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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.



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Latest Numbers


Consumer Price Index (CPI): unchanged in May 2024 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 4.0% in May 2024 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +272,000(p) in May 2024 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.14(p) in May 2024 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: -0.2%(p) in May 2024 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +1.2% in 1st Qtr of 2024 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +0.2%(r) in 1st Qtr of 2024 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: -0.4% in May 2024 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: -0.6% in May 2024 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items unchanged in May; shelter up


In May, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers was unchanged, seasonally adjusted, and rose 3.3 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.2 percent in May (SA); up 3.4 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

June 2024 CPI data are scheduled to be released on July 11, 2024, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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The Economics Daily

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Check out what's brewing with coffee prices

Americans drink more coffee than any other beverage, including water! Whether you drink yours hot and black or iced and sweet, grab your favorite mug and join us as we explore recent and historical prices of this stimulating agricultural commodity. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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A year in review: exploring consumer price trends in 2023

This Beyond the Numbers article examines trends for major CPI categories, such as food and beverages, energy, and all items less food and energy, in 2023. The article also highlights subcategories that made notable changes or had some effect on the major categories. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Measuring total-premium inflation for health insurance in the Consumer Price Index

This article discusses existing methods for pricing health insurance, presents a Consumer Price Index for implied total-premium inflation, and compares that implied measure with total-premium inflation as measured by the Producer Price Index for health insurance. read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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A Look at a Neat Industry: Distilleries

This Spotlight on Statistics reviews historical employment trends for distilleries and other components of the beverage manufacturing industry. Additionally, the Spotlight looks at trends in the number of establishments and wages for the distillery industry and compares them to trends among breweries and wineries. Finally, a look at consumer prices for distilled spirits is reviewed. read more »