Consumer Price Index

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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. Indexes are available for the U.S. and various geographic areas. Average price data for select utility, automotive fuel, and food items are also available.

Notices

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Latest Numbers

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Consumer Price Index (CPI): +0.1% in Aug 2019 News Release Historical Data

Unemployment Rate: 3.7% in Aug 2019 News Release Historical Data

Payroll Employment: +130,000(p) in Aug 2019 News Release Historical Data

Average Hourly Earnings: +$0.11(p) in Aug 2019 News Release Historical Data

Producer Price Index - Final Demand: +0.1%(p) in Aug 2019 News Release Historical Data

Employment Cost Index (ECI): +0.6% in 2nd Qtr of 2019 News Release Historical Data

Productivity: +2.3% in 2nd Qtr of 2019 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Import Price Index: -0.5% in Aug 2019 News Release Historical Data

U.S. Export Price Index: -0.6% in Aug 2019 News Release Historical Data

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Next Release

September 2019 CPI data are scheduled to be released on October 10, 2019, at 8:30 A.M. Eastern Time. read more »

News Releases

CPI for all items rises 0.1% in August as medical care, shelter indexes increase

09/12/2019

In August, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 0.1 percent, seasonally adjusted; rising 1.7 percent over the year, not seasonally adjusted. The index for all items less food and energy rose 0.3 percent in August (SA); up 2.4 percent over the year (NSA).
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Publications

The Economics Daily

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Consumer price changes in major metro areas, Summer 2018 to Summer 2019

From August 2018 to August 2019, the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers increased 1.7 percent. Among major metro areas, prices increased 3.0 percent over the last 12 months in Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, California and rose 0.7 percent in urban Alaska during the same period. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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Reduced sample rotation frequency in hospitals and household utilities

This article describes the Consumer Price Index program’s research and decision to lengthen sample rotation cycles for hospitals and utility companies. read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Improving the CPI physicians’ services index

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Consumer Price Index (CPI) for physicians services measures the change in prices for healthcare services provided by physicians in private practice. read more »