Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, January 30, 2019				USDL-19-0138

Technical information:
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


         METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- DECEMBER 2018


Unemployment rates were lower in December than a year earlier in 250 of the 388 
metropolitan areas, higher in 116 areas, and unchanged in 22 areas, the U.S. Bureau 
of Labor Statistics reported today. A total of 89 areas had jobless rates of less 
than 3.0 percent and 3 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll 
employment increased over the year in 61 metropolitan areas and was essentially 
unchanged in 327 areas. The national unemployment rate in December was 3.7 percent, 
not seasonally adjusted, down from 3.9 percent a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, Ames, IA, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.4 percent. El Centro, 
CA, and Yuma, AZ, had the highest unemployment rates, 17.3 percent and 15.4 percent, 
respectively. A total of 193 areas had December unemployment rates below the U.S. 
rate of 3.7 percent, 179 areas had rates above it, and 16 areas had rates equal to 
that of the nation. (See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease occurred in Ocean City, NJ 
(-2.2 percentage points). Twenty-five additional areas had rate decreases of at 
least 1.0 percentage point. Panama City, FL, had the largest over-the-year rate 
increase in December (+2.2 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN, had the lowest unemployment rate in 
December, 2.3 percent. Cleveland-Elyria, OH, had the highest jobless rate among the 
large areas, 4.9 percent. Thirty-three large areas had over-the-year unemployment 
rate decreases, 15 had increases, and 3 had no change. The largest rate decreases 
occurred in Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY (-1.4 percentage points), and 
Rochester, NY (-1.2 points). The largest over-the-year rate increase was in Denver-
Aurora-Lakewood, CO (+0.8 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
December, San Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA, had the lowest rate 
among the divisions, 2.1 percent. Elgin, IL, had the highest division rate, 5.7 
percent. (See table 2.)

In December, 30 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate 
decreases and 8 had increases. The largest rate decline occurred in Chicago-
Naperville-Arlington Heights, IL (-1.3 percentage points). The largest over-
the-year rate increase was in Elgin, IL (+1.3 percentage points).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, 61 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll 
employment and 327 were essentially unchanged. The largest over-the-year employment 
increases occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+116,400), New York-Newark-
Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+115,500), and Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX (+108,300).
The largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Midland, 
TX (+6.7 percent), Colorado Springs, CO (+5.5 percent), and Reno, NV (+5.3 percent).
(See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 39 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 
2010 Census population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially 
unchanged in 12 areas. The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment 
in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL (+4.0 
percent), Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ (+3.7 percent), and Austin-Round Rock, TX, 
and Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX (+3.5 percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In December, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 18 of the 38 metropolitan 
divisions over the year and was essentially unchanged in 20 divisions. The largest 
over-the-year increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in 
Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+88,600), followed by New York-Jersey City-White Plains, 
NY-NJ (+81,000), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+60,000). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in San Rafael, 
CA (+3.7 percent), and Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX, and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, WA 
(+3.4 percent each).

_____________
The Regional and State Unemployment 2018 Annual Averages news release is scheduled to 
be released on Thursday, February 28, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The State Employment 
and Unemployment news release for January 2019 is scheduled to be released on Monday, 
March 11, 2019, at 10:00 a.m. (EDT). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment 
news release for January 2019 is scheduled to be released on Friday, March 15, 2019, 
at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).


   ___________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                           |
  |        Upcoming Changes to Local Area Unemployment Statistics Data        |
  |                                                                           |
  | Effective with the release of Regional and State Unemployment 2018 Annual |
  | Averages on Thursday, February 28, 2019, the civilian labor force and     |
  | unemployment data for census regions and divisions and all states, the    |
  | District of Columbia, and the modeled substate areas presented in tables  |
  | 1 and 2 of this news release will be revised from 2014 to 2018 to         |
  | incorporate updated inputs, new population controls, and reestimation of  |
  | models. Subsequently, civilian labor force and unemployment estimates for |
  | all other metropolitan areas and metropolitan divisions will be revised   |
  | to reflect updated inputs and adjustment to the new statewide estimates.  |
  | These revised estimates will be published in conjunction with the March   |
  | 2019 State Employment and Unemployment news release on Friday, April 19,  |
  | 2019.                                                                     |
  |___________________________________________________________________________|


   ___________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                           |
  |          Upcoming Changes to Current Employment Statistics Data           |
  |                                                                           |
  | Effective with the release of January 2019 estimates on Monday, March 11, |
  | 2019, all nonfarm payroll employment estimates for states and areas       |
  | presented in tables 3 and 4 of this news release will be adjusted to 2018 |
  | benchmark levels.                                                         |
  |                                                                           |
  | Not seasonally adjusted data beginning with April 2017 and seasonally     |
  | adjusted data beginning with January 2014 are subject to revision. Some   |
  | seasonally adjusted series may be revised back to 1990.                   |
  |___________________________________________________________________________|


   ___________________________________________________________________________
  |                                                                           |
  |               Upcoming Change to Metropolitan Area Geography              |
  |                                                                           |
  | Effective with the January 2019 issuance of this news release on Friday,  |
  | March 15, 2019, estimates will be included for Twin Falls, ID, which the  |
  | U.S. Office of Management and Budget designated as a new metropolitan area|
  | in 2017.                                                                  |
  |___________________________________________________________________________|



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Last Modified Date: January 30, 2019