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PRICES & SPENDING   •  Dec 2023  •  Volume 12 / Number 18
How have the pandemic and online spending affected Black Friday shopping? Analyzing retail trade margins 2009–22

How have the pandemic and online spending affected Black Friday shopping? Analyzing retail trade margins 2009–22

This Beyond the Numbers article will explore how Black Friday has changed over the years by using CPI and PPI commodity indexes to analyze prices. We’ll look at how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted Black Friday, and how the continuing growth of online shopping has affected the holiday shopping season.

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Recent articles

Nonresidential building construction overhead and profit markups: 2018 through 2022

In 2004, the Producer Price Index (PPI) introduced indexes tracking the average changes in prices received by the nonresidential building construction sector. For these calculations, PPI has collected information describing costs for labor and materials, as well as builder overhead and markup for construction activities. This Beyond the Numbers article provides updated information that supplements two previous articles from the PPI relating to nonresidential building construction.


As manufacturing sector changes, production occupations disappear: an analysis of employment from 2007–20

From 2010 to 2020, national employment increased by 12 million jobs, or 9.4 percent, recovering beyond pre-Great Recession levels. At the same time, the manufacturing sector recovered only about 600,000 (24 percent) of the 2.5 million jobs lost during the Great Recession. Similarly, production occupations within the manufacturing sector recovered only about 200,000 (13 percent) of the 1.5 million jobs lost.


We love our pets, and our spending proves it

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