The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of households conducted by the Bureau of Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It provides a comprehensive body of data on the labor force, employment, unemployment, persons not in the labor force, hours of work, earnings, and other demographic and labor force characteristics.
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Total nonfarm payroll employment fell by 20.5 million in April,
and the unemployment rate rose to 14.7 percent. The changes in
these measures reflect the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Employment fell sharply in all major industry sectors, with
heavy job losses in leisure and hospitality.
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The union membership rate was 10.3 percent in 2019, down by 0.2 percentage point from 2018.
The number of wage and salary workers belonging to unions was little changed at 14.6
million in 2019.
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Last Modified Date: April 21, 2020
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State, city, and county labor force data
Labor force information for Census regions and divisions, states, counties, metropolitan areas, and many cities are available separately from the Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) program. Contact LAUS by e-mail or call (202) 691-6392.
National labor force data
CPS economists are available to assist you Monday through Friday (8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M. Eastern Time), excluding federal holidays.
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The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide information about unemployment insurance (UI)
The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not provide information about income and poverty
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