The International Price Program (IPP) produces Import/Export Price Indexes (MXP) containing data on changes in the prices of nonmilitary goods and services traded between the U.S. and the rest of the world.
On This Page
U.S. import prices increased 0.3 percent in December, after ticking up 0.1 percent in
November. The price index for U.S. exports fell 0.2 percent in December following a
0.2-percent rise in November. In 2019, import prices rose 0.5 percent and export prices
declined 0.7 percent.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Database holds current time series data that are published simultaneously with the Import and Export Price Index News Release. The data query and extraction tool provides users with an interface to select more than 1000 data series. Unique letter/number combinations represent different descriptors that characterize the index type, product or industry classification, geographic coverage, and time period availability. More information on the format of the data can be found at https://download.bls.gov/pub/time.series/ei/ei.txt.
Archives: Previous versions of these tables are available upon request.
Publications other than the monthly news release are produced in order to provide a comprehensive understanding over a variety of topics including how the import/export price indexes are connected to different aspects of the U.S. economy, how they are used by other agencies and organizations, and more. For a general overview of the price indexes, please review the Overview Pamphlet.
Articles and Research Papers Using MXP Data
Country of Origin
Data Uses and Fact Sheets
Data users interested in measuring the competitiveness of U.S. goods in domestic and foreign markets can use the U.S. import and export price indexes. The BLS presents a report and accompanying tables to provide more information for users interested in comparing import price indexes to the corresponding Producer Price Indexes. Additionally, the BLS publishes locality of origin indexes measuring import prices from select countries, regions, and groupings; locality of destination indexes measuring export prices to select countries, regions, and groupings; and U.S. terms of trade indexes measuring the purchasing power of U.S. exports relative to imports for all goods by select localities where both a LOO and LOD index is published.
In order to help users assess the precision of the U.S. import and export price index series, BLS is now providing variance estimates for these figures. Currently, the data are only calculated for the all-import and all-export series. In the future, however, the published variance estimates will also be made available at a more detailed level.
Import and Export Price Index Discussion Series
The Discussion Series are presentations followed by an open discussion of a topic relating to Import and Export prices.
Presentations are usually held every few months in the BLS Conference and Training Center.
To suggest future topics, please email: US_BLS_IPP_Outreach_Group@bls.gov.
To view past presentations, please visit our MXP Presentations page.
The international price program participates in the collection of prices that are used to represent the U.S. in certain international price comparisons.
OECD Purchasing Power Parities
World Bank International Comparisons Program
Other BLS Programs
Division of International Prices
Regional Office Assistance:
Information about the Import/Export Price Indexes and other BLS data may be obtained from any of the eight BLS Regional Economic Analysis and Information offices.
BLS Email Subscription Service:
Subscribers to the BLS Email Subscription Service can receive the Import/Export Price Indexes and other BLS news releases; data summaries; and new publication notifications by email. More information about this free service may be found on the BLS News Service Subscription Page.