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Labor Force Statistics from the Current Population Survey

The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It provides a comprehensive body of data on the labor forceemploymentunemployment, persons not in the labor forcehours of workearnings, and other demographic and labor force characteristics.

Notices

Charts

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Latest Numbers

RSS
Seasonally Adjusted

Unemployment Rate: 3.7% in Jan 2024 Historical Data

Change in Unemployment Level: -144,000 in Jan 2024 Historical Data

Change in Employment Level: -31,000 in Jan 2024 Historical Data

Change in Civilian Labor Force Level: -175,000 in Jan 2024 Historical Data

Civilian Labor Force Participation Rate: 62.5% in Jan 2024 Historical Data

Employment-Population Ratio: 60.2% in Jan 2024 Historical Data

Annual Averages

Unemployment Rate: 3.6% for 2023 Historical Data

Unemployment Level: 6,080,000 for 2023 Historical Data

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News Releases

Payroll employment rises by 353,000 in January; unemployment rate remains at 3.7%

02/02/2024

Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 353,000 in January, and the unemployment rate remained at 3.7 percent. Job gains occurred in professional and business services, health care, retail trade, and social assistance. Employment declined in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction.
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Union membership rate at 10.0% in 2023, little changed from 2022

01/23/2024

In 2023, the union membership rate was 10.0 percent, little changed from 10.1 percent in 2022. The number of wage and salary workers belonging to unions, at 14.4 million, also showed little movement over the year.
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Next Release

The Employment Situation for February 2024 is scheduled to be released on March 8, 2024, at 8:30 a.m. Eastern Time.

Publications

The Economics Daily

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Median weekly earnings of full-time workers were $1,145 in the fourth quarter of 2023

Median weekly earnings were highest for men and women ages 35 to 64, and lowest for men and women ages 16 to 24. read more »

BLS Reports

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Highlights of women's earnings in 2022

In 2022, women who were full-time wage and salary workers had median usual weekly earnings that were 83 percent of those of male full-time wage and salary workers. In 1979, the first year for which comparable earnings data are available, women’s earnings were 62 percent of men’s earnings. read more »

Monthly Labor Review

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A profile of American Indians and Alaska Natives in the U.S. labor force

An examination of the labor force characteristics of American Indians and Alaska Natives during the 2019–21 period using data from the Current Population Survey. read more »

Spotlight on Statistics

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For-Profit, Nonprofit, and Government Sector Jobs in 2022

This Spotlight compares the labor force characteristics and experiences of workers in the for-profit, nonprofit, government, and self-employed sectors. In 2022, 69.6 percent of the employed worked in for-profit businesses, 6.5 percent worked in nonprofit organizations, 13.4 percent worked for the government, and 10.4 were self-employed. Have you wondered about how much people who work for nonprofits earn, or which groups of people are most likely to work for themselves? read more »

Beyond the Numbers

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Resilience through two recessions: veterans in the labor market since 2003

The labor force participation rate and the unemployment rate for veterans are important to guiding policy decisions that help veterans transition to civilian life and improve veterans’ employment outcomes. Recently, the BLS produced seasonally adjusted data for veterans and nonveterans retroactively back to 2003. Using this data, this article analyzes the impact of recessions and the pandemic on these labor market measures for veterans and nonveterans. read more »