Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2013

51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Excludes "Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4191).


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
21,930 4.3 % $19.59 $40,750 1.4 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $12.60 $15.57 $19.49 $22.68 $27.22
Annual Wage (2) $26,200 $32,380 $40,540 $47,180 $56,610


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 5,140 5.64 $21.30 $44,290
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 5,020 8.09 $19.98 $41,560
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 4,120 7.30 $18.38 $38,240
Foundries 4,020 3.15 $17.58 $36,560
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 860 1.47 $24.82 $51,630

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 5,020 8.09 $19.98 $41,560
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 4,120 7.30 $18.38 $38,240
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 5,140 5.64 $21.30 $44,290
Foundries 4,020 3.15 $17.58 $36,560
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 860 1.47 $24.82 $51,630

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Aerospace Product and Parts Manufacturing (8) (8) $33.88 $70,480
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 860 1.47 $24.82 $51,630
Metal Ore Mining 500 1.10 $22.42 $46,630
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 5,140 5.64 $21.30 $44,290
Boiler, Tank, and Shipping Container Manufacturing 50 0.06 $21.09 $43,870


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.





States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Ohio 2,050 0.40 2.42 $17.91 $37,250
Pennsylvania 1,800 0.32 1.94 $19.44 $40,430
Michigan 1,640 0.41 2.48 $20.94 $43,550
Indiana 1,540 0.54 3.25 $22.70 $47,220
Kentucky 1,290 0.72 4.36 $18.40 $38,270




States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Kentucky 1,290 0.72 4.36 $18.40 $38,270
Alabama 1,260 0.68 4.12 $21.31 $44,330
Indiana 1,540 0.54 3.25 $22.70 $47,220
West Virginia 310 0.44 2.63 $18.84 $39,190
Michigan 1,640 0.41 2.48 $20.94 $43,550




Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 40 0.13 0.79 $29.51 $61,380
Nevada 190 0.16 0.99 $24.83 $51,650
New Jersey 60 0.02 0.10 $23.50 $48,870
Indiana 1,540 0.54 3.25 $22.70 $47,220
Maryland 60 0.02 0.14 $21.96 $45,670





Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 960 3.59 21.70 $26.00 $54,080
Pittsburgh, PA 780 0.69 4.18 $18.28 $38,030
Mobile, AL 760 4.50 27.22 $24.49 $50,940
St. Louis, MO-IL 640 0.49 2.98 (8) (8)
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 420 0.42 2.51 $18.49 $38,470
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 340 0.09 0.55 $18.29 $38,050
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 330 0.28 1.71 $13.11 $27,270
Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI 300 0.37 2.25 $18.48 $38,440
Reading, PA 220 1.32 7.95 $22.67 $47,150
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI 220 3.76 22.74 $19.88 $41,350




Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Mobile, AL 760 4.50 27.22 $24.49 $50,940
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI 220 3.76 22.74 $19.88 $41,350
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 960 3.59 21.70 $26.00 $54,080
Reading, PA 220 1.32 7.95 $22.67 $47,150
Canton-Massillon, OH 170 1.01 6.08 $14.54 $30,230
Pittsburgh, PA 780 0.69 4.18 $18.28 $38,030
Peoria, IL 110 0.61 3.67 $18.97 $39,460
Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA 120 0.57 3.42 $17.31 $36,000
Knoxville, TN 180 0.56 3.40 $20.55 $42,740
Nashua, NH-MA NECTA Division 70 0.50 3.01 $21.37 $44,440




Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA Metropolitan Division (8) (8) (8) $31.07 $64,620
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 960 3.59 21.70 $26.00 $54,080
Mobile, AL 760 4.50 27.22 $24.49 $50,940
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 140 0.08 0.45 $23.39 $48,640
Reading, PA 220 1.32 7.95 $22.67 $47,150
Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC 160 0.18 1.12 $22.33 $46,440
Baltimore-Towson, MD 50 0.04 0.25 $22.18 $46,140
Nashua, NH-MA NECTA Division 70 0.50 3.01 $21.37 $44,440
Salt Lake City, UT (8) (8) (8) $21.03 $43,750
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 50 0.05 0.31 $20.82 $43,310

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 300 2.68 16.22 $20.91 $43,490
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 180 0.79 4.79 (8) (8)
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 170 0.58 3.51 $17.85 $37,120
Northern Indiana nonmetropolitan area 170 0.81 4.92 $14.99 $31,180
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 110 0.62 3.75 $20.19 $42,000

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Eastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 300 2.68 16.22 $20.91 $43,490
Southwestern New Mexico nonmetropolitan area 50 1.76 10.62 $16.16 $33,610
East Arkansas nonmetropolitan area 100 1.00 6.06 $19.53 $40,630
Northern Indiana nonmetropolitan area 170 0.81 4.92 $14.99 $31,180
Southeast Iowa nonmetropolitan area 180 0.79 4.79 (8) (8)

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southern Oregon & Linn County nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $23.20 $48,250
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 70 0.52 3.12 $21.11 $43,910
Eastern Ohio nonmetropolitan area 300 2.68 16.22 $20.91 $43,490
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 110 0.62 3.75 $20.19 $42,000
East Central Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 80 0.36 2.15 $20.16 $41,920


About May 2013 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2013 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2013 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: April 1, 2014