News Release Information

14-1663-PHI
September 09, 2014

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Washington Area Employment - July 2014

Local Rate of Employment Growth Slower than National Average

Total nonfarm employment for the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area stood at 3,107,800 in July 2014, up 19,800, or 0.6 percent, over the year, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. During the same period, the national job count increased 1.9 percent. Sheila Watkins, the Bureau’s regional commissioner, noted that the July increase was the 52nd consecutive month of over-the-year job gains in the area. (See chart 1 and table 1; Technical Note at end of release contains metropolitan area definitions. All data in this release are not seasonally adjusted; accordingly, over-the-year analysis is used throughout.)

 Chart 1. Total nonfarm employment, over-the-year net change in the Washington metropolitan area and its division, July 2005-July 2014

 

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area is made up of two metropolitan divisions¾separately identifiable employment centers within the greater metropolitan area. The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division, with 81 percent of the area’s employment, gained 18,800 jobs over the year. The Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md. Metropolitan Division, which represented the remaining 19 percent of area employment, added 1,000 jobs since July 2013.

Industry employment

Trade, transportation, and utilities gained 8,900 jobs in the greater Washington metropolitan area from July 2013 to July 2014, more than any other supersector. The local rate of increase, 2.3 percent, was identical to the national growth rate. Both the Washington division and the Bethesda division gained jobs in this industry, adding 6,700 and 2,200, respectively.

Leisure and hospitality added 7,200 jobs over the year in the local area. The local growth rate was 2.4 percent, just below the national increase of 2.5 percent. All of the employment gains in the leisure and hospitality sector were centered in the Washington division, while the Bethesda division shed jobs. (See chart 2.)

 Chart 2. Over-the-year percent change in employment by selected industry supersector, United States and the Washington metropolitan area, July 2014

 

Three other supersectors in the Washington area gained at least 2,500 jobs since last July—education and health services (5,400), financial activities (3,800), and other services (2,500). Local growth rates for financial activities and other services were faster than the national growth rates for these supersectors, while education and health services grew slower locally than it did nationally.

Locally, three supersectors lost jobs from July 2013 to July 2014—government (-4,100), manufacturing (-2,600), and information (-2,500). The government and manufacturing supersectors gained jobs nationwide, while the information industry lost jobs over the year.

Twelve largest metropolitan areas

Washington-Arlington-Alexandria was 1 of the nation’s 12 largest metropolitan statistical areas in July 2014. All 12 areas experienced over-the-year job growth during the period, with 6 exceeding the national average of 1.9 percent. The fastest rate of job growth was registered in Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, up 4.0 percent, closely followed by Dallas, at 3.9 percent. The slowest rates of job growth were in Washington-Arlington-Alexandria (0.6 percent) and Detroit-Warren-Livonia (0.9 percent). (See chart 3 and table 2.)

The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island area added the largest number of jobs, 155,400, since July 2013. Two other metropolitan areas gained more than 100,000 jobs—Dallas (120,800) and Houston (112,200). Detroit recorded the smallest employment gain over the year, up 16,800 jobs, followed by Washington, up 19,800.

 Chart 3. Over-the-year percent change in employment, United States and 12 largest metropolitan area

 

Professional and business services led employment growth in 7 of the 12 metropolitan areas over the year: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, Detroit, Houston, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, and San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont. (See table 2.) Professional and business services led employment growth in 7 of the 12 metropolitan areas over the year: Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Dallas, Detroit, Houston, Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, and San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont.

Over the year, government recorded the largest loss of jobs in three areas—New York, Philadelphia, and Washington. Manufacturing lost the most jobs in two areas—Chicago and Los Angeles. Boston, Dallas, Houston, and Miami experienced no annual job losses in any supersector.


Technical Note

This release presents nonfarm payroll employment estimates from the Current Employment Statistics (CES) program. The CES survey is a Federal-State cooperative endeavor between State employment security agencies and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Definitions. Employment data refer to persons on establishment payrolls who receive pay for any part of the pay period which includes the 12th of the month. Persons are counted at their place of work rather than at their place of residence; those appearing on more than one payroll are counted on each payroll. Industries are classified on the basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry Classification System.

Method of estimation. The employment data are estimated using a “link relative” technique in which a ratio (link relative) of current-month employment to that of the previous month is computed from a sample of establishments reporting for both months. The estimates of employment for the current month are obtained by multiplying the estimates for the previous month by these ratios. Small-domain models are used as the official estimators for approximately 39 percent of CES published series which have insufficient sample for direct sample-based estimates.

Annual revisions. Employment estimates are adjusted annually to a complete count of jobs, called benchmarks, derived principally from tax reports which are submitted by employers who are covered under state unemployment insurance (UI) laws. The benchmark information is used to adjust the monthly estimates between the new benchmark and the preceding one and also to establish the level of employment for the new benchmark month. Thus, the benchmarking process establishes the level of employment, and the sample is used to measure the month-to-month changes in the level for the subsequent months.

Reliability of the estimates. The estimates presented in this release are based on sample surveys, administrative data, and modeling and, thus, are subject to sampling and other types of errors. Sampling error is a measure of sampling variability—that is, variation that occurs by chance because a sample rather than the entire population is surveyed. Survey data are also subject to nonsampling errors, such as those which can be introduced into the data collection and processing operations. Estimates not directly derived from sample surveys are subject to additional errors resulting from the special estimation processes used. The sums of individual items may not always equal the totals shown in the same tables because of rounding.

Employment estimates. Measures of sampling error for state CES data at the supersector level are available on the BLS Web site at www.bls.gov/sae/790stderr.htm. Information on recent benchmark revisions for states is available at www.bls.gov/sae/.

Additional information
 

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:  (800) 877-8339.

Area definitions. The substate area data published in this release reflect the standards and definitions established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, dated December 1, 2009. A detailed list of the geographic definitions is available at www.bls.gov/lau/lausmsa.htm.

The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.

  • The Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division includes the District of Columbia; Arlington, Clarke, Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren Counties, and Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Fredericksburg, Manassas, and Manassas Park Cities in Virginia; Calvert, Charles, and Prince George’s Counties in Maryland; and Jefferson County in West Virginia.
  • The Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md. Metropolitan Division includes Frederick and Montgomery Counties in Maryland.
Table 1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, United States and the Washington metropolitan area and its components, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Jul 2013 May 2014 Jun 2014 Jul 2014 (p) Jul 2013 to Jul 2014 (p)
Net change Percent change
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Statistical Area            

Total nonfarm

3,088.0 3,095.8 3,121.4 3,107.8 19.8 0.6

Mining, logging, and construction

150.0 144.2 150.7 150.7 0.7 0.5

Manufacturing

48.6 45.9 46.0 46.0 -2.6 -5.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

389.1 392.4 396.5 398.0 8.9 2.3

Information

76.7 73.7 74.1 74.2 -2.5 -3.3

Financial activities

152.3 154.1 155.1 156.1 3.8 2.5

Professional and business services

712.1 704.8 712.8 712.6 0.5 0.1

Education and health services

386.4 395.9 391.8 391.8 5.4 1.4

Leisure and hospitality

304.5 304.3 314.1 311.7 7.2 2.4

Other services

191.0 189.8 192.8 193.5 2.5 1.3

Government

677.3 690.7 687.5 673.2 -4.1 -0.6
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va. Metropolitan Division            

Total nonfarm

2,513.8 2,520.4 2,540.1 2,532.6 18.8 0.7

Mining, logging, and construction

116.6 115.6 121.7 120.8 4.2 3.6

Manufacturing

32.4 30.3 30.3 30.2 -2.2 -6.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

312.3 315.1 317.6 319.0 6.7 2.1

Information

62.5 60.5 60.8 60.9 -1.6 -2.6

Financial activities

112.3 114.2 114.7 115.6 3.3 2.9

Professional and business services

587.9 580.3 586.7 588.7 0.8 0.1

Education and health services

305.1 313.4 308.2 308.6 3.5 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

249.5 250.7 259.3 257.8 8.3 3.3

Other services

160.2 159.1 161.8 162.5 2.3 1.4

Government

575.0 581.2 579.0 568.5 -6.5 -1.1
Bethesda-Rockville-Frederick, Md. Metropolitan Division            

Total nonfarm

574.2 575.4 581.3 575.2 1.0 0.2

Mining, logging, and construction

33.4 28.6 29.0 29.9 -3.5 -10.5

Manufacturing

16.2 15.6 15.7 15.8 -0.4 -2.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

76.8 77.3 78.9 79.0 2.2 2.9

Information

14.2 13.2 13.3 13.3 -0.9 -6.3

Financial activities

40.0 39.9 40.4 40.5 0.5 1.3

Professional and business services

124.2 124.5 126.1 123.9 -0.3 -0.2

Education and health services

81.3 82.5 83.6 83.2 1.9 2.3

Leisure and hospitality

55.0 53.6 54.8 53.9 -1.1 -2.0

Other services

30.8 30.7 31.0 31.0 0.2 0.6

Government

102.3 109.5 108.5 104.7 2.4 2.3

Footnotes:
(p) = preliminary
 

Table 2. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry supersector, 12 large metropolitan areas, not seasonally adjusted (numbers in thousands)
Area Jul 2013 May 2014 Jun 2014 Jul 2014 (p) Jul 2013 to Jul 2014 (p)
Net change Percent change
United States(1)            

  Total nonfarm

136,050 139,184 139,772 138,662 2,612 1.9

    Mining and logging

881 900 916 931 50 5.7

    Construction

6,089 6,052 6,207 6,315 226 3.7

    Manufacturing

12,040 12,095 12,210 12,215 175 1.5

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,851 26,258 26,441 26,441 590 2.3

    Information

2,710 2,660 2,674 2,688 -22 -0.8

    Financial activities

7,967 7,919 7,999 8,028 61 0.8

    Professional and business services

18,718 19,150 19,353 19,360 642 3.4

    Education and health services

20,762 21,484 21,271 21,164 402 1.9

    Leisure and hospitality

14,965 14,873 15,270 15,345 380 2.5

    Other services

5,530 5,538 5,572 5,574 44 0.8

    Government

20,537 22,255 21,859 20,601 64 0.3
Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Marietta, Ga.            

  Total nonfarm

2,397.3 2,464.9 2,463.9 2,461.2 63.9 2.7

    Mining and logging

1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.0 0.0

    Construction

93.5 97.6 97.5 97.6 4.1 4.4

    Manufacturing

149.3 151.3 153.2 153.6 4.3 2.9

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

536.3 546.3 548.6 551.3 15.0 2.8

    Information

84.8 85.5 86.7 88.1 3.3 3.9

    Financial activities

157.3 158.6 160.0 161.4 4.1 2.6

    Professional and business services

436.1 452.2 453.6 456.5 20.4 4.7

    Education and health services

289.1 299.9 292.2 291.5 2.4 0.8

    Leisure and hospitality

252.2 259.4 263.7 264.4 12.2 4.8

    Other services

94.3 93.5 92.3 92.3 -2.0 -2.1

    Government

303.2 319.4 314.9 303.3 0.1 0.0
Boston-Cambridge-Quincy, Mass.-N.H. (NECTA)            

  Total nonfarm

2,554.6 2,599.9 2,622.0 2,611.8 57.2 2.2

    Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

95.5 89.0 93.0 96.6 1.1 1.2

    Manufacturing

194.4 193.4 195.5 195.0 0.6 0.3

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

409.0 414.8 421.3 419.1 10.1 2.5

    Information

75.7 77.6 78.6 79.6 3.9 5.2

    Financial activities

174.9 171.5 174.2 176.9 2.0 1.1

    Professional and business services

441.0 442.5 447.3 450.7 9.7 2.2

    Education and health services

524.3 547.8 539.5 544.5 20.2 3.9

    Leisure and hospitality

257.5 252.2 262.5 264.1 6.6 2.6

    Other services

101.8 101.1 103.0 104.6 2.8 2.8

    Government

279.9 309.4 306.5 280.1 0.2 0.1
Chicago-Joliet-Naperville, Ill.-Ind.-Wis.            

  Total nonfarm

4,456.0 4,485.2 4,527.3 4,503.2 47.2 1.1

    Mining and logging

1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 -0.1 -6.7

    Construction

159.9 153.6 163.1 166.8 6.9 4.3

    Manufacturing

410.5 404.1 405.9 408.1 -2.4 -0.6

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

896.5 897.0 904.5 902.6 6.1 0.7

    Information

81.2 79.3 80.6 80.6 -0.6 -0.7

    Financial activities

292.3 285.1 290.7 291.4 -0.9 -0.3

    Professional and business services

772.4 782.1 790.8 793.8 21.4 2.8

    Education and health services

664.6 688.6 683.5 675.4 10.8 1.6

    Leisure and hospitality

445.7 439.3 451.3 447.0 1.3 0.3

    Other services

193.9 191.5 196.1 194.9 1.0 0.5

    Government

537.5 563.2 559.4 541.2 3.7 0.7
Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas            

  Total nonfarm

3,086.5 3,198.6 3,216.6 3,207.3 120.8 3.9

    Mining, logging, and construction

178.9 187.2 191.1 190.9 12.0 6.7

    Manufacturing

258.7 256.5 257.9 258.8 0.1 0.0

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

637.0 659.4 663.7 663.9 26.9 4.2

    Information

79.9 81.2 81.0 80.3 0.4 0.5

    Financial activities

256.0 252.4 255.5 256.5 0.5 0.2

    Professional and business services

483.2 511.4 522.3 529.0 45.8 9.5

    Education and health services

379.9 391.5 392.4 390.5 10.6 2.8

    Leisure and hospitality

323.0 338.5 338.7 337.1 14.1 4.4

    Other services

112.2 116.1 114.4 115.4 3.2 2.9

    Government

377.7 404.4 399.6 384.9 7.2 1.9
Detroit-Warren-Livonia, Mich.            

  Total nonfarm

1,846.5 1,880.9 1,896.9 1,863.3 16.8 0.9

    Mining, logging, and construction

62.6 60.3 62.9 64.5 1.9 3.0

    Manufacturing

224.1 232.2 238.4 231.1 7.0 3.1

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

348.5 351.9 355.9 354.3 5.8 1.7

    Information

27.3 27.1 27.4 27.5 0.2 0.7

    Financial activities

104.4 97.6 98.3 98.2 -6.2 -5.9

    Professional and business services

350.1 366.7 365.3 357.9 7.8 2.2

    Education and health services

293.9 298.8 298.5 296.7 2.8 1.0

    Leisure and hospitality

184.1 181.8 186.2 185.6 1.5 0.8

    Other services

77.8 77.3 77.0 76.6 -1.2 -1.5

    Government

173.7 187.2 187.0 170.9 -2.8 -1.6
Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, Texas            

  Total nonfarm

2,783.5 2,883.0 2,895.3 2,895.7 112.2 4.0

    Mining and logging

108.5 111.7 114.6 116.4 7.9 7.3

    Construction

189.0 196.8 196.6 197.9 8.9 4.7

    Manufacturing

252.5 258.3 260.5 261.0 8.5 3.4

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

566.4 578.4 583.1 584.9 18.5 3.3

    Information

32.8 32.9 33.2 33.3 0.5 1.5

    Financial activities

144.1 144.4 145.5 147.2 3.1 2.2

    Professional and business services

429.1 438.6 443.1 448.6 19.5 4.5

    Education and health services

331.2 347.3 347.6 349.1 17.9 5.4

    Leisure and hospitality

277.0 287.8 290.0 291.2 14.2 5.1

    Other services

100.3 102.9 102.6 103.9 3.6 3.6

    Government

352.6 383.9 378.5 362.2 9.6 2.7
Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, Calif.            

  Total nonfarm

5,524.6 5,675.9 5,687.8 5,616.3 91.7 1.7

    Mining and logging

5.3 5.3 5.4 5.5 0.2 3.8

    Construction

195.9 207.6 210.0 207.5 11.6 5.9

    Manufacturing

525.3 509.1 510.3 510.9 -14.4 -2.7

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,028.4 1,037.6 1,043.0 1,041.1 12.7 1.2

    Information

220.4 227.1 231.6 228.3 7.9 3.6

    Financial activities

326.4 321.4 322.5 320.9 -5.5 -1.7

    Professional and business services

849.7 881.4 884.1 884.0 34.3 4.0

    Education and health services

883.8 930.8 922.0 909.7 25.9 2.9

    Leisure and hospitality

638.4 642.5 649.2 650.6 12.2 1.9

    Other services

191.6 197.8 197.9 196.7 5.1 2.7

    Government

659.4 715.3 711.8 661.1 1.7 0.3
Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, Fla.            

  Total nonfarm

2,302.9 2,417.2 2,391.2 2,379.8 76.9 3.3

    Mining and logging

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.0 0.0

    Construction

93.6 98.4 101.5 102.0 8.4 9.0

    Manufacturing

77.5 78.9 79.3 78.4 0.9 1.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

543.3 563.1 563.2 563.7 20.4 3.8

    Information

46.1 46.8 46.6 46.5 0.4 0.9

    Financial activities

165.2 168.8 168.9 168.8 3.6 2.2

    Professional and business services

369.4 382.0 384.6 380.8 11.4 3.1

    Education and health services

339.5 355.1 351.3 350.1 10.6 3.1

    Leisure and hospitality

279.4 299.1 297.4 292.7 13.3 4.8

    Other services

110.4 116.0 115.5 115.9 5.5 5.0

    Government

277.9 308.4 282.3 280.3 2.4 0.9
New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, N.Y.-N.J.-Pa.            

  Total nonfarm

8,718.0 8,842.5 8,918.7 8,873.4 155.4 1.8

    Mining, logging, and construction

330.8 326.9 330.9 334.5 3.7 1.1

    Manufacturing

355.5 356.3 358.5 356.1 0.6 0.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

1,595.7 1,629.5 1,647.2 1,633.8 38.1 2.4

    Information

278.0 272.4 272.9 275.5 -2.5 -0.9

    Financial activities

747.4 729.2 742.1 750.4 3.0 0.4

    Professional and business services

1,401.6 1,408.9 1,425.0 1,428.7 27.1 1.9

    Education and health services

1,578.3 1,672.2 1,656.8 1,636.1 57.8 3.7

    Leisure and hospitality

827.2 809.6 849.6 855.1 27.9 3.4

    Other services

384.3 388.0 392.1 388.4 4.1 1.1

    Government

1,219.2 1,249.5 1,243.6 1,214.8 -4.4 -0.4
Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, Pa.-N.J.-Del.-Md.            

  Total nonfarm

2,729.5 2,785.0 2,798.1 2,763.4 33.9 1.2

    Mining, logging, and construction

105.5 106.6 110.5 116.2 10.7 10.1

    Manufacturing

180.2 179.3 179.7 179.6 -0.6 -0.3

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

504.6 510.5 515.0 511.7 7.1 1.4

    Information

47.5 46.3 46.4 46.3 -1.2 -2.5

    Financial activities

205.1 203.1 205.2 206.5 1.4 0.7

    Professional and business services

437.2 443.5 446.2 446.4 9.2 2.1

    Education and health services

558.5 581.1 574.9 573.3 14.8 2.6

    Leisure and hospitality

252.9 251.4 259.8 256.4 3.5 1.4

    Other services

121.9 120.7 123.1 120.7 -1.2 -1.0

    Government

316.1 342.5 337.3 306.3 -9.8 -3.1
San Francisco-Oakland-Fremont, Calif.            

  Total nonfarm

2,101.4 2,152.6 2,166.5 2,160.5 59.1 2.8

    Mining and logging

1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 -0.1 -7.7

    Construction

96.1 100.1 100.2 102.6 6.5 6.8

    Manufacturing

115.9 117.3 117.7 118.4 2.5 2.2

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

344.0 346.1 350.7 351.8 7.8 2.3

    Information

74.2 74.9 76.2 76.6 2.4 3.2

    Financial activities

126.6 125.6 127.0 126.9 0.3 0.2

    Professional and business services

419.7 427.4 433.3 436.8 17.1 4.1

    Education and health services

312.3 326.2 324.0 322.2 9.9 3.2

    Leisure and hospitality

243.8 248.5 252.2 252.8 9.0 3.7

    Other services

80.2 80.5 80.3 80.4 0.2 0.2

    Government

287.3 304.8 303.7 290.8 3.5 1.2
Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, D.C.-Va.-Md.-W.Va.            

  Total nonfarm

3,088.0 3,095.8 3,121.4 3,107.8 19.8 0.6

    Mining, logging, and construction

150.0 144.2 150.7 150.7 0.7 0.5

    Manufacturing

48.6 45.9 46.0 46.0 -2.6 -5.3

    Trade, transportation, and utilities

389.1 392.4 396.5 398.0 8.9 2.3

    Information

76.7 73.7 74.1 74.2 -2.5 -3.3

    Financial activities

152.3 154.1 155.1 156.1 3.8 2.5

    Professional and business services

712.1 704.8 712.8 712.6 0.5 0.1

    Education and health services

386.4 395.9 391.8 391.8 5.4 1.4

    Leisure and hospitality

304.5 304.3 314.1 311.7 7.2 2.4

    Other services

191.0 189.8 192.8 193.5 2.5 1.3

    Government

677.3 690.7 687.5 673.2 -4.1 -0.6

Footnotes:
(1) U.S. data are preliminary for two months after they are first published.
(p) = preliminary
 

 

Last Modified Date: Tuesday, September 09, 2014