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Economic News Release
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Metropolitan Area Employment and Unemployment Summary

For release 10:00 a.m. (ET) Thursday, December 29, 2022 		      USDL-22-2366

Technical information: 
 Employment:   (202) 691-6559  *  * 
 Unemployment: (202) 691-6392  *  * 

Media contact: (202) 691-5902  *


Unemployment rates were lower in November than a year earlier in 235 of the 389 
metropolitan areas, higher in 133 areas, and unchanged in 21 areas, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. A total of 150 areas had jobless rates of less than 
3.0 percent and 2 areas had rates of at least 10.0 percent. Nonfarm payroll employment
increased over the year in 95 metropolitan areas and was essentially unchanged in 294
areas. The national unemployment rate in November was 3.4 percent, not seasonally 
adjusted, down from 3.9 percent a year earlier.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly programs. The civilian labor 
force and unemployment data are based on the same concepts and definitions as those 
used for the national household survey estimates. These data pertain to individuals by
where they reside. The employment data are from an establishment survey that measures 
nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. These data pertain to jobs on 
payrolls defined by where the establishments are located. For more information about 
the concepts and statistical methodologies used by these two programs, see the 
Technical Note.

Metropolitan Area Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, Fargo, ND-MN, had the lowest unemployment rate, 1.5 percent. The next 
lowest rates were in Mankato-North Mankato, MN, and Rochester, MN, 1.6 percent each. 
El Centro, CA, had the highest rate, 16.7 percent, followed by Yuma, AZ, 16.3 percent.
A total of 215 areas had November jobless rates below the U.S. rate of 3.4 percent, 
153 areas had rates above it, and 21 areas had rates equal to that of the nation. 
(See table 1.)

The largest over-the-year unemployment rate decrease in November occurred in Atlantic 
City-Hammonton, NJ (-2.6 percentage points). Three other areas had rate declines of at
least 2.0 percentage points, and an additional 55 areas had rate declines between 1.0
point and 1.9 points. Yuma, AZ, had the largest over-the-year rate increase in 
November (+5.0 percentage points).

Of the 51 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census population of 1 million or more, 
Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI, had the lowest jobless rate in November, 1.9
percent. Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV, had the highest rate, 5.6 percent. Thirty-
eight large areas had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, nine had increases, 
and four had no change. The largest rate declines occurred in Los Angeles-Long Beach-
Anaheim, CA, and New Orleans-Metairie, LA (-1.6 percentage points each). The largest 
jobless rate increase was in Oklahoma City, OK (+0.6 percentage point).

Metropolitan Division Unemployment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

Eleven of the most populous metropolitan areas are made up of 38 metropolitan 
divisions, which are essentially separately identifiable employment centers. In 
November, Miami-Miami Beach-Kendall, FL, had the lowest division unemployment rate, 1.5
percent. Tacoma-Lakewood, WA, had the highest rate among the divisions, 5.3 percent.
(See table 2.)

In November, 33 metropolitan divisions had over-the-year unemployment rate decreases, 3 
had increases, and 2 had no change. The largest rate decline occurred in Philadelphia,
PA (-2.0 percentage points). The largest over-the-year jobless rate increase occurred
in Gary, IN (+0.8 percentage point).

Metropolitan Area Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 95 metropolitan areas
and was essentially unchanged in 294 areas. The largest over-the-year employment
increases occurred in New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA (+371,100), Los Angeles-Long
Beach-Anaheim, CA (+266,900), and Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+242,200). The 
largest over-the-year percentage gains in employment occurred in Atlantic City-
Hammonton, NJ (+7.3 percent), Charleston-North Charleston, SC (+6.6 percent), and 
Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL (+6.4 percent). (See table 3.)

Over the year, nonfarm employment increased in 44 metropolitan areas with a 2010 Census
population of 1 million or more, while employment was essentially unchanged in 7 areas.
The largest over-the-year percentage increase in employment in these large metropolitan
areas occurred in Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (+6.1 percent), followed by Houston-
The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX, and Raleigh, NC (+5.6 percent each). 

Metropolitan Division Nonfarm Employment (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

In November, nonfarm payroll employment increased over the year in 23 metropolitan 
divisions and was essentially unchanged in 15 divisions. The largest over-the-year 
increases in employment among the metropolitan divisions occurred in New York-Jersey 
City-White Plains, NY-NJ (+307,600), Dallas-Plano-Irving, TX (+194,100), and Los 
Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA (+193,800). (See table 4.)

The largest over-the-year percentage increases in employment occurred in Dallas-Plano-
Irving, TX (+6.8 percent), Lowell-Billerica-Chelmsford, MA-NH (+6.0 percent), and San 
Francisco-Redwood City-South San Francisco, CA (+5.5 percent).

The State Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2022 is scheduled to 
be released on Tuesday, January 24, 2023, at 10:00 a.m. (ET). The Metropolitan Area 
Employment and Unemployment news release for December 2022 is scheduled to be released
on Wednesday, February 1, 2023, at 10:00 a.m. (ET).

|											|
|			      Household Data for Puerto Rico    			|
|											|
| Due to Hurricane Fiona, Puerto Rico was not able to conduct normal data collection 	|
| for its household survey for September 2022. Data collection started again in 	|
| October, and BLS resumed publication of the not seasonally adjusted data effective 	|
| with the release of October estimates. Publication of seasonally adjusted data for 	|
| Puerto Rico will resume at a later time, pending further research. 			|

|											|
|	    Update to the 2022 North American Industry Classification System    	|
|											|
| With the release of January 2023 data on March 13, 2023, the Current Employment 	|
| Statistics (CES) State and Area division will revise the basis for industry 		|
| classification from the 2017 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) to |
| NAICS 2022. The conversion to NAICS 2022 will result in revisions reflecting content  |
| and coding changes within the mining and logging, manufacturing, wholesale trade, 	|
| retail trade, information, financial activities, and other services sectors. The 	|
| majority of the changes associated with the 2022 NAICS update impact levels of detail |
| not published by CES State and Area. Details of updated titles and new, discontinued, |
| and collapsed industries resulting from the NAICS 2022 update, as well as changes due |
| to the annual benchmarking process, will be available on March 13, 2023. For more 	|
| information on NAICS 2022, visit				|

Last Modified Date: December 29, 2022