Consumer Price Index

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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

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Charts

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Latest Numbers

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): -0.1% in May 2020 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 11.1% in Jun 2020 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +4,800,000(p) in Jun 2020 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: -$0.35(p) in Jun 2020 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.4%(p) in May 2020 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.8% in 1st Qtr of 2020 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: -0.9%(r) in 1st Qtr of 2020 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: +1.0% in May 2020 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +0.5% in May 2020 News Release Historical Data

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Next Release

June 2020 CPI data are scheduled to be released on July 14, 2020, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time. read more »

News Releases

CPI for all items falls 0.1% in May, as auto insurance and gasoline indexes decline

06/10/2020

In May, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers fell 0.1 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 0.1 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy fell 0.1 percent in May (SA); up 1.2 percent over the year (NSA).
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Publications

The Economics Daily

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Consumer prices for food at home increased 4.8 percent for year ended May 2020

Consumer prices for food at home increased 4.8 percent for the year ended May 2020, with prices for all six major grocery store food groups rising over that period. This compared with a 0.1-percent increase in prices for all items. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Inflation expectations and inflation realities: a comparison of the Treasury Breakeven Inflation curve and the Consumer Price Index before, during, and after the Great Recession

This article examines the extent to which market-based inflation expectations overshot or undershot actual inflation before, during, and after the Great Recession of 2007–09. read more »