Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Thursday, December 29, 2016	                                  USDL-16-2395

Technical information: 
 Employment:	(202) 691-6559  *  sminfo@bls.gov    *  www.bls.gov/sae
 Unemployment:	(202) 691-6392  *  lausinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/lau

Media contact:	(202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                     METROPOLITAN AREA EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT -- NOVEMBER 2016


Unemployment rates were lower in November than a year earlier in 271 of the 387 metropolitan areas, higher in 90
areas, and unchanged in 26 areas, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Thirty-six areas had
jobless rates of less than 3.0 percent and four areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll
employment increased over the year in 303 metropolitan areas, decreased in 73 areas, and was unchanged in 11 
areas. The national unemployment rate in November was 4.4 percent, not seasonally adjusted, down from 4.8 percent 
a year earlier.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, the lowest unemployment rate was in Ames, Iowa, 1.7 percent. El Centro, Calif., and Yuma, Ariz., had 
the highest unemployment rates, 20.3 percent and 16.7 percent, respectively. A total of 196 areas had November 
jobless rates above the U.S. rate of 4.4 percent, 180 areas had rates below it, and 11 areas had rates equal to 
that of the nation. (See table 1.)

New Bedford, Mass., had the largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in November (-2.8 percentage 
points). Fifty-eight other areas had rate declines of at least 1.0 percentage point. The largest over-the-year 
rate increase occurred in Erie, Pa. (+1.2 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-
N.H., and Salt Lake City, Utah, had the lowest unemployment rates in November, 2.4 percent each. Riverside-San 
Bernardino-Ontario, Calif., had the highest rate among the large areas, 5.5 percent. Thirty-nine large areas had 
over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, eight had increases, and four had no change. The largest rate decrease 
occurred in Boston-Cambridge-Nashua, Mass.-N.H. (-1.7 percentage points). The largest over-the-year rate 
increases were in Cleveland-Elyria, Ohio; Oklahoma City, Okla.; and Pittsburgh, Pa. (+0.6 percentage point each).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan divisions, which are essentially 
separately identifiable employment centers. In November, Framingham, Mass., had the lowest unemployment rate 
among the divisions, 2.1 percent. Detroit-Dearborn-Livonia, Mich., had the highest division rate, 6.1 percent. 
(See table 2.)

In November, 31 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 4 had increases, and 3 had 
no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-2.4 percentage points). 
The largest over-the-year rate increase occurred in Philadelphia, Pa. (+0.6 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, 303 metropolitan areas had over-the-year increases in nonfarm payroll employment, 73 had decreases, 
and 11 had no change. The largest over-the-year employment increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, 
N.Y.-N.J.-Pa. (+117,300), Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, Texas (+114,800), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, 
Calif. (+103,600). The largest over-the-year percentage gain in employment occurred in Cleveland, Tenn. (+7.4 
percent), followed by Ann Arbor, Mich. (+5.6 percent), and Bend-Redmond, Ore. (+4.7 percent). (See table 3.)

The largest over-the-year decreases in employment occurred in Lafayette, La. (-7,200), Oklahoma City, Okla. 
(-5,900), and Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, Conn. (-3,500). The largest over-the-year percentage decrease in 
employment occurred in Casper, Wyo. (-5.8 percent), followed by Carbondale-Marion, Ill. (-4.0 percent), and 
Lafayette, La. (-3.4 percent).

Over the year, nonfarm employment rose in 48 of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 
million or more, and fell in Oklahoma City, Okla. (-0.9 percent), and Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, Wis., and 
Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, Va.-N.C. (-0.2 percent each). The largest over-the-year percentage increase 
in employment in these large metropolitan areas occurred in Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, Fla. (+4.5 percent), 
followed by Jacksonville, Fla. (+3.6 percent), and Salt Lake City, Utah, and Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, Wash. (+3.5 
percent each).

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, nonfarm payroll employment increased in 37 of the 38 metropolitan divisions over the year, and 
decreased in Lawrence-Methuen Town-Salem, Mass.-N.H. (-700, or -0.8 percent). The largest over-the-year increase 
in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey City-White Plains, N.Y.-N.J. 
(+93,000), followed by Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas (+89,700), and Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, Calif. 
(+65,300). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in Fort 
Lauderdale-Pompano Beach-Deerfield Beach, Fla. (+3.8 percent), followed by San Rafael, Calif. (+3.7 percent), and 
Dallas-Plano-Irving, Texas; Haverhill-Newburyport-Amesbury Town, Mass.-N.H.; and Seattle-Bellevue-Everett, Wash. 
(+3.6 percent each).

_____________
The Regional and State Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2016 is scheduled to be released on 
Tuesday, January 24, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST). The Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment news release 
for December 2016 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday, February 1, 2017, at 10:00 a.m. (EST).


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|                                                                                          |
|                   Current Employment Statistics (CES) Data Corrections                   |
|                                                                                          |
|  BLS identified errors in metropolitan area and division hours and earnings series.      |
|  Data for the impacted series have been suppressed from October 2012 through November    |
|  2016. BLS plans to release the corrected series in the BLS online database concurrent   |
|  with the CES State and Area benchmark release on March 13, 2017. A detailed list of     |
|  the suppressions is available at www.bls.gov/sae/saesup2016.htm.                        |
|                                                                                          |
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Last Modified Date: December 29, 2016