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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey

The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It provides a comprehensive body of data on the labor forceemploymentunemployment, persons not in the labor forcehours of workearnings, and other demographic and labor force characteristics.


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Latest Numbers

Seasonally Adjusted

Unemployment Rate: 4.0% in May 2024 Historical Data

Change in Unemployment Level: +157,000 in May 2024 Historical Data

Change in Employment Level: -408,000 in May 2024 Historical Data

Change in Civilian Labor Force Level: -250,000 in May 2024 Historical Data

Civilian Labor Force Participation Rate: 62.5% in May 2024 Historical Data

Employment-Population Ratio: 60.1% in May 2024 Historical Data

Annual Averages

Unemployment Rate: 3.6% for 2023 Historical Data

Unemployment Level: 6,080,000 for 2023 Historical Data

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News Releases

Payroll employment increases by 272,000 in May; unemployment rate changes little at 4.0%


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 272,000 in May, and the unemployment rate changed little at 4.0 percent. Employment continued to trend up in several industries, led by health care; government; leisure and hospitality; and professional, scientific, and technical services.
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Union membership rate at 10.0% in 2023, little changed from 2022


In 2023, the union membership rate was 10.0 percent, little changed from 10.1 percent in 2022. The number of wage and salary workers belonging to unions, at 14.4 million, also showed little movement over the year.

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Next Release

The Employment Situation for June 2024 is scheduled to be released on July 5, 2024, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time.


The Economics Daily

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61.4 percent of recent high school graduates enrolled in college in October 2023

Of the 3.1 million people ages 16 to 24 who graduated from high school between January and October 2023, 1.9 million, or 61.4 percent, were enrolled in colleges or universities in October 2023. read more »

BLS Reports

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Highlights of women's earnings in 2022

In 2022, women who were full-time wage and salary workers had median usual weekly earnings that were 83 percent of those of male full-time wage and salary workers. In 1979, the first year for which comparable earnings data are available, women’s earnings were 62 percent of men’s earnings. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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A profile of American Indians and Alaska Natives in the U.S. labor force

An examination of the labor force characteristics of American Indians and Alaska Natives during the 2019–21 period using data from the Current Population Survey. read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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For-Profit, Nonprofit, and Government Sector Jobs in 2022

This Spotlight compares the labor force characteristics and experiences of workers in the for-profit, nonprofit, government, and self-employed sectors. In 2022, 69.6 percent of the employed worked in for-profit businesses, 6.5 percent worked in nonprofit organizations, 13.4 percent worked for the government, and 10.4 were self-employed. Have you wondered about how much people who work for nonprofits earn, or which groups of people are most likely to work for themselves? read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Resilience through two recessions: veterans in the labor market since 2003

The labor force participation rate and the unemployment rate for veterans are important to guiding policy decisions that help veterans transition to civilian life and improve veterans’ employment outcomes. Recently, the BLS produced seasonally adjusted data for veterans and nonveterans retroactively back to 2003. Using this data, this article analyzes the impact of recessions and the pandemic on these labor market measures for veterans and nonveterans. read more »