The Consumer Price Indexes (CPI) program produces monthly data on changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services.

Announcements

  • Over the next few months, we will be deleting and renaming files on many of the CPI webpages. The addresses of files that are renamed will be forwarded to the new address through October 2017. Detailed Report files through 2017 and Supplemental Files through 2016 will not be forwarded, but are available on the Detailed Report Archive page and the Supplemental Files Archive page. If you encounter issues with any of the webpages during this time please contact us at cpi_info@bls.gov or 202-691-7000.
  • IMPORTANT The June 2017 version of the CPI Detailed Report, published in July 2017, was the final publication of this document. Customers are encouraged to obtain CPI data from the CPI databases or the Supplemental Files. Detailed Report files from October 2000 through June 2017 are available in compressed files. Tables formerly titled 24 and 1C have been added to the Supplemental Files.
  • In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The 2018 revision utilizes the 2010 Decennial Census and incorporates an updated area sample design, changes the frequency of publication for several local area indexes, and establishes some new local area and aggregate indexes. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: https://www.bls.gov/cpi/geographic-revision-2018.htm.

Next Release:

  • August 2017 CPI data are scheduled to be released on September 14, 2017, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.

CPI News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.1% in July; food, shelter, medical care indexes rise

08/11/2017

In July, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 0.1 percent seasonally adjusted; rising 1.7 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in July (SA); up 1.7 percent over the year (NSA).
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Current CPI Economic News Releases

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CPI Databases

Databases

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All Urban Consumers (Current Series)
(Consumer Price Index - CPI)
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Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (Current Series)
(Consumer Price Index - CPI)
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All Urban Consumers (Chained CPI)
(Consumer Price Index - CPI)
Special Notice for Chained CPI Top Picks for Chained CPI Data Finder for Chained CPI One Screen Data Search for Chained CPI Multi Screen Data Search for Chained CPI Tables for Chained CPI Text Files for Chained CPI
Average Price Data
(Consumer Price Index - CPI)
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CPI Tables

CPI Detailed Report Tables:

Relative Importance of Items in the Consumer Price Index:

CPI Publications

Publications

Reports

  • CPI research series using current methods
  • Pharmaceutical Pricing in the PPI, CPI, and IPP
  • Reconciliation Between the CPI and PCE Price Index. The Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) undertook a joint project to detail and quantify the differences between the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) and the Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCE) Chain-type Price Index. A paper summarizing these differences can be found on the BEA website at https://www.bea.gov/papers/pdf/cpi_pce.pdf. The latest reconciliation tables can be found at https://www.bea.gov/national/consumer_spending.htm.
  • The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) produces regional price parities (RPPs). RPPs measure the differences in the price levels of goods and services across states and metropolitan areas for a given year. RPPs are expressed as a percentage of the overall national price level for each year, which is equal to 100.0. These data, which are the products of BEA and not BLS, can be found at https://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/rpp/rpp_newsrelease.htm.
  • Treatment of Owner-Occupied Housing in the CPI - Paper presented to the Federal Economic Statistics Advisory Committee (FESAC) on December 9, 2005 (PDF)
  • Guidelines for Quality Adjustment of New Vehicle Prices (PDF)
  • Experimental Consumer Price Index for Americans 62 years of Age and Older, 1982-2007 (Monthly Labor Review April 2008) (PDF)
  • Response Rates for the Consumer Price Indexes, 2016 (PDF)
  • Response rates for earlier years
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2003 - December 2003 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2004 - December 2004 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2005 - December 2005 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2006 - December 2006 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2007 - December 2007 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2008 - December 2008 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2009 - December 2009 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2010 - December 2010 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2011 - December 2011 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2012 - December 2012 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2013 - December 2013 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2014 - December 2014 (PDF)
  • Variance Estimates for Changes in the Consumer Price Index, January 2016 - December 2016 (PDF)
  • Hedonic Quality Adjustment in the U.S. CPI

Monthly Labor Review articles related to the Consumer Price Index

CPI Fact Sheets

How BLS Measures Price Change in the Consumer Price Index for:

CPI Frequently Asked Questions

CPI Special Notices

Notices

In January 2018, BLS will introduce a new geographic area sample for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The 2018 revision utilizes the 2010 Decennial Census and incorporates an updated area sample design, changes the frequency of publication for several local area indexes, and establishes some new local area and aggregate indexes. The first indexes using the new structure will be published in February 2018. Additional information on the geographic revision is available at: https://www.bls.gov/cpi/georevision2018.htm.

Social Security COLA

Soon after the publication of September CPI data each October, the Social Security Administration (SSA) announces the annual change in its benefit payments for the coming year for Social Security's Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs. Specific information on how the Social Security Administration uses the CPI to determine cost-of-living adjustments can be found at https://www.ssa.gov/OACT/COLA/colasummary.html.

Contact Us

Contacts

Personal assistance: 8:30 a.m.–4:30 p.m. ET

For questions regarding seasonal adjustment: