Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) News Release

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, February 1, 2012                 USDL-12-0161

Technical information:
 Employment:    (202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:  (202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:  (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


     METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- DECEMBER 2011


Unemployment rates were lower in December than a year earlier in 329 of the 372
metropolitan areas, higher in 36 areas, and unchanged in 7 areas, the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics reported today. Ten areas recorded jobless rates higher than 15.0 
percent, while 24 areas registered rates of less than 5.0 percent. Two hundred 
thirty-nine metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll
employment, 127 reported decreases, and 6 had no change. The national unemployment
rate in December was 8.3 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 9.1 percent a
year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, 66 metropolitan areas reported jobless rates of at least 10.0 percent,
down from 110 areas a year earlier, while 125 areas posted rates below 7.0 percent,
up from 71 areas in December 2010. El Centro, Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., recorded the
highest unemployment rates in December 2011, 26.8 and 23.1 percent, respectively.
Seven of the other eight areas with jobless rates above 15.0 percent were located in 
California. Bismarck, N.D., registered the lowest unemployment rate, 3.2 percent. The
areas with the next lowest rates were Lincoln, Neb., and Fargo, N.D.-Minn., 3.6 and 
3.7 percent, respectively. A total of 225 areas recorded December unemployment rates 
below the U.S. figure of 8.3 percent, 143 areas reported rates above it, and 4 areas 
had rates equal to that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decreases in December were registered
in Steubenville-Weirton, Ohio-W.Va. (-2.8 percentage points), and Redding, Calif.
(-2.7 points). Twenty-seven other areas recorded rate declines of 2.0 percentage 
points or more, and an additional 139 areas had decreases of at least 1.0 point.
Two areas in Washington, Kennewick-Pasco-Richland and Yakima, reported the largest
over-the-year jobless rate increases (+1.8 and +1.4 percentage points, respectively).

Of the 49 metropolitan areas with a Census 2000 population of 1 million or more, the
highest unemployment rates in December were registered in Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev.,
12.7 percent, and Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., 12.2 percent. Five
additional large areas posted rates of 10.0 percent or more. The lowest jobless rates
among the large areas were recorded in Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, Minn.-Wis.,
and Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va., 5.5 percent each. Forty-six 
of the large areas reported over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, while three 
areas registered increases. Las Vegas-Paradise, Nev., experienced the largest 
unemployment rate decline from December 2010 (-2.4 percentage points), followed by 
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla., and Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla.
(-2.2 points each). The large area with the largest over-the-year jobless rate 
increase was Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis. (+0.6 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 34 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
December 2011, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif., registered the highest 
jobless rate among the divisions, 11.6 percent. Framingham, Mass., reported the 
lowest division rate, 4.8 percent, closely followed by Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick,
Md., 4.9 percent. (See table 2.)

Thirty of the metropolitan divisions recorded over-the-year jobless rate decreases 
in December, while three divisions registered increases and one had no change. 
Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, Fla., posted the largest rate decline from a year earlier 
(-2.8 percentage points). Eighteen other divisions reported rate decreases between 
1.0 and 1.9 percentage points. Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill., experienced the 
largest unemployment rate increase from a year earlier (+0.7 percentage point).

In 3 of the 11 metropolitan areas that contain divisions, the ranges between the
highest and lowest division jobless rates were 2.0 percentage points or more in
December. Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., recorded the largest rate difference
among its divisions, 5.6 percentage points (Lawrence-Methuen-Salem, Mass.-N.H., 10.4
percent, compared with Framingham, Mass., 4.8 percent).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, 239 metropolitan areas reported over-the-year increases in nonfarm 
payroll employment, 127 reported decreases, and 6 had no change. The largest 
over-the-year employment increase occurred in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas 
(+75,800), followed by New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. 
(+47,900), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+45,700), and Los Angeles-Long 
Beach-Santa Ana, Calif. (+41,900). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in 
employment was reported in Columbus, Ind. (+6.4 percent), followed by Casper, Wyo.
(+5.9 percent), and Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, Va. (+5.2 percent). 
(See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Philadelphia-Camden-
Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. (-6,300), New Haven, Conn. (-4,100), and Montgomery, 
Ala. (-3,900). The largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment were 
reported in Missoula, Mont. (-6.5 percent), Abilene, Texas (-5.3 percent), and 
Dalton, Ga. (-4.9 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 32 of the 36 metropolitan areas with 
annual average employment levels above 750,000 in 2010. The largest over-the-year 
percentage increases in employment in these large metropolitan areas were posted in
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas, and San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Calif. 
(+3.0 percent each), and Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Fla. (+2.5 percent). The
largest over-the-year percentage decreases in employment occurred in 
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, Ohio, Indianapolis-Carmel, Ind., and Philadelphia-Camden-
Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md. (-0.2 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Nonfarm payroll employment data were available in December 2011 for 32 metropolitan
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers within a
metropolitan area. Twenty-four of the 32 metropolitan divisions reported over-the-
year employment gains and 8 reported losses. The largest over-the-year increases in
the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-White Plains-Wayne, N.Y.-N.J.
(+48,200), Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. (+36,900), and Boston-Cambridge-Quincy,
Mass. (+32,100). The largest over-the-year decreases in the metropolitan divisions
were in Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y. (-9,900), Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md. 
(-5,700), and Wilmington, Del.-Md.-N.J. (-4,100). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment among the metropolitan
divisions were reported in Framingham, Mass. (+3.0 percent), Seattle-Bellevue-
Everett, Wash. (+2.7 percent), and Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, Mass.-N.H., and 
Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills, Mich. (+2.2 percent each). The largest over-the-year 
percentage decreases in employment occurred in Wilmington, Del.-Md.-N.J. (-1.2 percent), 
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md. (-1.0 percent), Nashua, N.H.-Mass. (-0.9 percent), 
and Nassau-Suffolk, N.Y. (-0.8 percent).

_____________
The Regional and State Unemployment 2011 Annual Averages news release is scheduled 
to be released on Wednesday, February 29, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Regional 
and State Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2012 is scheduled to
be released on Tuesday, March 13, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area
Employment and Unemployment news release for January 2012 is scheduled to be released
on Friday, March 23, 2012, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

    __________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                          |
   |       Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data        |
   |                                                                          |
   |Effective with the issuance of the Regional and State Unemployment 2011   |
   |Annual Averages news release on Wednesday, February 29, the labor force   |
   |data for census regions and divisions and all states, the District of     |
   |Columbia, and the seven modeled substate areas presented in tables 1 and  |
   |2 of this news release will be revised to incorporate updated inputs, new |
   |population controls, and reestimation of models. The new population       |
   |controls will reflect, for the first time, results from the 2010 Census.  |
   |Labor force estimates for all other metropolitan areas and metropolitan   |
   |divisions subsequently will be revised to reflect updated inputs and      |
   |adjustment to the new statewide estimates. Data back to 2007 are subject  |
   |to revision, and the revised estimates will be published with the March   |
   |2012 Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release on       |
   |Friday, April 20.                                                         |
   |__________________________________________________________________________|



    __________________________________________________________________________
   |                                                                          |
   |          Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data          |
   |                                                                          |
   |Effective with the release of January 2012 estimates on Tuesday, March 13,|
   |all nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states and areas presented in|
   |tables 3 and 4 of this news release will be adjusted to 2011 benchmark    |
   |levels. Estimates in tables 3 and 4 from April 2010 forward will be       |
   |subject to revision.                                                      |
   |__________________________________________________________________________|




Technical Note


   This release presents labor force and unemployment data from the
Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program (tables 1 and 2) for
372 metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan New England City and
Town Areas (NECTAs), plus 8 areas in Puerto Rico.  Estimates for 34
metropolitan and NECTA divisions also are presented.  Nonfarm payroll
employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES)
program (tables 3 and 4) are provided for most of the same areas. State
estimates were previously published in the news release, Regional and
State Employment and Unemployment, and are republished in this release
for ease of reference. The LAUS and CES programs are both federal-state
cooperative endeavors.
   
Labor force and unemployment--from the LAUS program
   
   Definitions.  The labor force and unemployment data are based on 
the same concepts and definitions as those used for the official na-
tional estimates obtained from the Current Population Survey (CPS), a 
sample survey of households that is conducted for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics (BLS) by the U.S. Census Bureau.  The LAUS program measures
employment and unemployment on a place-of-residence basis.  The universe
for each is the civilian noninstitutional population 16 years of age and
over.  Employed persons are those who did any work at all for pay or
profit in the reference week (the week including the 12th of the month)
or worked 15 hours or more without pay in a family business or farm,
plus those not working who had a job from which they were temporarily
absent, whether or not paid, for such reasons as labor-management
dispute, illness, or vacation.  Unemployed persons are those who were
not employed during the reference week (based on the definition above),
had actively looked for a job sometime in the 4-week period ending with
the reference week, and were currently available for work; persons on
layoff expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as
unemployed.  The labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed
persons.  The unemployment rate is the number of unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force.
   
   Method of estimation.  Estimates for states, the District of
Columbia, the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale metropolitan division, 
and New York City are produced using time-series models with real-time
benchmarking to national CPS totals.  Model-based estimation was
extended to the following areas and their respective balances of state
in 2005:  the Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, IL Metropolitan Division;
Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area; Detroit-
Warren-Livonia, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area; Miami-Miami Beach-
Kendall, FL Metropolitan Division; New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner, LA
Metropolitan Statistical Area; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA
Metropolitan Division.  (Model-based estimation of the New Orleans-
Metairie-Kenner metropolitan area was suspended following Hurricane
Katrina; the indirect estimation methods described below will be used
for this area until further notice.)  Modeling improves the statistical
basis of the estimation for these areas and provides important tools for
analysis, such as measures of errors and seasonally adjusted series.
For all other substate areas in this release, estimates are prepared
through indirect estimation procedures using a building-block approach.
Employment estimates, which are based largely on "place of work" esti-
mates from the CES program, are adjusted to refer to place of residence 
as used in the CPS.  Unemployment estimates are aggregates of persons 
previously employed in industries covered by state unemployment in-
surance (UI) laws and entrants to the labor force data from the CPS.
The substate estimates of employment and unemployment, which geograph- 
ically exhaust the entire state, are adjusted proportionally to ensure 
that they add to the independently estimated state or balance-of-state 
totals.  A detailed description of the estimation procedures is avail-
able from BLS upon request.
   
   Annual revisions.  Labor force and unemployment data shown for the
prior year reflect adjustments made at the end of each year, usually
implemented with January estimates.  The adjusted model-based estimates
reflect updated population data from the U.S. Census Bureau, any revi-
sions in the other data sources, and model reestimation.  All substate 
estimates are reestimated and adjusted to add to the revised model-based 
estimates.

Employment--from the CES program
   
   Definitions.  Employment data refer to persons on establishment
payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month.  Persons are counted at their place of work
rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than
one payroll are counted on each payroll.  Industries are classified on
the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 ver-
sion of the North American Industry Classification System.
   
   Method of estimation.  The employment data are estimated using a
"link relative" technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-
month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sam-
ple of establishments reporting for both months.  The estimates of em-
ployment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the esti-
mates for the previous month by these ratios.  Small-domain models are 
used as the official estimators for the approximately 39 percent of CES 
published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based 
estimates.

   Annual revisions.  Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a
complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax
reports that are submitted by employers who are covered under state un-
employment insurance (UI) laws.  The benchmark information is used to
adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding
one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark
month.  Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employ-
ment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in 
the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates
   
   The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys,
administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling 
and other types of errors.  Sampling error is a measure of sampling
variability--that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample
rather than the entire population is surveyed.  Survey data also are
subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced
into the data collection and processing operations.  Estimates not
directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors
resulting from the particular estimation processes used.  The sums of
individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same
tables because of rounding.  Unemployment rates are computed from un-
rounded data and thus may differ slightly from rates computed using
the rounded data displayed in the tables.

   Labor force and unemployment estimates.  Model-based error measures
are available for states on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/lastderr.htm.
Measures of nonsampling error are not available, but additional infor-
mation on the subject is provided in Employment and Earnings Online at
www.bls.gov/opub/ee/home.htm.
   
   Employment estimates.  Measures of sampling error for state CES data 
at the supersector level and for metropolitan area CES data at the 
total nonfarm level are available online at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm.
Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available on the
BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Area definitions
   
   The substate area data published in this release reflect the stan-
dards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and 
Budget on December 1, 2009.  Data reflect New England City and Town
Area (NECTA) definitions, rather than county-based definitions, in the
six New England States.  A detailed list of the geographic definitions
is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

Additional information
   
   More complete information on the technical procedures used to develop
these estimates and additional data appear in Employment and Earnings
Online.
   
   Estimates of unadjusted and seasonally adjusted labor force and
unemployment data for states, census regions and divisions, and seven
substate areas are available in the news release, Regional and State
Employment and Unemployment.  Estimates of labor force and unemployment
for all states, metropolitan areas, labor market areas, counties, cities
with a population of 25,000 or more, and other areas used in the admini-
stration of various federal economic assistance programs are available 
on the Internet at www.bls.gov/lau/.  Employment data from the 
CES program are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/.
   
   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired 
individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Ser-
vice:  (800) 877-8339.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                        LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                          NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 1. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state and metropolitan area

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                        
                                                 Civilian labor force                                Unemployed                         
                                                                                                                                        
             State and area                                                                 Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                              November          December          November          December       November    December 
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
                                           2010     2011     2010     2011p    2010     2011     2010     2011p   2010  2011  2010 2011p
                                                                                                                                        
                                                                                                                                        
Alabama.................................  2,122.3  2,145.3  2,115.6  2,132.0    190.8    170.7    186.2    159.7   9.0   8.0   8.8   7.5
  Anniston-Oxford.......................     52.4     52.8     52.3     52.6      4.7      4.2      4.6      3.9   8.9   7.9   8.7   7.5
  Auburn-Opelika........................     65.8     67.6     65.6     66.8      5.0      4.5      4.9      4.3   7.6   6.7   7.5   6.4
  Birmingham-Hoover.....................    516.2    520.4    514.6    517.8     43.9     37.8     42.5     35.2   8.5   7.3   8.3   6.8
  Decatur...............................     71.3     71.9     70.9     71.1      6.5      5.6      6.3      5.3   9.1   7.8   8.9   7.4
  Dothan................................     62.3     62.9     62.1     62.6      5.1      4.7      5.0      4.4   8.3   7.4   8.1   7.1
  Florence-Muscle Shoals................     68.0     70.5     67.9     70.2      5.6      5.2      5.7      4.9   8.2   7.4   8.4   7.0
  Gadsden...............................     44.4     44.2     44.3     44.3      3.9      3.6      3.8      3.3   8.7   8.1   8.6   7.6
  Huntsville............................    207.1    209.9    206.5    208.7     15.0     14.3     14.8     13.4   7.2   6.8   7.2   6.4
  Mobile................................    187.1    189.7    186.3    188.4     18.6     17.2     18.0     15.9   9.9   9.1   9.7   8.4
  Montgomery............................    166.8    167.4    166.5    165.1     14.9     13.6     14.5     12.6   8.9   8.2   8.7   7.7
  Tuscaloosa............................     98.7     98.9     98.3     97.8      8.1      7.3      7.9      6.8   8.2   7.4   8.0   7.0
                                                                                                                                        
Alaska..................................    359.4    365.9    359.7    365.3     28.0     26.0     29.1     28.0   7.8   7.1   8.1   7.7
  Anchorage.............................    200.8    202.3    202.3    202.7     13.9     12.3     14.2     12.9   6.9   6.1   7.0   6.4
  Fairbanks.............................     46.8     47.7     46.8     48.0      3.2      3.0      3.3      3.2   6.8   6.3   7.1   6.7
                                                                                                                                        
Arizona.................................  3,178.4  3,159.7  3,165.6  3,158.8    303.9    266.3    292.6    273.3   9.6   8.4   9.2   8.7
  Flagstaff.............................     76.8     74.5     76.4     74.0      6.4      5.7      6.5      6.3   8.3   7.7   8.5   8.5
  Lake Havasu City-Kingman..............     91.4     90.4     90.6     89.9     10.2      8.6      9.7      9.1  11.1   9.5  10.7  10.1
  Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale.................  2,127.8  2,123.1  2,125.6  2,127.9    187.7    162.6    181.4    167.1   8.8   7.7   8.5   7.9
  Prescott..............................     98.1     93.8     96.7     92.8      9.8      8.6      9.7      8.9  10.0   9.1  10.0   9.6
  Tucson................................    491.6    487.9    488.9    486.3     42.6     37.1     41.2     38.3   8.7   7.6   8.4   7.9
  Yuma..................................     93.7     93.4     90.7     91.4     23.3     22.1     20.8     21.1  24.9  23.7  22.9  23.1
                                                                                                                                        
Arkansas................................  1,355.4  1,365.8  1,350.5  1,354.6    100.5     98.0    105.1    100.7   7.4   7.2   7.8   7.4
  Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers........    228.2    228.3    227.1    227.8     13.4     12.5     13.9     12.9   5.9   5.5   6.1   5.6
  Fort Smith............................    134.1    132.4    133.3    130.1     10.5     10.3     11.4     10.3   7.8   7.8   8.5   8.0
  Hot Springs...........................     41.9     44.2     42.2     43.5      3.2      3.1      3.4      3.2   7.7   7.0   8.0   7.4
  Jonesboro.............................     58.2     57.8     57.9     57.1      4.1      3.7      4.3      3.9   7.0   6.4   7.4   6.9
  Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway..    343.6    344.1    343.3    342.8     22.4     21.8     23.2     22.2   6.5   6.3   6.8   6.5
  Pine Bluff............................     43.8     43.2     43.4     43.0      4.1      4.0      4.2      4.0   9.3   9.2   9.8   9.4
                                                                                                                                        
California.............................. 18,148.4 18,186.4 18,098.1 18,172.2  2,267.6  1,978.4  2,226.8  1,987.1  12.5  10.9  12.3  10.9
  Bakersfield-Delano....................    366.0    371.2    366.3    371.6     57.1     49.6     60.1     53.7  15.6  13.4  16.4  14.5
  Chico.................................    104.4    104.7    104.3    103.1     14.4     12.6     14.5     13.0  13.8  12.1  13.9  12.6
  El Centro.............................     77.4     77.3     75.8     75.3     23.9     22.0     22.2     20.2  30.9  28.5  29.2  26.8
  Fresno................................    433.7    429.0    435.6    431.4     75.0     67.1     75.8     69.7  17.3  15.7  17.4  16.2
  Hanford-Corcoran......................     60.9     61.5     61.0     61.2     10.2      9.0     10.3      9.4  16.8  14.6  17.0  15.3
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana......  6,484.8  6,464.6  6,469.3  6,462.5    781.9    687.4    759.1    687.6  12.1  10.6  11.7  10.6
  Madera-Chowchilla.....................     65.0     64.2     66.4     65.2     10.4      9.3     10.7      9.6  16.1  14.4  16.2  14.7
  Merced................................    106.5    104.6    106.1    103.7     19.8     17.6     21.1     19.4  18.6  16.8  19.9  18.7
  Modesto...............................    237.3    232.4    237.4    234.0     40.8     35.9     41.4     37.8  17.2  15.4  17.5  16.1
  Napa..................................     72.6     73.2     71.8     72.8      7.5      6.4      7.7      6.6  10.3   8.7  10.7   9.0
  Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura..........    430.2    431.7    427.6    432.4     47.0     41.0     45.6     40.5  10.9   9.5  10.7   9.4
  Redding...............................     82.3     84.1     82.7     84.0     13.2     11.1     13.3     11.3  16.0  13.2  16.1  13.4
  Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario......  1,764.9  1,773.3  1,761.1  1,778.3    255.7    221.3    246.2    217.3  14.5  12.5  14.0  12.2
  Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville...  1,030.5  1,030.4  1,026.7  1,026.9    131.7    112.4    129.3    112.0  12.8  10.9  12.6  10.9
  Salinas...............................    215.8    214.4    207.8    206.0     26.3     23.6     33.8     30.7  12.2  11.0  16.3  14.9
  San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos.........  1,558.8  1,586.1  1,555.9  1,586.0    165.1    146.2    157.6    141.0  10.6   9.2  10.1   8.9
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.........  2,234.7  2,248.9  2,225.0  2,244.0    229.5    195.1    218.5    189.6  10.3   8.7   9.8   8.5
  San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara........    898.9    917.5    897.5    916.0     99.1     84.0     95.2     81.6  11.0   9.2  10.6   8.9
  San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles...........    136.0    134.4    132.5    133.5     13.8     12.0     13.3     11.8  10.1   8.9  10.0   8.8
  Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta......    220.7    220.1    217.3    217.5     20.9     18.2     21.2     18.9   9.5   8.3   9.7   8.7
  Santa Cruz-Watsonville................    148.0    150.9    147.5    149.5     18.8     16.2     20.3     18.3  12.7  10.8  13.8  12.2
  Santa Rosa-Petaluma...................    254.4    252.0    253.9    250.7     26.1     22.7     25.5     22.3  10.3   9.0  10.0   8.9
  Stockton..............................    294.7    295.8    295.0    298.0     52.3     45.8     53.4     47.5  17.8  15.5  18.1  15.9
  Vallejo-Fairfield.....................    213.0    213.0    212.4    213.2     25.8     22.4     25.5     22.5  12.1  10.5  12.0  10.5
  Visalia-Porterville...................    206.4    207.9    210.1    211.4     34.6     31.2     36.8     34.2  16.8  15.0  17.5  16.2
  Yuba City.............................     69.1     70.2     69.4     70.3     13.5     11.8     14.2     12.7  19.5  16.8  20.5  18.1
                                                                                                                                        
Colorado................................  2,673.1  2,727.3  2,656.2  2,719.3    238.0    212.5    231.8    214.8   8.9   7.8   8.7   7.9
  Boulder...............................    173.3    178.1    171.9    177.1     12.3     10.6     11.5     10.3   7.1   5.9   6.7   5.8
  Colorado Springs......................    307.1    309.9    304.3    304.2     29.5     27.0     28.7     27.4   9.6   8.7   9.4   9.0
  Denver-Aurora-Broomfield..............  1,374.1  1,403.0  1,366.2  1,391.5    123.4    110.5    120.9    112.6   9.0   7.9   8.9   8.1
  Fort Collins-Loveland.................    175.7    179.8    173.2    178.9     12.9     11.2     12.5     11.2   7.3   6.2   7.2   6.3
  Grand Junction........................     78.1     77.9     77.6     77.2      7.9      6.6      8.1      6.9  10.1   8.5  10.4   9.0
  Greeley...............................    119.8    120.5    116.9    119.0     11.8     10.6     11.7     10.8   9.9   8.8  10.0   9.1
  Pueblo................................     74.5     77.1     73.9     76.4      7.8      7.3      7.6      7.5  10.5   9.4  10.3   9.8
                                                                                                                                        
Connecticut.............................  1,895.2  1,891.3  1,882.8  1,878.1    166.7    149.3    162.0    142.3   8.8   7.9   8.6   7.6
  Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk...........    479.4    476.4    477.4    475.4     39.6     35.2     38.4     33.6   8.3   7.4   8.0   7.1
  Danbury...............................     91.9     93.0     91.5     92.9      6.5      5.8      6.4      5.6   7.1   6.3   7.0   6.0
  Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford..    600.7    602.8    595.0    598.2     52.6     47.6     51.6     45.2   8.8   7.9   8.7   7.6
  New Haven.............................    317.1    315.7    315.5    311.3     28.9     26.0     28.1     24.8   9.1   8.2   8.9   8.0
  Norwich-New London....................    152.6    149.0    151.8    148.0     13.2     12.1     12.8     11.8   8.7   8.1   8.5   8.0
  Waterbury.............................    102.5    102.2    102.0    101.7     11.9     10.4     11.6      9.9  11.6  10.2  11.4   9.8
                                                                                                                                        
Delaware................................    422.7    428.8    422.5    430.2     34.1     29.6     34.5     30.7   8.1   6.9   8.2   7.1
  Dover.................................     72.5     73.8     72.5     73.9      5.7      5.1      5.9      5.3   7.9   6.8   8.1   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
District of Columbia....................    330.8    332.1    327.5    333.0     33.1     33.8     30.1     33.9  10.0  10.2   9.2  10.2
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria.......  3,056.6  3,090.2  3,051.8  3,092.7    182.8    165.7    173.5    171.6   6.0   5.4   5.7   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Florida.................................  9,265.1  9,211.6  9,252.6  9,197.7  1,116.6    907.0  1,082.3    893.1  12.1   9.8  11.7   9.7
  Cape Coral-Fort Myers.................    275.8    272.8    275.8    271.4     36.4     28.7     34.7     27.6  13.2  10.5  12.6  10.2
  Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin....     95.2     98.2     94.8     97.2      8.4      7.1      8.1      6.9   8.8   7.2   8.6   7.1
  Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach....    253.3    252.6    252.4    251.5     32.2     26.1     30.9     25.4  12.7  10.3  12.3  10.1
  Gainesville...........................    140.8    139.5    138.8    137.4     12.5     11.0     11.8     10.6   8.8   7.9   8.5   7.7
  Jacksonville..........................    692.5    689.5    688.2    688.5     79.6     65.6     76.3     63.3  11.5   9.5  11.1   9.2
  Lakeland-Winter Haven.................    275.8    270.5    276.0    269.6     36.4     29.9     34.7     28.7  13.2  11.0  12.6  10.7
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach...  2,899.9  2,904.9  2,912.9  2,909.0    344.9    273.0    344.4    279.4  11.9   9.4  11.8   9.6
  Naples-Marco Island...................    145.7    142.8    146.5    143.2     17.9     14.3     16.9     13.6  12.3  10.0  11.5   9.5
  North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota.........    305.3    301.1    303.0    299.3     38.4     30.5     36.2     29.3  12.6  10.1  11.9   9.8
  Ocala.................................    134.6    132.6    133.7    131.3     19.4     15.7     18.5     15.2  14.4  11.8  13.9  11.6
  Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford.............  1,129.8  1,117.0  1,125.0  1,113.7    134.4    108.5    128.9    105.4  11.9   9.7  11.5   9.5
  Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville.........    266.8    260.5    266.0    259.2     33.3     28.9     31.9     28.0  12.5  11.1  12.0  10.8
  Palm Coast............................     33.5     32.7     33.3     32.1      5.5      4.6      5.2      4.5  16.3  14.1  15.7  13.9
  Panama City-Lynn Haven-                                                                                                    
    Panama City Beach...................     89.7     88.1     89.4     88.4     10.5      8.8     10.6      8.9  11.7  10.0  11.8  10.1
  Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent............    212.1    208.6    211.0    206.9     23.5     20.4     22.9     19.9  11.1   9.8  10.8   9.6
  Port St. Lucie........................    191.4    187.0    191.2    186.1     26.7     21.7     25.2     20.8  14.0  11.6  13.2  11.2
  Punta Gorda...........................     70.0     69.4     69.9     69.6      9.0      7.2      8.5      6.9  12.8  10.3  12.1  10.0
  Sebastian-Vero Beach..................     62.5     61.9     62.6     62.3      9.1      7.4      8.6      7.1  14.5  12.0  13.7  11.4
  Tallahassee...........................    195.8    194.3    192.1    193.1     17.7     15.9     17.1     15.3   9.1   8.2   8.9   7.9
  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......  1,303.7  1,304.5  1,298.3  1,301.9    164.8    134.3    157.8    130.4  12.6  10.3  12.2  10.0
                                                                                                                                        
Georgia.................................  4,689.6  4,746.5  4,694.0  4,757.2    483.4    438.3    476.9    449.5  10.3   9.2  10.2   9.4
  Albany................................     75.1     77.0     75.6     77.1      8.2      7.4      8.0      7.6  10.9   9.6  10.5   9.9
  Athens-Clarke County..................    105.7    108.0    106.7    107.5      8.0      7.5      8.1      7.8   7.6   6.9   7.6   7.3
  Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta........  2,662.8  2,689.9  2,661.9  2,697.8    274.5    247.2    270.0    252.9  10.3   9.2  10.1   9.4
  Augusta-Richmond County...............    259.1    259.9    259.2    259.1     23.5     22.6     22.9     23.0   9.1   8.7   8.8   8.9
  Brunswick.............................     50.8     51.1     50.7     52.0      5.2      5.0      5.1      5.2  10.2   9.7  10.1   9.9
  Columbus..............................    129.0    133.2    129.4    133.5     12.3     11.4     12.2     11.8   9.5   8.6   9.4   8.9
  Dalton................................     62.6     60.6     62.2     60.5      8.1      7.2      7.7      7.3  13.0  11.8  12.4  12.1
  Gainesville...........................     89.2     89.5     89.5     89.7      8.2      6.9      7.9      7.2   9.2   7.7   8.8   8.0
  Hinesville-Fort Stewart...............     32.6     33.6     32.9     33.6      2.9      3.0      2.9      3.1   8.9   8.9   8.8   9.2
  Macon.................................    112.1    115.3    112.9    115.5     11.6     10.7     11.5     11.0  10.3   9.3  10.2   9.6
  Rome..................................     48.3     48.9     48.1     48.6      5.2      5.1      5.1      5.0  10.7  10.3  10.6  10.4
  Savannah..............................    174.5    175.7    175.5    177.0     15.7     14.7     15.8     15.5   9.0   8.4   9.0   8.8
  Valdosta..............................     65.9     66.7     66.3     67.2      5.9      5.7      5.9      5.8   8.9   8.6   8.9   8.6
  Warner Robins.........................     70.9     72.3     71.2     72.3      5.5      5.2      5.5      5.3   7.8   7.1   7.8   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Hawaii..................................    630.7    633.7    628.4    629.1     41.2     41.7     36.2     39.0   6.5   6.6   5.8   6.2
  Honolulu..............................    441.7    446.4    441.1    444.7     24.2     25.4     21.2     23.7   5.5   5.7   4.8   5.3
                                                                                                                                        
Idaho...................................    757.3    760.8    754.9    759.9     72.7     63.8     73.2     64.7   9.6   8.4   9.7   8.5
  Boise City-Nampa......................    294.0    298.8    292.4    297.8     29.3     25.5     28.7     25.1   9.9   8.5   9.8   8.4
  Coeur d'Alene.........................     71.4     70.1     72.0     70.4      8.1      7.0      8.4      7.2  11.3   9.9  11.6  10.2
  Idaho Falls...........................     62.5     62.7     62.4     63.2      4.6      4.3      4.7      4.4   7.4   6.9   7.5   7.0
  Lewiston..............................     29.2     28.7     29.1     28.6      2.3      2.1      2.2      2.1   7.9   7.4   7.6   7.4
  Pocatello.............................     44.0     44.2     43.9     43.9      3.8      3.5      3.9      3.6   8.7   7.9   8.8   8.3
                                                                                                                                        
Illinois................................  6,664.2  6,614.1  6,643.8  6,592.8    603.2    621.0    586.0    613.4   9.1   9.4   8.8   9.3
  Bloomington-Normal....................     94.3     93.0     93.8     91.9      6.6      6.3      6.3      6.4   7.0   6.8   6.8   7.0
  Champaign-Urbana......................    126.0    120.1    123.3    118.4     10.3      9.4      9.6      9.4   8.1   7.8   7.8   7.9
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville.............  4,873.4  4,848.1  4,848.2  4,843.9    437.7    465.5    423.5    449.7   9.0   9.6   8.7   9.3
  Danville..............................     37.7     36.6     37.5     36.2      4.1      3.6      3.9      3.7  10.8   9.9  10.4  10.3
  Davenport-Moline-Rock Island..........    204.9    202.7    205.2    200.2     15.5     14.8     16.0     15.7   7.6   7.3   7.8   7.8
  Decatur...............................     55.8     54.5     55.9     53.9      5.9      5.4      5.7      5.5  10.5   9.9  10.2  10.2
  Kankakee-Bradley......................     57.7     58.8     58.0     58.3      6.8      6.3      6.8      6.6  11.8  10.8  11.7  11.4
  Peoria................................    206.4    208.8    206.2    208.2     18.3     16.5     17.9     16.8   8.9   7.9   8.7   8.1
  Rockford..............................    172.7    168.8    172.0    167.3     23.0     20.1     22.2     20.9  13.3  11.9  12.9  12.5
  Springfield...........................    119.3    118.0    119.5    117.5      8.6      8.7      8.4      8.8   7.2   7.4   7.0   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
Indiana.................................  3,128.3  3,163.3  3,098.2  3,164.1    292.7    275.4    283.8    275.0   9.4   8.7   9.2   8.7
  Anderson..............................     61.1     60.1     60.4     60.0      6.6      6.2      6.4      6.1  10.7  10.3  10.5  10.2
  Bloomington...........................     98.0     98.8     95.6     96.5      7.0      7.0      7.0      7.2   7.1   7.1   7.3   7.5
  Columbus..............................     37.6     39.3     37.2     39.7      3.1      2.8      3.0      2.8   8.3   7.0   8.0   7.0
  Elkhart-Goshen........................     89.5     89.2     88.9     89.0     11.3     10.0     10.8     10.0  12.6  11.2  12.2  11.2
  Evansville............................    181.6    185.6    180.4    183.7     14.6     13.4     14.2     13.7   8.1   7.2   7.9   7.4
  Fort Wayne............................    205.2    212.7    203.6    212.6     20.8     19.8     18.9     18.0  10.2   9.3   9.3   8.5
  Indianapolis-Carmel...................    888.3    890.8    876.0    891.3     76.3     73.5     73.4     73.3   8.6   8.3   8.4   8.2
  Kokomo................................     42.4     43.7     42.5     43.2      4.7      4.3      4.5      4.1  11.1   9.8  10.7   9.6
  Lafayette.............................     97.3    100.9     96.4     99.2      7.8      7.4      7.7      7.5   8.0   7.4   8.0   7.5
  Michigan City-La Porte................     50.6     50.7     50.2     51.0      5.4      5.0      5.3      5.1  10.7   9.9  10.6  10.0
  Muncie................................     54.0     54.7     53.5     54.7      5.6      5.5      5.3      5.3  10.4  10.0  10.0   9.7
  South Bend-Mishawaka..................    152.2    153.6    151.0    153.8     15.6     14.3     15.5     14.7  10.3   9.3  10.2   9.5
  Terre Haute...........................     79.6     79.3     79.1     79.3      8.1      7.9      8.1      8.1  10.2   9.9  10.2  10.3
                                                                                                                                        
Iowa....................................  1,673.5  1,661.6  1,673.7  1,659.4     98.3     86.0    104.1     97.0   5.9   5.2   6.2   5.8
  Ames..................................     49.8     48.7     49.4     48.4      2.1      1.8      2.2      2.1   4.2   3.8   4.5   4.3
  Cedar Rapids..........................    148.8    146.8    148.3    144.2      8.7      7.9      9.2      8.7   5.8   5.4   6.2   6.0
  Des Moines-West Des Moines............    313.7    312.9    312.3    310.2     18.8     16.5     19.3     18.1   6.0   5.3   6.2   5.8
  Dubuque...............................     54.3     54.3     54.6     54.0      3.1      2.5      3.4      2.8   5.6   4.6   6.3   5.3
  Iowa City.............................     93.0     92.5     92.7     91.1      3.9      3.5      4.1      3.9   4.2   3.8   4.4   4.3
  Sioux City............................     78.1     78.7     78.7     78.9      5.4      4.0      5.6      4.5   6.9   5.1   7.1   5.7
  Waterloo-Cedar Falls..................     96.8     96.8     95.9     96.1      5.6      4.8      5.7      5.3   5.8   5.0   5.9   5.6
                                                                                                                                        
Kansas..................................  1,502.6  1,512.4  1,493.7  1,502.6    102.0     91.2     94.9     88.0   6.8   6.0   6.4   5.9
  Lawrence..............................     63.3     66.0     62.1     64.5      3.9      3.5      3.5      3.2   6.2   5.3   5.6   5.0
  Manhattan.............................     65.7     67.9     64.2     66.2      3.6      3.4      3.2      3.1   5.5   5.0   4.9   4.7
  Topeka................................    123.1    122.6    122.6    122.1      8.7      8.1      8.0      7.8   7.1   6.6   6.6   6.4
  Wichita...............................    312.7    315.0    311.3    314.5     26.3     22.5     24.0     21.7   8.4   7.1   7.7   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Kentucky................................  2,092.9  2,087.3  2,088.0  2,076.5    208.3    179.9    206.9    179.0  10.0   8.6   9.9   8.6
  Bowling Green.........................     65.8     64.0     65.8     63.5      5.7      4.7      5.5      4.7   8.6   7.4   8.4   7.3
  Elizabethtown.........................     57.7     56.3     57.4     56.2      5.1      4.9      5.1      4.9   8.9   8.7   8.9   8.6
  Lexington-Fayette.....................    244.1    244.3    244.7    242.5     20.3     17.1     19.8     16.8   8.3   7.0   8.1   6.9
  Louisville-Jefferson County...........    637.5    645.9    633.1    644.0     62.6     56.6     61.8     56.2   9.8   8.8   9.8   8.7
  Owensboro.............................     58.2     58.3     58.2     57.4      5.1      4.2      5.1      4.3   8.8   7.2   8.8   7.5
                                                                                                                                        
Louisiana...............................  2,090.5  2,055.4  2,068.8  2,024.0    153.1    132.9    147.9    129.8   7.3   6.5   7.2   6.4
  Alexandria............................     70.2     68.9     69.1     68.2      4.9      4.3      4.7      4.2   6.9   6.3   6.8   6.2
  Baton Rouge...........................    380.9    370.8    376.7    365.7     28.2     24.2     27.2     23.8   7.4   6.5   7.2   6.5
  Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux............    104.7    104.8    103.7    103.4      5.5      4.7      5.2      4.4   5.3   4.5   5.0   4.3
  Lafayette.............................    137.1    137.4    135.6    135.7      8.1      6.7      7.6      6.3   5.9   4.9   5.6   4.6
  Lake Charles..........................     94.4     94.5     93.9     93.1      6.5      5.6      6.3      5.5   6.9   5.9   6.7   5.9
  Monroe................................     81.3     79.4     80.4     78.4      6.2      5.5      6.1      5.4   7.7   6.9   7.6   6.9
  New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner...........    547.7    542.6    541.9    531.2     40.0     35.2     38.1     34.0   7.3   6.5   7.0   6.4
  Shreveport-Bossier City...............    185.6    184.4    183.9    181.4     12.7     11.1     12.0     10.8   6.8   6.0   6.5   5.9
                                                                                                                                        
Maine...................................    695.2    691.7    693.6    695.3     52.5     46.6     51.9     48.6   7.6   6.7   7.5   7.0
  Bangor................................     71.6     72.9     71.2     72.8      5.2      4.4      5.0      4.6   7.2   6.0   7.0   6.3
  Lewiston-Auburn.......................     57.4     57.9     57.2     58.4      4.4      3.8      4.3      3.9   7.6   6.5   7.5   6.7
  Portland-South Portland-Biddeford.....    204.0    202.9    202.7    202.8     12.5     11.2     12.0     11.2   6.1   5.5   5.9   5.5
                                                                                                                                        
Maryland................................  2,974.5  2,992.3  2,958.3  2,983.1    218.3    189.0    208.3    192.9   7.3   6.3   7.0   6.5
  Baltimore-Towson......................  1,391.6  1,406.8  1,383.1  1,401.4    108.3     93.5    102.9     94.8   7.8   6.6   7.4   6.8
  Cumberland............................     49.1     50.2     49.2     50.4      4.2      3.7      4.3      4.0   8.5   7.3   8.7   8.0
  Hagerstown-Martinsburg................    117.6    116.0    117.9    116.6     11.8      9.1     11.6      9.7  10.0   7.9   9.8   8.3
  Salisbury.............................     61.9     62.6     61.5     62.7      5.7      5.2      5.6      5.4   9.2   8.3   9.1   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
Massachusetts...........................  3,499.1  3,488.0  3,488.3  3,483.3    281.9    221.9    279.2    228.0   8.1   6.4   8.0   6.5
  Barnstable Town.......................    132.5    131.4    130.9    131.6     11.9      9.2     12.3     10.1   9.0   7.0   9.4   7.7
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy...............  2,557.3  2,556.0  2,547.0  2,550.8    187.2    146.9    181.8    148.9   7.3   5.7   7.1   5.8
  Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner..........     73.8     72.9     73.9     73.0      7.7      6.2      7.8      6.3  10.4   8.5  10.6   8.7
  New Bedford...........................     87.3     85.8     87.4     86.0     10.0      8.1     10.1      8.5  11.4   9.5  11.5   9.9
  Pittsfield............................     39.6     39.6     39.5     39.7      3.3      2.5      3.2      2.7   8.2   6.4   8.2   6.7
  Springfield...........................    350.6    348.1    349.9    345.9     31.4     25.3     31.6     26.0   8.9   7.3   9.0   7.5
  Worcester.............................    296.9    299.2    297.2    299.9     25.5     20.2     25.3     20.8   8.6   6.8   8.5   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Michigan................................  4,751.8  4,645.6  4,722.6  4,636.1    511.0    389.1    501.0    416.6  10.8   8.4  10.6   9.0
  Ann Arbor.............................    184.1    181.6    183.1    180.3     12.6      9.3     12.1      9.9   6.9   5.1   6.6   5.5
  Battle Creek..........................     66.9     64.3     66.5     63.0      6.3      4.5      6.3      4.9   9.5   6.9   9.4   7.7
  Bay City..............................     52.9     53.3     52.8     52.9      5.3      3.9      5.5      4.4  10.0   7.4  10.4   8.4
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia................  2,043.8  1,994.7  2,027.8  2,005.5    237.0    190.0    224.7    195.0  11.6   9.5  11.1   9.7
  Flint.................................    188.6    183.6    187.9    182.4     22.6     15.9     22.4     17.5  12.0   8.7  11.9   9.6
  Grand Rapids-Wyoming..................    389.6    385.7    387.3    382.3     35.2     25.0     34.6     27.3   9.0   6.5   8.9   7.1
  Holland-Grand Haven...................    129.3    128.3    127.7    127.6     12.1      8.3     11.8      9.0   9.3   6.5   9.2   7.1
  Jackson...............................     73.0     71.4     72.3     71.3      7.9      5.6      7.9      6.2  10.8   7.8  10.9   8.6
  Kalamazoo-Portage.....................    169.1    166.1    168.4    164.1     15.7     11.4     15.8     12.7   9.3   6.9   9.4   7.7
  Lansing-East Lansing..................    244.2    243.5    242.3    238.7     20.4     15.6     20.1     16.5   8.3   6.4   8.3   6.9
  Monroe................................     70.6     68.8     70.3     68.3      7.3      5.2      7.4      5.7  10.3   7.5  10.6   8.4
  Muskegon-Norton Shores................     83.2     81.6     82.2     80.7      9.6      6.8      9.3      7.3  11.5   8.4  11.4   9.0
  Niles-Benton Harbor...................     76.8     74.8     76.5     73.6      8.2      6.1      8.4      6.8  10.6   8.2  10.9   9.2
  Saginaw-Saginaw Township North........     91.5     91.4     91.1     90.2      9.4      7.0      9.4      7.7  10.3   7.6  10.3   8.6
                                                                                                                                        
Minnesota...............................  2,965.9  2,961.0  2,939.9  2,950.1    195.4    155.8    200.3    168.5   6.6   5.3   6.8   5.7
  Duluth................................    147.5    145.5    146.3    144.7     10.8      8.9     10.9      9.5   7.3   6.1   7.4   6.6
  Mankato-North Mankato.................     58.6     59.6     58.1     59.1      3.1      2.4      3.2      2.7   5.3   4.1   5.4   4.5
  Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington......  1,849.2  1,847.0  1,824.9  1,833.1    121.6     95.9    119.8    100.2   6.6   5.2   6.6   5.5
  Rochester.............................    104.8    105.5    104.3    105.3      5.6      4.5      5.8      4.9   5.3   4.3   5.6   4.7
  St. Cloud.............................    110.7    108.6    109.7    108.7      7.0      5.6      7.5      6.3   6.3   5.1   6.8   5.8
                                                                                                                                        
Mississippi.............................  1,319.5  1,344.1  1,324.9  1,345.9    129.3    130.7    130.1    133.3   9.8   9.7   9.8   9.9
  Gulfport-Biloxi.......................    115.9    119.7    117.0    119.3     10.1     10.7     10.0     10.9   8.7   9.0   8.6   9.1
  Hattiesburg...........................     69.4     70.6     69.3     70.9      5.8      6.0      5.8      6.1   8.3   8.5   8.4   8.6
  Jackson...............................    267.3    273.8    269.4    273.6     21.1     21.3     20.9     21.6   7.9   7.8   7.7   7.9
  Pascagoula............................     74.7     76.5     75.4     76.5      7.0      7.9      7.2      7.9   9.3  10.3   9.5  10.4
                                                                                                                                        
Missouri................................  2,991.5  3,037.5  2,978.6  3,052.6    280.8    229.0    275.2    235.0   9.4   7.5   9.2   7.7
  Cape Girardeau-Jackson................     46.4     47.5     46.4     48.0      3.7      3.1      3.8      3.2   8.0   6.6   8.1   6.7
  Columbia..............................     94.9     97.4     94.5     97.3      5.8      4.8      5.9      4.8   6.1   4.9   6.2   4.9
  Jefferson City........................     77.1     78.7     77.1     80.0      5.4      4.5      5.6      4.8   7.0   5.8   7.2   6.0
  Joplin................................     85.9     87.3     86.0     87.6      7.4      5.7      7.1      5.8   8.6   6.5   8.3   6.6
  Kansas City...........................  1,031.4  1,039.6  1,021.9  1,037.8     94.2     76.8     87.4     76.2   9.1   7.4   8.6   7.3
  St. Joseph............................     67.9     67.8     67.6     68.1      5.7      4.4      5.6      4.6   8.4   6.6   8.3   6.7
  St. Louis (1).........................  1,434.3  1,446.4  1,430.9  1,450.3    136.3    117.5    133.8    120.2   9.5   8.1   9.4   8.3
  Springfield...........................    216.0    222.0    216.1    225.2     18.4     14.9     18.4     15.3   8.5   6.7   8.5   6.8
                                                                                                                                        
Montana.................................    494.4    498.3    491.3    496.1     36.6     32.7     37.0     33.4   7.4   6.6   7.5   6.7
  Billings..............................     86.4     85.9     85.2     85.5      4.7      4.0      4.8      4.1   5.4   4.7   5.6   4.8
  Great Falls...........................     40.4     40.1     40.7     39.9      2.5      2.2      2.6      2.3   6.2   5.6   6.4   5.8
  Missoula..............................     58.0     54.2     57.5     53.7      4.3      3.7      4.4      3.9   7.5   6.9   7.6   7.2
                                                                                                                                        
Nebraska................................    973.4    998.2    972.3    999.3     39.0     36.1     40.1     41.0   4.0   3.6   4.1   4.1
  Lincoln...............................    165.5    172.4    166.2    172.2      5.9      5.6      5.9      6.3   3.6   3.2   3.6   3.6
  Omaha-Council Bluffs..................    444.2    456.4    444.3    457.4     20.2     18.8     20.9     21.3   4.6   4.1   4.7   4.7
                                                                                                                                        
Nevada..................................  1,330.8  1,314.3  1,328.0  1,310.8    191.9    159.8    195.5    162.6  14.4  12.2  14.7  12.4
  Carson City...........................     28.3     27.2     28.2     27.2      3.8      3.2      4.0      3.3  13.5  11.9  14.0  12.2
  Las Vegas-Paradise....................    952.8    946.3    952.7    942.2    141.6    117.7    144.2    119.5  14.9  12.4  15.1  12.7
  Reno-Sparks...........................    220.5    215.5    220.6    215.4     29.9     25.0     30.5     25.5  13.6  11.6  13.8  11.9
                                                                                                                                        
New Hampshire...........................    741.7    745.5    739.5    743.4     41.0     36.2     39.4     36.4   5.5   4.9   5.3   4.9
  Manchester............................    108.7    108.7    107.7    107.8      5.9      5.2      5.7      5.2   5.5   4.8   5.3   4.8
  Portsmouth............................     45.1     45.6     44.5     45.2      2.2      2.0      2.1      2.0   4.9   4.4   4.7   4.4
  Rochester-Dover.......................     85.4     87.8     84.5     86.5      4.6      4.1      4.4      4.2   5.4   4.6   5.2   4.8
                                                                                                                                        
New Jersey..............................  4,468.1  4,538.5  4,459.5  4,534.2    400.0    401.8    388.9    394.0   9.0   8.9   8.7   8.7
  Atlantic City-Hammonton...............    132.7    133.7    133.3    134.1     16.3     16.7     16.7     17.0  12.3  12.5  12.5  12.7
  Ocean City............................     54.5     55.9     54.5     55.2      7.3      7.9      7.7      8.3  13.4  14.1  14.1  15.1
  Trenton-Ewing.........................    202.2    204.7    201.8    204.5     15.1     15.2     14.6     14.9   7.5   7.4   7.2   7.3
  Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton..........     69.5     70.6     69.7     71.0      8.9      8.9      9.0      9.1  12.8  12.6  13.0  12.8
                                                                                                                                        
New Mexico..............................    959.5    943.2    956.1    944.6     80.4     59.3     78.8     60.9   8.4   6.3   8.2   6.4
  Albuquerque...........................    412.4    403.8    409.8    403.8     36.3     27.1     34.9     27.4   8.8   6.7   8.5   6.8
  Farmington............................     56.6     55.9     56.4     55.4      5.1      3.5      5.0      3.6   9.0   6.3   8.9   6.5
  Las Cruces............................     94.8     92.8     94.7     93.2      7.7      5.8      7.8      6.2   8.1   6.3   8.2   6.6
  Santa Fe..............................     77.6     77.4     77.3     77.6      5.4      3.9      5.4      4.1   7.0   5.0   7.0   5.2
                                                                                                                                        
New York................................  9,555.9  9,517.5  9,525.8  9,500.9    782.9    750.5    764.5    759.6   8.2   7.9   8.0   8.0
  Albany-Schenectady-Troy...............    443.0    437.3    439.2    437.7     31.8     29.1     31.0     30.4   7.2   6.7   7.1   6.9
  Binghamton............................    120.1    119.5    120.0    118.1     10.0      9.2     10.2      9.7   8.3   7.7   8.5   8.2
  Buffalo-Niagara Falls.................    576.0    568.4    574.1    565.8     46.3     41.4     46.5     44.4   8.0   7.3   8.1   7.9
  Elmira................................     40.5     39.4     40.2     39.3      3.3      3.0      3.2      3.1   8.1   7.5   8.0   7.9
  Glens Falls...........................     66.2     65.5     66.1     65.8      5.5      5.0      5.6      5.6   8.3   7.7   8.5   8.4
  Ithaca................................     57.3     55.6     57.0     55.2      3.2      3.0      3.2      3.1   5.6   5.4   5.6   5.5
  Kingston..............................     88.3     86.8     87.6     87.8      7.1      6.6      7.0      6.9   8.0   7.6   8.0   7.8
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                     
       Long Island......................  9,408.4  9,455.9  9,376.9  9,436.6    792.9    787.7    762.7    773.4   8.4   8.3   8.1   8.2
     New York City......................  3,973.7  3,994.5  3,964.0  3,985.5    354.0    362.0    339.6    351.6   8.9   9.1   8.6   8.8
  Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown......    320.7    315.3    318.8    315.9     25.0     22.5     24.3     23.1   7.8   7.1   7.6   7.3
  Rochester.............................    525.8    527.0    523.6    529.1     40.7     36.5     40.8     38.8   7.7   6.9   7.8   7.3
  Syracuse..............................    324.2    322.0    323.5    321.7     26.6     24.0     27.0     25.6   8.2   7.5   8.3   8.0
  Utica-Rome............................    138.4    140.0    138.8    138.8     10.9     10.4     11.3     11.2   7.9   7.4   8.1   8.1
                                                                                                                                        
North Carolina..........................  4,464.9  4,497.7  4,428.9  4,478.1    442.7    427.6    428.6    440.0   9.9   9.5   9.7   9.8
  Asheville.............................    207.6    207.0    205.1    205.5     16.5     15.6     15.9     16.2   7.9   7.6   7.7   7.9
  Burlington............................     69.4     69.6     68.9     68.9      7.2      7.1      6.9      6.7  10.4  10.3  10.0   9.7
  Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill..........    854.1    849.1    851.6    846.9     93.7     84.4     90.9     86.8  11.0   9.9  10.7  10.3
  Durham-Chapel Hill....................    261.4    263.2    260.0    262.3     18.8     19.2     18.0     19.6   7.2   7.3   6.9   7.5
  Fayetteville..........................    156.4    160.5    155.3    160.4     14.5     15.2     13.9     15.6   9.3   9.4   8.9   9.7
  Goldsboro.............................     52.0     52.2     51.1     51.8      4.4      4.4      4.2      4.5   8.5   8.4   8.2   8.7
  Greensboro-High Point.................    357.8    363.2    355.9    362.7     37.3     35.8     36.0     36.4  10.4   9.8  10.1  10.0
  Greenville............................     90.2     91.3     89.5     90.9      8.6      8.4      8.4      8.6   9.5   9.2   9.4   9.4
  Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton..............    165.9    162.8    164.6    161.4     20.6     19.0     19.8     19.2  12.4  11.6  12.0  11.9
  Jacksonville..........................     65.1     64.6     64.3     64.6      5.3      5.5      5.2      5.8   8.2   8.6   8.1   9.0
  Raleigh-Cary..........................    559.3    566.7    557.0    563.9     45.3     44.2     42.9     45.1   8.1   7.8   7.7   8.0
  Rocky Mount...........................     71.0     70.8     70.3     70.7      8.9      9.0      8.7      9.1  12.6  12.7  12.3  12.9
  Wilmington............................    175.9    172.0    174.2    170.8     17.4     17.2     17.1     18.0   9.9  10.0   9.8  10.6
  Winston-Salem.........................    234.4    238.8    233.2    236.9     22.2     21.3     21.6     21.6   9.5   8.9   9.3   9.1
                                                                                                                                        
North Dakota............................    364.9    374.7    365.1    374.2     12.5     10.7     14.0     12.2   3.4   2.9   3.8   3.2
  Bismarck..............................     60.3     60.8     60.9     61.0      2.1      1.7      2.4      1.9   3.5   2.7   4.0   3.2
  Fargo.................................    117.9    119.2    118.1    118.8      4.3      3.8      4.8      4.3   3.6   3.1   4.1   3.7
  Grand Forks...........................     54.8     55.5     54.6     54.9      2.1      2.2      2.4      2.4   3.8   4.0   4.3   4.4
                                                                                                                                        
Ohio....................................  5,899.1  5,810.6  5,874.2  5,773.4    547.2    442.8    542.1    441.7   9.3   7.6   9.2   7.6
  Akron.................................    383.2    380.5    384.0    376.3     34.4     27.5     34.8     27.5   9.0   7.2   9.1   7.3
  Canton-Massillon......................    202.5    198.3    201.6    197.0     20.6     16.2     20.7     15.9  10.2   8.2  10.3   8.1
  Cincinnati-Middletown.................  1,120.2  1,107.3  1,112.9  1,100.5    103.1     86.2    100.9     84.4   9.2   7.8   9.1   7.7
  Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor...............  1,079.4  1,085.9  1,068.3  1,075.1     93.0     75.0     90.5     74.2   8.6   6.9   8.5   6.9
  Columbus..............................    972.3    951.2    970.8    946.2     77.3     63.3     74.9     60.9   8.0   6.6   7.7   6.4
  Dayton................................    416.8    405.1    415.2    401.4     41.4     33.6     40.8     33.0   9.9   8.3   9.8   8.2
  Lima..................................     50.9     50.7     50.5     50.8      4.9      4.1      4.9      4.1   9.7   8.1   9.7   8.1
  Mansfield.............................     60.8     58.6     60.6     58.0      6.6      5.4      6.7      5.4  10.9   9.3  11.1   9.3
  Sandusky..............................     41.8     42.4     41.6     41.8      4.1      3.2      4.1      3.4   9.7   7.6   9.9   8.2
  Springfield...........................     70.9     69.1     71.1     68.5      7.0      5.5      6.9      5.5   9.9   8.0   9.7   8.0
  Steubenville-Weirton..................     56.1     55.2     55.8     55.2      7.4      5.4      7.1      5.5  13.1   9.7  12.7   9.9
  Toledo................................    330.5    323.3    327.8    321.2     33.8     27.2     33.8     27.5  10.2   8.4  10.3   8.6
  Youngstown-Warren-Boardman............    272.2    268.3    270.5    268.2     28.0     22.0     27.7     22.1  10.3   8.2  10.2   8.2
                                                                                                                                        
Oklahoma................................  1,756.6  1,763.9  1,742.2  1,754.0    118.0    102.6    115.3    105.2   6.7   5.8   6.6   6.0
  Lawton................................     48.6     46.6     48.0     45.9      3.2      3.1      3.2      3.2   6.7   6.6   6.6   7.0
  Oklahoma City.........................    571.6    577.1    567.8    572.0     35.9     31.4     34.7     32.0   6.3   5.4   6.1   5.6
  Tulsa.................................    438.1    438.1    434.2    435.7     32.9     28.3     32.0     28.6   7.5   6.4   7.4   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Oregon..................................  1,997.0  1,994.1  1,981.3  1,983.6    209.4    166.7    205.0    175.8  10.5   8.4  10.3   8.9
  Bend..................................     80.3     78.9     80.3     78.3     11.5      9.0     11.7      9.6  14.3  11.4  14.6  12.3
  Corvallis.............................     45.5     46.3     44.9     45.6      3.1      2.5      3.0      2.6   6.9   5.4   6.6   5.7
  Eugene-Springfield....................    184.0    180.7    183.6    179.2     19.7     15.2     19.1     15.6  10.7   8.4  10.4   8.7
  Medford...............................    104.2    105.1    103.6    103.1     12.4     10.1     12.0     10.6  11.9   9.6  11.6  10.3
  Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro..........  1,201.8  1,201.9  1,193.0  1,197.6    121.8     96.6    116.8     96.6  10.1   8.0   9.8   8.1
  Salem.................................    200.5    198.8    196.6    196.8     21.6     17.6     21.1     18.2  10.8   8.8  10.7   9.2
                                                                                                                                        
Pennsylvania............................  6,329.1  6,334.9  6,304.5  6,322.2    518.9    467.5    509.7    457.1   8.2   7.4   8.1   7.2
  Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton............    415.9    415.3    415.1    415.4     37.2     33.7     36.2     32.8   9.0   8.1   8.7   7.9
  Altoona...............................     64.3     64.2     64.0     64.4      4.6      4.2      4.7      4.2   7.1   6.5   7.3   6.6
  Erie..................................    138.7    138.0    138.0    137.9     11.8     10.2     11.9     10.4   8.5   7.4   8.7   7.5
  Harrisburg-Carlisle...................    278.8    276.5    278.2    276.8     20.9     18.9     20.2     18.0   7.5   6.8   7.3   6.5
  Johnstown.............................     68.6     69.1     68.6     68.9      6.0      5.3      6.1      5.4   8.7   7.7   8.9   7.9
  Lancaster.............................    264.6    263.3    263.7    262.4     18.5     16.6     17.9     15.9   7.0   6.3   6.8   6.1
  Lebanon...............................     72.8     73.4     72.9     72.9      5.0      4.4      4.9      4.2   6.8   6.0   6.8   5.8
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington........  2,953.8  2,956.3  2,943.6  2,946.7    255.9    240.0    247.2    232.7   8.7   8.1   8.4   7.9
  Pittsburgh............................  1,213.6  1,228.2  1,208.5  1,227.6     90.5     81.2     91.0     80.5   7.5   6.6   7.5   6.6
  Reading...............................    202.2    202.6    201.6    202.9     17.5     15.2     16.9     14.8   8.6   7.5   8.4   7.3
  Scranton--Wilkes-Barre................    280.1    280.1    280.3    279.2     25.8     24.2     25.8     23.7   9.2   8.6   9.2   8.5
  State College.........................     76.4     76.6     74.4     75.2      4.2      3.7      4.2      3.8   5.5   4.9   5.7   5.0
  Williamsport..........................     59.8     60.2     59.3     60.0      4.9      4.3      4.9      4.3   8.2   7.1   8.3   7.2
  York-Hanover..........................    223.6    224.0    223.2    223.8     18.4     16.2     17.8     15.9   8.2   7.3   8.0   7.1
                                                                                                                                        
Rhode Island............................    579.1    567.4    576.5    566.0     63.9     59.0     62.6     60.3  11.0  10.4  10.9  10.7
  Providence-Fall River-Warwick.........    716.4    703.6    713.4    701.7     78.5     71.8     77.4     73.3  11.0  10.2  10.9  10.4
                                                                                                                                        
South Carolina..........................  2,150.0  2,144.3  2,145.9  2,139.1    236.2    198.9    233.2    203.3  11.0   9.3  10.9   9.5
  Anderson..............................     85.4     84.4     85.3     84.1      9.4      7.6      8.8      7.4  11.0   9.0  10.4   8.8
  Charleston-North Charleston-                                                                                                                      
    Summerville.........................    320.7    322.1    319.8    322.1     29.8     25.2     28.8     25.5   9.3   7.8   9.0   7.9
  Columbia..............................    367.9    372.1    366.9    368.5     34.2     29.1     33.3     29.4   9.3   7.8   9.1   8.0
  Florence..............................     94.2     94.1     94.4     94.0     10.9      9.3     10.9      9.6  11.6   9.9  11.6  10.2
  Greenville-Mauldin-Easley.............    313.1    311.5    312.1    311.5     29.3     23.8     28.4     24.0   9.4   7.6   9.1   7.7
  Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway    128.8    129.9    127.2    128.2     15.7     13.4     16.6     14.9  12.2  10.4  13.1  11.6
  Spartanburg...........................    135.6    134.7    135.2    134.3     14.7     12.3     14.4     12.5  10.9   9.1  10.7   9.3
  Sumter................................     45.4     44.8     45.2     45.2      5.3      4.6      5.3      4.7  11.7  10.3  11.7  10.3
                                                                                                                                        
South Dakota............................    442.9    448.8    440.5    447.5     19.8     17.5     21.5     19.8   4.5   3.9   4.9   4.4
  Rapid City............................     65.8     66.6     65.4     66.6      3.2      2.7      3.4      3.0   4.9   4.1   5.2   4.5
  Sioux Falls...........................    127.9    130.3    128.5    130.8      5.8      4.9      6.3      5.6   4.6   3.8   4.9   4.3
                                                                                                                                        
Tennessee...............................  3,067.6  3,117.2  3,056.4  3,099.8    284.3    261.9    277.0    251.9   9.3   8.4   9.1   8.1
  Chattanooga...........................    260.2    263.6    260.2    262.9     21.7     19.6     21.5     19.1   8.4   7.4   8.3   7.3
  Clarksville...........................    115.4    116.0    114.2    115.8     11.4     10.4     11.2     10.1   9.9   9.0   9.8   8.7
  Cleveland.............................     55.0     54.9     54.7     53.9      5.1      4.6      4.9      4.3   9.2   8.4   8.9   8.0
  Jackson...............................     56.2     56.2     56.2     55.9      5.3      5.0      5.2      4.8   9.5   9.0   9.2   8.7
  Johnson City..........................    101.9    101.9    101.5    102.2      8.7      7.6      8.4      7.3   8.5   7.4   8.3   7.1
  Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol.............    147.1    149.3    146.5    149.4     12.1     10.8     11.8     10.7   8.2   7.2   8.1   7.1
  Knoxville.............................    367.6    374.2    366.1    373.9     27.4     24.7     26.9     23.7   7.4   6.6   7.4   6.4
  Memphis...............................    607.4    631.1    609.8    631.4     59.2     58.0     57.5     55.6   9.7   9.2   9.4   8.8
  Morristown............................     64.1     64.3     63.6     63.7      6.9      6.5      6.8      6.2  10.8  10.0  10.7   9.7
  Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--                                                                                                      
    Franklin............................    825.2    839.1    823.8    831.6     67.5     60.4     65.3     57.0   8.2   7.2   7.9   6.9
                                                                                                                                        
Texas................................... 12,212.3 12,344.4 12,191.6 12,347.3  1,005.2    920.7    975.9    892.6   8.2   7.5   8.0   7.2
  Abilene...............................     83.3     79.2     83.1     79.1      5.5      4.9      5.2      4.8   6.5   6.2   6.2   6.0
  Amarillo..............................    132.5    134.4    132.2    134.4      7.5      6.9      7.1      6.6   5.7   5.1   5.4   4.9
  Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos..........    911.4    917.9    902.6    918.2     64.9     60.3     62.1     57.5   7.1   6.6   6.9   6.3
  Beaumont-Port Arthur..................    188.9    190.0    189.7    188.8     20.5     19.6     20.7     19.1  10.9  10.3  10.9  10.1
  Brownsville-Harlingen.................    159.4    157.8    159.3    158.4     18.6     17.9     18.7     17.7  11.7  11.4  11.7  11.2
  College Station-Bryan.................    117.8    116.2    116.9    115.0      7.5      6.6      7.0      6.3   6.3   5.7   6.0   5.5
  Corpus Christi........................    213.9    220.0    214.3    220.6     17.7     15.5     17.6     15.1   8.3   7.1   8.2   6.9
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington...........  3,237.3  3,269.3  3,230.7  3,264.5    266.6    242.2    257.9    233.2   8.2   7.4   8.0   7.1
  El Paso...............................    323.1    324.6    322.4    325.2     32.0     31.0     31.1     30.1   9.9   9.5   9.7   9.3
  Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown............  2,919.2  2,984.9  2,917.4  2,986.6    248.4    225.3    241.1    219.2   8.5   7.5   8.3   7.3
  Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood..............    169.2    168.8    168.8    168.5     13.6     13.3     12.9     12.9   8.0   7.9   7.6   7.7
  Laredo................................     96.0     99.6     95.8     99.4      8.0      7.1      7.7      6.9   8.4   7.1   8.1   6.9
  Longview..............................    112.7    113.4    112.5    114.9      8.1      7.2      7.8      6.8   7.2   6.3   6.9   5.9
  Lubbock...............................    147.0    150.9    146.6    150.7      9.2      8.4      8.7      8.0   6.2   5.5   5.9   5.3
  McAllen-Edinburg-Mission..............    310.6    316.9    311.9    317.7     37.5     35.2     38.1     35.5  12.1  11.1  12.2  11.2
  Midland...............................     77.7     78.6     77.6     79.5      3.9      3.2      3.6      3.1   5.0   4.1   4.7   3.9
  Odessa................................     74.0     74.2     73.8     74.6      5.3      3.9      5.0      3.7   7.1   5.3   6.7   5.0
  San Angelo............................     54.9     55.9     54.9     55.7      3.5      3.2      3.4      3.0   6.4   5.7   6.2   5.5
  San Antonio-New Braunfels.............    990.9    995.2    989.7    992.8     74.6     69.7     71.7     67.3   7.5   7.0   7.2   6.8
  Sherman-Denison.......................     57.5     58.1     57.3     58.3      4.9      4.6      4.7      4.4   8.5   8.0   8.1   7.6
  Texarkana.............................     65.5     66.0     65.5     66.2      4.7      4.5      4.6      4.5   7.1   6.9   7.1   6.8
  Tyler.................................    102.5    105.2    102.6    105.2      8.1      8.5      8.0      7.7   7.9   8.1   7.8   7.3
  Victoria..............................     58.7     60.5     58.8     60.2      4.4      3.9      4.2      3.8   7.4   6.5   7.1   6.3
  Waco..................................    116.2    117.1    115.9    117.4      8.8      8.3      8.4      8.0   7.6   7.0   7.2   6.8
  Wichita Falls.........................     72.6     71.0     72.4     70.7      5.5      4.8      5.2      4.7   7.6   6.8   7.2   6.6
                                                                                                                                        
Utah....................................  1,359.7  1,342.7  1,352.8  1,346.0     99.5     76.2     97.7     75.5   7.3   5.7   7.2   5.6
  Logan.................................     70.3     69.7     69.3     68.7      3.6      2.7      3.5      2.7   5.1   3.9   5.1   3.9
  Ogden-Clearfield......................    261.3    259.5    260.2    258.8     19.3     15.1     19.1     15.1   7.4   5.8   7.4   5.8
  Provo-Orem............................    226.6    224.7    225.7    225.8     16.2     12.2     15.8     12.0   7.2   5.4   7.0   5.3
  St. George............................     58.0     55.5     57.6     55.0      5.6      4.1      5.6      4.2   9.6   7.4   9.7   7.6
  Salt Lake City........................    602.3    597.1    602.5    601.9     43.1     33.2     41.5     32.5   7.2   5.6   6.9   5.4
                                                                                                                                        
Vermont.................................    360.1    361.7    361.2    359.0     20.6     17.1     20.0     17.4   5.7   4.7   5.5   4.9
  Burlington-South Burlington...........    116.9    118.8    115.8    116.0      5.5      4.4      5.2      4.5   4.7   3.7   4.4   3.8
                                                                                                                                        
Virginia................................  4,165.4  4,230.1  4,153.3  4,231.9    271.0    242.1    265.0    257.0   6.5   5.7   6.4   6.1
  Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford.....     80.3     83.0     79.4     83.4      5.9      4.9      5.7      5.2   7.3   5.9   7.2   6.3
  Charlottesville.......................    107.5    112.8    107.2    111.7      5.7      5.2      5.6      5.5   5.3   4.6   5.2   5.0
  Danville..............................     51.9     52.5     51.6     52.4      5.5      4.5      5.3      4.7  10.5   8.5  10.2   8.9
  Harrisonburg..........................     67.3     69.0     66.3     68.9      4.1      3.6      3.9      3.9   6.1   5.3   6.0   5.6
  Lynchburg.............................    123.3    127.0    123.3    125.4      8.9      7.8      8.7      8.2   7.2   6.1   7.0   6.5
  Richmond..............................    648.9    649.6    647.3    654.8     48.4     42.5     46.7     44.5   7.5   6.5   7.2   6.8
  Roanoke...............................    155.7    158.6    155.7    156.1     10.9      9.5     10.7     10.0   7.0   6.0   6.9   6.4
  Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News...    816.0    822.6    816.5    823.9     58.4     55.1     57.5     58.3   7.2   6.7   7.0   7.1
  Winchester............................     64.7     66.8     64.7     66.8      4.5      4.0      4.5      4.3   7.0   6.0   7.0   6.4
                                                                                                                                        
Washington..............................  3,529.6  3,467.3  3,513.4  3,463.0    330.6    287.8    323.3    296.2   9.4   8.3   9.2   8.6
  Bellingham............................    107.4    103.7    106.2    103.4      8.8      7.6      8.7      8.4   8.2   7.3   8.2   8.1
  Bremerton-Silverdale..................    125.6    120.4    125.7    121.4      9.4      8.4      9.2      9.2   7.4   7.0   7.3   7.6
  Kennewick-Pasco-Richland..............    134.3    130.1    132.4    128.4      9.7     10.5     10.4     12.5   7.2   8.1   7.9   9.7
  Longview..............................     45.0     42.7     44.1     42.8      5.4      4.6      5.0      4.9  12.1  10.7  11.4  11.3
  Mount Vernon-Anacortes................     58.6     57.0     58.3     57.0      6.0      5.2      5.9      5.8  10.2   9.1  10.1  10.2
  Olympia...............................    131.7    130.2    131.9    130.6     10.3      9.4     10.1     10.4   7.8   7.2   7.7   7.9
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue...............  1,887.4  1,880.0  1,887.3  1,884.5    174.9    150.6    166.2    147.1   9.3   8.0   8.8   7.8
  Spokane...............................    241.5    234.1    241.2    234.2     21.2     18.4     21.9     21.0   8.8   7.9   9.1   9.0
  Wenatchee-East Wenatchee..............     61.3     59.7     60.6     59.2      5.1      4.5      5.4      5.3   8.3   7.5   8.8   8.9
  Yakima................................    124.3    115.7    122.2    115.4     11.7     10.7     12.9     13.8   9.4   9.3  10.6  12.0
                                                                                                                                        
West Virginia...........................    777.2    775.6    773.6    774.1     71.1     54.8     73.0     59.6   9.1   7.1   9.4   7.7
  Charleston............................    133.2    135.2    133.3    135.6     11.1      8.6     11.6      9.5   8.3   6.4   8.7   7.0
  Huntington-Ashland....................    129.3    128.9    128.9    128.3     11.3      9.5     11.4      9.8   8.7   7.4   8.8   7.7
  Morgantown............................     64.1     64.1     63.5     63.9      3.8      3.1      4.1      3.5   6.0   4.9   6.4   5.5
  Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna...........     76.0     75.7     75.5     75.2      6.8      5.5      7.1      6.0   9.0   7.2   9.4   8.0
  Wheeling..............................     70.1     68.7     69.6     68.7      6.6      4.9      6.7      5.0   9.4   7.2   9.6   7.3
                                                                                                                                        
Wisconsin...............................  3,040.9  3,048.7  3,031.4  3,038.7    219.3    202.0    214.4    200.1   7.2   6.6   7.1   6.6
  Appleton..............................    123.4    123.1    123.0    122.9      7.9      7.2      7.8      7.3   6.4   5.8   6.4   5.9
  Eau Claire............................     89.7     89.9     90.3     89.3      5.3      5.2      5.5      5.4   5.9   5.8   6.1   6.0
  Fond du Lac...........................     55.0     54.9     54.9     55.4      3.8      3.4      3.7      3.4   6.8   6.2   6.8   6.2
  Green Bay.............................    171.8    170.1    171.1    169.6     11.7     10.8     11.3     10.7   6.8   6.4   6.6   6.3
  Janesville............................     78.6     78.2     78.6     77.7      7.6      6.6      7.3      6.4   9.7   8.4   9.3   8.3
  La Crosse.............................     75.8     76.4     75.8     76.2      4.1      3.8      4.3      3.9   5.4   5.0   5.6   5.1
  Madison...............................    343.3    344.9    341.6    342.3     17.3     16.3     16.9     16.2   5.0   4.7   4.9   4.7
  Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis.........    795.1    801.1    788.7    794.4     60.6     57.3     57.5     54.9   7.6   7.1   7.3   6.9
  Oshkosh-Neenah........................     94.6     95.8     94.1     95.3      5.8      5.6      5.6      5.5   6.2   5.8   5.9   5.7
  Racine................................     97.1     96.2     96.8     95.9      8.5      7.9      8.2      7.8   8.7   8.2   8.5   8.1
  Sheboygan.............................     62.7     62.7     62.4     61.7      4.8      4.2      4.6      4.0   7.6   6.7   7.4   6.4
  Wausau................................     72.5     72.1     72.4     72.3      5.4      4.7      5.1      4.7   7.5   6.5   7.1   6.5
                                                                                                                                        
Wyoming.................................    290.9    294.2    289.0    292.2     18.4     17.0     18.4     16.8   6.3   5.8   6.4   5.7
  Casper................................     40.4     41.8     40.4     41.8      2.6      2.3      2.6      2.3   6.5   5.6   6.5   5.5
  Cheyenne..............................     43.1     43.4     43.1     43.1      3.0      2.8      3.1      2.9   6.8   6.5   7.1   6.7
                                                                                                                                        
Puerto Rico.............................  1,296.9  1,284.9  1,276.6  1,288.1    199.7    195.0    187.1    170.4  15.4  15.2  14.7  13.2
  Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian.......    110.3    109.1    108.4    109.8     17.8     17.7     16.8     15.6  16.1  16.3  15.5  14.3
  Fajardo...............................     25.5     25.1     25.1     25.1      4.8      4.8      4.6      4.3  18.9  18.9  18.4  17.0
  Guayama...............................     25.9     26.0     25.5     25.8      5.5      5.4      5.3      4.8  21.3  20.6  20.7  18.7
  Mayaguez..............................     35.3     34.5     34.6     34.4      5.9      5.7      5.5      4.8  16.8  16.5  15.8  14.0
  Ponce.................................     89.2     88.2     88.1     87.0     14.0     13.9     13.2     12.1  15.6  15.7  15.0  13.9
  San German-Cabo Rojo..................     50.9     52.3     50.2     52.4      7.5      7.7      7.0      6.7  14.8  14.7  13.9  12.8
  San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo..............    864.9    856.6    852.3    860.2    125.9    121.5    117.4    105.7  14.6  14.2  13.8  12.3
  Yauco.................................     37.1     37.0     36.5     36.6      6.7      6.6      6.4      5.9  18.0  17.9  17.5  16.0

   1 Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
   p = preliminary. 
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Data for Puerto Rico are derived from a monthly household survey similar to the Current
Population Survey. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and are
available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs),
while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that
appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill., is the exception in that it is listed under Illinois for
operational reasons. Data for 2010 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for
the latest month are subject to revision the following month.




LABOR FORCE DATA                                                                                                          LABOR FORCE DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED                                                                                            NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED

Table 2. Civilian labor force and unemployment by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division (1)

(Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                   Civilian labor force                                Unemployed                         
                                                                                                                                          
        State, area, and division                                                             Number                Percent of labor force
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                November          December          November          December       November    December 
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                             2010     2011     2010     2011p    2010     2011     2010     2011p   2010  2011  2010 2011p
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
California................................ 18,148.4 18,186.4 18,098.1 18,172.2  2,267.6  1,978.4  2,226.8  1,987.1  12.5  10.9  12.3  10.9
  Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana........  6,484.8  6,464.6  6,469.3  6,462.5    781.9    687.4    759.1    687.6  12.1  10.6  11.7  10.6
     Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale......  4,903.3  4,865.2  4,895.3  4,865.3    632.5    558.6    617.9    563.7  12.9  11.5  12.6  11.6
     Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine.............  1,581.5  1,599.4  1,573.9  1,597.2    149.4    128.8    141.2    123.9   9.4   8.1   9.0   7.8
  San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont...........  2,234.7  2,248.9  2,225.0  2,244.0    229.5    195.1    218.5    189.6  10.3   8.7   9.8   8.5
     Oakland-Fremont-Hayward..............  1,273.5  1,274.7  1,268.4  1,269.7    142.8    121.2    136.9    118.4  11.2   9.5  10.8   9.3
     San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City.    961.2    974.2    956.6    974.3     86.7     74.0     81.6     71.2   9.0   7.6   8.5   7.3
                                                                                                                                          
District of Columbia......................    330.8    332.1    327.5    333.0     33.1     33.8     30.1     33.9  10.0  10.2   9.2  10.2
  Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2).....  3,056.6  3,090.2  3,051.8  3,092.7    182.8    165.7    173.5    171.6   6.0   5.4   5.7   5.5
     Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick (3).....    637.3    637.6    634.6    634.9     36.1     30.6     33.7     31.0   5.7   4.8   5.3   4.9
     Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (2)..  2,419.3  2,452.5  2,417.2  2,457.8    146.7    135.1    139.7    140.6   6.1   5.5   5.8   5.7
                                                                                                                                          
Florida...................................  9,265.1  9,211.6  9,252.6  9,197.7  1,116.6    907.0  1,082.3    893.1  12.1   9.8  11.7   9.7
  Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach.....  2,899.9  2,904.9  2,912.9  2,909.0    344.9    273.0    344.4    279.4  11.9   9.4  11.8   9.6
     Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-                                                                                                       
       Deerfield Beach....................    987.1    981.8    985.6    979.0    105.4     87.2    100.6     84.3  10.7   8.9  10.2   8.6
     Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall............  1,291.6  1,305.2  1,303.8  1,311.2    163.2    123.4    171.2    135.2  12.6   9.5  13.1  10.3
     West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-                                                                                                          
       Boynton Beach......................    621.2    617.8    623.5    618.9     76.3     62.4     72.6     60.0  12.3  10.1  11.6   9.7
                                                                                                                                          
Illinois..................................  6,664.2  6,614.1  6,643.8  6,592.8    603.2    621.0    586.0    613.4   9.1   9.4   8.8   9.3
  Chicago-Joliet-Naperville (2)...........  4,873.4  4,848.1  4,848.2  4,843.9    437.7    465.5    423.5    449.7   9.0   9.6   8.7   9.3
     Chicago-Joliet-Naperville............  4,099.0  4,079.8  4,078.6  4,075.1    365.2    397.9    351.0    378.8   8.9   9.8   8.6   9.3
     Gary (3).............................    322.6    322.4    319.4    324.9     30.4     29.2     30.1     29.6   9.4   9.1   9.4   9.1
     Lake County-Kenosha County (2).......    451.7    445.9    450.2    443.9     42.1     38.5     42.5     41.3   9.3   8.6   9.4   9.3
                                                                                                                                          
Massachusetts.............................  3,499.1  3,488.0  3,488.3  3,483.3    281.9    221.9    279.2    228.0   8.1   6.4   8.0   6.5
  Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (2).............  2,557.3  2,556.0  2,547.0  2,550.8    187.2    146.9    181.8    148.9   7.3   5.7   7.1   5.8
     Boston-Cambridge-Quincy..............  1,549.7  1,548.9  1,542.4  1,545.5    108.9     83.5    104.7     84.1   7.0   5.4   6.8   5.4
     Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton..........    129.5    129.6    129.3    129.2     11.9      9.4     11.8      9.7   9.2   7.2   9.2   7.5
     Framingham...........................    149.0    149.5    148.3    149.4      9.3      7.0      9.2      7.2   6.3   4.7   6.2   4.8
     Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury (2).    124.7    125.5    124.4    125.0      9.1      7.6      9.0      7.8   7.3   6.1   7.2   6.2
     Lawrence-Methuen-Salem (2)...........     74.7     73.8     74.6     74.1      8.9      7.5      9.0      7.7  12.0  10.2  12.1  10.4
     Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford (2)......    156.0    155.9    155.5    156.0     12.9     10.3     12.6     10.5   8.3   6.6   8.1   6.7
     Nashua (2)...........................    179.2    179.4    178.4    178.1     10.3      9.1     10.0      9.1   5.7   5.1   5.6   5.1
     Peabody..............................    130.3    129.6    130.0    129.7     10.3      8.2     10.1      8.3   7.9   6.3   7.7   6.4
     Taunton-Norton-Raynham...............     64.2     63.7     64.1     63.8      5.5      4.3      5.4      4.4   8.5   6.7   8.5   6.9
                                                                                                                                          
Michigan..................................  4,751.8  4,645.6  4,722.6  4,636.1    511.0    389.1    501.0    416.6  10.8   8.4  10.6   9.0
  Detroit-Warren-Livonia..................  2,043.8  1,994.7  2,027.8  2,005.5    237.0    190.0    224.7    195.0  11.6   9.5  11.1   9.7
     Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn.............    839.5    814.1    832.0    817.9    105.8     86.7    100.4     88.4  12.6  10.6  12.1  10.8
     Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills.........  1,204.3  1,180.5  1,195.7  1,187.6    131.3    103.4    124.3    106.6  10.9   8.8  10.4   9.0
                                                                                                                                          
New York..................................  9,555.9  9,517.5  9,525.8  9,500.9    782.9    750.5    764.5    759.6   8.2   7.9   8.0   8.0
  New York-Northern New Jersey-                                                                                                           
       Long Island (2)....................  9,408.4  9,455.9  9,376.9  9,436.6    792.9    787.7    762.7    773.4   8.4   8.3   8.1   8.2
     Edison-New Brunswick (3).............  1,188.9  1,201.5  1,183.2  1,200.4     98.0    100.7     94.8     98.2   8.2   8.4   8.0   8.2
     Nassau-Suffolk.......................  1,467.3  1,445.4  1,458.8  1,439.4    106.1     97.1    102.2     99.5   7.2   6.7   7.0   6.9
     New York-White Plains-Wayne (2)......  5,672.7  5,707.2  5,658.4  5,697.3    493.8    495.4    473.6    483.6   8.7   8.7   8.4   8.5
     Newark-Union (3).....................  1,079.5  1,101.9  1,076.5  1,099.6     95.0     94.5     92.1     92.1   8.8   8.6   8.6   8.4
                                                                                                                                          
Pennsylvania..............................  6,329.1  6,334.9  6,304.5  6,322.2    518.9    467.5    509.7    457.1   8.2   7.4   8.1   7.2
  Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (2)......  2,953.8  2,956.3  2,943.6  2,946.7    255.9    240.0    247.2    232.7   8.7   8.1   8.4   7.9
     Camden (3)...........................    659.7    671.2    661.6    668.7     62.0     61.8     60.3     60.3   9.4   9.2   9.1   9.0
     Philadelphia.........................  1,952.6  1,942.1  1,940.2  1,933.0    165.1    153.0    157.9    146.6   8.5   7.9   8.1   7.6
     Wilmington (3).......................    341.6    343.0    341.7    345.0     28.8     25.2     28.9     25.7   8.4   7.3   8.5   7.5
                                                                                                                                          
Texas..................................... 12,212.3 12,344.4 12,191.6 12,347.3  1,005.2    920.7    975.9    892.6   8.2   7.5   8.0   7.2
  Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington.............  3,237.3  3,269.3  3,230.7  3,264.5    266.6    242.2    257.9    233.2   8.2   7.4   8.0   7.1
     Dallas-Plano-Irving..................  2,162.8  2,185.9  2,158.5  2,180.9    178.8    163.6    173.0    157.5   8.3   7.5   8.0   7.2
     Fort Worth-Arlington.................  1,074.6  1,083.4  1,072.2  1,083.6     87.8     78.6     84.8     75.7   8.2   7.3   7.9   7.0
                                                                                                                                          
Washington................................  3,529.6  3,467.3  3,513.4  3,463.0    330.6    287.8    323.3    296.2   9.4   8.3   9.2   8.6
  Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue.................  1,887.4  1,880.0  1,887.3  1,884.5    174.9    150.6    166.2    147.1   9.3   8.0   8.8   7.8
     Seattle-Bellevue-Everett.............  1,486.9  1,486.6  1,486.7  1,488.3    137.6    117.2    129.6    110.9   9.3   7.9   8.7   7.5
     Tacoma...............................    400.5    393.3    400.6    396.2     37.2     33.3     36.6     36.2   9.3   8.5   9.1   9.1

   1 These 11 areas contain all of the 34 metropolitan divisions. 
   2 Part of the area (or division) is in one or more adjacent states.
   3 All of the division is in one or more adjacent states.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE: Data refer to place of residence. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated
December 1, 2009, and are available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City
and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed
under the state that corresponds to the first city in their title. Metropolitan divisions are listed under their metropolitan areas. Some
divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are
listed. Three sets of metropolitan areas and divisions have similar or identical titles. For Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-
Md.-W.Va., the metropolitan area and division titles are identical. For the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H., and Chicago-Joliet-
Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis., metropolitan areas, the division titles are similar but include only Massachusetts and Illinois, respectively.
Data for 2010 have been revised to incorporate updated inputs and adjustment to new state controls. Estimates for the latest month are
subject to revision the following month.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 3. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state and metropolitan area
[In thousands]
State and area November December Change from
December 2010 to December 2011(p)
2010 2011 2010 2011(p) Number Percent

Alabama

1,878.4 1,883.1 1,870.6 1,877.5 6.9 0.4

Anniston-Oxford

49.0 48.5 49.0 48.5 -0.5 -1.0

Auburn-Opelika

53.7 54.2 53.7 53.8 0.1 0.2

Birmingham-Hoover

491.7 489.2 491.5 490.1 -1.4 -0.3

Decatur

54.2 54.1 53.8 53.5 -0.3 -0.6

Dothan

56.9 56.4 56.6 56.3 -0.3 -0.5

Florence-Muscle Shoals

55.3 56.2 55.0 56.3 1.3 2.4

Gadsden

35.8 35.1 36.0 35.3 -0.7 -1.9

Huntsville

209.1 207.3 208.6 207.3 -1.3 -0.6

Mobile

176.2 175.6 175.9 175.7 -0.2 -0.1

Montgomery

167.7 165.0 167.7 163.8 -3.9 -2.3

Tuscaloosa

94.9 93.2 94.5 92.8 -1.7 -1.8


Alaska

317.9 317.4 313.4 313.1 -0.3 -0.1

Anchorage

172.5 171.0 172.5 169.9 -2.6 -1.5

Fairbanks

38.5 38.4 38.1 38.3 0.2 0.5


Arizona

2,401.9 2,448.2 2,407.7 2,445.2 37.5 1.6

Flagstaff

62.0 60.8 61.7 59.9 -1.8 -2.9

Lake Havasu City-Kingman

45.5 46.0 45.4 45.6 0.2 0.4

Phoenix-Mesa-Glendale

1,707.6 1,741.5 1,713.9 1,742.5 28.6 1.7

Prescott

54.5 52.9 54.2 52.3 -1.9 -3.5

Tucson

356.8 362.0 356.3 359.6 3.3 0.9

Yuma

49.6 49.1 50.3 49.4 -0.9 -1.8


Arkansas

1,178.6 1,184.4 1,172.1 1,179.8 7.7 0.7

Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers

203.2 204.3 203.0 205.1 2.1 1.0

Fort Smith

117.4 116.3 116.7 115.0 -1.7 -1.5

Hot Springs

37.0 39.5 37.4 38.9 1.5 4.0

Jonesboro

49.5 49.4 49.3 48.9 -0.4 -0.8

Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway

340.1 340.5 340.8 341.9 1.1 0.3

Pine Bluff

37.0 36.4 36.6 36.4 -0.2 -0.5


California

14,034.8 14,305.6 14,055.1 14,320.1 265.0 1.9

Bakersfield-Delano

226.8 232.7 227.0 232.6 5.6 2.5

Chico

70.5 71.4 70.5 70.0 -0.5 -0.7

El Centro

44.4 45.2 44.5 45.1 0.6 1.3

Fresno

281.9 283.1 281.6 282.2 0.6 0.2

Hanford-Corcoran

35.6 36.9 35.6 36.7 1.1 3.1

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,172 5,212.7 5,175.7 5,217.6 41.9 0.8

Madera-Chowchilla

32.8 32.2 32.7 31.8 -0.9 -2.8

Merced

56.3 55.8 56.0 54.7 -1.3 -2.3

Modesto

146.6 144.2 146.6 144.5 -2.1 -1.4

Napa

58.9 60.0 58.1 59.8 1.7 2.9

Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura

275.6 278.5 276.3 280.9 4.6 1.7

Redding

57.3 59.7 57.5 59.8 2.3 4.0

Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario

1,117.9 1,137.1 1,119.4 1,142.3 22.9 2.0

Sacramento--Arden-Arcade--Roseville

805.1 812.5 802.9 809.0 6.1 0.8

Salinas

121.1 123.7 120.1 122.0 1.9 1.6

San Diego-Carlsbad-San Marcos

1,230.7 1,256.9 1,234.1 1,261.0 26.9 2.2

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,897.2 1,918.0 1,896.2 1,917.0 20.8 1.1

San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara

861.8 889.0 864.2 889.9 25.7 3.0

San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles

97.5 96.2 95.1 95.8 0.7 0.7

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Goleta

162.7 162.4 162.0 162.0 0.0 0.0

Santa Cruz-Watsonville

86.5 89.7 86.3 89.7 3.4 3.9

Santa Rosa-Petaluma

171.3 169.4 171.5 168.7 -2.8 -1.6

Stockton

189.5 191.5 188.5 192.1 3.6 1.9

Vallejo-Fairfield

118.8 119.0 118.4 119.2 0.8 0.7

Visalia-Porterville

105.8 108.0 105.6 107.2 1.6 1.5

Yuba City

36.4 38.0 36.5 37.7 1.2 3.3


Colorado

2,231.5 2,258.4 2,243.4 2,267.8 24.4 1.1

Boulder

161.2 164.1 161.2 164.6 3.4 2.1

Colorado Springs

247.8 246.4 246.6 242.9 -3.7 -1.5

Denver-Aurora-Broomfield

1,201.0 1,210.5 1,198.8 1,206.9 8.1 0.7

Fort Collins-Loveland

135.1 137.3 134.5 137.6 3.1 2.3

Grand Junction

59.3 59.0 59.5 58.3 -1.2 -2.0

Greeley

78.8 79.1 78.5 77.6 -0.9 -1.1

Pueblo

57.7 59.1 57.6 58.9 1.3 2.3


Connecticut

1,638.8 1,644.5 1,637.6 1,646.1 8.5 0.5

Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk

401.6 398.8 401.8 401.5 -0.3 -0.1

Danbury

66.4 68.0 66.4 68.3 1.9 2.9

Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford

543.1 546.0 539.1 546.0 6.9 1.3

New Haven

268.8 268.1 268.9 264.8 -4.1 -1.5

Norwich-New London

130.1 126.6 130.1 126.5 -3.6 -2.8

Waterbury

63.3 64.0 63.3 64.5 1.2 1.9


Delaware

416.8 413.3 416.4 413.5 -2.9 -0.7

Dover

64.4 63.9 64.2 63.8 -0.4 -0.6


District of Columbia

717.2 720.2 713.1 720.1 7.0 1.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria

2,996 3,011.1 2,994.3 3,007.7 13.4 0.4


Florida

7,219.6 7,320.1 7,244.3 7,358.9 114.6 1.6

Cape Coral-Fort Myers

194.6 198.6 196.0 198.5 2.5 1.3

Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin

76.6 80.0 76.5 79.7 3.2 4.2

Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach

153.8 157.3 154.5 157.6 3.1 2.0

Gainesville

128.7 127.7 127.5 126.5 -1.0 -0.8

Jacksonville

587.0 595.0 587.1 597.7 10.6 1.8

Lakeland-Winter Haven

194.5 194.1 195.5 193.4 -2.1 -1.1

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,200.0 2,230.2 2,214.1 2,240.8 26.7 1.2

Naples-Marco Island

109.9 110.0 111.5 111.5 0.0 0.0

North Port-Bradenton-Sarasota

240.5 242.9 240.9 242.9 2.0 0.8

Ocala

90.2 91.3 90.3 90.8 0.5 0.6

Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford

1,013.9 1,022.0 1,015.8 1,024.7 8.9 0.9

Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville

192.5 189.5 193.1 189.6 -3.5 -1.8

Palm Coast

18.2 18.1 18.3 17.7 -0.6 -3.3

Panama City-Lynn Haven-Panama City Beach

71.2 71.0 71.0 71.3 0.3 0.4

Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent

158.7 157.1 158.7 156.6 -2.1 -1.3

Port St. Lucie

120.9 120.7 121.4 120.1 -1.3 -1.1

Punta Gorda

40.8 41.5 41.1 41.8 0.7 1.7

Sebastian-Vero Beach

43.1 44.1 43.4 44.5 1.1 2.5

Tallahassee

171.4 170.8 169.3 171.4 2.1 1.2

Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater

1,119.8 1,146.8 1,122.3 1,150.8 28.5 2.5


Georgia

3,858.6 3,834.2 3,840.9 3,826.9 -14.0 -0.4

Albany

61.1 61.6 61.4 61.3 -0.1 -0.2

Athens-Clarke County

81.7 81.6 81.9 80.7 -1.2 -1.5

Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta

2,271.8 2,256.3 2,259.4 2,258.8 -0.6 0.0

Augusta-Richmond County

210.7 207.7 210.6 206.8 -3.8 -1.8

Brunswick

40.7 39.9 40.3 40.4 0.1 0.2

Columbus

118.0 119.5 117.7 119.3 1.6 1.4

Dalton

66.3 62.8 65.7 62.5 -3.2 -4.9

Gainesville

73.1 72.4 73.3 72.2 -1.1 -1.5

Hinesville-Fort Stewart

19.5 19.5 19.6 19.4 -0.2 -1.0

Macon

96.2 97.1 96.5 97.0 0.5 0.5

Rome

38.6 38.1 38.2 37.8 -0.4 -1.0

Savannah

150.5 147.8 150.3 148.8 -1.5 -1.0

Valdosta

52.5 51.8 52.5 52.0 -0.5 -1.0

Warner Robins

60.0 59.6 59.8 59.5 -0.3 -0.5


Hawaii

597.1 601.0 597.4 603.5 6.1 1.0

Honolulu

443.5 448.3 444.3 451.1 6.8 1.5


Idaho

608.3 614.9 605.0 612.9 7.9 1.3

Boise City-Nampa

252.9 258.5 251.2 257.3 6.1 2.4

Coeur d'Alene

53.1 52.2 53.2 52.1 -1.1 -2.1

Idaho Falls

48.7 48.9 48.6 49.0 0.4 0.8

Lewiston

26.0 25.5 25.9 25.5 -0.4 -1.5

Pocatello

36.2 36.2 36.1 35.8 -0.3 -0.8


Illinois

5,685.3 5,737.3 5,663.1 5,715.7 52.6 0.9

Bloomington-Normal

91.6 91.8 91.0 91.0 0.0 0.0

Champaign-Urbana

112.2 108.6 109.2 107.6 -1.6 -1.5

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

4,298.1 4,319.3 4,289.5 4,305.2 15.7 0.4

Danville

29.2 29.0 29.0 28.9 -0.1 -0.3

Davenport-Moline-Rock Island

180.7 181.2 180.1 179.5 -0.6 -0.3

Decatur

53.3 53.0 53.0 52.4 -0.6 -1.1

Kankakee-Bradley

43.3 45.9 43.4 45.4 2.0 4.6

Peoria

180.3 187.6 179.7 188.3 8.6 4.8

Rockford

145.6 147.0 145.1 145.6 0.5 0.3

Springfield

112.9 113.3 112.9 113.5 0.6 0.5


Indiana

2,836.1 2,829.7 2,805.8 2,822.5 16.7 0.6

Anderson

40.8 39.3 40.5 39.1 -1.4 -3.5

Bloomington

84.2 83.6 82.0 80.6 -1.4 -1.7

Columbus

42.7 44.8 42.5 45.2 2.7 6.4

Elkhart-Goshen

105.6 104.7 105.4 104.4 -1.0 -0.9

Evansville

174.2 177.7 173.9 175.5 1.6 0.9

Fort Wayne

202.0 208.6 203.2 209.7 6.5 3.2

Indianapolis-Carmel

882.6 875.4 875.8 874.1 -1.7 -0.2

Kokomo

41.1 42.5 41.5 41.9 0.4 1.0

Lafayette

94.6 97.2 94.0 95.2 1.2 1.3

Michigan City-La Porte

42.9 42.8 42.6 42.9 0.3 0.7

Muncie

50.0 50.3 50.0 50.3 0.3 0.6

South Bend-Mishawaka

133.8 135.1 133.4 135.1 1.7 1.3

Terre Haute

72.0 70.4 71.4 70.0 -1.4 -2.0


Iowa

1,496.2 1,509.2 1,482.8 1,495.9 13.1 0.9

Ames

48.6 47.7 47.9 47.4 -0.5 -1.0

Cedar Rapids

139.4 139.5 138.2 136.4 -1.8 -1.3

Des Moines-West Des Moines

316.5 320.0 314.7 317.5 2.8 0.9

Dubuque

57.2 57.9 57.0 57.5 0.5 0.9

Iowa City

92.0 92.1 91.4 90.8 -0.6 -0.7

Sioux City

73.7 75.2 73.8 75.0 1.2 1.6

Waterloo-Cedar Falls

90.5 91.8 89.5 91.0 1.5 1.7


Kansas

1,338.9 1,348.5 1,330.1 1,342.5 12.4 0.9

Lawrence

51.1 53.6 50.0 52.5 2.5 5.0

Manhattan

58.2 59.6 56.8 58.5 1.7 3.0

Topeka

108.8 107.1 108.5 107.1 -1.4 -1.3

Wichita

285.7 287.9 284.8 288.4 3.6 1.3


Kentucky

1,797.7 1,817.4 1,791.3 1,823.1 31.8 1.8

Bowling Green

60.6 59.7 60.8 59.7 -1.1 -1.8

Elizabethtown

48.1 46.9 47.8 46.8 -1.0 -2.1

Lexington-Fayette

248.6 252.6 250.3 251.9 1.6 0.6

Louisville-Jefferson County

596.0 611.5 593.7 613.9 20.2 3.4

Owensboro

50.0 51.3 50.2 50.5 0.3 0.6


Louisiana

1,899.4 1,946.7 1,899.3 1,946.7 47.4 2.5

Alexandria

64.8 65.4 64.4 65.8 1.4 2.2

Baton Rouge

365.7 366.2 365.8 366.9 1.1 0.3

Houma-Bayou Cane-Thibodaux

94.2 97.3 94.5 97.6 3.1 3.3

Lafayette

148.8 153.9 148.9 154.7 5.8 3.9

Lake Charles

88.5 91.3 89.2 91.4 2.2 2.5

Monroe

75.8 76.1 75.7 76.4 0.7 0.9

New Orleans-Metairie-Kenner

524.3 533.9 525.0 531.0 6.0 1.1

Shreveport-Bossier City

177.2 180.9 177.7 180.9 3.2 1.8


Maine

599.9 600.9 597.3 597.4 0.1 0.0

Bangor

64.7 66.6 64.6 65.6 1.0 1.5

Lewiston-Auburn

48.3 49.2 48.0 49.2 1.2 2.5

Portland-South Portland-Biddeford

190.7 189.4 190.0 187.6 -2.4 -1.3


Maryland

2,540.3 2,559.4 2,529.3 2,554.0 24.7 1.0

Baltimore-Towson

1,281.6 1,298.7 1,278.7 1,295.8 17.1 1.3

Cumberland

40.5 41.4 40.4 41.4 1.0 2.5

Hagerstown-Martinsburg

97.5 97.0 97.7 97.4 -0.3 -0.3

Salisbury

53.1 53.4 52.9 53.7 0.8 1.5


Massachusetts

3,220.0 3,271.3 3,212.8 3,253.3 40.5 1.3

Barnstable Town

94.7 96.0 93.1 96.0 2.9 3.1

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

2,455.6 2,503.4 2,458.0 2,495.9 37.9 1.5

Leominster-Fitchburg-Gardner

48.9 48.9 48.8 49.0 0.2 0.4

New Bedford

65.4 66.1 65.8 65.9 0.1 0.2

Pittsfield

35.6 36.9 35.5 36.6 1.1 3.1

Springfield

288.9 292.6 288.4 290.0 1.6 0.6

Worcester

241.6 250.2 242.7 250.5 7.8 3.2


Michigan

3,928.2 3,987.5 3,900.6 3,968.4 67.8 1.7

Ann Arbor

199.8 200.6 199.7 201.1 1.4 0.7

Battle Creek

56.7 55.9 56.5 54.8 -1.7 -3.0

Bay City

36.6 38.3 36.4 37.9 1.5 4.1

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,754.9 1,776.9 1,749.7 1,774.3 24.6 1.4

Flint

133.6 134.6 133.5 134.1 0.6 0.4

Grand Rapids-Wyoming

371.4 378.4 370.2 376.7 6.5 1.8

Holland-Grand Haven

106.7 110.4 105.2 110.3 5.1 4.8

Jackson

53.8 54.5 53.3 54.7 1.4 2.6

Kalamazoo-Portage

139.1 140.4 138.2 138.8 0.6 0.4

Lansing-East Lansing

221.7 225.7 220.2 222.2 2.0 0.9

Monroe

37.9 37.9 37.4 37.5 0.1 0.3

Muskegon-Norton Shores

58.6 59.3 58.0 58.9 0.9 1.6

Niles-Benton Harbor

61.3 61.6 60.9 60.2 -0.7 -1.1

Saginaw-Saginaw Township North

84.1 86.7 83.9 85.7 1.8 2.1


Minnesota

2,675.5 2,684.4 2,642.6 2,668.1 25.5 1.0

Duluth

129.4 128.6 128.9 127.8 -1.1 -0.9

Mankato-North Mankato

52.5 53.8 52.0 53.2 1.2 2.3

Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington

1,709.4 1,723.7 1,695.7 1,715.5 19.8 1.2

Rochester

102.5 104.0 101.9 103.4 1.5 1.5

St. Cloud

100.4 99.8 99.3 99.0 -0.3 -0.3


Mississippi

1,098.0 1,107.1 1,099.2 1,101.9 2.7 0.2

Gulfport-Biloxi

105.0 106.8 105.9 106.6 0.7 0.7

Hattiesburg

59.9 60.0 59.5 60.5 1.0 1.7

Jackson

251.1 253.8 252.7 254.4 1.7 0.7

Pascagoula

58.8 58.3 58.9 58.6 -0.3 -0.5


Missouri

2,667.6 2,670.0 2,656.5 2,652.6 -3.9 -0.1

Cape Girardeau-Jackson

43.8 44.2 43.7 44.3 0.6 1.4

Columbia

95.1 95.8 94.4 94.7 0.3 0.3

Jefferson City

78.3 78.2 78.1 78.7 0.6 0.8

Joplin

80.2 80.5 80.3 80.0 -0.3 -0.4

Kansas City

967.8 969.5 961.1 963.8 2.7 0.3

St. Joseph

58.0 57.0 57.7 56.8 -0.9 -1.6

St. Louis(1)

1,302.1 1,307.9 1,299.3 1,301.8 2.5 0.2

Springfield

192.5 195.5 192.4 196.7 4.3 2.2


Montana

429.7 434.1 428.5 432.4 3.9 0.9

Billings

79.7 80.0 78.5 79.4 0.9 1.1

Great Falls

35.8 35.6 36.0 35.4 -0.6 -1.7

Missoula

55.4 51.9 55.0 51.4 -3.6 -6.5


Nebraska

951.4 965.7 949.4 962.6 13.2 1.4

Lincoln

172.8 177.3 173.1 176.2 3.1 1.8

Omaha-Council Bluffs

461.7 468.8 459.5 467.2 7.7 1.7


Nevada

1,116.6 1,132.7 1,120.7 1,124.2 3.5 0.3

Carson City

29.0 28.3 29.1 28.1 -1.0 -3.4

Las Vegas-Paradise

799.6 813.8 802.4 806.7 4.3 0.5

Reno-Sparks

191.2 190.8 192.4 189.8 -2.6 -1.4


New Hampshire

628.9 637.6 630.6 637.9 7.3 1.2

Manchester

98.3 98.9 98.2 98.7 0.5 0.5

Portsmouth

54.5 55.0 54.2 54.6 0.4 0.7

Rochester-Dover

57.0 59.9 57.1 58.8 1.7 3.0


New Jersey

3,889.1 3,919.0 3,877.7 3,914.6 36.9 1.0

Atlantic City-Hammonton

136.8 135.0 136.4 135.1 -1.3 -1.0

Ocean City

38.1 38.2 37.5 36.9 -0.6 -1.6

Trenton-Ewing

239.3 238.8 238.7 238.6 -0.1 0.0

Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton

59.0 59.1 58.6 59.0 0.4 0.7


New Mexico

803.5 809.8 802.2 809.6 7.4 0.9

Albuquerque

373.6 372.1 372.8 371.1 -1.7 -0.5

Farmington

48.5 49.0 48.6 48.4 -0.2 -0.4

Las Cruces

70.2 69.7 69.9 69.6 -0.3 -0.4

Santa Fe

61.0 61.9 60.8 61.8 1.0 1.6


New York

8,689.7 8,770.2 8,659.0 8,747.0 88.0 1.0

Albany-Schenectady-Troy

441.0 439.6 437.5 440.4 2.9 0.7

Binghamton

111.0 111.9 110.6 110.2 -0.4 -0.4

Buffalo-Niagara Falls

549.4 549.3 547.0 545.0 -2.0 -0.4

Elmira

40.6 39.9 40.4 39.8 -0.6 -1.5

Glens Falls

54.0 54.0 53.6 53.7 0.1 0.2

Ithaca

67.2 65.6 66.9 65.3 -1.6 -2.4

Kingston

61.6 61.1 61.3 62.2 0.9 1.5

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island

8,418.5 8,440.3 8,393.3 8,441.2 47.9 0.6

Poughkeepsie-Newburgh-Middletown

253.2 251.0 251.6 252.1 0.5 0.2

Rochester

514.6 522.9 511.8 524.7 12.9 2.5

Syracuse

319.2 321.0 317.7 320.3 2.6 0.8

Utica-Rome

131.4 134.4 131.2 132.4 1.2 0.9


North Carolina

3,893.6 3,917.2 3,885.9 3,904.8 18.9 0.5

Asheville

169.2 169.4 168.2 168.3 0.1 0.1

Burlington

56.4 56.4 56.2 56.4 0.2 0.4

Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill

807.3 810.3 808.4 809.9 1.5 0.2

Durham-Chapel Hill

282.0 283.1 281.9 283.4 1.5 0.5

Fayetteville

129.0 132.0 128.6 132.6 4.0 3.1

Goldsboro

42.6 42.6 42.4 42.4 0.0 0.0

Greensboro-High Point

339.6 347.1 339.9 348.2 8.3 2.4

Greenville

75.8 76.6 75.5 76.6 1.1 1.5

Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton

143.6 141.8 143.5 140.9 -2.6 -1.8

Jacksonville

47.6 47.1 47.4 47.1 -0.3 -0.6

Raleigh-Cary

502.0 510.9 502.9 510.6 7.7 1.5

Rocky Mount

61.3 60.7 61.2 60.9 -0.3 -0.5

Wilmington

136.9 133.5 136.2 132.7 -3.5 -2.6

Winston-Salem

204.6 210.0 204.4 208.7 4.3 2.1


North Dakota

386.8 405.5 385.7 407.7 22.0 5.7

Bismarck

63.3 65.2 63.4 66.0 2.6 4.1

Fargo

123.6 126.5 123.4 126.6 3.2 2.6

Grand Forks

54.7 56.0 54.3 55.6 1.3 2.4


Ohio

5,097.0 5,168.9 5,077.7 5,150.5 72.8 1.4

Akron

320.3 330.2 322.2 326.5 4.3 1.3

Canton-Massillon

161.2 163.0 160.0 162.7 2.7 1.7

Cincinnati-Middletown

989.5 1,004.1 986.6 1,002.7 16.1 1.6

Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor

1,004.6 1,002.4 998.5 996.1 -2.4 -0.2

Columbus

917.4 921.9 920.4 921.3 0.9 0.1

Dayton

373.3 373.7 372.9 371.3 -1.6 -0.4

Lima

52.7 53.9 52.1 54.2 2.1 4.0

Mansfield

53.0 52.5 52.6 52.0 -0.6 -1.1

Sandusky

35.8 38.1 35.6 37.4 1.8 5.1

Springfield

50.5 50.8 50.7 50.5 -0.2 -0.4

Steubenville-Weirton

44.0 45.3 44.0 45.3 1.3 3.0

Toledo

304.0 307.2 301.6 305.5 3.9 1.3

Youngstown-Warren-Boardman

223.1 227.4 222.0 227.6 5.6 2.5


Oklahoma

1,540.5 1,585.5 1,543.2 1,584.9 41.7 2.7

Lawton

44.3 42.9 44.1 42.4 -1.7 -3.9

Oklahoma City

562.2 580.4 564.6 578.3 13.7 2.4

Tulsa

409.6 419.8 410.2 420.4 10.2 2.5


Oregon

1,622.5 1,642.2 1,616.5 1,634.0 17.5 1.1

Bend

60.4 60.0 60.0 59.4 -0.6 -1.0

Corvallis

38.4 39.2 38.2 38.7 0.5 1.3

Eugene-Springfield

141.7 140.0 141.7 139.2 -2.5 -1.8

Medford

76.2 77.9 76.3 76.3 0.0 0.0

Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro

977.8 989.4 974.0 988.3 14.3 1.5

Salem

144.0 142.8 142.1 142.2 0.1 0.1


Pennsylvania

5,705.4 5,753.5 5,681.5 5,740.3 58.8 1.0

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton

336.4 337.5 336.9 338.8 1.9 0.6

Altoona

61.2 61.3 60.9 61.4 0.5 0.8

Erie

130.1 130.7 129.3 130.4 1.1 0.9

Harrisburg-Carlisle

319.7 317.8 319.8 319.3 -0.5 -0.2

Johnstown

61.1 62.2 61.1 61.8 0.7 1.1

Lancaster

229.2 228.2 228.8 227.6 -1.2 -0.5

Lebanon

50.6 51.6 50.7 51.1 0.4 0.8

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington

2,732.4 2,727.4 2,730.6 2,724.3 -6.3 -0.2

Pittsburgh

1,141.0 1,163.5 1,137.3 1,164.0 26.7 2.3

Reading

169.0 171.1 169.0 171.7 2.7 1.6

Scranton--Wilkes-Barre

256.6 257.4 257.1 256.9 -0.2 -0.1

State College

77.0 77.5 74.8 75.8 1.0 1.3

Williamsport

53.4 54.1 52.9 53.8 0.9 1.7

York-Hanover

177.3 179.5 177.8 179.6 1.8 1.0


Rhode Island

464.3 465.0 461.6 462.1 0.5 0.1

Providence-Fall River-Warwick

548.8 550.2 546.3 546.5 0.2 0.0


South Carolina

1,815.4 1,838.5 1,816.9 1,834.7 17.8 1.0

Anderson

59.8 60.2 60.4 60.1 -0.3 -0.5

Charleston-North Charleston-Summerville

285.2 289.9 285.6 290.4 4.8 1.7

Columbia

343.7 351.7 343.7 348.5 4.8 1.4

Florence

82.8 84.0 83.1 83.6 0.5 0.6

Greenville-Mauldin-Easley

298.1 301.1 298.4 301.7 3.3 1.1

Myrtle Beach-North Myrtle Beach-Conway

113.2 116.2 110.6 113.3 2.7 2.4

Spartanburg

119.5 120.5 119.5 120.0 0.5 0.4

Sumter

37.3 36.9 37.0 37.5 0.5 1.4


South Dakota

405.7 408.5 402.7 408.9 6.2 1.5

Rapid City

60.2 60.4 59.5 60.7 1.2 2.0

Sioux Falls

134.0 135.3 133.8 136.2 2.4 1.8


Tennessee

2,652.3 2,680.3 2,644.4 2,675.6 31.2 1.2

Chattanooga

233.0 234.1 232.2 233.7 1.5 0.6

Clarksville

84.4 84.7 83.8 85.6 1.8 2.1

Cleveland

39.6 39.0 39.5 38.4 -1.1 -2.8

Jackson

58.5 57.6 58.3 57.6 -0.7 -1.2

Johnson City

79.5 78.8 79.0 79.4 0.4 0.5

Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol

117.9 119.2 117.7 119.5 1.8 1.5

Knoxville

329.2 331.9 326.6 332.3 5.7 1.7

Memphis

588.4 604.0 591.0 607.7 16.7 2.8

Morristown

45.9 45.4 45.6 45.4 -0.2 -0.4

Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin

749.8 755.9 748.1 751.8 3.7 0.5


Texas

10,492.2 10,719.4 10,512.9 10,718.0 205.1 2.0

Abilene

65.4 62.2 65.6 62.1 -3.5 -5.3

Amarillo

111.1 113.6 111.3 113.3 2.0 1.8

Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos

775.3 785.5 770.5 786.6 16.1 2.1

Beaumont-Port Arthur

159.8 161.9 160.8 160.3 -0.5 -0.3

Brownsville-Harlingen

127.9 127.4 127.9 127.4 -0.5 -0.4

College Station-Bryan

99.8 99.1 99.5 98.0 -1.5 -1.5

Corpus Christi

179.7 187.7 180.2 188.0 7.8 4.3

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

2,904.1 2,958.6 2,909.8 2,955.5 45.7 1.6

El Paso

282.4 284.7 282.6 285.3 2.7 1.0

Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown

2,558.3 2,643.5 2,567.2 2,643.0 75.8 3.0

Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood

129.4 129.2 129.8 128.6 -1.2 -0.9

Laredo

88.7 93.3 88.9 93.1 4.2 4.7

Longview

97.1 98.5 97.6 100.3 2.7 2.8

Lubbock

130.2 134.8 130.3 134.7 4.4 3.4

McAllen-Edinburg-Mission

223.5 230.9 224.0 230.5 6.5 2.9

Midland

69.4 70.8 69.7 71.8 2.1 3.0

Odessa

62.0 63.5 62.3 63.6 1.3 2.1

San Angelo

45.1 46.1 45.2 46.1 0.9 2.0

San Antonio-New Braunfels

844.7 853.1 847.4 850.3 2.9 0.3

Sherman-Denison

42.5 43.3 42.4 43.5 1.1 2.6

Texarkana

57.1 57.7 57.2 57.9 0.7 1.2

Tyler

93.6 96.0 94.1 96.5 2.4 2.6

Victoria

49.3 51.5 49.4 51.2 1.8 3.6

Waco

106.3 107.6 106.5 107.8 1.3 1.2

Wichita Falls

58.5 57.5 58.5 57.2 -1.3 -2.2


Utah

1,197.5 1,228.2 1,199.1 1,235.4 36.3 3.0

Logan

55.0 56.6 55.0 55.5 0.5 0.9

Ogden-Clearfield

193.1 198.2 192.3 197.2 4.9 2.5

Provo-Orem

181.9 186.7 181.6 188.1 6.5 3.6

St. George

46.1 46.0 45.8 45.4 -0.4 -0.9

Salt Lake City

615.6 628.8 617.1 637.0 19.9 3.2


Vermont

301.2 306.5 306.3 310.8 4.5 1.5

Burlington-South Burlington

113.9 117.2 114.5 116.8 2.3 2.0


Virginia

3,666.5 3,687.2 3,644.5 3,680.1 35.6 1.0

Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford

69.9 72.2 68.9 72.5 3.6 5.2

Charlottesville

100.0 103.9 99.6 102.6 3.0 3.0

Danville

39.7 40.4 39.7 40.1 0.4 1.0

Harrisonburg

63.5 64.3 63.0 64.0 1.0 1.6

Lynchburg

104.8 107.2 104.5 105.7 1.2 1.1

Richmond

603.7 598.6 600.5 602.9 2.4 0.4

Roanoke

155.0 156.3 154.2 153.3 -0.9 -0.6

Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News

734.4 730.6 731.6 730.0 -1.6 -0.2

Winchester

54.9 56.7 54.9 56.5 1.6 2.9


Washington

2,798.3 2,854.9 2,790.3 2,830.6 40.3 1.4

Bellingham

78.8 78.5 77.8 77.2 -0.6 -0.8

Bremerton-Silverdale

82.0 79.9 82.1 79.6 -2.5 -3.0

Kennewick-Pasco-Richland

100.3 97.7 99.3 96.1 -3.2 -3.2

Longview

35.6 34.7 35.0 34.3 -0.7 -2.0

Mount Vernon-Anacortes

44.2 44.5 44.0 43.9 -0.1 -0.2

Olympia

97.3 98.5 97.3 97.7 0.4 0.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,648.0 1,694.1 1,650.9 1,688.7 37.8 2.3

Spokane

207.5 206.6 205.7 203.5 -2.2 -1.1

Wenatchee-East Wenatchee

39.0 40.1 38.9 39.7 0.8 2.1

Yakima

78.2 75.8 77.2 74.1 -3.1 -4.0


West Virginia

758.4 764.8 751.1 761.2 10.1 1.3

Charleston

148.3 152.6 148.0 152.8 4.8 3.2

Huntington-Ashland

114.7 116.3 114.6 116.2 1.6 1.4

Morgantown

66.9 67.1 66.0 66.8 0.8 1.2

Parkersburg-Marietta-Vienna

69.7 70.8 69.3 70.2 0.9 1.3

Wheeling

69.0 69.4 68.6 69.6 1.0 1.5


Wisconsin

2,767.6 2,771.8 2,747.2 2,749.7 2.5 0.1

Appleton

117.5 116.8 116.6 116.1 -0.5 -0.4

Eau Claire

81.6 81.5 81.3 80.3 -1.0 -1.2

Fond du Lac

45.5 45.4 45.2 45.7 0.5 1.1

Green Bay

167.9 165.4 166.7 164.9 -1.8 -1.1

Janesville

61.4 61.4 61.3 61.1 -0.2 -0.3

La Crosse

74.0 74.5 74.0 74.1 0.1 0.1

Madison

349.9 350.4 346.9 346.9 0.0 0.0

Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis

822.7 827.1 816.1 822.1 6.0 0.7

Oshkosh-Neenah

93.8 94.6 93.1 94.3 1.2 1.3

Racine

75.4 73.8 75.1 73.9 -1.2 -1.6

Sheboygan

58.9 59.1 58.5 58.0 -0.5 -0.9

Wausau

67.7 67.7 67.4 67.5 0.1 0.1


Wyoming

281.3 288.9 282.6 289.0 6.4 2.3

Casper

38.6 40.8 38.7 41.0 2.3 5.9

Cheyenne

43.6 44.6 43.7 44.3 0.6 1.4


Puerto Rico

922.9 927.2 932.4 934.6 2.2 0.2

Aguadilla-Isabela-San Sebastian

48.7 48.6 49.2 49.2 0.0 0.0

Fajardo

14.1 14.0 14.2 14.0 -0.2 -1.4

Guayama

16.5 17.1 16.7 17.0 0.3 1.8

Mayaguez

35.9 35.5 36.3 35.7 -0.6 -1.7

Ponce

61.5 61.6 62.5 60.8 -1.7 -2.7

San German-Cabo Rojo

21.8 23.2 22.1 23.4 1.3 5.9

San Juan-Caguas-Guaynabo

678.3 683.4 685.9 689.2 3.3 0.5

Yauco

13.7 13.9 13.8 13.7 -0.1 -0.7


Virgin Islands

44.6 42.7 43.8 42.7 -1.1 -2.5

Footnotes
(1) Area boundaries do not reflect official OMB definitions.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, Iowa-Ill. is the exception since it is listed under Illinois for operational reasons.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
Table 4. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by state, selected metropolitan area, and metropolitan division
[In thousands]
State, area, and division November December Change from
December 2010 to December 2011(p)
2010 2011 2010 2011(p) Number Percent

California

14,034.8 14,305.6 14,055.1 14,320.1 265.0 1.9

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana

5,172 5,212.7 5,175.7 5,217.6 41.9 0.8

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale

3,803.9 3,822.5 3,808.8 3,826.1 17.3 0.5

Santa Ana-Anaheim-Irvine

1,368.1 1,390.2 1,366.9 1,391.5 24.6 1.8

San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont

1,897.2 1,918.0 1,896.2 1,917.0 20.8 1.1

Oakland-Fremont-Hayward

953.4 957.8 952.8 953.9 1.1 0.1

San Francisco-San Mateo-Redwood City

943.8 960.2 943.4 963.1 19.7 2.1


District of Columbia

717.2 720.2 713.1 720.1 7.0 1.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,996 3,011.1 2,994.3 3,007.7 13.4 0.4

Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick(2)

568.7 565.7 569.7 564.0 -5.7 -1.0

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria(1)

2,430.4 2,445.4 2,424.6 2,443.7 19.1 0.8


Florida

7,219.6 7,320.1 7,244.3 7,358.9 114.6 1.6

Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach

2,200.0 2,230.2 2,214.1 2,240.8 26.7 1.2

Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach

706.0 711.8 709.5 713.2 3.7 0.5

Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall

992.2 1,009.5 996.5 1,014.7 18.2 1.8

West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Boynton Beach

501.8 508.9 508.1 512.9 4.8 0.9


Illinois

5,685.3 5,737.3 5,663.1 5,715.7 52.6 0.9

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville(1)

4,298.1 4,319.3 4,289.5 4,305.2 15.7 0.4

Chicago-Joliet-Naperville

3,654.1 3,676.5 3,651.4 3,664.2 12.8 0.4

Gary(2)

266.3 262.0 264.1 263.6 -0.5 -0.2

Lake County-Kenosha County(1)

377.7 380.8 374.0 377.4 3.4 0.9


Massachusetts

3,220.0 3,271.3 3,212.8 3,253.3 40.5 1.3

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy(1)

2,455.6 2,503.4 2,458.0 2,495.9 37.9 1.5

Boston-Cambridge-Quincy

1,692.3 1,727.1 1,690.6 1,722.7 32.1 1.9

Brockton-Bridgewater-Easton

88.4 91.2 88.5 90.1 1.6 1.8

Framingham

154.5 158.6 153.8 158.4 4.6 3.0

Haverhill-North Andover-Amesbury(1)

76.9 78.9 77.3 78.6 1.3 1.7

Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford(1)

115.6 118.3 115.8 118.4 2.6 2.2

Nashua(1)

125.7 125.8 126.5 125.3 -1.2 -0.9

Peabody

99.3 100.3 99.3 100.4 1.1 1.1


Michigan

3,928.2 3,987.5 3,900.6 3,968.4 67.8 1.7

Detroit-Warren-Livonia

1,754.9 1,776.9 1,749.7 1,774.3 24.6 1.4

Detroit-Livonia-Dearborn

701.3 701.4 698.2 699.8 1.6 0.2

Warren-Troy-Farmington Hills

1,053.6 1,075.5 1,051.5 1,074.5 23.0 2.2


New York

8,689.7 8,770.2 8,659.0 8,747.0 88.0 1.0

New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island(1)

8,418.5 8,440.3 8,393.3 8,441.2 47.9 0.6

Edison-New Brunswick(2)

988.6 978.4 981.4 978.3 -3.1 -0.3

Nassau-Suffolk

1,250.4 1,241.3 1,246.4 1,236.5 -9.9 -0.8

New York-White Plains-Wayne(1)

5,206.2 5,236.5 5,196.1 5,244.3 48.2 0.9

Newark-Union(2)

973.3 984.1 969.4 982.1 12.7 1.3


Pennsylvania

5,705.4 5,753.5 5,681.5 5,740.3 58.8 1.0

Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington(1)

2,732.4 2,727.4 2,730.6 2,724.3 -6.3 -0.2

Camden(2)

511.1 514.0 512.7 512.1 -0.6 -0.1

Philadelphia

1,889.7 1,887.1 1,886.3 1,884.7 -1.6 -0.1

Wilmington(2)

331.6 326.3 331.6 327.5 -4.1 -1.2


Texas

10,492.2 10,719.4 10,512.9 10,718.0 205.1 2.0

Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington

2,904.1 2,958.6 2,909.8 2,955.5 45.7 1.6

Dallas-Plano-Irving

2,050.3 2,089.7 2,054.4 2,085.9 31.5 1.5

Fort Worth-Arlington

853.8 868.9 855.4 869.6 14.2 1.7


Washington

2,798.3 2,854.9 2,790.3 2,830.6 40.3 1.4

Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue

1,648.0 1,694.1 1,650.9 1,688.7 37.8 2.3

Seattle-Bellevue-Everett

1,381.5 1,426.0 1,385.1 1,422.0 36.9 2.7

Tacoma

266.5 268.1 265.8 266.7 0.9 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Part of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(2) All of the area is in one or more adjacent states.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data are counts of jobs by place of work. Estimates subsequent to the current benchmark are provisional and will be revised when new information becomes available. Area definitions are based on Office of Management and Budget Bulletin No. 10-02, dated December 1, 2009, and available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm. Areas in the six New England states are Metropolitan New England City and Town Areas (NECTAs), while areas in other states are county-based. Some metropolitan areas lie in two or more states. They are listed under the state that appears first in their titles. Some divisions lie in more than one state, and some, like Camden, N.J., are totally outside the states under which their metropolitan areas are listed.


Last Modified Date: February 01, 2012