Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, November 30, 2016                       USDL-16-2230

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau
 
Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


         METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- OCTOBER 2016


Unemployment rates were lower in October than a year earlier in 231 of the 387 metropolitan
areas, higher in 127 areas, and unchanged in 29 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
reported today. Thirty areas had jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and three areas had
rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 311
metropolitan areas, decreased in 68 areas, and was unchanged in 8 areas. The national
unemployment rate in October was 4.7 percent, not seasonally adjusted, and was little
different from that of October 2015.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, the lowest unemployment rate was in Fargo, N.D.-Minn., 1.8 percent. El Centro,
Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., had the highest unemployment rates, 22.0 percent and 19.4 percent,
respectively. A total of 198 areas had October jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 4.7
percent, 173 areas had rates above it, and 16 areas had rates equal to that of the nation.
(See table 1.)

Yuma, Ariz., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in October (-2.9
percentage points). Twenty-three other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage
point. The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Erie, Pa. (+1.8 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Boston-
Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H., had the lowest unemployment rate in October, 2.6 percent.
Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest rate among the large areas, 6.1
percent. Thirty-five large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 14 had 
increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decrease occurred in Boston-Cambridge-
Nashua, Mass.-N.H. (-1.5 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate increase was
in Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio (+1.2 percentage points).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions,
which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In October, Framingham,
Mass., had the lowest unemployment rate among the divisions, 2.3 percent. Detroit-Dearborn-
Livonia, Mich., had the highest division rate, 6.6 percent. (See table 2.)

In October, 29 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 7
had increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Lawrence-
Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-2.2 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate
increases occurred in Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County, Pa., and Philadelphia,
Pa. (+0.8 percentage point each).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, 311 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 68 had decreases, and 8 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+135,600), Dallas-Fort Worth-
Arlington, Texas (+114,000), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, Calif. (+111,200). The 
largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in Cleveland, Tenn. (+6.7 percent),
followed by Madera, Calif. (+6.0 percent), and Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, Fla.
(+5.1 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-6,900), Elkhart-
Goshen, Ind. (-3,200), and Houma-Thibodaux, La. (-2,400). The largest over-the-year percentage
decrease in employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. (-5.3 percent), followed by Cheyenne, Wyo.
(-3.8 percent), and Lafayette, La. (-3.2 percent).
	
Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 49 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, and fell in Oklahoma City, Okla. (-0.2 percent), and
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wis. (-0.1 percent). The largest over-the-year percentage
increase in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford,
Fla. (+4.0 percent), followed by Jacksonville, Fla., and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash.
(+3.7 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In October, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over
the year, and decreased in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-600, or -0.7 percent).
The largest over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred
in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. (+109,700), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving,
Texas (+93,000), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. (+71,200). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions
occurred in Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+3.9 percent), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving,
Texas, and Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, Mass.-N.H. (+3.8 percent each).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled
to be released on Friday, December 16, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for November is scheduled to be released on
Thursday, December 29, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).




Technical Note

   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the Local
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for 387
metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 7 areas in Puerto Rico. Estimates for 38
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented. Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
 
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program

   Definitions. The labor force and unemployment data are based on the
same concepts and definitions as those used for the official national
estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a sample
survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau. The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis. The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
older. Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation. Unemployed persons are those who were not
employed during the reference week (based on the definition above), had
actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with the
reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on layoff
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed.
The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons. The
unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a percent of the labor
force.

   Method of estimation. Estimates for states, the District of Columbia,
the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, and New York City
are produced using time-series models with real-time benchmarking to national
CPS totals. Model-based estimates are also produced for the following areas
and their respective balances: the Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL
Metropolitan Division; Cleveland-Elyria, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area;
Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami
Beach-Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division. Modeling improves the statistical basis of the
estimation for these areas and provides important tools for analysis, such
as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series. For all other substate
areas in this release, estimates are prepared through indirect estimation
procedures using a building-block approach. Employment estimates, which are
based largely on "place of work" estimates from the CES program, are adjusted
to refer to place of residence as used in the CPS. Unemployment estimates are
aggregates of persons previously employed in industries covered by state
unemployment insurance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from
the CPS. The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which
geographically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to
ensure that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-
state totals. A detailed description of the estimation procedures is
available from BLS upon request.

   Annual revisions. Labor force and unemployment data shown for the prior
year reflect adjustments made at the beginning of each year, usually
implemented with the issuance of January estimates. The adjusted model-based
estimates typically reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census
Bureau, any revisions in other input data sources, and model re-estimation.
All substate estimates then are re-estimated using updated inputs and adjusted
to add to the revised model-based totals. In early 2015, a new generation of
time-series models was implemented, resulting in the replacement of data back
to the series  beginnings. At the same time, enhancements were made to the
substate estimation methodology, and more timely inputs from the American
Community Survey were incorporated.

Employment--from the CES program

   Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who
receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes the 12th of the month.
Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of
residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll.
Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance
with the 2012 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

   Method of estimation. CES State and Area employment data are produced using
several estimation procedures. Where possible these data are produced using a 
"weighted link relative" estimation technique in which a ratio of current-month
weighted employment to that of the previous-month weighted employment is computed
from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of
employment for the current month are then obtained by multiplying these ratios
by the previous month's employment estimates. The weighted link relative technique
is utilized for data series where the sample size meets certain statistical
criteria.

   For some employment series, the sample of establishments is very small or
highly variable. In these cases, a model-based approach is used in estimation.
These models use the direct sample estimates (described above), combined with
forecasts of historical (benchmarked) data to decrease volatility in estimation.
Two different models (Fay-Herriot Model and Small Domain Model) are used depending
on the industry level being estimated. For more detailed information about each
model, refer to the BLS Handbook of Methods.

   Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete
count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports that are
submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI)
laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the
new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment
for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level
of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the
level for the subsequent months.

   Seasonal adjustment. Payroll employment data are seasonally adjusted for states,
metropolitan areas, and metropolitan divisions at the total nonfarm level. For
states, data are seasonally adjusted at the supersector level as well. Revisions
of historical data for the most recent 5 years are made once a year, coincident
with annual benchmark adjustments.

Reliability of the estimates

   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the specific estimation processes used. The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding. Unemployment rates are computed from
unrounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates. Measures of sampling error
are not available for metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions.
Model-based error measures for states are available on the BLS website
at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling error are not
available for the areas contained in this release. Information on recent
data revisions for states and local areas is available online at
www.bls.gov/lau/launews1.htm.

   Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error are available for
metropolitan areas or metropolitan divisions upon request. Measures of 
sampling error for states down to the supersector level are available on
the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Measures of nonsampling
error are not available for the areas contained in this release. Information
on recent benchmark revisions is available online at
www.bls.gov/sae/benchmark2016.pdf.

Area definitions

   The substate area data published in this release reflect the delineations
issued by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget on February 28, 2013. Data
reflect New England City and Town Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than
county-based definitions, in the six New England States. A detailed list of
the geographic definitions is available online at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
  
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and unemployment
data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven substate areas are
available in the news release, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment.
Estimates of labor force and unemployment for all states, metropolitan areas,
counties, cities with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in
the administration of various federal economic assistance programs are available
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/. Employment data from the CES program are
available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/sae/.

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area
State and area Civilian labor force Unemployed
September October Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) September October September October
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

Alabama

2,136,040 2,189,369 2,148,602 2,212,911 125,914 124,763 124,703 132,840 5.9 5.7 5.8 6.0

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45,279 46,187 45,909 46,835 3,093 2,874 3,144 3,075 6.8 6.2 6.8 6.6

Auburn-Opelika

71,159 74,323 71,801 75,228 3,451 3,546 3,395 3,832 4.8 4.8 4.7 5.1

Birmingham-Hoover

526,479 539,476 530,791 545,567 28,324 29,283 28,268 31,038 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.7

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

87,191 90,267 87,205 90,842 4,562 4,566 4,600 5,003 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.5

Decatur

68,508 69,924 68,893 70,706 4,111 3,886 4,073 4,129 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.8

Dothan

62,164 63,194 62,249 64,141 3,753 3,563 3,645 3,798 6.0 5.6 5.9 5.9

Florence-Muscle Shoals

66,015 66,934 66,490 67,720 4,533 4,146 4,463 4,251 6.9 6.2 6.7 6.3

Gadsden

43,218 43,942 43,476 44,577 2,560 2,555 2,552 2,739 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.1

Huntsville

208,228 212,673 209,965 216,257 10,893 10,579 10,883 11,378 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.3

Mobile

181,370 185,036 182,532 188,063 12,525 12,280 12,387 12,934 6.9 6.6 6.8 6.9

Montgomery

167,091 170,846 168,702 172,995 9,617 9,389 9,648 10,017 5.8 5.5 5.7 5.8

Tuscaloosa

111,725 115,877 112,572 117,163 5,995 6,366 5,867 6,737 5.4 5.5 5.2 5.8

Alaska

363,813 360,640 361,078 356,491 21,229 22,926 22,367 22,621 5.8 6.4 6.2 6.3

Anchorage

200,636 199,788 203,415 202,125 10,573 11,840 10,878 11,466 5.3 5.9 5.3 5.7

Fairbanks

46,576 46,505 46,545 45,870 2,249 2,598 2,482 2,478 4.8 5.6 5.3 5.4

Arizona

3,160,727 3,248,843 3,171,338 3,260,826 194,679 182,125 189,172 169,943 6.2 5.6 6.0 5.2

Flagstaff

74,450 75,829 73,948 75,609 4,585 4,429 4,551 4,314 6.2 5.8 6.2 5.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

79,396 79,787 79,137 79,871 6,239 5,440 6,045 5,020 7.9 6.8 7.6 6.3

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

2,171,475 2,237,665 2,183,950 2,248,214 113,556 108,178 111,589 100,916 5.2 4.8 5.1 4.5

Prescott

98,021 103,919 98,427 104,069 5,250 5,151 5,157 4,661 5.4 5.0 5.2 4.5

Sierra Vista-Douglas

49,452 50,146 49,212 50,028 3,608 3,184 3,467 2,962 7.3 6.3 7.0 5.9

Tucson

465,412 477,724 466,218 479,043 25,628 24,753 25,360 22,846 5.5 5.2 5.4 4.8

Yuma

93,195 94,160 92,291 94,861 22,982 19,706 20,625 18,405 24.7 20.9 22.3 19.4

Arkansas

1,332,722 1,355,110 1,335,461 1,348,580 61,935 53,485 57,984 46,233 4.6 3.9 4.3 3.4

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

256,052 263,762 257,197 263,046 8,527 7,714 8,035 6,669 3.3 2.9 3.1 2.5

Fort Smith

121,361 122,043 121,602 121,873 6,161 5,891 5,950 5,169 5.1 4.8 4.9 4.2

Hot Springs

40,092 40,796 39,705 40,275 2,092 1,749 1,977 1,587 5.2 4.3 5.0 3.9

Jonesboro

61,167 63,360 61,354 63,218 2,568 2,089 2,385 1,827 4.2 3.3 3.9 2.9

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

348,804 354,086 348,912 353,399 14,706 12,737 13,752 10,979 4.2 3.6 3.9 3.1

Pine Bluff

36,346 36,106 36,564 36,054 2,318 1,966 2,123 1,696 6.4 5.4 5.8 4.7

California

18,917,335 19,435,024 18,995,347 19,463,437 1,063,374 1,028,577 1,094,641 1,031,052 5.6 5.3 5.8 5.3

Bakersfield

393,170 402,181 396,572 403,536 34,197 36,679 35,686 36,811 8.7 9.1 9.0 9.1

Chico

100,506 103,619 102,822 104,977 6,236 6,241 6,485 6,292 6.2 6.0 6.3 6.0

El Centro

78,411 81,742 79,643 79,547 19,599 20,588 19,479 17,537 25.0 25.2 24.5 22.0

Fresno

441,901 453,028 442,475 448,333 36,816 37,360 41,140 41,099 8.3 8.2 9.3 9.2

Hanford-Corcoran

58,088 58,286 57,660 57,890 4,781 4,826 5,513 5,215 8.2 8.3 9.6 9.0

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,579,482 6,788,684 6,595,274 6,785,543 375,151 335,398 370,412 328,186 5.7 4.9 5.6 4.8

Madera

60,392 62,891 59,502 61,377 5,015 4,804 5,562 5,186 8.3 7.6 9.3 8.4

Merced

117,054 118,927 116,258 118,478 9,773 9,701 10,640 10,208 8.3 8.2 9.2 8.6

Modesto

242,828 248,399 240,557 247,884 19,082 18,529 20,577 19,472 7.9 7.5 8.6 7.9

Napa

76,011 78,469 76,444 78,919 2,886 2,974 3,271 2,996 3.8 3.8 4.3 3.8

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

423,466 429,605 428,582 435,990 23,435 23,478 23,732 23,243 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.3

Redding

74,485 75,007 75,346 75,503 4,936 4,809 5,180 4,843 6.6 6.4 6.9 6.4

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,948,626 1,995,627 1,968,126 2,005,783 121,855 123,390 125,351 122,090 6.3 6.2 6.4 6.1

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

1,055,745 1,087,338 1,059,804 1,087,843 56,175 55,814 58,890 56,931 5.3 5.1 5.6 5.2

Salinas

227,666 227,585 225,931 225,610 12,293 11,968 13,198 12,412 5.4 5.3 5.8 5.5

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,557,279 1,594,087 1,564,233 1,598,558 75,451 75,290 79,225 76,080 4.8 4.7 5.1 4.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,506,056 2,572,729 2,517,869 2,586,311 98,103 98,696 102,805 100,147 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,046,711 1,086,113 1,053,517 1,089,316 40,844 41,557 43,020 42,200 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

141,195 144,792 143,159 146,658 5,991 6,004 6,299 6,072 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.1

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

141,869 146,558 143,253 147,910 7,860 7,720 8,373 7,968 5.5 5.3 5.8 5.4

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

217,890 222,597 220,179 224,952 9,821 10,084 10,810 10,388 4.5 4.5 4.9 4.6

Santa Rosa

261,380 267,853 261,053 265,901 10,345 10,049 10,993 10,306 4.0 3.8 4.2 3.9

Stockton-Lodi

317,869 322,189 318,292 321,701 24,163 24,012 25,695 24,590 7.6 7.5 8.1 7.6

Vallejo-Fairfield

205,839 211,333 207,533 212,251 11,313 11,246 11,818 11,351 5.5 5.3 5.7 5.3

Visalia-Porterville

200,994 206,177 198,778 203,955 20,066 20,951 21,374 22,040 10.0 10.2 10.8 10.8

Yuba City

72,677 73,370 72,372 72,908 5,829 5,705 6,250 5,989 8.0 7.8 8.6 8.2

Colorado

2,828,252 2,906,858 2,833,658 2,919,356 90,350 87,455 90,094 89,463 3.2 3.0 3.2 3.1

Boulder

177,693 182,416 179,043 184,283 4,502 4,441 4,679 4,617 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.5

Colorado Springs

321,042 325,677 321,506 326,168 12,010 11,327 11,917 11,523 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.5

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,510,307 1,560,054 1,511,722 1,567,364 46,253 44,898 45,722 45,778 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.9

Fort Collins

182,177 187,381 182,915 188,540 4,773 4,740 4,920 4,957 2.6 2.5 2.7 2.6

Grand Junction

72,329 73,320 72,250 73,416 3,398 3,449 3,293 3,331 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.5

Greeley

147,729 152,499 148,555 154,681 4,788 4,600 4,769 4,647 3.2 3.0 3.2 3.0

Pueblo

72,015 73,640 72,186 74,125 3,537 3,283 3,220 3,247 4.9 4.5 4.5 4.4

Connecticut

1,874,414 1,897,757 1,882,726 1,896,552 96,189 96,029 95,007 85,546 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.5

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

460,015 467,361 461,602 464,749 23,167 23,255 22,881 20,775 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.5

Danbury

105,043 106,692 105,715 106,657 4,300 4,343 4,271 3,852 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.6

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

612,777 619,966 616,370 622,051 31,357 31,342 31,051 27,835 5.1 5.1 5.0 4.5

New Haven

321,149 324,366 322,536 324,104 16,736 16,623 16,613 14,788 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.6

Norwich-New London-Westerly

142,088 141,967 141,782 141,345 7,629 7,292 7,500 6,587 5.4 5.1 5.3 4.7

Waterbury

110,140 111,306 110,185 111,176 7,199 7,059 6,969 6,292 6.5 6.3 6.3 5.7

Delaware

466,336 472,321 471,473 473,343 22,560 20,116 22,355 19,981 4.8 4.3 4.7 4.2

Dover

76,156 77,322 77,859 78,186 4,074 3,576 4,035 3,571 5.3 4.6 5.2 4.6

Salisbury(1)

187,414 189,608 184,437 186,795 9,932 8,640 10,562 9,461 5.3 4.6 5.7 5.1

District of Columbia

387,821 389,882 390,409 399,144 26,332 25,377 25,983 24,607 6.8 6.5 6.7 6.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,269,076 3,293,497 3,291,298 3,333,327 140,951 126,540 139,006 131,537 4.3 3.8 4.2 3.9

Florida

9,696,612 9,870,136 9,698,746 9,887,458 513,732 492,692 495,501 488,986 5.3 5.0 5.1 4.9

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

317,120 324,950 320,685 330,453 15,977 15,410 15,325 15,471 5.0 4.7 4.8 4.7

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

120,815 121,191 118,788 119,932 5,194 5,021 5,044 5,072 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

283,840 293,922 283,268 294,816 15,722 15,178 15,258 15,327 5.5 5.2 5.4 5.2

Gainesville

139,364 140,359 139,211 139,799 6,210 6,262 5,814 6,221 4.5 4.5 4.2 4.4

Homosassa Springs

47,772 47,803 47,923 47,821 3,326 3,240 3,252 3,239 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.8

Jacksonville

730,433 757,948 726,991 749,050 36,552 35,156 35,186 34,980 5.0 4.6 4.8 4.7

Lakeland-Winter Haven

281,534 284,031 280,501 283,321 17,431 16,770 16,432 16,444 6.2 5.9 5.9 5.8

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,017,107 3,046,034 3,031,755 3,067,013 166,701 157,619 161,753 154,964 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.1

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

158,822 162,225 159,852 163,815 8,957 8,826 8,428 8,578 5.6 5.4 5.3 5.2

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

342,811 349,525 342,688 354,178 16,913 16,505 16,458 16,663 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.7

Ocala

131,465 132,489 131,087 132,239 8,075 7,926 7,809 7,989 6.1 6.0 6.0 6.0

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,234,988 1,278,706 1,231,822 1,272,072 60,024 57,461 57,788 57,220 4.9 4.5 4.7 4.5

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

258,375 260,852 256,644 259,825 14,632 13,608 14,125 13,643 5.7 5.2 5.5 5.3

Panama City

94,454 94,543 92,768 93,511 4,639 4,488 4,529 4,506 4.9 4.7 4.9 4.8

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

214,872 218,290 213,421 217,571 10,847 10,760 10,471 10,705 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.9

Port St. Lucie

201,483 204,194 201,668 204,226 11,853 11,521 11,073 11,339 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.6

Punta Gorda

67,183 68,385 67,308 68,851 3,959 3,808 3,848 3,803 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.5

Sebastian-Vero Beach

60,752 61,265 60,934 61,552 4,328 4,103 4,066 4,019 7.1 6.7 6.7 6.5

Sebring

34,797 35,481 35,074 35,692 2,566 2,443 2,481 2,468 7.4 6.9 7.1 6.9

Tallahassee

188,260 190,390 187,821 190,467 9,479 9,260 8,944 9,120 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.8

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,452,525 1,477,027 1,450,859 1,479,949 71,781 69,537 69,608 69,614 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.7

The Villages

28,601 29,445 28,673 29,570 2,024 2,040 2,040 2,107 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.1

Georgia

4,750,081 4,929,794 4,772,874 4,948,431 264,442 260,606 265,087 256,725 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.2

Albany

64,954 67,132 65,534 67,806 4,346 4,165 4,309 4,067 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.0

Athens-Clarke County

94,090 99,572 94,376 98,659 4,936 5,539 4,874 4,735 5.2 5.6 5.2 4.8

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,825,799 2,943,724 2,842,017 2,955,368 150,238 147,577 150,163 143,726 5.3 5.0 5.3 4.9

Augusta-Richmond County

255,325 259,611 255,042 260,078 15,720 14,845 15,653 14,691 6.2 5.7 6.1 5.6

Brunswick

50,020 51,606 50,154 51,402 2,946 2,811 2,912 2,944 5.9 5.4 5.8 5.7

Columbus

122,835 126,434 123,771 126,009 8,058 7,863 8,045 7,755 6.6 6.2 6.5 6.2

Dalton

60,536 61,514 60,429 61,100 3,574 3,661 3,748 3,646 5.9 6.0 6.2 6.0

Gainesville

92,402 96,184 92,804 96,876 4,130 4,191 4,197 4,308 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.4

Hinesville

31,850 32,458 31,828 32,357 1,876 1,858 1,877 1,844 5.9 5.7 5.9 5.7

Macon

102,728 105,712 103,166 106,430 6,171 5,994 6,323 6,294 6.0 5.7 6.1 5.9

Rome

42,536 43,813 42,598 43,637 2,699 2,691 2,654 2,449 6.3 6.1 6.2 5.6

Savannah

175,483 183,986 176,049 183,229 9,175 9,210 9,196 9,015 5.2 5.0 5.2 4.9

Valdosta

62,197 63,851 62,637 64,193 3,479 3,365 3,492 3,256 5.6 5.3 5.6 5.1

Warner Robins

80,087 81,614 80,489 82,636 4,659 4,561 5,137 5,543 5.8 5.6 6.4 6.7

Hawaii

675,909 687,529 676,437 694,772 24,844 21,823 22,709 21,392 3.7 3.2 3.4 3.1

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

84,460 85,681 83,930 86,186 3,205 2,881 2,947 2,830 3.8 3.4 3.5 3.3

Urban Honolulu

466,039 475,385 469,705 482,042 16,268 14,353 14,835 13,982 3.5 3.0 3.2 2.9

Idaho

799,319 812,813 803,823 811,589 29,005 27,857 28,286 26,810 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.3

Boise City

323,832 329,791 323,008 327,148 11,852 11,594 11,453 11,138 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.4

Coeur d'Alene

71,774 73,612 71,770 72,511 3,087 2,944 3,189 2,950 4.3 4.0 4.4 4.1

Idaho Falls

64,983 65,419 65,683 65,889 2,053 1,953 1,903 1,789 3.2 3.0 2.9 2.7

Lewiston

30,200 30,872 30,331 30,998 1,097 1,092 1,081 1,107 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6

Pocatello

41,972 41,935 43,068 42,765 1,484 1,393 1,410 1,351 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2

Illinois

6,485,397 6,566,619 6,529,418 6,561,428 345,322 355,724 366,098 364,025 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.5

Bloomington

99,276 97,826 99,733 98,474 4,599 4,998 5,005 4,708 4.6 5.1 5.0 4.8

Carbondale-Marion

61,287 60,568 62,223 60,681 3,464 3,560 3,730 3,258 5.7 5.9 6.0 5.4

Champaign-Urbana

120,422 122,519 122,445 123,648 5,783 6,023 6,537 5,913 4.8 4.9 5.3 4.8

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,855,965 4,934,935 4,887,598 4,930,120 248,215 257,231 259,280 272,338 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5

Danville

35,510 35,535 35,803 35,524 2,437 2,547 2,581 2,353 6.9 7.2 7.2 6.6

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

191,713 189,744 191,543 190,078 9,862 11,146 10,970 10,328 5.1 5.9 5.7 5.4

Decatur

50,741 50,272 51,146 49,884 3,403 3,354 3,566 3,072 6.7 6.7 7.0 6.2

Kankakee

55,261 55,662 55,873 55,935 3,475 3,457 3,746 3,233 6.3 6.2 6.7 5.8

Peoria

185,889 184,263 187,111 183,832 11,202 11,768 12,825 10,921 6.0 6.4 6.9 5.9

Rockford

169,323 171,144 169,869 170,139 11,271 11,224 12,047 10,293 6.7 6.6 7.1 6.0

Springfield

112,224 112,987 112,764 112,836 5,554 5,435 5,993 5,062 4.9 4.8 5.3 4.5

Indiana

3,259,874 3,356,777 3,283,775 3,334,449 133,431 140,653 139,610 128,834 4.1 4.2 4.3 3.9

Bloomington

76,700 78,988 78,032 78,620 3,267 3,392 3,545 3,146 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.0

Columbus

43,700 45,121 44,444 45,326 1,308 1,414 1,391 1,301 3.0 3.1 3.1 2.9

Elkhart-Goshen

104,558 104,880 106,084 104,314 3,579 3,752 3,700 3,380 3.4 3.6 3.5 3.2

Evansville

157,217 159,042 157,805 158,389 5,874 6,581 6,114 6,081 3.7 4.1 3.9 3.8

Fort Wayne

210,643 218,159 212,378 216,739 7,927 8,362 8,430 7,606 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.5

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,007,606 1,042,754 1,012,738 1,032,417 39,006 40,533 40,786 37,251 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.6

Kokomo

36,792 37,819 36,965 38,105 1,565 1,603 1,668 1,670 4.3 4.2 4.5 4.4

Lafayette-West Lafayette

108,558 112,871 109,632 112,918 3,946 4,175 4,141 3,929 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.5

Michigan City-La Porte

48,340 48,895 48,171 48,549 2,481 2,667 2,606 2,393 5.1 5.5 5.4 4.9

Muncie

54,811 55,830 55,379 55,313 2,558 2,711 2,712 2,533 4.7 4.9 4.9 4.6

South Bend-Mishawaka

155,966 159,324 157,769 158,218 6,443 6,982 6,651 6,608 4.1 4.4 4.2 4.2

Terre Haute

76,793 78,460 77,755 78,260 3,967 3,988 4,082 3,522 5.2 5.1 5.2 4.5

Iowa

1,692,426 1,723,464 1,706,137 1,724,006 54,914 64,521 53,403 59,243 3.2 3.7 3.1 3.4

Ames

58,423 59,704 59,106 60,155 1,287 1,500 1,219 1,301 2.2 2.5 2.1 2.2

Cedar Rapids

142,628 145,706 144,111 146,426 4,834 5,592 4,614 5,077 3.4 3.8 3.2 3.5

Des Moines-West Des Moines

336,437 343,610 338,744 344,928 10,386 12,287 10,099 11,230 3.1 3.6 3.0 3.3

Dubuque

55,442 56,533 56,084 56,855 1,702 1,932 1,632 1,743 3.1 3.4 2.9 3.1

Iowa City

96,061 99,027 97,195 100,261 2,380 2,885 2,273 2,616 2.5 2.9 2.3 2.6

Sioux City

93,047 93,269 93,408 92,558 2,765 3,210 2,767 3,052 3.0 3.4 3.0 3.3

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90,192 90,770 91,448 91,517 3,386 4,084 3,269 3,847 3.8 4.5 3.6 4.2

Kansas

1,494,757 1,479,930 1,504,437 1,491,746 55,984 59,264 55,675 59,552 3.7 4.0 3.7 4.0

Lawrence

66,065 65,814 66,442 66,262 2,156 2,242 2,024 2,196 3.3 3.4 3.0 3.3

Manhattan

52,192 51,286 52,908 51,755 1,453 1,578 1,352 1,594 2.8 3.1 2.6 3.1

Topeka

119,827 117,809 120,460 118,603 4,445 4,639 4,452 4,636 3.7 3.9 3.7 3.9

Wichita

308,699 309,674 312,175 312,736 13,267 14,027 13,241 14,145 4.3 4.5 4.2 4.5

Kentucky

1,937,687 1,997,899 1,938,168 2,004,254 95,534 95,662 93,529 92,265 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.6

Bowling Green

75,488 77,880 75,223 78,256 3,245 2,911 3,200 2,869 4.3 3.7 4.3 3.7

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

63,281 66,231 63,201 65,801 2,964 2,940 2,956 2,814 4.7 4.4 4.7 4.3

Lexington-Fayette

252,755 258,380 255,980 260,879 9,570 9,201 9,248 8,950 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.4

Louisville/Jefferson County

619,804 644,268 619,931 642,709 26,479 26,337 26,397 25,049 4.3 4.1 4.3 3.9

Owensboro

51,870 54,240 52,146 54,516 2,236 2,300 2,244 2,410 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4

Louisiana

2,140,415 2,126,692 2,150,874 2,120,716 129,006 143,305 126,997 124,426 6.0 6.7 5.9 5.9

Alexandria

66,440 66,022 66,599 65,213 4,134 4,582 4,016 4,003 6.2 6.9 6.0 6.1

Baton Rouge

421,226 429,254 422,810 430,775 21,511 25,837 20,946 21,533 5.1 6.0 5.0 5.0

Hammond

53,798 53,764 53,716 52,925 3,664 4,062 3,506 3,410 6.8 7.6 6.5 6.4

Houma-Thibodaux

98,338 95,705 98,218 94,808 5,488 6,783 5,646 6,014 5.6 7.1 5.7 6.3

Lafayette

225,522 218,682 225,790 216,053 14,199 16,697 14,464 14,539 6.3 7.6 6.4 6.7

Lake Charles

101,840 103,543 103,261 103,856 5,246 5,650 5,023 4,902 5.2 5.5 4.9 4.7

Monroe

81,126 80,913 82,012 81,088 5,114 5,317 5,017 4,803 6.3 6.6 6.1 5.9

New Orleans-Metairie

596,643 591,173 602,814 593,239 34,701 36,583 33,855 32,053 5.8 6.2 5.6 5.4

Shreveport-Bossier City

193,579 191,255 194,385 190,126 12,734 13,624 12,652 12,139 6.6 7.1 6.5 6.4

Maine

676,651 693,086 678,333 695,794 23,991 23,769 24,059 23,838 3.5 3.4 3.5 3.4

Bangor

69,345 70,924 70,558 72,150 2,414 2,478 2,493 2,498 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.5

Lewiston-Auburn

54,253 55,933 54,839 56,715 1,871 1,799 1,870 1,810 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.2

Portland-South Portland

197,133 202,714 196,482 203,106 5,791 5,595 5,776 5,716 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.8

Maryland

3,146,530 3,162,738 3,162,575 3,195,793 156,050 126,330 156,868 135,163 5.0 4.0 5.0 4.2

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,468,519 1,476,754 1,476,835 1,492,761 75,821 61,202 75,972 65,401 5.2 4.1 5.1 4.4

California-Lexington Park

54,226 54,074 54,501 54,632 2,584 2,040 2,595 2,129 4.8 3.8 4.8 3.9

Cumberland

43,986 43,742 44,140 44,205 2,759 2,288 2,693 2,410 6.3 5.2 6.1 5.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

129,089 129,166 128,426 130,442 6,303 5,285 6,141 5,739 4.9 4.1 4.8 4.4

Massachusetts

3,542,718 3,590,161 3,557,973 3,584,892 172,206 118,770 158,980 97,878 4.9 3.3 4.5 2.7

Barnstable Town

124,853 126,344 121,674 122,124 6,043 4,033 5,852 3,435 4.8 3.2 4.8 2.8

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,604,584 2,644,354 2,620,948 2,646,581 116,168 81,467 107,258 67,806 4.5 3.1 4.1 2.6

Leominster-Gardner

75,055 76,036 75,440 75,985 4,330 2,966 4,006 2,403 5.8 3.9 5.3 3.2

New Bedford

82,910 83,095 83,266 82,588 5,795 4,025 5,327 3,308 7.0 4.8 6.4 4.0

Pittsfield

43,158 43,392 43,256 43,084 2,277 1,558 2,174 1,318 5.3 3.6 5.0 3.1

Springfield

360,211 364,613 363,382 365,956 20,465 15,206 18,946 12,472 5.7 4.2 5.2 3.4

Worcester

341,799 347,084 343,557 347,537 17,610 12,825 16,352 10,685 5.2 3.7 4.8 3.1

Michigan

4,723,231 4,860,588 4,754,223 4,858,107 216,640 214,153 223,097 224,961 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.6

Ann Arbor

185,338 196,020 192,346 200,033 5,746 6,057 5,741 6,931 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.5

Battle Creek

63,768 64,531 64,157 64,854 2,571 2,493 2,479 2,749 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.2

Bay City

51,785 52,134 52,209 52,060 2,205 2,112 2,089 2,301 4.3 4.1 4.0 4.4

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,997,382 2,088,499 2,010,141 2,078,802 112,407 112,339 122,750 111,928 5.6 5.4 6.1 5.4

Flint

178,979 181,136 180,939 182,774 8,497 8,096 8,154 8,927 4.7 4.5 4.5 4.9

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

551,111 562,359 556,512 566,143 16,535 16,316 15,777 18,220 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.2

Jackson

71,649 71,086 71,792 72,064 3,002 2,867 2,898 3,190 4.2 4.0 4.0 4.4

Kalamazoo-Portage

163,687 168,682 165,347 169,907 6,033 5,902 5,792 6,533 3.7 3.5 3.5 3.8

Lansing-East Lansing

240,966 245,508 244,429 248,060 8,333 8,152 7,923 8,957 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.6

Midland

41,098 41,455 41,224 41,456 1,510 1,493 1,469 1,669 3.7 3.6 3.6 4.0

Monroe

76,032 77,733 77,344 78,637 2,680 2,883 2,799 3,505 3.5 3.7 3.6 4.5

Muskegon

76,340 78,737 76,296 78,140 3,521 3,339 3,363 3,671 4.6 4.2 4.4 4.7

Niles-Benton Harbor

73,725 74,701 74,003 74,121 2,986 2,981 2,824 3,220 4.1 4.0 3.8 4.3

Saginaw

88,139 90,133 88,614 89,725 3,860 3,648 3,648 3,998 4.4 4.0 4.1 4.5

Minnesota

3,003,330 2,982,084 3,015,656 2,974,717 96,316 100,824 90,896 95,510 3.2 3.4 3.0 3.2

Duluth

141,365 139,808 141,609 139,126 6,358 6,609 6,254 6,354 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.6

Mankato-North Mankato

58,906 57,867 60,664 59,267 1,476 1,605 1,445 1,495 2.5 2.8 2.4 2.5

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,939,856 1,937,513 1,934,844 1,920,011 60,910 63,267 56,678 59,581 3.1 3.3 2.9 3.1

Rochester

118,030 118,474 118,796 118,431 3,136 3,345 2,930 3,134 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.6

St. Cloud

109,798 109,645 111,827 110,742 3,315 3,605 3,180 3,395 3.0 3.3 2.8 3.1

Mississippi

1,276,864 1,279,603 1,283,181 1,292,579 78,257 73,755 79,922 73,619 6.1 5.8 6.2 5.7

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

162,752 161,609 164,762 164,183 10,135 9,729 10,585 9,775 6.2 6.0 6.4 6.0

Hattiesburg

66,615 68,082 67,508 69,012 3,780 3,643 3,856 3,593 5.7 5.4 5.7 5.2

Jackson

266,241 267,243 270,279 272,184 13,885 13,395 14,321 13,414 5.2 5.0 5.3 4.9

Missouri

3,096,299 3,152,466 3,116,491 3,148,836 131,841 146,636 125,554 130,159 4.3 4.7 4.0 4.1

Cape Girardeau

48,973 49,033 49,174 48,970 1,994 2,445 1,933 2,142 4.1 5.0 3.9 4.4

Columbia

100,911 102,808 102,223 103,257 2,980 3,479 2,784 2,820 3.0 3.4 2.7 2.7

Jefferson City

75,937 76,993 76,535 76,570 2,739 2,990 2,453 2,455 3.6 3.9 3.2 3.2

Joplin

87,322 87,064 88,058 86,871 3,234 3,983 3,127 3,460 3.7 4.6 3.6 4.0

Kansas City

1,114,457 1,121,955 1,117,777 1,125,180 46,250 49,120 44,719 46,500 4.2 4.4 4.0 4.1

St. Joseph

65,187 65,753 65,892 65,721 2,561 2,818 2,519 2,487 3.9 4.3 3.8 3.8

St. Louis(2)

1,477,176 1,512,320 1,487,365 1,512,457 66,284 71,762 65,415 64,476 4.5 4.7 4.4 4.3

Springfield

232,335 237,620 233,221 239,984 8,891 9,971 8,361 8,545 3.8 4.2 3.6 3.6

Montana

522,517 519,654 522,181 523,004 17,775 18,242 19,326 20,094 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.8

Billings

87,892 88,219 88,598 89,093 2,562 2,825 2,724 2,993 2.9 3.2 3.1 3.4

Great Falls

38,600 38,286 38,883 38,660 1,375 1,314 1,468 1,436 3.6 3.4 3.8 3.7

Missoula

62,107 62,237 62,228 62,733 1,902 1,887 2,080 2,114 3.1 3.0 3.3 3.4

Nebraska

1,005,920 1,006,695 1,015,740 1,013,569 27,840 30,930 27,346 31,293 2.8 3.1 2.7 3.1

Grand Island

43,676 43,456 43,534 43,510 1,337 1,382 1,296 1,424 3.1 3.2 3.0 3.3

Lincoln

177,095 177,916 180,425 180,312 4,336 5,082 4,303 5,045 2.4 2.9 2.4 2.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

474,499 477,076 481,617 481,351 14,521 15,621 13,934 15,499 3.1 3.3 2.9 3.2

Nevada

1,431,378 1,428,550 1,432,183 1,429,737 94,032 76,783 89,743 75,664 6.6 5.4 6.3 5.3

Carson City

25,046 24,669 24,799 24,624 1,699 1,375 1,644 1,347 6.8 5.6 6.6 5.5

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

1,050,740 1,048,066 1,053,684 1,050,116 70,736 58,264 67,149 57,335 6.7 5.6 6.4 5.5

Reno

232,750 234,128 231,994 234,843 13,397 10,621 12,944 10,512 5.8 4.5 5.6 4.5

New Hampshire

736,887 750,006 738,395 749,416 22,307 19,618 21,514 17,453 3.0 2.6 2.9 2.3

Dover-Durham

81,926 82,982 82,379 83,479 2,208 2,002 2,167 1,791 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.1

Manchester

113,886 116,871 115,011 116,896 3,436 3,019 3,325 2,683 3.0 2.6 2.9 2.3

Portsmouth

74,434 75,533 73,613 75,291 1,921 1,791 1,828 1,655 2.6 2.4 2.5 2.2

New Jersey

4,501,453 4,543,411 4,537,695 4,536,158 228,213 237,947 216,593 220,679 5.1 5.2 4.8 4.9

Atlantic City-Hammonton

126,723 124,331 124,651 122,827 9,730 8,984 9,417 9,131 7.7 7.2 7.6 7.4

Ocean City

51,894 52,411 46,199 47,081 3,403 3,441 3,879 3,813 6.6 6.6 8.4 8.1

Trenton

197,166 199,537 200,165 198,998 8,808 9,319 8,271 8,534 4.5 4.7 4.1 4.3

Vineland-Bridgeton

66,646 66,329 67,058 65,700 4,938 4,931 4,702 4,569 7.4 7.4 7.0 7.0

New Mexico

913,291 923,175 918,660 928,567 58,552 61,466 58,327 60,306 6.4 6.7 6.3 6.5

Albuquerque

412,108 419,651 413,897 420,973 25,099 25,917 25,003 25,438 6.1 6.2 6.0 6.0

Farmington

54,810 55,996 55,820 56,790 3,914 4,888 3,853 4,699 7.1 8.7 6.9 8.3

Las Cruces

92,573 93,637 93,301 94,685 6,397 6,420 6,344 6,186 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.5

Santa Fe

70,432 72,095 72,143 73,358 3,821 3,853 3,864 3,819 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.2

New York

9,602,631 9,628,422 9,668,199 9,623,563 458,211 486,668 457,318 476,427 4.8 5.1 4.7 5.0

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

443,778 441,994 447,343 442,653 19,159 18,441 18,317 17,779 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.0

Binghamton

109,163 107,649 109,869 107,515 5,872 5,585 5,705 5,507 5.4 5.2 5.2 5.1

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

549,680 548,166 549,533 549,802 28,310 27,242 26,747 26,926 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.9

Elmira

37,699 37,012 37,614 37,059 2,153 2,021 2,045 1,980 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.3

Glens Falls

61,084 60,705 60,893 60,564 2,745 2,684 2,690 2,644 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.4

Ithaca

54,450 57,033 55,693 56,921 2,095 2,118 1,996 2,023 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.6

Kingston

87,927 89,186 88,774 89,190 4,039 3,896 3,801 3,751 4.6 4.4 4.3 4.2

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,980,321 10,043,324 10,068,742 10,042,266 476,314 519,406 473,411 498,830 4.8 5.2 4.7 5.0

Rochester

522,017 520,537 524,257 520,783 25,210 24,518 23,746 23,958 4.8 4.7 4.5 4.6

Syracuse

310,749 310,198 312,022 309,841 15,562 14,855 14,723 14,329 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.6

Utica-Rome

130,939 130,020 131,767 129,490 6,523 6,161 6,274 5,958 5.0 4.7 4.8 4.6

Watertown-Fort Drum

46,551 47,120 46,035 46,446 2,575 2,563 2,565 2,629 5.5 5.4 5.6 5.7

North Carolina

4,755,224 4,854,750 4,786,211 4,897,108 256,616 231,057 260,600 237,804 5.4 4.8 5.4 4.9

Asheville

219,082 225,132 220,046 226,773 9,316 8,623 9,448 8,662 4.3 3.8 4.3 3.8

Burlington

76,565 78,227 77,268 78,830 3,843 3,475 3,943 3,522 5.0 4.4 5.1 4.5

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,229,187 1,260,871 1,243,420 1,281,134 63,667 58,545 64,660 58,160 5.2 4.6 5.2 4.5

Durham-Chapel Hill

280,053 288,689 281,140 290,246 13,232 12,102 13,555 12,212 4.7 4.2 4.8 4.2

Fayetteville

144,508 147,126 145,884 147,779 10,267 8,885 10,450 9,210 7.1 6.0 7.2 6.2

Goldsboro

53,208 54,242 54,188 54,413 3,043 2,925 3,136 3,514 5.7 5.4 5.8 6.5

Greensboro-High Point

363,325 371,164 366,508 375,739 20,311 18,156 20,683 18,091 5.6 4.9 5.6 4.8

Greenville

87,419 87,920 87,479 88,193 5,073 4,482 5,118 4,981 5.8 5.1 5.9 5.6

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

166,857 167,002 167,312 167,980 8,918 7,800 8,982 7,830 5.3 4.7 5.4 4.7

Jacksonville

63,502 64,590 63,980 64,845 3,656 3,384 3,746 3,400 5.8 5.2 5.9 5.2

New Bern

50,930 51,784 51,375 52,053 2,923 2,564 2,957 2,749 5.7 5.0 5.8 5.3

Raleigh

657,724 675,826 661,146 681,763 29,810 27,467 30,529 27,863 4.5 4.1 4.6 4.1

Rocky Mount

66,061 66,411 67,849 67,703 5,111 4,676 5,060 4,867 7.7 7.0 7.5 7.2

Wilmington

140,224 142,516 139,600 142,295 7,260 6,485 7,265 6,465 5.2 4.6 5.2 4.5

Winston-Salem

317,161 321,737 317,638 323,764 16,393 14,594 16,534 14,519 5.2 4.5 5.2 4.5

North Dakota

412,703 427,140 412,906 428,444 8,603 10,540 7,962 9,237 2.1 2.5 1.9 2.2

Bismarck

67,349 71,591 67,663 72,041 1,277 1,636 1,122 1,397 1.9 2.3 1.7 1.9

Fargo

131,535 137,643 132,300 138,588 2,566 2,981 2,250 2,547 2.0 2.2 1.7 1.8

Grand Forks

54,993 56,699 55,781 57,191 1,234 1,408 1,063 1,207 2.2 2.5 1.9 2.1

Ohio

5,667,021 5,732,869 5,703,746 5,716,385 243,270 277,133 243,005 264,423 4.3 4.8 4.3 4.6

Akron

356,920 362,360 362,676 362,511 15,354 17,841 15,794 16,973 4.3 4.9 4.4 4.7

Canton-Massillon

198,530 199,742 199,837 199,919 9,702 10,781 9,817 10,114 4.9 5.4 4.9 5.1

Cincinnati

1,069,941 1,085,842 1,070,481 1,086,578 43,691 46,620 43,713 44,336 4.1 4.3 4.1 4.1

Cleveland-Elyria

1,015,720 1,028,930 1,013,298 1,024,773 42,472 50,750 38,981 51,489 4.2 4.9 3.8 5.0

Columbus

1,034,165 1,047,370 1,046,516 1,048,013 38,981 43,728 39,485 40,841 3.8 4.2 3.8 3.9

Dayton

378,158 385,183 382,594 383,887 16,306 18,281 16,453 17,178 4.3 4.7 4.3 4.5

Lima

47,687 49,144 48,271 48,924 2,023 2,434 2,060 2,275 4.2 5.0 4.3 4.7

Mansfield

53,152 52,458 53,435 52,158 2,588 2,832 2,669 2,697 4.9 5.4 5.0 5.2

Springfield

63,425 64,470 64,163 63,651 2,819 3,707 2,860 3,013 4.4 5.7 4.5 4.7

Toledo

300,021 304,752 302,168 303,663 13,140 14,973 13,327 14,246 4.4 4.9 4.4 4.7

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

52,662 53,132 52,792 53,050 3,543 3,628 3,427 3,510 6.7 6.8 6.5 6.6

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

249,678 250,658 250,668 249,077 13,130 15,385 13,494 14,804 5.3 6.1 5.4 5.9

Oklahoma

1,842,550 1,821,032 1,854,140 1,829,773 74,965 98,138 77,457 89,947 4.1 5.4 4.2 4.9

Lawton

52,408 52,100 53,452 52,569 2,104 2,721 2,228 2,497 4.0 5.2 4.2 4.7

Oklahoma City

670,380 662,058 675,948 664,810 23,611 31,442 24,184 28,777 3.5 4.7 3.6 4.3

Tulsa

476,006 469,979 480,984 475,213 19,855 26,340 20,590 24,338 4.2 5.6 4.3 5.1

Oregon

1,987,029 2,087,905 1,995,937 2,092,696 103,493 102,687 105,083 100,129 5.2 4.9 5.3 4.8

Albany

54,812 57,108 55,121 57,430 3,539 3,288 3,617 3,198 6.5 5.8 6.6 5.6

Bend-Redmond

85,810 92,163 85,599 91,067 4,461 4,311 4,635 4,286 5.2 4.7 5.4 4.7

Corvallis

44,583 46,216 45,867 47,377 1,864 1,971 1,805 1,791 4.2 4.3 3.9 3.8

Eugene

170,483 178,225 174,021 180,805 9,568 9,657 9,672 9,399 5.6 5.4 5.6 5.2

Grants Pass

33,628 35,058 33,716 35,036 2,350 2,247 2,444 2,217 7.0 6.4 7.2 6.3

Medford

98,655 103,638 99,323 103,625 5,921 5,851 6,003 5,619 6.0 5.6 6.0 5.4

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,227,524 1,287,608 1,237,579 1,298,233 60,450 61,404 60,941 60,453 4.9 4.8 4.9 4.7

Salem

192,635 203,175 192,516 202,901 10,372 10,363 10,624 9,966 5.4 5.1 5.5 4.9

Pennsylvania

6,399,944 6,526,559 6,415,244 6,507,007 296,138 350,660 284,564 350,249 4.6 5.4 4.4 5.4

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

429,578 433,795 429,487 430,562 20,047 24,210 19,088 22,943 4.7 5.6 4.4 5.3

Altoona

61,150 62,308 60,075 61,981 2,630 3,134 2,530 3,198 4.3 5.0 4.2 5.2

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42,949 43,778 43,083 43,968 1,908 2,108 1,799 2,119 4.4 4.8 4.2 4.8

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

76,814 79,985 77,437 79,779 3,334 3,951 3,331 4,070 4.3 4.9 4.3 5.1

East Stroudsburg

80,452 82,285 80,142 81,829 4,539 5,220 4,348 5,162 5.6 6.3 5.4 6.3

Erie

134,639 136,908 134,597 135,718 6,187 8,768 6,140 8,685 4.6 6.4 4.6 6.4

Gettysburg

54,580 56,036 54,894 55,845 1,878 2,112 1,783 2,157 3.4 3.8 3.2 3.9

Harrisburg-Carlisle

292,736 297,986 292,196 295,935 11,093 13,580 10,658 13,422 3.8 4.6 3.6 4.5

Johnstown

61,922 62,029 61,984 62,153 3,342 3,916 3,214 3,956 5.4 6.3 5.2 6.4

Lancaster

275,271 279,388 276,220 277,700 9,747 11,501 9,233 11,653 3.5 4.1 3.3 4.2

Lebanon

69,876 71,168 69,957 70,797 2,693 3,151 2,586 3,194 3.9 4.4 3.7 4.5

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

3,043,035 3,104,885 3,063,452 3,107,342 149,006 162,549 142,631 159,801 4.9 5.2 4.7 5.1

Pittsburgh

1,209,566 1,226,927 1,211,182 1,225,170 56,399 67,967 54,238 67,692 4.7 5.5 4.5 5.5

Reading

212,660 217,559 213,661 216,774 9,093 10,779 8,621 10,785 4.3 5.0 4.0 5.0

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

277,648 280,643 278,635 279,593 14,699 16,589 14,145 16,687 5.3 5.9 5.1 6.0

State College

78,264 80,503 80,536 81,805 2,606 3,175 2,504 3,309 3.3 3.9 3.1 4.0

Williamsport

60,488 59,925 60,144 59,719 3,318 3,747 3,177 3,687 5.5 6.3 5.3 6.2

York-Hanover

232,843 238,351 232,699 237,004 9,376 10,858 8,936 10,883 4.0 4.6 3.8 4.6

Rhode Island

552,889 554,828 553,739 553,837 28,470 28,392 28,373 26,535 5.1 5.1 5.1 4.8

Providence-Warwick

677,744 681,066 679,100 680,163 35,466 33,017 34,707 30,182 5.2 4.8 5.1 4.4

South Carolina

2,251,834 2,297,671 2,261,830 2,298,744 127,250 111,702 127,480 106,069 5.7 4.9 5.6 4.6

Charleston-North Charleston

360,798 372,026 361,566 372,345 17,898 15,570 17,449 14,597 5.0 4.2 4.8 3.9

Columbia

395,197 405,750 397,930 404,840 20,859 18,767 21,406 17,543 5.3 4.6 5.4 4.3

Florence

95,124 95,079 95,397 94,957 6,078 5,213 6,186 4,926 6.4 5.5 6.5 5.2

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

414,915 421,406 418,675 424,670 20,915 18,600 20,115 17,425 5.0 4.4 4.8 4.1

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

83,434 85,475 83,258 84,085 4,335 3,802 4,089 3,720 5.2 4.4 4.9 4.4

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

185,977 189,203 182,484 183,583 11,626 10,053 11,875 9,989 6.3 5.3 6.5 5.4

Spartanburg

150,390 153,092 151,548 154,335 8,306 7,248 8,058 6,823 5.5 4.7 5.3 4.4

Sumter

44,108 44,331 44,452 44,294 2,906 2,539 2,946 2,426 6.6 5.7 6.6 5.5

South Dakota

449,835 452,699 453,231 456,102 12,049 10,943 11,320 10,773 2.7 2.4 2.5 2.4

Rapid City

72,035 72,874 71,787 73,024 2,055 1,892 1,917 1,873 2.9 2.6 2.7 2.6

Sioux Falls

143,877 147,526 146,307 150,793 3,250 2,912 3,038 2,899 2.3 2.0 2.1 1.9

Tennessee

3,049,764 3,175,531 3,061,405 3,175,327 168,074 159,457 163,038 154,227 5.5 5.0 5.3 4.9

Chattanooga

253,553 262,439 253,461 262,721 13,518 13,578 13,122 13,273 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.1

Clarksville

108,183 112,682 108,705 112,862 6,344 6,317 6,230 5,947 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.3

Cleveland

55,576 59,342 56,980 61,345 2,975 2,835 2,824 2,753 5.4 4.8 5.0 4.5

Jackson

61,217 63,397 61,550 63,132 3,571 3,268 3,459 3,176 5.8 5.2 5.6 5.0

Johnson City

88,512 91,692 88,632 91,602 5,286 5,032 5,028 4,865 6.0 5.5 5.7 5.3

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

136,727 139,745 136,956 138,924 7,515 7,419 7,310 7,320 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.3

Knoxville

404,073 421,879 405,204 422,103 20,607 19,949 19,884 19,334 5.1 4.7 4.9 4.6

Memphis

611,394 625,143 611,841 629,705 37,985 34,689 37,403 34,104 6.2 5.5 6.1 5.4

Morristown

49,213 51,582 49,900 52,264 2,993 2,752 2,859 2,649 6.1 5.3 5.7 5.1

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

932,073 980,767 937,745 979,208 41,914 39,320 40,361 37,496 4.5 4.0 4.3 3.8

Texas

13,067,230 13,416,525 13,114,424 13,334,556 586,777 661,895 582,556 584,778 4.5 4.9 4.4 4.4

Abilene

74,941 76,181 74,871 76,005 2,949 3,213 2,875 2,873 3.9 4.2 3.8 3.8

Amarillo

129,749 131,843 130,484 131,185 4,098 4,593 4,056 4,141 3.2 3.5 3.1 3.2

Austin-Round Rock

1,072,494 1,108,888 1,080,815 1,105,484 35,918 39,133 35,653 35,325 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur

175,208 178,698 176,550 177,287 11,736 12,915 11,820 11,082 6.7 7.2 6.7 6.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

162,921 168,176 162,958 166,528 11,045 12,556 10,907 10,996 6.8 7.5 6.7 6.6

College Station-Bryan

122,201 127,076 123,473 127,063 4,257 4,760 4,212 4,289 3.5 3.7 3.4 3.4

Corpus Christi

207,202 212,695 208,420 211,757 10,900 13,281 10,980 11,948 5.3 6.2 5.3 5.6

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,595,184 3,742,404 3,610,389 3,726,196 144,353 151,859 142,921 135,729 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.6

El Paso

344,998 355,544 346,594 353,974 17,772 18,906 17,656 16,987 5.2 5.3 5.1 4.8

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

3,247,882 3,318,041 3,258,399 3,296,157 154,954 190,391 154,263 166,963 4.8 5.7 4.7 5.1

Killeen-Temple

170,861 174,737 170,698 173,427 7,937 8,442 7,874 7,517 4.6 4.8 4.6 4.3

Laredo

112,394 116,183 112,811 116,232 5,298 5,758 5,313 5,099 4.7 5.0 4.7 4.4

Longview

99,978 102,600 100,331 101,783 5,281 6,814 5,213 5,817 5.3 6.6 5.2 5.7

Lubbock

154,224 157,181 154,462 156,159 5,309 5,678 5,189 5,053 3.4 3.6 3.4 3.2

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

328,693 338,493 329,705 335,085 25,313 26,898 24,492 22,586 7.7 7.9 7.4 6.7

Midland

89,072 90,102 88,879 89,598 3,285 4,069 3,362 3,515 3.7 4.5 3.8 3.9

Odessa

78,315 79,253 78,174 78,394 3,986 5,195 4,086 4,443 5.1 6.6 5.2 5.7

San Angelo

54,869 56,630 54,964 56,142 2,287 2,589 2,295 2,330 4.2 4.6 4.2 4.2

San Antonio-New Braunfels

1,100,847 1,129,958 1,105,544 1,121,499 42,110 45,878 41,693 41,281 3.8 4.1 3.8 3.7

Sherman-Denison

60,210 61,642 60,595 61,432 2,380 2,450 2,358 2,190 4.0 4.0 3.9 3.6

Texarkana

64,881 65,447 64,787 64,884 3,081 3,268 3,016 2,843 4.7 5.0 4.7 4.4

Tyler

102,834 105,185 103,052 105,020 4,686 5,262 4,634 4,636 4.6 5.0 4.5 4.4

Victoria

49,197 51,087 49,239 50,601 2,168 2,824 2,192 2,491 4.4 5.5 4.5 4.9

Waco

119,500 122,701 118,731 121,455 4,874 5,306 4,761 4,761 4.1 4.3 4.0 3.9

Wichita Falls

64,385 64,647 64,732 64,348 2,873 2,955 2,871 2,641 4.5 4.6 4.4 4.1

Utah

1,469,003 1,503,819 1,473,640 1,513,045 47,280 44,020 47,435 47,097 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.1

Logan

67,340 69,209 68,045 69,901 1,870 1,737 1,827 1,828 2.8 2.5 2.7 2.6

Ogden-Clearfield

307,045 316,404 308,978 318,213 10,295 9,337 10,227 10,083 3.4 3.0 3.3 3.2

Provo-Orem

275,260 281,267 275,419 282,964 8,066 7,647 7,966 8,008 2.9 2.7 2.9 2.8

St. George

64,371 67,667 65,279 68,070 2,277 2,074 2,306 2,243 3.5 3.1 3.5 3.3

Salt Lake City

617,859 630,608 620,384 637,272 18,775 17,507 18,942 18,809 3.0 2.8 3.1 3.0

Vermont

343,470 343,154 343,193 343,529 12,767 11,824 10,460 9,127 3.7 3.4 3.0 2.7

Burlington-South Burlington

125,174 125,950 125,515 125,676 3,878 3,688 3,107 2,820 3.1 2.9 2.5 2.2

Virginia

4,203,877 4,218,301 4,221,613 4,245,351 174,284 169,396 169,890 174,634 4.1 4.0 4.0 4.1

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

92,016 91,625 92,034 91,975 3,804 4,078 3,861 4,217 4.1 4.5 4.2 4.6

Charlottesville

116,097 118,329 115,256 118,145 4,149 4,060 4,129 4,262 3.6 3.4 3.6 3.6

Harrisonburg

63,686 63,366 63,596 63,221 2,614 2,523 2,608 2,660 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.2

Lynchburg

122,015 120,363 122,533 121,088 5,475 5,417 5,363 5,568 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.6

Richmond

656,043 665,339 666,730 672,970 28,594 27,413 27,558 27,951 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.2

Roanoke

157,417 157,549 157,990 158,631 6,448 6,219 6,247 6,443 4.1 3.9 4.0 4.1

Staunton-Waynesboro

58,283 57,160 58,063 57,203 2,309 2,257 2,268 2,393 4.0 3.9 3.9 4.2

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

830,561 826,681 832,766 831,473 38,098 37,888 37,539 38,411 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.6

Winchester

68,966 70,191 69,086 70,423 2,642 2,488 2,547 2,599 3.8 3.5 3.7 3.7

Washington

3,539,460 3,663,383 3,561,952 3,687,960 184,904 186,236 189,562 186,226 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.0

Bellingham

100,524 103,361 102,540 105,389 5,585 6,037 5,629 6,253 5.6 5.8 5.5 5.9

Bremerton-Silverdale

113,828 116,167 115,900 118,303 5,711 6,596 5,860 6,807 5.0 5.7 5.1 5.8

Kennewick-Richland

130,984 135,676 130,748 135,528 7,257 7,983 7,578 8,233 5.5 5.9 5.8 6.1

Longview

43,774 45,509 44,355 45,907 3,100 3,229 3,097 3,285 7.1 7.1 7.0 7.2

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

56,382 58,273 57,160 58,962 3,408 3,661 3,428 3,783 6.0 6.3 6.0 6.4

Olympia-Tumwater

124,160 127,304 125,995 129,833 6,717 7,240 6,844 7,484 5.4 5.7 5.4 5.8

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,968,332 2,046,273 1,972,909 2,050,222 96,163 90,546 97,907 86,950 4.9 4.4 5.0 4.2

Spokane-Spokane Valley

246,495 256,167 250,908 261,532 14,509 15,110 14,741 15,468 5.9 5.9 5.9 5.9

Walla Walla

29,242 29,549 30,686 31,117 1,453 1,534 1,438 1,577 5.0 5.2 4.7 5.1

Wenatchee

65,442 67,359 65,800 66,551 2,801 3,235 3,063 3,413 4.3 4.8 4.7 5.1

Yakima

128,583 131,951 128,715 131,547 7,043 7,572 7,945 8,294 5.5 5.7 6.2 6.3

West Virginia

784,441 794,380 785,475 800,977 45,979 42,038 43,716 44,739 5.9 5.3 5.6 5.6

Beckley

47,000 46,934 46,704 46,980 3,137 2,887 3,065 3,071 6.7 6.2 6.6 6.5

Charleston

97,999 98,625 98,296 99,255 5,619 5,272 5,408 5,612 5.7 5.3 5.5 5.7

Huntington-Ashland

146,873 149,880 147,619 150,394 8,378 8,645 7,766 8,516 5.7 5.8 5.3 5.7

Morgantown

66,132 67,870 67,176 68,855 2,889 2,724 2,696 2,904 4.4 4.0 4.0 4.2

Parkersburg-Vienna

39,581 39,429 39,714 39,805 2,303 2,044 2,134 2,194 5.8 5.2 5.4 5.5

Wheeling

65,574 65,630 66,132 66,111 3,883 3,970 3,710 3,957 5.9 6.0 5.6 6.0

Wisconsin

3,090,716 3,136,247 3,104,566 3,134,516 122,240 109,338 122,057 109,924 4.0 3.5 3.9 3.5

Appleton

128,539 130,590 129,619 131,120 4,273 3,923 4,241 3,982 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.0

Eau Claire

91,295 92,249 91,551 92,721 3,154 2,756 3,141 2,839 3.5 3.0 3.4 3.1

Fond du Lac

57,244 57,850 57,589 58,071 1,948 1,663 1,939 1,676 3.4 2.9 3.4 2.9

Green Bay

170,369 173,617 170,857 173,820 6,147 5,547 6,117 5,614 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.2

Janesville-Beloit

83,652 86,729 83,692 86,729 3,799 3,385 3,763 3,346 4.5 3.9 4.5 3.9

La Crosse-Onalaska

76,852 77,975 78,155 78,692 2,529 2,395 2,567 2,427 3.3 3.1 3.3 3.1

Madison

376,579 383,549 379,617 384,456 11,293 9,969 11,140 10,490 3.0 2.6 2.9 2.7

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

821,479 829,063 827,282 828,449 36,855 33,461 37,076 32,991 4.5 4.0 4.5 4.0

Oshkosh-Neenah

91,051 91,865 91,870 92,246 3,387 2,938 3,384 3,009 3.7 3.2 3.7 3.3

Racine

98,777 99,579 98,868 99,063 4,913 4,421 4,877 4,292 5.0 4.4 4.9 4.3

Sheboygan

61,234 62,434 61,038 61,473 2,041 1,885 2,006 1,950 3.3 3.0 3.3 3.2

Wausau

73,049 74,373 74,117 74,868 2,548 2,259 2,517 2,301 3.5 3.0 3.4 3.1

Wyoming

305,097 300,824 304,839 302,944 11,235 14,022 11,948 13,914 3.7 4.7 3.9 4.6

Casper

41,952 40,776 42,224 41,432 1,974 2,696 2,029 2,591 4.7 6.6 4.8 6.3

Cheyenne

48,148 46,970 48,659 48,035 1,684 1,755 1,749 1,811 3.5 3.7 3.6 3.8

Puerto Rico

1,129,581 1,129,793 1,150,518 1,112,969 137,518 147,595 162,851 139,369 12.2 13.1 14.2 12.5

Aguadilla-Isabela

88,311 90,131 91,595 89,605 13,205 14,817 15,983 14,500 15.0 16.4 17.4 16.2

Arecibo

52,767 52,543 54,380 51,895 7,226 7,823 9,023 7,730 13.7 14.9 16.6 14.9

Guayama

22,457 22,445 23,059 21,852 4,056 4,394 4,881 4,071 18.1 19.6 21.2 18.6

Mayaguez

29,227 29,722 29,826 29,179 3,867 4,517 4,539 4,201 13.2 15.2 15.2 14.4

Ponce

99,385 98,848 102,047 97,039 16,354 16,541 19,350 15,501 16.5 16.7 19.0 16.0

San German

36,631 36,640 37,739 36,123 5,014 6,011 6,050 5,739 13.7 16.4 16.0 15.9

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

755,668 753,519 763,200 740,147 78,961 84,395 92,609 79,304 10.4 11.2 12.1 10.7

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) The area boundary does not reflect the Office of Management and Budget delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current Population Survey. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
State, area, and division Civilian labor force Unemployed
September October Number Percent of labor force
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) September October September October
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) 2015 2016 2015 2016(p)

California

18,917,335 19,435,024 18,995,347 19,463,437 1,063,374 1,028,577 1,094,641 1,031,052 5.6 5.3 5.8 5.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

6,579,482 6,788,684 6,595,274 6,785,543 375,151 335,398 370,412 328,186 5.7 4.9 5.6 4.8

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,591,935 1,638,431 1,602,375 1,643,578 66,497 66,003 69,928 67,164 4.2 4.0 4.4 4.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,987,547 5,150,253 4,992,899 5,141,965 308,654 269,395 300,484 261,022 6.2 5.2 6.0 5.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,506,056 2,572,729 2,517,869 2,586,311 98,103 98,696 102,805 100,147 3.9 3.8 4.1 3.9

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,371,131 1,406,853 1,377,452 1,414,011 61,281 61,398 64,026 62,044 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.4

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

994,056 1,020,749 998,741 1,025,761 32,184 32,566 33,892 33,254 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.2

San Rafael

140,869 145,127 141,676 146,539 4,638 4,732 4,887 4,849 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.3

District of Columbia

387,821 389,882 390,409 399,144 26,332 25,377 25,983 24,607 6.8 6.5 6.7 6.2

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,269,076 3,293,497 3,291,298 3,333,327 140,951 126,540 139,006 131,537 4.3 3.8 4.2 3.9

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

676,212 680,344 680,270 687,421 27,504 22,315 27,410 23,591 4.1 3.3 4.0 3.4

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,592,864 2,613,153 2,611,028 2,645,906 113,447 104,225 111,596 107,946 4.4 4.0 4.3 4.1

Florida

9,696,612 9,870,136 9,698,746 9,887,458 513,732 492,692 495,501 488,986 5.3 5.0 5.1 4.9

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

3,017,107 3,046,034 3,031,755 3,067,013 166,701 157,619 161,753 154,964 5.5 5.2 5.3 5.1

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

996,865 1,023,387 996,831 1,021,629 48,915 47,112 47,137 47,287 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.6

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,325,898 1,319,008 1,338,131 1,339,329 81,929 74,133 80,539 71,911 6.2 5.6 6.0 5.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

694,344 703,639 696,793 706,055 35,857 36,374 34,077 35,766 5.2 5.2 4.9 5.1

Illinois

6,485,397 6,566,619 6,529,418 6,561,428 345,322 355,724 366,098 364,025 5.3 5.4 5.6 5.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,855,965 4,934,935 4,887,598 4,930,120 248,215 257,231 259,280 272,338 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,738,481 3,797,621 3,763,177 3,794,855 190,723 198,375 198,353 217,567 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.7

Elgin

323,477 326,905 326,090 328,083 17,065 16,866 18,413 15,965 5.3 5.2 5.6 4.9

Gary(3)

335,345 346,642 338,518 345,570 18,293 19,561 18,674 17,471 5.5 5.6 5.5 5.1

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

458,662 463,767 459,813 461,612 22,134 22,429 23,840 21,335 4.8 4.8 5.2 4.6

Massachusetts

3,542,718 3,590,161 3,557,973 3,584,892 172,206 118,770 158,980 97,878 4.9 3.3 4.5 2.7

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,604,584 2,644,354 2,620,948 2,646,581 116,168 81,467 107,258 67,806 4.5 3.1 4.1 2.6

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,541,034 1,565,020 1,551,530 1,567,429 66,079 45,526 60,997 37,781 4.3 2.9 3.9 2.4

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

104,009 105,169 105,005 105,290 5,765 4,017 5,189 3,215 5.5 3.8 4.9 3.1

Framingham

153,025 155,147 153,656 155,292 6,030 4,260 5,560 3,543 3.9 2.7 3.6 2.3

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

111,800 114,855 112,485 114,698 4,844 3,495 4,536 3,001 4.3 3.0 4.0 2.6

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

94,746 94,712 95,423 94,375 6,263 4,283 5,751 3,590 6.6 4.5 6.0 3.8

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

181,065 183,284 181,563 182,942 8,943 6,320 8,284 5,219 4.9 3.4 4.6 2.9

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

82,425 83,179 82,744 82,978 4,154 2,871 3,805 2,378 5.0 3.5 4.6 2.9

Nashua(2)

165,912 169,738 166,720 170,445 5,657 4,898 5,447 4,340 3.4 2.9 3.3 2.5

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

89,053 90,170 89,944 90,311 4,107 2,804 3,763 2,305 4.6 3.1 4.2 2.6

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

81,515 83,080 81,878 82,821 4,326 2,993 3,926 2,434 5.3 3.6 4.8 2.9

Michigan

4,723,231 4,860,588 4,754,223 4,858,107 216,640 214,153 223,097 224,961 4.6 4.4 4.7 4.6

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,997,382 2,088,499 2,010,141 2,078,802 112,407 112,339 122,750 111,928 5.6 5.4 6.1 5.4

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

749,291 783,217 754,575 779,677 50,000 51,079 55,912 51,676 6.7 6.5 7.4 6.6

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,248,091 1,305,283 1,255,566 1,299,122 62,408 61,260 66,837 60,251 5.0 4.7 5.3 4.6

New York

9,602,631 9,628,422 9,668,199 9,623,563 458,211 486,668 457,318 476,427 4.8 5.1 4.7 5.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,980,321 10,043,324 10,068,742 10,042,266 476,314 519,406 473,411 498,830 4.8 5.2 4.7 5.0

Dutchess County-Putnam County

192,845 194,965 194,809 195,543 8,417 8,174 7,904 7,904 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.0

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,464,135 1,476,060 1,471,561 1,474,000 63,527 61,671 60,633 60,480 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.1

Newark(3)

1,246,478 1,257,729 1,258,856 1,256,127 62,528 66,086 59,211 60,983 5.0 5.3 4.7 4.9

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

7,076,863 7,114,570 7,143,516 7,116,596 341,842 383,475 345,663 369,463 4.8 5.4 4.8 5.2

Pennsylvania

6,399,944 6,526,559 6,415,244 6,507,007 296,138 350,660 284,564 350,249 4.6 5.4 4.4 5.4

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

3,043,035 3,104,885 3,063,452 3,107,342 149,006 162,549 142,631 159,801 4.9 5.2 4.7 5.1

Camden(3)

632,683 638,782 638,401 639,499 33,351 34,269 31,408 31,349 5.3 5.4 4.9 4.9

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,051,268 1,076,343 1,055,338 1,074,363 39,302 46,293 37,622 46,878 3.7 4.3 3.6 4.4

Philadelphia

984,583 1,012,144 989,708 1,013,318 57,449 65,063 55,051 64,954 5.8 6.4 5.6 6.4

Wilmington(3)

374,501 377,616 380,005 380,162 18,904 16,924 18,550 16,620 5.0 4.5 4.9 4.4

Texas

13,067,230 13,416,525 13,114,424 13,334,556 586,777 661,895 582,556 584,778 4.5 4.9 4.4 4.4

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,595,184 3,742,404 3,610,389 3,726,196 144,353 151,859 142,921 135,729 4.0 4.1 4.0 3.6

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,409,776 2,521,541 2,424,643 2,513,027 94,712 100,448 93,794 89,913 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.6

Fort Worth-Arlington

1,185,408 1,220,863 1,185,746 1,213,169 49,641 51,411 49,127 45,816 4.2 4.2 4.1 3.8

Washington

3,539,460 3,663,383 3,561,952 3,687,960 184,904 186,236 189,562 186,226 5.2 5.1 5.3 5.0

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,968,332 2,046,273 1,972,909 2,050,222 96,163 90,546 97,907 86,950 4.9 4.4 5.0 4.2

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,579,726 1,644,271 1,579,458 1,642,936 73,667 66,224 74,879 62,024 4.7 4.0 4.7 3.8

Tacoma-Lakewood

388,606 402,002 393,451 407,286 22,496 24,322 23,028 24,926 5.8 6.1 5.9 6.1

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area September October Change from
October 2015 to October 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,951.9 1,970.5 1,957.9 1,982.4 24.5 1.3

Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville

45.9 46.3 46.2 46.4 0.2 0.4

Auburn-Opelika

61.6 63.9 62.1 64.0 1.9 3.1

Birmingham-Hoover

515.9 521.2 517.1 521.6 4.5 0.9

Daphne-Fairhope-Foley

70.4 72.2 69.9 71.8 1.9 2.7

Decatur

53.7 54.4 53.7 54.4 0.7 1.3

Dothan

57.0 57.1 56.9 57.6 0.7 1.2

Florence-Muscle Shoals

56.3 56.6 56.4 57.0 0.6 1.1

Gadsden

37.9 38.0 37.8 38.1 0.3 0.8

Huntsville

221.2 223.0 221.7 224.9 3.2 1.4

Mobile

176.5 177.7 176.9 179.4 2.5 1.4

Montgomery

169.9 171.9 170.5 172.2 1.7 1.0

Tuscaloosa

105.8 107.6 106.1 107.9 1.8 1.7


Alaska

351.8 349.1 332.9 333.1 0.2 0.1

Anchorage

185.2 183.4 181.3 180.7 -0.6 -0.3

Fairbanks

39.9 39.6 38.3 37.9 -0.4 -1.0


Arizona

2,646.4 2,705.4 2,683.8 2,733.4 49.6 1.8

Flagstaff

67.5 68.1 67.6 68.1 0.5 0.7

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

47.4 47.3 47.8 48.0 0.2 0.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale

1,920.8 1,967.4 1,952.5 1,990.3 37.8 1.9

Prescott

61.9 65.3 62.7 65.7 3.0 4.8

Sierra Vista-Douglas

34.0 34.1 34.1 34.2 0.1 0.3

Tucson

369.6 376.5 373.6 380.6 7.0 1.9

Yuma

52.3 53.2 53.6 54.2 0.6 1.1


Arkansas

1,221.4 1,233.5 1,226.1 1,237.8 11.7 1.0

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

239.7 244.3 241.0 244.8 3.8 1.6

Fort Smith

113.8 114.4 114.5 115.0 0.5 0.4

Hot Springs

37.7 38.3 37.5 38.0 0.5 1.3

Jonesboro

55.1 56.8 55.3 56.9 1.6 2.9

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

353.3 355.8 355.2 357.1 1.9 0.5

Pine Bluff

33.8 33.2 34.1 33.5 -0.6 -1.8


California

16,151.0 16,519.5 16,290.8 16,658.4 367.6 2.3

Bakersfield

257.3 261.9 261.0 264.1 3.1 1.2

Chico

77.6 80.0 79.6 81.1 1.5 1.9

El Centro

51.0 53.2 52.3 53.7 1.4 2.7

Fresno

327.8 335.7 332.7 335.9 3.2 1.0

Hanford-Corcoran

39.8 38.8 39.1 38.4 -0.7 -1.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,840.9 5,958.8 5,895.1 6,006.3 111.2 1.9

Madera

36.5 38.7 36.4 38.6 2.2 6.0

Merced

66.2 67.2 65.8 66.9 1.1 1.7

Modesto

170.2 174.7 167.5 174.0 6.5 3.9

Napa

72.7 74.9 73.4 75.9 2.5 3.4

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

294.0 297.5 297.4 301.8 4.4 1.5

Redding

64.4 64.5 64.8 64.8 0.0 0.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,349.7 1,380.6 1,369.6 1,394.2 24.6 1.8

Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade

921.5 949.1 927.7 951.8 24.1 2.6

Salinas

136.7 135.7 136.6 136.4 -0.2 -0.1

San Diego-Carlsbad

1,392.1 1,422.8 1,402.2 1,431.7 29.5 2.1

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,277.7 2,334.8 2,296.7 2,354.9 58.2 2.5

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

1,049.0 1,087.4 1,059.6 1,093.8 34.2 3.2

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande

113.6 116.2 115.7 118.6 2.9 2.5

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

97.0 99.9 99.0 101.8 2.8 2.8

Santa Maria-Santa Barbara

180.1 184.0 183.2 187.3 4.1 2.2

Santa Rosa

199.7 204.5 199.8 203.8 4.0 2.0

Stockton-Lodi

223.5 227.0 223.6 227.1 3.5 1.6

Vallejo-Fairfield

133.4 136.9 134.9 138.0 3.1 2.3

Visalia-Porterville

119.3 122.1 119.4 122.5 3.1 2.6

Yuba City

42.1 41.7 42.0 41.8 -0.2 -0.5


Colorado

2,558.0 2,625.8 2,564.5 2,628.7 64.2 2.5

Boulder

182.9 187.5 184.2 189.3 5.1 2.8

Colorado Springs

275.6 279.3 275.7 279.1 3.4 1.2

Denver-Aurora-Lakewood

1,409.2 1,455.9 1,410.3 1,460.9 50.6 3.6

Fort Collins

158.1 162.2 158.7 162.6 3.9 2.5

Grand Junction

62.3 62.9 62.3 62.8 0.5 0.8

Greeley

100.6 103.7 101.9 105.0 3.1 3.0

Pueblo

61.2 62.5 61.6 62.9 1.3 2.1


Connecticut

1,674.0 1,682.4 1,687.7 1,690.6 2.9 0.2

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

409.1 413.1 412.0 412.6 0.6 0.1

Danbury

77.9 78.7 78.3 79.0 0.7 0.9

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

570.7 575.8 574.5 580.0 5.5 1.0

New Haven

281.2 283.2 282.8 283.9 1.1 0.4

Norwich-New London-Westerly

129.7 129.1 129.1 128.7 -0.4 -0.3

Waterbury

66.5 67.3 66.4 67.7 1.3 2.0


Delaware

450.9 461.4 454.4 462.6 8.2 1.8

Dover

68.3 70.3 69.5 70.8 1.3 1.9

Salisbury(1)

159.8 164.4 155.6 159.6 4.0 2.6


District of Columbia

766.6 781.5 772.0 785.6 13.6 1.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

3,180.9 3,257.5 3,206.6 3,276.8 70.2 2.2


Florida

8,100.7 8,378.5 8,182.0 8,440.3 258.3 3.2

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

243.5 251.9 248.1 257.1 9.0 3.6

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

107.4 108.1 106.3 107.3 1.0 0.9

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

188.1 197.1 189.8 199.4 9.6 5.1

Gainesville

136.9 138.5 138.6 139.4 0.8 0.6

Homosassa Springs

32.6 32.9 33.1 33.2 0.1 0.3

Jacksonville

650.9 682.5 655.3 679.8 24.5 3.7

Lakeland-Winter Haven

208.6 211.7 210.4 212.6 2.2 1.0

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,507.1 2,565.9 2,532.3 2,583.3 51.0 2.0

Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island

131.8 136.1 134.2 138.4 4.2 3.1

North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton

281.6 289.6 284.0 295.5 11.5 4.0

Ocala

97.7 99.3 98.5 99.6 1.1 1.1

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,162.9 1,216.9 1,173.7 1,221.1 47.4 4.0

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

201.5 205.4 202.4 206.1 3.7 1.8

Panama City

82.6 83.2 81.8 83.0 1.2 1.5

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

168.2 171.7 168.6 172.3 3.7 2.2

Port St. Lucie

136.9 140.2 139.0 140.8 1.8 1.3

Punta Gorda

45.0 46.4 45.7 47.0 1.3 2.8

Sebastian-Vero Beach

47.9 48.9 48.6 49.4 0.8 1.6

Sebring

24.5 25.3 25.0 25.6 0.6 2.4

Tallahassee

173.9 177.2 175.4 178.3 2.9 1.7

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,251.6 1,283.5 1,264.0 1,296.6 32.6 2.6

The Villages

26.1 27.0 26.5 27.3 0.8 3.0


Georgia

4,284.1 4,393.4 4,334.4 4,428.1 93.7 2.2

Albany

61.3 62.6 62.1 63.3 1.2 1.9

Athens-Clarke County

92.7 96.5 93.4 96.2 2.8 3.0

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell

2,592.6 2,668.0 2,623.2 2,693.6 70.4 2.7

Augusta-Richmond County

228.1 230.3 229.1 231.5 2.4 1.0

Brunswick

42.4 43.2 42.6 42.8 0.2 0.5

Columbus

120.9 123.1 122.2 122.7 0.5 0.4

Dalton

68.5 68.5 68.6 68.2 -0.4 -0.6

Gainesville

84.8 86.8 85.6 87.5 1.9 2.2

Hinesville

19.7 19.7 19.9 19.7 -0.2 -1.0

Macon

102.5 104.1 103.2 104.8 1.6 1.6

Rome

40.1 40.8 40.5 40.9 0.4 1.0

Savannah

172.9 178.7 174.4 179.0 4.6 2.6

Valdosta

55.3 55.9 55.8 56.4 0.6 1.1

Warner Robins

70.7 70.8 70.7 70.8 0.1 0.1


Hawaii

635.5 652.6 642.5 656.7 14.2 2.2

Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina

73.2 75.1 73.6 75.3 1.7 2.3

Urban Honolulu

466.7 479.4 473.8 483.3 9.5 2.0


Idaho

683.0 703.2 689.5 704.0 14.5 2.1

Boise City

295.8 304.8 297.1 305.2 8.1 2.7

Coeur d'Alene

61.0 63.4 60.8 62.2 1.4 2.3

Idaho Falls

63.1 64.0 63.4 64.6 1.2 1.9

Lewiston

27.9 29.0 27.9 29.0 1.1 3.9

Pocatello

35.6 35.7 36.0 36.4 0.4 1.1


Illinois

6,008.9 6,055.7 6,059.3 6,090.0 30.7 0.5

Bloomington

96.0 93.9 96.4 95.1 -1.3 -1.3

Carbondale-Marion

58.5 57.7 59.5 58.2 -1.3 -2.2

Champaign-Urbana

110.4 112.2 112.0 113.6 1.6 1.4

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin

4,620.8 4,677.0 4,659.6 4,698.3 38.7 0.8

Danville

29.4 29.2 29.4 29.4 0.0 0.0

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island(1)

184.3 180.5 182.8 181.5 -1.3 -0.7

Decatur

52.0 51.5 52.4 51.4 -1.0 -1.9

Kankakee

45.4 45.8 45.5 46.2 0.7 1.5

Peoria

179.0 176.8 179.3 177.6 -1.7 -0.9

Rockford

153.3 155.7 153.8 155.8 2.0 1.3

Springfield

114.5 115.8 115.0 116.1 1.1 1.0


Indiana

3,068.7 3,103.7 3,082.2 3,111.5 29.3 1.0

Bloomington

76.2 77.1 77.2 77.5 0.3 0.4

Columbus

52.1 53.3 53.0 53.9 0.9 1.7

Elkhart-Goshen

128.8 126.7 130.4 127.2 -3.2 -2.5

Evansville

158.3 157.0 158.7 157.0 -1.7 -1.1

Fort Wayne

220.7 225.0 221.9 225.6 3.7 1.7

Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson

1,027.1 1,046.8 1,029.2 1,044.3 15.1 1.5

Kokomo

40.8 41.1 40.7 41.6 0.9 2.2

Lafayette-West Lafayette

103.1 105.9 104.1 106.6 2.5 2.4

Michigan City-La Porte

42.4 41.8 41.9 41.9 0.0 0.0

Muncie

52.5 52.3 52.8 52.2 -0.6 -1.1

South Bend-Mishawaka

141.8 142.8 143.1 142.6 -0.5 -0.3

Terre Haute

70.8 71.5 71.7 72.2 0.5 0.7


Iowa

1,567.9 1,591.9 1,583.1 1,600.3 17.2 1.1

Ames

54.5 55.1 55.1 55.7 0.6 1.1

Cedar Rapids

143.0 144.7 144.3 146.0 1.7 1.2

Des Moines-West Des Moines

350.0 354.5 351.9 356.2 4.3 1.2

Dubuque

60.4 61.1 61.1 61.5 0.4 0.7

Iowa City

99.4 101.8 100.4 103.2 2.8 2.8

Sioux City

89.1 88.5 89.1 87.9 -1.2 -1.3

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

91.3 90.5 92.4 91.5 -0.9 -1.0


Kansas

1,404.9 1,400.8 1,416.8 1,411.4 -5.4 -0.4

Lawrence

54.3 54.6 54.9 54.9 0.0 0.0

Manhattan

46.9 46.4 47.8 46.8 -1.0 -2.1

Topeka

111.5 110.4 112.3 111.0 -1.3 -1.2

Wichita

295.7 299.1 299.9 301.5 1.6 0.5


Kentucky

1,895.9 1,917.2 1,908.6 1,921.9 13.3 0.7

Bowling Green

73.2 74.5 73.1 74.7 1.6 2.2

Elizabethtown-Fort Knox

56.5 58.1 56.4 57.7 1.3 2.3

Lexington-Fayette

273.3 274.4 277.4 276.5 -0.9 -0.3

Louisville/Jefferson County

647.8 661.9 650.7 662.0 11.3 1.7

Owensboro

52.9 54.4 53.3 54.4 1.1 2.1


Louisiana

1,983.2 1,970.3 1,994.3 1,988.3 -6.0 -0.3

Alexandria

63.7 63.7 64.0 63.7 -0.3 -0.5

Baton Rouge

406.2 416.0 407.4 422.4 15.0 3.7

Hammond

44.0 44.4 44.0 44.2 0.2 0.5

Houma-Thibodaux

96.0 93.1 95.7 93.3 -2.4 -2.5

Lafayette

212.9 205.6 212.5 205.6 -6.9 -3.2

Lake Charles

102.3 105.4 103.9 106.6 2.7 2.6

Monroe

78.7 79.2 79.6 80.1 0.5 0.6

New Orleans-Metairie

569.7 569.9 575.3 576.6 1.3 0.2

Shreveport-Bossier City

182.8 182.0 183.4 182.3 -1.1 -0.6


Maine

623.5 624.6 620.1 620.2 0.1 0.0

Bangor

66.9 67.3 67.9 68.1 0.2 0.3

Lewiston-Auburn

50.6 51.6 51.4 52.3 0.9 1.8

Portland-South Portland

201.2 204.3 200.1 203.1 3.0 1.5


Maryland

2,672.7 2,715.2 2,695.6 2,725.8 30.2 1.1

Baltimore-Columbia-Towson

1,370.6 1,399.0 1,382.9 1,407.0 24.1 1.7

California-Lexington Park

44.5 45.0 44.8 45.2 0.4 0.9

Cumberland

39.0 39.1 39.4 39.4 0.0 0.0

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

105.1 105.8 104.5 105.9 1.4 1.3


Massachusetts

3,514.0 3,595.0 3,542.8 3,613.0 70.2 2.0

Barnstable Town

109.1 110.6 105.3 107.0 1.7 1.6

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua

2,657.5 2,709.0 2,680.5 2,727.2 46.7 1.7

Leominster-Gardner

51.0 52.0 51.2 52.5 1.3 2.5

New Bedford

67.2 67.4 68.2 67.9 -0.3 -0.4

Pittsfield

42.3 43.0 42.4 42.8 0.4 0.9

Springfield

328.5 334.4 333.2 338.8 5.6 1.7

Worcester

279.0 285.2 281.7 287.9 6.2 2.2


Michigan

4,273.5 4,368.5 4,314.9 4,402.4 87.5 2.0

Ann Arbor

210.7 225.3 220.3 230.9 10.6 4.8

Battle Creek

59.0 59.8 59.5 60.2 0.7 1.2

Bay City

36.8 36.7 37.2 36.8 -0.4 -1.1

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,946.0 1,986.9 1,955.4 1,997.1 41.7 2.1

Flint

138.8 140.8 140.9 142.1 1.2 0.9

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

532.6 545.1 538.7 550.8 12.1 2.2

Jackson

56.0 54.9 55.7 55.6 -0.1 -0.2

Kalamazoo-Portage

143.5 148.9 145.6 150.7 5.1 3.5

Lansing-East Lansing

228.1 232.7 231.8 236.0 4.2 1.8

Midland

38.3 38.6 38.2 38.6 0.4 1.0

Monroe

43.2 43.9 44.1 44.4 0.3 0.7

Muskegon

63.9 66.4 63.7 65.6 1.9 3.0

Niles-Benton Harbor

62.7 63.8 63.0 63.2 0.2 0.3

Saginaw

89.0 91.6 89.8 91.3 1.5 1.7


Minnesota

2,875.5 2,917.0 2,891.8 2,923.1 31.3 1.1

Duluth

134.2 135.1 135.5 135.6 0.1 0.1

Mankato-North Mankato

56.1 56.4 57.6 57.8 0.2 0.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,942.4 1,980.4 1,955.7 1,982.2 26.5 1.4

Rochester

117.0 120.3 117.2 120.3 3.1 2.6

St. Cloud

108.3 110.8 109.9 111.7 1.8 1.6


Mississippi

1,140.7 1,142.7 1,148.2 1,145.5 -2.7 -0.2

Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula

153.8 152.6 154.3 153.0 -1.3 -0.8

Hattiesburg

62.8 64.4 63.3 64.6 1.3 2.1

Jackson

275.4 276.6 277.9 278.6 0.7 0.3


Missouri

2,804.6 2,843.6 2,814.8 2,862.8 48.0 1.7

Cape Girardeau

44.3 44.0 44.3 44.1 -0.2 -0.5

Columbia

100.3 102.1 101.5 103.3 1.8 1.8

Jefferson City

76.4 77.2 76.8 77.3 0.5 0.7

Joplin

81.2 80.2 81.7 80.7 -1.0 -1.2

Kansas City

1,048.7 1,060.1 1,053.8 1,065.8 12.0 1.1

St. Joseph

62.3 62.7 62.8 63.1 0.3 0.5

St. Louis(2)

1,355.1 1,389.7 1,365.9 1,398.6 32.7 2.4

Springfield

208.4 213.3 209.2 217.2 8.0 3.8


Montana

467.9 469.5 465.2 468.6 3.4 0.7

Billings

85.3 86.3 85.7 86.4 0.7 0.8

Great Falls

36.2 36.4 36.3 36.4 0.1 0.3

Missoula

60.9 61.7 60.8 61.6 0.8 1.3


Nebraska

1,010.4 1,019.3 1,022.1 1,024.7 2.6 0.3

Grand Island

42.4 42.6 42.3 42.5 0.2 0.5

Lincoln

187.0 188.8 189.6 190.5 0.9 0.5

Omaha-Council Bluffs

492.0 497.4 497.5 499.1 1.6 0.3


Nevada

1,269.8 1,302.0 1,281.7 1,306.6 24.9 1.9

Carson City

28.2 28.3 28.1 28.3 0.2 0.7

Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise

923.8 945.4 934.3 947.0 12.7 1.4

Reno

215.1 222.0 215.9 222.9 7.0 3.2


New Hampshire

661.1 673.3 664.0 677.7 13.7 2.1

Dover-Durham

52.4 52.7 53.6 54.0 0.4 0.7

Manchester

108.7 111.4 110.5 111.8 1.3 1.2

Portsmouth

91.9 92.2 90.3 91.7 1.4 1.6


New Jersey

4,044.2 4,095.0 4,074.8 4,104.2 29.4 0.7

Atlantic City-Hammonton

131.7 130.2 129.3 128.4 -0.9 -0.7

Ocean City

49.2 50.5 41.6 43.5 1.9 4.6

Trenton

259.8 265.2 264.6 266.2 1.6 0.6

Vineland-Bridgeton

57.5 57.9 58.1 57.6 -0.5 -0.9


New Mexico

827.3 826.3 831.6 828.7 -2.9 -0.3

Albuquerque

382.0 385.8 383.5 385.4 1.9 0.5

Farmington

50.9 51.1 51.7 51.3 -0.4 -0.8

Las Cruces

71.0 71.6 71.8 72.6 0.8 1.1

Santa Fe

62.5 63.3 62.9 63.5 0.6 1.0


New York

9,263.3 9,386.7 9,372.8 9,466.9 94.1 1.0

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

455.8 455.7 462.5 461.8 -0.7 -0.2

Binghamton

103.7 102.3 104.9 103.5 -1.4 -1.3

Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls

560.4 561.4 564.5 569.7 5.2 0.9

Elmira

38.7 38.1 39.0 38.6 -0.4 -1.0

Glens Falls

56.9 56.1 56.6 56.9 0.3 0.5

Ithaca

69.8 73.4 72.0 74.3 2.3 3.2

Kingston

60.9 62.4 62.2 63.2 1.0 1.6

New York-Newark-Jersey City

9,347.7 9,523.3 9,467.2 9,602.8 135.6 1.4

Rochester

528.3 527.4 534.1 534.5 0.4 0.1

Syracuse

318.2 318.8 321.8 322.5 0.7 0.2

Utica-Rome

127.4 126.8 129.2 127.9 -1.3 -1.0

Watertown-Fort Drum

43.4 44.0 42.9 43.6 0.7 1.6


North Carolina

4,271.1 4,354.0 4,298.7 4,379.6 80.9 1.9

Asheville

183.9 188.1 184.7 189.1 4.4 2.4

Burlington

59.4 60.2 60.0 60.4 0.4 0.7

Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia

1,108.4 1,133.3 1,121.6 1,149.5 27.9 2.5

Durham-Chapel Hill

296.8 305.1 297.5 305.7 8.2 2.8

Fayetteville

127.4 129.9 128.6 129.5 0.9 0.7

Goldsboro

42.2 42.5 42.5 42.1 -0.4 -0.9

Greensboro-High Point

356.9 363.6 359.9 367.3 7.4 2.1

Greenville

78.9 78.8 78.6 78.3 -0.3 -0.4

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

147.7 147.0 147.8 147.6 -0.2 -0.1

Jacksonville

49.1 49.6 49.4 49.7 0.3 0.6

New Bern

44.3 44.8 44.6 44.9 0.3 0.7

Raleigh

587.8 600.8 590.1 603.8 13.7 2.3

Rocky Mount

57.0 56.8 58.4 57.7 -0.7 -1.2

Wilmington

121.6 122.9 121.0 122.8 1.8 1.5

Winston-Salem

259.1 261.2 258.8 261.6 2.8 1.1


North Dakota

452.9 445.3 456.3 448.4 -7.9 -1.7

Bismarck

74.9 75.3 75.9 76.0 0.1 0.1

Fargo

140.5 142.4 141.9 143.6 1.7 1.2

Grand Forks

57.5 57.7 58.4 57.9 -0.5 -0.9


Ohio

5,449.4 5,525.9 5,497.2 5,547.1 49.9 0.9

Akron

340.4 346.6 346.0 348.5 2.5 0.7

Canton-Massillon

172.1 173.7 172.7 175.1 2.4 1.4

Cincinnati

1,069.1 1,085.3 1,070.1 1,090.9 20.8 1.9

Cleveland-Elyria

1,044.4 1,062.0 1,056.9 1,067.3 10.4 1.0

Columbus

1,045.9 1,064.6 1,057.0 1,071.6 14.6 1.4

Dayton

379.6 388.6 383.7 389.4 5.7 1.5

Lima

52.7 54.4 53.3 54.5 1.2 2.3

Mansfield

52.9 52.2 52.8 52.3 -0.5 -0.9

Springfield

50.8 51.1 51.1 51.1 0.0 0.0

Toledo

307.6 313.4 309.1 313.7 4.6 1.5

Weirton-Steubenville(1)

43.9 44.3 44.1 44.3 0.2 0.5

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

227.2 227.4 227.2 227.1 -0.1 0.0


Oklahoma

1,668.1 1,658.1 1,678.5 1,667.1 -11.4 -0.7

Lawton

45.5 46.0 46.5 46.5 0.0 0.0

Oklahoma City

631.7 632.4 636.5 635.1 -1.4 -0.2

Tulsa

444.2 443.7 448.2 449.2 1.0 0.2


Oregon

1,792.7 1,855.3 1,810.1 1,871.8 61.7 3.4

Albany

41.7 42.8 41.8 43.1 1.3 3.1

Bend-Redmond

75.8 79.7 75.4 78.9 3.5 4.6

Corvallis

40.0 40.1 41.9 41.6 -0.3 -0.7

Eugene

151.0 153.8 154.4 157.3 2.9 1.9

Grants Pass

25.3 25.9 25.1 25.8 0.7 2.8

Medford

82.6 85.0 83.6 86.2 2.6 3.1

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

1,118.3 1,150.5 1,127.8 1,161.9 34.1 3.0

Salem

158.7 164.5 159.4 165.2 5.8 3.6


Pennsylvania

5,867.9 5,914.9 5,922.2 5,959.2 37.0 0.6

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

360.5 358.7 361.9 359.9 -2.0 -0.6

Altoona

62.0 62.4 61.0 62.6 1.6 2.6

Bloomsburg-Berwick

42.5 43.0 42.8 43.7 0.9 2.1

Chambersburg-Waynesboro

59.9 62.1 60.5 62.6 2.1 3.5

East Stroudsburg

56.8 57.5 56.6 57.7 1.1 1.9

Erie

131.7 130.7 132.0 130.8 -1.2 -0.9

Gettysburg

34.1 34.8 34.4 35.1 0.7 2.0

Harrisburg-Carlisle

335.7 337.4 336.3 338.4 2.1 0.6

Johnstown

57.1 56.2 57.6 56.9 -0.7 -1.2

Lancaster

246.8 247.7 248.0 248.7 0.7 0.3

Lebanon

51.4 51.8 51.5 52.1 0.6 1.2

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,830.3 2,879.2 2,860.8 2,904.4 43.6 1.5

Pittsburgh

1,167.7 1,168.3 1,175.4 1,177.9 2.5 0.2

Reading

177.7 179.6 179.2 180.8 1.6 0.9

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton

259.6 259.5 262.0 260.8 -1.2 -0.5

State College

77.2 78.6 79.9 80.7 0.8 1.0

Williamsport

55.5 54.2 55.4 54.6 -0.8 -1.4

York-Hanover

183.4 186.0 184.0 186.6 2.6 1.4


Rhode Island

490.1 495.6 491.6 498.8 7.2 1.5

Providence-Warwick

580.9 589.1 583.5 592.9 9.4 1.6


South Carolina

2,016.1 2,069.3 2,027.0 2,069.7 42.7 2.1

Charleston-North Charleston

335.2 346.6 336.2 346.9 10.7 3.2

Columbia

386.8 398.0 389.8 397.7 7.9 2.0

Florence

86.8 87.2 87.0 87.2 0.2 0.2

Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin

404.0 410.4 408.7 414.1 5.4 1.3

Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort

75.3 77.6 75.4 76.2 0.8 1.1

Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach

158.5 162.0 154.9 156.3 1.4 0.9

Spartanburg

143.3 146.4 145.1 147.8 2.7 1.9

Sumter

39.0 39.2 39.3 39.2 -0.1 -0.3


South Dakota

431.9 440.8 432.2 442.1 9.9 2.3

Rapid City

67.6 69.4 66.8 68.6 1.8 2.7

Sioux Falls

151.1 156.9 152.4 158.0 5.6 3.7


Tennessee

2,922.1 2,985.7 2,938.2 3,007.9 69.7 2.4

Chattanooga

249.4 252.0 249.9 253.4 3.5 1.4

Clarksville

89.5 91.1 89.7 91.5 1.8 2.0

Cleveland

46.4 48.7 48.1 51.3 3.2 6.7

Jackson

66.8 67.5 67.4 67.8 0.4 0.6

Johnson City

79.9 80.7 80.2 81.0 0.8 1.0

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

122.5 123.3 122.8 122.9 0.1 0.1

Knoxville

390.7 397.7 392.4 400.2 7.8 2.0

Memphis

629.8 633.8 630.7 640.0 9.3 1.5

Morristown

44.9 46.2 45.9 47.1 1.2 2.6

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

923.0 949.0 929.8 952.5 22.7 2.4


Texas

11,862.7 12,073.0 11,949.1 12,153.6 204.5 1.7

Abilene

68.3 69.2 68.5 69.6 1.1 1.6

Amarillo

118.3 119.6 119.8 120.4 0.6 0.5

Austin-Round Rock

964.4 992.3 977.1 998.3 21.2 2.2

Beaumont-Port Arthur

166.0 167.3 168.0 168.9 0.9 0.5

Brownsville-Harlingen

139.1 142.8 139.7 143.4 3.7 2.6

College Station-Bryan

110.6 114.9 112.5 116.0 3.5 3.1

Corpus Christi

193.7 196.2 195.8 197.9 2.1 1.1

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,420.4 3,545.1 3,451.7 3,565.7 114.0 3.3

El Paso

303.8 311.2 306.6 313.5 6.9 2.3

Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land

2,986.1 3,004.4 3,009.4 3,022.8 13.4 0.4

Killeen-Temple

140.1 142.3 140.6 142.9 2.3 1.6

Laredo

101.6 104.3 102.6 105.8 3.2 3.1

Longview

99.7 100.3 100.6 101.2 0.6 0.6

Lubbock

141.3 143.7 142.1 144.1 2.0 1.4

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

247.1 255.1 249.5 256.9 7.4 3.0

Midland

90.5 90.3 90.4 91.0 0.6 0.7

Odessa

73.9 73.0 73.7 73.1 -0.6 -0.8

San Angelo

48.8 50.4 49.3 50.4 1.1 2.2

San Antonio-New Braunfels

984.3 1,004.2 993.4 1,006.3 12.9 1.3

Sherman-Denison

45.9 46.7 46.4 47.2 0.8 1.7

Texarkana

60.7 60.4 60.8 60.5 -0.3 -0.5

Tyler

101.6 102.9 102.4 104.0 1.6 1.6

Victoria

44.7 45.6 44.7 45.8 1.1 2.5

Waco

116.1 118.6 115.7 118.5 2.8 2.4

Wichita Falls

58.1 58.2 58.7 58.4 -0.3 -0.5


Utah

1,394.4 1,435.5 1,401.8 1,443.7 41.9 3.0

Logan

60.0 61.7 60.5 62.4 1.9 3.1

Ogden-Clearfield

242.1 252.0 244.2 253.3 9.1 3.7

Provo-Orem

230.9 237.2 231.4 238.7 7.3 3.2

St. George

58.3 62.0 59.4 62.2 2.8 4.7

Salt Lake City

682.1 702.1 686.0 709.1 23.1 3.4


Vermont

313.4 316.8 317.9 318.4 0.5 0.2

Burlington-South Burlington

125.5 127.1 127.5 127.3 -0.2 -0.2


Virginia

3,873.1 3,942.8 3,901.0 3,967.5 66.5 1.7

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

79.0 79.2 79.1 79.4 0.3 0.4

Charlottesville

115.0 118.8 113.7 118.5 4.8 4.2

Harrisonburg

65.1 65.3 65.7 65.9 0.2 0.3

Lynchburg

104.5 103.7 105.1 104.5 -0.6 -0.6

Richmond

655.1 673.4 666.9 679.4 12.5 1.9

Roanoke

161.9 163.8 162.6 164.6 2.0 1.2

Staunton-Waynesboro

49.6 48.9 49.6 48.9 -0.7 -1.4

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

768.6 771.9 769.7 774.0 4.3 0.6

Winchester

61.9 63.7 62.5 64.0 1.5 2.4


Washington

3,183.2 3,282.4 3,196.3 3,303.8 107.5 3.4

Bellingham

86.8 89.1 88.3 90.1 1.8 2.0

Bremerton-Silverdale

88.6 89.6 89.4 90.1 0.7 0.8

Kennewick-Richland

108.5 111.7 108.8 111.7 2.9 2.7

Longview

39.4 41.2 39.6 40.9 1.3 3.3

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

48.6 50.2 49.0 50.4 1.4 2.9

Olympia-Tumwater

109.6 111.8 110.3 113.0 2.7 2.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,910.5 1,977.1 1,913.2 1,984.9 71.7 3.7

Spokane-Spokane Valley

236.6 246.5 238.8 248.5 9.7 4.1

Walla Walla

26.5 26.6 27.6 27.9 0.3 1.1

Wenatchee

44.2 44.5 44.5 44.8 0.3 0.7

Yakima

83.1 84.0 84.0 84.9 0.9 1.1


West Virginia

766.8 766.3 771.0 771.0 0.0 0.0

Beckley

47.5 46.9 47.4 46.7 -0.7 -1.5

Charleston

122.9 122.3 123.4 122.5 -0.9 -0.7

Huntington-Ashland

141.1 142.3 142.8 143.1 0.3 0.2

Morgantown

71.6 72.8 73.3 73.6 0.3 0.4

Parkersburg-Vienna

42.2 41.6 42.5 41.7 -0.8 -1.9

Wheeling

68.0 67.7 68.8 68.3 -0.5 -0.7


Wisconsin

2,907.5 2,949.3 2,938.8 2,968.3 29.5 1.0

Appleton

122.7 124.1 124.4 125.5 1.1 0.9

Eau Claire

85.8 86.2 86.3 87.0 0.7 0.8

Fond du Lac

48.5 48.6 48.8 49.2 0.4 0.8

Green Bay

174.6 176.7 175.5 178.1 2.6 1.5

Janesville-Beloit

67.4 69.9 67.8 70.7 2.9 4.3

La Crosse-Onalaska

77.6 78.7 79.1 79.5 0.4 0.5

Madison

391.3 396.2 396.2 399.1 2.9 0.7

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

858.1 862.6 867.9 866.7 -1.2 -0.1

Oshkosh-Neenah

94.7 95.0 95.9 96.0 0.1 0.1

Racine

77.0 77.4 77.3 77.4 0.1 0.1

Sheboygan

61.2 61.9 61.4 61.4 0.0 0.0

Wausau

71.8 72.7 73.3 73.6 0.3 0.4


Wyoming

295.2 285.0 291.6 281.1 -10.5 -3.6

Casper

41.8 39.6 41.8 39.6 -2.2 -5.3

Cheyenne

47.2 45.9 47.6 45.8 -1.8 -3.8


Puerto Rico

892.9 885.7 897.8 888.8 -9.0 -1.0

Aguadilla-Isabela

50.3 50.6 50.9 50.9 0.0 0.0

Arecibo

33.6 32.8 33.6 32.6 -1.0 -3.0

Guayama

15.4 15.0 15.3 15.0 -0.3 -2.0

Mayaguez

33.9 34.2 34.3 34.4 0.1 0.3

Ponce

70.9 70.3 71.3 70.6 -0.7 -1.0

San German

20.6 19.6 20.8 19.6 -1.2 -5.8

San Juan-Carolina-Caguas

648.2 642.7 650.8 645.1 -5.7 -0.9


Virgin Islands

36.9 37.5 37.0 37.7 0.7 1.9

Footnotes
(1) For operational reasons, these interstate areas are listed under the state that accounts for the larger share of the population, which is different from the state that contains the first principal city.
(2) Area boundary does not reflect the official OMB delineation.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area delineations are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and are available on the BLS website at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city, unless otherwise footnoted. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division(1)
[In thousands]
State, area, and division September October Change from
October 2015 to October 2016(p)
2015 2016 2015 2016(p) Number Percent

California

16,151.0 16,519.5 16,290.8 16,658.4 367.6 2.3

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim

5,840.9 5,958.8 5,895.1 6,006.3 111.2 1.9

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine

1,549.9 1,596.9 1,565.5 1,605.5 40.0 2.6

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

4,291.0 4,361.9 4,329.6 4,400.8 71.2 1.6

San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward

2,277.7 2,334.8 2,296.7 2,354.9 58.2 2.5

Oakland-Hayward-Berkeley

1,099.9 1,127.2 1,108.9 1,137.0 28.1 2.5

San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco

1,064.2 1,090.6 1,073.1 1,099.3 26.2 2.4

San Rafael

113.6 117.0 114.7 118.6 3.9 3.4


District of Columbia

766.6 781.5 772.0 785.6 13.6 1.8

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

3,180.9 3,257.5 3,206.6 3,276.8 70.2 2.2

Silver Spring-Frederick-Rockville(3)

587.3 596.5 591.4 601.4 10.0 1.7

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(2)

2,593.6 2,661.0 2,615.2 2,675.4 60.2 2.3


Florida

8,100.7 8,378.5 8,182.0 8,440.3 258.3 3.2

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach

2,507.1 2,565.9 2,532.3 2,583.3 51.0 2.0

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

797.5 830.5 807.5 834.3 26.8 3.3

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

1,126.1 1,140.9 1,132.5 1,147.8 15.3 1.4

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach

583.5 594.5 592.3 601.2 8.9 1.5


Illinois

6,008.9 6,055.7 6,059.3 6,090.0 30.7 0.5

Chicago-Naperville-Elgin(2)

4,620.8 4,677.0 4,659.6 4,698.3 38.7 0.8

Chicago-Naperville-Arlington Heights

3,674.9 3,715.5 3,708.4 3,732.2 23.8 0.6

Elgin

258.3 263.1 260.9 266.0 5.1 2.0

Gary(3)

275.8 280.9 277.7 283.5 5.8 2.1

Lake County-Kenosha County(2)

411.8 417.5 412.6 416.6 4.0 1.0


Massachusetts

3,514.0 3,595.0 3,542.8 3,613.0 70.2 2.0

Boston-Cambridge-Nashua(2)

2,657.5 2,709.0 2,680.5 2,727.2 46.7 1.7

Boston-Cambridge-Newton

1,780.0 1,814.9 1,795.7 1,828.1 32.4 1.8

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

80.0 81.5 82.0 82.7 0.7 0.9

Framingham

172.9 175.2 173.3 175.8 2.5 1.4

Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town(2)

66.0 68.9 66.4 68.9 2.5 3.8

Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem(2)

82.3 82.8 83.7 83.1 -0.6 -0.7

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(2)

149.5 151.6 149.9 152.3 2.4 1.6

Lynn-Saugus-Marblehead

45.2 45.8 45.2 45.8 0.6 1.3

Nashua(2)

126.4 129.1 127.1 130.6 3.5 2.8

Peabody-Salem-Beverly

95.8 97.3 97.4 98.2 0.8 0.8

Taunton-Middleborough-Norton

59.4 61.9 59.8 61.7 1.9 3.2


Michigan

4,273.5 4,368.5 4,314.9 4,402.4 87.5 2.0

Detroit-Warren-Dearborn

1,946.0 1,986.9 1,955.4 1,997.1 41.7 2.1

Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia

737.0 750.6 738.1 753.7 15.6 2.1

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,209.0 1,236.3 1,217.3 1,243.4 26.1 2.1


New York

9,263.3 9,386.7 9,372.8 9,466.9 94.1 1.0

New York-Newark-Jersey City(2)

9,347.7 9,523.3 9,467.2 9,602.8 135.6 1.4

Dutchess County-Putnam County

144.4 146.3 147.3 149.1 1.8 1.2

Nassau County-Suffolk County

1,312.5 1,327.2 1,327.6 1,339.3 11.7 0.9

Newark(3)

1,188.2 1,209.0 1,201.2 1,213.6 12.4 1.0

New York-Jersey City-White Plains(2)

6,702.6 6,840.8 6,791.1 6,900.8 109.7 1.6


Pennsylvania

5,867.9 5,914.9 5,922.2 5,959.2 37.0 0.6

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(2)

2,830.3 2,879.2 2,860.8 2,904.4 43.6 1.5

Camden(3)

521.3 531.9 526.8 536.3 9.5 1.8

Montgomery County-Bucks County-Chester County

1,034.9 1,048.6 1,042.4 1,055.8 13.4 1.3

Philadelphia

918.5 935.3 930.6 946.3 15.7 1.7

Wilmington(3)

355.6 363.4 361.0 366.0 5.0 1.4


Texas

11,862.7 12,073.0 11,949.1 12,153.6 204.5 1.7

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

3,420.4 3,545.1 3,451.7 3,565.7 114.0 3.3

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,422.5 2,526.2 2,450.1 2,543.1 93.0 3.8

Fort Worth-Arlington

997.9 1,018.9 1,001.6 1,022.6 21.0 2.1


Washington

3,183.2 3,282.4 3,196.3 3,303.8 107.5 3.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,910.5 1,977.1 1,913.2 1,984.9 71.7 3.7

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,610.2 1,667.2 1,612.7 1,675.2 62.5 3.9

Tacoma-Lakewood

300.3 309.9 300.5 309.7 9.2 3.1

Footnotes
(1) These 11 areas contain all of the 38 metropolitan divisions.
(2) Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
(3) All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are preliminary and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 13-01, dated February 28, 2013, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state containing the first principal city. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. Estimates for the latest month are subject to revision the following month.


Last Modified Date: November 30, 2016