Occupational Definitions - OES Occupational Classification System
Managerial and Administrative Occupations
Staff and Administrative Specialty Managerial Occupations
13002 - Financial Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate the financial activities of an organization. Include managers who negotiate general policy with financial or other institutions or managers in banks, or similar financial institutions, who advise on credit and investment policy.
13005 - Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate the personnel, training, or labor relations activities of an organization. Work may involve establishing employer/employee relations policies; directing the selection, training, and evaluation of employees; administering benefits, safety, and recreation programs; developing wage and salary schedules; coordinating collective bargaining activities; and advising on labor contract administration.
13008 - Purchasing Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate the activities of buyers, purchasing officers, and related workers involved in purchasing materials, products, or services. Include Wholesale or Retail Trade Merchandising Managers.
13011 - Marketing, Advertising, and Public Relations Managers
Formulate marketing policies, direct sales activities, and plan, organize, and direct advertising and public relations activities for a department, an entire organization, or on an account basis.
13014 - Administrative Services Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate the supportive services department of a business, agency, or organization. Managers who spend less than 80 percent of their time in administrative services should be classified in another appropriate managerial category. Include Property Managers and Contract Administrators. Exclude Procurement Managers.
13017 - Engineering, Mathematical, and Natural Sciences Managers
Plan, organize, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as architecture, electronic data processing, engineering, life sciences, physical sciences, statistics, and systems analysis. These persons spend the greatest portion of their time in managerial work for which a background consistent with that described for engineers, mathematicians, or natural scientists is required.
Line and Middle Management Industry Specific Managerial Occupations
15002 - Postmasters and Mail Superintendents
Direct and coordinate operational, administrative, management, and supportive services of a U.S. post office; or coordinate activities of workers engaged in postal and related work in assigned post office.
15005 - Education Administrators
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate the educational activities of colleges and universities; elementary, secondary, or postsecondary schools; vocational or technical schools; or training and instructional organizations (or programs) in private business or other agencies.
15008 - Medicine and Health Services Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate medicine and health services in establishments such as hospitals, clinics, or similar organizations.
15011 - Property and Real Estate Managers and Administrators
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate buying, selling, or leasing activities of real estate properties for clients or employer. Include managers of rented or leased housing units, buildings, or land (including rights-of-way). Exclude workers whose duties are not primarily managerial. Workers who are engaged primarily in direct buying, selling, or renting of real estate should be reported as Sales Workers.
15014 - Industrial Production Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate the work activities and resources necessary for manufacturing products in accordance with cost, quality, and quantity specifications.
15017 - Construction Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate, usually through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities concerned with the construction and maintenance of structures, facilities, and systems. Include specialized construction fields such as carpentry or plumbing. General Managers of large construction contracting firms should be reported as General Managers and Top Executives.
15021 - Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Well Drilling Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate, usually through subordinate supervisory personnel, the operations of mines, quarries, oil or gas wells, or other similar operations that extract natural deposits.
15023 - Communications, Transportation, and Utilities Operations Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate activities related to: Communications by telephone, telegraph, radio, or television; transporting people or goods by air, highway, railway, water, or pipeline; managing transportation facilities, such as airports, harbors, or terminals; managing warehousing and storage facilities; or supplying electricity, gas, water, steam, or sanitation services. General Managers of large establishments or operations should be reported as General Managers and Top Executives.
15026 - Food Service and Lodging Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate activities of an organization or department that serves food and beverages and/or provides lodging and other accommodations. Include Food and Beverage Directors.
15031 - Nursery and Greenhouse Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate activities of workers engaged in propagating, cultivating, and harvesting horticultural specialties, such as trees, shrubs, flowers, mushrooms, and other plants. Work may involve training new employees in gardening techniques, inspecting facilities for signs of disrepair, and delegating repair duties to staff.
15032 - Lawn Service Managers
Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate activities of workers engaged in pruning trees and shrubs, cultivating lawns, and applying pesticides and other chemicals according to service contract specifications. Work may involve reviewing contracts to ascertain service, machine, and work force requirements; answering inquiries from potential customers regarding methods, material, and price ranges; and preparing service estimates according to labor, material, and machine costs.
Other Managerial and Administrative Occupations
19002 - Public Administration Chief Executives, Legislators, and General Administrators
Formulate and establish government policy and develop Federal, State, or local laws, rules, and regulations. General Administrators who do not have overall responsibility for the State or a local government entity (e.g., county, city, town, or township) should be reported as General Managers and Top Executives.
19005 - General Managers and Top Executives
Top and middle managers whose duties and responsibilities are too diverse and general in nature to be classified in any functional or line area of management and administration. These managers generally work through departmental or subordinate executives.
19999 - All Other Managers and Administrators
All other managers and administrators not classified separately above.
1998 Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates
1998 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates
1998 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates
1998 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates
Technical Notes and Survey Method and Reliability Statement for 1998 OES Estimates
Last modified: October 16, 2001