Consumer Price Index

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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

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Charts

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Latest Numbers

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): -0.1% in Dec 2018 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 3.9% in Dec 2018 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +312,000(p) in Dec 2018 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.11(p) in Dec 2018 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: -0.2%(p) in Dec 2018 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.8% in 3rd Qtr of 2018 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +2.3%(r) in 3rd Qtr of 2018 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: -1.0% in Dec 2018 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: -0.6% in Dec 2018 News Release Historical Data

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Next Release

January 2019 CPI data are scheduled to be released on February 13, 2019, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time. read more »

News Releases

CPI for all items falls 0.1% in December as gasoline index declines sharply

01/11/2019

In December, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers fell 0.1 percent on a seasonally adjusted basis; rising 1.9 percent over the last 12 months, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.2 percent in December (SA); up 2.2 percent over the year (NSA).
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Publications

The Economics Daily

The Economics Daily article image

Consumer Price Index rose 1.9 percent over the year ending December 2018, as energy prices fell

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers rose 1.9 percent from December 2017 to December 2018. Consumer prices for energy fell 0.3 percent over the year, while prices for food rose 1.6 percent. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Improving initial estimates of the Chained Consumer Price Index

An examination of the reasoning underlying the most recent update to the formula used to produce the preliminary Chained Consumer Price Index. read more »