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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.



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Latest Numbers


Consumer Price Index (CPI): unchanged in Oct 2023 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 3.9% in Oct 2023 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +150,000(p) in Oct 2023 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.07(p) in Oct 2023 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: -0.5%(p) in Oct 2023 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +1.1% in 3rd Qtr of 2023 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +4.7% in 3rd Qtr of 2023 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: -0.8% in Oct 2023 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: -1.1% in Oct 2023 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items unchanged in October; shelter up


In October, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers was unchanged, seasonally adjusted, and rose 3.2 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in October (SA); up 4.0 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

November 2023 CPI data are scheduled to be released on December 12, 2023, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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The Economics Daily

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Candy and chewing gum prices up 7.5 percent from September 2022 to September 2023

Today is Halloween, a day often associated with pumpkin carving and treats for kids. Stories about the origins of trick-or-treating vary, but going door to door collecting individually-wrapped pieces of candy and chewing gum grew in popularity during the 1950s. Let’s travel back through the Consumer Price Index (CPI) eyeing this sweet, less spooky, side of Halloween. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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A review of recent improvements to the CPI’s housing age-bias adjustment

This article describes the most recent changes to housing age-bias adjustment in the Consumer Price Index (CPI). read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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A Look at a Neat Industry: Distilleries

This Spotlight on Statistics reviews historical employment trends for distilleries and other components of the beverage manufacturing industry. Additionally, the Spotlight looks at trends in the number of establishments and wages for the distillery industry and compares them to trends among breweries and wineries. Finally, a look at consumer prices for distilled spirits is reviewed. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Getting less for the same price? Explore how the CPI measures “shrinkflation” and its impact on inflation

This Beyond the Numbers article examines product upsizing and downsizing and explores how these concepts affect measurements in the CPI. Read on to find out more about how the CPI captures these changes, which types of products experienced the most change between 2015-2021, and its impact on inflation. read more »