Occupational Employment and Wages, May 2014

51-4051 Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders

Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electric-arc or electric induction, open-hearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Excludes "Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (51-4191).


National estimates for this occupation
Industry profile for this occupation
Geographic profile for this occupation

National estimates for this occupation: Top

Employment estimate and mean wage estimates for this occupation:

Employment (1) Employment
RSE (3)
Mean hourly
wage
Mean annual
wage (2)
Wage RSE (3)
20,850 3.9 % $19.83 $41,260 1.3 %

Percentile wage estimates for this occupation:

Percentile 10% 25% 50%
(Median)
75% 90%
Hourly Wage $13.08 $16.07 $19.78 $22.98 $27.25
Annual Wage (2) $27,210 $33,430 $41,140 $47,800 $56,670


Industry profile for this occupation: Top

Industries with the highest published employment and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all industries with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.

Industries with the highest levels of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 5,200 5.71 $21.52 $44,760
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 4,800 7.96 $20.53 $42,700
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 3,900 6.73 $19.09 $39,710
Foundries 3,390 2.69 $17.14 $35,650
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 810 1.36 $24.73 $51,450

Industries with the highest concentration of employment in this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 4,800 7.96 $20.53 $42,700
Alumina and Aluminum Production and Processing 3,900 6.73 $19.09 $39,710
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 5,200 5.71 $21.52 $44,760
Foundries 3,390 2.69 $17.14 $35,650
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 810 1.36 $24.73 $51,450

Top paying industries for this occupation:

Industry Employment (1) Percent of industry employment Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Steel Product Manufacturing from Purchased Steel 810 1.36 $24.73 $51,450
Metal Ore Mining 490 1.08 $22.86 $47,540
Iron and Steel Mills and Ferroalloy Manufacturing 5,200 5.71 $21.52 $44,760
Agriculture, Construction, and Mining Machinery Manufacturing 100 0.04 $20.69 $43,030
Nonferrous Metal (except Aluminum) Production and Processing 4,800 7.96 $20.53 $42,700


Geographic profile for this occupation: Top

States and areas with the highest published employment, location quotients, and wages for this occupation are provided. For a list of all areas with employment in this occupation, see the Create Customized Tables function.




States with the highest employment level in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Indiana 2,440 0.84 5.44 $21.16 $44,020
Ohio 1,750 0.34 2.18 $18.04 $37,520
Pennsylvania 1,660 0.29 1.90 $20.35 $42,330
Michigan 1,500 0.37 2.39 $18.25 $37,970
Washington 1,100 0.38 2.47 $19.90 $41,390



States with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Indiana 2,440 0.84 5.44 $21.16 $44,020
Utah 1,000 0.78 5.08 $21.32 $44,340
Alabama 940 0.50 3.26 $23.07 $47,990
Kentucky 850 0.47 3.06 $19.52 $40,600
West Virginia 300 0.43 2.76 $19.85 $41,300



Top paying States for this occupation:

State Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Alaska 40 0.12 0.77 $29.85 $62,080
New Jersey (8) (8) (8) $26.09 $54,270
Nevada 160 0.14 0.90 $25.50 $53,030
Alabama 940 0.50 3.26 $23.07 $47,990
North Carolina 490 0.12 0.78 $22.70 $47,210




Metropolitan areas with the highest employment level in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 1,670 6.26 40.56 $22.37 $46,530
Salt Lake City, UT 950 1.43 9.30 $21.58 $44,890
St. Louis, MO-IL 670 0.51 3.31 $23.34 $48,550
Pittsburgh, PA 590 0.52 3.39 $20.35 $42,340
Mobile, AL 560 3.31 21.47 $26.41 $54,930
Owensboro, KY 400 8.43 54.62 $20.36 $42,350
Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL 300 0.25 1.63 $13.44 $27,960
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH 280 0.27 1.77 $18.14 $37,720
Evansville, IN-KY 240 1.41 9.16 $18.08 $37,610
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division 240 0.06 0.41 $17.23 $35,850



Metropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Owensboro, KY 400 8.43 54.62 $20.36 $42,350
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 1,670 6.26 40.56 $22.37 $46,530
Mobile, AL 560 3.31 21.47 $26.41 $54,930
Muskegon-Norton Shores, MI 170 2.76 17.89 $20.24 $42,100
Salt Lake City, UT 950 1.43 9.30 $21.58 $44,890
Evansville, IN-KY 240 1.41 9.16 $18.08 $37,610
Reading, PA 190 1.11 7.18 $23.20 $48,250
Canton-Massillon, OH 150 0.89 5.76 $16.35 $34,010
Niles-Benton Harbor, MI 30 0.55 3.57 $16.35 $34,010
Pittsburgh, PA 590 0.52 3.39 $20.35 $42,340



Top paying metropolitan areas for this occupation:

Metropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Mobile, AL 560 3.31 21.47 $26.41 $54,930
Philadelphia, PA Metropolitan Division 150 0.08 0.53 $23.39 $48,660
St. Louis, MO-IL 670 0.51 3.31 $23.34 $48,550
Reading, PA 190 1.11 7.18 $23.20 $48,250
Gary, IN Metropolitan Division 1,670 6.26 40.56 $22.37 $46,530
Knoxville, TN 140 0.43 2.75 $21.65 $45,030
Salt Lake City, UT 950 1.43 9.30 $21.58 $44,890
New York-White Plains-Wayne, NY-NJ Metropolitan Division 40 0.01 0.05 $21.33 $44,360
Oakland-Fremont-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Division 50 0.05 0.32 $21.10 $43,880
Syracuse, NY 60 0.18 1.19 $20.98 $43,640

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest employment in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 210 0.73 4.72 $17.74 $36,900
Northern Indiana nonmetropolitan area 140 0.67 4.36 $16.05 $33,390
Eastern Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 130 0.91 5.88 $15.46 $32,150
Capital/Northern New York nonmetropolitan area 110 0.59 3.80 $20.33 $42,280
East Arkansas nonmetropolitan area 110 1.06 6.84 $20.17 $41,960

Nonmetropolitan areas with the highest concentration of jobs and location quotients in this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
East Arkansas nonmetropolitan area 110 1.06 6.84 $20.17 $41,960
Eastern Tennessee nonmetropolitan area 130 0.91 5.88 $15.46 $32,150
Balance of Lower Peninsula of Michigan nonmetropolitan area 210 0.73 4.72 $17.74 $36,900
Northern Indiana nonmetropolitan area 140 0.67 4.36 $16.05 $33,390
Far Western Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 100 0.61 3.96 $17.35 $36,090

Top paying nonmetropolitan areas for this occupation:

Nonmetropolitan area Employment (1) Employment per thousand jobs Location quotient (9) Hourly mean wage Annual mean wage (2)
Southern Oregon & Linn County nonmetropolitan area (8) (8) (8) $23.57 $49,020
South Central Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 80 0.55 3.53 $21.79 $45,330
East Central Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 70 0.27 1.77 $21.04 $43,760
Eastern Wisconsin nonmetropolitan area 90 0.55 3.58 $20.90 $43,470
West Central Pennsylvania nonmetropolitan area 30 0.21 1.34 $20.85 $43,380


About May 2014 National, State, Metropolitan, and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

These estimates are calculated with data collected from employers in all industry sectors, all metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas, and all states and the District of Columbia. The top employment and wage figures are provided above. The complete list is available in the downloadable XLS files.

The percentile wage estimate is the value of a wage below which a certain percent of workers fall. The median wage is the 50th percentile wage estimate--50 percent of workers earn less than the median and 50 percent of workers earn more than the median. More about percentile wages.


(1) Estimates for detailed occupations do not sum to the totals because the totals include occupations not shown separately. Estimates do not include self-employed workers.

(2) Annual wages have been calculated by multiplying the hourly mean wage by a "year-round, full-time" hours figure of 2,080 hours; for those occupations where there is not an hourly mean wage published, the annual wage has been directly calculated from the reported survey data.

(3) The relative standard error (RSE) is a measure of the reliability of a survey statistic. The smaller the relative standard error, the more precise the estimate.

(8) Estimate not released.

(9) The location quotient is the ratio of the area concentration of occupational employment to the national average concentration. A location quotient greater than one indicates the occupation has a higher share of employment than average, and a location quotient less than one indicates the occupation is less prevalent in the area than average.


Other OES estimates and related information:

May 2014 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 National Industry-Specific Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates

May 2014 Occupation Profiles

Technical Notes

 

Last Modified Date: March 25, 2015