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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.



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Latest Numbers


Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.6% in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 6.0% in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +916,000(p) in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: -$0.04(p) in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +1.0%(p) in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.7% in 4th Qtr of 2020 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: -4.2%(r) in 4th Qtr of 2020 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: +1.2% in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +2.1% in Mar 2021 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.6% in March as gasoline index continues to rise


In March, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 0.6 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 2.6 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.3 percent in March (SA); up 1.6 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

April 2021 CPI data are scheduled to be released on May 12, 2021, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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Beyond the Numbers

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Improving the cost-of-living measure for older populations: some recommendations

A report by the Government Accountability Office recommended that the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) explore the use of National Accounts data to improve the calculation of the Consumer Price Index and assess the data sources used to calculate the CPI for older populations. This Beyond the Numbers article summarizes GAO findings and BLS responses. read more »

The Economics Daily

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Consumer prices for services less energy up 1.3 percent over the year ended February 2021

Consumer prices for services other than energy services rose 1.3 percent from February 2020 to February 2021. Within this category, shelter prices rose 1.5 percent, household operations prices rose 4.3 percent, and medical care services rose 3.0 percent. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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From the barrel to the pump: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on prices for petroleum products

This article details price movements for petroleum products in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. read more »