.7

Charleston-North Charleston

328.9 337.1 332.1 340.2 8.1 2.4

Columbia

380.8 391.5 382.3 392.2 9.9 2.6

Florence

86.2 87.7 86.5 87.5 1.0 1.2

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

395.2 405.8 397.7 407.0 9.3 2.3

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

73.0 75.7 74.3 76.8 2.5 3.4

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

150.1 155.3 157.1 160.8 3.7 2.4

Spartanburg

140.4 145.7 141.4 145.8 4.4 3.1

Sumter

38.7 39.8 38.8 39.9 1.1 2.8


South Dakota

419.5 423.3 425.4 428.3 2.9 0.7

Rapid City

64.1 63.9 65.2 65.0 -0.2 -0.3

Sioux Falls

147.2 152.3 148.8 153.0 4.2 2.8


Tennessee

2,845.6 2,938.1 2,878.5 2,959.1 80.6 2.8

Chattanooga

241.6 248.9 245.1 250.3 5.2 2.1

Clarksville

87.5 89.9 88.8 91.0 2.2 2.5

Cleveland

45.2 47.1 45.7 47.6 1.9 4.2

Jackson

65.5 66.9 66.2 67.3 1.1 1.7

Johnson City

77.7 79.1 79.0 80.2 1.2 1.5

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

119.5 122.4 120.8 123.0 2.2 1.8

Knoxville

380.0 391.7 384.2 394.5 10.3 2.7

Memphis

618.3 628.4 622.1 634.1 12.0 1.9

Morristown

44.5 45.9 44.9 46.3 1.4 3.1

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

895.4 928.4 905.5 934.9 29.4 3.2


Texas

11,741.3 11,926.0 11,794.4 11,981.9 187.5 1.6

Abilene

68.2 68.8 68.5 69.5 1.0 1.5

Amarillo

117.4 119.4 118.2 120.8 2.6 2.2

Austin-Round Rock

944.6 984.5 951.0 989.3 38.3 4.0

Beaumont-Port Arthur

166.7 167.4 166.2 167.7 1.5 0.9

Brownsville-Harlingen

139.0 142.7 139.1 143.2 4.1 2.9

College Station-Bryan

108.6 113.1 109.5 113.7 4.2 3.8

Corpus Christi

193.6 198.1 193.5 198.9 5.4 2.8

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,336.7 3,465.5 3,367.6 3,498.2 130.6 3.9

El Paso

298.9 308.1 301.1 310.0 8.9 3.0

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,980.1 2,987.5 2,983.5 2,993.5 10.0 0.3

Killeen-Temple

136.4 140.9 137.5 141.7 4.2 3.1

Laredo

100.5 102.6 100.5 102.6 2.1 2.1

Longview

101.4 100.6 100.6 100.1 -0.5 -0.5

Lubbock

139.1 143.2 140.1 144.4 4.3 3.1

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

248.2 255.9 248.4 255.7 7.3 2.9

Midland

94.1 90.4 93.5 90.9 -2.6 -2.8

Odessa

77.9 73.5 76.5 72.7 -3.8 -5.0

San Angelo

49.2 49.9 49.3 50.4 1.1 2.2

San Antonio-New Braunfels

970.7 997.5 976.3 1,001.7 25.4 2.6

Sherman-Denison

45.3 46.7 45.8 46.7 0.9 2.0

Texarkana

59.4 60.6 59.9 60.8 0.9 1.5

Tyler

99.4 102.3 100.7 103.0 2.3 2.3

Victoria

45.0 45.1 45.0 45.3 0.3 0.7

Waco

113.4 116.4 114.3 117.2 2.9 2.5

Wichita Falls

58.3 58.4 58.4 58.5 0.1 0.2


Utah

1,361.0 1,406.1 1,369.3 1,415.8 46.5 3.4

Logan

58.0 60.0 58.7 60.8 2.1 3.6

Ogden-Clearfield

235.6 247.6 238.5 249.8 11.3 4.7

Provo-Orem

221.7 234.9 223.9 236.7 12.8 5.7

St. George

56.1 60.0 56.9 60.9 4.0 7.0

Salt Lake City

668.3 685.6 670.5 690.8 20.3 3.0


Vermont

310.5 315.9 308.2 313.1 4.9 1.6

Burlington-South Burlington

122.4 124.9 123.6 125.9 2.3 1.9


Virginia

3,780.0 3,886.3 3,832.7 3,912.6 79.9 2.1

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

76.9 78.0 78.5 79.2 0.7 0.9

Charlottesville

111.3 115.4 113.8 117.8 4.0 3.5

Harrisonburg

64.5 65.0 65.6 65.9 0.3 0.5

Lynchburg

101.7 102.4 103.3 104.1 0.8 0.8

Richmond

636.7 666.9 643.9 667.5 23.6 3.7

Roanoke

159.1 161.7 160.5 163.1 2.6 1.6

Staunton-Waynesboro

48.9 48.6 49.3 48.8 -0.5 -1.0

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

752.3 761.9 763.4 768.0 4.6 0.6

Winchester

59.9 62.5 60.6 63.4 2.8 4.6


Washington

3,106.5 3,202.7 3,130.4 3,231.6 101.2 3.2

Bellingham

86.9 88.8 87.9 89.9 2.0 2.3

Bremerton-Silverdale

86.6 88.5 87.2 88.9 1.7 1.9

Kennewick-Richland

105.2 108.8 106.5 109.9 3.4 3.2

Longview

38.7 39.7 38.8 40.0 1.2 3.1

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

47.3 48.1 48.5 49.4 0.9 1.9

Olympia-Tumwater

108.1 111.3 109.2 111.9 2.7 2.5

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,863.0 1,922.2 1,872.4 1,933.3 60.9 3.3

Spokane-Spokane Valley

232.9 237.2 235.2 240.3 5.1 2.2

Walla Walla

27.3 27.5 27.3 27.6 0.3 1.1

Wenatchee

41.2 42.0 42.4 43.0 0.6 1.4

Yakima

80.6 82.7 81.4 83.2 1.8 2.2


West Virginia

759.9 754.2 767.6 763.1 -4.5 -0.6

Beckley

46.3 45.6 47.0 46.3 -0.7 -1.5

Charleston

123.1 121.4 123.6 122.5 -1.1 -0.9

Huntington-Ashland

139.6 141.1 141.7 142.8 1.1 0.8

Morgantown

71.5 72.5 71.9 72.6 0.7 1.0

Parkersburg-Vienna

41.9 42.0 42.4 42.5 0.1 0.2

Wheeling

67.6 67.4 68.3 68.2 -0.1 -0.1


Wisconsin

2,837.8 2,883.9 2,872.9 2,905.7 32.8 1.1

Appleton

120.4 122.6 121.8 123.1 1.3 1.1

Eau Claire

84.5 84.5 85.5 85.5 0.0 0.0

Fond du Lac

47.6 48.1 47.8 48.3 0.5 1.0

Green Bay

170.2 171.9 172.3 173.2 0.9 0.5

Janesville-Beloit

65.6 68.1 66.4 69.3 2.9 4.4

La Crosse-Onalaska

77.1 77.2 78.3 78.4 0.1 0.1

Madison

383.0 391.8 388.1 392.6 4.5 1.2

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

842.3 848.2 850.1 855.2 5.1 0.6

Oshkosh-Neenah

93.5 94.5 94.5 95.0 0.5 0.5

Racine

75.2 75.2 76.8 75.9 -0.9 -1.2

Sheboygan

60.0 60.0 60.2 60.9 0.7 1.2

Wausau

71.4 71.9 71.4 72.0 0.6 0.8


Wyoming

286.9 277.5 286.7 275.1 -11.6 -4.0

Casper

43.1 39.7 42.5 39.7 -2.8 -6.6

Cheyenne

46.7 46.7 46.7 46.5 -0.2 -0.4


Puerto Rico

908.6 895.1 906.4 894.3 -12.1 -1.3

Aguadilla-Isabela

51.2 51.6 51.4 51.5 0.1 0.2

Arecibo

33.5 33.3 33.4 33.6 0.2 0.6

Guayama

15.5 15.6 15.3 15.4 0.1 0.7

Mayaguez

34.3 34.6 34.7 34.4 -0.3 -0.9

Ponce

73.1 71.6 72.8 71.5 -1.3 -1.8

San German

20.8 20.1 20.8 20.4 -0.4 -1.9

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

658.1 646.9 656.8 647.0 -9.8 -1.5


Virgin Islands

38.3 37.7 38.0 37.8 -0.2 -0.5

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division March April Change from
April 2015 to April 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

California

15,860.2 16,299.8 15,938.4 16,390.8 452.4 2.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,767.2 5,917.2 5,787.7 5,942.7 155.0 2.7

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,523.2 1,570.6 1,532.0 1,580.2 48.2 3.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,244.0 4,346.6 4,255.7 4,362.5 106.8 2.5

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,224.4 2,297.3 2,238.9 2,310.2 71.3 3.2

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,082.2 1,108.7 1,089.0 1,114.0 25.0 2.3

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,031.4 1,073.3 1,037.8 1,080.0 42.2 4.1

San Rafael

110.8 115.3 112.1 116.2 4.1 3.7


District of Columbia

762.2 772.6 767.3 778.8 11.5 1.5

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,119.9 3,206.6 3,160.6 3,232.3 71.7 2.3

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

576.1 591.7 584.0 594.3 10.3 1.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,543.8 2,614.9 2,576.6 2,638.0 61.4 2.4


Florida

8,064.7 8,316.9 8,088.6 8,353.3 264.7 3.3

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,498.3 2,561.7 2,502.1 2,570.1 68.0 2.7

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

792.8 820.9 793.8 825.9 32.1 4.0

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,120.1 1,142.1 1,121.9 1,143.0 21.1 1.9

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

585.4 598.7 586.4 601.2 14.8 2.5


Illinois

5,853.2 5,930.0 5,935.4 5,992.2 56.8 1.0

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,493.5 4,573.3 4,550.1 4,624.1 74.0 1.6

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,582.3 3,646.6 3,622.8 3,677.8 55.0 1.5

Elgin

248.0 253.1 254.9 258.1 3.2 1.3

Gary(3)

271.7 272.3 272.9 276.5 3.6 1.3

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

391.5 401.3 399.5 411.7 12.2 3.1


Massachusetts

3,420.0 3,480.1 3,475.2 3,541.0 65.8 1.9

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,602.2 2,643.5 2,638.9 2,682.8 43.9 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,744.5 1,773.0 1,769.4 1,799.3 29.9 1.7

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

79.0 82.2 80.5 83.3 2.8 3.5

Framingham

169.9 171.0 171.7 173.5 1.8 1.0

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

62.8 66.0 64.2 67.0 2.8 4.4

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

79.9 82.2 80.6 82.6 2.0 2.5

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

145.9 146.8 147.9 150.1 2.2 1.5

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

43.8 43.8 44.9 44.9 0.0 0.0

Nashua(2)

123.9 124.3 125.5 125.5 0.0 0.0

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

95.2 95.5 95.9 96.5 0.6 0.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

57.3 58.7 58.3 60.1 1.8 3.1


Michigan

4,174.0 4,270.8 4,208.7 4,307.1 98.4 2.3

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,905.0 1,947.1 1,919.7 1,961.2 41.5 2.2

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

727.9 738.1 731.4 745.9 14.5 2.0

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,177.1 1,209.0 1,188.3 1,215.3 27.0 2.3


New York

9,106.8 9,246.8 9,206.8 9,328.1 121.3 1.3

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,182.4 9,380.5 9,285.8 9,459.7 173.9 1.9

Dutchess County-Putnam County

142.0 144.5 143.5 145.7 2.2 1.5

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,273.4 1,297.3 1,297.7 1,312.4 14.7 1.1

Newark(3)

1,173.4 1,185.3 1,183.9 1,195.3 11.4 1.0

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,593.6 6,753.4 6,660.7 6,806.3 145.6 2.2


Pennsylvania

5,761.0 5,836.1 5,834.6 5,892.4 57.8 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,782.2 2,854.2 2,818.6 2,881.8 63.2 2.2

Camden(3)

509.0 524.6 516.9 526.5 9.6 1.9

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,013.8 1,038.2 1,028.5 1,052.4 23.9 2.3

Philadelphia

909.0 931.1 918.8 937.0 18.2 2.0

Wilmington(3)

350.4 360.3 354.4 365.9 11.5 3.2


Texas

11,741.3 11,926.0 11,794.4 11,981.9 187.5 1.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,336.7 3,465.5 3,367.6 3,498.2 130.6 3.9

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,352.6 2,465.8 2,376.5 2,488.4 111.9 4.7

Fort Worth-Arlington

984.1 999.7 991.1 1,009.8 18.7 1.9


Washington

3,106.5 3,202.7 3,130.4 3,231.6 101.2 3.2

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,863.0 1,922.2 1,872.4 1,933.3 60.9 3.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,570.1 1,619.3 1,577.6 1,629.3 51.7 3.3

Tacoma-Lakewood

292.9 302.9 294.8 304.0 9.2 3.1

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: June 01, 2016