Consumer Price Index

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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

  • Fuel oil average price correction in the U.S., Northeast, New England Read More »
  • Updated seasonal factors and indexes to be introduced February 11, 2020 Read More »

Charts

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Latest Numbers

RSS

Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.2% in Dec 2019 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 3.5% in Dec 2019 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +145,000(p) in Dec 2019 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.03(p) in Dec 2019 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.1%(p) in Dec 2019 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.7% in 3rd Qtr of 2019 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: -0.2%(r) in 3rd Qtr of 2019 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: +0.3% in Dec 2019 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: -0.2% in Dec 2019 News Release Historical Data

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Next Release

January 2020 CPI data are scheduled to be released on February 13, 2020, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time. read more »

News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.2% in December as gasoline, shelter, medical care indexes rise

01/14/2020

In December, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 0.2 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 2.3 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.1 percent in December (SA); up 2.3 percent over the year (NSA).
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Publications

The Economics Daily

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Consumer Price Index: 2019 in review

From 2018 to 2019, consumer prices for all items rose 2.3 percent. Over that period, food prices increased 1.8 percent, a slightly larger percentage increase than the 12-month increase of 1.6 percent in 2018. Food at home prices increased 0.7 percent in 2019, continuing a trend of modest increases, as prices rose 0.6 percent in 2018 and 0.9 percent in 2017. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Inflation expectations and inflation realities: a comparison of the Treasury Breakeven Inflation curve and the Consumer Price Index before, during, and after the Great Recession

This article examines the extent to which market-based inflation expectations overshot or undershot actual inflation before, during, and after the Great Recession of 2007–09. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Improving the CPI physicians’ services index

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Consumer Price Index (CPI) for physicians services measures the change in prices for healthcare services provided by physicians in private practice. read more »