Consumer Price Index

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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

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Latest Numbers

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.3% in Jul 2019 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 3.7% in Jul 2019 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +164,000(p) in Jul 2019 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.08(p) in Jul 2019 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.2%(p) in Jul 2019 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.6% in 2nd Qtr of 2019 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +2.3% in 2nd Qtr of 2019 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: +0.2% in Jul 2019 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +0.2% in Jul 2019 News Release Historical Data

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Next Release

August 2019 CPI data are scheduled to be released on September 12, 2019, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time. read more »

News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.3% in July as gasoline, shelter indexes increase

08/13/2019

In July, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 0.3 percent, seasonally adjusted; rising 1.8 percent over the year, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in July (SA); up 2.2 percent over the year (NSA).
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Publications

The Economics Daily

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Food for thought: changes in consumer prices for food at home and away from home

Whether you are cooking at home or eating out, keeping an eye on food prices helps us maintain our household budget. For the year ended July 2019, prices for food at home increased 0.6 percent, while prices for food away from home increased 3.2 percent. This compared with an increase of 1.8 percent for all items over that period. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Reduced sample rotation frequency in hospitals and household utilities

This article describes the Consumer Price Index program’s research and decision to lengthen sample rotation cycles for hospitals and utility companies. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Improving the CPI physicians’ services index

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Consumer Price Index (CPI) for physicians services measures the change in prices for healthcare services provided by physicians in private practice. read more »