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Consumer Price Index

CPI Home

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

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Latest Numbers

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.9% in Jun 2021 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 5.9% in Jun 2021 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +850,000(p) in Jun 2021 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.10(p) in Jun 2021 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +1.0%(p) in Jun 2021 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.9% in 1st Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +5.4% in 1st Qtr of 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: +1.0% in Jun 2021 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: +1.2% in Jun 2021 News Release Historical Data

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News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.9% in June as many indexes increase

07/13/2021

In June, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 0.9 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 5.4 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy increased 0.9 percent in June (SA); up 4.5 percent over the year (NSA).
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Next Release

July 2021 CPI data are scheduled to be released on August 11, 2021, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time.
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Publications

The Economics Daily

The Economics Daily article image

Consumer prices up 4.7 percent since February 2020

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 5.4 percent, not seasonally adjusted, from June 2020 to June 2021, the largest 12-month advance since the year ended August 2008. Consumer prices increased 4.7 percent from February 2020 to June 2021. February 2020 was the last month before the COVID-19 pandemic began. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Improving the cost-of-living measure for older populations: some recommendations

A report by the Government Accountability Office recommended that the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) explore the use of National Accounts data to improve the calculation of the Consumer Price Index and assess the data sources used to calculate the CPI for older populations. This Beyond the Numbers article summarizes GAO findings and BLS responses. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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From the barrel to the pump: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on prices for petroleum products

This article details price movements for petroleum products in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. read more »