Largest industries by state, 1990–2013

July 28, 2014

In 1990, the manufacturing industry was the leading employer in most U.S. states, followed by retail trade. In 2003, retail trade was the leading employer in a majority of states. By 2013, health care and social assistance was the dominant industry in 34 states. This animated map shows the top industry in each state and the District of Columbia from 1990 to 2013.

Major industries with highest employment, by state  
 
Hover over a state to see information.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Industries with most employment, by state
State199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013

Alabama

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturing

Alaska

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Arizona

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Arkansas

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

California

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistance

Colorado

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Connecticut

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Delaware

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

District of Columbia

Professional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical servicesProfessional, scientific, and technical services

Florida

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail trade

Georgia

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail trade

Hawaii

Accommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food services

Idaho

ManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Illinois

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Indiana

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturing

Iowa

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturing

Kansas

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Kentucky

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceManufacturing

Louisiana

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Maine

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Maryland

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Massachusetts

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Michigan

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceManufacturing

Minnesota

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Mississippi

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturing

Missouri

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Montana

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Nebraska

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Nevada

Accommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food services

New Hampshire

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail trade

New Jersey

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

New Mexico

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

New York

ManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

North Carolina

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

North Dakota

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Ohio

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Oklahoma

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Oregon

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Pennsylvania

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Rhode Island

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

South Carolina

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail trade

South Dakota

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Tennessee

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Texas

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Utah

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail trade

Vermont

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Virginia

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail trade

Washington

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

West Virginia

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceRetail tradeHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistanceHealth care and social assistance

Wisconsin

ManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturingManufacturing

Wyoming

Retail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeRetail tradeAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food servicesAccommodation and food services

Employment in manufacturing declined steadily over the 1990–2013 period. By the mid-1990s, retail trade had become the leading employer in a number of states, and health care and social assistance was emerging as the largest employer in a few. Health care and social assistance became the largest industry in New York State in 1992, and in North Dakota in 1995.

The largest increase in healthcare and social assistance employment in the states occurred in 2009, as retail trade, manufacturing, and other industries showed declines with the onset of the most recent recession. Manufacturing remained the top employer in Michigan until 2009, when it was replaced by health care and social assistance; in 2013, however, manufacturing returned as the largest employer in Michigan.

The accommodation and food services industry was the leading employer in Nevada and Hawaii throughout the 1990–2013 period, and professional, scientific, and technical services remained the top industry in the District of Columbia.

These data are from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program. For industry employment and wage data at the national, state, county, and metropolitan area levels, access the data search tool. The analysis for this edition of The Editor’s Desk was conducted by Frances Osei-Bonsu, a Denison University student who recently served an internship at the BLS Mid-Atlantic Regional Office in Philadelphia.

SUGGESTED CITATION

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, The Economics Daily, Largest industries by state, 1990–2013 on the Internet at http://www.bls.gov/opub/ted/2014/ted_20140728.htm (visited October 23, 2014).

OF INTEREST

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