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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.


  • Starting in January 2022, weights for the Consumer Price Index will be calculated based on consumer expenditure data from 2019-2020. The BLS considered interventions, but decided to maintain normal procedures. Read More »
  • Updated seasonal factors to be introduced February 8, 2022 Read More »


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Latest Numbers


Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.5% in Dec 2021 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 3.9% in Dec 2021 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +199,000(p) in Dec 2021 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.19(p) in Dec 2021 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.2%(p) in Dec 2021 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +1.0% in 4th Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: -5.2%(r) in 3rd Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: -0.2% in Dec 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: -1.8% in Dec 2021 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.5% in December; shelter and used cars and trucks up, energy down


In December, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 0.5 percent, seasonally adjusted, and rose 7.0 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.6 percent in December (SA); up 5.5 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

January 2022 CPI data are scheduled to be released on February 10, 2022, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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The Economics Daily

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Consumer Price Index: 2021 in review

From December 2020 to December 2021, consumer prices for all items rose 7.0 percent, the largest December to December percent change since 1981. Over the year, food prices increased 6.3 percent, a larger percentage increase than the 12-month increase of 3.9 percent in 2020. Food at home prices increased 6.5 percent in 2021, the largest over-the-year increase since 2008. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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“Chain drift” in the Chained Consumer Price Index: 1999–2017

This article employs circularity and unity tests, as well as multilateral index comparisons, to measure the existence and extent of “drift” in the Chained Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Measuring consumer price change during economic downturns: a review of assumptions about consumer spending

During economic downturns, how do these measures help in analyzing price change, and what can we assume about consumption? This Beyond the Numbers article explores the final C-CPI-U during the Great Recession and the recession that occurred as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Additionally, the article evaluates consumer spending assumptions of the CPI-U and preliminary C-CPI-U during these recessionary periods to highlight challenges of lagged consumer spending data. read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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Industry on Tap: Wineries

This Spotlight on Statistics examines historical employment trends for wineries and other components of the beverage manufacturing industry. Additionally, the Spotlight looks at trends for wages, number of establishments, and consumer prices in the winery industry and compares them to trends among distilleries, breweries, and soft drink and ice manufacturing. Let's take a look. read more »