Retirees by region

August 26, 2003

Retired whites are spread fairly equally among four broad geographic regions. About 28 percent of retired white consumer units live in the South, 26 percent in the Midwest, 24 percent in the West, and 22 percent in the Northeast.

Retired consumer units by region, race, and Hispanic origin, 1996-2000
[Chart data—TXT]

In contrast, African-American retirees are much more likely to live in the South—almost half of live in that region—and much less likely to live in the West—only 11 percent of African-American retirees live there.

Hispanic retirees are concentrated in the South (41 percent) and the West (40 percent.)

These data are from the Consumer Expenditure Survey program. For more information see "Retirement expenditures for Whites, Blacks, and persons of Hispanic origin," Monthly Labor Review, June 2003. The data used in this article are from the Consumer Expenditure Interview Survey from the first quarter of 1996 through the first quarter of 2001. White means "White, non-Hispanic." Black means "Black, non-Hispanic." The race/ethnic group of the consumer unit is determined by the reference person (the person responding to the survey). Similarly, only the reference person needs to be retired to qualify a husband-and-wife consumer unit as retired.


Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Retirees by region on the Internet at (visited September 28, 2016).


Recent editions of Spotlight on Statistics

  • A look at healthcare spending, employment, pay, benefits, and prices
    As one of the largest U.S. industries, healthcare is steadily growing to meet the needs of an increasing population with an increasing life expectancy. This Spotlight looks at how much people spend on healthcare, current and projected employment in the industry, employer-provided healthcare benefits, healthcare prices, and pay for workers in healthcare occupations.

  • Employment and Wages in Healthcare Occupations
    Healthcare occupations are a significant percentage of U.S. employment. Some of the largest and highest paying occupations are in healthcare. This Spotlight examines employment and wages for healthcare occupations.

  • Fifty years of looking at changes in peoples lives
    Longitudinal surveys help us understand long-term changes, such as how events that happened when a person was in high school affect labor market success as an adult.