The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It provides a comprehensive body of data on the labor force, employment, unemployment, persons not in the labor force, hours of work, earnings, and other demographic and labor force characteristics.
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Payroll employment rises by 199,000 in December; unemployment rate declines to 3.9%
Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 199,000 in December, and the unemployment rate
declined to 3.9 percent. Employment continued to trend up in leisure and hospitality,
in professional and business services, in manufacturing, in construction, and in
transportation and warehousing.
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Union membership rate 10.3% in 2021, down from 10.8% in 2020 but the same as in 2019
The number of wage and salary workers belonging to unions declined by 241,000 to
14.0 million in 2021. The union membership rate was 10.3 percent, down from 10.8
percent in 2020 but the same as in 2019.
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State, city, and county labor force data
Labor force information for Census regions and divisions, states, counties, metropolitan areas, and many cities are available separately from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program. Contact LAUS by e-mail or call (202) 691-6392.
National labor force data
CPS economists are available to assist you Monday through Friday (8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M. Eastern Time), excluding federal holidays.
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Written inquiries may be directed to:
The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide information about unemployment insurance (UI)
The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide information about income and poverty
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