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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

January 2023 CPI weight update
  • Starting with January 2023 data, BLS updated weights annually for the Consumer Price Index based on a single calendar year of data, using consumer expenditure data from 2021. This reflects a change from prior practice of updating weights biennially using 2 years of expenditure data.

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.


  • Beginning with June 2023 data published in July 2023, the CPI program will begin publishing data for 6 grocery food group indexes for several additional metropolitan areas each month. Read More »
  • Index and average price data for electricity in Miami for January through November 2022, in Los Angeles and Riverside for May through November 2022, and for Detroit and St. Louis in January 2023 were incorrectly published in the database. Utility (piped) gas for San Diego in November through December 2022 were also incorrect. The errors also include related aggregate data within these areas and related areas. These errors were corrected in our online database on April 28, 2023. Read More »


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Latest Numbers


Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.4% in Apr 2023 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 3.4% in Apr 2023 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +253,000(p) in Apr 2023 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.16(p) in Apr 2023 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.2%(p) in Apr 2023 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +1.2% in 1st Qtr of 2023 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: -2.7% in 1st Qtr of 2023 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: +0.4% in Apr 2023 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +0.2% in Apr 2023 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.4% in April; shelter, used cars and trucks, and gasoline up


In April, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 0.4 percent, seasonally adjusted, and rose 4.9 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.4 percent in April (SA); up 5.5 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

May 2023 CPI data are scheduled to be released on June 13, 2023, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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The Economics Daily

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Energy prices down 6.4 percent from March 2022 to March 2023

Over the 12 months ended March 2023, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 5.0 percent; this was the smallest 12-month increase since the year ending May 2021. Energy prices decreased 6.4 percent since March 2022. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Incorporating medical claims data in the Consumer Price Index

This article examines the possibility of including medical insurance claims data in the calculation of medical price indexes. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Getting less for the same price? Explore how the CPI measures “shrinkflation” and its impact on inflation

This Beyond the Numbers article examines product upsizing and downsizing and explores how these concepts affect measurements in the CPI. Read on to find out more about how the CPI captures these changes, which types of products experienced the most change between 2015-2021, and its impact on inflation. read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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Inflation Experiences for Lower and Higher Income Households

This Spotlight presents consumer price indexes for groups of households at the lowest and highest end of the income distribution for urban households to examine how different spending patterns can change measures of inflation. read more »