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16-1002-SAN
Tuesday, May 17, 2016

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Consumer Price Index, San Francisco Area — April 2016

Area prices were up 0.7 percent over the past two months, up 2.7 percent from a year ago

Prices in the San Francisco area, as measured by the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U), advanced 0.7 percent for the two months ending in April 2016, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. (See table A.) Assistant Commissioner for Regional Operations Richard Holden noted that the April increase was influenced by higher prices for shelter and gasoline. (Data in this report are not seasonally adjusted. Accordingly, month-to-month changes may reflect seasonal influences.)

Over the last 12 months, the CPI-U advanced 2.7 percent.  (See chart 1 and table A.) Energy prices declined 7.7 percent, largely the result of a decrease in the price of gasoline. The index for all items less food and energy rose 3.2 percent over the year. (See table 1.)

Food

Food prices decreased 0.5 percent for the two months ending in April. (See table 1.) Prices for food at home moved down 1.5 percent, but prices for food away from home moved up 0.6 percent for the same period.

Over the year, food prices advanced 3.3 percent. Prices for food away from home increased 4.3 percent since a year ago, and prices for food at home advanced 2.4 percent.

Energy

The energy index advanced 7.7 percent for the two months ending in April. The increase was mainly due to higher prices for gasoline (13.6 percent). Prices for natural gas service rose 2.8 percent, and prices for electricity moved up 1.6 percent for the same period.

Energy prices declined 7.7 percent over the year, largely due to lower prices for gasoline (-15.8 percent). Prices paid for natural gas service declined 2.9 percent, but prices for electricity advanced 5.6 percent during the past year.

All items less food and energy

The index for all items less food and energy advanced 0.6 percent in the latest two-month period. Higher prices for recreation (1.6 percent), apparel (1.4 percent), and shelter (0.8 percent) were partially offset by lower prices for household furnishings and operations (-1.7 percent) and education and communication (-1.6 percent).

Over the year, the index for all items less food and energy rose 3.2 percent. Components contributing to the increase included shelter (6.1 percent) and recreation (3.3 percent). Partly offsetting the increases were price declines in household furnishings and operations (-3.3 percent) and apparel (-1.1 percent).

Table A. San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose CPI-U bi-monthly and annual percent changes (not seasonally adjusted)
Month 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Bi-monthly Annual Bi-monthly Annual Bi-monthly Annual Bi-monthly Annual Bi-monthly Annual Bi-monthly Annual

February

1.0 1.7 1.1 3.0 1.3 2.4 1.2 2.4 1.0 2.5 0.9 3.0

April

1.8 2.8 0.9 2.1 0.8 2.4 1.2 2.8 1.1 2.4 0.7 2.7

June

-0.2 2.4 0.3 2.6 0.5 2.6 0.7 3.0 0.6 2.3    

August

0.4 2.9 0.6 2.8 0.1 2.0 0.0 3.0 0.3 2.6    

October

0.3 3.2 0.7 3.2 0.2 1.6 0.5 3.2 0.4 2.6    

December

-0.4 2.9 -1.4 2.2 -0.4 2.6 -0.9 2.7 -0.3 3.2    

The June 2016 Consumer Price Index for the San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose is scheduled to be released on July 15, 2016.


Technical Note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change in prices over time in a fixed market basket of goods and services. The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes CPIs for two population groups: (1) a CPI for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) which covers approximately 89 percent of the total population and (2) a CPI for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) which covers 28 percent of the total population. The CPI-U includes, in addition to wage earners and clerical workers, groups such as professional, managerial, and technical workers, the self-employed, short-term workers, the unemployed, and retirees and others not in the labor force.

The CPI is based on prices of food, clothing, shelter, and fuels, transportation fares, charges for doctors' and dentists' services, drugs, and the other goods and services that people buy for day-to-day living. Each month, prices are collected in 87 urban areas across the country from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments--department stores, supermarkets, hospitals, filling stations, and other types of stores and service establishments. All taxes directly associated with the purchase and use of items are included in the index.

The index measures price changes from a designated reference date (1982-84) that equals 100.0. An increase of 16.5 percent, for example, is shown as 116.5. This change can also be expressed in dollars as follows: the price of a base period "market basket" of goods and services in the CPI has risen from $10 in 1982-84 to $11.65. For further details see the CPI home page on the Internet at www.bls.gov/cpi and the BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 17, The Consumer Price Index, available on the Internet at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/homch17_a.htm.

In calculating the index, price changes for the various items in each location are averaged together with weights that represent their importance in the spending of the appropriate population group. Local data are then combined to obtain a U.S. city average. Because the sample size of a local area is smaller, the local area index is subject to substantially more sampling and other measurement error than the national index. In addition, local indexes are not adjusted for seasonal influences. As a result, local area indexes show greater volatility than the national index, although their long-term trends are quite similar. NOTE: Area indexes do not measure differences in the level of prices between cities; they only measure the average change in prices for each area since the base period.

The San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA. metropolitan area covered in this release is comprised of Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Sonoma, and Solano Counties in the State of California.

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U): Indexes and percent changes for selected periods

San Francisco-Oakland-San Jose, CA (1982-84=100 unless otherwise noted)
Item and Group

 
Indexes
 
Percent change from-
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016
Apr.
2016
Apr.
2015
Feb.
2016
Mar.
2016

Expenditure category

 
 

All items

262.600 - 264.565 2.7 0.7 -

All items (1967=100)

807.306 - 813.347 - - -

Food and beverages

267.183 - 266.126 3.4 -0.4 -

Food

267.788 - 266.373 3.3 -0.5 -

Food at home

257.839 254.236 253.883 2.4 -1.5 -0.1

Food away from home

279.472 - 281.228 4.3 0.6 -

Alcoholic beverages

265.654 - 268.720 4.0 1.2 -

Housing

303.045 - 304.909 5.2 0.6 -

Shelter

342.825 343.574 345.409 6.1 0.8 0.5

Rent of primary residence (1)

387.481 387.690 389.716 6.7 0.6 0.5

Owners' equiv. rent of residences (1) (2)

368.833 369.480 372.622 6.2 1.0 0.9

Owners' equiv. rent of primary residence (1) (2)

368.833 369.480 372.622 6.2 1.0 0.9

Fuels and utilities

356.734 - 361.837 4.1 1.4 -

Household energy

312.919 300.023 318.809 3.1 1.9 6.3

Energy services (1)

313.595 300.429 319.645 3.4 1.9 6.4

Electricity (1)

331.248 338.609 336.472 5.6 1.6 -0.6

Utility (piped) gas service (1)

262.988 211.387 270.288 -2.9 2.8 27.9

Household furnishings and operations

139.282 - 136.974 -3.3 -1.7 -

Apparel

114.355 - 115.913 -1.1 1.4 -

Transportation

178.328 - 184.865 -3.4 3.7 -

Private transportation

167.973 - 173.700 -2.9 3.4 -

Motor fuel

178.296 191.074 202.420 -15.8 13.5 5.9

Gasoline (all types)

177.552 190.351 201.697 -15.8 13.6 6.0

Gasoline, unleaded regular (3)

177.202 190.246 201.654 -16.0 13.8 6.0

Gasoline, unleaded midgrade (3) (4)

166.245 176.764 187.543 -15.6 12.8 6.1

Gasoline, unleaded premium (3)

170.520 181.623 192.029 -14.4 12.6 5.7

Medical care

- - - - - -

Recreation (5)

113.933 - 115.705 3.3 1.6 -

Education and communication (5)

144.874 - 142.574 0.1 -1.6 -

Other goods and services

431.198 - 434.127 0.5 0.7 -
 

Commodity and service group

 
 

All items

262.600 - 264.565 2.7 0.7 -

Commodities

180.347 - 181.692 -0.6 0.7 -

Commodities less food & beverages

133.891 - 136.175 -3.7 1.7 -

Nondurables less food & beverages

166.842 - 173.209 -3.6 3.8 -

Durables

101.832 - 100.247 -4.1 -1.6 -

Services

331.501 - 333.985 4.3 0.7 -
 

Special aggregate indexes

 
 

All items less medical care

253.803 - 255.771 2.8 0.8 -

All items less shelter

230.439 - 232.154 0.5 0.7 -

Commodities less food

139.481 - 141.812 -3.3 1.7 -

Nondurables

217.713 - 220.696 0.3 1.4 -

Nondurables less food

174.205 - 180.396 -2.9 3.6 -

Services less rent of shelter (2)

333.623 - 335.571 1.6 0.6 -

Services less medical care services

322.306 - 324.853 4.5 0.8 -

Energy

230.319 233.891 248.135 -7.7 7.7 6.1

All items less energy

267.449 - 268.612 3.3 0.4 -

All items less food and energy

268.236 - 269.787 3.2 0.6 -

Footnotes
(1) This index series was calculated using a Laspeyres estimator. All other item stratum index series were calculated using a geometric means estimator.
(2) Index is on a December 1982=100 base.
(3) Special index based on a substantially smaller sample.
(4) Indexes on a December 1993=100 base.
(5) Indexes on a December 1997=100 base.
 

- Data not available
NOTE: Index applies to a month as a whole, not to any specific date.
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, May 17, 2016